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airgnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgnae or dil.ie/2053
Last Revised: 2013

adj io, iā See GOI p. 346 note and Celtica i 322 . evident, well known, famous: eirgnæ gl. evidens, Wb. 14a12 . nipo irgnae gl. peccatum non inputabatur, 3a1 . dígrais (.i. ergna) cloth, Thes. ii 344.3 . do séolcrandaib ardaib ergnaib, TTr.² 843 . in chros argna `the celebrated cross', Todd Nenn. 66.14 . ba cóem . . . ┐ ba hirgna in phelait rígda , TFerbe 401 . ba hurgna in pealaid righda, Aen. 1557 . deich caindelbra d'or ergna, Rawl. 79a38 . Of persons: co rig n-ergna (: slemna) n-Israhél, SR 5952 . abb Híae án ergna / Cummíne find febdae, Fél. Feb. 24 . mac Néill Ailig airgnai, LL 182a50 (= eargnae, AFM i 508.8 ). da mac deg in athar aurgna Iacaib, LB 114b5 . Eua ḟíal ergna, LL 16435 . F. proiceaptaigh eargna ina aimsir, AFM i 344.5 . bid urgna oirnidi a clanna, Lism. L. 1862 . cimbid ergna .i. Barabas, PH 3258 (= uinctum insignem, Rawl B. 512, 72a , Plummer MS. notes). ergna .i. maith, Fél. 220.29 . bresta .i. primda nó ergna, O'Dav. 262 (= Fél.² xcvii § 13 ). The follg. may belong to érgna: fer erccna iolldánach knowledgeable, AFM v 148.1 . ba hergna eolachsomh i fios ┐ i foghlaim, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.15 .

Superl. temair . . . cach loch ba hurgna décsiu iter mhag ┐ tech, Thr. Ir. Gl. 42.9 (= airgna, Corm. Bodl.; aurgnam, Corm. Y 1212 ). in t-en ba mo ┐ ba heargnu dib most conspicuous, Aen. 2984 .

Adv. co hirgna ┐ co hétrocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.10 . co hergna ┐ co honórach, TTr.² 1386 . in Róim co hurgna ara lár, LL 16396 (= Rawl. 78b38 ).

As subst.: Temair cech aird cech irgna / fors mbít sosta sodindgna, LL 21477 ( Metr. Dinds. i 10.65 ).

airlár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlár or dil.ie/2177

n (lár) level surface , used in various applications: orlar gl. vestibulum, Ir. Gl. 704 . issed is coimdigh cathrach ann a hurlar ┐ a reilgi etc. square, market-place(?), Laws v 326.30 Comm. rofegastair . . . urlara fairsingi . . . na cathrach, TTebe 325 . ar orrlar Fhear Muigi `Fermoy's plain', Ériu iv 228.3 . i folach fond erlar sa floor , LU 175 . luid is 'tech rigda co mbái forsin irlár, RC xxvi 12 § ix . for irlar in tigi, BB 240a2 . dá tairnad snáthad a féci for a.¤ , MU² 232 . a fraighthi ┐ a hurlair (of a house), Laws v 326.13 . for urlar in pupaill, RC x 346.1 . urlár an búailte threshing floor , Numbers xviii 30 . urláir iorghoile battle-field , DDána 102.46 . ar orlár na hanma surface (as of a coin), TSh. 1353 . ar urlár in glenna in the bottom of the glen, Comp. CC 87.29 . go horlár corcaighe `to the bottom of a morass', Aithd. D. 4.12 . Fig. títhe orláir do ghruadh ngeal, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . úrlar cnocach clasdomain . . . caoilédain expanse of forehead, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.13 . echlach urláir household servant, menial (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 15, 95 ). is imdha taisteallach sibhail ┐ echlach urláir, CF² 913 . Note also: buachaill d'orlár an áigh, DDána 106.7 . Cf. dée úrláir household gods, Ériu ix 15 . i riocht gósda nó sbrid úrláir `family spirit', ib. With prepp.: ar urlár in croinn cesta on , ZCP vi 84.10 . ar úrlár na croiche ina Pháis, Eochairsg. 28.3 . i n-urlár éinbháirce in a single boat, DDána 107.1 . a horlár aigeanta an duine from a person's mind, TSh. 8723 . In n.loc. Caiseal an Urláir, AFM ii 1146.8 .

2 aithigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithigid or dil.ie/2690

Forms: athaigid, aithige, athaige, athoighidh, aithighidh, athoighe, aithighe

vn. of 1 aithigid. Also athaigid, aithige, athaige. athoighidh aithighidh (guthaidhe leis orra, v.l., i.e. athoighe, aithighe?), IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of visiting, frequenting, resorting to: eglaise d'aithighe, ZCP viii 214. y . dilmainius aigthide (aigthige, MS) co cairdemail iter da rigda in Choimded, Todd Lect. vi 51 § 72 = aithigthi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS notes). dorsi athaigthi access-doors, LB 154a37 . gan athaighe gan iomadhall (of a road), AFM vi 2222.27 . ro b'urusa . . . Ere d'imluadh ┐ d'aithighid, MR 102.14 . With obj. gen.: athigid na tened co menic going close to, BDD² 1221 . do aithidhigh in deissi `to visit the tenantry', Mon. Tall. 156.30 (§ 71) . eoin . . . batar oc athigid Chairpri, LL 22111 . mo Dūilem dom thaithigi / . . . / mo menma dia aithigi `my mind to go out to Him', Ériu ii 56 § 12 . si oca aithidig fon seol sin visiting him during that time, RC iii 344.8 . do thréicis tige nóla / ar aithighe altóra, SG 58.37 . With AR: tré gan aithidhe do dhéanamh ar ṡeinscríbhnibh through not consulting, Keat. ii 6170 . With co: ro būi C. . . . ag a.¤ sair co a muintir, Corm. Y 883 (Anecd. iv 75.y). fri athigid chucumsa `for visiting me', RC xxv 26 § 9 . uair na fil athaigid chucaib no uaib, Alex. 962 = athaigi na tathaigi, BB 499a21 . ma ta aithidhe uatha ┐ cuctha, O'Curry 2380 ( Eg. 88, f. 29(30)d ). With DOCHUM: batar oc athigid dochum C., LL 22114 . With I N-: hic aithigid 'na ōentech, ZCP viii 262 § 8 . an ród . . . 'na mbí triall ┐ aithighe iomad bó, TSh. 10746 .

(b) In a few exx. perh. occupying: dogni E. . . . tech immon tiprait . . . ┐ oen ben ocá hathigid one woman inhabiting it, LU 2955 . do bhádaragaithidhe na tulcha feadh ráithe `occupying' (of herdsmen), Keat. i 124.5 .

(c) practising, observing: ic athaigid trath, Anecd. ii 25 § 9 . ataidhe na trath, ZCP iii 33.8 = tathaighe, BNnÉ 310 . ō aithighidh arm, ML² 1734 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal / tre aithighidh na n-olc mbuan, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . ar a.¤ in use: nós . . . ar aithidhe prevalent custom, Keat. i 10.6 . beusa . . . na nGreugach . . . a bhfaghāil ar aithidhe ag a sliocht d'á n-éis, 236.5 go bhfuilid [focail na Gaedhilge] ar aithidhe i measc na Fraingcise, ii 973 .

athgairit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athgairit or dil.ie/4773

adj (gairit) (very) short (of space and time): dentar comairle ḟorbthe athgarit acainni let us make a prompt decision, TBC-LL¹ 5114 . do ronsad comnaidhe n-a.¤ ann, TBC-LL¹ p. 723 n.9 . re hedh n-a.¤ don conair, CCath. 2639 . cona bai acht edh a.¤ a n-imdiubraicthi etarra, 5548 . do gabh si . . . slighi a.¤ , Smaointe B. Chr. 3932 . an raon direach athghairid, TSh. 10757 . Adv. go hathghoiritt as a haithle shortly afterwards, AFM iii 464.x .

As subst. short distance, short cut, direct route: gabus in a.¤-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . dochuaid cach dib ar athgairid eolais reime dochum a chrichi, TTebe 4617 . dogluaisetar rompo a n-athgairit gacha sliged, IT ii2 134.312 . teacht ar ecin a n-athgair[i]d na h-India to go by the most direct route to India, BB 493b37 = iar sligthib rígda etc., Alex. 607 . In phr. cor i n-a.¤ act of abbreviating, making concise: ní hinchuir a n-atghairit comhráidh iat, Smaointe B. Chr. 3216 . dob í a toil a comuirle do chur i n-athghairid d'iaraigh shligheadh meallta chuigi-siun, 2835 (cf. John viii 6 ). Short time: is i n-iffrionn bhías a eiséirghe iar n-athgairitt, BNnÉ 56 § 61 . dob iomdha uadha, re hathghoirid, feinnidh frais-ghonta, ML 134.26 .

brigda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brigda or dil.ie/6816

adj [io, iā] (bríg) strong, vigorous: os brí brigda (: rígda) brass, SR 5635. Of a mantle: co ṁbrutt b.¤ bralíath impi, RC xxii 393.29 ( BDD 62 App.). b.¤ in bedg, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.5 . N. banclann brigda, Gorm. Jan. 6. In cheville: b.¤ tor, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.9 .

búailid, búalaid.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búailid, búalaid. or dil.ie/7240

Forms: bhuailte

v Trans. beats, strikes, assaults; knocks (on): ce nombuala fo bagaib / lat'feirg, etc. (Balaam's ass), SR 4793. no búaled C. co fleisc rígda in steill, LU 10127. īarmērge . . . is and robūailed Crīst i tig Caifas, Ériu iii 116.15 . builtuis ind, ┐ docer de `strikes it (a spear) into C.', Dinds. 49. ro buail ┐ ro bruidh ┐ ro basaidh . . . iat, Stair Erc. 471. mic na righ dia mbuailter iat (during fosterage), Laws ii 156.12 Comm. co r-buailset do shlaitt he i n-a chend, PH 135. búalid a ech co Tráig Lí, RC vii 294 § 69. do buail nech in dorus (= pulsare, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 4624. b.¤ scíath, see 2 scíath (a) ff. ní bhúaile an saidh seing sídhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1116 . ? lán an chuain don chéadtuile / do bhuail trágh dá thrócuire, Aithd. D. 60.3 . go mbuailidh Dia uireasbaidh ort = percutiat te Dominus egestate ( Deuteronomy xxviii 22 ), TSh. 9701. an tan do bhuaileadh Dia splangc . . . do spor-ghoin a spiorad, 2283 . buaileas a tri beidhmennuibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 867 n. 1 . ro buail builli miledh air fein di (sc. biail), Stair Erc. 604. don cholg . . . bhuaileas troid, O'Hara 4360. Note also: gur bhuaileasdair (buailios, v.l.) an measchoin fa lár `struck . . . . to the ground', Keat. i 160.14 . bíth go mbuailid suas a mbladaireacht although they strike up, Ó Bruad. iii 136.1 . gluaisfid is buail(i)fid an bóthar, Hackett xxvi 157 .

Strikes, coins (money); stamps, impresses (a seal) with AR on: is ré n-a linn do buaileadh airgead . . . ar dtús i nÉirinn Keat. ii 2224. buail séala ar mh'annsa, DDána 90.23 `seal my love', Ir. Monthly 1920, 54 . See cló.

Intrans. an tan bhuaileas (cuisle) go neimhionann beats , TSh. 1655. cuan . . . / 'n-a mbual leabharLoch L. pours, DDána 74.40 . Followed by prepp. and verbal noun begins, falls to, proceeds to: do bhuail an sagart 'gá ghuidhe arís the priest began again to urge him, Mac Aingil 1401 . do bhuail ar an ccomhairli . . . sin do chor a ngnīomh, 5267 . do bhuail dá cáineadh féin she began to blame herself, 1621 . buailse fár gcaomhnaine `set about, etc.', Aithd. D. 55.8 .

With following prepp. and adverbs: ro buailidar cuigi `they made for him', Stair Erc. 868. gach maith . . . / do bhúail fān ua-soin É., Butler Poems 1254 `that has come to', Gloss. ní mairg do bhual (: Luan) fa a breith dtrócuirigh experienced (?), Aithd. D. 72.2 . do buail stoirm . . . forra `they were overtaken by a storm', Stair Erc. 899. go mbuailfidh duine éigin leat you will meet someone, De Imit. 144.23 . da mbúailtidhe impo(d) . . . íad, Ériu v 74.23 . ro buailedh B. ┐ iad féin fá chéli, ALC ii 372.6 . buaileam beagán fos ar ar n-aghaidh let us proceed a little farther (with our discussion), Luc. Fid. 4375. do bhuail oraibh aithmhéala `thou hast repented', Dán Dé xxviii 18 . buailtear an long fá charraig strikes a rock, TSh. 3759.

part. d'ór bhuailte `beaten Gold', Donlevy 60.14 . secht bhfir dhég do bhí búailte ` disabled ', Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . sloighte, slactha, búaillte ( Isaiah liii 4 ), Eg. Gl. 534. réubáin búailte do thairrngibh = nailed (of wooden pattens), RSClára 76b .

Vn. 1 búalad.

cís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cís or dil.ie/9231
Last Revised: 2013

n u, [m.?] (Lat. census, GOI 172 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 209 ). Treated as neut. in: cis n-incis o anfine, ┐ cis n-infuilaing o fine, ┐ cis n-airdbide . . . ó fine ┐ ó anfine, Laws i 158. 7 - 9 Comm., hisa c.¤ , Trip.² 184 . Perh. occasionally as o-stem in Laws (see exx. below). cíos m., IGT § 34 . tax, tribute, cess, rent : c.¤ gl. cim, LU 8901 ( FB 68 ). mál .i. cíos, Eg. Gl. 472 . c.¤ gl. fiscus, Sg. 37b16 . athgabail treisi sloiged, ciss `distress of three days for hosting, rent', Laws i 156.27 . sáor ar chios gach cionaidh (leg. cionad?) fine(?), Ériu xiii 30.17 . re im dingbail cisa di-a tuaith `a battle to ward of rent', Laws v 300.24 . c.¤ égoir ro cuinge[d] ar an duini, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg.88, 24(25)b ). dligid císa mo dhuan-sa, H 3.18, 563 . dirodba indiunn / ar colno císu `may she destroy within us the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv) glossed peccata, cf. cíos .i. peacadh, O'Cl. ro maith in rí a ch.¤ do Pátraic, Trip.² 187 . cána ┐ smachta ┐ císa fer nErend, LU 4207 . fis do ch.¤ co cert, KMMisc. 276 § 72 . in tan rochlomar clocān / ni furāil in c.¤ , ACL iii 313 § 19 . cis trom do-berthea forro, Ériu xvi 84.88 . do chungid in chīsa co Gāedelaib, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.y . conair chissa a journey which led to (their) paying tribute(?), Acall. 7008 . dlegaid claidme c.¤ a nglantai iarna tosluccad `swords are entitled to the tribute of cleansing them', RC xii 106 § 162 . tug sé c.¤ in da theallach sin leis, Stair Erc. 1647 . cíos na gcath ag cath Bhúille `income from their battles', O'Hara 4000 , see n. cíos mar dogheabhthair don Ghall `cess is got even by the foreigner', Dán Dé xxv 7 . DDána 58.26 . ar gnē chīossae a fforcionn gach mīossa `at a certain rent, payable at the end of each month', Fl. Earls 54.3 . cíos cinnte . . . mar chothughadh óna thighearna, TSh. 10075 `wages' Glossary.

With bés: nī dlig nach rī . . . cīs nā bēs nā gēill . . . don tīr-sin, Corp. Gen. 207.8 . co fessta a ciso ┐ a m-besu lais, TE 2 Eg. = fri commus a m-bésa ┐ a chisa dóib, LU 10716 .

With descr. gen. or adj. of particular tributes, taxes: cíos na hainnise, an mhairsil ’s an tséile, Five Pol. Poems 92.196 . cíos na hainnise chailleas mar mhéirlig, 41.127 . oc tobach in chísa Céssarda, PH 2488 . cios cosanta `protection tribute', AFM iv 1152.6 . cīos is cáin Ērenn, ZCP viii 108.21 . ni rig . . . do na tabar chis flatha `he is not a king . . . to whom the rent of a king is not given', Laws iv 50.23 .i. daeraicillnechta .i. braich, 27 Comm. atait secht neimid cethra . . . bo ciss flatha no eclasa, v 260.3 .i. bo bis ac imḟulang a cisa do ḟlaith no do eclais, 12 Comm. fine cis flatha, v 318.3 .i. in fine bis ag imḟulang a cisa do'n flaith, 9 Comm. do chuinchid chísa grotha ┐ imbi, Trip.² 182 . dobeiredh dham cíos a chinn `used to pay me tribute' (polltax), O'Gr. Cat. 349.18 . c.¤ (n-)inchis see inchís ? c.¤ láime see lám. folach cis lobair, Laws i 230.24 glossed imfulaing (sic leg.) cisa in duine troig, .i. diablad in cisa, 232.25 - 6 . c.¤ nemid tribute due from person of status; uracomol cis neimid, iv 6.10 .i. in ní fora firaccomailter a cis do neimed, y. Comm. do cuireadh cíos Phádraig ar Chonnachtaibh lé Gormghal mac Dín Dáthaidh `Patrick's tribute', Keat. iii 2527 . c.¤ rigdae gl. uectigal, Sg. 52b9 . saer na bochta . . . o'n ch.¤ rigda , PH 458 . fon cis Romanach, Todd Nenn. 70.14 . Cf. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg `my tribute of grief', Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . See also Laws i 158.7 - 9 cited above.

With a variety of vbs. expressing levying, exacting, paying tribute: ben do beim císa orainn exact your tribute from us, Lism. L. 3195 . ic brith chīsa Muman. Corp. Gen. 406.10 . fer lé cumthar c.¤ ar coblach, Studies 1920, 418.25 . do ghlacadh cíosa na sealbha `rents', RSClára 49b . ac nougudh (ag gnougudh) a chisa ┐ a chana fein orro, RC xliii 58.9 . cīs in caistiaill d'icc, Grail 3430 . oc tobuch a císa, LU 10435 . Ellipt.: co ná fil . . . / rolamad c.¤ ar Cairind `lay tribute on C.', Ériu iv 98 § 25 .

With prepp. CEN (somet. mere cheville): slíab cen chísu `the mountain free of tax', Metr. Dinds. iii 302.61 . ar do croich cruaid cen cisae innocent(?), Ériu xix 12 § 6 . FO: fo chísu cacht `a captive under tribute', Metr. Dinds. iii 8.83 . us cora mac mucsaide fo chis, Laws v 456.5 . fir 's mná na cruinne fad chíos-sa (of the Cross), DDána 2.4 . suídhe fó chíos tributis serviet', Párl. na mB. 1309 . ro laiset Cenel cConaill fo chios doibh, Hugh Roe² 114.16 . I N-: ingen Rúaid berair hi c.¤ do Fomorib, LU 10439 . SECH: dochuaid sech císu co cert, LU 3065 `i.e. she was exempt from tribute?' Fél. 53 note.

In cheville (see also above): ba buan a c.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . 65 §134 .

Compds. With nouns: do shaigdis na h-uili seo . . . co Cormac na chischain as tax and tribute, YBL 140b6 . ní thardsad císchain doibh, BB 207b35 . roinn na cíoscána, BNnÉ 258.15 . cuairt ┐ cischanachus a chinid . . . do Ch. `tribute-rents', Fen. 120.7 . ¤-thoibgeóir see toibgeóir.

cor(r)thar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cor(r)thar or dil.ie/12544
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: corrthar, corrthair, choirthir, corthaire

n ā, f. corrthar (corthar, v.l.) m., IGT Decl. § 11 . corrthair f., § 13 . d s. choirthir, Ériu v 76.24 . n p. corthaire, Keat. ii 1915 . fringe, edging, border (of garments): corrthair .i. cuirther fri hēdach etc., Corm. Y 336 . corrthar .i. ciumus, O'Dav. 579 . cen corthair (.i. fadlaing nó brot), Bruss. 5100, 24 cited Contribb. 494 . aisti ab astilis o slisnip corthaire, O'Mulc. 64 . etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún, Triads 222 . hi corthair brollaig inair O., Dinds. 32 . for etaige ┐ corthara, LL 2023 . ? Fir Cúl co corrtharaibh, ZCP xii 358.15 . ba hāilliu i cortharaib na rīg oldās ōr (Absolom's hair. Leg. oldás ór i cortharaib etc.?), xiii 177.4 . corrthoir gan tablanna (of specious good looks), vii 268 § 3 . ic figi chorrthairi, LL 7733 (TBC). ag cor chorthair iongnáith óir, TD 11.16 . re slis corrthair, IGT Decl. ex. 375 .

Extended applications. With follg. sg. teined fringe of fire, conflagration, blaze : fó cíaigh ┐ fó corthair thened, TTr.² 156 . i corthair tened, LL 12830 ( RC xiv 418 § 34 ). tré choirthir smáil teineadh, Ériu v 76.24 . Of light in general: in ruithean greni orda ┐ in corthair rigda aireadga (sic), YBL 149b17 . Of territory: isin chorthair immechtraig na hEórpa border, TTr.² 325 . a sáegol fo corthair cain (a person), LL 2402 . ? Of feathering of arrow: dá craobhraidh [an] chorthair-se (Cupid's dart), DDána 78.7 . claideb corthaire, term in weaving, appar. rod used in making fringes: im cloidem corthaire, Laws i 150.7 .i. [cranda beca a cinn corthair] asa figther in corrthair, 152.18 Comm. c.¤ corthaire do ḟindruine inna láim (in descr. of prophetess), TBC-I¹ 34 (`a shuttle', Faraday; see ZCP lxi 49-55 ). Cf. ina corrthair chlaidem `border', MR 214.23 .

As comic n. pr. f. Corthair ingen Druinighe, Anecd. ii 56.4 .

costud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. costud or dil.ie/12636
Last Revised: 2019

u, later o, m. vn. of con-suidi, whence properly act of placing together, arranging, establishing, setting up; checking, restraining ; but used vaguely and in such a wide variety of applications as to render classification difficult and uncertain.

In follg. act of checking, restraining : c.¤ co numlai restraint, ZCP iii 447.4 = castót, Celtica viii 58.1 (earlier reading than c.¤ , note). a ch.¤ i Temraich `he was checked', Ann. Inisf. 840 (see note). tenga do c[h]., ZCP viii 231 § 4 . in nert . . . / na fētaider cosc na c.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 6 . c.¤ ruirech a match for (?), TBC-LL² 492 (`sustainer'). re c.¤ ┐ re cúrsuchad a cheli, MR 224.15 . ? Ísa Críst costadha, ZCP viii 204.w . a comdail . . . mait[h]e chostaidh an caomh-sluaig `the sturdy chiefs', Celt. Rev. iv 110.21 .

With follg. IMM (stereotyped expr.): ba c.¤ im churaid sain ┐ bá tairisem im thigerna, LL 32761 (`a halting', TTr. 1971 ). ba cosdad im righ leo ┐ ba treass im dam ndilend taking a stand (?), BB 435a25 . ba costudh imm righ costudh imbe (of Hector), ZCP xxx 65.1210 . c.¤ im dagḟlaith `good behaviour', Tec. Corm. 4.4 . mithig frim c[h]orp . . . / costad im chrābud to engage in (?), ACL iii 311 § 5 . With cath, etc.: fri catha castud (: astud) `beim Ordnung der Schlacht', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 39 § 6 ( Corp. Gen. 2.31 ). co nderna costadh catha, CCath. 3072 . cath gan chostadh `without check', Caithr. CC 54 . C. re costad catha, MR 150.7 . itir ch.¤ ┐ chorugad catha, 214.16 . ba costadh sloigh iar sraoineadh forra (of person), Hugh Roe² 54.y . With cenn: in cend costuda ┐ in cirriud mór-ṡlúaig (of Cú Chulainn) `supporting leader', TBC-LL² 397. 658 . a ccenn costadha ┐ comhairle, Hugh Roe² 182.32 . Cf. c.¤ Ulad `the men of Ulster', TBC-LL² 2421 . With feis, fled: c.¤ feisi for feoil tairb Dairi (of prohibitions of king of Ulster) `to celebrate . . . ', Leb. Cert. 6.3 . rocoraidhid . . . cách . . . im ch.¤ na fledhi, Ériu v 234.36 .

Behaviour, manner : ar ro bói drochc.¤ is'taig, there was trouble inside, Sc.M² 17 . dorōnsad . . . na slúaigh micostadh .i. a aonbhó do mharbhadh `maltreated (him)', RC xxiv 46 n.14 . is ē trā c.¤ inna clērchechta ` practice ', Celtica viii 58.12 ( ZCP iii 448.8 ). de déscin cathai ┐ cosdotha Túath nDéa 'to reconnoitre the battle and the practices of the Túatha Dé', CMT² 56 § 124​ . ? báig ┐ ch.¤ , TBC-LL² 4302 (`contention'). Appearance : is rígda in c.¤ , LU 7065 (BDD). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái? Asa deilb ┐ asa c.¤ , ZCP viii 112.22 . cech dírim i ndegaid araile for oenchóe fó oench.¤ , LL 31086 `in one guise', TTr. 267 . eter lín ┐ ch.¤ ┐ timthaige, TBC-LL² 4330 . ? cinnus in tsloig ┐ in chostaid atchondcatar, RC xxi 318 § 43 ` usage '.

Miscellaneous: ? ruc do chaithrib (chathrachaib, MSS.) c.¤ clārach, Bruchst. 6 § 4 . ? fora chostathaib cuicilche arechta rān riuth, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . cinsiu di churp ríg sceó rígnai / richt for caíni c.¤ , LU 8283 (rhet. FB 22 ). hi c.¤ forchaíni, 10312 . in c.¤ febda fedes `excellent restraint', Ériu ii 65 § 9 . cunnlacht an c[h]ostudha, ZCP viii 200.13 . costadh, ceōl, cumsanadh celebration (?), 204.8 . c.¤ réil `clear arrangement', RC xxvi 24 § 84 . cert cech cana ┐ costaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.214 v.l. do ch.¤ mo lenna ┐ do chathim mo bíd `to consume ', TBC-LL² 898 . co fáiter i nEmain ra c.¤ a ríg ┐ ra bréthir a flatha `at the behest', 4104 . feochra costoda, 4661 . níam .i. dath ut est costadh néime .i. fasta[d] iarcae in datha `the staying of niam', O'Dav. 1295 . costad sída .i. nin sen (letter n in Briatharogam Morainn), Auraic. 5543 , 4270 . cosdudh sidha uindis `a check on peace', 1174 . c.¤ sida `establishing peace', RC xxvi 24 § 72 . ar cill Ciarain do chostad occo `because C.C. was disputed (?) by them', Fél. 88.14 . ic dún Chairin cét c.¤ `of a hundred feastings', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.31 . sgol 'n-a cosdadh ós mo chionn `in ordered rank', Aithd. D. 1.28 . ? co facadar ann ar castadh / teine ar lasadh thuas na thaigh, SG 22.z . do bai-sem ┐ a costad ar mullach in chairn `he kept to his position', Ann. Conn. 1230.6 . co rochtain dóibh gus an ccosttadh ┐ gus an ccomnart ` camp ', AFM iv 1936.w . isé Ciarán ro uraib (leg. -l) dóibh air Chill Ch. do chostadh aici ar tus `to grant him', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.3 .

1 cucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cucht or dil.ie/13415

Forms: cacht

n u. See GOI § 76 . external appearance, form, shape, aspect : c.¤ ┐ (.i. v.l.) cuinnsi ┐ cruth .i. ecusc . . . cid cnedhach a cuinnsi c.¤ `his countenance (and) shape', O'Dav. 344 . cuinsi .i. . . . cid cnedach a cuinsi c.¤ (sic leg., cacht, text), Corm. Y 383 `her face (and) form', Corm. Transl. 47 . dlighidh cumal lettrian fria cuinnse c.¤ ara dínsem `the beauty of his face', Laws iv 350.5 Comm. c.¤ .i. gné, O'Cl. ar ch.¤ in (sic leg. ?, ed. p. 380, glossed .i. gne, ib.) chia `in form of the man (?)', ZCP iii 378.16 (B. na f.) = ar tucht (.i. gné) an cía, v 484 § 7 (B. na f.). duine co ce[i]ll is co c.¤ , BB 7b55 . is caem do ch.¤ , IT i 123.16 ( TE 9 ). Aed . . . ropo rigda a ch.¤ (: chnucc) `kingly of form', Metr. Dinds. iv 356.82 . Ériu v 222.41 . clí co ndeochair chuchta cain `notable for goodly shape', Metr. Dinds. iii 338.7 . B. gusun c.¤ cuimnech coir `of the model, etc. ', MacCarthy 426 .y . Attrib. g s. da trian a clainne cuchta shapely (?), LL 733 (Leb. Gab.). With transfd. meaning: ba derb la mac Luc[h]ta ille / feib do cuchta cēlmuine as from an utterance made by a wraith (?), ZCP xiv 43 § 3 ( LL 27306 ).

Conjunctional phrase: ba machtad . . . la muntir P. in c.¤ imrulaiseat how they . . . , CCath. 2653 .

Appar. colour (cf. Thurn. ad loc. cit.) in: cettemain cain ree . . . c.¤ [crann], Ériu xxii 41 § 1 `colour'. luss dosber dath no c.¤ in faciem cu mbi derg, Corm. 39 . Corm. Y 1094 . Cóir Anm. 134 (expl. of epithet Ruanaid).

In chevilles: fo ch.¤ chert in proper form, SR 2639. 3155 . fo c.¤ cain `fair of colour', Leb. Gab.(i) 16.5 .

Compds. cóeca caillech co cruth cuchtban ` fair-coloured ', Fél.² cxliii 4 . adconnairc ingin caim . . . cuchtglain, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . a cuctlí, Todd Nenn. 130.19 .

cumsclaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumsclaig or dil.ie/13897

n (cumscle, see cuinn(d)scle): ōenōclach rīgda . . . ba ch.¤ in charpait, TBC-I¹ 2335 ` combatant ', Faraday 103 .

2 darbile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 darbile or dil.ie/14651

n an oak-tree = bile darach: Mo Senoc Mughna dano .i. Mughna darbile mór ┐ ba coimlethan a barr frisin magh uile, Fél. 258 Dec. 11 . The common name for this ancient tree of Mugna is Eó Mugna the yew of M. (e.g. Fél. 258. 21 in a poem ascribed to Niníne); but eó may also be used of an oak as LL 147 a 32 : rop eó uasind ḟid ropo rígda ind rail; Dinds. 160 it is expressly described as an oak: dair dano Eó Mugna...cét míach a thorud de dircnaib.

Darera

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Darera or dil.ie/14667

Forms: Darerca

npr. f. Darera is Ruamail ríg Laigen. lánamain rígda corrath, LL 138 b 7 . n s. Darear ben Rumaill, BB 284 a 39 (cf. Darerca = Darerca, ib. 218 f 27 ). Luath mac Darera rí Cruithentuaithi, Lec. 354 b 43 ; 355 a 33 . Darera drái, ib. 361 b 34 . D.¤ .i. drúith Mic Con, ib. 49 (npr. m. ?)

debroth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. debroth or dil.ie/14845
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: debroth, débródh, débroth, debrod, debro, debródh, debrath, debhrath, debrad, debhradh, debra, Débroth, debroth

ind an exclamation or asseveration constantly used by S. Patrick. debroth, Ardm. 6 b 1 . Thes. ii 310. 26 . Corm. s.v. mo d . Acall. 6648 . MacCongl. 15. 16 ; 83. 9 . O'Don. Sup. s.v. mo d.¤ de brot, Corm. l.c. (v.l.). débródh, Trip. 168. 14 . débroth, LB 27 b 3 . MacCongl. 45. 18 ; 61. 3 ; 67. 3 . debrod, Ardm. 7 a 2 . debro, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18). debhroth, BB 208 a 41 . debródh, Trip. 56. 6 . — debrath, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Sg). H 3.18, 69 b . O'Mulc. 296 . debhrath, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 . debrad, Lism. L. 2246 . LB 251 a 5 . MacCarthy 436. 1 (BB). Fen. 214. 17 . debhradh AFM ii 652. 8 . debra, LL 193 b 51 (uncertain).

Rhymes with menman : dorata Dia debradh dúin : are rit ar menman mín, ZCP vi 266 § 10 ; with celebrad : co dered domain debrad : nocha bia gan celebrad, Fen. 214. 17 ; with delbda, LL 193 b 51 . In Debide : debrod : clod, ACC § 52 .

By the grammarians explained in various ways.

(a) usually explained as = Dia brátho God of judgment Thes. ii 310. 26 . Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18, ACL iii 16 § 36 ).

(b) already by Cormac connected with the Welsh formula min doiu braut `by God of the judgment' : mo debroth (v.l. luide mo de brot .i. mo dia brata) ol Patraic quod Scotici dicunt corrupte. síc hoc dici debet .i. muin doíu braut .i. muin didiu is meus. in díu is deus. in braut is judex .i. meus deus judex , Corm. s.v. mo d .

(c) as a Hebrew word. debrath ebraice. brath loquella. debrath didiu délabrath, O'Mulc. 296 .

(d) debrath .i. brath indsce. debrath didiu .i. deil a brath, H 3.18, 69 b .

(e) the explanation given in Colgan's Trias Thaum. p. 53 and 59 is due to misunderstanding of the passage in Ardm. 7 a 2 ( Trip. 292. 26 ).

(f) understood as degbriathar, Acall. 6648 (Franc. A 4 73 a ). See now Ériu lix 139-51 .

The rhymes with menman and celebrad (v. supra) do not necessarily prove original short -e-. Débroth the doom of God would be an ordinary cpd. of dia and bráth (u- stem), the latter passing into -broth in enclisis as scáth > scud (foscud, d sg.), gním > gnom. Mo d.¤ , dar mo d.¤ by the doom that God will pass on me on the day of Judgment. It seems the Irish equivalent of W. `min doiu braut,' not an adaptation of it. In `mo d.¤ ,' debroth is probably the dative.

(a) mo debroth seems the oldest formula : ` cui irascens Sanctus Patricius cum maledictione dixit : mudebrod male fecisti. nusquam proficiat tibi ager in aeternum , Ardm. 7 a 2 . et ait S. Patricius mudebroth quamuis laboraueritis nec tamen proficiat , ib. 6 b 1 = Trip. 289. 24 (transformed by Trias Thaum. 53 into`modebroth quod interpretatur quod non laboratis non proderit vobis '). mo debroth ol P., Corm., v. supra.—With strengthening om : mo debroth um ar Patraic bidh Hí Raduib do tṡíl trét umalóit, Acall. 6648 . — atbiur mo debroth...noco fesser cid fil and noco nérus, MacCongl. 15. 16 (analogically after atbiursa mo bréithir, &c.).

(b) dar mo debroth : asbert Patraic fris dar mo de broth is tualaing Dia sen mad áil dó. genus iuramenti sen la Patraic ac si diceret dar mo Dia bratha (which Trias Thaum. l.c. 4 transl. `per Deum meum Judicem sive judicii'), Thes. ii 310. 26 . dar mo debrod, ACC § 52 . darmo debródh ( débroth, LB 27 b 3 , debro, H 3.18 ) ol P. isind ulċ atá do chumachta, Trip. 56. 6 (H 3. 18 and LB add `.i. dar mo dia bratha (mbr. LB),' ACL iii 16 § 36 ).— dar mo debhrath ar Luirich (son of Sarran) is calma form in peata...andas in Coimdhe dia nadhair, Todd Nenn. 182. 8 .— dar mo debroth i fiadnaise in dúileman ba maith lium co rísaind a dochum in dúnaid sin, MacCongl. 83. 9 . darom débroth...ní bether co bráth, ib. 61. 3 .

(c) dom debroth: dom débroth fullfi friss, MacCongl. 45. 18 ; ib. 67. 3 .

(d) fom debroth: bam débroth, MacCongl. 57. 17 .

(e) a debroth: missi a debrad am fer sean (in verse) YBL 108 b 19 ( Ériu iv 150. 19 ).

(f) debroth alone, only in poetry: debrath nom choimmdiu cóima, Thes. ii 290. 11 (Editors' transl. is impossible; d.¤ perhaps abs. dat. `when the judgment of God is being passed,' i.e. on the day of Judgment, or an exclamation). roláis díot Feardia na ndrong: debhradh is crúaidh do choṁlann, Mil na mB. 27 l. 398 . muir nard nainbthech seoch a tæb: debrad nocha rígda dúil, Lism. L. 2246 . co dered domain debrad (: celebrad), Fen. 214. 17 . rocráided muintir Thomair: i niarthar domain debhradh by God's doom the race of T. was destroyed in the western world AFM ii 652. 15 (A.D. 942). Daminis debrad is tír, BB 51 a 47 ( MacCarthy 436. 1 ). dorata Dia debradh dún: are rit (= frit) ar menman mín (g s.) ZCP vi 266 st 10 .

díbdud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbdud or dil.ie/16009

Forms: dígbúd, dígbád, dígbhóid, dioghbhudh

n u, m. vn. of do-bádi. Later dígbúd, dígbád, etc., see IGT Decl. § 103 , Verbs § 64 . drowning, quenching, extinguishing; fig. destroying, extirpating, extinction, destruction: in mac rocháem do díbdúd . . . i n-inbiur srotha Cí, LL 220b7 ( TTr. 242 ). teora dabcha úarusci do dibdúd a brotha, LU 3794 ( SCC § 36 ). tucad i trí dabchaib uaruscib é do díbdúd a fherge, TBC-LL¹ 1365 . do didbad (leg. dibdad) inna tenaid, Anecd. iii 34.12 . co tardad Dia dilgud ṅglan | cen nach nd.¤ do Adam, SR 1648 . dia nd.¤ (: dilgud) dia ndianarggain, 5588 . iar ṅdibdud int síl rigda , Rawl. 79b10 . gním da tanic doib dibdad | a ndegathair d' athrigad, LL 151a8 . bá líach d.¤ na flatha sin sad were the quenching of that reign, BCC § 102 e . dligid cach doinnech d.¤ , ZCP xi 84 § 34 b. ic d.¤ góa, Goid. 170.4 . iar ndíbdud toile (ndibdudh, ndibdad, ndibudh, MSS.) after extinction of desire, Ériu ii 66 § 12 . (cheville) fáth cen díbdud, MS. Mat. 488.10 . cen (sic leg.) dibdad, cen dōd, ACL iii 34.3 . digbad a fine, Laws iii 54.1 . innarbadh ┐ dighbhadh na n-imarcrach expelling , 23 P 10, 15 b24 . éacht airdrigh can ionaclann, | a ndíogbhúdh da madh loinn leis (: ríoghdhún), Book of O'Conor Don 348a28 . g s. naithrecha in dígbhóid danair (: rígshlóig) `the snakes pernicious (i.e. who destroy the nestlings) are the English', O'Gr. Cat. 461 . fuigheall tar éis a ndíoghbhoigh (: dóibh), Hard. ii 102 . Treated as fem.: sgriosfuidh sé iad le dioghbhudh móir, Deuteronomy vii 23 . do dhíobadh ┐ do sgrios cumhacht an phobail, Esther vii 11 .

dígna(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígna(e) or dil.ie/16333
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dignib, dígnai

n [io, n. ?] Expld. by glossators as dí + gné. reproach, contempt: dioghna .i. di-ghne .i. droichgné, O'Cl. .i. tarcaisneach, ib. digna .i. dimecnaith nó dognai, Lec. Gl. 117 . dighnae .i. dimicin . . . .i. drochgne nō tār nō trogh, O'Dav. 642 . dighna diar ce[i]rd dofiusca ar fe[i]rg contempt for our craft rouses our anger, ACL iii 297 . is ē triar fil fri dígail: dighna duaine, feolda fichdha teora ingne gribhdai gruaide reproach in a poem, poetical satire, ib. Aeda nad airdlig dígna (: lígda) who deserves not reproach, SP v 7 = Thes. ii 295 . decheng ná dlig . . . dígnae, Fél. Mar. 7 . nóeb ná dámair d.¤ , Feb. 9 . atcota drúis d.¤ lechery entails disgrace, Anecd. iii 10 . ní chualamair díghna díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 262 . cain clí cen d.¤ (: rígda), SR 7695 . Ualerius cen dígnae, Fél. Jan. 22 . Cf. Feb. 10 , Sept. 18 , Nov. 4 . anais and a chland cen digna, Todd Nenn. 236 . cen nach ndíghna, Anecd. i 64 . imscarad athcuir . . . nā bī ar dignu `when there is no contempt intended', Laws ii 318 ( .i. nocun ar dimiadaide, ib. 320 ). cen chuit ndígnai, Fél. July 29 . cen dolb dígnai, Anecd. i 60 . ?d p. Maini na miad ní da dignib (dingnaib, Lec.) | do Niall ri rignaig in raith, LL 139a35 . As adj. (prob. g s.): cona dubshlúag dígnai evil-looking, grim (?), Fél. Prol. 254 . torcc trom dígna, SG 61 .

As vn. bai F. for loingius iarna digna (.i. sarugadh), O'Curry 112 ( H 3.18 71c ). dia ainmed, dia digna, 254 (148). iar ndigna óir ┐ ech after spurning gold and steeds, LL 149a35 .

dílmaines

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílmaines or dil.ie/16444

n m. (dílmaine)

(a) compact, agreement: indiu thuccad dilmainius aigthige (leg. aigthide) co cairdemail iter da rigda in Choimded .i. iter nem ┐ talam, Todd Lect. vi 51 .

(b) freedom (of speech): ro iarr . . . diolmainius labhartha do tabhairt dó, TFrag. 170.y . noco ragaib nech ceill for a dilmainus ann lost all hope of freedom, BB 491b8 . Cf. Alex. 37 .

(c) warfare: ní fhuil acht díolmhaineas i mbeathaidh an duine (= militia est vita hominis), TSh. 2780 . mor . . . do ghniom dílmhuintis, ALC ii 426.26 .

díṡoillside

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díṡoillside or dil.ie/16819

adj (díṡoillse) without light, dark: Fothad Dolus .i. diṡoillsighi .i. fer nógnáthaighi siubhal a n-aidhchibh dorchaibh, Cóir Anm. 220 . gnúis rigda co ndercuibh dishoillsidhe dark (?) (`brilliant eyes', Ed.), Marco P. 55 .

? dorumat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dorumat or dil.ie/18426

ind cethri cláir . . . inhuillib na ecalsé, | feib dorumat, rígda rád, SR 4243 (: chubat). ? Cf. ba hallud mor do Lugaidh. | ba maith dorrumad orcainn, Ériu v 212.106 .

? éidinnte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? éidinnte or dil.ie/19743

adj : ┐ se édinnte cumdaighthe ó chumdaigib rigda , LB 236 a 22 , ZCP xx 482 . Cf. éidigthe.

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