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bráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráth or dil.ie/6579

 

Forms: brách, -áith, -átha, bratha

n u and o, m. See GOI 198. 1 - 3 . Wagner, Beiträge 294 n.13 , ZCP xxviii 238. Also brách. b.¤ m. g s. -áith, -átha, no pl. inflexion, IGT Decl. § 38.

Judgment, esp. the last Judgment, Doom, Doomsday: brath .i. combrec din donni is braut .i. judex. is la brethemain din a ænur in laethesin in brátha .i. Jesu Christi , Corm. 6. brāth a bratio, ar is ed būaid dēdenach bīas .i. lāithe mbrātha. Bratiium didiu mind doberar for cend mīled iar coscar: sic breth brātha iar forcinn gnīma cāich, O'Mulc. 123. bairesc .i. forcend mbrātha, 179 , cf. O'Dav. 308. lasnahí dofuircifea b.¤ i mbethu `the Judgment', Wb. 25b16 . isamlid dorriga dia do b.¤ `even so God will come to judgment', 28 . co iar mbrath `until after Doom', Ml. 128b1 . immi co tíssat do brāth (:cāch) that led by him (sc. Pátraic) they may come to Judgment, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). donnesmart i mb.¤ a brithemnacht .i. arin brithemnas bratha, 322.9 , 28 (Hy. iii). dogoa bethaid no brath he chooses life or doom, LL 19069 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 3 ). baramhail ar bh.¤ (of a futile attempt), ML 98.12 . sgela . . . an bhracha, KMMisc. 316.27 . smál borb an brátha, IGT Decl. ex. 993. ar cinn bráith (: -tráith), ex. 994 .

Legal: brath .i. bríad .i. fuigheall. ┐ fuigheall on mbreithir brath, O'Cl. b.¤ Cai Judgment of Cae (name of a mythical lawgiver, see Laws i 20 f. Introd. to Senchus Mór), a legal precept , O'Mulc. 125 cited infra; hence law inherent in such a precept, customary law ( Bürgschaft 75.16 ): ba Cai ba breithem laisin luingius uile (sc. luinges macc Míled). Inde dicitur Brethcath no brath Cai . . . brath amh inn cach brethi . . . amuil asberur brath . . . don brath deighinuigh beirius Dia for a duile, Laws i 22.4 - 7 Comm. bráthchæi .i. brethcheo ǽi. aliter quod est verius .i. Cǽi Cænbrethach . . . nach tan bíther can ríg isna tuathaib is bráthchǽi fogniad forru fri hurradus. dia mbe imorro rig is rechtge són amail as maith lais, Corm. 7. Cf. a mbreith Chæi Chaenbrethaig, 9 s. clithar sét. nach tan din mbithe cin rí is na hib (sic) tuathaib is brácai fogni eturra fria urradus dia mbe imorro, ri is rechtgi son amail is maith lais is aire din isberar Cae caoinbrethach de fo bith it bretha rachta no beri, O'Curry 2278 ( Eg. 88, 20bb ). brathcae .i. breth .i. aithgin ae .i. dire, 2757 (81a1), O'Dav. 244. brathchai .i. bretho Cai, ainm aicepta bēlri, O'Mulc. 125. amail isbeir a mBrathchae: anad cach athgabala, etc., Laws i 210.28 . it cetheora urrathas docuisin: urrathas bratha cai, ┐ urrathas cana, ┐ aurrathas cairdi, ┐ aurrathas fri neimtiu, 260.14 .i. a cin a brethemh[n]acht Cai Cainbrethaidh urris .i. is fair aratus a cin is in riaghuil, 274. 29 Comm. it cetheora arag fristobngiter na ceithri aurathais; aithgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, aitire fri cairddi, gell fri neimthiu, 260.16 (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.). See Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 195 - 199 , ZCP xxxi 39 , Celtica x 51 .

In phrr. día (lá) brátha, see 3 día, : fri laa brátha gl. ad iudicium, Wb. 29a28 . cu llae .m.brátho, Thes. ii 239.14 (Ardm.). b.¤ bennachtan a sentence of blessing (precise application in TBC not clear): bia foind animsin co roseacha brāth bennacht ( bennachtan, LU 6100 ) fort, TBC-I¹ 1629 (Cú Ch. to the Morrígu). dombertsom brāth bennachtan furi, 1752 = b.¤ bennachtan, LU 6254. is é brath forgell (compound bráthḟ. ?) bennachtan Domnaill . . . ro briathraigestar as á bheol `it was in reality the influence of the blessing of . . . D.', etc. MR 298.8 .

In adverbial phr. co b.¤ , co dé mbrátha (see 3 día) till Doomsday, for ever; in neg. sentence never: cech nóeb bói, fil, bías / co b.¤ . . . `up to Doom', Fél. Ep. 290. méraid co dé ṁbratha (: rrátha), Prol. 174. adopart Áed aidacht . . . du P. cu bb.¤ , Thes. ii 242.19 (Ardm.). co brāch nō īar mbrāch, ZCP x 345.2 . ni ba fer dam-sa co brach thú, vi 34.6 . 'na ainbheas go b.¤ ná bíod let them never be ignorant of it, Dán Dé ix 21 . co dtī an brāth, ML² 163.

In wider sense doom, destruction: brath .i. milleadh, O'Cl. ō thuc b.¤ do Ch. `dealt doom to C.', Hail Brigit 5 . is bēimm do brāth (: āth) ma robīth destruction (Meyer), Bruchst. i 55 § 123 ; AFM ii 648.24 . co mbi brāth do thúathaib ┐ do ecailsib `ruin to peoples and churches', Ériu i 218 § 3. brāth for buidne (of a warrior), TBC-I¹ 353. b.¤ ┐ digal, LL 32665 ( TTr. 1873 ). fá díothúghadh deagh-dhaoine . . . an brath céad ┐ ceann ┐ colann `the loss in men', etc. ML 130.25 . daíg ni b.¤ dar brúach, LL 10333. an brath tar bruachaibh `the (man of) destruction over the border', CF 307.

Attrib. g s.: tene bratha `the fire of Doomsday', Mon. Tall. 129.37 . In vague general meaning great, terrible, awful: blascbeim brátha (in collision of fighting bulls), LL 12372. tonn bhrátha an talmhan ar troimnimh (of Vikings), SGS iv 66 § 28.

Compds. With nouns and verbal nouns: aga buaidred, ┐ aga bhrath-aimsiugad, MR 268.30 . brath-airlech na mbuiden, 238.9 . bráithbemenna mára deadly blows, LU 10459. bar a bráthbalcbemmennaib, LL 107846 (TBC). o brathbuilleadaib mora mileta `lethal blows', TTebe 2531 . noco cumgaid . . . a aisneis in brathlai bodba dorocair ar lar na Troi day of doom, BB 444b4 . in brathlecc bidbad, LL 8220 `the des- tructive stone of enemies' (sc. Fergus), TBC-LL² 657 . ro fotraicsidar . . . an mbrathluirg `the lethal club', TTebe 1003 . U. cona brathsluagaib `destructive horde', Caithr. Thoirdh. 45.17 . cona bhrathsocraite, 49.34 . leis an mbráith-theine with the fire of Doom, TSh. 4003.

With adjj. derived from nouns: beithir . . . braithbéimniuch, MR 278.25 . braithbheartach .i. mórbhuilleach, no móirbhriathrach, O'Cl. buarach brath-bodb[d]a `mighty', MR 296.10 . mac Aeda bratbuillig (sic) `warlike', 292.11 . a bráthbullig Midi (subst.), LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). buidni brathgonacha, ZCP xxx 114.31 .

dírgidetu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírgidetu or dil.ie/16730

 

Forms: diriatai, dirgiata

n t, [m.] (dírge, cf. dírgetu, straightness, direction:) proper regulation, correctness; rectitude, righteousness: ragaid cech oen assa richt .i. assa dírgidetaid, LL 188b9 . ní denad ní d'oene acht iar ndirgidetaid Dé, RC xx 272 ( ACC 97 Comm. ). fo dirgidetaid na nóeb, 274 ( ib. 100 Comm. ). rochoill . . . a recht ┐ a dirgidetaid . . . oc feiss Temrach .i. mind óir na rigna thall a tig Midchuarta, LL 159a39 . asé roshíol reacht, riaghail ┐ dirgiatadh gacha haoi . . . iar ccóir law, rule and direction for each science, AFM i 116.6 . Frequent in Laws as gloss on recht: a dirgidetu litri, Laws i 38.15 Comm. (gl. o recht litre, 30.26 ). o dirgidetaidh na litri, 17 . in ae fo dirgidetaid the law case at hearing, 84.19 . fri rachta .i. fri dirgetaid cana, iii 18.9 . orguin in broga ris na coir dirgetaide isin geimre, iv 88.16. ditiu in fer elos a dirgetu De, v 292.7 . Also written diriatai, dirgiata: aige rechta litre .i. don ogae 'ca mbid diratai na litri, i 42.33 . na cethre díriataidh so, 280.y Comm. recht fetarluig .i. isi in diriatai roloprustar a Paitir do Maisi, 282.1 . Cf. dirgiatadh, AFM i 116.6 cited above.

forbann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbann or dil.ie/23355

 

Forms: forbanda, forbandi, forbann

n o, n. later also m. a p. forbanda, Wb. 7c19 (but forbandi, 31b25a0 ). The early sense seems to have been a superfluous or unduly strict ordinance or law , cf. forbann ... .i. ní os ceann dlighidh, óir as ionann bann ┐ dligheadh, O'Cl.

(a) In religious lit. of the ceremonial injunctions of the Jewish Law: forbanda rechto (gl. ad sectam legis iudaicae) Wb. 7c19 . forbanda rechta (gl. legem mandatorum) 21c1 . do bar taba[i]rt ó soscélu hi forbanda rechta, 18c9 . scéla et senchaissi et forbandi (Iudaicis fabulis et mandatis hominum) 31b25a0 . crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . coic Iiubair rechta Moysi ... foghnaidh a nemhforbunn side do luct núifhiadhnusi (i.e. the commands which are essential, not merely ceremonial; `That part of Mosaic Law not opposed to Christianity,' Plummer, MS Notes) Lism. L. 4617 .

(b) of heathen law or rites superstition: here perhaps Ml. 60b1 : indalib [sic MS] nídat forbanda (gl. cultus idolorum nihil commodantes superstitiosis). nochorb ail dó ... in f.¤ gentlidi ina rabi dfacbail, Trip. 38.4 (398) . dímaine ... in forbaind gentlide, PH 4560 . tarchomlad cach óes dána i nHérind, cor tasfen cách a cherd fíad Patraic ... ro curit dano a forbonna and sin úadib, LU 9774 . f.¤ r[e]achta do cur ass .i. oculus pro oculo (of purification of native laws by Patrick) Laws i 38.18 . nir chuir as acht f.¤ rachta uile, no glor geindtligi he expelled only the superfluous (?) rites and heathen sayings O'Curry 279 ( H 3.18, 151 ).

? Setanta fer findṡleg forbaind (: Forgaill), LL 138a25 .

(c) an excessive injunction or demand; and extortion, injustice: ? forbond dodomanic ... as dom moo cumachtu LU 10011 = ZCP xvii 197 (`une dure injonction' Windisch, RC v 478 ; `ein Notfall' Thurn., Sagen p. 74 ). rí domeil a dliged cen f.¤ , O'Dav. 887 . Comgall is Moling gan forbonn ZCP x 343.7 . ni forbunn flatha it is not an exorbitant demand of a king [i.e. not an excessive request by] MR 160.15 . tighearna ná ro ṡanntaigh f.¤ ná fairbrígh neich oile do beith occa, acht in robadh toich dia ṡinnseraibh, AFM vi 2374.5 .

(d) in wider sense, excess, exaggeration: f.¤ .i. iomarcaidh, O'Cl. nirb ingnad ... d'écsib an t-airdmes sin, cid forbann le fiallach a éistechta a ḟuigell though the words may seem hyperbolical to those who hear MR 240.14 . ní f.¤ ré rádha it is no exaggeration to say AU iii 554 . ní radh ḟorbainn a n-aibēr, O'Curry MS. Mat. 564 . derbaim-si daib gan forbond, Fen. 72.2 . ar mét forbaind a caithmhe bídh ┐ lenna, CCath. 246 . nir forbonn do in cruth ┐ int ecasc i tainic mar bud amhus ... tised ann, RC xliii 8 § 2 (of `Oengus Mac ind Oicc' appearing in guise of a hired soldier; it was no undue assumption, i.e. it was modest). ? co n-argabait na tri choecait fer cona forbannaib (of brigands caught in the act) BDD 20 ; `with their auxiliaries' Stokes, quoting gloss .i. cona ngillanraid, H 3.18 p. 529 .