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comtholg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comtholg or dil.ie/11886

adv (2 tolg): roferad cath . . . fo comth(t)uilg furiously , BB 432b28 .

escairdemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escairdemail or dil.ie/20427

adj i hostile, inimical: roferad cath ainmín escairdemail eturra RC x 184.22 . Cog. 76.7 ; 178.8 . an duine easgcáirdeamhail, TSh. 6333 .

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid Wb 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat Ml 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea Wb 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret Wb 29a9 . pret. s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa TBC² 1023 = firfassa LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes LU 4546 . fhirfes, Baile in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis TBC 3388 . ra ḟírastar LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad LL 258b15 . noḟurad 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with suffi- cient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arro- fera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh) BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMiscell. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Ir. Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC² 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often in- trans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. O'Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Met. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ? ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir LU 10384 = firfaidtir ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Met. Dinds iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Met. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices Buile Ṡ. 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht Wb 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór Muman § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Met. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC 3962 . nā fer bāig TBC² 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Met. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., Baile in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. Baile in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat com- lann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 .

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC² 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred LU 5504 (firfeasa TBC² 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ... LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a com- rama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset graf- aind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu LU 3228 ( SC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form TBC² 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, Aisl. MC 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh FM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Grádha² 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, Arch. iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

fíchda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíchda or dil.ie/21979

adj io-iā (2 fích) easily moved to anger, pugnacious, fierce ; angry, furious: laech f.¤ fordond LL 266a43 ( MU² 583 ). fomóir fícha foirniata ZCP vi 293.34 . cath f.¤ amnas RC xiii 40.10 . f.¤ in creach, Ériu iv 224.1 . dofiusca ar fe[i]rg fichdai which awakens our raging wrath Arch. iii 297 § 46 . feolda fichdha § 48 . fuil f.¤ fland LL 275b46 . go tteidhm bfíochdha, Gleanings fr. Ir. MSS. 14 § 3 . guth na fairge fíochda, Keat. Poems 1509 . fonn fiochdha 'ardent', Celtica i 209.7 . Perh. belongs to fichda.Adv. atbertsat co f.¤ fercach ... PH 2767 . rofrithail-seom M. co fichtha furachair, TFerbe 417 . Compar. (as superl.) ind urgal ... is fichda roferad ... riam RC xxiv 50.21 .

1 fras, fros

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fras, fros or dil.ie/24246

Forms: frais, frasai, frossa, fros, fras, fraise, frasa, frais, fraisi, fros, fras, frais, frasa, frossa

n ā,f. later also frais. a p. teora frasai (frossa v.l.), Baile Bricín 21 ( ZCP ix 452 ). fros fras (f., g s. fraise n p. frasa) IGT Decl. § 39 . frais (f. g s. n p. fraisi) § 14 (`frois' proscribed as incorrect p. 69.5 ) ; but : fros, fras (m., g s. n p. frais or frasa) § 38 .

(a) a shower, primarily of rain, snow, etc. ionann frais ┐ cioth, Keat. iii 2397 . ceatha, fros, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 176 ). D[í] prímglais deac foráccaib ind óenfross i nÉre LU 11038 = Im. Brain i 56 (here synon. of cassar). is banna ría frais a drop before a shower (i.e. a harbinger or prognostic) LU 8679 ( FB 52 ). biat banna ria frais LL 147a17 . mar bhraon ... ria bhfrais, Content. vii 9 . amail sduaigh nimhi re frais fearthana TBC 3869 St. frossa snecta LL 265a16 ( MU² 403 ).

Other uses : Niall Frossach ... tri frassa inna ḟlaith .i. frass argait ... ┐ f.¤ mela ┐ f.¤ chruthnecta LL 25b6 . tri frosa do ferthain i crich M. ... fross d'argut ... fros do cruithniucht ┐ fros do mil AU 763 (similar reference Cóir Anm. 124 . FM 716 ). Cf. fross chruithnechta do ferthain a nOsraighi RC xvii 359.26 (Tig.). Fig. (of sinners in torment) áit i mbíd frasa fír-ghéara foghadh ag fearthain orra, TSh. 6605 (see c, below). Cf. anocht fearthar frasa teintidhe, Studies 1921, 417 (E. Ó Heódhusa).

By extension a shower, gush, stream of any liquid, tears, blood, etc. frossa diana der, Ériu ii 55z . frasa déra, Duan. F. ii 200 . With play on double meaning : Femen indiu cid fásach ... ba méite no chiad frossa | dar éis Luigdech LL 209b51 = uime roferad frossa, Met. Dinds. iii 200 . adbhur fras `cause of tears' Fianaig, 68.11 . cneadha fearfaid frasa donnfhala, PBocht 115 . frasa foirdhearga fola, TSh. 2265 . Of sparks : cach spréd ... ┐ cach frass doleiced a tene for lar LU 6929 ( BDD 54 ).

(b) a quantity, number, swarm , folld. by gen. or partitive DE ; in poetic and animated style, often pl. : ba fross do nemannaib boí inna bélaib (of teeth) LU 4517 = batar frossa findnémand TBC 208 . ... bá frass do nemannaib ro lád ina chend LU 9272 . batar inand ┐ frais do némannaib a dēta ina cind BDD 1 (Y). déad mar ḟ.¤ néamhann TD 39.5 . in firmiment cona frossaib retland TBC 4753. 5975 . frosa cnam BB 367b40 , cf. cnamfros, Dinds. 31 . im Fergus frosaib rindí BB 264b30 . fross martir már nglédenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . Fig. of abstract things : ferais frais forfāilti fris SR 2951 . Cf. tugamar frais póg ar slios srón ┐ aighthe, Duan. F. ii 262 .

(c) of missiles, a shower, discharge, volley: dosbertatar froiss .i. do ḟotaib, do chlochaib ┐ do cheppaib = pelted them with sods, etc. LL 306a42 ( RC xiii 104 ). ro caithsid frais fergach ... da n-armaibh ris ZCP vi 274.31 . doreillccitt ... frossa fuileacha fothaibh d'foghadhaibh FM vi 2130.3 . f.¤ cháoilṡleagh ... f.¤ ghlac, Ériu ix 164 § 12 . frais bheimionn, Duan. F. ii 306z . las an cédḟrais do léicceadh fótha a gonnadhaibh FM v 1646 .

(d) : tar an gcúan go hÁonghas Ile | truagh nach áonfh.¤ tíre atá `one shower of land' Sc.G.St. iv 62 . Cf. (of an army) conná frith dibh ... acht a cnama ┐ a taisi ... ┐ frasa dia n-armaib na bhfarrad piles (?) Lism.L. 3149 .

(e) hence an assault, attack and in wider sense an impetus, effort: bid drauc re mbuidnib i froiss `at the onset' Im. Brain 53 . sē cēt ... di ōcaib ... fri fraiss SR 6275 . in rí rodastraeth tria frois | hi cinaid a n-immarbois (of the Israelites, but possibly a ref. to the Deluge : it would then belong to a) 4993 . mathair Meidbi cróda ... fuachda ria cach froiss LL 137b44 . glún ré bfrais (of a chief), Ériu ix 165 § 20 . iar ndíth Eogain ... don chetḟrais, Acall. 3371 . gualaire laīch ludite frais who wage conflict LL 146b3 ( Proc. RIA iii 540 ). fri fogla frais, Met. Dinds. iii 110 . feidm re frais ZCP viii 222 § 7 . tabhraidh frais ainiarmarthach iomramha make a desperate effort to row ITS v 122.5 . dobretha F. frosse forsin ṅgabail TBC 755 (i.e. tugged at it) = dorat feidm fiorlaidir St. (of an ox :) do léiccedh tri fraissi geimnighe as BNnÉ 221 § 114 (raisi v.l. ; cf. rabert [in Dond Cualnge] a thri resse gémmend bar aird TBC 6124 ).

Compds. See 3 fras-

guinech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guinech or dil.ie/26799

adj (guin) o,ā wound-dealing : ri góach, guinech, garblonn, SR 3894 . pl. in galaig guinig, ib. 8340 . in gleo guineach gáibtheach, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . roferad tra cuibleng croda ... guinech ... crechtach, Aen. 2486 . gaillmilid garga guinec[h]a ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . Aodh Guineach Ó Dúnghaile, Ériu i 86.6 . gae gera guinecha, Celt. Rev. x 34.30 . gæth guinech a cutting wind, Anecd. i 73 § 213.