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2 art

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 art or dil.ie/4322

 

Forms: a.

n expld. in glossaries as stone: a.¤ .i. cloch nō leac ligi cuius diminutiu[um] artēne .i. cloichēne, Corm. Y 26 . a.¤ .i. aill, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 1 (reading of BB). fúigfe an lása é 'na Art / acht grása Dé 's a dhaonnacht (pun on the name Art), L. Cl. A. B. 243.11 . a.¤ solid, strong, stout, a stone . Also dim. airtine pebble , P. O'C. Note also compds. artchaireal or artchailéar a quarry or stone pit . artghaineam stony sand, coarse gravel , P. O'C. Note also (perh. merely an inference from anart): crúaid `a.¤' a ṡenainm go fír is `anart' ainm do mhaoithmhín, Metr. Gl. 15 § 34 . a.¤ ┐ anart cruaid ┐ maoth, O'Mulc. 56 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

brothlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothlach or dil.ie/7026

 

Forms: brothloch

n o and ā, f. (2 broth? 3 broth ?) cave, hollow, pit , esp. cooking-pit : b.¤ .i. poll, no ionadh in a mbearbhthar feoil a ttalmhain, O'Cl. brothloch (brúthloch) `a boiling pit ', P. O'C. cliath, ochd, b.¤, brollach, Eg. Gl. 122. ilar ṁb. na mbled ṁberg pits (in Hell), SR 897. ferba (.i. bó, H) brachtchi (.i. methi, ib.) brothlochi (rhet.), LU 8886 ( FB 68 ). le co ndernai brothlaig foraib, Dinds. 157. nó co dáilfed brothlaig mbáis / for a slóg `he would dispense a mess of death', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.41 . Legal: leba an brothlaigh atceas . . . ┐ cinnti conad í gait in fir, O'Curry 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). ní ac a mbi laith techta no caire brothlaighi, O'Curry 2448 ( Eg. 88, 36b ). See 1 sínid.

In n. loc.: ar lár Tiprat Brothlaigi, LL 28748. See Hog. Onom. 634.

3 brú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 brú or dil.ie/7039

 

n (cf. 1 brá). See Ériu xxi 26 § 2. edge, brink, bank; border: ar bru na seiched, YBL 122b16 . ar bru mona no chuithi `on the edge of a bog or pit ', Laws v 330.12 Comm. de b.¤ Berbae balbae `from the brink of . . . B.', Fél. Dec. 22. for bru Boinne atuaid, Thes. ii 310.32 . conéracht Glaiss Chruind fríu . . . co féotár fuirri (.i. fora bru, H), LU 5363 (TBC). for bru in mara `on the sea-shore', Laws i 70.y Comm. for b.¤ in Broga, LU 10701 (TE). ar bru na cilli `at the edge of the church', RC xxiv 46 § 4. do b.¤ Banba barrgile `to the border of . . . B.', Ériu iv 100 § 32. fa bh.¤ bhfoinnlearg bhfochanta, DDána 118.22 . ar b.¤ deróil a derce on the wretched edge of the grave, Metr. Dinds. iii 396.7 . for bru aire close to a satire (?), BB 299a41 , see frithsuide. Mac D. . . .dá lot ar b.¤ do bhearna; / is tú cnoc na cinneamhna, DDána 64.5 . nocha bí acht ar bh.¤ baoghail / san ní nach dú do dhéanaimh in the gap of danger, 10.9 .

búrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búrach or dil.ie/7469
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: búirech, búarach, búirech, buire

n o, n. Less freq. búirech (cf. búire, búirithir). Also appar. búarach.

(a) fury, rage; in some exx. perh. attack, onset: amb. roḟersat nacuraid, RC viii 56.10 . brath na baegul na b.¤ , LL 32383 ( TTr. 1574 ). cor'-imbir a b.¤ forru, TTr.² 1159. srenb. craidi cach míled, MU² 611. no-bíd danó Conchobar oc airbríathrad Chon Culainn, co-nna-rucad a búrach immach etir 'Conchobar, moreover, was ordering Cú Chulainn not to vent his rage at all', Tall. Étair 46.97 . rugsat . . . b.¤ / tré cath na ngall `made a brave charge', Cog. 114.5 . ó ro soich buirech a bedg (of hunted boar), Acall. 1792. in luthbás ┐ in b.¤ , TTr.² 1472. fri burach ferga, Ériu ii 130 § 99. co ro-cherddaind mo búraig (sic) ferge . . . far na sluagaib `my charge of anger', CRR 40. tabraid supa am crechtaib, corralar mo buaraigh mbais for Ultu despairing effort (?), B. Fermoy 32a . bud buarach bais duitsiu in comairle sin, RC xi 28.30 . ? nírop b.¤ betraighi, LL 386a44 , see 2 búarach.

In legal and quasi-legal contexts (here more usually búirech): is tre fhīr flathemon tēora blaī būirig im cach n-ōenach `Freiheiten von Zorn', ZCP xi 82 § 26 = tre blaī buraig cech coimdeth (buradhaigh, v.l.) . . . blaī āne ech . . . blaī . . . dūnaid . . . būaid cuirmthige, 93 § 28 (expld. by Thurneysen as occasions on which dissension might arise, but which are free of it during a good reign). Cf. messc n-aenaich fair mesc cuirmthige messc dunaid / a diguin im fer a faithchi is damna mburaig, Ériu xvi 182 § 32. ben for blai buirigh .i. for baile a ndentar agh borr ria, O'Dav. 309 = buire, 238 . ni tuidbenar ar baig na buirech . . . na forecar neicne aggression, fury, rape, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 - 464 ). ? dethbir ngnima ┐ buirech ninnraigh, O'Curry 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36ab ). burach nindraig, O'D. 1617 (H. 5.15, 14a). buirach ninnra techt i slicht ga deirg iar nguin neich dot cairdib, 713 (H. 3.17, 521). indrud .i. orguin, ut est buirech [n-oldas v.l.] indrud ` outcry ', O'Dav. 1129.

(b) trench, pit , excavation (on relation of meanings (a) and (b) see TBC-LL¹ p. 894 n.6 , Loth, RC xli 372 - 4 ): concechlaid b.¤ (of a bull), LU 5332 (TBC). būrach trī fēindetha annīsiu, TBC-I¹ 2821 (of wound). b.¤ thrí bfeindeadh .i. borrágh trí bfeinneadh, no thri laoch, O'Cl. foclassa b.¤ dóib, TBC-LL¹ 6144. dá rás-tharbh . . . ic brisiudh búraigh, MR 298.19 . Perh. also: im burach do thene (`for the fury of thy fire'), Laws i 166.27 . co ramut bidbad, co buirech mbaiti, ZCP xii 363.13 .

In n. loc. Fergna . . . rí Búrig Ulad, MU² 326.

1 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clas or dil.ie/9383

 

Forms: clais, clas, claise, clais, claisi, clasach, claschanna, chanamhuin, clasach, clasaigh

n ā, f. (claidid). Later also clais, CCath. 2418 . See Ériu xxii 191 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with k-infl. clas g. na claise , IGT Decl. § 39 . clais g. na claisi , na clasach , § 186 . d pl. also `claschanna(?) do chanamhuin ', ibid. cf. ex. 2104 below. clasach occurs once as acc. sg. but is perhaps an error: cor' claidset clasach dermair, CCath. 2298 (clasaigh moir, clasaig moir, v.ll.) d s. clasach, g s. clasaigh occur in CS 318.20 - 22 below.

(a) ditch, trench, furrow; pit : rama fri clais, Laws iv 72.2 ; .i. coir denma na clasach, 76.8 Comm. oca tofond dia clasaib (of pigs), v 154.23 Comm. slan di [sc. don muic] in tesbach indsaighes uirre coa clais, iii 242.20 Comm. mad c.¤, tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimne, iv 112.3 . ceithre ime . . . clais, cora, duirime, felmad four kinds of fences, a ditch, a stone wall, an oaken fence . . . , 72.4 . m'atces ac denam claisi ina timcell . . . no dia ndenait senchaide conid la fine dorona[dh] in clais, O'Curry 423 ( H 3.18, 231a ) (`the making of a `clas' round land (without objection) was an evidence of title', Plummer MS. notes). m. Imlecha las' cētna dernta classa dúne, Corp. Gen. 362.37 . tomlactaiter .lll. lulgach . . . i n-aen clasaig, Dinds. 39 . cuithe salach súg / carcar cúl ri claiss, LL 18991 . nacham ruca Demon leis / i clais tened, 18804 . .lx. cubat i n-arddi na class ┐ lx. cubat i n-airdde in múir, 31543 . dorónta clais dermair . . . i n-imthachmung na cathrach, CCath. 1739 . linaid clasacha in longphuirt . . . do criaidh na clodh filet impo, 5179 . na clascanna do linad, Aen. 2008 . torchair a each i gclais ndomhain faoi, TFrag. 200.16 . saoradh misi ar chlais na bpian, Celtica iv 163 § 237 `Hell', Foclóir). ba sruth-aibne . . . cach clais ┐ cach clad-etrige, MR 240.16 . dochodur . . . dar in mbadun ┐ dar clasaig inn aileoin `moat', Ann. Conn. 1236.8 . is inann antrum tri Laidin ┐ umha no clais a Gaedilg, Rosa Angl. 210.7 . bith gaoth mór sa chlasaigh sin dognáth cuires an graibél trina chéle (of a gravel-pit), Maund. 44 . do rinne sé clais, ┐ do thochuil sé í ` pit ', Psalms vii 15 . cf. c.¤ .i. tochailt, O'Dav. 395 . fá chlais an bhráca `in the furrow beneath the harrow', O'Rah. 58.114 . ? Here: ba samalta ra sebacc da chlaiss i lló chruadgáithi, ná ra sidi répgaithi erraig i llo mártai (of a hawk's nesting-place in a cliff), TBC-LL¹ 3381 (`nach seiner Beute').

(b) cooking-pit , burning-pit : c.¤ guail gl. sturna[?], Ir. Gl. 273 . i cualchlais tened, Fing. R. 52 . daroindi T. ix clascha comleathna . . . ┐ rolinaid leis iad do chaerchaib duba, TTebe 1642 . a claschaibh chlach n-áoil nUisnigh lime-kilns, IGT Decl. ex. 2103 .

(c) grave : i mbéal gach claise, DDána 29.21 . an fhuarchlais, Ó Bruad. ii 114 xvii .

(d) By extension, that which is dug up, produce of the earth: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 . madi atchaithes a mes ┐ a clais, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 -4). bói mess ┐ class ┐ ith ┐ blicht fria lind, LL 273b4 . tathbongar fúr (.i. talam) ar na cnoib .i. clais cnu ro bui istigh, O'Dav. 866 . ri is mo da tucc Dia du mes ┐ du chlais ┐ du thorad `increase', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

(e) Used of various (usually grooved or furrowed) parts of the body: cusna classaib dromma `with the shoulder-blades' lit. `with the trenches of the back' (gl. cum scapulis), Gild. Lor. 160 . co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid (i.e. the hollow at the base of the poll, see O'Brien, Celtica iii 168 ), LU 6544 . fotolberrad co clais a dá chúlad, 6959 ( BDD² 529 ). a clais cúil in cinn, Reg. San. 30.8 . c.¤ ochta, Bretha 2A . clais ochta `hollow of the breast', Laws v 363 n.d . mar chlais a smeigīn na hainnfhire dimple, cleft, Gadelica i 60.197 . tri cét troiged i fat na mna xxx traiged a fat a claissi (of a sea-monster), BB 416a12 (? the female pudenda. Cf. do chimil d'a clais a chab nach sínfeadh, ZCP v 250 = Midnight court 706 v.l.). Of weals or scars on the body: doeim fossad fot rea / con(a) ceil cossar class fua `it hides the rows of scars beneath', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.22 (of a shield). mad olc leigister iad faguid clasacha granna sa corp `pits' (of smallpox), Rosa Angl. 310.4 . att bocc . . . , ┐ da nglacuir co cruaidh led mer doni clais and, 272.7 .

Groove (of a sword): cloidem . . . traig fir oa chlasach conige a ḟaopar for gach leth ann; dá traigid a lethed a nhegmuis a clasaigh, CS 318.20 , 22 . taithnem na greine . . . re clasaib comarthacha na cloidem, Ériu viii 30.x . le colg n-úaine cheithre gclaschann, IGT Decl. ex. 2104 .

Compds. With adj. claideb claslethan cruaidgér wide- grooved , LL 24897 . claidbi comardathacha claslethna, 32519 ( TTr. 1717 ). claidhmhi claislethna, CCath. 6014 . cloidhiomh . . . claslonnrach bright-grooved , CRR² 23 .

With noun derived from adj. re clas-lethi a cloidem, MR 190.y .

corróc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corróc or dil.ie/12542

 

n [ā, f.] (3 corr?) hole, pit , container (?): corrog gl. opa (oba, MS.), Ir. Gl. 167 . lan corroice do scris ingen `a "carrog"', Laws v 276.7 Comm. ` pot ', Gloss. issed is eccoimdi do'n tigh a cuile ┐ a corrogi `cisterns', 326.14 Comm. ? cor' tṡuidhetar ar corrogaib ┐ ar colbadaib in tṡída, Acall. 7209 v.l. (corraib, text). As n. pr. f. C.¤ , LL 3474 . As n. loc. do Chorrocuibh C.¤ , Acall. 703 (see O'Don. Suppl.).

crón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crón or dil.ie/13108

 

adj o, ā. Dissyll. in croan: loan, Lament 1 . Name of a colour, brown, reddish-brown, dark yellow, red (?), etc. In some contexts vaguely applied. In compds. appar. somet. confused with crúan (if not in fact same word). Note also ind énlathi chrúan `The Red Birds', RC xiii 448 § 35 . c.¤ .i. dearg, O'Cl. ( cruan .i. geal, H 3.18, 624c8 ). cath c.¤ `crimson battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 316.21 . SR 4767 . eich crona, BB 434b5 . M. mant capaill croin, IT iii 81 § 57 . in chú ch.¤ , SG 281.1 . macc rīg Clūana crōine crīne `dunkelgelben', Bruchst. 37 . for Carmill cron, SR 5225 . a llos chlaidib chróin, LL 2000 . dá caoilbhreis chróin chóirighthe (of an eye-brow), Hackett² 51.28 . cuirp chróna chrisleathana, PCT 337 . Of persons, and as pn sobriquet: riacruadgail nacórad c.¤ , SR 6911 . macc c.¤ Congail ` swarthy ', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 28 . M. mac Díma Cróin, Hib. Min. 76 § 1 . Eochaid Crōn, Corp. Gen. 139.24 . ? c.¤ a gcumann `perverse', Ó Bruad. iii 202.17 . Of letter s in sow-ogam: cron(s), Auraic. 5669 .

As subst. ā, f. the abyss, the pit , hell (n s. possibly cróine in this sense): allt na cróine `the pitch-black abyss', Aithd. D. 49.37 . do-chuaidh ar gcreich na cróine (of Harrowing of Hell), DDána 10.30 . béal na cróine ar mo chind, IGT Decl. ex. 81 . eccla pīasta na crōine, ACL iii 216.12 . Note further: bainne na cróine `dun cow', Ó Bruad. ii 224.14 . mortalitas magna . . . .i. in chron chonaill .i. in buidhe chonaill, AU i 54.18 . See 1 buide and Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 173 .

As n. pr. Grác ┐ a ben .i. C.¤ , LL 36697 . coin Cróne, LL 36711 . la Cróin, 36713 . Maolc.¤ mac Muiredhaigh, AFM i 490.3 .

Compds. With nouns: ? úasa creit croncharpait, LU 8640 ( FB 47 ). gabur . . . cróndatha, 8626 (ibid.). cróinmhill bhoga gan bhlas (of food), Tribes of Irel. 64.11 . sionnaigh . . ┐ crónphuic `red bucks', O'Rah. 76.95 .

With adj.: brat gorm crónchorcra, LU 8637 ( FB 47 ). See ? 1 croän.

cúal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúal or dil.ie/13330

 

n ā, f. c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.20).

(a) faggot, bundle of sticks (firewood): cual .i. ona cuaillib bis inte asberur vel quasi gual .i. on gualaind ar is fuirre bis a tromma. Vel quasi caol a calon Latine (recte κᾶλον Graece, Ed.), Corm. Tr. 44 . cūaille .i. de an cūal, Corm. Y 328 . ? c.¤ (leg. cúaille ?, note) `a stake', Eg. Gl. 183 . ogam tirda . . . aicme huatha .i. . . . qual ` faggot ', Auraic. 5726 . madh si in chual ro fuachtnaig and `the faggot', Laws iii 174.12 Comm. na deich cuala ar secht fichtib, Anecd. i 11.28 ( SCano 360 ). gaba[i]s . . . in cūail crīnaig, ZCP viii 304.36 . co cuail connuid `with a burden of firewood', RC x 218 § 7 . do iomchair (Isac) an cual chonnaigh ( Gen. xxii 7 ) = struem lignorum, ITS xxix 154.16 . im cuail fitiucan, BB 435a52 . tuc leis cual do mhaescán `bundle of green twigs' (so bad firewood), MR 276.3 . a n-ionnshamhail bhrosna nō cúaile, Parrth. Anma 5553 .

(b) bundle, pile, heap in general: ho chuáilgae gl. ferro atque armis, Ml. 34b1 . condanimmart cual gae ┐ claideb for culu doridisi, LL 12223 `phalanx of spears' ( TBC-LL² 4726 ) i.e. body of armed men? cúalgai immusniada, RC viii 54.21 . a chual rinne, LL 4929 . ? ar chualaibh, IT iii 86 § 89 . mo chorp cáel c.¤ do chnámaib heap of bones, ACL iii 216 § 6 . mé an ch.¤sain (of the body ?), IGT Decl. ex. 613 . trefocul cen cuail cnam (some kind of metrical fault), Auraic. 1929 . is cual curadh insin (of stone as missile), RC xxi 322 § 53 . do c[h]ūail pecuid heap of sins, ZCP x 47 § 19 .

Compds. mo chlí 'na chuailbhruisg . . . chréachtaigh splintered mass, Hackett² xlii 8 . i cualchlais tened, Fing. R. 52 (`coal-pit ', RC xiii 377.15 ). C. Cuaolléinech, RC xii 76 § 58 .

cúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúas or dil.ie/13368

 

Forms: cús, cúas, cúais

n o (1 cúa) also cús (d s. of disyllable? Cf. LU 1350 , IGT Decl. ex. 1581 ). Also with d s. cúas, a d s. cúais. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 75 . hollow; cavity; cave, cavern; lair, den, shelter : cūad a cūas i.e. uac[u]us , Corm. Y 353 . inngas .i. inde an gai na chuais `socket (?)', O'Mulc. 769 . cuife, doire, pruchlais, garadh, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 138 . fuathas, c.¤, doire, tuinidh[e] `den', 318 . na cúasa = caves , Judges vi 2 . i cuas carrce cor chotlus cave, LL 376b37 . i ccuassaib bruach, Acall. 3514 `to hollows beneath banks', Murphy Lyrics 51 (heading l.3). hi cús craind, LU 1350 . isin cuass ind lim, Trip.² 926 `into the hollow of the elm', Trip. 84.18 . co ḟuaratar cuaís darach, LB 274a50 `a hollow oak', SG 56.6 (reading cuas). anns-na crannaib a mbí co cuas `that are hollow', PH 7743 . ōs cūasaibh corn, ZCP viii 221 § 48 .

Fig. criathar meala a meadhón chúis honey-comb in a hollow tree (a prince), IGT Decl. ex. 1581 . ar chuas an chroidhe, TSh. 1855 . tarr fám chneadhaibh, ┐ do-gheabhae cuasa chomhairce ionnta (God to the sinner), Mac Aingil 455 . chneasuighthe an chuais tar goimh, Ó Bruad. iii 168.14 .

Compds. With nouns and Vn. an tsrón . . . arna cuasdúnadh (with the nostrils) stopped up (at death), TSh. 1096 . re hinnarba hanma a cuas-istadaib do chuirp `latent recesses', MR 294.2 . With adjj. trī srōna creimennacha cuasf[h]innfadhacha ag na caillechuib with hairy hollows (nostrils ?), ML² 1590 . in tall clairthe cuaisleacach ` pit . . . of stony caverns' (Hell), Magauran 2347 . do chasadar na cromsróna cuasleathna `with broad nostrils' (Gloss.), CF² 288 . fetana cuasmora ceolbindi deeply-hollowed . . . pipes, TTebe 2225 . a ccuas-tollaib na ccruim-sciath `hollow cavities', Manners and Customs ii 263 n. 206.2 . Cf. cúasal, cúsal. With Part. an tsúil do bheith cuas-shloigthe the eye swallowed up in its socket (at death), TSh. 1610 .

cuithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuithe or dil.ie/13734

 

Forms: cuithi, cuitedha

n io (Lat. puteus) g s. na cuithi , O'Curry 1643 ( 23 Q 6, 19 a ). n p. cuitedha, Laws iv 222.4 Comm. See Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 327 - 9 .

(a) pit : c.¤ gl. lacunar, Études Celt. xi 130 . c.¤ .i. cūa ┐ tē, ut dicitur cūad cōi-fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, Corm. Y 338 . putte a putteo .i. cuthe, 1060 . do chuithiu ref. to inferno , Ml. 49a27 . cuidi tirmaidi `dry pits', 123d3 . búi c.¤ isin dún, LU 9391 . cúithi salaind `saltpits', ZCP xvii 232.21 . slocaidh amal chuiche, Ériu iii 6.15 . méit cuthi cach lattrach léig, LL 29443 ( Four Songs 18 § 3 ). for ur in chuthi, PH 1225 . a cuithi = fossa, Smaointe B. Chr. 4254 . ar ch.¤ nó ar chuas an chroidhe, TSh. 1855 . assin chuithi leoman `den of lions', Fél. Ep. 500 . a cuthi na leoman (Daniel), SR 7378 . cenn i cc.¤ leomhan (i.e. a risk), Hugh Roe² 286.14 .

Fig. of hell: isin mor-chute nísel, Lib. Hymn. 101.6 . a broid an ch.¤ chríonúrlaigh `the fagot-fringed ancient pit ', Ó Bruad. i 22 § 6 .

(b) pitfall, trap for animals . See Plummer, Ériu x 117 . a seillacht bir no c.¤ `looking on at cattle on the brink . . . of a pit ', Laws i 272.35 Comm. a fochruibh ch.¤ , ii 58.6 Comm. ma ruc in fiad leis in cep no in cuichi as a inad `trap', iii 456.14 Comm. ma rucastar in tos in cep no in cuithi les as a inad, O'Curry 1643 ( 23 Q 6, 19.a ). da chuichi cuchairi `two traps of hunters', Laws iii 456.17 Comm. on cuithi cuchairi etechta, O'D. 1514 (E 3.5, 53a). in ceap, ┐ in c.¤, ┐ in slabradh co pein, O'Curry 2384 ( Eg. 88, 30a ).

(c) prison, dungeon (see Ir. Recht 77 ): gola .i. c.¤, ut est fuidir crui ┐ gola .i. o cuithi donesairg, ┐ dom doigh is e sin in prisun, O'Dav. 1052 . on ghola, on c.¤ , Laws iv 246.19 Comm. o gebind co cuthi ó chuthe co croich, PRIA xix 552.41 ( LL 18645 ). tria . . . carcair ┐ cepp ┐ cuthi, PH 4201 . cuiritt hi cc.¤ na ngiall he, BNnÉ 4 § 5 .

(d) well, pool, whirlpool : toichredh a chenn 'sa ch.¤ `he would plunge his head into the well', ZCP i 66 § 113 . C., hi lomaind do cum c.¤ `approaching the pool', AFM i 480.13 = dochum cuithi `zu Grabe', Bruchst. 46 § 103 ; cf. demersus est in lacu crudeli morte, AU i 358.14 . Coire da Ruad . . . / is mor bruitheas a ch.¤ , Anecd. i 12.z ( SCano 403 ). isna saebchuthib in die Strudeltiefen, Alex. 680 . eol dam senchas na sruithe / for trebthas in trén-ch.¤ `of the mighty whirlpool's home', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.34 .

(e) Various: dariṅgned a cluchi caíntech. im chuthi grave , LL 32601 ( TTr. 1805 ). ar bru mona no chuithi morass (?), Laws v 330.13 .

cuithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuithech or dil.ie/13735

 

Forms: cuith[h]ech

x ā, f. = cuithe: cuith[h]ech gl. muscipula, Thes. i 1.36 . druimmchlí no c.¤ gl. laquear, Sg. 54a19 . uenatione atque aucupio ó cuidich, Thes. ii 38.14 . machinam . . . .i. in mais no in ch.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 70.18 `trap', ii 158.6 . is cend foluiccter fo dloi .i. cuthech, O'Mulc. 760 . dogní cuthig `he fashions a pitfall', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.25 . ní indlium for iascu na eltai . . . gosti na aircéssa na cuithechu, Alex. 863 . bla c.¤ sliab, Laws iii 272.4 ( O'Dav. 742 ). eascaire na cuithighi do rig ┐ do thuaith `notice of the pit-fall', i 8 . c.¤ .i. in fiada, O'Dav. 472 ( O'Curry 2777 ). dorónsat . . . cuithecha usci forsind sétt, Trip.² 2196 . 'mon chuitig a m-bai in lemnacht `the pit ', Todd Nenn. lxix 24 . tri .i. bo mael don muig / do blaegan (sic) do a n-aen chuithigh `to be milked by him into one pit ', 22 = Keat. ii 1770 (= i n-æn clasaid, Dinds. 39 ). co ndentá in chuthech út dó, LL 32605 (`that grave-pit ', TTr. 1810 ). ar chuidachaib báis `against the snares of death', Mon. Tall. 131.16 . ? is cuithchi airricc archind bais coirp ┐ anma `a pitfall to compass the destruction of body and soul', Ériu vii 152.16 (so also Binchy in Bieler, Irish Penitentials 265 ).

dabach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dabach or dil.ie/14084
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dabcha, daibche

n ā, f. g s. dabcha and daibche; dabcha, LU 23 a 35 (v.l. daibche YBL). BColm. 72. 6 . Fen. 190.18 . Ir. Gl. 158 . daibche: Laws i 166. 22 . RC xxxii 57. 7 . Acall. 811 . MR 130. 2 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 54. 14 . But in plural always broad cons. group. a s. daibche, RC xxxii 57. 6 (modelled on the ī-stems), cf. mod. daibche as n s. —By native grammarians explained as dé-oach `having two ears': d.¤ .i. déhoach .i. dí oe furri ar ní betis hoe for énaib hi tús, Corm. 15 .

I A large tub or vat with two handles (for ale, wine, mead, curds, oil, water, or washing): a nól meda .i. in dabach, Thes. ii 347. 34 . According to Ériu iv 134. 16 sq. the dabach was the largest vessel, the next in size being the ian (cf. Laws i 170. 4 , where a dabach is said to be bigger than an ian), then the drolmach, mude, cilarn, milan and metar. A rude sketch of a dabach is to be found LL 29 . —Made of oak : crandlestra .i. iana ┐ dromlacha ┐ dabcha darach, Laws v 94. 9 . a dabach dond dairech, ZCP iii 39. 3 ; of yew : dabach dergibair, LL 51 a 21 . ZCP viii 108. 15 . Acall. 3790 . The epithet derg, RC xv 303 , points to a dabach dergibair; d.¤ dondibair, LL 51 a 1 ; of crystal : d.¤ deghdénṁach do gloine ghuirm, Ériu iii 156 § 10 . Acall. 783 ; of silver : d.¤ aircid co circlaib órda, MS. Mat. 619. 7 . Held together by hoops : is gnáth fonnsa dá dhlúthchur uim dhaibhich, Ó Bruad. viii 4 ( ITS xi 72 ).—Intended for liquids: ón dabaig ola, Fél. 128. 42 . cétchorn gacha dabcha (levied as a tax), Fen. 190 . dá dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116. 1 ; for ale : luid ... issin dabaigh chormma SG 82. 5 ; for mead : assin dabaig medha, Acall. 7399 ; for cold water : i ndabaich nuaruisci, TBC-LL¹ 722 Y. tucad uisce isna dabchaib, Thes. ii 347. 38 ; for eggs : lán secht ndabach ndron duigib géd, MR 124. 23 . Intended for washing : d.¤ ḟothraicthe a washing tub, Fél.² 170. 3 (i ndabaig fothraice). Raghnailt...do éc i ndabaigh ḟothraicthi, ALC i 408. 7 . SG 73. 35 .—Prov. ní ba caindel fo dabaich dogén dím, Trip. 52. 23 . urchair an daill ma ndabhaich, Rel. Celt. i 155 . ib. ii 324. 26 .

II Metaph. a hollow, pit , pool : le hallglór an essa ag siledh san dabhaigh diansrothaigh, Anecd. iii 5 .

III A measure of land, a portion of land . In this sense only Scotch. dá dabég Uachtair Rósábard , Goid. 109. 14 . ar chuit cethri dabach do ní thíssad ar ardmandaidib alban, ib. 111. 6 (both from Book of Deir). Cf. Macdon. p. 305 .

LOC. D.¤ Féichín, AFM iii 23 n. Gort na Daibche, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 54. 14 . Cluain Dabcha, Hog. Onom. Cúl Dabhach, ib.

DIMIN. dabchíne: etir dabaich ┐ dabchine, LU 123 a 2 . daibchín, Seanchaint p. 78 .

MOD. dabhach, g s. daibhche and dabhcha, n p. dabhacha. Finck ii 62 . Quiggin Dial. Don. § 40 . §143 .—Dinneen also gives n s. daibche.

1 derc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 derc or dil.ie/15580

 

Forms: derc, Dercce

n o, n., later ā, f. Cf. derc f., IGT Decl. § 39 . hole .

(a) Of an aperture: a da laim tria d.¤ (tre deirc, Y) a sedlaig immach, BDD 2 = tria derca ṡedluch al-lenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119.24 ) = a di laim tria deirc a sedlai amach .i. tria brollach a leineadh, H 3.18, 528.y . bói dercc tresan comluith, RC ix 468.5 . for deirc cuislinde by the hole of a pipe, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . d.¤ a tona, O'Dav. 572 .

(b) Of a cavity, hollow: ronighed in d.¤ fas the empty eye-socket, BB 383a38 = Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462.6 ). i nd.¤ a oxaile armpit , TBC-I¹ 1327 . ón deirc ochsaile co 'roile, Dinds. 6 ( RC xv 296.3 ). hole or pit in the ground: ben dia claite d.¤ , Cáin Ad. 2 (cf. asin pull talman, ib.). dogníthe d.¤ don chetfóit ┐ cliatha tairsiu, RC xiii 454 § 48 . gur thuit i bhfairthis nó i ndeirc dhomhain, TSh. 576 . ar ghrinneall na deirce, 579 . Of a grave: eisg ar cend do cholla resiu doberthar issa nd.¤ , LL 278b24 = resiu dorattar isin deirc, Lism. L. xii 21 . feis la marb i ndeirc, RC xv 488 § 8 . Of a well, pool, etc.: tuc Eochaid a chend . . . fon topor | corbo chroderg in d.¤ dron | d'fuil ríg, LL 157b40 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 344.83 ). D.¤ ṅdub (name of a well), LL 30a51 = D.¤ dub, Dinds. 1 § 10 ( RC xv 281 ). Of a cave: dearc .i. uagh no úaimh, O'Cl. dochum na derca a cotlad in luch dunn, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 10 . pn Freq. in place-names: D.¤ (Dercc) Corra, RC xxv 346 § 2 . D.¤ Ferna, g s. uath Dercce Ferna, LL 189c28 . i ndorus Derci Ferna, 44a21 .

doborfit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doborfit or dil.ie/17246

 

n (2 dobur + pit ) water-diet (for penitents): (Arreum anni) xl dies for doborfiit, Thes. ii 38.29 . See dobrit(h).

domenma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domenma or dil.ie/18091

 

n n, f. (menma) despondency, dejection; gloom, grief; vexation: raás d.¤ mór for Grécu na caemnactar a ngluasacht la méit na hanbthini, LL 233b30 ( TTr. 1236 ). rongab d.¤ mór (sic leg.) Fingen, Anecd. ii 9 § 13 . co tanic doib . . . dograi ┐ d.¤ , MacCarthy 58.11 . dosfic d.¤ dermair, Lec. 84a29 . duad ┐ d.¤ do denam to be gloomy and downcast, TTebe 626 . mairg duit-siu d.¤ ra rígi n-h-Erend faintheartedness with the kingship of Ireland', RC xiii 82 § 90 . bai C. i toirrsi ┐ i ndomenmain dermair iar n-ec Derdrindi, xxiv 272 § 1 . pít bec doróimless inne | domrat síst fa domenmain, Fél.² cxl . ben do'n dún a d.¤ , Hy Fiach. 288.4 . d' éis do mheic . . . | gidh leasg deit gan doimheanma, 3 C 13, 874.20 . na bidh domeanmain foraib be not discouraged, Aen. 1043 . do innisin na domenman áidhbli fil for Priaim, TTr.² 240 . gáir dubachais ┐ domenman, SG 270.35 . do dhéanuinn díbh . . . seanmóir do dhruim doimheanma I could read you a homily from my dejection, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 32 . rochuirsetar . . . ina huile droch-scēla sa gné doimenman ar na maithibsi, Fl. Earls 60.12 . dia nusteacmha dībergōit dhoimenman, 156.1 .

As quasi-vn.: Ó Duibh móir . . . cōir da daeinibh a dhoimhenma it is right for his people to mourn him, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170.20 . forópair oc dogru ┐ oc domenmain móir, LU 3922 ( SCC § 44 ). oc toirsi ┐ oc domenmuin iar loscadh na cathrach, YBL 298a7 .

Note also: dofhuabair maicni M. | fingal mór tre d.¤ perverseness (?), Fen. 210.8 .

fairthis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairthis or dil.ie/21174

 

Forms: failchis

n f. (a late form of airches, q.v.) a pit : gur thuit i bhfairthis nó i ndeirc dhomhain, TSh. 576 . i bhf.¤ nó i ndeirc dá mbiadh san árus, 9844 . Also failchis : do thochladar f.¤ dom ghabháilsi, Jerem. xviii 22 (infl. by failches = foilches ?).

fit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fit or dil.ie/22243

 

x see pit .

2 fochla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fochla or dil.ie/22447

 

Forms: fochlai, ochlai

n m. (but g s. fordorus na fochlai , CCath. 3086 ).

(a) digging, rooting, burrowing: im rubu foichlige ... .i. im na robaib bis ar fochlae `which scrape' (e.g. young pigs or cocks) Laws i 190.15 Comm.

(b) a cavity, hole (in the earth): co n-acadar fochlui mar amail bid beolu uama, Otia i 115 § 6 . airm na bia f.¤ freim [sic] `where there is no place for the root' (i.e. no pit dug) Laws iv 382.29 . ar mothuittet eich i fochluib, LL 120a29 . Maol Maedhócc ... do chendach Bachla Iosa ┐ dia tabhairt as a f.¤ `from its cave' (i.e. the place where it had been buried or hidden in troubled times ?) AFM ii 1048 . Esp. an animal's burrow or den: f.¤ leomhain .i. tochailt, uaimh no poll leomhain, no f.¤ .i. ionadh suidhe leomhain, amhail atā f.¤ feinneadh, O'Cl., (probably ref. to: in foc[h]la leoman, CCath. 4903 ). foran bf.¤ leomain, Hugh Roe 156.3 (f. 41b) . tic in dael assa fochlai, Fél. 44.2 . tócaibtís ind anmannai ... a cenna asa fochluib LU 1692 ( RC ix 474 ). isin fochlae talman i mbi nathir, CCath. 3084 . v s. a ochlai dorchai na sinnach !, PH 8246 = a fhochlaig, YBL 162b40 . Excavation, trench: clasacha ┐ uamh-fhochladha talmhan ro claidhset ... for ciund na nGall, Hugh Roe, 170.15 (f. 45b) . Cf. dorónta fochlói ┐ rátha móra [im in Trói] `casemates' TTr.² 197 .

See 1 fochlach and fochlaid.

fochlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochlaid or dil.ie/22451

 

Forms: fochlaidh

(vn. of fo-claid)

(a) burrowing, undermining, uprooting (earth): fochlaid cach síde, LU 10914 (= fochlade, Ériu xii 184 ). di loscad no di f.¤ [fochlaic v.l.] ecalse `digging under a church' Cáin Ad. 45 . is fri ochluid dogní ... amail muic `works at rooting' O'Dav. 761 . caithe muc ... ma fochlaidh tire (.i. mad tochailt in talmun), Laws iv 96.17 (98.3) . Cf. sruib tuirc fochlaid `the snout of a rooting hog' iv 310.18 (see Críth G. 185 and n .). gadaid[e] fuirregar og gait no og foclad, 23 Q 6, 37b17 .

(b) concrete a cavity, hole, pit : fochlaidh (gl. cavicula) Ir. Gl. 229 . f.¤ fil i tir Guent (= Lat. fovea), Todd Nenn. 116 . gur cuired fo ḟochlaidhibh talman hé (of burial), Acall. 1177 . 2847 . ar na chur fá ḟochlaitib talman, 2606 . ro hadnaicit cuirp na laecraidhe leo ... fo fochlaidhiph na caladh, CCath. 2857 .

See 2 fochla.

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