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adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informem- que materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoim- nacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equip- ment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gr. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóch- ain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic Hy Fiachr. 114.12 (`? arch- deacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaig- the friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic im- plications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, FM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomh- labhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', FM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Misc. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, FM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge :bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Misc. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, com- plaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, O'Hussey T.C. 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airg- thear, 19.15 .

ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic- [d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (*ad-(ath-?)-guid, Ped. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see Thurn. Gramm. p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'C. 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic- [d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see Thurn. Gramm. § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ?ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'C. 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'C. 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm, 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rog- esta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'C. 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]- oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compen- sation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguid- ter ina dilsi, O'C. 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . . Laws v 366.1 . lethnad- mann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar nf fair, O'C. 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). ?ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ?nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Mael- gualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy Proc. First Intern. Congr. of Celt. Stud. p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, FM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, FM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'C. 881 ( H. 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, FM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Met. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthom- uin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc, MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat- sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

airḟuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟuigell or dil.ie/1993

Forms: uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall, oirigheall, -(a)ill, -(a)ill, -le, oraghlaib

n [orig. o, n.] later m. (fuigell). uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall `cóir' (uirigheall, oirigheall `lochdach') m. (g s. -(a)ill. n p. -(a)ill, -le. d p. oraghlaib ex. 1352 `lochdach'), IGT Decl. § 53 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) preliminary decision (oppd. to lánḟ. final d.), initiation of the legal process: trian in leithe i n-urfuigell co breth ┐ sechtmad in leithe co hurfuigell, ZCP xvi 194.4 . mad accra gach nech olchena . . . is geall da screpull déc fris do scur troisce co aurfuighell ┐ sechtmad i n-urfuigill ┐ triangille iar mbreth for cessation of fasting till preliminary hearing takes place, 6 . geall urfuighill, Laws ii 96.3 Comm. tacra im a reir .i. . . . o tiucfait a reir a urfuigill gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, v 252.16 Comm. is ed i[s] fuigell and, breth in bretheman etirdeiligeas doib .i. da geall don breithemhan, in tan tecar ina urḟuigheall um tiachtain a lanḟuigheall, Cóic Con. Fug. 60 § 143 . airuigeall .i. geall aire, sechtmad mad becc, O'C. 1979 (H. 4.22, 18). mása dligedh nurfuigill ro cuirset cusin mbreithemain, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, 21a). a forba anta i nurfuigell ┐ in lan fuigill re re dithma, Laws iii 324.22 Comm. co techt nurfuighill . . . iar mbreithemnus, i 276.11 Comm. gidh fáth eagla an t-urfhuigheall, Dán Dé xv 3 .

(b) proposal, suggestion of terms for agreement, decision: racham . . . lesin uirighell sin ┐ indeósam dó é, BCC 116.22 . sul doronsat a n-uraghall, Acall. 2798 v.l. 's níorbh' í an chomhairle chumhang / do rónsad mun uradhall, Content. ii 47 . is síad sin comhairle Caid / na horuighle (horḟuighle v.l.) adir Diarmaid, IGT Decl. ex. 1353 . do-chúaidh a ccomhuirle dhíbh / oruighle sídh ḟúair gá ḟéin, 1367 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin, ZCP vi 27.11 . do s[h]loind a aithesg ┐ a uirighell, ML² 789 . iar ttairccsin a aithiscc ┐ a orfhuighill, Hugh Roe 122.z (fo. 33a ). tús aithiscc ┐ uradhaill d'fior a ionaid dia eis (a perquisite of Maedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 248 § 200 (urighill, urghill, v.l.). dobeir grasa a n-gnim ┐ a n-urḟuighill dó anagaid a namat, Maund. 139 . tāinic Cairell do Cianōig d'innisin a uirigill ō Bictar aingel tar ēis a treidenais to tell of the angel Victor's proposal, ZCP vii 308.5 . ag aithfriotal uirghill an Diabhail re Críost (of the temptation), Eochairsg. 58.37 . Attrib. g s. óm fhior uraghaill `from my advocate', Aithd. D. 59.24 .

(c) In more general sense address, speech, utterance: ?sōermacāmh na nDomhnannach . . . a fīreinech re filedaibh a n-uirghillaibh re hairdrīghaib, ZCP xiii 166.4 . is and dobered Ota ben Turges a huricli (frecartha v.l.) ar altoir Cluana mic Nois `used to give her audience', Cog. 12.14 . ?rún a n-orḟuighle, TD 9.23 . gi bé rabh . . . i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech', Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . dorinde N. auragull fri hE. `N. addressed H.', St. Ercuil 1841 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . tús is earr an uraghuill i.e. the content of the poem, DDána 121.31 . acfuinn uraghaill the power of speech, TSh. 4195 . Extended meaning: gaoth as ghairbhe urughall, PBocht 25.8 .

As quasi-vn.: táinicc . . . d'urḟuigeall Ch. re hI. to discuss C. with I., Acall. 1623 . ro budh córa fileadha da n-uradhall it were more proper for poets to address them, ML 104.19 .

2 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ar or dil.ie/3903

Forms: air, ar, ár, úaire

prep. 1 ar used as conjunction for, since, seeing that, for the reason that . In O. Ir. also air (see Thurn. Gramm. § 168 . This spelling predominates only in Ml., ar being commoner both in Wb. and Sg.). Also ár, LU 3255 , 3257 ( SC 5 ) (vowel perh. influenced by ór = úaire, MU2 Gloss., cf. also ór from ó + ro). Occasionally leniting ( Ml. 42c8 , Sg. 206a3 ), see Thurn. Gramm. § 906 . Perh. substituted for earlier ol, al (see 2 ol). Cf. ar ni raibi, IT i 118.14 = ol ni rabi, LU 10718 . Also ál asbert, 10721 = al, Ériu xii 164.1 (TE2. ┐ isbert, v.l.). Wind., IT i Wtb . compares olchena archena.

`Introduces principal causal clauses or periods', Thurn. Gramm. § 906 or dependent negative: ba samalta re Meidb na beth penning a selba lé. arna baí tarb a chomméit lé fora búaib 'it seemed to Medb as if she had not a penny of possessions since she had not a bull as great as that among her kine' LL ii 7624 , Celtica ix 122 . radis friss ara tísed uathad leis … ár nach crích ł ferand baí aice, 'he told him to come only with a small number … for he had neither land nor domain' LL ii 8382 , Celtica ix 122 . atraachtatar Ulaid co barbarda ara n-armaib. ár nar lam Sencha érgi eturru 'the Ulstermen rose furiously to seize their arms since Sencha did not dare to rise among them' LL v 34699 , Celtica ix 122 . The clause so introduced is usually an explanation or amplification of the circumstances attend- ing a foregoing statement or question, e.g. co farcbad leesi a liasom . . . Ar adrubairtseom is isind liic robui a anim a mathar, Anecd. i 10.13 ( SCano 309 ). cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucam ? Ar ba mese sacart oc baistiud ind anma sin fora athair, Sc. M² 12 . With absol. and deut. form of verbs: airataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . airis ho athir because it is from the father, 17c7 . air danimmart greim á aite, 14b14 . ar ba doig lais, PH 293 . ? ársit cara `since thou art a friend', Met. Dinds. iv 362.175 (órsad, v.l.). Folld. by proclitic: arciaricc, Wb. 2a5 . ar cia bésiu, BColm. 106.6 . ar diambe . . . `for if he be', Mon. Tall. 153.8 . ar mani thuaslaicea isind chaisc, 132.16 . ar nifarnic, Wb. 2a21 . arníasse nóib disuidib, 3d28 . air ni foircnea, Ml. 102a15 . ar ní hinfíadnaisi, Críth Gabl. 35 . is hí tucait in carpait do breith cu Fíacc, ar notéighed . . ., ZCP viii 106.28 . Note also: ar céin con-oadar . . . nicon tessēba maith airi, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . In asyntactic constructions where a nomina- tive precedes the main clause: air an oen ar fichit it trisecht són, Ml. 2d2 . arlín inna laithe ised immefolngi éccintigi dund aimsir for it is the number of days which causes, 17d6 . arincorp . . . frissaroscarsom . . . nifil taidchur do dochum inchoirpsin, Wb. 3a14 . ár cech ben ro charastar C.C. ba clóen, etc., LU 3257 ( SC 5 ). ar cid bās dobera for cethra is coitchend dōib, ZCP viii 104.5 . Note also: air cia salm- scribdid conicfed són `for what psalmist could have done that?' Ml. 14a6 . With prec. causal conjunction: daig ar-dot-roset fir hErend for the men of Ireland will come to thee, TBC 1495 . fó bith ar is, LU 3446 ( SC 22 ). In a loose connective sense: ar do-loga 'further, let it forgive' Ériu xl 27 . ar is sí trisfintiu innso 'this is one of the three kindred-rights' Peritia iv 313 (BB 10) . air [is] i suidiu ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine, iarfine ┐ indfine 'here gelfine, derbfine, iarfine, and indfine … has been established' ibid. (BB 11) . ar is sí breth ba(i)rr-bunaid 'this is the judgement of 'branches-and-trunk'' ibid. 316 (BB 12) .

archena

Cite this: eDIL s.v. archena or dil.ie/4005

adv Later form of olchena , q.v. regait téora ingena . . . tiagat in[n]a ingena a.¤ . . ., Trip.² 2752 `the rest of the virgins,' Trip. 232 . nī frīth didu acu a.¤ īcc na cesta, Arch. iii 3.21 . sonus . . . lenda ┐ cech bíd arc[h]enae, BColm. 52.25 . ni fagbaiter na da berla sechtmogat ar cheana `other- wise' (i.e. unless Gaelic is counted as one of them), Auraic. 15 . mór dá haos cumtha ar cheana (: oidheadha) `many others', Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . na longa ele archeana, FM ii 1034. 17 .

cáined

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáined or dil.ie/7825

u, m. Vn. of cáinid. IGT Verbs § 71 . act of reviling, slandering, satirizing; blaming, reproaching: fil . . . oc du chaned, Ml. 58c6 . ima mbualudh ┐ ima cainiudh, Laws ii 156.17 Comm. im cainte . . . ┐ crecha, i 58.12 Comm. sárcainte eile olchena other insulting slanders, O'C. 1140 ( H. 3. 18, 454b ). fochiura cách cainte do chániud dar a chend `everyone will buy a lampooner to lampoon on his behalf', RC xxvi 40 § 204 . bad ch.¤ dom ḟir it would be a reproach to my husband, TBC 34 . doig in bad cained iardaigi ┐ míadamlachta dam iar docaid iartair domuin, IT ii2 102.15 . d'uamhan a cháinte don draoi for fear of being satirized by the druid, Keat. iii 899 . bachlach do bheith dom cháineadh, Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . docamhal, mairg, caineadh, cursa, Eg. Gl. 213 , 398 .

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sits 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), Aisl. MC 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'C. 396 ( H. 3. 18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H. 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'C. 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 (di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naith- cu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con- fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegen- ständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'C. 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd.D. 76.7 .

commus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commus or dil.ie/11534

Forms: cumas, comas

u, later o. Vn. of con-midethar (see Thurn. Gramm. 450 ). cumas, comas m., IGT Decl. § 53 .

(a) act of controlling, arranging, directing : c.¤ termuind do chathrach . . . co Droma B. limits of sanctuary, Trip.² 2766 `power', Trip. 235 (perh. `extent', note). cosin sechtmad mac imlessan . . . do ch.¤ a ruisc isa tech to direct, LU 7055 ( BDD 71 ). fri comus a mbesa `to assess their tributes', Ériu xii 162 § 2 (TE). dáig a gaili da chomus to restrain his valour, MU² 682 . deogh cen c.¤ immoderate drinking, ZCP iii 25.7 . con-a atmaille can ch.¤ , LL 16106 ( Todd Nenn. 252.8 ). līn a rē / fri c.¤ in chōicid-se `the length of their reigns over this province', Ériu xvii 46 § 38 . ? C. gan churu commais, LL 2621 .

(b) Usu. power, ability, capacity : comos .i. compos . . . é nō commes leis for cāch, nō commesrugud coda dōib, Corm. Y 330 = coimmess, Corm. 12 . commos .i. a compos graece .i. potens , O'Mulc. 234 . comus gl. potentia, Thes. ii 236.15 . ad coimse mo chrod dot chainmacniu, Fing. R. 485 `you are capable (of taking) my cattle', n., where Ed. compares at comsa mac F. frim, Sc. M² 15 . fotrochess ot'mórchoimsib who deprived thee of thy great powers SR 1746 . lat-so na huile comse olchena `all other functions . . . are yours', Ériu i 44.12 = choimsi `powers', RC xxvi 372.22 . ? ar scís a comasaib gaile, LL 30618 = oca scél-baile, Met. Dinds. iv 26.24 . eochair chomais coinnmed, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . marcach na ndūl / danī dar c.¤ comsidib, Arch. iii 235.7 ( Aithd. D. 61 ). bar sairi ┐ bar c.¤ féin, CCath. 5071 . i cceardcha cliste an chumais (of a síd), O'Hara 3440 . do ní deilbh fa dheilbh chumais, Dán Dé xxviii 38 `agent', notes. solāthar do dhénamh dóibh do réir . . . chumais na háite = according to the possibility of the place, RSClára 21a . lucht cumais, Keat. Poems 492 .

With obj. gen.: comus miodhchuine, Ériu xiii 25.7 . commas pende ara faoendel `to fix any penance for such straying', Mon. Tall. 62 (151.20) . ni léo atá c.¤ t'anma the power of life or death over you, LU 6379 (TBC). comus nime `the power of bestowing heaven', Laws i 14.6 Comm. tucad . . . na gillai con ┐ comus fiadoig do, ZCP xiii 254.16 . let fein comus t'ingine, RC xiii 9.17 . cumas m'anma d'ionghaire, DDána 21 A.4 . do chumus féin self-rule, Aithd. D. 79.2 .

With follg. FOR power over: ni bia c.¤ for foglaid, LU 9748 . ni fuil comus [di] for immenn, Laws ii 386.9 Comm. gin comus marcach na srein forro (of panic-stricken horses), Marco P. 113 . ? ó tá [a] chumes ar Dhia thall, Celtica iv 135 § 78 `influence with God', Gloss.

With prec. prep.: cen chummus gan cetugud do in spite of his efforts, TTebe 2493 . tathbeim ┐ beim co cumus a controlled (powerful?) blow, IT i 273.z ( FB 40 Eg.). faebarbéim co c.¤ , Táin 1651 ( St. 1692 ). Goill . . . dá mbeadh dod chumas, Aithd. D. 26.30 . ní bfuilim féin dhom chumus `I myself have not the power' (I cannot control myself?), Ériu i 20.76 . béimm fo ch.¤ `a well-measured stroke', Triads 118 . tuc urcur fo comus dó `a powerful throw', CCath. 2961 . cen bá Ailill / fót ch.¤ tabairther, LU 5477 (TBC). fo ch.¤ ┐ fo chumacta P., LL 32591 ( TTr. 1795 ). dibertsat fou cumus C.C. a rige, Ériu viii 172.6 . no leicead na husce estibside fó a chomus in tan ba laind leis as he wished, LB 235a58 . roleigedh as . . . fo chumus was released under restrictions, AU ii 408.11 . bud for bar comus a cathcharpait at your disposal, Alex. 232 . do-ratsat in tir fora comos, Grail 1033 . a-tá ar comus don choimdhigh / gan m'éra it is in the Lord's power . . ., Bard. Synt. Tr. 37.12 . maith na cruinne ar chumas damh, DDána 37.29 . acht go mbia Caitir-íona / ar cumas díona mh'anma able to protect, Measgra D. 25.68 . ceinbes ichomus coirp ┐ anme, Thes. ii 244.30 (Cambr.). Compd. cumasónna weak, Measgra D. 32.13 .

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacul, aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or de- pendent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deig- briathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb 22 a 11 : in aedifica- tionem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb 12 a 11 ( 1 Cor. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách PH 5491 ( 1 Cor. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms eladu, fiss, sous, airchetul. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad TBC 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)...Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Ds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atl. iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acallam 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain TBC 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Boroma § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atl. iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Ex. xv 2 . Deut. xxxi 19 . 2 Sam. xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán H 3. 18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib TBC 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach FM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy Gram. Lat. Hib. 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg 156 b 4 , and often used syno- nymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Mil 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Mil 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; Arch. iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dag- dánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( Arch. iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and gold- work v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib H 3. 18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Mil 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his pro- fession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tallaght 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána H 3. 17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, Betha Colm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir A. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad SC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána TBC 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena , Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena , ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a pro- fessional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd LU 75 b 30 ( TBC² 1685 ).

V A profession as represented by its practisers col- lectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat TBC 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's transla- tion wrong is proved by TBC 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VI An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , St. Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Cormac s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán=obair l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R. LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC 997 , containing dán in the sense of pro- fession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

VIII PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) BR 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinn. ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCgl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fenagh 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Pet. 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Misc. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . Buile S. § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fian. 68. 11 . dobh- raith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laoidh are now more usual.

dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg Wb 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurneysen Handb. 227 suggests). deich Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Mil 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. —dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . Arch. i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr H 3. 18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures RDind. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to MT 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Mil 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn TBC 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb TBC 1675 Y.—ise læch is dech di ócaib domain SC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad TBC 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa MT 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Mil 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind TBC 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, Arch. iii 3. 13 . TBC 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg roch- reitset hi Críst, Wb 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Oeng. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, Toch. Fer. 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. Oeng. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn TBC 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn FM ii 1156. 12 .—tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái TBC 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Sench. Mór, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).—Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich moro- chich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).—is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter LL 293 b 18 . The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich FM i 260. 4 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 .

1 dechor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dechor or dil.ie/14907

Forms: dechor, dechur, dechur, dechor, -ur, ndechor, nduchur, dechor, dechur, duchur, dechor, dechur, dechuir, dechoir, dechur, dechvr, dechor, dechraib, deochoir, deuchur, dechraib, deochair, dechraib, dechair, dechraib, dechoir, dechair, deccair, deochoir, deochair, deocair, deoch-, dechair, deochoir, deochair, dechraib

n o,n. GENDER AND INFL. Oir. neut. Wb dechor, dechur. Mil only dechur. Sg dechor, -ur. n s. pre- ceded by neuter of the article: a ndechor , Wb 13 c 26 . Sg 107 b 1 . 183 a 2 . a nduchur (sic), Mil 115 a 2 . Followed by neutral n-: dechur naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 . dechor mbindiusa, Sg 23 a 2 . d.-or netarru, 38 a 8 . d.-or nuird, 41 b 7 , 10 . d.-or naimsire, 146 b 15 . combed dechur eter ṅdán ulla, ib. 45 b 19 . Referred to with ed: Mil 24 d 25 . 115 a 2 . Sg 107 b 1 . n s. dechor, Wb 13 c 26 . Prisc. Cr. 62 a 3 . Sg 3 a 11 . 27 a 9 . 41 b 10 . 59 a 17 . 163 b 10 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 201 a 3 . 212 a 13 . dechur, Wb 12 c 43 . 13 c 26 (thrice). 33 c 10 . Mil 26 b 1 . 114 a 14 . duchur, Mil 115 a 2 . —a s. dechor, Wb 7 d 10 . Sg 6 b 2 . 28 a 7 . 61 a 24 . 220 b 6 . dechur, Wb 10 b 21 . 13 c 26 . 33 c 18 . Mil 56 b 33 . 69 a 19 . 138 c 1 .—g s. dechuir, Sg 38 a 2 . 173 a 8 . 212 a 13 . dechoir, 55 b 5 .—d s. dechur, Wb 13 b 26 . Mil 24 d 26 . 72 c 9 . dechvr, Sg 205 a 3 . dechor, ib. 28 a 13 . 61 b 3 . 147 a 1 . 198 a 5 .— d p. dechraib, Mil 125 d 7 .—MID.-IR. fem.: basí deochair lasna fianna LU 86 b 4 f.b. Now pronounced and written deochoir with u-timbred ch (duchur, Mil 115 a 2 , perhaps = deuchur). The constant spelling dechraib in d p. points to a-timbred ch in syncopated forms (i.e. in pl.). Compare the following rhymes from SR: sg. deochair: feochair, SR 4815 , 6813 . deochain, 4533 . fleochaid, 7115 ; but pl. dechraib: debthaig, 6537 . cethraib, 3007 . Rhymes like (cen) dechair: brethaib LL 155 a 11 ; (cen) dechair: Mechair, ib. 353 a 43 , point to a-timbred ch (due to the analogy of the pl.). Of the o-inflexion no trace is left. sg. indec. deochoir, pl. †dechrai, dat. dechraib. n s. dechoir LL 170 a 29 . dechair SR 1255 . 1330 (if not gen.). 7947 . Rawl. 46 b . deccair, CCath. 2051 . deochoir, Hib. Min. 17. 5 . deochair LU 86 b 4. f.b. LL 189 b 59 . SR 1251 . Laws ii 200. 12 . deocair BB 319 b 5 . deoch-, Hib. Min. 8 l. 267 ; 9 l. 291 . LB 111 a 39 .—a s. dechair LL 353 a 43 . 155 a 11 . deochoir, Otia i 116 . deoch- air LL 10 b 40 . deoch- LB 111 a 13 .—d s. deochair LL 157 b 2 . SR 1278 . —d p. dechraib SR 3007 . 6537 . 7261 .

ORIGIN: A cpd. of dĕ- and cor, vn. of cuirithir, a neuter like dechor. The distinction made between dí-chor and de- chor points to dis- as the origin of de-, v. prep. de (Origin).

SENSES: Deochair .i. dealugad, Lec. Gl. 265 . deachair .i. dealughadh. ar nach deachradh .i. nach dealaigheadh, O'Cl. deochair .i. eidirdheiliughadh, ib. deachair .i. dearsgugadh. dealbh an chruim dór do dheachair .i. do dearsgaich, ib. (Synon. derscugud CCath. 2051 v.l.).

I The condition of being different; difference, dissimilarity, diversity. Also a point in which things differ . In the Glosses frequently translating Lat. differentia ( Mil 24 d 25 . Sg 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 28 a 7 . 28 a 13 . 41 b 7 . 55 b 5 . 61 b 3 . 185 b 1 . 197 a 13 . 212 a 13 ), Lat. distinctio ( Wb 12 c 43 ), Lat. diuersitas ( Mil 26 b 1 ), and referring to Lat. diuersus ( Sg 38 a 8 . 147 a 1 ), Lat. discernere ( Sg 26 b 8 ), Lat. alternatio. Often joined to ailidetu, cumscugud, (eter)derscnugud and the like. The objects or persons compared are introduced by eter (by gen. SR 1330 . LB 111 a 39 ), the thing or person compared with by fri (Mid.-Ir. la LB 111 a 39 ), the point of comparison is put in gen., very seldom introduced by i n- ( Wb 12 c 43 ).

(a) usually of things and abstracts: differentia, gl. dechor, Sg 212 a 13 . 197 a 13 . ib. 3 a 11 . 26 b 8 . 107 b 1 . 201 a 3 . Mil 115 a 2 . co fessed dechoir na pian, Otia i 116 (same phrase Wb 13 c 26 ). d.¤ eter: a ndechur feil ettarru, Wb 33 b 18 . d.¤ eter corpu nemdi ┐ corpu talmandi ┐ d.¤ etur corpu nemdi immanetar &c. (six times), ib. 13 c 26 . tadbat d.¤ fil eter lánamnas ┐ ógi, 10 b 21 . etir deacht ┐ dóinacht, Mil 26 b 1 (transl. Lat. diuersitas). Mil 24 d 25 . 56 b 33 . 72 c 9 . Sg 38 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 163 b 10 . 173 a 8 . 185 b 1 . conroib ailidetu ┐ dechor etir in dí sillaib, 59 a 17 . Lat. indifferenter, gl. ní bi d.¤ eter diall nanmann ┐ pronominum , 27 a 9 .—cati dechoir etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8. 264 . ib. 17. 5 ; 9. 21 . Laws ii 200. 12 . Rawl. 46 b . SR 7947 . ba sí d.¤ lasna fianna etir orgain ┐ maidm LU 86 b 4 f.b. = H 3.18, 531 . —dechor + fri: ar ní fil ní frisa mbed a ndechor, Sg 183 a 2 . ib. 38 a 2 . ní écen d.¤ fri céssad, Pr. Cr. 62 a 3 . dechor + i n-: Lat. distinctionem sonituum, gl. mani bée d.¤ isin tsenmuim, Wb 12 c 43 . dechor + gen.: d.¤ nuird, Sg 41 b 7 , 10 . d.¤ ceníuil, 61 a 24 . ib. 6 b 2 . 23 a 2 . 220 b 6 . d.¤ naisndissen, Mil 114 a 14 . lēgo lĕgo dīco dĭco: ata dechor naimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne a difference of quantity (sic transf.), Sg 146 b 15 . d.¤ delbha, CCath. 2051 .

(b) of persons: d.¤ tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu, Mil 138 c 1 . ní biad d.¤ etir firu sídi ┐ doene olchena LL 170 a 29 . dá óclach...ní bí d.¤ ná eterderrsgnugud delbha etarru, CCath. 2051 .

II The action of distinguishing or discriminating; a distinction, discrimination . rogabad do d.¤ etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, Mil 24 d 26 . do d.¤ úirt, Wb 13 b 26 . differen- tiæ causa .i. do d.¤ etir anmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid, Sg 61 b 3 . ib. 147 a 1 . do d.¤ fri alaili, 198 a 5 . fri prænomina aili, 28 a 1 . opp. confusio, 205 a 3 . dobér in nubull duit do deochair maith ┐ uilcc SR 1278 . — differentiae causa .i. ar dechor etir, &c., Sg 28 a 7 . .i. ar accuis dechoir, 55 b 5 . 212 a 13 .—deochair eter maith is olc SR 1251 . 1255 . 1330 . MacCarthy 54. 6 . d.¤ maithiusa la hulc, ib. 54. 27 . d.¤ do dénom to make a difference or distinction: mógi sidi uili do Dia acht dorigénsat in descipuil d.¤ etarru, Wb 7 d 10 .—cen dechur without distinction, glossing Lat. indifferenter, Mil 69 a 19 . cen dechair LL 155 a 11 . 353 a 43.

III An alteration, a change , transl. Lat. alternatio. Syn. cumscugud.admiratio diuinae potentiae in alternationibus trancellitatis atque procellarum .i. isnaib ildechraib ón, Mil 125 d 7 .

IV Distinction, excellence, eminence . atchuala ríg co ṅgus glan i fus for tír Tuadmuman: clí co ndeochair chuchta cain LL 157 b 2 . Closely related to I, cf. Wb 33 c 10 : de Melchisedech de Christo .i. a dechur fri sacartu fetarlicce.

V Instances from SR not mentioned above.

(a) d p. dechraib: dá macc déc...Iacoib húi Abaráim cona dechraib in cach threib cona cethraib máthrechaib with their differences in each tribe, SR 3007 . iar ṅdechraib doib díni dé: debthaig immon nárdríge 'according to their differences' ZCP x 380 . (viz. the eleven tribes under Ispas from the tribe of Judah) they fought for the high-kingship, 6537 . rí roeirn...cosmailius co sainigud...do híascaib snáit i srothaib do dechraib gotha na nén ┐ a crotha comthrén variety, 7261 .

(b) sg. deochair: na fográid ann (sc. isin tabernacuil) fria ndeochair: na deochain na suibdeochain: fri annad caindle gním cert fri tairbe fri timthirecht at their various occupations, 4533 . deochair tria blait, 4815 . Dauid ba bibdu rechta...dḟis trialla deochair dochath Fiadu fris feochair fergach, 6863 . bái tart for túaith nIsrahél. ní relic deochair Dia dil broen fleochaid dóib do noebnim, 7115 . ticfa fleochud fuilide asind níul...truag deochair diar cuirib ne línfaid inn huili ṅdomon, perh. a woeful change or difference, 8031 .—Other instances: Eochaid...delbas deochair a degrand LL 10 b 40 (deabhas d. a ndeadh rand BB 33 b 25 .). deochair álainn aturo na ndís brec sróin bil SG 90. 15 . Fél. Oeng. Apr. 13 v.l.—itiat so tra na togla .i. Trechúairt (v.l. Treochair, Anecd. ii 45. 16 ) Tigi Lir...┐ Deochair (v.l. Deoair, Harl. Anecd. l.c. ) Tige Cathbath, LL 189 b 59 (meaning obscure, the tale being lost; Treochair if right points to a cpd. with de- `two'). As to dechraib BB 204 b 18 , Ir. Nenn. 136. 3 , see deccair.

dénmas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dénmas or dil.ie/15464

n u, later o,m. (dénum) IGT Decl. § 27 .

(a) build, shape, form: a roga dealba ┐ denmasa fair, Fen. 18 . co mbuaidh crotha ┐ caemdhenmusa, ZCP vi 27 . co mbuadh ndeilbhe ┐ go ndenamhas, i 124 .

(b) act of making or producing, formation: iar nemcaemach- tain denmusa i n-a ndligid when it had been impossible to build them up properly (of fences), Laws v 270.22 Comm. tes . . . is cuis denmhusa don fionnfadh heat is the cause of the growth of hair, 3 C 19, 53rb3 . isi seo uindimint an gilcaidh do reir mu dhenmasa fein according to my own preparation, 23 P 10, 64a29 . lán do dhéanmhus . . . ann féin, Desid. 2599 ` affecta- tion ', Gloss., q.v. As quasi-verbal noun in sense of dénum: bói ac denmus (denmuus , MS.) a légind, Aisl. MC 9 . lucht dénmhusa bine buirb, IGT Decl. ex. 4 . Act of proving: ro-bōe ic dēnmus chundrada, ZCP xv 345 § 35 .

(c) Various. Concrete, that which is made, a structure, build- ing, etc.: fri loscud in dúine ┐ in denmusa olchena , Dinds. 27 ( RC xv 327 ). Gramm. construction, function: as iad sin a denmusa do reir laidni (of Lat. quid used as pron. and adv.), Laws v 4 . d.¤ neith practical effect or result: an chéid-déanmhas neith do thiocfadh ón fhíréantacht úd .i. an réasún do ghiall do Dhia, TSh. 2891 . chúig déanmais neith, 2887 . Hence as gramm. term, finite form of a vb. connected with an abstr. noun (a concrete action as opposed to an abstract idea): dícheal (on dearmad), `ní dhíchél' a dhénmhus neith, IGT Introd. § 63 . mleith, meil ┐ do mheil a ndenmhus neith, § 66 ; cf. §§ 151 - 5 . persana oibrigthi gan d.¤ neith iad (of foghal and similar vnn.), Verbs § 83 .

dín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dín or dil.ie/16570

Forms: dína

n u,m. IGT Decl. § 95 , Verbs § 83 .

(a) protection, defence, shelter: robo d.¤ ┐ dītiu diar feib, TBC 535 . nech da tic mo d.¤ one who can protect me, PRIA iii 1893-6, 536 § 18 . d.¤ anma, ascnam nime, Ériu ii 66 § 12 . is ferr d.¤ cloth oldás d.¤ mbiid, Tec. Corm. § 11.3 . d.¤ m'athar aitchim-si, ZCP viii 202.25 . nāch bīad a dīn for talmain that there would be no shelter for him on the face of the earth, 114.z . dogébthái bar ndíon i Cluain meic Nóis, SG 55.26 . cia thrialltai teichead ní focus díb bar nd.¤ , Alex. 222 . tri c. bliadan . . . atú fo d.¤ gach daire | ní fhaca mín mōrmaighe, BB 394a3 . ni fuighbea (sic leg.) do dhin romumsa gan do bhas leam, Aen. 3174 . Alba gan díon a ndiaigh Ailín defenceless after Allen, Rel. Celt. ii 216 . acht go bhfaghdaois díon ┐ sochar an dlighidh, protection and benefit of the law, Keat. iii 5759 . d.¤ .i. daingean, Stowe Gl. 71 . Common in chevilles: d.¤ cert, SR 3011 . d.¤ cloth, 4915 . d.¤ cech síd, 6615 . comeis lini . . . d' ugaib do din no do digrais da sinser in succour or kindness to an elder, Cog. 48.19 . gorab díon no gurab daingen in trachta[d] ceille doberr as na corpa `that the commentary which is brought from the texts may be a defence', O'Dav. 737 . AR (FOR) d.¤ depending on (cf. ar scáth): mé ar díon duine 'na ndeaghaidh | míol mara arna mionshro- thaibh, Bk. of O'Con. Don. 379a26 . ollam. .i. uille in lín bis for a dínsom oldati na gradha olchena , Laws iv 358.13 Comm.

As quasi-vn. act of sheltering, protecting: coimde . . . dom díon dom imdegail, Arch. iii 220 . ic d.¤ láech-ban is láech-fher, Met. Dinds. iii 378 . co tanic Petar is Pól do d.¤ na mac mbuilid mbind, Fél.² xxxvi . taispenaidh bur crodhacht da bar nd.¤ fen, RC xix 282 § 212 . tig tunica . . . mar adairc do dhion na sūl o urchoidibh forimileacha, 3 C 19, 99ra1 . Criosd da choimhed Dia da dhíon, Rel. Celt. ii 321.27 . dúil do chleach- tadh reacht mhic Dé do dhíon . . . to uphold the law of Christ, Ó Bruad. ii 202 . gurab léor . . . ughdarás na hEagluise . . . d'á dhíon gurab ionghabhtha an t-Aifrionn to defend the point that, Eochairsg. 13.34 . Dimin. (metri causa): drem as doig diar ndínón (dionon, MS.), Gorm. March 14 . Note also: téid ar dhíon, DDána 87.15 , explained in Gloss. as `ar a choimeád'.

Attrib. g s. dína sheltering, protective: a dhuis díona in degshlóig, SG 265.6 . na coillte díona dosmhóra, 266.15 . in drong díona, 353.13 . sgiath dhíona, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 8 .

With AR protection, shelter against: ní díon ar dhoininn na ar dherthan bheith ann, Buile S. p. 114 . din ar diabal in Duileam, Lec. 363b36 . fod dhin ar na pecaibh nac tainic to protect you against future sin, Lib. Flav. 36rb x . a nd.¤ ar gach nindliged, Laws v 24.19 Comm. dia nd.¤ ar in duinebaid, Lism. L. 4805 . gan díon ar olc, Keat. Poems 1173 . Note also: i ndíon ar dháimh protection over, Keat. Poems 590 .

Of persons, Muridach . . . d.¤ nAirther M. protector of Orior, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 36 . a ri na righ is tu mo d.¤ , IT iii 11 . a Phátric . . . a d.¤ Gáedel, Met. Dinds. iii 378 . am d.¤ cech dochair, ZCP iii 236 (TE). Flathbertach d.¤ cech deoraid, LL 182b2 . ba d.¤ do nochtaib, ACC 85 ( RC xx 268 ). rofaith mo d.¤ mo ditiu, FM an. 906 . díon anbhfann is tearmann dáimhe, Keat. Poems 465 .

Of places: rofhágaibh a curach a scalpaibh carrag fo d.¤ fo díamhair in shelter and concealment, Ériu iii 154 § 7 . adba in ríg . . . ba d.¤ ba dún ba dindgna, LL 28b18 . rucsat co diamair dia nd.¤ | immad fíadaig is fíadmíl to their shelter, Met. Dinds. iii 246 . doronsat catair . . . ┐ ba din iside on Scitia . . . co descert na h-Asia, BB 411a27 . in tan rosiacht Nisus d.¤ a place of shelter, Aen. 2124 . den .i. d.¤ no daingen, O'Dav. 737 . do thréig sé a dhíon amhuil an leomhan `his covert', Jer. xxv 38 .

(b) covering, thatch, roofing: do chleithibh . . . do dhíon ┐ do dheaghsheisg, ML 76 . tech . . . fo dhíon ocus fó thégar, SG 292.27 . faidhit (leg. saidhit?) d.¤ clāraigh uasa mbarcuibh, ZCP i 404 . d.¤ d'fhidhbadaib uasa a roofing of timbers, 384 . do mhullach tighe do bi se do cur fa d.¤ , BCC 309 . fé dh.¤ tighe, GJ vi 152b17 .

(c) sparing, husbanding (cf. caomhnadh in same sense): Síol Néill ag neimhdhíon a gcrodh unsparing of their wealth, Bk. of O'Conor Don 136a17 .

(d) In legal sense remission (?): anaid ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus co ngill no d.¤ no dithim until pledge or remission (?), [end of] delay in pound (?), Laws ii 128.25 Comm.

Compds. ¤armda: daingen d., MR 236.14 . ¤athair protecting father: dílleacht gan díon-athair, TSh. 1170 . deibhléan . . . dearóil gan díon-athair, 6621 . ¤barr: is mo Dia d., IT iii 52.4 . tanic Padraic . . . ar dinbarr leigeand, Lec. 584b1 . ¤brollach vindication or apology prefacing a work: díonbhrollach nó brollach cosnaimh Forais Feasa ar Éirinn, Keat. i 92.70 . ¤chomét: a théach adéarainn do dhíonchoiméad, Keat. Poems 577 . a Iosa a dhíonchoimhéud na foirbhtheachda protector, Parrth. Anma 285.20 . ¤fhál: ar daingne bid dínfhal, Gorm. Oct. 19 . ¤lethan broad-sheltering: sgiath d., Atlantis iv 176.27 . ¤mór: confacaid dosaball díonmór fó bláth, SG 351.31 . ¤scíath: a protecting shield: go haisiog a ndínscéithe, Ó Bruad. iii 14.16 . ¤toirt: rothinól d. tachtai, a protecting mass, SR 5971 .

do-coímthet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-coímthet or dil.ie/17427

Forms: docoemtet

v (*to-com-imm-tét, Ped. ii 644 ) accompanies: docoemthet a heslinn co innill he accompanies them from an unsafe to a safe place, Laws i 242.8 . dogni gnimu olchena .i. co n-imtet do-caomteit, 244.10 Comm. fer conimtet ┐ do comthet, 240.28 , 242.28 Comm. = docoemtet, H. 3.17 (Plummer MS. notes). doscomtet focetoir, O'C. 879 ( H. 3.18 394a ).

do-fil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fil or dil.ie/17640

Forms: dofilter

impers. vb. with accus. is (are) coming, is (are) at hand: d.¤ Críst cona soscelu gl. prope est, Wb. 4d29 . ciasberat dofeil laa mbrátha gl. quasi instet dies Domini, 26a1 . tofil fair celiu chucaib sund your companions are coming to you here, LU 1485 (MU). dosfil uli they are all coming, FB § 53 . d.¤ in carpat afhrithisi, TBC² 1192 . a popa, d.¤ na slūagu dūn the hosts are drawing nigh to us, 1022 . d.¤ Ultu as a ces (chucut, LU), 1716 . tofil in matin n-uairgloin, ZCP viii 418.9 . d.¤ aimser laithe mbratha (leg. aimsir), 195 § 1 . dofuil digail fiadat foraib, Snedgus u. Mac R. 13 § 71 . d.¤ éc do Choincholuinn, LL 285b1 . d.¤ deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16.18 . d.¤ sund ingin cach ríg there comes here the daughter of each king, Met. Dinds. iii 210 . dosfil atuaidh, Aisl. MC 5.5 . dochum Cathraigi dodfail unto C. he is coming, Trip.² 2389 . d.¤ for ar tí Tuathal, RC xxiii 420.30 . With redundant inf. pron.: tíag dum' daim | dosfil (dufail, v.l.) in matin m-bánglain, Im. Brain i 43.22 . apraidh . . . fri firu Erind dosfil dígal mór foruib, RC ix 24.7 . frithalid na firu dosfil far ṅdochum, LL 116b7 . dusfuil ann fath fiarfaige, RC xiv 62.21 . dosfail dar Findabair find, fiallach grinn . . . there comes . . ., FM i 506 . Pass. as impers.: dofilter chucut ón ríg they are coming to thee from the king, BDD § 7 . dofilter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4 . is úais nech dofilter sund innocht noble is he who comes here tonight, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). In Mid.Ir. occasionally with nom. (in depend. or rel. sentences): dot saerad ó na tigernaighibh diumsacha dom- fuilet fuirri, CCath. 427 (perh. corrupt). ? atáit na snedha . . . id cholaind, | atait na mila comer | doḟuilet | a Chonaill, IT iii 88 § 102 . is sí ind ráth-sa dosfailet this is the `ráth' where they abide (nosfuilet, dia fuilet, v.l.), Met. Dinds. iii 130 .

Often approximating in meaning to subst. vb., and in some cases simply an extension of O.Ir. fil: ni sinn rotla ot soillsib . . . dadotfail . . . imbithphein, imbithdorchib since thou art in perpetual pain and darkness (?), SR 1747 . do fuil a adhbhur sin acum ar C., Acall. 3906 . isin t-shechtmad bliadain arna breith don fail he is in his seventh year, TBC 1254 . d.¤ úadaib thair sin chnucc | fert Dodera, Met. Dinds. iii 228 . gráid cen dlecht . . . d.¤ (dusfuil, v.l.) fair lecht mBreisse the grave of B. is over him, 222 . o shain . . . dofail a hainm úasa her name is upon it, 302 . is dia roimsib retha . . . d.¤ ainm in locha that the lake derives its name, 408 . Common in rel. clauses: in t-íchtar biástaide d.¤ leo fo uiscib, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). cach Temair olchena d.¤ i n-Éire, 50 ( ib. 444 ). is and conclaid Nās a raith ┐ is i a ainm dus fil .i. Nás, 20 ( ib. 316 ). innis dam . . . cia ri d.¤ for Loch Léin, SG 235.34 . ro-sói isin síd . . . condofil i leithríge in tsída, 257.25 .

d.¤ do (of possession) falls to: d.¤ ghnūis as grāto dō, TBC² 62 (LU).

doír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doír or dil.ie/17924

Forms: doer, doír, dærcis, daertuath

adj o,ā. As subst. o,m. and ā,f.

(a) unfree, lowborn, of servile condition or nature; as subst., serf (opposed to soír free, a freeman; sometimes also to mug slave. See saer); doer gl. mancipi, Sg. 51b12 . doer . . . .i. satilitess (= satellites), O'Mulc. 318 . dochraid cach daer, Arch. iii 229 . saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40 . masa chudrumus corpdire dair dair ┐ dair urraid, O'C. 999 ( H. 3.18 427a ). daor urrad . . . daor deorada . . . daor murchartha . . . daor daoir, 2351 ( Eg. 88, 27 (28)b ). etir sóir ┐ dóir, Wb. 27c15 . berar . . . 'nas dáer na braiti such of the captives as are serfs, TBC 1696 . áne la dóer skill in a serf, Triads 84 . indogbáil doeir (.i. togbáil a hinde na doerclanna fri sáerudh) uplifting of the lowborn, Anecd. v 26 . saer i suidiu ndaeir ┐ daer i suidiu saeir, Laws v 18 . mac cumaili .i. daire of a bondswoman, 456 Comm. tucait na dáe[i]r ┐ na dorsaire do ḟaire na cathrach, RC xiv 416 ( LL 109b44 ). radeligtar a ndáer (= ndaeir) ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer nhErend, TBC 423 . mod frisa mbitis cumala doera, Corm. Y 324 . dia ructhar ar mnā dōera uand, biait for (ar, LU sic leg.) mnā sāera for brōintib, TBC² 1129 . etir saera ┐ daera freemen or serfs, Cog. 42 . o saeraib co daeraib, Laws v 466 . admestar doeru drungu fognama fognat, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . foirb daér ar dilse tenant- land held in fee, Met. Dinds. iii 300 . d'fearann tsaér ┐ dhaor, FM v 1842 . Servile, menial: oibre daora .i. oibre corpordha, mur ata treabhadh, etc., Luc. Fid. 100 ; O'Hussey TC 160 .

(b) Of physical and moral qualities base, ignoble, slavish: ní dóir for mbethu, Wb. 5a3 . rāter rand do dréim nar daer (of Adam and his family), LL 136b25 . ba daor a dath, Todd Nenn. 282 . duairc, doer, dressachtach a drech, SR 939 . o Diarmaid nar bo daer drech of no servile aspect, BB 189a34 . a rosg daor an Diabuil, RC xxviii 320 . conacca in n-arracht ndoer ndochraid, LL 117b27 . for iffern ndub ndorcha ndaer, SG 52 . fria ndiumas ndaor ndrocht `enslaving pride' (?), SG 160 = fri diumus ndúr, Acall. 2964 (sic leg.). oc na slogaib dubaib doeraib na ndemna, PH 8308 . Compar.: mo choirthe . . . an duirb is daoire d'fiabrasaibh, O'Bruad. ii 168 .

(c) enslaved, subject: is daor anois a dhuthaidh, GJ iv 10 . cella daera (a prophecy of evil times), ZCP viii 196 . tiuccfo aimser bus doer eglaiss do thuaith when the church shall be subject to the laity, SG 79 . Derbail . . . dar daer Cul Dremne to whom C.D. owned sway, LL 141a2 . doer o demnaib enslaved (i.e. possessed) by devils, PH 2226 . an uair do bhi t'anam deilte, daor uaidh enslaved by it (the body), GJ iv 20 .

(d) condemned, deserving punishment, guilty: slān cach ditiu(d); daer cach dic[h]ell `every neglect is condemned', Laws ii 2 ; 124 . d'eagla . . . go bhfuighthi daor thú lest thou be found guilty, Prov. xxx 10 . dochuaidh síos go tigh na ndaor the house of the damned (hell), E. O'Rahilly xvii 20 .

(e) laborious, hard, rigorous, painful: trosgadh, urnuighthe . . . aithrighe dhaor, GJ v 85 . is iontuigthe nach daor . . . an bhreath rug Dia ar Ádhamh, TSh. 3418 . With DO: is daer don liaigh inuair nach eol dó beatha an othair dórdugud it is a bad lookout for the physician, 23 P 10, 153ra22 . atáid trí hadhbhair fa' n-a daoire don droing . . . ioná don chineadh Iudaigheach why those . . . shall fare worse than the Jews, Eochairsg. 100 . innte (sc. isan oidhche sin) rogheinsiodar | Bile Tortan, Eo Rosa, | a n-umhla nochar dhaor dhí `their homage to the night was no indignity' (i.e. it was none the worse for that night that the Trees sprang up), ML 96 . Adv. gabhaidh go d.¤ docamh- lach iad with rigour and severity (of captives), ML 108 . foighénaidh go d.¤ do Dhia he will render hard service, SG 24 . gur cheannaigh Críost ár siothcháin go d.¤ ar an gcrois pur- chased our peace dearly, Eochairsg. 73 . clogat do cheannach go d.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 22 . cruindigh do shaidhbhris gu d.¤ ┐ scaoil gu saor he amass your wealth with pains, Ériu v 130 .

(f) Hence dear, valuable, costly (comm. in mod. lang.; cf. Eng. dear): budh daor a bhfuil iona radharc precious shall their blood be in His sight, Ps. lxxii 14 . an criostal ba dhaoire, E. O'Rahilly xxxiv 54 .

Compds. With subst. and adjj. doír forms compds.

(a) in sense of unfree, servile, base, of low condition esp. freq. in technical terms denoting social distinctions in Laws: ¤aicenta: daoraicinta `natural slave', inferior , Laws v 236 Comm. ; O'Dav. 873 . ¤aicme serf-tribe: athigh ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . daoraicme gacha dúithche, Keat. i 58 . ¤am(m)us serf-soldier: ocht doerammuis dia mbiathad fri seilgg, RC xx 140 . ¤athech serf, `villain': ni haltram nach dóerathig, Fél. 44 ( Jan. 15 ) (but see CMCS i 46 ). ¤bard a bard of the second class, oppd. to the sóerbard, IT iii 107 . na dærbaird, Auraic. 1691 . aisti na ndærbard, 1590 . ¤ bondwoman (poet.): rohir dam . . . deich ndairbé (.i. ban- cumala), Ériu ii 3 . ¤ben id.: fo dóerban dul `after the fashion of lowborn women', Met. Dinds. iii 376 . ¤bíatach: a chuaird . . . for a dóerbiatachu ` base-hospitallers ', RC xxvi 39 n. 5 . ¤bothach serf-cottier , opp. to soerb., Laws ii 288 Comm. doerboth[ach]us, iv 388 Comm. See Críth Gabl. p. 78 , Ir. Recht 81 . ¤chéle base tenant or client: a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40 Comm. doercele ag in rí, ii 94 Comm. ¤cherd: lucht daoircheard, mar atá an drong do bhíodh ré gaibhneacht nó ré ceardacht, etc. artisans of lower class, Keat. iii 656 . ¤chimbid prisoner: é féin . . . d'furáilemh ina dhaoirchimidh díairm do mhuinntir na bainrioghna, FM vi 2258 . ¤chim- bidecht imprisonment, bondage: ar dháigh ná dáoirchimi- dheachta i mbattar a thír ┐ a thalamh, a chairde, etc., FM vi 1896 . tromnemhele na daoirchimidheachta dorad Ua Néll don Chalbhach, v 1584 . ¤chís tribute (exacted by conqueror): daircis fodhnama for feraib Eirend, RC xx 337 . dærcis, ib. go gcuirfeadh fá dhaorchíos iad, ML 118.18 . Isa. lx 17 . a láethibh an dáoirchíosa `of the enrolling', Acts v 37 . ¤chlann serf-clan, inferior classes or race: ho d[ó]erchlandib gl. exiguis nationibus, Ml. 80a12 . cach doerchland, cach merlech lowborn person (?), LL 147a47 . at imdha a saerchlanda . . . at [t]earca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 . co n-ordnitis doerclanna i n-ard- clannaib, CCath. 249 . can cummusc daerc[h]lann no daescur- slógh, 6035 . sé cinéala Aitheachthuath nó Daorchlann i nÉirinn, Keat. iv p. 13 . sochaidhe dia saorclandaibh ┐ dia ndaorchlandaibh, Hugh Roe 108 . adj. ¤chlan(n)da: a ceithri doerclanda, CCath. 3564 = servum pecus, Luc. Phars. vi 152 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha daorchlanda, FM vi 2146 . ¤ḟer bondsman: a dáirḟir (as term of reproach), Met. Dinds. iii 154 . ¤ḟognam menial service, bondage: rucadh fa dochar ┐ daerḟoghnam, Ériu v 148 . rochuin[n]ig C. chuccasom daerfoghnomh Temrach, RC xvi 478 ( Dinds. 78 ). ¤ḟuidir (tech. term), Laws ; ¤ḟuidres, Críth Gabl. 580 ; see p. 93 ( base `tenant- at-will'), Ir. Recht 64 , 83 ff. ¤gním: fodailsed Aithechthuacha fo Eirind ┐ rodead daergnim flatha Erend uasaib, Lec. 350b38 (? = greim, BB, see below). ¤macne: bertair dóermaicni dóib their children will be serfs, LU 5614 = TBC² 1134 . ¤mám servile yoke, servitude: fo d., SR 1776 . doermamu fogna- maidh, Laws v 222 Comm. Hence denom. doirmámaigedar gl. vilescere, Ml. 93d9 ; 101a8 . ¤mámaigthetu gl. squalor, Sg. 20a5 . hon doir[ma]maigthetaid gl. squalore, Ml. 28b1 . ¤manach base tenant of ecclesiastical lands, O'Dav. 873 . doermanuch ag in espoc, Laws ii 94 Comm. daermanach eagalsa, iv 196 Comm. Abstr. dóirmanche: cen erchóiliud doermancha, Ériu vii 142 . ¤mesda: luchd daoirmheasda taskmasters , Exod. i 11 . daoirmheasadóir taskmaster , v 10 , 13 ; iii 7 . ¤nemed (tech. term): atat dō neimid . . . saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine . . . Daerneimead imorro, aes gach dāna olchena . . . is do ṡaernemthib fognait, Laws v 14 . ¤opair servile work , TBC 1760 . ¤rath (see 2 rath): daerrath cach tothlu sech fine, ZCP xv 252 § 9 (see xvi 212-13 ). ¤rathas, O'C. 483 ( H. 3.18 251). ¤thúath: daertuath ` tributary territories ', Laws i 82 Comm. ba do daertuathaib Herind do subject tribes , YBL 139a36 .

(b) As pref. with pejorative or intensive force, forming unstable compds. ¤bás: fodémat uacht ┐ gortai . . . ria ndaerbásaib éitchib before (dying) a miserable death, LB 206b56 . ¤breth sentence of condemnation: rug Dia an daoir- bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4 . ni dhearnais daorbhrei- theamhnas flatha tyrannical judgment , ML 102 . ¤chor: ní daerchor `no sorry bargain', Met. Dinds. iii 410 . ¤chris: daorchrios diúide `austere restrictions', Ó Bruad. ii 70 . ¤dál hard judgement or fate: daor-dháil, TSh. 6099 . ¤dálach rigorous, severe: cúntas daor-dhálach, TSh. 3750 . ar na hanmannaibh damanta daor-dhálacha ill-fated , TSh. 6264 . ¤dangen: i nhiffern ṅdúr ndáirdaṅgen, SR 1764 . ¤galar: gailcind nó daergalar ` haemorrhoids ', Fél. 44 (Jan. 16) . flux bronn no daorgaluir, 24 P 3, 346.2 . ¤gol: ag daorghol i nguais ghalair, Ó Bruad. ii 108 . ¤greim: fodhailset tuatha aithecha fo Erind ┐ roddet daergreim flatha Erend uasaib they were placed under strict subjection (?), BB 255b36 . ¤méit: o Deal- baeth nach dealbad bréic | cinset Dealbna can daormeit, Lec. 439b4 = gaendaermeit, BB 188b35 . ¤múch: cen dáermūich daille `vile smoke of blindness', Fianaig. 50 .

In adjj. ¤bésach: gomsa daerbésacha macneda Uladh i l-leth o maithrechaibh inherit servile ways from their mothers, ZCP viii 545 . ¤buillech: deilm d. `a dishonouring blow', Met. Dinds. iii 234 . ¤garg: debtha dene dóergairce, LU 3466 ( SC § 25 ). Ériu viii 173 .

(c) Rarely with vbs.: ¤brissid: cor daerbris a druim ar dó ann, Acall. 4871 ; 6943 ; 6998 .

eisrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eisrecht or dil.ie/19890

Forms: estrechta, eisdreacht

n u, m. one who is outside or not bound by the law: esrecht .i. ni thairchilla recht, Three Ir. Gl. 18 = esricht .i. ni taircella recht, Corm. Y 515 . Esp. applied to persons or animals or articles not amenable to ordinary rules (e.g. as regards distraint), as: (1) kinless persons (2) idiots (3) pet animals or toys (the more usual meaning in legal material, EIF 181 n. 162 ). (1) eisreacht .i. dilleachta, O'Cl. (2) ro boí mac fir an bhaile ina obhloir ┐ ina eisrecht (of an idiot) MR 274.21 (cf. rob aiti...eis- drecht ┐ obhloire, Acall. 3183 ). (3) cin cach eisrechta (.i. na petadha), Laws i 156.29 - 160.8 ; 162.23 - 166.1 . eisrecta tiscena (.i. na heisrechta becca...i. coin ┐ cait becc[a]) v 250.4-15 . milchoin ┐ eisrechta olchena , Corm. Y 1018 (éisrechta Bodl. estrechta LB). im esrechta macraide .i. catín no lúb no bacán no liatróit, Law Transcr. O'D. 502 ( H 3.17 c. 405 ). Laws i 124.13 . re henaib ┐ re huanaib ┐ re heistrechtaib in tighe household pets Laws iii 416.9 Comm. The eisrecht may be a wild or a domesti- cated animal: is leith .u. seoit ┐ sesed eneclainne isin eisrecht n-allaigh .i. leith in neich dobertha isin eisrecht cennaigh, Law Transcr. O'C. 351 ( = H 3.18, 193 (b) b ). intí romill immum in estrecht truagh (of a pet fly) B.Molling 74 . Cf. eisdreacht, m. IGT, Decl. § 24 (é- ?). eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh | ar aba an eisdreachd abadh, ex. 844 .

? eltrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? eltrae or dil.ie/20009

n is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna. eter eltrai ┐ milliuda olchena, cen baithus..., Ériu i 218.21 . ar thruime meanman ar crūas ar romhaithe ar tlaitheltraib gaibthi guth ┐ aicned, ZCP vi 258.6 . Cf. eiltre, elltrae ZCP xix 157n . See also deiltre.

ernail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ernail or dil.ie/20307

Forms: erndaili

earlier erndaili, f. (vn. of ar-condla)

(a) a part, share: earnail .i. ...cuid no roinn, O'Cl. earnail .i. rann, Lec. Gl. 409 . a n-ernail buair ┐ braite their share of cattle and booty TBC 2432 (= TBC² 1773 ). ocht fichid ban, ba si a n-ernail din brait TBC² 3072 = básed a n-ernail TBC 4945 . ní rothomail C. nách hernail mbic dia n-irthorad Fél.¹ lxi 39 . Cf. for h'ernail dochum maithiusa thy participation in goodness = thy inclination towards goodness (?) PH 8215 .

(b) division, branch, class, category; kind, species: earnail .i. gné, O'Cl. da ernail .i. da fir-dedail, Auraic. 448 . cisi erndail di ernailib na canoine forta na psalma? to which division of the Canon do the Psalms belong? Hib. Min. 3. 61 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin 3.63 (= tres ordines, see note, p. 88 ). Cf. oc cetul a shalm...for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, Aisl. MC 13.11 . atat dí ernail for in almsain PH 5968 . atat di ernail forsin beithi-luis-nin, .i. feadha ┐ taebomnai, Auraic. 392 (da erndail v.l. 2781 ). 312 . sé hernaili déc na filidechta...saigid ┐ ascnam ┐ huaim do rind, etc., divisions, elements ZCP vi 262.23 = IT iii 29 . is í in almsain in tres ernail na fírinde = eleemosyna tertia species iustitiae est PH 5967 . immud anbthine na peni iar n-ernailib ecsamlaib FA 1 (LB). ro fhoghlaimset draidheacht ┐ ilcerda...gombtar fesach ina n-erndailib `in the branches thereof' Leb. Gab. i 142.20 . crand dognid torad ┐ no thechtadh gach sil doreir a earnaili BB 15b8 = Lec. 528a [gan sil BB]. ni aca ernail dhatha ná rabi and, etir glas ┐ gorm ┐ derg, etc. TTr.² 879 . cia hernail aisti triasa ndernad in Feilire? Ni ansa. rindaird, Fél. Pref. 14. 1 . frisin ernail airigthi don aisti seo dianad ainm reid- rindard 14.7 . ni con gabmait-ne nach n-ernail indmas any sort of wealth PH 2029 . cen nach n-ernail aithrige do denam 6437 . badar tri hernaili do ix n-earnailibh na draidechta leis `three of the nine kinds of augury' CCath. 932 . mór do ernailibh bais many kinds of death 2081 . in ernail tanaise for Páis in Choimded sund secundum Mathaeum here follows a second version PH p. 124 . Hence item, specification, of individuals, things, etc., which have just been or are about to be specified: cethri hernaile beiris in athgabail for tullata four things (circumstances; condi- tions) cause a distress to be immediate Laws i 212x Comm. mas i naimsir lobtha tancutur na hernuile sin riu these occurrences (just specified) ii 8.3 Comm. coig ernaili as a mberar in breth .i. a roscad, a fasach, etc., `five sources from which judgment is drawn' v 8.22 Comm. cuic earnaile ata lan-eneclann: lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, etc., five classes (of offence) 234.11 Comm. ; 512.18 Comm. (arnaile); 452.5 Comm. (airnaile). iv 216.20 Comm. nách ernail péne dibsin PH 2554 . do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada olchena (category of every game = every class of game) LU 127a 37 . nár baithestar hernail cecha forcetail immad na peccad `no kind of teaching lessened the abundance' PH 8250 . nemopthach fri hernail cech uilc 8182 . i n-ernail cech uilc 8092 . 8135 . ar ernail gach uabhair every kind of pride ZCP x 347.35 . tárraidh...iomatt óir ┐ ionnmhais ┐ gach ernaile ele baoi lasna hE., FM v 1742.4 .

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