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cáep

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáep or dil.ie/7639

n appar. orig. o, m., later ā, f. clod, clot, lump, mass : caebb .oo. gl. iȧcur, Sg. 6b15 and n . ata la nech asitchid batar cāib a inchinde romebdatar tria c[h]loicend, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 9.16 ). bit lir bomand ega . . . caíp for n-inchindi, BDD² 862 . congabtha caepa doib corsat briste were pelted with clods, LB 238(d)a7 . do beandaís tuirt ┐ tromchaepa a taebhaibh . . . a chéili, CF² 1268 . amal comcumaisctis na gaetha . . . amal no betis is in caip cumascda as ar-tebit ar tus . . . .i. asin mais, TTebe 3081 . ealta caob (sic leg.) a crobhuibh each, Aithd. D. 27.4 . With defining gen. c.¤ cró clot of blood: is c.¤ cró mo chride cain, TBC-LL¹ 3691 . in ch.¤ chró ┐ ḟola ro-boí for a chride, CRR 12 . dara n-ésse ba c.¤ chró / in Lug rosgáet, Metr. Dinds. iv 216.15 . tánac ar tús . . . / am chaob chró a corp mo máthar / am chaob chriadh fá deired dam, O'Gr. Cat. 346.y . do-rigne . . . dí choep criad, PH 2289 . in fail i faghdais caeba críadh . . . no fóda fliuchaidi, CCath. 2520 . gur ghabhadar do chaobaibh criadh orra, Keat. iii 1430 . tángadar Tuath Dé / i coepaib (caipaib, v.l.) cíach cíar, Ériu iv 132.10 . caeba cruaidhrighni crefoigi, ZCP vi 279.y . risna cæboib coemchubair, TTebe 3065 . teilgidh an lasair . . . a lan . . . da caebaib teined, Ir. Astr. Tr. 44.14 . Fig. 'na caeb cumadh, IT ii2 131.229 .

Compds. camchúl . . . cadhblúb (of hair), Hackett² xxiii 3 . cor bo caep-meall cunscaigthech (sic) ar na comshuathad, MR 256.12 . gur crithnaigset in clar caeb-trom, 226.3 .

cétnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétnae or dil.ie/8944
Last Revised: 2019

io, iā.

I As ord. num. (the) first (with follg. noun). In Sg. somet. cétna (the usual form in later texts), and in O. Ir. glosses somet. uninflected (see GOI 230 ; isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 ). cétna persan, Sg. 191a2 . cenid ed as chetnae n-áis in homine , Ml. 44c26 . cétna netargna, Sg. 197b10 . áinsid . . . cetni diil `of the first declension', 91b4 . tobarthid cétnæ diil, 76b4 . cétna cobedne (g s.), 168b1 . far cétnu diull, 90b1 . hicétni persin, 163b6 . cetnastoir ┐ stoir tanusti, Hib. Min. 10.313 . ésci cétna mís, PH 5071 . cētna cath fiche twenty-first, ZCP xi 109 § 19 .

With follg. clause: is he céetne fer cetaruchreti . . . hi Crist, Wb. 7b11 . issí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . issi cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib, Laws v 394.3 . cetnagnim gnisset, SR 4197 . ónchetna duini robúi, 7889 . is e didiu cetna ndeiginach ro dhuisid `c'est le même qui le dernier ressuscita', Études Celt. ii 298.28 , cf. ZCP iii 35.25 .

With prec. art.: in cetnae sians, Ml. 36a33 . in chetna persan, Sg. 157b3 . ind cetna cétaoin, Mon. Tall. 156.1 . incetni persin (a s.), Sg. 159a2 . in cétnu slisiu, RC xxvii 280 § 35 . dar in cétna ṁbraini, MU² 505 . ó aicniud na cétne tuis- ten, Wb. 21b4 . inna cétnisillabæ `of the first syllable', Sg. 212b1 . huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136b1 . fon c.¤ ṅdul, 126d8a (see Études Celt. xl 82 ). ised fil isin c.¤ chetbuid, Ml. 115a14 (rectius chétnae). isin chetna sillaib, Sg. 18b2 . don chétni persin 52a19 . is in cetna nous fer nErend, Laws i 12.4 . an cetna fecht the first time, D IV 2, 75 rb 23 . donaib cétnaib forcitlaib gl. primis institutionibus, Ml. 14a12 .

With follg. clause: na cetnæ rainne bis isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 18b1 . With prec. poss. a cétnae n-ais `its first age', Ml. 87b10 . im chétni precept, Wb. 31a1 . As subst. ar nídad ferr-si in chétnu `for ye are not better than at first', Wb. 8c7 . in cédna ro thoimélad the first person who should eat, FDG² 222 . an ceudna the first (in list), RSClára 149b . ? tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna, LU 8402 ( FB 28 ).

As preverb: (cf. ceta-, cét-): cétnaronas who was the first to be bound, ZCP viii 320.31 . is la N. cetnaroacht múr B., Rawl. 71a32 . M. las' cētna crecad, Corp. Gen. 363.15 . la C. cétna hort, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.28 . R. cetnaragaib cath nIndide do lāim, Ériu iii 141.214 . cia cetna ro-forchan?, PH 6410 . Cf. combad a ben cetna tísad issa tech ar thús, LU 8272 ( FB 21 ) (if not here in sense of fadéin

II With prec. art. and noun (the) same (exceptionally: co cétnu chórus, Críth G. 438 ): in trop c.¤ , Ml. 77b6 . infogur cétna, Sg. 203b9 . a cumachtae c.¤ , Ml. 48a21 . a folad cetne, Sg. 28b20 . cen forcenn ind ḟolaid chéthnai, 19 . ? ar is écsamil acenél cetne fil isindí as mare ┐ as nilus, 211a14 (? leg. cetamus , Strachan, note). na precepta cétni, Wb. 17b20 . forsna sunu cétnai, Ml. 133d2 . fon coir cetna, Laws ii 246.1 , see ZCP xiv 351 . bretha in ríg cétnai, Fél. Prol. 202 . an cumat cenda (sic) soin, BB 275a16 . isnaib cressaibh cétnaibh, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . do chungid in chon chētna the same dog (i.e. just mentioned), Sc.M² 1 . is an riocht chéadna in its former condition, Dán Dé xii 15 . d'indsaigid in Chaladonda cetna that very C., TTebe 3193 . an Ní céanna, Donlevy 88.18 . With prec. poss.: a chomméit cétna the same quantity, Sc.M² 2 .

In follg. perh. in use similar to that of fadéin: ro faidid co Sithchend cetna iad to S. himself(?), RC xxiv 196.2 . do-chuaidh don bith cétna che, BB 59a4 . Traoi chédna, O'R. Poems 1781 `the veritable . . . Troy', Gloss. dodeachaidh badhdēin cétna a persain, Fl. Earls 214.20 . air Anna Boilen, a inghin chéadna, Hard. ii 314.7 . ? do bheir tuile ar dtráigh céadna, Dán Dé xxxi 13 . ? iar cech mebail chetni, O'Mulc. 403 .

III As subst. the same (person, thing, etc.): bad hé a fer in cétne let the same one be her husband, Wb. 9d32 (`first'). Cf. donānic ar tinnorcain in chētna, TBC-I¹ 1086 = LU 5569 . la taisecc in gill innad on inna don in cetna, Laws v 422.8 ( CIH ii 477.19 ). Adv. tiagait fora rēmim in chētna they proceed on the same course, Ériu viii 157.3 nocho n-oo, nochon sinu in cétnu (i.e. Día, subject of preceding sentences), Ériu ii 106 § 16 . ní hed mo ass a cétne 'it is not my same milk', CMMucr. (Sc. Éog.) 66 § 8 (see The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 129f. n. 39 ). immon cétna, LU 1142 . a cétna, Bodl. Dinds. 18 . frisa cedna `in the same way', Mon. Tall. 138.12 . an cetna the same thing, TTebe 4840 . ca rád na cétna, CRR 26 . in ccédna dhuitsí the same to thee, ITS v 18.12 . gus na cineadhaibh do choimhēd an ccēdna gus a-niú (i.e. seanchus), Celtica i 88.17 . an cēanda (sic) do dhēanamh, Beatha S. F. 2465 . In later lang. freq. in phr. mar an gc.¤ in the same way, also, too : piseacla do cheangal isan tunna sin mur an gcēadhna, Celtica iv 67.88 . mar an gcētna `likewise', Fl. Earls 78.20 .

3 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ó or dil.ie/33366
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: au, aue, úae, ai, n-óe, aui, áui, huí, óu, ó, uoe, ō, auo, óe, oi, hóe, óa, oa, oi, auaib, aíb, óeib, uif

n s, n. O.Ir. *au. g s. ind aue , Corm. Y 149 , cf. 54 . úae, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). ? ai, Auraic. 4649. d s. i n-óe , LU 3709 ( SCC 33 ). aui, Corm. Y 662. ar áui , 44 . o huí , LU 7287 ( BDD 94 ). óu, ZCP xiii 373.6 . a s. fria ó anair, Corm. Y 44. co úae, LU 7276 ( BDD 93 = uoe, BDD 909 ). n d. dā n-ō , Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93.19 ). da auo , 414 = dí óe , Corm. p. 15. da n-óó , RC xi 436 . n p. oi, Corm. Y 414 (= hóe , Corm. 15.1 ). óa (disyll.), 419 ( Anecd. iv 34 z ). oa, LL 248a31 ( TBFr. 20 ). O'Mulc. 190. ? a p. oi, LL 287a8 . d p. auaib, LL 249a9 . aíb, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). óeib, TBC-LL¹ 5948. uif, Anecd. iii 54.4 . In Mid.Ir. occas. treated as fem., see exx. below. Often confounded with .

An ear ; early obsolete and confined to heroic lit. and poetry.

(a) in literal sense: o (.i. cluas), Auraic. 1228 . ó [éo v.l.] cluas, Metr. Gl. Ff. 40. Lec. Gl. 213. co heo .i. co cluaiss, ib. 275 . imm ó (.i. im chluais), LL 208a9 ( IT i 162.4 ). ara .i. ar áui .i. fria ó anair, Corm. Y 44 (i.e. the temple is in front of the ear). andord ela, inmain aui (: coi) sweet to the ear, 662 . Cf. Bruchst. i § 157 . tri luirg fíacal o huí di arailiu, BDD 94. secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo, Ériu iv 26.9 . di cluais mo dhá ó the hearing of my ears, ZCP vi 258.15 . ? ó Chorc ó gcorcair `of the purple ears', Content. v 119 (ó, í gCorcaigh MSS.). Of animals: ó ó go erboll (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 6159. for hoib na mbo, Ériu ii 20 § 1. ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ), cf. gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib [leg. uas aíb] ┐ análaib, 9294 . uasa uif na n-ech, Anecd. iii 54.4 . da n-o phill, ITS v 112.25 (a proverbial term of disparagement), cf. dá ó phill ar La- bhraidh Lorc, Keat. ii 2697.

(b) angle or tip or corner of a quadrangular garment: delg óir . . . i n-óe cecha brec- lenni, LU 3709 ( SCC 33 ). conaccai side oi dia brutt forsin tṡnechtu, LL 287a8 (the wearer is nearly buried in snow). cetheora oa dubglassa for cech brutt, 248a31 ( TBFr. 20 ). Cf. brat corcra . . . cona ceothoraib oraib [leg. óaib?] ōir fair, IT ii 177.92 ? cet[h]re heo corccra for gach brut. mbrotgha arga[i]t ina mbrutaib, IT iii 238.99 . gebuid eó do chochuill . . . gabuis ói a cochuill, Ériu v 120.15 , 17 .

(c) angle or corner of a shield: gebid [Conchobar] scíath ra sciath and .i. ra Fergus mac R., .i. in n-óchain Conchobair cona cethri óeibh [hóaibh, heoibh, heouibh v.l.] óir ┐ cona cethri sethrachaib (do) derggóir . . . Gia ro boí da threisi . . . ra búail F. a sciath bar C., ra boí da chalmacht . . . ra choṅgaib C. in sciath, connā ra chomraic ó in scéith ra hó Conchobair cid itir, TBC-LL¹ 5981 - 5990 = conár comraic ó fri hó an sceith, St.; a aó fri hó in sceith, H; a eo fria heo an sgiath, Add. Windisch takes the last sentence to mean that C. held his shield so firmly that its `ó' did not touch his ear; the variant readings seem to imply that both com- batants attacked each other with their shields. Cf. TBC2 3580 : ind Ochain . . . cetheora benna ōir fair , and Ériu iv 28.4 : ind Ochoin Chonchobair . . . cethri imle óir impe (i.e. rims). cindu fer for óeibh sciath, TBC-LL¹ 5948 (= óaibh, St. H., comhribh, Add.).

(d) part of a chessboard ; corner : clár findruine . . . co cetheoraib auaib ┐ uilneib óir, LL 249a9 ( TBFr. 91 ) = auip, ZCP iv 35.18 ; perh. rings or handles for lifting. ní roind dath 'na róidh méith au (MS. ní randath na roidhmethau) the colour in their fat does not stain red a corner (?) ZCP xxix 186 .

(e) part of a pitcher or vessel for liquor (an ear or curved handle?): dabach .i. de-uach .i. dā auo fuirri, ar ni bitis oi for na hēnaib ar tus, Corm. Y 414. dabach arcait . . . escra ōir ar a óu, ZCP xiii 373.6 ( B. in Scáil § 6 ) = for a ur, iii 459.24 . m'o-sa fri hoo na derba, o na derba frisin ngrian, Ériu v 36.3 . teighed mh'orda dar oe mair in bledhi isin fin `over the edge of the cup', Lism. L. 4419.

Compds.

(a) with adj. in sense having . . . ears : ¤derg: bó find audercc, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 . bó . . . hóderg, MacCongl. 113.9 . i rriocht samhaisci finne óderge, TBC-LL¹ 2293. secht cét ṁbó óiderg, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.55 . seacht mba ódhearga, ML 4.9 . Of a shield (see c above): ar a sgéith uaine ódheirg, Duan. F. i 3.5 . ¤find: d s f. oifinn (of a cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.10 . ¤mór: ar da n-echaib . . . ómair, TBC-LL¹ 3377. See also óchain.

(b) with subst., qualifying the latter: ¤brat (eobrat) m. a headpiece, helmet (cf. Ériu xvi 202 ): obhrat [óbrat, eobrat v.l.] bá hainm do chenbhor, Metr. Gl. Ff. 35. Cf. eobhrat .i. ceanbhar, O'Cl., and eobarr. ¤cuimrech n.: auchuimriuch [eo comrach, Eg.] n-óir mo [leg. i n-ó] chach fir `an ear-tie', BDD 119 (perh. = ó-nasc). ¤nasc an ornament attached to the ear (? ear-ring ): aunasc .i. nasc aue .i. ōrnasc nobid im c[h]luasaib na saorchland, Corm. Y 54. ¤nascach f. ear-rings (coll.)? ind únascach órdai no túidmenta do chluais na n-ingen iarna mbreith, PH 5717.

1 óa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 óa or dil.ie/33368
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ae

n pl. O.Ir. form of Mid.Ir. ae, the liver . óa nó tromchride, gl. iecur, Sg. 65b2 . amal rongab cride et óa, Wb. 12b1 . caebb ·oo·, Sg. 6b15 (gl. iȧcur: the true reading is cur, but the scribe perhaps understood iecur). trifidum iacor (.i. in macc hoe tredluigthe), Gild. Lor. 213. dobertar a n-óe uile i n-oen áitt . . . o ṡhain immach is Mag nOí in mag sain, LL 27a29 (fanciful derivation of Mag nAí). ra ḟacaib [in Dond] crúach da óeib and, go rop de atá Cruachna Ae, TBC-LL¹ 6184. bó co n-oeib ítha with fat livers, LL 358.1 = co n-aib itha, ZCP vii 305 z , cf. iii 218 § 36 . See 1 áe.

óc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óc or dil.ie/33398
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: óac, óc, óg, oic, oaic, óic, óaic, ócu, ooc, ócu, oco, oga, óa, óa, óa, ōo, ōu, ó, sóa, só, óige, oam, óam, oam, ógdhamh

o,ā, m. adj. and subst. O.Ir. n s. óac, Sg. 38a7 , but: óc mil, 47b2 . Orig. a disyll., cf. follg. exx. from early verse: (7 syll.) gilla oac amulach, LU 3825 ( SCC 37 ); ní théit oac and ré siun, LU 10859 ; (6 syll.) sé cét cáinṡluag óac, Fél. Sep. 22. In Mid.Ir. prose generally óc, mod. óg. n p m. oic, Ml. 78b12 . oaic, Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). ind fir, ind óic, ind eich, RC xiii 393.5 (disyll.). Cf. ba di dígail a curad | gegnatar ócu Ulad the warriors of Ulster slew him, ZCP iii 44 § 21 , where the a p. form was prob. substituted for the n p. óic (= óaic) by a scribe to whom the latter had become a monosyllable. a p m. ócu. g p. ooc, LU 7434 . v p m. a ócu , IT i 99.11 , TBC-LL¹ 982 , CRR 31.32 . a oco , TTebe 1734 . a oga , 4060 . Compar. óa, BCr. 33b6 ; d s. (as adv.) ind óa , ib. 3 ( Thes. ii 20.41 , 40 ). ata óa , Sg. 30b13 (pl.). ōo , Corm. Y 1277. Ériu ii 106.5 (Tenga Bithnua). ōu , PH 4137. ó , TBC-LL¹ 5994. The later spurious compar. sóa , só is prob. due to óa, ó preceded by a form of the cop. ending in s; in Lat. Lives 92.14 ( LB 60a57 ): in foirend bas óo . . . in licht ba sine, read: ba sóo. Late Mid. & Mod.Ir. (níos) óige. Superl. oam, Wb. 13b4 . óam, Trip. i 128.25 .

I As adj. young , gen. of living beings, but also of things. This is prob. the sense in the follg. exx. from Glosses in which it is used to transl. Lat. minor, minimus: ata óa, Sg. 30b13 , gl. minores [Thesei] i.e. descendants. oam, Wb. 13b4 , gl. minimus [apostolorum]. ind óa, BCr. 33b3 , gl. quanto minus [sint a xxx], lit. how much younger (than thirty days), of the moons at various dates; cf. ib. 6 . gilla oac amulach, SCC 37. serrite óc amulchach, TBC-LL¹ 861. ra slaidit a ṅgillai óca, CRR 34 . giollae aouc, BNnÉ 302 § 10. cid óc th'am-sa though young thy age, Ériu iv 100 § 36. ba hoc arai n-aisi, ger ua athlom n-engnoma, TTebe 2511 . da cech oen . . . eter shean ┐ ócc both old and young, PH 4292. gach duine ág is arsaidh, Dán Dé xvii 2. tarbín óc, IT i 72.18 . Compar. ua .i. oo ē oldas in mac, Corm. Y 1277. nochon oo, nochon sinu he is neither younger nor older, Ériu ii 106.5 . gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne andae, TBC-LL¹ 5994 = is oige no thusa, Add. go mbeith níos ó náid- sean younger than they, Content. xvi 35 (archaism). an mac dob óige don dís, Keat. ii 2840. a mhac dob óige his youngest son, Gen. ix 24.

Of lifeless things: os hé oec, oec a ḟlaith 'since he is young, his rule is young', AM 6.52 . áithiu cech delg is ou the youngest thorn is the sharpest, PH 4137. raith óc, Acall. 2741 (`a fresh rath', O'Gr.). is nua . . . íchtar an tighi, ┐ ní ba hócc a uachtar new, recently built, SG 72.7 .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) a young man and hence a warrior: oig .i. gaisgeadhaigh, O'Cl. arg fiann . . . ab Argis .i. o Grécaib ar febus a n-occ, O'Mulc. 57. fobith romatar indarmthi á oic its warriors, Ml. 78b12 . at móra na comrama dait sech ócu Ulad olchena, FB 10. ar na tíset óic nō echtranna i nUltu do ḟuacra comraic forru, TBC-LL¹ 1150. conid rubaim trénócu tria nert gaili, LU 10293 = trenógai, ZCP iii 236.6 (Tochm. Em.). ? atchonnarcais ócu . . . olc féth fil fort, Irish Texts i 33.25 ( LL 117a37 ). is e láech as dech di ocaib domain, SCC 13. faitti fessa ┐ techta uait . . . cu hócaib Ulad, CRR 14. cenn adcomairc Fer mBreg n-uile ocaib cleirchibh (i.e. laity and churchmen), AU 923. ní ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18. liach liomsa Cnoc Almhaine . . . cen ócca, AFM ii 572.7 . óc féne a warrior: oaic féne, Thes. ii 293.7 . daíg con-comairnectar inn óic ḟéinne anair ┐ inn óic féinne aníar cathugud, TBC-LL¹ 4950. See fían.

(b) a poet ? óc .i. fili. innilibh óc .i. iomad na bhfileadh, O'Cl.; perhaps due to some special application of the word. Cf. fear mar Ghuaire fá dhuais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211.

Compds.

(a) in lit. sense of adj., with noun: ¤aís young people (coll.): in ócaes don erlataid, LB 261b50 . ¤ben: gun ogmhnaoi gasda, Acall. 1276. an óigbhean, Gen. xxiv 16. ¤bó: for di ócbáe, SR 5426. ¤dam a calf; a young ox : ocdam dergóir, SR 4112. fiad deilb ind ócdaim, 4120 . dá ócdam disciri, Trip. 252.24 . ócdam íarthair domuin (of Niall Noígiallach), Ériu iv 104.4 . ocdaim na n-almad, TTebe 1404 (n p.). ógdhamh, gl. iumentum, Ir. Gl. 758. ¤duine: cen ócdaine, cen aes ṁbáeth, SR 4589. ¤ech a foal : ind assan is int óchech [sic], SR 7688. assan . . . ┐ ócech immalle fria, PH 4371 . ¤fer: slat óicfir, Ériu ii 164.15 . ? ag slógh áigfhir Oirbhealaigh `of the warrior of O.', Ériu v 58.96 (: sráidibh). táin óigfhear, Keat. Poems 1553. ¤loeg a young calf: screpol . . . cech óclaeig, BColm. 50.2 . ógláech allaid a fawn , Fianaig. 52.17 . ¤rí: ogri ard alaind, MacCarthy 136.18 . triar ócríg, LL 147a47 . ¤rígain: ind ócrígain glandae, Fél. Oct. 13. ¤rígrad princes (coll.): óigríoghradh na hEaspáine, ML 76.17 .

Similarly with adj. formed from noun: ¤echach possessing foals : inis na n-eang n-óigeachaich, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 7 § 1 . eocrand ocṡlattach with young shoots, IT iii 42 § 48.

(b) forming stable compds. in which the orig. meaning becomes secondary or is lost; see below óc-aire, -míl, -suí, -thigern.

ósar, (óser)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ósar, (óser) or dil.ie/34056

Forms: uaser

n o, m. (< óa compar. of oac, óc; for ending cf. sinser) also uaser, Hy. i 9. One who is younger, a junior : ossar .i. fer iss oo , Corm. Y 1032. osar .i. an tí as óige, O'Cl. aracae osar sinnser, O'Dav. 122 , cf. Laws iv 372.4 (osor). ni tí sinn- sear ria n-osar, 376.24 .

Gen. in sense of superl., the youngest : athair tri cethrur ocus Ioseph a n-úaser the father of twelve, Joseph being the youngest, Hy. i 9 (a n-uas-, a n-óser MSS.). ossar na nduli (of Adam), SR 1142. cet[h]ri meic Iesé .i. Dauid a n-ósar, LB 130a5 . facbaid bar n-osar ocum-sa the youngest among you, 116b31 . tan bim eter in n-aes mer | dommuinet is mé a n-oisser they think I am the youngest among them, Fél. 150.36 (a soiser v.l.). do láim Troil ósair chlainne Príaim, TTr. 1375.

Compd. far n-ósarbráthair your youngest brother, SR 3587.

2 pell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 pell or dil.ie/34262
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fell, fill, bill

n o, m. also fell, a horse (confined to poetry and B. na f. < 1 pell by pars pro toto, Ériu liii 151 ): peall .i. ech, Corm. Y 244 . fell .i. ech, 580 , 649 . n p. fill, 581 . peall .i. each, O'Cl. gabhar ocus mairc is peall ar na heachaibh, Metr. Gl. Ff. 19 . g s. ructhar i capp (.i. i carr) i ndiaid phill (.i. eich), LU 436 = bill, RC xx 148 ( ACC § 2 Comm. ). da n-óo eich (no pill), RC xi 436 n. dá ó phill . . . .i. dá chluais chapaill, Keat. ii 2697 . ? li dathpill the hue of a coloured (? piebald) horse, IT iii 96 § 153 , cf. Bruchst. i § 45 .

úa, óa, ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úa, óa, ó or dil.ie/42573
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: hau, haue, hauc, hua, hú, úa, óa, hūä, ua, au, aua, hue, hUae, O, hoa, hUa, ua, Ua, , Oa, U, ua, húa, ūë, haui, hu, hú, ú, o, hai, hui, hua, uí, ūï, au, hoi, hui, Í, u, huu, h, uu, Oa, Ó, Ua, hU, U, ua, Ú, Ó, ua, Ó, háu, aui, Ui, Huí, Uí, U, Oi, hu, Ui, Í, hue, Ú, Húu, Úa, Á, hÚ, auu, u, hU, Ou, U, h-Ua, U, Hua, Óe, Óe, Óa, O, Oa, , hUe, huae, huae, u, hU, ó, aui, Uíb, Uib, hUíb, I, uaib, auib, Oai, uib, Oib, hUib, auae, ua, ua, huae, aeu, úa, úa, haue, U, Ui, Uí, Huí, Huí, Ui, Uí, Huí, Ui, auu, Aú, Uu, Úu, Úu, Úu, hÚ, Úu, Úa, Húu, Úu, Ua, Ua, Ua, Óa, Ua, Hua, Úa, Úa, Óa, Óa, Óe, Úa, Óe, nhUib, Huib, nUib, nUib, Uib, nOib, Ib, Uíb, Uib, hUíb, Uíb, .h., O, hU, Ó, Ó, Ó, Í, Ó, Ú, Ó, Ú

n (earlier aue) io, m. (somet. f. see IGT, Decl. § 98 and exx. below):

n s. hau, Sg. 29a10 . haue (hua, hoa, hue, v.l.), Fél. Feb. 8 . hauc (hua, ua, huae, v.l.), ib. Apr. 11 . hua, SR 2754 . 3866 . hú, Trip.² 958 . úa, 2522 . óa, 2533 . hūä, Hail Brigit, § 6 , § 22 . ua, Laws ii 330.16 Comm. PH 4298 . au, AU 646 . aua, 744 . hue, 780 . hUae, 767 . O, 762 . hoa, 795 . hUa, 617 . ua h-, 919 . Ua, TD 34.30 . , TD 34.1 .

a s. Oa (eclip.), AU 948 . (for) U , 1024 . v s m. a ua , TD 22a14 . v s f. a húa , SR 6006 . a ūë , Hail Brigit § 26 (where ūë is a disyllable).

g s. haui (hui, hoe v.l.), Fél. May 16 . hu, SR 3006 , 3110 . hú, Three Historical Poems 202 q. 38a; 206 q. 50b . ú, LL 1403, 17349 . o, Trip.² 3058 . hai, Laws v 512.2 . hui, i 182.26 Comm. hua, ib. 156.29 . uí, LL 147a4 . ūï, Bruchst. i 53 § 117 . au, AU 706 . hoi, 675 . hui, 653 . Í (asp.), TD 28.40 .

d s. u, Laws i 274.10 Comm. (dia) huu , BB 440a21 . h, AU 617 . uu, 810 . Oa, 912 . Ó (asp.), 1038 . Ua, 1012 . hU, 1039 . U, 1053 . ua, TD 6.3 . Ú (asp.), 15.44 . Ó (asp.), 17.30 . ua (eclip.), 21.28 . Ó (eclip.), 31.12 .

n p. háu, Sg. 30b12 . aui, ib. Ui, Trip.² 2117 . Huí, 2147 . Uí (asp.), 2336 . U, Laws v 218.30 Comm. Oi, AU 840 . hu, 769 . Ui, 1037 . Í (asp.), TD 16.52 . (ind) hue , Auraic. 5146 (LL). uea, 5151 .

a p. Ú, Trip.² 2156 , 2205 etc. Húu, 1185 . Úa, 2379 . Á, 1540 . (la) hÚ , 716 . auu, Thes. ii 241.6 (Arm.). auu, AU 742 . u, 589 . hU, 666 . Ou, 849 . U, 743 . (la) h-Ua , 811 .

g p. U, Trip.² 2025 . Hua (eclip.), 2178 . Óe, 2125 . Óe (eclip.), 1915 . Óa (eclip.), 2211 . 1091 . O, AU 740 . Oa n-, 794 . , 881 . hUe, 771 . huae n-, 648 . huae, 646 . u, 644 . hU, 736 . ó (eclip.), TD 8.16 .

d p. aui, Sg. 28a20 . Uíb, Trip.² 2191 . Uib, 2202 . hUíb, 2272 . I, Laws v 264y . uaib, PH 4246.4249 . auib, AU 756 . Oai, 789 . uib, 562 . Oib, 819 . hUib, 913 .

n du. da auae , AU 743 . da ua , 780 . a du. da ua , 776 , da huae , 817 . g du. da aeu , 571 .

A grandson : úa m., IGT, Decl. § 108 . ūa .i. oo ē oldās in mac ┐ in t-athair, ar is tōisechu mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . haue (gl. nepos), Sg. 29a10 . háui ... aui, 30b12 . do maccaib ┐ auib, 28a20 . haue (hua, ua, huae, v.l.) ... | do Dunlang, Fél. Apr. 11 . m'athair ba húa do Abrám, SR 3302 . Sennar mac Sem ... | hua do Noe mac Lamiach, 2754 . hua Iobe ... | dorinnscan bathis, 7497 . dá mac dec sin ... | Iacoib hui Abaráim, 3006 . Cf. 3110 . gabais hÉrinn hūäe Luirc, Hail Brigit § 6 . hūäe hūäe, ib. § 22 . Dungalach mac Faelgusa | úa Nad Froích fír, Trip.² 2522 = Trip. 214.3 . bá húa Coirpri mallachtai baí inna brú, 958 = Trip. 86.25 . Soergus óa Mail E., 2533 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 214.5 Comm. mac flatha, ┐ ua araile, ii 330.16 Comm. is anad a mic ┐ a hui for treisi, i 182.26 Comm. im cinaid ... do huai, ib. 156.29 . ni hicca cinaid a mic, nach a hai, v 512.2 . cethruime eneclainne i n-ua, i 274.10 Comm. curub si bes for a mac ┐ for a ua dogres, v 292.3 Comm. ni ren int athair ni sech macu, sech ua grandsons , iv 286.8 . beit a macc ┐ a ua i n-a chomorbus, PH 4298 . millid [flaithius] im a maccaib ┐ im a uaib dia essi, 4246 . bruidhean núa gá dénaimh dhó | méraidh dá úa is dá íarmó, IGT, Decl. ex. 1800 .

A granddaughter : úa f., IGT, Decl. § 98 . cid daas in chaillech ? ól P. ... óa dam-sa sin, ól ind oclach, Trip.² 267 = Trip. 28.19 . ua da hathair, RC xii 237.6 ( LL 136b ). ua do Candí ingen Berrsan, BB 230b21 (YBL however has: is uad Coindi). Derb-áil deg-úa Áeda Oirdnidi, RC xlvii 311 ( LL 141a1 ). Dub Daire úa Tigernaig, Mórthimch. Erenn § 56 (ed. Hogan) . v s. a ūë Bresail maic Dēin, slán seiss, a Brigit co mbūaid !, Hail Brigit § 26 (ūë is a disyllable here. See Wortk. 124 ). a Míchol mer ... | a húa engach Athemas, SR 6006 .

Of a swarm of bees: in baili a nabair 'secht saithe' tall is amlaid rosoich: cetsaithi ┐ a mac ┐ a ua 'the place where it says 'seven swarms' above, it extends thus: the first swarm and its 'son' (i.e. secondary swarm) and its 'grandson' (i.e. tertiary swarm)', Bechbretha 184 (c) ​​​​​.

a male descendant : haue (v.l. hua, hoa, hue) án ind ecis, Fél. Feb. 8 . féil án haui (v.l. hui, hoe) Súanaig, ib. May 16 . haue deochain Odissi (hóa v.l.), Hy. ii 4 . aue Muiredaich ... | ... | aue ..., Thes. ii 295 10 - 11 . Adamnán óa Tínni, Trip.² 3059 = Trip. 256.12 . Ultan mac oí Chonchobair, ib. 3058 = Trip. 256.12 .

a female descendant : banua Í Ruairc bhuig bhronntaigh, | deaghua Í Néill is Í Bhriain Bhreagh 'descendant of lavish, generous Ó Ruairc, this goodly descendant of Ó Néill and of Ó Briain of Breagha', O'Hara 286 § 6​​​ .

a spiritual descendant , e.g. a man ordained by Patrick is P.'s úa : bid limm, ol Pátraic, cena .i. úa dam-sa ┐ duit-siu bías and .i. epscop Coirpre, Trip.² 1942 = Trip. 166.18 . Patraic dano dorat grada for epscop Brugach, conid úa do Patraic asin dúal sin, ib. 1946 = Trip. 166.24 .

In the phr.: gusin nomad nó as far as the 9th generation (see 4 nó): itir clainn ┐ geinelach | cusin nómad n-ó, O'Dav. 547 = gusin nomad no, ACL iii 315 n. 21. 4 .

pn In the formation of sept-names the plural of úa is found folld. by the gen. of the eponym, e.g. Ui Néill, Ui Fidgente. Accord. to Professor Mac Neill these belong to a later fashion of nomenclature than collective-names (see McNeill Pop.-Groups p. 82 seq.). `In the genealogies, but not in general usage, there is a partial revival of sept-names in Ui, probably in the eleventh century, perhaps due to professional familiarity with the early nomenclature.' The eponym can be feminine. e.g. Ui Bairrche, Ui Brigte. Professor MacNeill knows no instance of a sept-name derived from a female ancestor within the documentary period. He thinks that the feminine sept-eponyms had a religious, not a genealogical, import. The follg. exx. are illustrative merely: n p. U Barrche (Oe Barche, v.l.), Thes. ii 307.4 (Fiacc's Hymn). Ui Failge, ib. 344.36-7 (Broccán's Hymn). Uí Chúanach, Trip.² 2336 . Huí Failán ┐ Huí Duib Dáre, Trip.² 2787 = Trip. 234.28 . Ui Tarrorrae, Trip.² 2117 = Trip. 180.21 . Uí Lilaig, Trip.² 2144 = Trip. 182.22 . cf.= Huí Lilaig, Trip.² 2147 . amail atait Ui Ceindselaig, Laws v 218.30 Comm. a p. la auu censelich, Ardm. 11 ( Thes. ii 241.6 ). la Aú Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . fri Uu Ailello, 1051 . la Úu Censélaig, 2220 , 2260 . la Úu Cremthain, 2251 . la Úu Cúanach, 2320 . la hÚ Dortháin, 716 . for Úu Hercán, 2205 . cu Úa Fidgente, 2379 . itir Húu Mane, 1185 . Úu Néill, 3013 . coro bendach Firu Cúle .i. Úu Segain, 2156 . g p. (i ndesciurt) Ua Censelaig, Thes. ii 341.35 (do rig) Ua Culduib, 347.35 cf. 37 . i crich Ua Néill, 329.38 . Ua Briuin, Trip.² 2025 . Óa nAilello, 1091 . Ua Cremthaind, 2039 . Hua nGarrchon, 2178 . Úa Lilaig, 2151 . Úa Méith, 2114 . 2129 . Óa nErecán, 2211 . Óa Fiachrach, 1597 . Óe Méith, 2125 . Úa Folgi, 2574 . Óe nDarca Chéin, 1915 . d p. hi nhUib Amalgada, Thes. ii 313.46 . a Huib Briuin, ib. 334.39 . i nUib Failge, 329.36 . Cf. 336.42 ; 338.28 . i nUib Garchon, 312.37 . d'Uib Lescain doib, 343.26 . i nOib Muredaig, 342.20 . i n-Ib Conaill Gabra, Laws v 264 y . do Uíb Garrchon, Trip.² 2191 . di Uib Hercán, 2202 . for hUíb Censélaig, 2272 . di Uíb Bresail, 2782 . In Classical Irish, petrified d p. is used for n p., a p. and g p. of sept and territorial names: Foráois na horcra Íbh Eathach, Bardic Miscellany 248 . do loisg tú ... Íbh Ethach, Ériu lxiii 122 . feólfhuil uíbh Néill, Éigse xiii 218 § 29 .

Surnames in Ua commence to be used in the 10th century: Comaltan H. Cleirigh, AU 980.6 .

pn In surname (used as title): .h. Ciardai, AU i 470 z (an. 953) . O Ruairc, ib. 470 y (an. 953) cf. an. 964. o hU Ruairc, ib. 506.1 (an. 998) . n s. Ó Néill, TD 7.6 etc. Aodh ... do ghabháil ríghe ... bliadhain is fiche ina Thigherna, ina Ó Néill, agus secht mbliadhna 'na iarla tar éis Ó Néill do ghairm de, L. Cl. A. B. 38.9 - 10 . Máire, inghean Chuinn Uí Néill dar goireadh Ó Néill i nÉirinn, 53.29 . Cf. 35 . Ó Doma Í Dhomhnaillhnaill, ib. 41.26 . Ó Súillemháin, 39.20 . v s. a Í Dhomhnaill, TD 2.34 . a s. dlighidh ... Ó Néill do chonnmháil an fad as áil leis, L. Cl. A. B. 43.26 . g s. Tighearnus Uí Néill ar Chóigeadh Uladh, 41.2 . gnúis ... Í Néill, TD 7.43 . file Í Dhomhnaill, 3.10 . d s. d'Ó Néill, 8.19 . d'Ú Néill, ib. 36 . d'Ó Dhomhnuill, 15.6 . d'Ú Chonchobhair, ib. 44 . Diarmaid ... 'na Ua Conchubhair nDonn, L. Cl. A. B. 2.16 . Tadhg Óg ... ina Ua Conchubhair Ruadh, ib. 18 .