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ainfis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainfis or dil.ie/1353
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ainbhes, ainbhis, ainbhesa

n (1 fis). ainbhes (ainmhes, ainbhḟis v.l.) (g s. and n p. ainbhis, ainbhesa) m., IGT Decl. § 38 . See ZCP xxv 89-90 . ignorance, lack of knowledge or information: leath fiach cach a.¤ `half fine for each case of ignorance', Laws ii 52.6 . cuic seoit cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (sic) dethbere do a.¤ no aincheas, 48.12 . cidh is fis ┐ cidh is anfis ┐ cidh is aincis, iv 228.14 . elguin ┐ toiscidh anfis ┐ eitge, i 262.2 . targud eicne no anfesa, iii 114.19 Comm. aititiu ainfesa in codnaid, v 496.7 Comm. na hiumurcruidh rucad a n-ainfius, ii 52.9 Comm. mad étged no anfes lethfīach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . comláithre lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. § 2.19 . a.¤ lanfiachaig , O'Dav. 1404 . pa hainbfios (of a man arrested for a crime in which he has had no participation), ZCP vii 305.17 . is aire is fó anfis conatigh a ghell `that he stipulated an unknown pledge', Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE2). a chur dom agallamh . . . on ainfhios (gan ḟios v.l.) secretly, IT ii2 111.41 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . ni maith int anfis, Auraic. 734 . [tonn] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.15 . hi n-glassaib ┐ gebendaib ┐ anfissib, Alex. 1098 (`in Verborgenheit'). ro h-athchuirid na hainfeasa, MR 100.9 . is mesea in fíada fíreólach foillsiges cech n-a.¤ do chách, Ériu iv 144.9 . do chlaochlóidh peacadh an tsinnsir an t-éolas i n-ainbhfios, TSh. 2897 . maith an leigheas í ar an ainbhios (of the Creed), DDána 15.3 . ní d'ainbhfios mealltar mac Seaáin, L. Cl. A. B. 237.1 . mince as aimhleas dí ná dhamh / ainbheas do ghabh sí ar a son, DDána 21.5 . méad bhar n-ainbhis . . . i riaghlachaibh an chogaidh, Content. xvi 70 .

In phrases. is a.¤ DO: ni anfius dúib gl. ipsi enim scitis, Wb. 25a11 . arnap anfius doib uili, c31 . robu anfiss dosom in rolég fa nacc, Sg. 148a6 . nā cairigh . . . bēs is anḟis dō, Ériu viii 156.26 . ni hainfis dúinn tra inni imarubredh forainn, BB 415a31 . mad aínbfis dono daím (leg. don dāim?) in tir in ro scuirseat a neocho, Laws iv 106.26 Comm. atá i n-a.¤ x is ignorant of x: tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd / 'n-a ainbheas go bráth ná bíod, Dán Dé ix 21 . fiarfaig a ainm da rabair ina ainmfis if you don't know it, ZCP x 223.17 . atá x i n-a.¤, y y is ignorant of x: in ni no bid n-a aínfis, RC v 201 § 18 . atá mór neich n-ar n-anfis there are many things we don't know, LL 206b54 ( Duan. F. i 29.12 ). atá ina a.¤ FOR (AR): suil raibh 'n-a ainbhios oruinn lest we be ignorant of it, Aithd. D. 75.25 . éinneith . . . atá 'na ainbhfhios ort, Desid. 7024 . ní bhia i n-a ainbhios oram / Dia's an saidhbhreas nach sirim, PBocht 57.17 . With OC: cia rét fil i n-anfis ocond fairind do-fucat in Comdid oc nách fil nách n-anfis, LU 2671 . With fo-gaib: ní foicbea anfis de 'because of it you will not be at a loss', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 56 § 21 .

Attrib. g s. cen precept dond aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . urcar anfis fir hi ceó, LU 3864 ( SCC § 38 ). athgabail anfiss, Laws i 246.x . dar lem ni h-echtra ainfis, MacCarthy 406.16 . beich anfeasa . . . beich feasa i.e. swarming bees whose owner is not known . . . is known, O'D. 2316 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 32c ). ?Adv. gaibiu anfis, ibu [anfis] . . . .i. cia beith a fis ocund, cenco fil, íbthar i n-anmum Ísu in ignorance(?), Trip.² 549 .

anaithnid, anaichnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaithnid, anaichnid or dil.ie/3331

Forms: anaichenta, anaichinta, anaichinti, anaitinte

adj i (2 aithne). Pl. anaichenta, CCath. 3836 . anaichinta, 6105 . anaichinti, 826 . anaitinte, Marco P. 25 . unknown, strange, unfamiliar, unheard of: anaithnidh, doḟaisneis `unspeakable', Eg. Gl. 52 . anaithnidh .i. droch aithneach ┐ fós duine ar nach bí aithne, O'Cl. Of persons: fer anmin mór úathmar anaichnid in t-Ingcél `uncouth', BDD 44 . triar n-úathmar n-anachnid i n-airinuch na buidni, MU² 604 . cosin soerslúag n-anaichne[i]d (: treib), SR 4750 . óic anaichnid, LU 10158 . fri cech n-oen eter aichnid ┐ anaichnid, LL 217b25 ( TTr. 51 ). drong d'Albanchoibh anaiteanta, AFM v 1788.19 . risna dainib . . . anaichindti, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . cét-riastarda im Choinculaind co n-derna úathbásach . . . n-ingantach n-anachnid de (anaithnidh, St.) unrecognizable , TBC-LL¹ 2590 . tir fir anaithnig, Laws v 238.21 = anaithne, 240.19 Comm. (see 1 anaithne). Of a place: indsaigid in tire anaichnid, TTebe 248 . do sirt[h]ain . . . na crich n-ectrann n-anaichnidh, CCath. 3856 . nogo rainic indsi ālaind anaithnigh, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . is na hiathaib anaithintaib, Grail 3692 . tar in muir n-uair n-a.¤ , SG 344.5 . Various: do dhelbaib en . . . n-anaichentae n-ingantach, CCath. 4707 . erge con anaithnig strange dog(?), Laws iii 416.6 Comm. torothair ingnathcha anachinti, LL 219b41 ( TTr. 197 ). mormor d'ingantaib anaithnigh, Grail 4031 . ar intech nanaichnid against an unknown way, LU 1181 . renna anaichinta, CCath. 826 . galar anaichnigh, RC xvii 386.1 (Tig.). fuaradar bás a.¤ , SG 210.10 . aidedha ecnecha anaichinta, CCath. 6105 . re h-imad . . . finnfaid . . . fhadbscailti an-aichnid, MR 240.3 . clú an áir anaithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 835 . amus anaithchnidh do thabhairt for comharba Ailbhe `unusual', AFM ii 1016.16 . allgotha adhuathmara an ordanáis anaithnidh foreign, v 1734.1 . fa gníomh uathmar anaichnid, Ériu i 32.248 .

In predic. use unknown: Cnú deróil a ainm in ḟir / a n-Eirinn nír' anaithnidh, Acall. 632 ( SG 108.8 ). cear b'ingnad ciar b'anaichnid, LL 375b17 . is a.¤ do is unknown to: is anaichnidh do muintir Cesair . . . teiched, CCath. 3563 . drem dīb dan anaithnigh, drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216.7 . cus-in popul ṅgentlide ro-pa anaichnid do Dia anallana céin ro-bui ic adrad idal whom God did not recognize, PH 5287 .

As subst.: ro b'urusa d'á h-aithnidh ┐ d'á hanaithnidh Ere d'imluadh, MR 102.14 . In name of a type of metre: druimní suithe annso ┐ atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, IT iii 96 § 150 . is e so in tanaichnídh dona druimnibh suithibh, § 151. incípít dona hanaichintibh, 95 § 148 .

an(d)gaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. an(d)gaid or dil.ie/3494

Forms: aingid(e), aingidh, aingidhe

(1 andach) later aingid(e). aingidh (:taidlidh), Studies 1919, 256 § 7 . aingidhe (: maighdine), DDána 22.21 . Also angbaid q.v.

I Adj. i wicked, cruel, merciless: ar a cumactte nangid `the wicked power', Wb. 6a1 . ind indithem andgaid sin `that bad intention,' Ml. 31a12 . Of persons: inna ndoine n-angaid `of bad men', 31a14 . bói alaili duni andgaid . . . écraibdech ┐ macc báiss no bíd oc slaitaireacht, Trip.² 2612 (angbuid v.l., Trip. 482.2 ). andgid (aingid v.l.) cech ecal `every timid person is ruthless', Tec. Corm. § 13.25 . fer angid etróccar (of Herod), PH 818 . ri aingide etroccar re h-esgairdib, BB 333a25 . folāiremh an impire ēttrōcair aingidhe, Fl. Earls 196.29 . duine . . . agarb aindgidh, TFrag. 162.19 . easáonta . . . na ndáoineadh naingidh, Ériu v 92.9 . pa haingidhi adhuathmar é iman egluis, Aisl. Tond. 120 § 1 . ná bí aingidhe, Proverbs xxiv 1 . Of spirits: tédmunda na spirut n-angid .i. na ṅdémna, PH 6248 . co faca in torathar . . . .i. fuath aingeda (corr. man. rec. to aingidh; aingide v.l.), Moling 14 § 15 . na fúatha angedha, 18 § 22 . Of warriors: Barith córaidh andgaidh do Nortmannaibh, AFM i 526.x . fian Eirend aingide / fa Fionn bharrglan o Bhaoisgne, LL 396.3 . sgaíleadh fearchon fir aingidh, MR 288.3 . Of animals: ó ilphiastaibh aingidhe na foraoíse, Ériu v 186. 397 . dreagan uathmhar aingidhe (: neimhe), DDána 75.44 . Of fighting: ro feradh iomairecc uathmhar aingidh, AFM vi 2256.25 . Compar. andgidiu gl. nequior, Sg. 40b5 . a measg dhroinge fá . . . aindéine aingidhe inás a bhfacuidh gó sin, Desid. 4647 . Adv. ind andgid gl. nequiter, Ml. 28a13 .

II Subst. i bad person: a aingid ┐ a bregairi, Aen. 835 . āl cach n-ai[n]gid `every base person is timorous', ZCP xvii 60 § 6 . troethad ina n-aincide, LB 261a16 ( ACL iii 313 § 12 ).

as-éirig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-éirig or dil.ie/4429

Forms: eséirge

v (* ess-ess-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 595 ). Also as simple vb. eséirgid, q.v. rises again. Subj. impf. 3 pl. ni tibertais piana foraib mani esersitis gl. si non resurgerent, Ml. 15c7 . roptis imdai piana donaib anmanaib ceni esǽrsitis in choirp aracenn, 8 . Fut. 2 pl. asneirsid et folnibthe lassin coimdid `that ye will arise and reign with the Lord', Wb. 25b25 . 3 pl. bid immalle asseírset omnes mortui , 13b26 . asseírset isind óinúair, 25b16 . cindas in choirp ineséirset, 13c20 . ní pa ar cend gnīmrad asseirset, O'Mulc. 446 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. asréracht crist hó marbaib, Wb. 13b12 . asreracht, 4d27 . 15d12 . antan asnéracht (sic leg.) an uher (= fer), RC xii 60 § 18 . asreracht in doman uile leis, Ériu ii 104 § 13 . isin coluinn i n-esserract Críst, Ériu ii 102 § 11 . -esarracht (eserracht v.l.), Anecd. ii 70.1 . do nert na heisēirghi . . . asmearrecht (sic) nech ( as narracht neach, Lec. 171a21 ), ZCP viii 206 § 36 .

Vn. eséirge.

cairde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairde or dil.ie/7887

Forms: cáird, cairte, c., c., chairdi, cairdiu, cairdea, c.

n io, n. (1 cara). See GOI 169 . Later m. and f., IGT Decl. § 1 .

(a) pact, covenant; peace : In O.Ir. glossing pactum (foedus, Ml. 18d8 ). cáird, Thes. i 5.18 . cairte, ii 7 ( Acr. 17v ). c.¤ , Ml. 91c1 . a s. c.¤ , 91c9 . g s. in chairdi , 110a4 . d s. cairdiu, 18d8 . n pl. c., 91b13 , 104a2 , cairdea, 93c17 . g pl. c.¤ , 105a2 . na fir ris a mbí cáirde dhuit, Ériu xiii 45.20 . cuir ┐ c.¤ , 31.11 . atbert pa haoncairdiu fon Eilg, ZCP vii 305.4 . it lóig, it úain co ndath / co cairddi, cen immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 `at peace', Murphy Lyrics 39.6 . dognid c.¤ , Anecd. i 57 § 56 . cáirde .i. síth no cairdeas, O'Cl.

Legal. Of peaceful relations or pact either within a particular territory or between two or more territories; local peace , as opposed to cáin the general law. See Críth G. p. 80 . nocho dlegar c.¤ do denam a naen triucha céd dogres, acht itir da trichad ced; . . . is i aithne in ch.¤ a denam itir da thuaith trichad ced, O'Curry 1005 - 6 ( H 3.18, 428ab ). aos cáirde .i. an drong bhíos fon statúid síothchána da ngoirthear cáirde; sith no riagail ordoighid lucht críce no da etc. eatorra féin, ┐ bí cáin fo Eirinn uile ┐ cach ag adradh dhi, Mac Firbisigh Gloss. cited O'Don. Suppl. gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi (of king pledging his subjects at an óenach), Críth G. 507 . i n-inchaib smachta cana nama . . . eiric c.¤ , Laws v 442.5 Comm. i cain no chairdde, 422.2 . muna tabri cain no c.¤ `cāin or treaty', BCrólige 43 . slan c.¤ [rig], Laws i 230.23 .i. eneclann don rig i mbrissidh a cairdi, 232.16 Comm. giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi (of securities), 260.17 . traethad c.¤ la rig ┐ tuaith, 50.29 .i. . . . trentimarcain na tuath don rig fo smacht cana no c.¤ , 52.14 Comm. bo biata na flatha in tan bis oc denam [cánu ┐] cairdi tara cenn, 134.35 Comm. See also under cáin. oc in cet cairdi do gneth itir Ulta ┐ Feniu, dia mbai urbagh nUlad, O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ); cf. O'D. 2303 - 4 ( Rawl. B 506, 30a) . cis lir c.¤ docuisin ? Ni ansa, a tri. C.¤ nairdbige . . . ┐ c.¤ nimdilsi criche . . . ┐ c.¤ feine, O'Curry 524 ( H 3.18, 262b ). c.¤ urradais, ib. See airdbide, imdílse, aurradus. See also ZCP xv 326 . in c.¤ righ, mí gacha raithe do sidhe; masa c.¤ tuaithe tri caecadhais doibhsidhe in cach raithe acht i ngeamhradh, ┐ ceithri caecadhais daibh is in geamradh; . . . cid fodera conidh sia c.¤ na tuaithe ina c.¤ in righ ? . . . measu a n-eacmhaing re himthecht ria, dia turbroither hi ina acmaing in righ, O'D. 2303 ( Rawl. B 506, 29d ). cain criche (.i. cáin Patraic), cain cáirde, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, 439 ). c.¤ ro buí ac na dainib andsin ar dús, ┐ táinic cain cuca fuí, O'D. 1603 ( H 5.15, 11a ). In transfd. sense of territory with which pact etc. exists (see Críth G. p. 80 ): fácabar fri dénum n-échta i cairddiu co cenn mís (of aire échta), Críth G. 259 . beirthius . . . co cenn cairdi to the limits of the allied territory, 366 .

(b) respite, truce, delay : ni baí tra carti dóib la C.C. iar tain, LU 5882 (TBC). ní forcraid c.¤ dano aní sin (of respite of three days and three nights), 8755 ( FB 56 ). tuccsat do an c.¤ hisin, Mart. Don. Apr. 17 . rogáid díb . . . / c.¤ co arnabárach, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.82 . c.¤ dún co matin dō `grant us a respite for him till morning', MacCongl. 29.4 . tainig bhur gc.¤ your time is up, Prolegomena 54.12 . gan cháirde gan choigilt, RC xiv 30 § 10 . is briathar dam-sa guma gerr an c.¤ sin, CF² 892 . gé madh gearr c.¤ na comha, IGT Decl. ex. 108 . mo ghēnair ghabhus c.¤ (with play on c.¤ and cairde friends), O'R. Poems 2077 . a grás nocha ghabhann c.¤ `tarries not' (of Mary), PBocht 4.26 . c.¤ aithghearr is eadh fhuarais (from grave), DDána 43.4 . a ch.¤ `to leave him out', Content. ii 29 .

With gen. of length of respite: cardi in lae-sin `a truce on that day', Ann. Conn. 1249.9 . c.¤ bliadna `a year's truce', TTebe 815 . cardi mís `a month's truce', Cog. 118.26 . With descriptive or obj. gen.: cardi chlaidib for C.C. cessation of hostility, LU 5834 (TBC). óen-chairdde in óenaig `unbroken truce of the fair', Metr. Dinds. iv 152.69 . ar eagla ch.¤ an bais `differre nolentes mortem', Smaointe B. Chr. 3970 . c.¤ comhlainn, Oss. iii 295.4 . Prov. go mad ionann mo ch.¤ / ┐ c.¤ Mic Coisi an unlimited respite, O'R. Poems 2123 and 2077 n.

(c) In phrases. With prepp. cen ch.¤ immediately, quickly : innis dúinn gan ch.¤ anuis, Anecd. i 26 § 12 . do dhealbh gan ch.¤ . . . / fairge, Dán Dé xxxi 5 . lucht fóirthe cneadh gan ch.¤ (viz. physicians), Studies 1920, 567 § 16 . dá anmain . . . gan cháirde / díon na n-aingeal, Keat. Poems 543 . As quasi-adj.: cath can chardi unremitting, LU 3204 . do dhúais gan cháirde, O'R. Poems 3269 `incessant gifts', Gloss. for (ar) c.¤ as quasi-adj.: ar c.¤ a-tá a thóraidheacht (of a raid) postponed, Aithd. D. 21.12 . .iiii. fichit bó . . . dā fichit ar cairdi co belltaine, BColm. 92.2 . With follg. prep.: c.¤ do thabhairt do Dhál Riada gan dul da n-argain to defer raiding the D.R., Keat. iii 1506 . um ch.¤ bliadhna do thabhairt do Mh. . . . gan a ndíbirt, 1910 . c.¤ fan síoth ní sirthear delay concerning the peace, PBocht 21.10 . is frit mo ch.¤ I have a pact with thee, Fél. Ep. 534 . dobertsom cairdi friusom granted them a truce, TBC-I¹ 2900 . conom raib cairte latt frim budin, LU 5539 ( TBC-I¹ 1057 ). do muin cairdi fris `on account of his affinity to him', Expugn. Hib. 9 . d'iarraidh cáirde re comhairle `time for counsel', ML 20.13 . ro íar síad cárde le cómharle air Gholl, CF Eg. 223 . eadh ┐ c.¤ do lēcud dō fri hiaraidh in scēoil sin, ACL iii 4.15 . cairddi mán ṁborrama co lluán, LL 306b12 ( SG 385.13 ). c.¤ im ní . . . / ní chuinngheann `he does not ask for delay about giving', Magauran 2912 . fada a ch.¤ im chóir a ghon `long is the respite . . . to atone for His wounds', Aithd. D. 67.15 .

With verbs. fo-ceird for c.¤ , fo-ceird c.¤ for, léicid for c.¤ puts off, delays, neglects : in rí rom-cuir ar cairdi / nimléicfe fo bith mairgi gave me length of days, Acall. 1856 . cuirthior . . . / mo dhán . . . / ar c.¤ mbronnaidh go haimsir d'áiridhe `delaying my reward for some time', Aithd. D. 19.3 . beag nár bhfearr a cara ar c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 15 . nár chuir aonfhear ar cáirde `who never put off any man', Oss. iii 295.18 . nách cuirfe an aithríghi ar cáirde, Mac Aingil 1347 . Cf. ní dam cuirfe ar choir cairdi, Acall. 802 . na cuir cairdi air, Ériu v 136.108 . ar chách ná cuir c.¤ `put not off the pardon of the world', A. Ó Dálaigh iv 9 . ar c.¤ ná leig do lón `delay not to make provision', PBocht 7.7 . da léiccthi ar cáirde gan a sccriobhadh do lathair `be neglected', AFM i lvii 1 . With ellipse of vb.: ní dúal c.¤ ar creich ngeimhil `it is unfitting to postpone a raid for captives', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . ar m'fhoghnamh ní huair ch.¤ , DDána 11.5 . ní gnáth c.¤ ar a chrithribh, 24.18 . téit ar c.¤ tarries, is delayed : ar eagla go rachadh an bas ar c.¤ , Smaointe B. Chr. 3920 . an ceart dochóidh ar c.¤ , DDána 48.5 .

In chevilles: adbul cairdde, LL 16031 ( Todd Nenn. 233 ). gan cairdi cealgaígh, BB 29a3 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

coimḟerda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimḟerda or dil.ie/10196
Last Revised: 2019

adj (ferda) manly, valorous, fearless : don tslocch coimferrdha i ccath, CGSH § 662.140 . Of battle, valiant, heroic : cusna cathaib coimferda, SG 351.22 . sa cath cródha choimhfhearrdha, Duan. F. ii 48.6 .

2 dath-, daith-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dath-, daith- or dil.ie/14729
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Dathgus, dath-imdae, dathchalmae

adj in -n compounds. 1 dath colour, complexion , 1 and 2 daith bright, nimble . It is not always easy to decide between dath- and daith- as the latter undoubtedly already in early Old-Ir. before broad consonants occasionally assumed the form dath-, cf. the cpds. with taith- and aith-. In Mid.-Ir. daith- and dath- are equivalent as far as the pronunciation is concerned. dath-aigthech bright-faced, of a bright appearance : do bhocóidibh donn bhána dealbhsnuighte dathaightheacha duinnsgiath, ML 128. 17 . dath-álaind of lovely colour, fair of hue or complexion; opp. dathgrándae: déd dathálaind ┐ láṁa dírgha datháille ┐ corp sneachtaighi, Ériu iii 152. 22 . colptha dírgi datháilli, RC xxiv 200. 2 . a dathaib dígraissi dathálli, TTr. 141 . a sgiath dubhghorm dathálainn, OCT 17.6 . in dias niamdha ndatháluinn, Acall. 1871 . dá óclach donna datháille drechṡoillsi, TBC-LL¹ 5458 . buiden eile...pa dígrais dathalainn étrochtglan fociochlatar isin tulaigh, ib. 5545 . a láim Dhúthaigh dhatháluinn, Oss. vi 140. 12 . Of the Tuatha Dé Danann: roghabh flaitheas ┐ forláṁas air Thuathaibh datháille D. D., OCT 1.3 . datharmach of bright weapons: rothuitset .u. fir déc díghraisi datharmach do maccaib Morna, Acall. 2134 , Rawl. (degarmach, Lism.). Cf. claidmi...datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 . dathballach with a speckled skin, speckled, spotted. Of a hound: iomdha cú dathbhallach dian, Duan. F. 83. 9 . dath-bind: atgeoin dán dathbinn nach dreis, B IV 2, 143 b ( ACL iii 308 § 33 ). Cf. dán dathglan, Keat. 3419 . dath-bord only in poetry: Druim drechṡlemon na ndathbord (: rathbard) Druim Dairbrech of the coloured banks LL 192 a 20 (cf. bláthbord LL 154 b 41 ). dath-buadach: Dairmach d., Reeves Ad. 272 . Dath-cháin npr. m. (of lovely colour), Acall. 6589 . Dathchaoin, SG 259. 5 . dath-chlód a change, variation or diversity of colour P. O'C. Cf. 1 dath III. Dath-gal ā, npr. m. gen. mac Dathgaile, Rawl. 161 a 14 . See Daith-gel. Cf. Dath-gus, Dathnat, Dathge. dathgel white of skin, of a fair complexion. Moelsechluind mac Domnaill dathgil (v.l. daithghil) IT iii 71. 2 . re hingin daithghil an ríogh, Ériu i 16. 14 . Ádam ┐ Eba cona ndáinib daithgela, Lec. 347 b 29 . Daithgel npr. m., v. supra. dath-glan pure coloured: Aed Glas dathglan delbda, Gorm. Feb. 16 . ri déine...clainni dathglaini Dardáin, TTr. 1690 . craeb dh., SG 351. 38 . la dán ndathnglan, Keat. 3419 . Daminis...na ndán ndathglan LL 141 b 25 . dath-grándae hideous of colour or skin; opp. d.¤-álaind, d.¤-grinn: .vii. mba dubha duaibhsiocha dathghránna, ML 4. 13 . na duibhnéallaibh doiṁne dúaibhseacha dathghránna drúise, TSh. 58. 15 . dath-grinn = dathálaind: a ṁáthair daithgrind dhíles, BB 406 b 15 . Dathgus u, npr. m. (1) Son of Baeth, king of the Dési. (2) Son of Aed. (3) Son of Lachtnán. (4) Son of Máiltenn. Daithgius mac Aeda, BB 86 a 46 . gen.: guin Dathgusa mic Báith rí na nDéssi, Tig. RC xvii 236. 5 . Dathgusa meic Lachtnán, BB 195 c 47 . Dathgusa meic Máilteinn, 194 b 38 . Daitusa (sic) meic Aeda, 86 a 53 . iugulatio Daithgussa AU i 184. 5 f.b. (A.D. 731). mac Daithgiusa, Rawl. 154 a 22 ; the form Daithgius, g s. Daithgiusa, points to a compound with 1 dath or 2 dath-. dath-imdae many-coloured . Of the ships of the Spaniards: a long dúbha dúaibhsiocha dathiomdha, ML 44. 24 . Daith-lenn bright mantle, the name of a hound: Dóilin ┐ Daithlend .i. dá choin Mæle Ḟothartaig, RC xiii 377. 21 . dath-muirnech: dobudh ruathar réidh roṁuirneach rabharta an réim sin ┐ ba tinneanas tineadh déine dathṁuirnighe doṁainloisgthe an ionnsaighe, ML 114. 4 ; cf. the cpd. ciothṁuirneach, ib. 102. 27 . dath-ogom the ogham of the colours BB 310 b 27. dath-óiph beauty of complexion: rí co ndathaeb (: tatháir) SR 5255 . dath-órda golden coloured ZCP i 429. 10 f.b. dath-phell a coloured skin: lí dathpill (: rí Raithlinn) IT iii 96. 22 . dath-rath: Domitian co ndathrath (: cathbath), Gorm. Jul. 1 . Stokes' explanation in the vocabulary is wrong. dath-rind: atchiu carpat co ndathrind tauthat sluagu is bodbdae, TBC-LL¹ 1088 LU (v.l. condatrindi Badbae YBL). Dath-snatha gen. of artificial npr.: Lesan mac D., Anecd. ii 55. 17 (v.l. dagṡúaithe, v. Manners and Customs ii 133 ). dath-ṡúairc of bright, cheery colours, bright-hued: tig nech...fri dered domain datṡúairc (v.l. dathálaind), Fen. 298. 20 .

II daith bright , v.s. I.

III daith swift, nimble , q.v. Here probably dathchalmae: Budi mac Deirg dathchalma, Ériu v 221. 6 , ib. 248. 10 ; but this was hardly the reading of the original.

IV Interchanging with dag-, deg-: dath-armach: degarmach, Acall. 2134 , v.s. I; in such cases deg- seems due to confusion with Mid.-Ir. dadh- = dag, deg; cf. the phon. spelling Daith-gel BB 76 a 30 = Daithgil.

díglaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díglaim or dil.ie/16323

Forms: díglama, dīglaime, dioghluim

n f. IGT Decl. § 42 p. 96 , Verbs § 107 . g s. díglama, a p. dīglaime, Laws i 240 . Vn. of do-gleinn. a gathering, collecting, gleaning; what is gleaned or collected: dighluim nó tinól, O'Dav. 616 . dioghluim gleanings, Eg. Gl. 239 . sluindfet dūib dagaisti in dāna | bid diglaim ratha do caich, LL 38a19 (= Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. p. 74 ). suidig [anmain Adaim] fo d.¤ cen greis | isin tres rígrainn Párduis, SR 2203 . díghlaim corcra ar a cairrcibh a crimson crop, Acall. 346 . an tu bhias ag buain a hair | i n-uair a dias do dhíoglaim? in the hour of gathering the ripe corn, O'Gr. Cat. 442 . an bocht bhíos go docht ag díoghlaim `that hardly wins his store', 594 . tre Gort Luirc . . . tiocfa Séasair clann Cholla | barr do dhéasaibh díoghloma, TD xxiv 140 . cnuasach glan déas ndíoghloma, Studies 1919, 438.3 . baoghal deasga a dhíoghluma `the dregs of its contents are dangerous' (of the world), A. Ó Dálaigh xl 1 . dioghluim gach molta Muire M. is the summing up of all praise, xi 11 . ní fhúigfid caora dioghloma gleaning grapes, Jeremiah xlix 9 . caora díoghluim, Isaiah xvii 6 . ag dioghluim déus a ndiaigh na mbuanaigh, Ruth ii 3 . is mó do mhála ná do dhioghluim thy wallet is bigger than thy store, GJ iii 66 .

A group, collection or set (of things or persons): d.¤ sēt ┐ d.¤ ndāine, Laws i 212 , 238 . is e is d.¤ ndāine and, athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ brathair ┐ ben, 214 . ceithri brāthair a māthar | ropo dighlaim deghbrāthar, Anecd. ii 35 .

A compilation, collection (in literary sense): dioghlaim bheag d' soclaibh cruaidhe, RC iv 351 (pref. to O'Cl. Gloss.). ag so in sgél nach sgél niomruill | diogluim sgél is do dhelbaim, O'Gr. Cat. 400 . d.¤ fiorglan do deanamh uirre (sc. ar an ealadhain), MS. Mat. 575 .

A catalogue, enumeration, description of items: duinedíglaim (= signalement) .i. d.¤ delba in duine, amail rogab: dá brae duba, folt buide, ┐ rl., IT iii 30 . Fig. gathering up, disposing of, making a sweep of (in hostile sense): tucsat for dígluim na ndég-loech ┐ for trascrad na trenfer, LB 124b22 = YBL 295a7 . pa dighlaim dergtheinedh do neoch roortatar . . . Dighlaim dergthened dano: áit a lēcar foidhnuidhe ní gnāth dí ní d'fácbhail dia hēsi, Anecd. ii 59 .

1 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díles or dil.ie/16403

Forms: dílsi, -e, dísle, disliu, dilsim

adj o,ā (pl. dílsi, -e, dísle) (dí- + les). Also dílis (somet. = -ius). Lit. `excluded from remedy' (see Críth G. pp. 83 - 84 ).

I Legal senses.

(a) forfeited to (DO); given over (to), set apart (for); belonging by imprescriptible right, not subject to claim: diles tochur do fir puirt `what is cast ashore is the property of the owner of the shore', Laws iii 424.13 . Cf. murchuirthe dílse, Tec. Corm. § 1.27 . dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit turcluide . . . acht frisḟognat a flaithe, Laws ii 262.1 . is dilus trian na set iar necaibh na flatha don ceili a third of the `seoit' become the property of the client, 14 . it dilsi dō seoit a mec (of the father of a `mac ingor'), iii 58.3 . fer fodgaib frith mbech hi rud . . . is diles do suidiu, `it is his own lawful property', iv 194.25 . a leath naill is diles (i.e. when a fraudulent contract has been knowingly entered into), iii 6.26 . ní diles ni do berar ar uathbas, iv 268.25 . ni dileas ni gen airilliud without something in return (?), 58.1 . secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim . . . duas teachta do file which are most usually beyond recall (?), 212.2 and 17 Comm. is dilis cia tartaigtar doib i n-a coibce is theirs by right (of women whose marriage has been dissolved), 292.18 . Also in non-legal texts: in Bethfáge . . . bale bec . . . d.¤ do gres do shacartaib (viculus sacerdotum), PH 4426 . na drochdóine atta dílsi dá cech ulc given over to, 4191 . saoilter le gach gadaidhe | nach dilios nech sa cruine, ZCP i 121.17 . Used attributively of landed property: tucsat Túath Dé, digraiss deilm, | ferand d.¤ ar degseinm `land in fee', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.6 . fead trichad cét Muirthemne dobói d'ḟeronn dílis aicce ind-Ulltaib, Ériu i 126.11 . mar dhúthaigh dhílis `his property for ever', Keat. iii 5043 . flaitheas Dé, is dúthaigh dhíleas do, TSh. 7145 . As subst. Flann Cathrach dár gealladh do dhíleas (addressed to Cathair Dhúin Iasc) perpetual possession , Keat. Poems 1529 .

(b) With ó forfeited by, irrecoverable by: seoit uil itir sochaide andsin, ┐ in ti ro rec a cuit de is dilus uad he (of property held in common), Laws iv 56.12 (Comm.) . is lais in athair a oenfer in coibchi sin ┐ is dilus in ben dono on ti dia tabar `the woman is forfeited by the person by whom it is given', 60.22 Comm. ni fetatar sil Cuind ar mad leo (sc. in tír) is aire nar bo diles uaithib fri re trir handed over by them (?), i 68.30 Comm. am dílessa uadsom afec[ht]sa (a fega, LL) `I am lost to him now', RC viii 62.4 . ? an carragc-sa . . . nī d.¤ hí ō ríg Fer Tulach `it is their own special property, free from the King of F.' (Corr. p. 140 ), BColm. 52.20 .

(c) not liable to penalty, immune from legal consequences: d.¤ cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem damage to any very precious article is immune from liability, to any ordinary article involves liability, Críth G. 222 . d.¤ a osolggud di maich to open it (sc. an enclosure) from the outside does not involve liability, 210 . conid dileas a marbad . . . iar nelod cirt, Laws iv 180.9 Comm. oghdilius cach nanrachtaigh .i. is slán in gataide do marbad i n-uair dénma na foghla, O'Gr. Cat. 79.14 . anocht as dīleas mo ṡlad | ō nach maireann mac í Néill, KMMisc. 354.3 . Note also: secht mna ada dilsi ina frithigib (classes of women injured through their own misconduct, and who therefore cannot sue for compensation), Laws v 272 . ro disligheadh na daoíne | ní maith druim ré céd-aoíghe | ba hí breth na mbrethiomh nglan | a mbeth diolus fa na (leg. fa a) ndiultadh (i.e. their deaths need not be compensated for owing to their own wrong action), Duan. F. i 18 § 25 .

II General senses.

(a) belonging, own, proper, appropriate: ni pa díless duit aní hitái `that in which thou art will not belong to thee', Wb. 5b38 . in derbchland, is dilis do Pátraic ó chomḟuilidecht, Trip.² 718 (= propria est consanguinitate, Lat. Lives 38 ). ina ḟolaid d.¤ (= in propria substantia), Lat. Lives 97.13 . Aed . . . ainm dīles Chumin, Fél. clxix 1 (i.e. A. was C.'s own name). ainmnigestár cach fer fo leith cona anmaim diles fein, RC ix 490 . ised logh flatha nime | do chach a cridhe diless, Ériu ii 228.2 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine do neoch bess dīleas do bēodil ┐ marbdile belonging, Corm. Y 531 . mac diles Diabuil (of Cain), SR 1964 . rosgab cess | dia fechtaib o tir d.¤ from their own land, 3446 . Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair d.¤ Dauíd, 5712 . ainm dílis gacha druimmni, Anecd. i 33 § 61 . ní gonfaitis mac a rríg dílis fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 707 . laarg do righ ┐ d'filidh, crochet do sai litri . . . dorecmaig a dligedh diles do chach, IT iii 188 § 10 . conérne in rí . . . | ar cech dán a míad d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 20.264 . inna berlu shaindilius `in its own several tongue', Ériu ii 142 § 156 . tairm . . . na n-uili uisci ac tuitim . . . ina n-inadaibh disli féin arís, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . ó a mbailtibh bunadh ┐ ó a n-árasaibh dísle, ML 102.5 . figuir ḟirdíles in chon sin, Alex. 434 . sollamain diles in athar nemda (i.e. Easter), PH 3608 . brighi disle in leighis `the proper virtue of the medicine', O'Gr. Cat. 234.13 . as e a mitald diles in t-iarand ┐ a la diles an Mairt (of those born under Mars), 24 B 3, 102.29 . tabartar gach leighius ina cás diles fen let each remedy be applied in its own appropriate case, 3 C 19, 76ra3 . tré nar gcoirthibh dísle féin own, TSh. 5932 . dá mbeith gant eagh ndíleas aige, 5711 . Contrasted with coitchenn: ata cuid da chomharthadhaibh so coitchionn ┐ cuid eile diles special (of fever symptoms), 3 C 19, 19vby . is diles an t-uisci cedna a n-aigid na fiabrus nger appropriate, 23 O 23, 30b37 . cailleach diles a true (genuine) nun, Lib. Flav. ii 17vb8 . aisneis d.¤ cen fhigurdacht `a genuine narrative free from allegory', PH 5653 . fa roinn d.¤ diongmála correct , BNnÉ 258.12 .

(b) permissible, lawful, prudent (?): is diles don duine in n-ám bias a chorp a ngill ris biad bec beras ó ghorta in tráth-sin he, a buain do duine chonaich, PH 7548 . Eoin aca senmoir nar d.¤ d'Irúaith ben posda a derbrathar do bheth aici, 3 B 22, 97a3 ; cf. ZCP vi 289.17 . ni biadh sil na comarbadha dilsi dia n-es lawful heirs, ZCP iv 390 . ni dílios duinn a dhul leisan mac so `it would be unwise for us', Ériu v 170.114 . ni diles an aithrigi do cur ar cairdi, 3 B 22, 29b7 . ni oil cumachta ac nech ar indtind an breitheman do claenad on cert acht a breith mar bus d.¤ , 3 B 22, 32a12 . ní dilis na neithed ata a n-agaid na trocairi do iarraid, 24b2 .

(c) Of people faithful, loyal, true, trustworthy: nīr uindes dáe ba dīlse .i. nī facas duine ba tairise, ZCP v 489 § 12 (B. na f.). a baruna dísle, Fier. § 69 . im beth diles tairise dib, IT ii2 126.120 . air an bhainphriunnsa dar chóir d'E. a bheith d.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 170.24 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior, DDána 101.32 . ag congmháil na bréithre dísle (the faithful word), Titus i 9 . aithin dona daoinibh dísle iad (= Lat. fidelis), Eochairsg. 14.15 . is díleas Dia, TSh. 263 = atá Día fírinneach, 1 Corinth. x 13 . turnaethe dísle, TSh. 7145 . an roba disle . . . do shaighdiuiribh `most loyal', AFM vi 2060.1 .

(d) sure, confident, reliable: nach dlighid bheith roidhíleas dá naomhthacht ná dá n-ionnracus féin, TSh. 3515 . is é gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, 7654 . is iomdha fós comhartha dileas d'á dhearbhadh gurab í ár n-Eagluisne an Naomh-Eagluís chatoilice, Eochairsg. 2.10 .

(e) Of objects perh. firm, strong (usually alliterating): go cnappib dilsi deligthi, TBC-LL¹ 5337 ; cf. Acall. 5808 v.l. ropa daṅgen in dindgna ┐ rapa d.¤ in dénta, LL 227a30 ( TTr. 739 ). co n-amdabaigh do scíathaib delighti disli, Acall. 5159 v.l. léibeanna disle daingne dlúithe, Atlantis iv 178.1 .

Compar. is disliu detsiu . . . quam ildis `belongs rather to thee than to them', Mon. Tall. 160 § 77 . cad fá bud disli don ré eclipsis do chur ar an ngréin iná do Uenir, O'Gr. Cat. 247.31 . Superl. dilsim, Laws v 212.2 (see above).

Adv.: asse inad na ndeamhun co dilius an t-inadh sin (of the body) properly , Lib. Flav. ii 16vb15 . go díleas (= proprie), Keat. ii 5866 . tuigter na heaslaintidhe so go dilius trid an bhfual exclusively, particularly , 23 K 42, 140.4 . oir ní dilis gradaiges nech anní nach fuil aici truly , 3 B 22, 14a20 . ag labairt go d.¤ properly speaking, 3 C 19, 23ra20 .

do-armairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-armairt or dil.ie/17186
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: tarmairt, tarmartad

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 675 ) found only in pret. (perf. ?) tarmairt, etc.

(a) intended, attempted, was about to (always with notion of non-fulfilment of that which is intended, etc.): regat-sa al-leth tarmartus I will go in the direction I intended, LL 282a25 . tarmurt-sa nemscribend epistle det-siu I had meant not to write, Alex. 825 = tarmart-sa, Anecd. v 2 . tarmmairt Forainn do marbad, SR 3260 . co tarmairt se bar marbad uli, PH 2831 . ó tarmairt in dōibel-drong (sic leg.) | cloch gach aonḟir ina ceann were each about to throw a stone at her, ZCP x 47 . pa hann tarmartatar filidh Falmaighi dol do athchor a chotaig, Anecd. ii 74 . Hence was on the point of, was like to, was nearly: co tarmairt héc cen anmain, SR 1688 . do-rermartatar ind adaig sin cen biadh they were on the point of going without food that night, IT ii1 178 (but see Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 79 ). tarmartatar inn óig fácbáil a creche (sic leg.) la M. were like to leave their booty, Anecd. ii 62 . tarmairt .i. do mheadhaigh no dofhóbair weighed ( i.e. intended?) or attempted , O'Cl.

(b) As impersonal vb.: indésat scél ima tarmairt fianna Eirenn . . . do mharbad concerning which the fians . . . nearly lost their lives, Acall. 1335 . tarmairt . . . co mbad chuit fiach he was like to be the food of ravens, Ériu iv 94 . t. co múchtais dáine people were well nigh stifled, LL 33b51 = becc ná romúchda dóine, Ériu iv 96 . In pass. (impers. ?): co tarmartad huile a mbás | i cinaid Ammonitas, SR 6735 . co tarmartad a lécud she was on the point of being discarded (by her husband), LU 4282 = LL 145b23 = SG 84 .

domenmnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domenmnach or dil.ie/18093

Forms: domenmach, doimenmacha

adj o,ā (domenma) dejected, disheartened; gloomy, sullen: ba dubach, dushaimh d.¤ Príamh, TTr.² 173 . cid dotgní torsech dobbrónach d.¤?, CRR § 3 . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig domenmnaig, TBC-LL¹ 3244 . ra pa (da) scarthain da n-dubach n-dobbrónach n-d.¤ a scarthain an aidchi sin (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 3714 . ro cháisetar co dubach dobrónach domhenmnach, Acall. 40 . gruadha . . . go fliuch derfhadach doimhenmnach, Cog. 42.21 . in lucht bui co serb d.¤ ciamair oc tidecht chucum-sa . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 407 . robai co . . . d.¤ i n-uamthig thalman, TTebe 147 . dubach dēruch d.¤ , BCC § 191 . tánic co dísgir d.¤ denmnetach hi cend conaire d' Fhinn fiercely and sullenly, Fianaig. 96.16 . Also domenmach: doimenmacha, Leb. Gab.(i) 78.22 .

Driccriu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Driccriu or dil.ie/18700

Forms: Dricriu, Drichú, Drigrend

n.pr. m. D.¤ is hé rí Hua nGarrchon, Trip.² 2178 = Dricriu, Trip. 186.5 ( Lism. L. 406 ) = Drichú, ii 466.26 . Cf. gen. Drigrend, LL 145b7 , 8 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dú or dil.ie/18917
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: due, d, dáu, dú

n f.? cf. Ml. 27c10 , where hí suidi seems to refer to nach dú, and see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 52 , Ériu i 7 n. 2 . In old exx. usually as d s. Apparently same word as 1 don. ? n s. due, TBC-I¹ 2957 . g p. d, SR 1495 , 3023 . d s. dáu, Fl. Earls 192.28 .

(a) place, spot in widest sense: dú .i. baile, O'Cl. O'Cl. Lec. Gl. 549 ; Stowe Gl. 66 , 317 ; LU 509 . du, baile no inad, Laws i 272 Comm. , ii 116 . forsna dōini fil isin dú[s]in (sc. Idumea), Ml. 56b2 , cf. 72c13 ; Wb. 27b7 . hi cech dú gl. passim, Ml. 50c12 ; gl. ubique, 144c1 . in cech airm, cech dú, SR 5607 . is de atá Cluain C. forsin dú sin, TBC-LL¹ 1566 . cuindig in du itātt cuirp na noem, PH 1568 . connach tístais . . . isin dú cetna sin ná i ndú n-aill, BNnÉ 319 . tig . . . gusin dú a mbātar na mnā uaisle, Fl. Earls 26 . gussin dau i n-a ffuil in reclēs, 194 . isin dáu sin, 192 . fuaim ind locha dar cach dú, ZCP viii 308 . hilar ndú variety of places (?), SR 1495 , cf. 3023 . Space: ba dirsin is mor do du | ┐ da (= de) muir eturru they are parted by a great distance of land and sea, Anecd. i 6.18 .

(b) In adverbial phrases: in dú sin gl. illic, Ml. 137d5 ; gl. eo, 133d3 . in dú gl. eo, Enchir. Aug. 73a ( ZCP vii 480 ). robaitsi uaiti in dú sin baptized a few in that place, Trip.² 295 . ramarbhadh sesca in dú sin, TFrag. 40 . baoi bliadhain an du sin, BS 130 . dú gl. unde, Ml. 94c19 ; gl. quo, BCr. 18a5 , Sg. 209b19 . cia dú? gl. quo? Ml. 40c7 . cia dú cosa tiagam? whither are we bound? SR 7968 . cia dú son? whither away? RC xiv 410 . Cf. Bürgschaft 21 § 61 cited GOI 290 . doratsat réir ṅDe cech dú everywhere , SR 5489 . diarfóed Dia Michél cach dú, 1805 , cf. 297 , 2209 . Eoganacht cech dú i tát, Todd Nenn. 258 . nicon facatar nách dú a n-insi anywhere , RC ix 486 . ní bía terca bíd nach dú, BColm. 52 . sechi dú gl. quāquā, Ml. 25a14 .

Esp. introducing a rel. clause: dú diarbu etarcnad in macc gl. unde agnitus est, Tur. 22 . dú i n- where: nach dú imbí isnaib salmaib iustitia wherever , Ml. 109a2 , cf. 110d16 . dú hi cumgabae gl. ubi . . . sustuleris, BCr. 33d12 . dú i n-asndét . . . inna ṡáirsiu where he speaks . . . in his work, Sg. 103a1 . dú a mbia doennacht Crist, PH 6904 . dú itá Domnach Pátraic indiu, Trip.² 744 . cath na cC. . . . dú i ttorchair Concobhor, AFM iii 54 . maidm re feraib Teftha for Sil M., dú a torchair Aedh, RC xviii 54 . cath Corra C. . . . du i ndrochair mili, Lec. 140a8 . cath A. du n-ar marbad Elim, 590a18 . cath C. du n-ar thoit Cairpri, b19 . In fig. sense: conā tānic acht dias diib tir tair[n]geri dú ir-robatar secht cēt mīli fer n-armach so that only two . . . out of 700,000 armed men, Ériu vii 164 .

Preceded by prep.: ni ranic col . . . cu dú itá mo Chríst, Rawl. 106b37 . ro-imdig co dú i mbatar sruthi na sacart, PH 93 . co dú i n-epert, Trip.² 24 , cf. PH 4407 , 4700 , 5064 , etc.

Without prep. where: dober lonchruachait dóib dú nach tic sín, LL 29b24 . is dith na huile chredme dú ná bía in cetharda-sa, Ériu i 219 . Cath Atha N. du rofuit da mili, Lec. 140a15 .

(c) place belonging or peculiar to someone, native place, patrimony: dú .i. dúthaig, O'Cl. ; Lec. Gl. 328 ; ACC § 4 ( RC xx 154 ). dú a patrimony, an estate, an inheritance , P. O'C. mór ufec[h]t tucc a ndú nāmat into the territory of enemies, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 . rogab Herimon in tuascert | dú dia ciniud, Todd Nenn. 250 . an pairc mo dú the Park is my quarters, O'Gr. Cat. 111 . saoglonn cech rī for a du, O'Mulc. 310 . Hence due, right, that to which a person is entitled: fersait fáilti móir fri techtaire Mongáin. Ba sí a dú, Imr. Brain i 53 . ni mo du do dul-sa I did not deserve that thou shouldst go, RC x 222 . doberar dam co tinniu dóib cona dú di chormaim with its due (i.e. corresponding amount) of ale, IT ii2 209 . in mucc thucad dún areir, ass a mathar atib co ndúaib in talman appurtenances i.e. products (?), LL 285b31 (but cf. Fél. 54.36 ).

Hence as pred. due, owing or belonging to (with DO of pers.): M. . . . do chur isin inad ro pa dú duit-siu, MR 30 . Eire . . . mairg dan dú oighreacht ar fhonn unhappy he who inherits (possessions) on her soil, Keat. Poems 991 . an oighreacht ba dhú dot mhac féin d'fagháil, Maguires of F. § 94 . innus co ndechaidh deredh na malisi co holc mar budh du dí the treason came to an end evilly as it deserved, Fier. 258 . doroine umhla dhó amhail ro bá dú dia mhiadhumhlacht as was due to his dignity, AFM vi 2294 . ní dú annsacht an diuice ann duit no thanks from the duke are due to thee, Ó Bruad. i 202 . Note also: gan aniú acht iarlacht 'gon fhior | ag ar dú grian gort Gaoidhiol, 3 C 13, 636.20 .

(d) In fig. sense: cia dú do . . .? what place is here for . . . ? what is the use of . . .? cé du d'imrimm gabhur ngeal?, AFM 860 (i 495) , see Bruchst. i § 105 . ce du righe, ce du recht, | ce du nert for righradha? what avails sovereignty? AU 603 = CS 604 = cetu i righe, cétu ir-recht, cetu a nert?, RC xvii 164 (Tig.). cia d.¤ dom with vn. what need (right) have I to? cia dū duit combag fri hAed?, ZCP ix 459 . cíarbo dú dogra don tír | ar ái in ríg sin sech cach ríg? why should the land lament for that king beyond any other? Metr. Dinds. iii 200 . Oenfer Aife, ciar'ba du | do diclith 'na athardu? why should he remain unknown? RC xvi 46 ( Dinds. 95 ). Hence, as pred., meet, fitting, right (with DO of person): dú .i. dual, O'Cl. ; meet, just, proper , P. O'C. isbert nār bo du dí teacht co n-ainim, RC v 204 . antan budh dú dhí snáithe óir do chur fan gciumhus whenever she should have put a thread of gold, xxix 120 . ní dú dúib-si . . . anní sin do rád frim-sa, Ériu iv 126 . breth direch as dú do fhlaith, SG 124 . du doib a mbith im caeimcert it was right for them to be on good terms, BB 409b4 . nír ba dú duit-siu int aen-duine is ferr a n-Erinn . . . do thatháir, MR 294 . gach nech da du aoine who ought to fast, Rel. Celt. i 148 . nach du do duine fin d'ol gan ni eigin do chaitheam roime, 23 P 10, 145rb5 . denter lichtuaire le mil . . . mar as du, 30b30 . grádh ní dú a n-aisgidh love claims a requital, 3 C 12, 127.17 . an chomhuirle ar atú ag techt, | dú na forfhuigle d'éistecht, O'Gr. Cat. 486 . ní du salann leis an ccorc arán salt should not be eaten with, Mart. Don. xl . fear ba dhú i mbun cúil do chríochaibh one who was in his fitting place in guarding, Hackett xxxix 281 = Keat. Poems 913 . ni cech cnu dogni dia chrāib, | ni ba du nach ri robāidh, YBL 140b30 .

Note also: mac de ni-m-du dichell .i. nacha duthaig damsa .i. nocha n-inadh dom .i. ni du dom, O'Curry 442 ( H 3.18 238a).

1 dúr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúr or dil.ie/19263

Forms: duir, dúir, dúir, dúir, dúir, dúra, dúru, duirem, dichra, dúrchridi, dúrdoiligh, Durgen

adj o,ā (Lat. dūrus) ? n p m. duir, SR 346 ; Rawl. 88b50 . ?d p m. dúir, SR 6543 (imma nduinib duinnig dúir ). rāid[id] a fír dúir for ṅgair, 3471 is prob. voc. pl. (leg. a ḟir dúir = a ḟiru dúra ). Compar. dúru, SR 8322 . Superl. duirem, Laws v 360 .

In lit. sense of things hard, rigid, solid: benaid . . . co fleisc dúir, FA § 18 . duma nd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 24 . failet ann tri múir . . . duir imthimchellat riched, SR 346 . domun d.¤ , 7929 , 7970 , 8155 . imm dáil domuin dúir, Imr. Brain ii 301 . hi curp domuin dúir, LL 135a29 ; Rawl. 77b20 . draigen d.¤ , SG 245 (`surly blackthorn'). Of actions, etc. hard, difficult: gním ndétlach d.¤ (of David cutting Saul's garment), SR 6379 . airrechtach cecha debtha dure, LL 118a48 ( Ériu vii 6 ). cath Atha Cro . . . robo dur in deabaig, Lec. 422a26 . Cf. SR 3082 . Intense: dessid Dornmar, d.¤ a graimm, Metr. Dinds. iii. 90 . frasa dura der, KMMisc. 323 § 11 = f. dichra, p. 318 . As adv.: roghuidhiusa hí co d.¤ ┐ co dichra insistently , Ériu v 148 . táncatar co d.¤ ┐ co dichra, LL 224b1 . do gabsat co d.¤ ┐ co díchra ag díthiugad na n-allmarach, SG 358 .

Hard to bear, rigorous, severe: i nhiffern nd.¤ , SR 1764 . aitreb ifeirn duir diglaig, Ériu iii 30 . forcetal d.¤ na n-eretecda (= doctrinam duram), PH 4919 , cf. 8281 . scuirset . . . assin dáiri d.¤ daltaig, LL 7a47 = asa daire duir, BB 29a4 . cen d.¤ ndligid (as subst.), LL 45a49 . is d.¤ sin lem-sa I hold it hard, Fen. 290 . d.¤ .i. cruaidh no doiligh, O'Cl.

Of persons and moral qualities, in good sense hardy, firm, resolute: bati dura ac fulang imfochaidhi cāich forro, RC xxiv 174 . sluaig slechta dúir, Rawl. 88b50 . Dauid dána d.¤ , SR 6385 . Daire dur, Corm. Y 970 ; Laws i 4.9 . Maelmorda, a secht déc don d.¤ , LL 33a29 . lecht ḟir déin díchmaig dúir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . Dagda d.¤ , 20 . Strict, austere: duine dligt[h]ech dur (of an anchorite), ACL iii 307 § 25 ; cf. AFM 1065 (ii 886 ). Cellān cille Daimcinn duir, Anecd. ii 30 . ? gach egnaidh domanda dur, ZCP v 25 § 14 . In bad sense hard, unfeeling, dour: mo slān sēis don dae nach dur (.i. don fer nach cruaidh), ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). borb ┐ d.¤ o cridhe, PH 4656 . ag cathugud . . . re deman d.¤ , ZCP viii 216 . is d.¤ in cined dāena, | cruaidhi indāt clocha a cridhi, Ériu iii 29 . moet[h]aighfid cride durai, ZCP ix 456 . badb . . . dur duabsech, Cog. 174 . Obdurate, hard to move: a mic duir daill iffirnd, BB 295b38 . daoine dúra doitheagaisg, TSh. 1927 . mná dúra díthlecha, ZCP viii 209 . fri díumus ṅd.¤ ndrocht, Acall. 2964 .

Compds. ¤aingid (O.Ir. andgaid): do shluaigh danair ndúraingidh, Hard. ii 110 . ? ¤bann (band exploit): ba err d. dualach arm | i mbo búadach Dúnlang donn, B IV 2, 80a17 = ba eirr durmann, 3 C 13, 928.5 . pa err dúrmand, B IV 2, 132b10 . See follg. ¤barr (head, chief): focer dūrbarr duabach drem | ba buadach o Dūnlang dond, LL 43a9 . dūrbarr Gaedel cosin gail | Dūnlang mac taebgel Tuathail, Rawl. 85a44 . ¤bidba: duirbidba `a bitter enemy ', MR 262 . tarēis a danar ┐ a durbidbad do scris, Lec. 589a38 . ¤both: do luigheadh san ghainimh 'n-a dhúrbhoith (of an ascetic's hut or cell), Keat. iii 1638 . dream eile i ndúr-bhothaibh dearóile hovels, TSh. 913 . Cf. úarboth. ¤chathach: in deil d. na tres (of Saul), SR 6115 . ¤choimét: gasradh na nGall . . . imon dorus dia dúrchoimhétt ` closely guarding ', AFM v 1896 . ¤chrábad asceticism: re díchracht a dhúrchrábaidh, SG 18 . ¤chráibthech: dúrchráibteach gan diumsaighe ascetic , SG 32 . ¤chrech: truime durchreich ` cruel loss ', Ó Bruad. ii 146 . ¤chride hardness of heart , Ériu iv 162.21 . As attrib. (prob. g s.) fri druidea dúrchridi , Hy. iii 3 ( Thes. ii 322 ). a doeráin dúrcride dícondircil, PH 3928 . ¤chridech: narbar dúrcridig docheil obdurate , SR 4842 . don duine dúrchroidheach mar chloich, TSh. 1943 . do comraicset co dána dúrcraidech ris stubbornly, resolutely , Acall. 1917 . ba diochra durchroidheach ro feradh (of a battle), Leb. Gab.(i) 268 . rochingsiot go diochra dúrcroidheach do shaighidh an átha, AFM vi 2026 . ¤chridetu: ro-n-ecain [Patraic] . . . dúrcraidhitaid na nGaoidel obduracy , Lism. L. 228 . ¤doilig: dúrdoiligh hard and dour (of Caesar), CCath. 348 . damrad dichell durdhoiligh, 5379 . ¤drend (combat?): seacht cumala do Eilib | . . . | fobithin durdreand cétna | fuair Caisil a trian doib | duirdrend anaill dia tucad, Lec. 126b50 . ¤dul: ba holc a ordd dia d. | ort i nDún Bolgg la Brandub, LL 132b30 (hard departure, i.e. death?). Domnall iar sin fria noi [mbliadna] déc fri d. (: Glúndub), Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 19 . ¤ḟeithem: ag duirfheithemh sceith righ Erenn keeping active watch on, MR 274 . ¤ḟognam hard service, servitude: do chuir fo dhaorcíos dúrfhoghnamh[a] iad, ML 58 . fa daoirchios durfhognamha, ZCP x 277 . ¤gein stout, resolute (?): Diarmait dúrgen, RC xx 10 ( LL 47b13 ); ZCP x 271 . co Diarmait dronmas durgen, Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . dareis Diarmata duirgen, Rawl. 163b12 . Donn durgen, AFM ii 786 (poem). As n.pr. f. Durgen, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.86 . Belach Dúrgein, ib. ¤gleo stiff combat: roferadh duirgleo duilig eturra, Caithr. CC § 55 . tre durgliaig, Lec. 87a44 . ? ¤grés: ceithri randa feasa na filigechta ┐ primaicecht teora mbliadan cach rand dib fo durgres, Lec. 339a14 . ¤mell: durmell (duirmell, -meall, v.l.) dlugthe, IT iii 74 § 33 . ¤mer: le G. nduirmher ` hard-fingered ' (translating mér; rather mer swift, impetuous ?), Leb. Gab.(i) 238 . ¤mían: iar ūa bronntach Airt úi ūir-Néill | dar chairt gan dúirmhéin ré dáimh hard, grudging disposition , 3 C 13, 733.14 . ¤phendit strict penance: viii mbliadna doib ind dúrpendid, Mon. Tall. 132 . áes durphendi, LB 9b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 1 ). arra sechtmaini durpennaiti for usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 490 . ¤ṡlúag: ag dianasgnamh do na durṡlogaibh, MR 226 . ¤tech: a nd. n-úre mean house of clay, Ir. Review 1912, 248 . Cf. dairthech III.

Égipt(d)a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Égipt(d)a or dil.ie/19704

Forms: Egiptda, Egept, Egeipt, Egeptaidhi

adj io-iā Egyptian: aipgitir Egipta, Auraic. 6145 . Egiptda the Egyptian nation 2542 = Egept, 226 (cf. Egeipt in a similar metrical list, Aelt. Ir. Dicht. i 31.50 ). pa go hEcipta rofaided, 2549 = co hEgeftagda, 234 . co tecusgad se na hEigipti, 4055 . Cf. n p. primhgene Egeptaidhi , YBL 289b23 .

fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad or dil.ie/21448

Forms: féchain, fécsain, feghad, fegtha

n u, o, m. (vn. of fégaid). Other forms which occur are fégain ( féchain ), fésgain (fésc(h)ain), fécsain, etc., q.v. See IGT, Verbs § 93 . Cf. déicsiu.

(a) looking at, beholding, scanning, (often implying close observation or examination), with obj. gen. or FOR: na treoit chairach ... | ic fegad na flesc, SR 2962 ( Gen. xxx 39 ). in fegad fégfatsa for na echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1343 (= an ḟechain dobersa St). pa forgranna an fegadh ┐ an frithailiom dorat cach dib for a celi (of two combatants) FB 40 Voss. ( ZCP iv 170 ) = feghad , Eg. ( IT i 273n .). ba foruallach ... an feogad (feghadh, feccad v.l.) dobertsat ... for a mbidbadaib, CCath. 2841 . ros fuc leis ... do fegad flatha nime, LU 1968 ( FA 3 ). rogab etere ... in n-ingin oc fegad Manandán, LU 3958 ( SCC 45 ). ní caomhnactar a feughadh ... leisna ruithnibh ZCP v 495y . ragab C. ac fegad Fir D., TBC-LL¹ 4059 . atnaig in cáinte ica ḟégad the satirist fell to looking at it (or him) LL 300by ( Bor. 51 ). do bhí ... ica ḟégad co fada gazed at it a long while Acall. 2268 . is ferr damsa dúl d'ḟegad in tslúaig, LL 302a31 ( Bor. 73 ; do dechain v.l.). t'imthacht fria f.¤ co fír | doridnacht Dia do Dauid to be looked upon (?) SR 6503 . cinnas atú-sa acut frim ḟegad ? what is your opinion of me from looking at me ? TBC-LL¹ 1850 (= cret í do doic[h]si asam ar mfechain duit St). ro líon ferg | in merrdhamh ... | re fegadh chon ngeal, Duan. F. i 32.13 . iar lessugud a llong ... ┐ iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ┐ im ḟostacht ┐ im glaini gaíthi, LL 230b12 ( TTr. 982 ). tancas asin sídh dá ḟégad gá lín do bádar, Acall. 1782 . gainem Mara Romair ... ┐ gainem Maro Rúaid | iarna fégadh sin uli, do dénam na tāthluimi after being examined (sifted) ZCP v 504.17 . Cf. mad ... dallṡinechus is a leith do īc gidbe aīs a mbia mana blicht for a seilb hi. Ocus ni uil in fegad sa for dairti no colpthaigh itir (of compensation for defects in cattle), O'Curry 1040 . 1099 (feghadh). 651 ( H 3.18, 435 . 446 . 315 ). g s. dar trealmaib timtirechtae ... a fegtha `the gear that served his sight' (i.e. the opening in the vizard for seeing) CCath. 4702 . fuigheall feagtha firinne `a sentence founded on the examination of truth' ML 108.4 . laoich nách faghthair fear a bhféachaidh `whom no man is found to face' TD 10.10 .

(b) transf. of that which is seen: aingil, apstail, ard fegad (: sénad) a noble sight (.i. is ard in fegad fegad angelorum ) Hy i 44 . inann finde ┐ f.¤ their fairness and their looks were alike Metr. Dinds. iv 232.15 .

(c) considering, taking into account ; here, perhaps: adropart Noe ... edpart ... don Coimdid, fri fegad cach druing dorhell in consideration of (?) all who had erred SR 2619 . cen fegadh muigi na inbleogain `without regard of place or kinsman' Laws i 192.24 Comm. cf. da ba dec orro sin ... ┐ a fet[h]amlac[h]us do ḟeghadh ar na danaib ele, v 94.2 Comm . i (ic) f.¤ (with gen.) in view of, in comparison with: is nemni sin i condiulg ┐ i fegad na péni fessin, LU 2752 ( RC xxv 254 ). i fégad ┐ i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaicc Dia ... is diasnéte in tidnacul tuc indíu ..., PH 5450 . nír bo ní trá in teclamad-sa ... ic fegad in tinóil dariacht a hinsib Mara T., LL 232a41 .

? fo-clich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fo-clich or dil.ie/22532
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bocichlet, fociochlatar

v steps (leaps) up, advances (?), alights (?): fut. bocichlet aṅgil ó Día, LL 297a9 . pret. tainic buiden ... pa digrais ... fociochlatar isin tulaigh, TBC-LL¹ 5545 St (fochichlaitir H). Cf. brogsat sech Affraic; | fo fer fon ciochlattur | Feinius fēg Farsaid, Leb. Gab.(i) i 280 (glossed: ba maith an fer for a mbatar lorg). Cf. Fene a Fenio Patre, ut dicitur: fo fongiulator Feinius, O'Mulc. 517 . snatches away: foclich 'snatches away' Ériu lvi 68 n. 22 = CIH vi 2124.1 . See fo-glen.

frithenech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithenech or dil.ie/24475

n (enech) opposer, respondent: ni pa f.¤ debtha hit ilchomraicib, LU 3495 ( SCC 26 ; ZCP xv 190 ). Cf. OW gurthuynebu `oppose'.

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