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aibit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibit or dil.ie/740

Forms: aibíd, aibhid

n f. aibíd, aibhid f., IGT Decl. § 13 (Lat. habitus). Perh. infl. by Fr. habit, see Vendr. Lex.

(a) habit, dress: aingel . . . ┐ a a.¤ mar in snechta, YBL 146b24 . idir chóta ┐ chaipín / idir aibíd is asán, TD 38.6 . Esp. of religious habit: iar ngabail abiti manaig imme, Ann. Conn. 1238.10 . an rí fírén . . . d'écc . . . i naibíd manaigh léth, AFM iii 212.8 . a n-a.¤ san Fronses, Marco P. 1 . do chuadhas a n-ord ┐ do chlaechluigheas mh'édach a n-aibid, ITS xxix 110.9 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain in aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625 . iar sgrios aibíde . . . na hurchóide dhíbh, TSh. 6950 . aibídedha crābaidh do chur iompa, SG 10.19 . ro gab a aibitt iarnaidi ┐ a culaid comruicc imbe (of armour), Grail 2771 .

(b) habit, custom: tvc drvim frisna haibidibh saogalla, Aisl. Tond. 118.4 . is coir aibit in chuirp do choimhead co friochnumhach, ITS xxix 138.27 . Med. is ó na complexib doníter aibídech[a] na corp = habitudines, O'Gr. Cat. 251.12 .

baiscell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baiscell or dil.ie/5249

Forms: bascall

n bascall, Metr. Gl. 32 § 7. Lec. Gl. 501. Expld. as wild, wild creature, hind: b.¤ .i. geilt, O'Curry 971 (H. 3.18, 416). boisgell .i. geltan, 85 (64). baiscil .i. obann, ut est . . . in indreich mna baiscil .i. . . . resin mnaoi baoith co hobann, O'Dav. 240. clithar mbaiscaill .i. buaili .i. boscell .i. gelt. . . . Clithar boiscell dono .i. quert sin: no boscell .i. elti .i. edruma iat, Auraic. 5551 - 3 . clithar boaiscille .i. elit gelt, 1185 . But cf. clithcar boscill (? leg. -cell) .i. eilit nó geilt (i.e. a wild thing loves shelter ?), H 3.18, 34a10 . doghní boiscill (leg. boiscell) (glossed: baos céille [eadhon] geilt) die bhidhbhadh, Hard. ii 296.12 . ? bas bosgill forc guba, Dinds. 42. ? boiscell bada buimigte, KZ xxxiii 82.y . Cf. 3 baislec.

1 bert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bert or dil.ie/5735
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: beirt, beart, beirt

n ā, f., also o, m. Also beirt f. (beirid). See Éigse viii 101 - 103 , xii 68 , Language xxix 325 . b.¤ (lúachra) m., IGT Decl. § 15. beart (chluichi) f. (ó bheirt an chluithe ┐ an éduigh, v.l.), § 39 . beirt [éadaigh ?] f., § 14 .

Occas. appar. = breth: b.¤ .i. breth . . . ar ate .ix. mberta maicne insin la Féine .i. .ix. mbretha mac annso anuas, O'Dav. 280. ropat móra do berta (`Rechtssprüche', TFerbe 281 ), LL 33690. co brāth na mb.¤ for ever , ZCP viii 228 § 18.

I Burden, load; bundle: b.¤ quasi port, a uerbo porto .i. imarc[h]uirim, Corm. Y 163. etarport quasi etar-bert .i. itir dā beirt, 529 . b.¤ (beart, IT iii 89 § 115 ) fleda for lomgabail (one who carries) a package (of food) for a feast on a bare fork, Bruchst. i 34 § 80. loman carr ┐ beart `the rope for (tying) carts and loads', Laws i 140.3 Comm. long cona be[i]rt (: ceilt) cargo, Prolegomena 43 § 29 . gan bheirt ar bhoin, DDána 114.34 . birt troma i dtéadánaibh `heavy corded bundles', TD 16.59 . gille ag gabháil a mbeirteadh / fir ag fregra chaismeirteadh bundles (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1127 meirge Suibhne, beart buidhe a yellow burden (?), MR 230.1 . Cf. blaith .i. buidhe . . . eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322. pn In sobriquet: la ríg Eoganachta B.¤ Crechi `Load of Plunder', RC xvii 381.24 (Tig.). bundle, sheaf of thatch, rushes, straw, etc.: colpdach i n-airbir, samaisc i llethbeirt, bó i mbeirt (mbert, v.l.), Críth G. 213. cen co benta acht b.¤ de, manar facaib air ní dá tic dín, O'D. 1695 (H. 5.15, 31b). Cf. O'Curry 642 (H. 3.18, 309). beart don tuighe dá fīghe, LBranach 1450 . ithig b.¤ crema, Anecd. i 48 § 9. is tegar boichti mo beart / seagal is coirci is cruithneacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1064. fuaim na n-each gan beart chum lige `straw for litter', Ó Bruad. ii 192.6 . do-níd aoin bheart amháin da n-armaibh `piled . . . into one heap', Keat. iii 2827.

Fig. burden, weight (of grief, etc.): b.¤ ghoimhe, Rel. Celt. ii 268.33 . nocha nfuil[n]ghim thúas don beirt / o rochuala tásg mh'éinmhic `I cannot bear up against the blow', BS 56.23 . do bhrígh na beirte because of the burden (of oppression), DDána 74.27 . Cf. gár mheisde . . . / a sgaradh (sic leg.) re a mbeirtibh bróin, 79.19 . In cheville: beirt pían, SR 7171. Other applications: dā uigh chirce ar mbúain dā beart `taken from her clutch', KMMisc. 364.16 . a carnn-fhoilt léi 'n a m-beartaibh `tresses', Hard. ii 24.y .

II Clothing, covering, clothes, attire, apparel; accoutrement: beirt .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. tugadh beart (eadach, v.l.) nua do gach aon díobh, idir shlabhradh ┐ léine ┐ bhrat, Ériu i 95.1 . beart do croicend ōglaogh allaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 160. beart allmhurdha `strange garment', O'Hara 1438. beirt righ Laighen . . . a léine sroil ┐ a áon ghae, BNnÉ 257 § 216 . co mbeirt glégil in white raiment, Grail 23 . armghaiscedh . . . etir ghai ┐ sciath ┐ claideb, cona bheirt foithibh casing (?), Lism. L. 1610. tuc beirt ridiri (arm gaiscidh, v.l.) dhoibh ` equipment ', ITS xix 28.12 . seacht mbeirte décc éideadh `suits of armour', AFM iv 1244.16 . a bheirt ghliadh 'his battle armour', Celtica xxvi 101 § 28 . buiden do rāpēroip ┐ do daigēroib . . . go mbeirtibh cloch uaissle cumdaigh ar n-a gcomhōradh `with hilts (scabbards ?) of ornamented precious stones' (?), Fl. Earls 100.33 . ocht .xx. claidimh beirte cumdhaigh le hor, L. Chl. S. 27.

III

(a) deed, exploit; feat, trick; effort, task; action, behaviour: na trī berta buadhnaise . . . sin those three exultant deeds, ML² 1122. Cf. phr. b.¤ búada below. Macha, co mbert- aib na mbergg `with feats of heroes', MacCarthy 182 § 5 . tria beirt n-iṅglicc fria n-athair ( Gen. xix 30 - 35 ) wanton trick, Rawl. 72a36 . in b.¤ baísi `foolish thing', TBC-LL² 1064 . atbath tre beirt láechda lúaith, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.23 . do rigni berta fir baíth, iv 146.6 . ag déanamh beart mbaodhluch `venturesome deeds', O'Hara 1390. Lugaid [luth] la beirt (: seirc), Ériu v 209.20 . beart ullamh hí on aingeal (of the Incarnation), DDána 48.17 . beart do bheartaibh an tṡaoghail `one of the tricks of the world', KMMisc. 350.24 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt (: ardneirt) `as they should achieve the task', Ériu iv 110.2 . In phr. b.¤ búada: co fagba lícc bas b.¤ búada for lecht n-Aeda `stone that shall be a trophy', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.12 . bearta a buadh ar ghléire gall (of Ireland), Hackett xlii 68 . Cf. ML² 1122. b.¤ cháis: Muire ógh ar t'fheart / a brón 's a beart cháis, PBocht 5.54 . In phrr. (attá, do-icc) ar b.¤ : a imscar ┐ Meic Con asin chath ro boí ar b.¤ oco the battle that was about to take place between them (?), LU 9828 ( PRIA xix 532.7 ). tathum domna bróin ar beirt matter for grief has fallen to me (?), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . cia beith olc na crí / connāch tí for beirt `though they meditate evil, it may not come to pass' (?), KMMisc. 268.14 . da ceirtbliadain dó for beirt / i tig Loairnd dó ag Eirc, YBL 317b7 ( Aided M. 800 ). Note also: mar adberaid buidni ar beirt / maraid im' cuimni comneirt, MacCarthy 410 § 6 . (In cheville) caoine (leg. cáiniu) bertaibh, ZCP viii 198.7 .

(b) move in a game, play in a game, game: ro tincoisc beirt diarbo cluchi for Murchadh `a move by which a game went against M.', Cog. 144.3 . an bheart (bheirt, v.l.) eile, Ériu xvii 12.30 . b.¤ indarba agad, a meic `a move of banishment', Ériu iii 154 § 8. [tré]na beirt ndírig ndílis `for his straight and honourable play', SG 124.18 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain an aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. ? dál féirleabtha d'inghin é / imridh sé éinbhearta is í, ex. 1113 .

Compds. brig ar bertblaidh, IT iii 64 § 131.26 . a n-anmann cen bertbrón (mertbron, v.l.: Mercōn), ZCP xii 377.7 .

biait

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biait or dil.ie/5826

n f. (Lat. beati)

(a) Of the 8 beatitudes , Matthew v 3 - 10 : ropridchai . . . .uiii. biate euangelii doib, Thes. ii 330.10 (Hy. v Comm.). doraiga cach ai dib a b.¤ `each of them chose her beatitude', 11 . ro pritcha Ísu na biaiti aile iar n-urd cusin ochtmad mb.¤ .i. co b.¤ in ingrema, PH 1619 - 20 . ocht mbiati (mbiete, 117.1) int soscēla, MacCongl. 51.7 . intí chomalnas na bieitiso, Ériu xxiii 14.131 .

(b) Of Psalms cxviii (Beati immaculati etc.) used as a ritual form of prayer and intercession; see Lism. L. p. 406 , V. SS. Hib. clxxix n.2 . beatus uir resin beat ┐ in biat ┐ exultabo te deus meus `before the Beati (Ps. 118) and the Beati and Exaltabo ...', Hib. Min. 6.193 . (metr. disyll.) cet slechtain do fri biat, Ériu i 193 § 3a . do beir in biat anmain a hiffurn hi cind bliadna, Rawl. 75a40 . līn fers na biate in sein gl. sechmoga sē passe ar chēt, ZCP iii 20 n.5 . sirgabail na biaide ┐ cantaci Maire .i. magnificat , Mon. Tall. 127.3 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi . . . biad cech cáocad `three Beati . . . a Beati to each fifty' (psalms), 129.8.9 . biad iarmergi iarum ┐ magnificat lee `then the Beati of nocturns, and along with it the Magnificat', Mon. Tall. 131.3 . nodlēice . . . for gabāil a hēcnarca .i. secht ṁbiate cech lāi leis [┐] cēt slēchtain [7] na trī chōicait cech lái leis, KMMisc. 210 § 4. ag rádh tri caibdel don Biaid, Lism. L. 1095. ig gabhail a Bhiaide, 4846 . in bíait cech dia ar m'anmainse, LL 36272. cid as mō dot-tessairc . . . in b.¤ or sisi, KMMisc. 212 § 5. ag binnghabháil a bíáidæ, Ériu v 86.17 .

In phr. bélre (bérla) bán b.¤ (also with bias, cf. beatus ? Later taken as fut. rel. of attá) `the pure language of the Beati', Celtica v 84 § 8 , i.e. Latin; usually of scriptural law or canon (orig. breth bélri báin b.¤ ), see MacNeill, Law of Status ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 (1923) 277 n. 5 ), Mac Cana, Stud. Celt. v 67. Somet. in shortened form bélre mbán: berla ban bias .i. recht litre, Laws i 16.4 Comm. do aircechnadur do icfa in berla mban mbiaid .i. canoin, O'Curry 758 (H. 3.18, 358b), cf. bélre bán biaid . . . .i. . . . in fírbérla bias iardain .i. in légenn, O'Dav. 711. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain bias, Laws v 92.17 . doridnacht recht bérlai báin / do Moyse, Ériu iv 136.7 . do fir in berlai buain .i. inna canoni náimi, RC vi 165.14 . In blessings: tria mberla mbán bendachais gach ndámh do (= dá) cheile, Anecd. i 72 § 193. beirsi let a gille glain / mo biait is mo bhennachtain, Reeves Ad. 287.10 . See bélrae.

2 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brága or dil.ie/6483

Forms: brágha, bráighi

n (development of 1 brága. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 129 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 181 ) brágha bráighi f., IGT Decl. § 131. captive, prisoner; hostage: tucsat uile braigde ┐ eidire d'Eōgan, ML² 831. co ruc da bragaid o Thoirrdelbach, RC xviii 174.35 (Tig.). a mbraigte do dithnacol (for thidnacol, n.) . . . do ríg Connacht `hostages', Ann. Inisf. 1120.4 . facbait tra bragait icon errig fri tidecht arís, LB 116a49 . go dtugtha braighde dhó . . . res in chius hostages as security for . . . the tribute, TFrag. 22.6 . gur' gab . . . brage roboi for a cumairce Fechin, RC xii 346 § 41. for iarraid na bragad, ibid. do iarraid na mbraighdedh, 330 § 21 . ag so brágha dheit a Dhé `I surrender, God, to Thee', Dán Dé ix 1 . resin mbrághaid do bhí i láimh, DDána 7.12 . a bhráighe tá i dtor London, 63.1 . céidghin na braighde do bhí san phríosún, Exodus xii 29. cuairt ag braighdibh `to visit . . . the imprisoned', Donlevy 196.1 . rug C. . . . / an liathróid . . . / mur bhrághuid ngill as a pledge, O'R. Poems 1163. fuasccladh . . . asin mbrághait `to pay a ransom . . . on behalf of the prisoner', BNnÉ 88 § 186 . iomdha idh fón mbrághaid-sin, — / is brágha í dá-ríribh !, Dánta Gr. 13.20 .

canóin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canóin or dil.ie/8161

Forms: cánóin, canóin

n f. (Lat. canon) g s. canóine later also canóna. See GOI 186 , 574 . cánóin, canóin f., IGT § 42 .

(a) canon of Scripture; canonical text, book, Bible : cánóin, ar is cāin inn udcain, Corm. Y 393 . inna dligeda inna canone fetarlaice `of the Old Testament', Ml. 35b16 . is ed insin namma di chanoin forsa trachta á qui fructus , 46c14 . in senchas canóne the Scripture story, Ml. 52 . resin chanoin hisiu, 57a12 . debe canone, 60c5 . for canoin Simmaig, 85b8 . sainchanoin lesom ani-siu, 85a1 . in canoin, 90c23 . c.¤ cen trachtad, 132c6 . di gnúsib inna canóine, Hib. Min. 22. 21 - 22 . niba hegna . . . nad coir coiccerta canoin, Ériu xiii 31.13 . lēgais canōin la German, Thes. ii 321.12 (Hy. ii). dofuctais recht is canoin (of Levites), SR 4524 . mairg brisses cath can chóri / ar marcachaib canoni, LL 19236 `those bearing the message of the canonical scriptures', Celtica vii 32 . do fir in bherla bain .i. ina canoine, Laws i 18.10 Comm. iar bfogluim . . . canone petarlaice ┐ nuifiadnaisse, Lism. L. 3449 . aifrionn, léxa is canóna (: nóna), BNnÉ 279 § 264 . M. Maigister hi Canoin . . . do ecc, Ann. Conn. 1249.14 ( AFM iii 332.1 ). beigseadh ag cách san ch.¤ , DDána 57.1 .

In phrases: ac cantain na canóine coimdheta the Lord's Scripture, Acall. 58 . no chúimnigitís c.¤ in choimdhed (of sons of Aaron), LB 122a5 . in tsai canoine, Laws v 102.10 Comm. (see suí). In n.pr. Fothad canone, Ann. Inisf. 124.6 (818 A.D.).

(b) Of non-Biblical sacred or traditional texts: más fhíor don ch.¤ (of Church history), Aithd. D. 49.27 . amail adeir Ipocras is in canon sa Quibus est , RC xlix 7 § 3 . is mór an dearmad d'eolchaibh Banbha / fós nach facamar c.¤ ris, Ó Bruad. i 200.z . C.¤ Phátraic the Book of Armagh: tré shárucchadh canóine patraicc, AFM iii 48. 6 (see n. ib.). iar ttabhairt na tteora scríne, ┐ chánóine Patraig dhóibh im dilsi dhó, 102.12 . ? Cf. fa glanchanoin fo gala / tic Parrthalōn mac Seara, Lec. 276 va2 ( BB 28a54 ).

(c) canon, canon law : ata lex ┐ canoin da dhearbhadh civil and canon law, O'Curry 2307 ( Eg. 88, 23(24)b ). a fir in rechta, ┐ a dliged canoine, Laws v 8.16 Comm. cesta canoine, O'D. 2213 (Nero A vii, 147a). seanchus mor . . . ai carmna ┐ ai chanon . . . ┐ canoin ainm na randa sin ar med a fís ┐ a roscadh, BB 17a51 . san cheathramhadh c.¤ de Chanónachaibh na nAbstal Apostolic Constitutions, Eochairsg. 20.2 . amhail adeir an canoin: qui occasionem damni dat (sic leg.) etc., O'Curry 1762 ( 23 Q 6, 35b ). riaghlacha ┐ canoin aithridheacha, Luc. Fid. 3604 .

cothad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cothad or dil.ie/12668

Forms: cothugad, cothachadh, Conchothaigh

o, more freq. cothugad, vn. of cothaigid. cothachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (245.3) .

(a) act of supporting, maintaining, preserving : cothud .i. cōemna unde est . . . foreim chot[h]aid .i. foreim cōemna . . . Maol cothaid .i. Māel cōemna, Corm. Y 303 . im indeōin cothaigthe, ZCP viii 112.18 . ri cothugud na caimmi . . . isna claraib to maintain the curve in the planks, LL 30947 ( TTr. 129 ). a ḟer cuisc ┐ cothaigthi, 31570 ( 756 ). ac cotugud na hairce, BB 245b28 . a aen-c.¤ (cothuccudh, v.l.) in tre-tighi `only sustainer', Ir. Lit. 4.4 . c.¤ neirt, ML² 113 . m'óghacht . . . do cothugad, BCC 50.10 . cothughadh, cosnadh, Eg. Gl. 137 . in creidium do chothughadh, ITS xix 70.5 . d'á chothughadh air gur mhaith an gnás an tAifrionn maintaining against him, Eochairsg. 22.32 . ag cothúghadh a bríghe lé luath-iomramh na leastar keeping up its strength (of the sea), ML 46.14 . clár cothuighthi ┐ congmhala bh-fear n-Eirionn, Oss. v 16.11 .

Freq. of battles, etc. ? crith ri cách cothugud (in descr. of Hector), LL 32370 (untransl. TTr. 1560 ). immad cach threlaim . . . bad chothugud ri coṅgbáil catha, 32499 `would be helpful', TTr. 1696 . in cot[h]ughadh ┐ in fossughadh `the supporting', CCath. 5799 . do chothugha in chatha, Celtica i 116.121 . a[c] cur na cath asa cathlaithrechaib ┐ ag a clod asa cothaig[th]ib `positions', Ériu viii 38.24 . ag c.¤ ar a cind is in cathgleo sin `pressing on the combat', MR 262.17 . resin tuarcain . . . ┐ resin cothucud . . . da ronatar `pressure', Cog. 192.8 . cothugad ┐ commaídem écht, ML² 1540 . an uair do-chí in cothachadh `opposition' (in battle), Aithd. D. 20.12 . ag cothughadh re curadhaibh contending, Eachtra Uill. 3039 (cf. cathugud?).

(b) act of sustaining, feeding; food: c.¤ na n-indile, Laws i 42.5 Comm. ag so corp dá chothachadh, Ériu xix 98 § 16 . oidhigh do chothughadh, Rial. S.F. 1811 . misi as biadh, as cothughadh, Desid. 6577 . siád mo dheora mo chothugha lǽthuil, RC xiv 154.4 . eagla mo choda cothuighthe do chailleamh livelihood , Desid. 4404 .

In n. pr. mors Conchothaigh , AU i 212.w . See Corm. Y 303 above.

crúaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúaid or dil.ie/13191
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: crúadh, cruaidhe, crúaidh, cruadha, crúaidh, cruadha, cruaidhe

i

I As adj. hard(y), harsh; stern, strict: daingen no cruaidh gl. durus, Ir. Gl. 674 . bidh cruaidh cuiglidhe, Blathm. 237 . miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid hardened, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 . in moin cruaid, Laws i 132.4 Comm. crūaid a gal, Sc.M² 21 g . gabur . . . c.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). gairid cāi crūaid den, Four Songs 8 § 2 . ticfait cruaidi casracha, SR 8039 . nae m-bliadhna cruaidhi coimsigh `strict', MacCarthy 418.w . fairrci cruaidh ` rough ', Leb. Gab.(i) 266.15 . crabaidh cruaid strict, BB 296b11 . bás cruaidh, PBocht 12.50 . na neithi remra ┐ na neithi cruaidi, O'Gr. Cat. 265.2 . aisgidh . . . ┐ í cruaidh, Aithd. D. 43.1 . fa cruaidh an tseanmhóir hard to understand, PBocht 11.21 . isin phrisun cruaidh, Smaointe B. Chr. 4736 . re hēudaighibh cruaidhe garbha, Beatha S. F. 1805 . cennaighe crūaidh, ZCP viii 208.20 . mochen daonna as cruaidh creidme, BNnÉ 280.19 . cruaidh fa rún, DDána 117.40 .

Transfd. meanings: gér' budh cruadh a chroidhe, RC xxix 112.16 . ar gcairde croidhe cruaidhe, Measgra D. 22.34 . Gramm. voiced (of sound, consonant): do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh, IGT Introd. § 105 . connsuine crúaidh no bog, § 55 (15.24) . an tan bhogthar connsuine crúaidh, § 29 (10.25) . is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi inas inni eli (of sounds), Auraic. 1481 . In phr. is (attá) c.¤ do (for) it is hard for: fa cruaid d'E. eturra `E. was hard-pressed', Stair Erc. 2003 . ar pearsanna . . . do ghlacadh da madh cruaidh do `if he were obliged', Trans. RIA xv 87.w . atá cruaidh ortsa difficult for you to understand, Desid. 3635 . Of cream or curds, thick : for foesam duit na crothi cruadi cúl-budi, MacCongl.² 32.989​ .

Equat. cruaidhither ri crandlæm, TTebe 3364 . Compar. nís cruaidhi gl. durior, Ir. Gl. 1118 . crūaidhi indāt clocha a cridhi, Ériu iii 29 § 2 . gá cruaidhe ceisd ?, DDána 12.1 . Adv. cu cruaid, Lat. Lives 103.17 . neach dá mbí go cruaidh ad chionn `one who is bold against thee', Bard. P. 20 § 9 .

II As subst. crúadh f. g s. cruaidhe, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . crúaidh m. g s. cruadha, § 41 . crúaidh f. g s. cruadha, cruaidhe, § 42 . tri meich . . . do cruaidh cruithnechta of (hard) dried wheat , Laws ii 200.30 Comm. fer ler robhog ar ccruaidhne `my hard (verse)', Bard. P. 30.10 . dia do chruaidh stubbornness (chev.), Aithd. D. 73.4 . do chomhshnoidh cruaidh a chridhe, DDána 20.44 .

Usu. in meaning steel (?): ? conid fri c.¤ n-aurdairc n-aister, LU 7415 ( BDD 100 ). frisna gaibed iarann na cruaidh do cruaidhiph na cruinne, CCath. 5247 . cruaidh shídh na ndealg ndoidhíolta `the steel in the peace made by the priceless nails', Aithd. D. 65.19 . crúaidh a gcindbeirte, IGT Decl. ex. 615 . crúadh a ṡleighi, ex. 1084 . a chrithear do chruaidh nimhe, Aithd. D. 46.23 . do dhearbhadh chrúaidh cheann choirrshleagh, O'R. Poems 2484 . cnedh ó chrúaidh gurm, IGT Decl. ex. 1129 . a dtuagh ghualann, a gcruaidh róghlan, O'Rah. 74.50 . Transfd. sreith mholta . . . do chruaidh chorcra ar gceirdeine, Aithd. D. 46.11 . Attrib. g s. sa mbró crúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . mír cruadha . . . ar gurt gabhaidh (of a warrior), AFM v 1602.6 . a mhír chruadha `thou piece of steel', O'Hara 2926 . a mhír cruadha dár fháomh Íle, SGS iv 144 § 31 . tinne cruadha (a chief), AFM v 1292.20 .

Compds. Frequ. in alliteration. With nouns: diar cobair ar cruadhag `hard battle', Gorm. 30 . cruaidh-bhéim trasgartha, MR 274.1 . is mi-cinelta cruadbeil (of horse), Celtica ii 42.136 . dā cruadh-buillib, ML² 1732 . tar crūadchaircib gered `hard rocks', MacCongl. 85.20 . tanic immach . . . ina chrúadchippi chatha, LL 32757 ( TTr. 1967 ). a cruadhchorpus Gaodhailgi, H 3.18, 157.13 . cruadhcosaige, ┐ haitt glun (disease of horses), Celtica ii 34.45 . fuasgail sinn as an g-cruadh-chás, Oss. iv 276.16 . fochicher achruadchasra, SR 8205 . ech . . . círdub crúaidchend (as adj.), LU 8665 ( FB 49 ). frifúrad . . . / . . . nacruadchorad, SR 5886 . luind cendach corr cruadeigme, Ériu vii 197.z . clann Chraith chrodha i gcruaidh-fheirg-bheirt `in deeds of fierce anger', Content. xxix 23 . Coire mac Cruadhgabann, Anecd. ii 55.18 . riacruadgail nacórad, SR 6911 . cernach caur cruaidgniad, Corp. Gen. 9.8 . corp crist . . . / forraolangair cruadhgubha `severe lamentation', Blathm. 66 . co cethra uvullmellaibh . . . cruaidhiarainn, CCath. 5268 . dronga ar nár cheisd cruadhlaoighe `hard poems', Ir. Review 1913, 595 § 9 . cait[h]chressa ic a cruaidhletradh, CCath. 6083 . cruaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.16 . crúaidhrinn chaoilṡnáithaide, BS 10.12 . ? iar catha cruaidriss, Corp. Gen. 2.35 .

With adjj.: cruadhbhog caismirteach (of sound), Hackett² xxxiii 5 . fri cernu crúadchassa, LU 7424 ` stiffly-twisted(?)', BDD² Gloss . imdho cridhe cruaidhetaidh (: edaigh), Reeves Ad. 286 . cloidim cru[a]idgher curata, Aen. 1954 . cona cennaibh . . . cruaidrinnai[g]the hard-pointed, CCath. 5460 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a cath Gabra cruadhairmigh, Acall. 4019 . ada cloitine cruaidhbeimnecha (sic leg.), RC xi 30.10 . i mbíd cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech `stern- smiting', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.20 . in bhuide Chonaill chruaid-chnedaig, SG 21.17 . resin cothucud . . . cruad craidech, Cog. 192.8 . in cunndais cruadcuisech `hard-spirited', ZCP vi 273.16 . ar na ccur chuige go crúadhchúiseach = hardly bestead, Isaiah viii 21 . cruadh-chūiseach in bhar ccreideamh tenacious, Mac Aingil 6311 . maic Sailt chláraig crúaid-íachtaig `hard-groaning', Metr. Dinds. iv 248.16 . talum . . . cruadlasrach, IT i 190.33 (FA). ná bithí . . . cruádmhuineulach, Deuteronomy x 16 .

With vbs. crúadh-cenglaidh an olann dábar n-aighthibh, Cóir Anm. 245 (388.14) . in chuirp ra chrúadchlaidbius which I mangled cruelly, TBC-LL² 3393 . co rachruad-chrithnaigseatar snaitheda saignen tened, TTebe 280 . ra crúaidgéraigit a claidib, LL 31920 . docrechtnaigheadh ┐ docruaidhghonadh, Ériu v 102.1 .

dé-bliadan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-bliadan or dil.ie/14839
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. Biennium : ó debliadain co teora bliadna, O'Dav. § 706 . resin debliadain togla Róma, Anecd. iii 66. 12 = ante biennium Romanae inruptionis Beda i. 11 .

1 dír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dír or dil.ie/16692

adj (a) due, proper, fit, meet: d.¤ .i. dlisdin, Lec. Gl. 163(M) . dir .i. dleisdín, Stowe Gl. 51 . d.¤ .i. dlestanus, 318 . Generally folld. by prep. DO: ni d.¤ dúib ní disund nothing of this is meet for you, Wb. 27a26 . ni diír do noibad aní forchanat what they teach is not proper for sanctification, 31b17 . is d.¤ .i. is dethiden do gl. ad illum pertinet, Ml. 30c4 . amal is d.¤ do mogaid as befits a servant, RC ii 386 § 6 . ní gata Adomnan fīachu ar . . . fine dia mbí d.¤ to whom they are due, Cáin Ad. 29 . adae .i. ad dee .i. dīr do Dia, Corm. Y 67 . i n-as d.¤ d'eclais, 962 . is do is dir inndi is canticum dindí doberar a claiss hi croit, Hib. Min. 287 . is é ná facaidh ní nár bhu d.¤ dhó do fhaicsin that was not proper for him to see, Lism. L. 4894 . déansa gach ní is d.¤ do dheaghdhuine, ML 100.6 . laidh . . . is d.¤ ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisneis, MR 92.4 . cech fírmanach dond eclais dian d.¤ gníd amal cech mog to the church to which it is due, Fél. p. 4 . espuc do nach diur adhultrus, Laws i 58.22 . ro imbir fair cach ada aili ba d.¤ do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959 . diambadh d.¤ fuil do snām if blood were fitted for swimming, ZCP xi 62.6 . do leith fitt . . . is d.¤ insin that (word) is applicable to a half-ration, Mon. Tall. 156.21 .

Used absolutely without complement: cech ní is d.¤ dlegmait do rad, LL 139b12 ( RC xlvii 304 ). corrthair .i. . . . nō co hor .i. co himel as d.¤ a breith it is proper to bring it to the edge, Corm. Y 336 . ma indligedh dogne in flaith resin cele is d.¤ imsgar fris, Laws ii 274.11 Comm. robba d.¤ recht aicnid [uile] inge cretium the law of nature was right except for the faith, i 16.17 . as forra féin ro ba dir clú an mhadhma do bheith, AFM v 1648 . niptar dir na oiss | immá duma dess, PRIA xix 534 .

(b) belonging to, appertaining to: tectid cach cumachte as díir do dia that belongs to God, Wb. 26a6 . conic do pianad-sa ┐ pianad cech oein as d.¤ duit torment thee and thy seed, PH 6600 . ni fuil sund neach na pad dir (duall, v.l.) dait o a athair no mathair, BDD § 13 . carn ind ríg in fess cía rí | dianid d.¤ ? to whom it belongs, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . tuatha Fochmuinn . . . for Almuin ┐ anas d.¤ di hi finíbh, BB 255b40 . forumai sár for cach toil . . . acht anas d.¤ dí fadesne but what is accordant with itself (luxuria), Ériu vii 138.4 .

Folld. by gen.: do neoch ba d.¤ udbarta issin tempul everything that belonged to . . ., TTr. 1223 ( LL 233b5 ). gen nach ngnim is d.¤ mugsaini to do nothing appertaining to servile work, Anecd. iii 21.8 . ní bus d.¤ clóine anything involving wrong, Ériu ii 202 . menma aircisechtach di cach duine acht ní bas d.¤ pecath save for aught that involves sin, Ériu vii 160.28 . trūail .i. dir uailli í it is a sign of pride, Corm. Y 1240 .

(c) necessary: ní nad d.¤ do trachtad int sailm what is not necessary for a commentary, Ml. 25a6 . ised ro bo d.¤ do Césair toídhecht docum in tshenaidh Rómhánaigh C. was obliged to . . ., CCath. 213 .

As subst. [n.] one's right or due: Lind mná féile . . . | ainm na linde 'nar báided | is é a d.¤ (díl, v.l.) maras dise this is its proper title inherited from her, Metr. Dinds. iii 294 .

? 2 do-eim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 do-eim or dil.ie/17532
Last Revised: 2019

v (*to-em-, Plummer, Ériu x 123 . The few forms occurring may, however, be due to confusion of preverbs) = 1 do-eim: cāin temadar .i. dondithnetar, Hy. i 2 . cid in ceili dono temathur ni resin flaith, O'Curry 885 ( H 3.18, 396a ). temathar .i. dítnither, 1464 (651).

dothaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dothaid or dil.ie/18494
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doithid, dothad

v also doithid (doth) brings forth (of animals): doithid in cú, Corm. s.v. Mogheime . no doithtíss résin trath cetnae, TBC(C) 150 = no berdís, TBC St. 1359 . nosluiged si na hanmanna . . . ┐ nodothad isin loch oigre iad, Aisl. Tond. x 2 . do shaill mhuice ná rodóiththe that was never farrowed, SG 71 .

hatches : ar circ cēin dotas, Laws v 82 Comm. . ar mad in bar cathairib nodothaidis (MSS nodothaigdis, nodaitidis) bar cerca, Ériu v 28 . attar lee ba hén . . . ┐ dothais si essiniu, Anecd. iii 59 .

Vn. dothad.

dreisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dreisid or dil.ie/18624

vb. of doubtful origin and meaning. Some of the forms could be explained as based on s-subj. and fut. of at-reig or dringid.

(a) breaks, bursts (?): Intrans. dreisfid (.i. brisfid) in bith, bia for lassad, H 3.18, 564 . dresfid in dubthalam | fri dreich na damthenead, Lec. 346a1 = dréchtfaid, ZCP viii 212.1 . Trans. dresfid (dreffid, facs.) huimni ┐ fern | do taig indiu a Ruithchern oaks and alders will break (through) thy house (?), LL 275b11 (`will break for thee', Mór M. § 11 ). a barca 's a churaig croma | dreisfidid tonna tar lear will cleave the waves (?), Anecd. ii 8.8 . dia mba rothimm notdreisfider you will be crushed, Tec. Corm. § 29.17 . tucaib dornd dó . . . condreised in carpat so that the chariot was broken (?), TBC-I¹ 2861 (but perh. we should read condgēised, cf. co cclos . . . amail ro geis in carpat, St., TBC-LL¹ p. 629 n. 4 ).

(b) rises, starts up (?) with FRI against: ardrí Ulad . . . ris dresend cách claidebruad, TFerbe 770 . ba rí Ailill . . . resin dressed cath crodond cruaid, LL 7237 (leg. fris ndressed against whom would arise, Hail Brigit 23 ). (Cf. dringid?) immedon aidchi tic dám . . . suil dreised suas fír racloss | bái tricha gae i Fergos before F. could rise (?), SG ii 481.34 (perh. = atreised impf. subj. of at-reig).

dulann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dulann or dil.ie/19201

Forms: dulainn

n m., IGT Decl. § 11 , f., § 12 dulainn, f. § 13 , m., § 113 . heed, carefulness, preparing for, with FRI (RE): atá ind uball fallsa fōind | cōir damsa duland (sic leg.) re drēim it is right for me to give heed to climbing (the ladder), ACL iii 237 § 23 . tír nach cumang móin na mag | d.¤ bad chóir re a cosnamh, Ériu iv 228 . (with FO) is cleas fán cóir duland (of Day of Judgement), v 70 etc. oirches dulainn resin ndeghmac (: fulaing), IGT Decl. ex. 656 . Síol Laoghaire ní leanann | saoraidhe na ríogh romham; | do chuaidh fá a chró a ḟearg d'fulang | d.¤ dó a chealg ar Conall, 3 C 12, 160.6 .

ecla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ecla or dil.ie/19578

n , f. (ecal) fear, dread , used absolutely, or with obj. gen., also ré n- or di of obj. feared: paiss Eutaic cen eclai, Fél. May 30 . Ep. 247. co mmórchléir cen ecli, Nov. 4 . conbad ecla nó uamun doberad fair can a rád CRR § 20 = LL 174a48 . tanic ecla na hingrema sin dochum in abbad, PH 565 . ro chrochsat in colaind sin cen oman cen ecla forru ind, 166 . bamar-ni for a ecla frightened thereat 2967 . eccla ifirn, ACL iii 216 . comad lugaiti ecla...na fer coimithech sin orro, TTebe 721 (= Celt. Rev. viii 8 ). 4745 . dorochair aduath mor ┐ ecla dermair forsna huli anchretmechu, PH 2163 . ní chuirfe áonduine eagla ort none shall make thee afraid Job xi 19 . atá e.¤ orm I fear: dia mbeth ecla na crochi formsa, PH 2383 . a bfuil orm d'egla dhosan all the fear I feel on his account O'Gr. Cat. 453.17 . ná bíodh a n-eagla oraibh fear them not Matthew x 26 . eagla nó omhan an bháis do bheith ort, TSh. 164 . as mor eacla in bailisi fearfulness Abbott- Abbott-Gwynn 214.9 . With oc of subj.: atá eagla agam' chroidhe ré trí neithibh, TSh. 1041 .

Freq. as subj. of gaibid with acc. pers.: rom gab ecla dom onóir I feared for my honor IT i 219 = LU 48a31 . rogab ecla ┐ omun mor iat, PH 2904 . TTebe 1591 . 1899 . ros gab grain ┐ eclai iat, PH 975 . With ré n- of obj.: gabaid ecla Égiás resin popul Aegeas grew afraid of the people PH 2462 . 532 . ar med na heagla rosgab risin trenfhobairt, TTebe 4129 . do ghabh eagla ré gConall é, Keat. ii 3214 . With fri: rosgab gráin ocus ecla frisin tech n-óbéla, MacCongl. 15.5 . With di: is cōir ecla de it is meet to fear him TBC-I¹ 2365 = as cōir eagla do comrag Fir Dh., ZCP x 280.31 . ar e.¤ , d'e.¤ , re (le) he.¤ for fear (of); (with obj. gen.) lest (with vb.): cromfait a cinnu ar m'ecla ┐ ar m'uamain TBC-LL¹ 1345 . co n-ebailt cét lǽch ar gráin ┐ ar ecla ┐ ar úamun Con Culaind, 1608 . PH 62 . TSh. 1151 . ar eagla Ioif da loscad `for fear that Jove might burn them' TTebe 4293 . re heagla Ampioin for fear of A. 4003 . re hecla uilc daibsi, 1357 .do-ghén d'eagla na neamhthuigseanach... míniughadh céille ar an rádh sa I will explain this saying in anticipation of readers who do not understand IGT, Introd. § 96 . d'eagla gomadh domblasda, Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 § 15 . d'eagla go bhfásfadh a uaill lest his pride should increase TSh. 478 .

Transf., of obj. about which fear is felt: ar n-egla...in té robud thescad dhún `our fear is for him who [if cut off] would to us be a mutilation' O'Gr. Cat. 449.6 . Cf. is imdha eccla ar mh'anmain...m'eccla co ria sech demnaib | ...co Dia, ACL iii 216 . In: biat ecla ria Cass, PRIA iii 550 § 30 = LL 147a36 , it may be pl. of ecal, q.v.

eclach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eclach or dil.ie/19579
Last Revised: 2013

adj o-ā (ecla or ecal)

I Fearful, causing or inspiring fear, dreaded: uathmhar gach eaglach, BB 63b26 (= cech ecla, Tec. Corm. § 15.13 ). Compar.: is eclachu lím do bás oltás mo bás fen, PH 2431 . m'oenuran dam isin sliab | a rig grian...nochan eaglaigi dam ní | na da mbeind tri .xx. cet, YBL 318b15 = ZCP vii 302.25 . dháibh is eaglaighe th'iomthós your proceeding is more fearful to them Content. viii 17 .

II Fearful, timid, afraid: eglach gach nuamnach BB 63b5 (= ecal, Tec. Corm. § 13.20 ). egalach uaimnech, BB 480 a 22 . ergid...dochum bar namad an tan ataid co heaglach anband remaib, TTebe 1121 . ba heclach iad resin tulmaidm talman, 2965 . do bhádar...'na sluaghaibh eaglacha [sic leg.] ML 142.14 . creúd fá a bfuiltí eaglach, Matthew viii 26 . atáim eaglach fam' uile dhoilghiosuibh, Job ix 28 .

eipe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eipe or dil.ie/19816

n io, n.

I Act of cutting; a cutting, incision: im fidbae .i. bis oc eibi in feda, Laws i 140.2 Comm. amser as coimdire tairddbe cacha feda fria bun-ebe `when the cutting of each tree is liable to the same fine as cutting the trunk' iv 168.25 . Paring: fir-epi combi ocus a rinn biraith amail delc `cutting them until their points are sharp like thorns' (gl. on: airdbe naindeilg, a kind of trespass) i 236.6 . Of breaking the surface of land: fír-eibe in feraind (gl. on: aurba tire) iv 152.11 . (pl.) fir-ebeda doberar ar in ferand 154.14. Comm. in fir-eipe doníter resin n-eimfedhain doberar ar amus in muilind the clearing for the carriage 154.26. Comm.

Transf.: eipe a droma the back-cut (of a salt pig, i.e. the place where the cut is made) Laws ii 246.5 .

Metaph.: iar n-eipe rechta (.i. iar na brisi .i. iarna turbrodh) `after violating the law' i 260.26 ( 282.14 ).

II A cutting out, culling, selection: forsin n-aibgitir .i. forsind epe au[g]dair `author's selection' Auraic. 349 . 390 . 2711 (ebe). 2647 (eibe). 2779 (eipi).

Cf. cach mes...is a midbu miter .i. is ondi tara mbi in t-eibe meodhanach .i. in grainne a mesemnaigther é, eipe .i. grainne mas fír dhamhsa, O'Dav. 1244 (i.e. the middle notch of the balance-beam resting on the fulcrum ?) airdbidh no aird-eibi .i. cinnedh,...for airdeibe cinntech `a definite decision' (?) 110 .

eólas, eulas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eólas, eulas or dil.ie/20161
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: eulas, eulassaib

n u, o, m. IGT, Decl. § 38 .

(a) knowledge, information, esp. knowledge gained by experience or practice, acquaintance: eolus (gl. peritia) Ir. Gl. 901 . eolas .i. tuicsi iar foglaim, O'Dav. 771 . maith a n-eulas (gl. patres...certae scientiae) Ml. 63b2 . duan eulus (gl. ad notitiam) 78d5 . hí fius ┐ heulus, Sg. 209a6 . co festar cach n-eólas, IT i 224.3 . brethem cen fotha n-eoluis foundation of knowledge Laws v 354.1 . indarpaid in génntligecht eolas ┐ incongbaid aneolas, PH 721 . isse mac dian lia eolas i nErind the best-informed youth Ériu viii 156.5 . druid co mōr-eōlus, TBC-I¹ 835 . RC vi 174.7 . oc indisin eolais relating lore Ériu viii 156.11 . ardṡúi hErend eolossa, 70.90 . i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa in the absence of information TBC-LL¹ 1561.2845 (eolais). ic iarfaigid fessa ┐ fastini ┐ eolais, 407 . nochon eólas óenbaile `lore not of one spot only' Metr. Dinds. iv 134.6 . immad ecna ┐ eolais, PH 3961 . itir gach eolus da nderna se and adubairt... among other information that he made known BCC § 216 . thusa aga bhfuil éolas, 1 Corinth. viii 10 . ag éisteacht ealadhan ┐ eólais ó fheallsamhnaibh feasacha foghlamtha, TSh. 247 . lucht eolais the learned O'Gr. Cat. 475.9 . TD 17.59 .

With obj. gen.: eolas laburtha, PH 5372.5490 . a mesrugud do neuch...la eolus ind fita everyone should regulate his pittance...knowing the proper amount Mon. Tall. § 63 . do-bhéaram dhuit... | eólas do ghéag ngeinealaigh, TD 30.21 .

With ar: eólas foirbhthe ar na neithibh diadha, TSh. 8538 . an mhéid d'éolus is éidir dh'faghail ar Dhia, Romans i 19 .

With i n-: sainred n-eulais leu isin dan frisgníat (gl. multa peritia) Ml. 37b12 . eolas...i ndeachaib knowledge... of metrical feet O'Dav. 771 . Cf. as mór n-iath a mbói a n-eolas, Acall. 3617 = SG 174.25 (`many were the lands in which they knew their way about' SG ii 195 ; see c).

With ellipse, as quasi-vn.: biaid sē oc scēlaib ocus oc eolas, Ériu viii 156.6 .

i n-e.¤ (neich) acquainted with: atáimsi 'na n-eolas ó aimsir mo naoidheandachta, Maguires of F. § 37 .

(b) experimental proof, experience: ar eulas (gl. experi- mentum) Ml. 97d6 . dinaib eulasaib no donaib etarcnaib (gl. de experimentis) 19d18 . ho eulassaib (gl. experimentis) 57c11 .

(c) Esp. knowledge of the way (place), guidance (cf. e): eolas dún co rísem bail atá in Dond (give) us directions TBC-LL¹ 146 . tabair eolas dam co hairm a fuilet mo mic direct me to the place TTebe 4560 . atlochar...mh' eolus dochum an glinne, Anecd. ii 23.6 . tobair foirithin eolais uisqui oraind succour in finding water TTebe 1769 . do múnud eóluis dar muncind mara...dóib to teach them the way CRR 8 . donfairni do chobair, ol C. is bec mo chumang acht eolas namma guidance LL 252a17 = ZCP iv 45.20 . in retla resna druithibh ...tuc eolas doib isan teach i rabi Crist ZCP v 25 § 13 . do gab athinni ré heolus na haidchi `to show the way through the night' TTebe 4685 . lucht eoluis guides Rel. Celt. ii 196.16 ; 206.9 . In phr. berid e.¤ co leads the way to: rucsan eólas iarum co tech rob aithnid dó remi, CCellaig² 21.663 .

Cf. bar mbeith uili d'áeneolus `of one mind' Mer. Uil. 133 = uili aeneolus , BB 446a43 . do-gní e.¤ guides, directs: mar doniatt mairnelaig...éolus leis an réltainn direct their course by the star Maund. 155 . um eólus dingmalta do dhenomh asteach sa chuan, Fl. Earls 14.11 . éolas dírech do dhénamh go purt nimhe, Mac Aingil 342.7 . treóraighe d'fhagháil ré heólas na slighe do dhéanamh dhó, TSh. 9811 .

beirid e.¤ do leads, guides: beir eolas dúinn guide us, lead us GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 283 .

beirid e.¤ ria n- leads, guides: in t-oirc peata briseas ar dus ┐ bereas eolus resin tret which first breaks through (the fence) and shows the way to the herd Laws iv 108.19 Comm. bērat eolus remut they will guide thee BColm. 28.19 .

d(o) [d(i)?] e.¤ for guidance, as guide: luidsi...┐ Mac Caille d'eolus rempe dar moin F. fo thuaith, Thes. ii 329. 39 . lotar rempu...cu Temair L., ┐ C. d'eolas rempu, MU 18.27 = LL 264b17 . cia bad chóir do eolus rempu eter na da chuiced, TBC-LL¹ 461 (do denom eoluis St). 468 . Hugh Roe 304.23 (f. 79b) . do deachator araill dhíobh do eolus lais tré Bearnas Mór, 116.16 (f. 31a) .

craobh eolais guiding branch A. Ó Dálaigh iii 7 . reulta eólais érlamh nUisnigh guiding star Studies 1919, 74 .

Cf. mar shaithe beachann gun bhech eolu[i]s , Rel. Celt. i 165.29 .

(d) a way, direction, path, opening: cen ergna n-eolais cen treóir...i tirib aneóil without knowledge of the way SR 3447 . imt[h]ig eolus ale depart in another direction BColm. 18.24 . sechain an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cāch docum an oilen, BCC § 233 . § 171 . dochuaid...ar athgairid eolais `by a short cut' TTebe 4617 . cia héolus no ghebhdais, Cog. 214 y . déarad gur thréig siad an t-eólus | sin síos an tslighe that they have mistaken the path, Hackett xxvi 149 . mo theagh ní hé t'eolus-sa destination A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 6 . dorighnedh cro caeluigh uime gan conair as acht eolus a tuctha began goirt-bidh do save a way by which a little salt meat was given him Lism. L., p. 310. 10 = RC xx 420.7 . ro ghabhastair ionar...ionnas gach éolas da n-imghidh rinn chaol chruaidh-ṡnáthaide go ngabhadh dhó so that there was not so much as the point of a sharp needle might touch where it did not fit to him ML 112.1 . isteagh san eolas as fearr | ...muna seoltar sinn, A. Ó Dálaigh iii 5 , may belong to c.

Cf. dothaed rompo for eolus a ceneóil, BB 259b23 = YBL 179b38 .

(e) a place known, familiar surroundings: cían om eólus-sa crioch gusa ránag-sa far from my home BS 98.3 . an uair rangadar eolus a ccrioch fein, Rel. Celt. ii 206.9 .

(f) description by which a person (thing) is known; designation: Ser Gyi o Berbuic m'ainm ┐ m'fis ┐ m'eolus ag sluaghaibh Saxan my name and title and description ZCP vi 30.16 .

(g) secret knowledge, a prescription, spell, charm: ag bruith in neich is cain do losaib ┐ do [sic leg.] eolusuib do neoch bis a ngalur of herbs and nostrums (recipes, Laws Crit. 45 ; spells, charms? see Ériu viii 130 ) Laws i 300.15 Comm. v 260.13 Comm.

feda ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feda ? or dil.ie/21424

n fedha .i. targat, ut est cain fri feda (feada v.l.) ┐ aes imitechta tar crich .i. riagail resin lucht dofairgither do chenn icht .i. ondi is fedo doairgi[m] ... No is fri cendaige fiallaig cana ┐ dar lium is dona cendaib is ainm feda andsin, O'Dav. 1002 (`a guide ' Stokes).

fidrén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidrén or dil.ie/22034

Forms: fidréan

n m. some kind of noise (apparently a rushing, whizzing sound): in fuaim ┐ an fothram ┐ in fidren (`Sausen' Wind.) TBC-LL¹ 3307 . fidréan, 5036 . 5050 . 5072 . resin fidhrén ┐ resin fothram (of stags and boars, `rushing noise' SG ii 124 ), Acall. 913 . fidhrén na sleige, 2159 . go rola rot rourcuir di ┐ a fidren bodba ... eiste (a spear), CCath. 5601 . f.¤ [figren v.l.] na foga, CCath. 906 . 5116 . 5915 . f.¤ na saigheat, 3130 . f.¤ na fanngaīthi, 5437 . f.¤ ruadlasrach romōiri, TTebe 2245 . fidhren na fer ag cirrad corp, Ériu viii 44.19 . Cf. fothrom ┐ faidhrean na bhfogha, Todd Lect. iv 94.5 .

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