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ainim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim(m) or dil.ie/1402
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: anaim(m), ainim, anim, animm, anaim, anim, anmain, anmuin, anme, anmae, animm, anim, anmin, anmain, anmin, anmana, anman, anmanaib, anam, anmain, anman, anmain, hanman, anman, anaim, anum, anuim

n f. Also anaim(m). See GOI 214 . In O. Ir. decl. fluctuates in sg. but is always that of an n-stem in pl. n s. ind ainim , Wb. 3d11 . Ml. 130c9 . anim, Wb. 16a21 . animm, 31b26 . anaim, Ml. 116b9 . a s. anim, Wb. 4a27 . anmain, 30a2 . anmuin, 31b12 . g s. inna anme , Wb. 25c26 . anmae, Fél. Ep. 117 . d s. animm, Wb. 4a27 . anim, 30c3 . anmin, 2c7 . anmain, Fél. Jan. 24 . n p. anmin, Wb. 8b3 . a p. anmana, Wb. 2b5 . g p. anman, Wb. 24d14 . d p. anmanaib, Wb. 24d13 .

Later also anam f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. anman), IGT Decl. § 8 . m. and f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. na hanman , an anman ), § 19.m. (g s. and n p. anaim), § 11 . anum m. (g s. and n p. anuim), § 17 .

(a) soul (as oppd. to corp body): issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto dé ní in corpp, Wb. 3d11 . corrop nóib for nanim in hómun dǽ, 16a21 . menme, corp, animm, imbráti, gnímæ, 31b26 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, 8b3 . beo a ainm i fos beo a anuaim (.i. a anim) thall `living his name here living his soul there', ACC 99 ( RC xx 274 ). treide na hanma .i. iracibilis ┐ concucibilis ┐ rationabilis , O'Curry 2226 ( Eg. 88 fo. 16(17)c ). in cuingid . . . do gní in ainim ic iarraidh gach raeta `enquiry which the mind makes', Laws i 36.8 Comm. ar tuaslucud anmæ brandaib `to obtain the release of the soul of Brandub', Mon. Tall. 133.29 (§ 18) . forith . . . ind soscele . . . inda hanmanna frisa tocbar `the gospel helps the souls of those towards whom it is lifted up', 162.9 (§ 85) . ainimme na noem gl. corda electorum, LB 67b38 . astoidet anmann inna noeb, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . mairg anmain nā faichledar / breisim lāi brātha brīgaig, iii 30 § 13 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō dos-carsat frisin corp hē, ACL iii 226.9 . comhrac éinfhir ní háil dí / 's an t-anam gan fhear páirte, Dán Dé xxii 27 . blodh do phéin an anaim, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . mo mhaitheas uile acht mh'ainim / a roinn is edh ordoighim, ex. 902 . gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp nó a ccaomh-anmann, AFM vi 2172.24 . ar anmain for the sake of the soul of: dia thidnacul ar m'anmain do náemaib (of valuables), LU 9631 . duini is mo dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus ar a anmain a nErind, RC xvii 407.22 (Tig.). udbuirt ar anmuin, Laws v 212.2 . tir atoiberar (sic leg.) do eclais ar anmuin, 314.17 . In phrase spirut anma see spirut II (a).

(b) life: i céin robói a anim and while he was alive, RC iii 181.34 . slán acht ní eple ainim de, Laws iii 448.y Comm. is é rocosain m'anam (sic MS.) dam `saved my life', ZCP vi 67.17 . roiar Sisian a anum don fomoir `asked him to spare the giant's life', 294.12 . robdar buidhigh do rochtain a n-anmann leó, AFM vi 1926.18 . an rígh do bheir párdún a anma dón bhraighe bhíos damanta, Eochairsg. 78.1 . tabhair ainim im eachaib give life to my horses, SG 26.34 . do cuireadh anum isin pobal (= populum animatum reddebam), ITS xix 28.24 . réod ar ndol a anma as `the frost has yielded its strength', KMMisc. 172 § 24 . nír chaith . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (i.e. he was a vegetarian), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . co n-anmain having life, alive: sétrad ngarit . . . ní fuil co n-anmain nach molta / romtha a rath there is nobody with a soul who would not be praised (by it), Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 74 § 3 . M. . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 . atraig cach oen co anmain, SR 8250 . ge bé creidis co n-anmaín firmly(?), BB 36a7 . In phr. fo-ácaib cen anmain: goras-fhāgaibh gan anmain hé 'killed him', BDC 262.651 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200y . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é, SG i 396.17 . In greeting or benediction: maith, a m'anum, a Chormaic, Acall. 3285 . See also Celtica iii 268 - 9 . tabair, a m'anam, a gilla, in ingin ut, 3330 . maith ám a m'anim, a Chathbad, LL 171a50 . m'anam-sa an bhuidhean nár fríth i gcruadhtan fann, Hackett v 1 . In formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter: anmain i nanmain .i. anacal `life for life', Ériu xvi 38.1 and p. 41 note 6 . anmain i n-anmain a Chu Chulaind or se, LU 9123 ( FB 87 ). anmain a n-anmain, RC xi 450.123 . In association with enech, see 1 enech, ainech II (a). In sense of living creature, animal: is si a fochreicc anam cach dine no cach mil immidrēt cachala blīa[dain] an animal for every herd (price paid for use of path to drive stock through somebody else's land), Corm. Y 1082 .

In compds. anm-, see separate articles.

1 caisirne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caisirne or dil.ie/7971

 

ind talum . . . óigreta co reod, co c.¤ amal chairrci tenntidi, IT i 190.34 (FA), cf. casarnach.

1 colt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 colt or dil.ie/10537
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, n. expld. as food , appar. archaic and/or poetic word: c.¤ [.i.] biad, Corm. Y 6 . O'Curry 1352 ( H 3.18, 615 ). Metr. Gl. 12.20 . O'Cl. iath n-Elga c.¤ mbodba, Dinds. 42 (rhet.). do chalb rop c.¤ clúmelta, RC xx 404.5 (ACC Comm.). cen ch.¤ (.i. cen biad) ar craíb cerníne, LU 561 (ACC Comm.). mōr n-ūair dorat . . . / c.¤ do t[h]ethraib dia tomhailt, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 12 . mad re n-irtar cond sceo c.¤ (.i. biadh) happy he on whom raiment and food are bestowed, ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). co ríacht Mag mBolg na mbúar-ch.¤ `cow-pastures', Metr. Dinds. iv 92.22 . eter cond sceo colt (.i. enech no biad), Sages, Saints and Storytellers 10, 28 . hua Fiachrach Fland Febla c.¤, LL i 6095 . cath Chuinn chuilt 'le combat du généreux Conn' Études Celt. iv 122.6 .

As n. loc. (perh. different word): ba flaith for C.¤ in caemrí, LL 15791 . ro iad reod . . . / . . . im Choirthi Cuilt, 29448 .

cuisne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuisne or dil.ie/13710

 

Forms: coisne, -e, -eda

n Also coisne. c.¤ m. n p. -e, -eda, IGT Decl. § 2 (39.31) . frost, rime, ice : in coisne .i. in reod , LB 240a67 = ACC 133 . sioc, oighre, readh, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 532 . coisne mor ┐ siccet `great ice and frost', AU i 364.16 . fuardhacht an cusne `of the hoar frost', Ir. Astr. Tr. 14.10 . an c.¤ = the ice, Job xxxviii 29 . sgéal na gcuisneadh . . . / a n-adhaint . . . gan teinidh `the icicles blazing, etc.' (miracle of Patrick), PBocht 10.47 . amhail bhuidéal i gc.¤ = in pruina ( Psalms cxviii 83 ), TSh. 3006 . oighreadh nó c.¤ , Eochairsg. 93.24 . do sheasc a huisce le c.¤ na spéire, O'Rah. 8.38 . c.¤ do bhí ris gach mbior / don fhuil-se na dtrí dtairrngead, Dán Dé xx 35 . an eangbhaile ar hoileadh í / . . . fáth a c.¤ Cáit `torpid chill occasioned by the loss of C.', Ó Bruad. ii 126.15 . With defining gen.: do bisib eaga (.i. do cuisni heighri), Trip. xlvii 26 . cuisni bráoin hoar-frost(?), IGT Decl. ex. 26 . Attrib. gen. frosty, frozen: fa gnáithe i n-as c.¤ an chos, DDána 79.28 . geimhle ch.¤ a chorrghlac icy manacles, Bard. P. 29.17 . do tsín ch.¤ , ZCP ii 340.34 . Cf. cuisse.

1 gel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gel or dil.ie/25565
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o,ā fair, white, bright, shining: luaichtidiu .i. aittoitech .i. giul (gl. fulgida), Ml. 40d4 . geal (gl. albus), Ir. Gl. 659 . O'Mulc. 632 , 690 . gel, i.e. gelu ōn reod , Corm. Y 680 . geal .i. caindleach, Lec. Gl. 477 . geal .i. cain, Stowe Gl. 417 . Of garments: co caslaib lín gil, FA § 4 . lenti gela, Hom. Leg. 60.3 . Of complexion, limbs, etc.: a dá ngrúaid ngormgela, BDD 100 d . TD 8.19 . fa réaltainn chorcra an chnis ghil, 25.16 . il-láim ragil, RC xx 10 § 3 . gela det, IT i 132.36 ( LU 10849 ). Of metals, weapons, etc.: do argut gil white silver, AU i 464.z (an. 946 ). Cog. 94.6 . na gcolg slisgheal, TD 9.23 . Of the colour of the winds: in derg ocus in buide itir ngaith ngil ocus corcra, Laws i 26.34 Comm. , cf. SR 57 . Of the sun: grían gel, Fél. Feb. 10. Prol. 4 . Of scenery: gort geal nach bī fa barr a field lying fallow (?), ACL iii 236 § 5 . (Cf. geal `stubble,' O'R. Poems ) tulach géiggeal `brightly-foliaged,' TD 4.17 . Of animals and inanimate objects: in n-elta do gésib gela, TBC-LL¹ 1327 . each geal, ZCP viii 220 § 27 . tige snechtaidi márgela, RC ix 476.6 . amal olaind ngil, PH 6200 . na ceirtli gela, Laws i 152.19 Comm. bairgen geal, ZCP vi 283.25 . bhí sé geal (of manna), Exodus xvi 31 . Fig. cona cléir gil gríanaig, Fél.² Nov. 1 . a ṅanmann it gela illustrious , May 19 . dúan gel, IGT Decl. ex. 354 . Equative: gilidir casnaide white as wood-shavings, Ériu iv 94 § 13a . gilithir tonn, tic dar trácht, 96 § 17 . gilidir snechta n-oen-aidche, TTr. 1530 ( LL 237b14 ). Cf. IT i 119.25 . gilithir fírinni ic flaith, Ériu ix 47 § 17 . Compar.: airdri ... as giliu grianuibh, Ériu ii 98.3 . drech fa gili inā gach grūadh, ZCP vii 304 § 9 . Used as subst., whiteness, bright-coloured surface: slabrad ... dar gel a gualand, TTr. 1545 ( LL 237b34 ). geal a ngríosghruaidheadh, TD 21.43 .

Compds. ¤argat: slabrad gelarggit, TTr. 1545 . bretnass gelairgit, RC xxiv 200.4 . ¤bán candidus: cleirchén gelbán, cáin a lí, LL 37b54 ( Auraic. 5203 ). Fél. Ep. 287 . ¤báne pure whiteness: is argit gel ara gelbane, LL 371a42 . ¤blad ` bright renown ,' AFM ii 752.11 . ¤Bóinn, IGT Decl. ex. 1 . ¤brecc variegated with white, RC xxi 399 § 46 . ¤briathrach fair-spoken (?): geilbriathrach cach flaitheamain, ACL iii 230.139 . ¤buide: Niall g. `Tawny N.' AU ii 368.17 . ¤cloch hailstone , CF Eg. 13 . ¤cnes white skin, TBC-LL¹ 5568 . RC ix 490.6 . CCath. 4671 . TFerbe 26 . ¤cnesta white-skinned: corp g., TBC-LL¹ 5309 . ¤corcra rosy: cossa gelchorcrai, RC ix 490.4 . dá ngrúad ng., BDD 100 d, n. 8 . ¤corp, RC ix 490, n. 4 . ¤crécht a white scar (= vestigia cicatricis), Lat. Lives 60.1 . foillechta in g., ib. 47 . ¤cruithnecht white wheat, MacCongl. 37.10 . ¤derg bright red, crimson (?): brat g., BDD 114 . ¤dét white tooth , ML 62.19 . ¤féle pure modesty (?): friar Coimdid co. ṅgeḟéle, SR 8075 . ¤gainmide white-sanded , CF Eg. 8 . ¤gairthe bright ruddy , Dánta Gr., 70.11 . ¤gart, SR 2375 . ¤glass bright blue , LL 230b28 ( TTr. 992 ). ¤glór clear voice: Filistín ... línib gelglor (: dermor), SR 5407 . ¤gnúis fair face , SR 4334. 4584 . ¤grúad: coṅglonnaib gelgrúad coemrád, SR 2750 . ¤iarnn steel: glais geilia[i]rnd, Ériu ii 4.13 . ¤maidm a bloodless victory, AFM iv 752.8 . ¤mérach white-fingered: a lama gasda gelmeracha, ZCP x 305.17 . CF Eg. 48 . AS 148 . ¤miad stainless honour (?), Laws i 10.29 (so understood by Carey, CMCS xix 14 § 13 , but taken as gell míad 'with pledge and dignity' by McCone, Peritia v 33 ). ¤sciath a white shield , AS 231 , 1564 . Rawl. B 506, f. 27c ( O'D. 2293 ). in eret bus leir gelsciath ar muir, Ériu xi 98.16 . ¤tesc a silver dish: .x. ngeiltesca (gl. .i. míasa airgit), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤torad pure profit (?): mar geltoradh, BB 279a1 = mar ghlanthoradh, Leb. Cert. 216.12 . ¤trácht white strand, CF 492 . Fig. (of a man's body) tar cech g. don rigfeindig, Acall. 6201, n . ¤tulchach having fair hills: fán dtír ... gealtolchaigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352.y . an ḟuinn ghealtolchaigh, TD 16.10 .

reód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reód or dil.ie/35124

 

Forms: réud, reud, reuth, riúidh, reóidh, riúdh, reódh

n o, m. n s. réud, Sg. 63a8 . d s. reud, Ml. 132c8 . reuth, Thes. i 5.15 (Southampton Ps.). reódh m. (g s. n p. riúidh reóidh, d s. riúdh reódh), IGT Dec. § 75 . Hoar-frost (dist. from sic `hard frost'): gl. gelu, Sg. 63a8 , Ml. 132c8 , Corm. Y 1083 ; pruina, Thes. i 5.15 . sioc, oighre, readh, cuisne, Eg. Gl. 532 . talum . . . oígreta co reod, co caisirne, FA 30 LB ( IT i 190.34 ). ro iad reod rōta, LL 208a49 . nir fholaigh snechta nā reodh . . . an fód, BNnÉ 133.31 . i n-aidchi réoid ro-sholais, TBC-LL¹ 5049 . a n-aimsir réoigh nó sneachta, RC xxiv 379.11 . cuisne reoigh `hoar-frost', ITS xiv 14.1 . doinenn dermair reoidh ┐ snechtai, AU ii 84.17 . ó shíorbhrat reódha, Hackett xxi 32 (mod. g s.). pl. bídh gach eas i nglas ó reodhaibh, Keat. Poems 166 . In late poetry eyes are somet. compared with frost: dearc raghlas mar an reodh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 9 . i bpéarla do chlaonrosc . . . righin reoidh, Keat. Poems 319 .

As vn. of reódaid, to freeze : fuar mar do beith ag reogh, Rosa Angl. 252.17 . colbhadha ciumhais-gheala . . . acc réodh, AFM vi 1918.9 . (fig.) fuaire mo bhéas ag reodh riom, Ir. Monthly 1928, 438 § 16 .