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brath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brath or dil.ie/6578

Forms: mrath, mbrath, braith, bráth, bratha, braith

n Later form of mrath. Transitional spelling mbrath, Ériu iv 238.4 , LU 4707. Later also braith (: maith, Aithd. D. 61.31 ). Somet. bráth (see bráth). g s. bratha, Metr. Dinds. iv 194.15 , AFM v 1670.16 .

(a) act of betraying; treachery, betrayal: bid b.¤ (: chath), LU 4578 (TBC). mo b.sa, Anecd. i 5.11 (SCano 129). mairg lāim rogheoghain a b.¤ from treachery (?), RC xvii 229.28 . in bráth (sic) ┐ in trecun, TBC-LL¹ 4030. b.¤ is bét, MacCarthy 192.7 . ba lugu do chinaid . . . b.¤ a `mágistrech' andás b.¤ a `thigerna' (of Judas), PH 5167. ? fuair b.¤ (breith, v.l.) `fell . . . by treacherous chance', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.15 . dia b.¤ `to entrap' (sc. a bull), 370.3 . do bh.¤ . . . dia Céadaoin, DDána 14.7 . In cheville: cen b.¤ , Sc.M² 22a . amles do flatha, Laws i 230.z .i. . . . a braith, co ndligidh eneclann de, 234.3 Comm. i cinaid . . . do thengad, 156.31 .i. aer, no ainmed, no b.¤, no guforgill, no gufiadhnaisi, 162.6 Comm. See ZCP xiv 363.2 - 4 . Clann M. d'fagbail braith air ┐ a marbad doib `he was betrayed to the C.M.', Ann. Conn. 1390.3 . fuair an dream . . . / b.¤ ar a bheith i n-uaignios, Aithd. D. 3.14 . go ffuair an Ridire . . . b.¤ ar Shémus do beith i n-uamhaidh, AFM vi 2260.12 . b.¤ ar a háille an uair rug when he had an opportunity of observing her beauty (?), DDána 32.21 .

(b) act of spying, reconnoitring: do b.¤ in longphuirt, LL 38607 `to go spy out the camp', SG 378.3 . do b.¤ na mbailed marcaig, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . do b.¤ tire tarrngire, Maund. 51. ni fhoil fath a mb.¤ mbaili `watching' or `guarding' (Notes), Magauran 2598 . an neach ga mbí an b.¤ the man on guard, Aithd. D. 5.4 . do bhaoi b.' gun ḟoirinn air were waiting for him, DDána 64.16 . Note further: [go n]dearbhair a buaidh aga b.¤ `may its (a boat's) excellence be tested and assured', Aithd. D. 82.11 . ro labuir fris do fuighlibh ailgeana do b.¤ a irlabra `to judge of his speech', Grail 82 . lór dá bh.¤ . . . / gach cath was sufficient testimony to him, O'Hara 3983. a mheic Bhríain a bh.¤ m'eíccsi `mark of my verse', Ériu ix 2.33 .

(c) act of revealing; revelation, sign: cen b.¤ brīathar goa `without meditating words of falsehood' (revealing ?), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 2. lór do bh.¤ ar ghéire ar nguil / sgath mo dhéire na dheasguibh sufficient revelation of, IGT Decl. ex. 1120. Note also: ar n-a bhraith . . . do Gh. . . . go raibhe etc. when G. perceived, Keat. ii 1701. milaochus do braith ort, ZCP x 277. 26 . gá lucht iuil nocha bhíodh a bh.¤ / síon ciuin gan chioth, PBocht 2.23 . is tú braith na bhfleadh bhfíneamhna `hope of the wine-feasts', Aithd. D. 61.31 . b.¤ air bás Diarmada `a sign of D.'s death', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 328.18 .

(d) With AR: act of depending (on); dependence, something depending (on): an maitheas ar a mbí a b.¤ `the goods on which he depends', O'Hara 703. bheith aig bráth air chungnamh chách tar éis do bháis, De Imit. 45.13 . Cf. ar ṁb. Fer B. `our hope', Metr. Dinds. iv 334.22 .

(e) As qualifying and attrib. gen.: ethgig ┐ áes braith treacherous folk, LU 2190 ( FA 27 ). aés braith ┐ taisccélta ` spies ', AFM vi 2212.23 . cech bithbinech braith (: croich) `every treacherous criminal', PRIA xix (1895), 552 § 41 ( LL 18644 ). ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith (: scaith) `the gap of betrayal' (Táin 3368), TBC-LL¹ 3957. ar gach mbaegol mbraith, ACL iii 232.4 . beagán do luach bhraith as a fee for giving information, Magauran 1741 .

Compds. múr nach brisfe brathairminnleadh, DDána 89.20 . an bhrathbhuille bhodhbha `sudden blow', PBocht 3.3 . brath-choma bidhbhadh, MR 306.18 . cen báegul cen brathbini `treacherous crime', Metr. Dinds. iii 342.22 . bail nach bí brath-chocor beóil `no betraying murmur of lips', Ériu vii 220 § 8. adbul brathgnó, Metr. Dinds. iii 340.15 . berta brath-teagaisc false instruction, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.8 .

cuirrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuirrech or dil.ie/13675
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: currach, curaighthe, cuirreach, cuirrchedh

n o, m. Later also currach. g p. curaighthe, ZCP iv 398.13 . cuirreach m., IGT Decl. § 23 (g p. cuirrchedh; cuirrech, v.l.). marsh, fen : cuirrec[h] . . . do rād fri seiscend .i. corra recait ind, Corm. Y 331 . c.¤ a cursu .i. rēid hē, 332 . currech a curribus .i. fīch carpait, 360 . O'Mulc. 251 . do bebat iar cuirriuch carpait `along the racecourse', RC xxvi 36 § 181 . cach riasc, cach sescend, cach currech .i. corr iath .i. iath na corr, O'Dav. 1363 . 414 . tar na hailche i mbí inne doimne .i. curraigh, O'Curry 449 ( H 3.18, 240a ). curraigh ┐ seiscend, Laws v 252.1 Comm. a riocht cuirfe fo chuirrchib, Duan. F. i 21.23 . do chuaidh . . . fan c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 824 . ? 'sna dlúith-chuirrcibh . . . annsna lethan-choilltibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 108.4 . Stagnum ignis .i. Currach na teineadh (part of Hell), ZCP iv 436.6 . a gcert-medhōn chuirrigh imdomain, Fl. Earls 104.9 . leimfir . . . go currach eigin oile (in argument), Luc. Fid. 4836 . cáerthann cuirrig see cáerthann . currach= fen, Eg. Gl. 166 .

In n. loc. Currech Lifi . . . / Currech Sétnai, Hail Brigit 16 . arna huilib Cuirigib, ZCP viii 315.17 . See Hog. Onom.

As n. pr. m.: Currech mac Cathair, LL 26135 . hi flaith Cuirrich carpatruaid, Rawl. 84b12 . See also 1 bró.

losaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. losaid or dil.ie/30701
Last Revised: 2019

v (1 los) grows, increases, is produced; yields, produces : arge graece indolis interpretatur indili arindī lossas i ndile (sic leg. ?), O'Mulc. 53 . lethloss . . . .i. leith in neich ro losustar acut, O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18, 237a ). im ini folosas no inasus ona cethraibh; no is foilli losait ac neoch .i. samaisci ┐ colpacha . . . it is the young cattle that are produced, Laws i 190.7 Comm . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air, iii 126.22 Comm . ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith, TBC-LL¹ 3956 (cloisit, cloiseat, v.ll.). fir daera a bunudh ┐ losuit combít cúicer cona gelfine samluidh ac aen flaith, O'D. 449 ( H 3.17, 346 ). gentair amal turcu / losfait amal grán, LL 18610 . l.¤ foirbríg fer (fer foirbrig, MS.) `men's vigour thrives,' Ériu xvii 91 § 10 (? leg. grass grows to excess). lossaig [= lossaid?] eo train lige `a yew grew up', RC xiii 222.28 (asaigh, v.l. = ásaid?). is ed not-losathar .i. [i]s edh not-[ḟ]uillter 'it is the period in which you are increased in wealth … i.e. it is the period in which you are awarded damages', Contract Law 196 § 59 = ised no tlusaither .i. sedh no thuillter, H 3.18 446a ( O'Curry 1098 ).

ro-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ro-icc or dil.ie/35459

Forms: roiccu, riccu, riccim, ruïcim, rricci, rrici, ric, ricc, recam, recam, ro-n-ecat, roeccat, recat, recam, rís-sa, mu-riis-si, roïs, rís, hí, ríi, rí, roïssam, rísam, risid, rissid, rísat, risin-se, arind-risinn, nachat-rised, risad, rissed, ristais, ro-n-icfea, ranac-sa, ránac, ro-b-ánic, ránic, ráncatar, ro-n-ecar, recar, ricfider, con-rícht, richt, ríchtu, ríchtain, ríachtain, roficfa, roficid, rofanac, ron-anacsa, rofancamar, ráncus, roticcba, ro-n-ecar, conruice, coruige, goruige

vb., b-fut., s-subj. pres. 1 s. roiccu, Wb. 23d9 . riccu, 32a4 . riccim, 12a33 . ruïcim, Ml. 22c14 . 2 s. co rricci , Wb. 9a9 . co rrici , Ml. 42c27 . 3 s. ni ric , 36c10 . nád ricc , Wb. 12a34 . 1 pl. ni recam , 15d1 . con recam , Ml. 83c3 . 3 pl. ro-n-ecat, 58d5 . roeccat, TBC-I¹ 734 . ní recat , Ml. 3a14 . imp. 1 pl. recam, Hy. v 93 . subj. pres. 1 s. resíu rís-sa , Wb. 14a17 . mu-riis-si, Ml. 34a4 . 2 s. cé roïs , Fél. Ep. 146 . dia rís , LU 10868 . 3 s. ro hí , Wb. 20c11 . ríi, 7b3 . air nach rí , Ml. 22c1 . 1 pl. roïssam, Hy. i 43 (roisam v.l.). rísam, Wb. 12c9 . s pl. risid, 24b2 . co rissid , ZCP iii 19.24 ( Rawl. 74b41 ). 3 pl. rísat, Wb. 5b39 . subj. impf. 1 s. amal ni risin-se , 9a19 . arind-risinn, Ml. 92a5 . 3 s. nachat-rised, Fél. Prol. 284 (risad, rissed v.l.). 3 pl. ar na ristais , TBC-LL¹ 697 . fut. 1 s. ro-n-icub, Wb. 18b14 . 3 s. ro-n-icfea, 14a25 . pret. 1 s. ranac-sa, LU 3666 , 3737 . ni ránac , 10760 . 3 s. ro-b-ánic, Wb. 16d10 . ránic, Thes. ii 240.20 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). 3 pl. ní ráncatar , Wb. 6c31 . pass. pres. s. ro-n-ecar, Ml. 87d14 . recar, Sg. 45b1 . fut. s. ni ricfider , Wb. 13b28 . pret. s. con-rícht, Ml. 2a6 . cen co richt , LL 256b45 ( TFerbe 463 ). Vn. ríchtu, later ríchtain and (through influence of ro-saig) ríachtain. Medial inorganic f is somet. found: roficfa, TBC-I¹ 2243 . roficid, BB 433a4 (2 pl.). rofanac, Rawl. 130b51 , 52 = ron-anacsa, ZCP iii 4 § 8 . rofancamar, ib. 55 . In Mid.Ir. an impers. pass. pret. ráncus is formed.

I In gen. sense comes (to a pers. or place), reaches, arrives:

(a) intrans.: in tain ro-n-icub féin when I arrive , Wb. 18b14 . muriissi far ndochum I may soon come to you , Ml. 34a4 . corob misi cet-fer roficfa co hāth in chomlaind, TBC-I¹ 2243 . co rránic co Dinn na Bóinne, CRR 25 . co rancatais (= ráncatar) co hairm a mboí Cellach, LB 274a10 . ricob do thig Meic ind Óc I will go , Ériu vii 219 § 3 . noco ranacais-[s]iu chucaind till thou camest to us , PH 3918 . līon ticcthi tar tuile theinn | ni riccthi uile a hEirinn as many of you . . . will not all return , BS 20.4 . 7 no rig a tor dithoghluidhi dia anacal gets into an impregnable tower , Marco P. 10 (the constr. is odd). rangus o Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod's messengers followed him up), ZCP viii 115.1 . recait a ngleó `they come to blows', Metr. Dinds. iii 248.79 . go ráinig Magh B. d'ainm ar an áit the name of Magh B. came to be given to the place , Keat. iii 2204 . Of an event, comes to pass : ráinig fá dheireadh go raibhe i bhflaitheas Éireann, ib. 1443 .

(b) trans.: act rísam nem if only we reach heaven , Wb. 12c9 . recam in n-eclais fo rith, Hy. v 93 . ní fil . . . laithe . . . nachat rised muntir a day that a community would not come to Thee , Fél. Prol. 284 . roeccat Mag Muicceda, TBC-I¹ 734 . a ránic Medb airm i mbai a drui, TBC-LL¹ 194 . gach árad rig nemh every ladder that reaches heaven , Ériu iv 236 § 9 . do glanad anma Adaim . . . co ri arbri archaṅgel that it may reach the host of archangels , SR 2096 . co rísatt tír n-angel, BColm. 100.2 . ro-hisam uli in oentaid sin!, PH 4366 . co risiur nem, Rawl. 69b51 (1 s. pres. subj. depon.). dús in rista tír na mban, Imr. Brain i 15.20 (2 s. impf. subj.). ma ran-istais dagh-oic if good warriors got at him , TBC-I¹ 1263 . rot-icfa cloch huaim-se isin tailm (= I will sling a stone at thee), 796 = roticcba, LU 5271 . gai i mMael F., ┐ riced ní úait . . . Congal (= throw some missile at C.), RC xiii 385.13 . rom-icfa lá in doluid the day of misfortune will come to me , ACL iii 216 z . riasiu rister forcend peinne, RC xv 488 § 6 (pass. subj. pres.). truagh nach ránag eárr na haoise that I have not reached the end of life , Keat. Poems 1485 . secht cubait riged ránac | i tacmung a munbrágat I reached (counted) seven cubits , Metr. Dinds. iii 258.27 . o rancus sealad sis isin tochailt when they had dug some distance down , ZCP viii 559.20 .

II In various derived senses:

(a) intrans.: ro-icc dom comes to me, falls to my lot : rod-icfa bith etir da choiss Conchobair, TBC-LL¹ 1197 . is dó ranic inar Ísu, PH 2860 . ráinic béim óeile fon choire do C. an oidhche sin, RC xxix 219 .

(b) reaches (an aim), succeeds: in ránic in t-erchor? did the cast reach its mark ? RC xiii 440 § 13 . mas do bar [n]guin dodeochabar, ní ricfa ní it will be of no avail , ZCP viii 318.25 (but cf. ní airicc ní, Wb. 9b24 ). With ó of pers.: ni fil uaidib-som o nach ri who cannot do it , TBC-I¹ 684 = ric, LU 5166 . co nā rainic o marcṡluagh Poimp impodh P.'s cavalry were unable to turn , CCath. 5727 . With LA: go rainig leis an macáomh foghluim succeeded in (finished) learning , RC xxix 122.17 . ní ráinic leis an tsleg do t[h]arraing, ML² 1915 . is becc n-aister . . . ránic leu an la sin they were able to go only a short distance , Celt. Rev. iv 204.16 . nach ráinig leó a rochtain, TSh. 8104 . mo chrádh nach ráinig leis pósadh, Keat. Poems 169 .

(c) trans. attains to, gets; accomplished : ní rainic nech . . . cetguin muice no one succeeded in killing the first pig , Acall. 4820 . co ris in saidhbri . . . iar ndai[d]bri duilig domoin, ZCP vi 264 § 8 . co nach ranicc nech dibh marbad aroile, xiii 230.15 . an mac ráinig an ríoghan ó mhnaoi Eochach whom the queen got from E.'s wife , Keat. ii 6327 (ríoghan may be acc.) (in: iss é rainig foghai . . . ar tus `that invented', Cóir Anm. 259 read: ar-āinig; see ar-icc. and cf. Rawl. 143a52 ).

(d) ro-icc les (with gen.) `attains to the benefit (of)', needs ; later fol. by nom. out of the construction.

(1) neich roiccu a less, gl. necessitatis meae, Wb. 23d9 . ni riccim for less, gl. non estis mihi necessarii, 12a33 . ní recat Greic les tintuda doib do not need a translation for themselves , Ml. 3a14 . ni ráncatar som less a scríbint they have not needed to be written , Wb. 6c31 . pass. ro-n-ecar les inna diten (when) the protection is needed , Ml. 87d14 .

(2) robbí uár recar less dígbail ind ḟolaid there may be a time when it is necessary to diminish the substance , Sg. 45b1 . ricfa a less do legess your healing will be necessary , TBC-LL¹ 3415 = ricfa a leas do leigis, TBC-I¹ 2623 (gen.); the reading of TBC is supported by rhyme. cech furtacht ricfa a les duit every help which thou shalt need , Moling 32 . ní recat a les ind naim ní aile acht éstecht, FA 5 . recam-ni a les ar curaid we need our champions , FB 56 (where Windisch proposes: ar curad g p.) ní ric a less Crist a fhortacht o ainglib, PH 4839 . noco recat a less omun . . . do beth forru have no need to be afraid , 3494 . co rrancatar Laigin a les nech dia cobair needed someone to help them , ZCP xii 436.14 . ní rángabhair a les súan no codladh, BNnÉ 50 § 34 . pass. ricfaiter a les do gillai innocht thy servants will be needed , IT i 100.9 . baile nách regur a leas soillsi gréine, RC xxiv 383.20 .

Further exx.: in ní ricthi a less what ye need , PH 7842 (cf. Wb. 23d9 supra). beiridh libh an mheitt recctáoi a les as much as ye need , BNnÉ 56 § 63 . ni tu an mac rangus a leas annso, MR 276.8 . faire ar cheathra, comhla ar thigh | ní rigthe a leas re a linn were not necessary in his time , Maguires of F. § 100.10 . In the formula nit regam a les we do not need thee , RC xii 78.1 (cf. 76.5 , 12 , 15 etc.) the logical object is an infixed pronoun.

(e) co ricci (2 s. pres.) `till thou reachest', as petrified prep. with acc.

(1) until, as far as : corricci se .i. conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, gl. usque adhuc, Wb. 9a9 . 31b13 . corrici in n-or gl. usque ad summum, Ml. 42c27 . sís condarici in canoin down to the Scripture text , 54c34 . conrici hucht noi n-omne as far as the Nine-Trees Hill , Thes. ii 238.10 (Tírechán). itát sé dorais . . . co rrice in ríched, FA 15 = cusin riched, LB. ro rigi a láim co rrici ina croes, FB 86 ( LU 9107 ) = co ricce a gualainn ina craes, Eg. (the two words follg. co rrici have prob. fallen out in LU). Later conruice, coruige, goruige. Also co rrí (3 s. subj. pres.): co rri forcenn till the end , Ml. 125a11 . corri aile thúaith, RC xxv 22.12 .

(2) up to = excluding, except : iss i richt mná siúil sedda Ulaid uli co rrici mo chéle-se Coin Culaind, FB 24 ( LU 8359 ). dobérat a leth-tinol co ruce rocor no angbocht except in case of great stress or poverty , Laws ii 378.23 Comm.

rusa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rusa or dil.ie/35803
Last Revised: 2013

n f.? (cf. rus) modesty, chastity : fiadnaise . . . nad reanad a ced-rusa (.i. noco recait eínígh a cetmuindtire) `that she did not sell her first modesty', Laws iv 8.21 . rusa .i. feile: a cetrusa .i. a feile .i. cedmuintera fialadh na tiagat co cele at[h]arruch; ite mna . . . conoat a fele, H 3.18 p. 385a ( O'Curry 848 ).

? tuintemla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? tuintemla or dil.ie/42370

ind mór a th.¤ tecait | nit muinterda in leth recait , ACC 104 ( RC xx 276 ).