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béim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béim or dil.ie/5566
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: béime

(-mm) n, n. vn. of benaid, see GOI § 735. b.¤ m. and f., g s. and n p. béime, IGT Decl. § 45 (g s. ex. 572, d s. ex. 693).

(a) act of striking; cutting, hewing, taking (off, away), removing, stripping (clothes, etc.): beim a cinn fri cloich gl. capita petrís inlidant, Ml. 139c3 . la beim dom churp cuimnech `at the smiting of my mindful body', Fél.² Ep. 363. fo-loimetar a b.¤ cosna claidbib they threaten to smite him, BDD² 1206. ba b.¤ cride fri cliab leis (of fear), TBC-LL¹ 1038. iarna beím dó asa fremaib (of an oak), Sc.M² 18R . oc bēim ḟeda, TBC-I¹ 778. fertais carpait do bēimim (béim, LU), 780 . a chenn do bēim (bein, v.l.) de, Sc.M² 7. dixit cend Lomnae drūith īarna bēimeim de, Corm. Y 1018 (87.4) . iar mbeim a chind do Ch. `after striking off C.'s head', Ériu ii 30 § 13. a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib (of land), Laws i 128.9 Comm. im beim adbar droichit `cutting the materials for a bridge', 134.27 Comm. b.¤ .i. búain, O'Cl.

Special applications: sesem ic beim in cluic, Thes. ii 346.38 . oc b.¤ tened, BDD² 480. b.¤ spréde, 487 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh (see áed), Anecd. ii 52.1 . iar mbēim eiti when he flaps his wings, ZCP vii 310 § 7. dóṡuidigthi .i. cechtar nái foleith cen b.¤ foscdæ innalaill (gl. apposita) without (the one) casting a shadow on the other (of genders of oppidum and Suthul), Sg. 63a15 . íar bēim dei a lēned having taken off his tunic, TBC-I¹ 1387 . a etach . . . do beim do na corpaib, Laws i 176.7 Comm. ní maith lim-sa a manaig do bēim ar L. `to deprive L. of his monks', BColm. 84.16 . ? ni fess mo bunad ria beím `I know not my race to proclaim it', Ériu vii 225.19 .

(b) blow, stroke; cut: bemmen gl. ictús, Ml. 39c17 . bémen dígle . . . nímmalle act is cach ae fo leith .i. coic cethorchuit béimmen `blows of punishment . . . five forties of blows', Wb. 17d2 . ind mbemmi a glancing blow, LL 11091 ( TBC-LL¹ 4285 ). fer benas dam óenbeímmim `at a single blow' (Vocab.), Críth G. 557. is ē nobenfad a crand ōen bēim (óenbéimim, LU) dia bun, TBC-I¹ 339. b.¤ búirid fri teora sústa iarnae they strike a blow with three iron flails, BDD² 1270. co tarat beim ( la tabairt beimen, FB 39 Eg.), LU 8536. dobert b.¤ dind echfleisc dó, 3287 ( SCC 8 ). benaim bēimend ágmara / for slōg síabra, TBC-I¹ 1686 ( LU 6170 ). roben a teora mǣla Midi da thrī bēmennaib, TBC-I¹ 3603. in treas beimennd Fergusa . . . .i. na tri maola Midhi, it e na tri beimenna, Anecd. ii 52.13 . dá cét mbéimen for láma (of penitential exercises), Ériu i 197.5 . cin coisi, di bemium `crime of foot, by kicking', Laws i 238.11 . doradad iarsin b.¤ dara munel cor beanad a cheand de, RC xxiv 56.1 . beim co commus (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), Ériu iv 30.12 . beim fo clos `some kind of military exploit' (Plummer MS. notes), BB 488b22 . co mbeim léoman (rhetoric), LU 5442 , TBC-I¹ 966. bēimm dobeir nathair do neoch an adder's sting for someone, Bruchst. 22 § 48 ( IT iii 78 § 48 ). fri b.¤ n-aéla thrust (of a fleshfork into a cauldron), LL 38376 ( RC xiii 58 ). ráinic b.¤ ǽile fon choire do Conall, RC xxix 219.19 . B. breo betha buadaig / beim in æl airimh ænuigh, Lism. L. 3464. rus-bean bem da heirr `struck . . . with a stroke of its tail' (of a serpent), TTebe 2074 . gearraidh sí (i.e. a scythe) d'aon-bh. an feóithne ┐ an fochnagán, TSh. 2644.

Extended applications: Bemenda Branduib i mBreghaib (i.e. ` seven battles', ed.), RC xvii 163.12 . Bemenna B. i mBreaghaibh, AFM i 222.6 . brogais Bernsa b.¤ don maig `advanced a pace ', Metr. Dinds. iii 92.39 . bēim graece bemandro .i. pasus (leg. passus), O'Mulc. 140. bēim didiu .i. césad nó foditiu (through confusion with Lat. passio ?), ibid. b.¤ .i. céim, O'Cl. bēim, cēim `a step', Eg. Gl. 717 (see Ériu xi 119) . beim beg do breathaibh crolighi annso (title of passage consisting of extracts from commentaries on Bretha Crólige, see Ériu xii 2 ), O'Curry 305 (H 3.18, 167). Cf. beimm cenelach lessom anisiu `this is a general remark (?),' Thes. ii 39.22 .

(c) In legal contexts determination, decision, definition, rule, statement (?): b.¤ .i. cinneadh, O'Cl. beim tuathi do nartaiched aicne .i. in cinnedh doní in tuath on aigne dia toirithín, O'Curry 444 (H 3.18, 238b). beim naillech nad nertad tuatha deter- mination, assertion (?) by oath, Laws i 232.1 (and 234.6 Comm.). beim nailliuch . . . .i. noill cinnti . . . .i. in luighe cinnedh (in tuath), O'D. 105 (H.3.17, 86). b.¤ sét ro slanaige tuathband, 576 (443). beim .i. cinne (leg. cinned, Stokes), beim sochaidi ro sluagaigh (leg. slanaigh) tuathbann .i. is cinne sochaidhi, O'Dav. 311. beim sochaidh ro slanaigh tuathbann .i. ro slanaigh in dliged so co obund is na tuathaib. Cail mar cuirfidh in bec sin re cheile. In beim annsa roscadh inand he ┐ in dliged ata sa fasach. In tobonn ata sa fasach is inand ┐ in beim mar in cetna, O'Curry 2113 (H.4.22, 79a). beim sochuir ro slánaigh tuathband ┐ do garar nos la curaibh cosmailsi, O'D. 533 (H. 3.17, 431) `the striking [?] of a good contract which public law validates', Plummer MS. notes. beim tairbe na tarrathar .i. bem so tairben cluais na tarruith nech adidceth, O'Curry 879 ( H 3.18, 394a ).

(d) In various special phrases: b.¤ n-asclaing see asclang. b. císa a rate (?) (levying ?) of tribute: ben do beim císa orainn, Lism. L. 3195 . Cf. (c) supra. b.¤ n-écndaig, cf. (e): ba ussa . . . a dilgud sein oldaas beim n-ecnaich for Dia `blasphemy of God', Ériu ii 122 § 63. See écndach. b.¤ forais (see forus): b.¤ foris inso sís uile all that follows is a laying down, or statement, of rules, Wb. 25c18 . aphorism: forus .i. forismus graece sermo breuis latine ipocrāit (?) no excerptio interpretatur unde dicitur adcomced beim foruis fair (see Gwynn, KMMisc. 183 ), Rawl. 108b36 , O'Mulc. 578. b.¤ súl(a) (see s.v. súil): gebis galur Dauid . . . tria béimm súla ┐ tria aídcell anfhoill, LB 129a15 . treisi an b.¤ súla iná sin the evil (?) (envious ?), eye can go further (lit. is stronger) than that (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.17 .

(e) Fig. blow, stroke of feeling, emotion; reproach, offence (with FOR, AR); blemish, fault, disgrace: beim di omhon, Ériu ii 134 § 118. in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . dorat . . . aithis ┐ beim forsan coicedh n-uili, Sc.M² R 14 . benais M. b.¤ n-aisce fair reproached him, TBC-LL¹ 472. beim ar a ecna `offence à sa science', RC xxiv 377.29 . b.¤ .i. égnach no toibhéim, O'Cl. , Eg. Gl. 718. is b.¤ ar inchaib na h-atharda, MR 300.31 . fagail beime ni dual di she should not receive reproach, ZCP ii 337.22 . ní b.¤ ar Bh. `no reproach to B.', TD 6. 17 . le a dtréithibh gan bh.¤ ar bioth, Hackett lv 13 . ná bíodh 'na bh.¤ air ar n-obadh, IGT Decl. ex. 693. buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa `that you have undertaken to revile my bow', Content. xxiv § 22 .

Compd. ¤scrisad: do bhéimsgriosadh . . . le tréan-thuile mhóir violently snatched away, O'Rah. 44.5.

1 béimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 béimnech or dil.ie/5567

Forms: béimennach, bémneach

adj (-mmn-) o, ā (béim). Also béimennach. smiting, dealing blows, cutting: nathir bémnech brecc, Thes. ii 327.18 (Hy. v). bairnech b.¤ balcbuilleach ` blow-dealing ' (Gloss.), BDD² 809. scíath brec b.¤ fit for blows, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). cethach, .i. beimnech .i. buillech, Cóir Anm. 204. is fris conbith bemmennach búredar, LL 37616 (2 b ?). rogab éd in rí co racht / gurba bēimnech do Nuadad angry , ZCP xiii 222.8 . tarnic in bith bēmendach the violent world, ZCP v 23 § 29 . ó ráith bhéimeannaigh Bhreagh ` battlesome ', TD 33.10 . is tú an bheithir bhéimeannach ` destructive ' (Vocab.), TSh. 2121. bémneach `quick of pace ', `apt to walk', P. O'C. Cf. béim (b). See gat- s.v. 1 gat. glond- s.v. 1 glond. `bro' beimneach ┐ `ur' olc, Metr. Gl. 32 Eg. 7 (2 béimnech ?). bro .i. beimnech, Stowe Gl. 250 (2 béimnech ?).

bidgad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bidgad or dil.ie/5869

Forms: bedgad, bidhgadh

n u, m. Also bedgad. vn. of bidgaid. IGT Verbs § 80. sudden quick movement, start, fright; act of starting, jumping: bidhgadh gl. pavementum (cf. paveo and pavio), Ir. Gl. 769. memaid bánbidgud bodba d'echraid C.C., MU² 253. ro chlisesdair a cride ri groidb. na genidhechta, LL 409b10 (= MR 232.11 ). bidhgadh mor do righ Temhrach . . . a thech Casca do thuitim fair, AU ii 110.7 . in b.¤ sin ┐ in t-aduath, CCath. 769 . in bidgadh do-rinne Eoin (=stupefieri), Smaointe B. Chr. 3259. do ghaib bioga leis an mbréithir sin í (Deirdre) `she made a start', IT ii2 151.6 . uair ní fhuairsiot bedhgadh ina mballaibh acht amhail batís mairbh `life', AFM vi 1918.13 . do bhíodhgadh súas = that thou stir up, 2 Timothy i 6. brosdadh, béodhadh, bruideadh, muscladh, cailgeadh, corrughudh, biodhgadh `to stir up', Eg. Gl. 69. an chéaddairt ag cur beadhgaidh, DDána 78.13 . In phr. benaid b.¤ as: dobhen sé biodhgadh barramhail boirbretha aisde he started it (the steed) off at a powerful pace , Ériu v 178.32 . a dtúis an gheimhridh bhíodhgtha bhraonaigh `the tearful winter that has so startled us', O'Gr. Cat. 596.20. bás bíodhgtha `violent death', O'Rah. 96.10.

borb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. borb or dil.ie/6398

adj o, ā. See ZCP xxviii 68 - 69 .

(a) foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth: dangníid borp gl. stultus fiat, Wb. 8d9 . a galatu burpu gl. O insensati Galatae, 19b4 . is b.¤ dásachtach . . . cech duine o'n gentligecht, PH 724. b.¤ anbfhossad `rude', 727 . adrad na ndee mbalb mb.¤ , 730 . b.¤ ┐ dúr o cridhe (= stolidus ingenio et durus corde), 4656 . is borbb (: ord) nad aithgiuin a cheird ` uncultured ', Ériu ix 48 § 26. is b.¤ nách rofiarfaige / rīchedh an Rīgh, ZCP viii 201.29 . is b.¤ sráinfius cách a clann `it is senseless for anyone to overthrow his children', Fianaig. 74.13 . is b.¤ duid sin da rad rium-sa ` foolhardy ', Stair Erc. 1002. duine b.¤ neimh-leitirda (stultus et insipiens, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 1199. = rudis, 1509 . comad b.¤ fiadh Dia inti legas in Gaedhelg `rude', Auraic. 49. is b.¤ nad léga uncultured, Fél. 188.10 . sé b.¤ brogda bachlachda uncouth , LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). comtinol sloig buirb barbarda . . . do gallaib insi Orc, Cog. 152.14 . Of stone, etc.: mó na ail b.¤ chloche i clud `rough-hewn stone' ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138.31 ), LL 29915. ní slios b.¤ unpolished (?), DDána 119.34 .

In chevilles: míad nad b.¤ , LL 3732. b.¤ in breth, MacCarthy 46.15 .

(b) fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant: lassar b.¤ `fierce flame', PH 2105. lámh as bh.¤ re biodhbhadhaibh, DDána 21a.11 . drong . . . nach b.¤ mbreath `whose decrees are gentle', Studies 1920, 567 § 17 . baránta b.¤ . . . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1072. bríathra borba = grievous words, Proverbs xv 1. buidhne borba, Keat. Poems 1225. do choibsegud . . . in galair buirb ra-s-básaig ┐ ro-s-bánaig `violent sickness', CRR 2. in muir b.¤ baeglach, ML² 672. íoc-luibhe borba (of troubles, hardship, etc.), TSh. 8195. do budh b.¤ ren a brethnugadh co madh tualaing a fhaisneis `it were pride . . . to deem', BCC 431. b., díscir, fuileach `fierce, cruel', Eg. Gl. 99. (in complimentary sense) D. dúin móir / mín beoda b.¤ stern , Caithr. Thoirdh. 49.3 . Prov. b.¤ gach áth bhlaghas a bhruach turbulent (?), DDána 3.36 .

Compar. burbbu borbgnīm mebaid for Ulto fiercest of any fierce exploits, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 48. Fig. is burba an mhuir se na mailíse, TSh. 2067. Adv. co b.¤ severely , Smaointe B. Chr. 2532.

(c) As subst. b.¤ na haineolach `silly . . . person', Laws v 6.11 Comm. a buirb ┐ a aneolaig, PH 2214. a latrandu ┐ a burbu (= uos latrones et stulti, cf. Matthew xxi 12 ), 4530 . b.¤ cráibthech co nanecnu, Ériu i 198.2 . nobuirtís na buirb ` clowns ', TTr.² 1875 . nī mess buirb, ZCP vi 267 § 9. ba lua fri borba (in list of impossible undertakings), BB 419b39 (burbae ?). gorbo saigin buirb ar baoth-mhacaib a mbēimenna, ML² 1731. badach (leg. bágach, ed.) cach b.¤ , ACL iii 228.33 . Of animals: ni mo bar fis no fis na mborp archeana the knowledge of the beasts, YBL 157b21 . fuil b.¤ ainindli a n-aimsir laith `fierce . . . animals', Laws v 152.5 .i. cullaig ┐ tairb ┐ reitheda . . ., 154.28 Comm.

See 1 lúa, lúar, sundelb.

Compds. With nouns (incl. vnn.): borb erlabra (= stultiloquia), PH 6879 , re borb-airlech fierce slaughter, MR 156.10 . rias a mbaoí an boirbbriseadh, AFM v 1646.17 . clochan da borbchon, Acall. 3675. ri borbdigail ar gach nech notuillfed, Fen. 116.5 . is blagh . . .dá bhoirb-éachtaibh . . . máthair gan mhac, TSh. 1168. do borb[ḟ]hrichnum `unskilled service' (in maintaining a mill), Ériu xvii 72.z ( Laws iv 216.22 Comm. ). borbgal na curad, LL 17284 ( RC xlvii 311.z ). Brandub na mborb-gíall, Ériu i 130.26 . ri Firu Bolg ba borbgne uncouth of form, LL 938. bráu borb-leṅg `wild-whirling mill-stone', Metr. Dinds. iv 94.14 . biodhgadh barramhail boirbretha `(he started it off) at a great pace , Ériu v 178.33 . 'na borb-ruathar in a furious onrush, ML 52.33 . a bhille bhig bhoirbsgéalaigh `with rude tidings', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 3 . ben M. na mborbṡlatt ṁbind of the . . . strong scions, RC xlvii 307.11 . borbtsoillsi na maidhne, ZCP x 305.5 . See stúag. i-ndeirge mborb-tuile . . . `of fierce passions', Laws v 456.27 Comm. séideadh borb-thonn (= spiritus procellarum), TSh. 6197. With n. pr. ag borb-Eōgan, ML² 163. With n. loc. la Dond ṁbrogda ṁborb-Emna, Metr. Dinds. iii 374.2 .

With adjj.: fear bríoghach boirbeódha `fierce and viva- cious', AFM v 1484.15 . With adjj. derived from nouns: co bithnertmur, borbaiccentach ` cruelly ', ZCP vi 32.7 . rucastar bern bruitti borbainbthenach, Caithr. CC 16. an bith [b]orbamsach (ammus ? amus ?), ZCP viii 212 § 60. an mhuir bhorb-bhaoghlach, ML 46.13 . tri trom-gairi borb-buadnusacha `fierce, exulting . . . shouts', MR 178.10 . mucnaid cach borb-chraideach `every dull-minded person is sullen', ZCP xvii 67 § 62. an boirbfreagartach biodhbadh, ZCP x 276 § 2. do [shluagh] bhorbghasda, DDána 87.9 . ina buindeadhaibh borbghloracha, TBC St. 3238. borbpecac (of sacrificing a woman to the Nile), Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.11 . borb-ráitech ` menacing ', MR 194.9 . i srothaibh borbthonnacha, TSh. 1981. na briathra borbuathbasacha sin `wild and terrible words', Aen. 2283.

céim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céim or dil.ie/8469
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cheimim, cém

(-mm) n, n. vn. of 1 cingid. See GOI §§ 152 , 328 , 453 , 756 , and GOI Translators' Note p. 683 . m. and f., IGT Decl. § 45 . n s. cheimim, Hugh Roe² 20.22 . cém, RSClára 87a etc.

I

(a) act of stepping towards, approaching; resorting to (with various prepp.): ar do chéimm ar croich `for the sake of Thy going upon the cross', Ériu vi 113 § 5 . la c.¤ do míasaib maithib `when there is stepping to good tables', iii 102 § 30 . nir' fhetsat ceim fora n-agaid dia n-echuib, Marco P. 113 . ceim do churadaib Connacht, MR 250.20 . ceim fri haimles n-egalsa, Ériu ii 228.15 . ceim i cleith, LU 4009 ( SCC 45 . ) cen ch.¤ dó 'na comlepaid unless he should come to share her bed, Ériu iv 104.2 . cēim iar sētaib soscēla, ii 56 § 11 . ar gc.¤-ne ón talmhain thuaidheamhain, DDána 70.9 . With gen.: c.¤ an chroinn the step towards the cross, Dán Dé xxix 20 .

(b) With cingid: ciṅg ceim co lan tocud etc., Corp. Gen. 80.2 . nocho chingfind ceim dar cert, LL 18668 . rochind seig a cheim co hegandais, TTebe 1088 .

(c) step, pace , stride : inna ceimmen gl. gresús, Ml. 22a7 . céimmim gl. extento gradu, 41d7 . ch.¤ cruth cheill congraimmim in gait, etc., LU 8323 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ tar ais, Dán Dé xxviii 26 . c.¤ ar ch.¤ `step by step', Rel. Celt. ii 190.10 . c.¤ baccaighe limp, TSh. 3344 . dhírighios a chéime = (the Lord) directeth his steps, Proverbs xvi 9 .

(d) With verbs other than cingid: ascnam c.¤ for caland `let us strive to step', Fél. Dec. 31 (cf. Gorm.). ná beram c.¤ secha sain, LL 3308 . c.¤ chríoch n-imdherg nis dring, Ériu xiii 20.1 . dréisi c.¤ cech óin laithi `advance thou a step every day', i 200 § 24 . caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend síar, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). nach rach c.¤ don chiort `depart one step', PBocht 9.25 .

(e) As measure of length: da ceimend sechtmogat in airdi in tuir, Auraic. 1245 . .u. ced deg ceim curadh `fifteen hundred warrior's paces', Stair Erc. 774 . Cf. da traigid gu leith se in ceim inraic `the full pace ', Ériu xvii 70 § 10 gl. 5 . See míle.

(f) degree (astron., etc.): sa 4 ceim in quarto gradu (of heat), ZCP xviii 264.16 . sgáile na ccéimionn `degrees' (of a sun-dial), Isaiah xxxviii 8 .

(g) stage in a process : na céimenda as i ndéntar in t-adaltras .i. silled ┐ comrád etc., PH 7807 . i gcéimeannaibh an chreidimh, Dán Dé vi 31 . an dechmadh c.¤ ó Cholla (in pedigree), BNnÉ 281.28 . in trat tic cum in ceime deiginigh don eitici, Rosa Angl. 76.2 . an dara c.¤ . . . an treas c.¤ stage (of the death of the body), TSh. 1240 ff.

(h) dignity, rank, degree : hí ceím gl. in gradum dignitatis, Ml. 19a3 . ina ceim ┐ ina cadus fein, BB 238a14 . cech ceim cádhusach, CCath. 1507 . i gc.¤ `in high esteem', Content. xvi 95 . na tigernuidhi doreir a ceimenn, Maund. 148 . nech lugha ceim nā rí `of lower rank than', ZCP vi 101.27 . ? daerfuidir do saeradh taris ceim bas etar leis, Laws v 450.21 Comm. lucht céimenn `dignitaries', Hugh Roe² 158.22 . da gach aon . . . do réir a chéime, Keat. ii 2072 . iar na togha is na ceimionnaibh remraite `to those dignities', AFM iii 364.4 .

(i) amount, degree, extent : a ngach aoinch.¤ `in every particular', O'Hara 546 . a n-aein ch.¤ `in any degree', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.6 . san ch.¤ a ttugas . . . grádh dhó, Desid. 5971 .

(j) procedure, proper course : cēim n-erlatad ar Dīa, ZCP iii 449.12 . cēim fāthach `walking with knowledge', Ériu ii 64 § 6 . dom chor ó ch.¤ from the proper course, DDána 38.22 . ní c.¤ é eidir óghaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 34 § 5 . c.¤ eoil don aineolach, Dán Dé xxviii 45 . do chríochnaigh C. a c.¤ flatha `his royal progress', ML 88.32 . c.¤ caithme `an expensive process', BNnÉ 282.7 . ceim conalbais, Lism. L. 3069 .

(k) In later lang. freq. in vague sense of task, exploit, undertaking, feat, deed : do c[h]onāch id chémanduib, ML² 1654 . c.¤ anshógha, DDána 99.7 . c.¤ d'éirghe aigeanta enough to make the heart rise, 66.3 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . do bhéireadh béim ann gach c.¤ cruaidh, Oss. vi 74.12 . c.¤ macaimh Muimnigh `part', MR 302.7 . c.¤ cruaidh, Desid. 897 . Perh. also in: Bethach fo chéimim chlothalt / marb in h-Erind ar clitecht, LL 769 (see Leb. Gab.(i) 114.9 ).

(l) Freq. in chevilles: ceim forais, SR 4391 (cf. béim f.). c.¤ ngle, LU 2831 . c.¤ gan gainne, LL 7074 . gárbh fhearr c.¤ `what prize could be greater?', Studies 1920, 98 § 6 .

(m) generation : go nuige an mīle céim, Carswell² 48.1651 = gus an mhíle genealach, Adtimchiol 155b3 . go nuige an treas nō an ceathramhadh cém nō glún gheinealaidh, Carswell² 98.3437 .

(n) Miscellaneous uses: ? sluag Herend cona fairind / lotar ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 . re trichait ṁblīadna i Maig Mell / re cōicait cīalla cēmend, Fianaig. 50.13 . ? reim dano ceim a airbert (quatrain follows), Auraic. 800 = cém, 3590 = ceim, 3617 . iar ceimennaibh `in course', Laws iii 344.19 Comm. `in turn', iv 260.y Comm. ar ndola dá cruth i gcéimibh (: éirigh) `her body swelling', PBocht 18.31 . See TD 10.22 n. p. 237 . i gc.¤ properly composed (?) (a poem), Ó Bruad. iii 194.x .

II In concrete applications

(a) step, rung : trisna cemmen i n-andais . . . a ch.¤ són i ngaibthe cech salm `the step in which each psalm used to be sung', Ml. 133b4 -5. [cé]mmen templi gl. gradus, Thes. i 498.8 (Ardm.). ceimenna arda high steps, LB 151b3 . seacht gcéimeanna ann (of a ladder, Fig.), Aithd. D. 62.20 . céimeanna an chaisléin, Dán Dé xxviii 15 . ? ceim .i. conair, ut est ceim sech na dichestar dilsi sech andoit n-eclaise, O'Dav. 549 . Also stile, threshold etc.: iter claid . . . ┐ tenlach ┐ cēim `fire-place and (door-)step', Cáin Ad. 41 . tarsa ceim isind faichti `over the stile into the field', Mon. Tall. 130.8 . for c.¤ na reilgge, Irish Texts i 35.14 . airde cech ceim (v.l.) [ar]aile (of building), MacCarthy 40.24 .

(b) pass : Slīab C. na cēmenn crūaid `of the difficult passes', Ériu ii 50 § 5 . set conaire no ceime `footpath', Laws v 152.x Comm. inis na gcéimeann, Measgra D. 55.2 . essruis . . . co ceimeannaibh cumgae, Stair Erc. 234 .

Compds. With adjj.: réim . . . ceim-dhíochra with eager step, ML 84.15 . a[g] cuibrech an curadh crodha ceimdighaind, ZCP vi 285.28 . dochuaidh ina coinne co ceimdirech `went straight to meet him', 45.13 . céimleasg i gcath `cool in conflict', TD 26.25 . go cobhsaidh céimrighin, AFM vi 2128.16 .

1 cet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cet or dil.ie/8860
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -a

(Lat. licet (see licet), Meyer, Wortk. 102 ; Misc. Hib. 30 no. 9 ; Pokorny, ZCP xviii 159 (licitum). Otherwise Marstrander, RC xxxvi 386 ; Fél. Gloss.; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 88 ). In later lang. treated as m. with g s. -a: d'ḟagháil an cheda chéadna, RSClára 64a . d'ḟiss a ceta, Ériu i 132.77 .

I As interj. or asseverative agreed, permission granted, yes : c.¤, c.¤, or cách. Do-géntar airiut, BDD² 215 . c.¤ ol Máedóc, LL 285b21 . c.¤ gl. fiat sicut uís, Thes. ii 240.8 (Ardm.). Prob. also in: slēchtoid intan cairigther, / intan promthar epred ced, ZCP vii 312 § 24 . With follg. clause: cech dilmain . . . / c.¤ cia dig etc., LL 19052 ( Fél. 4 ).

II v Constructions with copula.

(a) bed c.¤ ol D., `it shall be done', Mon. Tall. 130.23 . gnim nat bu c.¤ `illicit deed' (chev.), Blathm. 59 . is c.¤ `it is allowable', Mon. Tall. 144.4 . in tan bas ch.¤ `at the time appointed', Metr. Dinds. iii 132.51 . bis a nos gen gob lan-chead, MR 250.6 . In cheville: fuair īarla Crinna ba c.¤ / sé blīadna finna fichet, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 37 .

(b) With follg. DO (2nd and 3rd pers. only). Usually in sense must, is to (context not always sufficient to indicate precise meaning): is c.¤ (ket, MSS.) duit ó día . . . (text incomplete), Thes. ii 258.5 . `supra scr.: licet tibi a deo ire in abbatiam', Zeuss 1003 . is c.¤ duitsiu . . . t'imthechta . . . do innisin you must give an account of yourself, LU 1227 . is c.¤ duib-siu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . is ced dó a bith marbh masa ced ra Dia if he is dead it is God's will, RC xxvii 296 § 62 . is c.¤ don inat-sa topur amræ co bráth and this place will have, etc., BColm. 52.13 . is cett d[ū]ib can dergad for nech in laithi-sin you must not wound, etc., 84.3 . is c.¤ dūib a thomailt, Ériu i 46.24 . ced dūib héc mene fagbaigh if you do not find him you are as good as dead, ZCP xii 246 § 16 . is cet duitsi cidat corr 'you are to be a crane', BCC² 245 § 6 . is cead di-se bheith 'n-a coirr (a curse), Keat. iii 1416 . Note also: tabradh cro[i]s Crīst dar a hucht / adradh don Rīgh darab ced who has permitted, willed (this affliction), ZCP vi 270 § 15 .

(c) With follg. LA: rop ail damsa . . . dul . . . is c.¤ lind . . . acht co tís . . . aridisi go ahead, but don't forget to come back, LL 14034 . —foemaim-sea sin . . . for C. — c.¤ lem . . . , for L. I agree, LU 8488 ( FB 34 ). c.¤ lim cenptís desruithe, Fing. R. 230 `while admitting that', note. c.¤ lim cid marb, c.¤ cid beō it is all the same to me, ZCP iii 37.16 . cia forsa ndígéltar iát ar B. . . . is c.¤ lim arse, cid for mac mo mathar on whom are they to be avenged? as far as I am concerned on me, LL 301a32 . is c.¤ linne a c[h].-som `His will is our will', BColm. 66.15 . is cead liomsa, a Dhé, mo dhul I am content to die, Dán Dé xxv 17 . rofiarfaigh E. do [Sh.] nar c.¤ le a tabairt do B. whether she would consent to be given (in marriage), ZCP vi 280.36 . With force of wishes, commands : is cett limsa in cloch so forsa fuilim . . . corob í nomimurcora, ACL iii 309.24 . atā ech isin linn-si thiar, ┐ is c.¤ lim a toidecht fom carpat harness it to my chariot, RC xii 346 § 41 . Hence in imprecation: is cead liom-sa an ríoghan go n-a hinnilt do bheith i riocht dá choirr (curse pronounced by Colum-cille), Keat. iii 1412 . as ced lemsa an charrac so dobheith mallaighthe, BNnÉ 255 § 124 .

III As noun.

(a) In general sense of permission, consent, will : fri cach c.¤ (chev.), Blathm. 197 . im gaindi a ch.¤ nō a thol, BColm. 6.z . [be]ndacht cech nóeb cona ch.¤ , Ériu viii 69.55 . M. fa calma a c.¤ , BB 50a11 . co c.¤ fri cach [n]gnīom goodwill(?), ACL iii 320 § 93 . cead ón chroidhe is dábhar gconnradh, Dán Dé x 17 . mo ched-sa fri ced an Choimdedh, BS 4.28 . do chuir an baintigherna a ced a leth Eoin, Smaointe B. Chr. 4555 = illa rogat J., Gloss.

(b) With follg. gen.: cead díomais oram ná hiarr permission to be proud, Dán Dé xix 12 . ni fhuair Mac D. ced sitha fris, Ann. Conn. 1342.11 . ced slighedh . . . trena cathraigh, Stair Erc. 1857 .

(c) With vn.: ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte will not allow itself to be taught, Dán Dé xix 6 . gan chead caoi, ii 23 . Later with independent Vn. construction: ced . . . / dol permission to go, Duan. F. i 73.20 . ní cead tusa dá thomhas, Dán Dé xiv 19 . gan ced iompódh go deó agad, RC xxiii 10.15 . cett . . . clocha . . . do chnúasach, Maund. 179 . With Vn. introduced by prep.: ced Finn / fa dhol, Duan. F. i 67.19 , see iii 55 . oc gabail [c]eda o Dhia cumm degulta ris asking God's permission to separate from Him, PH 7341 . tug fa ghoin an chígh a chead, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . Cf. tuc A. . . . a ced cuige sin, BCC 98 .

(d) With prec. prep.: can chead do thigerna in raeta without asking the owner, PH 7541 . gan chead dod lucht fhaire in spite of, DDána 14.12 . gan ced gan ceilebhradh don comhairle without asking permission of, AFM vi 2142.24 . ní hinmheasta go mbiadh comhmór na hÉireann do ríoghacht —gan chead do Dhoctuir Sanderus—gan airdfhlaith ` pace ' Dr. S. (in polemic), Keat. iii 87 . gan cead do bhreugaibh Luther, Eochairsg. 11.30 . ní go gcead / do rachadh d'éag `never with my consent', Aithd. D. 39.43 . go gcead duid by your leave (satirically), Content. vi 153 . go gcead dod ghairm `with all respect to your calling', xiv 1 . go gcead don onoir saving your reverence, Luc. Fid. 4220 . a fagaind ōn rīgraidh sin / do būar, do brat, do bīudh, / dobēraind ar aendecair / d'aenfear do c.¤ do trīur, ZCP v 23 § 28 . do (di?) ch.¤ with gen. do chead Dé na ndúl 'twas the will of God, IGT Decl. ex. 945 . ní nochdubh coidhche dom chead / do chairdios gratuitously, O'Hara 1333 . `if I can help it', Content. xviii 6 . a chora id chead to ask your permission, Aithd. D. 31.17 . maith gach cás re a chur i gcead, PBocht 1.41 . cech gnīm dia tē bad la c.¤ (rule for religious), ZCP vii 310 § 3 . ó Christ c.¤ in accordance with C.'s permission, LL 374c59 . tar a c.¤ , ZCP i 104.12 .

(e) gaibid c.¤ oc: ag bhar dtiomna níor ghabh cead `asking no leave of your testament', Content. v 147 . géabhad (sic leg.) cead ag do dhá ghairm `I will pay due deference to your two titles', xiv 34 . Later takes leave of, bids farewell to: gabhait a gced `they took their leave', Fl. Earls 46.6 . rogab G. ced agan ríg, ZCP vi 81.21 . ro gabhattar ced, ┐ ceilebradh ag an Iarla, AFM vi 2082.6 . le blanndar na mbanchuire sróllmhar / . . . / geabhad cead I shall renounce, Hackett xxvi (addit.) 65 .

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille, 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente, Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille, TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

coimimthecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimimthecht or dil.ie/10218

n (imthecht): robuí M. . . . ag coimhimtheacht friú keeping pace with them, AFM vi 1940.21 . Leb. Gab.(i) 96 note 3 . See coimitecht.

coiscéim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coiscéim or dil.ie/10426

n (-mm) (cos + céim) step, pace : greis .i. coisceim nó ceim, O'Dav. 1048 . tucastar a thrí coscémmanda láechda, TBC-LL² 4812 . co nach raibe caiscéim imtechta acu they could not move a step (of horses), SG 25.26 . is é na ruc coisceim fria hanbhfhorus (of saint), Lism. L. 4894 . tuc tri caiscemi in[a] agid, Cog. 170.21 . coiscéime na bhfíréun do choimhéad, Proverbs ii 20 . As measure: leath in gabail de, .i. in casceme, troig gu ceatraimthe troiged, uair da traigid gu leith se in ceim inraic, Coibnes 10 gl. 5 ( Laws iv 214.18 ). ca méd an coiscém da troigh, O'Gr. Cat. 240.30 . trí coiscéimeanna . . . etir a dá chích, Mer. Uil.² 56. 63 . da cét coiscem ón adhnacul, Maund. 76 . .viii. coiscéme .xx. sair, 77 .

deiscéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiscéimm or dil.ie/15266

n (dess + céimm) lit. a step to the right, apparently a definite measure; full pace : se traigthi i ndeisceim, Laws iv 276.24 . deisceim dá traigh co leth eside, O'Dav. 1048 (see Gwynn, Ériu ix 157 ). deisceim ┐ tua[th]ceim cach leth imaire .i. ceim da leith deis ┐ da leith chli .i. lethet cach imairi dibh no secht foit arathair, O'D. 2350 ( Rawl. B 506, 40a ). mata ac iarraidh conaire isedh dlegar deisceim ┐ tuadcheim do legud do (i.e. if a man's land lies between that of two co-tenants he must have access to the common woods, etc.), 2270 (23b). Cf. O'Don. Suppl. s.v. airceann, traighidh.

frestal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frestal or dil.ie/24321

Forms: fresdel, freasdal

n o, n., later m. (prob. orig. vn. of fris-indlea, cf. fresndal, and see GOI 514 . fresdel (a prima manu) Wb. 24c11 . freasdal, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

(a) receiving (as a guest), meeting, welcoming: gl. excipientes [verbum] Wb. 24c11 . Cf. co noebthanic Dia do nim | do frestul anma Adaim, SR 2154 . doragat dia ḟrestul | i ṅaimsir atbéla, Fél. Ep. 115 . f.¤ Luciáni, ib. Fél. Dec. 24 (hence, perh. freastal .i. friotháileamh, O'Cl.; Stowe Gl. 403 ). tiagair ... ar a cenn dia f.¤ ┐ dia rígadh, ZCP xi 64.6 .

(b) waiting on, ministering to, serving (freq. of supplying physical wants): f.¤ nuithir `attendance on an invalid' Ériu xii 103.13 . no bīd oc frestul na fírinne (of Abraham, i.e. following the true God) LB 113b17 = BB 236a30 . a colann fona míanaib do f.¤ , PH 7463 . bo bis ac f.¤ duine galair (i.e. supplying with milk), Laws v 260.13 Comm. in mheit as cumhuing leo do freasdul do bhiudh ┐ etgud `the number he is able to provide with food and clothing' Marco P. 36 . fa búan ar freasdol do mhiodh, Duan. F. ii 280 . Hence ration, supply: bó ... ┐ do gebdaeís a f.¤ fen ┐ f.¤ a n-aīdhedh do bainde uaithe ` fill ' BCC § 156 . a restul lóin dó, Cog. 50.10 (cf. g, below).

Intrans.: ... oc fresdul dona deibh, Marco P. 53 . Of serving at table, Marco P. 52 .

Of handling tools, etc.: da ord... ag in ghabha | & teanchair ... tri lamha leis ga ffreastal ` attending to ' Duan. F. ii 10 .

Attendance, service: da aingeal decc ... rab e sin a fh.¤ o nimh, BNnÉ 132.23 . f.¤ muinteri for tigerna, CCath. 1709 (cf. cit. under e, below). lucht a frestail ┐ a frithalma attendants LL 268b25 ( MU² 865 ). bui f.¤ ┐ frithailem forra ML ( TMoméra) 158.18 ( YBL 329b3 ). lucht freasduil ┐ fritheolma IT ii2 135 . sbiorada freasduil ministering spirits Heb. i 14 . cf. lucht freasdail ┐ fir duchais do rigaib O M., Hy Maine 86 ( Lec. 83rb 23 ) = locht freastail ḟirducusa, Uí Maine 45vb24 .

With gen. of thing supplying, furnishing: tanic C. ... do frestul ┐ frithalim lenna ┐ bíd, TBC-LL¹ 964 . dirmadha slóigh ... cen f.¤ airm [arm v.l.] nā mergedh unprovided with weapons or standards CCath. 1484 (agmina ... non armata ... Luc. Phars. iii 72 ). aoinfer ... do frestul gotha ┐ urlabra dara cenn uile ... .i. Tul Cicer (= to speak on behalf of them all) CCath. 4490 . fer frestail gotha ┐ urlabra, 4487 . is gnāth fernd do frestol na .u. consaine la Goedelae (= f takes the place of Latin v) Corm. Y 606 . (Absol. ) míle do sheomradhuibh solusda fria suan ┐ freasdal entertainment Marco P. 137 .

(c) transf. of serving a church, office, etc.: an líon manach ... ag freastal na sé dteampull, Keat. iii 3107 . ré freastal coradh, 3111 . gan techt do fhressdal na nona ..., do fresdul na trāth, BCC § 220 .

(d) similarly in phrase: f.¤ catha to join battle: cen acfuing tṡlóigh ... do f.¤ catha, CCath. 1226 . ba ... leo [slega] do restal catha ┐ comloind, Cog. 160.25 . ... do ḟreasdal catha do Chonn, ML 14.5 (= ML² 198 ). ré freastal cogaidh i n-aghaidh Laighean, Keat. iii 3071 . do ullmhuigh D. é féin do ḟreasdal catha do thabhairt do Mac G., Ériu i 93 § 46 . In some of these exx. the meaning is however not easily distinguished from (f) below.

(e) hence in hostile sense responding to (an attack or opponent), encountering, coping with: cf. in imbeirt dorónsat ic frestal na slógh. nírbo f.¤ carat for carait ... acht f.¤ námhat for námhait, CCath. 1710 . ise sin in f.¤ doberid na Troiandaigh ... for na Rudultaib, Aen. 2259 = haec Rutulis responsa remittunt Aeneid ix 635 . ro ḟiarfaidh dibh cia f.¤ noberdis for Froech how they would answer F.'s challenge ZCP xiii 174.30 . agá rádha riú freasdal éigin do thabhairt ar Eóghan ` opposition ' ML 62.22 = cā frestal do-berdais ar ..., ML² 922 . With gen. of pers.: ro gabhsat for f.¤ a namhat do clochaib ... ┐ dá righthibh fein, CCath. 1873 . nir bai aici seom acmaing frestail Gall, Cog. 66 x . is truagh gan fer a frestail accainde a man fit to encounter him Acall. 33.3 . o nach bfaghaim ... | fear da fhreasdal acht mé féin | rachad do troid ... le M., Duan. F. ii 326 . Cf. is fearg Aodh da ffreasdol, 376 . ní fuair fer a freastail a man to encounter (the boar) ZCP vi 279.19 . fer frestail cacha flatha a match for any chief MR 202.12 . S. ... do dol i conne .h. R. le buille slegi ┐ h. R. do dol da f.¤ ┐ da frithalad , Ann. Conn. 1391 § 3 . With gen. of thing: re f.¤ na forécni sea, MR 122.3 . ... do restal catha do Brian `to meet B. in battle' Cog. 150x . ag freasdal greas ... na hardghaoithe, ML 48.20 . bá duiligh ... f.¤ diubhraicthe na n-ócc, AFM vi 2254.5 .

(f) i f.¤ in preparation for; anticipating: cindus no bedís coraighthi na cathrach ... i f.¤ ind etualaing ... bui ic tomaithim forro ` in prospect of ' CCath. 1110 , Cf. doroine ... túra ... ic [v.l. i] f.¤ imairic imdibhraici dibh re foirnibh na long, 1395 .

(g) by extension matching, keeping up with, being equal to: is é méit na sonairtí na fétfaitis fir in betha ... [a] f.¤ im sroighledh, Ériu v 152.123 . conarbo tualaing a aos comtha do f.¤ la hionmoille a eich to keep up with his company Hugh Roe 102.18 (f. 27b) . cf. AFM vi 1978.12 . ni ruacht la a mhíledhaibh O'D. do ḟ.¤ `to keep pace with' AFM vi 2210.23 . Cf. dá déaraibh do dhoirt Muire | a freasdal nach fuair a dearc, DDána, p. 85 § 23 .

immachor, immochor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immachor, immochor or dil.ie/27645

n (meaning same as imchor q.v., but may be of different origin ?<imm-fo-cor).

I

(a) act of carrying, bearing (trans.) : cethir fichit ar chét long ... batar fri himmochor a slóg for transporting, Alex. 96. techta úann fri himachor ar sídha ... co hAlaxandir, 445 . a leabar salm dh'imochar etarra ┐ a aidi, Lism. L. 4046. o medon lái cu nóna don rig for immachor being carried, Three Hom. 70.29 . dā dam ... ┐ crōchar co coimnert 'ga imac[h]ur eatarru, CCellaig 616. cuirit na fir for iomochur eisiomh gus an ngleann, Hugh Roe 24.6 . na cuirp chealgacha ... atá ré hiomachor a n-anam, TSh. 2070. máoidhimh é d'anáir m'athar | sé d'ḟagháil re a iomachar, IGT Decl. ex. 446. luathaidh féin fear h'iomacbair `quicken thy bearer's pace ,' Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 2 .

(b) ? In concrete sense, vehicle: ó Chill Muine ... | go tracht Erenn ... | le hen lá gan iomachar `from Menevia ... to Ireland in a single day without transport,' BNnÉ 224.2 .

II Fig. act of enduring, suffering (trouble, etc.) : tóir nach éidir d'iomachur `a chase that cannot be borne,' Ériu ix 164 § 11 . a dhaoineise lén dochar an aithrighe d'iomachar, Dán Dé vi 23. gidh iomdha ag oighre a athar | diomdha oirne ar iomachar, xxi 32 . supporting: is dilliuchta an eigsi ┐ an eladha gan fear a himochair `without a man to support them,' AU ii 472.29 .

imthecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthecht or dil.ie/28137
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imdheacht

n ā, f. vn. of imm-tét. (imtheacht imdheacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 ).

(a) in intrans. sense the act of going about, journeying, proceeding, going: do i.¤ foirib, a doirsea `to pass over you, ye doors,' Ml. 46a14 . snimach saethrach, bec a nert | a oenur ic sírimthecht, SR 3748. fecht do Patraic oc i.¤ i mmaigib Maicc Ercae, Trip.² 1404 . ri gaibis cu oc i.¤ aenar `setting off alone,' Laws v 172.18 . ro-batar oc imdecht i n-Ierusalem `going about in J.', PH 3675. oc imdecht imalle re chommilethaib `marching with his comrades,' RC ii 388.7 . ag i.¤ LE going away with, making off with: ag imdhecht leis na crechuibh making off with the spoils, Rel. Celt. ii 196.23 . ag i.¤ FOR (AR) happening to: cred ba ciall dona hairghenaibh sin do condcatar fen oc imtecht air `happening to him,' BCC 404.8 .

(b) In trans. sense, traversing: fofúair ann fer ... | ic i.¤ a chonaire, SR 3092. atconnarc gillu glána | oc i.¤ ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768. fecht do Moling ic i.¤ Luachra Degad, Fél. 150 § 17. do condaic dreimire o talmain co nemh ┐ é ga imtecht `and he departing thereby,' BCC 418.27 . da luing bhíos ag imtheacht an mhara, TSh. 103. fer do grís an t-áth gá i.¤ `a man who has heated the ford by his passage,' Studies 1920, 418.71 .

(c) evading, transgressing: oc mīdēnam .i. ic i.¤ cāna domnaig `bei der Umgehung des Sonntagsgesetzes,' ZCP xv 327 § 19. ōenfiadu indraic at-chí diis no triar ic imtecht cāna domnaig, ib.

(d) a wandering, a course, journey, departure: bad sochrud ar n-i.¤ `let our going be decent,' Wb. 6a30 . fri imthect `for marching,' 12c46 . i.¤ slebe `wandering on the mountain,' Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). is i.¤ doib ┐ a coibche leo `they go away (i.e. leave their husbands),' Laws v 202.z Comm. ra iarfacht ... cid dobretha i.¤ fair ┐ cid ma tanic `what had caused his journey,' TBC-LL¹ 101. imtheacht samuisci tre cheo `the wandering of a heifer ...,' 4478 . aes n-imthechta no tastil sliged travellers , 148 . gebid ... a ḟiallgud ...n-imthechta immi he puts on his travelling clothes, 967 . t'i.¤ seochainni co se | ní acend acht sídaige, LU 3991. imdecht do neoch tar crích a tíre sechtar `journeying by anyone,' Ériu ii 202.2 . sé hernaile saorus fer n-imtechta ar tighradus na n-innile passer-by , O'D. 888 (< H 3.17, col. 637 ). na tairmiscid ... mo shet ┐ m'imtecht, PH 1897. do gabh Eōgan lāmh ar imt[h]echt assin innsi, ML² 454. teccaim gaeth rothren anaghaidh a himtechta against its course (of a ship), CCath. 4614. an úair thug Día ormsa imtheacht romham ó thigh m'athar, Gen. xx 13. is é modh ar a bhféadfaim-ne ... imtheacht san slighidh chóir, TSh. 10555. comharrtha ... ag nach bhfuil imeacht ona naduir fein departure (i.e. deviation) from its own nature, Luc. Fid. 239.5 . luidh reimhe ina uidhedhaibh imtheachta `he proceeded by regular marches,' AFM v 1740.12 . Imteact diall isin ceapaigh (name of a metre), IT iii 100 § 178. Imtheacht na Tromdhaimhe (name of a tale), Tromd. Guaire vii 23.

Used as obj. of certain vbs. gaibid i.¤ departs: rogab hi.¤ she departed, SR 1898. do-gní i.¤ : dena immdecht ` be off ,' PH 423. dénaidhsi i.¤ ... do dhénamh bhar bhfoghluma ar fedh an domhain, Comp. CC 72.25 . léicid i.¤ do frees, dismisses: do leicc imthecht do Gallaib Laigen `he dismissed the Leinster Galls,' Ann. Conn. 1225 § 16. léig imtheacht don fhuaráinsin ` set free ,' Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . téit i.¤: tiagait ass iaram imdechtai imciana coriachtutar in dithreb, LB 119b51 . tríallaid i.¤ : triallais imdiucht isin gaimred he attempted to set out, Ériu vii 197.19 .

(e) (esp. in pl.) adventures, exploits, doings, experience; news, tidings: ni fetar-sa mo imthechta `I know not my goings,' Wb. 28c10 . nintha do i.¤ liumm, RC xiii 222.20 . ro innis a imthechta do Béoan, LU 2968. adfíadat iarom a n-imtechta ┐ a scéla do Choncobur, LU 8937. acht co marat m'airscéla ┐ m'imthechta dimm esi, TBC-LL¹ 1113. indistir dūn nī do imtheachtaib ┐ do airscēlaib in c[h]eneúil, TBC-I¹ 329. ni fulngat ... tódernuma na piana na imtechta fo bith ar ni bit cinaid foraib (of the transmigration of souls), Alex. 842. adfet dóib imthechta in rig, Laws i 72.24 Comm. ara n-indissed di diúiti a imthechta `that he should tell her the simple truth of his adventures,' Imr. Brain 56.8 . ro-íarfaig Finnén de imthechta Hérenn .i. aní forcoemnacair inti ó amsir Partholóin, ii 286.6 . an sgéal léaghthar i n-imtheachtaibh Shéarlais Mhóir, TSh. 5205. ro gab a herrad imtechtæ ┐ ammaitechta impi (of magic feats), CCath. 4116.

(f) departure by death, decease: intan rocloither imtecht daini `when thou hearest of a man's decease,' Mon. Tall. 136.15 . tug an imtheacht tinnteach is tóirneach, Keat. Poems 144.

(g) pace , walk, going on foot, power of walking: bá miniu ┐ bá lúathiu a n-imtecht, LU 8255. roluath laissin caillig a i.¤ sum, Fél. 150 § 17. nir ḟet marcachus na himdecht do dénam she could neither ride nor walk, Todd Lect. vi 40.11 . do-rat Isu ... imtecht do na baccachaib, PH 4533. cos cín ímteacht iar fuined, ZCP xiii 278.12 .

(h) extent, scope: do réir imtheachta nó réime aitheantadh Dé, Donlevy 320.18 .

(i) Folld. by prep. AR imitation ?: do ní Eoin imtheacht mar sain | ar inntleacht an Eoin iodhain `Eoin doth strive to imitate the character,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xix .

(j) of sexual intercourse: rē mnaoi ar a raibhe imthecht aige 'a woman with whom he had intercourse' Celtica i 216.246 . imtheacht ar mhnaoi, Plunkett s.v. coitus , Celtica i 235 . go raibhe deamhan do ghnáth ag imtheachd ar mháthair Lúitéir, Desid. 3805 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace (?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

mall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mall or dil.ie/31479
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maull, maill, maill

adj o, ā. d s m. maull, Sg. 183b3 . d s f. maill, ib. n p m. (as noun) maill, Ml. 20a26 .

(a) slow (in movement or action), generally implying slugishness or inertness . m.¤ nó doe, gl. tardus, Sg. 66a7 (cf. Ml. 20a26 ). m.¤ nó baéth, gl. hebes, 66a5 . gl. morantem, 64a5 . cumscugud m.¤ , Wb. 25d26 . dosnicfa cobir cid m.¤ , 5c5 . m.¤ .i. mollis .i. maoth amail nā beth cnāim and, Corm. Y 906. manip m.¤ beti occae if they do not loiter over it, Mon. Tall. § 53. ba m.¤ lais dogein in ben in folcadh he thought the woman was slow in preparing the bath, Laws i 72.34 . rethid is ní ro-máll, TBC-LL¹ 3361. inghen . . . fá m.¤ troigh, Irish Texts ii 70 § 14. m.¤ a ccomhrádh slow of speech, Exodus iv 10. seal go luath ┐ seal go m.¤ , TSh. 1656. a theacht 'sa neart, m.¤ do thriall he was slow in attempting it (?), Content. vi 230. mall-bha chíochlána slow-moving kine with full udders, Studies 1929, 594 § 11 . Compar. mailliu, Thes. ii 14.35 ( BCr. 25c1 ). nirbo mailli dolotar olmbatar in charpait, TBC-I¹ 3537. is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib . . . conid maillite thinaid that they may waste away more slowly, PH 7023. nír moillitte a rúaig none the slower was his rush, BNnÉ 139.42 . ? Superl. mol ┐ hond, ar issed déide as maillem i mmuilend, Corm. p. 29 s.v. muilend (= is muilend i mmuilend, Corm. Y 874 ). (cryptic) mainiciall .i. mall, Goid. 78 § 225 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 613 .

Freq. in composition with vn. etc., expressing motion or action: ic mall-ascnam in mara, CCath. 2871. ag maillcheimniuccadh, AFM v 1760.21 . a Diarmait, a mallchobair slow in help, ZCP iii 204.4 . atbath Fintan . . . do m.¤-chrine slow decay, MacCarthy 144. long m.¤-rāmach slow-rowing , IT iii 89 § 115 = Bruchst. i § 80 . an maillthriall doghníodh slow pace , TSh. 7626.

In sense late, tardy: in mall-aithrige, LU 2410 ; PH 8203 (= sera poenitentia). mo i nnemdhdhenum ł inna malldenumh 'a greater [fine] for non-manufacture than for its late manufacture', Mar. Dis. 28 § 4 . cóilis mhall late cabbage, Corp. Astron. 54.22 . co m.¤ co moch late or early, SG 245.53 .

(b) freq. as epithet of sea, slow-moving, sluggish (? but cf. (c) below). meirge mara maill, SR 4003. immar thuile mara maill, Metr. Dinds. iii 176. anfad in mara moill, ZCP x 345 § 9. Cog. 10.1 . Of rivers, etc.: gér mh.¤ an tSiúir, Keat. Poems 1517. i gcrích Ulad na n-es mall `placid (i.e. not swollen unduly)', O'Gr. Cat. 384.11. So in compd.: 'sa Midhe mallaibhnidh `of the gentle rivers', Ériu v 54.22 .

(c) of places, perh. in sense massive, broad, vast , Meyer, Bruchst. i § 20 n. Mide m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 52. for Midi m.¤ , LL 185a22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 32 ). co Maistin maill, IT iii 9 § 10 = Bruchst. i § 20 . in m.¤-mag, Cog. 122.23 .

Cf. further: adlaic damsa ech m.¤ moṅgach, LL 45b20 = MS. Mat. 489 , RC xxxvi 263 § 21 (where `ech' denotes figuratively a stretch of territory). nasc m.¤ mná nāre Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 104 (where `nasc' seems used of a stretch of coast or reef of rocks). dar muir ┐ dar mallcladh, Anecd. ii 41 § 17. adrochair Aillen . . . tairnic a mhaill-néill heavy clouds, i.e. stupor (?), Acall. 1749. tugadh a mallthréda muc, TBC St. 67 . m.¤-tréad muc `a large herd of swine', Atlantis iv 170 . maill-tréada muc ┐ caorach, Each. Iol. 7 . fá mhallbhruachaibh na motharmhala (of eyebrows), Todd Lect. iv 96 § 38.

(d) common epithet of the eye, always complimentary (cf. Dante, Purg. vi 63 ), slow-moving, steady, gentle? rinn roisc a minchinn is m.¤ , ACL iii 308.5 . mall-rosc mór meicc ríg Hérenn, Ériu iv 96.2 . as a derc ra-mhoill ra-glais, 112 § 7 . súl-mall ` soft-eyed ', 116 § 19 . ríoghan an ruisg mhoill, A. Ó Dálaigh i 4. matal ríogh mallṡúilech Múaidhe, KMMisc. 170.14 . maighdean mór mílla mallrosgach, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 235 § 68.1 . In dwanda-compd. with other adj.: a ruisc mhaillréid, SG 265.6 .

(e) used of women or young persons, in complimentary sense, implying dignity, gentleness or modesty of demeanour: Eaba in m.¤ mhór, Ériu iv 112 § 8. [ac tab]uirt duit mna moilli, ZCP xiii 17.17 . mná malla, SG 65.16 . mo chean don mhoill úir iodhain, Gofraidh Fionn v 24 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). macān m.¤ secht mbliadan, ZCP vi 266 § 2.

pais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pais or dil.ie/34158

n (Lat. passus) a pace (as measure, variously estimated at 3 or 4 feet). hi pais, O'Dav. 1048 . iar tochailt . . . fichet paisse (.i. trí troigthe hi páis), LB 230b47 . cá méd an paisi? dá coiscém, O'Gr. Cat. 240.30 (where the ` coiscéim' is given as 2 feet). trí paisi, ib. 31 . dā grēs a pais, BB 14a30 . sē passe, ZCP iii 20.6 . Also used in allegorical sense: saincenel cech phasse .i. pais stairide ┐ pais siansaide, Rawl. 75a29 .

póc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. póc or dil.ie/34427

n ā.f. (< Lat. pax, pāc- through Brit.) a kiss : póc, gl. osculum, Sg. 46a3 . póc . . . quasi páx, i.e. a páce , ar is airidhe sída in phóc, Corm. p. 36 , cf. Corm. Y 1057 . dí láim im Étain ┐ póc dī, LU 10838 . dobeir phóic dó, TBC-LL¹ 2166 . dorat póicc dō, PH 845 . tairbiris póc dó, Acall. 7417 . ind póice `a hasty kiss', Ériu iv 102.2 . do iarraid póicci fair, CCath. 2205 . pl. ra thairbir teora póc, TBC-LL¹ 3584 (= teora pog, H. 2.12, teora póga, St.); the expression: teora póc appears to be stereotyped, cf. CRR 8 ( LL 172a26 ), Ériu iii 164.18 , Acall. 6833 , 6906 (but: teora póca, 7615 ; tairbiris teora póc ndil ndíchra dho, 3663 , where póc is treated as g p.). cetheora póca, LL 166a27 . ro eamhnait na poga eturu, CCath. 2434 . is cealgach póga na námhad, Proverbs xxvii 6 . do toirbreadur dho phoguibh a cheile saluted each other with kisses, Ériu v 88.11 . Treated as i-st.: doberind poici uaddi ind `I would give few kisses for it', RC xxiv 198.15 .

rástáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rástáil or dil.ie/34830
Last Revised: 2013

vn stride, pace: ar mbeith dóibh ag rásdáil 'when they had strode' PCT 187 , Celtica xiii 135 .

2 síd, síth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 síd, síth or dil.ie/37442

Forms: sidi

n (cf. 1 síd?) s, n. Later u and o, m., and ā, f. IGT Decl. § 38.6 .

(a) peace, goodwill, peaceableness; a state of peace; a period of peace, a truce; terms of peace; peacemaking, pacification, conciliation : airde síde et cáinchomricc, Wb. 24b28 . cen sloglussu .i. cid cen na bec ndo s.¤ and `without truces i.e. even without a little of peace there', Ml. 51a5 . hi s.¤ gl. in multa requie, 53c15 . ar tuasulcud-ni á toiri ┐ tinnacul síde dún `the giving of peace to us', 105d10 . nacha sloglussu .i. nacha side són `i.e. any periods of peace' (gl. indutias), 111b19 . rīsam huili s.¤ (.i. celum) ind ríg `may we all reach the peace of the King', Thes. ii 304.9 ( Hy. i ) (sith, v.l.) (a play on the meanings of 1 síd and 2 síd, Éigse xvi 23 n. 9 ). síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.1 ( Hy. v ). a n-ána for sruamannaib i sidh socomét in fosernaither flatha (leg. i sída sochomét fosernaiter flathib (Stokes) `for preservation of peace'), O'Dav. 1464 . breth .i. sith no cain, . . . pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, 323 . drebraing iar cath chalad | issa s.¤ sóer subach, Fél. Ap. 2 . pōc quasi pāc, a páce , ar is airde sīda pax , Corm. Y 1057 . a maccu lēigind, lēgaid! | rob sēnuidh slondad sīdhe may you sign yourselves with the name of peace (?), 724 . lánaib . . . | do sidaib, do sonmigeib, SR 440 . a lánsíd a lánóentu, LU 2484 . slanti cen galar . . . s.¤ cen debaid, 2469 . lanṡíth i nHérinn i flaith Conaire, BDD² 229 . do-bér-sa cid aichni arin tí fhrecéras in fálti in ra s.¤ no in ra debech, MU² 827 . is Sencha macc Ailella ar s.¤ ┐ ar ṡo-berla, CRR 27 (cf. in cráeb sída, below). sith bliadne do Muirchertach . . . ┐ . . . do ri[g] Lochlann a truce, RC xviii 23.4 (Tig.). for cind rig int ṡída .i. Ísu Crist, LB 150b12 . cidh sídh bes in cech inadh bidh cocadh ann, CCath. 504 . a haithle a sídha ┐ a sádháilechta fada `after their peace and their long slothfulness', 586 . do c[h]uir an sīth a n-airdi . . . ┐ do innis dā allmarchaib cogad do beith oslaicthi acu re Conn made an end of peace, ML² 1026 . triasa fhúidbet s.¤ Dé ┐ a múinnterus peace with God, PH 6503 . doberim mo sh.¤ duib, ol Ísu; facbaim mo shíd ocaib, 6829 . sídh Eirionnaigh ní híarthuir `peace is sought with no Irishman', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . grad fagla ┐ fuath do ṡith | múnadh gach adbair ardrigh, Irish Texts ii 25 § 2 . ná heirg i slánaib sídha (leg. sítha: cóigcrícha) `in ratifying of peace-compacts have no part', O'Gr. Cat. 412.1 . is díon ar urchraibh d'fhagháil | síodh Murchaidh Í Mhadadháin goodwill, DDána 85.51 . teachta síth, 68.22 . sioth do thabhairt dom thoil letting my will have its own way, 6.4 . ar fhuaim shídh do shaorchlannuibh `in reconciling nobles', Aithd. D. 41.13 . cóir nách comhaillid cath Saxan | síoth don fhoirinn fhadhálta `it is but fitting that the Saxon soldiery fulfil not terms of peace', TD 16.7 . fuaradar . . . | cairt a sídh, Dán Dé xiv 16 . na Tiabanda . . . i sidh in[a] cathrachaib comdaingnib `at peace', TTebe 1232 . bandei int shida .i. Pax, 4485 . bím-si . . . lán do shíoth, do shochroidheacht, ┐ do chiūnas, Desid. 984 . ní háil linn osadh ar bioth nō síoth do bheith againn réna naimhdibh, 942 . Attrib. gen.: ? cainsluag sidi, set rosaig, | mór mili . . ., SR 471 . críoch Mhumhan na séadmhúr sídh `of rich peaceful dwellings', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 .

do-gní s.¤ (occasionally cenglaid s.¤ ) makes peace : dorronad síid eter muntir nime et talman, Wb. 26d5 . doroni Find ┐ Goll s.¤ iar tain, LU 3212 (H). do dénam sída célci fris treacherous peace, 6147 . do-gní s.¤ eturru, BDD² 233 . do c[h]englatar a comroind ┐ a sīdh, ML² 982 . sidh mo dherc nocha denuim `I give my eyes no peace', Irish Texts ii 82 § 4 . síoth Laighean is Leithe Cuinn | 'n-ar fhás d'aimhréidhibh eadruinn | do-ní an lacha ó linn Muaidhe, Aithd. D. 18.17 . síodh ar gcean nó gur ceangladh, 64.4 . ní déantar gan díoth anma | síoth na gcéadfadh gcorpardha, PBocht 11.38 . gan mhearbhall gan fhíoch gan uaill | do shíoth go ndearnam fa dheoidh, Dán Dé xxvii 16 . do ba lántoil lé Cormac an tsíoth soin do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 3142 . cheangladar síoth ré Cormac, ii 5648 . go ndearna síth báitte coindel ris (`a peace so solemn that he who should violate it would incur excommunication', note), AFM iii 228.y .

in chráeb ṡída (the shaking of which caused men to cease from fighting): atraacht Sencha macc Ailella ┐ ra-chroth in craib sida ┐ ra-ansatar Ulaid, CRR 52 (cf. in craib Sencha, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H)). atraacht Sencha iartain ┐ rochroth in cráeb sída ósna sluagaib combtar sídaig amal betis maic oen-athar, RC xiv 426 § 47 . craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. 6565 (v.l. p. 329.22 ). fer, cenn sída a peacemaker, a maintainer of peace : fer sitha Conaill is Eogain, AU ii 314.16 . ceann síodha na sé líne `the great pacifier of the Six Generations', Aithd. D. 67.3 .

ar s.¤ (folld. by gen. or by is = ocus), do sh.¤ (folld. by gen. or RE) at peace (with): ar síodh a bhiodhbhadh dá mbeam, Aithd. D. 84.4 . gan ghlún ó shin ar a shíoth, 100.32 . bean gá bhfuil chríoch ar gcoinne | do chuir ar a síoth sinne `has taken us under her peace', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 2 . gan í ar síoth is siad, PBocht 5.37 . do shíoth na n-aingeal eile | do bhaoi, 14.8 . bheith do shíoth ris gach aoin-neach, TSh. 9346 .

As quasi-vn. act of pacifying, keeping the peace : in tres fer ic sídh etarru, CCath. 100 . dorala ermor aireach . . . ag sith eitir Mac Cuill ┐ a braithre, Leb. Gab.(i) 244.8 . ro feimdetar fir Héren[n] a sid immon ríge, RC xx 140.23 ( ACC Pref . ).

(b) a peace-offering, compensation, atonement, indemnity; compact of peace ; in pl. peace-conditions: tuc Mac Murcadha .u. fichit uinge d'ór do ṡíth d'U Ruairc, RC xviii 274.15 (Tig.). tucc an ferann . . . dó, do shith ina diultadh o dorus a tighe as a peace-offering for having turned him away . . ., BNnÉ 225 § 124 . is hi comarli doronsat sith ┐ sosad re hUilliam . . . ┐ breth Rig Saxan risna sithaib-sin `as to the conditions of peace', Ann. Conn. 1224.13 . gi bé síodh bhus loinn latsa | do bhoing dhíom 'n-a ndubhartsa, Aithd. D. 40.19 . anam gach fhir 'na dhíoth dhó | gá síoth as mhó ro dhligh Dia, Dán Dé xxvi 27 . gá chaoineadh an gcéin do mhar | ní chuala gur choisg Peadar | go dtug sé síoth [leg. sh-] 'na shéana, xx 15 . mar shéala ar a shíodh compact of peace, xviii 28 . gidh mór beag dobhéaradh sibh | is síodh a chréacht don Choimdhidh an atonement for His wounds, vi 21 . is amhlaidh do críochnuigheadh an tsíoth soin eatorra `these were the terms in which this peace was concluded', Keat. iii 5114 . déana síoth dhuit féin agus don phobal `atonement', Levit. ix 7 . a s.¤ by the appeasing power of: a síoth umhla an éarlamha, PBocht 15.16 . fagh a síoth an uisge d'ól | mo chuidse dá fhíoch d'iompódh `win by that draught's appeasing power . . .', 20.38 .

(c) pardon, forgiveness : gabhar síodh ar son an pheacaidh, DDána 15.17 . síoth mo locht ná leig ar cairde, PBocht 9.24 . do bhir Críosd . . . | síoth dhamh ina ndearna mé, Dán Dé x 12 . síodh fan gcrann do chuaidh treimhit | fuair an Dall ó Dhoiminic, iv 9 . ghuidheas le síodh slaite Boirche `praying for the pardon of B.'s prince', Aithd. D. 25.18 .

(d) of natural phenomena, peace, quietness, stillness : is ann sin tāinic sīth na ndūl ┐ na n-aird-rennach dōib ┐ fuaradar gaoth co des . . . i n-a ndegaid, ML² 678 . an tsíon ón fhoighide as fhearr, | gloinide síodh is soineann, DDána 80.3 .

Compds. ¤athair: Senan saer sidathair silem soailche `peace-father', Lism. L. 341.21 . ¤barr the crown of peace (?): sithbarr ar síthaide | samrig (leg. samrí) ar samaigt[h]i, ZCP viii 205 § 29 . ¤chiúin peaceful and calm : ba shith-chiúin coibhsuidh na cuanta, ITS i 78.5 . ¤chráeb (cf. cráeb ṡída, above): re glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 . ¤dénam: breis chothruim dó a foscadh 's a síthdhéanamh peacemaking, Hackett xlv 12 . ¤fhlaith peaceful kingdom or rule (especially of heaven): tūatha Hérenn tairchantais | dosnicfed sídḟlaith núae, Thes. ii 314.2 ( Hy. II ) (`prince of peace'). sidhflaith .i. nime, O'Curry 477 ( H 3.18, p. 249 ). luid hi sídḟlaith sóerdai, Fél. July 13 . go rísem an siothflaith saor | sósadh soinmeach na bfíornáomh, Irish Texts iii 78 § 242 . ¤fhocal intercession, mediation : díon dúin a síoth-fhocal sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 6 . ? ¤laithe day of peace : ba hed sīthlaithe fotae, Thes. ii 319.6 ( Hy. ii ), .i. laithe in sith, Thes. ii 319.33 . siothlaithe .i. laithe an tsiodha, no na siothchána, O'Cl. ¤maith npr. f. Sithmaith abatisa cluana Bairenn mortua est , AU i 248.14 ¤nem peaceful heaven : flaitheam suairc .uii. sidhnimi, BB 399a45 . ¤airer peaceful shore : dleaghar do ríghfhilidh súr gach síodhoirir, DDána 70.6 . ? ¤slicht ba lia biadh Eoghain eachtraidh | re seóladh ar sith-sleachtaibh `peaceful tribes', ML 10.6 = sīth-Grēgaib, ML² 131 .

teiched, teithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. teiched, teithed or dil.ie/40344

Forms: theged, techad, tethad, teichidh, teithid, teiche, tethe, teichid, teithid, theite, teichem, teithem, techmhe, teithmhe, teicheada, teichidh, teichmhe

n o, m. vn. of teichid. a theged , SR 6220 . techad, CCath. 796 . tethad, TTebe 2446 . teichidh, RC xviii 292.19 . ar teithid , Laws v 310.31 Comm. teiche, i 268.1 (= teiched, 298.y Comm. ). ? LL 195a24 (= toiche, Metr. Dinds. iii 118.3 ). ag tethe , Laws iv 94.3 Comm. g s. teichid, teithid, cf. also ar tí theite , Stair Erc. 1693 . In Mod. Ir. frequ. also teichem, teithem. g s. do lucht an techmhe , AFM iii 226.1 . teithmhe, CRR² 84.14 . pl. for teicheada fear Midhe, AFM ii 864.13 (see infra).

I

(a) fleeing, flight : inna teste hí t.¤ gl. fusorum ... hostium, Ml. 77a18 . hí teichiud gl. in fugiendo, 109c2 . tanic i mmadmaim ┐ i t.¤ o fheraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 2883 . ra gellaisiu t.¤ remum-sa thou didst promise to retreat before me, 6060 . eochair timme teched, ZCP vi 270 § 8 . ba níth mór la Fergus oén do máidim thechid fri Coinculaind to boast that he had put C. to flight, TBC-LL¹ 1964 . teiced ceilgi `feigned flight,` CCath. 3101 . for imirge .i. for teithed, Laws v 484.23 Comm. cia bhus tualaing teichidh, Dán Dé v 14 . do ghlacadur teitheadh chugtha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 45.4 . teithemh na nabsdal (in Garden of Gethsemane), Luc. Fid. 165.19 .

(b) With object fled from expressed by gen. (see also phrase for t.¤ infra) : um a ndeachaidh ar teithid in comruicc, Laws v 310.31 Comm. do th.¤ Chuind a brāthar, ZCP viii 274.4 . bean teichmhe na teagmhála, DDána 7.35 .

(c) With object fled from introd. by ré n— (see also for t.¤ infra) : for teched remib, Ml. 44a19 . heirg for teched riat' brathair, SR 2926 . nech oc t.¤ ria smachtaib Cana ` absconds from ,' Laws v 258.4 Comm. ag teitheadh rés an mbeathadhach, TSh. 574 . Note also : gan chumas ar theithidh uadha, Mac Aingil 87.4 . fer ... ris ba teindinus teithead, TTebe 987 .

II In phrase for t.¤

(a) fleeing from, in flight from (with gen. and prepp.) : tiagat for t.¤ , Ml. 54b12 . for techiud ria nnaimtib, 44a18 . for teched na clerech, LU 246 . gé atá ar a theicheamh fleeing from Him, Dán Dé vii 6 . ar teicheadh ré cách, ML 60.7 .

(b) More widely in order to avoid, to shun ; away from : dia ndechatar for teched in tedma, Thes. ii 298.13 . for teched resin ṅgalur, 299.16 . is é ar dteicheadh trócuire though he flees from His mercy, Dán Dé xviii 23 . ar teiteadh an nintsamlaighthi re hiughlaib, O'Gr. Cat. 309.35.

(c) With foll. vn. construction : ar teiched thoigeachta do thogail Tebi `escape from coming to sack T.,' TTebe 2955 . ar teithed an fiabrais so do techt o saothar, Rosa Angl. 62.11 .

(d) With foll. clause : ar teithed co ndingnadh C. biataigh ... díb for fear that C. would make provisioners of them, ML² 1561 . ar teichem co mbérthaide arís hé, SG 42.x .

III g s. teichidh, teichmhe depending on various nouns : am teithidh, TSh. 4115 . conair theichidh, TTr.² 1872 . gles trota no teichidh, Rel. Celt. ii 198.40 . lucht madhma ┐ móir-theithmhe, CRR² 88.20 . na bíodh menma teichidh agaibh, TFrag. 180.4 . ruc reim techid in-Egept, SR 7542 . conid on rian teichmisin atberar Mag rein, Fen. 250.7 . raon madhma ┐ móirtheithmhe, Eochairsg. 80.8 . bar tilaib teichid (sic leg., Windisch) `Stirnen dem Fliehen zugewandt,' TBC-LL¹ 5793 . traig teichid lit. foot ( pace ) of retreat : tri traigid techid do breith assin chath, CRR 44.7 . nach berad oen traig teighchid reisin ciniud doenna uli, Cog. 186.9 . See also under 1 traig. tráth teichidh, DDána 10.17 .

Various : cin teichid do lecun doib `without allowing them to evade it,' Laws i 134.34 Comm. teiche gen dicell do cethruib `carrying off cattle without concealment,' i 268.1 . lead (in a race) : in tethad ┐ in tennad ruc o chach, TTebe 2446 . a band of fugitives : crech la Lethlobur rig Oirghiall for Gailengaib ┐ for teichedh fer Midi `on the fugitives ...,' RC xvii 394.8 = for teicheda fer M., AFM ii 864.13 . ro lingastair leim don chruadcharraig ... an deagaid theithid na Tiabanda, TTebe 968 . a refuge : mar is í in charraig teitheadh na mbroc, is é Criosd teitheadh ... na ndaine, ITS xxix 217.6 .