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bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm, 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

cnú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnú or dil.ie/9776
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chnú, cnaoi, cnai, chno, cnó, cnu, cnóe, cnoi, cnói, cnoi, cnæ, cn, cnó, chnáo, chno, cnóib, cnó, cna, cnaoí, cna, cno, cnúa, cnúithe, cna, cna, cnúithe, cnait[h]e, cnaibh, cnoibh

n u, f. GOI 197 ; treated as m. in ref. to men: cnú caech, Fél. 156.7 . an cnú do chnuas Gh., Ir. Syll. Poetry 23 § 1 . n s. in chnú , RC viii 56.y . a s. cnaoi, LU 7329 (BDD). RC viii 56.x . cnai, Celtica ii 80.329 . g s. chno, Thes. i 5.38 . cnó, LU 8121 ( FB 9 ). cnu, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.) (poss. g p.). n p. cnoe, Thes. ii 249.7 . cnóe, LL 27688 . Ériu iv 138.z . cnoi, Mon. Tall. 13 . cnói, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . cnoi, LL 13579 . cnæ, Ériu vii 197.17 . cn, ZCP v 22 § 16 . cnó, Ériu xiii 26.20 . g p. chnáo, ZCP xii 366.9 . chno, Auraic. 1183 . Ériu xix 60.5 . d p. cnóib, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.31 . Later with n s. cnó, Airne F. 354 . d s. cna, IGT Decl. ex. 68 . cnaoí, O'R. Poems 974 . n p. cna, BS 116.17 . PBocht 1.4 . cno(: so), DDána 9.7 . cnúa, IGT Decl. ex. 1783 . cnúithe, § 98 . a p. cna, BCC 24 . cna proscribed form, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . cnúithe, Decl. ex. 1780 . ch.¤ , Introd. § 80 . Decl. ex. 614 . cnait[h]e, 23 K 42, 166.4 . d p. cnaibh, DDána 2.9 . cnoibh, Dánfhocail 208 . c.¤ f., IGT Decl. §§ 83 , 98 , 203 .

Nut : cnū .i. cāiniu .i. millsi oldati na toraid aile, Corm. Y 348 . feis for bloescaib cno `spending the night . . . on nutshells', Ériu xix 60.5 . teinm cno, O'Curry 769 ( H 3.18, 362a ). ba meti cend fir in ch.¤ , RC viii 56.x . bruithter cno, Ériu xiii 24.10 . a chna, a airne ionnúara, BS 110.8 . an ch.¤ ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . an chraobhshlat gan chnaoi (of Mary after death of Christ), xxvi 38 . is iad na cnó gnae, crand bis isin doman toir ┐ cnó ḟasas air . . . cona[d] dib sin dognither na bleighedha buis comardaigther risna cornaib buabaill . . . cedfaid Ferdomain . . . epscop Chille Dara . . . conadh iad na cna imais iad, O'Curry 1009 ( H 3.18, 429a ). Cf. O'Curry 352 ( H 3.18, 193c ), O'Dav. 539 . See gnóe. síltair sopur na Segsa / . . . ó thuitit cnói Crínmoind cain, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.27 . dona cnoib Segsa, Auraic. 5317 . cnōi cuill cāinmessa hazel nuts, Ériu vii 2.19 . na cnadh coill ┐ na castáinidhe 'the hazel-nuts and the chestnuts', Corp. Astron. 168.7 . cnaí conaire 'road-nuts; food one brings with one on a journey' Celtica xiii 21 . coimmeid hi re cnai nGaeidhealaigh, Celtica ii 80.329 `hazel nut' Gloss. in ch.¤ gædhilach gl. auellana (leg. Abellana) nux barua, RC ix 226.3 . auillani .i. na cno mora, ACL i 28 § 91 . bliadain na gcnó bfhinn `white nuts', ALC i 84.4 . cnú francach walnut, RC ix 238 58b . slata . . . do crann cno bhfrancach, Gen. xxx 37 . c.¤ cāech nó dule feda. O'Mulc. 757 . See cáech. c.¤ ḟás see 1 fás. asna cnaibh seasga, Oss. v 90.10 . Of nut-shell used as vessel: lan lestair na cno, O'Curry 588 ( H 3.18, 290 ). dorinneas lán ch.¤ do chantain, Ó Bruad. iii 214.y `to fulfil all due', n.; see also cnúlestar below. ?Of container for ink: do mhill olcus na cnu ┐ in membruim inn, O'Curry 860 ( H 3.18, 388 marg. inf.).

In transf. senses: ? nach diongna sé acht cóir fan gcnaoi `exacts justice in every trifle', Aithd. D. 84.1 . a ch.¤ fholamh na n-ainmhian (of the body), DDána 1.12 . mo ch.¤ is mo chiste-se (of harp made of hazel), Keat. Poems 281 . Of persons: c.¤ caech `blind nut' (of sinner), Fél. 156.7 . is cnú chaech … cách na déni toil in Rig 'anyone who does not do the will of the King is an empty nut', LL 36780 , Stud. Hib. xix 33 . Frequ. in laudatory sense: c.¤ ós coill, O'R. Poems 1685 , see n. an treas c.¤ don chrobhaing (of Holy Spirit), DDána 9.6 . ní Dáibhith . . . / ná Pól . . . / . . . a ch.¤ chothrom `neither D. . . . nor Paul . . . was his type', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

In phrases: c.¤ chumhdaigh, c.¤ chroidhe, c.¤ choisi (acht na cnúithe coisi), IGT Decl. § 98 . is mé a c.¤ chridi glé darling, LU 8331 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ mo chraidhi, Acall. 4876 . a ch.¤ cheannsa na rosc `tender darling', Ó Bruad. i 8.15 . Cf. c.¤ na cclíar, Párl. na mB. 3816 . c.¤ chumhdaigh dar gcrobhuing féin protector (of Christ), Aithd. D. 75.40 . cnū mhullaigh na macroidhe, O'R. Poems 364 `the highest (i.e. most desirable) nut', Gloss M. c.¤ ós crobhaing `renowned above heroes', AFM v 1636.7 . See mullach, mocol.

Compds. With nouns. oired cnúboithe bochtáin tiny bothy, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.x . ar mess chnó-chaille Achad `nut-grove', Metr. Dinds. iii 388.34 . dream ród g-cnofhídh- bhadh g-cruinn `of round-nutted woods', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.7 . .u. bainde . . . a cnulestar lán the hollow of a nut, O'Curry 587 ( H 3.18, 290 ). in chétna dabach . . . ro díscáil . . . amal chnómaidm `like the breaking of a nutshell', TBC-LL² 1195 . mes mor etir cnomes ┐ daurmes hazelnuts(?), AU i 336.21 .

With adjj.: barr dess dornach / collān cnóbeac `of tiny hazelnuts', K. and H. 14 . ósin chlár chnóboc, LL 1281 ( BB 34a3 ). Cf. cnóbog .i. bog oirdheirc, O'Cl. na bhfeadh collbán, cnóbuidi, Ériu iv 228.4 . coull ut dicitur cno-car fer .i. cach ag ithe a cno, Auraic. 4279 . crích cnóidhearcach cláir Chualonn, Top. Poems² 1047 . na gcuan gcnódhonn, DDána 111.8 . cach coll cno-gel, Hy Fiach. 272.10 .

With vb.: gor' cnomuidh a cride indti `broke like a nut', Dinds. 2 ( RC xv 289 ). O'Cl. Metr. Dinds. iii 158.12 .

? immammus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? immammus or dil.ie/27706

 

n an attack, attacking; impugning: imamus ceneoil .i. a eimhaimsibadh do cum ceneoil aile; a tuilidhecht asedh fasas deisidhe, O'Curry 457 (< H 3.18, 243a ). imimus .i. tuba inna aineach olcus ciniuil mathar no athar, O'Curry 472 (< H 3.18, p. 247 ).

loccaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loccaid or dil.ie/30422

 

Forms: loccad

v (locc)

I Trans.

(a) refuses, holds back or shrinks from, fails to; repulses, rejects : `locfa, coisc, forbear', Eg. Gl. 422. ro loccamur in comairli sin we rejected, Acall. 6499 . ealbha laoch le loctar siodh, ZCP ii 340.35 . i n-eiric an bhid nar locus, iv 420.23 . do fhleadh an lá locfuidhir on the day when your feast shall be refused, Dán Dé xxviii 16 . na daeine do beith ullamh dochum beith ana Cristaidib tre fhebus an dligidh co locait é tre olcus choimlitt na Cristaidhi é, Maund. 124 . da locfadais na creatuir talamanda fas if the terrestrial creatures were to fail to grow, Ir. Astr. Tr. 62.24 . do locadar tabairt an catha ┐ ro iongaibhsiot Dal cCais, Cog. 216.22 . a cleirigh nar loc an fhiongal that did not shrink from, BNnÉ 152.21 . a thrú nár loc bréag, Dánta Gr. 19.30 . Lúisifear nar loc a aimhleas who did not refrain from, DDána 31.2 . síodh in lá do locabhuir, O'R. Poems 62 . uaill as mo laoidhibh locoim, Studies 1920, 263 § 11 . 'nar locais a riachdanus d'fhurtachd?, Mac Aingil 3281 . caraid Lúiteir locaid Cailbhin / cóir a locadh, líomtha a nimh, Hackett xlii 113 (= Keat. Poems 1301 ). bean Laoghaire . . . / ní loc aonduine uaithe `she repulses none', A. Ó Dálaigh liii 10 . ni leir sreba acht a slechta / eala da leim co lochfa (leg. locfa?), Irish Texts ii 67 § 34.

(b) restrains: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh / a srian lé do léigeamar, DDána 88.6 .

II Intrans. refuses, abstains, desists: docheduigh drong dhibh sin ┐ do loc an chuid ele, BLism. 100 ra31 . adubairt Mac Donnchada nach locfad noco tuted, Ann. Conn. 1409.7 . do b'é rún Ríogh na n-uile / . . . / bheith léi-se ar lot na habhla / 's do loc dh'éise a hagallmha, DDána 5.25 .

l.¤ for (i) hinders, balks : na loccadh ┐ na forlaighed foraibsi . . . in tsocraiti diairmidhe ut, CCath. 5076. (ii) fails, disappoints : an chrobhaing chúirtéiseach / ar mhaithibh Scot nár loc i bponnc éigin, Ó Bruad. ii 280.6 . l.¤ ó avoids, shirks: óir ar mhaithios an domhain ní locfuin-si ón ccomhrách, CF Eg. 179.

Vn. loccad.

olcas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. olcas or dil.ie/33788

 

n o, m. (olc) badness (of disposition or quality); evil or sadstate. is mór a ṡotla ┐ a olcas ind ḟir, IT ii2 211.4 (LL). coro casaited he for olcus a rigi, LB 143b33 . olcus a blatha his ill colour, Mon. Tall. § 77. tre olcus na haidce, RC xxiii 418 y . ropud ferr dó cen a breith etir andás a beith isin olcus hi-ta (= melius esset ei non subsistere quam male subsistere), PH 5154 . olcas choimhéada mo chuirp `the evil way I rule my body', Dán Dé xxi 31. baí Pátraic co n-olcus menman i Cruachán `in much displeasure', Trip. 114.3 . boí co n-ulcus menman fria athair angry with his father, Fianaig. 24.2 . cidh nā coisti fri céol? in ara olcus lat? is it because you disapprove of it? BNnÉ 93.3 . robo dubach Fir Bolg ar olcas leo in raga rucadur Tuatha D. because they disliked the choice of the T.D., Ériu viii 30.10 . atá sí lán do tuirse . . . tre na olcus lē beith ag delughadh rim-sa di through her grief at parting from me, BCC 270.18 . dol i n-olcas growing worse, TSh. 8349.

plág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. plág or dil.ie/34389

 

Forms: plage, plága, pláigh

n ā, f. (Lat. plāga) g s. inna plage , Ml. 34b14 ; later also plága. Mod. pláigh.

(a) a plague or pestilence : plag, gl. pestis, Gild. Lor. 256 . o rus-gab in plag nert forsin Róim, PH 340 . dorat aingel Dé . . . plaig for Asardu, 8415 . teidm galair moir ┐ plaig difulaing do taidecht i llongphort Poimp, CCath. 3478 . i n-aimsir na pláge, Fél. Ep. 492 . a n-aimsir na plaga, Rosa Angl. 26.9 ; 208.15 (plagha). in plaidh mor in galair coitcenn [leg. -cinn?] do bi ar fud Erenn, AU ii 490.13 . olcus an aosa grāda | dobertar na morplādha, ZCP x 52.6 . múir for mórphlágaib `walls built over the dead of great plagues', Metr. Dinds. iv 152.100 . gorta ┐ plágha, Luke xxi 11 . pláidheanna ┐ gorta, Matthew xxiv 7 . Of the plagues of Egypt: Rí dorat na deich plága forthu, SR 3941 . PH 7655 . Exodus ix 15 . tar éis na bplágh ndíoghaltach do imir Dia ar an Éigipt, TSh. 1932 . On animals: plág ar mílaib na muirbech, Metr. Dinds. iii 428.36 . trian na plag sin for mila mara ┐ fidbaide, RC xxvi 46.240 . In wider sense of trouble, torment, etc. : ro saerad in popul . . . o plaig na dracon, PH 354 . plag thirmatad, 1597 . pláig pecda, Ériu iv 156.5 . Buach ben Chana . . . grad Cana is Creidi co cuibdi | plag de di (i.e. the love of Cana and Creide brought her woe), RC xlvii 308.20 ( LL 140a43 ). Of persons: Gilla Padraig plagh mellghaile, IT iii 104 § 203 . fóirne Dubhghall . . . pláigh na hÉireann éagcaoinim, Keat. Poems 1032 .

(b) a scourge ? .vii. cét beimend plága fora lama (penitential discipline), Ériu vii 158 § 17 ; cf. ¤béim, ¤buille below.

Compds. ¤béim(m): co tartá cet plag-bemend dar a drúm strokes, lashes , PH 1169 . ¤buille: nos-essairg Achíl ársain o phlágbullib co torchair leis, LL 244b6 = TTr. 2057 (`with death-blows'). ¤teidm: fri hindarba plad-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 .

tétnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tétnas or dil.ie/40655

 

n ā, f. and o, m. (cf. 6 tét) violence, roughness, fury: teadnas (tédnas) .i. burba, no mearrdhacht, O'Cl. U. triana thétnais tind | atá 'n écmais a cháil-chind, Metr. Dinds. iii 98.29 . is imda écht ar bith bras | iarna dénum tria th.¤ , iv 134.2 . dognitis tetnais co trén, Rawl. 77a10 . nár thuiti i tétnais, SG 365.12 . tir ... cin coibnesta, acht tetnuis ┐ burba, Laws iv 26.19 Comm. an gach tethnais `during violence,' 268.17 . Of horses: tetnuis .i. merechduin ` excitement, rustiness of a horse ,' O'Don. Suppl. (from H.3.18). is īc a cinad (sic leg.) is in tetnais fair `in its violence,' Laws iii 180.11 Comm. Note also: ar a thednus fri olcus `for his opposition to evil,' O'Don. Gram. 297 Hard. ii 296.6 .