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bard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bard or dil.ie/5404
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 96 (130.5) . See Wagner, Beiträge 294 n . poet or rhymester inferior in qualifications and status to the `fili' (q.v.). See G. Murphy, Bards and Filidh, Éigse ii 200 ff. There were sixteen subdivisions among the `baird': cis lir baird (bairdni, v.l.) docuissin? Nī: a se deac .i. ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.4 . citne a namnand na soerb.¤ ? Nī: rigb.¤ ┐ anruth bairdne ┐ sruth di aill ┐ tigernb. ┐ admall ┐ tuathb. ┐ bób. ┐ b.¤ áne. ┐ in tochtmad b.¤, ni fil dan lais, acht a ngradhaibh a thuistige dorenar, 8 ff. (cf. ACL i 160.15 ff. and Ériu xiii 42.13 ff. ). it é anmand na ndóerb. .i. culb. ┐ srutb. ┐ b.¤ lorge ┐ drisiuc ┐ cromluatha ┐ sirti ui ┐ rindaid ┐ longbh.¤ (lorgb.¤, v.l.), x - z 0 . na soerbaird dano, cid nos deocraigethar i ngradaib ? Nī: asa ṅdanaib forberat ┐ deocruigid. Amal forber cach grad filed sec alaili i sóus ┐ aircetail, is amlaid forber cach ái dib sem sec alaile i nimud sóis et segda, cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu ┐ remend ┐ rl., 6 § 3 . gé ni dleghar dona bardaibh eolus i ffedhaibh ina i ndeachuibh dlegar doibh a cubhaid techta do urmuisi, ┐ do aithne fria cluais ┐ aignedh though the bards are not bound to have a knowledge of letters and syllables they must be able to distinguish and recognise correct consonance by ear and by thought (?), Ériu xiii 44.1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird dona barduib seo doruirmisium ? . . . dos rónat ollamain (leg. ollbairdne ?) uli, acht namá it dechnada uile ┐ sétnada a ruidles. Ansruth bairdne dano, is ollbairdne et cach ní doroich ollbairdne a ruidles. Tigernb. dano, is duan ┐ forduan a ruidles . . . what is the allotted metre of each of the bards whom we have mentioned ? IT iii 22 § 67. bairdne na ndaorb. na sechither dlighedh, bid focla maithe ann ┐ comhraca séghdha; araill nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.15 . is aon ann dobheir daoine doibh (sc. na daorbaird) . . . (┐) (sic leg. ?) a mbeith gan tothchusa their being without qualifications, 17 . cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh . . . amhail roghabh rithim arradh mettuir, as amhlaidh atáid na báird cona mbairdne arradh (no i ffarradh) na ffiledh as rhythm is to metre so are the baird to the filid, 42.4 - 6 . b., dno, cin dliged fegluime (sic) acht indtleacht fadeisin (i.e. they were dependent on intuition rather than training), Laws iv 360.10 . is aire na rotcet som (sc. na soerbaird) acht lethenecland na filed, fobith na frithgnat because they do not study (?) (cf. frithgnam, IT iii 6 § 3 (`they do not give reciprocal service (?)', s.v. fris-gní). ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne the status of every bard as against that of the Féni grades, Ériu xiii 43.6 . See also boim(m), ? 2 búaignech, 2 lorg, scían.

As exponent of satire: aer o b.¤ , Laws v 228. 28 . techta fuillema gill cacha fir rinnas . . . otha tigernbardd co ruicce driscona, 388.5 . is cu ar amaindsi na saerbaird uili, 16 Comm. cacha mna rindas .i. in ban-b.¤ , 7 Comm. aurcuillte ratha .i. b.¤ ┐ lethcerd ┐ cáinti, i 86.1 Comm. Cf. v 226.36 Comm.

In less technical contexts: seanchas righ Teamhrach / ní fhidir cach bárd bélghach / ní dír báird acht dír fileadh / fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182. 15 - 18 . dichlannaigfitir filid .i. conna biat filid acht baird nammá, LL 24831. popul dianadh ainm Bardi . . . lángnáthaighitis filidhecht ┐ duana molta do dénam. Is assin iderar baird ┐ bairdne isin Scotic, CCath. 722. mé gan fiú an bhaird do bhuidhin, DDána 46.29 . na báird, na gláimhe is na geocaigh, Keat. Poems 178.

Compds. Brian co mbardlí uas barr Breg. / ardlí Gall ┐ Gaedel bard-sung splendour, LL 15966. bārc bardlōgh gan ordal / oghdar dían ardrōn airdnem (of Colum Cille), ZCP x 340.6 .

imm-tá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-tá or dil.ie/27929

 

Forms: imtháthar, immidbiat, immidmb, immerabtar, imtat, immusbé, nímthat, nimta

v indic. pres. pass. sg. imtháthar, LU 6043. consuet. pres. p. 3 immidbiat, Laws i 260.11 . subj. pres. s. 3 immidmb, ZCP viii 316.21 . perf. p. 3 immerabtar, Ml. 37a6 .

I

(a) in lit. sense is around, is about: donaib cenelaib immerabtar iudeu `to the nations who were about the Jews,' Ml. 37a16 . a himtomas i nde i seilb imebiad it should be measured in two directions to the property of those around, Laws iv 142.14 Comm. na ceithri comithaigh íma biad ocus na ceitri ecomithaigh ada neasam doibside, 128.1 Comm. fris na cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb who are nearest about it, i 260.11 . crich do teid uisce glaise airm fo leanad in da comarba imdabiad for cechtar in da leithe `where the two `coarbs' follow it, they being on either side of it,' iv 144.11 Comm. co nderna rí Locha Léin cáin for cach tūeth immidmbē etir Corco Bascind ┐ Corcomruad, ZCP viii 316.21 .

(b) In metaph. sense : foídid Cu Chulaind atheroch Láeg do fis scél dús cia cruth imtháthar (mbotha, TBC-I¹ 1572 ) isin dunud to see how things are going in the camp, LU 6043.

II From lit. meaning is about, is alongside of is developed figur. meaning is so, even so, thus (it is often followed redundantly by samlaid which becomes general as the meaning of the verb is gradually forgotten) : imta lanamnas tothla i taide `the connexion of secret elopement is similar,' Laws ii 402.3 glossed .i. is amlaidh sin ata in lanamnus, ib. 19 Comm. imtha dano techta fuillema gill cacha fir rinnas `so also is the lawful pledge-interest of each man who satirises,' v 388.4 . imta fri cín comfocais, iv 38.16 . ? pl. imtat na fogla im comaidchius `in the same way trespasses in cotenancy' (Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 859 (< H 3.18, p. 388b ). ? To this : pres. subj. immusbé fadēin fon oen garmaim (.i. corabuis féin .i. fo munnus in garma gaire dimsa) `mayst thou thyself be so (?),' RC xxvi 52 § 282. Neg. : naich imtha z `not so is z,' Sg. 20a1 . nimthá bóaire `not so the boaire,' Críth G. 329. nímthá sen Phól manach, Fél. § 97. nimta in mac ingor, Laws iii 56.30 . nimtha samlaid duine not so man, Laws i 8.25 . `rot biat baí lemsa chena' ol sí `ním thá són,' TBFr. 362. With pl. subj. : nímthat mílid Íssu `not so are Jesus's soldiers,' Fél. Prol. § 77.

Folld. by samlaid : imta samlaid in eclais is ursloice ar cind cach duine, Laws iii 30.4 (glossed : is inann leam .i. as amlaid sein ata in eclais, ib. 13 Comm. ). imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris, iv 356.12 . imtha samlaidh cach gradh oighe, 364.11 . immata samlaid gen na sainti `so likewise the maw of avarice,' Ériu vii 152.12 . imtá sámlaid don eclais dlegair diside dilgud do cách, LB 146a36 .

amal ... imtha samlaid as ... even so is: amal file tra deochair etir laechu ┐ clerchu ... imtha samlaid deochair etir a saethar ┐ pennainn, RC xv 488 § 7. amal bite lorga i llamaib duine ... imtha is amlaidh it he in so na lorga biti a ciallabair `as there are staves in the hands of a man ... so even are these here the staves...,' Auraic. 1593. imtha ... imtha samlaid even as is ... so is: imtha an aithgein mil la mnai, lemlacht la mac ... imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 - 6 .

Folld. by clause : imta cia rō uathaib-sium `just so if he go from them,' Laws v 486.y . imta ce ria uathusum, iii 268.13 Comm. imthá samlaid connach lía punnand chorcai ... andáit cind ... iarna timdibe, TTr.² 1161. neg. : nimta mad in ceili bes marb, Laws ii 268.13 (glossed .i. ni hinunn lium (by confusion with infix. pron. s. 1) .i. nocha namluidh sin ta, ib. 28 ).