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as-noí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-noí or dil.ie/4465
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: énod, énud

v (*ess-noí-, Ériu xxxix 110 ). vows : asnoi an drai tar dea ba fir `he swore', Hib. Min. 50.7 (asnai, isno v.ll., RC vi 178 n. ). adnuu ón adnuu / da reis S. co cruu / nocos fáecebad la biu / atabiu com luu, LU 9696 ( ZCP iii 216.4 ). adnuu or si / ní ric S. co cruu, 9700 . ? nach trom trág ba dochthaib eícsi asṅdó armomenmain muir mulu már, IT iii 51 § 95 ( asno, BB 304a6 ). ? is glé cid tressa a rig / ┐ cid letha a bil / nícon cumaing ar asnu (airisnua v.l.) / arumfosta i cridiu, Fianaig. 24.14 ( nicon cumangar asnu, 23 N 10, 53.12 = osna?) `he cannot slay me I vow', Hull, Mod. Lang. Notes, June 1942 p. 434 .

Vn. énod, énud (see enod ?, enuda).

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .

1 deithbires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deithbires or dil.ie/15294

Forms: deithbirsib

n [u, m.] (1 deithbir) just or reasonable cause, the necessity which calls for a certain action . See O'Don. Suppl. is edh is becdethbirus ann .i. ric a les é ┐ connicfad a sechna; is edh is mardethbirus ann .i. ric a les é ┐ nocha cumaing a sechna, O'Curry 398 ( H 3.18 222a ). daine nach doich do dul uada acht le dethberes except by necessity, Laws iv 230 . fri cach oen tic fri dethbiris every one who comes on business, v 152 Comm. d pl. deithbirsib, i 198 Comm. dethfirse techta fitting necessities, Anecd. iii 21.9 . dothet cach pennain fo meit an pectha . . . ┐ fo dethberas ara ndéntar, RC xv 488 . ni bu ainm cin tothacht ┐ cin dethberus a name bestowed without just cause, PH 6267 .

díguin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díguin or dil.ie/16356

i, n. vn. of do-guin. violation of a man's protection through the wounding and slaying of another, see Críth G. pp. 82 - 83 . dergoin .i. diguin nó sarugud, O'Dav. 585 . i ndiguin a amais . . . i sarughudh a [p]ri[m]mna ┐ a meicc, O'D. 2415 ( Rawl. B 506, 53c ). is d.¤ (.i. sarugud) domgonar imáib, LU 1516 ( MU² 1014 ). log enech dia aír, dia d.¤ . . . dia ṡárug[ud], Críth G. 25 . is leth fiach a ghona ina dh.¤ , i.e. half the fine for the actual wound has to be paid in addition for the violation of his protection, Laws iv 362.23 . ro marbsat Eochaidh Belbuide ar comairgi Fergusa. Siacht F. co sluagaib a diguin, i 70.17 Comm. (satisfaction for his `d.¤'? But perh. some words omitted). ron geguin ┐ ba d.¤ don ríg, LL 312b44 . dodeochatar na noib . . . i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela so co lathi mbrátha: oenguin .i. oend.¤ doib . . . co lathi mbrátha (i.e. an outrage to one should be regarded as a common outrage?), Laud 610, 103va14 . (Fergus to Cú Chulainn after the slaying of Etercomol) olc duit mo d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1210 .

Note also: imfen cach dib fri araile ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile `gives (a pledge of) indemnification to the other', Laws iv 68.22 (acknowledges the inviolability of the other's precinct?).

In phr. maigen dígona `the precinct about the residence of every freeholder , the extent of which varied according to his rank, and within whose bounds any injury inflicted on a third party constituted the offence of `díguin' against the owner'. Críth G. p. 83 . meas a dhigona .i. ro meisamhnaigh maigin dígona cach gradh `the estimation of his inviolable precinct', Laws iv 226.7 . Hence of a type of enclosed land (?): cethre meich a feis dighona feoir ethamain geimreta tar lan-ime, Laws iv 80.21 Comm. d.¤ mona geimreta, 23 . i ndigoin feoir ethamain tsamraidh, 24 .

As attrib. (but see fér-d.¤ s.v. fér): ina thir diguin . . . .i. . . . a ferann diguin, O'Dav. 1185 . miach cach airlime ar secht nanmandaib fri etham ndiguin, Laws iv 90.17 . fer idaig (= ad-aig) ceathra a ceile ina fer diguin, v 466.4 . fer dotlean a ceathra a faitchi i (omit?) ndiguin a céile, 6 ( .i. diguin feoir, 468.18 ).

d.¤ dígona one who is under the protection of another whose own protection depends on a third party . Violence to the d.¤ dígona was immune from legal consequences: diguin digona. deoraid sin ro buí ar comairce ┐ tárla deoraidh neich eile ric a leas a comairgi do ┐ cur sáraighedh uime hé, ┐ cur raibe in tuasal aca rad dligidh ni ind ┐ noca dligid ní ind uair nach hé ro erb in comairce ┐ nach as abaile do chuaid ┐ nach ar a ferand do rinnedh in sárughadh ann, O'D. 1628 ( H 5.15 16b ) = O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18 439a ). na daine ata ar comairce, ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, acht mas as a ndualgus fein do níat a comairce i[s] slan a sarugh[ad], mar adeir so: díguin digona; ní snaighi deora araile; ni dlig nech fiach a ndig[uin] amus, Laws iv 228.z - 230.4 .

etermedón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etermedón or dil.ie/20821

n (medón) centre, middle: i tuasciurd ┐ i ndesciurd ┐ i n-etermedón trichait chét Cualnge, TBC-LL¹ 1541 . i n-etermedon in aeoir...eter escai ┐ talmain, LB 198b46 = PH 6987 . robúi pupull in tSabhdain ina n-eidirmedhon (i.e. of the other tents) ZCP vi 59.5 . a n-etarmethon na ric[h]isi, Aisl. Tond. 102.3 . a hetirmethon na richisi 106.12 ( = ar lár na teinedh, 128.1 . as lar na t., 132.5 ). go mbadar i n-edirmedón a mbiodhbhadh, AFM iii 322.1 .

léitmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léitmech or dil.ie/29860

adj o, ā (cf. léiten(a), léitenach) Laudatory adj. applied to warriors, strife, animals, etc., used invariably in alliterating groups. Orig. bold, daring: is é in dána dichondircil . . . is é in lumne léitmenach, TBC-LL¹ 5418 (létmeach, v.l.). ró hoiledh . . . iad . . . gursad luatha leidmecha ar muir ┐ ar tír, RC xiv 28 § 6 . na lama leitmichi luathechtaichi, Cog. 194.9 . comrac . . . léidmeach luathghonach, CF² 691 . ar chalpa luath léidmheach `active', Studies 1942, 207 § 51 . do-rinnedar imram . . . lēidmech lāim-t[h]ric luath, ML² 657 . gartha leidmecha luth[gh]aire `eager', Stair Erc. 1733 . ech leidmech, luathescaidh, ZCP vi 57.17 . leomain lonna léitmecha, Lism. L. 3650.

Adv. ro cuired in cath . . .co lond leidmech lánlaidir, Acall. 1803 v.l. fágbaid go síor . . . / a sliocht go leittmech ar chach (of relics sworn upon rashly), BNnÉ 146.40 . no-tas-loinget na laeich gu leitmech, BLism. 159 va10 .

1 nes(s)a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nes(s)a or dil.ie/33131

Forms: nes(s)o, nes(s)u, nes(s)a, nes(s)am

adj. used as compar. of 1 ocus, acus near ; also nes(s)o, nes(s)u; superl. nes(s)a, nes(s)am. Nearer , folld. by DO.

(a) of space: is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . nesso assa nesso nearer and nearer, 12b34a. inna hí ata nessa (gl. inferiora), BCr. 44a1 . superl. (a) hi telaig ba nessam dind slog, Ml. 55c1 . archaṅgeil . . . is nessam do naebaiṅglib next to the holy angels, SR 536 , cf. 538 , 540 , 542 . nesaim, 534 . imdae as nesam do Conaire, BDD 128. nem . . . as nessamh duibh the heaven nearest you, Ériu ii 108 z . itt é ata nessom d'Uíb Néill (= who border on), ZCP viii 317.5 . na tíre ata nesam duín, TTr.² 125. bidba na crich ba nessom duit, TBC-LL¹ 9. (b) tri grád as nessu dochum talman the three ranks (of the Celestial Hierarchy) nearest earth, SR 662. dorus ind nime as nesu ille the nearest gate of heaven, FA 15. ind fuithairbe ba nessu don tig, FB 20.

(b) of time: bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás dait-siu perhaps death is no nearer him, FB 94. cid ni is nesa dún innosa? what is going to happen to us? Lat. Lives 101.10 (= dic nobis aliquid . . . quod citius eveniet) = Lism. L. 3344 . cid as nesu dúin de-sin?, TFerbe 783 . is neasa ar chách comurchra nearer and nearer is dissolution, Ériu iv 158.6 . fán Nodloig-si as nesa dhún this coming Christmas, Ériu v 54.29 . tanic isin domnach ba nesa iartain the following Sunday, RC xlvi 230.24 . Cf. further: truagh nach oirne ní as neasa | doní an Coimdhe an cairdeas-sa `a pity that He shows not His friendship more recently to us!' (? that He shows not this friendship more closely, i.e. particularly to me), Dán Dé xxi 13 . déanam síodh sul tí tusa; | usa do dhíol ní as neasa `sin is easier to atone for while yet recent', vii 16 .

(c) of fig. relations: is nessa do inni lemm I deem it nearer the meaning, Wb. 4b17 , cf. Ml. 46c18 , 54a11 . cid is nesem dúin ifesta? what is the next (most necessary) thing for us (to do) ? MacCongl. 103.17 . is de athchomarc is nesam duin diar cobhair the most needful (likely) to help us, ACL iii 294 § 11 , cf. Ériu iv 138.19 .

Hence in legal phraseology nes(s)am = what is needful, indispensable , used as a subst., see Cóic Con. p. 63. ` lāngilli risin nésam ┐ lethgille risin nemnes[e]am' . . . nesam sin ric a les duine do caithem fo cetoir ┐ nochan fuil a sechnam aici . . . ┐ is ed is nemnesam ann .i. ní nā rig a les duine do caithem fo cetoir, ib. 33 § 33 (i.e. `nesam' is what a man requires for immediate use and cannot dispense with). nesam toisgedha (what is needed for immediate compensation), ib. § 34 . nesam cina (what is needed to pay immediate compensation), ib.

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

pait(t)ric

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pait(t)ric or dil.ie/34170

Forms: peatruig, paitric

n f. (O.N. loan-word, Bidrag 125 ) a halter, bridle : paitric .i. cenn-srian, Metr. Gl. Ff. 19 . peatruic .i. ceann-srian, O'Cl. peatruig `a halter', O'R. paitric (peatraic) `the headstall of a bridle', Dinneen .

petruic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. petruic or dil.ie/34306

x see pait(t)ric .

1 reic(c)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 reic(c) or dil.ie/34935

Forms: reicc, ric, reca, reic, reice, reca

f. used as vn. of renaid. Only in d s. in Glosses: reicc, Wb. 24d14 . ric , Tur. 128 ( Thes. i 493.23 ). g s. reca, Laws v 270.11 Comm. reic f. (g s. reice, reca), IGT Dec. § 42.6 . For derivation and discussion of word see ZCP i 466 , ii 81 .

the act of selling or bartering , with gen. of thing sold, FRI of purchaser, AR of price or equivalent: súanemuin do dénum . . . do reicc ar biad, Wb. 24d14 . inna ric doib when he was sold by them , Tur. 128 . nir bo tol do D. recc na cumaile, LB 62a15 ( Three Hom. 52.8 ). gáeth cách co reic a ḟorbbai `till he comes to sell his heritage', Tec. Corm. § 31.2 . ticfaitis . . . ic reicc a n-amsa selling their war-service , TBC-LL¹ 827 = ic crecc, St. a mart do reic, Anecd. i 45.17 . in ní buan do reicc fri diabul tar cend in neith nach anand, PH 7585 . mac De do reicc ar argat, Ériu i 41 § 4 . dorcha do reicc ar shoillsi, ii 65 § 10 . mithig reic na n-erc[h]raide (sic leg.) ar thir na flatha findi, ACL iii 311 § 5 = AFM ii 618.16 . a oighreacht do reic ar chorn bhracháin, TSh. 7073 . cur ben do bith aca reic hí co coitchend who used to sell herself (a prostitute), Maund. 34 . See also rec(c)ad.

ro-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ro-icc or dil.ie/35459

Forms: roiccu, riccu, riccim, ruïcim, rricci, rrici, ric, ricc, recam, recam, ro-n-ecat, roeccat, recat, recam, rís-sa, mu-riis-si, roïs, rís, hí, ríi, rí, roïssam, rísam, risid, rissid, rísat, risin-se, arind-risinn, nachat-rised, risad, rissed, ristais, ro-n-icfea, ranac-sa, ránac, ro-b-ánic, ránic, ráncatar, ro-n-ecar, recar, ricfider, con-rícht, richt, ríchtu, ríchtain, ríachtain, roficfa, roficid, rofanac, ron-anacsa, rofancamar, ráncus, roticcba, ro-n-ecar, conruice, coruige, goruige

vb., b-fut., s-subj. pres. 1 s. roiccu, Wb. 23d9 . riccu, 32a4 . riccim, 12a33 . ruïcim, Ml. 22c14 . 2 s. co rricci , Wb. 9a9 . co rrici , Ml. 42c27 . 3 s. ni ric , 36c10 . nád ricc , Wb. 12a34 . 1 pl. ni recam , 15d1 . con recam , Ml. 83c3 . 3 pl. ro-n-ecat, 58d5 . roeccat, TBC-I¹ 734 . ní recat , Ml. 3a14 . imp. 1 pl. recam, Hy. v 93 . subj. pres. 1 s. resíu rís-sa , Wb. 14a17 . mu-riis-si, Ml. 34a4 . 2 s. cé roïs , Fél. Ep. 146 . dia rís , LU 10868 . 3 s. ro hí , Wb. 20c11 . ríi, 7b3 . air nach rí , Ml. 22c1 . 1 pl. roïssam, Hy. i 43 (roisam v.l.). rísam, Wb. 12c9 . s pl. risid, 24b2 . co rissid , ZCP iii 19.24 ( Rawl. 74b41 ). 3 pl. rísat, Wb. 5b39 . subj. impf. 1 s. amal ni risin-se , 9a19 . arind-risinn, Ml. 92a5 . 3 s. nachat-rised, Fél. Prol. 284 (risad, rissed v.l.). 3 pl. ar na ristais , TBC-LL¹ 697 . fut. 1 s. ro-n-icub, Wb. 18b14 . 3 s. ro-n-icfea, 14a25 . pret. 1 s. ranac-sa, LU 3666 , 3737 . ni ránac , 10760 . 3 s. ro-b-ánic, Wb. 16d10 . ránic, Thes. ii 240.20 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). 3 pl. ní ráncatar , Wb. 6c31 . pass. pres. s. ro-n-ecar, Ml. 87d14 . recar, Sg. 45b1 . fut. s. ni ricfider , Wb. 13b28 . pret. s. con-rícht, Ml. 2a6 . cen co richt , LL 256b45 ( TFerbe 463 ). Vn. ríchtu, later ríchtain and (through influence of ro-saig) ríachtain. Medial inorganic f is somet. found: roficfa, TBC-I¹ 2243 . roficid, BB 433a4 (2 pl.). rofanac, Rawl. 130b51 , 52 = ron-anacsa, ZCP iii 4 § 8 . rofancamar, ib. 55 . In Mid.Ir. an impers. pass. pret. ráncus is formed.

I In gen. sense comes (to a pers. or place), reaches, arrives:

(a) intrans.: in tain ro-n-icub féin when I arrive , Wb. 18b14 . muriissi far ndochum I may soon come to you , Ml. 34a4 . corob misi cet-fer roficfa co hāth in chomlaind, TBC-I¹ 2243 . co rránic co Dinn na Bóinne, CRR 25 . co rancatais (= ráncatar) co hairm a mboí Cellach, LB 274a10 . ricob do thig Meic ind Óc I will go , Ériu vii 219 § 3 . noco ranacais-[s]iu chucaind till thou camest to us , PH 3918 . līon ticcthi tar tuile theinn | ni riccthi uile a hEirinn as many of you . . . will not all return , BS 20.4 . 7 no rig a tor dithoghluidhi dia anacal gets into an impregnable tower , Marco P. 10 (the constr. is odd). rangus o Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod's messengers followed him up), ZCP viii 115.1 . recait a ngleó `they come to blows', Metr. Dinds. iii 248.79 . go ráinig Magh B. d'ainm ar an áit the name of Magh B. came to be given to the place , Keat. iii 2204 . Of an event, comes to pass : ráinig fá dheireadh go raibhe i bhflaitheas Éireann, ib. 1443 .

(b) trans.: act rísam nem if only we reach heaven , Wb. 12c9 . recam in n-eclais fo rith, Hy. v 93 . ní fil . . . laithe . . . nachat rised muntir a day that a community would not come to Thee , Fél. Prol. 284 . roeccat Mag Muicceda, TBC-I¹ 734 . a ránic Medb airm i mbai a drui, TBC-LL¹ 194 . gach árad rig nemh every ladder that reaches heaven , Ériu iv 236 § 9 . do glanad anma Adaim . . . co ri arbri archaṅgel that it may reach the host of archangels , SR 2096 . co rísatt tír n-angel, BColm. 100.2 . ro-hisam uli in oentaid sin!, PH 4366 . co risiur nem, Rawl. 69b51 (1 s. pres. subj. depon.). dús in rista tír na mban, Imr. Brain i 15.20 (2 s. impf. subj.). ma ran-istais dagh-oic if good warriors got at him , TBC-I¹ 1263 . rot-icfa cloch huaim-se isin tailm (= I will sling a stone at thee), 796 = roticcba, LU 5271 . gai i mMael F., ┐ riced ní úait . . . Congal (= throw some missile at C.), RC xiii 385.13 . rom-icfa lá in doluid the day of misfortune will come to me , ACL iii 216 z . riasiu rister forcend peinne, RC xv 488 § 6 (pass. subj. pres.). truagh nach ránag eárr na haoise that I have not reached the end of life , Keat. Poems 1485 . secht cubait riged ránac | i tacmung a munbrágat I reached (counted) seven cubits , Metr. Dinds. iii 258.27 . o rancus sealad sis isin tochailt when they had dug some distance down , ZCP viii 559.20 .

II In various derived senses:

(a) intrans.: ro-icc dom comes to me, falls to my lot : rod-icfa bith etir da choiss Conchobair, TBC-LL¹ 1197 . is dó ranic inar Ísu, PH 2860 . ráinic béim óeile fon choire do C. an oidhche sin, RC xxix 219 .

(b) reaches (an aim), succeeds: in ránic in t-erchor? did the cast reach its mark ? RC xiii 440 § 13 . mas do bar [n]guin dodeochabar, ní ricfa ní it will be of no avail , ZCP viii 318.25 (but cf. ní airicc ní, Wb. 9b24 ). With ó of pers.: ni fil uaidib-som o nach ri who cannot do it , TBC-I¹ 684 = ric , LU 5166 . co nā rainic o marcṡluagh Poimp impodh P.'s cavalry were unable to turn , CCath. 5727 . With LA: go rainig leis an macáomh foghluim succeeded in (finished) learning , RC xxix 122.17 . ní ráinic leis an tsleg do t[h]arraing, ML² 1915 . is becc n-aister . . . ránic leu an la sin they were able to go only a short distance , Celt. Rev. iv 204.16 . nach ráinig leó a rochtain, TSh. 8104 . mo chrádh nach ráinig leis pósadh, Keat. Poems 169 .

(c) trans. attains to, gets; accomplished : ní rainic nech . . . cetguin muice no one succeeded in killing the first pig , Acall. 4820 . co ris in saidhbri . . . iar ndai[d]bri duilig domoin, ZCP vi 264 § 8 . co nach ranicc nech dibh marbad aroile, xiii 230.15 . an mac ráinig an ríoghan ó mhnaoi Eochach whom the queen got from E.'s wife , Keat. ii 6327 (ríoghan may be acc.) (in: iss é rainig foghai . . . ar tus `that invented', Cóir Anm. 259 read: ar-āinig; see ar-icc. and cf. Rawl. 143a52 ).

(d) ro-icc les (with gen.) `attains to the benefit (of)', needs ; later fol. by nom. out of the construction.

(1) neich roiccu a less, gl. necessitatis meae, Wb. 23d9 . ni riccim for less, gl. non estis mihi necessarii, 12a33 . ní recat Greic les tintuda doib do not need a translation for themselves , Ml. 3a14 . ni ráncatar som less a scríbint they have not needed to be written , Wb. 6c31 . pass. ro-n-ecar les inna diten (when) the protection is needed , Ml. 87d14 .

(2) robbí uár recar less dígbail ind ḟolaid there may be a time when it is necessary to diminish the substance , Sg. 45b1 . ricfa a less do legess your healing will be necessary , TBC-LL¹ 3415 = ricfa a leas do leigis, TBC-I¹ 2623 (gen.); the reading of TBC is supported by rhyme. cech furtacht ricfa a les duit every help which thou shalt need , Moling 32 . ní recat a les ind naim ní aile acht éstecht, FA 5 . recam-ni a les ar curaid we need our champions , FB 56 (where Windisch proposes: ar curad g p.) ní ric a less Crist a fhortacht o ainglib, PH 4839 . noco recat a less omun . . . do beth forru have no need to be afraid , 3494 . co rrancatar Laigin a les nech dia cobair needed someone to help them , ZCP xii 436.14 . ní rángabhair a les súan no codladh, BNnÉ 50 § 34 . pass. ricfaiter a les do gillai innocht thy servants will be needed , IT i 100.9 . baile nách regur a leas soillsi gréine, RC xxiv 383.20 .

Further exx.: in ní ricthi a less what ye need , PH 7842 (cf. Wb. 23d9 supra). beiridh libh an mheitt recctáoi a les as much as ye need , BNnÉ 56 § 63 . ni tu an mac rangus a leas annso, MR 276.8 . faire ar cheathra, comhla ar thigh | ní rigthe a leas re a linn were not necessary in his time , Maguires of F. § 100.10 . In the formula nit regam a les we do not need thee , RC xii 78.1 (cf. 76.5 , 12 , 15 etc.) the logical object is an infixed pronoun.

(e) co ricci (2 s. pres.) `till thou reachest', as petrified prep. with acc.

(1) until, as far as : corricci se .i. conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, gl. usque adhuc, Wb. 9a9 . 31b13 . corrici in n-or gl. usque ad summum, Ml. 42c27 . sís condarici in canoin down to the Scripture text , 54c34 . conrici hucht noi n-omne as far as the Nine-Trees Hill , Thes. ii 238.10 (Tírechán). itát sé dorais . . . co rrice in ríched, FA 15 = cusin riched, LB. ro rigi a láim co rrici ina croes, FB 86 ( LU 9107 ) = co ricce a gualainn ina craes, Eg. (the two words follg. co rrici have prob. fallen out in LU). Later conruice, coruige, goruige. Also co rrí (3 s. subj. pres.): co rri forcenn till the end , Ml. 125a11 . corri aile thúaith, RC xxv 22.12 .

(2) up to = excluding, except : iss i richt mná siúil sedda Ulaid uli co rrici mo chéle-se Coin Culaind, FB 24 ( LU 8359 ). dobérat a leth-tinol co ruce rocor no angbocht except in case of great stress or poverty , Laws ii 378.23 Comm.

1 roimse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 roimse or dil.ie/35473

n (= ro-messe, Bruchst. i § 56 ) abundance (poet. word): roimse inna ḟlaith `abundance during his reign', Triads 202 (glossed. .i. roimhes nó torad mór, p. 41 ). diar bris dia rig, roimsi rath, | primdo[i]rsi na morcatrach, SR 7355 (of Samson's exploit at Gaza); leg. roimse . . . doirse? bruchtas róimse robortae `abundance of flood', BDD 100 (a) = roimse, BDD² 1012 . coirdeis do rig roimse robarta mblechta . . . .i. imat a mblechta, O'Dav. 1399 . ni labor ni toe tuathe torc nad ric roimsi neither talkative nor silent is the chief (lit. boar) of a territory who gets not abundance (an abundant harvest ) (?), Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.5) = nāt raic rómsi, Corm. p. 34 (orc tréith) = ni labar rithete do torc nad n-erce roimsi, Ériu xi 49.6 . i roimse romesa | i meadon ardchailli, IT iii 95 § 145 ( Bruchst. i § 56 ). raga [= rogu] cech roimse, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.87 . la trí fichid céad ro-thorc | fá róid roimhse `of lusty strength' (?), Keat. ii 3974 (poem). pl. ferda i fáengliaid co romsib `in battle-rout multitudinous', Metr. Dinds. iii 348.9 . dia roimsib retha from their overmuch running , 408.21 . in rómail gu roimhsibh righ (of Colum C.), ZCP x 54.3 .

sechna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechna or dil.ie/36773
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sechnad, sechna, seachna, sheachanta

sechnad (1 sech + an- Éigse vii 158-59 ). sechna f., IGT Decl. § 3.28 (with or without d- forms in pl.). g s. seachna, Dán Dé x 12 . chum a sheachanta , Donlevy 94.25 .

(a) act of avoiding, evading, doing without, abstaining from, omitting : nesam sin ric a les duine do caithem fo cetoir ┐ nochan-fuil a sechnam (leg. sechnad) aici `und ohne das er nicht auskommen kann', Cóic Con. 33 § 33 H . d'iarraid neich rancatar a leas, ┐ conícfaidis a s.¤ `but which they could have done without', Laws iii 510.y . muna [ḟ]uair a s.¤ cen a badudad (sic), v 492.y Comm . gin caomachtain s.¤ no fastaigh, O'Curry 1769 ( 23 Q 6, p. 37a ). Flaithbertach . . . ba liach a sechnad to omit him, Rawl. 137a56 . ba diḟulaing do secna na hingine ar med a serce lais, BB 438a16 . iar n-a sheachnadh do Mhaol-sheachlainn . . . dul leis annsa chath, Ériu i 86.25 . ni roibi s.¤ na sligedh-sin aigi `avoiding', ZCP vi 35.30 . do recht fen do s.¤ ┐ baistedh do gabail cugat, Fier. 26 . bai aici-seom a s.¤ ┐ a imdegail fair (i.e. the gae bulga), TBC-LL¹ p. 437 n. 7 . do sec[h]na eimealtais `to avoid tediousness', CS 2.4 . oc s.¤ gnúsi Dé tria bith sír `separated for evermore from the face of God', PH 8317 . seachna phene, Lism. L. 3862 . go ndeachaidh an tsleagh gan tṡeachna `passed unerringly', ML 88.21 . mairg danab sódh seachna a uird, DDána 38.32 . do sheachna ar neach níor dhú dhamh | muna bheath tú dom thréagadh to abandon you for any other, 101.37 . do mheas mé ar mhalairt cceirde | seachna na ngréas ngaoidheilge I have decided to abstain from . . ., KMMisc. 242 § 3 . dobhir Criosd do chionn a seachna | síoth dhamh ina ndearna mé `C. grants me pardon of my sins on condition of abandoning them', Dán Dé x 12 . ro buí ag s.¤ in righ do marbhadh, Stair Erc. 1009 . atá sinn ó sin i le | dá ṡeachna ón chrích go 'chéile, TD 15.8 . an biádh do sheachna, 1 Timothy iv 3 . ar chéill ar chneastacht ar sheachnadh táirmhiana, Keat. Poems 1471 . ag seachnadh gach maitheasa is mianghus dáibh doing without, Hackett xvii 14 . ar feadh laétheadh a sheachanta (the days of his separation), Numbers vi 4 . ? To this: dorat Tethba don tír thúaid, | ná bad s.¤ dia sárbúaid, | a comainm clethach, Metr. Dinds. iv 230.2 (`let there be no slighting of her excellence'). ? Also: gidh í no bheith ’na sheachna 'even if she should abandon him' Ériu xxi 106 § 6 .

(b) S.¤ (AR) act of guarding, shielding (against), withholding (from): menip áil mo ṡ.¤ ar éc, IT i 160.z (Oss. Poems II) = Metr. Dinds. iv 324.12 . tabair dot úid do sh.¤ co glan for in olc-sa, PH 7447 . ar Breifneachaibh . . . | da s.¤ ar fheircc an Dulimh . . . | as breithemh Maodocc, BNnÉ 262.18 . ceo an bheatha . . . | dom sheachna ar an gconair gcóir, A. Ó Dálaigh vi 6 . d'ár seachna féin i n-uaigneas, 23 F 1, p. 59 . iád féin do ṡeachna ar thrúaillighthibh na niomhaigheadh, Acts xv 20 . ? To this: cen sechnad (sechrad, MS.) slan sil Adaim, SR 642 . Cf. 674 .

síthbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síthbe or dil.ie/37737

Forms: sithbi n-anart, sibthib

n io, m. (earlier n.: n s. sithbi n-anart, SR 4284 ). By metath.: d p. sibthib, CRR 56 .

(a) a pole, shaft, rod or ridge; especially, a chariot pole: sibhe .i. slat, O'Curry 582 ( H 3.18, p. 289 ). gníthi on drumslait immach | sithbi n-anart n-ildathach, SR 4284 . carpat fidgrind . . . síthfe find forargit cret aurard drésachtach, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). s.¤ find findairgit co fethaín findruine, 10215 (Tochm. Em.). sithbi in carpaid sechnach inn eich, IT ii2242.15 (sithue in charpuit sethnu ind eich, v.l.). tri meic Sídbi ┐ Cuingi (of three famous charioteers), LU 7595 . In a proverbial phr.: rop é in s.¤ óir dar in clar findruini síl Aeda Slani dar Bregmag, 4269 . bidh é in sithbe findbruine darsin clár ōir (of the river Boann), Anecd. ii 2.8 .

(b) a pin or brooch : sithbi isin brutt ósa brunni, LL 231a45 (TTr.).

(c) a ridge (of earth): sithbe .i. druim talman fota, Fél. 186.y , gloss on entry for Aug. 19 q.v., infra (e) (also glossed: .i. line na naem, Thr. Ir. Gl. 135 ). roinnfitir tria thomthaigi | sithbe na slébi slemun, SR 8214 . ? As n. loc.: Domhnall . . . do mharbhadh hi maidhm Sithbe lá a dherbrathair, AFM ii 894.12 (in ALC i 64.2 taken as adj. and translated `a memorable defeat', see below). for thócht sensaille co sīthfi dar a lār `a streak', MacCongl. 9.20 .

(d) by transf. a leader, a chieftain : Mochtae mór, maith sithbe, Fél. Aug. 19 . sithfi .i. taisech, ut est án cach slogh segar sithfí .i. is fir lium insaighidh do gach taoisech, O'Dav. 1485 . sithbhe .i. taisech, ut est focen mac Subaltaim sithbhe cruaidh catha, 1461 . sīthbe Cerbaill (cerbull, MS.) for a chūairt, | nībtar dermaill a dī dōit, Corm. Y 398 . ric in sithbi (.i. in toisech) sithlas mag, RC xx 144.23 = in sithbe (.i. in dúan) sitlas mag, LU 415 (ACC) (hence sithbhe .i. duan, O'Cl. ). s.¤ sigidi eich doríadat séotu, LU 9253 . for ar sithbe ba hecairc, ZCP viii 333.14 (Laud Gen.). sithbhe .i. taoiseach, O'Cl. Note also: mordehe sithbe sluagid allmure, ZCP viii 306.13 (Laud Gen., rhetoric).

(e) mistakenly taken as a compound of sith- and béo: sithbe .i. sithbeo, Lec. Gl. 135 . sithbhe .i. sithbeo .i. fota a clu, O'Dav. 1461 (gloss on: Mochta mor maith sithbhe, Fél. Aug. 19 .i. saeghal Mochta). sithbhe .i. sithbhéo .i. fod saoghail, O'Cl.

1 teol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teol or dil.ie/40523
Last Revised: 2013

n On conn. with tlenaid see ZCP xx 212 , and Laws Gl. s.v. teol and toethlo. theft, (?) unconcealed theft (as opp. to táide secret theft, see Stokes at O'Dav. 1556 and exx. from Laws): in ti creanas cen t.¤ gen taigi, Laws iv 32.19 . .i. cen gait i. ... toiblenann a gait bunaid fo cetoir `produces (i.e. discloses) the original theft at once,' 34.9 Comm. fo t.¤ ┐ taide, iv 202.2 . t.¤ .i. toigleámana gaidi bunaid ... taide .i. dichelta iartain, 7 Comm. ata dethbir 'sa Corus Fine itir thaidhe ┐ t.¤ , O'Dav. 1556. cin t.¤ .i. gaiti fein, H 4.22, 18 ( O'Curry 1979 ). is t.¤ is taidhe cin acht, O'Dav. 166. ciasa file ... dlighes ar dínsium ... ar a tothgluasacht i t.¤ ┐ i taidhe, H 2.15A, 84b ( O'D. 1215 ). ? To this: nīmmillcthar t.¤ `neither thief shall harm me,' Misc. Hib. 20.4 = IT iii 53.21 , 54.11 . as ni ric ba th.¤ `heraus kommt nicht, der ein Dieb ist,' IT ii1 182.z . Fig. (of Columcille): níbu hingnath aidchib téoil 'he was not infrequent on nights of withdrawal (?)' i.e. stolen nights (for solitary prayer) (?) Ériu xxiv 19 § 19 .

tíar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tíar or dil.ie/40675
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: thíar

adv. later thíar. See also tíarain.

(a) behind: cengal etaru tiar for a formna, Aen. 1064 . dairt i crand nairidi tiar, Críth G. 224 . meadh meanaidh thiar ar a thóin, Ir. Review, 1912, 471 § 7 . Referring to previous passage in a book: cia nos labram tiar i stair, Rawl. 69b10 . don taoibh thiar `on the other side' AFM v 1786.1 .

(b) in the west, westerly: `cid dognither thiar innossa ... ?' `Tene do ḟatog ┐ bó derg do thelcud forsin n-áth aniar,' Ériu iii 141.193 . cont-ric fri Richis ... t.¤ oc Lemain, MU² 1029 . d'éixibh Érenn thoir is t.¤ , ZCP viii 109.21 . ni dinsid tiar na tair, SR 7629 . an taobh thiar, TSh. 173 . Referring to Ireland, in opposition to 1 tair (q.v.): is imdha toir laech leabhar ... imdha tiar toradh abhla, Reeves Ad., 286.9 , 13 . (Cryptic) tinnichiar .i. tiar, Goid. 78 § 187 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

tráth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tráth or dil.ie/41602
Last Revised: 2013

n u, n., later m. IGT Decl. § 38 (87.15) .

I

(a) period of time, hour, point of time: hi comardaib trath `at the proper hours,' Laws i 102.25 . in cech trath `every time,' 280.15 Comm. a ceōil binni in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit 11 . nech loingis ríasind trath cóir `if anyone eats before the proper hour,' Mon. Tall. 131.19 . do-mm-air fiado cech thratha `may the Lord come each hour to me,' Lib. Hymn. 131.31 . ma thānic do thrāth if your hour has come, TBC-I¹ 2639 . ferna tullochtaib tráthaib iar fuin, BDD² 332 . suidig do da laim cech thrath | fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . ní dersaig co t.¤ teirt ara barach, LU 10755 . contuli t.¤ a dála, 10754 . ríge láech nErend dait úainne on trath sa, 8785 . co deód laí co trath na faire, 9079 . crecha mora eile fa na trathaib cetna sin, AU iii 360.18 . robatar indsin etir da t.¤ din ló `for the space of two of the watches of the day,' RC iii 184.28 . an tír i dt.¤ a ronna `when making this division of the land,' Aithd. D. 16.6 . is maith dhóibhséin go dtí an t.¤ `till the good time comes,' 25.16 . i dt.¤ fhillte don fhoghail `when the attack was repulsed,' TD 26.37 . ón t.¤ do cuireadh 'na cheann `as soon as he is attacked,' 18.11 . ní fhuil lá ná oidhche, t.¤ ná uair do chairde chinnte ón bhás, TSh. 2658.

(b) day. According to Thurneysen, Sc.M² Gloss. , trí tráth was originally from one hour to the second recurrence of the same, two full days and nights, but later on was used for three full days . Cf. (d): drucht .i. maitin no trath ... iar trib druchtaibh .i. iar trib trathaib nó iar trib maitnib, O'Dav. 677. ar gach laithe naicenta ... tri seotu cach tratha, O'D. 495 ( H 3.17, 402 ). feoil doib cacha tratha ┐ gach re trath da ndaim, ┐ im doib in trath eile ... ┐ gacha cethramad trath da ndaim, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). imb dó ala th.¤ every second day, Críth G. 151 . bai corp Adaim trib trathaib | cen anmain fri derbḟathaib, SR 1045 . co-rrabe tri th.¤ cen dig cen biad, Sc.M² 3 . fri trí t.¤ nír throm-chotail, Metr. Dinds. iii 452.32 . nis relic ūad rē sē t.¤ , Sc.M² 21 i . co cend naoi tt.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 4468 . nói t.¤ re cur in chatha, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.41 . nach mou na di trath atú i n-a hécmais, PH 1060 . ceathracha trath ria ndilind `forty days before the Deluge,' RC xvi 155.1 . brath ind Rīgh atrae iar tain | hi cind trī trāth a talmain, Ériu iii 196.z . Dia i n-uaigh dá th.¤ nó a trí `for two, nay three, days,' Aithd. D. 69.32 . do bhí ar th'iomdhaidh teora th.¤ , DDána 30.19 . biathadh dá th.¤ dheág `provision for twelve days,' Keat. iii 2644.

(c) In phrase ón t.¤ co roili until the same time the next day: suire lubru on trath co raile `a workman's free quarters from one day to another,' Laws ii 36.3 . on trath co 'raili gl. on trath co celi, v 86.28 . ón t.¤ co 'roili, BDD² 1250 . on trath sa co alaile, LU 8334 . nách óen gébas do immun húan t.¤ co araile `from one watch to the other,' Trip.² 1341 . cīa clērech dano rochotail fon sruth ōn trāth coraile, BColm. 104.11 . marb MacCon di athchumu ōn trāth co arailiu, Fianaig. 40.4 . Cf. co m-boi Cúchulaind on trath co ceile ina suan, RC vi 183.17 .

(d) canonical hour . For discussion see KMMisc. 160 . The number of canonical hours varied from six to eight. See tract in H. 3. 17 ( Ériu iii 116 ), where six are mentioned. Seven are mentioned in the gloss on septies in die laudem dixi tibi, Thes. i 3.35 . Eight in the tract and poem in LB ( KMMisc. 142 ) and in the poem in H. 3. 18 ( ZCP vi 271 ) and Acall. 2956 - 65 . In 23 N 10 ( KMMisc. 158 ) there is a stanza: ocht trath tiagmuid do guide | innosa mo righ-ruire | secht trath nama teigthi tall | ic aes rechta cen imrall `eight hours do we go to pray now to my Lord King, seven hours only of yore the people of the law were wont to go, without mistake.' Eight canonical hours are also mentioned in FA ( LU 2010 , 2241 ) and in the Laws: cona ordaib coraibh .i. imaithigidh na nocht trath, O'D. 918 ( H 3.17, 654 ). See also under the separate hours: 2 teirt, medón laí, 1 nóin, 1 fescor or esparta, coimpléit, medón aidche or íarmérge, tiugnáir, and 2 prím or anteirt.

celebrad tratha, Wb. 25c23 . da cet slechtain matin ised dogníd ┐ cet cacha tratha `a hundred every canonical hour,' Mon. Tall. 141.4 . ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha `acceptance of the canonical hours,' Laws v 118.8 . nad mbentar cloc do trathaib, ii 120.9 Comm. ba coir do cach cristaide | cia nochiad cach thratha, SR 8018 . fillet a nglúni co gnath | cech trath, 7910 . ro-chelebairset a tratha co creit, PH 582 . a thrátha ní-s-dermana `his canonical hours let him not forget them,' Ériu iii 98.15 . go rob clog t.¤ , Aithd. D. 61.9 . teagh na dt.¤ ` oratory ,' PBocht 13.26 . mairg nach tathaigh na trátha, Dán Dé xxiv 1 . a gcūrsa aiffrenn, trāth ┐ senmor, Fl. Earls 56.7 . eidir se ┐ a thratha, BCC 2.9 . do thrátha Muire, Desid. 1324.

(e) Hence in phrase t.¤ nóna, orig. canonical hour of none , but used also in general sense of evening . Also as adv. in the evening: tanic int aingel t.¤ nóna, Trip.² 1366 . ataís a ara tenid dó trath nóna na haidchi sin, LU 6278 . a mbátár in tslóig and trath nóna, 5884 . ro bátar and trath nóna deód laí, 9183 . ri robennach tuara doib | im trath nóna fochétóir, SR 7702 . co n-accatar ní in t.¤ nóna arna bárach, TBFr. 267 . combatar i n-imacallaim co t.¤ nóna, SG 414.9 . um th.¤ nóna, Content. xi 6 . TSh. 3800 . a naimsir an t.¤ nóna, Gen. xxiv 11 . biáidh neamghlan go t.¤ , Levit. xi 24 . Cf. trath funid nóna, TBC-LL¹ 6067.

(f) In phrase is t.¤ ... it is time to ...: ní t.¤ dod dhul a Dhiarmaid `this is no fitting time for thy departure,' O'Gr. Cat. 392.3. dámadh t.¤ risean dá rádha `were this the time to make it,' PBocht 1.1 . is t.¤ dá mhothughadh `realise this now,' 25.14 . ní t.¤ m'éigean d'fhailleachadh `no time to neglect my danger,' 23.25 . t.¤ dod chloinn teacht dá dtíosda `'tis time for thy children to come,' Aithd. D. 88.28 . do-chím nach t.¤ dó a diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 550.

II As temporal conj. (with rel. n- ) when

(a) Without art.: tráth mbátar and, Imr. Brain i 47.14 . t.¤ ba lethmarb, LU 9073 . t.¤ bá medon aidche dó, 9089 . t.¤ dodeochaid Étaín isa tech, 10759 . t.¤ ro gab cách dunad, TBC-LL¹ 416 . t.¤ atchessa di thīr, ZCP viii 312.15 . in troscud t.¤ bas nadas `fasting when it is proper,' Ériu ii 65.4 . t.¤ budh dhú díol a dhoirre `when satisfaction was due,' PBocht 21.31 . trath ba dolta now that it is time to go (?), Irish Texts ii 61 § 31.

(b) With art.: in trath atconcatar ... in tir ica hinred, Cog. 156.24 . uair in trath sháiles duine, PH 7784 . in trāth ric co longud, ZCP vii 297.12 . an trath chuireas cor no culscal de, TTebe 1296 . uaigh Thaidhg an t.¤ do-chífiom, Aithd. D. 10.37 . an t.¤ is léir sin, TSh. 5166 . an t.¤ fár ghlac, Desid. 2519 . Causal in: cadeat m'acsine-sea ┐ m'urnadmand ... in t.¤ lamair a rád sin seeing that one dares to say that, MU² 114.

III As adv.

(a) Without art.: tig t.¤ eile i nDún Dealgan, Aithd. D. 21.36 . ainchidh t.¤ a Mhíchéil mé `save me betimes,' PBocht 18.33 . a mhaoidheamh ós aird 'gun altóir | ionann t.¤ is teine i gcrios `is often like flash from flint,' Dán Dé xxxi 19 . ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe t.¤ éigin, TSh. 3153 . ar n-a marach moch-thrath =summo mane, Smaointe B. Chr. 2926 . Cf. trath feisi `at the time of the feast,' Laws ii 236.22 Comm. See also tráth nóna s.v. tráth.

(b) With art.: duit, á Chríst, in tráthsa | ro gádsa mo guidi `to thee, o Christ, at this time, I have prayed my prayer,' Fél. Ep. 411 . biad bec beras ó ghorta in t.¤—sin he, PH 7549 . co coíed Petar in trathsin cech n-oidche, 3202 . créad an cantlamh mheasas tú do bheith ann an t.¤ soin ?, TSh. 6409 . See also trásta.

Occas. written for trá moreover , q.v.