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at-roí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-roí or dil.ie/4919

v expld. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 636 as from *ess-ro-so- with inf. pron. failed (to do or get someth.). `Orig. the person who failed was the object, what he failed to achieve was the subject; e.g. a-t-roi a n-guin "their killing turned him away'' "he failed to kill them'' ( Hib. Min. 70.10 )', Lewis and Ped. 398 . Usage however fluctuates somewhat in the exx., and it is not certain that the verb contains the root *so- or that it is connected with éraid (see as-ren, éraid, as-soí). rabāi . . . orci i seilb charat Cairpri . . . atrōe Coirpri ūad C. could not get it (the dog) from him, Corm. Y 883 . tíagait úad íarum. ata-roí a n-astod they could not stop them, BDD² 308 (`das Festhalten wendete sie ab, sie konnten nicht zurückgehalten werden', Ped. loc. cit.). at-roaside díchleith n-aire ┐ do-beir lán a chúaich de usci as it could not be concealed from him (a well), BDD² 1468 = atroasidé a dícleth, LU 7937 . ad-raī a nguin la toescad in muilinn, Fing. R. 879 (see above).

In follg. application of inf. pron. less clear: tuirsech mo menma. Addro luamain ┐ addagin eónu aili I could not fly, Imr. Brain ii 292.31 (see Celtica v 139 ). doluid críne form assennath ┐ addró imthecht (forémed, v.l.) I was unable to walk, 287.30 .

With subj. indicated by verbal ending: atrōiset Luiguir co ndesetar impi, Otia ii 87 § 8 = adraiset Ligur, BB 135a18 they were unable to cross the Loire. With various pass. endings: ? aradroagas a thedachtsom isin chath had been prevented, TBC-I¹ 3619 . forémdes . . . o Chobthach dul issin tech C. was unable to enter the house, LL 270a12 (atroas v.l., ZCP iii 7 § 24 ). at-rós a thairmesc he could not be prevented, Fing. R. 14 . at-roas techt ar in orggain they were unable, 397 . na conétat comaitecht (attaroet comhaidecht v.l.), RC xxi 376.9 . attroithe a rrím they could not be counted, LL 290a18 ( RC xiii 448.x ). Without inf. pron.: gegnaitsom banb bec díb, asrous iarom a brith día doud they were unable to bring it to be roasted, LU 1742 .

The follg. are unclear: romgobsa mo gesa ule anocht, ol C., hua ro-essa indarboe in tríar sin, BDD² 340 `those three have escaped banishment', ib. n. Fiachra Cassán febda in rí / da biach bar baill broé atróe (: broe), LL 6075 . ? atroroi cat comartan (rhet.), ZCP xii 402.y . ataforroi cath comortai. arotrai, 403.9 . Perh. also: atroebaid Gaidel co mbúaid / dula dó i ndegaid int slúaig / uair ba faith, fri glea scél / uamun Déa mac n-Israhél, SR 3997 = foremdes uad dul in ndegaid mac nIsrahel uair rosgab ecla he resan dia diar adairset, LB 118b52 . Strachan, VSR Index, suggests tentatively that here uaman may be subj., but this seems more likely to be dula.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

cloicenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloicenn or dil.ie/9570
Last Revised: 2013

n o, n. and [m.] Later also ā, [f.] (cloch + cenn). See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 , LEIA C-123-24 . skull : fofūair C. . . . cloicend lom ind orci , Corm. Y 883 (77.6) . co fūarutar clogond lom bric n-and, 323 (p. 28.13) . bit lir bomand ega . . . far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind `cloven skulls' (Gloss.), BDD² 862 . do lár a grúade a hia[r]thor a clocaind, LU 6456 . a druth na nDeisi / a cloicceand ceisi, IT iii 93 § 141 . ar crád chloicgne cach cind, TBC-LL¹ 798 ( LL 8241 ). in tṡúil aile . . . / ni ró corr asa chlocond, LL 12652 . co tarat béim dia buaraig ina chlocend co ndernai slicrig dia chind, 22259 . i clocund Conganchnis, RC xvi 53.10 ( Dinds. 101 ). in cloicend no in ceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. n.82 . claicne curad ica claidhmedh, CCath. 6083 . do cnāmaib mo cloicne, MacCongl. 121.37 . do shúile it' chloiceand, 99.1 . gur cuir . . . in lorg iarnaidhi tre cloiginn in caemrigh, Stair Erc. 1604 . cuimhnigh go raibhe fear an chloiginn se mar ataoi-se, TSh. 284 . cloigionn grúagach `hairy scalp', Psalms lxviii 21 . Fig. (perh. contemptuous) go tteid siod dochum an sgrioptuir, aga thuigsin do reir a cclaigcinn fein (of heretics), Luc. Fid. 4004 .

do-inscanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-inscanna or dil.ie/17920

Forms: doinscannsom, tinscana, tinscanat, doinscana, doinscanna, tinscanfam, donindscan, tindarscan, cáintinscantai, tin(n)scnaid, tinnscetal, tinnscna

v (* to-ind-scann-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 613 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doinscannsom, Wb. 17c8 (see GOI p. 358 ). tinscana, Sg. 157b3 . 3 pl. tinscanat, 162b1 . Subj. pres. 3 s. doinscana, 6a5 . doinscanna, Thes. ii 36. 28 . Fut. 1 pl. tinscanfam, Wb. 15a1 . Pret. 3 s. hondí donindscan gl. ex quo . . . esse coepit, ZCP vii 484 ( Enchir. Aug. 82a ). Perf. 3 s. tindarscan, Tur. 49 . Part. inna cáintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . Later as simple vb. tin(n)scnaid. Vn. tinnscetal, tinnscna, etc. See also in-tinscanna. IGT Verbs § 44 .

Begins, etc. gl. incipere, Wb. 15a1 . coepisse, Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ); Ml. 131c18 .

I Trans.

(a) in gním tindarscan iohain, Tur. 49 . dorinnscan D. . . . tempul, SR 6885 . N. . . . cetnadarinnscan ārim, 2244 . co torinscan congbáil hi nD. M., Trip.² 2672 . tindarscan . . . inna filidechta druídechta, 558 . maith tinscantar ┐ nad berar co forcenn, Mon. Tall. § 90 . comaill in ní rothinnscanais, PH 1848 . is and-sin tindscanmait cumachtu i n-a n-anmannaib we begin to get power over their souls, 2058 . críochnughadh an tuir do tionnscnadh leó, Keat. ii 20 . Esp. of beginning an action: intan rothinscanastar ascnam co araile inse, Thes. ii 299.7 . doindarscannat side . . . cuingid . . . ind orci , Corm. Y 883 (76.x) . tinscan imram start rowing, Imr. Brain § 30 . rothindscansat in Troíaendae cathughudh, TTr.² 150 . cia nothindscanaind a aisnéis, Ériu ii 132 § 109 . dorinnscan nemeli mor do denum, CCath. 980 . tionnsgnam cruinniughadh na soitheach, TSh. 2369 . do thindscain S. sliabh G. do bheith aigi fein, ITS xix 48.12 . In sense of founding, establishing, instituting: tindscnadh consaileacht ag Romancaib, Todd Nenn. 66.5 is leis rotinscantá munceda óir fo braigtibh doene i nhErind, LL 2323 . is leis rotindscnad failgi im doidib artus, Lec. 441a29 . Note also: di táinic an esaonta dár tionnscnad cath C.T. which led up to, SG ii 488.38 .

(b) attempts, devises, undertakes: doinscannsom cid cutrummus fri dia `attempts even equality with God' (of Lucifer), Wb. 17c8 . tinscansat imteacht chalad, AU 808 . da mince uair do-tindscónadh C. dul ar an bfhasach, BCC § 271 . na rotionnsccnadh a hionnshamail do cor go h-Erinn riamh (of weapons), AFM vi 2086 . ná tionnscuin olc a naghaidh do chomharsan, Proverbs iii 29 . mar do thionnscain mé is amhluidh sheasfas `as I have thought', Isaiah xiv 24 .

II Intrans. ind liter hua tinscana in chetna persan with which begins, Sg. 157b3 . ce doinscana sí ó guthaigthi, 6a5 . im trath terta tinscana(i)t frossa fégfola, SR 8033 . and tinscann . . . praicept . . . Íssu, Fél. May 1 . is iarsunn doinscana(i)tt gradhda inna flaithe, Laws iv 320.6 . an té . . . thionnsgnas uaidh féin, Eochairsg. 9.25 . tionnsgnaidh an chríoch (= finis incipit), TSh. 6466 .

mes(s)án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mes(s)án or dil.ie/32039

n o, m., (dim. of 3 mes(s)) a pet dog, lapdog: mesan .i. aon is messa do c[h]onuib, Corm. Y 879. measán .i. cú beag, O'Cl. a mesan, LU 3086 ( SG 236.18 ) = a orci , 2967 . im oircne rigna . . . .i. mesan, Laws i 152 z Comm. int oircne . . . no in mesan, O'Dav. 788 , cf. 1153 . messan Conaire, BDD 101 (b) = cū C., ib. (a) . Dubilla ainm in chon . . . messán Bóinne, Metr. Dinds. iii 32.

oirce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oirce or dil.ie/33694

Forms: orcae, oirc

n io, m. O.Ir. orcae; the form oirc also occurs.

A pet dog, a lap-dog : horcae milchu, Thes. ii 48.31 ( Philarg. 121 , gl. Hylax, Eclog. viii 107 ) = horce, p. 363 . orci , LU 2967 . oirc .i. cú beag no measchú, O'Cl. trí airfite dála .i. druth, fuirsire, oirce, Triads 241. oirce no cait (among the `esrechta maccru'), Laws i 138.33 . orcca, iv 326.13 (pets of the wife of an `aire túise'). Mugh-eme ainm in c[h]etna oirce ceta-rabae ind-Heri, Corm. Y 883 ( p. 75.8 ; = in cetna orce LB, Corm. p. 29 = in cetna oirc, Bodl.). ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci , ib. ( p. 76.20 ). cloicend ind orci , ib. ( p. 77.6 ) = in oircne, Corm. p. 30. dael . . . méitigther oirce, Fél. p. 42 z ( Jan. 15 ) = orcni, Fél. xxxiv . Con-ogam . . . oirci ar aicme ailme, Auraic. 5748 (a species of Ogham).

See oircne.

scían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scían or dil.ie/36452
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: scín, sciain, sceine, scine, scena, scen

n ā, f. Orig. disyll., GOI § 183 , Sc.M2. a d s. scín, later sciain. g s. sceine, scine. pl. scena. g p. scen. IGT Introd. § 152 . Decl. § 139 , §147 , §165 .

knife : scena buana aíne, Críth G. 177 . im scin, Laws i 124.13 , .i. tairget scena feis, 138.29 Comm . comfat eim na sceine, 132.20 Comm . taircit scena feis, taircit slegha treis, etc., iii 492.3 Comm . nach sét eirenar otha sgin co ruigi secht cumala dligidh somaine ┐ frichnam ┐ biathadh, O'D. 2233 ( Nero A vii, 155 - 6 ). forāccaib ind scīn ar bēlaib ind orci , Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.11 ). do s.¤ tím thanaidi, LU 3898 ( SCC 41 ). co scenaib glasgéraib ina ndeslamaib, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). ix. scena clis, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). ro-gab scín inna láim, Sc.M² 8 . cúan na scen is na scíath nglan (: rolen), Metr. Dinds. iii 174.91 . drong ar na bhfhennadh le scenuibh, ITS xix 80.4 . C. . . . do mharbad . . . do bhuille do sciain, ALC i 368.4 . tug sáthadh . . . | dá sgiain . . . | san mbairghin, Aithd. D. 53.14 . maide sgine gl. manubrium, Ir. Gl. 1139 . altan scene im láim, ZCP iii 3.10 . nos-clanna in sciain ind, 15 . fraoch orra mar ealtuin sgean, TD 31.25 . menadh sgeine, see under menad. do sgenaibh berrtha razors, Rawl. B 513 fo. 7a cited Plummer MS. notes. mar fháobhar sgían mbearrtha (lochdach), IGT Decl. ex. 2042 . le scín bhérrtha `with a razor', Isaiah vii 20 . re sgia[i]n mbearrta, O'Gr. Cat. 271.4 . In name of a category of poet : do-eimh bard sgine sgiatha gáib 'a bard scine protects shields together with spears', UR 49.15 .

Compd. ¤ga edged spear : do bhí sgíangha fhoda ann, IGT Introd. § 83 (21.11) .

selb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. selb or dil.ie/37038

Forms: sealbhann

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39.20 . g pl. sealbhann, 1 Chron. xxvii 29 .

I

(a) In concrete sense, property, appurtenance, domain, possessions : dirróggel Cummen ┐ Brethán Ochter nAchid cona seilb iter fid ┐ mag ┐ lenu `with its appurtenance', Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). glanais selba sescat rīg `er säuberte die Besitzungen von sechzig Königen', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 26 . is mōr a midemnus | ar mēt a ṡelba-som `gross seine Urteilskraft, —der Grösse seines Besitzes angemessen', Bruchst. 54 . fillis in ri Ainmere | le selbaib Setnai, AU i 58.13 = i sealbhaibh Seatna, AFM i 200.4 = ar sellaibh Senna, CS 56.12 . selba sainrudcha private possessions, LU 2178 ( FA 25 ). Medb diarbo sealb coiccith Connacht, IT i 118.4 ( TE 1 Eg.). ba samalta re Meidb na beth penning a selba lé, ar na bái tarb a chomméit lé for a buaib, TBC-LL¹ 84 . ní sanntach hí in dearc; ni chuindig nach seilb ṅdílis di fodéin, PH 5918 . lēcciss lá slán selba aithri (leg. aithre), | ar ṡeirc lēighind paternal possessions, ZCP viii 198 § 18 (of Colum Cille). is s.¤ cach ōin a cethra diless, O'Mulc. 460 . cuimhnigh . . . | bláth an domhain daoir | nach sealbh dhaoibh nó dhamh, DDána 8.2 . rí do roinn leath a sheilbhe | re comh-fhlaith, Content. xviii 53 . an dream agá mbíd na sealbha saoghalta aca, TSh. 9996 . comhnuighidh ┐ malairtighidh ann, ┐ faghaidh sealbha dhíbh féin ann, Gen. xxxiv 10 .

(b) a flock, a herd : tánic dub-thrét drúidechta | cor' brost demun in seilb seing `a demon urged the lean stock', Metr. Dinds. iii 382.15 . ainmidhe as gach seilbh do comharba Maodhócc, BNnÉ 202 § 42 . caora sonn dá bhar seilbh féin | do chuir tú i gcró idir chuainmhéir, Aithd. D. 50.2 . bó as gach seilbh, torc as gach tréad, TD 27.23 . do bhí sealbh mhōr mhuc . . . ag inghilt, Matthew viii 30 . cuiridh spás eidir gach dá sheilbh, Gen. xxxii 16 . ós cionn na sealbhann do bhí air féur a Sáron, . . . ós cionn na sealbhann do bhí sna gleantaibh, 1 Chron. xxvii 29 .

(c) in abstr. sense, possession, ownership (usually with objective genitive): nit raib bríg buanṡeilbe | a bé balc cen brathirse, LL 200a33 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se sain ale [bar Atherne] for seilb neich n-aill n-aile `that were a right of my possession over the possession of any others whomsoever', CRR 43 . gach ionad a bfuil a nduthaidh d'á congbhail ó hSionnchuibh a seilbh eagcóra, Misc. Arch. Soc. 194.5 . a leath aga fein, ┐ an leath eile ag fear na seilbe (i.e. the rightful owner), 194.9 . fear na seilbhe is é an t-oid[h]re, DDána 40.31 . an tsealbh (san selbh, v.l.) bhunaidh bhíos (bhias, v.l.) (of a dead son), 69.6 . a-tá sealbh ag an éag oraibh, 43.2 . do chruthaigh an chruinne | . . . | sealbh 'n-a chumhacht dleaghar dhó, 15.6 . níor léig seisean an leanbh linn—| a shealbh leis-sean do léigfinn, DDána 69.7 . sealbh na ngrás, 32.18 . sealbh na ríghe, TD 27.19 . dá bhfuair sé ar seilbh n-ealadhan, 23.2 . ón chéidḟear 'ga mbíonn a ṡealbh `from the first man that held it', 22.12 . dá saora tú . . . | meise i n-aimsir m'éigeantais | . . . | libh ar sealbh go síorruidhe, 15.15 . sealbh Éireann díobh do dhol `that the heroes lost possession of Ireland', 9.8 . sealbh aindíleas | rem fhód ndúthaigh 'gam dhealaghadh `unlawful possessions', Dán Dé xvi 3 . gan saidhbhrios saoghaltha do bheith agoind ó fhonn, ó dhísligheacht, ná ó sheilbh, Desid. 2842 . a seilbh shaidhbhris eile, Desid. 2546 . do-bheir sealbh oighreachta dá aos gráidh féin, TSh. 2731 . a chor as a sheilbh to dispossess him, 1007 . a ndúthaigh a seilbhe, Gen. xxxvi 43 . is beannuighthe na daoine ceannsuighthe; óir biaidh seilbh na talmhan aca, Donlevy 200.x .

s.¤ ar possession of: sealbh arsaidh ar Éirinn óigh | gun ghasraidh, Aithd. D. 17.10 . d'iarraidh seilbhe ar fhiadh nÉimhir, L. Cl. A. B. 87.16 . níor shealbh don Phápa ar Éirinn sin `that did not give the Pope possession of Ireland', Keat. iii 79 . is gnáth sealbh ar gach síoriasacht, Maguires of F. § 12 .

do-gní seilb (also gaibid seilb, cuirid s.¤ , glacaid s.¤ ) takes possession (with gen. or prep. AR): dorighne an senathair seilb | ar a dhalta, dál nach meirbh, | atubair comadh dó budh mac, Anecd. ii 35 § 10 . do chor sheilbhe ar Mhagh Macha, Aithd. D. 37.47 . sealbh na ngrás dá ngabham, PBocht 22.16 . Fáilbhe fial . . . | do ghabh sealbh ar cheannas do chríche, Keat. Poems 1532 . gur éirigh Ahab do dhul síos go fíneamhuin Nábot . . . do ghlacadh seilbhe ann, 1 Kings xxi 16 .

g s. used attributively: fód sealbha (= territory, domain), BNnÉ 272.11 . fód seilbhe, Aithd. D. 71.13 . cróeb seilbe twig given as symbol of possession: Craobh Ghreallain a ainm o sin a leith on craoibh sheilbhe thucc Duach . . . do Ghreallan ann, Hy Maine 8.z . Similarly slat ṡeilbe: deirge glac eidhre an athar | ar slat sheilbhe ar a shochar `a wand entitling us to His favour', PBocht 21.4 . slat ṡeilbhe an ḟíonḟuinn aga, | eighre díoghuinn Diarmada, TD 32.36 .

i seilb x (a) (i) in the possession of x, (ii) under the protection of x; (b) (i) in possession of x, (ii) protecting or watching over x:

(a)

(i) robāi didiu orci āimmind i seilb charat Cairpri, Corm. Y 883 (76.6) . rochuindig . . . | co mbeth in sruth 'na sáer-ṡeilb, Metr. Dinds. iv 4.48 . tír bhar sluaigh-se i seilbh Sadhbha, DDána 99.22 . críoch Bhanbha id sheilbh fa shéula, L. Cl. A. B. 89.49 .

(ii) easbog do bhí eacht eile | i seilbh Aindrias d'áiridhe, DDána 58.10 .

(b)

(i) ní hiomdha dhínn dár dholta | dá réir so i seilbh ríoghochta, TD 20.5 . i seilbh na glóire, TSh. 3958 . gurab eadh dhligheas gach aon, smuaineadh an bháis do bheith i seilbh a mheanman, 163 . a seilbh aoin ní saoghalta `for possessing any earthly thing', Donlevy 160.14 .

(ii) Muire i n-ar seilbh gach ré seal, DDána 11.12 . im sheilbh a bhanógh gé bheise `though thou art on my side', PBocht 18.12 .

for (ar) seilb x in the possession of x: cia fésta (sic) forsa mbia ṡeilb? `who shall henceforth possess thee?', RC xx 12 § 20 . isait coin altai in degboin do ratad for mu seilb, Irish Texts i 9.7 . biat rī-siu co derb | dorated fort sheilb `thou shalt be a king assuredly; it has been given into thy possession', PRIA xix 546 § 8 ( LL 147a ). atú-sa ar seilb Ríg na Cross `I am in the portion of', Metr. Dinds. iii 312.127 . ar ṡeilbh Ṡeaáin mheic Uilliam, | do ṡluagh Luighne an chláir chorcra `the host of Leyney's crimson plain were in the power of S.', TD 32.61 .

Used in referring to espousals: bá torrach dī ind ingen. Ba ceist mór lá hUltu nácon fes céle fora seilb, LU 10606 . do cuiridh ar seilbh a chéile Mongán ┐ Dubh-Lacha `were affianced', Imr. Brain 61.10 . Cf. loisc edaighi ┐ armu ┐ lebaid in fhir rom-fagaib ara s.¤ , Aen. 866 .

ar ṡeilb in the name of, on pretext of, under colour of: ar seilbh Césair `on C.'s behalf', CCath. 2244 . ar seilbh bheith na ríoghaibh in pretence of their having been kings, Content. xvi 149 . ar seilbh bheith dá gcosnamh under colour of defending hem, 144 . nā lēic-si in chlann sin . . . do bheathugadh for do sheilp `to be reared as yours', Fl. Earls 224.8 . a gcur i nÉirinn mar aon ré cabhlach leo ar seilbh ceannaidheachta under pretence of trading, Keat. iii 2894 . do ghabhadar na Catoilcigh port Luimnigh a (? leg. ar) seilbh in righ Sērlus, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.z . Cf. mar ṡeilb ar for the purpose of: guin deilge leat i ngach láimh | mar sheilbh ar mo theacht i dtír `the nail-wounds in Thy hands are a title-deed to my salvation', Aithd. D. 95.28 . mes do chur ar cheird gach fir | mar sheilb ar ndul i ndaoinib to criticize each man's art in order to make (great) people of themselves, O'Gr. Cat. 555.27 .

téit i seilb takes possession of; undertakes : a ndul i seilbh mh'anma d'fholcadh | calma an feidhm dhá dhoctar dhéag, DDána 34.14 . tarla dhuit ag díon do chinidh | cás far dhoiligh dul 'n-a seilbh, Aithd. D. 66.24 . ni rachaind féin a seilbh an tsaothairse do dhenamh `I myself would not undertake . . .', Carswell 21.4 . dol 'na seilbh dob é a iomthús `proceeded to take possession of her', TD 15.33 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide, Fl. Earls 100.18 . drong oile do dhul i seilbh airm an tighe, Keat. iii 2836 .

II In Laws:

(a) property, estate . In land: fer ná[d] tre(a)ba seilb ná ferann dó fadeisin, Críth G. 73 . is foglaid selba cach micorach `he is a plunderer of the land who makes a bad contract (respecting it)', Laws i 202.4 . .i. ar is foglaid don ferand inti cuiri drochcuir de, 206.26 Comm . ni tualaing roda selba sanna nech no do ren nad etairce, 202.5 . .i. ni coimgech comscailedh in feraind .i. ro gata no ro randa, 206.28 Comm . sealba, seoit, ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu, iubail (sic leg.) na tren-lide neirt `lands and chattels are not alienated . . .', v 496.4 . sealba .i. feranda .i. tír, 496.11 Comm . fer son cen s.¤, cen thothchus . . . s.¤ .i. fearand. Tothchus .i. cruid, 516.4 and 16 Comm . o a setaib ┐ o a selbaib, 366.12 . .i. o setaib .i. (? sic leg.) o scuithib, . . . o selbaib .i. o ferannaib . . . cid set, cid ferand, 18 - 21 Comm . seilb .i. a thir fein, iii 52.11 Comm . orba .i. tir dibaid ┐ sealb .i. feronn athar ┐ senathar, O'Curry 2247 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18 ). is urradh imurro in deoraidh crenas seilb, Laws iii 392.2 Comm .

Also in cattle and other movable property: is meise fuidir griain imsgartha fri flaith, acht doairfena a selba do flaith `the "fuidir" of land may separate from his chief, provided he exhibit his possessions to the chief', Laws v 360.19 . co ruici trí secht nanmanda do aen seilb a ndul anund tar bernadaib saine, iv 82.5 Comm . do cum foruis iar sen fir as a seilb sloinnter `to the pound of the man whose property they (viz. cattle taken in distress) are stated to be', i 268.13 . trí secht nanmanna do dul inund fo cethair do aenseilb na tri secht nanmanna do cethra selbaib saine in aenfecht twenty-one beasts belonging to one holding to go over on four (different) occasions or twenty-one beasts of four (different) holdings at the same time, O'D. 1674 ( H 5.15, 26 ). ma ro batar selba imda isin garda isin, is crandchur do chur orra co findtar in ts.¤ o ndernad in fogail, Laws iii 438.3 - 4 Comm . [conmeser a ngnima ┐ a fiacha] as a linaib, as a selbaib `herds', 336.6 . crandchur do chur ar cach noen seilb, ┐ ar cach naen mil do setaib na selba sin, 21 Comm .

(b) ownership, possession : ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria sin, Críth G. 36 . ni fuil 'n-a seilb in bidbud anarra (? na arra) is fearr `there is not in the possession of the defendant', Laws v 430.18 Comm . inand . . . ┐ da beth i n-a sheilb budein `as if it remained in his own possession', 32.20 Comm . sealb do na tri selbaib do denam (i.e. to prove one of the three recognized modes of possession) . . . issiat so na tri selba .i. seilb macha, ┐ gan delugh res ó tsin anuas. Remseilb .i. a cennach no a fagbail cena ni is tusga na adeir fear na haggra a gaid uadha. Seilb luingi .i. a cennach a luing ┐ is cinnti gurab dilis do lucht na luinge é ┐ na fuighbedh fer an ellaig é gin go gcenncha sin é, O'Curry 2165 - 6 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4 ). mad comsealb bes acu araon, O'Curry 292 ( H 3.18, 160 ). in cetmuindtir [urnadma] taburta for seilb .i. ar a seilb ata o tosach a betha `in his possession she is from the beginning of her life', Laws v 144.11 Comm . Up to the age of seven years a child was ar seilb Dé: geall no giall is ainm do on inbaid a do baister anall co ceand .uii. mbliadan, uair is indligthach do cach duine a marbad ris in re sin uair is ar seilb de bís fris in re sin, O'Curry 241 ( H 3.18, 135 ). it cetheora selba bit for cach adgair ┐ adgairter: s.¤ fini athardai, ┐ s.¤ flatha ┐ s.¤ Ecalsa, ┐ s.¤ maithrai, no s.¤ altrama, Laws i 260.4 ff .

In the follg. exx. Thurneysen, KZ xlviii 63 , would see a predicative gen. of selb: `do selba do chotach didiu' ol Cu Chulaind (`deines Besitzes ist nun dein Bund' Thurn. loc. cit.), TBC-I¹ 1553 . á Issu co fírbail | fortselbai (reading do sealba with R2; other v.ll.: asselba, assaelba, fortselba) do blíadain! Fél. Ep. 4 . The same phrase occurs in Mon. Tall. 148.26 : doselbi fein tra do praind. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 624.3 ) takes it to be pres. indic. s. 2 of do-selbai. Perh. all should be taken as jussive subj. s. 2 of do-selbai.

Compds. ¤gním: ingena, s.¤-gním saine, | di chlaind deg-ríg Dubthaire, Metr. Dinds. iii 66.15 . ¤rann: rogab slíab 'n-a s.¤-raind sain | co cían ós derb-chlaind Dedaid `took a mountain as her own special portion', 240.3 .