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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

1 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amm or dil.ie/3157

n n., later m. Perh. o-stem, the form áim, LU 7656 (`time', BDD 122 ) being for áin (óen), and in aim when a gen. of time (see exx. below).

Time, point of time: a.¤ aile a second time, LB 231a23 . ón ló ro delaig rinde . . . co ham na huaire sea, Acall. 3452 . cá ham san ló, TSh. 1174 . slechtsat tri maige, méd n-a.¤ `after many a spell', Metr. Dinds. iii 198.13 . as ann báttar . . . mun amsa a ccomhghar do Loch mic F., AFM iii 224.12 . ann amaibh eile at other times, Donlevy iv 23 . Of age: cid óc th'am-sa `though young thy age', Ériu iv 100 § 36 . right time, due season: leis commus ar marbthane / in tan tic in ta.¤ (: cland), LL 306a26 . doriacht a ham ┐ rotuisim oen ingin time of delivery, Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 432 ). do b'é a am `it was high time', PBocht 13.28 . go nár bo ham dóibh luamaireacht, ML 108.13 . a nam ┐ a nanam, 2 Timothy iv 2 . 'na a.¤ in its right time: slighe Dé d'imtheacht 'n-a ham to pursue God's way at the proper time, DDána 3.17 . do-bheir i seachmall a déanamh 'na ham in its due time, TSh. 7392 . fós ós chách do-chuaidh 'n-a am / go hág ar an uair do b'fhearr, DDána 93.27 . With qual. gen.: dessid C. i n-Emain cor bo amm scailti till it was time to disperse, TBC-LL¹ 965 . ám tuismedha, CCath. 648 . ind am éicne in time of need, Lism. L. 3273 . i nam foghelta, Laws ii 114.18 Comm. o do rodha (= do raga) aim iunta `time of laying', iii 380.4 Comm. (leg. aimser?). a.¤ treabhtha, IT iii 196 § 46 . a n-am brēithre Dē d'ēistecht, ACL iii 222.12 . mar sin dóib co ham deirid oidche, SG 56.8 . is am [d'ḟéachain], A. Ó Dálaigh xv 18 . In phrase fo-gaib (or similar vb.) a.¤ (ar) finds time, opportunity (for); gets a chance of: fuair ríghbhean am ar n-eagair found time to arrange us, DDána 48.24 . ó fríoth an t-amsa ar Oileach `having got a chance of O.' Aithd. D. 37.23 . nach faghthar ort am / cruas do chaitheamh liom that you would never have the chance of treating me harshly(?), PBocht 5.25 . mar fuair ar ṡíol Ádhaimh am when (Christ's) time to save Adam's race had come, DDána 3.22 . nach bhfághuid am air urnaigh do dheunadh, Donlevy 478.6 . Note further: am a thabhairt d'a shearbhfhóghantuighibh . . . urnaigh do dheunadh `to allow his servants time . . . ', Donlevy 478.22 .

Adverbial: nach am (not) at any time, Laws i 254.21 Comm. dáig bá snímaig cech a.¤ thair `they were distressed perpetually', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.31 . in ám-sin tra ro-thatin óc milid . . ., PH 7230 . is gach am, Dán Dé xxvi 13 . gach ré n-am alternately, TSh. 6220 . i n-a.¤ at the right time: Muire ┐ naoimh go ttíghid ionar bhfochair a n-am, Párl. na mB. 318 . an lóirghnīomh do dhénamh a n-am, Mac Aingil 3926 . seanḟocal ré rádh i n-am, Content. xxvii 9 .

Phr. a n-a.¤ , in a.¤ (aim) when: ana.¤ dollodar, Blathm. 317 . a n-am luide don chrund siúil, LU 10609 = in am, CCC 6 § 6 . in aim tra ráncatar Emain, LU 8935 ( FB 70 ). inaim robo sāithech . . . Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2221 . in am inat ṡlána secht ṁ-bliadna déc, TBC-LL¹ 1065 ( in aim, 1386 ). in gach am no tomaithead egendail forro `whensoever', CCath. 924 . in n-am bias a chorp a ngill `when he is in need', PH 7548 . sealbh na n-uile an t-am fa bhfuair, Aithd. D. 66.37 . With follg. i n-: an am inda frecrat anfolaid, Laws ii 326.11 .i. an uair, 17 Comm. in am in tochumlat when they swarm (of bees), iv 176.21 .

atharda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atharda or dil.ie/4648

(athair)

I Adj. io, iā paternal, ancestral: selb fini athardai, Laws i 260.5 . bát seichmech ríagla athardai, LU 3492 ( SCC 26 ). i n-agaid in rechta a.¤ , IT i 170.10 . cíarb' a.¤ rop aneól though he took after his father(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 160.208 . ó a n-iathaibh athardha, ML 102.4 .

II Subst. fatherland, patrimony; native land: notbera cot athardu, Rawl. 82b22 . ardotchiat cach dia indálaib t'athardai eter du gnathu inmaini, LU 10028 (`in den Versammlungen deines Vaterlandes', ZCP xvii 203 ). in fil a.¤ aile acum acht so ?, RC xxvii 274 § 26 . Oenfer Aife ciarba du / do diclith 'na athardu that he went unrecognised in his native land, Dinds. 95 . biaidh amal índiubarta i tuathaib . . . cin adhbaidh na atharrdha, LL 386b20 . im ardadh in agidh na hathardha, CCath. 101 . béim ar inchaib na ha.¤ , MR 302.1 . cisi slonnud no hainm no hatharrdai do, Stair Erc. 1298 . dá gach fhior a athardha, DDána 74.46 . iturus eris ad patriam tuam .i. raga . . . cot athardai fodein, Three Hom. 12.4 . fer roba mór teist . . . do réir a athardha `considering his patrimony', AFM vi 1984.20 . críoch d'athardha fan seang sriobh / um cheann atharrdha a aithriotth, O'Hara 2717 . Of heaven: ro fhaidh sein a spirat co a athardha etir coraidh aingel, AFM ii 1136.14 . óna athardha dhílis .i. flaitheas Dé, TSh. 6357 .

Further uses: airrdena na n-athardha d'aithris ancestors , MR 150.12 . ar socar d'fadbail da athardaib, TTebe 4170 . co n-urraind dā n-athardha umpa kinsmen, ML² 1775 . dochuaid Ailill Flann Bec i n-a.¤ co Ailill Flann Mar became the adopted son of A., Rawl. 148a10 . Flaithbertach . . . do dul a n-athardha co hAedh, RC xviii 19.5 (Tig.). Cf. athargad.

1 buga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buga or dil.ie/7330
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bugha

n io. bugha, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.26) . Name of some bright-coloured flower, hyacinth (?), bluebell (?), see Hogan Luibhl. Freq. in comparisons: bugha .i. bo muc, mar atá luibh gorm no glas ris a samhailtear súile bhios gorm no glas, O'Cl. bugha .i. bó muc `a kind of very green herb called blue-bell or bluebottle, a cyanus or hyacinth ', P. O'C. cosmail fri b.¤ (.i. luibh ghormghlas, marg. sup.) a suili, BB 261a1 , IT iii 186 § 3. batar glasithir b.¤ na dí ṡúil, BDD² 24. barrán budi, buge nglé, / ba hé dath a imleisse, GJ x 579 § 3 ( YBL 127b27 ). guirme a ṡúil (sic MS.) fri mbugha barr, ZCP xiii 169.16 . [a] dá ghormshúil mar bhláth mbugha, Magauran 1327 . fa báine iná búgh a dhá shúil, ITS xxiv 12.20 . co pubaill co [mbricht mb]ugha, Acall. 795 `colour of hyacinth', Gloss. blas an b.¤ / as ní raga (of a chief), BColm. 66.z .

Compd. bantracht baillgel bugaruisc 'white-limbed, blue-eyed women', BDC 126.342 .

celgach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celgach or dil.ie/8556

adj o, ā (celg) deceitful, treacherous : cen chairge celgaich, LL 781 . doroni . . . comarli celcaig. TTr.² 1593 . cacair chelgacha, LB 228b17 . lé caidreabh chealgach, TSh. 2116 . mar chómharsanuibh cealgacha, Párl. na mB. 2154 . Compar. ní budh cealguidhe, Gen. iii 1 . As subst. ro [bo] prímch.¤ tor tenn, SG ii 491.13 (`a prime traitor', Bodl. Dinds. 29 ). ni raga . . . c.¤ is-in flaith, PH 6907 .

1 cobach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cobach or dil.ie/9798
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cabach

n (com + fíach, Bürgschaft 13 ). Also cabach. See also comḟíach.

(a) tribute : mat coir cobaig, inti bes coir dib, cid aonfer, ni raga fair s̄ aithgin namma; inti im̄ dian taobaither (?) asrairi boin ┐ aithgin ┐ log enech in fir roicc in boin fri rig, CIH iii 888.38 , cf. 888.36 . cobhach .i. cíos, O'Cl. tánic in rechtaire rán / . . . / do chungid chobaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 162.7 . cóeca dabach daith / do chabach, KMMisc. 272.15 . a cain ┐ a c.¤ , LU 377 (ACC). a cāin ┐ a c.¤, a cīs ┐ a mbēs, Corp. Gen. 93.30 . cen cháin ┐ cen ch.¤ ríg na rechtaire, LL 37083 . a cis ┐ a c.¤ , Lism. L. 313.33 .

(b) Legal also as nomen agentis: ma as-loa c.¤ (.i. feichem) `Kontrahent', Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . fiac[h] fir bíí eter da cobhach beoa, 15 § 51 (b) . fuircim si c.¤ lat sa armo chind i maighin an forais, 13 § 44 (cf. Ériu xvi 78 ). See 1, 2 cobthach.

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

dliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliged or dil.ie/17034
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dlíged, dligeth, dleged, dligid, dligud, dliguth, ndliged, dligetha, dligeda, dliged, dliged, dligedaib, dligedib, dlige, dligid, dligid, dliged, dligetha, dligedaib

n o, n. n a s. dlíged, Wb. 10d16 , 19 . dligeth, Sg. 26b7 . dleged, Ml. 50d2 . g s. dligid, Wb. 3c7 , 13a29 . d s. dligud, 5d8 . Ml. 19d10 . Sg. 71a6 . dliguth, 26b7 . frisa ndliged , Wb. 23c11 . a pl. dligetha, Wb. 6a23 ; 13a29 . dligeda, Ml. 35b1 . dliged, 18c11 . g pl. dliged, 35b17 . d pl. dligedaib, Ml. 16b6 . dligedib, Sg. 193b6 . Later often dlige.

Charles-Edwards, Celtica xxiv 75-78 , proposes the following ordering for the O.Ir. senses: I (a) an individual’s entitlement, right. (i) a right in respect of fair contract as opposed to naidm ‘binding surety’. (ii) name of the second of the five paths to judgement chosen by a plaintiff who is the creditor in a contract, whereas the third path, cert, is chosen by someone arguing that the terms of a contract were unfair, Cóic Con. § 8-9 (R/E Recension) . (iii) Of the judicial settlement of a claim which follows upon the defendant’s decision to accept legal process, the right as upheld by a judicial verdict. Hence (iv) rightful state or condition. (b) (collectively) body of rights. (c) thing or action to which someone is entitled; debt, obligation. (d) g s. as attrib.: rightful. (e) As adverb: rightfully. II (Latin usage) (a) = ratio: (i) calculation (ii) argument (iii) reason (iv) grammatical process, mode or method of forming derived (v) rational order, intelligible structure (b) = sententia or dictum (sometimes ‘correct statement’ in contrast to toimtiu ‘wrong opinion’). (c) = intellectus . To which add (d) form: amal rochumtaig thall i céttustin na ndúl na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli dia ro tusmidea na cu[i]rp sin '… as He (God) had fashioned then in the primal creation of all the elements the vast bodies from the invisible form and from the incorporeal form which the elements out of which those bodies were generated possesed latent within them' Medium Ævum lxxviii 219 (LU 2598, Scéla na esérgi) .

I In O.Ir. Glosses in various senses of the Lat. ratio which it freq. glosses or translates ( Wb. 5d8 , cf. 24b21 , Ml. 19d1 , 27d7 , 54a4 , 111c17 , Sg. 40a7 , 61a9 , 63a9 , 75a1 , 181a8 , BCr. 3c ). Transl. ius, Ml. 98c8 , cf. Sg. 11b2 ; dictum, Ml. 35b1 . Acr. 6a1 . placitum ( maxim, rule ), Sg. 7b9 .

(a) In sense of Lat. ratio, guiding principle, law, or theory (regarded as basis of belief or action): iár ṅdligud hirisse gl. secundum rationem fidei, Wb. 5d8 . ni fel nech lasa mbed d.¤ remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ olcu, Ml. 19d2 . d.¤ buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai the principle that the poor should be under the yoke of the rich, 27d7 . ba nephimmaircide nad techtadsom d.¤ coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib doforsat gl. ut nihil iuris haberet in his quae ipse consederat, 17b6 . conna biad d.¤ n-erchissechta la dia gl. miserationis ius, 98c8 . ní coméicnigedar na d.¤ insin gl. nulla ratione cogente, Sg. 61a9 . ní chen d.¤ a nephdiall gl. non absque ratione non declinatur, 75a1 . do chloud in dligid sin view, theory, gl. ad huiusmodi depellendum errorem, Ml. 56b16 .

Hence (b) principle, rule, norm ; common in Sg. of laws of grammar, etc.: d.¤ lechtha .n. post .m. the law of the liquidation of n after m, Sg. 11b2 . d.¤ nihelsa rule of nullity, 14a2 . conforcmat d.¤ inna ṅdiuite so that they (components) preserve the law of uncompounded words, 21b4 . a nd.¤ cruthaigtheo genitensa this norm of forming the genitive, 113b3 . d.¤ rimae law of calculating, 181a8 . ised slánd.¤ salto, noichtiche col-leuth du árim i n-éscu the sound law of the leap (gl. salva ratione), BCr. 3c . dlighi gl. rhetorica, Ir. Gl. 87 .

(c) dictum, authoritative statement: ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda ho testimnib screptaire gl. dicta nostra, Ml. 35b1 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair (Priscian is the speaker), Sg. 26b7 . inna dligeda anúas roráitsem, Thes. ii 2.34 ( Acr. 6a1 ). dofuit im lín chéin d.¤ ndoraid, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). atta ni forsatæt a nd.¤ sa which supports this statement (that David alone sang the psalms), Hib. Min. 5.149 . More loosely of a statement or saying in general: adrimfem . . . cech n-oin d.¤ fil in psalmis , Ml. 14d5 . trisna dligeda mrechtnichti inna aisndissen `varied expressions', 44d11 . 76a13 .

(d) reason, argument: n-armtar (sic leg.) condegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht with good reasons to oppose them gl. his obiectionibus . . . poterint armari, Ml. 16b6 . ata d.¤ ann there is reason for it, PH 5207 . ata ni do dligudh and, Anecd. ii 17.8 . in dligedchetil so gl. ratiocinationis, ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ).

(e) reckoning, computation (?): intan as conguin dligid hua dligud ailiu `the violation of a reckoning by another reckoning' gl. de ratione (computation, referring to calendar), Sg. 181a8 .

(f) nature, condition, kind, manner: ní ó ógai tantum acht is . . . ó dligud lanamnasa the lawful state (?) of matrimony, Thes. ii 3.34 . is he sin dlige (leg. dliged) demin tresa tanic an imagin-se Crist . . . co Siria, PH 232 .

II Hence law in wide sense, of a prescript, code, or tradition based on authority of some kind and demanding obedience; `both law in general and a subjective legal right', Críth G. p. 84 . See also Cóic Con. 8 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 13 , 16 . duni conái dligid (= dliged?) Dé, SR 449 . iar ndligud Dé, 4447 . dliged a n-ecailse, 4920 . iar ndliged rechta Moysi, PH 5110 . comedait d.¤ na fírinde diada, 4063 . iar ndligud chardessa no chondalbais according to the law of gossipred or relationship, RC xxv 248 . is do chóicid Connacht iar ndlighed roindi coicid in ferann sin according to the law of the division of a province (or in sense I (f) above ?), RC xxiv 186 . Esp. of civil law: ata i ndlige na fēine buachaill oc cach cethra it is (enacted) in the law of the F. that, Laws iv 96.22 . issed adeir dligedh this is what the law says, 48.9 Comm. dlighe frithe the legal regulations regarding waifs, v 336.9 Comm. fail lim d.¤ is damna, | senchas sliged sóer-Banba ` legal lore ', Metr. Dinds. iii 278 . ní mheasaim go bhfuil cine . . . is mó do bhiadh umhal do dhlighe ionáid Éireannaigh dá roinnti comhthrom an dhlighidh riú, Keat. iii 5751 . gur chumadar dlighthe . . . dhóibh féin contrárdha do dhlighthibh . . . na hanma, TSh. 2929 . reacht, dlighe, Eg. Gl. 520 . fear dlighidh lawyer , Hy Fiach. 50 . dochtúirí an dlighidh, Luke v 17 . dliged Canona, AU 1336 . saoi foircthe isin dá dhligheadh .i. ciuil ┐ canóin, Hy Fiach. 74 . ard maighistir dlighid nua ┐ sendlighidh hi lex ┐ canoin, ALC i 600.x = ardmhaighistir dlighidh nuifhiadnaisi ┐ shenreachta, AFM iii 526 . ? isin cet bliadin den dlegaid in the first year of the (penitential) rule (i.e. of my life as an incluse), MacCarthy 15 . Passing into sense of judgement or jurisdiction: (Michael) is e dobera d.¤ tar cend na noem ┐ na fhiren il-lou bratha, PH 6272 . lá an dlighidh (i.e. Doomsday ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 6 . ro cuireadh dliccheadh fair go ro daoradh dochum báis, AFM vi 1906 . ina mbáoi fo dliccheadh ó Bhoinn co Comar all who were subject to the laws (of England), v 1730 . adubhairt nach rabhadur sin fa na ndlighe féin, Gadelica 234 ( PCT 1746 ). Cf. also: do bhreith fhiledh craoi Cuinn | do bhí a ndlighedh í Dhomhnaill subject to O'D. (?), Book of O'Conor Don 182b5 . In sense of abstract justice, right: fir ┐ d.¤ (sic leg.), cert ┐ techta, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 ( Laws i 258.19 ). intí tí a seilbh gan d.¤ unlawfully , iv 270.24 Comm. damad cinnte leis na demtha d.¤ do, 4.14 Comm. nírbo cam in d.¤ (of a just retribution), Corm. Y 698 . g s. as attrib.: a fer dligid her lawful husband, Wb. 3c7 . co cétmunteras dligid, Críth G. 339 . ma daime dáil ndligid dún, Ériu vii 227 § 64 .

III What is lawful or incumbent, duty, obligation . Cf. Ml. 54a4 : is d.¤ leu tabart inna fochaide foraib they deem it a law that (gl. ratione patientes). arna dich cách assa dligud i nadaltras lest everyone go out of his duty, Wb. 9d24 . d.¤ cach epscoip so (gl. cuius . . . opus est scire, etc.), RC viii 367 . is é d.¤ na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . Cf. further: ni bit i ndligud fri nech, ni bi nech a ndligudh friu they are indebted to nobody (?), Laws i 206.6 Comm. (or in meaning V?). As pred., is d.¤ (dom) it is right (for me), it is (my) duty: mar so is dligedh a radha .i. mui[n], etc. this is the right way to say it, Corm. Y 850 . is ed ba d.¤, fer grāid cecha chille, Ériu i 220 § 16 . BB 192a35 . is dligead duit an féar-sa do cur ar t'altaib, O'Gr. Cat. 294.27 . atáit ceithre féilti . . . ana dligeadh do parráisdeach tiacht chum eagailsi, 318.14 . adeir Ipocras gurab dligedh don liaigh beth co hinntleachtach (= oportet . . .), 23 P 10, 10a1 . Often in combination with dír: is dír ┐ is dlighedh duinn . . . briathra fíri do chantain, CCath. 630 . laidh . . . is dir ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisnéis, MR 92.4 . g s. as pred.: ni dluig ┐ ni dligid duit-siu, MR 154.1 . as dior ┐ as dligid do, 264.11 . But in these two exx. perh. simply for dliged.

IV What is right or due (to someone); due, right, prerogative: dlíged sacairt i tempul a priest's right in the temple, Wb. 10d16 . dligetha gl. reddite omnibus debita, 6a23 . cid nodasóera? A ndéis a nd.¤ cach áe according to the legal right of each (of the grades of nobility), Críth G. 319 . fri d.¤ tuise claim to leadership, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is d.¤ , 18 § 8 . ? tabair dam inad it churp | iarmo dliged, iarm' intliucht, SR 1154 . ? co n-indised a ndíre ┐ a nd.¤ doib, PH 824 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa | is mo dlighed, Anecd. ii 34 . ma beith do uaisle ind fhir grāid . . . doformagar a dligid, Ériu i 220 § 15 . nico raga bairgen dot dligiud so you shall not lack a loaf of your due, Anecd. i 11 . caire ainsic . . . .i. iarsinni aisices a d.¤ do gach ae, Corm. Y 361 . With DO: ni gébed Ioseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad . . . dia dligiud (sic leg.: ciniud) do ríg Egept J. would not take any debt . . . of what was due to the king unless paid in provisions, SR 3392 . don laech ucud diar ba dlighed an smior who was entitled to the marrow, MR 70.11 . inní nach dligedh don Rígh . . . ná sír seek not aught that is not due to the king (?), ZCP vii 301 § 13 . In pl.: rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib according to (their) rights (?), TBC-LL¹ 997 . ? ro ordaigh a cuit coir ar dāinib is ar dligedaib . . . do gach duni, Cog. 82 (possibly conditions , cf. I (f) above). Folld. by AR (FOR): asberit conad ferr a nd.¤ forsin righi annāi-si that their right to the realm is better than thine, Marco P. 54 .

V Due, tax, tribute: domeled Clothru dligeda Connacht the tribute of C. (?), LL 125a1 . ba cu comorbu Peaduir . . . teghedh cis ┐ d.¤ Erenn, Ériu vii 244.10 . tuctha císai ┐ dligedai o fheraib domain do rigu na Pers, Alex. 208 . ni thabrum císa na d.¤ do demnaib, 903 . dligheadha righ Ereann, AFM ii 662.13 . dlighe an mhuilinn do thabhairt don tighearna, TSh. 10074 .

VI Faculty of reason (an extension of I (d) above): dlighedh gl. ratio (distinguished from intellectus), Ir. Gl. 879 . ídail cen cheill cin d.¤ , PH 2520 . iar comairle a menman ┐ a dligid, 4745 . ó scrútán inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, RC xxv 248 § 28 (LU). amail betis dóine co ndligud aicenta iat (of foxes), LB 127a42 .

VII As vn. of dligid deserving: dia nderna nech . . . gnim gin dliged a oidedha dhe any deed not deserving of death, Marco P. 41 . dia marbthur nech do d.¤ bais (for an offence) deserving death, 51 .

étradach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étradach or dil.ie/20895
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: n-etradach, étradcha

adj o-ā (étrad) lustful, vicious; n a lustful person, a fornicator: étradach nó cuilech (gl. prostibulum) Sg. 53a19 . ni raga etradach na sánntach isin flaith némdai (= nullus fornicator) PH 6906 . in tí is genmnaid, timairced in n-etradach (= fornicatorem castiget) 5827 . n p. ind ḟerggaig, ind etradaig, SR 8345 . it étradaig a bí 'its living [practitioners] are lustful', BFF 92 § 7.16a (of warriors). na héturigai [= na hétradaig] RC xxviii 318.6 . n p f. étradcha lige (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.49 < LL 344d10 .

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu, BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

immirge, immirc(h)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immirge, immirc(h)e or dil.ie/27872
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imirci, imirchi, imirghi

n , f. (imm + éirge) (on the change rh(h), rch>rc in this word see ZCP ix 341 ; Ériu xiii 140 ff. ). imirci, imirchi, imirghi f., IGT Decl. § 3. imríghe, Éigse xxvii 74.1 . imrídhe, 76.49 .

I moving about, wandering, migrating, trekking, shifting (position) : dia talta de in cheirt būi uime, nī bu decmaing techt dī for imirgi a haonar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.21 ). techtai[d] faithchi i mbithbiat caírig cen immirgi without change of place, Críth G. 198. comicheach bis itir da tir dligid lan imirche has a right to a full passage (? for cattle), Laws iv 156.17 . atait secht n-athgabala gabur la Feine cid for imirgi even on a flitting, Laws v 260.16 . for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.23 Comm. intan ba háil do thustidhibh Senáin imeirghi do dhenam `when Senan's parents desired to make a removal (i.e. to change to another district),' Lism. L. 1898. imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `shiftings and changes of camp,' CCath. 3439. utmhall mh'imirce a muigh na Bóruime `restless my wandering,' BS § 45 . prespiter in t-ebra uais | ... | senior a laten malle | ní dereōil inn imirge shifting of sounds ?, ZCP viii 113.29 . immirge re ... Bruide, AU i 56.5 (=teichedh do Albanchaib ria mBruidhi, Tigh., RC xvii 142.x ). imirci neirt do dhenum do clainn A. an immigration in force was made by the sons of A., AU iii 252.16 . muintir Ruairc do dhul for imirce `the O'Rourkes went on a migratory excursion,' AFM iii 632.9 . ingantaighi eachtra ┐ imircedh in tsēipēil `the movements and translations of the chapel,' Fl. Earls 124.27 . dol ar imirce dá dhúthaigh féin, TSh. 7766. fhoráileas Críost ar na daoinibh imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, 4103 . dochuaid Ádhamh ... go neamh ... 's a bhean araon ar imirche, Dán Dé xvi 24. m'imirce ní snaidhm mar so `thus my passing will be no anguish,' PBocht 23 § 50.

II Concrete for abstr.

(a) a moving body of men, a migrating tribe or household, a band of emigrants, a wandering troop: berthius Crimthand mac Ennae i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse conid de ata Tir na Himmergi `C. sent the wandering host of the Deisse to A. L. southward whence the Land of the Wandering Host,' Cymmr. xiv 108.5 . iar tuidecht do Mac Con a Temuir cona himirge, Fianaig. 36.2 . anais Brigit frisin imairchi B. waited for the migratory band, Irish Texts i 13.40 . rob é lín imirce Mochuda `this was the number of Mochuda's train,' BNnÉ 298 § 40. anūair dobí Maeise mac Amra cona imairce ic techt tar Muir Rūaid, ZCP v 497.24 . is slan carra na imairge do fasta `it is safe to detain the wagons of the emigrating party,' Laws v 258.6 Comm. breith ar deredh na n-imírcedh `the rear of the migratory forces was overtaken,' AU ii 524.18 . in méit térna ó Gallaibh do imercibh cloinne Tomaltaigh ... do chuaid drong dibh a ttír A. ┐ do chuaid Ó D. fúthuibh ┐ nir fhaguib en boin aca `of all the droves' (here seems to include both people and cattle), ALC i 278.24 . rí Connacht do thionól imirceadh na ttuath `the flitting forces,' AFM iii 558.6 . do gheall Críosd ... | ag a imirche asbal, Dán Dé xx 6.

(b) Of moveable property, what is carried on an expedition or trekking, a drove, herd, flock ; chattels: ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395. tucait a m-bóthainte bó ┐ a n-alma ┐ a n-immirge dóib, TBC-LL¹ 78. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma ┐ na immirgi a loim ┐ a lacht and, 1592 . masat cethra co ndath chethra | ní himmirgi óenbó, MU² 485. cét cach míl ohoin ille | ro pa mor in imirghe, IT i 125.18 . in raga lim-sa a ingen ? ... ragad egin ar an ingen . tucc ass t'imerge dono, IT ii2 197.7 . Of a single cow : doairthenn C.C. in Morrigan cona bain ┐ asbert : ni berthar ind imerge `this cow must not be taken,' RC x 222.133 . oc breth imerge re sluag `to collect cattle for a host,' Laws i 136.5 . in la ro fuaslaices Find ó Chormac ┐ tucus in chorrimirchi dó and gave him the odd drove, Acall. 4978. do chuirsiot a n-imirgedha a mná ┐ a muinteara i ndaingnibh, AFM v 1848.7 . Of prey in general, gold, jewels, etc.: nirba l[eór] la hAlaxandir an imerci ádbul sin do thabairt fó a chumachta fesin, Alex. 601. Of birds : masat éoin ┐ ethaiti iat ni himmirgi óenéoin, MU² 393. masat elta ... ní himmirgi óenén, 396 . In name of a manuscript ( Peritia xv 373-76 ): ro sgrib in sgribenn n-amrae .i. in Imirce Ciarain, Fél. 90.5 .

imm-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-tét or dil.ie/27940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immthigid, imatīagsa, imthigi, imthéit, n-imthet, imme[t]ét, himthíagar, imtiagam, imthiagat, immetiagat, imthegind, imteged, immátheged, imtiagmais, imtheigmís, immathegtís, imthigid, imté, immath, n-imthiasam, imthesid, imrega, imrega, imregat, imluid, imlodmar, immelotar, amluidset, imruláith, immruldatar, im-rul[l]atar, imrulatdar, imrulaiseat, immandeochatar, immthigid, im(i)gid, imighter, imdhigmet-ne, imighsi, imdhedh, imdigem, imthigmit, imthiger, imeochad, n-imtheochad, imthigfe-su, nimeochuir, non-imtigfe, imeochaidh, imdeogus, no-imdigfed, imeochad, imtighis, imighis, ro-imdig, d'imgimair, ro-imdichset, ro-imthigset, ro-imthigsetar, imthighedar

v Mid. Ir. immthigid i. indic. pres. s. 1 rel. imatīagsa, TBC-I¹ 659. s. 2 imthigi, LU 3541. s. 3 imthéit, 3831 . nád n-imthet , Críth G. 536. rel. imme[t]ét, Ml. 45c9 . pass. ní himthíagar , Ériu ii 208 § 28. p. 1 imtiagam, Wb. 6a30 . p. 3 imthiagat, TBC-LL¹ 426. rel. immetiagat, Ml. 45c9 . impf. s. 1 imthegind, SR 1337. s. 3 imteged, Laws i 72.11 Comm. rel. immátheged, LU 9309. p. 1 imtiagmais, TBC-I¹ 2657. imtheigmís, TBC-LL¹ 3540. p. 3 rel. immathegtís, LL 290a11 . ipv. p. 2 imthigid, IT i 75.2 . subj. pres. s. 3 imté, Tec. Corm. § 33.12 . rel. immath, Ériu ii 208 § 29. p. 1 dia n-imthiasam , Ml. 46c20 . p. 2 ni imthesid , Wb. 22c4 . fut. s. 2 imrega, Trip.² 1277. s. 3 imrega, Anecd. i 13.11 . p. 3 imregat, TBC-I¹ 79. pret. s. 3 imluid, Imr. Brain § 2. p. 1 imlodmar, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . p. 3 rel. immelotar, Thes. ii 242.15 . amluidset, RC xv 294.4 . With ro : s. 3 imruláith, LU 8575 (FB). imrulaid, SR 7605. p. 3 nicon immruldatar , Thes. i 488.27 im-rul[l]atar, Sc.M² § 6. imrulatdar (sic leg.), SR 3441. imrulaiseat, CCath. 2653. immandeochatar, LU 9246.

As simple vb. immthigid, later reduced to im(i)gid : indic. pres. pass. pl. imighter, Ériu iii 164 § 20. p. 1 imdhigmet-ne, PH 6810. ipv. s. 2 imighsi, Ériu iii 170 § 20. s. 3 imdhedh, Mac Aingil 465.14 . p. 1 imdigem, PH 3072. imthigmit, Mer. Uil. 204. subj. pres. s 1 imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . fut. s. 1 imeochad, RC xix 36.12 . co n-imtheochad , SG 85.25 . s. 2 imthigfe-su, PH 4845. a nimeochuir , O'Gr. Cat. 312.z . s. 3 non-imtigfe, RC xxvii 302.5 . ní imeochaidh , Donlevy xxi 16 . rel. imdeogus, Acall. 5461. sec. fut. s. 3 no-imdigfed, Aisl. Tond. 93.17 . do imeochad , Maund. § 198. pret. s. 3 imtighis, Ériu iii 164 § 18. imighis, 156.3 . ro-imdig, PH 1641. p. 1 d'imgimair, JRSAI ii 360.9 . p. 3 ro-imdichset, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . ro-imthigset, Sc.M² R § 6 . ro-imthigsetar, IT i 73.11 . ro imthighedar , ML² 1929.

I intrans.

(a) goes around, goes about, travels, sets forth, comes, goes (in general sense) : hore is fri de imtiagam `since it is by day that we travel,' Wb. 6a30 . is samlaid insin imme[t]ét leusom int ais lósc `it is thus the blind walk with them,' Ml. 45c9 . ité immelotar immuaneclis fu thrí, Thes. ii 242.15 . atáa mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur, Críth G. 536. fer imthéit co n-eri `a man who travels with a load,' Ériu ii 204.15 . nech ... immetet ann frí less n-oli one ... who goes about for the advantage of another, Anecd. iii 23.9 . is amlaid imthēged Medb ┐ leth int slōig impe, TBC-I¹ 862. is ē tricius ┐ āttius imoroget, dāig is chucaind imthigit, 2554 . ri secht nimi ... imrulaid etronn ... fri ré tri bliadan trichat, SR 7735. tucht imruláith in Líath Macha ... fón charput dar fot chóicid Concobair, LU 8575 (FB). in t-sligi mór sa imthéit sechond gia leth imthéit which goes by us, TBC-LL¹ 1143. ocus grian gel cid imthet ?, SR 7916. ni caraim in uisci n-duabais | imteit (leg. imeteit) seoch toebh m'arais, AU i 352.2 . na-ṅgeib-sium eill nári cu n-imthig athach leo, MU² 672. imteged leo fo muirib he used to travel about with them under the sea, Laws i 72.11 Comm. imthesidsi isin matain i mbarach dia saigid, LU 5963. imrulatdar, garbaib gelt | iar tirib amraib Egept they set forth through the wonderful lands of Egypt, SR 3441. imrulaidhset meic Miledh do gabail in Inbear Slaine, Leb. Gab.(i) 250.12 . tabair ascaid m-bicc dam rēsiú imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . im-rulaid remi Cú Chulainn i tremdírgi na sliged, MU² 53. do imgedh roime as a haitle `then he proceeded on his way,' Celt. Rev. iv 18.10 . imthigfe-su for nathrachaib thou wilt walk on, PH 4845. imluid Rúadh dar luing amach `R. went out over the ship's side,' RC xv 294.5 . is e ro-imdig cosaib tirmaib darsin muir, PH 1641. is minicc ro imged se ar muin an luicc, Stair Erc. 1979. ro imigset inn aidchi sin co matin `they marched that night until morning,' Cog. 78.10 . tar ceann go n-imgheann léna ghoin ar fud an fhásaigh, TSh. 2517.

(b) goes away, departs: `ab eo,' didiu, `úad' immthíag, Hib. Min. 36.z . ro-imdichset co ndimdo et tuirrsi, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . dá n-anuind do-chuadus d'ég ┐ dá n-imthiger táinic mo sáegal, Comp. CC 96.25 . ma do imid nírab soraid dō in raga rug, CCellaig 114. imidh uaim go foill, BNnÉ 210 n. 1 . imdhedh go tigh na bpian let him depart, Mac Aingil 465.14 . imgem sul éirgius lucht in baile, SG 243.16 . imthigid ass ... uair moni digsid ass innocht no-bor-mairfither imbárach, IT i 75.2 . do ceilebair doib ┐ roimígh uatha, RC x 183.11 . roimtigsed a n-élod a n-urtosach na haidchi, TTebe 4613 . imthighidh, a dhream mhalluighthe, san teinidh shíordhaidhe ite maledicti, TSh. 6558. na grása luaimneacha do thigeas agus imthigheas `the transitory graces which come and go,' Donlevy 208.20 . Fig. passes away, is lost: mairidh an litir ┐ imghídhidh an chuimhne, ML 182.16 .

(c) Fig. proceeds, walks (of manner of life) : dia n-imthiasam iar timnaib ind rechto, Ml. 46c20 . ni imthesid cen imdéicsin `ye shall not walk without circumspection,' Wb. 22c4 . in tíí ... nach fégann ... sét na sualach. ┐ nách immthigend dia reirr-sin, PH 4668. co n-imthiget i toil Dé, 7119 . in popul ... nach imthiged iarsin etargnu spirutalla, 4595 .

(d) imm-tét ... for (ar) befalls, happens: cech eigen catha ... imdeogus ortsa, Acall. 5461 v.l. día cabuir ó cach decair do imeochad orra, Maund. § 198. cred do imdigh ar a mhnai no ar a cloind, BCC 266.28 . in dímiadh sin ro imdig for a rig, MR 30.2 . do tuic an righan ... gur imidh fordol eigin druidhechta fuirri, Stair Erc. 65. is cosmhuil ribh-se ... | gur imthigh ní éigin ort, Dánta Gr. 11.11 . an gcuala Alba ... | ar imthigh air fan abhluinn, Aithd. D. 53. 9 . Used absol. : do imdigh gach ní da ndubairt C.C., BCC 268.38 . in domnach imrulaid in esergi choimdeta, LB 203b27 .

(e) imm-tét ... fri has to do with, deals with: chum nach n-imtheochadh re mion-chonntas móimintidhe do-ghní sí úsáid don mbliadhain do orduigh Julius Caesar `that she might not have to deal with (lit. in order not to go with) the minute reckoning of moments ...,' Corp. Astron. 8.27 . gibé ris (i.e. the world) gach aimsir imgheas, Hackett xlii 123.

(f) Metaph. usages

(i) changes, varies: imtiagad breatha ilbruige, glossed : at saine bretha forsna bruigi, Laws v 466.15 , 470.3 Comm. ar imtiagait breth (? leg. bretha) aimsera .i. is eimh teit an brethemhnus fo aimsir cana no cairde, O'Curry 1615 (< 23 Q 6, p. 6a-b ).

(ii) is lost, is done for: muna fóire Semus gu luath d'imgimair `we are lost,' JRSAI ii 360.9 . mas e Dia adeir ... cait a n-abair é ? murab é acht duine, do imigh tu you have lost your case, you are done for, Luc. Fid. 323.3 .

(iii) dies: d'imthigh Maghnus Prióir Atha Luain gan lorg `died without issue,' Hy Maine 166.24 . Also with acc. bás (see sect. II infra.) : cia sa hoiged ┐ bás as deach a n-immtheid rig, Alex. 56. Cf. sul n-imghead d'éag, Hackett xliv 34.

II With acc.

(a) circumambulates, travels on, traverses: flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `along the way they go,' Ml. 45c9 . nicon immruldatar cosa doine riam lar srotha iordanein, Thes. i 488.27 (Tur.). bid latt cech ní imrega everything which thou shalt traverse shall be thine, Trip.² 1277. nach ní immathegtís co cend .uii. mbliadan ní ássad arbur ... trít, RC xiii 448 § 36. atcondarccaissiu ... indus imatíagsa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659. atát gillai dún is' taig imrul[l]atar in cocrích, Sc.M² § 6. cid menic imthigi in síd, LU 3541. ro-imthig an loch cen eathar, BColm. 102.14 . mar ḟandaill imtheít muir, TBC-LL¹ 1301. ba he med na seicce co n-im[th]ighdis daíne ┐ índile locha Erenn uile, RC xviii 181.18 . gach duine do imeóchad an cuan sin, ZCP xi 116.3 . ro imgedur ilimud do marannaibh garbha, Stair Erc. 1524.

(b) goes about in the sense of encloses: do forgeis dó aní imaragha a charbat do neoch bu mellach lais do Laighnibh, Anecd. i 44.24 . in mét ferainn imteitt srut[h] Tibir, CCath. 3471. issin ross imtheit Boind, CRR 38.14 . includes: ar ecnairc ind uli sceptra immidechaid da (=do) shoscela, Ir. Lit. p. 43 n. 20 . See also under imm-ticc.

(c) goes round protectingly, guards: baei cú occa no-imthiged Laigniu uili, Sc.M² § 1 R . roboí tan ... ba messe immátheged, LU 9309. nech ... imdoraegae caill ┐ mag remib ... ind agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.10 . a thuir imthéit Gaedel gnáth `o tower that ever guarded the Gael,' Metr. Dinds. iii 100.2 . cotomimthegat lūirecha uile leasa uadh, ZCP vi 258.5 .

3 má, ma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 má, ma or dil.ie/31164

Forms: ma, mai, mad, ma, mararubart, ma, matchím, matchí, mani, mini, mane, mana, maine, meni, min-e, -a, mun-i, -a, masam, massat, masat, másat, mas(s)u, masa, maso, mas, más, manid, matu, madam, madham, mainba, munbáam, madat, madit, mádat, mad, manip, menip, minab, munab, mat, mainbet, manibat, menbat, menbadat, mad, mainbad, mainbed, manibad, manibbad, manipad, manibat, manibed, menbad, manbad, munbad, matis, ma, maniptis, má, muna, má's, máiseadh, madh, munab, mun-, mur-, murab, mura, mur, mur, ma, manas, masad, masdod, munid, manid, manip, munab, má, masu, manibad, mainbad, mad, mad, má

conj. if. Synopsis of forms in O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. (forms found only in latter are enclosed in square brackets):

A. With vbs. other than copula: ma (Glosses): má, Ml. 85d6 , freq. in Mid.Ir.; mai, AU 617 ; [mad]; folld. by deuterotonic verb-form; lenites follg. cons. (but cf. ma rrufeste, Wb. 9c8 ) and sometimes prefixes h to follg. vowel. Elision before follg. a is rare: mararubart (= ma ararubart), Ml. 112b5 ; matchím if I see, TBC-LL¹ 3357 , matchí if thou seest, 3353 = TBC-I¹ 2592 , 2587 . With neg.: mani; mini, Wb. 9d1 ; [mane, mana, maine, meni; min-e, -a; mun-i, -a].

B. With copula:

(a) folld. by indic.: pres. 1 s. [ masam, CCath. 596. ] 2 s. [ massat, LU 6971 = BDD 62. masat, PH 4708. másat, BS 100.13 .] 3 s. mas(s)u. masa, Ml. 108a16 , 118a5 . maso, SR 3497 (mafo MS.). [mas, más]. (neg.) manid. 3 pl. matu hé, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) folld. by subj.: pres. 1 s. [ madam, Acall. 800. madham, CCath. 4210. ] (neg.) mainba, Wb. 17c10 . [ munbáam, Acall. 1071. ] 2 s. [? madat, TBC-I¹ 2641 = madit, TBC-LL¹ 3442. mádat, TTr.² 1801. ] 3 s. mad; (neg.) manip [menip, minab, munab]. 3 pl. mat, Wb. 28c21 , Sg. 189b4 , CRR 5 , Laws ii 324.6 , 362.25 , 382.2 (all text). [ madat, ZCP viii 217 § 2. ] (neg.) mainbet, Wb. 11c5 . manibat, Ml. 24c1 . [ menbat, LL 265b36 = MU 26.27 ]. impf. 2 s. (neg.) [ menbadat, RC xiv 426 § 47 ]. 3 s. mad (?). (neg.) mainbad, Wb. 4a20 . mainbed, 6c31 , 9b19 . manibad, Ml. 134b3 . manibbad, Sg. 17b8 . manipad, Mon. Tall. § 4. ? manibat, Trip. 78.18 . manibed, SR 4129. menbad, 4643 . manbad, LU 3771 = SCC 34. [munbad.] 3 pl. matis, Wb. 11a22 . 5b15 . Ml. 73d1 . 40c17 ( ma atis). (neg.) maniptis, 73d1 .

Mod.Ir. forms: má, (neg.) muna. With cop.: má's (mé, tú, é, etc.), máiseadh; madh (early Mod.Ir., now obsolete); (neg.) munab; in some dialects mun- becomes mur-: murab eadh, Luc. Fid. 325.10 ; mura mbeith, 259.5 ; mur bhfuil, 262.18 . mur ttaisbeunair, 284.1 .

I In O. and Mid.Ir. used in protasis of a conditional statement, if ; with neg. if . . . not, unless ; folld. by (A) indic. for a present or past condition, (B) pres. subj. for a future condition, (C) impf. subj. for a remote future or unfulfilled condition ( Thurn. Hdb. § 890 ).

A. With indic.:

(a) with vbs. other than copula. In O.Ir. when the follg. vb. has no infixed pron., ma infixes -d-, see Thurn. Hdb. § 425 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 537. ma chomalnit a ngrád . . . ma ru-d-choiscset a mmuinter if they fulfil . . . if they have corrected, Wb. 28c7 . ma du-d-esti ní . . . íccfidir if aught is lacking . . . it will be made good, 25a30 . ma du-d-ell ní if he has stolen aught, 22b7 . mani-d-chretid esséirge Crist . . . nib-noíbfea for n-ires if ye do not believe, 13b19 . ma du-d-rignius ní if I have done aught, Ml. 23c27 . rot-bia onóir ma fíraid duit . . . ind fissiu do fuaslucud, SR 3355. ma ro sárugus do smacht, 1403 . ma thecait Ulaid, ní theciub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5019. ma ra-charais . . . fǽ lais if thou hast loved him, 4561 . má thánic a thrath, 3629 . ma do-s-gní Dia feirg fri re mbicc . . . dogēna ar comdidnad iarum, PH 6637. ma daronus-[s]a bar n-osaic-se, 5269 . mad cretid Crist, atber!, 448 . is peccad . . . do neoch cen aíne do dénam . . . mad conicc, 6029 . munob (mánop LU) gaib far nglindi unless your bonds hold you, TBC-I¹ 1515. at meirb mani-d-frescai thou art weak unless thou hope for it, Fél. July 19 . mani-d-cuala if thou heardest not of him, June 13 . mani chumaic nech iat do dénam, PH 4697

With the subst. vb. the form fil is used in 3 s. pres. in O.Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 641 ), but tá is common in Mid.Ir. ma nu-dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist, adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . ma nud-fil etir á foraithmet if there is any memory of them, Ml. 107d12 . ma nod-fil fer i nhEre, ZCP viii 311.34 . má ta nech icon cloich thall, SR 6157. ma tá ocaib 'sin dun . . . ┐ mani ḟail, TBC-LL¹ 1765. ma ta cumachta latt, PH 3871. ma tá ceol a nim, cid nach biad i talmain?, Acall. 3484. manas-fuil os an seolchrann if it is not above the mast, Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.

(b) with copula (generally used to emphasize some member of the conditional clause). masu du réir spirito ataaith if ye are subject to the Spirit, Wb. 20b16 . massu cut séitchi ro cretis . . . manid co séitchi ro cretis, 10a29 , 30 . masa choimdiu if he is lord, Ml. 108c16 . masu ed sluindes ind rann if this is what the part of speech expresses, Sg. 27a11 . maso ḟír . . . for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, tucaid uaib etere if it is true that ye are A.'s descendants, SR 3497. más co mbaraind debtha totháet, FB 46. mas iat benas in fid, TBC-LL¹ 1398. masa thú | demin limm isat lomthru, 3659 . masa mac Dé tu, slanaig tu fén if thou art the son of God, PH 2864. masat mac Dé iar fhír, apair . . ., 4708 . matu hé ata horpamin indí ro chomalnaiset recht if those who have fulfilled the law are heirs, Wb. 2c14 . masat Herennaig ┐ menbat allmaraig, isat Ulaid, LL 365b36 = MU 26.27 . mástat [= másat] carait . . . mastat námait, FB 84 = masad . . . masdod, ZCP iv. 172.33 . manid innonn forcital linn unless our teaching is the same, Wb. 17b32 . manid caindleóracht in tige as áil duit do chosnam, FB 92 = munid ZCP iv 175.20 . ni cian bai hIssau ic seilgc | manid gáu dó . . . mochthánic astsleib . . . mas e thuc in sére-se, SR 2866 , 2868 . The 3 s. ind. form manid passes early out of use, giving way to the subj. manip (minab, munab): mas o Dia ata in fhís-[s]ea ┐ minap togoethad diabuil, PH 1542. minab lór lett a n-abair . . . dféch thuas, 7639 .

B. With pres. subj.

(a) with vbs. other than copula. is deid som ma arí in fer-so maní n-airi immurgu ní deid if he find this man; if however he find him not, Ml. 30d24 . ma dugneu, 23c24 . mani bée dechur isint senmuim ni tucatar inna rríara, Wb. 12c43 . mani-s-mbe bethu suthin unless they have eternal life, 13b20 . mani eple de if he die not of it, Sg. 181a5 . ma ro-m-thoicther-sa . . . mani-m-rothcaither, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP i 5 ). ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 52. mani-mbé sēt sīrhettla, meni tabra dilgud dam, SR 2086. mani thetarrais issin chetforgam, ni thetarrais co fescor, TBC-I¹ 650 (LU) = maini tetarrais, YBL. mono thæth in ḟirmimint . . . nó mani thí in ḟarggi, TBC-LL¹ 5975. manu thisat, 4271 . moni digsid ass . . . no-bor-mairfither, IT i 75.3 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni | mene-s-tarda dia airi, SCC 44. mine rab déirc accum unless I have charity, PH 5910. mine fhacur-sa slicht na cló . . . ní chretiub unless I see, 6694 .

(b) with copula: mad hinunn a n-etargnae in chetnidi ┐ in dirṡuidigthi bid hinunn randatu doib if the notion of the primitive and that of the derivative be the same, they will have the same particularity, Sg. 188a7 . mad in chruth sin beithe if ye be in that wise (gl. pacem habete et Deus . . . erit vobiscum), Wb. 18b16 . mad marb duini . . . do chumaid . . . bid marb Iacob if any one should die of grief, SR 3601. mad hi cein . . . menip cían, 6125 , 6127 . mad nóeb ar-id-lega if he who recites it be holy, Fél. Ep. 178. mad ḟorum-sa bus róen, TBC-LL¹ 3750. mad iat fir Herend bes and, CRR 11. mád co féirg dothí C. . . . is amlaid coto-méla-ni, FB 52. mad amlaid seo dechsam d'airitin chuirp Crist (=si . . . accedamus ad hanc coenam sanctam), PH 5353. mat hé na briathra-sa forcane if these be the words thou teachest, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen coma-comol if nouns adjective be doubled there a conjunction is necessary (but not in other cases), Sg. 189b4 . mat ruanaid if they prove valiant, CRR 5. ní torbe la suidib [precept] manip sulbair unless it be eloquent, Wb. 8a12 . mad aire chuinces sin . . . ┐ manip ar daig lessa, PH 7990. munba deóin le Righ na rann . . . munbo cairnech in craidhe, ZCP vi 268.11 , 12 . manibat fer[r]-som de (gl. si non . . . fecerit meliores), Ml. 24c1 .

The form mad (madh) continues in use in early Mod.Ir.: madh fírinneach . . . comhrádh an duine . . . madh bréagach, TSh. 1777.

C. With impf. subj., generally corresponding to an impf. subj. or conditional in apodosis and sometimes with force of pluperfect.

(a) with vbs. other than copula: ma nubed if it existed, Sg. 31b21 . ni tibertis piana foraib mani esersitis if they did not rise, Ml. 15c7 . ma doruirminn if I should recount, Fél. Ep. 128. (with tmesis) ma ro loídib lammis if we dared in lays, ib. Fél. Feb. 27 . meni bethe ar in tṡluagud-sa . . . doraismis Ultu if thou wert not in this hosting, TBC-LL¹ 766. monu thiastáis if they should not come, 4277 . mina chredind-se he . . . nis-cuirfind techta if I did not believe in him, PH 449. muna mbeith acht an aonghamhnach istigh were there but one stripper in the house, Keat. iii 2757. With pluperf. force: ba miscuis atroillisset . . . mani thised trocaire if mercy had not come, Wb. 4c15 . ma rrufeste ní gētte if ye had known, ye would not snatch, 9c8 . mani thorasta mo dáil . . . no bíad Nabál cen anmain if thou hadst not come to meet me, SR 6321. ni boi i nnim . . . dúl tísad frind, mine thísad Lucifer, MacCarthy 62.5 = LB 112a11 . mina báitea-su mé . . . nis-bíad pian form hadst thou not drowned me, PH 8258. With cond. in late text: ma ragad cliar dimdach de `if a company went grumbling from him', Ériu iv 214 § 10 (gé bheith v.l.).

(b) with copula: mad forṅgaire dognein, docoischifed pían a thairmthecht if it were a command I gave, Wb. 10a27 . ní bad samlaid son mad on chetnidiu nobed this would not be so if it were from the primitive, Sg. 207b2 . mad ed asberad . . . is ed rogigsed if he had said . . . this is what he would have prayed for, Ml. 32d5 . mád do Laegaire . . . tisad ág . . . no sirfed hErind, SCC 29. ni ráncatar som less a scríbint mainbed díar nertad ni they have not needed to be written unless it were to strengthen us, Wb. 6c31 . docoith dígal forru: matis tuicsi ní rígad if they had been elect it would not have come, 11a22 . matis mu namait dudagnetis ┐ maniptis mu charait dudagnetis had it been my enemies and not my friends that did them, Ml. 73d1 . is é in claideb dobéraind . . . menbadat [sic leg.] aide if thou wert not (my) fosterer, RC xiv 426 § 47. munbud coll crabaidh . . . robo gairit linn t'accallaim-si if it were not a breach of piety, Acall. 127. In follg. instance, mad appears in combination with an absolute form of the copula: adubairt an Díabul ris, mádh bo mac Dé é arán do denum dona clochaib, Maund. 91.

II Special uses of má+copula.

(a) masu ed if it is that, if so is used in Sg. to express doubt of a foregoing statement; 21b6 , 50b13 , 124a1 . In later Mid.Ir. sometimes with force of a concessive particle = if so, in that case, then , or to introduce a contrasting statement: glosses igitur, BB 299b28 . sluindfet a thri buada cech ócthigirn . . . Tri meth octhigirn massed `on the other hand', Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . Common in mod. lang.: is ón tTighearna atá imtheacht an duine; cionnus fhédus duine maiseadh a shlighe féin do thuigsin? how then can a man understand, Proverbs xx 24. gion go bhfuil an teine-se síorraidhe, maiseadh is iongantach an truime atá innte (=etsi non sit aeternus, miro tamen modo gravis est), TSh. 3999. tar ceann go dtugthar Scotia d'ainm ar an gcuid úd don Bhreatain . . . maseadh foillsighidh Beda go ngairthí an t-ainm sin d'Éirinn nevertheless , Keat. ii 5868.

(b) manibad (3 s. impf. subj. cop.) often appears folld. by a subst. in elliptical sentence, if it were not . . ., but for . . . ; cf. Wb. 9b1 : minibed croís ni bíad etrad if there were not gluttony. manibed Moísi . . . óenfer díb nā faicbed beo that, had it not been for Moses, he would not have left one man of them alive, SR 4129. manbad omain Dé . . . no berad leis cenn Saúil but for the fear of God, 6393 . minabad do shnadad, robtis do reṅga rigthi, TBC-I¹ 1182. munbad Conall . . . ropad forainne bad róen, CRR 56. ní biadh iffern . . . minbadh mé there would be no hell . . . but for me, Ériu iii 148 § 4. manibat ainmnet . . . nutscaílfeth cumachta Dé `but for my (? God's) patience', Trip. 78.18 (but cf. reading in ACL iii 20.4 : mani bit ainmnit .i. ciuin). With pres. subj.: ni thánic . . . fer bud amra manip [manipad v.l.] do chruas save for thy hardness, 120.4 . Cf. mainbad fororaid in rí had not the King lent aid (?), Hy. v 32 , with gl. mani fortachtaiged T, mani fured F; edd. Thes. ( ii 335 ) connects mainbad with follg. line.

(c) in older language when the subject of a vb. in 1 pl. is analysed as `thou and I', the formula: mad tú if it be thou is used, the 1 s. pron. being already implied in the vb. (see KZ xlviii 51 ). dia mbamur mad tu leis ic foclaimb bindiusai when thou and I were with him, ZCP iii 249 § 64. cia bem-ne madh tu . . . i n-airisem, Anecd. ii 9.3 . cid nach n-acallmis mad tu? why should not you and I converse? ZCP xiii 268.3 . consáiter etrunni mad tú between thee and me, IT iii 244.1 . Cf. anas bermaisin matau (leg. an-asbermais-ni mad tú?), ZCP viii 329. 26 = anasbermaisiu ma táu, LL 330c9 , anasbermaisim matu, BB 166a6 .

(d) mad folld. by a subst. or equivalent often serves to introduce a new subject of discourse or a contrast = as for, with regard to: mad messe, ba dethbir dam, etc., SCC 45. madh é Fraech immorro, ro eirigh co moch as, ZCP xiii 171.3 . mád ind Assia beg immorro, TTr.² 1046. madh a n-adhnacol ní cæmais as for burying them, thou wilt not be able, Anecd. i 72 § 198 . mád in ra brethaigestar Cúruí as for C.'s judgement, FB 90. madh an ro dusaig do marbaib | is mó milib as for the dead he raised, ACL iii 303 § 11. mad nofail [leg. 'na fail?] d'hilphianaibh ann . . . lia nāt luibi as for all the divers punishments there . . . (they are) more in number than herbs (?), SR 933 (where Stokes takes mad as = immad quantity). mad o Adam . . . co ngénair mac De, cóic mili is cét . . . ocus sé bliadna nochat as for (the period) from Adam to the birth of the Son of God, 2333 . is dō a óenur do nach airchend bás . . . ar mád sinne immorro is a[irchenn], Thes. ii 351.23 . madh iad clann R. tra, así comhairle doronsat, AFM iii 226.5 .

(e) similarly in the common formula: mad iar (do réir, etc.) (if it be) according to: mad du stoir . . . mad du rúin according to the literal sense . . . according to the mystic sense, Ml. 44b4 , 6 . mad iar sians imorro . . . is ed doforne, PH 3449. mad iar Cirine . . . mad iar n-Augustin, 6435 . mad iar n-araile immorro, issi a liathroit, etc., TBC-I¹ 525. mad do reir na sgoile, MacCarthy 278.5 . Cf. also: dobí macaem . . . arna damnad docum a loiscthi tria drúis do denam di (mado fis), Maund. 57 ; leg. mad ō fis if it be from knowledge (= if it be true)?

(f) similarly in phrases like: mad cose up to this, hitherto , in which mad appears to be a mere expletive. ní ḟetatar . . . inad beo-sa mad cose, TBC-LL¹ 4940 , cf. 739 . dulig sár ar bar sluagaib mád cose, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1615 ). Áth nÍ. a ainm mad cosin, Áth F. a ainm o ṡain ille, TBC-LL¹ 4948. mad colléic, 5148 . mad gustráthsa, 5111 . ni rugusa troidh theithidh . . . má guse, ZCP viii 551.20 . mad costrasta ` just now ', MR 262.24 .

III Acht má (mani):

(a) in affirm. sent., acht má = `but if', unless: acht massu made in chretem except the belief is vain, Wb. 13a34 . nocon ḟetar-sa ac[h]t mad sin | cid imma ndernad unless that be (the reason), TBC-LL¹ 608. acht má. dothísad . . . ni reg-sa, Trip. 118.14 . ní thic do neoch acht mád doneth fein [acht mine dernad LB] unless [God ] were to do it Himself, FA 9. acht ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a filed i cinn aenduine . . . do beth ní dia chomrumuib gan turim, ZCP viii 111.16 . acht madh chena even so, nevertheless , Laws iii 542.9 Comm.

(b) acht mad, folld. by subst. unless it be . . ., except, saving . . . only , generally after neg. sent. acht mad Rab . . . ni therna . . . oenfer, SR 5069. ni ruc claind . . . acht mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . cia doragad and acht mad Findchad?, CRR 8. ní mairenn don muintir . . . acht mád missi, Acall. 3320. co na raibi acht madh foraithmed bec di i nErinn, Acall. iii 4.13 . ro fetar-sa co na bia maith eitir de acht madh olc uili, CCath. 4603. ní therno eladach betha dib acht ma misi, ZCP xiii 233.13 .

(c) acht mani unless indeed (a more emphatic concession than mani). nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11. ni raga ass . . . acht mani-t-ainge ben unless a woman protect thee, SCC 14. in aíne cen in almsain is bec a tarba, acht mani beth do bochta neich co na raib aicce almsa dobera unless one's poverty were such that one had no alms to give, PH 4972. acht manibad drochduine he, ni thindlecmais-ni det-siu he, 2698 . is maith [ind elada] . . . acht muna beth sianargan in brechta sídhe inti, Acall. 3482 (`but for a twang of the fairy spell that infests it', SG ii 191 ).

IV In Mid.Ir. mad dá (dia) often takes the place of má folld. by subj.

(a) mad da tí a thig, CRR 22. méraid ní bus lia a laídhi | madh dá ndíla a commaíne if she requite, Acall. 801. mad da ríus Emain, TBC-LL¹ 1208 , cf. 3416 . mad da mbeind-se i crichaib Ulad, CRR 8. Exceptionally with pret.indic.: mád dammamar [madam bámar, St.; leg. mad da mbámar] allanair [sic leg.] ac Scathaig if we were (still) yonder with S., TBC-LL¹ 4102 , cf. 4039 .

(b) mad dia ti taris, is bǽth, TBC-LL¹ 1644. mad dian bérthai [mad dia mberthai, St.] uide uad, 595 . mad dia marbthar Mani mór, | bid díth cethern, TFerbe 370 . mád dia follamnaige co fírén in rí, PH 4086. ba hed adgegmis-ni ani sin mad dia fédmais, IT ii2 228 § 3 . mad dia mbeth at cumung if it were in thy power, RC vi 175.54 . With indic.: madh dia ndeni-siu forru if thou do [it ] to please them, BNnÉ 304 § 16.

V Other idioms:

(a) inge má unless: iṅge mad etarscartha unless it be separated, Sg. 75b5 . inge mad dligtechu in ceili, Laws ii 338.1 , cf. O'Dav. 708. Scarcely, hardly: ingi ma rochoillset fir, TBC-I¹ 265. as ing má ro thérna neach riamh hardly any one escaped, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . go mbo hing ma rob éigen . . . a n-airm d'imbirt forra [sic leg.] it was hardly necessary, fo. 81b . With subj.: iss ing ma rasoissed [sic leg.] cind mile bliadan a dhomhnai it could hardly reach its bottom, Ériu ii 132 § 109. See 1 ing, 1 inge.

(b) is becc má `it is little if', scarcely: is beac ma ba oirrdearca Concobhar C. was scarcely more illustrious, CF 411.

(c) ní mór má: ni mor masa incretmi he it is almost incredible, LB 152b16 . ní mór má doērna sceola indisen scel hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ni mór má ro proinnigsiot they scarcely broke their fast, AFM vi 2288.22 .

VI Rarely used to introduce a subst. clause: ni cuman lim ma rudbaitsius nach n-aile, Wb. 8a3 . robú mór a homun lium-sa ón mad and atbelmais-ni . . . ┐ mani-n-soirthae my fear of it was great that we should die . . . and that we should not be delivered, Ml. 96a10 . is dual dun mani [mina v.l.] torgoethat in[na] duailc[h]i it behoves us that vices should not deceive us, ZCP iii 450.4 .

VII In early Mod.Ir. má (folld. or not by nó) is used exceptionally to introduce a disjunctive clause, whether (Lat. sive): madh beag nó mór an chréacht doníthi leo, ní ghabhadh leigheas greim don othar, Keat. ii 1731. ma's beo marbh iad whether they be alive or dead, Parrth. Anma 327.10 . mas olc maith me, 343.22 .

náthó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. náthó or dil.ie/33007

adv. used in reply to a question, etc. in the neg., no, nay, by no means . By Thurn. Hdb. 492 regarded as a compd. of tó `yes'; by Pedersen Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 260 derived from Mid. W. nado (mod. W. naddo).

In answer to a question: ceist tra et mulieres . . . hi [= in] pridchabat? nathó ol Pol taceant will they preach? No, says Paul, Wb. 13a13 . `In raga-so lim-sa?' `Nathó' ol sisi, IT i 127.30 (LU) = ní tó, ib. 13 (Eg.). `Cesc [leg. cest], ind derbgelsid?' ol M. `Nató'. [o]l sesom, Mon. Tall. § 21. `In frithalaid nech . . .?' ol se. `Natho' ol C., TBC-I¹ 511. `Nach leór a comram sin . . .?' or A. `Nátho' or C., FB 57.

Expressing dissent or refusal: `is cōru mo lecud-sa' ar E. `Náthó' or F. `messi leicfidir', SCC 44. `Fearr damsa a n-edargairi' ol N. `Nato' ol T., RC xxiv 194 y . `Táet ille in gilla . . . co comairsem'. `Nathó' for C., FB 31. `Gad mo moing dim!' or se. `Natho' or in gilla (= I will not), ZCP xiii 178.26 . `Ná hindis do neoch in ní atc[h]onnacais' `Nát[h]o' ar L. .i. amnas leis a cleith (= I will tell it), Ériu xi 48.13 . co targaid in mnaí cetna do C. . . . `Natho' ol C. (declining the offer), CCath. 1142. buí oc iarraid a marbhtha ar in rígh. `Nato' ar Cesair, `acht beir buidhe do betha[d]', 1294 . See níthó.

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis, Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis, 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

olcas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. olcas or dil.ie/33788

n o, m. (olc) badness (of disposition or quality); evil or sadstate. is mór a ṡotla ┐ a olcas ind ḟir, IT ii2 211.4 (LL). coro casaited he for olcus a rigi, LB 143b33 . olcus a blatha his ill colour, Mon. Tall. § 77. tre olcus na haidce, RC xxiii 418 y . ropud ferr dó cen a breith etir andás a beith isin olcus hi-ta (= melius esset ei non subsistere quam male subsistere), PH 5154 . olcas choimhéada mo chuirp `the evil way I rule my body', Dán Dé xxi 31. baí Pátraic co n-olcus menman i Cruachán `in much displeasure', Trip. 114.3 . boí co n-ulcus menman fria athair angry with his father, Fianaig. 24.2 . cidh nā coisti fri céol? in ara olcus lat? is it because you disapprove of it? BNnÉ 93.3 . robo dubach Fir Bolg ar olcas leo in raga rucadur Tuatha D. because they disliked the choice of the T.D., Ériu viii 30.10 . atá sí lán do tuirse . . . tre na olcus lē beith ag delughadh rim-sa di through her grief at parting from me, BCC 270.18 . dol i n-olcas growing worse, TSh. 8349.

raga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. raga or dil.ie/34727

x see rogu.

rogu, roga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rogu, roga or dil.ie/35454

Forms: rogu, roga, roga, rogha, ragha, rogha, roghain, roghan, roghain, roighni, rogain

n (ro- and gu- `choose', cf. togu). Orig. an indecl. neut.; n s. (with art.) a rogu , Wb. 9a23 . roga ṅgascid, TBC-LL¹ 3604 . Later decl. and gender vary: (1) rogu, roga m., sing. invar. rogha ragha m., IGT Dec. § 2.4 . (2) roga, f. n-st. rogha f. (d s. roghain, g s. roghan, n p. roghain, roighni), IGT Dec. § 5 . (3) Mid.Ir. n s. rogain, Met. Dinds. gl.

(a) the act of choosing; a choice, selection , oft. folld. by gen. or part. DE: roga quasi togae, Corm. Y 1113 . drinnroisc .i. roga, Laws i 72.5 Comm. raegha .i. togha, O'Cl. is lib atá a rogu it is you that have the choice , Wb. 9a23 . ráid fri Dauid . . . roga dó ar trib brethaib offer D. his choice of three judgements , SR 6848 . do rogha duit-se dibh take thy choice of them , Ériu iii 154.2 . bás dúib, ní rogain roga `no choice ye would choose' (lit. not a choice of choosing ), Metr. Dinds. iii 6.57 . ba rogha leis a bathud tar a slugudh he preferred to be drowned rather than swallowed , ZCP vi 295.22 . dobretha rogu doib cid biad no ragad dia n-echaib, FB 63 . tucc a ttrí roicchne . . . do mhac Coisi offered three choices , ZCP viii 220 § 29 . ro lá Mac Cecht rogu di [do, Eg., sic leg.] láthaib gaile dús in bad imchomet . . . nó bád chuingid gave the champions their choice whether , BDD 147 . ro iarfaig dia macu cia rogu no berad cech fer dib what each of them would choose , LB 158b4 . ar mbreith roghan don Bhanbha on getting their choice of B. , Content. vi 62 . ro-dhoilghe an rogha rugais, ix 10 . adubairt riu dul `na rogha conuir whatever road they chose , ZCP vi 48.30 . toghait a rogha deissi do guibernoracht in tire gacha bliadhna `elect two (?) for the government ', Fl. Earls 92.11 . laibheoramaoid ar do rabhadh [leg. raghadh = ragha] punc any point you wish , Luc. Fid. 273.12 . doní an peacthach rogha dona neithibh talmhandha, TSh. 2046 . berid do rogu (rogain): ruc in mac . . . á indmus do rogain chose his wealth , LB 158b6 . do rugus do roghain mo bhathadh . . . nā ma thoithim I chose to be drowned rather than fall , ZCP vi 65.10 . rug an corn do roghain, TSh. 7079 . rug do rogha pláigh d'fhulang, 10204 . rucc do roghain gur bhó ferr lais, etc., AFM v 1640.8 . do ghabh an t-anam do roghain bliadhain d'eslainte sech bheith . . . a bpurgadóir, Mac Aingil 328.1 .

(b) folld. by gen. the choice, best, pick : Nín mac Bel roga na ríg, MacCarthy 310.2 ( BB 13b ). gabsat secht ríg for Mumain . . . ní roga ríg rí díb-sin, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.35 . raga cech roimse, 344.87 . is roga rígfiled sain, TBC-LL¹ 5343 . tug roga n-urchair do a first-rate cast, aim , ZCP vi 293.14 (but this may be a corruption of rout n-u., see 1 rout). rogha selga na gnáth-Fheinde in sliab-so the best hunting-ground , Acall. 6538 . aen-raghu thaisech Erenn ina aimsir fein, AU ii 348.5 (a. 1274) . Maolruanaidh aon-rogha tiompanach Ereann, AFM ii 540.1 . do thogh sé amach rogha ḟear Isráel, 2 Samuel x 9 . pl. Naim ┐ roigne a rig ┐ a thaisech, Marco P. 62 . raigne na Roman, CCath. 5993 . at iad roighne na n-aittire, AFM ii 934.5 . ag seo dheit roighne mo rúin `the choice work of my thought', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 3 . le roighne ríogh-ughdar na heagailse, TSh. 8275. 8460 . se dune dég do raighnib a munteri, RC xviii 268.17 . ilimat do roignibh relicias the finest relics , Fl. Earls 164.10 . a Raghnaill . . . ris nach samlaim rí acht roghain with whom I compare no king save the best , IGT Dec. ex. 257 .

1 roimse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 roimse or dil.ie/35473

n (= ro-messe, Bruchst. i § 56 ) abundance (poet. word): roimse inna ḟlaith `abundance during his reign', Triads 202 (glossed. .i. roimhes nó torad mór, p. 41 ). diar bris dia rig, roimsi rath, | primdo[i]rsi na morcatrach, SR 7355 (of Samson's exploit at Gaza); leg. roimse . . . doirse? bruchtas róimse robortae `abundance of flood', BDD 100 (a) = roimse, BDD² 1012 . coirdeis do rig roimse robarta mblechta . . . .i. imat a mblechta, O'Dav. 1399 . ni labor ni toe tuathe torc nad ric roimsi neither talkative nor silent is the chief (lit. boar) of a territory who gets not abundance (an abundant harvest ) (?), Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.5) = nāt raic rómsi, Corm. p. 34 (orc tréith) = ni labar rithete do torc nad n-erce roimsi, Ériu xi 49.6 . i roimse romesa | i meadon ardchailli, IT iii 95 § 145 ( Bruchst. i § 56 ). raga [= rogu] cech roimse, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.87 . la trí fichid céad ro-thorc | fá róid roimhse `of lusty strength' (?), Keat. ii 3974 (poem). pl. ferda i fáengliaid co romsib `in battle-rout multitudinous', Metr. Dinds. iii 348.9 . dia roimsib retha from their overmuch running , 408.21 . in rómail gu roimhsibh righ (of Colum C.), ZCP x 54.3 .

santach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. santach or dil.ie/36190

Forms: sanntach

adj o, ā (sant). Later also sanntach.

(a) desirous, greedy, covetous : sanntach gl. avarus, Ir. Gl. 667 . nís sanntaighi gl. avarior, 1120 . ní s.¤ gl. non cupidum, Wb. 28b26 . ní sanntach hí in dearc, PH 5918 . a fhir shaoghalta shanntaigh, DDána 53.1 . ro b'iat . . . ba santaigi saigid most eager in attack, MR 216.22 . Adv. eist riu so . . . co sanntach diligenter, Smaointe B. Chr. 132 v.l.

With object of desire governed by prep.: o ta [se] fen co sanntach cuige he is desirous of it, Fier. 19 . ni sanntaighe misi chum an geráin so do chur arna drochsherbísechaib so . . . ná gach aenduine dot daoinibhsi, Irish Texts iv 28.17 . nī pu for sēotu s.¤ , Hy. v 7 , glossed nirbo s.¤ fri seutu, Thes. ii 328.20 . nirbat s.¤ forsin bith | nach for innem cloen, LB 261a8 = nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith, ACL iii 312 § 6 . nírbó s.¤ immon ríge, TTr.² 1235 .

With objective gen.: fine cuindgheda | santaigh senmheda greedy of old mead, IT iii 91 § 128 = Bruchst. i § 36 . nirsat sanntaich siubhail, Irish Texts iv 38.19 . ar chlanna Gall ba shanntach sáithte eager to attack, Hackett xl 167 .

(b) of things: tug Sir Gyi sathudh sanntach sleghi ar Sir Gailiard an eager thrust, ZCP vi 69.z . cath sanntach, ML 84.x . is ann-sin fa sanntaigi in sarcomlunn, ZCP vi 43.8 . tucc sidhe sanntach solamhaigh dia shaighidh, AFM vi 2114.21 . sruth sanntach síradhbul sleibhi a swift-rushing stream, Stair Erc. 891 .

(c) as subst.: adcota s.¤ seota a covetous person acquires treasures, RC xlv 63 § 18 . imchisneach cach s.¤ , ACL iii 230. 136 = ZCP xvii 66 § 58 . ni raga . . . sánntach . . . isin flaith némdai, PH 6907 . a sh.¤ na set saegullai oh thou who art greedy for worldly treasures, 8179 .

(d) of object of desire desirable, desired : asbert C. . . . nárbu s.¤ fair cauradmir do chosnam etir, LU 9173 ( FB 90 ). cemad sanntach lais `though he should covet it', Laws iv 376.26 . in tan bad santachu leis cotlud when he most desired to sleep, ZCP xiii 27.19 . niba sanntach sidamail . . . mo betha co tuca Dia dam inní shirim, LB 231b6 .

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