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ad-fíri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fíri or dil.ie/441
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidbrid, aidbred

v Also as simple vb. aidbrid. sues, claims to be true (fír), originally verifies, identifies, draws public attention to. Often used in the Laws to describe a preliminary to litigation, as, for example, when the owner of stolen property identifies it in the possession of another person and formally accuses him of theft: is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing . . . fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig i.e. he who sees and does not sue or levy has to pay the same fine as he who breaks the law of Sunday, Anecd. iii 22.18 . leth di neuch adhiri ┐ dotboing, 23.1 . ni dlegor iardach foraib / do chin adírther `for a crime that is alleged', Ériu xvi 183 § 37 ; 'may be substantiated' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 137 § 37 . aidbris . . . in rechtaire in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa `the steward sued for the sword', IT iii 200 § 65 . cach aidhbriudh docuisin, cach laisi (.i. oca) naidbrither is lais a tuinide, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185 ). itir in fer aidhbris ┐ in fer ro crec fris, O'D. 852 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). ait i n-aidbrither, O'Dav. 1140 . aidbrither . . . an ceile `the tenant is sued', Laws v 360.6 Comm. ad-fíre (adfiriu, v.l.) guth 'ich erhebe Anspruch auf die Stimme', Akten Linz 137 § 3 . With oc claims from: is ac gataigi . . . ro haidbriud na seoit the seds were claimed from a thief, O'D. 1653 ( H 5.15, p. 21b ). cach indraic aidbres ac indraic . . is lais intí `ga naidbrither a imdenam, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, p. 17a) = gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic . . ., O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21b ). ac urradh ro aidbred in set `the sed was claimed from a native freeman', Laws iii 242.6 Comm. in fine oca n-aidbrither, i 206.24 . ní fétuidh in tí dá tabuir cu n-aidbridthur occa, 248.19 Comm. cídh í an inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba .) cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither, O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a .) With FOR claims against: cach ni uile aidbrius an flaith forsin cele, Laws ii 274.23 Comm. gémadh hí Ere d'aidbredh ar na hallmarchaib even though he claimed all Ireland, Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.35 .

Vn. aidbred.

airéirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airéirge or dil.ie/1922

vn. of ar-éirig. act of rising: maten moch iar n-uréirgiu, Ériu iv 150.16 . bui Cormac . . .oc uréirghi, RC xxv 28.1 . airérge ndorchai getting up in the dark, Rawl. B. 512, 37b (cited from Contribb.). Of rising up in token of homage: cia measom do cain tsaorraith? — manchuine ┐ ureirge, ZCP xv 240 § 2 = Laws ii 194.2 (according to the gloss here a client was bound to rise three times before his lord in token of fealty). dligid gach flaith urerge .i. taoibi no gluine .i. é 'na suide .i. trí seoit isin cétna nem-urerge for failing to rise the first time, O'D. 514 ( H 3.17, 417 -8). craumfes . . . .i. in cet aurerge .i. mad ro mheatha forsan ceile, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, p. 393a ). riar aurerge .i. fireirghe reme fa tri san enlo, O'D. 1010 (H. 2.15, p. 16). trí hurergi (in a list of dues), 511 ( H 3.17, c. 415 ). mine o sin amach ┐ urerghe (of a felmac) i.e. the student is obliged to be docile and to respect his tutor, Laws ii 354.20 Comm. ni do aithech doghniu-sa ureirghi, Lism. L. 1881 . amus a.¤ a special kind of servant : sechtmadh saire do amus urerge na bi rechtaire ┐ na bí fear coimsi acht a corp gnima fadeisin, O'Curry 2445-6 ( Eg. 88 36(37)c) . Laws ii 24.23 . ? aurgeirgi .i. aurnaidhe righ do gres dia manchaine, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, 248 ).

airenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airenach or dil.ie/1928

n o, [n.?] (enech? See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) forepart, forward position: aireanach .i. tosach, O'Cl. im a.¤ inn Atha Ferthain fri C. antuaith, IT ii1 175.1 . nir ḟagaibh . . . aird na oirchinn na airenach don chath gan iaraidh, CF 855 . ro tócbuid tuir . . . os a.¤ na cladh sin, CCath. 1749 . Fig. dáig ní herenach anbal / a genelach gnáth-adbal, `for his . . . pedigree is no sordid preface', Metr. Dinds. iii 340.27 . In prep. phrase i n-a.¤ in the fore-front, chief place of: triar i n-airenuch na buidni, MU² 528 . i n-airinuch, 605 . i nairenach mac n-Israel, Alex. 463 . prímṡuide do Nerain / i nairenuch (airiunach v.l.) phéne, Fél. Prol. 118 . conrotacht rígimdae . . . i n-airinuch ind rígthige, LU 8053 ( FB § 2 ). in n-airenac[h]aibh na cath, 5841 .

(b) frontage of buildings etc.: roderscaigestar a tech so . . . eter úatni ┐ airinigi, LU 8047 ( FB § 1 ). tech . . . mbrecht rungcein for a ursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 811 ( H 3.18, 374b ). cluicine for cind cacha suainemna for ind aireanach ar bélaib in rechtaire , Anecd. i 1.12 ( SCano 11 ). Of the head and tail boards of a bed (imda): airinech do crédumu for cech imdai, TBFr. 73 . dá auraineach arggait impe fo diór, 81 . flesc argait isind airinniuch rosaiged midlissiu in taige, 82 . .xxx. traiged i n-ardai cech airinig créduma boí istig, LU 10121 . dessid forsind airiniuch na imdai i mboí Cú Ch., 3301 ( SCC § 10 ). imdui A. . . . airinig airgdidi impe ┐ steill chreduma ┐ flesc airgdide ocond airinuch, 8734 ( FB § 55 ). eoin óir forsna h-airenchaib, Ériu iv 30 § 21 .

(c) Various: airinach .i. sciath, O'Curry 1491 ( H 3.18, 666b ). airinach for argid . . ., O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii, 148b) (cf. órainech s.v. 1 ór) = O'D. 711 ( H 3.17, 519 ).

(d) airinach Fian (name of alder or letter f in ogam alphabet), Auraic. 5536 .

(e) Name of a plant: spagula (leg. spergula? note) maior .i. airinneach, Med. Gl. C. 101 ( ACL i 336 ).

amus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amus or dil.ie/3234

Forms: amhus, amsa

n o, m. amhus m. (g s. and n p. -uis), IGT Decl. § 17 . a p. amsa, AFM iii 290.20 .

Hireling, servant, attendant: amos .i. am-ḟos īarsinnī nāt gaib fos, sed de loco ad locum .i. ō luc .i. ō t[h]igerna dialailiu, Corm. Y 12 . na n-a.¤ gl. satilitum, Goid. 69.5 . amuis ríg a king's attendants, Críth G. 577 . cía lín di amsaib as choir do ríg?, 582 . a dhair ┐ a dhicinn ┐ a amhais, O'Curry 2500 ( Eg. 88, 40(41)d ). aicde amhus .i. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, 509 (H 3.18, 258). in t-a.¤ dona fes mathair nó athair, Ériu xii 144.4 (TE2). amhus no rechtaire , BCrólige 22 gl. 5 . a riocht amhois dorīacht Tadhg, ZCP viii 223 § 15 . asbert Feradach ní thibred a ingen do a.¤ , LL 287b2 . otá a.¤ co roich ríg, 204a35 . in tech mór milib a.¤ , 3549 . ? grengsait Laigniu laichaib d'amsaib / assa tírib, 4965 . a trí (sc. dath) i n-éadach an amhais, Keat. ii 1918 . cruadh-dháil na n-amhus crudelitas ministrantium, TSh. 6385 . aon amhus do rachadh im íolchruthaibh (of a poet), Hackett xx 10 . As abusive epithet: a amais anuasail ┐ a muidh modurdha `hireling', ZCP vi 282.10 . amhus `a reprobate' (of an unscrupulous administrator), O'Rah. xvii § 26 . a.¤ aen-tigi indoor or resident servant, Laws v 72.25 Comm. a.¤ ruin no raid no imacallma confidential servant, 24 Comm. , 74.13 Comm. See also under airéirge, 1 ben compds., coímthecht, coinnmed, 1 fer compds., mías, ríg-, 1 taithigid.

In special sense of hired soldier, mercenary: a Goill 's a amais imdha, ZCP viii 226 § 18 . amais ana imglici co laignib, Alex. 3 . imut Fiann imut amhus, ZCP xi 44 § 61 . iter . . . amsu ┐ anrada, CCath. 4531 . rucsat . . . amhsa righ Muman fair, AFM ii 946.13 . bró amhus, IGT Decl. ex. 598 .

Possibly collect. in following: a.¤ urrud . . . a.¤ deorad native hirelings, hirelings from outside the territory , Laws v 74.1 Comm. torchratar a n-a.¤ imdegla `household guard', Fianaig. 92.28 . thusa ┐ do mhuinntir: sgol amhas, ucairí, ghresuidhthe, etc., Luc. Fid. 5031 .

ar-tá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-tá or dil.ie/4326
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airbaid

v (the forms found are consistent with those given under attá). Very freq. with inf. pron. in dat. sense. Vn. airbaid?

(a) In physical sense is before, is in front of, is present: slúagad n-ímdub arubtha, LU 4665 ( TBC-I¹ 202 ). gia rasfacaib Cú gan chess / arthá (uair fil v.l. Stowe) crú ma chaladchness blood is present(?), TBC-LL¹ 791 . ? ba gen ┐ fáilte arbíth ar medón ar imtholtain in dá mac there was laughter and joy, TBFr. 114 (sic MS.). ? doadbadar híc nád roscribad do suidib cedacht etarrobe (et arrobe, Sarauw, see note in Thes.) scribent doiib `yet it contained a teaching to them' (i.e. there was in the epistle to the Colossians a message to the Laodiceans), Wb. 27d13 . adbul físi armothá is before my eyes, LL 208a10 . dā rīg trīchat—ardomthā `thirty-two kings there have been—it lies before me' (i.e. the author had a regnal list before him), Celtica v 214 § 9 . forba Eogain ardomtha is in my exemplar ? (? remains to be accounted for, see (e) below), Fen. 314.5 .

(b) is at the head of, excels, surpasses: lan ndire i sét arabi setaib, Laws i 274.3 Comm. Cf. arabí .i. is ferr, ut est [sét] arabi sétuib .i. sét is ferr fhir bís dona sétuibh, O'Dav. 106 . dona bo eiruchuib arabi bo eruchu, Laws ii 152.18 Comm. bo eire arabi bo eire, 21 Comm. asrenar cip dond doberar la rig no rechtaire rig arabi tuath (sic) who is foremost in the territory, iii 240.23 . torc arabí treut `the boar that is the best of the herd', O'Dav. 701 .

(c) is in store for, impends: hóre aruntáa uili techt ar cenn Crist do mess fornn, Wb. 25d25 . arabitis gl. quae instabant, Ml. 43d15 . doadbanar dō annī aradmbí, Corm. Y 756 . ardotraib bennacht cobrath, Rawl. 161a50 . ōen aratha `one thing awaits', Cáin Ad. 21 . níbu shirsan duit . . . aní ardottá; ardottá mór n-imnid, TBFr. 371 . arottá so ollgábad, Comp. CC 57 § 79 (but see Celtica xxi 202 ). arubta amser bas trom, ZCP viii 315.8 . bid trom dīgal aratha / in slān fallach nād ruicc heavy will be the punishment in store for the laggard who arrives not, vii 310 § 5 . arumthá echtre dia tig, Imr. Brain 49 . cid arunta? what is before us? ZCP viii 312.28 . is mōr ar[a]thā (arathá v.l.) / thoitimm la echtranda many are doomed to fall, ZCP xiii 379.6 . is tuilled péine ros ta and, IT i 181.21 (leg. arosta, Vendryes, RC xxxiv 451 ). andsa piana ardom-thaat, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni theseba do slondu[d]-su don tīr-se: issed ōn aratā, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 80 ). gébas Ailech armothá i rré ar bia `in the time to come', Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 34 . asbert iarom Scathach . . . aní aridboí dia forciund S. told him what destiny was in store for him, LU 10347 . rofitir ní aridmbái he knew what was in store for him, ZCP iii 44 § 22 . meth a gníma itir ní do dicet ┐ ni arabi for nech ar id serba, etc., O'D. 975 ( H 3.17, 679 d). olc sén uare ar dotbí, Mór M. 267 § 11 .

(d) With DE results from: cech rí nad choisc a maccu / issed arbí de taccu, LL 19141 . rofitir inní arbíad de, Trip.² 539 .

(e) remains over: ished inso arathá gl. reliquum est, Wb. 10b3 . ished arthá inso búaid et indocbál domsa gl. in reliquo possita est mihi corona iustitiae, 30d13 . artáa gl. (o mihi sola mei) súper (Astyanactis imago), Sg. 215b4 . restat .i. arta, Thes. ii 44.4 . a lleth n-aile arata the other half which remains, Lib. Hymn. 32.16 . is and gébthair aní arathá the remainder, Trip.² 2892 . sescach Illaind aratha / Eas nGabra ni imrega I.'s stock, which survive (him?), will not, etc., Anecd. i 13.11 ( SCano 423 ). a mbec arathá din dom saegulsa `though little of my life remains to me', RC iii 179.9 ( LL 13991 ). is miach di cach(a) mis ara-bi co ceand mbliadna for every month that remains, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 56 § 28 .

(f) In follg. ar-tá with inf. pron. is perh. to be translated has, is wearing, etc.: ardomthā cugat cōeca scīath bana, ZCP xiii 175.20 . dornasc d'ór aromthá, LU 3977 ( SCC 45 ). is si caindell ardustá, 3688 (ib. 33 ). ní fess adbar (sic leg. , Corr.) ardosfail what they are made of (the material they have?), Metr. Dinds. iii 130.40 . in tṡlabrad gel ardusbái (sic leg., Corr.), 122.44 . ingnadh adbul asromtha (sic) / for mu chraidhi fo cerdba, Ériu ii 95 § 2 .

See arafia.

barn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barn or dil.ie/5414

n expld. as steward, judge . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 51 , Wagner, Beiträge 294 n . b.¤ .i. rechtaire , Corm. Y 195. H 3.18, 633bz . baran .i. breithem, Stowe Gl. 236. Lec. Gl. 161. b.¤ .i. reachtaire .i. aire no breitheamh an reachta, O'Cl.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤ rechtaire : rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

1 cas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cas or dil.ie/8289

Forms: casbairn

adj o, ā

(a) Of hair curly, hence of persons curly-haired: noí monga cráebacha cassa, LU 7633 (BDD). do barr bude brass / ba cass (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4071 . trí dondḟuilt chasa, BDD² 938 . Cormac c.¤ , Fing. R. 731 . at casa finna a forḟuilt (of household of Créide), Acall. 797 . gilla[n]rad chass crodund, RC xiv 412.w . folt na n-órchlann . . . gc.¤ , DDána 49.3 . re scéimh a slat-chúil chais, Keat. Poems 73 . Of animals curly-haired, -furred: c.¤ a graig, Ériu xvi 160 § 6 . masat cethrai cornaig cais, MU² 480 . Of trees etc. twisted, tangled: trí chrann c.¤ , BS 74.6 . in caill cais, Metr. Dinds. i 2.19 . Of terrain, mountains etc. of dense vegetation(?); somet. translated steep: hi Cruachain cais, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.61 . don thslēibh ch.¤ `steep', SGS iv 62 § 15 . i cath Dromma caiss Corcáin, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 16 . re slis Locha Cuilidh cais `precipitous', Celt. Rev. iv 218.16 . Of sea, rivers etc. eddying (?): cossin Commor cuscle cass, LL 964 . sruth cithmhear c.¤ , `winding', Aithd. D. 61.16 . tar cholbhadhaibh casa . . . na g-cuan, ML 46.28 . do thomhais fhionnmhuir gcais gcoptha, Magauran 1283 .

Other applications: brat c.¤ corcra woven, BDD² 959 . t'eascaoin is c.¤ (to a cloak), Hackett² xxxii 11 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass elaborate(?), SR 4357 . cass cor cuirther guth in luin, IT iii 19 § 53 `lively', Murphy Lyrics 6 . casa ┐ . . . remra . . . amal cholamna (of serpents), Alex. 720 . ara cuirr chais `on its curved prow' (of naval vessel), Caithr. CC 75 . cechaing Eochaid don chath chass `serried battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 46.61 . atāi co rind recni chaiss intricate(?) (of metre), ZCP xi 110 § 34 (leg. chass: mass). i bfroighidh úir chais an chluidh (of a castle), DDána 119.3 . san léibheann ch.¤ chlár, 10 .

(b) In more abstract senses. Of persons: Créidne in cerd cass skilled, LL 1344 . a choccaráin cais `intelligent', Cog. 102.21 . for a cleircib craibdech cais / for a n-occlachaibh ernmais, Anecd. ii 33.w . co Clíodhna cais, Cog. 138.16 . dias fhoirbhthe, choinntinneach, ch.¤ , Tribes of Irel. 82.11 . clú cass (chev.), SR 7663 . ní crodh c.¤ (of dowry), Acall. 818 . ba hé in gnim cass perverse, SR 5973 . co ceird chaiss intricate, RC xx 136.21 .

Adv. is cass rotibe a gen / indiu fri bile Torten, Bruchst. 92 . na celid co cass, LL 29042 . seinn co cass é .i. co lúath, Cóir Anm. 165 (Cormac Cás). do chuirdís comhlonn go c.¤ ` ingeniously (?)', Keat. i 210.13 . an gaoth go garbh gclórach gc.¤ ` steeply ', Rel. Celt. ii 250.17 .

Equat. co muing órbuidhe . . . caissidir carra mennc[h]rot, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 94.7 ). caisithir casnaide a chul, Auraic. 3499 . caisighthir [sn]as snāth (leg. casnath?) a chūil, ZCP xiii 169.16 . cassithir rethe copad, LU 7252 ( BDD 91 ). caisidir, 7328 (97).

Compar. ní bo chaise a chur 'na laige `the quicker was he laid in grave'(?), Metr. Dinds. iv 112.66 . caissi rētaibh, ZCP viii 197.19 . do ṡil glaisi a gormtholaigh / nach caisi idh urchumhail, IGT Decl. ex. 746 .

(c) As subst. o, m.: in cass donn the curly-haired one (of Christ), Ériu iv 118 § 34 . imdha a tigh c.¤ a cuibhrech / ní ḟuil glas gan dá gheimhlech knot, IGT Decl. ex. 803 . As n. pr. m. concicher C.¤ cluiche maith, Ériu xx 194 § 15 . C.¤ Clothach, Cóir Anm. 9 .

Compds. With nouns: casanfadh in mormara ` whirling storm ', CCath. 791 . ¤bairdne name of a (type of) metre, see IT iii 11 §§ 15ff. casbairdni ┐ duanbairdni, 6.17 . Also casbairn f., IGT Decl. § 13 . ní ḟuil co casbairn chinn truim / rem lind glasnaidm ó ngébuinn, ex. 623 . trí chét ban do chasbanntracht calma na cichloiscthi, Alex. 519 . mo chasbraid go bhfóire (to Christ), DDána 51.8 . tricha cas brat `napped cloaks', Leb. Cert. 64.9 . aon don chasbhuidhin maisdín uaibhreach uilc, Hackett² lxv 5 . buinne faebrach .i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272 . tria caschairchidh (?leg. -chige), O'Curry 2164 `the quality of having curly hair', Plummer MS. notes. Conghal caisChinn mhóir Mhaghair, DDána 113.14 . fer co c. cluimh `with wreathed hair', CCath. 7 . ag crathudh gach caschroinn, Magauran 3424 . casdraigen . . . ūas clethi . . . cacha suind `thorns', MacCongl. 87.14 . ag cais-fhilleadh ar na coiribh, TSh. 8108 . dremhan an caisgen tibhes, Fianaig. 16.12 `hateful laugh' (see 1 cais). ag caisfhidh Dúin `knotty wood', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.12 . ag cais-iompódh ar a gceanaibh, TSh. 7949 . fail and cassleni Senaig, LL 370b39 = casol Senaich, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 11 . bratt derg fa chaslaí, TBC-LL² 4519 = fuan brecdercc fo casloi, TBC St. 4430 `curly wool', Gloss. casla .i. casló .i. olann ch., O'Cl. nochathed caslus calaid, Rawl. 76b50 . casmhaide dóighte `burnt-up cross stick', O'Rah. 78.116 . greit cnōsaig tre casrub[a] `raschen Schlag(?)', ZCP xiii 276.12 . In n. pr.: mac Lugdach meic Casrubai, LU 5698 . cona cassnaithchib caiti twisted threads, CCath. 5208 . See casnad, casnaide. casulcha foda . . . fair (of Christ), RC viii 362.10 .

With adjj. in dvandva compds.: barr casbláith mar chorcair, IGT Decl. ex. 641 . folt casbude fair, LU 6294 (TBC). int ech aile ┐ sé casmongach caschǽl, TBC-I¹ 1977 . caschōel, 2559 (cos- ?). brat caschorcra, LU 7324 (BDD). lenna casdercca, TBC-LL¹ 5534 . Caireand Casdub, RC xxiv 190.6 . Clidna cennfínd casetrocht, BB 374a30 = chnessétrocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.20 . In n. pr. m. Casmael, LL 1112 . C. cas-mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.6 . robo chassūr crann a gae, Rawl. 77a23 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: hua Cuind cassherlaich curly-locked, Fing. R. 668 . dá ech . . . cassmongaig casschairchig, LU 8594 `manes and tails curled' (Henderson), FB 45 . Casciabach, .i. rechtaire in rig, MR 22.7 . moṅg casdrumnech barrbuide wavy and curly, IT iii 472.121 . ulcha crutach casdualach (of Hector), BB 427a34 . cendard cassetnach (étan), IT iii 246.80 . E. . . . mac Ailella Casfiaclaich, Corp. Gen. 129.28 . bratt caslongach corcra (cf. 2 longach), ZCP xiii 170.33 . corn-ḟolt caslonnrach, Abbott-Gwynn p. 335 . mor ceand caistrillsech with curly tresses, Alex. 133 .

? docamḟolang casbhuarote (: nglasḟuarote), IT iii 92 § 139 .

1 cét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cét or dil.ie/8862
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: céit, cét, céta, cét, céta, cēt

num o, n. hundred . GOI §§ 390 - 1 . Also long hundred, one hundred and twenty (more specifically gallchét): da ced .i. da gallced (sic leg.) bairgin, Laws v 110.21 . se fichit in gach ced, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b43 ). g s. céit, later cét, céta. In pl. short form cét regular after numerals, otherwise céta (in late texts also céadta). cēt a cetu (leg. coetu) multitudinis , O'Mulc. 224 .

I

(a) With follg. g p. cóic c.¤ fer, Wb. 13b2 . c.¤ rámæ gl. centenaque arbora, Sg. 36a7 . di chlaind chéit rig ceit rignae, IT i 320.14 . in t-organ céit búadae `the organ of a hundred victories', Fél. March 12 . c.¤ ecnae, Blathm. 36 . la c.¤ martir namrae, Fél. Jul. 4 . c.¤ n-armach n-álaind n-argda, LL 28391 . ré céd mblíadhan (: ríaghal), IGT Decl. ex. 333 . an céad cath, DDána 84.33 . dá chéad fionnbhan, 99.28 . a cinn ceta bliadan, Laws iii 156.x Comm. iomad do chéadaibh bliadhan, Keat. i 150.62 . In chevilles: cetaib omun, SR 8102 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 .

(b) Later also with n s.: deich gcéad cú, Duan. F. i 32.1 . naoi gcéad bliadhain, TSh. 91 . chúig céad bean, Párl. na mB. 272 .

(c) With DI and d p. co torchratar tri ch.¤ de Ultaib, IT i 76.18 ( LMU 16 ). cēt do chētaib ēn íallaib hundreds and hundreds of birds in flocks, SR (Adam and Eve) 22.1025​​​​ . cet do buaib, TTebe 2271 . tri ced dibh, Stair Erc. 191 . uilc céada do dhaoinibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 8 . as croidhthibh na ccéada dhíobh, Párl. na mB. 1889 . With collect.: cet cacha raithe d'indile `one hundred cattle in each rath', Laws v 514.25 Comm.

II

(a) Without accompanying noun a hundred persons, warriors etc. (somet. also vague and of objects): do[naib] coic cetaib, Wb. 13b1 . do briugad direnar cetaib `who is paid díre for his hundreds', Laws i 40.17 . C. tríb cétaib cáinib `C. with three fair hundreds', Fél. Oct. 16 . in cathmilid ┐ in cliathbern ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 776 . ól c.¤ `drink for a hundred', Dinds. 42 . nert céud, Duan. F. ii 170.11 . nert céit ann, Cóir Anm. 40 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . aon do chéad nar chlaoi `that not one in a hundred surpassed', PBocht 5.57 . duine do chéad chuimhneigheas, TSh. 1970 . [mac] E., le cclaoitti céda `who vanquished hundreds', BNnÉ 252 § 208 . na céadta, Keat. Poems 176 . ar na céadaibh oile, TSh. 2259 .

(b) More specifically in pl. troops, battalions , etc. (freq. with accompanying allit. words): catha ┐ ceta, ZCP vi 281.20 . gusan lion ced ┐ cathbhuidhen ba móamh, Hugh Roe² 194.18 . iomat long ┐ laoidheng, céd ┐ caiptínedh, AFM v 1654.4 . do c[h]ēdaib nó do c[h]uradhaib, ML² 1395 . mór di airbrib ┐ cétaib ┐ mílib, TTr.² 638 . 'na carnaib ┐ 'na cetaib comascthi `in heaps and in hundreds confounded', Cog. 192.5 . Cf. trícha c.¤ s.v. trícha.

III fo ch.¤ a hundred times: fo ch.¤ cét it uaisliu, Fél. Prol. 151 . co fa ch.¤ , Trip.² 1423 . fa chéad, DDána 23.22 . With compar.: céad féile `a hundred times more generous', Aithd. D. 58.11 . With prec. AR (FOR) in compd. numerals: coic míli ochtmugat ar ch.¤ , Ml. 34b17 . cethorchae de rígaib / ar díb cáinib cétaib, Fél. Ap. 3 . di bliadain cóicat for c.¤ , PH 1065 . Note also: dá ch.¤ sescat, Fél. Oct. 30 . da cet .m. ┐ a cethar cethrachat `two hundred and forty-four miles', Laws i 28.9 Comm.

Compds.

(a) With adjj. derived from nouns: ropo chētach cētblīadnach, Misc. Hib. 20 § 3 . comarba cētbūadach Pōil apstail airdd hundred-gifted . ACL iii 218 § 7 . Conn Cēdc[h]athach C. of the Hundred Battles, ML² 114 . With intensive force, battlesome, bellicose ( Celtica xii 192 ): tīr boīe (?) Chuind chētchoraig 'of the hundred treaties (?)' Ériu xvi 46.1 ; 'der Erstvertragliche' ZCP xviii 102 . cendtarcluais a ainm .i. cétcluasta ` "Century-ear", that is, having a hundred ears', RC xv 426.25 . isin c[h]ēdāin c[h]édchrot[h]aig hundred-formed , ZCP viii 206.3 . ingen C. chetchurchaig of the hundred coracles, LL 21066 . rechtaire múad muinter cech cétglonnaig, RC xxii 194.9 .

(b) Miscellaneous: roithchleas, corpcleas, cét-chaithchleas, `hundred-battle-feat', RC xxix 128.3 . ? fear céadmhaoidhte curadh / ní héagcaointe a eidhear, DDána 98.23 . cēdmarbtha, ML² 1236 .

1 cobach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cobach or dil.ie/9798
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cabach

n (com + fíach, Bürgschaft 13 ). Also cabach. See also comḟíach.

(a) tribute : mat coir cobaig, inti bes coir dib, cid aonfer, ni raga fair s̄ aithgin namma; inti im̄ dian taobaither (?) asrairi boin ┐ aithgin ┐ log enech in fir roicc in boin fri rig, CIH iii 888.38 , cf. 888.36 . cobhach .i. cíos, O'Cl. tánic in rechtaire rán / . . . / do chungid chobaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 162.7 . cóeca dabach daith / do chabach, KMMisc. 272.15 . a cain ┐ a c.¤ , LU 377 (ACC). a cāin ┐ a c.¤, a cīs ┐ a mbēs, Corp. Gen. 93.30 . cen cháin ┐ cen ch.¤ ríg na rechtaire , LL 37083 . a cis ┐ a c.¤ , Lism. L. 313.33 .

(b) Legal also as nomen agentis: ma as-loa c.¤ (.i. feichem) `Kontrahent', Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . fiac[h] fir bíí eter da cobhach beoa, 15 § 51 (b) . fuircim si c.¤ lat sa armo chind i maighin an forais, 13 § 44 (cf. Ériu xvi 78 ). See 1, 2 cobthach.

con-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-icc or dil.ie/12189
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: conicimm, conicim, -cumhgaim, -cuimcim, cotnici, connice, conici(d), connice, -chumci, -cumgai, conicc, connic, cunic, conicc, cotdicc, condric, darric, -cumuing, -cumaing, -cuming, -cumaic, -cumaicc, -chumic, -chumcam, -cumcem, conicid, -cumcaid, -cumcid, conecat, cotecat, connecait, -cumcat, -chumgat, -cumget, conecar, -cumacar, -cumangar, -cumangair, coniced, -cúmcad, -cuimgedh, -cumgaitis, -chumcaitis, -cuimgidis, condníis, connisor, -coemos, choníis, chonis, -chaemais, -chuimser, -caemais, con, -cumai, -cum, -chom, -caem, conidistar, -coimastar, -coemnustar, -choimsithar, -caomnais, caemhnas, conisamar, choníssid, conísat, -cumset, -cúm[s ?]at, -coemsat, -cœmset, -chaemsat, chotíssind, -cuimsin, -caemsaind, -choemsaind, conísed, connisad, -cuimsed, -cóemsad, -choemnacair, -ccaomhsadh, -cæmnasad, -caomnaistea, chotísmis, -cuimsimmis, -caemsimmis, -coemsamuis, chonísti, connistais, -choemsaitis, -choemstais, -ccaomtais, -chaemsadis, con-icub, conniciub, -cumgub, conicbe, cotniocfa, conicfa, -chumgaba, conn icfidear, conicfam, conicfid, conicfed, cotnicfat, -cumgabat, conicfed, cunicbad, conícfad, -cumcaibed, conicfimmis, connicfaitis, con-icf(a)itis, connicfitis, cotaneccar, conanacur, -coemnacar, -coemnacair, co-t-ánic, conánic, conrainig, -chaemnaic, condnanacair, conranagair, -choimnucuir, -coimnacuir, -coemnacar, -chaemnaic, conrancus, -caemnas, -coemnus, -caemnacair, -coemnacair, -caemnacair, -coimnacmar, -coimnacaid, -coemnacabar, con-áncatar, conangatar, conrangatar, -coimnactar, -comnactar, -cæmnachtar, -caomhnagatar, -chuma(i)ng, -chumngaim, chuingess, -cuingebtais, -comdaighdur, -conicab, -conice, -coni[c ?]satt, -chōem, -caomain, -chaomhsat, cumang

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 554 ). On -aing and coím- in prot. forms see Ped. loc. cit., Pokorny, ZCP xiii 109.10 , GOI 354 , 425 . Indic. pres. 1 s. conicimm, Wb. 20d6 . conicim, Thes. i 498.11 (Ardm.). -cumcu, Ml. 18b5 . -cumhgaim, Blathm. 148 . -cuimcim, RC iii 345.21 . 2 s. cotnici, LU 6381 . connice, PH 1181 . conici(d), RC xii 88 § 98 . connice, PH 1181 . -chumci, LU 5166 . -cuimgi, RC xii 104 § 153 . -cumgai, BDD² 767 . 3 s. conicc, Wb. 4b11 . connic, Ml. 24d14 . cunic, 74b14 . conicc, Sg. 27a18 . cotdicc, Wb. 5b40 . ? condric, LU 5165 = darric, TBC-I¹ 683 . -cumuing, Wb. 9d16 . -cumaing, 11b9 . -cuming, Thes. ii 6.31 . -cumaic, ZCP viii 308.21 . -cumaicc, RC xii 104 § 52 . -chumic, Ériu vii 142 § 15 . 1 p. -chumcam, Wb. 4a27 . -cumcem, RC iii 346.2 . 2 p. conicid, Fél. Ep. 381 . -cumcaid, LU 7156 . -cumcid, 7173 . 3 p. conecat, Sg. 32b14 . cotecat, 173b4 . connecait, Laws i 242.21 Comm. -cumcat, Ml. 23a5 . -chumgat, 56c7 . -cumget, 112b16 . Pass. s. conecar, PH 3038 . -cumacar, Todd Nenn. 216.9 . -cumangar, LU 6518 . -cumangair, YBL 138b6 .

Impf. 3 s. coniced, RC ii 398.11 . -cúmcad, PH 1320 . -cuimgedh, Celtica iv 30.430 . 3 p. -cumgaitis, Ml. 102a9 . -chumcaitis, LU 4986 . -cuimgidis, CCath. 2005 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. condníis, SR 1874 . connisor, TBC-I¹ 3529 . -coemos, Anecd. iii 73.19 . 2 s. choníis, Wb. 10a21 . chonis, RC xii 104 § 153 . -chaemais (as fut.), LU 207 . -chuimser, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -caemais, RC x 84.2 , Anecd. i 72 . 3 s. con, Sg. 25b14 . -cumai, -cum, Ml. 31c19 , 32d15b , 87d13 , 129b6 (-cu[m]). -chom, 53a5 . -caem, Laws ii 302.9 Comm. As depon.: conidistar, Ériu vii 140.21 . -coimastar, ii 138 § 127 (parsing uncertain). Pass. -coemnustar, RC ii 400 § 42 (appar. in fut. sense). -choimsithar, BB 210b6 (= caemnagair, Todd Nenn. 92.4 ). ? -caomnais, O'Curry 1167 ( H 3.18, 463b ) = caemhnas, O'D. 2322 ( Rawl. B 506, 33d ) (parsing uncertain). 1 p. conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 (as fut.). 2 p. choníssid, Fél. Ep. 393 . 3 p. conísat see OIPG 99 . -cumset, Ml. 39c26 . -cúm[s ?]at, PH 1131 . -coemsat, Alex. 93 . -cœmset (as fut.), ZCP v 498.23 . -chaemsat (as fut.), SG 329.20 . Atlantis iii 400.15 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chotíssind, Fraech 148 . -cuimsin, Wb. 17b1 . -caemsaind, MR 42.16 . -choemsaind (as condit.), Fen. 308.5 . 3 s. conísed, LU 7110 . connisad, MacCarthy 42.28 . -cuimsed see OIPG 100 . -cóemsad, Goid. 94.3 . MacCarthy 62.5 (as condit.) = -choemnacair, SR 1514 . -ccaomhsadh, AFM v 1552.7 . -cæmnasad (-coemhsatt, v.l.,), Ériu ii 178.16 . Pass. -caomnaistea, Laws ii 208.26 Comm. 1 p. chotísmis, Wb. 25a1 . -cuimsimmis, 17c18 . -caemsimmis, LL 28126 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 346.z .). -coemsamuis, RC iii 346.9 . v 199 § 9 (as condit. ). 3 p. chonísti, Sg. 138a9 . connistais, Rawl. B 512, 72c (Plummer MS. notes). conistais, ZCP xxx 62. 1099 . -choemsaitis, SR 519 . -choemstais (metri gratia), 932 . -ccaomtais, ZCP xiv 256.17 . -chaemsadis (as condit. ), YBL 326a10 .

Fut. 1 s. con-icub, Wb. 32a20 . conniciub, PH 1553 . -cumgub, Ml. 49c5 . 2 s. conicbe see OIPG 100 . cotniocfa, TFrag. 208.16 . 3 s. conicfa, BColm. 72.21 . -chumgaba, Ériu vi 148.52 . Pass. conn icfidear, Todd Nenn. 92.10 . 1 p. conicfam see OIPG 100 . 2 p. conicfid, Wb. 13a10 . conicfed, 13 (see notes). cotnicfaiti, CCath. 2412 . 3 p. cotnicfat, CCath. 635 . -cumgabat, Ml. 54a19 .

Condit. 3 s. conicfed, Ml. 14a6 . cunicbad, Laws iii 270.x Comm. conícfad, RC ii 400 § 42 . -cumcaibed, Ml. 42a32 . 1 p. conicfimmis, Wb. 17a10 . 3 p. connicfaitis, Goid. 69.1 . con-icf(a)itis see OIPG 100 . connicfitis, PH 2044 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. cotaneccar, Wb. 14c40 . 2 s. conanacur, PH 1754 . -coemnacar, LU 6381 , LL 9640 . -coemnacair, PH 1754 . 3 s. co-t-ánic, Wb. 8a14 . conánic (sic leg.), TTr.² 748 . conrainig, Ériu xvii 72.7 . -chaemnaic, LL 9031 (TBC). con-anacuir, Ml. 119d7 . condnanacair, SR 2798 . conranagair, AFM v 1356.6 . -choimnucuir, Wb. 19c10 . -coimnacuir, Ml. 116c5 . -coemnacar, PH 6306 . -chaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 763 . Pass. conrancus, LB 141b48 . -caemnas, Laws iii 286.20 Comm. -coemnus, Anecd. iii 33.12 . -caemnacair, BNnÉ 93 § 206 . ? -coemnacair, PH 3861 . -caemnacair, RC xviii 155.19 . 1 p. -coimnacmar, Ml. 53b9 . 2 p. -coimnacaid, Wb. 9b10 . -coemnacabar, PH 3051 . 3 p. con-áncatar see OIPG 101 . conangatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 . conrangatar, Hugh Roe² 18.3 . -coimnactar, Ml. 76a5 . -comnactar, 7 . -cæmnachtar, Auraic. 1077 . -caomhnagatar, Hugh Roe² 126.8 .

Later as simple vb. with stem cu(i)mg-, cu(i)mc-, comg- (with indic. pres. and pret. 3 s. -chuma(i)ng). Note also -chumngaim, Lism. L. 1412 . chuingess (rel.), MacCongl. 113.12 . -cuingebtais, CCath. 2409 (-coemtais, v.l.). -comdaighdur, Fier. 195 (-chuimgedur, v.l.).

With generalized stem conic-: -conicab, RC iii 345.27 . -conice (pret. 3 s.), Aisl. Tond. 95.1 . -coni[c ?]satt, 96.12 ( -coniccsid, 16 ). Cf. in fhairind conicsat áine do denam, PH 4984 .

With cáem(n)-: -chōem (pret. 3 s.), MacCongl. 105.5 . -caomain, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 . -chaomhsat, Fl. Earls 154.8 . BNnÉ 298 § 40 .

IGT Verbs § 53 .

Vn. cumang.

Can, is able.

1 Gl. Lat. possum, Ml. 32d15b , 49c5 , 54b12 , 119d7 , 129b6 ; with neg. gl. nequeo, 31c19 , 41d15 , 42c32 . Cf. coni coimnacuir gl. nullus quiuerit, Ml. 116c5 .

2 With conjunctions, superlatives, etc. as best one can, to the best of one's ability, etc.: amal connicfitis `according to their ability', PH 332 . amail conidistar a nert, Ériu vii 140.21 . amail con-icfed de `according as he might', Grail 1800 . amail as déne conrangatar as fast as they could, Hugh Roe² 14.12 . do recclamaitt an lion as lia conangatar ina naghaidh as many as they could, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 .

3 With nas. rel. clause: con-nic do-mberthar forcell din titul `a testimony may be given', Ml. 24d14 . conicfid-si bede preceptori `ye will . . . be able to be', Wb. 13a10 . conicc bes ṅ dobriathar, Sg. 27a18 . nád chumaing aranísar and `which cannot be found there', 209b13 . connachcæmnacair anmanna de duine nā chethir ronucad a ainech secha not a living thing . . . could put its head past him, TBC-I¹ 1744 . With co: ni chumcaimm co ro-imgaiber, PH 6558 . co cæmnachtar co regdar = produci possunt, Auraic. 1077 .

4 With noun object: intan nad coimnactar-som in peccad `when they were incapable of', Ml. 76a5 . conecat a trede-sin `they can be these three things', Sg. 33a12 . mad meise conísed mo chomairle (see comairle), BDD² 708 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí falsehoods are ineffectual, ZCP xi 83 § 30 . is bec condnanacair forcetul is of little avail, PH 5743 . nī fuil nōeb connī a airde / co tī in Coimdiu no saint is as exalted as he (Patrick), ACL iii 303 § 3 . nach cumaghaim poinn, Ó Bruad. ii 168.24 .

5 With accus. has power over, controls, is master of: isé conic bas ┐ bethaith, Thes. i 4.29 . dot mhac . . . / con-ic na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . a rí conic aiṅgliu, Fél. Prol. 7 . ōenrī bethad . . . / con-ic sāegulrith cac[h] ōen `who determines', Ériu xvii 40 § 17 . creit dom thigerna-sa conneoch connis maroen frit those under your control, LB 159b13 .

6 In fig. etymol.: cia cumagg conanocair `what power he could wield', RC xii 82 § 79 . nach cumang conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 .

7 With 1 ní (see Duan. F. iii 249 ): intan nad cumgat a namait ni `can do nothing', Ml. 107a8 . nī coemhnagair nī nothing was accomplished, ACL iii 309.21 . ní cumcat ni la mac nDé are powerless (of earthly kings), LU 9457 . ní cumangar ní sech Dhia, Anecd. ii 15.x . With DO, DI: ní chumgaimm ní duit I can do nothing for you, Fraech 148 . ni chumaing ni damsa monuar, RC xxvi 364.8 . More usu. the prep. introduces dativus incommodi and meaning is makes an impression on, copes with, hence v. freq. injures, harms: ni chumgaim-sí am ni de I can't help that, ZCP xxvii 40.12 . dia cuimgi ní di `if thou canst answer any of it' (a question), Stair Erc. 1307 . conach cumgadais suile daine ni dho ina dechain could make nothing of it(?) (a garment), ZCP viii 539.8 . nara chumaing C. ní dóib acht in phelait . . . d'fhácbáil leo could do nothing with them (warriors), MU² 163 . cia con-icc ní dúun gl. quis contra nos? Wb. 4b11 . nír chumaing Cúchulaind ní dó, Ériu i 124.19 . ní chumgabat renna ní duit cannot harm thee, BColm. 68.24 . ni ra chumhcaisetsom ni do feruibh Mumhan, BLism. 173ra15 . gion gur cuimhgettar ní dóibh, AFM v 1544.y . nochar cuimhghetor ní dhe (: teine) could make no impression on him, Duan. F. i 41.55 . Note also: nír comdaighdur enrét dó, Fier. 195 .

8 With inf. pron.: ni choimnactar `they could not do it', Ml. 19c5 . ní cach óen condric samlaid who can do it like that, LU 5165 (TBC). ar do-triallais co menic, ┐ ni-t-coemnacair, PH 1758 . día notcaomhsoinn if I could do so, BS 46.26 .

9 With other pronominal objects: amal ni cuimsin . . . a n-asberinn, Wb. 17b1 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són, Ml. 14a6 . di neuch con-icub as far as in me lies (gl. ego reddam), Wb. 32a20 (cf. TBC-I¹ 3529 ). an condníis d'ulc, SR 1874 .

10 With follg. vn.: nad choimnactar cathugud `who were unable to fight', Ml. 66d6 . nad coimnacuir Dia tabairt uisci doib, 97d4 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . cona coemnacair labra, Three Hom. 68.19 . nír cuimciset lúth a cos, CCath. 2099 . comhroinn ar chrích do chumhuing could share out, O'R. Poems 2498 . ní cuimge anadh sunn, Aisl. Tond. 119.4 .

11 With possess. and vn.: conna cumgat a n-íc, Ml. 76a19 . ni cumangar a rím, LU 6518 . nir-cumaing a certugud could not be steadied (of a horse), TTebe 2359 . co nicfaitis a tairmeasc `who could have prevented it', Laws iii 252.15 Comm. coniscumhaing mu Rīgh rān / mu beith etc., ZCP vi 260.17 . ní ro cuimgedh a dénamh, CCath. 1798 . ní caoemsadh a faisneis ina facaidh . . . ann, Aisl. Tond. 108.17 .

12 With noun and indirect obj.: hore con-icc dígail forib for he can punish you (gl. propter iram), Wb. 6a17 (see Bergin, ZCP xvii 223 ). nád cóimnacaid brithemnact forsin cin-sa, 9b10 . condn-icim-se duit maidm reut I can promise you victory, Corp. Gen. 149.2 . fear con-icc suidi ┐ ligi ┐ biad do chách (a `rechtaire'), BDD² 799 . nír chumaing rí a mian don mnaei no king was acceptable to her, IGT Verbs ex. 468 . nír' caomain a cosa ó talmain was rooted to the spot, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 .

13 With accus. + do + vn.: ní cumcat idail ní donaib adamraib sin do denum idols cannot perform any of these wonders, Ml. 60b6 . ni fail . . . / nech conní a cetmad d'aisneis, SR 652 . ni cumgi-so(m) . . . a beō nach óe do breith, TBC-I¹ 685 . ní chumgaitis uili a delg do béim assa brut-som, LL 8398 (TBC). na caemnacar cach ni dib d'anocal, Laws v 156.19 Comm. ní cumhang lucht an lis-sin / a bhfulung d'olc d'innisin, DDána 29.33 .

14 Similarly in rel. constr.: nad chumaing nach nduil do imgabail from which no creature is exempt, LU 2515 . lócrand . . . nad chumgaitís suili doíni déicsin, 6556 . ar daigh gach neich cotnicfad do lesugud `every one whom he could benefit', CCath. 1182 . in galur(,) nách cumaicc do legius which he cannot cure, PH 4222 .

15 Hence with pass.: trenailce . . . na cuimgidthur do cumscudugh which cannot be moved, O'D. 15 ( H 3.17, 15 ). nech . . . nád cumangar do aidbriud, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . ná ro cuimgedh danacal, AFM vi 1964.z . ? co cumangar du gach dialt (`that there may be power to every syllable'), Auraic. 1234 .

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

do-im(m)gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-im(m)gair or dil.ie/17861

Forms: do[m]rimgair-se, do-dn-imgara, -gera, -timgér, timgēra, timgart, dorimgart, dorimgair, timgartatar, domrimgartsa, timgairid, timgaire

v (* to-imb-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ). Ipv. 2 s. do[m]rimgair-se, LL 163b7 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 6 , cf. v 126 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. do-dn-imgara, -gera, Ériu iii 98 . Fut. 1 s. -timgér, ZCP x 45 § 5. 3 s. timgēra, Imr. Brain § 59 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. timgart, ZCP viii 309 . dorimgart, SR 3176 . dorimgair, 4950 , 6555 . 3 pl. timgartatar, FB § 56 . Pass. domrimgartsa, LU 10307 . Later as simple vb. timgairid. Vn. timgaire. Cf. do-airmgert.

(a) asks, claims: ni dhlomhann ┐ ni thiomghair .i. ni dhiultann is ní iarrann, O'Cl. , cf. Hard. ii 296 . timgart .i. rochuinnig, O'Dav. 1558 . doimgair comartha dí asks a token for herself, ZCP viii 310 . mac duine timghair aithe a mhaoeine who asks requital of his treasures (?), ZCP xii 296 . mad in flaith timgaras a biad on ceili, Laws i 186 Comm. timgéra dig, Imr. Brain i 29 . asbert M. frisseom ara timgarad a echuir he should ask for its key, 53 . co fordala | do cach óin dodnimgara let him dispense to all that ask, Ériu iii 98 . dorimgart-seom a eneclaind for Midir, Metr. Dinds. ii 4 . dorimgart Fergus a giallu, Ériu iv 24 . timgair giallae co Duball, ZCP xii 236 . doimgairett dul chuice ask that they may approach her, ACL iii 326 . dorimgart in rechtaire in claideb do reicc ris do Socht asked S. to sell him the sword, IT iii 200 . ni sinn rothimgair . . . | do chor do dindgnaib richid it was not we who demanded thy expulsion, SR 1731 . rothiomghair a breith dom thigh, BS 156 . timairgid (leg. timgairid) celebrad de M. aks leave to depart, BColm. 22 . in timgér celebrad cóir | d'innsi móir mac Miled Múaidh? shall I take leave of?, ZCP x 45 § 5 . timgartatar Ulaid celebrad, FB § 56 . burba inna fecheman timgarat inna cesta `the ignorance of the advocates who seek to solve the difficulties' (? who ask, plead the questions), Laws ii 130 Comm. muna timgartar air he unless they (debts) are demanded of him, 272 Comm.

(b) asks for, calls, summons: tria aslach . . . dorimgart 'n-a comlepaid invited (of Potiphar's wife), SR 3176 . dorimgart corp do chrí chain | in ri doridnacht talmain has asked, i.e. called (formed) a body from clay, 2019 . ind anim dorigni (Dia) dam | hé rostimgair . . . he has called (claimed), 2066 . Adam mac Dé . . . dorimgair Fíadu findnār, 4950 . aingel De thimgair cach slog who convenes (?), 3045 . timgart ind ingen (leg. in n-ingin) chucci il-ligi, ZCP viii 309 . ? is [saer] ém domrimgartsa ó Lug, LU 10307 . do-riomghart a anmchara a dhochum, Hugh Roe 262 .

(c) Doubtful cases: ri rothimgair im cach mbuaid | ro-miscnig fingail fo[r]ruaid, SR 2477 . feib rothimgair Caïn cíar | cetna fingail for Abíal perpetrated (?), 2717 . romallach Dia Chaïn cruaid | is cech oen nogeinfed uaid | he fein rothimgair co trén | triana fingail for Abél checked, punished (?), Rawl. 76a20 = BB 7b31 , Lec. 74a40 = rothimairg, LL 141b45 (perh. orig. reading; for confusion of timgair- and timairg- cf. BColm. 22.26 quoted above). rodastroeth cech n-olc . . . rosglaed cech locht . . . dosrimgair arsech cói cath punished, subdued (?), SR 6555 ; cf. also 3045 quoted above, which admits of same meaning.

5 eochair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 eochair or dil.ie/20142

Forms: eochair, Ochair, Ochair

n one of the lower flanges of the triangular or leaf-shaped spear-head (?): ro gab Aengus in crimall [a spear] anuas da healchaing ┐ tuc buille di a Cellach cor marbustar he; cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic coro lethchaech hé ┐ ro ben a hurlunn a ndruim rechtaire na T. aca tarraing a Cellach, Laws iii 82 z ; cf. other versions of the story: og tabairt do an gai a broind an maic taraill in slabrad (brefe na slabraidi LU. brefne a slabradige, H 3.17 ) dar suil Cormaic...┐ conecmaing a hirland a n-edan an rechtaire , Anecd. i 16.13 (similarly Ériu iii 136.3 ). atroeraid Oengus in tsleig triit. bi dano indala slabrad suil ind rig ... in tan do sreng in sleig a dochum rodbi fochoir na sleigi triasind deogbaire, Rawl. 131b31 (where fochoir seems a by-form of eochair). This passage in Laws iii 82 is apparently referred to in: eochraib aithre [leg. áithe ?] aithighi, in an obscure rhetoric on A.'s crime, Laws v 266.8 . Cf. also, perhaps: no thorc n-eocraide (a chattel liable to seizure in certain cases), with gl.: in torc cusna eochraib aithi, cusna fiaclaib bir-athi .i. muc corusa fine .i. amail eochra aithe a fiacla, v 444.16 Comm.

Cf. (e)ochair-gér under 7 eochair.

pn Here perhaps: Ailill Ochair Aga, LU 22a32 = RC ix 452.4 , where Stokes takes Ochair as g s. and translates `A. of the edge of battle,' but the word, whatever its meaning, is possibly in apposition to Ailill, despite the fact that it does not alter with the gen. in : mac Ailello Ochair Aga, Anecd. i 51.7 .

étan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étan or dil.ie/20655
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: édan, étan

n o, m. édan, m. IGT, Decl. § 17 . Front, brow, forehead: étan (gl. frons) Sg. 113b7 . don etan (gl. fronti) Gild. Lor. 103 . brōn .i. a fronte ar is for ētan bīt[h] aithgne mbrōin nó fāilte, O'Mulc. 167 . topach[t] a ḟolt o chúl có étan de, TBC-LL¹ 1891 . romair in lon láith assa étun, LL 121b29 = RC iii 181.35 . atraracht an lon láich asa éton, TTr.² 1474 . co n-ecmaing a hirlond inn-éton in rechtaire combói triana chend siar, Ériu iii 136.12 . i n-étan ind rechtaire , LU 53b29 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . fri etnu dam, LU 131b1 . co ti allus bar n-etan, MacCarthy 58 z (cf. SR 1452 ). i llaind a étain, TBC-LL¹ 1266 . hi certmedón a édain, PH 7271 . a gclár a éudain, Rev. xiv 9 . tuicsin isin incind edain = intellectus in fronte Ériu ix 63.3 . Transf. and fig.: a n-aigthe...fo thúaid ┐ gǽth garb ina fír-etan, FA 26 LU (= ina n-enech LB). i calne lúin éton (: cétol) in front of the calends of June Fél. June 1 . i nOchtimbir étun (: cétul), Oct. 1 . Of hills , etc. : tainic reime i n-étnaib cnocc ┐ carracc, Acall. 3438 . cuirfid Tuath D.D. ind-étnaib cnocc ┐ carracc, 7535 . co táet fuil flann | fonn fo étnu across the face of the plains ACL iii 297.14 . In expressions denoting to face, front: is la hUib C. cētaig | cruadc[h]ongbail a n-ētain friu `it behoves ...to confront them fiercely' Ériu vi 121.19 . Ētar étan ri dílind, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.1 ; 110.13 . do sheas mé a n-adhuigh a éduin, Galatians ii 11 . The end of a table, room, etc., as opposed to the side: éadan an tighe ag na hollamhnaibh ┐ an t-éadan oile ag lucht freastail `the upper end...the other end' (oppd. to slios `the long side') Keat. ii 3903 . soir ┐ siar do bhádar dá éadan an tighe `the ends of the house looked east and west' iii 568 . a gcert-édan in buird `at the head of the table' Fl. Earls 46.27 . Of the bottom of a vessel: ni frith dabhuch a raibe édon, BCC § 158 = ni frith domain isin dabaig .i. más, Fél. 244.23 . Front of a book SGS iv 92 : ar bhfaicsin bhar n-anma-so ina heudan, Luc. Fid. 4 .

eter, etir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eter, etir or dil.ie/20789

Forms: eter, etir, etar, eada, itar, hitar, idir, etrom, etrum, adrumsa, etrut, etrutsa, adru, adrud, adrad, eadra, etir, etronn, etrunn, étrunn, eadrainn, eadroinn, atruinn, etrunni, etruinde, eadruinn, etruib, etruibsi, eadruibh, eadraibh, atraib, etarru, ettarru, etarro, etorro, eturra, atarru, eatorra, etarruib, etoroi

prep. with acc. Lenites in Mid. Ir. Forms: eter, Wb. 10b21 . 12b12 . 13c26 . 14b10 . 15a29 . 21b15 . 26d5 . 27c15 ; 36 . 28d27 . LU 11a36 ; 41 . Rawl. 48bz . 25b37 . 71a19 . etir, Wb. 28d25 ; 31 . Ml. 18d24 . 19d2 ; 20 . 25d1 . 34d20 . 35a19 . 37d10 . 38b1 . 38d13 . 39a7 . 39c12 . 47c18 . 53d12 . 56b33 . 58a11 . 69a18 . 76c5 . 92a13 . 97a7 . 102a7 . 103b15 ; 16 . 103d14 . 114b17 122d7 . 136c1 ; 3 ; 4 . 137c8 . 140a2 . Sg. 72a2 . LU 3a11 . LL 220b42 . 230a11 . Rawl. 49b37 . etar, Sg. 212a11 . eada, Mon. Tall. § 30 . itar, Sg. 203a16 . hitar 203b9 . 212a15 . idir, BB 289a24 . YBL 401a26 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. etrom, Sg. 217b11 . etrum, Hy vii 48 . adrumsa, BCC § 179 . 2 s. etrut, TBC-LL¹ 884 . etrutsa, LB 174a43 . adru, Ériu iii 164.26 . adrud 164.25 . adrad, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . eadra, Matthew xviii 15 . 3 s. etir, Wb. 28b3 . LU 44a28 . 1 pl. etronn Wb. 15a32 . Rawl. 65a21 . etrunn, Wb. 31a11 . étrunn Ml. 38c28 . eadrainn, YBL 401b2 . eadroinn, TD 15.1 . atruinn, IT iii 242.242 . With emph. suff.: etrunni, Wb. 12b12 . etruinde, YBL 276c10 . eadruinn, Acts xv 9 . 2 pl. etruib, Wb. 24c22 . 27b18 ; 21 . LU 107b42 . LL 260a39 . etruibsi, LB 223bx . eadruibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . eadraibh, TD 2.47 . Matthew xvi 8 . atraib, CCath. 1669 . 3 pl. etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 163b6 . 200b7 . 209b33 . 217b9 . Ml. 72c9 . 78b11 . 112a8 . 119d10 . LU 6b9 . LL 402b27 . ettarru, Wb. 33b18 . etarro, Sg. 150b6 . 151b5 . LU 27b24 . 30a17 . etorro, LU 43b33 . eturra, LB 223b52 . atarru, 236b6 . eatorra, TBC-LL¹ 2214 . TD 9.13 . Matthew xv 7 . etarruib, IT i 76.18 v.l. etoroi, Hib. Min. 17.291 .

I Between (two individuals or groups)

(a) of spatial, also of personal, moral and reciprocal relations. For convenience of reference the exx. in this subsection are classified as follows: (a) the objects of the prep. are denoted respectively by the suff. or independent pron. and a subst.; (b) the objj. are denoted by suff. pron.; (c) each of the objj. is a subst. (sg. or pl.) or each is a pron.; (d) the objj. are denoted by a dual subst.; (e) a pl. or collect. subst.

(a) ni fil fiál etronn et Crist, Wb. 15a32 . Corm. Y 989 . etir fessin et doíni (gl. mediator Dei et hominum) Wb. 28b3 . robbet etrom ocus phein, Hy v 96 . daratailc itir ┐ a brat TBC-I¹ 1278 . sliab Ḟ. etrut ┐ Emain, TBC-LL¹ 884 . ná léig edrom as mfeithiomh, LB 200.21 . ná leig beind...adrad ┐ Eire, IGT, Decl. ex. 2060 . cindus edrud ┐ an Cristaidhi? how goes it between thee and the Christian? ZCP vi 287.4 . lig edruinde ┐ cāch leave us to settle with everybody 36.2 . ná léig eadrainn is aoinneach do not leave me to contend alone with any TD 30.4 (see léicid). ro suid eidir e ┐ rig Ulad, MR 66.8 . tarla imresain iter se ┐ mac rechtaire na T., BCC § 168 . do bi fairce itir se ┐ an t-inadh sin § 271 . The pl. pron. is often used idiomatically, including by anticipation the second obj. with the first: dorigne Ioib leathsmacht mor etarru ┐ Mercuir between him and M. BB 4a20 . releic comdílsi etarru ┐ in snechta between him and the snow Moling 7.67 . tuc [an ingen] a láimh etorra ┐ a léinid, Acall. 3710 (`between herself and her smock' SG ii 198.5 ). ro suid eturru ┐ rig Ulad between him and the king FDG 583 ( = eidir e ocus r., MR 66.8 ). atorchair eturra ┐ Coin C. he and C. fought Ériu i 124.18 . iii 166.37 . contudchaidside etarru ┐ cranna `came between her and [her] spearshafts' iv 22.20 . tic M. do saigid a brathar ┐ doroinde sith celgi etarro ┐ a clann between him and her children RC xxiv 178.12 . cein robúi A. a nirt comoralta epistle etorru ┐ D., Alex. 802 = Anecd. v 1.6 . In O. Ir. the subst. immediately following the conjunction is regularly nom. Only when the article precedes is it acc. ( etarru ┐ ingréin, Ml. 112a8 ). See KZ liii 83 ff .; In: is e comartha robui etarru si ┐ Coin C., Ériu, ii 22.19 , the scribe may have considered si ┐ C. as explanatory of the pron. (b) ber brith étrunn (inter me et inimicos meos) Ml. 38c28 . dorigénsat dechor etarru, Wb. 7d10 . Hib. Min. 8.276 . roboí commant n-etarru du denum uilc, Ml. 78b11 . is cían etarru 119d10 . ni cian etruib, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . cuing airgit etarru (of two birds) CCC 2 LU. is bec duit etorro they are much the same (in relation) to you 7 LU. atá Slíab F. etruib (i.e. between thee and Emain, but this may belong to the idiomatic use noted below) LU 4866 . nothogfaindse etruib far ndís between you both IT i 72.18 . ar in ccompantas fil edrainn, TBC-LL¹ 2220 . nocho betis beóil bána | etraind is airm ilága there would not be white lips and weapons between us 4105 . ní maith etraib re haitrib aeninaid `you do not find it easy to live together' Ériu viii 4.27 . gan aoinneach ann eatorra, TD 9.12 ; 35 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn, 23.5 . fearr...iná' lot eadroibh than that it should be destroyed (in the contest) between you 2.43 . suil bheas aimhréidh eatarra lest there be disagreement between them 24.3 . Cf. runn dergōir itir suidiu between these latter (two) IT i 137.15 ( CCC 2 Eg.). With ellipse of second obj.: cisalpina... .i. in Gallia cenalpande. cen Alpai ṅ-etarru, Sg. 217b9 . (cis Rhenum) .i. cen Rian ṅ-etrom 217b10 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert so, Hy vii 48 . ní gar dogebhthar an ingin...fuil muir ┐ tír adrud sea and land are between thee (and her) Ériu iii 164.25 . ata fairgi mor adrut, ib. 26 . With a slightly different construction: consáiter etrunni mad tú between me and thee IT iii 244.1 (see KZ xlviii 52 ). See also end of c below. (c) in maceries roboí eter Dia et duine...et roboí eter corpu et anmana, Wb. 21b15 . dechur fil eter lanamnas et ógi 10b21 . dechur itir doíni ┐ idlu, Ml. 138c1 . triasin imresain fil etrum ┐ tu, MacCarthy 70.6 . rocroth M. a brat eter Coin C. ┐ Faind, IT i 227.1 ( = LU 50b ). cathir fil etir Ninues ┐ Thala, LU 1b25 . co torchair eter Ailill ┐ Medb, FB 61 . facbail obele itir bu ┐ laega, Laws i 232.5 . tainic itir in ingin ┐ a hédach, RC vi 175.6 . tiocfa an lán eadruibh is é, IGT, Decl. ex. 1041 . ná leig eadrainn agus inn protect me from myself Dán Dé xxii 17 . na hoiléinsi thoir | atá idir Ḟódla is Alboin, TD 24.6 . imthigh agus spreag é eadrad féin agus é féin amháin tell him his fault between thee and him alone Matthew xviii 15 . éidirdhealughadh eadruinne ┐ iad, Acts xv 9 . naoi n-iomaire eatorra agus é, Keat. ii 5202 . Of disputes, etc. cumusc...etir cenel nEogain ┐ Ultu, AU 892 . scanner etir ḟiru M. ┐ Airghiallu, 1050 . rofhás...cosnam eter na Gregaib ┐ na Latintu, PH 322 . RC xviii 167.23 . BB 12a4 . cath eter Tuathaib D. ┐ Fomoraib, 11b38 = MacCarthy 292 . a fil eter findruini ocus dergór as gold exceeds findruine FB 58 . a mbí idir ór is umha, TD 7.21 . idir mhéid meanma is mhíne | bhios aicill na hairdrighe 20.4 . The subst. may be represented by a vn. phrase: idir bheith ard is ísioll | do-chuaidh (i.e. he took a mean course) TD 20.38 . With omission of second obj. before the dependent gen. which distinguishes it from the first: dechur etir deacht maic ┐ athar, Ml. 24d25 . dorronad síid eter muntir nime et talman, Wb. 26d5 . do denamh sithe itir feruib Erend ┐ Alban, BCC § 318 . With idiomatic ellipse of second obj.: romboí fial amirisse eter a cride between their hearts and him Wb. 15a29 (see also end of b above). (d) atá coitchennas itar indi brethir so, Sg. 203a16 . in criss tessaigthe... | eter na da mesraigthe, SR 160 . súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 . crandcaingil eter cach da claiss FA 13 LU. rond argit eter cach dá en, CCC 2 LU. ro crochad Crist eter na dá latrand, PH 1209 . an sruth... idir in dá sluagh, BCC § 174 . co ruc itir a dha laimh air 309 . ass eter dā thēcht `milk of medium thickness' MacCongl. 101.9 . (e) C. ro crochad eter na latrandu, PH 2257 . cid atá etir na clarlestraib, LU 3a11 . urba itir fēraib, Laws i 232.6 . filleadh bruit edir dheimhis, IGT, Decl. ex. 1374 . Cf. an t-eidirdhealughadh ata idir pheannaide gach droinge, Rule of Tallaght § 52 .

(b) of intervals of time: atá etarro immedon, Sg. 151b5 . dos ánic dunebad eter da domnach, LU 15b26 . it cóic deich lathe airmither eter cháisc...┐ sollamain in cengcaigis, PH 5415 . robatar indsin etir da thráth din ló, LL 122b8 = RC iii 184 . eadar dí nodlaic, Mon. Tall. § 30 . canith M. etir cach [da] salm ...`sancte M.' § 8 . etir theirt ┐ medhoin laei, AU 916 . ca med lā | idir m'ēg san tē thesdā between my death and his who has gone YBL 401a26 .

II Among (the members of a group) with pl. or collect.: óentad etruib immanetar, Wb. 27b21 . amal file óentid eter baullu coirp duini, 12b12 . a ndorogbid etruib, 27b18 . cinirbo etruib robammarni, 24c22 . etir tuaith among lay- folk 28d25 . etir na trogai (gl. inter aerumnas) Ml. 38d13 . eter tonna [t(h)onnaib v.l.] trethain, Fél. Nov. 23 . atá imfrecrae etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . hua[n] chomchétbaid són roboí etir inna cenéla du ulc frit, 103d14 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta etir in n-aís dutiagat inna reir 103b16 . eter libru (.i. ...eter lebraib), LU 11a36 (ACC). eter scolaib, 11a41 . dot fastad eiter tuaid ;...nit bera-sam eiter tuaid to detain thee among the laity. He shall not carry thee off among the laity Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan doberthar in cauradmir etruib, FB 59 . dá charpat rempe ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da tǽb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon, TBC-LL¹ 696 . luid...etorru ar medón went into the midst of them 900 . tarrustar [Ísu] eturra [sic leg.] ar medón, PH 6673.6823 , etc. fáid eter fháidib... apstal eter apstalu, 879 . atbertsat etarru buden, LB 2a46 (= PH 118 ). ba hed atberdis-sen atarru fessin, 236b6 . co tucam aichne fair iter [itir?] cách that we may recognise him among all others 175b28 = PH 1965 . dorat imcossaít eter na mná, FB 21 . dodeochatar na noib so... i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela, ZCP viii 315.19 . a mbith i scrin eturru that they might have them in a shrine (a saint's relics) BColm. 96.7 . do tocbatar a muindtir fen an duine ...etorra ass in luing, BCC § 259 . bai imchosnum...eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.7 . robad astrach...eter sídaib would journey among fairy-mounds IT i 215.22 . eatorra do hoileadh mé, TD 3.47 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol N. | do bhínn, 28.21 . ré bliadhna...dúinn...idir ḟiadhaibh Éirionn `in the wilds' 15.10 . rorand in doman a tri eter a triur mac, BB 11a19 (= MacCarthy 286 ). do randad Eriu eter na coigeadhachaib BB 13a5 = MacCarthy 304.1 . itir gach ní da raibhe scribtha and, adubhairt se..., BCC § 243 § 216 . With rel. part. before verb: ond áes tuaithe eterarrobæ, Wb. 28b32 .

III Followed by two or more objj. connected by ocus (or is) both...(and), including...(and) (cf. trian dib fria clais, trian fria croit, trian etir clais ┐ croit, Hib. Min. 9.280 ): with a s.: etir maith et saich both good and bad Wb. 8c20 . eter ógi et lanamnas, 9d26 . cense fri cách eter carit et escarit, 30b27 . eter soír et doír, eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . cech rét...etir glan ┐ anglan, Ml. 69a18 . ɔdib innon in fogor hitar hothad ┐ hilar, Sg. 203b9 . a n-étguda eter chorcair ┐ gorm ┐ dub..., buide ┐ brecc, etc. TBC-LL¹ 66 . a tairbirt uili...eter mnaí is fer, SR 5648 . lucht na cathrach etir ṡen ┐ óc, LL 230a7 (= TTr. 944 ). PH 186 . no churfed in Troe fó gin gai...etir ḟer ┐ mnaí mac ┐ ingin, LL 229b38 (= TTr. 928 ). Studies 1920, 566 . slán eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 419 . na cressa...eter úacht ocus tess, FA 26 . rofegsatar in tír | etir min ocus anmín SR 4670 . roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, etir cháimi ┐ chumtachtæ, FB 1 . oc iarraid mna do dinguala etir cruth ┐ deilb ┐ ecuscc, IT i 119.1 . Ériu i 218.15 . ro sirsit hErinn ule itir thes ┐ túaid, IT i 119.6 . rodalaitseom etir anair ┐ aniar, 99.7 . Content. xxviii 8 . dolluid [in sindach] fon caillid ┐ sloig Laigen eter chois ┐ ech ┐ choin inna degaid, IT i 46.27 = LB 65b55 . as tú an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith, IGT, Decl. ex. 651 . idir éasga is ghaoith is ghréin | ...ag diall ruibh, TD 21.43 . co ro lládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, RC xvii 355 . ag breith breithe eter beth a tocht ┐ ag labhra, BNnÉ 123.11 (in: a thindscra...itir ingen ┐ decelt, etc. YBL 32a25 = TBC-I¹ 1635 , ingen may be a scribal slip). Cf. tinne da mer do miter itir a tiug ┐ a tana, da dorn itir ┐ a tiug, a do itir ┐ a tana, da mer itir ┐ eipe a droma, ocht nduirn a fot ┐ ceithri duirn a leithit, Laws ii 246.3 , where: itir ┐ a tiug, itir ┐ a tana, lit. between it and its fat (lean), may mean including its fat (lean). tinne tri mer itir a tiug ┐ a tana, 248.10 . Cf. however ZCP xiv 352 . With a p.: etar fileda ┐ aís ndénma sairse chenæ, Sg. 212a11 . trian in tsluaig... | eter angle is archangle, SR 1838 . airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeoin, ZCP viii 304.36 . dia mbetís eter biu ┐ marbu Ulaid i n-oenbali the U. both living and dead LL 109b3 . marbad in tslóig archena etir maccu ┐ ingena, senóre ┐ sentuinne, 230a 11 = TTr. 947 With d p.: eidir themploibh ┐ mhainistrechoip ...tri tempaill is dá fichit, Fl. Earls 98.12 . With a p. and a s.: eter mo chuimregasa et líin dia pridchimm, Wb. 27c36 . Cf. oc imarbaig eter a feraib ocus siat fesni, FB 29 , where the construction is loose (see ZCP iii 418 ).

IV In: etir in n-inilligud (gl. intra tutum) Ml. 47c18 , the prep. is used = Lat. intra `within'; but this is an isolated case and prob. due to confusion betw. intra and inter on part of glossator.

1 fochair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fochair or dil.ie/22419

n the butt-end of a spear (?): ga ... dá dornn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ a f.¤ .i. a hurlann, O'Dav. 495 = a hiarann ┐ an baile a n-egarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair, .i. a hurlann, Laws iv 226.10 . rod bi fochoir na sleigi triasin deogbaire, Rawl. 131b33 , corresp. to: conecmaing a hirland a n-edan an rechtaire , Anecd. i 16 . Ériu iii 136.12 . Cf. 5 eochair.

fócra(e), fúacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fócra(e), fúacra or dil.ie/22543

Forms: fócre, fócru, fúacru, fuacru, focra, focra, fógra, fúagra, fógartha, fócra

n io, n.; later f. (vn. of fo-ocair, fúacair) O. Ir. a s. fócre, Wb. 2d17 . d s. fócru, 31c22 . fúacru, LU 10972 . fuacru, SR 6266 . n s. focra (n-aptha), Laws i 230z . focra (n-etechta), v 254.10 . fógra fúagra, IGT, Decl. § 3 ; Verbs § 47 .

(a) proclaiming, announcing, making known, giving notice: cen fócre et cen arigud (gl. usque ad legem peccatum erat in mundo Romans v 13 ) Wb. 2d17 . doni tri heigme ... do sirḟuacra a saraigthe, ZCP viii 266.4 . Cf. can a focrad, Laws v 274.9 . is nin scribthar ag fuacra na forbaidi sin to mark that accent Auraic. 1561 . cen robud cen rígḟócra, Metr. Dinds. iii 354 . fa lestar togaidhe fri fóccra fírinne (of a saint) BNnÉ 20 § 43 . Lism. L. 589 (fogra). amhail bhíos buachaill an táibhirne ag fógra an fhíona maith, TSh. 10678 . amhasdrach d'fógra a claoidhte | doní cú anbhfann the feeble dog `barks to proclaim his defeat' Content. xxiv 12 . bheith ag murmur no ag fuagradh go bhfuilmidne san gceimsi ar earraid, Luc. Fid. 194.1 . With DO of pers.: do ḟúacra na ceilge do Hectoir to warn H. of the ambush TTr.² 1188 = LL 406a47 . mar a n-abair Críost ag fógra anfhorlainn an bháis don duine, ecce venient dies ... ( Luke xix 43 ), TSh. 1061 . Of denouncing a fault, etc.: oc fócru a pecctha do chách, Wb. 31c22 . iar fuacra a chore dó `after admonishing him of his fault' Mon. Tall. § 37 . co forngaire firinde, co fuagra gach claein, ACL iii 320 § 98 . cen dītiun fīrindi, cen fouaccrae cloīni [sic leg. ?], ZCP iii 450.7 .

(b) esp. announcing, proclaiming (a ruler): atáid got fhógra fuinn 's dinn, O'Gr. Cat. 484 . Cf. rí tré iathuibh dá ḟuagra, TD 10.8 , which could, however, belong to (g).

(c) a notice, announcement, summons, ordinance: in tan tucad in fuacra-sa, PH 363 (= in smacht ib.; = in forcongra 366 ). meni dérntais dar fócra unless they acted against the decree Ériu iv 94 . dochuaid rechtaire in rig do fuacra for P. ┐ for a muime co ndigsitiss do glanad thellaig, Trip. 14.19 ( Trip.² 174 ). cuirid scéala go Mochuda da ḟógra dhó Rathain do tréigean, Keat. iii 1896 . gur chuir fógra fana hEoghanachtaibh 'ga rádh riú biadh ... do chur ... chuige, 3045 . fógra chuírte ... do chor lá Presidens ... go síol mB. `a proclamation for holding a court was issued by the President ... to Síol mB.' AFM v 1638.3 . foccra parlimenti do thabhairt dferaibh Ereann dia ḟorcongra for a maithibh a beith imbeltaine ... in Ath Cliath, 1826.19 . fógradh cruinnighthe ar chrú mB. `a summons of gathering ... to the blood of B.' O'Gr. Cat. 503.7 . fuáir tú fúagra = `thou art commanded' Gen. xlv 19 . tug Aáron fúagra made proclamation Exodus xxxii 5 . fuáir fógra ... ó neamh ... fios do chur ortsa = `was warned from God' Acts 10.22 . ag tabhairt ḟógra dhá gach áon = `warning every one' Colossians 1.28 . achd gu dtuga tú fógra dhó a dtáobh a ṡeachráin uáir nó dhó = `after the first and second admonition' Titus 3.10 . stocc foccra a summoning trumpet MacCarthy 56.16 ( LB 111a59 ). Later pl. fógartha ┐ aitheanta Dé, Eochairsg. 14.33 .

In Laws: a warning (of legal action), summons: toing to Dia, nach fōcre fond[o]t-ocerthar not-gebà huidhib aitire cach tēchta, Bürgschaft 22 § 65b . dia treise iar fócru `at three days' notice' Críth G. 85 . focra n-aptha (one of the `lesa' concerning which distress extends to three days) Laws i 230z (glossed .i. smacht biata do mic bithbinig tar apadh 234.2 . na séoit fōccra ┐ na seōit ōna cu cinniudh re rē, O'D. 2413 (see 2 sét). Here smacht may be synon. with fócra, cf. PH 363 above). focra la foircsin `warning by eyewitness' Laws ii 308.21 ( SM Facs. 35b ). ZCP xiv 382 (`Verkündigung bei Überblicken'). do fet focra folad .i. as remtechtai lium foccra abaid ┐ troisci do tabairt fair anas fola athgabhala do gabhail de, 23 P 3, 23aa ( O'Curry 1874 ). f.¤ n-étéchta an illegal challenge: focra n-etechta (... i. crand do togbail ... .i. conicfad tobach a fiach o mudh aile), Laws v 254.10 (256.21) . masa aonfear dib dorine in fuacra n-etechta sunn, ┐ ní errecht in fer eile ina adhaigh (of a challenge in a place where fighting is prohibited), O'D. 389 (< H 3.17, 295 ) = Laws v 304 Comm.

(d) summoning, suing (?): in fili oca fúacru fora nglinne ┐ a nadmand `summoning them by their sureties' Imr. Brain 47.14 ( LU 10972 ; occ accrui ┐ oc fuacra v.l. Cf. na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra `satirize and denounce' Dinds. 161 ). Cf. next.

(e) denouncing (with FOR, AR of pers.): fógra ar ṡeanchaidh madh fiú a locht `to denounce a sage' Content. xiv 15 . gur coir ... fuagra air mur iodhaladhraightheoir, Luc. Fid. 195 . Ó M. ... d'ēcc ... ┐ a mac do ghabhail a ionaid a hucht na bainrioghna. araill do dhaoinibh uaisle a chinidh acc fóccra ┐ acc fuaidreadh fair a ndiaidh an anma sin, AFM vi 2092.16 . Cf. é fein d'fogra mar brághaidh [sic] don bhainrioghain `he was declared the Queen's prisoner' v 1688.3 . See (g). Here perhaps: déna dam dóibh focra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24 . desimrecht ar trefoccul focra dorigne F., 293 n. 17 = in treḟoclach focrai, 293.18 (where t.f.¤ is applied to an ingenious specimen of indirect satire). trefocal fócra, Laws iii 92.10 .

(f) giving notice of battle, declaring war, challenging (with FOR of person): ar na tíset óic ... do ḟuacra comraic forru TBC-LL¹ 1150 . techta do dul ... do ḟúacra chatha for Troiánaib, TTr.² 555 . cath d'foccra forra, Cog. 132z . coccadh d'fógra fair, AFM ii 1120.2 . comracc d'focra do R. ... ar D., Ann. Conn. 1279 § 6 . eirge d'focra in comraic, Laws v 478.18 . a uagra catha ar Crumthann `the C. have the proclamation of his battles' Hy Maine 163 (= a furogra Uí Maine 46ra22 ).

(g) proscription, banishment, outlawry: fo thrí ... rodiultsat fir Herenn fria filedu ... Dā cēt ar mīli a lín isin cetna ḟocru ... In fuacra tānise ... `the first proscription ... the second proscription' RC xx 42 ( ACC Introd . ). bóe Dauid ré mór ... fo fuacru, fo innarthaib, SR 6266 . an tan do-beirt[h]i fōgra do c[h]liaraibh Fōdla, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 6 (< B IV 2, 155b ). fógra a fírḟréimhe `the banishment of her true race' Ériu viii 192 . fógra dhaoibh ós aird oruinn `thy public proscription of me' TD 3.20 . crádh liom echtrainn da bfógra `that foreigners proscribe them' O'Gr. Cat. 504.25 (cf. rí tré iathuibh dá ḟuagra, TD 10.8 ). égcert d'fhógra asedh doniad what they do is to banish injustice L. Cl. A. B. p. 240.86 . Cf. (e).

FOR (AR) F.¤ banished. outlawed: go ro cuirit ar fogra o thír co tír, AFM iv 1018.16 . ni ḟuair dion ... fear ar fógra ó ṡíol S. `banished by s. S.' TD 10 8 . an tan do bí sé ar foccra o Nera, BCC § 362 . beith ar faoindeal ┐ ar iogra AFM v 1640.8 (`wandering and proclaimed' note). fer foccra an outlaw LB 275b48 (wrongly fócrach, SG 61 ) = fer fōgra, CCellaig 724 . iomdha daorbhreith ... d'ḟonn a thréighte is ḟógartha `from a wish to betray him and banish him' Ó Bruad. iii 80 .

dligid foendelach fuacra, YBL 411d18 = LL 345d24 (= furfocra, Anecd. iii 14 ) may mean = a stranger is entitled to notice. Cf. Smith, RC xlv 33 . Laws ii 288.4 ( ZCP xiv 374 ).

For: maithe Tuadhmumhan do focra do ` submitted ' (to him' ALC i 642.27 , the variants are: do creidium do AU ii 474.26 ; do umhlughadh do Brian, AFM iii 580.18 ; do frecra do, Ann. Conn. 1343 § 7 . The latter is perhaps the right reading in ALC.

See fúacair and fúacairt.

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