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ailcne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailcne or dil.ie/975

n (1 ail) splinter of rock: alccne .i. ail bic .i. digabthach indi is ail, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 74c ). cēchtsam dercca aithscenmaim a.¤ .i. cumachtaigsium a.¤ .i. scellec becc romebhaid don ailig, Corm. Y 446 . cloch . . . ┐ onn ┐ a.¤ . . . is iat sin cenela cloch, Auraic. 1088 . tuislis a.¤ lais a tūa in lis .i. onn robōi for buss an tsuirn, ZCP viii 102.y .

ailm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailm or dil.ie/1060
Last Revised: 2019

n f.

(a) pine-tree: a.¤ .i. crand giuis .i. ochtach, Auraic. 1194 . a.¤ .i. ochtach . . . no a, id est, quasi pailm a palma., 4293 .

(b) Name of the letter a: a.¤ didiu cetlapra gach pi ┐ iachtad gach mairb i.e. ah! is the first thing we utter on entering life and the last on leaving it, Auraic. 2797 = O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, 207 ). ar is a.¤ (no a) adber in duine ac iachtad i ngalar, Auraic. 5576 . aicmi ailmi, 989 . luis ailme, beithe ailme .i. la, ba, 999 . IGT Introd. § 4. (4. 6) . gabar tria a.¤ quasi caper rotruailled and i.e. the e of `caper' has been corrupted into a in `gabar', Corm. Y 675 . a.¤ na haenur a naghaidh na secht litrech aili, O'D. 1224 (H. 2.15, p. 86b). a.¤ .i. in tí dana fidh a.¤ ina ainm .i. in flaith, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207 ). d'a.¤ nō d'ur .i. a nō u, Parrth. Anma 6302 . nion, ruis, dá onn, ┐ a.¤ (i.e. Onóra), Dánta Gr. 89.13 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

aittenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aittenn or dil.ie/2832
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. See LEIA but also Études Celt. xxxvi 63 . furze, gorse: paliurus .i. . . aiten, Thes. ii 46.18 ( Philarg. 18 ). rusco .i. aittiun, 47.8 (ib. 50 ), 48.30 (ib. 119 ). aitend .i. āith-tend, sech is āith is tend, Corm. Y 56 . onn .i. aiten, Auraic. 1194 . is on aitenn tucad int ainm is onn frisin fidh n-ogaim, 5582 . lossa fedha .i. aitean, fraech, gilcach . . ., 1156 . int aitend no in fraoch, 2834 . sliabh fraich ┐ aiteann, Laws iv 276.19 Comm. aiteand, dris, fraech, 148.1 . im dire . . . do aitin do luachra, i 166.29 . biaid immad aittin ann / i tírib áilli Érann, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.23 . tri droighnibh ┐ drisibh ┐ aitinn arrachta do chirrbadh a cuirp, Études Celt. i 85.23 . ro tréghdadh a throighthe . . . lá haitten an tsleibhe, AFM vi 1900.13 . ? nír adba rosc fír ineithle maíssi aitind serthi capaill, IT iii 99 § 164 . As sobriquet: Oengus cenn aittinn, Rawl. 152a51 . Compds. ¤-chaithrech having furze-like body-hair: Ethne Aitencáithrech, LU 3246 ( SCC 4 ). Mugain Aitencaetrech, 8405 ( FB 28 ). M. Etanchaithrech, TFerbe 119 . re M. Aitinchairchech (sic), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22.6 . See Ériu i 117 note . ¤-garbh: san tír aimhreidh aiteanngarbh, Cog. 100.12 . ¤-ṡlíab: mar cech n-attennṡlíab, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.4 .

ántéchta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ántéchta or dil.ie/1540

adj (2 án + téchtae) splendid and fitting : antechta so ┐ cuir fein urlannacha ar in corp (marg. note), O'D. 749 ( H 3.17, c. 452) . Cf. antechta so also as marg. note in O'D. 774 (H. 3.17, c. 555); 717 (ib. 523) = ánteachta so, CIH vi 2007 n. c . consecha do cúrsachad i [n]gnímaib antechtai, LU 3500 ( SCC § 26 ). ? saige briugad bo dire berdait antechta bretha brath ond . . . .i. asé ni berait in lucht agata fir techt na mbreth co tí onn in bratha, O'D. 658 ( H 3.17, c. 489a ) (`true judgements', O'Don. Suppl.). Note also: slicht antechta so, heading of a tract dealing with regulations for giving notice before taking possession, O'D. 1654 (H. 5.15, 22a). Perh. read: s. an techta so.

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat, Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn , KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat, see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

carcraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carcraid or dil.ie/8230
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: carcrad

v (carcar) imprisons, confines : non ceanclonn, non carcrann ┐ nos crot[h]onn crushed him and shook him, TBC-LL² 1953 . ruide im rochorp carcrastar cen chais (.i. ruanaid carcrastar a rochorp), ZCP iii 223 § 5 (B. na f.). a ngar do'n inadh inar carcraidh Alasandar Góg ┐ Magóg, O'Gr. Cat. 213.10 . Cf. ro carcrais do colainn, `constrained', Éigse xiv 22 § 14 .

Vn. carcrad.

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn , ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

cláenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenaid or dil.ie/9308
Last Revised: 2019

v (cláen)

I Trans.

(a) bends, inclines, slants, tilts : clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 ( TBC-I¹ 705 ). ro clóenad a thech conda tarla fora lethbeólu, 8382 . acht nib tairrsi do liniter no claentar provided it be not over-filled or tilted (of a ladle), Laws iii 212.12 Comm. conid annsin ro claenta Temuir `became inclined', i 6.14 Comm. ro claenadsom . . . cach mbord . . . don luing `used to strain', TTebe 1995 . in uair do chlaen a chend ┐ tuc a spirut i llaimh a athar, LB 280b42 . ro claen a rosc fora righain `bent his gaze on', Stair Erc. 675 . gur chlaen siar fura dilait é `threw him backward', ZCP vi 34.31 . ē[i]st . . . ┐ claon do cluas (inclina aurem tuam), Aisl. Tond. xxii 3 . an tí chlaonas a chluasa go nach cluinfeadh an reacht = qui declinat aures suas, TSh. 1637 .

(b) brings low, subdues : claentar fir. fadbaidther láith gaili, BDD² 1061 (` bends, perverts ', Gloss.). ro thairngir F. . . . gomadh é C. no claoinfedh an ul-piast uathmar, BNnÉ 125.20 . mór gclach do claonadh many a castle was laid low(?), DDána 91.26 . do claonadh meirge M., 85.26 .

(c) makes crooked; slants : go tard beach dib a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo shuil, MR 34.12 (poss. intrans. Cf. Keat. Poems 342 below ). h'abhra ná cláon chugam-sa `send no slant looks at me', Ériu ix 8.80 . ? Here: taise nó gur chlaon an gcéibh / ní léir re taobh caise an chúil `till it makes his hair lie down', Magauran 3953 .

(d) Fig. violates, perverts, inclines, leads astray; brings down ; cia rochlainsat in cardes though they had violated (God's) covenant, Rawl. 76a8 (Adam and Eve). nad claen coicert coimdiu Lord who does not pervert decision(?), Laws i 10.17 . ram cloensatar mo pecctha, Laud 610, f. 6b (cited Plummer MS. notes). comēt dam mo chride / . . . . / dūthracht nachat-clāine (? leg. nachid-) may no (evil) desire lead it astray(?), ZCP vi 259 § 5 . cloenbrethach . . . .i. claonaidh a bretha, O'Dav. 690 . claontair gach uaill dá háirde, DDána 121.19 . dá gclaonadh sibh an seanchas `if you pervert facts', Content. vii 11 . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha inclines, RSClára f. 156b . In poetry, causes imperfect rhyme (by not employing consonants of corresponding quality): snaidhm gaídhilge agus a glas | créad bhriseas nó créad chláenas 'what causes the binding of pronunciation and its clasp to be imperfect and what causes it to be incorrect?', Celtica xxvii 58 § 1 . guthaighe chláenas go cóir | an comhardadh 'fittingly vowels make rhyme incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 2 . dunadh claen ... idhudh claenas re c[h]eli iad, IGT Met. Faults 145 (on 'Martain' giving imperfect rhyme with 'tangadar'). See also comardad (c).

(e) strays from, renounces, rejects : ag an gcléir do chlaon a gcuing `who rejected their obligation' (of schismatics), Keat. i 60.17 . ó do cláonadh a chuíng chrábha leis an ochtmhadh Hannráoi, Párl. na mB. 3782 .

II Intrans. bends, bows, inclines : ro claon Ere de sin has been brought low, Cog. 262.9 . a chros 'n-ar chlaon a cheann whereon His head drooped, Aithd. D. 58.20 . an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc will become distorted(?), Keat. Poems 342 . ro-ionnsaigh an cath go cían / dar chláon a c[h]onn [i]s a chíall `were deranged', BS 6.x . do chlaon oireachas Éireann / de sin, DDána 85.27 . Note also: an té chláonas le na shúil `that winketh with the eye', Proverbs x 10 .

Freq. with follg. prep.: claontar ar uathadh, TBC St. 2088 (= cloentar go ar uathad, TBC-LL¹ 2354 ). Cf. do neoch . . . ar nach gclaontaoidhe cath against whom no battle was ever turned, ML 86.17 . cu . . . nach leicedh a omon claenad fora dhliged, ar ni claenad-som for nech ar bhith `fear of him prevented his law from being perverted, for he did no wrong to . . .', Marco P. 126 . a chara ar ar chlaon an bioth (to the Lord), DDána 20.26 . ní chlaon rinn deataigh dá druim (of a house) does not waver, 119.24 . robheag dom chuimhne nár chlaon that have not left my memory, Ó Bruad. iii 212.10 . an farraire stáit go brách dá rígh nár chlaon, Párl. na mB. 2287 . T. . . . / dá cclaon gach dair, Ériu xvi 134 § 39 . do claen R. docum a companach, Fier. 195 . tusa ní claonfa chum lethtruim you will not incline, SG 35.16 . ionnas nach claonmaois dochum peacaidh, Parrth. Anma 569 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `inclined to save me, spite of His royal law', Aithd. D. 84.14 . rí caomh isan gcrann céasda / ler chlaon éasga ann uasda towards whom the moon above them bent(?), 56.12 (`faded away'). do bennaigh an Macamh he . . . ┐ do claen o n-a mathair cuigi, Smaointe B. Chr. 808 . mallaighthe an chuidechta chláonus óna n-aithentaibh that deviates, RSClára f.45b . claon ón olc = declina a malo, TSh. 7564 . Luteár nar claon o bhréig, Ó Héodhusa 240.10 . do chlaonadh ó ghrás Dé, Heb. xii 15 .

clocann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clocann or dil.ie/9546

x see cloicenn.

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

congnamaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congnamaid or dil.ie/12173

n [i, m.] (congnam): congnamaigh echraide `helper of horses' (name of onn furze), Auraic. 5578 (perh. to be referred to cocnam). cid dian congnamaidh Dia?, Eg. 1782, 45a1 cited Contribb. 472 .

1 cúa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúa or dil.ie/13293
Last Revised: 2019

adj io, iā. Contribb. 540 , LEIA C-258 , Ériu xlvi 40 .

(a) hollow, empty : ceppan caue crín (crinn, MS) dara (a coffin), Anecd. ii 17.16 . quae cauata est ( Etym. xx 4 , Ed.) is cuae, O'Mulc. 603 . cuad .i. fid cua . . . uas uíní, O'Mulc. 249 .

As subst.: cuae graece chaos , O'Mulc. 253 . ? cūa ainm na clāine isin tsen-gaidilc, TBC-I¹ 2610 (explaining why Cú Ch. was called C. or Cú; 2 of his 7 pupils squinted: dā mac imleasan ... ┐ sīat clǽna ).

(b) = cúad: in cua cluic ` bell-shaped cup ', Laws i 134.5 Comm. in bith, / is ē sin in cua ar crith, Ériu xvii 70 § 54 ` bowl (?)'.

(c) a nut, nutshell (?): cuae uinn (rhet.), LL 13588 = cūe (.i. cnú) huindi, Corm. Y 690 (item in list of mock (?) food-stuffs). See 1 onn . cúa uinne .i. cná cáocha. c.¤ .i. cnú. uinne .i. cáoch, O'Cl. .

? As n. loc. is marb Conn Cētchathach cūa (: úa), Fianaig. 42 § 3 . `Conn C. C., hero of C.', Murphy Lyrics 37.3 (cf. Cúa). a ḟedaib Cua, LL 37946 (Bórama). See Hog. Onom.

Compd. ? cúachléthe vaulted roof (?) MU² 112 , Emania xii 23: hi tech ndarach cúachlét[h]e, MU² 913 . See cáe (d).

fedem?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fedem? or dil.ie/21436

ind fethim saire no f.¤ .i. onn .i. o (a kenning for the letter o), Auraic. 5651 . Possibly a vox nihili.

4 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 féth or dil.ie/21822

n gender doubtful. Possibly same word as 5 féth. Of craftsman's work, smoothness, finish, polish? Cf. faithche .i. fēth-chaí .i. conair iarna fēthughad .i. iarna rēidhiughadh, Corm. Y 628 . condenad a f.¤ ┐ a snass ┐ a slemnugud (of stakes of holly = to make them even ?) TBC-LL¹ 1410 (fethugud St). ní hécen f.¤ dar fudbu de, 158 (i.e. difficulties need not be glossed over; a proverb ?). G. [h]astas faciebat fri teora gressa ┐ ba feth in gres dédenach; dogníth ... L. soer [na crunda] fri teora snassa ┐ ba feth [feith, Sec. Battle of Moytura RC xii 94.1 ] in tsnas dédenach the last chip put the finish on them (?) Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = Corm. Y 975 . ni rocindsead a feth nach a lighdhath [gús anocht], Anecd. ii 7 (of a bronze palisade = they could not give it the finishing polish and colour ?). (etym. of nemed :) nem-aodh la cerda ┐ goibniu, ar issed dobeir nemhtenchus doib in feith doberat tre aed [.i.] tre tine, O'Mulc. 830g . nem-mod la saoruib ... niamfeith, ar ised dobeir nemtenchas doib, ind feth doniat tre nēim, 830h (both exx. apparently mean that a craftsman's status is determined by the finish of his work. Cf. dlegar do cach feth i nemhedh, Irish Texts iv 21 § 22 ). fethgeir .i. dobheir feith ger ar in fige no fid gér dobeir feth ar in fighe, Laws i 152.13 Comm. (= it makes the wool even ?). Cf. feith .i. faebar, Lec. Gl. M 97 . See also 1 féth (f.¤ fithnaisi). Used as adj. = smooth, finished (?) ; superl.: fethim saire no fedem .i. onn `smoothest of work' (kenning on the ash-tree or letter o) Auraic. 5651 = foillem, Anecd. iii 44 ; text doubtful. Compds. ¤chrann: cona fet[h]crannaibh snasta slemnaigti `even ... shafts' (of arrows) CCath. 5462 .

¤snas: féthán féths[h]nais, MacCongl. 93.10 (see féthán and fithnais). Cf. also: go bfiodhbhacaibh féthshnoightibh smoothed or polished bows Hugh Roe 72.8 (f. 19a) .

1 fonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fonn or dil.ie/23252

Forms: fond, fonna, fonnaib, fonn

n o, m. Treated as neut.: ba fond n-orddnide, LL 28b3 (= dind, Metr. Dinds. i 28.13 ). a p. fonna, LL 299a23 , ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Acc. to Stokes, ACL i 304 , a loan-word <Lat. fundus; Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk, p. 199 , takes fonnaib Ml. 78b9 as = bonnaib, and perhaps fonn is a later or variant form of 1 bonn.

(a) sole (of the foot): huam fonnaib (gl. plantis) Ml. 78b9 . (see supra). ind lám ... ┐ in tṡliasait ... ro gabtha o chund co fond from end to end LL 120a23 ( RC iii 177 ). óm ḟult gom dá f.¤ , ZCP vi 257 . isi a teist isin ló, traig fri traig, sal fri sal, f.¤ fri f.¤ , O'Curry 2428 (< Eg. 88, 33bb ). Cf. [f]onn .i. druim no bonn ... f.¤ fri f.¤ .i. do bonn i n-inadh buinn ind fir it dhegaid, O'Dav. 816 . noclistis fuiri iarom, napdar duba na glassa a fond `soles' RC xi 444 . for slig frisndringtíss, conclistíss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib ib. (Fig.) corpdire ball o ara co fond .i. ó urradh co murcurtha, ZCP xviii 363 § 23 ( Irish Texts iv 26.2 ).

(b) base, bottom, foundation: fond .i. a fundo .i. o fudomain, O'Mulc. 572 . f.¤ .i. bunad, H 3.18, 541b . co ngluaisfi f.¤ fudomna | domuin dein, SR 8297 , cf. talam ... dian f.¤ fothacht fotlethet, 32 . lebend ┐ fond iníchtarach na cathrach di glain gil, LU 2038 ( FA 11 ). rogab fond [ = fotha, Dinds. 79 ] fo thalmain `it found bottom' Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . tucus licc ... co failgib findruine f.¤ `the bottom set with rings of pale metal' 124 . ó rogab f.¤ flatha fáe `the kingly seat' 210 (possibly in sense c). claide fidbad co fonnaib `digging up of woods with their stumps' 332 . [in fót :] imsóadh a f.¤ ind arda ┐ a fēr fri grian, Dinds. 100 (= BB 404a38 . The corresp. text Metr. Dinds. iv 166 has foescal, see 1 fáescal. (Fig.) f.¤ Senchusa Moir cetamus la Sen mac A., a imtormach la F. ┐ D. foundation Laws i 24.34 . seachnadh sé f.¤ na coire `let him avoid the depth of guilt' (2 fonn ?) BNnÉ 263.19 . Oengus oll | f.¤ fri nath a theme (lit. basis) for song IT iii 37 § 22 ( Bruchst. i § 8 ); cf. Aed ... f.¤ fri fuilted féle, Thes. ii 295.2 . co fo-llō fonna fod-longat the foundations which support him ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. fo ondaib .i. chisaib ín charpaid, O'Curry 1043 (cf. Laws v 470.2 and see 1 fondad, and 1 fonnad). Often of a person, foundation, prop, support: a Flaind ... at fond flatha fine, LL 37b40 = Auraic. 5173 , Bruchst. i § 19 . fond na fagla (of Cairpre Ríata) LL 38b47 . Da thí ... in fond forais, MS. Mat. 490 ( LL 45b32 , where facs. has fond foraid) = Rawl. 86a1 (fonn). uaithneadha iorghaile ┐ fuinn díbhfeirge, Todd Lect. iv 86.5 . clann Colla ... na cóic fonna féig consider (?) the five chiefs KMMisc. 268.3 .

(c) soil, ground (= Germ. Boden) and by extension piece of land, territory: fond orbeman `land of heirs' (fig. expression for tares, gl. inervo, Ecl. iii 100 ) Philarg. 109 ( Thes. ii 48 ; cf. 363 ). ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc (of Temair) LL 28b3 (= dind, Metr. Dinds. i 28 ) dar cach ferand, dar cach fond, TBC-LL¹ 3204 . doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi toīb Aurchuind, ZCP viii 308.29 . nenaid ┐ tromm 'malle | conid é f.¤ a dúine, ACL iii 304 § 8 . tir forlethan ... f.¤ cáin le gin puinn toirthe, Marco P. 11 . san bhfonn ndúthchasa (= natale solum) TSh. 6020 . Dia do betha, a Brenainn ... buide lemm t'iadhad 'mun ḟonn (= terra firma, contrasted with the ocean) Lism. L. 3812 . a choemu Cláir Cuind cóemfind | fuind fer Fáil, LL 5b1 . Transf. of sea: fri fairge f.¤ ` expanse ' Fianaig. 36.8 . Land, territory: ca fuinn ḟérmura geltfuit ar n-almha?, CCath. 603 . gér bhó fásach na fuinn sin AFM v 1784 . Darcellus ba flaith na fond, LL 131a8 = Trip. 534.1 . rí na naoi bhfonn (n.l.), Ériu i 104.1 . i bhfonn na cille, Hackett xlii 93 . Often folld. by gen. of npr.: f.¤ Fáil (Ireland) LL 22a23 . Ó rogabsat Túatha Dé | for fund Fótla, Metr. Dinds. iii 230 . TD 6.11 , re hollamhnaibh ḟuinn Éibhir, TD 8.24 . fonn Finn Féilim, i p. lviii . a fecht ┐ a slōged la firu Hérenn, ar is [s]lōged la fonnaib dogrés; a cáin ┐ a cobach la firu hAlban, RC xx 132 (= LU 376 ) hosting belongs to territories, cf. sluaiged la fonduib ... cablach ar muir, RC xx p. 426 (= Keat. iii 1286 ; la fondadh, BCC § 344 , cf. 1 fonnad).

Freq. in compds, esp. in sense (c) above.

(a) with adj.: du chirt Fotla fonnairddi of the high-lands (?) LL 149b47 = YBL 173a (= Banba barrairdi, Laud 615, 16 ). Cormac ... ba fotha fondbalc flatha firmly founded LL 28b49 ( Metr. Dinds. i 36 ). fer fond-balc ` firm-set ' Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . fót fondbras broad-bottomed LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). ¤chosach: a [eo]c[h]arimlib Sleibi Fuait -chosaigh broad-based (?) Acall. 7127 . ¤glan: ós chind .. na firthiprat -glaini ` clear-bottomed ' MR 232.22 . rigi Fodla fond-gloine of pure soil Fen. 352 . ¤glas: fochon -ghlas green-bladed Lism. L. 4583 . ic mallascnam in maigi -glais (i.e. grassy), CCath. 4994 . ¤lúath: fiach -luath swift-footed (?): swift over lands (?) SR 2550 . nuíde: tre thalmhain bfonnaoidhe fresh-soiled ZCP xii 384.15 = Dán Dé p. 29 . ¤réid: damha Fódla foinnréidhe smooth-soiled Ériu v 56 . ¤scothach: a himlibh sleibhe F. fondscothaigh, Acall. 8 ; 6592 ( ¤scathaig). ¤taitnemach: oilen fērglas -taitnemach, RC xxvi 136 .

(b) seldom with nouns: ¤brat: tír ... na bhfonnbhrat bhfionn `vestures of soil' TD 32.66 . ¤cheltar: ¤cheltra ... in talman ` carpets ' MR 240.6 . ¤fer man of the soil (?): inad sloig na foindḟear fras, Metr. Dinds. iii 424 `men of the soil, Territorials ' 555z ). ¤grian: dochuadar i fudhomain ┐ i -grian in talman, RC xliii 98 § 102 . ¤mag: rí an ḟonnmhuighe Ultaigh the Ultonian plain TD 2.2 .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

íarmbélre, íarmbérla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmbélre, íarmbérla or dil.ie/27008
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: íairmbérladha

n [n.] later m. n p. íairmbérladha, IGT Introd. 28.26 . See Thurn., RC xiii ff. and O'Rahilly, EIHM 85 ff.

I Applied to difficult or archaic language : is aire raiter iarmberla de .i. ara se[c]dacht amal iarunn, ... no iarmberla .i. berla ranig Iar mac Nema, Auraic. 1313 - 15 . fern (.i. cach maith) .i. īarnbēlrae nō īarmbērla innsin, Corm. Y 612. it e coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla Fene ┐ fasaige na filed ... ┐ iarmberla amal rogab : Cuic .i. ruin. Et ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce ..., Auraic. 1302 - 8 . i nGaidilg na filedh ┐ iarmberla ┐ berla neterscartha ..., BB 300b4 . cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla ..., Corm. Y 213. iarnnbērlae .i. is aire isberar, ar a duibe in bēlrae ┐ ar a dorchatae ┐ ar a dlūithe, co nāch erasa taisscelad ind, 755 .

II As grammatical term, unstressed word or particle: iarmbérla .i. bérla ro baí oc Iar mac Néma .i. iaram ┐ dono ┐ tra ┐ imurro, O'D. 1210 (< H 2.15A, p. 83b ) = IT iii 37 n. 3 . gne n-aill do iarmberla .i. iarum ┐ dno ┐ atat ┐ tra ..., Auraic. 1307 . íairmbérla na guidhe the interjection of entreaty, IGT Introd. 29.26 . m'fhearsa t'fhearsa ... ní cóir iarmbérla sunnartha rompa mur tá don, no ón, no san definite article, 7.19 . an tan bhíos íairmbérla ceanguilti don áireamh ... mur so : a trí, a cúig ... when an í.¤ is joined to the numeral, 28.28 . cóir áireamh ar nach bí íairmbérla coimhleanamhna a ttús chomhfhocuil, mur so : do sdéd asdrach ochttairrngeach, 25.1 . íairmbérla coimhleanamhna : ané, aniogh, ... anoirthear, ... anall, 28.30 . an coimhcheangal úd `agus' gurab ionann é ... ┐ an t-iarbheurla so `nó', Eochairsg. 96.14 .

indarbthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indarbthach or dil.ie/28332

Forms: innarbthach

adj o, ā (indarbad)

(a) exiled, banished; expulsive: na trī rīg innarbt[h]acha, ML² 177. do cōirighed trī tighi ... dona hōgaibh innarbthacha, 173 . muirn Meic Liag 'na lasair thruim | 'na tuinn ionnarbthaigh ionuinn like a wave banishing us ?, DDána 80 § 41. issed is cosachtach ann .i. cumsgugud brighe indarbthaighi nádúrdha an scamáin `cough consists in a perturbation of the natural expulsive force of the lung,' O'Gr. Cat. 188.18.

(b) As subst. o, m. an exile, an outlaw: innarbthach gl. exul, Ir. Gl. 983. bát innarbthach féin uamse `thou shalt be banished from me,' RC xiv 412.3 . co ndingnadh aith-rí nō innarbt[h]ac[h] do C[h]onn trē dul a cairdes a nāmad, ML² 192. inarbtaig ┐ danair `outlaws and Danars,' Cog. 152.1 . ro thuill bennachtain ... aoidhed ┐ ionnorptach, ALC ii 400.12 . go mbaí ina ionnarpthach ó thír do thír, AFM vi 2048.2 .

inunn, in(n)onn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inunn, in(n)onn or dil.ie/28996

Forms: hinunn, inaind, inunna

adj (see GOI § 484 ). Lenites follg. fem. subst. : is hinunn chiall indib, Sg. 144b1 . is inunn chiall ..., Ml. 114b1 . 77b1 . Originally invariable : it inonn side et qui ..., Wb. 23b16 ; but later inflected as o,ā : n p. ? inaind, KZ xxix 372.21 (see p. 375 n. ). it inunna , IT iii 26.14 . it inunda aimser (? leg. aimsera) doib, aimser L. rig Eirenn; ocus T. ... airdrig in domain, Laws i 2.y . isat inunda a ngnima, LB 256a60 .

I

alike, equal, the same, identical, the one: in innonn less parbulus et nutrix `does he deem ... the same ?,' Wb. 24d11 . ar is innon iress nodonfirianigedar `for it is the same faith that justifies us,' 19a14 . corop inonn cretem bes hi far cridiu et anasberaid hó bélib, 7d10 . is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim `'tis the same person that acts ...,' Sg. 143a6 . conid hi.¤ folad dóib `so that they have the same substance,' 9a15 . is hi.¤ intṡliucht sluindite diblinaib `identical,' 76b5 . is i.¤ chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nóuit , Ml. 114b1 . is i.¤ inne fil indib diblinaib, 74d7 . is i.¤ cumachtae .i. is ed a cumachtae cétnae indí dáe rodamsoersa din galarsa ┐ durat digail forsna assaru, 48a21 . is do imthrenugud ón asind fetarlaici as n-i.¤ tosach preceptae Iohain ┐ Íssu crist `to confirm ... that the beginning of the preaching ... is the same,' Tur. 39. ond inund tuitim gl. eodem lapsu, Goid. 68.2 . conid snedhcasbar[dne] dosberar do suidiu ┐ ni lancasbar[dne], it inunna hi tomus, IT iii 26.14 . o becaib co moraib ... o rigaib co hamrigaib, is inann bescna a teallaig la Feine, Laws v 466.18 . it inunna na tri seoit ocus na cuic seoit iar fut `are equal to,' i 102.12 Comm. ni sain ani canas an rí firen fri firinne na sgreptra acht is inann, O'Curry 2276 (< Eg. 88, 20c ). ba inond aithesc la firu Herend fri Eochaid the one request, LU 10717. niba inund socraidecht do chorpaib na naem uli thall úair nach inund cid fochraic, 2646 - 7 . inand éitiud ┐ gaiscead ┐ dath each doib a ceathrur, BDD² 120. inund foglaim fríth dúinn, TBC-LL¹ 4166. i.¤ māthair dóib ... ocus i.¤ senathair, ZCP xiii 5.12 . ní chuindig nech ní o'raile dib, fo bith ar is inand a sommatu ┐ is cutrumma a ndommatu, Alex. 847. ni hinund sét tancatar ... ┐ dochuatar doridise, PH 7037. ní hionand gnáth damhsa is duitt `thy way is not my way,' Studies 1920, 263 § 11 . ionann daoibhse bheith gan chairt | na neithe taoi do labhairt `you might as well have no charter,' Content. v 91. neimhionann sermoniass ┐ ord ceilibartha don chathraigh si ┐ don chūirt Rōmhānaigh, Fl. Earls 100.8 . ní bhíd cosa an bhacaidh ionann `are not equal,' Proverbs xxvi 7. gurab ionann iad, acht amháin, go raibh íodhbairt na Croiche fhuilteach, Donlevy 426.4 .

ionann (sin) ré a rádh ` that is to say ' : ionann sin ré a rádh ┐ nach gabhann gan síneadh láimhe, sioróipe ... do thabhairt don othar, TSh. 8246. ni mó dheuntaoi Dée d'ór; noch is ionann re rádh agus so : Ni bhiaidh Dée coimhightheacha agad `which is the same thing as to say,' Donlevy 58.z .

As attrib. adj. (declined), similar, same, identical: fear congeb ... trede .i. tri dana inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht `three parallel arts,' Laws v 104.21 Comm. is imarcraid n-innisen tíachtain darna nechib inundaib fo dí, LU 7915. bīad inann cech aenduine `the same food for every one,' BColm. 74.32 . gabuir da édach inunna `identical,' Rosa Angl. 66.24 . san aon-áit ionainn theilgthear iad, TSh. 908.

Used adverbially, in the same way, alike, equally: gniid sem for nach naile hi.¤ ┐ gniid side ..., Sg. 199a5 . ni hínand mogaigus maine do neoch tellach i tir co cruib ocus i tir cen cru `it is not equally property increases for (one who has made) entry into a land with fences and into a land without fences,' Laws iv 24.6 Comm. ionann tig is téid uain | maith bhréige an bheatha, Dán Dé xxviii 40. gurab ionann tigeadh an bás do rochtain an óig ┐ an arsaidh, TSh. 360.

inunn ocus the same (thing) as, just as: is i.¤ ┐ tolli `it is the same as tolli,' Thes. ii 24.33 (Bcr.). adultrus ... is i.¤ ocus in t-eisinnrucus im breithir ` equal to ,' Laws i 58.11 Comm. is inand do neoch ocus ro beth ina aititin muna derna foeigium im a fuaitread `it is the same thing to one as to be in acknowledgment of it unless he gives notice of opposing it,' iii 10.4 Comm. ind esergi coitchenn ... ni hinund ┐ ind esergi dianid ainm ... prestrigia ..., LU 2703. oenach Life ... | aebind do cech-oen téit and | ni hinund is Guaire Dall, RC vii 290.4 . ní hionann ┐ an aimsir se not as now , TSh. 94. ní hionann is iad ní iarrann uaigneas unlike them, he ..., Keat. Poems 1454.

is inunn (s)ón ocus that is to say: is inon són et á uita gl. praesentia, Wb. 8d16 . nemo potest ei dignam laudem afferre. Is inand ón ocus ni thic do neoch molad is imchubaid fris do dénum dó, IT i 169.21 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund són ┐ focheird úir da luib taris, TBC-LL¹ 1490. is and-sin tincais Cuchulaind fair [is inund ón ┐ no fégand], 2128 . eirc fort chulu, a chotarsnaig, is inund ón ┐ tabair dail dam fadechtsa cen m' aimsiugud co hamsir in chesta, PH 4886.

II As subst. : a n-i.¤ gl. idem, Thes. ii 24.37 (Bcr.).

inunn óen or óen inunn `one and the same,' identical: is hi.¤ óen leiss naturasignificatio , Sg. 61a16 . is hinon óin significantiadiscretio `quite the same are ...,' 208b11 . is i.¤ óin a confidet ┐ á misserere , Ml. 75a7 . sech is inonn óin lesom a ndede nisiu, 62c3 . noco noen inand lim do beir mougad mainech ar fer in ferainn im íc sēt ris im techtugad in feraind co cruib ime aici ocus cen cruib ime, Laws iv 24.7 Comm.

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