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áirilliud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirilliud or dil.ie/2110

Forms: áiriltin, -tnea, airiltne, áirliud

n u, m. Vn. of ad-roilli. In pl. also áiriltin, -tnea (see GOI § 733 ); g s. airiltne, PH 7989 . Also áirliud.

Act of deserving, meriting; desert, merit: amal mbias a gnimh cáich ┐ a airilliud, Ml. 30d2 . connách moidea nech arbed á arilliud nod nícad `so that no one may boast that his merit saved him', Wb. 2b4 . is rad dǽ immidforling domsa ni mmarilliud, 21c20 . ind airilteo gl. meriti, Ml. 138c7 . moidem a arilte `to boast of his merits', Wb. 5c13 . cen airilliud gl. inmerito, Ml. 38d10 . hóre doroigu indala fer cen airilliud, Wb. 4c16 . as tria airilliud som rosoirad in chathir, Ml. 61d2 . ni ar far narilliud, Wb. 23c24 . it maithi a arilti, 16c11 . nítat á aíriltin fessin donárbuid in popul `it is not its own merits', Ml. 108b8 . cení betis degairíltin leu `though they had no merits of their own', 91a10 . it a ndrochairiltin, 103b5 . oldatae ar nairilltin-ni, 131a6 . a nduruimdetar airiltnea a rann `when they had weighed the merits of their parts', 87c4 . doberthar nem . . . / do chach iar na chainairliud, SR 1464 . bid uasal du airliud hi nnim, Trip.² 1935 . díam in áirilledh n-egma if this happen in a case of desert, Ériu xiii 15.9 . ni mor airilliud a torbai fri slan na somaine i.e. the articles do not provide much profit, Laws v 250.3 . secht rudarta . . . conoiscet iubaile a mbesaib a n-airillten i.e. according to the merits of their conditions, v 314.9 . confodlaither fo airilliud caich iar tir ┐ cethra ┐ urgnam i.e. new stock is divided (at divorce) according to the merits of the claimants, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 28 § 10 . la febas . . . a n-arilten fri Dia for talmain, RC xxi 376.4 . Cf. airiltean .i. bés. la feabhas a n-áiriltean, O'Cl. iar nairilleadh fochraicce ó Dhía, AFM i 366.7 . ba cubaid sin re h-airilliudh mBrigte that was fitting to B.'s reputation, Lism. L. 1202 . airilleadh .i. dligeadh is áirilleadh .i. as dlightheach dathairne, O'Cl. (= mithid dam comma Ceilbe / is airilled d'Athairne, Metr. Dinds. iii 54 . See Gwynn, Hermathena xiv 466). Cf. airilleadh .i. berrad, Stowe Gl. 214 . .i. berrnad, Lec. Gl. 378 (= araillid .i. bearrnad, 192 M ). O'Curry 969 ( H 3.18, p. 416 ). airellaedh .i. egcosc, Stowe Gl. 198 .

Hence earnings, property, possessions, wealth . Understood in this sense in Laws Comm. cid dobeir dire do neoch? . . . airilliud ┐ inrucus ┐ idna, Laws v 96.1 (text) a.¤ .i. im tochus, 3 . ara laigiut in airillte do ratsat doib, ii 278.14 . slan a gabail do goistib . . . do cairdib caemclutha ┐ d'airilliud fine ┐ anfine uile earnings(?), iii 488.12 . So also probably in: is slán a gabhail do cuicer na gelfine, ma ro gabustar d'airilledh fir anfine is errech indethbire, O'D. 911 ( H 3.17, c.649 ). intí beires somaine ┐ beires airliud in mairb, O'Curry 2085 (H. 4.22, 70b). comrainn dibaid . . . ┐ gach airiltin olcena , 2562 (Eg. 88, 47 (48)b). co ro-edprad in port do co n-airliud, Lib. Hymn. 87.5 . corragaib si in cucnecht da hes ┐ co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud `with the wealth', Thes. ii 332.35 . mar thidnacmit dechmaid ar n-indmais ┐ ar n-ariltne do'n choimdid, PH 4941 . coro-loisced sum cona uli árilliud, LB 26b29 . cidh ara ngatai crodh ┐ airilliud h'athar?, Lism. L. 1325 . rugadh . . . dearbhforgaill . . . lá rí Laighen . . . cona crodh ┐ co na hairilledh don turus sin `with her cattle and furniture', AFM ii 1102.z .

1 cerd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerd or dil.ie/8753

Forms: ceard, cearda, cerd, ceirde, ceird, ceirde, cearda, cearda, cearda, cherda, cerda, cerda(e), cearda, cerdda, cerdai, cerda, cherdu, d'órcheardai, cerdada, cert

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 159 f. In sense (a) ceard (ón duine), m. g s. cearda, IGT Decl. § 95 . In sense (b) cerd (ón cheird) f. g s. ceirde, § 39 ; ceird f. g s. ceirde, cearda, § 43 . Cf. also g s. na cearda , Laws v 104.19 Comm. in cearda , 106.1 Comm. . iii 192.8 Comm. in cherda , IT iii 60 § 120 (na cerda , v.l.). Also cerda(e): n s. cearda, Corp. Gen. 219.37 (cerd, v.l.). cerdda, Cymmr. xiv 130.9 . in cerdai , ZCP iii 222.10 (cerd, v.l.). d s. cerda, Laws v 114.18 . do cherdu , LL 25486 (: dú). ? d'órcheardai, Leb. Cert.² 2187 . Cf. n pl. cerdada, Bodl. Dinds. 3 .

(a) craftsman, artisan (most freq. of a gold- and silver-smith): cert qui idula aere faciebat gl. Alaxander (aerrarius), Wb. 30d21 . inna cerdae `of the potter', Ml. 18a12 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda in lestrai, b4 . in sét arggait nád chombaig / in ch.¤ , Thes. ii 346.4 ( Hy. v 77 ). lasin cerddai (ceirdai, v.l.) gl. lasin ceird, 33 (79 Comm.). aided con na cerda inso la Coin Culaind, LU 4971 . Cauland cerdd, 4975 (TBC). ó Choin cherda Conchobair (i.e. Cú Chulaind), 3573 ( SCC 29 ). do Choin na Cerdda, LL 20187 . cerdda ┐ círmaire, LU 2217 . cuislennach, c.¤, gobha, Ériu xiii 23.2 . cerda . . . ┐ aes caca dana olcena , Laws v 90.20 ( cerda .i. imrid in t-or, 25 Comm. ). is diles in tor ┐ in tairget ┐ in tuma a cerdcha in goband ┐ noco diles i cerdcha in cerda, uair aithne indeithbir hé i cerdcha in gobann, ┐ nocon edh a cerdcha in cerda, iii 192.6 , 8 Comm. c.¤ gl. figulus, Ir. Gl. 508 . D. . . . gaba . . . ┐ ceard ┐ scribnid togaide . . . is he . . . daroine .ccc. clog ┐ .ccc. bacall ┐ .ccc. soscelai, Fél. cxxxi.x. mac na cerdda cosin céir, LL 18785 . I. ainm na cerda ro berb in n-ór, 2024 . cathbarr B. . . . c.¤ Ó. . . . dorigne, Airne F. 97 . dugnith dno C. c.¤ na semonn, RC xii 94 § 122 . do-ratsat in argat-sin for tír cherda potter's field, PH 3241 . mac cerdai nó fir fogní nách aicdi éicin di ór nó argad, FDG² 867 . leag a hoirthior na hInnia, / . . . / niamhthar le ceard gcineolta that is polished by a native craftsman, Aithd. D. 16.47 . céard copair, 2 Timothy iv 14 . ceard na críadh, Romans ix 21 . do chérd an óir, Mac Aingil 1139 . Fig. P. is ceard don chlúi-sin `P. who is the artificer of that fame', O'R. Poems 298 . lé cérduibh an chlaoinchreidimh (sc. the founders of Protestantism), Mac Aingil 4170 .

C.¤ na cruinne (na ndúl, etc.) God : c.¤ na cruinne, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . mo chobhair ar Cheird na ndúl!, Dánta Gr. 65.19 . ceard na n-uile, DDána 27a.16 .

Applied to poets: in c.¤ mac ūi Dulsaine, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.25; cf. 92.y). ni c.¤ gan bunadus tothachta, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). Cf. c.¤ cen tothacht .i. cin foghluim ndligi[d], O'Dav. 1568 .

In n. pr. m. Robartach mac Mic na Cerda, CS 164.20 . C.¤ m. Cerdda Bice, Corp. Gen. 219.27 .

(b) handicraft, art, skill, accomplishment, feat; hence occupation, office, way of life, practice, characteristic behaviour : mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293.15 . cōrus a cherdæ (of a poet), Corm. Y 276 . tarchomlad cach óes dána . . . cor tasfen cách a ch.¤ fíad Patraic, LU 9773 . ar lín a ch.¤ he is so accomplished, 8316 (rhet.). asa cheird cumachtaig (.i. a cumachta a chleirchecta dognidsom sein, 740 ( ACC 42 ). indearbh cach i cceird aroile, Ériu xiii 20.16 . imdhínsiomh ceirte insult to one's art(?), 25.6 . fornesa ceard neicse donessa cerd niumuis, 56 § 32 (cf. O'Dav. 861 ). fristoing cerd cainti `he renounces the satirist's art', O'Dav. 872 . 869 . oca oileamhain hi cerdaibh clothamræ .i. āine, alaidhe ┐ erlabhra, etc., ZCP xiv 219.11 . fó mo ch.¤ láechdachta, LU 6169 (TBC). ac óenmummib daronsat ceird gnimrada gaile ┐ gascid, LL 10052 . aided Gríse co ceird chrúi `skilled in bloody arts', Metr. Dinds. iii 134.19 . ceird chrúi .i. ceird imdheargtha no ceird bhásaighthe, O'Cl. iarn[a] trascrad trienar c.¤-ne `by our craft', RC xii 90 § 109 . cach dan dognīat lāmhae is c.¤ dongairther, O'Mulc. 222 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird `their skill' (in music and dancing), Ériu iv 174 § 9 . mairg thréicios cléirchecht ar cheird / do cherdaib in domnáin deirg, SG 51.y . lucht na ceirde cedna (sc. building), Stair Erc. 1626 . gion gur cheárrd mná an nídh sin, Oss. iii 136.19 . seachnaidh cionta ón cheird do-ní `avoids faults by her manner of life', Magauran 1516 . nach roibhi . . . aenc.¤ rob annsa les nā fiadhach, ZCP vi 53.x . cusin ceird n-inglain n-eillnighthi ro herailedh forro .i. comrucc a lanamhnus fri aroile, Grail 3059 . an ceard do-roighne Ruaidhrí what R. has done, DDána 76.4 . ní ceard duit déanamh míoghaoil `it is not for Thee to be false to Thy kin-duty', Aithd. D. 71.31 . ceird ríoghna `a queen's part', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 6 . tús cerdi do Ch. i.e. C. was entitled to receive a poet's first composition after he had finished his schooling, LB 238cb56 . Concr.: cathaīr ingnathaig forsa raibi imarcaid sairsi ┐ c.¤ n-eladnach embellishment, Grail 1663 . Freq. of magical practices: no gniad druidechta ┐ certa commain, LU 9007 ( FB 75 , H). See commann for cerddib suíthe gentliucta, LL 1051 . ceird thosaigh .i. ceird dhraoidheachda, O'Cl. See toṡúgad.

Attrib. g s. fear cerda, ma fithír, ní ba raith feilmic mana biatha `a man of art, if a professor, cannot be surety for a pupil, unless he has fed him', Laws iv 236.15 . fer certa fri molad ┐ air, i 18.7 Comm. óes cherdd, Críth G. 281 . cléir aesa ceirdd, Trip.² 2382 (= praecones, 2385 ; dona druthaib, 2395 ) = cliar aesa dana, Lat. Lives 55.12 . don luchd céirde, Acts xix 24 . lucht ceirde na cathrach tradesmen, Fl. Earls 98.y .

? rop tānaisi triūin crepscuil / c.¤ promtha Petair apstail, Corm. Y 325 .

2 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cert or dil.ie/8788

adj expld. as small, little : c.¤ .i. beg, ut est mad c.¤ oig olcena beith i n-adhaltras .i. madh na hoig is luga lan ann no is ceirti lan and beith a n-adaltrus, O'Dav. 544 . ceart .i. beag, ceart a chlocha .i. beag a chlocha, O'Cl. ? is c.¤ ar buaid lib `gering', TBC-LL¹ 2083 (cf. LU 5959 ). nír ba ch.¤ a chéitghníoma, SG 117.31 .

clann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clann or dil.ie/9365
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. (Lat. planta) IGT Decl. § 40 .

(a) plant, planting; off-shoot; produce : inna clainde gl. plantationis, Ml. 102b3 . amal bid claind no clantais (as vn.), 63b9 . nua-chlandib(us) gl. noualibus , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 62 . clanda (gl. propagines) offshoots, Thes. i 3.24 . ni tesseba de cona chlana toruth cechtarda sin offshoots (of a tree), Vita Br. 35 . daib lugbort caín co clannaib súalach, Trip.² 645 . is ann āsait clanna in terra intan nodaguire sōl, O'Mulc. 65 . docechnad . . . fora maige comtis ambriti . . . cacha clainde, LU 10950 . etham taulchach . . . is e maith do cach cloinn ┐ da cach torad olcena , O'Curry 252 ( H 3.18, p. 146 ). Cf. Ériu i 39 § 4 . da trian clainne ┐ etha ┐ blecta, LL 635 . is i uir in talman dogni silad na c.¤ cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5653 . c.¤ a glande .i. torad craind, sic is torad [duini] oinchlann, O'Mulc. 199 , cf. 287 . mar shamhail do chloinn i gcnaoi `a kernel in a nut', Aithd. D. 90.9 . an gescca tóirtech co cclannaibh sualach .i. Berach, BNnÉ 23.x .

(b) Fig. of the growth of the hair, springing locks, tresses : folt didiu cland totim `a plant of falling(?) (i.e. which grows downwards?)' (s.v. folt), O'Mulc. 568 (prob. compd.). foighéga a ch.¤ bfíthe bfionn, Rel. Celt. ii 303.4 . folt na n-órch.¤ . . . gcas, DDána 49.3 . soillse ch.¤ id chróchbharr chúil, Magauran 953 .

(c) children, family, offspring; a single child; descendants, race, clan : tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlainnd cid risíu ro báe cland les, Wb. 29b23 . a pridchas dia claind no dia mmuintir `to her children or to her household', 11c8 . hó bói mo chland et mo chenéel, 29d6 . intan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . primiti a clainde `the first fruits of their children', 99b5 . inna clanda gl. posteros, 122d1 . dun chlaind gl. proli, 107a10 . inna clainde ón gl. successione continua, 109c11 . hua chlaind fri claind `from generation to generation', 100b4 . Iadumdu .i. cland Essau, 26b15 . amochland `O my child', Sg. 204b2 . a maire a grian ar ccloinne, Blathm. 597 . nech . . . bes cráibdech . . . din chlaind, Thes. ii 239.3 = cenél, 1 . na ríg di chlandaib Cualann `clans', 295 § 5 (SP v). ní amal fogní athechán orbugud a chlainni, LU 10279 ( Tochm. Em. 21 ). ōsar na clainne, Corp. Gen. 43.1 . is sī c.¤ Lugdach Hūi Ochrai descendants, 28.6 . ar ḟer . . . na festar cland na cinél dó, IT i 127.14 ( TE 13 ). a clanna no a nadmanna no a ratha her sons, Laws ii 382.14 Comm. (`agreements'). clanda Gaedil, LL 338 = fini Gaedil, 344 . aenfer rob ḟerr . . . tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). dias cloindi . . . .i. mac ┐ ingen, xiii 9.7 . nir ghabhsat clanna, acht c.¤ Neill, / Erinn, MacCarthy 426 § 1 . na clanna ┐ na cenéla `tribes and nations', Ériu ii 196 § 10 . go ruc sī triar do c[h]lainn . . . dō, ML² 605 . comrac clainne Calatín children, TBC-LL¹ 2917 . is iat na hobrigthi glana cland na hanma, PH 7813 . slaníccid claindi Adaim, 3862 . is tu ba cland dam-sa dar eis mo mac, TTebe 2103 . an ch.¤ oirrdhearc éinfhir `the famous Only Son', Aithd. D. 77.1 . an Aodhch.¤ rer dheacar dréim, DDána 79.4 . fearr beagán cloinne ná c.¤ (i.e. a single child can be better than a large family), DDána 27a . 1 ; cf. 4 . do-ní éanmhac ionad cloinne, Aithd. D. 77.1 . an tsaorch.¤ ionmhuin óg (of a single child), DDána 41.18 . cf. Magauran 2217 . tinneas a cloinne `pains of child-birth', Donlevy 348.22 .

In wider sense, márgrían inna clandsa bands , Fél. Dec. 18 .

Compds. With adj. clannbhuidhe a chúl cam a chiabh yellow-tressed, Magauran 222 . an cing cabarthach clannlínmhar . . . Finn prolific, CF² 1251 . tré chúigedh clannlínmhar Connacht, 602 . Oilill . . . / céthach clannmaith clothamra `rich in children', Leb. Cert.² 156.26 . bái fo cumachtu clannmór with numerous offspring, SR 6802 . ga chéibh . . . clannuir chais, Rel. Celt. ii 302.11 .

With adj. derived from noun. folt úr clainndleachtach (clandleacthach, MS.) `properly arranged', Magauran 933 . moltchroiceann clannollach (`fleecy(?)' Gloss.), Cath MT 169 .

With noun. tú in crann ós do chlannaicme race, O'R. Poems 25 . do chuimniughadh a gcaradra d'a gclannbhuidhnib ceneoil, MR 96.y . clannchaolach na gciabh gcam `trellis-work of the curving braids', Magauran 973 . ionnúa ro genair on cclainnfhreimh comnairt common stock, Hugh Roe² 302.4 . do Chonall cona clandmaicne, Dinds. 132 = Conall . . . ┐ a cethrar mac, ibid. is innte ro tusmit clannmaicne A., CCath. 3865 . Lir . . . cona .uii. macaib .xx. ┐ cona ch. archena, Acall. 5118 . cúic mic dég do chloinn atá ag Finn a fhégmais a c. fén, CF² 207 . an té as fhearr dá gach aicme / as hé as ceann don chlannmhaicne `family', Studies 1924, 243.16 . hi ccodhnachus a ch. `command of his people', AFM v 1724.12 . ar a son fein ┐ a c. (pro se et generacione sua), Smaointe B. Chr. 5395 . errla Gormlaidhe . . . / . . . / suairc an clannmhuine cam ceart thick tresses, Magauran 1041 .

comoige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comoige or dil.ie/11568

Forms: coibche, coimge

n in Laws Comm. glossing coibche, coimge. ` companionship ', O'Don. Suppl. cin co derna comoighe no comhmartaine riu olcena o laimh `purity or lenity', Laws iv 252.x `companionship or personal relation(?)', Plummer, Ériu ix 38 . a beith a comoighi amail cach fir don fine, O'Curry 389 ( H 3.18, 218b ) perh. of equal purity, Plummer MS. notes. ni dlig coibhce coscrad .i. nocha ndligenn in comhoighi cuir ┐ cunnartha a comhscaile[dh], O'Curry 1078 ( H 3.18, 442b ). is fastaithi coibhchi in da gaoth .i. cor da gaoth . . . is fastaithi an comoigi cuir ┐ cunnartha, 1076 ( 442a ) = 1750 (23 Q 6, 33b) = 2401 ( Eg. 88, 31(32)c ) = O'D. 800 ( H 3.17, 573 ). comoighi aetorra (sic) na ecomoighi etc. gl. coimhghe, O'Curry 377 ( H 3.18, 214 ). So also: orbha c.¤ in ferind, 379 ( 214b ). easlan ín[d]íaid a coibche .i. ín[d]íaíd a coboigi cuir ┐ cundartha, Laws iv 60.2 = a coibigi cunnurtha .i. a diubarta, O'D. 425 ( H 3.17, 325 ). See con-óigi.

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena , iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

étáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étáil or dil.ie/20637
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: éadáileadh

n f. (the old nom. may be étál, cf. altire ┐ rathbuighi... | dobiur milgitan fria toil | sí anhetal cipsi chuin (on honorific portions) YBL 419b20 = ní etal cip tan LL 29b40 ). See Celtica xiii 142 , xiv 26 . g p. éadáileadh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1289 .

(1) gain, profit; wealth: edail (gl. lucrum), Ir. Gl. 694 . édáil 'ca dénum do díth do chomarsan (definition of usury) PH 7565 . airlegud can édail do denum air, 7568 . is dammainte in édáil asa fhuarais t'indmus, 7580 . a etail dana the gains of his art Laws ii 348.26 Comm. = v 96.28 Comm. ma fearand fuair ar a dan he .i. mad etail breithemnasa...no nach dana olcena `property acquired by [practice of] judicature' iii 30.3 Comm. tarladar meirligh ar bhealach riu, do bheanadur a n-eadail diobh `their property' BNnÉ 164.36 . dechmad etala cech oen, BColm. 50.8 . do dhlighfeadh gach neach... | d'éis a éadála d'áirimh | an deachmhadh do Rígh na ríogh, Dán Dé xxv 8 . mná anúaisle... | a mbeartaibh óir... | agus sinn gan édáil, Studies 1919, 73 . is mór a néudáill an diaghachd, 1 Timothy vi 6 . d'iárraidh éudála, 1 Corinth. x 33 . ag reic agus ag ceannach ┐ ag faghail eudála, James iv 13 . Fig.: cred í in edail na in gloir ata duitsi duine marb d'athmarbad ? Fier. 63 . bheith aguinn a hucht chóra...ní budh éadáil ód dhreich dhuinn | gan bheith san éagáir aguinn no benefit TD 30.5 .

(2) Esp. in sense of prize, booty, spoil: edáil spoil, plunder Kirk . a faídiud i tirib ciana do chungid allaid ┐ étala, LL 217b37 = TTr. 59 . ag teaccar na hédala sin (spoil collected by the Danes), Cog. 114.25 . gur meabhaidh for an sluagh...gur ḟaccbattar daoine, eich ┐ edála aidhble, AFM iii 366.5 . iomdha leó clár is coire | sa lán oile d'éadálaibh (warriors sacking a countryside) TD 16.59 . do ghlacadar long sa chuan, ni fuarsad édail ar bioth innte, Rel. Celt. ii 204.27 . rugadar leo na hédála uile ┐ na creacha uile, Numbers xxxi 11 .

do-(g)ní é.¤ ar spoils; makes profit of: co ndingnidis...étail orra would spoil them Expugn. Hib. 74 . a nderna mé eudáil oruibh ?, 2 Cor. xii 17 . do-(g)ní é.¤ (neich) makes a prize of, spoils, plunders: do-ní éinḟili a édáil `a single poet makes a prize of him' Ériu ix 165 § 21 . gur ghabustair long...go nderna a hedail eidir ḟíon, édach, umha ┐ iarn AFM iii 370.2 . aga ffuabairt ┐ acc dénamh a n-édala vi 2324.10 . ac dénam édála na criche, SG 269.23 . ag dénamh oirccne ┐ edala, AFM vi 1882.6 . fear éadála one `bent on spoil' TD 13.7 . Cf. fear na héadála, Ir. Prov. § 135 .

Cf. do fháccaibh M. aca a n-edala do techt for a leaptachaibh chuca, BNnÉ 244.26 (i.e. that they should obtain wealth without exertion ?). is é.¤ limm I think much of, desire: is étáil liumm in béist bec-so d'[fh]águail, PH 7204 .

Fig.: cach etail peacaidh fogeibed [diabal]...doberedh lais, co mbid oc a sgribadh [isin lebur], Anecd. iii 7.21 ; cf. 8.17 .

imḟochaid, imḟoichid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟochaid, imḟoichid or dil.ie/27537
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: imfoichidhe

n i, f. vn. of *imm-fo-saig. act of assailing, impugning, annulling, abrogating contracts or covenants, (Laws) ; `imfoichidhe (g s.) 'to ignore, annul,' O'Don. Suppl. iomfoichead .i. foeighiomh .i. gláodh no fuagra O'Cl. : cenn caich ... a fine ... besa treisi fri himfoiched, `the head of all in the fine ... he who is most powerful to sue,' Laws iv 374.5 . (= besid treisiu fri himfoiche, ii 278.24 , ZCP xiv 369 ). co n-immochid a n-audbart, a ndechmad, a prímite 'ensuring that proper use is made of their offerings, of their tithes, of their first-fruits' lit. 'contesting (the misuse of)'', CB 34 § 38, 80 . it [t]ualaing na teora ranna so imoicheda cora cele `these three parties are able to disturb the contracts of their husbands,' Laws v 516.24 . ni tualaing imfoichide fine he cannot impugn the contracts of the fine, O'Curry 368 (< H 3.18, p. 206 ). ro fuaitrither ria re imfoichidha cor olcena `the impugning took place before the period of annulling contracts generally,' Laws ii 300.14 . múi mo chain cetmuinter cen nach n-immoichith, Anecd. iii 28.8 . ni bi imfoichid altruma for mac conglais no ambuacht is a mmaithri nama a n-altrum, O'Curry 888 (< H 3.18, p. 396b ). dligid altrum imḟochaid `fosterage merits annulling,' RC xlv 33.4 . ni fil occu 'cá h-im[ḟo]chaid there are no warriors assailing him ?, ZCP iii 216.8 . bati dura ac fulang imfochaidhi caich forro `they will be hardy in enduring the assaults of every one upon them,' RC xxiv 174 § 2. Cormac Caem, fri im[ḟ]ochidh `for attack' (Plummer MS. notes), RC xvii 178.11 (Ann. Tig.).

? To this : corarchosced doib a crícha for cech leth cona n-im[ḟ]ochith im chāch immemērath anfīr foraib, ZCP viii 309.1 . nipsa cell cin chlocc, nipsa cruit cin cheis, nipsa hái cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 . Cf. dīmiccin an C[h]oimhdiodh, nemeadh cin imfochaid (as a sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

imleód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imleód or dil.ie/27616

n [o,]m. the act of cutting; laceration: diles d' adaltraig dithle n-ingin ... ┐ imleo (imliud v.l.) leo ... ┐ fodla becca olcena , Laws v 146.8 Comm. in ditlach n-ingin ocus in t-imleo leo `the scratching of the nails and the cutting by them,' iii 293 n. Cf. O'Dav. 1146.

1 legaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 legaid or dil.ie/29738

Forms: legad, legtha

v ā

I Intrans.

(a) melts (away), dissolves; wears away, perishes; crumbles: Belach Legtha ainm in belaig ro legai and, Trip.² 2438 (when Patrick moved a mountain). legf[ait] fothai fudomnai / domuin dein, SR 8081 . legfait [nem ┐ talam] ri tes tened, LU 2498 . corp leghas gl. cadauer, Ir. Gl. 1071 . ro legai ┐ ro lobai ri aingces cech galair, LU 9642. día nos faictís roisc dóenna no legfaitís fo chétóir, 2016 ( FA 8 ). re cind tri tráth ro legai leithchend Lugdach, RC xiii 464 § 71 . leaghfat píasta in mhara lé rotheas na tene, xxiv 382.23 . legaid in cach caire olcena melts away, dissolves in any other cauldron, Laws i 48.9 Comm . dos lecdais itirum iar mbreith ḟir (of blisters raised on the cheek by an unjust judgment), 24.13 Comm . diarlegsat . . . / secht mūir inna prīmchatrach (of Jericho), SR 7347 . ro lega in snechta immi, LU 5858 (H). coro leg in snechta sirbúan, LL 3268 . ermōr ar caem 's ar carat . . . / . . . fīr co lobat, co leaghat, ZCP vi 265 § 21 . go leagh snáth gacha suainimh `until the strands of every rope give way', Aithd. D. 21.8 . ní fhuair treoir go teagh na ngrás / a fheoil gur leagh ag Labhrás, PBocht 16.31 . nach léaghann . . . mo chroidhe tré dhoilgheas, Parrth. Anma 5245 . nocha leagh an taradh the crop does not perish, Aithd. D. 49.2 . Fig. legfadit amal legus cech bréc ele (of deeds), PH 2766. Of the day: wanes, comes to an end : mar leaghann an lá fa dheireadh, DDána 26.13 . cá lá nach leagh? `are not the days slipping by?' Aithd. D. 62.2 .

(b) Of a consonant: amal legas r fri c hi suidiu `as r becomes liquid with c here', Sg. 11b1 .

II Trans. melts, smelts; destroys, wipes out: atbath . . . Lé . . . fó oxail Meic C. ┐ ro leg bruth ┐ allus in miled hé, LU 7976 ( BDD 163 ). cor legam ceir nar cluasaib, LL 3309. ní legand bruith omh einní, Ériu iv 226 § 55 (`half-cooking melts nothing .i. half-measures serve no purpose', Contribb. s.v. om). gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'ḟaghla íad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . tír i leaghann sneachta ag snighe / dearca duine, DDána 111.9 . uisci in aighridh nac leaghann tes do-thuarascabala na peine, ITS xxix 189.32 . leaghfuidh mé sibh . . . ┐ leaghfuighear sibh . . . amail leaghthar airgiod, Ezekiel xxii 20 - 22 . leaghuidh an ghrian chorpordha an sneachda, Mac Aingil 300 . Fig. a lochta do leagh an ógh `has blotted out his sins', PBocht 13.22 . leigheann lúthgháir an formadach the joy (of another) grieves the envious man(?), Párl. na mB. 1451 .

Vn. legad. Part. legtha.

midba(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midba(e) or dil.ie/32166
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: midbae

n io, n. (3 mid + vn. of ben- `cuts, strikes') lit. middle cut , hence (acc. to Plummer, MS. notes) an average , cf. Germ. Durchschnitt. Cf. Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 204 . cach mes cach tomus olcena is a midbu miter .i. is ondi tara mbi int eibe meodanach .i. in grainne a mesemnaigther e; eipe .i. grainne mas fir damsa, O'Dav. 1244 ; every estimate and every measurement, it is according to the average that it is measured, i.e. from the point across which the middle cut goes; i.e. the grain by which it is measured (must be of this average size); so that `eipe' means grain, if I am not mistaken (Plummer). mid .i. leth .i. midbae .i. graine; midbae dino .i. leth-ben no leth-uagh, fo bith in toraind bis iter indala ben de ┐ in mben n-aile `midbae' then a half-end [benn] or a half-whole, because of the mark (division) which there is between it and the other end (Plummer), H 3.18 p. 72 ( O'Curry 113 ); the same gl. is given ib. p. 636 ( O'Curry 1412 ) and O'Mulc. 822 , 823 (which should go together). The glossators' explanation as `grain' seems to be an error. Cf. also: midba bretha, Laws i 26.3 (title of a law-tract; the `juste milieu' of judgement, Plummer notes), and see midbad.

olchena

Cite this: eDIL s.v. olchena or dil.ie/33790

Forms: olchenae, archena

adv. compd. of ol `beyond' and cene `without it' = `besides', see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197. O.Ir. olchenae, -chene (olchaene, Sg. 27a7 , -chena, 111b5 ). In Mid.Ir. gradually replaced by archena. Used after a subst. (generally one preceded by cach or a plural), or the pron. cách, when one or more individuals of the same class have been already mentioned particularly, in the senses the others, the rest (= Lat. ceteri); besides, in addition; in general.

sainred n-eulais leu isin dān . . . sech cách fodglein olchene beyond all others who learn it, Ml. 37b12 . adfét a scéla do Choin Culaind ┐ do chach olchena to all the rest, SCC 20. absque Corinto uel i ccach lucc imbet Cristidi olchene in all other places in which there are Christians, Wb. 7d1 . Temair Luachra ┐ Temair Bregha ┐ cach Temair olcena dofil i nEire, Dinds. 50 ( RC xv 444 x ). ro iccais clamu ┐ dallu ┐ cech n-aincess olchena, PH 1358. co ndeochatar mudhaigh . . . lasind canoin o.¤ (the pslams) were lost with the rest of the canon, Hib. Min. 7.211 . im Chonchobar ┐ imón rigraid olchenae, FB 44 ( LU 8579 ). is Euseph duchoid i nEgipt ┐ maicc Iacoib olchene the other sons of Jacob, Ml. 84c9 . atgládastar Concobar co nUltaib olchena, FB 5. cor pianad he ni bud ulli oldait a braithre olcena , PH 6648. cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta olchena and other things besides, Sg. 111b5 . is la Aasab in psalm ┐ alaili psailim olcena this psalm and other psalms as well, Hib. Min. 5.153 . is lour dā preceptóir i n-aeclis no thríi descipuil olchene et foglimthidi two teachers or three: disciples in addi- tion and students, Wb. 13a9 . cach primgeinit .i. . . . cach fermac . . . ┐ cach fermil dno olcena every male animal as well, Laws iii 38.11 . fir Erenn uili . . . iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena in general, ZCP viii 111.24 . mirbuli meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb ┐ for nefni o. attributing . . . to B. and making nought of them generally, PH 6436. co toirset firu Erenn o.¤ don fleid, MR 22.8 .

In contrast to previous members of a sentence: sellach dosli leth-fiachu ni tairdelbai, ni goin, dogni gnimu o.¤ `a looker- on . . . who does not . . . but does all the other acts', Laws i 242.1 .

Rarely beginning a sentence: olcena atsuiter cuir bel `in like manner (? moreover, also) are fixed contracts by word of mouth', Laws i 52.3 .

1 sain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sain or dil.ie/36008
Last Revised: 2019

adj i

(a) different, distinct, separate (from other things): s.¤ .i. égsamhail no neimhionann, O'Cl. saini gl. aliae, Sg. 6a16 . liter sh.¤ , 6b6 . alaill sh.¤ gl. aliud aliquid, 24 . hi personaib sainib, 28b2 . s.¤ gl. alia, 39b5 . gl. aliud, Ml. 3a12 . s.¤ póc ┐ pócnat, Sg. 46a3 . is s.¤ indí asidrubairt ┐ indí frisanérbrath gl. diversarum personarum, 220a10 . is s.¤ int soilse ┐ it saini inna rinn gl. aliud est quam ipsa sunt, Ml. 145d3 . s.¤ dán cáich `different (is) every one's gift', Wb. 5d7 . níp s.¤ a n-asberthar ho giun et a mbess hi cridiu, 5d14 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman . . . is s.¤ cach nae .i. is s.¤ fri cath s.¤ fri scor, 12c46 . is s.¤ aní asberar indi et dogníther, 14c21 , cf. 28c1 , PH 7007 . nách s.¤ sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt, PH 6922 . nī s.¤ in fīrendacht ┐ Christus, ZCP v 498.6 . slicht s.¤ so (.i. sís) another (a different) version, LU 5211 = TBC-I¹ 733 . sliocht s.¤ sen-leabhair memraim, Geneal. Tracts i 50.12 . gen innile soine do cur an-aon cumusc ria ceile, Laws i 304.5 Comm . ropsat s.¤ ┐ ropsat suaichnid ó cách, MR 214.16 . ropsat saine sloinnti . . . cach deg-slua[i]g, 214.10 . cid at saine laithi i ttangator, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.28 . With FRI different from: is s.¤ dofhoirṅde són frisin roithnigud `what this signifies is different from radiance', Sg. 36a3 . ni s.¤ mo gnim frisaní no radim non aliter esse audeo quam dico, Ml. 47b13 . im chomalliud . . . forcetuil ba s.¤ fria fhor[c]etul fen, PH 6522 . is s.¤ a mbreithamnacht saidhi frisna frithib olcena , Laws v 322.y Comm . ba s.¤ frisin dorala do [d]reachtaib da sloghaibh i tirib ele isin doman fared differently, CCath. 2598 . As adv.: is s.¤ donadbantar sensibus ┐ amal bís it appears to the senses otherwise than it really is, Thes. ii 4.32 .

(b) peculiar, special (of a characteristic which distinguishes one thing from others): is s.¤ ordo dogní cechtar nái, Wb. 10b11 . s.¤ persan sluindes an aiinm ┐ in briathar, Sg. 189a9 . s.¤ gnīm fristēit cach narm úad, TBC-I¹ 70 = is [s]aingním, TBC-LL¹ 276 . is s.¤ dath ┐ écosc cacha húaire tadbat fair it has a different colour . . . each time, BDD² 998 (cf. Anecd. ii 6.3 ). is s.¤ cerd cech uí, LL 147a4 ( PRIA xix 546 § 3 ). ba s.¤ rindaigecht gach sceith dib, Ériu v 72.5 . is s.¤ coir cech oenduine | s.¤ aicned cech uilc every man has his own particular failing, every evil its own nature, LB 261b59 = is s.¤ cōir cech oendīne, s.¤ aicned cach luicc, ZCP xiii 28.3 . forcetul s.¤ don eclais ┐ do lucht in tsoegail one doctrine for the church and another for the laity, PH 1671 . ba s.¤ belra do Petar ┐ dona hIúdaidib, 3190 . secht mbliadna fichet s.¤ sluind | ro pa rí(g) Fland . . . `distinctly tell' (?), Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 27 . in cach lá ra seachtmain s.¤ `for a week set apart', Metr. Dinds. iii 16.191 . co saidbri s.¤ , ib. 199 .

(c) is s.¤ dom (limm) it is (I consider it) something special for me (i.e. something exceptional, an opportunity, privilege. Cf. sainemail and other derivv.). is [s]ain (s.¤ , LU) limsa ōn, ol in lōech. Bid s.¤ duidsea innosa isinn āth ucud, ar C. it will be a fine thing for you (ironically), TBC-I¹ 647 . bidh sain ní (sain-ní?) dōibsom . . . dianragabsa dībrugud isin (asin, LU) tailm, 1054 . ni sáin . . . laiss a tabairt, TBC-LL¹ 2067 (reference to Cú C. who has refused to give Redg a spear demanded by him). But in literal sense: is [s]ain lium ┐ na cuir dligtecha romainn `I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned above', Laws i 52.24 Comm .

As subst. with gen.: in dá ech . . . comaille acht nammá co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 9254 (leg. saine?). ? soin fearaind tuccadh ann, O'D. 2400 ( Rawl. B 506, 50b ).

Compds.

(a) with nouns (the more usual construction in attrib. use) different; peculiar, special (of that which is special to the individual), excellent (for this meaning cf. sainemail and other derivv.). ¤accuis: s. do duaid sech cách gl. sibi aliam causam esse quam gentibus, Ml. 36c11 . ¤amor (< Lat. amor): ba sainamor do cech oen atchid he was the special love of everyone who saw him RC xiii 221.6 , 226 (Scél Baili Binnbérlaig) . ¤bás: foircniter hua s. sech cách `by a special death', Ml. 73d7 . ¤buaid: ni clos i nErinn co se | do sainbuadhaibh aenoidhche so many fine triumphs (i.e. great events) taking place in one night, Anecd. ii 5.19 . ¤chais: ba saincais seom di Ailinn A.'s special love, RC xiii 221 = sainserc, MS. Mat. 472 . ¤chenélae: sainchenelae srogill, Wb. 17d3 . ¤chenélchae: ar shainchenélchi gl. specialis, Sg. 28b12 . ¤cherd: bíth a menmasam fri seilgg | mu menma céin im saincheirdd `my special craft', Thes. ii 293.15 . fo láim suad saincherda `some cunning craftsman', RC iii 177.19 . ¤chland: Gaill . . . ainm do sainc[h]landaib nō do saerc[h]landaib Franc particular tribes, Corm. Y 683 (55.z) . re tecmaisin sainclaindi (sic leg.?) re saine n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . ¤choém: sainchóim ind ríg `the special favourites of the king', Wb. 28d5 . tricha fer di saincháemaib A., TBFr. 253 . ¤chomarde: a s. sin, Wb. 26b31 . ¤chor: tri nata[t] túalaing sainchuir `incapable of special contracts ', Triads 151 . ¤chrod private property: seisedh a saincruidh, Laws ii 386.3 Comm . ¤chron see separate article. ¤dán: cechtar nathar fria saindan his special art, SP ii § 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). ba s. disi dál pouring out (the liquor) was her special function, LU 10894 . ¤delgna `secret spot', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.23 . ¤díles, ¤dílse see separate articles. ¤doíre: in doich bid saindóire dúnni et barnaip?, Wb. 10d1 . ¤écosc: s. noe `a peculiar species of ship', Sg. 69a24 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for a ccrannaib innaní prechite pacem, Wb. 5a5 . ¤én eagle see senén. ¤eire: conaccasom in clerech oc buain a shaineri cutting his own special load, Ériu v 236.73 . ¤ḟer: sainfer muntaire, Ml. 61c2 . Gobban s. sluagda, Gorm. Nov. 5 . fa slōghaib sain[ḟ]ear srianbalcc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 1 = sainser, ZCP x 42.17 . ¤ḟeth: ecosc no sainfeth individual aspect, O'Dav. 1417 . ¤ḟolad: sain folad cacha rainne `different meaning', Sg. 26b9 . ¤gaeth: sainghāeth fri dairbhribh Doire. ZCP x 339 § 14 . ¤gemm, Gorm. Sept. 19 . ¤gnúis see separate article. ¤intliucht: ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin `it has no special sense in itself', Sg. 50a2 (non ab aliqua speciali significatione). ¤ithe: lassin tigerna ragas do shainól nó sh. . . . ar belaib a dámi `special eating', RC xxvi 42 § 223 (i.e. who has special drink and food for himself apart from his company?). ¤lind: brócoit .i. s. dognither do braich special drink, Corm. 7 brócoit. fri hól sainlenda, ib. bóge. ¤maicne: tri senoraig . . . do shainmaicne in lochta ro crochsat Crist of the very descendants of those who . . ., LB 159b24 . ? ¤mesaib (d pl.): a saillméth do s., ZCP vi 271.21 (perquisite of a monk or cenobite). ¤miscais: mac dia tabuir aithir sainmiscuis, Laws iii 62.12 (cf. miscais glé, 3 ). cen ingreim, cen sainmiscuis private enmity, ACL iii 320 § 90 . ¤muinter: ocht fichti fer mór do ṡainmuntir Ailella ┐ Medba retinue, bodyguard, household, TBC-LL¹ 4944 . cethri firu déc dia s. fessin, TBC-I¹ 1675 . sainmhuintir Uí Domhnaill, AFM v 1480.2 , cf. vi 1924.8 . co cóicc lanamhnaibh décc día sainmhuintír imaille friú of their own people, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.28 . ¤muinterus: is aroli sainmúinnterus bói dó fri tigerna na n-ech a special friendship, PH 4441 . ¤ól: tuccad cori cét . . . do loimm . . . dia shainōl don rīg `as a special drink', MacCongl. 107.18 . See under ¤ithe. co ng(h)abhsat occ s. for ar oile `to drink to each other', Hugh Roe 190.13 (51a ). ¤rann: co roselb i sain-rainn son | in slíab `as his special portion', Metr. Dinds. ii 54.15 . ¤ṡerc(ach) see separate articles. ¤ṡlabrae: at-chíusa . . . sainslabra sainigthi remib a special herd, BDD² 462 . ¤ṡuidiugud: ni sainsuidiugad it is not an arrangement different from the usual one, Laws iii 176.16 Comm . ¤techtad: airchinnech . . . cen s. feb `private possession of goods', Ériu iii 106 § 45 . ¤teglach: atúsa sund mo s. díb tríchtaib cét with my retinue, TBC-I¹ 178 . is é a s. sin na trí .lll. maccaem, BDD² 1142 . ¤tintúd, Ml. 60c2 . saintintud, 87b2 . ¤toirthige: ar saintoirthigi `for special fruitfulness', Ml. 83d9 . ¤treb: co riacht in sliab . . . ar ba s. di her own abode, LL 216b12 . saintreabh .i. treabh no teach áiridhe, O'Cl. ¤trebad: combi túalaing saintrebtha separate husbandry, Críth G. 78 .

(b) with adjj. generally in adverbial sense specially , with intensive force (but also peculiar to the individual): ¤airlech: abbair fris, níp sotal . . . s. Ar it ferr airli oldās airle self-opiniated (?), ZCP xi 86 § 42 (`er soll nicht nur mit sich selber Rat halten', Thurn.). ¤amrae: do . . . cumtaigib sainamraib, LU 8064 ( FB 3 ). co ndérgodaib sainamraib, 9049 (79) . ¤brecc: sról santbrecc (sic), TBC-LL¹ 3097 . ¤bres: fri sluag s. particularly brave, IT iii 40 § 36 = Bruchst. i § 3 . ¤dian: na sluag s., Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 46 . ¤díles see separate article. ¤dleith? co tart do Ádam iar sreith | fria danad cach sil sáindleith, SR 1922 (leg. saindil, Wortk. 129 ). ¤fhoichlech: sainfoichlech (sic leg.?) gl. concuriosus, Ml. 90b2 .

(c) with vb.: ¤mescaid: ní nomsainmescca ó mac Dé | dirairmescca mac Dé dia whatever sunders me from the Son of God, ZCP vii 269 § 13 .