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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

aided

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aided or dil.ie/866

 

Forms: aidid, aeded, aidid, aitti, aidhidh, aidedaib, oighidh, oighidha, oighedh, oighidh, aiged, oided, oiged, oide

n f. a s. aidid, Trip.² 2658 . aeded, 2301 . aidid, LU 4379 , 8263 ; SR 3407 . g s. ? aitti, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . aideda, Laws i 68.17 Comm. d s. aidhidh (: ailicch), Gael. 50 , 126 ( Blathm. 247 ). n p. aideda, IT iii 16 § 38 . aitte, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.265 . oitte, LL 189b54 . d p. aidedaib, LL 14065 . oighidh f. (g s. and n p. oighidha), IGT Decl. § 149 . oighedh m. (g s. and n p. oighidh), § 11 . Also spelt aiged, oided, oiged and later oide. Perh. vn. of ad-etha, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 ). See also Vendr. Lex.

(a) violent death: lodar in dā tharb tar Bricrind . . . combo marb de: is i aigid Bricrinn sin, TBC-I¹ 3656 . a.¤ Con na Cerda inso la Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 954 . a.¤ Muirchertaig na mod / guin is bādud is loscod, Rawl. 163a14 . conid i adhaigh iarla Hamtuir sin, ZCP vi 275.25 . acsin a n-oidid éicin / chloinde crōda Cennēidig, viii 120 § 8 . ba hecsamla a n-aideda, TTebe 3546 . tug aithne ar oighidh Ailella Find, Celt. Rev. iv 108.15 . d'éis a oidheadha, Dán Dé xx 32 . do scelaibh Ceassra et a muintire, et dia noidheadaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 16.2 . go madh oigheadh gach áladh `mortal', ML 120.31 . cen mna d'écaib de banaidid so that no woman dies in childbirth, LL 2524 . Freq. with bás, écc: airdena báis ┐ éca ┐ aideda, TBC-LL¹ 1237 . bás ┐ a.¤ ┐ airlech, 429 . ag furnaidhe a écca ┐ a oidhedha BNnÉ 265 § 228 . gur bho maisi lais a écc ┐ a oittheadh, AFM v 1612.20 .

Of the slaughter of animals (as oppd. to death by disease): aidhid frisi (sic leg.) nalar, Laws ii 238.13 = ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . cidh be aighaigh . . . beirus iat, ii 170.17 Comm. cid be aduigh . . . rucustur é cinmotha galur bunuid, 314.38 Comm. Of loss or destruction of inanimate(?) things: rofitir . . . comad conuir do aidhe[d] (dia n-aidhedh, do dith v.l.) na haithne `a path to the loss of the deposit', Laws v 160.8 Comm.

In various phrases. fo-gaib (do-gaib) a.¤ dies a violent death: fuair Cormac aidid hi Tig Cletig, LU 4379 . sochaide 'sa hoidid ūair / ō chloidem chrūaid choimeltach, Bruchst. i 19 § 39 ( IT iii 12 § 18 ). in aidhed do fuair sin letsa bid sí sin aidhed do gébasa, SG 73.y . dogebad sib bas ┐ a.¤ lim-sa, CRR § 46 . do brígh in oighid do fúair, IGT Decl. ex. 365 . do-beir a.¤ for: issi in aiged rob ail dosum tucad air, Laws iii 484.14 Comm. gurub í oidhid doradad fair, Marco P. 65 . téit (do-téit) (i n-) a.¤: no regad i n-aidid that he would come to a violent end, Trip.² 2658 . na tiastais aidid ṅgorta, SR 3407 . ni ragha do chomharba . . . aidheadh ngona, Lism. L. 465 . ?regaid éc aitti iarsein di cretair creissin hi Temuir, ZCP xii 238 § 65 (Baile in Scáil). ?fo-ceird a.¤ for: is hé rolá a aidi ar Lupaitt (a aidi om., R.), Trip.² 2782 . As the title of a class of stories : aidheda ┐ airgne, Laws i 46.5 Comm. aitte, oirgne, aidbse cheóil, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.265 . oitte (.i. báis) ┐ fessa ┐ forbassa, LL 189b54 .

(b) With obj. gen. act of killing: co folmastar cach díb aidid a chéle isin tig they came near to killing one another, LU 8263 ( FB 20 ). occa n-oidheadh ┐ occa n-airleach, AFM v 1758.4 . sinn féin d'oighidh ar n-athar, Aithd. D. 59.13 . do-gní a.¤ x kills x: co ro-dergenset a a.¤ , Dinds. 144 (RC xvi 156).

(c) In more general sense (unpleasant) fate, plight: ni hi seo æidid rofælius-[s]a ort . . . t'aithni dot aileamain . . . do mnui meblaig, TTebe 2233 . nir bo demin leo a a.¤ inn fhir sin what had happened to that man, 2964 . is and robāidead Aenias . . . masī a oigead a bādud if he did in fact die by drowning, ZCP xii 376.13 . ni fetar-sa a oidigh o sin amach what happened to him afterwards, Ann. Conn. 1411.28 .

aithber

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithber or dil.ie/2557

 

n o, m. See Lochlann ii 214 . act of rebuking, blaming; blame, rebuke, reproach: do thabirt dígle et do aidbiur foirib `to punish and to reprimand you', Wb. 14c40 . . . . illa prophetica detestatio .i. indath[b]er mo indasfenad, ZCP vii 481.22 (Enchir. Aug.). ferais in slúag athber ṅgúr / forsind ríg . . ., SR 6093 . cia focerdaiter do aithbiur, Laws iv 60.19 Comm. na ben-sa aithuer (frim-sa add., do add. v.l.), Anecd. ii 60.12 . nocha ragha aithfer fort, 28.1 . ro bás acc tabairt a aithbhir fairsiumh they were laying the blame for it on him, ZCP x 4.10 . co comraicet . . . na pecdaig fri cetaidber ┐ fri cetchesad na conaire, IT i 180.23 = -glífit, LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). na tabra ai[th]bhir na litir orum `do not reproach me concerning the letters' (appended by scribe), Ériu ii 224.y . fors in rig ba coru a aithbhir do bheith, MR 50.11 . a ndiongna sé d'aithbhear oirn to reproach me for what he will do, Dán Dé xix 14 . atá mé i n-aghaidh na n-aithneadh / faghaibh gan é d'aithfear (the sinner appealing to St. Patrick), xii 27 . an chlann dar dual dola ar neamh / ag tuar a fhola d'aithfear i.e. the human race was destined for heaven but had incurred the blame of shedding Christ's blood(?), DDána 27a.29 . a fúair sé dh'aithfer an ḟill blame for the treachery, IGT Decl. ex. 872 . aithfear do thabha[i]rt dár bhfearaibh, Párl. na mB. 2712 . gan aighfer a phecaidh do chor ar dhuine oile, Ó Héodhusa 211.2 . ba roscremda ind aithbiur, ZCP iii 228.20 .

With immaithber (-ir): bai aithber imaithber ogaib in aidchi sin: bai dono a n-aithber uili for Tuirrn there was reproach and mutual reproach amongst them that night but they all blamed T., Aen. 2886 . do badur ac aifer imaifir fria cheili, YBL 158a38 = co n-aithber imaithber occu fria araile, LB 111b58 . ar rob iomdha aithber iom aithbher mairgnech ┐ meirten . . . reproach on reproach, AFM vi 2288.20 . róide ar n-aithredh dob aithnidh / móide in t-aithber imaithbhir, IGT Decl. ex. 896 . In concrete sense of retribution, punishment (cf. perh. aithbe, 1 aithe): genaid cach fer araile ár nibá hecal leis a aitber fair that he will have to make retribution for it, LU 9749 . cual . . . no imarchainn gacha domhnuigh . . . ┐ is e a haitfer sin roberar orm `this is the retribution that is inflicted upon me', RC xiv 54.13 . With subjective gen. ar oman Foruinn ┐ a aithbhir, Laws i 20.26 Comm. ní hé a n-aithfer féin téit ḟorro . . . acht aithfer mh'uabair-se they are not being punished on their own account but in revenge for my pride (of slain enemies), RC xiii 86.3 . leic a.¤ na ndea formsa `let the gods take vengeance on me', CCath. 1784 v.l. With oc: ag aithbear an uilc ┐ an eccóra ar lucht m'inghrema, BNnÉ 266 § 233 . gib é do dhéna ingreim . . . ar I. C. beid na deich cet naomh . . . aga a.¤ air, ZCP x 22.19 .

barae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barae or dil.ie/5381

 

Forms: barann, barainn, -ainne

n n, f. Also barann, barainn (g s. -ainne). anger, hostility (with subj. and obj. gen.); vehemence, excitement, exaltation: bare .i. búre, Corm. Y 155. Cf. bara fri búre, LU 10833 (prov. anger in return for anger). barann .i. biubhanas ut est beógudh barann, ┐ adfét brigh barann, O'Dav. 267. barann .i. ecraiti, ut est. atfeth brigh barann, O'Curry 2046 (H. 4.22, 61b). `barann' gach béimneart, Metr. Gl. 13 § 22. barann .i. béim, O'Cl. bara .i. fearg, ibid. im (sic leg.) barain gl. in ira mea, Wb. 33a13 . diar ṅéis arnáp b.¤ , Fél. Ep. 419. cía b.¤ ro boí día sruith fríu whatever anger, Trip.² 1521. hin fil ní hi crádind do Día, nó in fail a baraind frim?, 2763 . lin a barann ṁbúan, SR 7934. nīcon mela in fersa a baraind for Ultu nī bus moo, TBC-I¹ 3596. mas co mbaraind dotæt cucunn, IT i 279 n.21 (Eg.) = co féirg, LU 8698 ( FB 52 ). bráo mara / bara bledmaill, LU 8682 ( FB 52 , rhet.). atcota brīgh barann / atcota barann bidbaid, Anecd. iii 11.23 , 24 . cech long rasmbia a bara / ni ragha cen badhad, ii 41 § 11 . fer do baraind bruthaigte, TBC-I¹ 1817 (rhet.). cid mor a bara fort . . . nit aghamar though you are very angry at it, IT ii1 181.199. indas na luinde ┐ na barainde . . . tucsat leo isin chath, LL 403a25 ( TTr.² 927 ). barand immais `fury of inspiration', RC xxvi 24 § 81. bruth ┐ barand, TBC-LL¹ 1932. imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4 . 's na teinntibh i mbia a mbara the anger inflicted on them (?), PBocht 12.51 . dimbirt a ainchridhe ┐ a bharainde, Hugh Roe² 42.19 . cūach Dīarmada do Breg barainn as a cause of the enmity of Brega (?), Corm. Y 950.

Attrib. g s. angry, hostile: bret[h]a barann, AFM ii 594.19 (an. 917 ). bag barand, LL 23560. lonnbruth barand, TBC-I¹ 3237. mac barrainde (: arrainne), IGT Decl. ex. 564.

Compds. With nouns: co mbarannbāigh, Otia ii 83.1 . re barann-beicedhaigh na n-os, CCath. 4351. Bairnech barannbél, Metr. Dinds. iii 444.52 . nād bad fornn nimbræ do borann (no a suprascript over o) -borrfad (sic leg.) barainn, TBC-I¹ 3561. tri barannghlaedha badhbha, Acall. 908.

With adj.: baighbriathar baronnborb an Goibernora, Hugh Roe² 224.19 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

1 búal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búal or dil.ie/7255

 

n prob. an inference from 2 búalad; expld. as water. See ZCP i 98. būal .i. usce, ut dicitur: nī ragha do chos i mbūal, Corm. Y 183 , Ériu xiii 76 § 197. fual .i. bual uisce inde dicitur arna sai hi fual (.i. i mbual), Corm. 20. fūal quasi fuil ar a dath. Uel quasi būal .i. uisce, Corm. Y 643 , Corm. Tr. 79. bual .i. uisce, O'Dav. 210 , O'Cl. loithēan do loingeas ō bhūal glossed: .i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge (B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 3.

? In compd.: bualeann didu .i. lenn frith for bual .i. brat fuaradar meic Míledh forsan ocian amail tresbann, ┐ ní fes cisi luibh dia ndernadh, O'Dav. 210. Cf. fleann-uisge `water crowfoot', Hogan Luibhl.

dílegaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílegaid or dil.ie/16394

 

Forms: dílegud

v Later form of do-lega, q.v.

(a) extinguishes, destroys: dílegfaid a maith a n-olc (bádfid, LU), FA 24 . do-ragha diliu ┐ dileaghbaid (bid dilgedach, Lec. 545a18 ) gach mbeo triasin fingail moir doroindi cain, BB 22a14 . dílegh ar cinta, LB 74b7 ( Trip. clxvii 14 ) (cf. do-luigi). dilegfat claind Ádaim, SR 2429 . radíleg . . . a dindgnai, TTr. 557 ( LL 224b41 ). rodilegad ┐ roscrissad peccad Adaim, LB 234b3 .

(b) dissolves: aga losgud noco ndileghthai iatt, Aisl. Tond. 104.2 . ? co ronlá a lúaith lasin sruth . . . co romberb ┐ co rodílég cech n-anmanna bói inti, LL 159b49 . dílegthar an tadbar leisin leighios so `let the (peccant) matter be solved by this medicament', O'Gr. Cat. 181 . is iad so na sughanda dileaghas e (sc. linn dub) .i. sugh borraitsi (etc.), 23 P 10, 165v64 . Intrans. do dhilegh in snechta, TBC-LL¹ p. 217 .

(c) digests:

(i) Trans. a tabairt (sc. coriandrum) a haithle na codach ┐ dileaghaidh an biadh, 23 K 42, 410.15 . tabhradh in liaigh da airi go ndileghthar go maith isin gaile é ionnus nach aireochaidh d'és a chaithme cuirrineach na tinneas . . . oir mar do ni in bainne ar na dhilegha go maith furtacht mor is mar sin do-ni urchoid mhor in tan nach dilegtar go maith é, 3 C 1 9, 127 v. an biadh ṡines an lamh do chum an bheoil, chognaid na fiacla, ┐ dhileghas an goile, Luc. Fid. 61 .

(ii) Intrans. tairrngid na neiche seo an biadh on gaili nis tusgad na dileaghas se and, 23 P 10, 154rb21 . Part. digested, dissolved: an tan bias an lathairt dileaghtha legar an cuisli, 3 C 19, 11rb21 . as cóir na hadhbhair dhileaghta . . . d'ḟolmhughadh ┐ ní cóir na hadhbhair omha d'ḟolmhughadh ( Hippocr. Aph. Lib. I § 22 ), 23 K 42, 11.20 .

Vn. dílegud.

grindell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grindell or dil.ie/26659

 

Forms: grinnell

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 11.

I the bed of a sea or lake, gravel: gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in grinneall in átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 317 n. 1 . co grian ┐ co grinnell an glanmara, CF 349 . dá cuirthi cleitech étrom indti ní léigfed sí ... [co grinnell , Eg.] íatt, ZCP ii 52.20 ( Maund. 92 ). Do-ragha grinneal a ngleó | ní heó linneadh tana thú, IGT Decl. ex. 468 (also 2121 ). grinneal (: filleadh), DDána 93.38 . co fagann fuachaisi doimne duba innus nac faicter grinneall tar eis, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.10 . sruth Iordain ... | a gcrinnioll do nocht an mhuir, Ó Héodhusa 250.7 . do conncus grinnioll na fairge, 2 Samuel xxii 16 . ó ghrinnioll an tsrotha, Isaiah xxvii 12.

II bedrock, foundation, floor, bottom: cor' geltadar fér ... co grian ┐ co grindell ┐ co leccoib loma, Acall. 2803 n . tri heillti ... ní faccait ní ar in faithci ... gan ithe co grian ┐ co grindell, ib. 7134 . conair ... teid co lugu na pian co grinell iffirn, Aen. 1395 . ar ghrinneall na deirce at the bottom of the pit, TSh. 579 . go bhfuaduighthear go grian ┐ go grinneall an ghruaim-thighe sin iad, ib. 6645 . atáim ceangailte i láib an ghrinnill `in limo profundi,' ib. 4187 . glan an bhuidhean do bhí id ghrinneall (of a monastery), DDána 122.15 . óltar linn go grinnioll do shláinte, ITS xvii 110.16 .

III Fig. deatach díomusa ... ag éirghe a grinneall chroidhe an díomsaigh, TSh. 7938 . léim do bhreith ... go grinneall na glóire síordhaidhe, ib. 556 . grinnioll grádha a foundation of love, Ó Bruad. i 92.9 . i mbrón go grinneall an imnidh íochtraigh in the deepest depths of sorrow, Hackett xxxix 52.

IV terror, trembling (?): condocorustar i ngrith ocus a ngrinneld do mullach in tighe, Anecd. ii 54.2 . condusrala i ngrith ocus uaman ocus grindell, ib. 61.5 .

ifernach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ifernach or dil.ie/27231

 

adj o, ā (ifern) damned: cipe nosgaba fri uair mbais ni ba i.¤ , Fél. 74.17 . nibá hi.¤ iar mbrath, Fél.² lxxxvi 28 . doiligh dán lāech[d]acht. Nī suthain a mbí, ifernnaig a mairb, ZCP vi 261.29 . bendacht Dé for Díchoin ... niba hi.¤ ... cland na cined dó, Trip. ii 450.21 . arbela etir di laimh merdricche ... et bidh iffernach, Anecd. ii 14.13 . gumadh moch-shaeghlach ┐ gumadh iferndach intí ro millfead in cadach sin, BB 234b10 . ni ba hithfernach iar mbrath anti dara ragha úir na hinnsi-si, Lism. L. 2242.

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

indechad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indechad or dil.ie/28357

 

Forms: indechta, indighthe, indichthi, innichthe, inneachaidh

n u, later o, m. vn. of indechaid. g s. in indechta , BB 441b7 . indighthe ( indichthi , v.l.), ZCP xii 384.25 . innichthe, Dán Dé xiv 8. inneachaidh, TSh. 5408.

(a) vengeance, retribution, punishment ; act of avenging: co n-accaitis ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru, BDD² 196. madead asber ... a eiric ocus a indechadh `if I say that `eric' -fine is to be paid, and that it is to be avenged,' Laws i 8.1 . indechadh ro bi ria Patraic i n-Eirind, ocus dilgud tuc Patraic lais, 14.2 Comm. iar tabairt leth-indechdha aire ar in trócaire da rinde half-punishment , O'D. 950 (< H 3.17, c. 665 ). inneachadh cosmhail ... .i. suil hí suíl ┐ cos hi cois `identical retribution,' Cóir Anm. 110. ni ragha-siu cen indeachad, ar atbela ... co roluath, Anecd. ii 12.24 . is fris ro-herbad o Día i.¤ cech indligid, PH 4080. dochūaid Ādamh ... d'ēis gach indighthe go nemh, ZCP xii 384.25 . an t-inneachadh tuc Día fair a ndiogail a dhimhiadha-somh, BS 122.17 . lá innichthe na n-anam (i.e. the day of Judgment), Dán Dé xiv 8. ní lór lem Día do dénamh indighthe ort and gan me fen do denamh digailtais ort, BCC 178.y . crech indigti la clainn Muris ar clainn Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1335.4 (=creach ndigailti, ALC). truagh an t-inneachadh (sic leg.), PBocht 23 § 16. gur chuir Dia cloidheamh an inneachaidh 'na thruaill, TSh. 5408 .

(b) As a quality, vindictiveness: cen i.¤ for duine, cen úaill, Ériu iii 96 § 4. do bhái do mhét inneachaid ┐ aincreidimh in phopail gur leiccset gan ord, gan aifrionn, gan altóir ann hé ` wickedness ,' ZCP x 14 § 9.

(c) reviling: inneachadh, aithis, cáineadh, cursa, Eg. Gl. 398. ūair dabī 'ga n-indec[h]aidh (leg. indechadh, Ed.) `for he had been reviling them,' Ériu iv 180 § 35. co ngabhsat fós a psalma esccaine ┐ innighte fair, BNnÉ 323.z .

lárac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lárac or dil.ie/29581

 

Forms: láarg, loarc, lorac, larac, ládairg, loarc, laarg

n ā, f. also láarg, loarc lorac, larac, ládairg. For discussion of forms see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 123 - 24 , who regards loarc, laarg as the earlier forms. IGT Decl. § 57 . Upper part of leg, thigh, hip (`fork, thigh', O'Rahilly).

(a) Of animals haunch: lón lairci lecht miled (meaning uncertain), Dinds. 42 ; hence lon lairge .i. lon no leis ┐ lá-arg, O'Cl. rochuir a láraic de co Port Large (of Findbennach), TBC-LL¹ 6194 . tuc leis co Ath Mór 'mo anait (moraid v.l., leg. márait?) / a lón ┐ a láraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 372.80 . cnam larach is leas corach, BB 257b14 . ar mbuain na carr do largaib na nech, O'Curry 737 ( H 3.18, 353a ). Regarded as noble and choice portion at a feast: larac do rig ┐ espoc ┐ sui, Laws i 48.12 . dorecmaic a tēchta do chāch ass .i. laarg (larac v.l.) do righ ┐ d'ḟilidh., IT iii 188.7 . láarg .i. . . . leo ball ┐ arg loech. leo ball no áige no cuibrend do dhaglaech indsin, Corm. 26 ( Corm. Y 804 ). dobér do ḟilid ollomun / ┐ do airig ard / loarg maith mín, LL 3732 = larac, YBL 419b9 . briuga ┐ aire desa . . . / dobér doib . . . / loarg, LL 3737 = larac, YBL 419b10 . ollam filed loarg doib, LL 29a15 . láraig (laarc v.l.) ┐ lón-chrochit (the portion of kings, poets, sages, and yeomen), Metr. Dinds. i 24.156 . bíid loracc cona timthucc ┐ chilórnd cormma ara chiunn ar cach Cáisc, Trip.² 1385 . ag fudáilfide la ríg Laigin . . . indala loracc don rig, alaili do ríg Óa nErcán, 2211 . atracht espoc dib . . . ┐ as ed dorala ana laim cnaim na lairge [th]air, Lism. L. 2080 . in cethramad rand . . . loirgi (leg. lairgi) . . . gamna scamche, Hib. Min. 66.27 .

(b) Of persons: co ndúatar na biasta é . . . coro ḟaide in muir a da láraic cosin port út, LL 22396 (Dinds. of Port Láirge) = a laraic, BB 372b37 , láairg, Dinds. 42 . día laragaib (of warriors), TTr.² 542 . re tesgadh cenn ┐ cnámh ┐ colann láarg (larag v.l.) ┐ méidhi ┐ mhuinél, TBC-LL¹ p. 377 n.11 (H.2.17). laorg (g p.), Fianaig., 94.24 . fri lairge luthain .i. . . . fri toin na gabla, O'Dav. 1204 . mana leóin do ládharguibh / dá ragha a ndeóigh díbhearguigh, IGT Decl. ex. 568. isna lochaib blen ┐ isna lairgibh, Rosa Angl. 184.12 . do bhuail sé íad leis ┐ ladhairg he smote them hip and thigh, Judges xv 8 . thúg an daigéar óna ladairg dheis, iii 21 . Note also: sithbe iairn a dí loairc / lathar n-amra, LL 4984. Humorously in mock genealogy: a c[h]lérig . . . meic láirce, meic lūabann, MacCongl. 33.22 . Of the whole leg: co riacht anair . . . l.¤ ós bund `thighbone from the sole upwards', Metr. Dinds. iii 192.39 . tindlis a láim, a láraic, / a chois is a chóel-brágait (`ankle'), iv 124.1 . isna lairgibh in tibiis, 23 K 42, 292.4 . ro bris sé muiníl na miledh ┐ lairgi na laechraidhi `legs', Stair Erc. 829. lámha ┐ leithchind ┐ laarga na loechraidhe, Hugh Roe² 228.30 .

In phrases: mell a (dá) lárach buttocks: gerrchocholl co mell a ndá l.¤ , LU 6960 ( BDD 60 . a dá lárcc, Y). tuargabsat a lénta co mellaib a l.¤ , LU 8257 ( FB 20 ). gabaid a lēnid i n-ard-gabāil ōs mellach (leg. mellaib) a láruc, MacCongl. 9.25 . Cf. tucc buille . . . i mullach (mellach?) lairge T., ZCP x 10.11 . log na ladhairge the hollow of the thigh, Gen. xxxii 32.

In gramm. term: lorga fuach .i. lairce lorchaine, Auraic. 1692. See lurga.

(c) bed-post: dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot `posts' (Glossary), Críth G. 236.

In nn. loc. See Hog. Onom. s.v. 1 áth. Cf. Vadum Duarum Furcarum id est da loarcc, Thes. ii 266.14 ( Ardm. 12b ).

modcion

Cite this: eDIL s.v. modcion or dil.ie/32434
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Eng. loanword): do rágha modcion ná doraing ná anbuain ortsu (= ne moueant), Celtica vi 88.58 .

rogu, roga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rogu, roga or dil.ie/35454

 

Forms: rogu, roga, roga, rogha, ragha, rogha, roghain, roghan, roghain, roighni, rogain

n (ro- and gu- `choose', cf. togu). Orig. an indecl. neut.; n s. (with art.) a rogu , Wb. 9a23 . roga ṅgascid, TBC-LL¹ 3604 . Later decl. and gender vary: (1) rogu, roga m., sing. invar. rogha ragha m., IGT Dec. § 2.4 . (2) roga, f. n-st. rogha f. (d s. roghain, g s. roghan, n p. roghain, roighni), IGT Dec. § 5 . (3) Mid.Ir. n s. rogain, Met. Dinds. gl.

(a) the act of choosing; a choice, selection , oft. folld. by gen. or part. DE: roga quasi togae, Corm. Y 1113 . drinnroisc .i. roga, Laws i 72.5 Comm. raegha .i. togha, O'Cl. is lib atá a rogu it is you that have the choice , Wb. 9a23 . ráid fri Dauid . . . roga dó ar trib brethaib offer D. his choice of three judgements , SR 6848 . do rogha duit-se dibh take thy choice of them , Ériu iii 154.2 . bás dúib, ní rogain roga `no choice ye would choose' (lit. not a choice of choosing ), Metr. Dinds. iii 6.57 . ba rogha leis a bathud tar a slugudh he preferred to be drowned rather than swallowed , ZCP vi 295.22 . dobretha rogu doib cid biad no ragad dia n-echaib, FB 63 . tucc a ttrí roicchne . . . do mhac Coisi offered three choices , ZCP viii 220 § 29 . ro lá Mac Cecht rogu di [do, Eg., sic leg.] láthaib gaile dús in bad imchomet . . . nó bád chuingid gave the champions their choice whether , BDD 147 . ro iarfaig dia macu cia rogu no berad cech fer dib what each of them would choose , LB 158b4 . ar mbreith roghan don Bhanbha on getting their choice of B. , Content. vi 62 . ro-dhoilghe an rogha rugais, ix 10 . adubairt riu dul `na rogha conuir whatever road they chose , ZCP vi 48.30 . toghait a rogha deissi do guibernoracht in tire gacha bliadhna `elect two (?) for the government ', Fl. Earls 92.11 . laibheoramaoid ar do rabhadh [leg. raghadh = ragha] punc any point you wish , Luc. Fid. 273.12 . doní an peacthach rogha dona neithibh talmhandha, TSh. 2046 . berid do rogu (rogain): ruc in mac . . . á indmus do rogain chose his wealth , LB 158b6 . do rugus do roghain mo bhathadh . . . nā ma thoithim I chose to be drowned rather than fall , ZCP vi 65.10 . rug an corn do roghain, TSh. 7079 . rug do rogha pláigh d'fhulang, 10204 . rucc do roghain gur bhó ferr lais, etc., AFM v 1640.8 . do ghabh an t-anam do roghain bliadhain d'eslainte sech bheith . . . a bpurgadóir, Mac Aingil 328.1 .

(b) folld. by gen. the choice, best, pick : Nín mac Bel roga na ríg, MacCarthy 310.2 ( BB 13b ). gabsat secht ríg for Mumain . . . ní roga ríg rí díb-sin, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.35 . raga cech roimse, 344.87 . is roga rígfiled sain, TBC-LL¹ 5343 . tug roga n-urchair do a first-rate cast, aim , ZCP vi 293.14 (but this may be a corruption of rout n-u., see 1 rout). rogha selga na gnáth-Fheinde in sliab-so the best hunting-ground , Acall. 6538 . aen-raghu thaisech Erenn ina aimsir fein, AU ii 348.5 (a. 1274) . Maolruanaidh aon-rogha tiompanach Ereann, AFM ii 540.1 . do thogh sé amach rogha ḟear Isráel, 2 Samuel x 9 . pl. Naim ┐ roigne a rig ┐ a thaisech, Marco P. 62 . raigne na Roman, CCath. 5993 . at iad roighne na n-aittire, AFM ii 934.5 . ag seo dheit roighne mo rúin `the choice work of my thought', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 3 . le roighne ríogh-ughdar na heagailse, TSh. 8275. 8460 . se dune dég do raighnib a munteri, RC xviii 268.17 . ilimat do roignibh relicias the finest relics , Fl. Earls 164.10 . a Raghnaill . . . ris nach samlaim rí acht roghain with whom I compare no king save the best , IGT Dec. ex. 257 .

srúb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srúb or dil.ie/38842
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: srúb, sruibe, srubai, Srúba

n orig. perh. n. (see Sc.M2 Gloss.¤, Críth Gabl. Gloss.), cf. d s. srúb, LU 9401 , n. pl. sruibe, Ériu v 38.3 . In Mid.Ir. ā, f.: g s. srubai, Fen. 326.19 . Srúba, Metr. Dinds. iii 282.73 . d s ag Srūibh Lēith, ALC i 562.5 .

Snout, muzzle, beak, nose .

(a) Of animals, etc.: co-mbātar secht n-airtim di forbaidh saille fora srūib till there was a covering of seven fist-lengths of bacon on its snout (a pig), Sc.M² 23 . srub muicci, Corm. Tr. 154 . do ragha muc-thréd dia soigedh, co ros claidhet dia srubhaiph (a place), BNnÉ 325 § 41 . mar shéud óir a sruimh muice, Proverbs xi 22 . pesti . . . ilchennacha go srumaibh remra roderga orro, RC xxviii 318 § 36 . srub chait dono lasin Carpre (i.e. Cairpre Cendchatt), IT iii 189.1 . tuc srúib (: rúin) forsin sen-charraic `he laid the bill (i.e. of a bird) on the ancient rock', Metr. Dinds. iii 258.40 .

(b) Of persons (usually in pejorative sense): cía focerta a s.¤ ar gésce immatairisfed dóib if his snout were thrown on a branch they would cleave together, LU 6823 ( BDD² 349 ). Cf. 6828 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iar sin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted on his nose (?), LU 6621 = dia sruib, TBC-I¹ 2081 = co tarla a srubh i freslige anall, TBC-LL¹ p. 399 n. 10 (St.) = co tarla darráib ra budin anechtair, TBC-LL¹ 2777 . míla géra gulbnecha | ro leltar im s.¤ , LU 9401 ( JRSAI 1870-1, 386.20 ). inda llatt ba cūl-scīan s.¤ cechtar de (of two warriors), ZCP xviii 297.6 . do srenga-som na secht moirseser sin co n-benann a srubha fri talmain, TBC-LL¹ 5526 (St.). ni suil, ni srub `'tis not a nose', Laws v 232.8 Comm . ? fata srúm gimhsi gach gille | ag súr Innsi finne Fáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1405 . sruimh, gnus, srón, Eg. Gl. 550 .

(c) Extended applications: fer trí s.¤ : s.¤ tuirc fo chlud . . . s.¤ tinni for croich, s.¤ n-arathair fo rind the snout of a boar in the ditch, the snout of a flitch on the hook, the snout of a plough in the ground, Críth G. 185 - 6 . tri sruba cach fir dib .i. srub cuiltir fo thuinn, srub tuirc for tur, ┐ srub tinne for troisd, Laws v 90.16 Comm . nidad inmaine tri sruibe . . . | dochengat mo dochum, | srub in bacan, srub lia bachaill | srub bec lasin cochall (insulting descr. of the approach of a cleric), Ériu v 38.3 . gall-biail . . . cona sruibh, O'Dav. 532 .

In nn. loc. prob. point, headland , see Hog. Onom.

Compds.

(a) With adjj. ¤derg red-tipped (of arrows): d'fidren na saigheat srubderg, CCath. 3130 . ¤fhillte: slega srúb-fhillti `warped', MR 238.25 . ¤fhotae long-nosed: L. in n-echlach srubhfhada sal[fh]ada ciarfhota, BB 257b24 . bachlaich srubfhata tshalfhata tsheiredchaela, Acall. 3795 . gus a soighit loinges srubfada long-prowed, Leb. Gab.(i) 128 n. 9 . ¤gér sharp-pointed (of arrows): a saighti snasta sruibgérai, CCath. 5550 . cetha srubhgera soiget, Stair Erc. 823 . saithe saighett sruibhger, AFM vi 2130.4 . saighde srúibh-ghéara, TSh. 6676 . ¤glas green-tipped (of waves): raimrá darna sruthlintib srubglassa sálidi sin, LL 228a21 ( TTr. 809 ). ¤rúad red-tipped (of spears): cleth . . . do slegaib . . . srúb-ruada, MR 224.2 .

(b) With nouns. ¤grinne: in t-inad in ro fuiredh srub-grinne sleighi C. `the head of C.'s spear', MR 268.21 . ¤bard a poetic grade (subdivision of dóerbard): it é anmand na ndóerbard .i. culbard ┐ srutbard (srubard, v.l.), IT iii 5.y . claigneach edluith fri srubard, IT iii 23.2 . do cumrecht bard ... salbard ... srubard .i. gandbard .i. is gand a dligud, O'Curry 239 ( H 3.18 133 4 ). srubbrad (sic) .i. at-ber asa sruib hi sanaiss risinti dia ndena i ngebad do a duain 'he says out of his snout in a whisper will he recite his poem to him for whom he makes (it)', UR 51 n. Note also: bard srúibhe, UR 52.6 . See srúblaing.

1 téit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 téit or dil.ie/40447
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tíagussa, tiagu, tíagu, nontiag, tiag, tiach, tíag, tíagso, tiagasa, tégi, thégi, notheig, téig, téit, teit, tét, dét, tét, núntet, tet, teit, theit, téit, téte, déte, theite, tete, dete, tiágmini, tiagmai, tiagam, diagmani, tiagmeni, for-téit, tiagait, tiagat, tiagat, tiagtae, tiagdde, tiagta, tíagair, tiagar, tíaghair, noteged, tarateged, teged, theigtis, notegtis, ercc, airc-si, teig, téig, teit, tēiti, téit, tét, táit, táet, for-tat-tet, tiat, tét, táet, taett, tiagamm, tíagam, airciub, arcib, argib, ercib, eirgiu, tiagat, tiagar, tíagar, thiasusa, tíasa, thíasa, tias, tias, tesi, théisi, thēsi, théise, tési, teis, téis, teis, théis, thes, téis, te, té, te, tēi, tias, tīasam, tíastaisi, thíastá, thessid, tiasuit, tiagaid, thíasat, -ait, tiasat, tíasat, tíastae, tiasda, tiasair, tiasar, tīastar, tíasar, tiastar, nothéisinn, thiasta-so, tíasta, notheised, notésed, tesed, -téssed, notesad, na-thiasmais, notésstae, nutiastais, tiastais, rigasa, annurig, ragsa, reg, regai, rega, mosregae, regasu, regaid, rega, rigas, regus, rigmi, regmi, regmai, rechmi, -regaid, regait, regat, regda, rigthir, regthair, regthar, rigtha, rígad, noregad, nandrigad, -regad, regtais, noregtáis, -regtais, lodsa, lud, lod, lod-sai, luid, luid-side, luid, luid, luid, luide, llude, lodmar, lotair, lotir, lotar, dochood, docoadsa, dochoad, docoatsai, -dechudsa, -deochadsa, -dechad-sa, dochūad, docoid, docoith, ducoid, dochoid, duchoid, dichoid, duchooid, duchoaid, ducuaid, dochoid, dochuaid, -dechuid, -dechuith, -dechaid, -deochaid, dodchommar, dochuamar, -dechummar, dochuabair, dochuabar, docotar, dachotar, dochotar, ducuatar, cotar, dochótar, dochuatar, -dechaddar, -dechatár, -deochotar, dochoas, dochós, dochúas, docuas, docúas, -dechvs, -deachas, digthim, dichtim, dachubat, doscuat, dacumat, dachuat, doscuchad, dā cubat, doscuet, decomad, doscuaid, dichuat, -dichet, dicead, digtith, díchtheth, -dechus, -dechus, -dechos, -dechus, -digus, -digius, -dighes, conicius, docui, cuissiu, dechais-[s]iu, -dechais, -digis, -dichis, docói, doco, dochoi, do cae, dodchoid, -decha, -dich, -dig, -dech, -dechsam, connicsim-ni, digsem, -digsid, -dechsaid, docoiset, do-coísat, docóesat, dochósat, dochoiset, -dechset, -digset, -digsit, -dechsat, -deochsaindsea, -dechsaind, dochōised, docoissed, do coisead, -digsed, -digseth, -dichsed, -dechsad, -dechastái, docoistis, dochoistís, -dechsaitis, -dechsitis, -digsitis, docoised, -dechsad, docoéstis, tiagasa, tiagusa, tégim-si, tiag, téig, tēigi, -teig, téit, tet, tēt, tiat, tēiti, teite, -tet, -ttēd, -tēd, -téit, -tiat, teige, tet, degas, tíagma, thīagma, tiagmait, -tíagam, teigthi, tegthi, teidchi, tíagait, tíagad, tiagat, tíat, -tiagat, -tiaguid, -tiaguit, -diagait, tiagait, tegat, ra-thaegat, tiagtha, tiagait, tíagait, tiaghar, -tiaghar, tíagthar, tiagar, tiaghdur, tiaghtur, notheighedh, thegaid, tiagadh, théiged, théiged, -tiagad, tégtis, teigdis, -teigtis, téigthea, teigthi, airc, aircc, airg, airgg, hērcc, ergc, tíat, téiged, tiaga, ēirgidh, tiagum, tīagmaini, tiag, tiagam, aircid, airgid, eirgid, eir[g]eid, tiagat, tiagaid, téighed, eirced, tiagar, tíagair, tīachar, tiasur, -tias, -theis, theis, -tiasur, teisiu, -téis, notéis, -tiasair, teis, theis, -tiasum, ratessemni, -tíassat, -tiagsad, -tēset, notēisinn, -tesed, -tēised, -tessed, -theissed, tesid, nothaesad, -tíasad, doniasadh, -toised, teised, -thíastaís, -teostaiss, -tiestais, tiag-, téit, theigsetar, ragasa, ragsa, rach, regad, reghat, regut, ragatsa, ragut, ragaid, regaid-se, regait, -reg, -rag, -rach, ragai, rogai, rage, raga, racha, -raga, -rada, -rado, ragaid, rachaidh, -raga, -racha, -rachaidh, -rachuidh, ragas, ragus, rachas, regma, ragma, ragmaine, raigma, régmait, ragmait, -ragam, -ragum, ragthai, ragaid, -racthai, ragait, rechaid, regat, regut, rechtait, raghdait, rágdait, ragdáit, ragtháit, rachdaeid, rechtair, ragthair, rachthair, ragthar, ragar, rachar, -raghthar, -raigther, -raghtha-sa, reched, notragad, ragad, -ragad, -rachad, doragad, noregadáis, noragdais, -ragdais, -rachdais, -ragtha, cor-rachtae, -rachtea, luid, luith, lauid, lud, luide, luidi, ludi, luide, luidi, ludi, ludai, laide, luidi, luid, luid, dolai, dluídh, ra-luid, -rulaid, -luid, lodmar, lodomar, lodamur, lotar, lautar, lodur, lodatar, lodadar, luiditar, lotarset, lotsat, dollotar, dolotar, tollotar, tulatar, ra-lotar, lodadar, luid-, lodma, luidinn-se, luid, ludfamar, luidhes, luidis, luidhius, lodsam, lodsamar, -lodsaid, -ladsaid, -lodsaid, luidset, luidsed, luighsit, luidhsiot, luidsiut, lutsat, luidhsidar, docuad, dochúadusa, do-cūadas, rochuadhus, -deachad, dochodaisiu, do-cūadais, dochuadais, -dechais, dochóid, dochaidh, dochuaid, rochōid, rochúaid, chuaid, -dechaid, -dechuidh, -deochaid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, deochaid, docuamair-ni, rochuammar, -deochabair, dochótár, dochotar, dochuatar, rochuadar, rocuadur, ro-digset, -dechatar, -deachatar, -deachadair, -dechsat, -dechsatar, docoas, docos, cós, docuass, dochuas, docuas, rocúadhus, -dechus, -dechas, dechar, -digusa, -dechus, -deochus, -decharsa, -dechor, -dechur, -dech, -digser, -diccsiur, -digis, -digis-[s]iu, -digese, -digsiu, -díchiseo, -dechais, -dechis, -deachadais, -dechasu, -deochais, -dechair, -dig, nosdig, rosdigh, -dech, -deoch, -dechsum, -dechaisti, -dighset, -diccsed, -dechsat, -dechaind, -digthea, -dechta, nodhighsedh, dhigsid, dic[h]sead, nódechsad, dheachsad, -digsed, conigsed, -digsith, -dechsad, -dechad, -deachaid, -dechasta, -digsitís, -dechsaitís, -dhechdais, téighim, teim, -tēigim, -teim, tiag, téighi, -téighe, -teir, teit, téid, téd, -teit, -téid, tiamaid, -téimíd, tiagait, tiaghaid, téighit, téidhid, téid, tiaghuid, nostiad, tiad, tiaghaid, -thiaghaid, -tiaid, tiagar, tiachair, teigther, tegther, -tiagar, -tiachar, -tiaghair, -tiachair, téi-, tia-, do-éi-, do-ia-, tiad, ēid, do-éid, chum, -teighedh, -theidheadh, théighdís, teighdis, -tecdis, -teghth, -teighthi, eirg, éirigh, téigh, téidheadh, éirghidh, téighidh, tiagar, eirgear, eargar, eirg, eirgeadh, eargadh, eirgeam, eargam, eirgthear, eargthar, eargaidh, dtéighedsa, —téidhe, théighe, ragat, rachad, reachat, —rach, racha, racair, raghair, rachaidh, raghaidh, rachaidh, —ragha, —racha, —rachaidh, raghas, rachas, reachbhas, radhmait, rachmait, rachmaid, —ragham, —racham, rachaid, rachthair, rachtar, raghar, —rachaind, —rachthá, rachtha, ragad, rachadh, rachadh, —raghadh, —rachadh, —rachfadh, —reachadh, ragtais, rachdaois, —raghduis, —rachdais, —rachdaois, ragthai, luid—, luid, roloduir, lodamar, lottar, lodor, —deachodhus, chuadhais, dechadais, —deachais, dochuaidh, dochóidh, docháidh, chuaidh, chuaidh, dechaidh, dheachaidh, —dechaid, —deachaidh, —deochaid, do cuamar, do-chuamair, do-chámar, do chuadhmuir-ne, —deachamair, do-chuabhair, do chuadar, do-chódar, do-chádair, ra chuatar, chuadar, do choidset, dodeachatar, dechadar, —deachatar, —deachadar, —deochatar, —dechsat, —deachsad, do-chuas, do-cuas, cuas, chuas, —deachar, —dighear, —deach, —dechuir, —dechair, —deachair, —dhech, dheach, —dech, —deach, —digh, —deacham, dechuid, ndeachud, —dighthir, —deachainn, —dechtha, —deachtha, —digsed, —diccseadh, —deachadh, —deachaidh, —deachmaois, —dechtais, —deachdís, —deachadaois, techt, dul, t., tiagar

(see Ériu xii 227 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 145 , xxii 204 ). Irreg. vb. with forms from various roots.

FORMS.

A. Early forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tíagussa, Wb. 17b18 . tiagu, 20 . tíagu, LU 4721 . nontiag, TBC-I¹ 241 . tiag is also used as absolute form in fut. sense, Ml. 58c6 . tiach, Sg. 210 marg. inf. ( Thes. ii xxii ). tíag, LU 10934 . tíagso, TBC-I¹ 1299 = tiagasa, LU 5769 . (According to Zeuss 443 , Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 these are imper.). 2 s. cia leth tégi , PH 8216 . cid thégi , Lat. Lives 82.6 . cid notheig , SR 3094 . masu ead no téig , BDD² 285 . 3 s. téit, Ml. 3a4 . 47a17 . 103d27 . 109a2 . teit, 24d30 . 27c10 . 67d24 . 94c10 . Sg. 38a1 . tét, Ml. 21c3 . nicon dét , 53a17 . dia tét , 56b1 . amal núntet , 77a14 . dia tet , Thes. ii 255.6 . dia teit , Ml. 100b9 . ni theit , SR 447 . ni téit , Laws i 102.4 . rel. téte, Wb. 9a3 . 9d5 . 20a12 . Ml. 28c19 . Sg. 30b12 . 92a2 . 129a1 . déte, Wb. 11d7 . theite, Sg. 114b2 . tete, Ml. 22b1 . 62b20 . Sg. 188a13 . dete, Ml. 93b12 . 1 pl. tiágmini, Wb. 15b28 . tiagmai, LU 4706 . cosa tiagam , SR 7968 . rel. in tain diagmani , Wb. 3a15 . tiagmeni, 15b28 . 2 pl. [ for-téit, Wb. 14c3 , see Ériu xii 228 ]. 3 pl. tiagait, Wb. 5c16 . 11d12 . Ml. 14a5 . Sg. 196a1 . cona tiagat , Ml. 51d3 . ni tiagat , Thes. ii 12.33 . rel. tiagtae, Ml. 125a2 . tiagdde, Sg. 104b1 . 119a2 . 120a1 . tiagta, 54b6 . pass. tíagair, TBFr. 260 . RC iii 345.15 . rel. tiagar, Ml. 15a2 . tíaghair, Hib. Min. 297.

Impf. 3 s. noteged, Ml. 54c18 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . tan teged , SR 4502 . 3 pl. ind úair theigtis , 1113 . notegtis, Mon. Tall. 161.22 .

Imper. 2 s. ercc, Mon. Tall. 154.7 . airc-si, BDD² 1445 . ná teig , SR 1152 . na téig , LU 6023 . 3 s. ? teit, LU 5936 . ? Anecd. i 10.2 . tēiti (with suff. pron.), TBC-I¹ 1591 . na téit , Wb. 10a15 . ? 9d31 (see note). The form téit in Wb may represent tét, which is to be inferred from the compds. táit, táet, for-tat-tet ( Ml. 43b11 ) and Mid. Ir. tiat (see infra). Cf. also Strachan, OIPG 83 and Bergin, Ériu xii 228.6 . tét, RC ix 484.14 . táet, 488.7 . taett, BColm. 74.22 . 1 pl. tiagamm, SR 3628 . tíagam, LU 4951 . 2 pl. airciub, Blathm. 90 § 6 . arcib, Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . argib, Bethu Brigte 10 § 29 . ercib, Otia i 115.5 . eirgiu, ZCP iv 243.3 . 3 pl. tiagat, Ml. 54b12 . pass. tiagar, 16c5 . tíagar, TBFr. 14.

Subj. pres. 1 s. cia thiasusa , Wb. 23c31 . Irish Texts i 10.21 . tíasa, BDD² 1438 . cia thíasa , Rawl. 82b18 . re tias , Lib. Hymn. 167.185 (ACC). i tias , Rawl. 106b19 . 2 s. tesi, Mon. Tall. 136.17 . théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . thēsi, théise, ZCP xi 80.16 , 20 - 21 . tési (with imper. sense), LU 5270 . rot teis , SR 1273 (but see Wortk. vii p. 641 ). ní téis , Ériu i 199 § 19 . dia teis , LB 261a60 . 3 s. ma théis , Wb. 14a14 . cia thes , Ml. 23d23 . ma (sic leg.) téis , Mon. Tall. 137.14 . arna te , Ml. 36a23 . arna té , 126a4 . forsa te , Thes. ii 249.9 . nād tēi , ZCP iv 43.9 . rel. tias, Thes. ii 39.25 . Cf. SR 1660 . 1 pl. cia tīasam , Thes. ii 299.30 . 2 pl. tíastaisi, TBFr. 413 . má thíastá , LU 4764 . ní thessid , 4809 . Cáin Ad. 27 . 3 pl. tiasuit (as imper.; tiagaid, v.l.), IT ii2 191.1 . cia thíasat (leg. -ait), SR 1845 . mani tiasat , Mon. Tall. 147.21 . cén co tíasat , LU 8083 . rel. tíastae, Fél. Ep. 470 . tiasda, Laws iv 144.2 Comm. pass. tiasair, ZCP vii 311 § 19 . tiasar, Laws v 320.11 . tīastar, Sc.M² 5.11 . ní tíasar , Ériu i 199.3 (tiastar, v.l.). rel. tiastar, LB 261b1 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . 2 s. no thiasta-so , LL 284b14 . co tíasta , ZCP viii 310.16 . 3 s. notheised, Wb. 32a17 . notésed, Ml. 23b12 . 54a21 . ara tesed , Sg. 21b9 . -téssed, Thes. ii 310.1 . notesad, Ml. 34d6 . 1 pl. na-thiasmais, PH 5009 . 2 pl. notésstae, Wb. 9b19 (sic leg., note, but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 654 ). 3 pl. nutiastais, Ml. 117d3 . na tiastais , SR 3407.

Fut. 1 s. rigasa, LU 3250 . annurig, Ml. 87b18 . ní ragsa , RC iii 346.11 . ni reg , Ériu iii 106 § 45 . 2 s. regai, PH 1378 . rega, 2328 . mosregae, Thes. ii 318.6 . ní regasu , TBFr. 310 . 3 s. regaid, Sg. 36b1 . Sc.M² 15.8 . nā rega , MacCongl. 29.5 . rel. rigas, Thes. ii 1.14 . regus, Irish Texts i 16.12 . 1 pl. rigmi, Wb. 15c23 . regmi, Fél. Prol. 291 . regmai, TBFr. 415 . rechmi, LU 3423 . 2 pl. -regaid, Lat. Lives 54.y . 3 pl. regait, Thes. ii 316.30 . 319.2 . ni regat , PH 6744 . rel. regda, ZCP xii 245 § 9 . pass. rigthir, Wb. 9a23 . regthair, Ériu i 44.18 . regthar, TBC-I¹ 1236.

Condit. 2 s. ní rigtha , LU 3275 . 3 s. ní rígad , Wb. 11a22 . noregad, Ml. 118b6 . nandrigad, Thes. ii 242.6 . -regad, Trip.² 1713 . 3 pl. dia regtais , Ml. 99b10 . noregtáis, TTr.² 138 . -regtais, Lat. Lives 58.5 .

Pret. 1 s. lodsa, LU 1351 . Ériu iv 134.3 . o na lud , RC xiv 400.13 . 2 s. can lod , 406.2 . ? lod-sai, IT iii 244.24 . 3 s. luid, Ml. 16c10 . luid-side (sic leg.), 55c1 . luid, 74b5 . Thes. ii 240.2 . 242.11 . ho luid , Wb. 3c37 . dia luid , Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.14 ). 55c1 . rel. luide, 127d3 . a llude , LU 10932 . 1 pl. lodmar, TBC-LL¹ 4114 . LB 215a70 . 3 pl. lotair, SR 3457 . TBC-I¹ 26 . lotir, LU 10575 . lotar (perh. rel., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Thes. ii 250.15 . 316.5 . SR 6666 . pass. see ethaid.

Perf. 1 s. dochood, Wb. 17d7 . docoadsa, 18d6 . dochoad, TBFr. 332 . ? docoatsai, RC xii 64.z . -dechudsa, Wb. 14c40 . -deochadsa, TBFr. 282 . -dechad-sa, TBC-LL¹ 29 . 2 s. dochūad, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . 3 s. docoid, Wb. 21a12 . 31d19 . Ml. 32d10 . 43d27 . Sg. 217b16 . docoith, Wb. 11a22 . ducoid, Ml. 63c19 . dochoid, Wb. 14a19 . 14c20 . 14d30 . 28b30 . duchoid, Ml. 74a12 . 84c9 . dichoid, Mon. Tall. 127.10 . duchooid, Thes. ii 241.11 . duchoaid, 1.14 . ducuaid, Ml. 65c9 . dochoid, SR 7753 . dochuaid, 2592 . Fél. Ep. 267 . -dechuid, Ml. 54d3 . 54d7 . 65d12 . 98b8 . Sg. 148b3 . -dechuith, Wb. 16c7 . 22b11 . -dechaid, SR 1720 . -deochaid, 2797 . 1 pl. cia dodchommar , Wb. 23d23 . dochuamar, PH 1580 . -dechummar, Ml. 63c14 . 2 pl. dochuabair, SR 1443 = dochuabar, LB 111b36 . 3 pl. docotar, Wb. 29a8 . dachotar, Ml. 38b2 . dochotar, 124c26 . ducuatar, 66c16 . do cotar , Snedg. u. Mac R 10.15 . dochótar, TBC-I¹ 150 . dochuatar, SR 1701 . -dechaddar, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . -dechatár, LU 8377 . -deochotar, IT i 74.4 . pass. dochoas, TBFr. 356 . dochós, LU 9743 . dochúas, SR 6301 . docuas, Trip.² 2171 . docúas, IT i 130.8 . -dechvs, TTr.² 833 . -deachas, Ériu xii 192.8 .

Perfective pres. (expressing completion of action and possibility). (Cf. Études Celt. iii 224 ff. ). 1 s. na digthim , SR 3203 . conna dichtim , LU 5180 . 3 s. dachubat ... doscuat , Corm. Bodl. 36 - 8 = dacumat no dachuat ... doscuchad , Corm. 38 = dā cubat ... doscuet, Corm. Y 1082 = decomad ... doscuaid, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 xix 318 . dichuat, Críth G. 306 . -dichet (: fichet, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 3 . KMMisc. 212.13 . Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 421 ). Thes. ii 292.19 . Anecd. v 29.21 . Ériu ii 118 § 52 . AU i 260.5 . AFM i 386.2 . RC xi 457.3 . Laws iv 122.16 Comm. v 272.6 . 388.2 . 394.5 . O'Dav. 714. O'Mulc. 759 . dicead, Laws iv 112.7 . 2 pl. connach digtith , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. 3 s. cona díchtheth , LU 4797.

Subj. corresponding to perf. Pres. 1 s. -dechus, TBC-I¹ 459 . -dechus, Ériu xii 156.9 = -dechos, LU 10644 . -dechus, PH 3123 . -digus, Goid. 101.11 . -digius, TBC-LL¹ 560 . PH 1570 . ZCP vi 259 § 1 . -dighes, x 339 § 16 . conicius, RC xxvii 274.14 . 2 s. docui, RC xii 70 § 40 . do cuissiu , LB 261a79 = dechais-[s]iu, ACL iii 319 § 75 . -dechais, SR 5951 . IT i 21.32 . PH 1564 . -digis, LU 9663 . RC vii 292.43 . -dichis, ZCP iv 45.2 . Ériu i 192 § 1 . 3 s. docói, Wb. 29a28 . doco, Críth G. 540 . dochoi, O'Dav. 683. do cae, Laws ii 242.13 . ? dodchoid, Ériu vii 156.7 . -decha (`lautgesetzliche Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 28b30 . LU 6987 . Laws v 146.7 Comm. -dich (`analogische Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 9d24 . LU 6180 . Anecd. iii 61.12 . -dig, Thes. ii 349.2 . LU 2079. 5178 . -dech, 439 . ACL iii 234.25 . 1 pl. -dechsam, Ml. 62d1 . SR 1549 . Ériu i 122.z . connicsim-ni, RC x 220 § 11 . digsem, BNnÉ 306 § 25 . 2 pl. -digsid, IT i 75.3 . -dechsaid, SR 1375 . PH 3052 . 3 pl. docoiset, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . LU 4749 (= dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 ). do-coísat, ZCP xi 84 § 32 . docóesat, O'Dav. 744. dochósat, RC xvii 172.27 . ? dochoiset, ZCP iii 30.2 . -dechset, LU 5193 . -digset, TBC-LL¹ 553 . -digsit, Laws iv 234.15 . -dechsat, ZCP xiv 158.8 . BB 7a34 .

Impf. 1 s. -deochsaindsea, LU 5906 . -dechsaind, PH 3023 . 3 s. dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 (= docoiset, LU 4749 ). docoissed, Anecd. iii 61.5 . do coisead, Laws iv 100.9 Comm. 104.12 . -digsed, Thes. ii 354.8 . SR 5623 . Trip.² 1268 . -digseth, 151 . -dichsed, Thes. ii 310.14 . -dechsad, SR 5643 . 2 pl. -dechastái, TTr.² 1819 . 3 pl. docoistis, Ml. 34a9 . dochoistís, LU 6752 . -dechsaitis, Ml. 42a6 . -dechsitis, 42a7 . -digsitis, Trip.² 174. 2870 . The following forms, indistinguishable from the subj. impf., are used in condit. sense: 3 s. docoised, LU 5919 . -dechsad, 9104 . 3 pl. docoéstis, 5370 . See RC xxviii 206 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 642.

B Mid. Ir. development of the above system.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tiagasa, LU 5769 . darsa tiagusa , TBC-LL¹ 481 . tégim-si, PH 1570 . The usual form passim, abs. and conj., is tiag: Anecd. i 4.15 . Metr. Dinds. iii 210.17 . Éigse ii 109 § 7 . ? téig, Fianaig. 68.14 . 2 s. tēigi, ZCP vii 310 § 4 . -teig, KMMisc. 260 § 5 . 3 s. abs. téit, passim. tet, SR 8048 . tēt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . tiat, LU 5775 . Frequ. with suff. pron.: tēiti, TBC-I¹ 1722 . ZCP iv 44.31 . teite, TTr.² 524 . conj. -tet, Rawl. 120a2 . -ttēd, MS. Mat. 581.18 . -tēd, ZCP viii 120.11 . -téit, BDD² 280 . LU 2146 , and so passim. -tiat, Ériu iv 104 § 51 . ? ni teige , Laws i 48. 4 Comm. rel. tet, 272.3 Comm. ? 140 n. degas, Auraic. 5552 (tiagas, v.l.). 1 pl. tíagma, LU 5112 . thīagma, TBC-I¹ 628 . tiagmait, Thes. ii 322.20 . -tíagam (in subj. sense), ZCP viii 313.3 . 2 pl. teigthi, TTebe 1316 . tegthi, Todd Lect. vi 61.3 . teidchi, Aen. 1838 . 3 pl. abs. tíagait; also tíagad (-ait, v.ll.), BDD² 223 . tiagat, PH 2119 . tíat, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.80 . conj. -tiagat, also -tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . -tiaguit, iii 70.1 . -diagait, iv 386.18 Comm. tiagait, v 152.2 . ITS xxxiv 38.3 . ? tegat (perh. to do-icc), Laws iv 206.17 (Binchy amends to archaic pres. subj. -tésat, Ériu xvii 66 § 6 ). ra-thaegat (as pret.), TBC-LL¹ 5097 . rel. tiagtha, LB 261a79 = tiagait, ACL iii 319 § 75 . Cf. in tan tíagait , LU 8136 . CCath. 1077 . pass. tiaghar, Laws i 268.12 . -tiaghar, ZCP v 498.16 . rel. tíagthar ... tiagar, BDD² 735 - 6 . tiaghdur, Laws i 266.5 . tiaghtur, 272.16 Comm.

Impf. 3 s. notheighedh, Anecd. i 43.15 . ? no thegaid (confugit), Lat. Lives 87.5 . tiagadh, Ériu v 20.10 . In rel. clauses: no théiged , LU 8931 . ni théiged , Ériu iv 124.9 . -tiagad, BDD² 154 . 3 pl. is cumma tégtis , IT i 193.24 . teigdis, Laws i 154.x Comm. -teigtis, TTebe 2306 . pass. téigthea, Ériu iv 124.10 . teigthi, KMMisc. 158.163 .

Imper. 2 s. airc, LU 5094 . aircc, ZCP vii 306.18 . airg, IT i 74.15 . airgg, TBC-I¹ 1197 . nā hērcc , ZCP iii 227.13 (heirc, v.l.). ergc, Ériu ii 222.4 . 3 s. tíat, LU 5834 . TBC-I¹ 918. 1363 . RC x 74.12 . téiged, PH 4993 . ACL iii 225.9 . na tiaga , PH 410 . ēirgidh, ACL iii 5.4 . 1 pl. tiagum, PH 3756 and passim. tīagmaini, TBC-I¹ 941 (cf. use of tiag as fut. or imper. 1 s.; tiagam, LU). 2 pl. ? aircid, Anecd. i 5.16 . airgid, TBFr. 396 . eirgid, RC xxiv 196.5 . eir[g]eid, ACL iii 225.9 . 3 pl. tiagat, IT i 75.9 . tiagaid, IT ii2 191.1 (tiasuit, v.l.). ? téighed, ZCP viii 212 § 63 . eirced, BDD² 217 (-ett, v.l.). pass. tiagar, Ériu v 28.28 . SG 373.35 . tíagair, LU 8802 . tīachar, TBC-I¹ 254 (tiagar, LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. ce bát é éc tiasur , LU 7882 . -tias, ZCP viii 110.8 , and passim. -theis (: mess), LL 148a17 . ní theis `I will not go,' MR 48.23 . -tiasur, TBC-LL¹ 5971 . 2 s. teisiu, Ériu xii 172.1 . -téis, LU 5271 . Metr. Dinds. iii 380.1 . notéis, ZCP x 47.24 . -tiasair, TBC-LL¹ 1175 . 3 s. teis, Laws ii 130.x Comm. cia theis , AFM i 408.x (in verse). -té, Ériu i 218.23 . 1 pl. -tiasum, PH 5349 . ? ratessemni, RC xxii 42 n. 13 (rot-ficbam, text). 3 pl. -tíassat, BDD² 177 . -tiagsad, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . -tēset, TBC-I¹ 164.

Subj. impf. 1 s. notēisinn, ZCP vii 307.9 . 3 s. -tesed. RC xvi 81.29 . -tēised, TBC-I¹ 595 . -tessed, Irish Texts i 11.12 . -theissed, PRIA xxx 262.16 . no tesid , Laws i 196.12 Comm. nothaesad, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . -tíasad, LU 6148 . Imr. Brain § 63 . doniasadh, O'Dav. 1501. -toised (? leg. teised), Rawl. 119a23 . 3 pl. -thíastaís, LU 8813 and passim. ? -teostaiss, ACL iii 326.9 . -tiestais, Hugh Roe 296.11 .

The following may be exx. of a pret. formed from tiag-, téit: ra theigsetar na sluaig imme da dib lethib, co torchair accu, TBC-LL¹ 4456 (tangatar, v.l.). Cf. CRR 36.13 . dobert ... beim ... do Ch. gur teig lāmh na lainne dā lethtaoibh, ZCP xiv 233.1 . Cf. taod .i. dul, do thaod uainn .i. do chuaidh uainn, O'Cl.

Fut. 1 s. ragasa, Fél.² lxxxiv.y . ragsa, TBC-I¹ 463 . TBC-LL¹ 993 . rach, LL 148a18 . regad, TBC-I¹ 509 . reghat, ACL iii 309.9 . regut, Lat. Lives 89.8 . ragatsa, LU 1493 . ragut, PH 1814 . ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . regaid-se ... regait, ZCP xiii 176.17 . -reg, ACL iii 309.18 . -rag, TBC-I¹ 1244 . BColm. 80.3 . Anecd. iii 59.4 . -rach, ZCP viii 552.11 . TTebe 3982 . 2 s. ragai, BDD² 284 . rogai, Mon. Tall. 154.2 . rage, Lat. Lives 60.9 . raga, BDD² 1428 . racha, ACL iii 222.8 . ZCP vii 306.12 . -raga, Mon. Tall. 153.z . PH 1821 . RC iii 185.7 . -rada, ZCP xiii 256.7 . -rado, 11 . 3 s. ragaid, BDD² 1248 . IT i 132.10 . PH 4673 . rachaidh, Laws i 138.10 Comm. -raga, SR 6427 . BDD² 413 . PH 6906 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . -racha, TTebe 1143 . -rachaidh, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). -rachuidh, Laws ii 76.18 Comm. rel. ragas, LU 3925 . TBC-LL¹ 792 . ragus, PH 3813 . rachas, Laws iii 228.x Comm. 1 pl. regma, ZCP iv 46.16 . Anecd. i 2.9 . ragma, BDD² 256 . ragmaine, LU 5396 . raigma, LL 122b39 . régmait, IT i 73.10 (ragmaini, v.l.). ragmait, TBC-I¹ 919 . PH 2037 . CRR 28.21 . -ragam, LU 4768. 8079 . -ragum, PH 1838 . 2 pl. ragthai, TTr. 1632 . PH 1839 . ? ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . -racthai, TTr. 1773 . 3 pl. ragait, PH 3591 . rechaid, ZCP xii 393.13 . regat, Lib. Hymn. 102.52 . regut, PH 991 . rechtait, 6401 . raghdait, TTr.² 1753 . rágdait, PH 5014 . ragdáit, FDG 383 . ragtháit, RC xxii 304 n. 13 . rachdaeid, ACL iii 237 § 31 . pass. rechtair, RC xxvi 374.1 . ragthair, BB 439a34 . rachthair, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . ragthar, LU 5711 . RC viii 154 § 5 . ragar, Todd Nenn. 88.5 . rachar, Ériu iv 17 § 3 . -raghthar, Sc.M² 19.35 . -raigther, Ériu v 240.121 .

Condit. 2 s. -raghtha-sa, BColm. 46.24 . 3 s. no reched , BB 497a21 . notragad, LU 5209 . no ragad , 8833 . ACL iii 5.29 . -ragad, SR 3132 . LU 8259 . -rachad, IT i 271.27 . doragad, CRR 24.17 . TTebe 1072 . 3 pl. noregadáis, TTr.² 1097 . noragdais, SR 4724 . -ragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7 . -rachdais, IT i 118.13 . pass. -ragtha, BDD² 426 . TTr. 1904 . cor-rachtae, RC xxi 156 § 15 . ? -rachtea, ZCP x 44.4 .

Pret. 3 s. luid, PH 6286 . RC xxiv 184.12 . MacCarthy 422.y , etc. luith, Lat. Lives 23.3 . lauid, BColm. 18.25 . lud, PH 1048 . With redundant suff. pron. luide, BDD² 1447 . luidi, ACL iii 3.15 . ludi, LU 6150 . rel. luide, SG 396.21 . luidi, SR 3143 . ludi, ZCP iii 206.3 . ludai, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . laide, IT i 139.13 = luidi, 30 . luid, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . Laws iii 532.11 . With do- (in contexts where the meaning is evidently ` went '): do luid , RC xxiv 196.13 . BCC 424.21 . ZCP x 289.11 . ? dolai, Lec. 221b4 . ? dluídh, BB 234a19 . With ro-: ra-luid, CRR 36.4 . TBC-LL¹ 3251 . 4735 . -rulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . 306.26 . -luid, RC ix 452.8 . LL 210a40 , etc. 1 pl. lodmar, RC vii 290.6 . lodomar, LU 3056 . lodamur, Lism. L. 3817 . 3 pl. lotar, PH 2162 . TBC-LL¹ 1227 , etc. lautar, ZCP viii 105.8 . lodur, x 289.11 . lodatar, TBC-LL¹ 645 . lodadar, RC xxvi 164.21 . luiditar, ZCP iii 19 § 19 . lotarset, 248.29 (lotursat, v.l.). lotsat, BDC 118.215 . With do-: dollotar, TTr.² 1679 . dolotar, Ériu iii 142.243 . tollotar, 136.32 . tulatar, 142.238 . With ro-: ra-lotar, CRR 12.12 . ? With no-: no lodadar , Ériu ii 20 § 3.

The stem luid- is also used in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. to form a regular verb with f-fut., s-pret. etc. pres. 1 pl. lodma, TBC-LL¹ 1801 (teigim, v.ll.). impf. 1 s. ra luidinn-se , Ériu i 72 § 3 . imper. 2 s. luid, MacCongl. 53.13 . fut. 1 pl. ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . pret. 1 s. do luidhes , ZCP viii 219 § 13. 3 s. luidis, SR 2929 . Rawl. 82b27 . Metr. Dinds. iii 156.15 . luidhius, MR 320.6 . 1 pl. lodsam, RC vii 302 § 201 . lodsamar, 304 § 213 . 2 pl. -lodsaid, LU 5300 = -ladsaid, TBC-I¹ 823 . -lodsaid, LU 5347 = TBC-I¹ 870 . 3 pl. luidset, IT i 41.8 . Leb. Gab.(i) 50.11 . luidsed, ZCP viii 274.11 . luighsit, BNnÉ 183.3 . luidhsiot, 292 § 8 . AFM i 94.9 . luidsiut, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.2 . lutsat, 96.12 . luidhsidar, Fianaig. 54.17 .

Perf. 1 s. docuad, BNnÉ 300.z . dochúadusa, LU 3726 . do-cūadas, Sc.M² 10.6 . rochuadhus, TTebe 1050 . -deachad, ZCP xiii 176.21 . 2 s. dochodaisiu (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. l. 6 . do-cūadais, Sc.M² 9.10 . dochuadais, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 7 . -dechais, Sc.M² 12.x (Eg.). -dechadais, PH 1547 . 3 s. dochóid, PH 2431 and passim. dochaidh, BB 56b36 . dochuaid, Ériu iii 196 § 13 and passim. rochōid, 196 § 18 . rochúaid, LU 829 . ro chuaid , LL 160a32 . -dechaid, ACL iii 304 II § 3 . -dechuidh, Laws ii 142.13 and passim. -deochaid, LU 9044 . Laws iv 300.6 . Cf. dodechaid, TTr.² 445 . dodeachaid, TTebe 348 . do deochaid , Laws iv 98.16 Comm. In these exx. the context indicates the meaning `has gone' rather than that of `has come.' 1 pl. docuamair-ni, ZCP vii 308.6 . rochuammar, RC vii 296.1 . 2 pl. -deochabair, ZCP xiii 176.10 . 3 pl. dochótár, LU 8265 . dochotar, PH 3717 . dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 4337 . rochuadar, Laws iv 192.4 Comm. rocuadur, CCath. 1995 . Cf. ro-digset, PH 928 . -dechatar, 3944 . -deachatar, CCath. 5501 . -deachadair, AU ii 182.6 . -dechsat, PH 7224 . Lat. Lives 76.8 -dechsatar, PH 2476 . pass. docoas, Ériu ii 140 § 146 . docos, Aen. 406 . Todd Nenn. 88.7 . do cós , AFM ii 672.11 . docuass, Anecd. iii 40.24 . dochuas, 66.24 . docuas, Ériu iv 104 § 51 v.l. rocúadhus, CCath. 2397 . -dechus, Ériu iv 118 § 37. -dechas, Irish Texts i 3 § 7.

Subj. corresponding to the perf. Pres. 1 s. cia ... dechar , Anecd. i 77.10 . -digusa, RC viii 150.z . -dechus, TBC-I¹ 1304 . -deochus, LU 5774 . -decharsa, TBC-I¹ 3576 . -dechor, RC xxvii 280.16 . -dechur, ZCP i 105.3 . -dech, PH 7007 . -digser, Lism. L. 3738 = -diccsiur, BNnÉ 53 § 47 . 2 s. -digis, RC viii 154.20 . -digis-[s]iu (sic leg.), PH 2327 . -digese, TTr.² 1455 . -digsiu, Three Hom. 74.y . -díchiseo, TTr.² 99 . -dechais, LL 286b19 . -dechis, Ériu iii 108 § 52 . -deachadais, Ériu xii 148.12 . -dechasu, Lat. Lives 60.8 . -deochais, Anecd. iii 29.21 . -dechair, TTebe 3985 . Aen. 796 . 3 s. -dig, YBL 318ay . TBC-LL¹ 986 . ? nosdig, Lec. 27d43 = rosdigh, 11c17 . -dech, Fen. 356.19 . Marco P. 110 . -deoch, TBC-LL¹ 879 . 1 pl. -dechsum, CRR 22.8 . 2 pl. -dechaisti, TTr. 1774 . 3 pl. -dighset, ZCP ix 139.7 . -diccsed, Laws iv 118.z Comm. -dechsat, i 106.32 Comm.

Impf. 1 s. -dechaind, TBC-LL¹ 2209 (see note). 2 s. -digthea, PH 2419 . -dechta, Lat. Lives 96.8 . 3 s. nodhighsedh, Marco P. 51 . no dhigsid , TFrag. 136.20 . no dic[h]sead , Laws iv 110.y Comm. nódechsad, TTr.² 443 . nó dheachsad , RC xxv 398 § 17 . -digsed, ii 396 § 30 . conigsed, xvi 151.11 . -digsith, Lat. Lives 47.10 . -dechsad, PH 2937 , etc. -dechad, RC xxiv 44 § 2 . -deachaid (? with ending of indic.), ZCP viii 109.1 . pass. -dechasta, Ériu iv 126.14 . 3 pl. -digsitís, PH 5408 . -dechsaitís, TTr.² 687 . -dhechdais, ZCP v 501.z . TBC-LL¹ 259 n. 2 .

C Early Modern forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. téighim, IGT Decl. ex. 702 . Content. xxi 7 . teim, ZCP vi 48.z . -tēigim, 263 § 10 . -teim, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . The old form tiag (in fut. sense) is common in FDG, e.g. 268 , 388 , 747 . 2 s. téighi, IGT Decl. ex. 653 . ML² 471 . -téighe, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . BNnÉ 32 § 45 . -teir, Luc. Fid. 291.22 . 3 s. teit, FDG 68 . Ir. Astr. Tr. 158.7 . téid, Content. xiv 12 . Keat. i 72.87 , and passim. téd, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . -teit, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.28 . -téid, Dán Dé xvi 11 . TSh. 3042 , and passim. 1 pl. tiamaid, TSh. 5286 . -téimíd, 2397 . 3 pl. tiagait, Marco P. 148 . tiaghaid, Keat. i 200.50 . téighit, Fl. Earls 180.30 . 190.19 . téidhid, Keat. i 202.20 ( téid siad, tiaghuid, MSS.). nostiad, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.13 . tiad, TD 16.36 . DDána 45.10 . This is the usual form in syll. verse, but note tiaghaid, DDána 75.23 . -thiaghaid, TSh. 4783 . -tiaid, Ó Bruad. ii 4.20 . -téid siad, TSh. 944 . pass. tiagar, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . tiachair, TD 10.19 . IGT Decl. ex. 407 . teigther, Maund. 46 . tegther, 91 . -tiagar, MR 120.17 . -tiachar, DDána 27a.2 . -tiaghair, TD 29.5 . Studies 1924, 86 § 6 . -tiachair, 1928, 268 § 18 .

In syll. verse téi-, tia- may become do-éi-, do-ia- (except tiad), and may take conjunct endings, IGT cited Aithd. D. Gloss. Cf. 3 s. da ēid , ACL iii 237 § 22 . do-éid, DDána 98.31 .

Impf. 1 s. chum a déinsi, TD 22.8 . 3 s. -teighedh, Marco P. 89 . -theidheadh, Keat. i 208.23 . 3 pl. théighdís, Aithd. D. 98.14 . do teighdis , Maund. 16 . ? -tecdis (perh. to do-icc), Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . pass. -teghth, AFM iii 346.4 . -teighthi, Stair Erc. 1749.

Imper. 2 s. eirg, DDána 68.28 . Dán Dé i 5 . éirigh, TSh. 5048 . téigh, Gen. xvi 2 . 3 s. téidheadh, Keat. i 48.65 . 2 pl. éirghidh, ii 5642 . téighidh, DDána 29.28 . pass. tiagar, ITS v 66.19 .

IGT (cited Ériu xii 228 n. 3 and Aithd. D. Gloss. ) give the following: 1 s. eirgear eargar. 2 s. eirg. 3 s. eirgeadh eargadh. 1 pl. eirgeam eargam. pass. eirgthear eargthar. But exx. are given only for 2 s. and 2 pl. (eirg, eargaidh).

Subj. pres. and impf. The s-subj. is superseded by forms of the subj. corresponding to the perf., see infra. Cf. 1 s. co dtéighedsa , SG 290.19 , 3 s. —téidhe, Dán Dé ix 15 , ní théighe , Aithd. D. 20.30 , which are formed on the indic. pres. as in spoken Ir.

Fut. 1 s. ragat, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachad, TSh. 8836 . reachat, Laud 610, 24a10 . —rach, Dán Dé ix 3 . Caithr. CC 43.34 . 2 s. racha, DDána 74.41 . racair, Laud 610, 24ay . raghair, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachaidh (sic leg.) tú, BNnÉ 275 § 254 . 3 s. raghaidh, BS 150.15 . DDána 15.13 . rachaidh, Keat. ii 5587 . DDána 7.4 . —ragha , TSh. 4456 . Content. ix 6 . —racha, TSh. 2826 . PBocht 24.20 . —rachaidh, TSh. 2363 . Donlevy ix 30 . rel. raghas, BS 6.z . rachas, Oss. iv 8.z . Dán Dé x 31 . reachbhas, Luc. Fid. 364.11 . 1 pl. radhmait, Cog. 130.z . rachmait, Marco P. 175 . rachmaid, RC xxvi 164.4 . —ragham, Dán Dé viii 7 . —racham, Content. vi 241 . 3 pl. rachaid, TSh. 4311 . pass. rachthair, DDána 43.3 . rachtar, TSh. 4464 . raghar, Dán Dé xxv 46 . Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 .

Condit. 1 s. —rachaind, ZCP vi 48.15 . 2 s. —rachthá, Desid. 4449 . do rachtha , Mac Aingil 36.13 . 3 s. no ragad , Cog. 50.9 . do rachadh , TSh. 5545 . DDána 6.15 . rachadh (rel.), Donlevy 358.23 . —raghadh, PBocht 23.37 . Desid. 3515 . —rachadh, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . TD 27.32 . —rachfadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 605 . —reachadh, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . 3 pl. do ragtais , Ann. Conn. 1235.14 = ALC i 326.21 . do rachdaois , Luc. Fid. 36.10 . TD 7 26 . —raghduis, ZCP xiii 180.9 . —rachdais, BCC 122.36 . —rachdaois, TSh. 5309 . pass. ro ragthai , Cog. 208.2 .

Pret. and perf. The past tense in Early Mod. Ir. is supplied by the perf. of O. and Mid. Ir., forms of luid— occurring only sporadically as archaisms in a few Early Mod. texts. 3 s. du luid , Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . roloduir, Stair Erc. 1223 . do lodamar , ITS iii 22.2 . 3 pl. lottar, Cog. 28.y . lodor, Keat. i 182.39 (in verse). dolotar, BCC 338.30 (in verse).

1 s. —deachodhus, Aithd. D. 10.10 . 2 s. do chuadhais , Dán Dé ix 18 . do dechadais , ZCP iv 390.9 . MR 34.4 . —deachais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1597 . 3 s. dochuaidh, Keat. ii 1587 . Aithd. D. 1.3 , and passim. dochóidh, Maund. 31 . AFM vi 2162.z . Aithd. D. 10.40 . PBocht 5.39 . docháidh, Keat. ii 1389 (in verse). Ó Bruad. i 32 . Dán Dé ix 2 . Aithd. D. 67.7 . ó chuaidh , Celt. Rev. x 142.29 . Ó Bruad. iii 134.23 . chuaidh (rel.), ITS xvii 130.416 . Donlevy 304.23 . do dechaidh , D IV 2, 40c34 . do dheachaidh , AFM iv 892.21 . Fl. Earls 144.16 . 152.3 . —dechaid, ML² 1883 . —deachaidh, DDána 32.2 , and passim. —deochaid, Ann. Conn. 1398.6 . 1 pl. do cuamar, Cog. 76.21 . 100.6 . do-chuamair, TD 8.1 . do-chámar, DDána 3.17 . do chuadhmuir-ne, ML 18.4 . —deachamair, TD 14.8 . 2 pl. do-chuabhair, TD 22a.3 . DDána 26.3 . 3 pl. do chuadar, TSh. 2447 . Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chódar, TD 26.16 . DDána 105.27 . do-chádair, 93.13 . ra chuatar, Cog. 226.27 . chuadar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.8 . do choidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.20 . dodeachatar, AFM iv 838.6 . Fl. Earls 194.15 . dechadar, O'Gr. Cat. 98.5. —deachatar, Fl. Earls 24.6 . —deachadar, Keat. ii 384 . —deochatar, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . —dechsat, BNnÉ 329 § 65 . —deachsad, TD 16.5 . Keat. i 182.26 . pass. do-chuas, DDána 52.15 . do-cuas, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . AFM v 1580.z . ro cuas , 1904.2 . ra chuas , TFrag. 14.1 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. —deachar, FDG 391. Dán Dé vi 10 . DDána 58.19 . —dighear, 38.29 . —deach mé, 26.27 . Dán Dé xxv 66 . 2 s. —dechuir, Maund. 36 . —dechair, Stair Erc. 2316 . —deachair, TSh. 10768 . 3 s. —dhech (rel.), Lism. L. 2711 . BNnÉ 18.9 . gé dheach , IGT Decl. exx. 1097 , 1235 , 1241 . Cf. madh mh'anam dheachus dochum nimhe (rechus, v.l.), BNnÉ 18.9 . —dech, IGT Decl. ex. 1014 . —deach, DDána 93.29 . Dán Dé xv 8 , and passim. —digh, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . 3 C 12, 5.13 . 1 pl. —deacham, DDána 27a.3 . 3 pl. dechuid, Stair Erc. 1951 . dá ndeachud , Desid. 43 . pass. —dighthir, Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. —deachainn, Content. xviii 92 . PBocht 1.30 . 2 s. —dechtha, ZCP vi 46.17 . Duan. F. i 64 § 46 . —deachtha, DDána 86.34 . 3 s. —digsed, D IV 2, 40c17 . 75b34 . —diccseadh, AFM vi 1896.y . —deachadh, Aithd. D. 77.29 . Content. v 41 . TSh. 3385 . O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 , and passim. —deachaidh, DDána 95.7 v.l. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 11. 1 pl. —deachmaois, TD 16.40 . 3 pl. —dechtais, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . —deachdís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1163 . —deachadaois (sic leg.), Content. xxiv 22.

Vnn. techt, dul.

MEANINGS.

Goes, proceeds . Used absolutely, with accus., and with adverbs and prepositions particularising the meaning.

I Absolute uses.

(a) proceeds, goes forward, turns out : nā rega in dál sin `that respite shall not be given,' MacCongl. 29.5 . coná d'athchlaind mar dochúaid `as it was no case of an inferior line,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.31 . maith dochuaidh críoch a bhagair `well did his bluster succeed,' TD 3.37 .

(b) goes away, departs: o dochóid in t-aingel when the angel departed, PH 3470 . téid iar sin `thereupon he departs,' Ériu xii 188.5 . airc-seo a Eochaid lat ainfiuss `be off with thy ignorance,' Ériu viii 157.1 .

(c) passes away, vanishes: madh ro bhui aige in tan do rinne in cunnradh, ocus do chuaidh fri dethbirius `if he had it (the property) when he made the contract and it passed away from him by necessity,' Laws iv 38.3 Comm. tiad na toirthe mar théid clú, DDána 45.10 . bean i ndeachaidh cuimhne a cuirp who has abandoned fleshly desires, 32.2 . do-chuaidh fá chíogh dtighearna `it was brought to an end by the Lord's breast (?),' Aithd. D. 60.1 . Hence: isind lathi luid yesterday , TBC-LL¹ 3605 (ané, v.l.). adaig cétaine dochuaid, SG 57.3 .

(d) dies (also with accus. bás, éc, see II). nach missi téite ar thuus, SR 2036 . ni theit oac and re siun a young man does not die there before an old, IT i 133.2 . do cháidh tar ceann a charad `He died for His friends,' Dán Dé xx 4 . ? Here also: gé atú ar ndol do ghorta, Duan. F. i 86.1 .

(e) Miscellaneous absolute uses. is follus issin magin sin téte aitherrechtaigthe ní ashire oldáta maicc ┐ aui `that a patronymic goes further than sons and grandsons,' Sg. 30b12 . ua dluith deinmech am docuas andsin (of a horserace), TTebe 2334 . ma direach an indus tiasda `if they run in a straight direction' (of waters), Laws iv 144.2 Comm. cēini (? sic leg.) tias fo nim as long as I walk on earth, ZCP vi 257 § 3 . dochuadar iar sin ┐ nír ansat gur ghabhsat cuan, Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chuaidh ar sealg ag síneadh continued , Aithd. D. 67.8 . cred teigi `wherefore comest thou ?,' TTebe 4332 . can lod `whence hast thou come ?,' RC xiv 406.2 . ragat-sa ... dar a cheann I will go security on his behalf, Laws v 226.14 Comm. (see under IV 9 (c) and Bürgschaft 35 ). conach cert-tiaghait lucht ind Auraiccepta `do not reach a correct conclusion,' ITS xxxiv 38.3 , `do not rightly say,' Ir. Hist. Stud. ii 331 . ? Gramm. In list of words decl. as masc. o—stems and used only in sg.: Breatnach. Boirneach ... Imleach (an feadh téid) as far as it goes, IGT Decl. 55.10 . coimdhe (decl. like fili) acht gan illrad aigi (an feadh téid, v.l.), 74 § 21.

II With accus.

(a) Of the route, etc. followed: connach rabi dóib conar dochoistís acht for Sligi M., LU 6752 . Cf. uair nachar conair fuigill don tiaghtur do gabhail na athgabala, Laws i 272.16 Comm. crich do teid uisce glaise `a district (boundary ?) through which the water of a streamlet flows,' iv 144.10 Comm. cia heret teit Adam uait, SR 1197 . ind fithis tete in peccad issí téte in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . co na bud inann sét tiastais, PH 7045 . So also of crossing seas, lakes, etc.: co luid Moisi Muir Romuir, SR 2310 . sic mór co ndechus do cois. locha Erenn, RC xviii 301.38 . mad nochtaile ... ni dicead scuithe ar a dluithe ocus ni dichet dam ar a hairde `if it be a naked fence ... the small cattle could not pass through it from its closeness ..., Laws iv 112.7 .

(b) Of the expedition, journey, etc.: ? rechmi cath n-imrind, LU 3423 . do chuadhmuir-ne cuairt chosguir, ML 18.4 . oenach indiu luid in rí, RC vii 290.1 . mairg ragas in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 792 . ar nā tesed in targraidh, RC xvi 81.29 .

(c) With bás, éc, etc. dies, perishes: na tiastais aidid ngorta, SR 3407 . tiagait báas, Wb. 11d12 . mairc dochuaid bās ar Dia, Ériu iii 196 § 13 . is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 . co ndechais gortai, LL 286b19 . cia thiasusa martri, Wb. 23c31 . cid dia tánac isin n-ármag ... co ndeochais uathbás and that you may swoon there (?) LU 4943 . See also under IV 6 (d).

(d) Various objects: luid in mug cétna chét-chol `came the slave to the first original crime,' Metr. Dinds. iii 84.16 . nicon dichet mess moga la Feine gell oir `the estimation of a slave among the Feine does not extend to a pledge of gold,' Laws v 394.5 . da n-ech ... | Gainne ocus Rea regda guis `welche Stürmischkeit erlangen werden' (?), ZCP xii 245 § 9 . a lléim dochúatár ... tarsin cathraig, LU 9129 . a nimbed són ind sloig dolega na ní tete `which destroys whatever it comes to,' Ml. 62b20 . ní na téit do menma-su | teiti menma neich aile, IT i 97.19 . in mothar sciath sin ... nad raigther techt trit no thairis that dense mass of shields, it will not be possible to get through it or by it, Ériu v 240.121 . ? ni dichet tegde doichlech, Thes. ii 292.19 . Echaid | nach dechaid traighid madma, SG 104.13 . secht trath namma teigthi tall in olden times they observed only seven canonical hours, KMMisc. 158.163 .

(e) With (neuter) infixed or suffixed pronoun (with adverbial force): connach digtith `so that ye have not so gone,' Wb. 9b19 . dachotar coirp `bodies went thus,' Ml. 38b2 . nandrigad `that he would not so go,' Thes. ii 242.6 . cate lib i mbárach fer i n-ath? téite Lárine or A., LU 6063 . The suff. pron. is frequently redundant: téiti úad, TBFr. 366 . teite Cuchulainn a dochum, RC iii 175.17 . fecht ann luidi a muime do blegon na (m)bó, Lat. Lives 47.12 . With ed, referring to a prec. or follg. clause: in leth togairmfe in coimdiu ... is ed ragum, PH 1838 . issed tete a ndíruidigthe ut bene dochum indí as fere `'tis to this that the derivative goes, as bene to fere ,' Sg. 188a13 . iss ed luide intí A. ar tús, in Moesiam, TTr.² 233 . With ón: docoid-som ón `he went that going' (notes), Ériu ii 222.4 . Cf. ráid-siu friss ar com-thé co moch imbárach sund tell him to come to me, TBC-LL¹ 1978 (techt, v.l.).

III With adverbs and adverbial phrases: connach fess ... | cid teite, SR 8116 . cia thé wherever he goes, Ériu iv 100.2 . fēch ca tēighe, ZCP xii 381.23 . é leth luidi for tochmarc thither she has gone a-wooing, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . cid dían ┐ cían nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . nī malodsaid you did not well to go, TBC-I¹ 870 . olc húar lodsai (sic leg.), IT iii 244.24 . cia lín ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . m'anim nī dig immada may my soul not go astray, Thes. ii 349.2 . lom luidh lom tuilith, O'Gr. Cat. 91.2. ó do-coíset rindi im-masech `nachdem die [Speer-]spitzen aneinander vorbeigeflogen sind,' ZCP xi 84 § 32 . ni téit an faosam amach 'na deaghaidh `the exemption (afforded by a living person) does not follow (the distress) out,' Laws i 102.4 . cosmhuil go ragha sé saor it is likely that it will go unpunished, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 13 . ó nach rach i bhfad to make a long story short (?), DDána 91.10 . gealladh dol síos ar ar son may she promise to plead for us (?), 21.20 . mairg ag a ndeachaidh sé síos | cíos Dé `is in arrear,' Dán Dé xxvii 21 . do-chuaidh síos ... | an uaill has abated, Aithd. D. 7.18 .

Frequ. with foll. clause introduced by co n- and expressing purpose: tiagsa con tall a chenn dind aithiuch `I will go to take his head off,' Ml. 58c6 . tiagsa conda tucsa, TBFr. 309 . ragaid dia nom-fóemuid ar th'eniuch `come and yield to me,' RC iii 346.31 . Also with consec. clause: lotar co rancatar co airm i mboí F., LU 3350.

IV With prepositions and prepositional phrases (see also under the various prepp.).

1 With ar and for.

(a) goes upon, sets out on, etc.: ni far cuairt parche docoid, Wb. 21a12 . in slánicid ... corop slán ani forsa te `the salve ... that whole may be that whereon it goes,' Thes. ii 249.9 . do teighdis fein ara ngluinib 'na ḟiadnaisi `fell on their knees,' Maund. 16.

(b) Of sexual union: ech uisci ... do chuaidh ar inghin in t-sacairt `copulavit cum,' O'Don. Suppl. s.v. míol. ní dechaidh Bran ar choin riemh `B. never mated with a hound,' Duan. F. i 40.5 .

(c) resorts to, indulges in, becomes subject to: lautar forsna harmu, ZCP viii 105.8 . ? slógh Liag ina laeidhengaib | do lón tiad ar tháballaib, IGT Decl. ex. 374 . ní théighim air rún I keep it not secret, ITS iii 276.1 (1st. ed.). amuil do coisead for nadm ann ┐ ratha `as if upon securities and guarantees,' Laws iv 100.9 Comm. focul for braich lis riasiu do cae for descthu `before it is put to ferment,' ii 242.13 . cia deach in flaith for doma de `becomes indigent,' v 266.14 Comm. na digsitís ar dermat ... úad (of Cú Chulainn's clesa), TBC-LL¹ 2123 . si-se ag dul ar doimheanmain becoming dejected, DDána 37.12 .

(d) is inflicted upon, comes upon (of misfortunes, etc.); is given to: in dígal dochoid for diabul, Wb. 28b30 . in mess ... is hé rigas forru, Thes. ii 1.14 . anfīr docōid form, ZCP vii 307.4 . ni raga urcra forro `no decay comes upon them,' RC vi 183.8 . re a ndeachaidh oruinn d'iomráth `because of all the gossip that has been made about me,' TD 30.6 . na naoi cconnsuine ar a ttéid séimhiughadh the nine consonants subject to lenition, IGT Introd. 1.y . rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád forru before they enter holy orders, Wb. 29a28 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `for no `foessam' is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe,' Laws iv 206.17 . lóg a enech ... t.¤ fora naidm he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, Críth G. 128 . See Bürgschaft §§ 75 - 6 , 72 . céad urdail ... | rachaidh orthoibh `a hundred times as much ... will be given for them,' TD 31.15 . ní ragha m'umhla ar th-aiceacht `my deference shall not be given to your teaching,' Content. ix 6 . dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co Ailill `it lies upon my honour,' ZCP iv 44.29 . feib do chuaid fair `as he was requested' (?), ML 154.6 . dá ndeach tir ar fhuil na n-Iarladh is buried (?), Aithd. D. 38.13 . ? dá ndeach tir ar thruime ar gcean, Dán Dé xv 8 . Legal, t.¤ x for y y becomes liable for x: is tobach aile teit forra `there is a levying of two days upon them,' Laws i 146.18 Comm. cia forsa ragha in cinsa? who shall become liable for this offence? Nero A vii, 141a ( O'D. 2203 ). cest, cid tēite for fornaidm cāich? ... miach for breithemain what is due? ZCP xiii 24.4 .

(e) attacks, overcomes: ni tiaguit flaithe for eagluis `come against,' Laws iii 70.1 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5642 . docúas iarsin ar in side, IT i 130.8 . ni dechaid coll cána ar goil the breaking of the law did not get the better of valour (?), ACL iii 304 II § 3 . Similarly: ni fetatar cindas noregadáis ara marbad `how they should go in order to slay him,' TTr.² 1097 . nech marbus duine hi cath ... bliadain col-leith ... acht ni te for ind guin ó rumaid riam `a year and a half (of penance), provided he does not pursue the slaughter after the fight is won,' Ériu vii 166.24 . ? dá ndeachud oraind seacha so if they attack me in spite of this (?), Desid. 43 . Impers.: cia beith a lin na n-oged ni dechas for losait doib however numerous the guests, the kneading losset never failed (to supply) them, Irish Texts i 3 § 7 . dochuaid ar mo luth my vigour is exhausted, Ériu viii 172.9 . oram rachaidh a rádha `will it be impossible for me to say,' PBocht 12.10 .

(f) Impers. t.¤ oc x for (ar) y x prevails over y: téid ag óigh ar a hoidhre `the Virgin prevails over her son,' Studies 1939, 99 § 11 . dochuaidh aca ar in mbaile, AFM vi 2174.19 . Also with la: fa chaislen Sligidh ┐ do cuas fair leis, AU ii 424.21 .

(g) changes into, is exchanged for, becomes: do chonách ... | téid ... ar dobrón, Aithd. D. 79.14 . do chuaidh a neimh ar neamhghrúig, PBocht 21.32 .

(h) t.¤ x do y ar z x inspires, causes, gives rise to z in y: crú an chígh fa lár do leigeadh | téid dó ar dhéanamh foighidean `calls forth His patience,' Aithd. D. 59.12 . ni ar thime ná ar tlás dochúaidh sin dó, AFM iii 518.8 . Cf. téid mar uaisle dḟine Chuinn it is a proof of nobility in the family of C., Content. ix 2.

(i) Various: ní bar torad precepte nach aili tíagussa `it is not the fruit of any other's teaching I appropriate (?),' Wb. 17b18 (see, however, Hermathena xxii (1932) 272 - 3 ). Cf. 17b20 . docoised ferchend fora beolu a man's head would have fitted between his lips, LU 5919 . do deochaidh tra iarum for aithgin neich bronnair ann `yet it afterwards was exchanged for restoration of the thing which was damaged,' Laws iv 98.16 Comm. raghaidh an taen for an aen `the one will go to the other' (of things which attract each other, e.g. woman and honey, child and milk, etc.), Leb. Gab.(i) 46.22 . ? gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh | ... | 's ní rach choidhche ar mo chomaoin, L. Cl. A. B. 229.104 .

(j) With prepositional and adverbial phrases (see also under cel, cend, cúl, etc.). t.¤ ar (for) cend goes towards, for, etc. luid ... | Dáuid ar cinn ind fir sin, SR 5861 . conndecharsa for a chind, TBC-LL¹ p. 864 . luidh int escop ciuin ar ceal passed away, AU i 596.y . co ndechatar ... for comairce a crochi sought the protection of, PH 3944 . luid in grian fora culu went back, Ml. 16c10 . do luid for iarraid usce `went to look for water,' RC xxiv 198.9 . airg-siu for a imgabāil, KMMisc. 208.15 . dia luid D. for longais re saul went into exile from S., Ml. 55c1 . dochuatar for nefní came to nought, vanished, PH 4261 . go ndeachadh an eagluis ar seachran would go astray, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . tiagat for teiched, Ml. 54b12 .

2 With ass.

(a) goes out of, leaves: lotar asin chathraig, TTr.² 18 . ragáet in mac. raluid a h-altaib `er ist aus den Fugen gegangen,' TBC-LL¹ 4735 = coṅdechaid a altaib dó, TBC-I¹ 2995 . docoid som a foraithmiut dae `he passed out of God's remembrance,' Ml. 32d10 . ri dochoid ... | asa doenacht 'na déacht, SR 7757 . as an ré dochuaidh caitheamh (sic leg.) time has dwindled, Dán Dé xxv 5 . gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh that he shall not relinquish his love for me, L. Cl. A. B. 229.101 . ó chuaidh a lúith ┐ a lámhach ... as, Celt. Rev. x 142.29 .

(b) With 3 s. neut. t.¤ ass.

(i) departs: luid as for leith, SR 3023 . tíagam ass, TBFr. 194.

(ii) escapes: co ndeachaidh ass a cóir n-éludha, RC xvii 347.24 . nach téid aonduine as ó bhuille an chloidhimh, TSh. 7818.

(iii) elapses (of time), passes away, vanishes: co ṅdechsad as in sapoit, PH 3692 . ni dechaid an snechta-sin as co tanic Notlaic mor, Ann. Conn. 1245.10 . nā dech as da chlú doráith, ZCP vii 298.13 .

(iv) dies: dín ló dochúaid C. ass, RC xx 12 § 20. an fear red thaobh mar théid as, Dán Dé xxv 11 . a ndeachaidh as 's a bhfuilimíd beo, Hackett xxiv 3.

(c) Gramm. `cia ra sir' is cóir ... óir ní théid `s' eiste féin for `s' is not mutated (i.e. eclipsed after m.sg. infix.), Éigse ii 118.68 . ní théid Sealbhadh `r' eiste féin, 80 . Cf. ní théid Sealbhadh oibrighthe uathaidh faisnéise i `m' amach does not mutate `m' (?), 117.14 . Cf. IGT Introd. 12.25 - 6 .

3 With cen (gan).

téid gan déanamh is left undone, Content. xiv 12 . má théid énrand gan tuigse | dom dhánsa ó dhuine ar domhan `if one stanza ... passes the understanding of anyone,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . nī dechaid duine ... gan guin ... ō Eōgan, ML² 1883.

4 With co, dochum.

(a) goes to, towards: isin deseircc et spirut rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . on techtairiu dochoid cuccusom, 14d30 . tíagair chuccu do fhis scél dús cid ro chaínset, TBFr. 260 . faillsigter sin do F. ... ┐ luidh gusan aes dana na tistais cuigi `sent a message,' Lism. L. 3024 . gach aon dīp gabhuss spirut genmnaighechta do láimh is chuca téighit `she joins these' (a religious community), Fl. Earls 180.30 . tiagait ho firinni inna stoir dochom inna toimten togaitach, Ml. 14a5 . lotar ... co rrici in topor, LU 5369.

(b) Of marriage, sexual union: intí immurgu téte a dochumsi `those who visit her' (a harlot), Wb. 9d5 . amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili, Ml. 125a2 . ni pa ferr in rí cosa ragthar one could be married to no better king, RC viii 154 § 5 . cid cossin n-echaire théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . téigh a steach chum minnilte, Gen. xvi 2.

(c) Various: racha dochum n-ēcca ind thou wilt die therein, ZCP vii 306.12 . dá ndeach do chóir go lá an luain `if thy justice be put off till Monday,' Aithd. D. 84.26 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn its equivalent has gone to us, Dán Dé xviii 22 . gur ob é an Philpin téd go Burcacuib that he is the P. who is traced back to the Burkes, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . ga tteim do chum leanamhnuibh that I am resorting to syllogisms, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . ? ní théit beo don tsluagh ... | acht aen laech luidhius go h-ois `who went frantic,' MR 320.6 .

5 With de.

(a) departs from, leaves, abandons: notheged dia chonair cid míli cheimmend nobeth in chross would go aside from his road, Lat. Lives 16.11 . muna deachar dhí | ... | ród na déirce if I do not stray from it, Dán Dé vi 10 . ciamad isin dara cét lá ... do deachasum ... de `that he was warned off (the land),' Laws iv 136.4 Comm. ? nocha rachaidh ferann dib a rudhradh da cheile, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). oc fir dia ndich dag-airliud .i. oca mbí degbriathar, TBC-I¹ 1696 . ragaid ... do nirt for nert will go from strength to strength, PH 4673 . an lucht théid don chreideamh cháir who abandon the true faith, Content. xvi 17 . o rachas di `when it goes off her' (of a fit), Laws iii 228.x Comm. dá ndeachadh mh'aire dh'Eoghan should I become forgetful of E., DDána 65.3 . do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of having an engagement, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 . téid a bhláth dhe efflorebit, TSh. 3799.

(b) outstrips: luid díb, feib digsed in gaeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 250.115 . Cf. dá gach mnaoi ... do-chuaidh surpassed , Aithd. D. 1.3 . ar chlú dhíot ní dheachaidh sluagh, ib. note (Magauran MS).

(c) escapes from: indar lem nocha raghthar de you will not escape, Sc.M² 19.35 . ? conná térna ass acht a n-dechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, IT i 76.9 . fear fiadhaigh dar dhocra dul, DDána 59.6 .

(d) t.¤ x de y x fails y, y fails to accomplish x: do leith féin dá ndeachadh dhíom `didst thou fail me of thine own part,' TD 22a.14 . gach raon eile da ndeach díom `if every other road were impossible,' Aithd. D. 84.30 . go ndeachaidh de féin a fhios do bheith aige ..., Eochairsg. 65.15 . With gan: do chuaidh díomsa gan bheith bocht, Dánta Gr. 88.17 . do chuaidh de Chailbhin gan a fhios do bheith aige cionnus ..., Eochairsg. 65.19 . Impers. t.¤ de x x fails: dá ndigh díbhsi, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . tēid do c[h]umhra f[h]rēime an rīogh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 11 . go racha do ghlóir Gaoidheal that the glory of the Gaedhil will diminish, DDána 85.23 .

(e) Various: cid docuaidh do[t] tairisi-siu re Tuirn o cein `what has become of?,' Aen. 1651 . ra luidin[n]—se de marcaib `I used to ride on steeds,' Ériu i 72 § 3 . téid do nimh t'othair ... | gur mhothaigh the result is, Aithd. D. 84.28 .

(f) With prepositional phrases: in tan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away,' Ml. 21c3 . dinnis do go rabhadar na guirt ag dul deasbuidh a mbuana that the fields were in need of cutting (were perishing for want of cutting?), ITS xvi 118.30 .

6 With do.

(a) goes to, towards: fo béesad fir téte do chath, Wb. 9a3 . cia loc sainriud dia regtais, Ml. 99b10 . lotar dó they went thither, Sc.M² 22.16 . luid dó, a Mic Conglinne `go to,' MacCongl. 53.13 . lotar ... na echlacha dó `gingen die läufer hin,' TBC-LL¹ 98 . do chuaidh ar bhfear dúasach dhó `is gone thither' =has died (?), Éigse iii 168 § 9 . dial-lathreib cona ragad so that he might not take their place (?) (i.e. Joseph), SR 3132 . raigma do lathiu lanbratha, LL 122b39 .

(b) With vn. constr. expressing purpose goes to, goes for the purpose of: ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come,' Wb. 18d6 . mug luide hua abracham do thochmurc rebicae do ísác, Ml. 127d3 . tíagam día accallaim, LU 3380 . ní rach dá laoidheadh, PBocht 11a .8.

(c) Similarly with other nouns implying action: hóre déte do chorp crist indigne `when one goes to Christ's Body indigne ,' Wb. 11d7 . regait fir Hérenn do brāth, Thes. ii 319.2 . cethri tucaite ara tiaghar do chrois four reasons why men visit crosses, ZCP v 498.16 . rachtar dá bhfios visitabuntur, TSh. 4464.

(d) t.¤ d'éc dies: in dara fer tēite d'ēcc, ZCP vii 307.13 . nó go ndeachaidh d'éag, Ériu i 99.z .

(e) applies to: is do tiagait ind rétai sin huili dont lathur diaisndísiu `to this apply all those things,' Wb. 5c16 . is do gnimaib amal sodin téit a uideri , Ml. 3a4 . combad donaib huilib doinib notésed, 54a21 . is inunn dia teit lesom an ioseph ┐ an effraim `apply to the same thing,' 100b9 . robad dund sasad diant ainm panis tantum noregad, 118b6 . ? To this: in biait is inmain adrad | cein-mair anmain dia ndichet `heil der Seele, auf die er sich bezieht,' KMMisc. 212.13 .

(f) is given to: cid biad no ragad día n-echaib, LU 8833 . is taisce ragus in apdaine d'fine ... ina do deoruigh, Laws iii 78.10 Comm. ragaid do breth bu-déin duid thou shalt have whatever thou choosest, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . do chloinn do-chóidh a n-aire they paid attention to, DDána 27a.10 . is d'ollamhain ... | téid a ghuala an ollam has the right to sit by the king's side, Aithd. D. 32.4 . Cf. luid in chumal sin du forlóg ochtir achid `that `cumal' went to the additional price of O.A.,' Thes. ii 240.2 . Hence téit x do y y succeeds in doing x: a bhuain díot dá ndeachadh dhuit if you succeeded in taking it off, DDána 102.26 . fear dá ndeachaidh cuma an chosgair `man who could contrive victory,' TD 34.14 .

(g) fares with, turns out for: maith do chuaidh do bhán-fhonn Breagh | S. an uair do hoirdneadh `well for the fair land of B.,' Content. xxx 14 . curub olc do chuaidh dó gan comairli C.C. do gabáil, BCC 380.39 . fech cionnus téit a chomhairled dontí dobeir duit hi see how the advice works with the person who gives it to you, Ériu v 128 § 26.

(h) suits, becomes: amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . bíd cuid do na coimplexuibh da dtéid an samhradh go maith, 23 K 42, 27.14 .

(i) Various: don turus dia ndechaid, LU 9042 . trít chride dochuatar dait, co nderna chrois díb (of spears), TBC-LL¹ 4337 . ? méraidh am chroidhe a chleath Bhreagh | eabh in oighi gé dheach dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1241 . do cuaidh C. di ar ai betha na haidhci sin (of a path), Stair Erc. 1749 . docuaidh in dochar sin don rígh co mór that wrong hurt the king greatly, Expugn. Hib. 63 . ní théid duit-se fa dheireadh | do chisde dar cruinnigheadh `ní fhoghnann sé dhuit,' DDána 53.4 . gach cáil 'na ndeachamair duit `every quality in which I served thee,' TD 14.8 . t.¤ do láim goes to communion: do aes na tet do laim riam `that go not before to Communion,' Thes. ii 255.12 . co ndechaddar do laim, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . ? is mithigh i n-anmain Dé do tháed do láim (seems used here of ordinary eating), Ériu i 44.25 . docúaidh doráith leo a mharbadh `they resolved,' BNnÉ 41.36 . docoidh doraith occo, CCath. 3256.

7 With eter.

Goes between; comes to pass between (of quarrels, reconciliations, etc.): dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab, TBC-I¹ 894 . ? légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra, LU 829 (ACC). air chlaontaibh ... noch a rachadh eadruinn ┐ Dia which would come between us and God, Donlevy 358.23 . teid cirgala ┐ imserga etarro, RC xxiv 174.z . ní rachadh ... réidhteach eadrainne agus sibhsi no reconciliation would have taken place between us, Maguires of F. 52.15 . is e ordughadh dochuaidh eatorra `the arrangement made between them,' Keat. ii 1587.

8 With fo.

(a) goes under: croicend muici Dūisi, | cech oen fō tēged thaebh every one under whose body it went, ZCP xii 244.16 . suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat under which a chariot can go, O'Mulc. 759 . ionnas nach rachadh ... faoi lár be lost , Donlevy xv 11.

(b) undergoes, submits to: in tain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . luid fo recht `underwent the Law,' Fél. Jan. 1 . ar na tiagsad fo graid nepscuip, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, PH 5684.

(c) dies by (the sword) : tiagamm fo chlaideb, SR 3628 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem, MacCarthy 284.1 . tri bliadhna d 'O Neill nertmoir, | in-Ath-cliath luidh fo lannaibh, 422.y (sic leg. with BB 50b29 ).

(d) goes towards, throughout: sic ducuaid inducbal cruche crist fun domun spread throughout the world, Ml. 65c9 . do cuas leis fo crich Sheóach, AFM v 1580.z . téid fo'n gcath arís, ITS i 96.9 .

(e) attacks, assails: cethra foa tiagat coin alltai `whom wolves attack,' Ériu ii 210.2 . sgéala do chuaidh fam chridhe, Aithd. D. 14.12 . dochuaid h. Dubda fuithib, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

(f) Various: do-chóidh ré na feirge faoi set , Aithd. D. 95.22 . berbtar cerc ... co ndeachad a trian fó bruith `until it boil down to one third,' O'Gr. Cat. 197.17. téid 'n-a haonar fat éaruic `she undertakes herself to pay thy ` éiric ,' Aithd. D. 68.16 . téighim gan chleith dhaoibh nó dhamh | fa a bheith i laoidh nó i leabhar I guarantee that they are all in lay or book (?), Content. xxi 7 . a tigerna, teim fēin fod' grāsaibh, ZCP vi 48.37 . ? do-chuaid fa a chró a ferg d'fulang | dulann dó a celg ar Conall, Irish Texts ii 17 § 9 . nocha teigim fo guth cluic I go not at the sound of the bell, ZCP vi 263 § 10.

9 With fri.

(a) goes towards, against; opposes: mani dichset mna ernochta fris, LU 5193 . cet cia theis fri baigh | Aedha he is permitted to contend with A. (?), AFM i 408.x . co ndech comla fri haieór till the firmament be enclosed by a door, ZCP viii 111.15 . luibh shídh do-cháidh rer gcneadhaibh, Aithd. D. 67.7 . ní thēiss hi forgull fri nech, ACL iii 312 § 6 . tíat Lugaid fris let L. go to meet him (? about that matter, see under (e)), TBC-I¹ 1363.

(b) devotes oneself to, adopts, takes a certain course: docotar iterum fri tola in betho they have given themselves over again to worldly desires, Wb. 29a8 . conn-dechaid re filidecht took up poetry, RC v 201 § 17 . dochuaid re marttra dar cend C., PH 659 . Of Christ submitting to the Cross: rí dochoid fri crann crucha, SR 7753 . With menmae: ar is res do cuaidh meanma an ughduir cumadh mó ... it was this the author had in mind, Laws ii 42.3 Comm. `according to the intention of the author,' iv 10.27 Comm. dochúaid a menma fris ┐ rotholtnaigestar dí in gilla rochalma, TTr.² 472 . ní th-ari-siu téit ria it is no business of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . Cf. a-rís ní rach le bronnadh `never again shall I be engaged in gift-giving,' Aithd. D. 39.40 .

(c) guarantees, goes surety for (see also under I (e) and Bürgschaft 35 ): o testaib coraib cengur do gnim frisi tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . coir cin co ica acht cert aithgin ris i ndeachaidh `but the proper compensation for what he guaranteed,' iv 260.15 Comm. in ti ris-i ndechaidh lamh `for whom he has gone security,' v 226.27 Comm. Cf. in fer ris i ndechaid taib `in whose behalf he interfered,' iii 238.16 .

(d) takes after, resembles: gibe don da fhior re a ttéd (of a child), MS. Mat. 581.18 . is re dolb-gnimaib ... D. do chuadar do chert-chlesa took after, MR 294.17 .

(e) Various: rofhiarfacht doib ... cid ní risi ndechadar on what business they had come, TTebe 4757 . cia doragad risin techtairecht sain, CRR 24.17 . mar go ndeachaidh Solamh ré seachrán, TSh. 3507 . téid re hoighreadh dath do dhearc is as handsome as (?), DDána 106.31 .

10 With i n—.

(a) goes into, enters: is euseph duchoid in egipt, Ml. 84c9 . ara tesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that `b' should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís, Thes. ii 39.25 . Samér (a river) téite a llochaib Éirne i mmuir, Trip.² 2952 . iss ann téit in cach n-oenrind (of the sun), SR 232 . co ndechatár secht ferchubat di senamain in tige i talmain, LU 8377 . na téged in rí féin isin cath, ZCP viii 317.19 . in la no ragad i coblach ` embarked ,' Cog. 50.9 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 800.

(b) penetrates, invades, attacks: cindas tíagar ina n-inni de? `how is their meaning arrived at?,' Hib. Min. 297 . a bás do chuaidh 'n-a chridhe, PBocht 14.23 . do cuadar siat a tiagernus Ser Gido they invaded the lordship of Sir Guy, Fier. 237 . do chuadur Clann Domhnaill ionta líon a slōigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.12 .

(c) goes into (of numbers, etc.), fits into: da deich ... | tiagait hisin certfichit, SR 746 . adrolaic a beólu co ndechsad óen na rigthige inna croes, LU 9104 . lestar bec, ┐ da lan dec uidi circi isedh teit ind, Laws i 106.24 Comm.

(d) goes to, sets about, resorts to, indulges in (of actions and states of being): na téit i llánamnas (non adducat praeputium), Wb. 10a15 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, Ml. 62d1 . luid in ailithri, 74b5 . co ndechuith in crucem, Wb. 22b11 . dochōtar Ulaid ina nōendnin, TBC-I¹ 874 . na cuic seoit tet a lobad di `that are forfeited,' Laws i 272.3 Comm. ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar, Aithd. D. 11.33 . moch do chúaidh grian ina gáibh the sun has resorted early to his rays, L. Cl. A. B. 234.88 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha `enter not into securities for peace,' TD 15.45 . Note also: ragmait-ni 'n-a fhurtacht-sum, CRR 28.21 . teigdis Ulaid ina fuigill `submitted to his adjudication,' Laws i 154.x Comm.

(e) becomes (with abstr. noun denoting the quality expressed by adj. in Engl.); results in: o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in athardacht o'n aingel he took after the angel (?), PH 7434 . téid dealbh a aighthe i n-óige, DDána 67.10 Hence in idiom: t.¤ x i y do z x results in y for z: do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B. 20.11 . do chóidh an bás sin Mhéguidhir i n-utmaille menman d Ua N., AFM vi 2162.z . Cf. do-chuadar na créatúire se i n-anumhla don duine, TSh. 2447 . With prepp. other than do in various shades of meaning: ag dol a nédánacht air `becoming afraid of him,' Rel. Celt. ii 190.4 . ionnus go dtéid i gcogadh ┐ i gcorraighe ar an gcoguas, TSh. 3042 . do chuaidh Diarmuid, mo thruaighe | fúinne i bhfuaire D., alas, has grown cool towards me, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 5 . decla go rachdais a ndimus ass lest they should become proud from it, BCC 122.36 . do chuaid an tigernus a coinntinn etir Ruaidri ... ┐ Donnchad, L. Chl. S. 56.27 .

(f) Gramm. ends in (of words): ciasu in —is teit `though it ends in —is,' Ml. 67d24 . ní bbá in —anus regaid, Sg. 36b1 . airdiden ind ainmedo téte in —a, 92a2 . uand ainsid téte in —em, 129a1 . cuig coitchind tiaghaid i n-es, Abbott-Gwynn 55.18 .

(g) Gramm. amalgamates with, is assimilated to (of sounds): tíad dá .s. na chéile a ccomhfhocal (glas ┐ smior, glaismior sin), IGT Introd. 12.16 . greim comhfhocuil ... téid san bfocal theagmhus na dhiaigh amalgamates with the following word (of prefixes), 25.9 . Note also: óir i `m' théid Sealbhadh `b' ar Sealbhadh uathaidh fheirinnsgne (e.g. cia ra mbuail) `b' is eclipsed, Éigse ii 118.58 . cáit a tteid caolughadh a nguthaidheadh leathan when is a broad vowel attenuated, IGT Introd. 1.12 .

(h) Various: ? dia dia do[r]rogus ré tias in[n]a gnuis `before I go into His presence,' RC xx 148.6 (ACC). dochúaid ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib ┐ ina [n]derritib `he went into their sweet secrets and talks together (of Ulysses trying to prove his identity to Penelope), Mer. Uil. 270 . do chúaidh fúibh san mhuir do mhíne | go bhfuil súil na ríghe riot the sea has become so calm on thy account, L. Cl. A. B. 241.115 . Legal: teit turrtughadh la fogail ann `compensation for damage shall be for it,' Laws i 98.y Comm. ná[d] té(i)t tír ... ind it is not paid in land, Críth G. 364 . coir no deisidhe cia no dechsa[t ?] a cinta ... isin tellach is neso that the nearest hearth should become answerable for his crimes, Laws iv 248.22 Comm.

(i) With prepositional phrases (see also under 1 cenn, 2 dál, dead, etc.); ná digis t'aenur | i cend ríg Temra, SG 365.10 . is se in [fogelt] teit na cenn miach `the feeding which shall accumulate upon him,' Laws i 110.6 Comm. cion Éabha ... | doirb téarnamh ó théid 'n-a cheann `escape from it is hard when others are added to it,' Dán Dé iii 16 . ar co tíasad na coinni, LU 6148 . ara tesed inda commaitecht, Mon. Tall. 159.19 . manip ámlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta, PH 5349 . ducoid cách huainn a leth for assreud `each of us went apart in dispersal,' Ml. 63c19 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg | a leith a grásd do cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . admuinemmar .i. tiagmait ina munigin, Thes. ii 322.20 .

11 With iar.

in fer no-thēged iarsint shligi who went along the road, Sc.M² 2.2 . cruth iarsa luid a chompert-som how his conception came to pass, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ).

12 With imm.

cech toisc imma téig `every business about which you go,' KMMisc. 260 § 5.

13 With la.

(a) goes with, accompanies: cona muntir dochoid less, Wb. 14a19 . tiagait ... | la Demun they are given over to the Devil, SR 8351 . Grainde luid lat a Lughaidh `G. eloped with thee,' Laws iii 532.11 . fear ... tete la haes nescairde .i. bhis for fosiubhal imaille ris in lucht na bi isin cairde, H 3.18, 262a ( O'Curry 522 ). go dtéidhe an t-anam araon | le chéile is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . ro gabudh da nathraigh ... lé, ┐ docuaidh leo co hincleith `brought them,' Stair Erc. 101.

(b) is let go (unpunished) with: ní racha libh ar labhrais `thy words shall not go unpunished,' Content. xxii 1 . dá ndeach sé liom rem lá | atá im chionn a Dhé fá dhó (even) if it be remitted to me during my life it awaits me doubly (hereafter), Dán Dé ix 17 . ní leó docuaidh gan dighail, Stair Erc. 2191.

(c) t.¤ la x x succeeds: in tan d'fearsabair riu gleo | ní deachaidh leo co buadach, SG 37.10 . nocha dechaidh ret' athair ... a com-éirghe do com Cuinn `thy father did not succeed when he rose against C.', Duan. F. i 4 § 7 . ba doigh lais na rachadh leis tar forsmacht in aird-ri, BNnÉ 322 § 28.

(d) pleases: a dtéid liom `a dtaithneann liom,' DDána 30.6 . téid linn gach ar luaidheamair, Aithd. D. 20.30 .

See also under 9 (b).

14 With ó.

(a) goes from, departs from: ni dechuid huaim, Ml. 54d7 . cia nutiastais huaim, 117d3 . dochuaid a anim o churp | Adaim, SR 2101 . airgg ūaim (sic leg.) be off ! TBC-I¹ 1197 . ni teiged bem i ndilsi na i ndilmaine uad, TTebe 2527 . ó rechaid óm comairle if they depart from my counsels, ZCP xii 393.13 . a mhatal donn ag dul ón chlár `a dark coif (?) drawn back from the brow,' PBocht 2.7 . do-chódarsan ó chloinn Néill `parted from' (in genealogy), TD 26.16 . téid an sionnach suas ó ṡoin `the fox goes back beyond that' (in time), Content. xi 8.

(b) is sent (on an errand) by: luid techt con-ascadaib húad, SR 3053 . ce dig neach uaithib do Roim, YBL 318ay. tíat aenfer uainn, RC x 74.12 . tiagat techta uainn co h-Ailech, SG 373.35 . More frequ. in pass.: tiagar huáin dochum hirusalem dus cid forchomnacuir indi, Ml. 16c5 . ced leth ragthar úaib ... do chuingid ind fir, LU 5711.

(c) outstrips: leomuin ... ō nach teighedh fiaidh for bith, Marco P. 89 . muc ... rachas uait féin, Oss. vi 134.y .

(d) escapes from: co ndeachaidh ré néllaibh uretroma æieoir uatha, BS 124.15 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse; | saor do-chuas ón chéadfaidh-se, DDána 52.15 . a n-imshníomh do-chóid ó cheilt can no longer be concealed, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 5.

(e) gives up, forsakes: eirg ód bheith mar do bhábhar, Timth. 1917, 61 § 5 . do-chuaidh mé óm fhéagain d'fhior `I have forsaken the glances of men,' TD 1.26 . Cf. úachaid rachadh ó chlainn `an old maid who would be childless,' ITS xvii 165.1070 .

(f) t.¤ x ó y y is deprived of, loses x: téiged uain failte na ceol, PH 4993 . rachaidh a ferand o fine `his land shall pass from the family,' Laws i 138.10 Comm. ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midboth(a), Críth G. 70 . flaitheas Dé dá ndeachadh uainn if I failed to get, Aithd. D. 77.29 . má do chóidh uaim | go holc ... | gach ní ... dá bhfuaramar `if culpably spent,' PBocht 6.11 .

15 With ós.

téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh `I advance to defend it,' Content. xxi 12 . tú an aonchnú do-chóidh ós choill which has surpassed the whole wood, TD 27.27 . dorachad os fhorbha righ in betha, Marco P. 142.

16 With re.

(a) goes before, precedes: co ndechummar for teiched remib, Ml. 63c14 . tiad gnuisi giolladh ndorrdha | reimhe, Studies 1919, 257 § 16 . sul deachad raibhthi romhainn, Ériu ix 163 § 3 . ar na daoinibh ... do-chuaidh romhainn, TSh. 608 . ní théid mo sheise ríogh róm `ní théid sé dom chosaint,' DDána 121.28 . ? ní a gcruth go rachadh romhaibh | tug an feadh nach fuarobhair | do fhreagra `it was not fear lest their power might yield to yours (?),' Content. ix 27.

(b) With personal form of prep. referring to subject of vb. goes on, fares forward: lotar ... rompo, LU 8864 . luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward,' RC xxiv 184.12 .

17 With sech.

(a) goes past, passes: ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, Thes. ii 12.33 . slige dano, doscuet carpa(i)t sech alaile a road, on which one chariot can pass another, Corm. Y 1082 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu till after the Sabbath, PH 2937 . ma thēsi sech rīga, ZCP xi 80.16 .

(b) Various: téid beatha as sáimhe seocha he misses a pleasanter life, Dán Dé vii 3 . a ndul seacha their neglect of it (?), DDána 81.13 . do-chuadar so uile seocha transierunt haec omnia, TSh. 946.

18 With tar.

(a) goes over, across, past: cona tiagat tara cricha corai, Ml. 51d3 . ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.26 . ma (sic leg.) téis immurgu tar domnuch if however it pass the Sunday, Mon. Tall. 137.14 . ba samalta co rachad long ... dar a chraes, IT i 271.27 . chum na gcoirthe chuaidh thort do dhíoghailt past sins, Donlevy 304.23 .

(b) overcomes, overwhelms: da ndeachas dar Dun F. `when Dún F. was overwhelmed,' Ériu xii 192.8 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott tar catt, TBC-I¹ 2680.

(c) exceeds, surpasses: ní thét a ccu dar cona, LU 3570 . ni teit indlighedh n-athgabala tar cuic bu `does not exceed,' Laws i 92.14 Comm. docúaidh, a Bruin, gan bara | mo c[h]ara tar do charaid, ZCP viii 225 § 1 . gach ainm iollraidh rachus siolla tar an ainm uathaidh every plural noun which exceeds the singular by a syllable, IGT Introd. 21.z .

(d) transgresses, violates (a law, etc.): ho luid adam tar réir, Wb. 3c37 . is me dochoid darsin smacht, SR 1529 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . Cf. ní rag thorat I will not break my word to you (?), Anecd. iii 59.4 ; 'abandon (?)' PMLA lxii 896 .

(e) becomes necessary for, becomes due: rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire `beidh ort trócaire d'iarraidh,' DDána 7.4 . do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for thee to save me, 11.23 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn `má cuirtear chuige mé,' 95.7 .

(f) passes by, is omitted, lost, forgotten by: an bioth cé do-chuaidh tharainn, DDána 53.6 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . a dtéid thoram | ná léig oram ar airleagadh `those (crimes) I have forgotten,' Dán Dé xvi 11 . ? a laogh féin ó théid thairse since her own fawn had gone from her, DDána 69.26 .

(g) Various: do shealbhaighetar ... dōib féin hí ┐ nach raghduis tairsi mar fhlaithiumhnas (they said ?) that they would be satisfied with it as a principality, ZCP xiii 180.9 . tiad tar úidh an eóil shenta `they miss their way,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 4 . bá hi mbronnaibh a maithreach luidhsiot tairis ` escaped ,' AFM i 94.9 . is and adermuid nech do beith eslan an trath teit tara naduir fein, Irish Texts i 48.10 . dá dhruim ní tiachair thaireis it is not discussed, Studies 1928, 268 § 18 .

(h) With prepositional phrases. t.¤ tar cenn: fine caich dar a ndichet cenn a gell `of the person whom he shelters as to the pledge,' Laws v 388.2 . nī fail ní dom shétaib-se nād tēi dar cend na hingine which will not be given on behalf of the girl, ZCP iv 43.9 . noceilebraitis na cleirig dona laechaib tarateitis cenn on whose behalf they went (to death), Anecd. i 43.19 . t.¤ tar éis: co ndechasa dar th'éis that I may go after thee, SG 414.21 .

19 With trí.

(a) goes through: ragtháit tria chriathar n-átha for ṁbruirech minaigthe dogénat da bar corpaib, RC xxii 304 n. 13 (bid intechta tria críathar, text). co na dig in scuiche trit `that the small cattle could not pass through it,' Laws iv 114.7 Comm. íar ndul triit after it has leaked (cauldron), Críth G. 549 . is trithu nach tiaghair `through them no passage can be forced' (of soldiers), MR 194.15 .

(b) Various: arna te nech tria lugae `that a man break not his oath,' Ml. 36a23 (see note). rachthair thairsiu is tréo they will be utterly overwhelmed, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . do-chóidh tré chách na chéimibh surpassed everyone, IGT Decl. ex. 1255 ,

The following exx are obscure: teit grian adenus fria tuisc, SR 247 . belend dichet chlessamnach, Anecd. v 29.21 (Verba Scāthaige). eirggi guin ┐ gabail | attetha as cech anáil, TBC-LL¹ 3040 . rotraethad o sin amach | laechraid Asar imuallach | mac De na nime nosdig | in rorigi roreidig, Lec. 27d43 .

uiliataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uiliataid or dil.ie/42972

 

n (probably a late form (if not merely a bad spelling) of uilidetu, q.v.) wholeness, universality, totality : tóit .i. uiliataidh, no uilidhe `the whole,' O'Cl. In Laws of the total amount due, including original claim costs, etc. in re iarsa ragha in uiliataid i lobud `in which the total due would become forfeited,' Laws i 108.15 Comm. ioca an uiliataid, O'Curry 2156 (< Eg. 88, 4 a a ). resin uiliatuidh dligus uili `for the payment of the full amount to which he is entitled,' Laws i 210.19 Comm. elod arin uiletaide, Laws ii 198.1 Comm. cutrumus na haithgena ... is eiside is uiletaide do cintach, O'D. 617 (< H 3.17 c. 460 ) = uileatuigh, Laws i 290.25 Comm. cid fo-d-era cin an uiliataidi d'ic do A., `what was the reason that A. did not pay the whole?' Laws v 348.24 . a huiletaighie, Auraic. 2304 = a huiledeto , 21 . ma tá aca áoinlethsgéul dlighthech re a thabhairt a rann no in uiléutaidh, RSClára 132b .