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adomnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adomnae or dil.ie/528

 

n (ad + omnae great fear , Wortk. 131 , but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 169 . adamnae: adamra, Thes. ii 300.8 (Hy. i) but rhyme not strict in this poem): a.¤ mor for hErind n-uile .i. robudh plaige `great fears', AU i 322.4 . Nōe ┐ Abraham . . . immuntísat ar thedmain / náchantairle adamnae, ` famine ' Thes. ii 300.6 (Hy. i) .i. adamní (adamnai v.l.) .i. gorta .i. quia per Adam uenit dolor , 35 . In n.loc.: i Rāith Adomnae atbath Aed i nArd Macha roadnachtt, ZCP xii 235 § 51 . Cf. omna(e) as n.loc., Hog. Onom. (but see omna ).

ainmmnigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmmnigidir or dil.ie/1476

 

Forms: ainmmnigud

v (ainmm) names: os cech anmimm ainmnigther, Wb. 21a4 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid rosnainmnigestar, Ml. 26b8 . no-ainmnigtis, Thes. ii 32.29 . Mag Léna canas ro-hainmniged, Sc.M² § 23 . tír Omna Snitheni ainmnigthir, Trip.² 891 . ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ro anmnig sluagad iarsin / go Lagnib dia laechmuntir ordered(?), LL 375a51 . a.¤ DI names from, etc.: de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31a5 . rosanmnig dia n-anmannaib gave them their names, SR 272 . is din chéol . . . ainmnigther a triur, TBFr. 112 . a leabhráin ainmnighthear d'Aodh `o little book that bearest Aodh's name', Studies 1919, 438.1 . a.¤ ó names from, calls by: aní . . . hua n-ainmnigther (-ter, MS), Sg. 29b10 . ní techta sain intṡliucht and feissin hua n-ainmmnigthae, 50a2 . aní hua n-ainmnichfide, 30a1 . is indí rondainmnigestar dia hond anmim asberr (sic leg.) iesus `God called Him by the name', Ml. 17b9 . is o antuib ainmnigther athgabail gach cintuigh, Laws ii 100.21 Comm. a.¤ DO assigns to: cach mac beó athar na hainmni[g]ther gradh [dó], O'Curry 2139 ( Eg. 88 fo. 1(2)c ). amal ainmnigthir do cach as is appointed to each, YBL 408b41 . ro ainmnigh airdrigi Erenn do Donnchad he conferred the highkingship on D., Snedg. u. Mac R 31.4 . edir na tuathaibh da n-ainmnighionn an duain iad `to which the poem ascribes them', Geneal. Tracts 85.13 . a.¤ x ar y attributes x to y: a ghníomh oraibh na hainmnigh, Content. iv 62 . ar C. ainmnighther sin, MR 250.11 .

Vn. ainmmnigud.

airlimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlimm or dil.ie/2217
Last Revised: 2019

 

n, n. vn. of ar-ling. act of jumping forward(?). Used of a type of trespass, perh. temporary trespass, involuntary trespass . Of animals: tait airlimenda imadichet smachta; cach airlim ria coin no duine; no airlim naibil no omna, no airlim neicne cipsí, Laws iv 92.x . na herlimeanna doslia dilse, 104.6 Comm. treidib miach miter cach nethemain . . . ar airlim; bera de dartaig ar feis, ar is feis cach lige cach tarraidhe, airlim acht na deilset nach tartaidhe, acht tartaide and iar naidh[ch]e, 78.9 (= O'Dav. 694 ) .i. eric airlime orra acht na ro laigit ann, 80.9 Comm. da miach ina feis miach ina n-a.¤ `two sacks for feis trespass and one for a.', 25 Comm. oircc peata bis a lis no a faithche lingeas eirlím a ngort faithche fa di, 108.10 . cairig imorro it smachta airlime do suidib ar ni fil fesa doib, 108.5 Comm. imling in trét oenurlim, O'D. 1671 (H 5.15, p. 25b). tri meich ar tri hairleman, O'Curry 843 ( H 3.18, 384a ). Of bees: ar is do airlimennaib sin na tuilli aithgein na smacht la comaithchiu .i. airlim dia n-airister a n-érae fris 'for it is in respect of those "leaping-trespasses" that it does not entail restitution or fine among neighbours, i.e. a 'leaping-trespass' for which it comes about that they are refused in spite of him', Bechbretha 186 (b)​ . Cf. forlaim(m).

1 barr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 barr or dil.ie/5416
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: barra, bhairr

n o, m. Otherwise: an fearann barra (g p. ?) the produce farm , Maguires of F. 92.

(a) In general, top, tip, end : b.¤ .i. críoch, O'Cl. b., críoch, corr, Eg. Gl. 65. pundand . . . ben-de-ind .i. a b.¤ benar de, Corm. Y 1065. for b.¤ cech oen chlúi, IT i 191.17 . for b.¤ na tuinne, LL 14625. for b.¤ slati, PH 131. for b.¤ an tsrotha, BNnÉ 296 n. 4 . ar b.¤ uachtarach na lasrach, TTebe 4142 . ruaíc tucadh do b.¤ in tṡluaigh the front of the host, AU iii 538.24 . sdéad seang ar bharraibh a bróg, DDána 106.10 . i mb.¤ an bhrogha, 71.16 . ? im' imdai . . . conna barreib forōrdae, MacCongl. 119.2 . ar b.¤ na cathrach `housetops', Stair Erc. 1872. bíbh (sic) a bárr so er bechbrethaibh `let [me see] any one improve upon . . .', O'Gr. Cat. 110.14. fo b.¤ Chenil Luachain `upper end', Ann. Conn. 1390.6 . b.¤ eanbruithi scum, O'Gr. Cat. 252.31. bárr bláthaigi 179.4 . go coilltibh bhairr na tuaithe, AFM vi 2230.2 . Cf. 1 úachtar (b).

(b) Special applications. Of trees, top, branching portion; of plants, tip, flower-head: b.¤ gl. frons -dis, Sg. 113b6 . in bairr thalman gl. intiba, 169b1 . b.¤ edin treetop interlaced with ivy, Thes. ii 294.11 . i mbarraibh cech primhfedhae, Blathm. 256. for barraib crand, Laws iv 188.14 Comm. athgabail cerc . . . mad i mbarr, gat ima bun if they are in a treetop let a withe be tied around its trunk, ii 118.14 Comm. in comad ro sia a b.¤ (of a felled tree), iii 226.11 Comm. b. blaithe . . . foríti ina mbech, Laws ii 120.x (but see Bechbretha 190 ). íar mb.¤ ḟedo, Imr. Brain 42. tri .xx crand / comraic nad chomraic a mb.¤ their branches almost touch (?), LU 3703 ( SCC 33 ). cromm barr cráeb, LL 12851. b.¤ sobarche, LU 10846. do b.¤ in feoir, CF 73.10 . no-thescatís barru na crand, PH 4620. b.¤ an luis, DDána 71.19 . b.¤ dés, IGT Decl. ex. 1089.

In phr. bun b.¤ = lock, stock and barrel, completely: ro tesc in ṅgabail . . . d'óenbéim bun b.¤ trunk and branch, TBC-LL¹ 746. ic atód tenedh ┐ do cuired in omna . . . bun b.¤ fair, IT iii 195 § 33. Cf. bretha bairr bunaid, Laws iv 166.x. dilsigthir barr bunaid a ttorad in cethramad bliadain, 168.3 . See 1 bun.

(c) Of the extremities of the body: b.¤ na teangadh, Cóir Anm. 279. Cf. TTebe 1863 . b.¤ a da slindén. TBC-LL¹ p. 615 n.6 . doghabh an rioghan ar b.¤ láimhe, Ériu v 184.370 . Cf. Dán Dé xv 32 . b.¤ na mér (collect. ?), Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . b.¤ na sróna, IGT Decl. ex. 1389. b.¤ fiadha an antler tip, Celtica ii 32 § 3 . b.¤ búabaill, see s.v. búaball.

(d) head of hair: do b.¤ cass, IT iii 16 § 41. barr buide for-dut-tá 'the yellow head of hair which is upon you', Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 5 . b.¤ (.i. gruag), ZCP iii 378.18 (B. na f.). as caomh ┐ as find an b.¤ fil for L. . . . bidh é a ainm óniu amach, Findbarr, BNnÉ 12 § 9 . an b.¤ bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 .

(e) helmet, tiara, diadem: saraballa i.e. tyara uel b.¤ , Thes. i 2.11 . b.¤ gl. tiaras, Sg. 70a20 . b.¤ gl. pellium (i.e. pilleum), 95a6 . b.¤ gl. cassis, 67b6 . casuss (leg. cassis) [.i.] b.¤ , Laws i 32.20 Comm. b.¤ bís am cenn in rígh gl. eobarr, Ériu ii 4 n.49 . an ingin . . . ┐ b.¤ ōrda for a mullach, ZCP iii 459.22 . tathuigid in mb.¤ . . . .i. mionn n-oir bis for cionn ind rig, RC x 218 § 8 . See cathbarr.

(f) crop, produce: See Wagner, Ériu xx 180. buide beus b.¤ Feimin `Feimen's crop', Lament 13 . gort geal nach bí fá bh.¤ , Aithd. D. 62.5 . b.¤ dreasa durrthoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 1210. ní fhuair b.¤ ón deachmhaidh dhíbh `he found no fruit on a tenth of them' (of vines), PBocht 7.16 . b.¤ cnó . . . / ar choll, O'R. Poems 161. ar bharraibh aipche ┐ anaipche an tíre, AFM vi 2186.x . a mbairr ┐ a nguirt do mhilleadh, iv 856.2 . ? bretha bairr ┐ maigne, Laws iv 188.8 (`judgments concerning tree-top and field'). beich thetechta (sic leg. cf. 180.16 ) gaibte b.¤ nemid swarms that settle on the crop of a n. (?), 184.z .i. gabait i mb.¤ craind uasalneimidh, 186.30 Comm. Fig. ar [an] gcrábhadh do bhiadh b.¤ , DDána 3.5.

(g) Gramm. enclitic (demonstr. or emph. pron.): fearsoin, fearsin, lochdach gach b.¤ dhíobh, óir ní cóir b.¤ gan shunnradh (i.e. the demonstrative suffix may not be used without the article), IGT Introd. 7.26 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an b.¤ madh cáol no leathan é, mar atá an fearúd . . ., mac an fhiriúd, 32 § 149. réd neamhshubsdainteach an b.¤ , ibid. ní cháoluigheann focal le b.¤ ar bioth achd le b. innsgne an emphasizing pronoun , § 150 . ón Tadhgsa . . . an b.¤ iomchras an sunnradhsin it is the enclitic that takes that defining element, § 15.

(h) Fig. top, climax, end; crown, supremacy, preeminence, transcendence: benait . . . / b.¤ find for slúag enair bring to a triumphant end, Fél. Jan. 31. Andreas . . . / dobeir b.¤ . . . / Nouimbir for slúagu, Nov. 30. na trí bairr for Érind .i. b.¤ dés ┐ b.¤ scoth ┐ b.¤ measa `the best of corn crops (?)' (Gloss.), BDD² 609 f. ishe thall a mb.¤ / do choic coicedaib hEirenn deprived of their supremacy, Rawl. 163b3 . ar bháidh is ar bh. ceiníl, MS. Mat. 565.40 . a mb.¤ . . . / tarla ag Róis ó ráonsgolaibh `R. was given the palm', O'R. Poems 221. gan b. ionnta acht ar áirmheas `have no other point of superiority', Content. vi 50. ní bhiadh b.¤ againn san ccéim-se ar na beathadhachoibh allta superiority , Desid. 1550. bárr óm dhuinese ag duine ní thárla none ever bore off the palm from, Hackett xl 115 . le b.¤ luais `by surpassing speed', Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 21 . le bárr neirt, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352.12 . ba b.¤ aithméla a crowning cause of regret, Caithr. Thoirdh. 27.35 . le b.¤ gaoise `excessive wisdom', Content. xvi 98.

With beirid, do-beir: is tusa féin bheir b.¤ seirbe orra uile who exceeds them in discordance, SG 287.22 . go rugadar bárr ainbhfeasa ar gach droing d'eiricibh, Eochairsg. 1.17 . nach béarthaoi a b.¤ ar theagh that she might not be surpassed in the matter of (her) house, Content. xxviii 48. go bhfuil ní éigin sna daoinibh eili tré mbeirid ar mb.¤ , Desid. 2055. nocha ttainicc roimpe dia cineadh aoinbhen rug b.¤ a maithessa, AFM iii 580.12 . b.¤ Néill do thabhairt d'Fhéidhlim `putting F. above N.', Content. vi 246.

(i) Of an individual, one who is preeminent, chief, leader : in [b. buadhach] Benéan, Leb. Cert. 112.12 . Patraic b.¤ Breg, LL 15538. Brighid Bhreagh [as] bh.¤ na n-ógh, DDána 42.46 . b.¤ na n-uile `the Lord of the world', Aithd. D. 75.6 . aon bh.¤ áigh cloinne D., AFM vi 2240.1 . ní fríth . . ./ a bh.¤ do chéile comhluinn his superior, Content. xiv 25.

(j) more (than, AR); excess, overplus, addition: iarr féin b. air sin more than that, O'D. 714 (H. 3.17, 522) (scribal note). Cf. cuir b.¤ air seo, O'Gr. Cat. 111.31 . b.¤ ar sheachtmhoghat bliadhan more than 70 years, MS. Mat. 568.6 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . bárr daoine `excess of numbers', ITS i 154.12 . b.¤ uaidh ar a heolchuire it increased her grief, DDána 20.41 . an b.¤ freagra fuarobhair the additional answer, Content. viii 11. gá fios an bhfuil b.¤ aimsire agad? more time, Mac Aingil 927 . gach ní do mheasfadh do dhul a mb.¤ glóire . . . dhō, Parrth. Anma 3646. mile se cheud ┐ b.¤ tar ceithre bliadhna deg more than 1,614 years, Luc. Fid. 5494. Attrib. g s. na connsuine bhairr sin those additional consonants (in rhyming group), IGT Introd. § 27. se céd décc is bliadhain bhairr, AFM vi 2236.8 . buannadha buna ┐ bairr, v 1686. 3 .

do b.¤

(i) in addition: mo mallacht ┐ mallacht Dia do bárr, O'Gr. Cat. 123.2. ní théid soil . . . do bh.¤ a ccomhardadh ar bioth an additional `s', IGT Introd. § 24. fuilngeann an connsuine bog connsuine chrúaidhe ┐ theanna ┐ édtroma mar áon ris do bh.¤ san chomhardadh a mbí, § 25. cuirim an connsuin[i]si do bh.¤ , § 28. díomas do bh.¤ cean im chionn as well as (other) sins, DDána 44.7 .

(ii) In RSClára, for the purpose of: do bh.¤ dherbhtha ┐ ghlaine na Sethar ( = `for the more surety and purity of the Sisters'), RSClára 93a . do bh.¤ daing- nighthe do rinnes proifesion air sin ( = `for more security'), 40a .

With follg. AR as well as : do bh.¤ ar gach ní dá ndubhramair, TSh. 3266. do bh.¤ ar bhuain na habhla, DDána 6.8 .

? ce ni lomardais tre b.¤ mo da no dim chinn, Blathm. 94 § 17 (` in addition '), but see Ev.Inf. (GTh) 465 n. 28 .

For phr. feras b.¤ see feras.

Compds.

(a) With nouns and vnn. ná measadh sí gur barrabhaois . . . ár gcúis exceeding folly, Ó Bruad. iii 226.9 . fá bháirr-chíos gé bhíodar excessive tax, Keat. Poems 926. guth ar barr-crith trembling, BNnÉ 152 xx 4 . barr-ḟéile (: fand-éirge) exceeding generosity, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.12 . do balcbuain barrghabháil `a mighty reaping', Blathm. 372. airinig creduma impe co mbarridaib argit `top-rings', Ériu iv 30 § 21 (cf. stiallaib, LU 10124 ). an bairrísli do bhí a coill, IGT Decl. ex. 172. ní fál gan bharrshlait síol S. `top-rail', O'Hara 1051. a dam ar mbéin barrthuisligh tripped (?), IGT Decl. ex. 419.

(b) With adjj. do buar Banba barraidble mighty, towering B., LL 27558. di ṡlúag Berba barr-bricce `dappled', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.72 . re chéibh mbarrchlaoin waving, DDána 105.23 . fo cosma ilius na clethi . . . isi bund-remar barr-cael tapering, Laws v 28.7 Comm. tiara uerticale .i. barrchrumbac (barchrumbac, MS.) Thes. i 1.7 . an tAos-óg aibhriosg, bháirreudtrom thoughtless, Donlevy xviii 24. Connachtaigh na gcorn mbairrfhiar with curving edge, DDána 105.27 . ar maccan brigach barrfind, Thes. ii 291 § 6. ri betha barrglais, SR 1033. dod chéibh bharrúrthais `soft fresh hair', Aithd. D. 41.21 . don Banba barrbilig, Ériu iv 104 § 49 (blattbilig, v.l.). eilte . . . barrachluasacha point-eared, ITS i 16.27 .

With verb. ¤lasaid: bántor noco mbarrlass `blazes to the summit', Studies 1920, 418.10 .

bengán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bengán or dil.ie/5651

 

Forms: benglán, beangán, beangán, beangláin

n o, m. Also benglán. beangán m., IGT Decl. § 35. branch, shoot (of a tree); fig. scion: omna . . . air n-a bheósgathadh da bheangánaibh, ITS xxiv 40.5 . beangán do chrann na pailme, Dhá Sg. Art. 27. beangán `a branch', Eg. Gl. 83. beangláin (beangla, MS.) a bairr thruim (lady's hair), Magauran 1935 . ar mhnaoi na mbeanglán n-óir, Éigse vi 4 § 14. beangan aili do chloind Chuind / clann Máilli, Hy Fiach. 180.7 . a bheangáin do chineadh Chuirc `O branch of C.'s race', O'Hara 2945. mo thruaighe beangáin Uladh scions, Measgra D. 55.12 . beangáin fhuil a haonmhuine (of the Trinity), DDána 9.8 .

coibden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coibden or dil.ie/9994

 

Forms: coibdhen, caibdhean

n ā, f. (com + fedan). coibdhen, caibdhean (-gh-, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 12 (62.1) . troop of soldiers; (marauding) band (in some exx. perh. marauding expedition): coibhdean .i. coimhfheadhan, O'Cl. .i. buidhean, ibid. airlim . . . omna .i. ria creich, no re coibdin, Laws iv 94.5 Comm. iarmoracht cruid, no coibdena, i 266.21 .i. co cuicer, 298.16 Comm. a la coibdine day's military service, O'Curry 2145 ( Eg. 88, 3(4)a ). trom in ch.¤ clunithar, LU 10882 . dochuaidh ar coibhdhin a crich Connacht, Ériu xiii 19.25 . ar chuirib ar chobdenaib echtrannaib, RC xiv 416.1 (cf. IGT Metr. Faults § 133 ). i crích Cúaland na coibden, Metr. Dinds. iii 282.88 . gan bhac cruidh re caibhdheanaibh, Magauran 2829 . caibhdheana is meirlig Mumhan, IGT Decl. ex. 813 . eochair choidben cocad (prov.), ZCP vi 270 § 6 . cabhair chaibdean gean flatha, Ó Bruad. ii 132.1 . Note also: ní fetur cid rodanuc don choibdin se, LU 5401 (see coibdil). Cf. coibedan.

colba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colba or dil.ie/10487

 

n io

(a) In freq. use of part of the structure or equipment of a house, but precise application not always clear. In some contexts appar. platform, dais along inside walls; seat, bench; in late texts, outer edge of bed: c.¤ .i. coel-fí .i. cōel-fithe, Corm. Y 286 . farr .i. c.¤ leptha, ut est faebar tar farr .i. faobar na sgene no na tuaighe tar farr in c.¤ , O'Dav. 1009 (`bedpost'). c.¤ do lepthaib cróda, LU 3686 ( SCC 33 ). a c.¤ ┐ a n-urscair, Laws i 166.8 Comm. (`its benches and furniture'). ainm cuile no scrine bis iar cul colbu, O'Curry 790 ( H 3.18, 368b ). do chuirset na cruite i cernnadaib na colbad, Acall. 7194 . lotar . . . dochum a mban ┐ deisitar for c.¤ in tigi, ACL iii 224.30 . dorad coicer ar mo cholbae, Anecd. i 48 § 14 . suidhis Cond ar colbha na bruidhne ┐ fuair a frithalamh ┐ a ḟósaig, Ériu iii 156 § 10 (`bedside'). is for c.¤ a thaigi fein ro sirfead coir fair, Cog. 146.5 . dorug si Bibus le da leigus ┐ docuir na suidhi ar colba a himduigi he, ZCP vi 282.2 (`seated him by the post of her bed'). for uaitne cerna in cholbai, LL 38973 . inniset ar colbo Ailig / in dáil imma tíagatsom, 38445 ( SG 373 . x.). ar cholbha tigh[e] an n-athar, RC xiv 28 § 7 . roṡuid ar in c.¤ , ZCP v 500.10 . do s[h]liss fri c.¤ findgel ferna, MacCongl. 97.1 (`rail of alder'). a cath- bairr ar a colbadhuib ┐ ētrom a n-arm ar a n-aidhlennuib ┐ lāmh-arm gacha laích ina lebaid, ML² 1075 . ro coirgedh íett na suidhe ar in gcolbha ngloinídhe (of a fairy dwelling), Duan. F. i 42 § 63 . tar colbha na tuilgi `over the bed-rail', BS 62.10 . c.¤ ciúil dais for musicians(?), Acall. 5058 . 5527 . 5667 . colbha na slógh sleagh 's leanna, DDána 113.27 (`their couch(?) a spear and tunics', Ir. Monthly 1924, 588 ). ? ri roruadh ruamna gormga / im colbha soludh Sadhbha, BB 298a6 .

(b) Fig. support : an cólbha foráis ┐ an inneóin oirechúis (of Patrick), Acall. 64 v.l. (cf. inneóin ḟorais, fo-ruimi, -fuirmi ff.). rig feallus for a einech .i. . . . for a comuirce no for a c.¤ , Laws v 174.5 Comm. (`protection', Plummer MS. notes). (Cf. corop é in fer bas chommairge dóib co rrosset colbo C., LL 8553 ). fell for c.¤ (sic leg.) (`auf (dem eigenen) Lager'), ZCP xv 342 § 33 Comm. (With three preceding exx. cf. lepaid I). tréan ar colbha Crist ron ain, AFM i 508.6 . Cf. ar colbha chloinne Mórna `on the side of', Duan. F. ii lxviii 30 .

(c) In various applications. Of land, bank, ridge, border, brink(?): cor' tṡuidhetar ar corraib ┐ ar colbadaib in tṡída (of birds), Acall. 7209 . iar colbaibh Cualand ridges, low hills (?), BB 36b21 . cuain ghorma . . . 'na gcolbha dfearann Uilliam `boundaries', Ériu v 64.184 . an corp ar [chalbha] na huaighe brink, DDána 36.6 . ar colbha na críche, Aithd. D. 28.22 . um cholbha cuain `along the beach', O'Hara 2415 . tar colbha an champa amach, AFM vi 2030.17 . cholbha na sreab, Rel. Celt. ii 226.36 . Cf. nochtach. nemda, LL 1289 . Of water: conerracht in muir . . . ina immairib . . . ┐ ina colbaib gorma, LL 31012 ( TTr. 194 ). tar colbaduib corracha na cnoc-bōchna, ML² 688 . Of hail : colbadha cladharda . . . cloichshnechta, Hugh Roe² 22.26 . Of hair: ar t cholbhudh (leg. ar cholbhaibh, ed.) do chiabh ffáinneach, O'Hara 3192 . dreagain 'na cholbha on its edge(?) (of a cup), Aithd. D. 9.8 . dlúthmhong cheart 'na dá colbha (of eyelids), DDána 99.32 . is an gcolbha reann `against the spears' array', Aithd. D. 5.8 .

(d) pillar, post (cf. columa): na tuirida ┐ na colbada ┐ uaitneda in rigtige, BB 443a42 . ro chumrigh a ḟolt dona cholbaib ┐ dona tuireadhaib, Ériu ii 24 § 6 . do chum an cholbha chloiche, Smaointe B. Chr. 3599 . By extension staff, sceptre, mace : cethror marcach . . . go gcolbhaip commōra airgit, Fl. Earls 254.31 . an rīoghcholbha do cuiredh ina lāimh (of the Passion), Parrth. Anma 5584 . 's dual colbha ag saoi na seanmo (sic) the sceptre belongs of right to the master of melody(?), Hackett xlvi 40 . colbha = sceptre, Psalms xlv 6 .

(e) shafted weapon : frasa . . . do shaighdibh . . . ┐ do cholpadhaibh cruaidhe . . . a ccrom-stuagh . . . na mbogha `bolts', CRR 84.20 . dob fhearr reimhe a cur 'na colbha, / teine ag dul ón omna ann (of a spear), LBranach 3703 .

Cf. 1 colb.

In nn. loc. a Colbu, a Cnodbu, a Cuillind, Ériu iv 148.z . See also Hog. Onom.

See lethcholbe, sub leth ff.

comairberna(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comairberna(ig)id or dil.ie/10632

 

v (airbernaid) in etymol. gloss: do suí cribh comrath omna [sochraiti] .i. umpuighter o neoch go hobann aní comairbernntar uadha, Laws iv 272.13 Comm. = comairbernaighther tré éigin, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, 434 ).

combruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. combruth or dil.ie/10831

 

vn. of con-berba. act of boiling; heat, fury, anger : bla coire c.¤ , Laws iii 266.3 .i. combrothgal, 4 Comm. adbar tesa ┐ chombruithe `boiling', Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ? cori cét combruthi do loimm, MacCongl. 107.17 `of a hundred boilings', Plummer MS notes. c.¤ coteigthi, LL 32320 ( TTr. 1509 ). c.¤ fri tarb, O'Dav. 234 . cen c.¤ fri duine mborb anger, Ériu iii 98 § 12 v.l. (comrád, text). ? do saoi crib c.¤ omna othach socraid, Laws iv 376.x = comrabh, 272.12 . ? ailges . . . con imderctar gruaide c.¤ forbla etc., O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a) (co mbruth? Plummer MS. notes).

1 crech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crech or dil.ie/12791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: crich

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 168 . ? d s. crich, Ériu iii 137.48 (if not for crích). plunder, booty: plundering expedition : crecha maílduín / berttair iceín, IT iii 84 § 72 . cen chreich, cen gait, Airne F. 339 . aisic a chreiche ┐ a einich, Anecd. ii 73.2 . ? coirm c.¤ cruit (`cup'), Cóir Anm. 121 . mili dam . . . / nír íc creach `they were never the reward of raiders', Leb. Cert.² 175 . tusa an chreach . . . ┐ as misi an toir (Cú Chulainn to Fer Díad), ZCP x 285.32 . lucht na c.¤ plunderers , PH 7559 . Bert crechi (nickname) `Load-of-Plunder', RC xvii 381.25 (Tig.). macsamla na crichi se (sic), ZCP iii 23.29 . dogebhair admáil it creich you will gain recognition for your forced gift (i.e. to a church), BNnÉ 146.36 . crīch B. i n-a comar creach a mêlée of raids, ML² 1132 . ro la creich . . . uadh hí S. nA. threw out a skirmishing party, AFM ii 1126.4 . ro chuaid . . . ar creich innuib Findgenti, Cog. 102.10 . creacha an tíre do theichemh rempo `spoils', AFM v 1266.2 . c.¤ lá hUa Néill, ii 840.2 . leómhan ar a mbiadh inneall creiche = paratus ad praedam, TSh. 4157 . As vn.: níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich, Ériu i 95.19 .

With follg. qual. wd.: géill na Cásg ní creacha ar shíodh `have not been captured without a fight', Aithd. D. 58.18 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead (of hosting of death), Bard. P. 53. 12 . ? eneach in righ ni creach cluig / da dhil neach in gach Nodhlaigh (sic), IGT Metr. Faults§ 151 . c.¤ choblach lá hU. sea-raid , AFM ii 1182.14 . creach dhíghla, ALC i 250.21 . c.¤ folama, AU i 494.13 (see ? folama ). ar creich loingsi `on a plundering voyage', Stair Erc. 646 . c.¤ mhórmheabhla `treacherous depredation', ALC i 510.z . a c.¤ rig do denam do ar Uib Falgi `king's raid', Ann. Conn. 1265.8 . crecha urradhais .i. in creach i n-aigidh creichi, O'D. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506, 53a ). Of harrowing of Hell, see s.v. Cásc .

Predatory party : c.¤ marcach rempu, AU i 506.19 . omna .i. ria creich, no re coibdin, Laws iv 94.5 Comm. ? da fagbaidh . . . in c.¤ no in galar ní aige, Laws iii 368.15 Comm. gur lecadár creach mor imach, O'Gr. Cat. 7.21 . ár a creiche íme, AU ii 112.11 . creach .i. sluagh, O'Cl.

In vaguer sense ruin, calamity, desolation : mór an c.¤ , BColm. 100.17 . c.¤ ṅgúr (cheville), SR 7899 . cion an fhormaid / . . . is creach dhóibh, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . is creach . . . dá cháirdibh (of death of nobleman), Keat. Poems 133 . mo chreach chráite . . . alas! Celtica i 93.167 . mo chreach don bhuídhin (imprecation ?), Párl. na mB. 2378 .

Compds. With nouns: crodh ┐ creachairgthe na criche, Hugh Roe² 192.y . Tír Mac C. na ccrechár, Top. Poems² 491 . ar an ccreachgoid, IGT Introd. § 103 . fri crechbhrath, Gorm. 6 . crechdighail mor `retaliatory depredation', AU i 520.7 . creach ghabháil la C. dar Sh. nA., AFM ii 922.z . ar dháigh chreachlomtha pillaging, v 1566.5 . crechloscad na Cundai, Ann. Conn. 1405.4 . ? tenn in chrechmuirn (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 . ar cuairt crechól `a foray of plunder and drinking', BCC 290.27 . D. mac C. na ccreac[h]ród, Caithr. CC 45 . dol doib . . . for crechruathur, Ann. Conn. 1386.6 . eng ┐ foillecht an chreach-shloigh, Hugh Roe² 82.23 . crechsluaghadh `a foray hosting', AU ii 114.10 .

With adjj.: i n-Óe Cúalann crech-adbail, Metr. Dinds. iii 114.64 . inghean Cathail chreacharnaidh ` bold-raiding ', Magauran 4168 . rí . . . creach-beodha, Hy Maine 133.y .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ri croda creachdimsach, BB 411b40 . la Ingcél Cáech crechdulig by Ingcél Cáech [who was] unyielding in plundering, Three Historical Poems 152 q. 122d . itt . . . .é cendbeca . . . crechfobdi, LU 6911 = crechḟoibdidi, BDD² 465 `swift to raid(?)', Gloss. ri . . . creach-indsaightheach, Hy Maine 138.9 . mac C. creachlaemdha, BB 61a45 . fer . . . crechlinmair, ALC ii 188.2 . ind ḟir chairdig crechloṅgaig of the plundering ships, LL 17683 . mac tairsigh . . . chrechnoisigh plunder-famous, O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18, 652 ). sladaighe creach-reilgeach = un voleur sacrilege, Trompa na bhF. 584 . in righ croda creachuathmur, BB 418b22 .

With vbs.: creachloisscid crīoch C. co léir, ZCP xiv 221.2 . ro creachoirgeadh . . . a n-ermhor, AFM iv 764.10 .

crib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crib or dil.ie/12908

 

Forms: crim

also crim: ciafiu as c.¤ gl. quam cita est, Ml. 61a25 . rop-sa ch.¤ mo dá ulaig `swift was I on my feet' (B. na f.), Ériu i 72 § 2 . Usually as adv. quickly, swiftly (freq. with unusual order of words): tuirim crip coicertad `repeat quickly', Laws iii 536.5 . do suí cribh comrath omna [sochraiti], iv 272.12 . dia ttiodhnagar duais do coimhioc c.¤ , Ériu xiii 16.25 . c.¤ fódaroinn `quickly', Fianaig. 14 § 28 . c.¤ con-bíur, Ériu xiii 21.30 cited s.v. crib .i. luath, O'Dav. 391 . ? ina c.¤ co rath focerdtar, O'Curry 781 ( H 3.18, 365b ). in c.¤ corathar for cert, O'Gr. Cat. 145.2 . c.¤ . . . / táit co comsaigid far mac, LU 4676 (TBC). cen colt for c.¤ cerníne `without food quickly on a dish', RC xii 70.10 = cirp, YBL 137b41 . co c.¤ tromfe (leg. cromfe? Ed.) do chlannsu (tmesis?), Corp. Gen. 80.18 . domraiched craum claideb, TBC-LL² 4713 = c.¤ , TBC St. 4820 . dom-roiched crim carpat `at once', 652 .

In glossaries: grib (cirb, v.l.) lúas, Metr. Gl. 21 . c.¤ .i. luath, Stowe Gl. 263 . cirb (leg. c.¤, Ed.) .i. luas, Lec. Gl. 41 . cirp .i. dian, 427 . c.¤ .i. deithneas, no luas, O'Cl.

See grip, crimall.

cuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuit or dil.ie/13717
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cuitig, cotach, cotanna, cotannaib, cuitig, cuta, cuid, cuitigh, cotcondaib

n i, f. Later also with velar inflection (a d s. cuitig, g s. cotach etc. and nasal inflection (a pl. cotanna, d pl. cotannaib) . For n s. cuitig see Thurn., ZCP xx 367 . ? n s. cuta, CRR 43 , 44 , cited below (if not predic. g s. or to be referred to ad-cota). cuid f., IGT Decl. § 42 . cuitigh f., § 187 . d p. cotcondaib, O'Gr. Cat. 289.33 .

1 share, part, portion : adbur an tseóil ... ┐ sé 'na secht cotannaib, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 . dénaidh cranncur umna secht cotannaibh sea, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 . dar éis chota na mban, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.178 . ch.¤act of God (of death of woman), Cáin Ad. 42 . gor cuir a c[h]uitig go ceart / go cubaidh 'san cantairecht (of Gregory the Great), ZCP viii 114.22 . leth do chuite, LL 36668 = chota, Fél. 64.25 . c.¤ na n-anmand n-indligtech, MacCarthy 62.w . nocho nfuillter o choitibh, Auraic. 1444 = o chouitibh, 4494 . aithgin a chota, Laws iii 270.16 Comm. im ithlaind i cuitib `in shares', i 124.17 . fer codach ain fir (leg. aínḟir ?) `a freeman', Celt. Rev. iv 204.12 (see n.). conid airimh in sain is fuilliu anda coit tre taithmet a lethe ` factors ', Auraic. 1452 . go ndearnattar cotanna croinne . . . ┐ blodha bearnacha . . . ┐ aisleagha cearta . . . do na craoiseachaibh, Eachtra Uill. 3016 . éisdidh re cuid Moire a mhná `the verses to Mary', Dán Dé xxvi 43 . a cuidich ar na fasdodh `their wares thus bespoken' (of poets), Magauran 852 . rannais E. . . . cúigeadh Ch. i n-a thrí cotchaibh, Keat. i 116.z . a chodcha íochtaracha = lower parts, Isaiah xliv 23 . tig ót omna ḟaidcheannaigh / an chomhla na codchannuib in pieces(?), IGT Decl. ex. 69. 2106 . ba chuta dom ṡeilbse sain ale for seilb neich n-aill n-aile, LL 23161 `a right of my possession', CRR 43 . ba chuta damsa, LL 23165 `a part(?) for me', CRR 44 . c.¤ péne see pían . c.¤ tobaig, Binchy, Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingship 18 . Of share in an action, participation: nād bi coimtig laech nó læiches nād bī c.¤ oc marbad duini `that has not had a share in . . .', RC xv 488 § 7 . a-tá dhóibh cuid i n-a chrochadh, Dán Dé xxxi 28 . na bid do chuid ic denum uilc frissin duine firen sa (Pilate's wife's message), Rawl. B 512, 72b cited Plummer MS. notes. Perh. also: gach arg cumhdaigh ar do chuid `belongs to thee', SGS iv 60 § 3 . bí ar mo chuid be on my side, Dán Dé i 3 .

2 With follg. prepp.: c.¤ cáich dinrath diadu, Wb. 5d6 . truagh an chuid-sin dom chrábhadh, Dán Dé xxviii 25 . do chuid don chondradh `thy part in this transaction', O'Hara 2258 . fá phéin . . . a choda don tsaoghal do chailleamhuin wordly goods, Desid. 3970 . a chuidigh ar an gclasach, IGT Decl. ex. 2107 `his part of the ditch', Bard. Synt. Tr. 180.11 . ni dlig fer in bunait c.¤ indib `the original owner is not entitled to any share in them', Laws iv 180.24 . manibe cuid deid inda gabail `if thou have no share in receiving them', Mon. Tall. 128.17 . ann . . . ní roibhe ar gcuid `no claim on it' (of heaven), Aithd. D. 97.32 . ni fuil cuid duib isin fir sa (to demon), Otia i 115.6 . ismaith ach.¤ occa `good is His share in it', Wb. 26d18 .

3 Of property, possession, means : do chuaidh mo shúil tar mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . ar tairccsin a choda (cotach, R), Grail 3842 . mo chuid is cuid mh'anma, Dán Dé xxix 10 . ní . . . do chuid na comharsan neighbour's goods, Parrth. Anma 2537 . adhluicthear iad lé cuid dhuine eile at somebody else's expense, Mac Aingil 971 . bith-shearbh do chruth ┐ do chuid `followers(?)', Dán Dé xxix 22 .

4 Of partiality, love for a person: ni fil diib mnaí nachit charad no ná beth c.¤ duit who was not partial to thee, LU 3269 ( SCC 6 ). ni raibi c.¤ menman na aicenta di ann she had no vestige of love for him, Acall. 5696 . mo cuid, mo cuisle (term of endearment), Ériu ii 89 § 9 . `mochuidig tu' ol in t-espocc; conid de do len Mochuda de, BNnÉ 291 § 5 . ro ba chuid chroide leo faicsin na bflathuaisled `their hearts hailed the advent of . . .', Caithr. Thoirdh. 56.35 .

5 portion of food, meal; evening meal (frequ. cuitig in this sense. Cf. "cuddy", Irish cuid oidhche, of the State Papers', Féil. Mhic Néill 21.11 ). oc ergnom cota methli, LU 4349 . opar in lochta asa c.¤-seo, 4351 . ind ingen no gebed láim fora cuitseom, 6006 (TBC). slicht a ḟíacal 'na ch.¤ (sign of fop), Triads 103 . co mbad ch.¤ fíach, Ériu iv 94.6 . caith do chutig, LB 151a35 . is ferr . . . a chutig do breith dó `his ration', MacCongl. 13.27 . a cuidigh nír chognadair, IGT Decl. ex. 1344 . co fargdais c.¤ na aidchi (of birds), TBC-LL² 1707 . tar cend chota na hoidchi by way of supper, LB 134a48 . cuid corgais, BNnÉ 282.22 . ar ēnchuid Chorghuis, Celtica i 219.348 `principal meal on a fast day', Gloss. thoirbhir é féin dúinn ina chuid dhēidhenaigh Last Supper, Parrth. Anma 833 . cuid ┐ dīnnéur prandium . . . coena, Rial. S.F. 350 .

6 Of cited words force, meaning: ise c.¤ in dilmuin is ecin, Laws ii 82.15 Comm. is e c.¤ in acht and, iv 42.1 Comm. 46.11 Comm.

7 As pron.: c.¤ oc marbad duni some, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb those who . . ., ML² 385 . do chuid ēigin do na cairdionālaibh, Beatha S. F. 927 . cuid 'na ndúsgadh dhíobh ┐ cuid 'na cciúnus, 1051 . ro mebaid ar in cuid ele the others, Grail 3315 . ag gabháil ar chuid aca, ┐ ag marbhadh choda eile, Mk xii 5 .

8 With follg. gen. some, a certain amount : cen ch.¤ ṅdígnai `without a whit of reproach', Fél. July 29 . cuid focall ┐ impide, AU i 560.12 . cen ch.¤ cairde, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50 . cuid amharais `matter of doubt', TD 7.4 . a Chrīst gan cuid cairighthe O Christ free from censure, ACL iii 230.z . gan chuid caithmhe, Dán Dé iv 20 . mairg fer budh cuid coindmedha, IGT Decl. ex. 864 . Follg. exx. from Laws are perh. to be refd. to this section, though sense may be rather due, proportion, fixed amount, etc.: c.¤ forbaig, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . do cuiti frithe `waif-share', Laws v 324.1 Comm. co cuiti geill, 346.20 Comm. cuitig tobaig `Eintreibungsanteil', Ir. Recht 59.12 (see above). ma fis cen trebaire, dilius cuiti feasa iar ndechmad, ┐ ni fuil crich fri cuite trebaire, O'Curry 2392 ( Eg. 88, 30bb ). is cuiti treb-dire is esbadhach air[e] `a share of house-`dire ', Laws v 162.25 Comm. is é c.¤ tucaite gach neich dib, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ) (see tucait). cuit urgnuma `Besorgungsanteil', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 59 § 30 . With possess. and follg. gen. of noun replacing simple noun: íc ithí a codach arain ┐ immí eating their bread and their butter, IT iii 101. z . do chuid chroinn ón aongha inn thy lot, Aithd. D. 84.19 (see n.). co cabra a c.¤ carat dear ones, Ériu xix 5 § 5 . in bhar ccuid ionnmhais, Beatha S. F. 2235 . ? ní fuil écht do choite féin inti (a horse), SG 242.32 . Phr. c.¤ ronna appar. = c.¤ : mo chuid ronna dhíobh ar ndul `after the death of my chosen ones', Aithd. D. 14.21 . dod chuid ranna go rua sinn `may I come among thy folk', Dán Dé xxviii 22 . loighead na codach comhronna, Ériu viii 135.2 . bhur ccuid ronna = portio vestra, Rial. S.F. 1460 . an triocha chét sin . . . do chuid ronna, Hugh Roe² 40.10 . Note also: cor' brisidur muineil chodach acu some of them, Fier. 213 . ataid lochta nach cuidich orro considerable(?), IGT Metr. Faults§ 87 .

9 a matter of, a mere : ni síratrab act is c.¤ fresligi, Wb. 3d4 . isc.¤ airicc camai nigaib airechas `it is a mere finding however; it gets not leadership', 3d8 . ní ba c.¤ adíll cucuib-si gl. manebo; a matter of a (mere) visit (?) `a passing visit', 14a8 . Cf. 27b25 and Ml. 102a15 . cid do uáir .i. c.¤ hóre gl. etsi ad horam, 16b5 . c.¤ ree `for a time', Tur. 71 . ní c.¤ broto acht is dugrés gl. ad momentum, Ml. 32c10 . c.¤ foammamigtho tantum ón `as to subjugation only', 67c2 . is c.¤ atoíbthe nammá `it is a mere adherence', Sg. 29b15 . 18 . anas c.¤ erroris annt gl. non ipsum errorem, ZCP vii 481.29 ( Enchir. Aug. 74b ). This may also be the use in: cuid aidhbhsighthe, Content. xiv 47 . ger chuid mhaoidhimh `something to boast of', O'Hara 917 . TD 10.22 . mélltar is-in c.¤-si do'n chennaigecht, PH 7585 `in this very matter of merchandise', Gloss.

10 In phr. ar ch.¤ with gen. as regards : arch.¤ óisa et bésa `as regards age and morals', Wb. 28d24 . arcomfulidib ar ch.¤ ceneuil `our kinsmen by race', Ml. 66d1 . ar ch.¤ suin tantum , Sg. 59b8 . 112a2 . 138a5 . 200b8 . ar ch.¤ choemdha `in the matter of cohabitation', Blathm. 154 . atometha lat ar mo ch.¤ féin, LU 10907 `as for me', Ériu xii 184 § 14 . Note also: is í breath rucadh uir[ri-si] ana c.¤ féin, Ériu iii 150.x . ar chuid Chuinn . . . ar a cuid(h)siomh, ML 70.29 . mo cuid-se dhe, as lor leam . . . as for me, Luc. Fid. 3765 . ? ní bá mo ch.¤-se . . . dorega farcend `so far as concerns me, ye shall not be opposed', TTr.² 338 = ZCP xxx 53 .

11 With cid: cid c.¤ a foraithmit dam `even as to their recollection by me', gl. in memoriam, Ml. 37c14 . cid c.¤ a ocmaide nammá `even as to touching it only', 39a10 . cid c.¤ áimraid commenic `even as to mentioning it frequently', gl. in familiarem usum, 11 .

12 In adv. phr. ara ch.¤-sidi however, nevertheless (`as to it', `as regards this', etc., Thes.): nímptha fírion ara ch.¤ sidi gl. sed non in hoc etc., Wb. 8d24 . ciasu airegdu in fer arach.¤ sidi nirubi nechtar de cenalail neque mulier sine uiro , 11c17 . arách.¤ sidi is de corpore dissi gl. num ideo non est de corpore? 12a26 . ni fetar sa mo imthechta arach.¤-ade gl. si autem tardauero, 28c10 . ar[a] ch.¤ sidi gl. quamuis, Sg. 184b1 . 195b4 .

1 dair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dair or dil.ie/14250
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daur, Daur, daro, dair, daro, darach, ralach, daro, dara, darach, darcha, dairrge, dairghe, dhíoṁora, dairgi, dairghe, Daurgabal, Daur-ṡaegul, dair-ḟid, dauruth, daur-gráinne, daurgráne i gráne darach, daurgráinne, dair-imme, dair-mag, dairmess, dair, daire, dara, darach, daraighe

n i & k, daur u, f., earlier neut. (?): dair nduillech, Ériu xxvi 83 § 14 . Daur, gen. daro, is the older, dair, gen. daro, darach the later inflexion ( Thurn. Hdb. 196 ). For the inflexion cf. rail, gen. ralach. In AU the genitive daro (in Cell Daro) continues to 918, after which dara and darach.

I An oak. quercus .i. daur, Sg. 38 a 9 . is clí darach Moysi, Wb. 33 a 5 . uath na darach cnú na darach, Zeuss 260 . hec quercus. dair, Ir. Gl. 554 . quercus .i. in dair, RC ix 240. 4 . gallus autoun ubhall duilli na darach, ACL i 327. 20 (= H 3.15, A 48 a ). airigh feada dair coll cuileand &c. Laws iv 146. 21 ; 148. 18 (commentary). dair. cid dombeir [i]n-airechus hi? a meas ┐ sáire, ib. 148. 26 . díre ndarach, ib. 148. 19 . gabais Fergus...dair mór...assa frémaib, ScM. 18 (in ndaraig móir, Rawl., Hib. Min. 56. 7 ). tópacht and cétbunni darach, TBC-LL¹ 563 . gráne darach, LL 311 b 18 . na daire romóra secha táncamar, ib. 264 b 42 . masa dairi feda feirn as chaill chairn, ib. 265 a 27 . sech rennaib na ndairi, ib. 265 a 20 . ferand lán do dairib dairmessa, ib. 162 b 18 . ba tuairgain darach gho do dhorn(aibh) RC x 335. 14 . fidhbadh...ibair ┐ daraig móra i suidhiu, ib. 72. 2 . maer (i.e. móir) aen inna ndarach mór in gésca, ib. 74. 3 . mes ara dairgibh donnuibh, Acall. 343 . la dairghibh ┐ omnuibh, ZCP i 390. 12 . co ndairghibh, SG 346. 39 . ina ndarachaib, 299. 29 . robenatar dairbre glasdarach CRR 37 . acc dol i ndaraig i ndreim rothuit a daraigh i tein, Anecd. ii 27. 26 . dair dermair cen rúsc cen duille, CCath. 338 . eochrann darach derṁaire, ib. 336 . amal daracho dímóra, Aen. 187 . darcha (a pl.), Bucol. 40 . dairrge, LL 308 a 15 . a dairghe (n pl.) dhíoṁora, Cog. 198. 28 . dairgi dainngne (n pl.) ZCP vi 279. 36 . dairghe (n pl.), Ériu v 60. 27 . co fuaratar cuais darach, LB 247 a 50 . a dhair dhosach dhuilledhach, B IV 1, fo. 88 a . PROV. nirbo hesarguin darach do dorn, Anecd. ii 72. 7 .

II Oak-timber, oak-wood (as material). Usually only in gen. clar ndara idir cach dí caomdai, Laws iv 304. 21 Comm. iana ┐ dromlacha ┐ dabcha darach, ib. v 94. 10 Comm. durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, ib. 102. 27 Comm. co ndernad tech ṅdarach di, LL 280 a 20 . hi tech ndarach, LU 19 a 17 . tech darach co tugi slinned, FB 55 . lán a dá glac lais do lommanaib darach, ib. 81 . ...do dénam na cathrach. Mas do daraig...mas da licc YBL 124 a 8 = Ériu ii 22. 28 . buinne darach, Ériu v 62. 3 .

III The letter d. duir is o chrann rohainmniged, BB 325 a 37 . sealbhadh duir ag dol i nion | ... | sealbhadh tinne ag dol i nduir 'the sealbhadh of d becomes n ... the sealbhadh of t becomes d', Éigse xxxvi 38 § 4 . do duir ┐ do gourt, Auraic. 4324 .

LOC. i nDruimm Daro .i. Druim Lias, Thes. ii 238. 14 . do Druim Dara bali atá indiú Druim Lias, Trip., i 144. 18 . Ess Dara, Acall. 1511 . Cell Dara, ib. 693 . co sanctaib Cille Dara, Trip. 349. 1 . epscop Cille Daro, AU i 40. 6 . abatisa Cille Daro, ib. 436. 5 . Áth na darach caime, Hog. Onom. 67 . iarla Chille Dara, TSh. 152. 7 . Dair-inis Valentia Island : Mael Anfaid na Darinse, LL vi 51768 . Daur-mag, dair-mag, dur-mag, der-mag Durrow CRR p. 127 . Holder 1241 . Onomast.

PERS. Fadb Darach hua Omna , CRR 18 , cf. Daurach. Daurgabal oak-fork LL 328 d 22 . g s. tri meic Daurgabail, ib. 328 upper marg. Daur-ṡaegul oak-age , ib. 23 .

COMPS. dair-ḟid, dauruth an oak-wood , see dair-ḟid, dauruth. daur-gráinne: daurgráne i gráne darach an acorn LL 311 b 18 . daurgráinne, Rawl. 118 a 22 . dair-imme an oaken fence Laws iv 76. 17 . dairime isin -chaill, ib. 28 . dair-mag, v. supra. dairmess acorns, oak-mast . habundantia dairmesa, AU i 236. 1 . co nimad dairṁessa, ALC i 404. 28 . gairid in trét fo dairbri dairmessa, LL 144 b 2 . ferand lán do dairib dairmessa, ib. 162 b 18 . dairmes do degmucaib, ib. 386 a 20 . mag lán dia dairmes, Lib. Flav. 27 a 2 . 44 .

MOD. dair, gen. daire, dara, darach, daraighe.

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

do-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-icc or dil.ie/17788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: condid-ticci, tici-siu, do-da-ic, to-t-ic, tic, to-nn-ecad, do-s-ecat, tecait, ticed, doticed, tictis, thictis, toi-n-ictis, ticed, to-n-iced, do-m-icced, tecat, tis[s]a, tíos, tiu-sa, tís, go tis-[s]iu, tís, tisi, do-mm-, tí, tísam, tissaid, do-t-ísat, nacha-tísat, tíssat, ndon-tisat, tisor, tísir-siu, tissain, do-da-íssed, do-n-ised, do-m-issed, tised, thised, condid-tísed, condísed, contísed, tismais, tistai, do-m-istais, do-n-ístais, doristis, tístis, ticabh, ticub, do-sn-icfa, do-nd-iccfa, to-t-icfa, ticfea, ticfe, ticfai, du-nd-icfet, ticfat, ticfait, ticfaind, do-n-icfad, ticfed, du-nd-icfitis, tiuc-, tiucfad, tánac, rotanac-sa, do-ndn-anac, to-nn-anac, tánac, do-m-anicc, du-nn-ánic, du-da-ánaic, tánicc, nin-tánicc, tanaic, nín-tanic, condanicc, tánic, táinic, donfáncid, donangid, tancaibair, do-m-ancadar, du-sn-ancatar, táncatar, dom-ranic, dosranic, damrancadar, tecar, tecar, tecar, tístar, tistar, tísta, thíosta, ticht, tohét, tíchtu, tiacht, techt, da-fic, doficc, do-ficced, do-ficfe, dobarficfa, toficfat, ficfit, dofánic, dosfánic, donfáncid, dosfangator, do-s-físta, rasfecgat, tangus, tánacais, tanacais-[s]iu, ticcis, tigis, dodsisigh, ticsidh, ticsead, tigsed, co-ndn-icsitis, ticc-, tig-, dosfístá

v (* to-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 557 ). Indic. pres. 2 s. condid-ticci, Wb. 24b5 . tici-siu, TBC-I¹ 2610 . 3 s. do-da-ic, Ml. 123d3 . to-t-ic, Fél. May 25 . tic, SR 8117 , etc. 3 pl. to-nn-ecad, TBC-I¹ 475 . do-s-ecat, Lec. 85b1 . (Mid.Ir. tecat, tecait.) Impf. 3 s. ní ticed , Ml. 41d9 . doticed, SR 1116 . 3 pl. tictis, TBC-I¹ 1432 (LU). do thictis , SR 1120 . toi-n-ictis, BB 39a22 . Ipv. 3 s. ticed, LU 3660 ( SCC § 32 ). to-n-iced, TBC-I¹ 1061 ; do-m-icced, etc. 3 pl. tecat, TBC-I¹ 1402 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. co tis[s]a , TBC-I¹ 938 . tíos, Lism. L. 2297 . co tiu-sa , PH 997 . 2 s. tís, TBC-LL¹ 1860 . go tis-[s]iu, 5979 . acht co tís , RC iii 181.14 . Mid.Ir. mina tisi , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . 3 s. do-mm-, Fél. Ep. 561 . co tí , Wb. 8d25 , Ml. 26a5 . 1 pl. ara tísam , TBC-I¹ 25 . 2 pl. tan tissaid , SR 3501 . 3 pl. cé do-t-ísat , Ériu i 198 § 17 . ar nacha-tísat , Wb. 17d10 . co tíssat , Hy. ii 36 . co ndon-tisat , TBC-I¹ 3066 . In Mid.Ir. often depon. in 1 and 2 s.: co tisor , TBC-I¹ 939 , Lism. L. 2315 . na tísir-siu , LL 262b28 . Impf. 1 s. co tissain , SR 1814 . 3 s. do-da-íssed, Ml. 39c15 . do-n-ised, TBC-I¹ 925 (LU). cia do-m-issed , 1728 . tised, Wb. 27c8 . mani thised , 4c15 . condid-tísed, 21a1 . condísed, 25a6 . contísed, Thes. ii 242.6 (Ardm.). do-r-issed, Corm. s.v. leithech (LB). 1 pl. tismais, TBC-I¹ 2357 . 2 pl. dia tistai , TBC-LL¹ 590 . 3 pl. do-m-istais, TBC-I¹ 2832 . do-n-ístais, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ? doristis, TTr.² 692 . tístis. Fut. 1 s. ticabh, Lism. L. 2299 . ticub, Ériu vii 229.11 , AFM i 308 (poem). 3 s. do-sn-icfa, Wb. 5c5 . do-nd-iccfa, 29c4 . to-t-icfa, SR 6855 . ticfea, Wb. 4d6 . ticfe, SR 8103 . ticfai, IT i 20.28 (LB). 3 pl. du-nd-icfet, Ml. 19b11 . ticfat, SR 8037 etc. ticfait, 8129 . Condit. 1 s. ní ticfaind , TBC-I¹ 2504 . 3 s. do-n-icfad, Wb. 21a3 . nad ticfed , Ml. 46a19 . 3 pl. du-nd-icfitis, 68a1 . In later lang. the stem tiuc- commonly occurs in fut. tiucfad (1 s.), TE 9 (Eg.).

Pret. and Perf. 1 s. tánac, SR 1684 , cf. 1695 . rotanac-sa, IT i 102.22 . 2 s. do-ndn-anac, TBC-I¹ 1613 (YBL) = to-nn-anac, (LU). tánac, 485 . 3 s. do-m-anicc, Wb. 12c9 . du-nn-ánic, 25a21 . du-da-ánaic, Ml. 123c3 . tánicc, Wb. 30d11 . nin-tánicc, 1d1 . tanaic, Ml. 35d1 . nín-tanic, 14d4 . condanicc, Wb. 3c27 . Mid.Ir. tánic, táinic. 2 pl. donfáncid, LU 1451 . donangid, 1452 . tancaibair, 2328 . 3 pl. do-m-ancadar, TBC-I¹ 2807 , du-sn-ancatar, 832 . táncatar. With -ro-: dom-ranic, TBC-I¹ 2787 . dosranic, ZCP xi 110 § 32 . damrancadar, TBC-I¹ 2850 . Pass. (s. only) ipv. na tecar , TBC-LL¹ 1767 . Pres. tecar, ni tecar , Laws , etc. Subj. pres. co tístar , Moling 71 . na tistar , RC iii 185.4 . Impf. tísta; muna thíosta , AFM vi 1918 . Pret. and perf. ticht (tohét, v.l.) . . . o Ch. i ndiaid mac mB., Cymmr. xiv 110 § 10 (see ZCP xviii 326 ). -tícht, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 22 . Vn. tíchtu, tiacht, etc. Later also techt.

Mid.Ir. deuterotonic forms with inorganic -f-: da-fic, TBC-I¹ 561 LU = doficc, YBL; impf. do-ficced; fut. do-ficfe, TBC-I¹ 203 . dobarficfa, SG 376.9 . toficfat, TBC-I¹ 1077 (LU). ficfit, 171 ; pret. dofánic, TBC-I¹ 1778 (LU). dosfánic, SR 1687 . donfáncid, LU 1451 . dosfangator, Hugh Roe 300.4 (donangatar, 5). Pass. subj. impf. do-s-físta, TBC-LL¹ 2818 . Cf. also: rasfecgat (= do-s-ecat), TBC-LL¹ 5088 ( LL 96a47 ).

With s- forms in pret. and perf.: 1 s. tangus. 2 s. tánacais, TBC-I¹ 2415 . tanacais-[s]iu, IT i 102.23 . Also 3 s. ticcis, tigis, e.g. Fl. Earls 32.22 , 46.1 , 78.14 .

The follg. subj. forms are perhaps due to contamination with -dichs-, prototonic stem of do-cóis- (tiagu): Pres. 3 s. dodsisigh . . . ticsidh , Ériu v 156 , 174 . Impf. 3 s. ticsead, Lec. 347a51 ; 342b22 . ara tigsed , 191b30 . 3 pl. co-ndn-icsitis, Lat. Lives 49 . In late Mid.Ir. subj. is often formed from stem ticc-, tig-.

I In O.Ir. usually with direct object (freq. an infixed pron. in accus.) comes to, approaches, denoting motion (physical or figurative).

(a) With pers. obj.: do-ss-icc seigh mar don muir, Anecd. i 70 . to-t-ic (do tic, v.l.) féil Iohannis, Fél. May 25 . ní ticed scís mo chnamai cid dian . . . nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . doticfa diliu trom, SR 2442 . toticfa dígal, 6855 . doforficfa foirit[h]in help will come to you, CCath. 3579 . dobicfat (doforfiucfad, v.l.) anbthine móra, Ériu ii 196 . túatha hÉrenn tairchantais | do-sn-icfed sídflaith núae, Hy. ii 19 . is ed rochreti cách duibsi . . . nachabticfed for rí, Ml. 46a14 . dommí co ndegairdib . . . mo c[h]ara cain may my friend come to me, ACL iii 221 . Michel uasal . . . doti for cech cái, Anecd. ii 52 . nachamthí bét nā bini, Ériu ii 92 . guidim-si . . . nachasti nach plāigh, Anecd. ii 34 . nām thí garga fri sluagh nArda may no resentment against . . . come to me, ACL iii 297 . cé do tísat morgressa, Ériu i 198 . co ndontisat a ndá trichaid cēt sin, TBC-I¹ 3066 . ma(i) domised-sa com thech | hua Mescain should come to me to my house, AU 617 . nicon fil frithorcain nachamthísed-sa, Ml. 107b8 . co nam tísad congain cride, ZCP v 497 . menim-thistais écne, Ériu v 210 . domanic ben maethainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 . isé ceta-domthanic who was the first to come to me, 2794 . boi C. ina otharligiu andside conatatanicc Senoll, 2735 . tainic anbthine mór a cobhlach, CCath. 162 . bennacht for cach donancamar everyone we have come to, Anecd. i 11 . tabraid far mbennachtain forsin flaith do-n-fáncid the prince to whom you have come, MU² 925 . dosfancadar uilc mora, CCath. 313 .

Rare in pass.: dammad ar galaib óenfir dosfístá Oengus, TBC-LL¹ 2818 (= do hionnsochtai, St.).

do-m-icc comes to me in sense of I getfrom): is deolaid a trian tic fer mbunaid the third which the original owner gets, Laws iv 180 . a trian tic na flaithi, Ériu i 214 . tomiced biad cach n-oen-aichde uaidib let them send me food, TBC-I¹ 1061 . do-micced mo dlighedh let me have my right, Laws i 82 Comm. domiced claideb úaib give me a sword, TBFr. 229 . ni-n-tiucba a ndonfarnic arráir we shall not get what we got last night, RC x 66 . minab samlaid thēis, roticfa (for rot-t.) cloch huaimse isin tailm, TBC-I¹ 795 . día tísat eóin Mag M . . . . duticfat thou shalt have them, LU 3272 ( SCC § 6 ). ingaib ifern . . . rothí (= rotthí) nem so shalt thou gain heaven, ZCP vi 265 . acht co nomthi oen-poicc (for oen pócc?) duit provided I get a kiss from you, RC xxiv 198 . con-nachamthised uait acht oen-lám that thou shouldst use only one hand against me, RC iii 184 . bid fō lim tomissed comardha n-uait that thou shouldst send me a token, TBC-I¹ 925 . ara tisad a fīr cāch everyone should get his right, Laws i 152 . maic bic . . . resíu tosni a aicneth (= priusquam impellat natura), Ériu vii 144 . cuman lim amal domáinic labrad how I learned to speak, Imr. Brain ii 293 . co namthí techt do nemdaib till I gain entrance to heaven, Ériu vi 115 . Cf. also: Buarannach mac E. a síth L. domanaicsea I am B. from the fairy-mound of L., MacCongl. 75 (replacing atom-comnaicc, see 1 ad-cumaing).

(b) With obj. denoting place, destination, aim: hi ngrellig donnicc echrad rig to which the horses of a king come, TBC-I¹ 3545 . ba fornocht talam eturru ┐ daneccad hUlaid re fuined ngrēne reach it, TBC-I¹ 3418 . in tan tanic in ṁBruig ṁbúain, Ériu vii 223 . mac is amru tánic Laigniu riam, RC xiii 373 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tanic an dunad, TBC-I¹ 3409 . tancatar a tech, Hy. v 53 . co tancatar Temraig, RC iii 182 . ? cén co tisam dutracht lind though we achieve not our desire, SG 45 .

co ticci till thou comest (to): condid-ticci till thou comest to it, Wb. 24b5 . rob áil damsa do dula-su co tici fail i fil Emer, TBC-I¹ 2425 . settai mná Ulad uli co nomthici-sea till thou comest to me, i.e. except me, FB § 24 . Usually as prepositional phr. as far as, up to, till: focheird C. tri bidgu ina ndiaid cotici in n-ath, TBC-I¹ 1324 . co tici Ath Da Fertai, 2135 . co ticci a dorn, 3163 . do sárluag . . . co tici do chutrommae up to thy full value (weight), TE 13 (LU). dochoid-si . . . codicce Dun S., TBC-I¹ 1317 . táinicc Brian hi Midhe co ticci Loch nA., AFM ii 728 . Cf. mod. gonuige up to, as far as, and co tí under II (a) infra.

II In Mid.Ir. and later lang. usually intrans. comes . So occasionally in O.Ir. glosses, e.g. Wb. 27c8 , 30d11 , Ml. 46a19 , and in the phrase co tí, Wb. 8d25 , 26a5 , 11 , Ml. 26a5 ; more freq. the obj. (person or destination) is replaced by a neut. infixed pron. inna persine dodiccfa, Wb. 29c4 . condid-tísed ind aimser, 21a1 . ciasidfiadat-som dundicfet in[na] fochaidi, Ml. 19b11 . ind aimsir dundicfitis Assair, 68a1 . So in the follg. exx.: fri snadud neich dodisad co n-airchetul who should come with poetry, TBC-I¹ 594 (YBL). is bráth fri bidbadu dodanic ann, 3192 . in laech dodanic, 3205 , cf. 3214 , 3216 . ba hé Cáilte dodánic, Imr. Brain i 48 . is bruthmar a bara in chaurad dadanig and, TBC-I¹ 3277 . is leth gliad dandanic (= dond.) and, 3252 . fíad ind óclaig dundánic, Imr. Brain i 47 . ar cind cach tascuir dodanic, Laws i 48 Comm. The freq. use of and thither, there in combination with this infixed pron. shows that the force of the latter was early lost. The orig. trans. construction leaves its trace further in Mid.Ir. and even later in the freq. occurrence of a nugatory infixed obj. pron.: dafic C. chucu, TBC-I¹ 561 (LU = doficc, YBL). nostic immach he comes forth, Ériu iv 100 (ergid, v.l.). dusfic Eoin gusin gcuid oile do na hapstaloibh, Fl. Earls 116 . a hArd C. dusfánaicc go Cenel Conaill, Hy Fiach. 76 . nostecat 'na ndáil, Ériu iv 106 . dusficceat darsna múraibh, AFM vi 2214 .

(a) In lit. sense: lion ticcthi tar tuile theinn as many of you as come, BS 20 . na fir-sea thecait anair who come from the east, Imr. Brain ii 288 . cech slamsrúam thened doniged ina bél asa brágit, TBC-I¹ 1947 . do choistecht fri timna | tictis isna sabbóteib, SR 4596 . doticdis na bāi . . . for ingeilt . . . a crich Dal R., Corm. Y 585 . dia tí iall i mag, TBC-I¹ 1168 . ticfa tálcend dar muir, Hy. ii 21 Comm. ( Thes. ii 314 ). muna dtíosadh aingeal Dé do nimh, Ériu i 91 . intan tíos aríss when I come back, Lism. L. 2297 . mina ticte-sa beo tar h'ais if you should not come back alive, ZCP vi 82 . ticfat a cind da colaind they shall lose their heads, CRR 22 . co tanic a inchind fora chluasa, TBC-I¹ 810 . fada ód' thír tangais alle, BS 58 . robá i ngalar ┐ tancabair dom torroma, RC iv 246 . roiarfuig doib canas tancatar, Hy. iv Pref . romarbhsat an manach ┐ tangattar iter a cend ┐ a cholann (i.e. beheaded him?), BNnÉ 41 . táncatár a traigthe co mbatar da éis turned backwards, TBC-I¹ 1932 . With co: acht co tís chucund provided thou come to us, RC iii 181 . ir-richt eoin ticed Uictor aingel co Patraic, Hy. ii 8 Comm. tainic Fergus co a pupall, TBC-I¹ 2313 . cach anmanna . . . doticed dochum nAdaim, SR 1116 . tanic nell chuice she swooned, MacCarthy 66 = dosfánic nél, SR 1637 .

Of seeds, sprouts, comes forth: tig síol is táire is ní thig | gráinne ríogh isan roilig 'a humbler seed sprouts in the graveyard but the seed of kings sprouts not', Giolla Brighde 28 § 23 .

Mid.Ir. do-icc (remi) advances, proceeds: tanic F. remi da pupull, TBC-I¹ 2419 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 . táncatar rompu assan bhaile, Acall. 47 . tangadar rempo co hāth in c[h]omlaind, TBC-I¹ 2325 , 2472 , 2517 ; CRR 10 .

co tí lit. until . . . comes as prep. until: co tí in firbrithem, Wb. 8d25 . co tí lae messa, Ml. 26a5 . co tí Pátraic, Trip.² 2086 . ni fuil noeb conní a airde | co tí in Coimdiu, ACL iii 303 . óndiu co tí bráth until Doomsday, TBC-I¹ 2254 , cf. 2653 . co ti in brath(a), MR 174 . ticfa am . . . gid fada gairid go tí, Fianaig. 74.13 . o chruthughadh an domhain go dtigh so till now, Hard. i 206 .

Comes back, returns: sochaide scaras fria choemu . . . ┐ meni thiset uli i n-imslánti, TBC-LL¹ 197 . ond úair do-chúaid for conair cosin n-uair donánic, TTr.² 527 .

In fig. sense, of transition to a state, mental activity, etc.: doficfad Ulaid asa noeindin, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is minca teagaid locht an fiabrais seo cum beathadh nā cum bāis, 23 P 10, 168rb4 . is roluath tig chum tormuigh it increases, 3 C 19, 33ra10 . gurob mar sin tiocfus . . . a n-aithne na gcúisi shall come to know the causes, 62rb3 . tanic for menmain dó a breth, PH 832 . tainic ar menmain do Stait . . . bunadh, etc. occurred to Statius, TTebe 8 . gurab ón Diabhal tháinig dó an tAifrionn do chur ar gcúl (the idea) came to him of abolishing, Eochairsg. 22 .

Of time, comes, arrives: o thig aghaidh when night comes, BS 30 . o thig laa, 32 . tan dusficc tiughlaithe neich, AFM vi 2184 ond úair thanic a amser when his time (to die) had come, SR 4972 . is demin tánic mo lá my day (of death) has come, SG 91 . tainic dia fo chend a saogal, óir . . . do benadh a gcinn uile díbh their last day came, ALC ii 386 .

By extension, comes to an end, is spent (most freq. in pret.): a n-écmais do beith agum co tí an bliadhain till the year comes to an end, Imr. Brain i 67 . co táinicc trath don ló ┐ don laithe (leg. dond aidchi?) foesin (i.e. till twenty-four hours had elapsed), Moling 8 . tháinicc mórán don lá the day is far spent, Mark vi 35 . Cf. do-icc as (iii).

do-icc dom comes to me, befalls me: co ti taem dot daenacht duit may some stirring of thy humanity visit thee, ACL iii 243 . na ticfad d'ulc ┐ do maith dam all the evil . . . that might fall to me, CRR 11 . dofánic faindi dó, Ériu iv 154 . iarsin tánic galar glan, | feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . anfud mór tanic do C. . . . co roattaig Brigit co tísad féth do, Hy. iv Pref . ( Thes. ii 323 ). tangattar doibh na huile so iar mbreithir Ruadháin, BNnÉ 16 . Rarely with LA in this sense: na trí fochaide ata annsom doticfad la Ultu the three worst pests that would befall Ulster, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . atraig C. ┐ dofancatar a ḟerga lais, TBC-LL¹ 1982 .

Of states, events, etc., in general comes about, takes place, happens: ní thig re ré an raimheic ríogh | gníomh ar nar ainic sé an slógh, DDána 91.11 . gur tria n-a aimsiughadh . . . tainic marbadh dhuic de B., Fl. Earls 136 . bidh fis gach neich nadurtha ag na heolchaibh sul tigid siad ann, Ir. Astr. Tr. vi 6 . táncatar sain uile ó Media all these things came to pass through M., LL 221b21 ( TTr. 325 ). is aes ingine macdacht insin ┐ ni thangadar a fhergnima beos, TBC-I¹ 363 . dona tomhadhmannaib tangatar re a linn i nEirinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 54 . fios na neithedh nách táinig knowledge of the future, Ó Héodhusa 155 .

Comes into being, arises, originates: nia duine tiucfae will arise (of Christ), Corm. Y 959 . tiocfa sāi da c[h]loinn dia ēis | bhenfus do chāch a coibhēis, ZCP viii 109 . ar na huilibh da ttainig ┐ da ttiocfa, Luc. Fid. 49 . a chlērigh is ferr tainec thou best of clerics ever born, ZCP viii 302 . conid tainic Senchas Mar was established, Laws i 40 . ag so mar tháinig Béibhionn the descent of B. was as follows, Keat. iii 4041 .

Comes to pass, is fulfilled: táinig tairngire Chiaráin, Arch. Hib. i 83 . táinic in tarrngairi áigh, | táilginn treabsat Cluain Cesáin, Acall. 499 . táinic in tairngiri doronadh dam, D IV 2, 44ra39 . See also under tairngire.

In certain cases do-icc is loosely employed to denote state, development, etc., almost in sense is, becomes, etc.: tig ag Bodhmainn dha bhiathadh he is with B. for his feeding, is fostered by B., Duan. F. i 33 . cionnas tig Eire gan Aodh? how does Ireland get on? Ériu viii 85 . bith a ḟis ag S. gurub maith tainig cruithneacht na mbráthar has thriven, grown, JRSAI ii 360 (1858-9) . bid dis deireoil thu . . . ┐ na tis tar triar chaidchi thou shalt never come past three (i.e. shalt never have more than three descendants living at a time), Lec. 126a18 . tic sin timchell cheithri mile . . . ponnta amounts to, Fl. Earls 178 . cuic seoit .i. da tecait dā ba which amount to two cows, Laws iv 148 Comm. See IGT Verbs § 7 .

Escapes, recovers (also with prep. AS, see (c) below): tinnes . . . ┐ ticc fa dheoigh, C IV 2, 11b4 . dogheibh cunntabhairt bháis ┐ tiuccfaidh, 23b6 .

ní ticc it is not possible: ó nach tig riar an dá rann | gan bheith diomdhach since I cannot agree to both sides, Content. ix 17 . eimealtus romor . . . innus nach ticeann turoisimh 'n-a laeighi do dhenamh so that the patient cannot remain lying down, 23 P 10, 3a49 .

With adj., etc., as pred. almost equivalent to subst. vb.: dotí mac fir in baile slán, ZCP ix 485 . is midlachda tánac, TBC-LL¹ 1279 . tig ót omna ḟaidchennaigh | an chomhla 'na codchannaib the door is shattered, IGT Decl. ex. 69 .

Various idioms: do-icc cride (for) relents, is moved (towards, by): tic craidhe in chléirig gan cheilg | gur réidig as [a] ardfheirg, SG 27 . tic croidhe ┐ inntinn an righ for ghnúis an mhacaoim, BNnÉ 183 . tainig cridhe Moeog fuirte . . . ní tainic cridhe an righ for Moeog, 187 . tanic a n-aicned co mor forro ┐ ba truag leo a toitim, TTebe 3125 . d.¤ i tir gets on, succeeds: mar thigid i dtír, Ó Bruad. ii 170 ; cf. Gadelica i 64 and see 1 tír.

(b) Commonly used in impers. pass. where agent is indefinite: ní tegar dom airfidedh none cometh to make music to me, BS 84 . mina thistar a nēllaib . . . dot indsaigid, nā (leg. ní?) ticfaider anair nā 'niar dot indsaigid, TBC-I¹ 2510 . co tistar ó Dia do nim | d'ordugud mo chuirp, SR 2055 . gidmait . . . co tístar óm Tigerna . . . do cosecradh mo thóedan, Moling 71 . décce dún ammag na tistar chucund cen aicsin lest anyone come to us unseen, RC ii 185 . cumad o Dia tista do breith na muici, ZCP xii 399 . muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918 . ní tiocfuighthior chuige le holc he shall not be visited with evil, Proverbs xix 23 . ó rofitir M. co ticfaidthea ina degaid that he would be followed, SG 404 . ba maith inti cusa tancus annsin .i. Fiachra, RC xxiv 184 . tancas o Ḟind dom chungidsa, TBC-LL¹ 26 . tangas amach o mac A. da radha a message came out, Cog. 210 . tangus ó shíol M. ar cend R. . . . do thabairt righe dó, AFM iii 86 . tangus orrtha le pícibh they were attacked, Rel. Celt. ii 188 . do thángathas ar gach taoibh people came on every side, ITS i 28 . in túisig risi táncas in techt `the leader with whom the expedition had arrived', LL 221a23 ( TTr. 292 ). ragaid limsa mu drutha . . . ┐ in lín dancus lim uile, Lib. Flav. i 26va38 . dothæt in rigan . . . ┐ ba caem tancas andsin for cach mbuada 'twas a fair coming, Aen. 722 . nir thigthi dho anall he should not have to come, MS. Mat. 542 ( Lec. 167a ).

(c) Idiomatic uses with various prepp.

With AR

(i) speaks of, touches on, mentions (also with TAR, see below): ag so mar thig Policronicon ar an ní gcéadna, Keat. iii 25 . is é so an comhartha ar a dtig Eoin san seachtmhadh caibidil, Eochairsg. 39 . tancamar ar a lān do briathraibh CC. we have related, BCC 362 . ar an ttres n-athcuinghid tigther ann so, Ó Héodhusa 100 .

(ii) agrees on: in ní ar a táinic O Néill ┐ misi re céili, O'Gr. Cat. 57 . táinic ar a chomhadhaib uile dó agreed to all his terms, ML 146 . tángadar leath ar leath ar na cuir ┐ na slánaibh sin dh'á chéile, 8 . gach nidh ar a dtángadar na hAithreacha d'aonintinn, Eochairsg. 21 .

(iii) begins with (in gramm.): an focal tig ar fearn, IGT Introd. § 73 . .h. as lomadh don fhocal tig ar ghuthaidhe, § 18 .

(iv) falls on, devolves on, pertains to: ar teora ferba tic so applies to, Laws i 68 Comm. ni horum-sa ticc guide ar bur son, BCC 282 . ainm . . . nach tiu[c]fad acht ar drochduine would be applicable to, 53 . Cf. also: rochuala-som int éces oc gúmháidim ala n-aile [ṅ-airec] n-inganta amail bid hé bodessin ar dorissed (no ara tísead) (`of whom he spoke' O'Don.; to whom it pertained?), Corm. s.v. leithech (= arahíssed who invented it, YBL).

With ASS

(i) comes out, escapes: (impers.) bróga . . . ní thig asta, is ní chrapaid le láin-teas (i.e. they neither come off, being too loose, nor shrink), O'Rah. xviii 24 . gach ní as a dtigtir `from which an escape is got' (?), Content. xxii 4 . da dtí as . . . muna dtí as recovers , 23 K 42, 347.20 .

(ii) results from: as dá maidhm . . . tig an tír do thiormochadh, Content. vi 69 . da ticfadh as sin co scrisfaide na healadhna, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8 .

(iii) runs out, comes to an end: tánic in bliadain ass fói sin, SG 237 .

With DE

(i) comes, arises from, depends on, is consequent on, due to: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo dingbail-se di sodhain my equivalent comes not therefrom (i.e. `they are not worthy of me'?), TBC-LL¹ 1094 . isé rí na Temrach túaid, | isé in triath da tic al-les from whom her welfare depends, LL 306b19 . de thainig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420 . tainig tairmesg na duaine desin, Laws v 230 Comm. na minpheacaidh . . .tig díobh na fíréin do bheith i dteine phurgadóra, Eochairsg. 117 . ni thicfa dím-sa . . . a ndul uaitsiu I will not be the cause of their going from you, FDG 612 . go mbudh de sin do thiocfadh na glais do sgaoileadh that would cause the fetters to burst asunder, Eochairsg. 113 . dothicfad dia n-imut nach biath anóir forro such would be their abundance that they would not be valued, Marco P. 105 . gémadh é a oidedh no thiacht de though his death should be the consequence, ZCP xiv 228.6 (leg. nothísad?). dusfainicc dia fertoibh ┐ mhirbuilibh go ttarla toirrches don mbanrigain, Fl. Earls 222 . tainic da righi nertmhar | táth Erenn re haon-shechtmhuin, ZCP xi 42 .

By extension, (ii) do-icc dím it comes from me, i.e. I am able (to): inund són ┐ daic dím which is as much as to say `I am able for it', CRR 44 . ni thic do neoch molad do denum dó, FA 1 (LB). atcualamar . . . co ticc dit remhaisneis cach neith ticfa isin domum, CCath. 4040 . ni thic d'innscne aentengad . . . túr na teist na tuaruscbail Domnaill, MR 182 . ni mō nosticc do Thuirnn a loscad inā loscad in mara T. can no more burn them than he could the sea, Aen. 2032 . rí nime naemhainglech dá tig gach ní who can do all (from whom all proceeds?), ZCP viii 203 . ni thicfa dibhsi anum do thabairt ina dáinib romarbsabar, RC xiv 36 . is iat-sin lānemain dia ticfa mo lesugud-sa, ZCP i 103 . diambad áil dait ticfad dít Ulaid do sídugud, MU² 169 . ni rabi 'sin domun . . . oenḟer da tisad diṅgbail Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). achd go dtí dhíom mo thuras . . . do choimhlíonadh, Acts xx 24 . acht co tisa[d] de iomus forasna ┐ dicetal, etc. provided he knew (could practise), Anecd. ii 76 . rogheall a chobhair dia ttíosadh de, AFM vi 2056 . dús an ttiseadh dhe a bfurtacht if he could help them, Hugh Roe 300 . ba derbh leo, dia ttiseadh da nach n-aon oile a bfoirithin . . . combadh dhe a aenar dusfiucfedh if anyone could help them, he and he only could, 278 . gi bec fogla do tigfad de ra Gallaib however little injury he might be able to inflict on the foreigners, Cog. 60 . do Dhia táinic a thoirmesg, BS 6 . is dod gaiscedh-sa tanic in sīdh ūd do dēnum, ZCP vi 49 . go dtiocfadh dhí féin . . . Curaoi do bheith i n-uathadh sluagh she herself would contrive that C. should have few warriors, Keat. ii 3495 .

Note also: tánic de coa mnaí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Cf. next par. section (iii).

With DO

(i) falls to, befalls , see above.

(ii) pertains to, applies to, suits: is deas thiocfadh culaidh den bfaision so duit, GJ iv 29 . as follus . . . go tainicc an briathar adubairt Pol . . . do C. C. applied to, BCC 424 . go dtáinic sé dom' aois leigean dom dhíth ceille it became my age to give free course to my folly, ITS xvii 220 . In impers. constr.: ? ma dic dula dam-sa if I can go, Ériu vii 222 . claon cum . . . siubhail for thalamh coimhightheach le dtiocfadh dhó níosa fearr where he will succeed better, Corp. Astron. 132 .

(iii) do-icc dom co . . . (impers., see Celtica ii 216 ) it is time for me to . . ., I arrive at, attain to: acht tised doib co oes ferdatad provided they reached manhood, TBC-I¹ 505 (LU). ó thánic dóibh co dérgud when it was time for them to go to bed, FB § 80 . co tainic co tabairt a n-airm doaib when they had all things ready for plying their arms, Laws i 250 . o thanic dó co dul dochum nime when his time came to go to heaven, Anecd. i 44 . o thánic doib cusin aidche Sathairn when the eve of Saturday arrived, Ériu ii 204 . ó thainigc cusna dédenchu dó-som when his end was at hand, BColm. 106 . o thainicc dhósomh gusna deighencha, Hugh Roe 262 .

With FO

(i) opposes, impugns (Laws): int ap tic fo coraib who impugns the contract, Laws i 52 Comm. ni theacait fo curudh, v 224 Comm. co ma fon uiliataid tista and `to the entire action objection could be made', 184 Comm.

(ii) do-icc fúm it occurs to me, I form the notion, project (of): tainic fai a breith ar eigin co minicc he often thought of carrying her off by force, Lib. Flav. i 33vb (cf. PH 832 ). cidh teichedh do thísadh fútha, CCath. 1745 .

With FRI

(i) comes against, withstands, opposes, injures: ní bía a nert ar nech fo nimh | óir ticc ríu nert Dé dhūiligh, BNnÉ 255 . ní thicfad ri forngaire ind ríg, LL 220a27 ( TTr. 222 ). dia tístais firu in domain frim-sa ní thicfad Congal, MR 12 . ni bāi do dūilib Dē dil | dūil nothissed fri ar menmain | . . . acht int angbaid Lucifur, SR 1510 . tiocfaidther ret' rath ┐ bid é torad do bhronn tiocfus riut, SG 395 . cret ticc ritt? what ails thee? TE 7 (Eg.). rofiarfaigh L. dhi cread tainic fría what had happened to her, Ériu v 80 . an trath teagar reisin ngaili o rotheasaid[e] when the stomach is affected through excessive heat, 23 P 10, 141vb22 . annamh tréan nach dteagthar ris, Dánta Gr. 53.2 . ar oman co tiucfaidhe frib ó Dia uel ó duine for fear you might meet with a reverse, O'Gr. Cat. 132 . tiocfa crochadh an Ríogh riú, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 9 .

(ii) submits to, agrees to (with), freq. in Laws Comm.: in tan tic-sium re dliged submits to law, Laws iii 116 Comm. . tegaid ar aen re dliged comruic `appeal to the law of combat', v 150 Comm. . co tisat fri dlighedh, i 106 Comm. . cia notisad ria aithrigi, 10 Comm. . in ni nā tainic nō nā tudchad frí breithir nDe did not agree with, 38 Comm.

Later with RE (LE) concurs, agrees with, suits: tigim ris an reachd gur maith é I consent unto the law, Romans vii 16 . fá an ní ré dtig se which he alloweth, xiv 22 . tig Camden féin leis an bhfreagradh so, Keat. i 58 . gur beag d'úghdaraibh thig ré chéile ar chomháireamh na haimsire, 86 . mar nach tigid na príomhúghdair seo le n-a chéile, 88 . ní thangadar a bhfíadhnuisidhe le chéile, Mark xiv 56 . ge tic apium ┐ alues le cele da rēr a serui though parsley and aloes agree in pungency, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72 . ní thig an preabán núa-éuduigh leis an tsein-éudach, Luke v 36 . ní thuigim go dtiocfadh rum | ar mhaoidhis d'oideacht oram that the teaching you boasted of giving me would suit me, Content. ix 5 . tainic celmaine Brenainn leis an faistine, BNnÉ 291 . nach ticfidís naeimh eile Erend re cinel Conaill mar tainic se féin les, BCC 275 . tig siad go maith le bheith 'na mbráithre they make good friars, Corp. Astron. 66 .

With LA; late Mid.Ir. ticc limm I am able (to), succeed (in): da ticed let a chosc dīm, ZCP vi 100 . ní thicfadh linn a rímh, i 424 . ionnus go dtiocfadh linn bunadhas cinidh Scoit do lorgaireacht, Keat. i 224 . go dtáinic le mnaoi a mhealladh, Gadelica 241 . tigthear le sunnradh do bheith san iollradh it is possible for . . . to be . . ., IGT Introd. 7 . Common in Mod.Ir. Cf. further: gach a ffuarus d'olc leo | tiucfaidh liom géin bam beo `will come against me' (= t. frim? or `will remain with me' = I will not forget?), Duan. F. i 21 .

With ó

(i) comes (safe) from, escapes from: ní thainic aón duine . . . ona chomlann riamh no one ever came safe from combat with him, Ériu v 174 . uatha ní tigthear le tóir, O'Hara 2364 . na daoine do gheabaid bás ┐ na daoine thiocfus on esláinti, 24 P 3, 169.9 .

(ii) comes from, i.e. is stated by: amal tic o Beid i n-a stair as Bede states, YBL 166b1 . is ed tic ó Ísu sund, PH 7953 .

With TAR

(i) transgresses, violates: cipé tí dar recht na ríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . cid bé rí tí tar an saoirese, BColm. 44 . ní meisi ticfa tairis (of a truce), Moling 64 . is túscu rofaemomaisne sin inás do tiocfámais tar in mbreithir doratsum re Poimp, CCath. 1682 . o thanuc-sa dar timna nDé, PH 4019 . táncadar thar decrachaib ┐ tara cointindib na hecailse, RC xvii 154 (Tig.). cach fír dar ná tecar slán that is not transgressed with safety, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . tuc-somh ratha tar nach ticthe do na tréinferaib inviolable pledges, SG 356 .

(ii) overcomes, subdues: ní ardadh fris trén ar nách tísadh (darna tisad, v.l.) whom he did not overcome, CCath. 359 . ní tarla friu tren tar na tiostais, AFM vi 2280 . Caisel an urláir do dhénamh lá comharba C.C. . . . ┐ dobhert mallacht forsan tí no thiocfadh thairis `would come over it' (attack, destroy?), ii 1146 .

(iii) touches on, mentions, speaks of: tic Oengus issin broluch tar bás Donnchada, Fél. 8 . teagaid seacht n-airtegail díobh tar dhiadhacht airdríogh na ríogh deal with , Ó Héodhusa 8 . ní tháinig áon duine thairis ós áird spake openly of Him, John vii 13 . na luinge Saxanaighe sin tar a ttangamar thuas spoken of above, AFM vi 2096 ; 2046 . Oliuerus da[ra] ticer (tara tegur, v.l.) go minic agaibh-si of whom ye often speak, Fier. 27 . adubhrais . . . ag teacht duit tar Eoghan mhór, Content. iii 22 .

(d) With adverbs. do-icc istech (mod.): muna ttí an tairrngire asteagh don Domhnall so unless the prophecy comes home to (is verified in) this D., 3 C 13, 814.13 . fáisdine athar, más fíor | tiocfa asteagh d'oighre an airdríogh, 18 . tiocfaidh an aimsir isteach go maith the weather will turn out (?) all right, Corp. Astron. 58 . a ré go dtiocfadh is teach `till his own day would come', PBocht 50 § 35 . do-icc istech ar (i n-) comes in on, interferes with, assails: ceathrar do shliocht Éibhir | tig tar ghealladh ortha isteagh, Content. vi 88 . do bhi aon mharcach . . . ag techt astech do shíor ionnta who constantly attacked them, Rel. Celt. ii 198 . do-icc suas (le) comes up (with), overtakes (mod.): tángadar suas le cailín óg, GJ iv 94 .

III In Mid.Ir. occas. for do-beir gives (see Meyer, ZCP xii 426 ; Thurn. Hdb. xiv 421 ; IGT Verbs §§ 5 , 14 ): ticimm bulli de frissin comlaid I deal a blow with it, MacCongl. 87 . tic uball dó, 51 . tig a láim dar[a] agaid, 109 . ticc an clerech aithne fair, Cog. 92 . ? gabais Gabriel . . . co hogh-Muiri | tic sanais da Muiri, gabais 'na craidi, ACL iii 244 . tic D. a beannacht a n-ucht an duine, 321 . ferais fáilti re T. ┐ tic póc dó, Imr. Brain i 64 . gabus Eba int uball bán | tig a cert-leath dá compán, Ériu iv 114 . tiucub duib na tuaruscbail na tarbcodnach `I will give you the description', MR 184 . he dobēra commain dam, is me ficfas commain do I will give him the sacrament, Anecd. ii 30 .

IV In Mid.Ir. occas. = do-ucci understands, etc. (see do-beir): rofitamar-ni ┐ donigemm co ndernsam peccad frit-sa, LB 224a54 . gibe neach da ticfad co foirfi cercalla . . . na firmaminti, da thicfad (do tiugfed, v.l.) nādūir na firmaminti co huili, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76 . dogēn fidair . . . as a ticfither an t-eclipsis co follus, 94 .

do-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-scara or dil.ie/18443

 

Forms: doscara, toscara, do-da-scara, tascrat, [na]chib-tascrad, do-n-scera, notaiscérad, nothascérad, tascrais, rotascair, do-s-tascar, rothascairset, doscarthar, toscarthar, doscarad, toscartha, tascr-, trascr-, trascērthar, rothrascrus, dorascrad, do-t-rascair, do-s-rascair, doroscarsuid, dorascrad, romtresgair, threasgair, trascrad

v (* to-scar-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. doscara, LU 4885 = TBC-I¹ 398 ; TBC-I¹ 1039 YBL. toscara, LU 5239 , 5522 = TBC-I¹ 763 , 1039 . do-da-scara, YBL 121b11 . 3 pl. tascrat, O'Dav. 1526 . Ipv. 3 s. [na]chib-tascrad, Wb. 22b1 . Fut. 3 s. do-n-scera, LL 288b42 . Condit. 3 s. notaiscérad, SR 3116 . nothascérad, TTr.² 852 . Pret. 3 s. tascrais, LL 108a14 . rotascair, SR 858 . With doubling of prefix, do-s-tascar, LU 1654 . 3 pl. rothascairset, TTr.² 1869 . Pass. pres. s. doscarthar, LU 4937 = TBC-I¹ 452 . toscarthar, O'Mulc. 573 . Pass. pret. s. doscarad, TBC-LL¹ 3959 . pl. toscartha, LU 10574 . Later treated as simple vb. with stem tascr-, trascr-, the latter being the established form in late Mid. and in Mod.Ir. Pass. fut. trascērthar, PH 6063 . Pret. 1 s. rothrascrus, LL 146b45 . Hence the back-formations impf. 3 s. dorascrad, TBC-I¹ 499 (LU); pret. 3 s. do-t-rascair, TBC-I¹ 1716 . do-s-rascair, RC xxiii 330.2 (perh. also condarsgar, AU 891 ); pl. doroscarsuid (= doroscarsat), Ériu ii 3.4 ; pret. pass. dorascrad, Metr. Dinds. iii 144.13 . Also with stem tresc-: romtresgair, TBC-LL¹ 2368 . do threasgair , O'Gr. Cat. 571.35 . Vn. trascrad. IGT Verbs § 95 .

I Trans. overthrows, knocks down, lays low . In lit. sense: gabais A. a láim ┐ dostascar ┐ dogéni a coblige, RC ix 452 . bec . . . nach aram-trascair dar m'aiss, TBC-I¹ 3115 (leg. nacham-t.). benid fona maccu . . . doscara .l. macc dīb, 398 . roscāich do bruth, brattān bec dotrascair has laid thee low, TBC-I¹ 1716 . do bhuail in fer . . . gur thresgair go lár é, SG 278 . foceird caer clis asa tabhaill . . . co rustascair dia chonair, BB 365a37 . is minic do trascarthaidh sa sligid sin sinn le toirnigh we were often beaten down, Maund. 257 . rotrascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu, PH 536 . trascraid omna , O'Mulc. 809 . ni he trascras in crand, Laws v 474 Comm. fogur gaeithe . . . indar lem nothascérad (sic leg.) fidbada in betha, TTr.² 852 . gaeth notrascrad in toradh, RC xv 429 ( Dinds. 40 ). isí in gáeth . . . rothascair na toirthe anúas, Metr. Dinds. iii 182 . cor trascair griánan Bricrend fri lár talman, FB § 25 . gaoth mhór . . . go rothrasccar iol-chumhtaighthe ┐ teghdaisi, AFM 986 (ii 720) . mar fhál thrasgarthar síos, Psalms lxii 3 . tairbirid ┐ trascraid dochum n-iffir[n]d comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA § 1 . rotrascrad Lucifer de nim, MacCarthy 44 . With extension of meaning, lays low, defeats, destroys: do-n-scera a bruth, RC xiii 440 . dias righ-miled rothascair Aeneas . . . ar galaib úinfir, LL 404a4 . a n-rothascair reme do sluagaib Ulad, RC xiv 420 . co rothascairset ilmíli dona slúagaib, TTr.² 1869 . gur trasccoir treona, MR 284 . co trascra Dia a dá láim (an imprecation), 134 . trenfir trascairthi, 238 . corthascair a seilb huile .i. a oenboin, ZCP iii 4 § 8 v.l. (R). rotascrad Emain la hUltu, ZCP viii 335 . is missi rabái ar in chirt, | cia romthrascrad is tre ḟert (Diarmait m. Cerbaill), LL 149b27 . rotrasccrait ┐ roclaidhmit gan choigill la a mbiodhbadhaibh, AFM vi 2146 . rotascair a chomthocbáil subdued his insurrection, SR 858 . Fig. trasgraid in tinneas na briogha, 3 C 19, 62vb36 . traisgeorthar a bhetha sbioradálta, Ó Héodhusa 13 .

Lowers, lets down; lets fall: do trasgradh a pupula their tents were struck, Fier. 185 . droichet fo ngabhait longa dimhora cen trascradh seoil dibh without lowering sail (without their sails being knocked down?), Marco P. 136 . a ghlún go talamh do threascaradh bhiocont even a viscount would bend the knee, Hackett xxxix 286 . do threasguir a deóra ar an dtuinn she poured her tears, O'Rah. xvi 42 .

Doubtful cases: tascrat .i. astat . . . fer lobhas ria nadhmaim tascrat .i. . . . co fastaid[-er] fiadain `they bind' (?), O'Dav. 1525 (a misunderstanding? see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ). is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid do chora il-lén, | ní hí in chomairle mada, | issed rodoscara in scél, LL 146b ( PRIA xix 544 ) (`that gives rise to the tale', p. 562 ). scuris L. in carpat ┐ tascrais ind echraid `loosened the horses' (separated? Cf. the command above: fodail in n-echraid ┐ discuir in carpat), RC xiv 402 ( LL 108a14 ). gidh é an sgrioptúir dosgara (dá s., MSS) `even the Scriptures you pull to pieces', Content. vi § 17 .

II Intrans. with AR (FOR) falls on; assails, subdues, oppresses (?): cóeca ban tánac ille . . . do tascrad ar Faind . . . is dá marbad, LU 3947 ( SCC § 44 ). is he firindi in rig can trasc[r]ad for nech co hainbfirenach, YBL 167b38 . ? cia nom-thoirsed ni do rath | ni foirbsi notaiscérad if ever I rose to fortune it would not injure you (?), SR 3116 = ní horaibsi rotrascerad, BB 237b11 ; ní oraibse notrascéraind, LB 115a30 ; notraiscerainn, YBL 286a18 . ní horaibsi traiscermid `not to you shall we be oppressive', Acall. 6115 . dochuaid ar ciabair mo chiall . . . orom fadéin rothrascrus I have wrought my own mischief (?), LL 146b45 ( PRIA xix 544 ).

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

ethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ethar or dil.ie/20840
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ethar

n m. IGT, Decl. § 17 . A boat, ferry-boat: ethar (gl. stlata) Sg. 35a1 . ethor... .i. ethaid o ur co hor na haba, Corm. Y 528 . eathar .i. artrach iomchair, O'Cl. mo rī... | ro fallnai in n-ethar ndermar (i.e. the Ark) SR 2629 . ethur bis oc imorcor a purt i port, Laws i 126.1 . iii 208.6 . conid ethair imma-rá, LU 2990 . a ethar do imrom innagid na Bóinde, Trip. 66.17 = Todd Lect. v 37.5 . snaidid ethra, LU 2962 . nach n-ethar rotn-ainic nocho ternoi ass, Ériu ii 112.16 . táinic an Cele Dé don ḟairrcce andes cen ethar idir, AFM i 418.1 . dodechaid C... | anair a n-ethar tar muir, Lism. L. p. 310.30 = Keat. iii 1365 . doraga Lindmaine tar Liethmuine... | cuingid bela, trascraid omna, denaid ethra, O'Mulc. 809 . lucht aenethair the crew of one vessel AFM i 354.6 . i luing no [i] n-ethar for uisci, Laws iii 532.14 Comm. , Keat. ii 487 . Ó D. do tionol ethar ┐ bhád for Loch Eirne, AFM iii 416 x . ro theichedh...reimhe i n-eathraibh, TFrag. 162 . ag stiúir a n-eathar, Hackett xlii 91 . Of female genitalia : as mar sin d'ethar na mna, | cuma le cia nos mela, RC vi 185.3 . COMPDS. ethar-bát: tangattar...i n-etharbhátt bhiucc i ttír, AFM v 1860.17 . ¤binn: bidh ard Albain eatharbhinn 'Scotland of melodious boats will be exalted' PBerchán § 136 . ¤char: Uar Etharchar, Dinds. § 128 . ¤glan of bright vessels: otha an Espain n-ethargloin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 272.9 . ¤rot of swift (?) boats: a ráith eathar-rod, 23 L 17, 62b = Ir. Monthly 1920, 539 (to an island fortress).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fí or dil.ie/21862
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (for discussion of derivation see Metr. Gl., Vocab ., RC xxxv 258 , ZCP vii 398 ) venom, poison, evil (poetic) : fí ainm d'ulc ┐ d'anríad, LU 527 . fí ainm d'ulc is d'aimhríar, LL 395a6 ( Metr. Gl., Ff. 4 . Cited O'Cl., s.v.). fi .i. olc quasi ui .i. uirus .i. neim, Corm. Y 636 . O'Mulc. 534 . 597 . Cf. faga .i. fí-ga .i. droch-gaí, Corm. Y 635 . fí .i. neimhneach no fearg, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 631 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ..., Corm. Y 600 . Auraic. 669 (ani aerais, ani molais). fili .i. fī fora aeir ┐ lī forae molad, O'Mulc. 537 . fili ... .i. fí a omna fair ┐ lí a dána, Laws iv 358.6 Comm. fī aeda .i. olc teine, Fianaig., 4.8 . fí drong IT iii 48 § 81 . 20 § 59 = Bruchst. i § 10 (`ein Gift für Kriegs-haufen'). imda ... mós (.i. bés) fí (.i. olc) evil customs ZCP v 483 § 3 (B. na f.). ba fáth co fí, Ériu i 132.50 , cf. ba fáth co neim ib. 54 . na lanna co fí .i. in gentlecht, RC xxvi 33 n. 11 . cingsit inna cath co fí, ZCP xiii 160.7 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 216.17 (with gl. .i. co neimh). docer Cu Chulaind co fí, RC xxiii 306.19 . as-tui [in drui] tenid co fi fo (sc. a tech), Rawl. 84a23 . As interj. (?): fí domtánic célmuine SG 251.23 (`the evil is upon me that was presaged' O'Gr.). Npr. Fer fí, LL 146a19 , Fer Hí, LL i 3335 = Fer Fí, i 3347, 3350 . Fer hI, Fianaig. 32.20 .

fíc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíc or dil.ie/21973

 

n f. (Lat. ficus)

(a) a fig ; a fig-tree: f.¤ ondi as ficus , O'Mulc. 528 . g s. duilli na fiche, SR 1360 .

(b) in pl., piles, haemorrhoids: imfolang galir ... ┐ fíce secda brond, Mon. Tall. 63 (cf. de ficu mortuus est AU 807 . ficcus .i. faithnidha boga bis laim ris in timtiracht, Rosa Angl. § 58 ). Compds. ¤aball a fig-tree: ficabull mor, LB 158a55 . fichabhall [fidh— MS.], gl. ficus, Ir. Gl. 562 . ¤ omna id.: ni frith fri līgthorba ndul | acht ind f. a hoenur, SR 1362 . ficcommna LB 111a56 . See fíge.

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