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róen , ráen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. róen , ráen or dil.ie/35427

Forms: roenu, raenu, roena, rén, raon, rraenu

n o, m. a p. roenu, Fél. May 27 , June 19 , Ep. 322 raenu, roena v.ll.). ? d s. rén, SR 6788 . raon, IGT Dec. § 96.5 .

(a) a way, path, route , used in a looser and more general sense than rót. coro rāith fo róenaib riad, SR 5717 . ba fada in raen táinic, ZCP xiii 219.12 . confaca modh [= mogh] . . . ara cinn ar a raen on his way towards him , ZCP vi 37.7 . gabhuit na sloigh . . . in roen for a n-agaid `march to meet them', Marco P. 32 . gabais an ráen i ndecchaid na ccleirech, BNnÉ 292 § 9 . is é raon inar ghabh, tré mhuir dToirrian do Shisilia, Keat. i 158.32 . raon tre iathaib aimhreidhe | go Cill meic Duach, BNnÉ 229.1 . ná léig mé ar na raonaibh romhainn the way before me , TSh. 2113 . raen na carbut chariot-road , Acall. 2348 n. = rót, Lism. dacuadar rompu maraen | go teach Hirúaith ar gach ráen `over every road' (i.e. by the shortest route?), Ériu iv 176.5 . tic frit as cech roen opposes thee in every way , MR 14.13 = FDG 92 . snigid snechta do cech róen , LL 298a26 .

(b) used loosely of surfaces, spaces and in other derived senses: mor d'eniuch dorigne os raen, ZCP viii 272.12 (= on the earth, while alive?). compert Mugain . . . os róen ruamach ré | in nÁed sáer sluagach Sláné, LU 4325 = LL 145b45 ( SG 84.40 ). nocha tāinic ar mag raon | laech nā naem rob ferr, ZCP vii 304.8 . luaithreadh ┐ denngur dona maghraenaibh field-routes , CCath. 3143 . an raon atá idir an dá ghualainn the line from shoulder to shoulder , Eochairsg. 38.32 . raoin dearga na gcúig gcridhe tracks, marks (of the wounds of Christ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 9 . raoin uaigneacha an iúil deireit `desert tracks of secret lore', Content. xxii 27 ; cf. xxix 8 . os róen na ndrúad find `above the ranks of the noble druids', Metr. Dinds. iii 230.67 . i Temraig os raenaib rind rows of spear-points (?), LL 298b41 . réalt i raonaibh aedhreamhla the tracts of heaven , Keat. Poems 70 . ráon na slíabh the range of the mountains , Job xxxix 8 . ro bris ráon catha for fórmna mathe na Tróianda `a battle-breach', TTr.² 164 .

(c) r.¤ madma (techid) ( the way of ) rout, flight : ba raen madma ar Ulltaib, Acall. 1193 . ro maid roen ro-madma ar Gallaib, Cog. 190.26 . gluaisis roimhe i raon madhma, TD 1.36 . rus leic a ráon madhma ┐ ro-theithidh é, Fl. Earls 232.2 . raon madhma ria n-uathadh . . . for ilchédaibh, AFM vi 2288.11 . Seldom in pl.: dorochratar hi rraenu ro-mádmai, Alex. 130 , cf. 146 . In SR 6788 : ría ṅDauid trén derbdai rainn | dosrat hi rén ro-madmaim; the use of the dat. of maidm is due to rhyme.

(d) hence absol. a defeat, rout , with FOR (AR) of vanquished, RÍA of victor: for a muintir ba fír-róen , SR 5092 . menbad Chonall is forainne bad róen , CRR 55 . an tan ba raen fair . . . in tan ba raen riamh, TBC-I¹ 2679 . dia mbad fair bhad róen , TBC-LL¹ 5880 . is rempu bud roen , LB 123b51 . dia mbadh forra badh ráon ria bFeraibh Bolg, Leb. Gab.(i) i 148.2 . la líonmaire na sochaidhe batar i raén rempa, AFM vi 2132.1 . ba róen ille ┐ innund in comrac rout (havoc) on both sides , TTr.² 1349 . Oengus ocus Midir . . . rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . raon gacha ruathair, TSh. 6660 . pl. ni fess nach ḟorm bus ráena, LL 296b13 . birt a ráena forru (of a game), LU 4985 = roena, TBC-I¹ 495 YBL. In sense of falling: in t-usce sís ina raín, LL 298a24 . feib no betis tigi na cathrach ic raen ┐ ic ro-tuitim, CCath. 783 . Cf. annró, seachrán, fadhban, raon, Eg. Gl. 24 . raon úaithne (name of a metrical fault), IGT Introd. 2.28 may be a fig. use of this sense.

Compds. in various senses above

(a) with adj. ¤abbaig (apaig)? neart ag ár naem-abaid | os gach recht raen-abaig, ZCP viii 203 § 22 (= ripe for defeat, overthrow? ). ¤dírech: i ródaibh raoíndírge na sein-Mhidhe straight, direct Hugh Roe 26.13 (f. 7b) , cf. for ródaibh raoín ndírghe na Midhe, AFM vi 1920.19 .

(b) with subst.: dar róendes richid, SR 1018 ( des .i. ordugud, O'Dav. 759 ). téid . . . a raonfōd Rómha on the road to Rome , BNnÉ 240 § 172 . mac Ruide co róengaí `of the victorious spear', Metr. Dinds. iii 300.34 . nī rād rāingo deceitful (?), RC xxxvi 262 § 9 = roengo (: oenló), LL 45b13 . róen-guba `wail for defeat', Metr. Dinds. iii 240.16 . i roenmaig rindnime, SR 510 .