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comdelbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdelbad or dil.ie/10997

 

n (comdelb, cf. con-delba): curub é in spirut is prem coimdelbtha don craidhi `the root which forms the heart', Rosa Angl. 128.7 .

cruim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruim or dil.ie/13220

 

Forms: crum, cnuimhe, crumai, cruimhe, cruma, crumi, crum, cruimh, crumh

n f. Later also cn-, crum. g s. cnuimhe, Oss. iii 130.5 . n p. crumai, Ml. 44c1 . a p. cruimhe, BNnÉ 300.22 . g p. cruma (: duba), SR 890 , crumi, PH 5627 , later crum. cruimh f., IGT Decl. § 14 (69.1) . crumh f., § 39 (91.15) .

Worm, maggot : prem . . . isin chombreic is c.¤ isi[n] gāidilg, Corm. Y 211 . c.¤ már gl. corculio, Sg. 47b6 . na di ch.¤ , LU 187 . dá crúim . . . .i. c.¤ derg ┐ c.¤ gel, 186 . conad c.¤ mē = sum vermis, Corm. Y 211 . ni tainic brenta na cruimh / anaimsir a adhnacoil, Blathm. 178 . in cath crum (: dūscud) (of the body), ACL iii 239 § 27 . a chuli chrum, PH 8222 . cruma nemmarbdai, 1296 . cruimh neime, Acall. 3591 . . . . / bidh cáel . . . bidh crumhae (g p. as adj.?) a mass of worms (the body), ACL iii 216 § 5 . cáoile iona crumh (: dubh) (of a dead pig), Hermathena ci 29 § 6 (cruimh, v.l., Irish Texts i 25 ). corp dá ndéantar crumha ┐ cré, DDána 15.21 . ag biathadh cnumh, Mac Aingil 4709 .

Transfd. cruimh an choguais, TSh. 6152 .

Compds. With noun: ? tairnill comsron (leg. cromṡrón, Ed.) crumtondan `wurmhäutige t. (?)', ZCP xiii 276.13 . With adj.: cruimhgheala .i. cruimh ar ghile, O'Cl.

elefleog, elefreog, elethreog

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elefleog, elefreog, elethreog or dil.ie/19946

 

Forms: elefleog, eilefleóg

n f., name of a plant, the atriplex or goose-foot: atriplex .i. elifleog, ACL i 327.61 . an elefleog , ib. 340 . eilefleóg strangle-tare, stinking goose-foot(?) Hogan Luibhl. . arracia [= arache] atriplex .i. an elefreog, 23 K 42, 359.3 . gabh elefreog, 359.6 . arracia [= arache] atriplex .i. in eletreog RC ix 225.10 . prem elefleoig, YBL 348a30 . Cf. Rosa Angl.

F

Cite this: eDIL s.v. F or dil.ie/20963

 

Forms: f, f, -h-, -βf, f/p, β, f-, ḟ, fh, ḟh, s, ff, ḟ, ff, ḟf, bf, bḟ, bhf, fh

the third consonant of the Ogham alphabet, called in Irish after the alder-tree , fern ( Auraic. 1168 , 4264 , IGT, Introd. § 4 ), represents a bilabial voiceless spirant. O. Ir. initial f in most cases comes from IE , e.g. fer, corresponding to Lat. vir, W. gwr; fír: Lat. uērus, W. gwir. Both initially and in the interior of words it may also denote lenited s < sṷ, e.g. (mo) fiur (siur < *sṷesōr, W. chwaer); (mór) fesser (sesser; cf. W. chwech); airfitiud, < *air-sétiud (√ sṷeizd); toffunn, vn. of do-seinn. In the later language this f lenites to -h-. Occasionally f seems written for -βf, e.g. atrefea, fut. of ad-treba, Wb. 30b18 , Ml. 36a19 , 107a15 . In loan words f may replace Lat. u, e.g. fín < uinum, fís < visio; Lat. ph, e.g. felsub. fellsam < philosoph-; Lat. f, e.g. figor < figura. In fromad beside promad (Lat. prob-) there is an alternation of f/p also found in a few other words, native as well as borrowed, e.g. fairche /pairche (< parūchia), fairisínech, pairisínech, frém / prém (O. Ir. frén). In late Romance loanwords f may replace p. eg. falafraigh < palefrei. In Mid. Ir. rotfia = rotbia (e.g. LL 306b13 , ratfia, Lism. L. 350 , 464 , etc.) f may represent the sound of β unvoiced by preceding, t, but cf. ronfia, Lism. L. 775 .

Inorganic f is frequently inserted

(a) in O. Ir. deuterotonic forms of compound verbs before the initial vowel of a stressed syllable, e.g. do-fuarat `remains over' (*di-uss-reth), do-fuissim `generates' (*to-uss-sem).

(b) In Mid. Ir. it also appears in forms such as do-fongad (see tongaid), do-fuit = do-tuit, do-fargaid (targaid `offered') do-fucc = doficc, and cf. dafiṅggebad `who would ward him off' SR 5796 , 5820 . And occasionally in a hiatus form of a simple verb: bífad, sec. fut. of benaid SR 5812 . bífed LL 60.28 . Cf. Fer fī = Fer hí, s.v. 3 eó.

(c) In a number of words which in O. Ir. began with a vowel f is prefixed in the later language. In the classical period both forms are in use in the literature, but it is in most cases the f- form that has survived in Mod. Ir.: fadaig- kindle (O. Ir. ad-doí); faicsin seeing (O. Ir. aicsiu); faidlenn rack (earlier aidlenn); faire watch, heed (O. Ir. aire); faisnéis relating (O. Ir. aisndís); fanaid waits (O. Ir. anaid); farrad in phr. i bhf. ¤ (O. Ir. arrad); fás growing (O. Ir. ás); faslach (aslach); fastad, -ód, -úd (O. Ir. astud); fathach giant (athach, O. Ir. aithech peasant); fatód kindling (O. Ir. atúd); féta- is able (O. Ir. -éta possesses); fiafraig- inquire (O. Ir. -iarfaig); focus near, neighbourhood (O. Ir. ocus); fúacht cold (O. Ir. úacht); fúaigid (cf. úaigid); fúar cold (O. Ir. úar); fúath horror (O. Ir. úath); fuinnsenn gs., ashtree, (see uinnius); fuiseóc lark (see uiseóg); furnaide waiting (O. Ir. irnaide, ernaide; see airnaide).

In the case of certain words, mostly verbal forms, beginning with f followed by a vowel, a form without the initial f is also recognized in the Early Modern period; thus we get, e.g. fácbáil, ácbáil; faghbháil, aghbháil; fúair, úair; furáilemh, uráilemh; falafraigh, alafruigh; feiretrom (Lat. feretrum), eiletrum; fomhóir, omhóir, etc.

The lenition, that is, the expunction of f (see Ériu ii 41 ) is sporadically expressed by ḟ from a comparatively early period; there are instances in Sg., but the practice did not become regular before the Early Modern period. During this period fh is also used occasionally ( ḟh, Matthew vi 38 ). It is regular in Stapleton (see below). In mórḟeser, Ardm. 18b2 , where represents lenited s < *su (see above) the reason of the dot is not apparent. Cf. a ḟiúr, LU 10607 .

The `eclipsis' or voicing of f is not marked in the Glosses or in the earlier Mid. Ir. MSS. In later Mid. Ir. it is expressed usually by ff; in some MSS often by ḟ, e.g. i ḟasach LB 276b18 ; dia ḟaicet, 245b52 . In the Late Middle and Early Modern period we find ff, ḟf, bf, bḟ, bhf. Some scribes use all these indiscriminately in the same text. In Stapleton's Catechismus (1639) both lenition and eclipsis are denoted by fh.

frém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frém or dil.ie/24278

 

Forms: prém, fremunn, F., -fremanaib, frémh, prémh

n (= O.Ir. frén q.v.). Later also prém (see Ériu ix 84 ). ā, f. As n-stem in g p. fremunn, ACL iii 218 § 8 (= Rawl. 107b3 . Possibly the n.l. F. is intended here). d p. -fremanaib, Cog. 62.1 . frémh prémh, f. IGT, Decl. § 39 .

A root

(a) in lit. sense: f.¤ (v.l. fren) fíne, Fél. Oct. 10 . dona premaibh = de radicibus RSláinte ii p. 113 . frema na ralach, LL 264a2 ( MU² 272 ). gabais F. ... dair ... assa fremaib, LL 114a2 ( ScM. 18 ; v.l. frenaiph, ScM2). coillti ... do thuitim as a premaibh, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . a prémaib in crainnd, LB 142a3 . do drochlebaid ... for cruaid-frēmanaib [sic leg.] corracha, Cog. 62.1 . fréumh do ghlacadh to take root Isaiah xxvii 6 . ag glacadh fréimhe, Job v 3 . cur ... i bpréimh to root, implant A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 2 .

(b) by extension, of other organic things: dae ard asa f.¤ laime lūiter combi trelam tenn, Laws iv 350.4 . tescais féin fréma a chride `severs her own heart-strings' (of the pelican) O'Gr. Cat. 461.16 . cf. tug fréamha a chridhe dar gcionn (of the Saviour), Dán Dé v 11 . préamh na súl, A. Ó Dálaigh xli 8 . seacht bpréamha na bpian (= the seven deadly sins ?), Studies 1931, 260 .

(c) fig. root, source, origin: in dligedh sin ise f.¤ ┐ bunad asa nfāsa gach fis, Laws i 36.5 . sna fremhoibh fis, Duan. F. ii 336 (= i bhfremhaibh fine, i 4 ). conidsi ... Saltair Temrach as [f]rem ┐ as bunad ... do seanchadhaibh Erenn BB 263a15 = YBL 185a28 ( IT iii 199 ). én ... dan f.¤ oilemhna a oighid to whom her own death is a source of her nurslings' aliment O'Gr. Cat. 461.5 . fréma d'idnuib an uilc, Ériu iv 212 § 1 . innis ... fréamha a n-óil 's a n-imtheachta `their origin' TD 15.27 . cf. C. mh'fhírfhréamh eoil `C. my trusty guide' PBocht 7.37 . Of a person: Findén find f.¤ inmain Clúana Iraird, Fél. Dec. 12 . le comhrádh ... | níor chubhaidh dheit bheith id' ḟréimh you should not have been the author of ... words Content. xxvii 6 .

(d) root-stock (of a family or race), original or genuine stock: often loosely in sense of line, race: meic M. ... don fhréimh fuinedhaigh airdriogh, BNnÉ 281.16 . triath na riogh-freime, ZCP ii 335.2 . fógra a fírḟréimhe of her true race Ériu viii 192 . aoinaoibel beo na freimhe fíorduthchasa AFM vi 2264 . eidir ḟréimh chogthaigh Chonaill C.'s warlike race TD 2.34 . pór ... na sé bhfréamh (apparently = na sé sluaigh, i.e. the peoples of the six ages) Aithd. D. 75.15 . bláth fréimhe na fírinne ib. 40 .

Compds. Freq. in poetry or rhetoric: ... an chuirp ḟréamhdhuthain, Aithd. D. 50.33 . fremh-ghég gacha flaithiusa ` root-branch ' MR 98.5 . ¤goin: an chích ... i bhfuil a fréamhghoin | guin ochta an éarlaimh dá híoc (ref. to St. Francis) original wound (? i.e. inflicted on the Saviour) PBocht 1.24 . ¤lus: trí —a, IGT, Decl. ex. 2087 . With verb: ¤feraid: le bpréimhfearthair ... ar an nG. planted widely (?) Aithd. D. 35.1 .

frémaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frémaigid or dil.ie/24281

 

v (frém).

(a) intrans. takes root: co ro ḟrémaiget isin talmain, LB 192a11 ( PH 1254 ). in crand ... ro remhaid (= ro ḟrémhaigh) hi talmain, ZCP xiv 16.20 . (fig.) nos ... Neill N. ... 'ma frémaigit neartchlanna Neill have their origin MR 116.20 .

(b) trans. causes to take root, plants : (fig. ) mar a ndérna Caoimghin crabhadh, | Gaoidhil do fhremhaigh re thaobh BNnÉ 131.10 . as a bpáis Chríosd fhreumhaighter í (sc. an Eaglais) Parrth. Anma 453.9 .

frémugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frémugad or dil.ie/24283

 

n u, m. (vn. of frémaigid): do chuaidh ... do phréamhughadh ... cinidh Scuit i nAlbain, Keat. ii 5792 . ar na bhar bhfrémhugadh ... a ngrádh, Ephes. iii 18 .

prém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prém or dil.ie/34532
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. later variant form of frém a root : for préma ┐ for bonu na crand, PH 7275 . dair . . . co mbeidís a premha ar fogluasacht fuíthi, CCath. 340 . lan [do] premaibh ┐ do luibhibh, BNnÉ 73 § 130 . an phréamh, TSh. 2482 . ag cognamh na préime, 2481 . go soiche a phréimh, 3423 (d s. for a s.). (fig.) is e in craidhi is premh ┐ in spirut is geg (= cor est radix ipsius spiritus), Rosa Angl. 124.4 . a Phádraig, a phréamh iodhan!, Dán Dé xii 26 . n p. preimdhi, Celtica ii 122.39 .

Compds. géag do phréamhfhuil Dháibhi original race, Keat. Poems 397 . síodhaidhe préamhghlan of pure race, 253 . ó lubhra an phréimhpheacaidh do chin ó Ádhamh original sin, TSh. 508 .

prémamail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. prémamail or dil.ie/34536
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj i ( prém ) radical; essential, fundamental (of the moisture that is essential to the body): na flichideachta premamla = humidi radicalis , Éigse iii 226 . san bhflichidheacht phréamhamhail, TSh. 3168 .