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airlataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlataid or dil.ie/2179

adj (appar. d s. of aurlatu in predic. use) obedient: bat umhal fri cūrsachad / bat urlataid (urlaide v.l.) fria promad , ZCP vii 312 § 23 . ba humal, fial, irlataid (irlatea, erlataigh v.ll.), 311 § 11 . hūathad ōclaoch . . . / . . . / it é umle irlataidh, Ériu i 39 § 5 . ?dar leis féin gémad urdail ro bad úrlata do'n árdmílid na hescaraid ar a n-uirmeosad `supposing the foe in numbers to have equalled him and therefore to have been an object of his onslaught'(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.24 See also 12.26 . Rare in attrib. use: duine umal erlataid, Tec. Corm. § 31.38 . Cf. airlithe.

3 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 án or dil.ie/3243

n ā, f. cup, drinking-vessel: techta fuillema gill aine trenege, Laws v 410.21 .i. sithla tre-bennaigi .i. sithal umha sea ┐ sithal craind thuas, 412.4 Comm. = O'Dav. 150 . an .i. sithel ut est ana tuilcenna, O'Dav. 174 . an .i. sdábha no soidheach, O'Cl. es bec a ain iphthi compí sāithech, ZCP vi 257 § 6 deich longa deich nāna deich cucho, Ériu ii 28 § 12 . ? Fig. an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) womb , BColm. 16.22 . A silver cup left beside a well was a test of the king's peace: āna .i. stāba beaca bītis for tiprataib isnaib cānaib dlúthib inde dicitur: daimid āna for lindib ┐ ba do argud batir mincib . . . fri hōl tra do dāinib scīthaib esib dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib ┐ ba ō rīgaib dobertis forra do promad a cāna, Corm. Y 48 . ind rā[i]th . . . / i mbīth tiprān fo āin gil, ib. á.¤ .i. sithal no soithech asa nebhar uisce na srothan ut est a n-ána for sruamannaib i sidh socoméd sernar flatha .i. is fir lium conad comét sida dona flathaib ic a srethnaighther sithla for na sruthanaib, O'Dav. 119 , 1464 . Hence perh. án explained as fír by glossators = test (cf. leastur Baduirn, IT iii 191 § 19 ): án [.i.] fír, Metr. Gl. 9 § 4 . an is rann ban is binne/anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, 27 § 34 . á.¤ fír is ní forus fand, LU 528 . á.¤ .i. fír, Cóir Anm. § 13 . More doubtfully in: ana cach tuinide do nescarthar .i. fir lium in ferann dontí escerthar ina tuinide, O'Curry 337 (H 3.18, 185b), 711 (ib. 342) = ain cach t., O'D. 621 (H 3.17, c. 463). ana gala gaudai lama luatha . . . .i. is fir lium in galannas do gniat na lama tre gail, O'Curry 342 ( H 3.18, 190a ), O'Curry 716 ( ib. 344 ). ana gallda luathit lama .i. is fir lium an gaoil gallda no luaidhit ó lama, 1765 (23 Q 6, 36 a). á.¤ gach gala gonta nurrad, 2314 (Eg. 88, 24 (25)b). ba há.¤ fis no ainchis, ib.

coicell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicell or dil.ie/10052

Forms: coicle, coicne, coicéile, coigle

n [ā, f.] (com + cíall, see Meyer Ériu ii 57 n. 2 ). n p. coicle, coicne (also as n s.). Cf. coicéile (c), coicill. ? coigle m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.14) .

Thought, secret; intention : coiccill .i. smúainteachadh no imradhu . . . buí iga choigill ina mheanmain, Ériu xiii 67 § 76 . coigill .i. smuaineadh no rún, O'Cl. coigle .i. rún, ibid. is eol dam-sa cech cocell / it chridiu ro buí `thought', Ériu xviii 20 § 35 ( Blathm. 100 § 35 ). as e scrudas nama / inne caich ┐ a ccoiglea, Blathm. 163 . hi mbrethir hicocell hiṅgním in thought, Thes. i 253.11 (St. Miss.) ( coicill .i. imrad, O'Mulc. 281 ). ? saor dar coicli clann in tsaír / nír scaíl ball oibri dar úaig, IGT Decl. ex. 54 . serc . . . / conrig coiclea co ndéni `fetters thoughts', Ériu i 195.3 . coigle bana beodaige pure, living thoughts, 138.8 = coicne, ii 55 § 4 . coicni gēr gonus dāine / ni frithit māine māra, Corm. Y 948 . a coigle gur críchnaiged (: oibre) `purpose', Metr. Dinds. iii 56.24 . arus-foet caill duleglas / ropo coigne uleamhnas (`slaughter'), Fianaig. 10.z . coicne fri antestai `secret plotting', Celtica viii 62.44 (coicce, v.l.). coicli .i. comairle, ut est nísn-imraide na coicli cridi, O'Dav. 373 = coicle .i. folach, H 3.18, 31 a cited ib. Cf. tū mo choicli cridi (C.C. to Fer Díad), TBC-I¹ 2658 = chocne, TBC-LL¹ 3469 = coiccne, TBC(C) 2065 . do las coigle gach cridhe (: oibre), Arch. Hib. i 92 § xxv . promad cach a coigni, O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ) = a choigine .i. . . . a cubhais, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 a ).

do-gaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gaib or dil.ie/17719

Forms: digaib, -dígaib, dígbad, dergaba, ndergabdais, digebad, dogab-som, do-r-ragab, durogab, durogabsat, dogaibther, do-n-gaibter, digebtar, dorogbad, dirogbad, digabthe, digabthi, dígbad, dígbál, dígbaid

v (* dí-gaib-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 528 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. digaib, Laws iv 56.26 . -dígaib. Impf. 3 s. ní dígbad , LU 10021 (or pass. pret.?). Subj. pres. 3 s. (with perfective part.) arna dergaba , Wb. 10d13 . 3 pl. co ndergabdais , TBC-I¹ 806 . Condit. 3 s. na digebad , Mon. Tall. § 61 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dogab-som, Mon. Tall. § 60 . do-r-ragab, ib. durogab, Ml. 34d18 . 3 pl. durogabsat, 108a6 . Pass. pres. s. dogaibther, Sg. 28b20 . pl. do-n-gaibter, 218a9 . Fut. pl. ní digebtar , Ml. 73d13 . Perf. dorogbad, 17a13 . dirogbad, Sg. 9b16 . Part. digabthe, Ml. 45c12 . pl. digabthi, 107c7 . Vn. dígbad, dígbál. In later lang. as simple vb. dígbaid. IGT Verbs § 63 .

(a) takes away, removes (with DE from): gl. eximere, Ml. 34d18 , 73d13 , 107c7 , adimere, 108a6 . dem[o] .i. dighbaim, Auraic. 582 . dirogbad .a. díib (the vowel) a has been taken from them, Sg. 9b16 . nisdigaib ni dib acht is tuilled péine, FA § 16 LB = ni dingaib, LU 2098 . digaib do log-eneach eireach it takes away from the honour-price of a chief, Laws iv 56 . inti digbas ni dia tir, iii 50.14 Comm. sicip hé dígbas in n-eclais si dot síl, Trip.² 751 . ní dígbad ní día ubull cacha toimled de, LU 10021 . co-ndergabdais a n-imneth sin dind tslóg that they might remove that annoyance from the host, TBC-I¹ 806 . ron-áil fair cona tormaigfed nó na digebad cid a oenfhocul dia briathraib that he would neither add nor take away, Mon. Tall. § 61 . ó ndigaibther sé lathi díb-sin, PH 4931 . o dóenib rodigbad ┐ ic Día tarrasair from men he was taken away, RC xx 400 ( ACC § 120 Comm. ). ni derna di formut ní digbas cuil `as much as a fly removes' (as much as makes a fly smaller, i.e. a very small amount?), 278 ( ACC § 105 ). With AR (FOR) of pers. affected: a ndigaib airi in droch-ime what the bad sence takes from it (i.e. the damage done by the fence), Laws iv 156.12 Comm. in ní dígba forut i n-aimsir th'aine tabair don bocht (= quod tibi subtrahis), PH 4964 . tír arar digbait renna in lae ┐ na haidci a land deprived of, CCath. 3815 . dígébthair thall a lochta ┐ a n-anmi ar a corpaib, RC xxv 244 . dígébthair ind forcraid forru, 238 . dogabad uirre . . . nách soised inber na mbárc she was prevented from reaching (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 38 .

(b) lessens, diminishes: gl. diminuere, Sg. 218a9 . imminuere, Ml. 45c12 . arna dergaba línn cretmech, Wb. 10d13 . nisdígaib al-lenamain it did not lessen their attachment (?), Hy. v 26 . dobert secht multu úade | a trét nísdígaib al-lín, 36 . ma dogabthar a fít if his ration is diminished, Mon. Tall. § 63 . is sain recht i ndigabar | i tormagar cuit there are special conditions for diminishing and increasing rations, ZCP xiii 28 . crinaid aicmi na fer ṁborbb | digbaid a n-aicmi cid ard (of the church), LL 150a15 . ní dígaib a sollsi-side cia annaither connli aile friu, Alex. 813 = ni digbaid, Anecd. v 1 . ní dígbaither rath na baiste co bás, Todd Lect. vi 27 . ná dí[g]badh ná tormaiged a riagail, LB 234 marg. sup. digeba a promad a tein, duforma erlam for nem it will lessen his term in purgatory, ZCP iii 451.23 . With IMM: rosdigbatar Romanaigh imma miltnecht deprived it of (lessened it by?) their soldiery, Anecd. iii 66 . ni digbunn a lān eineclunn ium nech it does not lessen anyone's full honour-price, Laws i 58.14 Comm.

(c) do-gaibther lám (a phrase of doubtful meaning in Laws Comm.): nocon-uil arra do righ noco digbaither a lam (`until his hand is emptied', i.e. by paying a fine?), iii 132 . mar digbad lamh geill, íctur diabludh do neoch imar digbadh a láimh fris, ii 132 . nocon écen arra do rígh ór na rodigbadh a lamh, iii 134 . aithgin gach neich imar dighbad a lam, O'Curry 1023 ( H 3.18 431b ). See 2 do-érig.

(d) In follg. ex. perh. loses, parts with: cidh na leigi damsa uait í ┐ gach ní rodíoghbhais ria dobérsa dhuit whatever you have lost by her (?) (`whatever dower you have given for her'), TFrag. 172 .

do-sní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-sní or dil.ie/18471

Forms: dínnim, tuinnem

v (cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 635 ) Pokorny, ZCP xx 404 would distinguish a verb *di-sní- neglects ( ZCP iii infra ) with vn. dínnim from a vb. *to-sní impels . See also Wortk. 223 . grindi sengan de thāib thalmun dosní athach, Anecd. i 53 § 20 = dosnī ethar impels, ZCP xi 150 . resíu tosni a aicneth `priusquam natura impellit', Ériu vii 144 § 30 . cresine dēid dosnī ar mōrsōeth, bid mōr a promad hi tein, bid pecc a fochraic for nimh. Cresine gnīmach dosnīar mōrdīdhnad, bed bec a promad a tein, bed mōr a foc[h]roic for nim works, effects (?), ZCP iii 454 . Vn. tuinnem.

F

Cite this: eDIL s.v. F or dil.ie/20963

Forms: f, f, -h-, -βf, f/p, β, f-, ḟ, fh, ḟh, s, ff, ḟ, ff, ḟf, bf, bḟ, bhf, fh

the third consonant of the Ogham alphabet, called in Irish after the alder-tree , fern ( Auraic. 1168 , 4264 , IGT, Introd. § 4 ), represents a bilabial voiceless spirant. O. Ir. initial f in most cases comes from IE , e.g. fer, corresponding to Lat. vir, W. gwr; fír: Lat. uērus, W. gwir. Both initially and in the interior of words it may also denote lenited s < sṷ, e.g. (mo) fiur (siur < *sṷesōr, W. chwaer); (mór) fesser (sesser; cf. W. chwech); airfitiud, < *air-sétiud (√ sṷeizd); toffunn, vn. of do-seinn. In the later language this f lenites to -h-. Occasionally f seems written for -βf, e.g. atrefea, fut. of ad-treba, Wb. 30b18 , Ml. 36a19 , 107a15 . In loan words f may replace Lat. u, e.g. fín < uinum, fís < visio; Lat. ph, e.g. felsub. fellsam < philosoph-; Lat. f, e.g. figor < figura. In fromad beside promad (Lat. prob-) there is an alternation of f/p also found in a few other words, native as well as borrowed, e.g. fairche /pairche (< parūchia), fairisínech, pairisínech, frém /prém (O. Ir. frén). In late Romance loanwords f may replace p. eg. falafraigh < palefrei. In Mid. Ir. rotfia = rotbia (e.g. LL 306b13 , ratfia, Lism. L. 350 , 464 , etc.) f may represent the sound of β unvoiced by preceding, t, but cf. ronfia, Lism. L. 775 .

Inorganic f is frequently inserted

(a) in O. Ir. deuterotonic forms of compound verbs before the initial vowel of a stressed syllable, e.g. do-fuarat `remains over' (*di-uss-reth), do-fuissim `generates' (*to-uss-sem).

(b) In Mid. Ir. it also appears in forms such as do-fongad (see tongaid), do-fuit = do-tuit, do-fargaid (targaid `offered') do-fucc = doficc, and cf. dafiṅggebad `who would ward him off' SR 5796 , 5820 . And occasionally in a hiatus form of a simple verb: bífad, sec. fut. of benaid SR 5812 . bífed LL 60.28 . Cf. Fer fī = Fer hí, s.v. 3 eó.

(c) In a number of words which in O. Ir. began with a vowel f is prefixed in the later language. In the classical period both forms are in use in the literature, but it is in most cases the f- form that has survived in Mod. Ir.: fadaig- kindle (O. Ir. ad-doí); faicsin seeing (O. Ir. aicsiu); faidlenn rack (earlier aidlenn); faire watch, heed (O. Ir. aire); faisnéis relating (O. Ir. aisndís); fanaid waits (O. Ir. anaid); farrad in phr. i bhf. ¤ (O. Ir. arrad); fás growing (O. Ir. ás); faslach (aslach); fastad, -ód, -úd (O. Ir. astud); fathach giant (athach, O. Ir. aithech peasant); fatód kindling (O. Ir. atúd); féta- is able (O. Ir. -éta possesses); fiafraig- inquire (O. Ir. -iarfaig); focus near, neighbourhood (O. Ir. ocus); fúacht cold (O. Ir. úacht); fúaigid (cf. úaigid); fúar cold (O. Ir. úar); fúath horror (O. Ir. úath); fuinnsenn gs., ashtree, (see uinnius); fuiseóc lark (see uiseóg); furnaide waiting (O. Ir. irnaide, ernaide; see airnaide).

In the case of certain words, mostly verbal forms, beginning with f followed by a vowel, a form without the initial f is also recognized in the Early Modern period; thus we get, e.g. fácbáil, ácbáil; faghbháil, aghbháil; fúair, úair; furáilemh, uráilemh; falafraigh, alafruigh; feiretrom (Lat. feretrum), eiletrum; fomhóir, omhóir, etc.

The lenition, that is, the expunction of f (see Ériu ii 41 ) is sporadically expressed by ḟ from a comparatively early period; there are instances in Sg., but the practice did not become regular before the Early Modern period. During this period fh is also used occasionally ( ḟh, Matthew vi 38 ). It is regular in Stapleton (see below). In mórḟeser, Ardm. 18b2 , where represents lenited s < *su (see above) the reason of the dot is not apparent. Cf. a ḟiúr, LU 10607 .

The `eclipsis' or voicing of f is not marked in the Glosses or in the earlier Mid. Ir. MSS. In later Mid. Ir. it is expressed usually by ff; in some MSS often by ḟ, e.g. i ḟasach LB 276b18 ; dia ḟaicet, 245b52 . In the Late Middle and Early Modern period we find ff, ḟf, bf, bḟ, bhf. Some scribes use all these indiscriminately in the same text. In Stapleton's Catechismus (1639) both lenition and eclipsis are denoted by fh.

fromad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fromad or dil.ie/24579

Forms: fromhadh, fromtha

n u, m. (Mid. Ir. by-form of promad ) fromhadh, IGT, Verbs § 67 (no ex.).

(a) testing, proving: fromadh .i. derbad, Stowe Gl. 174 . fromhadh .i. fechain, O'Cl. eirg don craunn | dia ḟ.¤ imm óenubull, SR 1254 . dia [ḟ]romad hi faitsine (= ut probarent eum in venturis rebus) Trip. 54.2 (538) . am maith se ..., ol E., for fithchill. A f.¤ dún, ol M. let us test it LU 10804 . ar co ndigsed do ḟ.¤ na haba, TBC-LL¹ 1568 (= d'fechain St). do romad do rigneirt, 3670 . froma[dh] uptha dus in budh amainsi, Laws i 180.30 Comm. (beside promad ib. 29 ). co fromadh no cin fromadh (of testing beer) ii 236.8 Comm . déna mo ḟromud ┐ mo derbud `try me and prove me' PH 7966 . do ḟromhadh bhar bhfis, Content. v 156 . pl. fromtha (the contraction here is the same as that for FOR) aili do thabairt forro tests LU 8830 ( FB 62 ). With subj. gen. folld. by AR (= FOR) : dá chéad ollamh re seanchus ... ┐ fromhadh uaisle ┐ eaglaise Éireann orra `having the revision of the nobility and clergy' Keat. i p. 80 (whose task it was to test the claims of ?). Cf. scél fromtha ar mac Machadáin `she spoke to test the son of M.' Metr. Dinds., iii 60 .

(b) tasting, a taste: ní háil f.¤ ní háil ól | lór dáibh a boladh do bhiúdh, IGT, Decl. ex. 379 . tabarthar fromadh in leanna duinn, BNnÉ 28.2 . ar bhfromhadh na neimhe dhi, Keat. ii 5775 . ag fromhadh cuirp Chriosd, Luc. Fid. 247x .

mí-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mí- or dil.ie/32121
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: míochoingiolla, mmíchomlabrai, mignímu, mí-imberta, miarlig, mibésaig, micerdaigh, miceirdighi, míchlodcha, michlothaigfetar, michlothaigthi, míchóirighthe, miochóruighedh, mídúthrastar, mignethi, mi-tn-imret, nómíonoraigeadh, mitomnadar

pejorative particle, possibly (as suggested by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 10 , cf. Wortk. § 9 ) orig. a compar. mis ` less ', akin to second syll. of Lat. nimis, a view supported by the compds. miscais `hatred' (<cais `love'), misimbert (see mí-imbert below) and perhaps misceird `evil step' (?), O'Dav. 392. In O. and earlier Mid.Ir. always pejorative, often opposed to compds. with caín-; in later lang. often a mere negative. Used in composition with (I) nouns, (II) adjs. derived from nouns or participial, (III) occasionally with vbs.; often used in etymol. glosses, e.g. milliud quasi mí-shilliud .i. drochshilliud, Corm. Y 858. The follg. list is illustrative only.

I Nouns: ¤accobar m. evil desire , Mon. Tall. § 62. ¤aided m. an evil fate, death: i mi-oidhedh .i. in drochbhas, Leb. Gab.(i) i 108 n. 6 . ¤ailges m. aversion, loathing: mi-ailgis bīdh, Rosa Angl. 270.23 ; 84.4 . ¤airde an evil token: mi-airdi, CCath. 967. ¤airilliud m. ill desert , Ml. 31c5 . todernama . . . ar a mmi-araltib, LU 2750 ( RC xxv 254.17 ). ¤airlabra evil-speaking, bad language: fer mí-urrlabra, CF 456. ¤airle evil counsel , Triads 243. tosach mi-arle malarta, Anecd. iii 16.22 . la mi-airle an áesa feigh, AFM vi 2208.22 . ¤airlech m. slaughtering: oc m. a chéile, TTr.² 1301. ¤airlégend f. a bad (false) reading: tria mi-erleginn, Hib. Min. 9.312 . ¤airmisme f. failing to hit the mark; incoherence: re mi-urmisme briathar (of a drunken man), O'Gr. Cat. 215.21. ¤altar m. bad fosterage , Laws i 168.1 . cen mialtur, ii 164.17 . ¤altram m. ill nurture: féth meic mi-altromma, MacCongl. 93.26 . ¤áradu evil plight: mí-aradha, BNnÉ 305 § 23 (= drochdhíol, St.). meiridhin .i. mi-aradha ` mis-disposal (?)', O'Dav. 1269. ¤aslach n. g s. in mí-aslaig (gl. malae persuasionis), Ml. 28b7 . ¤bal: míobhal .i. drochbhail, O'Cl. cen meirg ┐ cen m. `without obscurity', Metr. Dinds. iii 150.2 ; 224.24 . fo mibail ` ruin ', iv 178.5 . cóir . . . sás Murchaidh go míballa `that M.'s contriving should have unhappy issue', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.26 . ¤bés m. evil custom or habit: in m. ┐ in mí-chostud sain, LL 231b7 ( TTr. 1048 ). don mnai co mmíbés, 210a58 . ar iumad . . . a míbes, LB 150a57 . ina míbesaib, PH 6949. cosc meirle ┐ mibés, AFM iv 1052.3 . ¤blas m.: fer míblais `of bad manners', CF 456. ¤bolad m. evil odour: do brentaid ┐ míboladh, CCath. 3484. ¤briathar f.: ro forfacaib-seom na mibriathra-sa dhoibh (i.e. curse), BB 266b26 . ¤chádus m. irreverence, disrespect: bannaomh dá dtugadar míochádhas, Keat. iii 865. a tibhraid do micadhus do cellaib ┐ d'ecclusaib, BCC § 127. ¤chatu m. disrespect, disesteem: michatu cuirp, cátu anman, LL 371c40 . micata ar in olaind `the wool is undervalued', Laws v 80.24 Comm. ina cataid coir . . . ina michataid, 392.21 . ¤chélmaine n. and m. evil prediction, augury: intíí doroine in michelmaine, LB 153a14 . ro thirchan mor do micelmaine, BDD 63 St. MR 22.10 . ¤chenél n. and m.: tre burba is tre mícheinél degeneracy of race (?), ZCP xiii 9.12 . Med. of wounds referring to festering, turning septic (?): ceirin ann so bacas don cneid dul a fedanaib linnidan ┐ a rithe ┐ ar micinel fliuch, Irish Texts v 10 § 19 . ar cnedaib teid a michinel, Irish Texts v 11.4 . ¤cheol n. and m. discordant music: ind miceol ro chansatt, RC xiii 6.8 . ¤chert wrong: (as pred.) is m.¤ in modh, Forus Foc. 21. ní bhfuil Dia micheart unjust , Luc. Fid. 223.11 . ¤chétfaid ill-will, grudge: mícheadfadh na bh Philistíneach, 1 Sam. xxix 7 . Jerem. x 10 . ¤chiall f. senselessness, folly , ACL iii 238 § 12. CCath. 5592. ar michēll wildly, at random , Metr. Dinds. iii 362. mar nech ar mícéill one out of his senses, RC xix 44 § 57. roba mer miceill (of a combat), CCath. 6010. gan miceill ` ravings ', Rosa Angl. 198.5 . ¤chinnemain f. evil destiny: in mhicheinneamain, Fl. Earls 34.13 . do bithin michinnemhna d'eirghi do na tigernaigibh, 26.8 . ¤chiúnas m. disquiet, trouble: a míciunass an tsaeghail-se, BCC § 248. ag léiccen an michiúnuis sin cuice, § 231 . ¤chlú n. and m. ill fame, evil report: ráinig míochlú an uilc sin fá Éirinn, Keat. iii 2132. ar miclú . . . ar ndeaghclú, ZCP xiii 181.31 . ¤cheomna: carthain caemna, miscais míchæmna bad cheer, MacCongl. 93.26 . ¤choingell m. breach of covenant, ill faith: feall . . . ┐ mícoingeall, IT ii2 137.1 . michoingell do denamh . . . ar mac nD., AFM iii 524.1 . in fer dorinne in míchongill air a thigherna, AU iii 600.19 . pl. míochoingiolla , Jerem. xiv 7. ¤chomairle f. evil counsel: micomuirle, Ériu v 120.6 . ¤chomall m. non-fulfilment or breach of promise: do mícomhull . . . a ceneoil, CCath. 1646. tria míchomhall a mbréithre, AFM ii 1176.15 . ¤chomlabra f. pl. inna mmíchomlabrai (gl. maleloquia), Ml. 61b26 . ¤chonách m. misfortune, ill-luck , CCath. 2718.

¤chor m.

(a) a bad throw, a miss: tarlaic D. . . . don tṡleig míled cen m. | urchur, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.

(b) legal term, an illegal or invalid contract (distinguished from dochor a disadvantageous contract), ZCP xiv 373 § 35. ma damut a micuru if they acknowledge their bad contracts, Laws ii 286.12 .

¤choscar m. defeat: MR 170.22 . i maidhm míochosccair, AFM iv 1064.22 . ¤chostud m. ill-behaviour, turbulence: in míbés ┐ in michostud, LL 231b7 . mór an t-anḟeth ┐ in michostadh ro boí 'sin Trói, TTr.² 1901. ro ghabh for miochostadh mór friss an bhfhilidh, AFM iii 178. 16 . ¤chrábad m. impiety: lucht míochrabhaidh, Dán Dé xxviii 1. ¤chride n. an evil heart; rancour: ni errachtatar lind . . . ferga na michride, Alex. 896. ¤chuimne f. an evil recollection: míchumne spiride, Mon. Tall. § 88. Forgetfulness: dermad nó mícuimne, O'Gr. Cat. 307.18. ¤chuit f. a bad share, an inferior portion: an mhíochuid, Content. xiii 23. ¤chuitiugad m.: lucht . . . michuidighthe maithesa opponents of goodness, AFM v 1850.2 . ¤chumtach m. misconstructing; (fig.) dismaying: do meath ┐ do michumdach midlach, MR 230.22 . ¤f. evil smoke: is mídé dūn in tene-si, RC xv 297 ( Dinds. 7 ), cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 44.3 . midhe .i. droichtheine, O'Cl. ¤delb f. ill appearance, ill looks: rachondaic C. mídelb ┐ míthemel bar Fer D., TBC-LL¹ 3651. midealb fuirri (= male formata est), Auraic. 473. ¤dénam m. evil-doing: trí mídenum frium, Ml. 71b9 . ar ná dernat mídénom isin tig, BDD 94. Not doing (= nem-d.): ic denum uilc ┐ ic midenum mathusa, BB 239a6 . Bad shape, form; ill appearance ? ag cesacht ormsa am mhídheilbh ┐ a[m] midhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 531 n. 1 . ¤dend bad colour: gnúis credhbhás mídhend . . . iar n-éccaibh, AFM i 562.10 . mídhionn .i. droch-lí, O'Cl. ¤derc f. an evil eye (glance): ni uil cola nā adaltrais nā mídherca lustful glances (?), BB 498b4 = IT ii2 105 . ¤desimrecht f. an evil example: arna rogabthar midesmrecht díb, Ml. 30d13 . mídesmerecht, Ériu ii 208.9 . ¤diach f. evil fate; ill-treatment: for ar himredh midhiach, CCath. 6024. Caithr. Thoirdh. 68.12 . AFM v 1676.14 . milleadh ┐ mídhiach na mainistrech, vi 1926.9 . mi-dingmaltacht 'unworthiness', 3 B 22 109a21 . ¤dóchus m. evil anticipations; distrust: an míodhóchas do bhí aige asta the suspicions he had entertained of them, Eochairsg. 115.10 . co ndechadh se a midóchus air lost faith in him, BCC § 297. docuatar a midochus nach fedfidis imtecht, § 295 . comartha midochuis a hopeless sign (of illness), Rosa Angl. 276.25 . midhocus as trocuire Dia despair of God's mercy, Études Celt. i 78.18 . ¤dóig f. want of hope, despair: míodhóigh a méad mo cheana, Dán Dé xxi 10. xiv 11 . ¤dúthracht f. (vn. of mí-dúthracair) an ill wish; ill will, malevolence: Wb. 20b12 . Ml. 49a18 a. pl. inna miduthrachta (gl. male vota), 61b27 . do mídúthrachtaib demnae, Hy. iii 6. bai miscais ┐ miduthracht oc cach dia cheile, Ériu vii 177.6 . CCath. 252. ¤écht m. a misdeed: miecht mór, BDD 33 App. ¤enech n. dishonour; inhospitality: ma doronais mo mi-eineach, Anecd. ii 78 § 5. muca mieinigh, 62.15 , cf. 63.2 . ¤érchlos evil report (?), Ml. 22b1 . ¤fácbál f. leaving (animals) unguarded or in danger? ar mifagbail (.i. ar in drochfagbail iter conu ┐ gatuide), Laws ii 56.19 . ¤fáilte f. an ill welcome: ferait mifáelti fris, LU 1391. ¤fiach m.: mífíacha .i. fiach brégi fictitious debts (?), O'Dav. 941. ¤fis mistake, delusion: ba m. .i. ba hanfis, Dinds. 51 ( RC xv 466 ). ¤focal m. an evil word: mifocul mna di araile, Laws i 146.32 . atmait meicc mifhoccuil, MacCongl. 17.15 (? n p.). A word of ill omen: is mifocal dūn, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 88.17) . As quasi-vn.: bator na druid ic m.¤ ┐ ic micelmaine dó, RC xxi 154. ¤foclad m. evil speaking, bad news: dobreth a mifhoclad do Ch., LL 119a16 ( RC xii 175 ). Reviling: feccaid in fili fora mifoclad in gilla, YBL 127a39 . Of prophesying evil : ro-bātor trā na druīd ic mīfhocladh ┐ ic mīchēlmaine 'the druids were prophesying evil and uttering ill-omens', BDC 106.48 . gabais for mīchēlmoine dint slúag ┐ for mīfhoclad 'began prophesying evil to the host and uttering ill omens', BDC 118.239 . ¤folad m. an illegal or unjust proceeding (Laws): mana tairiset a mignima nach a mifolaid ` disqualifications ', Laws ii 328.12 (`widerrechtliches Gehaben', Thurn. ZCP xiv 389 § 55 ). cadead mifolai[dh] daortha eclasa? Nī. beth gan bathais, cin comna, etc., Nero A vii fo. 133a ( O'D. 2190 ). Hence in general a wrong, grievance (generally in pl.): a mífholtae his misdeeds, RC xii 62 § 24 ; 'failure on his part to discharge his obligations' Peritia v 149 . do mifoltæ (.i. do mignim), Ériu viii 173.15 , cf. 174.15 . bá mór a mhioḟolta somh fri Cenel C. his grievances against (?), AFM vi 1930.7 . ro-chuimnigh a mhifolta fodhein fri Gallaibh, Hugh Roe fo. 16a . ¤fortacht f. bad help, a hindrance: ni furtacht . . . acht is mifurtacht, TBC-LL¹ 4665. ¤gairm n.: dá mígairm míthocaid `two ominous cries of ill luck', Triads 124. ¤gaisced m. cowardice: ni ḟetamar . . . comairli mettachta nā mígascid, LL 264b1 = MU 18.18 . MR 232.16 . ¤gné n. and f.: dorat m. d'ar menmain an evil mood, Metr. Dinds. ii 44. co m. moir fair in sorry plight, ZCP vi 44.22 . ¤gním m. an evil deed, misdeed: a p. inna mignímu (gl. malefacta), Ml. 138b5 . slán cach mairnes mignímu who informs of misdeeds, O'Dav. 1272. dilig dam mo mígnima, SR 7816. nos-millet ina mígnimaib, FA 29. dorinne míghníomh re n-a giolla féin misconducted herself, Keat. i 158 z . ¤gnóe ill favour, dislike? buidhne Bretan gan míognáoi, BNnÉ 214 § 84. diomdha is míoghnaoi fear bhfuinidh ` disfavour ', Content. xvi 195.1 . ¤grád n. dislike, aversion: cen mígrad fri nech, LB 261b14 . CCath. 2462.2 . ¤grád n. low rank or status: migradh for aes ndaer . . . ┐ daeini saera ina cataid coir, Laws v 392.23 Comm. ¤iartaige evil result, consequences: etir fhognam ┐ m. (i.e. serving false gods and the ill results thereof), Alex. 907.

¤imbert f. (vn. of mí-imbeir)

(a) playing false, deceiving: issi in m. asbeir (gl. imperitos decipiunt), Ml. 17c6 . do mí-imbirt, gl. ad decipiendum, 32a8 . ho mí-imbirt .i. ho thogais, 38a13 . do mi-imbirt críde na ṅdoíne n-amairsech, PH 1853.

(b) maltreating, injuring: in mí-imeirt dorónad ann .i. mac rige nime do crochad, PH 3311. g s. (as masc.) adaig in mí-imberta móir (i.e. the Crucifixion), LB 142a24 . fear millte ┐ mi-imbeartha Gall, AFM iv 914.5 . lá faicsin na mi-imberta dobretha for a corp, vi 2372.3 . Cf. misimbert.

¤imrádud m. evil meditation, ill thoughts: in mí-imradud, Ml. 79a5 . Mon. Tall. § 62. min-choibsena do mí-imratib, Rule of Tallaght § 16. ¤indithem evil intent: a mí-innithim for araile, CCath. 255. an mí-innethem baoi oca suidhe doib, Leb. Gab.(i) i 236.9 . ¤laechas m. unwarlike behaviour, cowardice: milaochas do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ 3160 St. nir bhó bás íar mílaochas, ALC i 426.12 . ¤laechdacht f. id. milaochdacht, TBC-LL¹ 3157 (St.). mílaechacht, IT ii2 135 n. 11 . ¤lepaid f.: g s. (as attrib.) míleptha ` bedless ', O'Dav. 1150. ¤lind f. ? g s. (as attrib.) co fúair mandir mílinde met the ring of battle in evil hour, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.4 . ¤maise f. disfigurement: mimaisi (gl. dedecor), Ir. Gl. 1103. dobudh mo a maisi dhó inā mhímhaisi it was more of a beauty than a disfigurement to him, ZCP x 285.22 . ¤mana an evil omen , Duan. F. i 86.22 . ¤méin ( ¤mian) f. evil desire, disposition: cumann míméine an illicit attachment, Keat. iii 4977. ar mhothughadh a mhimhéine, TSh. 2110. Dejection (?): an mhímhéin ar m'aire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 14. ¤meisnech m. discouragement: meatacht ┐ mímheisnech, Keat. iii 2858. adhbhar mímheisnigh, TSh. 8519. Deuter. i 21. ¤menma dejection: as é sin . . . do mhédaigh mo mhímhenma, Ériu v 198.619 . re hegla ┐ mimenmoin mhoir, Aisl. Tond. 122.2 . ¤mes misjudgement, mistake: co finnamar cen m., Anecd. ii 34.21 . asbert an ben . . . ni bo mimes, a ainm dileas for cach, i 62 § 100 . Disesteem, disrepute: gairm cen m., Metr. Dinds. iii 2. Dóach Móelchend mímis `of ill fame ', 302 . dochóidh an ghabhail sin . . . a m. ┐ a míonóir do Dhiarmait brought loss of esteem and honour to D., AFM vi 2174.3 . ní mímheas ar máthair nDé | gan mé im bráthair dhíleas dí no reproach to, PBocht 52 § 5. atá se . . . ar n-a mhímheas ag na daoinibh rejected of men, Isaiah liii 3. ¤mír n. a bad or dangerous morsel (of food): mimir do cor do coin (.i. da promad . . . .i. froma uptha), Laws i 176.4 , 180 . ¤mod dishonour, reproach: go tuc sé mímogh ┐ scandail mor dó, BCC § 122. ar fhuilingis . . . do mhasla ┐ mhímhodh, Mac Aingil 45.15 . ¤muinteras m. unfriendliness, hostility: mothucchadh míomhuinnterais ┐ airrdhe essaonta, AFM vi 2096.9 . ¤náire f. shamelessness: fri mnai mir co mínaire, LL 386a49 . ¤nert m. debility , O'Gr. Cat. 504.36. ¤óg f. an unchaste woman: 'na mío-óigh mhnaoi, IGT Decl. ex. 1310. ¤onóir f. dishonour , AFM vi 2174.3 . an mhioghonoir donither d'a n-iomhaighthibh, Luc. Fid. 215.7 . ¤phairt f. disfavour, dislike: ge tām ag tuar do miphairte in danger of incurring thy disfavour (?), ZCP xii 383.24 = ag túr do mhíopháirte `profiting by thy foes' (?), Dán Dé xvi 7. ¤rand f. a bad share; an evil lot (?): dom mac . . . bias for miroind meraighthi eter drongu derbhfhine, LL 386b3 . ¤rath m. bad luck, ill fortune , MacCongl. 13.17 . ar derchaine ar mirath, LL 360 marg. sin. mac míraith, Acall. 1884. MR 300.10 . gorta mór . . . is iomad míoratha, Keat. ii 3724. ¤riagail f. a breach of rule, transgression: miriaghuil, Proverbs xix 11. ¤rian an evil course: ba chóir . . . nár mhian leat mo mhírian, Oss. vi 184.8 . ¤riar f. (later ¤réir) disobeying, not complying with (the wishes of), with obj. gen.: is mairg duit mo mhíriar, Oss. vi 186.12 . muna ndearnaid mo mhíréir-si if they do not disobey me, ITS xvi 82.20 . míréir Chiaráin do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 833. gan míréir do neach without opposing any one, Hackett xl 29. ¤rogu an evil choice: is míraghu a denamh anocht, ZCP viii 551.27 .

¤rún m.

(a) an evil secret, mystery? topur . . . asa maided cech m. `every kind of mysterious evil', Metr. Dinds. iii 28. a chartad . . . ind eich móir cosin m. `the great horse of magic power', iv 66 .

(b) evil intent; ill will, malice: ba forréil m. ┐ miscais forru, LL 244a8 ( TTr. 2023 ). do mhair miorún an righ do Maodhócc, BNnÉ 225 § 123. ro mothaigius a mírún umum their ill will to me, ZCP xiii 209.12 . ag meabhrughadh míorúin ┐ mailíse, TSh. 3042.

¤scél n. and m. an evil report; bad tidings: in lucht tuc in miscel leo (of the ten spies), LB 123b24 . mifocul ┐ misgel (= calumny), Laws i 56.3 Comm. athgabail fir misciu[i]l `a man by whom a calumnious story has been circulated', 194.22 . iar n-indill in mísceóil after telling the evil news, MS. Mat. 474.34 . iar mísceol, IT iii 52.8 . ¤scíam m. ugliness: ar bhfaicsin mísgéimh na mná, Oss. vi 90. ¤scribend bad writing, mistakes in writing or copying? míscribend do gne eolais | do lucht uilc in aneolais | nó lucht ind eolais ní ferr | gníit ar múin miscribend, LL 144a28 . mo dhamh [= dhú] míscribinn `the place in which I scribble', O'Gr. Cat. 120.6 (scribe's note). ¤shén m. ill-luck: ar uair mishein, Études Celt. i 79.28 . ¤spéis f.: is mor mo mīsbēis dejection (?), ZCP viii 230 § 14. ¤stuaim f. want of sense, ability: ma dorindetar misdúaim `if they had acted imprudently', BCC § 220. is eslainte ┐ as misduaim an arrsaidhecht, § 67 . ¤thaeb mistrust : tug siad dōthchas ar mhī[o]thaobh, Celtica iv 109 § 9 . ¤thaem m. an evil fit, paroxysm, turn: feall ┐ meabal ┐ mítháem do denum air ` guile' (?), Fianaig. 70.5 . fóir mo mhíothaoma!, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 7 . i muirt na míothaom ┐ na mór-olc, TSh. 6637. crádh liom do gheimhliughadh daor | 's gan tadhall dhuit ar mhíthaom, MS. Mat. 567.18 . ¤thaitnem m. displeasure: míothaithnemh, Triads p. 40 § 172. Psalms vi 1. eagla na feirge . . . ┐ an miothaitnidh [sic] móir, Deuter. ix 19. ¤thapad m. mishap, accident: tre dhrochfhortúin nó míothapadh, Mac Aingil 288.4 . duine do mharbhadh dhuine oile le míothapad, Luc. Fid. 104.13 . ¤theist f., ill-repute: MR 314.19 . drochbhaladh mítheasta, TSh. 1732. pl. a mítheasta . . . i mbéalaibh na druinge, 9530 . ¤themel m. gloom: rachondairc C. m. mór bar Fer D., TBC-LL¹ 3651. ¤thocad m. misfortune, ill luck , Triads 109. ¤thoimtiu f. a false opinion: ni mithoimtiu dúib-si, is fírbriathar Dé, Wb. 24d22 . Suspicion: ro ghabhsat Goill miothoimhdin mhóir don Iarla, AFM v 1858.5 . mithoimhdin do thabhairt dó to suspect him, Hugh Roe f. 14a . ¤thol f. evil will or inclination: g s. inna mmithule (gl. malae voluntatis), Ml. 33d3 . gresacht . . . elscot[h]achda ┐ mitholi, Alex. 871. toil a chuirp ga sirdenam | ┐ mithoil na hanma, LB 41 marg. inf. Unwillingness: do mhithoil righ Sassan against the will of, JRSAI ii 336.31 . ¤thorad m. evil fruit: crann cain co mithorud, ZCP vi 267 § 2. ¤thorbae ill-profit, unprofitableness: is mitharba lend cach main . . . it' ingnais, RC xiv 400 § 4 . teid sin a ndimhaoiness ┐ a mitharba, Fl. Earls 24.3 . ¤thormach decrease: gl. incrementum (misunderstood as = decrementum), Ir. Gl. 756. ¤thrócaire f. mercilessness: an mhíothrócaire ┐ an cruadháil, TSh. 4392. lucht na míthrócaire, BCC § 138. ¤thurus (<tururas?) an evil foreboding or omen: bui gráin mór foraib . . . ┐ míthauraras, BDD 63 (= mithaurassa, YBL, miturusa, Eg.). batár iarsain na mithaurússa (.i. drochmenmand) imómna foraib, § 36 . bátar míthurussa imda fair, FB 84. batar mithurusa ┐ dorchraiti . . . occo, YBL 180b1 = SG 253.5 . miturusa móra ┐ airrdhe aighthidhe, CCath. 4772. míothurusa .i. drochfhaistine, O'Cl. Cf. comthururas (gl. incursus), Ml. 56a22 , 24 .

II Adjs. (chiefly those formed from nouns): ¤accobrach having evil desires: in míocoburach, PH 87. ¤adbal: ingen magrúin míadbail `of evil power', Metr. Dinds. iii 136.32 .

¤airlech giving evil counsels (? ill-advised): a s f. ni thuca in miarlig míepertaig, LL 346a17 .

¤bésach of evil behaviour: a s f. ni thuca in lithig mibésaig , ZCP viii 113.2 . meirligh mibhésacha, AFM v 168.16 . do pecthaibh míbhésacha, Études Celt. i 83.15 . ¤bladach of ill fame , ZCP vii 298.25 . ¤briathrach scurrilous: do mnai meblaig míbriathraig, TTebe 2235 . ¤cherdach plying an evil trade or calling: v s m. a muidh micerdaigh base hireling, ZCP vi 282.11 . g s f. do mian na merdrighi miceirdighi , 276.19 . ¤chétfadach: in duine . . . bhiss míchédfadach da dhedoibrightibh unconscious of , Études Celt. i 78.7 . ¤chiallmar not in one's proper senses: co mbat mesca miciallmair, BB 255a45 . ¤chlothach infamous: a p f. míchlodcha (gl. nefarias), Ml. 134b4 . ¤chlúach ill-famed: sech cairrgib michluacha Sciroin, TTebe 255 . ¤chlúmar id.: miclemar [sic], gl. difamosus, Ir. Gl. 656. Cf. míochlúiteach, Ezekiel xxxvi 3. ¤choingellach: Israel míochoingiollach backsliding , Jerem. iii 6. ¤chomairlech: Média m. full of evil counsels (? designs), LL 220b48 = TTr. 275. ¤chorach: is foglaid selba cach micorach `he . . . who makes a bad contract', Laws i 202.4 . do cinn cach meamuir micoruigh, ii 290.21 , cf. O'Dav. 950. ¤chráibtech impious , ZCP x 338 § 2. ¤chreitmech unbelieving, infidel: go ttiocfattis mórán dona míchreidmechaib dochum creidme, BNnÉ 232 § 145 . go hainffesach michreidmeach, Fl. Earls 112.30 . ¤chruthaigthe misshapen: gl. informis, Sg. 5a7 . ¤chuimnech forgetful: micuimneach, gl. immemor, Ir. Gl. 1111. ¤chumachtach: denaib michumachtgib, gl. male potentibus, Ml. 29a9 . ¤dánach (dán `destiny') ill-fated, unlucky: gus in Mairt mallachtaig midhánaig, MR 110.17 . ¤demonnach devilish: Pluton mebhlach midhæmunnach, RC x 180.21 . ¤dingbála (g s. as adj.) unworthy: midingbala, gl. indignus, Ir. Gl. 669. me . . . am' serbfhogantaid midhingbala, BCC § 65. ¤dóchusach hopeless, despairing: midhochusach, Fl. Earls 134.22 . ¤échtach incapable of brave exploits: bid . . . meirtnech . . . miechtach bethir for fúait na Greci, LL 234a36 = TTr. 1279. ¤epertach given to evil speaking ? see mí-airlech above. ¤ḟoclach foul-mouthed, scurrilous: eachlach mifoclach, YBL 177a37 . ¤ḟoltach wanting proper qualifications (leg. term): urgnuma in mifoltaig `the service of the unqualified' (oppd. to sofoltach), Laws ii 366.12 , cf. 394.12 . ¤gaelmar unkinsmanlike: Mac M. . . . do mharbhadh go míoghaolmhar lá a dearbrathair, AFM v 1726.15 ; 1326.7 . ¤gnéech of evil or pitiable aspect: cleireach bocht mighneach, BNnÉ 165 § 36. [aghaidh] teimlighthi mignéthech, ITS xvi 66.9 . ¤labartha, -ch ill-speaking: go míolabhartha, TSh. 3039. an béul míolabharthach, Proverbs viii 13. cona trichait cath mbaitel . . . milabartacha (barbarisch redende Schlachthaufen, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 5592 St. Windisch, TBC-LL¹ p. 808 n. 7 , would assign to this word bilaburthach, PH 8181. ¤laechda unwarlike, craven: meatta míolaochdha, TSh. 7332. ¤láthair `without strength', Ériu v 80.16 . ¤lesaigthe ill-cared, ill-nourished: mílesaigthi, O'Dav. 1150. fo múich milessaigt[h]i `under the vapours of bad feeding', MacCongl. 93. 20 , is prob. g s. of vn. ¤mesarda immoderate: drochaer mimessardha anffallain, Fl. Earls 240.17 . ¤nádurda unnatural: pecadh mínádur[dh]a na fer ┐ na mban, Maund. § 92 . gluasacht minadurtha, ITS xiv 110.10 . Luc. Fid. 42.13 . ¤náirech shameless: le gnúis mhíonáirigh, Proverbs vii 13. ¤ordamail irregular, inordinate : bith a fis agaib gurob du dona feraib ┐ dona mnaib ... gan beith miordamail a mbiad no a ndig, Irish Texts v 60 § 43 . ¤órduigthe inordinate : fonn mí-órduighthe, Celtica i 191.1002 , cf. 192 .1007, 192.1016 . ¤rathmar graceless; unlucky, inauspicious: Leaburcam . . . mirathmar mallachtach, BB 257b29 . gabhal mhirathmhar mhara lan do piastaibh, Ériu iii 164 § 20. 'san maidin mhiorathmhair sin, ML 142.15 . ¤réid not smooth, rugged: as subst. a rough or uneven place: a muigib ┐ a miredib na Bethile, LB 133a5 . ¤rúnach ill-intentioned, malicious , Ériu v 164.23 . misccnech míorúnach, AFM vi 2324.9 . teagasg míorúnach, ML 118.6 . ¤scíamach unsightly, hideous: ech m., SG 260.14 . mísgiamach (= ignominiosum), O'Gr. Cat. 216.35. ¤snímach anxious, distressful: sgrech aduathmur mishnimach, ZCP vi 64.18 . ¤stuamda: drochduine misduama miglic ` reckless ', BCC § 287 , cf. mí-stuaim. ¤thaemach troubled, uneasy: i mainnir mhíothaomaigh an domhain, TSh. 2711. ¤thaemannach (variant of preceding?): merdreach mailisech míthæmannach ` unhappy ', ZCP vi 275.17 . in ríghain mhalísech mhíthaomnach, ZCP xxxiii 135 § 23 . ¤thesta ill-attested: do scríobh go meardhána mítheasta without evidence, Keat. i 10.23 . ¤thestach of evil report, infamous: is mítheastach a gcéime (= infames gressus eorum), TSh. 1473. ¤thoicthenach unfortunate : de infortunio iure (causari) .i. den dligud mithoicthenach 'about the unfortunate law' Ériu lv 8 . ¤thoimtenach: ni pá mithomtinach o neoch be not ready to think evil of others (?), SCC 26. in clann colach ┐ na maic mitoimdenacha evil-minded (?), D IV 2, 45va11 . ¤thoiscid ill-provided, lacking necessaries , O'Dav. 1150. ¤threbar imprudent, foolish: a giolla mitreabair!, ZCP i 137.6 . ¤threorach weak, inefficient: mílid m., ZCP xiii 204.11 . Compar. gurab boichte mítreoraighe é ina an té da mbenann a chuid, Ó Héodhusa 174.13 . ¤thrócar merciless: in triar ridiri . . . do marbudh co mitrocar, ZCP vi 35.29 . ¤thrócairech merciless: don druing mhíothrócairigh, TSh. 4684. Failing to obtain mercy, doomed: anam miotrocairech ` hapless ', BNnÉ 66 § 102 . ¤thuicsech inconsiderate, foolish: uaibhrecht m., RC xxiii 10.3 . co bfedain mearda miothuiccsigh ` merciless' (?), AFM v 1696.12 . ¤thuicside id.: a amadáin mhituicside!, RC xix 134 § 106.

III Verbs. mí-aipir (ess-ber-): ní m. (gl. non mala dicit), Ml. 56d16 . ¤airlither counsels ill: is besad do cach graig . . . hi toin mna mi-s-r-airlestair who has misled them, TBC-I¹ 3648. ¤chiallaid: do miciallad e do briathraib serba his senses were confused(?), ZCP x 307.15 . ¤chiallaigid (intrans.): do mhichialluigh sí dhá ttaoibh she doted upon them, Ezekiel xxiii 16. ¤chlothaigid defames: pass. fut. ní michlothaigfetar (gl. defamabuntur), Ml. 143c3 . part. michlothaigthi (gl. infaustos), Sg. 34b1 . ¤choimétaid keeps (observes) ill: michoimétaid ar saboti-ne profanes , PH 2587. ¤chóraigid ( ¤chóirigid) disorders, throws into confusion, mishandles, maltreats: marbhaid ┐ míochóirighid a mhuinntear, TSh. 1083. part. gur bho malartach . . . míchóirighthe in cúigedh disordered , Ériu viii 134.32 . vn. do ghabh ag[a] marbadh ┐ aga miochóruighedh , RC xxix 126 § 32. do chonncadar . . . an chríoch i mbaoghal a millte is a míochóirighthe, Keat. iii 5112. ¤dúil(ig)id dislikes, loathes: míodhúiligh an t-anam bhíos lán an chriathar meala, Proverbs xxvii 7.

¤duthracair (dep.) wishes ill (to): 3 s. fut. ar cech ṅduine mídúthrastar dam, Thes. ii 356.19 ( Hy. vii ); (midústhrastar, -dúthracair, -duthracur MSS.).

¤gní does ill: part. (as subst.) mignethi, gl. malefacta, Ml. 28c20 .

¤imbeir plays false, deceives: subj. pr. 3 p. mi-tn-imret (gl. decipere), Ml. 74b22 . intí mí-imerthar ón bethaid daenna (= qui . . . decipitur), PH 4657.

¤láithrigid: do bhog ┐ do mhílaithridh é féin dochum na deabhtha `pressed forward', Ériu v 182.333 . ¤modaid treats with disrespect, dishonours: do mhiomhodhadar m'ainm, Ezekiel xxxvi 20. ¤onóraigid dishonours: 3 s. impf. nómíonoraigeadh, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1. ¤thadbat (to-ad-fiad-): mithadbait, mitharfaid `thou shewest badly, thou hast shewn badly', RC xxvi 16 § 16. ¤thaitnid displeases: an tan mhithaithnes ar ndeaghoibre re duine oile, Parrth. Anma 457.9 . do mhíothaitin anni dorinne D. ris an tTighearna, 2 Samuel xi 27. ¤thomuinethar believes or thinks evil, suspects: ? subj. ní mitomnadar o neoch, ZCP iii 452.29 (cf. mítoimtenach above).

promad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. promad or dil.ie/34604

Forms: fromadh

u, m. (vn. of promaid) making trial of, testing, proving . promhadh .i. dearbhadh, O'Cl. ar promad a neirt, gl. pro virtutis experimento, Ml. 54a16 . do promad for ndeserce, gl. caritatis ingenium comprobans, Wb. 16c10 . do phromad mo lám ┐ dírge mo urchair, LU 5092 ( TBC-I¹ 606 ). ba o rigaib dobertis forra do promad a cana to test (obedience to) their law, Corm. Y 48 . digeba a promad a tein shall be tested in fire, ZCP iii 451.23 , cf. 454.2 , Ériu i 200.5 . trēna Tailten . . . oc promad na fían-chéite, Metr. Dinds. iv 158.164 . ag promhad mo phinn, LB 226 m.inf. mir do cor do coin .i. da promad (i.e. to try his temper), Laws i 180.29 Comm. = fromadh, ib. 31 . A proof, testimony : amail adeir in promhadh-so (introducing a quotation from Scripture), RC xxviii 320 § 38 .

promaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. promaid or dil.ie/34605
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fromaid, promtir, promad

v ā. (Lat. probare) in later Mid.Ir. generally fromaid, puts to the test, tries, proves. subj. pres. is licet cia nos-promae thou mayest prove it, Ériu i 202.7 (-proma, -fromha v.l.). is torbe . . . dian-promam if we test it, Fél. Prol. 143 (fromam v.l.). fut. `In setir lat tuidecht . . . isin curach?' `Promfit' ol se I will try, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.2) = proimfimít fris we will see, Corm. p. 36 (prúll). perf. amal rond-prom som, Wb. 4b30 . Pass. pres. promthair pain la pugin puincern, Corm. Y 1052 = promtir, LB. fut. promfidir innar gním, Wb. 17b7 . proimfithir, LU 10983 ( Imr. Brain i 48.4 ). perf. pl. ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . Of testing food: toimlid in bocht cen co promaid 'na fagaib without testing what he gets, Alex. 978 . míl úre ni promfat the worms will not taste (him), Fél. Ep. 219 . Vn. promad .

promáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. promáil or dil.ie/34606

n f. trying, testing : i tein bid mór a promad (promáil v.l.), Ériu i 200.5 .

sechbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechbaid or dil.ie/36755
Last Revised: 2013

vn. of *sech-tá. Occurs only in nom. sg. and except for Aithd. D. 62.25 , below, only in phr. ní s.¤ (do). folly, futility; excess (usually of caution or precautions), superfluity (cf. McKenna, DDána Foclóir `neimh-riachtanach' and Éigse vi 76 ): `ní sechfaid a ndorigni in ben', ol Pátraic, `ní biad eséirge Dári a báss co bráth', Trip.² 2716 (the woman had come to seek holy water from Patrick to ressuscitate her husband. He was restored to life). ní s.¤ . . . [in promad sin] ná dechammár isin n-insi, RC ix 480.12 (ICM) = LU 1738 . nī s.¤ duit . . . rogabais chommairchi, RC xiii 377.13 ( LL 271b44 ). nocha sechmaidh doibh mo guidhe, Anecd. ii 28 , Poem 7 § 2 . nī sechmhaidh . . . in troscud ┐ in coisecrad ūair robeimis-ni a ndegaidh a cuirp isint saeghal (evil spirits speaking), ZCP xii 291.30 . nír sheachbaid dáib cranngail cruaid, | ó loch uair co ráith fremainn, SG 37.8 . ni sechbhaidh duit [indi doronaiss] cen aentaidh fria Cael, ár ni bhadh shia do shaegul [ina Coel], Lism. L. 2271 . nochar shechmaidh Brian . . . | da thoisc i ttech nDonnabháin (because he might have been able to save his brother's life), Cog. 96.33 . cíos ar cathrachaibh iomdha | do thaibhgheadh dá thighearna; | ní seachmhaidh d'Íosa a óglách, DDána 58.26 . seachbhaidh oilbhéime gach aoin | as doidhréime ná gach dréim i.e. excessive reviling (?), Aithd. D. 62.25 . do ríghe ina sidh ni sechmaidh | dín na síne ar fherthain hi, Irish Texts ii 72 § 33 . nī seachbaidh go ttarta . . . almsa do bochtoip, Fl. Earls 154.31 .

somaltus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. somaltus or dil.ie/38439

n [o, m.] provision, refreshment : riasiu do promad a proind nó a s.¤ , SG 42.32 . a's gurab gann somhaltus do thíre, Oss. iii 270.12 . go mbiadh do chliar gan somhaltas, 272.24 . Cf. tomaltus.