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Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín , O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

clód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clód or dil.ie/9562

 

Forms: cloüd, C., cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh, claíte, cla(o)idte, clódh, cládh

n u, [m.]. Earlier cloüd. C.¤ is vn. of cloïd. See also Blathm. 961 note . Later forms very variable: cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh. g s. claíte, cla(o)idte. clódh cládh, IGT Verbs § 42 . Cf. also: do chló cóir do chomhardadh ris féin ón chlódh agus ón chluinsin, Bard. Synt. Tr. 34.8 .

(a) act of turning (back, aside), returning, retreating: drong cen clod o chrabad, Gorm. Dec. 3 . cen gae, cen scíath, cloithi bann that turned aside feats(?), SR 5863 . in sét daberar ar clodh i tar `the sét that is given for stooping into baseness', Coibnes § 7 gl. 7 (gl. sé[oi]t turchlaithe the price of submission). gearr bhíos an chumha so ag c.¤ `soon does this grief return', Studies 1924, 88 § 25 . smuain gan do chlódh choidhche ar gcúl, DDána 42.24 . ag clódh urchradh na hÉireann averting the ruin of Ireland, 85.20 . na mná don chonair do chlódh `put aside from their path', Aithd. D. 95.29 . la homun na toirthedh do clod forculu, Marco P. 65 . forchongraim foruibh clódh forcula on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . do forconngair in teglach forsin righ clod doridhisi co ca[traig] Cumaloit, Grail 474 . clodh tara n-ais, 1202 . do mhúchadh . . . lochta foghluighthe a dhúthaighe, dá gclódh ó chlaonadh . . . a reachta, TSh. 6782 . go ro fhuráilset forra . . . , clódh ina fritheing, AFM i 514.3 . clódh a ratha `the reversing of his fortune' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2131 . In phr. c.¤ na baise a turn of the hand(?), a clap(?): gearr bhus lón loise an domhain / clódh na boise a baromhail `the turning of a hand', Dán Dé xxii 9 . téid mar chlódh na boise an bioth, xxxi 23 . dá égcaoine . . . / iomdha banntrocht is bandáil / lé clódh beó-chroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 . Of a weapon, act of turning the edge, blunting(?): ri tulguba na scíath ica scoltud ┐ ri glondbeimnig na claidib icá c.¤ , LL 31478 .

Fig. (b) act of converting : guidhfidh co dichra faa clodhsum forcula, Marco P. 1 . do ghabh Muire Magh-da-léana / leat, a Dhé — gár dheacra ar gclódh?, DDána 30.22 . act of translating : in leabhor do clodh forcula o thengaidh na Tartairedh cusin tengaidh laitianda, Marco P. 1 . act of perverting, subverting, leading astray : ar clodh ceilli fa clemhnus, Prolegomena 50 § 15b . craosól ag clódh a gcéille, Measgra D. 55.27 . do bhí do chlódh ar a céill `so affected her mind', Aithd. D. 100.21 . clódh fuarchóra, 60.13 .

(c) act of changing, exchanging : cath cloita denn, Blathm. 241 . Ísu . . . íar clóud báis i n-eseirgiu, Trip.² 666 . dognīatt . . . c.¤ dā clogc . . . diaraile `make an exchange of their two bells', BColm. 92.19 . cidh ima ndenae in clogh croth asin . . . ?, ZCP x 298.5 . na dūili . . . do dhelugud re na cumachtaib náema ┐ a n-aigned do chló `their nature will change', RC xxviii 312 § 12 . ag clódh ó fhine Eadhra / cridhe mór ar mhímheanma `the great courage of Í Eadhra was changed to despair', Aithd. D. 37.39 . clódh gné áille, IGT Decl. ex. 756 . clódh a dealbha, O'Hara 3242 . clódh .i. ionntodh, claochlodh, O'Cl.

(d) Various: c.¤ fri act of turning to, cleaving to(?): mé ag clódh risin gcéidchion `as I incline to my old sin', PBocht 4.15 . bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 (? leg. ag claoi re . . . ). In phr. cen ch.¤: a cír a criol cen ch.¤ `unsurpassed', Metr. Dinds. iii 464.59 . cor ḟuacratar cath can chlód / for Morc without retreat(?), LL 29014 . Cerball can ch.¤ unconquered(?), 4308 . ro chlaidsead crandcar gan clodh forind aes dana ndímor, BB 42b24 . gan c.¤ gan cumscugad re cheli, MR 240.21 . bhāmur ann ar n-ollamhnaibh / gan chlódh do dhuine ar domhan, KMMisc. 56 § 6 . a cneas mar chuip, / nó mar shneachta cnuic gan clódh, Dánta Gr. 5.34 .

(e) act of overthrowing, vanquishing, subduing : do chloud tra in dligid sin `to overthrow that view', Ml. 56b16 . sab cáid clóithe pillar of conquest, Fél. Dec. 14 . cloud diabul, Mon. Tall. 148.5 . robo cloch . . . cloithi cach uilc Colum Cille, LU 924 - 25 (ACC Comm.). hisin chath clūite flaithe, ZCP viii 118 § 20 . in t-oenchrand ni hassu a ch.¤, / meni fagba a rithadód (see suggestion s.v. frithadód), TBC-LL¹ 2349 ( LL 9436 ). ri cath ri c.¤ , LL 1883 . gan chlaoidhe i gcath, SG 16.2 . cura fedat a clod ut inimicos ualeant prosternere, Gild. Lor. gl. 44 . cluithe . . . / creacha, as marbhtha, as madhmanna, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.169 . beart chloithe ar Éirinn ég ríogh, Ériu viii 83.68 . imdha sgol cnaeite ó chumhaidh / ar son claeite Conchubhair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378.z . tucc in Dearg do chlaoídhe Guill / na hairm nimhe, Duan. F. ii 314 § 59 . [Bibus] do marbadh ┐ comurtha a claiti do thabairt cuici `proof of his murder', ZCP vi 277.15 . gan chlaoi ó Ghalluibh, LBranach 3861 . Sadhbh is Art Aoinfhear échtach / dá ríghin caibhdhean do chlódh, 3291 . daoirse chlóidh `ruinous slavery', Aithd. D. 35.5 . mo dheala ┐ Rí na ríogh / ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do bhíodar dh'á g-claoidheamh go fann, Oss. iv 276.22 . atá [bhur bhfearann] na fhásach ar na chláoidh lé coimhightheachaibh `overthrown by', Isaiah i 7 . Cf. also: a ógh . . . / nar ghabh clódh óghachta ó fhior, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 10 . Hence, act of surpassing : ní fhéad éinbhean a clú do chlódh, Aithd. D. 82.3 . ? nách clódh air bith i gcómh-chruth do Ḃénus í she is in no way inferior to V. (?), Keat. Poems 128 (cló?).

With cath(a) etc.: it anmand (= anfann?) cluithe cath `weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.7 ( LU 9573 ; clóithe, cláite, v.ll.). in claideb do ch.¤ na gcath, SG 371.4 ( LL 300b2 ). Cerball currig caémLife / c.¤ catha for Cond, LL 6696 . trí cloidim fri c.¤ cliathach, Leb. Cert.² 870 . c.¤ coscair ann so, MR 302.12 . ag clódh treasa, Bard. Synt. Tr. 33.10 . clódh cogaidh . . . / mór an obair ógnaoidhean, Aithd. D. 60.12 .

(f) Of overcoming, subduing (desires, vices, emotions, etc.): clo a miana . . . clod a mían, Laws iii 204.13 , 15 Comm. cauraid clōite ferg, ZCP viii 117 § 10 ( Rawl. 88a38 ). dochuaid for cel, cluithi cin (i.e. he died penitent?), SR 3685 . is tria úmla ┐ tria inísle ro-chind aice a chlood, PH 4814 (Jesus rejecting the temptations of the devil). ní bhiadh clódh ar cumhaidh, DDána 63.29 . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe `to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . o da bi se fein ar n-a clai on trocuire indus narb ail leis indeachaidh da dhenumh, Smaointe B. Chr. 494 (clai nó clui, v.l.). ar gcionta do chlódh `to blot out our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . a cholann do chlaoi, Mac Aingil 3658 . do bheith i gceilg ar a choguas dá chlódh ┐ dá thurnamh, TSh. 2107 . sás a n-uaille do chlódh, 698 . chum an cathughadh do chlaoi `in order to overcome the temptation', Donlevy 418.2 . clódh a teadhma, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . incloud gl. (peccatorum) conuictio, Ml. 70a7 (or for inchloud proof, conviction?).

(g) Of overcoming diseases: in tan nach etir le fein an easlainti do clai, RC xlix 25.13 .

Compds. With adj. cloidhmhthe clódh-bhuilleacha, CRR² 30 . With vb. do cloidhbrudh(?) an sluagh were overthrown, ZCP ii 556.37 . do clódmesc a craidhe was dejected and perturbed, Caithr. Thoirdh. 16.3 .

2 cranngal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cranngal or dil.ie/12763
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (crann + 1 gal) a sound or effect in music; musical ornamentation : is crannaoil righin dá sníomh i gcreataibh 'and stately ornamented music was created on harps' ITS xi 38 § xxxix , Celtica xxii 16 .

1 dían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dían or dil.ie/15951
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dian, déin, Déin, Dianchon, díanascnam, díanbhádad, dianscailti, ndianscailedh

adj o, ā. swift, rapid: dian gl. concito, Ml. 41d8 . gl. creber, Sg. 20a7 . gl. uelox, 60b19 . dian .i. oband sudden , Stowe Gl. 80 . déin (n pl. for a pl.) gl. celeres, Ml. 48d11 . is d.¤ dorreractid maám ind soscéli 'tis quickly ye have abandoned, Wb. 18c6 . cid d.¤ ┐ cían nothéisinn though I went fast and far, Ml. 41d9 . In lit. gener. with the added sense of eager, impetuous, forceful or vehement, both in good and bad sense. Of animals and natural objects (gener. implying motion): ech d.¤ , FB § 50 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . dam d.¤ vehement (?), Acall. 3516 . Cog. 188 . mur buinni ṅdian ṅdílinn, Fianaig. 94.19 . fo dílind déin, LL 4b10 . inna side dian mar daig, Metr. Dinds. iii 158 . sruth tenntide ro-d.¤ , PH 6201 . tinneanas tineadh déine, ML 114 . Cf. also: i carput d.¤ dergthened, SR 7136 . domun d.¤ swift-passing, fleeting (?), ZCP vii 498 . daescarsluag an domain déin, viii 208 . maisi in domuin dian (: fíal), RC vi 178.122 . Of persons: ben d.¤ ` active ', MacCongl. 97.2 . oen-ben d.¤ díbergach, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . Dauid d.¤ , SR 6413 , 5890 . i tig Dagda déin, Ériu vii 225 . Metr. Dinds. ii 18.18 . Fianaig. 42.7 . druid diana, SR 3419 . co lín a ṅdroṅg nd.¤ ndaigrech (of combatants), 5887 . berid uain . . . in duini ṅd.¤ ṅdásachtach (of David feigning madness), 6236 . Painiel d.¤ (an Archangel), KMMisc. 254 . Of the Deity: a De dúilig déin, Ériu iii 14 . a degmic Dé déin, ZCP vi 263 . Of the Devil: SR 944 . fri demna diana, 8316 . Of actions and abstr. notions: bretha diana `rash judgements', Tec. Corm. § 14 . tacra d.¤ dermatach `a vehement . . . pleading', § 25 . dian medair `a vehement saying', Fél. Prol. 219 . d.¤ a buille, Metr. Dinds. ii 16 . gnim d.¤ , SR 2847 . deabhtha díana, Hugh Roe 294.26 . fo dianaib déraib, Fél. Prol. 24 . golgaire duba d.¤ , SR 8166 . RC xxviii 314 . ag clos linn iona lasair | do ḟreagra dhéin dhóchasaigh, Content. x 21 . frossa diana dér, Ériu ii 55 . is dian in fuillem, Laws v 242.y (swift? the interest mounts up rapidly?). i ló an bhrethemhnuis dén déghenaigh 'at the day of the rigorous and last iudgement' Ériu xv 52 (52b) . With FRI: nárbhat d.¤ re daescar-ṡluagh, Acall. 587 . ? in ben d.¤ fri dúasu `eager for gifts', Metr. Dinds. iii 302 . In following cases meaning seems to be strong, without notion of activity or motion: 'mo les nd.¤ `the strong keep', Metr. Dinds. ii 8 . do mhidh na dabcha déne, Acall. 812 .

Equative: is denithir sin arachrin cumachtae inna pecthach, Ml. 57c12 . Compar. déniu rád swifter than speech, Trip.² 131 . nar ba déni tepersain fhola oltás . . ., PH 3042 . As superl.: a dremm is déniu dolud `quickest in havoc' (whose tax is most severe?), Metr. Dinds. iii 348 . amal as deiniu . . . notinoilfitís naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3736 . Adv. atrachtár co d.¤ , SR 4461 . rochingsiott go d.¤ deinmnettach, AFM vi 2254 . As n.pr. m. (allegorical): Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . Dinds. 18 . gen. ingine Déin meic Dileann, Acall. 697 . ? Sirna mac Dein, Rawl. 135a1 , 117g17 .

Common in compds., often merely as an intensive. ¤aided swift or sudden death (destruction): dianoidhidh, MacCarthy 422 = BB 50b24 . gan dogh gan dianoidheadh, AFM vi 2072 . ? ¤aigligh, Laws iv 86.12 . ¤airlech swift or ruthless slaying , Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . ¤aithesc hasty speech: as n.pr. m., Anecd. ii 51 . ¤aithirge earnest repentance (?), Lism. L. p. 307 . LL 282a14 . ¤apud (legal term) `sudden notice', Triads 235 . ¤bás sudden death: Thes. ii 354 . is bec na dechaid dianbas, SR 1720 . ar díenbhás ar bedg | romain Íosa, Ériu iv 236 . Anecd. ii 15 . deocha dian-bais, CCath. 5836 . ¤breth sudden doom: cipé fongeib dia láim chlí, | ro ordaig rí in betho bí | issí a déin-breth ria dérge; | a glé-meth nó a gair-sécle (of a magical yew), Metr. Dinds. iii 230 . ¤chommilt swift or fierce crushing: dabered d. fair eter a rigthib ┐ a dernannaib, TBC-LL¹ 4622 . ¤chride n.pr. m. Diancraide mic Offir, BB 146c25 . oroit do dianchridiu, Thes. ii 257 . ¤chú n.pr. m. gen. Dianchon, BB 87a47 . Lec. 146c36 . ¤éc sudden death: deocha dian-éca, Acall. 6372 . See Díangal. ¤galar sudden or violent sickness, plague: ronsoerat ar d. (ar in galar ndian .i. ar in mbude connaill), Hy. i 6 . d. d'adhmilledh a n-eachraidh, CCath. 3479 ( Luc. Phars. vi 89 ). d.¤ gl. langor, Gild. Lor. 258 . ¤garta ` ready hospitality ', Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . See Díangus. ¤lám nimble hand: d. oc fodail, Tec. Corm. § 4 . ¤leges swift healing , TFerbe 734 . ¤ṡárugud forcible violation , Laws iv 228.y . is ed is diansarudugad (sic) and, rofitir a beith for comairce ┐ nocha ranaic uadu dligi do taircsin, O'Curry 2034 ( H 4.22 56 -57). ¤uisce swiftly-flowing water: rosdailedh ar d., Metr. Dinds. ii 68 .

With adj.: ¤aicentach of vehement nature: of Caesar, CCath. 348 . ¤angbaid very fierce (?). Of a river: o Drobaís d., LL 8b35 . ¤buillech of swift or fierce blows: fa dígaltach duáibsech d. comrac na desi-sin, Fianaig. 96 . ¤chumthach deeply-grieving: cach duine co dianchumhthach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330 . ¤díchra very eager: ro ghabhsat co sanntach diandichra ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 . ? ¤dil: dendiliu gl. magis industrios atque strenuos, RC xxix 269 . See Díangalach. ¤glicc very prudent: cen rurig ṅdedgair ṅd., MacCarthy 198 . ¤marb utterly dead: dronga dian-marba, TTebe 2857 . ¤menmnach nimble-minded, very spirited: atraigim co dírech dienmenmnach, MacCongl. 119 . ¤scothach of hasty words (?): inghen Déirc Dhianscothaig, Acall. 52 . ¤ṡeng?: cech drui deinseng (aga mbiad na diana seanga .i. ainm aisti), Leb. Gab.(i) 64 (expl. probably wrong, but cf. 4 dían).

With verbs: ¤ascnaid advances rapidly: co ndianascnaitis remhibh, Hugh Roe 214.23 . ro dianasgna . . . gan anadh . . . go ranuicc gusan nG., 276.7 . vn. oc díanascnam in mhuighi speeding across the plain, CCath. 1274 . ¤bádid quickly swamps. vn. ródbhuindi róimer d'uisqi . . . ag díanbhádad an baili, Acall. 3630 . ¤beirid quickly carries: an t-anam sa chlí chuga | mac De muna dhianruga, 23 D 14, 93 . ¤léici releases swiftly: díam-díanléicther ar fi[u]r findchless … 'if I am swiftly loosed upon (lit. before) the man of the fine feats' ZCP xlvii 64 . ¤loscid quickly burns . vn. ni ḟarggaib . . . múr can a díanloscud, CRR § 4 . ¤millid quickly destroys: ro dianmhilleadh a dhuthaigh, AFM v 1720 . ¤scaílid quickly or utterly distributes, scatters, disperses, separates: ro dianscailit biada . . . do chach, Acall. 4609 . in tan díanscáiles ler . . . dar dreich in talman, CCath. 298 . co ro dluig ┐ co ro dianscail a chend ar dó air, TTebe 3162 . ro saebait do ruisc . . . ┐ ro dianscailit do baill, LB 143a29 . As med. term dissolves, diffuses: tig rann don deathach hisin cum na mball imeallach ┐ diansgailidh linn fuar gloinidhi idir feoil ┐ leathar andsin, 23 P 10, 161 rb36 . diansgailter an rand as reimhe dhe a ceo fuar, 161va13 . is righin he ┐ ni diansgailfeadh an fothrugad e, 161ra14 . da contrardha sin do nither lipairia noch tig o l. r. morgaithe idir feoil ┐ leathar ┐ eirghe deathach on morgadh isin noch anmesruighes an craidhi gu nden fiabras ┐ an trath sgaileas in ainmeasurdhacht isin isna bullaib inmedonachaib da faga si l. f. glainidhi sa guili no a n-inadh ele leth asdigh diansgailidh e ┐ on diansgaileadh isin fuaraid na baill inmeadhonacha, 161rb-va . Part. ro badar luireacha dluithi dianscailti desin, CCath. 3155 . Vn. iar n-argain ┐ iar ndianscailedh chell ┐ coicrich, RC xviii 281 . Cf. díscaílid.

dochum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochum or dil.ie/17406
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chum, chun, chuin

prep. governing gen. and nasalizing to, towards . In origin proclitic form of tochim. See GOI § 858 . Condemned in IGT Introd. § 131 : dochuirfeadh `d.¤' focal a ccruth táoibhréime damadh cóir é `d.¤' would be followed by the genitive if it were correct (to use it). See also TSh. p. xiv . When used in verse counts as stressed word, : cochall, IGT Introd. § 131 (`lochdach'). : tofunn, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . : dochunn. SG 84.21 .

Earliest usage: a d.¤ to him, Ml. 46d2 . for ndochumsi to you, 53d9 . d.¤ ṅDée, Wb. 10a22 . Later with added prep., most commonly when governing a personal pronoun. With I: ina d.¤ , FB § 37 . innar n-d.¤ , IT i 310.12 . i nd.¤ nÁdaim, SR 2106 . With DO: dom d.¤ , ZCP vi 260 . dia d.¤ , IT i 126.8 . With pleonastic poss. a d.¤ nÉua, SR 1156 . a dóchum na Sabrainde, MacCongl. 25.13 .

In later lang. chum, chun, chuin, SG 28.39 . cuini, AI 388 (s.a. 1295.2) , Celtica x 136 n. 68 .

Mid. Ir. usually without nasalization. Cf. d.¤ dǽ, Ml. 111c3 . Note also: dochumm Shilvestair, PH 284 . d.¤ chumsanta, 1158 . dochumm thalman, 1198 .

I Expressing motion.

(a) to, towards (a destination, whether place or person): ni fil taidchur do d.¤ in choirp sin, Wb. 3a14 . is illánamnas dorograd d.¤ ṅDée, 10a22 . a thabarte d.¤ n-irisse, 11b22 . dochoid . . . d.¤ Pōil for longis, 31d19 . dobertis da boc leu d.¤ tempuil, Tur. 110c . tuidech[t] doib d.¤ a tire, Ml. 104c5 . dotet (viz. the endurance of suffering) d.¤ ind folaid tanaidi inna anmae, 22d9 . saichdetu d.¤ luic, Sg. 214b1 . ní dechuid dochom forcinn it has not gone to the end, 148b3 . is malle connucabsat d.¤ nIsu together they rose to, Hy. ii 66 . d.¤ feda conselai it went to the wood, v 62 . co tarla Brigit d.¤ na cille, Thes. ii 337.39 . arnā tēised nech d.¤ nEamna, TBC-I¹ 595 . dothiagad a nd.¤ , 632 . ass ná téig d.¤ n-Adaim, SR 1152 . rolingiuth . . . dochumm a beoil, IT i 139.17 . rucad d.¤ rīchid, FA 3 . slechtais d.¤ láir he bowed himself to the ground, Mon. Tall. § 7 . do thecht . . . dochumm n-iffirn, PH 3664 . ro-fresgabsat . . . d.¤ nime, 1933 . ro-shín popul na n-Iudaide al-lama dochumm nime, 6658 . roaitherraigh asin leabaidh sin d.¤ ionaidh ele, BS 22.z . dorad andara hurchar . . . d.¤ an chlérigh, 10.23 . rob áil damh dol d.¤ tigerna eile, 104.27 . dia cásc doshaighedh docum Sleibte, ZCP viii 106.y . abrad fris . . . co nā tardad gráin na hirfhuath leis ina d.¤ not to come to him in a form inspiring awe or horror, ACL iii 5.9 . táinic díghaltas ó Dhia d.¤ an ríg, SG 6.38 . nochtait a cridedha d.¤ Dia, 38.21 . co tarrla druim tar ais d.¤ in tsrotha he went head over heels into the stream, RC vi 177.109 . drong do ridirib do techt cum Maic Murcudha, xviii 277.6 . rogairm Hisu . . . docum (do- above line) Philait, YBL 141b33 . atchonnairc go ndechaigh in rí chum cotulta, LB 278az . dochuir Sé fúa[s]gladh chum a dhaoine (= redemptionem misit populo suo), Psalms cxi 9 . dorad cuiredh dōip chom a medhōin láoi an invitation to dinner, Fl. Earls 42.16 . With follg. rel.: tanic . . . dochumm ar-roibe d'iresechaib, PH 223 . risna dóeinib docum a ticit na teadma sin to whom these plagues come, RC xxiv 379.5 . an Chruinne (= Corunna) . . . chom ar thriallsat ó thūs, Fl. Earls 12.15 . an chríoch dheigheanach d.¤ a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreang, Ó Héodhusa 47 . With vb. of motion understood: fo chosmailius cethrae d.¤ báis after the fashion of a beast (going) to its death, Ml. 69b3 . codla cimedha amail nobiadh d.¤ báis approaching his death, SG 47.2 . findnél na cailce d.¤ inna nél rising towards the clouds, RC xiii 456.20 . conacci a d.¤ in fer isin charput, Imr. Brain § 32 . con-accai . . . in n-aenmnái . . . ina d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 203 . mairg nosleanand co bas nach fedand iarsin docum nimhe, YBL 168a32 .

(b) In more abstract senses: fedir . . . a ndíriduigthe d.¤ nacha rainne aile the derivative tends to become another part of speech, Sg. 188a12 . co nach roich cin indile (sic leg.) chaich d.¤ a cheile that one may not be liable for damage done by the cattle of the other, Laws iv 68.z Comm. mic na mban taighe, cé no-gabtha a oen no dedhe dībh do cum na fine though one or two of them may have been received into the tribe, 294.5 Comm. is é in fégad sin rotcuir Petar d.¤ aithrigi, PH 3194 . dothogsat é d.¤ espocóiti, SG 52.39 . doléicetar a n-aithgne d.¤ a chéile they disclosed themselves to each other, SG 274 . táinig d.¤ críche came to pass, Ó Héodhusa 55.7 . a mhed do dáinib docuirebuir-se docum bais put to death, BCC § 179 . gor cuiredh B. . . . chom bāiss, Fl. Earls 60.3 .

Of poems, letters, greetings, etc.: Slán an Chaomhánaigh d.¤ an athar U. (title of poem), O'Gr. Cat. 665 . betha ┐ sláinti andso ó O nDomhnaill d.¤ a thigerna, 57 .

II Expressing purpose in order to, with a view to (often with follg. vn.): nad mbíad buiden día chinél dochum ndála . . . la hUltu, Trip.² 2656 . do ghabatar a nduana . . . dona laechradaib d.¤ a gcoiscthe, SG 341.2 . seindit . . . cruiti . . . cum aimsighti forro to tempt them, ZCP i 256 § 20 . comar .i. d.¤ treabtha, Triads p. 39 gl. 125 . becán do chraibech ferna do cur docum teinedh cuige to make a fire, BCC § 182 . ca méd maireas don fheinn d.¤ an morchatha, CF 583 . dobhattar ag ulmuccadh d.¤ an láoi sin, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . adermaid d.¤ an derbaid sin for the purpose of that proof, O'Gr. Cat. 247 . cona n-uile ionnstrumint dlesdanach d.¤ uird ┐ aifrenn, Rel. Celt. ii 160 . d.¤ chelcce roinnill an Seinesccal . . . an choinne, AFM v 1710 . fá dtagraim ní triall chum táir it is not with intent to revile, Content. xi 15 . (of the teeth) doníd sochur d.¤ na hurlabhra, 3 C 19, 112 vb 7 . sē laithe sonnradhacha chom deirce gacha bliadhna, Fl. Earls 100.3 . [ata] canosāsion chom a dhēnta go hobonn . . . air his canonization is to take place speedily, 98.2 . Note also: do siredar dias allmurach d.¤ gach fir acu for each of them, CF 165 .

Often in phr. completing sense of a noun or adj.: comullam d.¤ elōid, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 . bim ullumh com uilc ┐ righin cum gach maithiusa, Lib. Flav. 21 vb 16 . leasc cum na ndeadh-oibrigthi, 9 . dobhádar umhal chum a dhíola willing to pay it, Maguires of F. § 53 . nír díngbála sinn d.¤ a chaithme worthy to eat it, SG 43.z . an tadbur docamhlach docum a iondarbtha the matter difficult to expel, 3 C 22, 190b14 . gan chead sbeisialta do bheith aige d.¤ a léaghtha without special permission to read it, Ó Héodhusa 135.12 . créad dobh' ádhbhar dhó chum na heasumhlachta what reason he had for revolting, Maguires of F. § 50 .

Folld. by vn. clause: gion gurab diongmála meisi d.¤ tusa do sásadh, BNnÉ 57 § 64 . dotochuil an carnn . . . d.¤ ainm tigearna do gairm de féin, MS. Mat. 542.21 . cuidiucchadh na ccroinicighe d.¤ leabhair Annaladh do scríobhadh, 543.z . bíd [na hingne] . . . d.¤ dhighi d'ól eistib, Maund. 238 . lá cinnte acu d.¤ báis d'imirt ort, SG 338.16 . ní . . . do chruthaghadh d.¤ a rádh go mbiadh . . ., Ó Héodhusa 50.13 . Folld. by clause with finite vb.: docum co ndernadh se fén manuch dhe so that he himself might make him a monk, BCC § 161 . cuirid d.¤ sets about: sul do chuir sé (i.e. Alexander) d.¤ an domuin do ghabail before he set himself to conquer, ZCP ii 16.19 . rogabsat . . . ag cur d.¤ an bhaile do ghabhail, AFM v 1846 .

After nouns and vbs. having the meaning inciting, inducing, compelling: an t-áos ealadhna do bhrosdadh d.¤ a ionnsamhla so do dhéunamh, RC iv 352 . do ghluais sinn d.¤ patrúin do dhéunamh dháoibh induced us to . . ., ib. do gríosadh mise d.¤ na staire seo do scríobhadh, Keat. i 76 . an greasacht thucais ar mo mac d.¤ ann allmuraigh, CF 634 . a gcur d.¤ cora do ghenamh re M. to compel them to make peace with M., O'Gr. Cat. 150.11 . si cogatur accipere evomit .i. da gcoimeignighthear é d.¤ a ghabhala sgeithidh, 23 K 42, 309.10 . appetitus nauseandi .i. saint d.¤ urlaichthe, 19 .

dolam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dolam or dil.ie/17996

 

adj (do+lám, Loth, RC xxxviii 172 § 168 ) slow: nabdat d.¤ , eirg don chraunn, SR 1253 = na ba dlomad duit, MacCarthy 52 . eter do muintir d.¤ , 126 . ? cach dubaiged dolum na bi soillsi, O'Curry 734 ( H 3.18 351 ). d.¤ .i. mall no ríghin , P. O'C.

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin , O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

emilt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. emilt or dil.ie/20022

 

Forms: emilt

adj i ( ēmilt, KZ xxx 58 ; cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 9 , quantity of initial unproven).

I Tedious, wearisome, irksome: eimhilt .i. liosta no righin , O'Cl. ernaigthe emilt prolix prayer-making PH 7860 . cuimri raid, ut est rusc immi...uair ropad emilt rusc im imim do rad, Auraic. 637 . ZCP vi 262.18 . leabhair oile...robadh eimhelt d'ainmniughadh, O'Curry, MS. Mat. 546.15 (= AFM i p. lxvii ). ba hemhelt re a n-áireamh, 582.39 . sochaidhe oile robudh emhilt d' aisneis, AFM i 332 z . as eimhilt a sccriobhadh an ro loitsiot, vi 2042.18 . is e.¤ lim I deem it wearisome, irksome: bid emeilt la hA. iar mbeith i rrígi a ḟóidhiud fri techtairecht, TTr.² 1265 . manbad eimhilt lat ro inneosainn deit uili, CCath. 2891 . ba heimilt la C. a n-urnaide ann C. grew tired of waiting for them 3279 .

II Weary, tired (of doing something) bretha...do dhenam tar éis in airdrigh intan ba hemhilt in rí féin when the king himself was weary CCath. 65 . ba hemilt iat fri cech n-ernail péne núi beos dobertis forru, LB 156 b53 .

Adv. ind emilt (gl. moleste) Ml. 36d1 . tiagatt rompv..., in t-anvm co heimilt omhnach a ndeoidh an aiggil slowly and timidly Aisl. Tond. 97 .

faddáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faddáil or dil.ie/20987

 

n f. (see KM, Wortk. 119 ) delay, prolixity: muna ndearnamaóis f.¤ , Gen. xliii 10 . dobheir Saturnus ... fadáil ┐ neamhdhóchas, Corp. Astron. 62.24 . cion a bhfuil d'faddáil 'na fhoidhide (= quanto ... longiorem patientiam prorogavit), TSh. 5405 . do sheachna na fad-dála to avoid prolixity 5509 . f.¤ thuirseach na beathadh talmhaidhe-si, Desid. 1437 (see Gloss. s.v. righin ).

fithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithis or dil.ie/22253
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fithise, fithissi, ḟidissib

n i, (ī ?) f. also fithise (usual Mid. Ir. form)

(a) a circular course, circuit, orbit (?) : ind f.¤ tēte in peccad, issí tē[te] in pian, Ml. 28c19 . sechis oín f.¤ (gl. uno tractatu) of daily course of sun, 42c30 . a p. fithissi, Thes. ii 31.23 (gl. circuli absidas, with further note : abside graece circulus interpretatur). tre fithisi (gl. per tractus) Lib. Hymn. 76 ( Goid. 70 ). rí rogni ... iarna fithis firmimeint in its revolution (?), along its course (?) SR 278 . dofuit sís arithisi | trethan ... connach fess a fithissi, 8115 . a ndul iar fithisi fecht | doridisi i tír nEgept, 3535 . dochum nĒrenn dodfetis | aingil Dé hi fithisi used to lead him back (lit. in a circuit) Hy ii 13 .

(b) a channel, passage: fithisi .i. sēda, Lec. Gl. 77 . Esp. a tortuous or covered one: cor línad lais na dúine ┐ na fithise ... ┐ na tige talman, LB 116a19 , apparently of souterrains used as store-chambers , cf. líontar lée leastra lána | go bhḟidhisibh forlána, ML 10.20 (of storage; v.l. fithechaib, ficheadhaibh, ML² 149 ). i fidhisibh in talman, CCath. 1842 . i fidisibh [fitisibh, figisibh v.l.] a srona nostrils 958 . (of a horse) linn righin a cosmailes gelain uighe tuitis a fighisibh na sróna 'a thick suppuration like white of egg which occurs in the nostrils', Celtica ii 32 § 5 . dúnad figised a corp, LB 156b57 . dúnadh fidhisiodh ┐ slighthe an fuail, 23 K 42, 161.4 . nis fargaibh siomh ... fithisi ināit conairedha nāid easrusa élúdha gan lucht feithmhe ... forra, Hugh Roe 208.11 (f. 55b) . Fig. : amra in indeoin ... | dorala for m[ḟ]ithisi (sic leg., see ZCP vi 241 ) which has chanced on my path (?) Fél. 76.9 . iarna forcetul ... o ḟorcetlaib diadaib ┐ o ḟidissib aingelacdai, LB 232b56 (a mistake for fissidib or físsib? Cf. o ḟidissib nemdai, 233a18 , with punctum delens under d, and MR 8.13 cited under fís). fithisi .i. dlige ut est ise tiachtain itir na da fithisi, no itir na da conair, O'Curry 576 (< H 3.18, 286 ). O'Curry 2045 ( H 4.22, 61b , itir na fithiseo). Cf. is e tiachtain etir in di fithisi .i. duine robu cunnail ina bethaigh ┐ is cunnail fri bas ┐ dobeir aithrighi ┐ condaig dilgud bid innraic a gnim gid im[a] les fein cid im les neich aile, O'Curry 2094 (< H 4.22, 73b ). O'Curry 1245 (< H 3.18, 500½ ). Cf. O'Curry 2099 . is faenan cuma coicertas fir in fenechuis asa fit[his]ibh in re cindter ..., BCrólige § 66 Comm. ? hi fithise rig .i. i n-aigillne rig. O'Curry 472 (< H 3.18, 247 ). dilis cach forloscad fedar a figisib rig. roniacht elogh, O'Curry 455 (< H 3.18, 242 ) = a fithnisib, O'D. 1699 (< H 2.12, no. 8. 1 ).

(c) a loop or ring (of metal or other material) ? Here perhaps: coru drebraing in domun fri fidisi riagla ┐ dismirechta noeb, ar it árid dogairter, LU 899 (= ACC 68 ). mocoil ┐ fithisi ōir im cach ṅdual dia fult, YBL 118a39 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 176 ). ar fertsib ┐ íallaib ┐ fithisib ┐ folomnaib don charpat, LU 6482 (`Bogen' Wind., TBC-LL¹ p. 376 ). ceṅglais d'ḟertsib ┐ d'ithisib ┐ d'iallaib in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1324 , 1336 . Cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait, O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 .

See fithnais (end of art.).

galar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galar or dil.ie/25293
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: galur, gallra, galara, cenngalar, diangalur

n o, n. later m. IGT Decl. § 17.14 .

(a) sickness, disease, physical pain : n s. galar n-eclis `gastric disease,' Wb. 29a26 . fogeir anggalar (= a ngalar) in uile corp the disease inflames, Camb. Hom. ( Thes. ii 246.1 ). g s. tórmach galir, Wb. 29a24 . do íc a galair, Ml. 23c9 . Laws v 296.15 . d s. iar na galar, Wb. 12b11 . galur, Laws v 260.3 . a s. slān cen neim cen galar, Hy. v 39 . Thes. ii 249.7 . g p. honaib coscaib inna ngalar, Ml. 111b26 . a p. ar galra, Thes. ii 359.6 . gallra, Laws v 352.19 . galara, SR 8377 . uchan do galur nomgeib, SCC 29 ( LU 3572 ). mac mna i ngalar, Laws v 198.6 , with gl. .i. serg, 200.21 . sláetan trommgalair, IT i 121.15 . galar a báis, RC xxv 398.13 . g.¤ bais a fatal illness, MS. Mat. 530.10 . galar a hega d'a gabail, AU ii 474.18 . AFM i 256.7 . i ngalor dofhulachtu, PH 8049 . galair ifirn the pains of hell, Aisl. Tond. 95.z . galar cuntabartach, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 30 col. 2 ). fodera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . na galara no na tegmanna, Laws v 482.17 gl. g s. as attrib. sick, diseased : dond fir galir, Mon. Tall. § 65 . lubra galair, RC x 186.2 . torruma aesa galair, PH 6001 . In Laws freq. of diseases of animals : bo co ngalur, Laws v 260.3 . ainmide n-galair, ZCP iv 390.5 . buaile galair an infected booley, O'Curry 2341 - 2 ( Eg. 88, f. 26 (27)c ). g.¤ bunaid ... g.¤ tecmaisech (of cattle) organic disease ... a chance (or passing) ailment, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). cessair-galar `a plague of hail,' RC ii 398.22 . cenngalar (gl. dolor capitis), Wb. 17d25 . canir ... im du chenn ar chenngalar (sic leg.), Thes. ii 249.1 . nach cend co cendgalar, Irish Texts i 10.25 . diangalur (gl. langor), Gild. Lor. 258 . g.¤ brec smallpox : teidm galair bric, AU ii 442.6 = AFM iii 536.9 . g.¤ bronn abdominal disease, SG 248.3 . ar in ngalar mbuidhe 'jaundice' Celtica ii 84 § 25 . Cf. bronn-g.¤ g.¤ dercc the red sickness, erysipelas (?) : romain ... ar in ng.¤ ndercc, Ériu iv 236 § 4 . g.¤ fuail urinary disease, Thes. ii 248.10 , 11 ; 250.13 . IT i 103.2 . AFM iv 1164.16 . g.¤ gluin[e] gl. scia[tica ?], ACL i 337.131 . galar gnáth 'a chronic illness', Giolla Brighde 42 § 9 . galar na lepta, Celtica ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ medóin intestinal disease : do galur medóin, SR 4158 . Cf. BB 241a52 . d'écc do galar medhóin, AFM iv 1254.5 . g.¤ míostai catamenia, Mon. Tall. § 14 . Ériu vii 150 passim. O'Curry 1828 (RIA, 23 Q 6, 47b ). galar na mban, Irish Texts v 66.1 . galar na n-ech disease in chest of horses: tic an siled sin on glondras uair ann ┐ uair ele o galur na n-ech … annsa cliab bis galar na n-ech, Celtica xvii 116 § 12 . do galar na n-ech, ┐ is amlaid bis mur galar na lepta ar dainib, ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ Póil epilepsy : epilinnsia .i. g.¤ Poil, O'Dav. 1508 . in g.¤ Poil .i. duine cuithigh, 1524 . g.¤ na ríg King's evil, scrofula : in duine ara mbi galur na righ, Irish Texts v 5 § 5 . g.¤ rígin (some kind of skin-disease in cattle) : boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb no galur righín , O'Dav. 291 . g.¤ na seilgi disease of the spleen, ACL i 337.139 . g.¤ na sliged some kind of seizure (?) : dá mbeith ar buile, nó i ngalar na sligheadh, i gcruth go gcuirfeadh cubhar tar a bheul, Eochairsg. 125.32 . g.¤ súla opthalmia, Ir. Gl. 281 . cia ra bhaoi C. i ngalar súla, TFrag. 118.2 . in galar súl, SG 248.4 . g.¤ tuitmech epilepsy , Maund. 55 , Celtica ii 75 § 21 , 81 § 10 . A sick person: rī cos' tuctha dā galar, | bodor ocus amlabar; | ... ro-das hīcc isind cenúair 'the King to whom two sick men were brought, one deaf and one dumb; ... he healed them immediately', SR (Greene) 7633 .​​

(b) In wider sense damage to inanimate objects : ised is g.¤ bunuidh d'aite óir nó airgit crechadh no loscadh, O'D. 705 ( H 3.17, c.516 ). dia mba é in g.¤ bunaidh nosbera is ioc na fiach, ib.

(c) mental suffering, distress, grief : amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40b9 . du thormuch galair to increase grief, 61c3 . i n-ælscud ┐ i ngalar mór, 56b26 . uch uch á De, is trom in galar beith i n-écmais inna fírcharat, Laud 460, 54a . ach interiecht galair, H 2.16, c. 90 . ba g.¤ leoside nach doib ... dorala, RC ii 388.13 . mór ṅgúr ṅg.¤ `much of sore grief,' Fél. Nov. 16 , Fél. Sep. 11 . co ngalur cride ┐ menman, PH 4987 . Marco P. 127 . ba g.¤ la hIunaind, Aen. 210 . Ériu viii 14.1 . ni chumgaim ni duit ... acht a g.¤ ocum namma I can do naught for thee save grieve for it, RC xxv 34.17 . cloimeadh (leg. cloidheam) galair na cuma ... do sgoilt ... mo chraidhi a sword of sorrow hath pierced my heart, Lib. Flav. ii 7ra32 . bá g.¤ menman lá hUa nDomhnaill ... Goill ... do thocht, AFM vi 1930.10 .

grant

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grant or dil.ie/26530

 

adj grey-haired : grant cach líath no findach, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 11 (s.v. crontṡaile). grant gach līath nō glas nō righin , Corm. Y 288 . Conall Grant .i. Conall líath, ar itberar grant go gnáthach fri cach liath, Cóir Anm. § 129.

lista

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lista or dil.ie/30316

 

adj io, iā (? 1 lis)

(a) tedious, wearisome : eimhilt .i. liosta no righin , O'Cl. conad am l.¤ liumm fodén `a burden to myself', MacCongl. 95.4 . ba doírb l.¤ a leasugad feeding her was weari-some, BB 257b10 . ceard liosda, Aithd. D. 98.27 . grenn l.¤ `tedious burning', Rosa Angl. 12.14 . gur bho criothnaighthe liosda . . . buaidreadh . . . na n-gaoth, ML 48.11 . nír liosda a gnaoi `earnest', PBocht 11 A. 10 . Of hosting: l.¤ in sluag slow, LB 224 marg. inf. an toicheasdal liosda láin-mhíothapaidh, DDána 111.18 . Of preaching, speaking, etc. forcetal n-anetarcnaid l.¤ , Trip.² 331 . trí teangtha liosda luardha, ML 120.5 . do bhrígh go mbadh liosta re a luadh uile iad, Keat. i 54.56 . í fén do choimhéud ar comhrádh liosda `prolixe', RSClára 88 § 10 .

(b) persistent, tenacious (partic. of persons): aile at fer saignesach-su l.¤ atchiu, TBC-LL¹ 1206 . echlach . . . l.¤ lurcanbrec (of Lebarcham), YBL 177a13 . imon lesanma, .i. . . . ainm is lenn no is l.¤ lenus he `constantly sticks', Laws i 192.1 Comm . as liosta lenamhnach dhuit ueith dom lenmhuin, BS 42.18 . laechraidh lonn . . . l.¤ , CCath. 5370 . liosda sin / nochan úain damh t'agalloimh `thou art irksome', BS 42.20 . tré bheith liosta agá n-iarraidh, TSh. 8255 . do bhí sí roliosta ar Dhublitir aga iarraidh sin air, Rule of Tallaght § 41 .

reód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reód or dil.ie/35124

 

Forms: réud, reud, reuth, riúidh, reóidh, riúdh, reódh

n o, m. n s. réud, Sg. 63a8 . d s. reud, Ml. 132c8 . reuth, Thes. i 5.15 (Southampton Ps.). reódh m. (g s. n p. riúidh reóidh, d s. riúdh reódh), IGT Dec. § 75 . Hoar-frost (dist. from sic `hard frost'): gl. gelu, Sg. 63a8 , Ml. 132c8 , Corm. Y 1083 ; pruina, Thes. i 5.15 . sioc, oighre, readh, cuisne, Eg. Gl. 532 . talum . . . oígreta co reod, co caisirne, FA 30 LB ( IT i 190.34 ). ro iad reod rōta, LL 208a49 . nir fholaigh snechta nā reodh . . . an fód, BNnÉ 133.31 . i n-aidchi réoid ro-sholais, TBC-LL¹ 5049 . a n-aimsir réoigh nó sneachta, RC xxiv 379.11 . cuisne reoigh `hoar-frost', ITS xiv 14.1 . doinenn dermair reoidh ┐ snechtai, AU ii 84.17 . ó shíorbhrat reódha, Hackett xxi 32 (mod. g s.). pl. bídh gach eas i nglas ó reodhaibh, Keat. Poems 166 . In late poetry eyes are somet. compared with frost: dearc raghlas mar an reodh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 9 . i bpéarla do chlaonrosc . . . righin reoidh, Keat. Poems 319 .

As vn. of reódaid, to freeze : fuar mar do beith ag reogh, Rosa Angl. 252.17 . colbhadha ciumhais-gheala . . . acc réodh, AFM vi 1918.9 . (fig.) fuaire mo bhéas ag reodh riom, Ir. Monthly 1928, 438 § 16 .

rigin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rigin or dil.ie/35287

 

adj i.

(a) in physical sense tough, hard, unyielding : fid rigin, O'Mulc. 493 . cliatha . . . crannrighne `oars with stiff shafts', CF 32 . airm righni ruadha, IT iii 87 § 98 ( Bruchst. i § 53 ). a bodhadhaibh blaith-righne smooth, tough bows , AFM v 1646.5 . biadha righne `viscous foods', Rosa Angl. 324.8 . ? boár .i. sgamach nó . . . galar righin , O'Dav. 291 (some kind of scab affecting cattle). cach conair amreidh . . . cach aenach rigin ( hard to drive on ?), H 3.18 p. 351 ( O'Curry 734 ). Of liquids: dubh righin thick ink , O'Gr. Cat. 120.17 . is omh righin na lenna viscous , Rosa Angl. 44.8 .

(b) in fig. sense slow, dilatory, prolix : niba rigin, gl. non patiemur expositionem longius evagari, Ml. 25a5 . n p f. rigne célide `stiff when paying a visit' (of women; given to prolong their visits ?), Tec. Corm. § 16.37 . dochóidh . . . go cobhsaidh ceim-righin , AFM vi 1938.8 . cubhuidh triall rīgh co righin deliberately , Irish Texts ii 58 § 8 . do na heasláintibh righne `chronic diseases', O'Gr. Cat. 239.19 .

In late poetry used of eyes in complimentary sense slow-moving, tranquil (cf. similar use of mall): i bpéarla do chlaonrosc righin , Keat. Poems 319 . Ó Bruad. i 8.7 .

Cf. rigne.

scamach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scamach or dil.ie/36311
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (scam) lung-infection of humans and cattle Ir. Hist. Stud. vii 199-200 , EIF 197 : boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb nó galur righín , O'Dav. 291 (elsewhere dist. from boár). cech frithorcain . . . itir s.¤ ┐ boár ┐ dígbail toraid, RC xii 428 § 17 . pestis qu[a]e dicitur s.¤ , AU i 262.18 . 258.4 . sgamach, ┐ sinech, ┐ gach uile ghalar bhios ar innilibh becca ┐ mora, Anecd. iii 6.5 . tedmand for cethraib . . . scamacha, boara, RC xxvi 46 §233 . Attrib. g s.: do airbiuch cliu gamna scamche `of a mangy cow', Hib. Min. 66.28 . Of human beings: cuicc galair . . . | d'áos m'esccaine . . . | sccamach, lirach, mortin marb, | bás obann ┐ ifreann (`consumption'), BNnÉ 286.19 .

scim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scim or dil.ie/36488

 

n f.(see Marstrander, ZCP vii 402 )

(a) Med. polipody, oak-fern : polipoidium .i. in sgim, RC ix 239.12 . polepodium .i. in s.¤ , 244.1 . sgim do minugad ┐ blonog muici do cur trit, Irish Texts v 8.1 . ceirin na sgeama, 9.28 . ceathruma sgeama, 23 P 10³, 64b25 . s.¤ dharach, 23 K 42, 401.2 . polipodium .i. s.¤ ┐ ataid 2 ghne uirthe .i. gne fhasas air na clochuibh ┐ gne eile fhasas air na crannuibh . . . daruighe, 3 B 15 cited Rosa Angl. Gloss. s.v. sgim . glantur é le sene, ┐ le sgim, Rosa Angl. 152.5 .

(b) film, thin coating : bíaidh sgim aolta don adhbha, | biaidh dhi dealradh corcardha the dwelling will have a coating of lime, L. Cl. A. B. 185.141 . ? 's bí linn ag seilg ar sochair | do sgim chrothaigh dheirg dhathaigh, 215.8 . scáil a scórnaighe fó mbíonn s.¤ ar aol the hue of her throat, beside which lime seems dim (?), Hackett xi 24 . Of coating on teeth: sgim righin fo na bhfiaclaibh, 23 K 42, 55.15 . fearastar scím dhraoidheachta nár dhorcha snuadh `a magic film', O'Rah. v 5 . ní bhfuil scím ar mhínleach maolchnoc covering of grass (?) (`prosperity'), xxvi 93 . ? do b'é an túr so súil le hÉirinn | . . . | do thásc sí scím dá ghnaoi as a haonta (`she tendered concern and her consent for his love'), 104 .

(c) sluggishness, torpidity (?): musgail feasda, sgar red sgim| fada tá tu-sa i dtoirrchim, DDána 56.11 (`ostentation', Timth. vii 62 ). each . . . gan sgim, Measgra D. 15.44 (`skittishness', Gloss.).

Compd. ? ¤glórach: treabhann óm uiseannaibh uisce go scímghlórach `with heavy sound', O'Rah. xxi 22 .

scraith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scraith or dil.ie/36610
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sgrathaighi

n (cf. sraith) sod, covering of sods : scratha fót `layers of sods', CCath. 1882 . Of a grave: gan tuamba, gan sgraith, Munster Poets ii 152.20 . ? In pl. name of a fundamental defect (galar bunaidh) in iron; rust, rustiness (?), Contract Law 311 n. 100 : is iat na galair buna .i. . . . sgrathe ┐ ginfaobhar do iaronn, O'Curry 1103 ( H 3.18, 447b ) = sgrathaighi, O'D. 803 ( H 3.17, 576 ). Of persons: iomdha s.¤ riabhach glas-ríghin `crone', Tribes of Irel. 80.1 .

sursaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sursaing or dil.ie/39326

 

n f.(Eng. or Rom. loan-word) belt, girth, girdle, surcingle : s.¤, IGT Decl. § 13 (66.13) . sdéd . . . | s.¤ óir gá fhonnsadh, ex. 662 , 1177 . mo shursainn lán an lá sin, Tribes of Irel. 42.2 . bím i bpóitghoil suas go s.¤ `from feats of drinking filled to the waist', Ó Bruad. ii 90.14 . nach maith do shursainn righin chnáibe, O'Gr. Cat. 597.19 . meanuighe bioracha ar sh.¤ gach fir dhíobh, PCT 480 = air shursain, O'Rah. 246.18 (1900) . an bráthair méith, | . . . 's a sh.¤ teann, Dánfhocail 147 .

taeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taeb or dil.ie/39454
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tóib, tōib, tóeb, tóib, toib, tóeb, tuib, taib, taoibh, thóib, thóeb, thoib, táib, tóebu, tóebaib, toeibi, taoíbhe, táib, taib, táeib, taoib, tháib, tháobha, taíbe, toibe, taoibhe, tōeba, taeba(dh), taobha, thaobha, taepa, taobha, taoibh, taoibh, taobha

n o, m., later also ā, f. and u, m. As o, m. n s. tóib, Wb. 21c6 . tōib, Bruchst. i 37 § 89 . tóeb, LU 3401 . a s. tóib, Wb. 15b2 . toib, Ml. 131c12 . tóeb, LU 3356 . g s. tuib, Thes. ii 254.4 . taib, PH 271 . taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. d s. thóib, Wb. 20d13 . thóeb, LU 8341 . n du. thoib, Ml. 67d14 . n p. táib, TTr. 1715 . a p. tóebu, SR 6162 . Fél. Ep. 324 . d p. tóebaib, TBFr. 40.

As ā, f. g s. toeibi, RC vii 363.34 . taoíbhe, ALC i 6 note . a d s. táib, KMMisc. 266.2 . taib, LU 3446 . táeib, PH 4426 . taoib, CS 124 note 2 . a du. tháib, IT i 68.6 . n p. tháobha, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . IGT Decl. § 39 . The g s. taíbe occurs also as masc.: isind achsaill toibe deiss I., LB 251a68 = Ir. Eccles. Rec. ii (1865) 176.8 . an taoibhe , AFM v 1636.z . Content. xiii 34 . Hence noted as [s], n. in Wi, PH, etc.

As u, m. g s. tōeba, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 . taeba(dh), Laws iv 74.22 Comm. an taobha , IGT Decl. ex. 979 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 14. IGT Decl. § 38.

Note also d s. thaobha, Content. xiii 9 . taepa, Fl. Earls 164.19 . 172.33 . Perh. infl. by the phrase gacha taobha (adverbial g s.).

I side in concrete sense.

(a) Opposed to airchend end (of field, etc.): congaibther tóib et airchinn and `side and front are held together in him' (corner-stone), Wb. 21c6 . ar congaibsom toíb ┐ erchinn issuidiu, Ml. 131c12 . fer i taib (.i. in fata) no [in] airceand (.i. ín gairit), Laws iv 120.y .

(b) side of human, animal's body: síc rundgabsat ar ṅda thoib du ditin ar n-inmedonachni, Ml. 67d14 . fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb, TBFr. 236 , `while the monster held on to his side,' Études Celt. ii 8 . comben a chend den míl co mbaí fora thóeb, TBFr. 241 . dobert brat fa a taob, Mon. Tall., 155.9 . ní thabair a th.¤ re lár does not lie down, SG 172.6 . Adam ... iar tepe Eua as a thoeb, PH 3428 . cech taebh dom thaobaib gelaib | bid tana o daolaibh dubae, ACL iii 216.18 . d'fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . In n. pr. Fastaib mac Lonlongen, MacCongl. 77.21 . Of Christ's side: geguin ... tóeb án álaind Íssu, Fél. Oct. 23 . goin an taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. side of face, cheek: áille táobh nglan do ghrúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1066.

(c) Hence by metonymy the human body, form: a toeb seng seta sidhamach, IT i 120.4 . inat mo thaeibh isin indsi-sea, Lism. L. 2438 . is tretholl do thaebh, TTebe 3599 . ceilt gach taoibh leabhair fa lic, Dán Dé xxv 13.

(d) Of hills, etc.: toéb Tailltenchláir, Ériu iv 98.7 . buinne milis a táobh tolcha, Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of a territory: im thaebaib Totham, SR 3104 . im tháebaib an talman da gach leth, RC xxiv 373.23 . is íad so a tháobha soir ┐ síar, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . Of a building: a t.¤ ind lis, TBC-LL¹ p. 673 . ar taebh in dunaidh, Stair Erc. 1167 . go taobh an tighe neamhdha, Dán Dé vi 6 . Of a vessel: a dorus assa firthoeb (of Ark), SR 2468 . im stuagach .i. cilorn .i. bis ┐ an stuag as a taib, Laws i 134.4 Comm. mar théid clár a taoibh thunna, Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . page (of book): isin scribtuir ... cia beth do thoib inti ... asa ṅgabtha nuimir, Rawl. 75a49 . cíall fhíre na taoibhe daille-so `of this obscure page,' ALC i 6 n. .

Various: i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 . scéith ... co n-esnadaibh ... iarna tóebaib, TBFr. 40 . fa thaobh leice | do loighis, Dán Dé xvi 22 . ní bhearrfuid táobh a bhféasog, Levit. xxi 5.

Attrib. g s.: ar na sleasaibh taoibh `the side walls,' TD 11.17 . éadach taoibh ` shroud ,' A. Ó Dálaigh xli 9.

II In certain more abstract senses.

(a) side in a dispute argument, fight, etc.: cid he in cu risi ndechaid taib `the dog which he went to help,' Laws iii 196.12 . isin dreim sin ris i ndecha taebh the party whose side he takes, Eg. 88 fo. 29 ( O'Curry 2377.20 , 21 ). bí ar mo thaobh a Thríonóid, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7 . feall taoibhe an untrustworthy companion, DDána 55.6 . an rí go n-a shluagh do thaoibh ┐ Guaire ... don leith oile, Keat. iii 927.

(b) direction, part, region: tighearna an taoibhe thoir do Cloinn Choiléín eastern part of, AFM v 1636.z . fo tháeb in talman an-des, RC xxiv 373.1 . d'ionnlach an taoibhe theas `the South ,' Content. xiii 34 . ós tú tóir an taoibhe `since Thou art the stay of Thy people,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7. do teilgeadh don t.¤ oile ... lucht oileamhna an iomarbhais were cast out (i.e. of heaven into hell), PBocht 16. 2 , see note. gidh bé taobh a niompoighionn, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(c) fine taíb, see taebfine.

(d) side, branch of family , see V (d) ii infra.

III trust, reliance, confidence (fri, later la in).

(a) ba hédána leis t.¤ fri Ciarán, SG 52.14 . toeb fri bennachtain `faith in a blessing,' Ériu vii 154.7 = ZCP iii 26.11 . ba t.¤ re tollairbe do thigearna t.¤ re ferglonnaib bar firlaech-si `trusting to a broken fence,' MR 126.9 ; cf. ZCP viii 203.15 , Content. viii 19 . taobh re guidhe fhir eile, Dán Dé vii 29 . ? To this: t'olc a dhuine as deaghtháobha | da ccuire ort aithmhéla, IGT Decl. ex. 1045.

(b) In phr. do-beir t.¤ fri trusts, confides in: fri corpthadid ... doberat iudei tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ní ní i n-Erind áin | risi tabraim thoéb, LU 9968 . on uaimh risa tartais taob, Anecd. ii 37 § 3 . tabhraidh taobh re sruith-nert, BNnÉ 308.6 . ZCP x 43.8 . do-beir t.¤ do x fri y entrusts x to y: suil do beradh taobh da bhaidh | le drochbreithir nD., Cog. 88.24 . riom-sa as mó dobheir Dia taobh | don naoidhin, BNnÉ 132.17 . But: tugsat taobh re Laighnibh a g-coigeadh féin dia n-eis `confided to the keeping of the Leinstermen,' ML 60.12 . With other verbs: leigim táobh riot mhuile dhochas, Parrth. Anma 294.11 . taebh leis rolamhusan, ZCP viii 206.19 . nocha raghaind [si] re taobh I would not rely on them, x 30.29 . urusa teacht ar a thaobh, ` trust in (?)' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 2. In the follg. exx. the sense may be the same, though various translations are given by editors: contardad tōeb fri muir `keeping along the sea,' Fianaig. 36.6 . ni rolam táeib ríu, acht tánic cách díb sech a chéile ` accost ,' TTr.² 454 . ni tucsad na mic righ Laighnecha taobh fris in nGiúsdís `did not side with,' ALC i 384.20 . is fri senchus ... dobeir int airecht t.¤ concerns itself with (?), ZCP xii 359.21 (cf. taebairecht). (?) o robtar anffuirithe do bertsat taobh friú acc airisiumh fri a n-orducchadh `turned aside from them,' AFM vi 2284.7 . tōeb frisin cocad núa | ni ḟulaing in senrūa ` awaiting ,' RC xiii 397.5 . ar ndul duit i gcré ... ní thiobhrainn riot taobh I would not lie with thee (?), DDána 8.9 .

(c) tae(i)b fri with adjectival force relying on, dependent on, hence having no other ... but (perh. orig. dat. of accompaniment): t.¤ re lēgenn cretrai is chīn, ACL iii 306 § 11 . go mbiodh féin taobh riu mar bheathadh depending on them for food, BNnÉ 165.34 . níor bho lór leis na tréinfhearaibh a bheith taobh ris na háládhuibh sin to have only those wounds, ML 88.11 . taobh re freagra ar labhradh leam | níor anais `you were not satisfied with answering what I said,' Content. viii 9 . nach taoibh ris an aon-bhás gcorpardha bhíd exposed not merely to the death of the body, TSh. 3851 . taoibh riú do thuarastal they have no other reward than these, 10128 . ná bí táobh ré do thuigsi féin `lean not unto thine own understanding,' Proverbs iii 5.

IV In various adverbial phrases:

(a) With following adverb anís, anuas, etc.: ┐ a leburbarc in t.¤ anís ┐ forran na tonn anuas from below, Aen. 246 . ó thá seanT. taobh thall, TD 17.14 . madh glan an corp don taoibh thall, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . taobh a sdigh, Donlevy xii 8.

(b) With cech on each, every side , in g s. or governed by preposition: ag amharc uaim gacha taobha , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1184 . do bhris hi gacha taebha, ITS xix 26.24 . do cach taibh ┐ do cach leth, TTebe 3619 (cf. 3773 ). dá bhféachadh neach ar gach taobh, Content. v 17.

(c) ón taíb co araile from one side to the other , Sc.M² 3.5 . cur-ua taobhtholl treghdai an (leg. ón ?) toebh co 'raill andsin P. through and through , TTebe 3824 .

(d) t.¤ fri t.¤ side by side, adjoining each other, together: atát ... a da fert táib fri táib and sin béus, LL 12b34 . toeb fri toeb is Muir Romuir on either side of M.R., Rawl. 78a9 . do druidsed na het(h)aidi ... t.¤ re t.¤ ... fīarut Érend, ZCP v 22 § 12 . call is abhall taobh re taobh, Dán Dé ix 24 . taobh ar taobh, PBocht 1.4 .

(e) d'aent.¤

(i) together, united: is d'oén(oén)taib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 . dochuiretar sút a comuirli dēntáib chugat-sa, Fianaig. 84.17 . dom breith d'éantaoibh da thigh thuas `Who brings me with Him,' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 .

(ii) simultaneously: díth dá marcraidh mac úi Chaoimh | díth da nollamnaib d'aontaoibh, O'Gr. Cat. 444.8. gidh a nen taib doniter an toirneach ┐ an teinnteach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.9 .

(f) do th.¤ aside, laterally: romarb D. in dreim caém | iar comrac dáib and do thaeibh, LL 153b28 . cumal dire dibh do derbhbrathair, do taoibh `to a brother, collaterally,' Laws iv 258.19 Comm. sceinm do cul no do thaeib rebounding backwards or sideways (of a flail), v 158.10 , 12 Comm. , cf. iii 180.10 . dá mbeidís dá chonnsuine édtroma do tháoibh side by side , IGT Introd. 9.18 .

V In prepositional phrases.

(a) Without preposition or adverb: bíd measardha taoibh bídh ┐ díghe as regards , Corp. Astron. 70.17 , cf. 96.2 . taoibh na gcáilidheachta do-beir na comarthaidhe so do na créatúiribh on account of , 122.13 .

(b) With foll. adv. and prep. (a prep. frequently precedes as well): a fiacla ... don toéb muigh da mórchend outside , Fianaig. 64.15 . taobh astigh do se bliadhnuibh deug under twelve years of age, MS. Mat. 578.46 . don taobh eile d'Oirghiallaibh, TD 13.17 . do'n táibh tuas dinn above us, O'Gr. Cat. 291.38. taobh istigh dhe sin, TSh. 8958 . taobh astoigh dā gach nduine, Celtica iv 119 § 31 . ataid don taobh amuigh don Eaglais, Parrth. Anma 109.2 . Cf. taobh amuigh go n-admhamaoid ar gcreideamh, foillsighmíd · gurab criosdaidhedha sinn not only do we admit our faith, but we show, etc., 51.1 . don taibh amuich do peacadh marbta `a moins de pècher mortellement,' Études Celt. ii 290.7 .

(c) With preceding and following prep.: da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2226 . anaidh ann so ... d'entaibh rinne along with us, KMMisc. 319.2 . 's an ógh don taobh oile uaim, PBocht 18.5 .

With preceding preposition and following genitive or preceding possessive.

(d) With de (in some cases possibly do ?)

(i) beside, on one side of: a n-inad diamair ... do taibh in muighi, TTebe 3836 . do thoeb ele in ádnacthi, PH 2968 . a Tuillsci do t[h]aobh C[h]ruachan, ML² 2054 . anadh dá dtaobh let Him stay beside them, PBocht 3.24 . Cf. ní fachaidh sē ēnni do thaebh in tíre acht slūaigh armtha `over all the land,' ZCP vi 45.23 . méala ag teacht dá dtaobh `from them,' Aithd. D. 52.5 .

(ii) in regard to, with respect to, concerning (cf. is a himut t.¤ as dochar hē `in many respects it is injurious, Marco P. 24 ): do t.¤ na ngras n-imarcach tucc se do, BCC 378.29 . na tindlaicthe roarda do t.¤ an t-shaegail `too great endowments as regards the world,' 2.18 . pian trom do thaobh fhuachta torture by cold, DDána 32.33 . do thaobh toile willingly , 40.29 . an deithbhir atá idir na húghdaraibh seo do thaoibh an fhocail seo, Keat. i 102.93 . cuid don bheagán breise féin | do ghéabhthaoi libh do thaobh Néill `which you might find N. to have,' Content. v 118 . With reference to descent from one side or another of the family: do shliocht Eachdhach ... dó do thaoibh a athar on the father's side, Mart. Don. 260.4 . do thaoibh ban is dar mbunadh | Tomás Iarla Urmhumhan `on the female side,' Content. xxix 33 . don taobh 'n-ar dhuine an Dúileamh, DDána 23.4 .

(iii) on account of, as a result of: do thaobh a mbrathairsi re aroile, AFM iii 634.12 . do thaob tnútha `from jealousy,' Content. vi 77 . is mór da thaoibh t'oirbhire `great contempt hast thou therefor,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 344 § 72 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra `whatever comes of thy venture,' Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . gach ní órduigheas an eagluis da th.¤ sin `for that purpose,' Donlevy 314.12 .

(iv) from, having regard to: cobhair dá taobh sireadh sé `let him ask help of her,' Studies 1927, 439 § 21 . tig do thaobh na hannsachta | a bhreath broide `from very love,' PBocht 11.1 . mar is follus do thaoibh Elias, TSh. 8433 . tuigthe do thaobh an tsoisgéil ... go mbia, PBocht 14.1 .

(v) do thaoibh Eibhir ... tarla an t-oirfideach `to E. fell the musician,' Studies 1920, 98 § 6 . díon cháigh is dá taobh tarla `the world's salvation is with her,' 1932, 242 § 3 .

(e) With fri (ré, la).

(i) beside, near: bróenán fola ... la toeb crand, LU 3839 . fri toeb in chuirp, PH 811 . le taobh an roid near the highway, BNnÉ 253.13 . ri for bith fria thaebh `any king on his frontiers,' Marco P. 127 . núall ri táeb reilcci, ZCP v 496 § 4 = Measgra D. 42 § 4.

(ii) along, by the side of: tancatar na sluaig fri t.¤ na Glassi, TBC-LL¹ 1582 . snidig banna la t.¤ na columna, PH 6356 - 61 . roelus mo enur uaithib re t.¤ in mara (`to the sea'), TTebe 2054 .

(iii) as well as, in addition to, besides: ré taoibh a bhiata (sic leg.) don t-sluagh, TBC-LL¹ 6114 . cuic seoit re taob sin, Laws i 104.13 Comm. la taobh gacha maithesa oile, AFM i 534.8 . re t.¤ conad greit rig is brathair bailcc duinne in addition to being, Fél.² ciii 32.

(iv) in comparison with, compared with: clú maithesa ní mhaídh neach | re taíbh maithesa Muimhnech, IGT Decl. ex. 1007 . ré thaoibh gá mo míorbhuile `what greater miracle is there than that?' Dán Dé vi 41 .

(v) with respect to: in cutruma ro hícfaitsim re t.¤ sin amach `in respect of it,' Laws iii 160.14 . cóir do ghabh Torna ré dtaoibh | do seacht gceathrair `T. took the right course in reference to your twenty-eight kings,' Content. iv 44.

(vi) tucus ri toeb crīche cia hēraic bad mó `I left it to the choice of the territory which eric would be greater,' PRIA iii 3rd ser. 552 § 43 ( LL 147a50 ). ? narap dál bas sía | ra táib dia dénaid, SG 377.6 (= RC xiii 76.6 `let there be no agreement more lasting than that which ye make'). la tóeb na llā lān-garit `throughout the all too short days' ( in anticipation of ?), Ériu vii 2.8 . maircc don fhine téid re a thaoibh `woe to the sept that sides with him,' ZCP x 32.10 .

(f) With i n-.

(i) beside, near: cocairse cach ae dib hi taíb alaile, LU 8601 (FB) `the harmonious adjustments of each of them beside the other,' ZCP iii 419 . bruigen F.M. a taebh Luscai, Sc.M² R § 1.12 .

(ii) as regards, with respect to: atcūalaidh ... beccān do brīathraib slānaighibh 'na thaibh-siumh `as regarded him,' RC xxv 394.11 . a los tnútha i dtaoibh eagnaigh `your jealousy of him as a sage,' Content. x 25 . re bhfuil im thaobh `of all my conduct,' PBocht 1.25 . i dtaobh ar seinchion as a result of , Aithd. D. 66.19 . bheith san guasacht a mbātor a ttaep se(ac)hrāin ┐ aineōluis ┐ teirce dighe, Fl. Earls 10.31 .

(iii) cuir mo mheanma i dtaoibh [do] thoile `set my mind upon thy love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 3 ( O'Gr. Cat. 539.11 ). féagh libh an dtuilltir na taobh `see if ye merit at her hands,' A. Ó Dálaigh iii 1. a d'taobh me fhágbáil cómh fada a b-péinn, Oss. vi 96.12 .

(g) With imm (fo): fo taob mic foesaim in favour of (?), Laws ii 282.16 Comm. feran eclasa, cid fo taobh tuaithe, cid fo taob ecalsa in respect of (?), v 316.3 Comm. (cf. ii 30.23 Comm. ). firtuiges he fo t.¤ anfine o flaith eachtrand `on the side of an extern,' v 462.15 Comm. fam thaobh is tráth síodha `'tis time for peace with me,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1.

(h) With ó: ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí `on more than one account,' Aithd. D. 100.9 .

(i) With tri: is tria n-a táib tucsat na claidib in Furbaide on account of her (?), LL 125a3 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤ammus flank attack: ga ttacmaing ┐ ga ttimchealladh ... gá ttaobhammus (sic leg.), AFM vi 2056.26 . ? ¤chomach: denam a forgneama iter tigib ┐ t. ` out-houses ,' Hy Maine 90.12 . ¤druimm side of the back: claideb ... iarna th., TBC-LL¹ 5389 = iarna formnai, TBC-I¹ 3287 . ¤gael: an taobh-ghaol thall do thiormuigh `His heart-love,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 § 20 . ¤glaine purity of body: tāebgloine an tālgadha, ZCP viii 200.21 . ¤imell border, boundary: dar taeb-imlib in betha, MR 112.14 . ¤léim jumping aside: an inmhe is each fíorchaillteach | ní haoinreim dha heurma soin | taoibhléim deunmha 'na deaghaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 172.8 . ¤ler: a th. nach te `ruffled surface' (of a lake), Metr. Dinds. iii 378.19 . ¤lerg sloping side: fo tarrib t. tuignech, Auraic. 5152 . ¤letrad hacking the side, body: na cailleacha ... 'ga thaebhledragh, Ériu iii 166.21 . ¤lot wounding the side, body: ag toghail troch 'gá dtaobhlot, TSh. 6633 . Of bad weather injuring a horse, 2562 . Of a boat, 734 . a tír uile agá taoblot, Caithr. Thoirdh. 10.9 . ¤lomradh shearing, devastating: tír T. do taobhlomrad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 17.3 . ¤rád: gan taobrádh ag duine ar a degheinech `no man sought with sidelong hints to fleck his honour,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.31 . ¤rigne sluggishness: an t-each ... dá mbeith ... taoibhrighne innte, TSh. 10668 . ¤shnám swimming on the side: ic culshnámh ┐ ic t. ┐ ic traigirsnám, Acall. 3212 , cf. 3785 . ? ¤tidrone: la t. Cormaic `um C. zu verspotten (?),' ZCP xiii 254.11 . ¤thomus side measurement: tri athcomairc cech doruis | cain glanthogairt toebtomuis, SR 462 . ¤thrácht: do toeb-tracht in tened hearth (?), BDD 155.10 . ¤thurtaid: culturtaid ┐ t. ... in aith ` side-striking ,' Laws iii 224.1 . ¤ucht breast: ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

Other nominal compds. treated separately.

(b) With adjj. ¤adbal huge-sided, spacious: do threb thóeb-adbal, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.44 . drong tóeb-adbal, SR 8253 . ¤álaind fair-sided: conice in tulaigh taebalaind, Acall. 2803 note . fúathróc ... thaebalaind, TTr. 1541 . ¤balc strong-sided: a fhir ... | cosa thathig tond taebalc, LL 211b44 (but see Metr. Dinds. iii 426.2 s.v. taet). ¤chirrthe having the body hacked, wounded: ba tren talchar taebchirrthi rocuired in chuibleng sin, Aen. 2015 . tren-fhir thaeb-chirrthi, MR 238.24 . ¤chorr: tolcha taobhchorra ` smooth-sided ,' Studies 1920, 568 § 20 . ¤chúrtha wounded in the side: tesgtha taobhchurtha, Comp. CC 126.21 . ¤daingen firm-sided: eathar ... taobh-dhaingean, TD 7.37 . ¤dána lit. bold-sided: na secht nime ... gebaid tene toebdana | otha thurcbail co fuined, SR 8263 . ¤dein pure-sided: greni fri turcbail toebdein, SR 4434 . ¤derg red-sided: ar n-a loscud o na haithindib taeb-derga, TTebe 3146 . ar thindib taeb-derga ... tellaig, MR 238.8 . ¤díllid (?): mar táid na litre 'na línibh | 'na sráid thilte thaoibh-dhíllidh, Ériu v 58.100 . ¤donn brown-sided: na mbeann dtaobhdhonn, TD 28.22 . ¤dorcha dark-sided: is tiugha taebdorchai tonna srotha Ismen, TTebe 3602 . ¤étrocht bright-sided: barruachtar a tonn tulgorm taebedrucht, CCath. 870 . ¤fota long-sided, tall (of persons): maccán Eithne tóebfhotta, Trip. 150.12 = Three Hom. 98.30 . toebfota Temrach long-sided one of Tara (Niall Nóigiallach), RC xxiv 192.6 . ¤ḟrémach: tamhan ... taeb[ḟ]remach widely rooting, MR 98.13 . ¤gel white-sided, bright-sided, fair in form: a Dauid toebgil, SR 6366 . a theglach toebgel, 7594 . rith find fris' tóibgel tondat, Imr. Brain 4 . acc brisedh tor ttaobhgheal ┐ caislén ccomdaingen, AFM v 1658.27 . ¤gerrtha hacked: ina ttamhnaibh taoibhgherrtha, AFM v 1758.15 . ¤glan pure-sided, fair-sided: Temuir thōibglan, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.7 . for tractaib taeb-glanna, TTr. 1146 . tonda ... taebglana, TTebe 3532 . os ferlannaib ... in prephir taeb-glain, MR 112.11 . ¤glas green-sided: dar rian re[i]dmas tond dian t., Anecd. i 68 § 159 . ort a t. a tulach, Acall. 739 n. . ¤gorm blue-sided: asa truaill taebguirm, TTebe 974 . ¤grind: tech mór fo thalmain t., Metr. Dinds. iii 246.68 v.l. (-tirim text). ¤lán pregnant: ocus si thaeb-lan torrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.50 . ¤lasamain, ¤lasamna side-flaming: teni taidlech taeb-lasamna, TTebe 2221 . na tenti t., 2256 . ¤lebar slender-sided: am égni tháeib-leaphur, Anecd. i 28 § 26. torc taeibhleabar, Acall. 1555 . ¤lethan broad-sided: don chrích ... thaoibhleathain, TD 26.18 . ¤nembán: gnúis taoibhneambán rosy-cheeked , TD 28.26 . ¤nocht bare-sided, naked: cia beo i ngortai, ciam toebnocht, SR 1540 . atai co truag ┐ co t., MacCarthy 62.15 . uair nocho n-aenlocht cen on | is taebhnocht i trefocul, Auraic. 2078 . ¤nuaide fresh, young: dá dhreich thaobhnuaidhe, DDána 109.16 . a cuaine taobhnaoidhe tais, Ó Bruad. iii 54.11 . ¤réid smooth-sided: a Teamraigh taoibhréidh, Ériu viii 85.101 . ¤rigin sluggish, slothful: da raibhe taoibh-righin i saothrughadh na subháilceadh, TSh. 10671 . ¤ruad red-sided: Eó Tortan táeb-rúad, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.28 . ¤scaílte having wounded sides: comdaís taebh-scaílti ... colla na curadh ` side-gaping ,' MR 302.23 . ¤sheng slender-sided: dia treib toeb[sh]ing, LL 7b2 . múr gainmech fo thuind tóeb-sheiṅg, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.6 . Tadhg taoibhsheng, ZCP viii 221.6 . Of land: tír táebsheng, FDG² 21.658 . ¤shlemain smooth-sided: tarbh ... taeipslemain, CCath. 4788 . do tighibh taeibhshlemhnu, 5823 . ¤shnoighthe lopped (?): coill o a tortaibh taobsnoighthe, ZCP ii 349.4 . ¤sholus bright-sided: dom triath talchur táob-ṡolus, LL 385b14 . dá drong dég ... ar in treib tolgmóir taebsoluis, SG 249.15 . ? ¤taisean: o ri Temrach t., BB 281a41 (cf. Leb. Cert. 254 ). ¤thana thin-sided, slender-sided: co n-immud tond tóebthana, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.38 . edach t., Leb. Cert. 250.14 . ¤thescaigthe side-cut, having the sides wounded: gur ba taebhtheascaighi treoin da treas, CF 554 . ¤thirim dry-sided, dry-sloped: la ri Temrach taebthirma, BB 46b24 . co mbidis na d-taiseandaibh tartaighe taeb-thiorma, MR 102.5 . ¤tholl having perforated, wounded sides , IT ii1 183.235 . curua taobhtholl treghdai, TTebe 3824 . ¤threbraid having plaited (?) sides: do thimsugad luirech ... t., MR 224.8 . ¤throm heavy-sided, stout: in talum taebthromm, KMMisc. 158.140 . re torcaibh taebhtroma, Acall. 915 . Treblann taebhtrom stately (?), ZCP xiii 174.4 . Stair Erc. 510 . Of women pregnant: fúair a bhean taebhtrom torrach, Imr. Brain (Comp. Mong.) 61.3 . ZCP xiii 197.7 . ¤uaine green-sided, —sloped: arin muir torthaig taebúaine, Acall. 6260 . ilar tonn taebhuaine, CCath. 308 . do tolcha t., IT ii2 127.143 . ¤uar cold-sloped: a tulchaib taebuara T., TTebe 2656 . Tlachtga togha nar thaeb-fhuar `not chill was her bosom,' Metr. Dinds. iv 186.18 = ZCP xiv 159.14 .

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