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aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

cainnenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cainnenn or dil.ie/7845
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cainenn

n ā, f. Also cainenn (in BCrólige, see below) garlic, leek (s), onion (?) EIF 251-53 : ingnum .i. . . . in t-arbar nó in c.¤ , O'Dav. 1138 . munur facuib roid no c.¤ , Laws v 500.29 Comm. fochaird gortán di chainniu (restored as chaininn) `he sowed a little field with leeks', Blathm. 104 § 46 . trí indra cainninde, O'D. 1730 (H 2.16, 929) = O'Dav. 1074 . dobeir déra a súilibh an fir an chaindenn, Hib. Min. 47.4 . daire forard fírlossa / do chainnind, MacCongl. 39.5 . meic cainninde caimme (in mock pedigree), 33.18 . imglaice chainne co cennaib, Críth G. 74 `a handful of leeks with their heads', Laws iv 303 . Used as condiment: ata[t] .iii. tarsuinn immidfodnad . . . cainenn humus cumrai, BCrólige 49 . sercol tar(r)sain[n] la sodain— duilesc, c.¤, salann, Críth G. 150 . Freq. in composition with fír (of a particular plant ?): fírchainnenn nó ṡaillte do tharsunn pure garlic(?), Críth G. 168 . mad fir-caindend . . . ceitri buindi ḟir-chainde cacha bairgine, Laws v 40.11 - 12 . secht n-immaire do f[h]írchainnind, MacCongl. 89.11 . fīrcaindenn cumra, Ériu i 39 § 10 . mil ┐ fircainenn ┐ dirann humusa (foods to be supplied for invalid), BCrólige 45 . Also with glas: ceithri imglaici . . . ┐ a do do glascainnind, ZCP xiv 356.10 ( Laws ii 254.10 ).

certugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. certugud or dil.ie/8811

Forms: certachadh

o, m. vn. of certaigid. certachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (245.12).

(a) act of putting to rights, emending, adjusting, arranging; arrangement : cach coibchi a c.¤ , ACL iii 227.33 . comlán in c.¤ / ria roid (leg. roind) i cóic, LL 1041 . a certughadh fiad Patraic fria recht litre (of the traditional law), Laws i 24.7 Comm. c.¤ in libair, Laud 610, 42r marg. (Plummer MS. notes). ica cumma ┐ ica c.¤ (of ship Argo), LL 30959 . ag ceartú et ag cōrughadh an oiread sin éaduicc oruinn féin, Párl. na mB. 1251 .

(b) act of controlling, disciplining, correcting, reproving : tuath gan certachad, Ériu v 142.2 . certachadh gl. correctio, Ir. Gl. 888 . ba cobsaid oc c.¤ corach `firm in correcting sinners', RC xii 336.3 . coimnert an cumairce / chuinncim dom c[h]., ZCP viii 202 § 19 . do argain na n-óglach . . . ┐ ni d'grad a certaigthi, PH 7529 . int ech robui fa P. . . . nir cumaing a c.¤ , TTebe 2359 . dochuaidh roime docum tire ele dia certughudh, Stair Erc. 2266 . adeir . . . nach am ceartuighthe na beathadh am an bháis, Mac Aingil 1500 . an uair chongbhus sē a c[h]uairt certaighthe (of the Visitor), RSClára 130b . ceartughadh na gciontach, TSh. 5416 .

clannaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clannaigid or dil.ie/9369

v (clann)

(a) plants : ce ro clannaigeadh se roid ┐ . . . arbar fair, O'Curry 1901 (23 P 3, f. 23). nos clandaigim forsin faithchi mo lis, Ériu iv 134.6 (nosclandaim, v.l.).

(b) Fig. implants, establishes : clandaiged dliged cosced indliged `let him plant law', Tec. Corm. § 2.11 v.l. (clandad, text). clannuigheadh dlighedh .i. fasdadh, O'Don. Suppl. fr. Tec. Corm. cumhachta ó n-ar nAthairne / . . . / do ghrádhsa go gclannaighe, / . . . im spioraid, Aithd. D. 57.6 .

(c) begets (children) on (fri), procreates: a log do na setaib o ra clannaiged he boden (gl. luchar set dia cholainn), Laws v 410.19 Comm. ro forcoṅgair Dia . . . na ro chummascdais fri clanna Cain ┐ na ro clannaigdis friu, Rawl. 70a2 . Cf. 4 . ni roclannaigset acht triur dona maccaib, 69b11 . co tuc da ingena Labain .i. Lia ┐ Rachel co ro clannaigh friu ┐ co ro clandaigh fria n-inaltaib, BB 5b26 . ro clannaigsedar iar sin isna fearannaib sin `took root', RC xx 423. 21 (ro silsat, v.l.). Perh. in sense (d). Note also: níor chlannaigh fa choim na neamh / ní nach fuair fios a airrdhean `planted', Studies 1918, 281 § 12 (`or "propagated", or taking the verb as intransitive "there has been propagated", ed.'s note).

(d) increases, multiplies : ro forbair a sil . . . ┐ ro chlannaigestár co rrabatár cethri míli . . . lanamna and, LU 1281 (H). con chlannaigset dia n-ēis / clann mac Mīled, Corp. Gen. 119.9 . dona mórulcaibh ro síoladh ┐ ro clannaigedh i nInis U. . . . allos écca an Aódha . . . , Hugh Roe² 346.x .

cóic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cóic or dil.ie/10037
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cúic, ch-, cóic-, cóec-, cáec-, cúic-, cóc-

Indecl. num. adj. Leniting in nom., accus. and dat. (see Bergin, Ériu xi 226 ), nasalizing in gen. ( GOI 242 and UR 54 ). Later cúic and ch- (see Párl. na mB). Frequ. written .u.

Five . As adj.: do[naib] coic cetaib, Wb. 13b1 . forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 . anman nacoic cathrach, 104a4 . c.¤ deich cóica `five tens, fifty', Sg. 4a5 . dobeir na c.¤ ṡéotu, Críth G. 162 . c.¤ thoísig, LL 895 . c.¤ caiptil uasail, Fél. Prol. 327 . cūic cōicidh, Sc.M² 23 . cóig nuadhorais (: róid), Aithd. D. 83.4 . ag caitheamh na gcúig n-aimsear, 98.4 . cúig dhíne, DDána 50.11 . c.¤ dhoirrsi, IGT Decl. ex. 410 . cabhair ciaigh mo chóig gcéadfadh (: póig), DDána 67.31 . fíneáil chúig bponnt, Párl. na mB. 516 .

Absol.: a c.¤ , Críth G. 355 . a cúig ┐ cúig an dísle, Bard. Synt. Tr. 231.14 . a cúig, TSh., 1370 . In compd. numerals: cosnacoic anmanib sechtmugat, Ml. 38b2 . fo choic sechtmogat `seventy five times', 2c2 . coic bliadni deac, 16c10 . coicmíli ochtmugat archét, 24b17 . re cuic lá deg, Stair Erc. 1194 .

Composition-forms cóic-, cóec-, cáec-, cúic-, cóc-(?), cúc-. ¤díabul: brat cóicdíabail, LU 3286 ( SCC 8 ). bruit corcra cōicdīebail 'purple, five-folded mantles', BDC 106.44 . ¤díabulta: brat corcra ... coicdiabulta, Anecd. i 2.13 ( SCano 29 ). bruit chorcra chōigdhiabhalta 'purple, five-folded mantles', BDC 226.61 . lia cloichi cóic-druimneach, Ériu iv 152.16 . core coecduirn `five fists deep', RC xii 84 § 89 . coiri caecduirn, YBL 177a16 . cōicdornn fuillechta di ōr ara druim (of a shield), TBC-I¹ 2791 . Cf. cocdhurn .i. sgiath, O'Cl. ? coigeas .i. cóig éisi .i. cóig slighthe, ib. ? cuclanna set .i. iiii ba ┐ samaisc, O'Dav. 474 . See cuicliunn : cuicliunn .i. cuic leth uinge, O'Curry 95 ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cúicraith cétach estate consisting of 5 `rath's, Ir. Recht 67.y , 70.19 . sleg cóicrind, five-pronged, LU 7081 (BDD). sleg cuicrind, TBC-LL¹ 5350 . Cf. coigrinn .i. cóig reanna, O'Cl. slegui coigrinnie, IT iii 238.106 . da ṡleigh coigrinnaithi five-pronged , ZCP viii 550.3 . dá roth chóiri cóicrisi (second element uncertain: ? leg. cóic-crisi, Sayers Études Celt. xl 85f. ), LU 9261 . coicroith oir `five-circlets', RC xii 60.17 . ar cheirnn cúicroith, BDD² 1036 . scíath co cóicroth óir fair, 674 . Cf. cocroth .i. sgiath, O'Cl. ? cōicriuth co mbūale umæ `a shield with five circles', Fianaig. 14.4 . ? gu cogroth, MU² 535 v.l. dí nóe chúicsesschurach, LU 7200 (BDD) = cōicsess, 7221 (see Bidrag 44 , O'Dav. 478 ). Read: chúicsess five-benched boat, five-bencher (curach was originally a gloss) BDD 111 , Celtica viii 102 . ? Cóicsius Focherda (n. loc.), 6241 (TBC). gne naill . . . do hechred: cuícsrethaid having five lines (a metre), IT iii 56.4 . asin chóicthigi[u] adidngíallna, Críth G. 355 `from the five houses', Notes. coictriall triur, Ériu xiii 23.22 .

See caiclámach.

1 coich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coich or dil.ie/50621

n (? We. coch, LEIA C-142 ) a red dye; scarlet material : coic (coig, v.l.) .i. derg, ut est doformaig donn roidh [roigh v.l.] cethraime, doformaig coic trian [.i. derg og roid, F], O'Dav. 533 . ó táirnaig do M. in purpuir ┐ an coich do córugad 'when M. had finished arranging the purple and the scarlet', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 199 § 45 . do bí Muire ag snímh na coich 'Mary was weaving the scarlet', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 195 § 42.1 . In compd.: ráinic in [fh]írcoich ┐ in [fh]írpurpuir do Muiri 'the pure scarlet and the pure purple fell to Mary', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 (of lot-casting). d'[fh]írchoich ┐ d'[fh]írpurpuir 'of pure scarlet and pure purple', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 189 § 40 (of a veil).

conar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. conar or dil.ie/11989
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -chonaire, conairib, conuir, conair

n ā, f. Cf. n p. -chonaire, Corm. Y 1224 (106.2) , d p. conairib, Laws v 320.1 Comm. , Marco P. 55 . conuir f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) way, road, path : conair .i. cen fēr, cen ar, Corm. Y 233 . c.¤ . . . coi en-fir etc., O'Mulc. 239 . lasin conair imme-tiagat `along the way(?) on which they go', Ml. 45c9 . isfride imtiagam . . . ar conair gl. in die . . . ambulemus, Wb. 6a30 . forsnaib conaraib gl. in semitís, Ml. 143b2 . isí a mbó dofeth c.¤ remib, Vita Br. 24 . conara an-imthelgthe (see imthelcud II), SR 5420 . co nach roba c.¤ do-chóstis there was no way by which they could go, BDD² 252 . ? trūag do sāebaib c.¤ , ACL iii 241 § 13 . conair chúan a well-trodden way, LL 38003 ( RC xiii 48 ). conair éludha an escape-route, CCath. 1380 . conair theichidh, TTr.² 1872 . ar gcumgachad na gconarad coitchend highways, MR 256.23 . bar comrac cét c.¤ where 100 roads meet (?), TBC-LL² 2961 . at rédi ar conara, Alex. 939 = ZCP xxx 148.51 . cnaí conaírí (see cnaí), BB 257b48 . ní conair fraoch a bhfeirge, LBranach 5209 `smooth path', n. cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat (charm or incantation), ML² 460 .

Fig. ? cor dom chonair / dol an domhain an diadhachta `to put piety out of my way of life', Aithd. D. 89.26 . nach léir dhó an chonair chóir (of the penitent), TSh. 9250 . ba chonair . . . bocht ┐ nocht resort , SG 27.37 . do chách gidh conair choitchionn (of the Passion), DDána 23.32 .

(b) way, means, method, procedure: conair (a s.) d'admilliud [Adim], SR 1132 . bo ch.¤ letartha cach n-ulind, LU 6402 . bec nār chonair chonais ground for a quarrel, TBC-I¹ 2600 . ní conair chissa not the way to obtain payment, Acall. 7008 . conair molta míorbhalla `to tell of her marvels is a way of praising her', Dán Dé xxv 47 . hi conair bar mughaighti, Grail 3301 .

(c) legal process, procedure : Cóic Conara Fugill five ways of bringing action (title), Cóic Con. 15 § 1 . cid is log ┐ is aimsir . . . dona conairib fuigill, O'Curry 2178 ( Eg. 88, 6(7)b ). co ro aichnea in conair fugill is aicinta do, Laws v 8.11 Comm. in conar aicenta . . . conar saerda, Cóic Con. 25.1 - 2 .

(d) In phrases (adv., conj.): for cend conaire, see 1 cenn. tánicc . . . hi gcenn conaire do Ch. `came . . . to meet', Fianaig. 92.24 . for conair on the road, Trip.² 1047 . Vita Br. 37 . ni bia[e] for conair you will not be wandering about, SCano 329 . atbert . . . A. fris-sim for conair obiter(?), PH 1178 . ar aenconair ar ndis together, Ann. Conn. 1315.8 . i bhfritheing na conaire tar a n-ais back again, TSh. 9235 . in conair bui aiged a leptha facing his bed, PH 57 . [cá?] conair cinnius in muad-macaem ale what brings the noble youth hither? MR 292.13 . cach conair ranice everywhere he went, Ann. Conn. 1286.2 . adubairt riu dul 'na rogha conuir anywhere they liked, ZCP vi 48.30 .

Compd. róid chumhga do chonuirréidhigh made into smooth paths, DDána 89.21 .

cride

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cride or dil.ie/12925
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: croidhe, cridhe

n io, [n., 230 , GOI 179, et al. See also: cride n-ega, ScM. § 15 . cride n-dracon, FB2 56.16 . téit isna cride cáda 'he enters the pious hearts' Blathm. 647 . It is not certain that c.¤ is pl. (and hence n.) in: rombói fíal amirisse eterac.¤ `between their hearts (and him)', Wb. 15a29 . i c.¤ cáich gl. ut sermo Domini currat, 26a33 . badlethan formenme ┐ forc.¤ , 16a15 . Cf. nístabir a c.¤ `their heart brings them not', 16a30 . corop inonn cretem bes hifar cridiu etc., 7d10 . In none of the foregoing has the Latin lemma the word cor. In: cosrid hi far cridib gl. studete, Ml. 68a15 the gloss may have been infl. by corda of psalm]. Later crai-, croi- (infl. by crú, cródae(?), GOI 102 ). As early as LL: craide, LL iv 31176 . ancraide, iv 31575 . croidhe, cridhe, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) .

(a 1) physical heart of humans or animals: .i. ata lobru amal rongab cride et óa et inmedóncha áili 'i.e. which are weaker, such as the heart and liver and other internal organs' Wb. 12 b 1 . .i. is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi 'cardiaca is a tremulous movement of the heart' Rosa Angl. 120.1 .

(a) heart (us. as seat of emotions): imbo hochridiu fanacc, Wb. 27c11 . a thuidecht ic.¤ tar ési dǽ gl. nolite locum dare diabulo, 22b5 . hiclaar cridi gl. in tabulís cordis, 15a11 . c.¤ ┐ óa ┐ inmedóncha áili, 12b1 . cen chongain cridi gl. cum inpunitate cordis, Ml. 90d10 . dirgi hochridiu gl. rectos . . . corde, 30b2 . 56a20 . cenn cridi gl. uiscus `the end of the heart', Sg. 111b5 . ? sén lat cend mo cridi, Mon. Tall. 131.16 (`guard with thy head my heart'). c.¤ .i. don crit[h] forsa mbī, Corm. Y 267 . do airchisiucht do cridhi, Blathm. 144 . cridhe glan, Ériu xiii 26.15 . cid dúrdae a ch.¤ , Fél. Ep. 194 . c.¤ licce (of warrior), Sc.M² 15 . tir doberar do eaclais . . . nad facaib easlan a craidhe `leaves no discomfort of heart', Laws v 428.5 . fo déig cridi do máthar, LU 5021 (TBC). c.¤ níad, LU 3848 ( SCC 38 ). i socraidi (is ó chraidi, SC2) labrait biuil, 3875 (ibid.). maidid a ch.¤ isin gillu, LL 14342 . ba béim c.¤ fri cliab leis (Culann at death of his dog), TBC-LL² 894 . ar crúas a craided, Fianaig. 88.11 . a ch.¤ tairise do rúnaib Dé, PH 8336 . co rotregdastair a craideada, TTebe 2782 . co craidhi maith willingly , ZCP vi 28.5 . See conguin

In phr. do-icc c.¤ x for y x takes pity on y: ní táinic cride neich díb fair acht cride Con-Brettan 'none of them had sympathy for him except Cú Brettan', Cath Almaine 4.43 . tic a cridhi fair ┐ ba trog lais, Aen. 2643 . tanic cridi na nGrec co mor . . . ar I., TTebe 2759 . táinig a chroidhe uirre `his heart yearned to it' (a child), Keat. iii 2119 .

(b) centre, middle part, focus : Mide . . . / c.¤ na Banba bricce, Rawl. 163b20 . C. Hérenn Cell Dara, Triads 4 . i cridhibh pene `in cores of pain', Lism. L. 3637 . di neoch nad roacht c.¤ cathæ, RC xii 104 § 148 . craide chuissi `the sole of the foot', Bretha 2A . ar chroidhibh na ccos, 23 K 42, 166a.6 . c.¤ coise ┐ láime `palm of hand and sole of foot', O'Gr. Cat. 269.12 . cridhe a dearnann gur deargadh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 226.2 . ar a chroidhe don taoibh asticch dā lāmhuinn, Beatha S. F. 3157 . Of wounds of Christ (in classical verse): a chóig chroidhe / cóig róid toighe na trócoire, Aithd. D. 89.16 . ar sgoltadh a chóig gcroidhe, DDána 23.26 . dá chroidhe na ngéag-bhonn nglan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 4 . Cf. a chóig créachta ar a chóig cridhibh (of stigmata of St. Francis), PBocht 1.9 .

(c) affection, love; dear one : ferr cride gíallnai (gialla, v.l.) 'better affection than submission', BFF 6.54 . c.¤ he / daire cno, IT iii 100 § 177 . bí 'com chobair a ch.¤ (Christ), Ériu vi 115 § 8 . bíodh a cridhe ag cách `love', PBocht 5.14 . gomadh hé ar gcroidhe an caomhthach darling, DDána 121.18 . mo chroidhe an béal sochruidh saor `dear is . . . ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 6 . leith mo chroidhe an cu . . . ┐ leith croidhe na co(i)n me (of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), RC x 337. 8 , 9 . cridhe sgol na tíre thíar, Bard. P. 6. 16 . ar ṅdí gérait chridi dear, Fél. Sept. 27 . a Christ chridi, Ériu iii 31 § 20 . Gaillem ch.¤ `beloved G.', Metr. Dinds. iii 320.43 . ba mind craidi doib uili itir firu ┐ mnaib, BB 436b32 . Cillein c.¤ , Gorm. March 12 . mo chuid cridhe my dear, LBranach 4274 . a cháirde croidhe, Rial. S.F. 213 . See s.v. cnú

(d) valour : ant aenmac rig doba mo clu ┐ c.¤ `courage', Ann. Conn. 1362.9 . gur shní croidhe a gcolga, LBranach 4728 `valour', n. croídhe ┐ caráisti, Párl. na mB. 102 . croidhe ón fheart fhalamh ní uair consolation, DDána 30.29 .

In n. pr. Maccridhe .i. mac craidhe, Mart. Don. Aug. 11 i.e. son by affection or adoption, n.

Compds. With nouns. tucc . . . cridh-airchisecht compassion of heart, BNnÉ 87.21 . forbair derci ┐ cridirchisechta, LB 257a14 . a crithairchisid . . . cecha trōighe `o heart's pitier', Otia ii 98 § 34 (see note p. 104). contrísio .i. croidhebhrúdh, Parrth. Anma 1786 . acfainn . . . a gcreachta 's a gcroidhechéasta power to despoil and torment them, Ó Bruad. iii 12.y . nir bo chridḟer 'mon cóem-ḟlaith `favourite with', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.26 . ba hé-som mo chrideṡerc darling, Liad. and Cuir. 24.20 . cridṡerc mo menman míne, LL 18199 . See cridiscél. With adjj. derived from nouns: bid crid-oirchisechtach dúind, PH 181 . do fhréimh Cholla chridhiorghalaigh, DDána 89.4 . nibacéle cridserccach, SR 6016 . cartanaigh crideshercaigh . . . imoroile, Leb. Gab.(i) 224.18 .

cumrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumrae or dil.ie/13883

Forms: cubrae

adj io, iā. Also cubrae. craobh chomra, LL 394.30 . fragrant, sweet-smelling; sweet . Of fruit, plants etc.: c.¤ a cocumere , O'Mulc. 259 . in aballgort chumrai, TFerbe 74 . fír-caindenn cumra, Ériu i 39 .x . in táirne cúmhra . . . ┐ in táirne fiadhain, O'D. 441 ( H 3.17, 339 ). arni cumræ, Vita Br. 34 . a[i]rnedha cubra, ZCP v 22 § 16 . draigen cubra ` sweet-smelling ', Laws iv 150.11 Comm. an tslat chumhra . . . / is í as umhla dá hubhall, DDána 52.23 . is craeb chumra cona bláth (of God), LL 36776 . craebh c[h]ubhra, IGT Metr. Faults§ 70 . Other applications: tall 'na coblid chumra `fragrant banquet', Gorm. Apr. 21 . cumra a canad, Gorm. Oct. 18 . boladh cumhra, Ezekiel vi 13 . Adv. go cumhra cliste, Keat. Poems 284 . Compar. níor chubhartha . . . mac Dáibhí i gcéill / . . . ná an siollaire `not more fragrantly', O'Gr. Cat. 583.34 .

As subst. fragrance; fragrant plant : budiu na mess cumra a cúl, LL 37758 . cainenn, humus, cumrai `sweet fruit', BCrólige 49 . ubla . . . / do cubra innsi Áduim `fragrance', Ériu iv 114.4 . amal no beidis inceissi in betha, a cubra, ┐ a fína, Laud 610, 25b cited Plummer MS. notes. mar théid cumhra tar chrann fiadháin `fragrant flower', PBocht 4.23 . ? itir ith, ┐ blicht . . . ┐ roid ┐ cumrad (sic), Laws iv 276.8 Comm.

Compd. With noun: cnuas . . . crann gcumhraifhréamh. Aithd. D. 75.44 .

? dilim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dilim or dil.ie/16423

ind nac[h] d.¤ fil fon lamt[h]orad meit loighet, fil fon roid ┐ glaisine ┐ sep. Mad ruam in bruit, dirim bruit de, Cáin Ad. § 52 .

dírge, dírga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírge, dírga or dil.ie/16725

n , f. (díriuch)

(a) act of directing; straightness, directness: cuindrigthea .i. d.¤ gl. dirigendi, Ml. 41d1 . d.¤ ┐ airdbe directing and killing, 5 . on dirgi gl. directione (telorum), 65a6 . ar lagat inna saigte ┐ ara dirgi, 80b7 . cruindæ no dirge roundness or straightness, Sg. 3b18 . ainmnigud inna dulo in dírgi the naming of the thing in directness, 76b7 . tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin, FB 28 . do phromad mo lām ┐ dīrgi (dírge, LU) mo urchair, TBC-I¹ 607 . d.¤ cech tolgdail | fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4271 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226 . cruime is goire don d.¤ erect stature, Duan. F. i 82 (Poem xxix). ni tegar on chaime cum diorgha in fhuilt muna bhogthar ar tús é, 3 C 19, 53rb 37 . lottar rempa í reidh díorgha gacha róid by each direct road, AFM vi 2098 . cach (n)dírge (lit. each directness) directly, exactly: atchonncamar in luing cach dirge da[r] n-indsaighid, Acall. 6066 . fuarattar gaeth go deghtapaidh leo gach ndírghe, BNnÉ 54.10 . imighis gacha dírgha co Beind Edair, Ériu iii 156.3 . atá tobur . . . síar cach ndírgha bruindes `due west', Dinds. i § 15 ( RC xv 282 ). síardes cech dirgi dorochair, § 160 ( ib. 278 ). sibal direach . . . siar gacha dirga ┐ soir gac[h]a dirgha, ITS xiv 48 . gan gabāil gach ndīrghe don Spāinn not to go to Spain direct, Fl. Earls 24.20 . Cf. cach ndíriuch. for dírgi in a straight course: luid Apollináris do flaith Dé for dírgi, Fél. June 4 .

(b) Fig. uprightness, righteousness: in dírgi caíngníma in righteousness of well-doing, Wb. 4d6 . on dirgi són a brithemnachtae from the rectitude of His judgement, Ml. 24a13b . Cicilia co ndirgi, Fél. Sept. 1 . d.¤ dlegar cach flathemon in sin, ZCP xi 80.14 . at maithi a chland . . . im dírgi im dretlacht, SG 84.6 . d.¤ im (in, v.l.) cach mbēs, ACL iii 317 § 56 . díorgha um ghlór `uprightness in word', Content. xiv 10 .

do-fócaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fócaib or dil.ie/17646
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: túargab-, tecbál, tócbáil, tocbál, tucbál

v (* to-uss-gab-, GOI pp. 341 , 526 . Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 530 - 1 ). On vowel of second syll. (short in O.Ir.) see GOI pp. 52 , 526 , and IGT Verbs § 108 and exx. 960 ff. Perf. prot. stem túargab-, later as basis for new present-forms. Vn. tecbál (?), tócbáil (incl. tocbál, tucbál). See do-furgaib.

I Trans.

(a) lifts up, raises (of literal motion): ergc a uerbo erigo .i. tōgbaim, Corm. Y 549 . benaid . . . in sruth co fleisc . . . co tocaib ina hanmand suas do chind na flesci, FA 18 (LB) = co tócband, LU. omna nā tūargaib in slūag, Hy. v 69 . co tuargaib in cloch, Thes. ii 344.18 . ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, IT i 77 (LMU). tanōcaib asin c[h]lud lasodain lifts him, TBC-I¹ 459 . tōcbaid in scīath fris, 3579 . tanócaib súas . . . in cuach n-dercóir, FB § 74 . con tocba clod cechtar a da roth rocharpait, § 34 . tuargabsat a lénte co mellaib a lárac, § 20 . do-fúargaib side fair a gasced uas gaiscedaib in t-shluaig he raised aloft his weapons, IT i 100.20 . dafuarcaib a thré[n]fher dar doraid, Trip.² 2042 . domōcbaid ol sé fria a muinntir lift me up, ZCP iv 41.25 . dohuargaib a dé laim hi crosfigill, Mon. Tall. § 61 . tuarcaib M. airrdhe croiche Crist ina agaid, Lat. Lives 94.1 . tócaibtís ind anmannai a cenna asa fochluib, RC ix 474 . rothocbaidhsed (togaibsid, v.l.) a n-armu, xxiv 202.1 . tocabair amach lasodain ┐ berar chucca, 149.32 . (of malt) co tuargabar ina fotaib `until it is raised in sods', .i. resiu tocbaiter hi ina fotaib, Laws ii 240 , ib. Comm. togtar a slabraid let the chain be taken up, 118.19 Comm. (pres. with ro- of possibility) a lesdar tuargaib fear go glun which a man can raise, iv 166.4 . tuarga[i]b epscop dano a glún ria ríg a bishop raises his knee, Críth G. 605 . a ben tocaib do gnúis nglain, SR 2117 . figuir Crist . . . tuargabad fri crann, 4171 . conúargaib (dothócaibh, v.l.) in mac bec a gnúis ó thalmain, TBC-LL¹ 1254 . tuargaib C. a chend, TBC-LL¹ 2968 . tuargabtar a cind . . . assa n-imdadaib they raised their heads, CRR 15 . tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 . tócbaid do thalmain hi, 7202 . cindus tócbas in genntligecht a cend . . . tar in Cristaigecht, 717 . tócbaid bhar ndoirrsi . . . co ndechsad astech rí na gloire, 3891 . tōcaibther mergi rīg Érend d'indsaigid rīg Ulad, Ériu ii 180.5 . robarta tond tūargabar (tuarcabann, v.l.) heavy seas are lifted up, vii 2.24 . Iudas Semor . . . rotōgaib croich in Coimdeadh iarna cleith fon talmain, iii 198 § 26 . nothōcbadh builcc chorcra fair it used to raise crimson blisters on him, ACL iii 4.28 . dia taethsad nem notogébad naem Cholmán 'na sosad for cúl, BColm. 70.12 . tócbhais a ben féin isin leabaigh leis, Imr. Brain i 65.16 . rothogaibhsead a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheli, CF 294 . rotógbadar as in coire . . . Iubdán, SG 244.5 . rothógsud . . . mac an diūice ┐ docuirsit ar sdét ele é, ZCP vi 34.26 . tuargabhsat tri bruta . . . i náirde, AFM ii 866.7 . (Of the sun) togaid si suas na fliucadain ┐ an fertain draws up, Ir. Astr. Tr. 26.22 . rithid an taer seimh rompa ┐ togaidh se gaeth it raises wind, 148.3 . dothogbhasdair Dia in n-dluimh teneadh, Hy Fiach. 20.9 . anuair togtar sgaile na ndeathach cum na hincinne (of a fever-patient), 23 P 10, 4b12 . sec[h]nadh na suiper ┐ na hoileamna o togtur dethaigi cum na cinn, 93.8 . seasfuidh gaoth anfadhach ┐ tóigfe suas a thonna sin, Psalms cvii 25 . a neart mar neart Hercules dothóigeadh na sléibhte, GJ iv 18a20 . in tan dotógthar suas ant Abhlann Coisreagtha at the Elevation of the Host, Donlevy 434.5 . dá d-tóigeadh an tighearna easboig-si lámh ós mo chionn, Hard. i 246.y . togfuid nathrach neimhe, Luc. Fid. 380.10 . Of hoisting sails: tuarcaib a seol creda fora churach, RC xvi 31 ( Dinds. 81 ). go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas, TSh. 2389 . tógbhaid a seōlta, Fl. Earls 8.7 . Of lifting a boat or ship to or from land: do fócbat a coblach hi tir, Corm. Y 1059 v.l. dia tuicēbat barca for Ess Rúaidh, ZCP xii 238 § 62 . togbhais C. an long leis ó thír, Ériu viii 139.24 . an tōigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an ān?, ZCP x 46.5 . Draws up (water): a dtógthar d'uisge as an sruth, Eochairsg. 58.32 . takes up (from the fire): berbtar cerc . . . co ndeachad a trian fo bruith ┐ tágaib ann séin, O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 . digs up, excavates: aer na log asa ttogtar mianach, 3 C 19, 142 vb 10 . With reflex. inf. pron. rises: cioth rodtógbhuais dot choilcthaib? why did you rise from your couch? ITS v 20.10 . tosnúargaib súas . . . isin n-aer, LU 9102 ( FB § 85 ).

Note also: túargabad fornn aire fochide nád tuárgabar nert gl. quoniam supra modum gravati sumus supra virtutem, Wb. 14b22 (leg. tuárgab ar nert, Sarauw).

(b) takes, takes up; brings: is e seo a med togbus in tinde sin do gran cruithnechta this is the amount the t. takes up in grains of wheat, Laws v 18.5 Comm. do gnimuibh risi tocbatur na geill of the deeds by which the pledges are taken, ii 118.5 Comm. rosuidighset a longa ┐ rothocsat a forni leo, Aen. 984 . tócbaid-si lib hé ┐ berid breth . . . fair take him with you, PH 2745 . tuargaib leiss cona arm ┐ cona erriud . . . dar áth fa thuaid é, TBC-LL¹ 3965 . tógaibh leat aní is leat féin ┐ imthigh, TSh. 1013 . tóg do chros ┐ lean misi, Mark x 21 . tógbhuidh mo chuing-si oraibh take upon you my yoke, Donlevy 215.8 . an dtoigeubhaidh misi boill Chríosd chum ball sdríopaidhe do dhéunamh dhíobh?, 1 Corinth. vi 15 . an uile easbog . . . tógbhathar . . . as na daoinibh eile (= omnis pontifex ex hominibus assumptus, Heb. v 1 ), Eochairsg. 25.31 . Of food: sechnadh na nethte o ngeinter linn derg ┐ toctur iad le hursaill let them be eaten with . . ., 23 P 10, 127.12 . Note also: cí bé . . . comhluadar no gnothuigh do thógas suas sinn occupies us, Donlevy 400.12 .

(c) takes away, lifts off, removes: ri dosfúargaib triana nert | a dóire huathmair Egept, SR 5201 . ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in uli domain, PH 3795 . tuargabtar leo Cairpre they carried off C. with them, CRR § 50 . tócbait in tech-sin leo . . . co triall dōibh doridisi (of a temporary hunting lodge), ZCP i 272.2 . galar .i. togbhus an t-olc ┐ fhágbus an mhaith, Triads p. 42 gl. 224 . toc an bir úd co luath ar si as an inadh a fuil se . . . Ni tóicebad ar in to-oclaech take away that stake, BCC § 297 . an tan tógbhaim daorchrios diuide when I take off the . . . girdle, Ó Bruad. ii 70.11 . (Of the amount of wine to be drunk) in méid dodhenad subacus ┐ dotoigebhadh a imshniom, 3 C 19, 82 va 20 . With DE: co rostócuibh in cathair don taeb araill don tsruth removed, Marco P. 68 . gach daoirse da raibhe ar Ghaedhealaibh . . . do thógaibh Brian díobh uile í, Keat. iii 4108 . tógbhaidh sé a n-aire dona neithibh saoghalta (of the eyes), TSh. 9272 . tocaid salcur do suilib, 24 B 3, 109.20 . With ó: adeirim ribh go dtoigéobthar rioghachd Dé uaibhsi, Matthew xxi 43 . tog uait na himshnioma troma, 3 C 19, 161 va 2 . dotóccbhadh a ndúthaigh gusan rígh `were transferred', AFM v 1496.18 .

(d) raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.): tuárgabad lais . . . primchathir mac n-Israhel, SR 6657 . tuargabad leo forsin maig . . . | carnn comluga is comchotaig, 3039 . togabar a coirthe ┐ a liagan, IT i 122.15 . radis M. ara tuargabtha a lía, TBC-LL¹ 1572 . secht cét cell . . . dosnócaib do lár he raised them from the foundation, Trip. 552.8 . rotocbaisit . . . mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu viii 179.1 . ba dōich lim bad Cland Deadhaid donuargaibset, 156.23 . tócaibther leis in cnocc crúaid | fo chosmailius tuir Nemrúaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . ó Thaltin i tócab (tocaib, MS.) tein raised a fire, 50 . rotōgbad a lia ┐ a lecht ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 30.13 . goill dothógaibh badhbhdún an longphuirt, Hy Fiach. 122.7 . dotógbhadh le Brian iomad droichead ┐ tóchar ┐ slighthe móra, Keat. iii 4117 . dothógaibh Teamhair dá sliocht, Content. iv 33 . go dtógbhaidh tú teach ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9706 . i mbás Aman san gcroich do thógaibh féin, 779 . tóg dhamh annso seacht naltóra, Numbers xxiii 1 .

Fig. sets up, establishes: is inti tōsech tuarcgabad an t-ord in it the order was first set up, BColm. 24.26 . dotóccbadh nós ┐ dlicched i naimsir Thoirrdealbaigh, ZCP x 8.7 . ar eacht go dtóigeobhadh an creideamh dobhí ar lár so that he might raise up, Keat. iii 5433 . tógbhait suass . . . gnē dēe they set up a supposed God, Fl. Earls 112.30 .

(e) exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols: tocbaid lobru | tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC § 18 ). ba léir P. co mbebae . . . is ed tūargaib a fheba . . . suas de sech treba dóine, Hy. ii 24 ( Thes. ii 314 ). rí dorúargaib Héle fáith, SR 7109 . rí . . . os túathaib túargaib Dauid, 6764 . as amlaid sin toicebus Brénainn a mhancha a n-airdi, Lism. L. 3328 . tocbad fírinne . . . notocēba, ZCP xi 88 § 6 . a Dé, rothōcba shinni, ix 468.11 . ro-thócaib cu honorach o ingaire choerech in tí Dauid, PH 6497 . is and romtócbad co mblaid there I was exalted with fame, Metr. Dinds. i 4.43 . dosfuargaib a dímus n-án `her noble pride uplifted her', iii 30 . ni hed as dech doní nech innocbail . . . ferr do co mbad ed dogneth inísli dofoicebad, LL 271 marg. sup. blad a teglaigh tóigéba, Hy Fiach. 192.10 .

(f) draws up, arranges, brings into action (of forces), begins (of a battle): tóccbaigh cuccainn lucht bar ttrebh, Cog. 86.16 . in cath sin rothogbaisiu, MR 172.20 . tuarccabtha tri cath crodha, Mórthimch. Erenn (ed. Hogan) § 25 . tuargabad cath croda a bloody battle was begun, Ériu v 238.100 . rotuarcbaid trommgressa for sciathaib, Alex. 270 . tuargaibsiot a n-iodhna catha forra `put on their arms', AFM vi 2132 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inber Bonni they set about their expedition, Todd Nenn. 146.155 .

(g) furnishes, prepares, lays (a table): ní tócaibhter cuach ná cupa dia freasdul, Marco P. 87 . rotógbad buird altacha . . . ann, Fianaig. 56.1 . dotócbad aco blēdedha bánairgit . . . ┐ rotógbad ann corn Finn féin, ┐do thógaibh an eagna teach . . . do thógaibh sí bord = proposuit mensam, TSh. 8812 .

(h) rears, brings up, fosters: in triath romtógaibsea, MR 218.10 . ar is iad Catraighi tuargaib e, BB 250b24 (= rusail e, H. 3.18). da mac Medbi . . . oenben rostuargaib cen tár, Ériu v 225.107 . ba hand rodnalt ┐ tuargabat as a aetidh, Auraic. 235 . ba hannsin rotogbadh Niul i foghloim na nilbherla, Leb. Gab.(i) 192.26 . is aca teagaiscther ┐ tōgoipther suass . . . iad, Fl. Earls 180.30 . Note also: pósfuidh a dhearbhrathair a bhean . . . ┐ tóigeabhuidh sé síol dá dhearbhráthair, Matthew xxii 24 .

(i) With DE, FOR exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax): toicebhut-sa mu thinnscrai dhit, Lism. L. 1158 . rothoccaibh a chíos ríoghda forra, Cog. 40.3 . rothócaib dib giallu, Metr. Dinds. iii 44 . T. O Mailconaire do tóg in cis sin do'n Iarla, O'Gr. Cat. 220.38 . dothógbhadar an éiric soin ar Laighnibh, Keat. ii 3572 .

(j) shows, exhibits: tocbaid in corrbolg . . . do ┐ atfet a scela, RC v 201 § 17 . tuargabatar an-nochta ┐ an-náre uile dó, TBC-LL¹ 1361 . túarcaib do indsin in uli flathiusa in domain, PH 4719 . tuárcaib do slicht in gói, 6778 . taispenfa, toigēba . . . a t[h]aob don tsochaidhe, ZCP iii 210.23 . rothocaib a chrechta ┐ a ilgona dona sluagaib, TTebe 2765 . níor thóg M. a aghaidh dhóibh M. did not show his face to them, Caithr. CC 55.y . rotogbadh dosidhe ┐ mar adconnuirc, Lib. Flav. i 11vb32 . condatuárgabusa 'till I have manifested (revealed) it' Wb. 26 d 10 , Celtica xii 15 . tuargab cenn ind rún-sin 'that mystery is manifested (lit. has revealed itself)' Wb. 26 d 11 , Celtica xii 15 . Note also: co tuargaib a argat isin chathraig offered, LL 361 marg. sup. In pass. appears: is amhloidh togaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal there appeared to the enemy a lady, Fl. Earls 48.17 . Also in phrase do-fócaib cenn appears: co tuarcaibh Brēnaind cenn in oidhchi sin dí araile cēile Dē, ACL iii 4.31 . tuargabsat chend in dā trian robátar isin talmain, Fianaig. 34.16 . rothogaib Anachis cend do Aenias A. appeared to Aeneas, Aen. 1193 . a Cháimgin . . . ra báig Molling tócaib cenn, SG 389.26 . dia rothógaibh spirat na hécsi cenn do, Cóir Anm. 272 = torcaib, Lec. 446b41 . duid dothógbhus ceand anocht to thee I have revealed myself, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.23 . tri locha ingantach[a] tuargabsat ceand i nErinn anocht, Anecd. ii 5.21 . (Of a river) 'san India tocbhais cenn ar tus, Marco P. 122 .

(k) awakens, rouses, excites: conom-thūarcaib as mo ches | au[r]chor maic Comáin, Fianaig. 40.3 . in ní dothoigébad ferg Dé, PH 7747 . ná tóg fercc Dia, SG 43.33 . ní thóigeba tnúth aoinfhir | . . . th' óirdnedh . . . mar áirdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19 .

(l) utters (a cry or shout), raises (the voice): rothócbatar banntrochta a n-gáiri guil, IT i 128.20 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire ós aird, BS 14.3 . do thogadar na tonna tromghair truaghadhbal da sirchaineadh, CF 736 . rotōcbad muirn ┐ medair na bruidhni, Fianaig. 64.1 . tuárgabad in chlas | do molad De, SR 4037 . tuargaib Balam a guth ngluair, 4805 . tocbus B. a ghuth cu hard, Lism. L. 3621 . tóigfe tú do ghuth suas, Proverbs ii 3 . tógbhaidh bhar n-uaill raise your cries of joy, Content. xvi 72 . tógbhaid na haingil . . . aontsiúin cheoil, xviii 155 n.

(m) takes up, acquires: ? is tre fhír flathemon donfócbat dúili dúsi ili órdai airgdidi, ZCP xi 82 § 21 . do léigeamur bhur gclann le ar gcloinn chum sgoile ionnus gur thógbhadur beagán foghluma, PCT 1717 .

(n) accepts: ionnus gurab moide toigebait a muna uait so that they will the more accept instruction from you, Ériu v 138 § 116 . tógbhaim í (viz. sdair an tsluaigh) mar fhiadhnaise, Content. v 179 . ante . . . nach ttógbhann súas míochlú in aghaidh a chomharsan (= opprobrium non accepit . . .), Psalms xv 3 .

(o) raises (a point), challenges (a statement): is fada atáim ag trácht . . . seach an gcúis ar dtúis do thógbhas away from the point I raised at first, Ó Bruad. ii 234 . ní maith do thógbhais mar bhréig | go dtug it was not wise of you to challenge as false that . . ., Content. xiii 17 .

(p) sets up, causes: as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bás, 23 P 10, 24a55 . is i an leisgi ┐ an druis da ní do thog locht isna corpaibh sa Gréig, 24 P 3, 135.12 .

(r) With various nouns: in t-ánius romōr tuargabais fort, Ériu viii 157.32 . dothógbhais béim ar an bhfear, Content. xiii 2 . rothógbatar . . . clesa curad, Fianaig. 96.26 . coscur . . . trén tuargaib, SR 5581 . Nemruad . . . tuargaib a gleo co mórgráin, 2698 . dothógbais . . . iomarbháigh a hucht Muimhneach, O'Gr. Cat. 534.5 . do tógbád imarbhágh uaibh | a éigsi Bhanba, 535.15 . gé dothógbhais air mar oil though you blamed him, Content. xv 50 . bid aithrech leó an triall tóccbaitt, Cog. 86.25 . Note also: tógbhaid anocht ortha . . . | cor gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.19 .

II Intrans.

(a) rises: dofuargaib Adam astsruth, SR 1883 . intan donórcaib grīan, TBC-I¹ 3443 . bás cethorchat . . . dia túargaib . . . grían, Fél. March 9 . túargaib dóib gáeth, Anecd. i 52 § 18 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir intan rombói popul dǽ fora muir, Ml. 96c1 . tuarcaib abann Liphe friu, IT i 45.2 . co tuargab ind ob friu tria nert Dé, Lat. Lives 19.12 . túargaib . . . tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 26 . ? Of a muster for battle: do thógbhadar leis an ordughadh Clann Mhuirigh, RC ii 178.9 .

(b) appears: túargaib co sluagaib, SR 6901 . tuarcaib grian na fírinde dóib dá cech leith, PH 7062 . ni tuargaibhset na cōic rōid sin for Erinn gusa anocht, Anecd. ii 5.1 .

(c) betakes oneself, makes off, rides aloft, soars (with various prepp.): do thógaibh Oilill Finn air . . . tresan sluagh siar, Ériu viii 139.1 . in tan fa hollam in fhled . . . thógbus Cathal O Céin air, SG 282.9 . tógbhais Bricni roimhe ó Cruachain siar, Ériu viii 135.22 . rothóguibh rompa da gach muine for a chéile he flew from thicket to thicket, BS 176.32 . ro tógaib Suibhne uime co háithétrom, 16 § 15 . rothógaibh S. uimi co hétrom do ind gach aird, 114 § 57 .

(d) Miscellaneous: tógbhait na nāimhde ōn mbaili raise the seige of the town, Fl. Earls 48.26 . rothōcoibset na doctūiridhe de gave him up, 144.17 .

dogabtha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dogabtha or dil.ie/17717

adj (gaibid) not to be taken; hard to take: róid nach doghabht[h]a ó dhuthrocht, 3 C 12, 343.16 . cúig róid as doghabhtha damh | comhartha na gcóig gcéadfadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 12 .

1 donn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 donn or dil.ie/18205
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Donnfiach

o,ā adj. denoting colour; oft. prefixed to subst.

(a) Generally dun, brown, apparently a light brown inclining to yellow or red: buidi nó donna gl. cerea pruna `wax-coloured', Sg. 61b10 . Of animals: ar ech nd.¤ chestnut (?), Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 240.1 ). ar druim ech ṅdond, MU² 442 . d'echaib donda, Leb. Cert. 38.3 . graig corcordond roan (?), LU 3693 ( SCC § 33 ). dam dond tawny, fawn-coloured , CRR § 4 . cronán dhaimh dhuinn, BS 58.16 . dond-leo, SR 3279 . Dond Cualnge the brown bull of C., TBC-LL¹ 90 , etc. drúi d.¤ (the wren), K. and H. § 26 .

Of clothing, etc.: bratt dond, TBC-LL¹ 1715 . ediudh dearg ┐ glas ┐ dond do macuiph airiuch, Laws ii 146.12 Comm. donna a mbruit, glasa a ngleanna (signs of prosperity), 3 C 12, 163.18 . Of leather: rogabastár a dond-uathróic ndondlethair, TBC-I¹ 1908 , cf. MU² 644 .

Of hair, complexion, etc.: folt d.¤ craebach, TBC-I¹ 1156 . folt dond temin dark brown , TBC-LL¹ 5245 . tri dondfuilt . . . tri dondberrtha, BDD § 95 . a deirg donn-abraid with brown eyebrows, Hy Fiach. 286.6 . gilla dond álaind, TBC-LL¹ 1715 . trí dond-fir móra, BDD § 94 . mná donda, Leb. Cert. 72.5 . dond-chorp, Metr. Dinds. iii 192 . fád' dhreich nduind, Hy Fiach. 290.17 . dond-ainech (sobriquet), ZCP xii 237 § 62 . a chorrghlac nd.¤ ` taperpink (?) hands', O'Gr. Cat. 452.7 . ina dhorn doinningnech, SG 340.12 . bos . . . dhoinningnedh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.28 . donnshúileach hazel-eyed (?), Ó Bruad. ii 58.11 . an déidgheal d.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 6 ( bright? cf. 2 donn).

Of natural objects: Dabull na ndond-bile, Trip. 536.11 . durchain donna `dun oaklets', K. and H. § 22 . droigin duind, § 19 . mess ar a dairgibh donnuibh, Acall. 343 . a ccrích Uisnigh iob[h]ardhuinn, 3 C 12, 258.1 . dercain donna, BS 22.21 . cnuas go mbláosgaibh donna, KMMisc. 174 § 28 .

Of things made of wood: [dabcha] donna ar lí dergiubair, SG 238.31 . dabcha donna, 245.5 . Hence donndabach (humorous epithet of a dáilem or butler ), Triads 231 . a ccomhraidh dhuinn, KMMisc. 356.19 . a dhonn bhionnfhoclach (a harp), 3 C 12, 15.11 .

Of weapons, esp. shields: scíath dond telbude, FB § 47 . dond-sciath, TBC-I¹ 2044 . ámdabach da sciathaib donna, Acall. 4419 . in Donn-chraebach (name of a shield), 6074 . gu mbroin ndoinnsciath ndeallradtach, Marco P. 62 . do bhocóidibh duinnsgíath, ML 128.17 . dondbocoit liæth (a kind of shield?), TBC-I¹ 3304 . dondcathbhar[r] dergóir, Ériu iii 170 § 28 .

Of clay, earth: isin chriaidh duind, IGT Decl. ex. 948 . Hence oft. of the earth: cen siriud in domain duind, LU 3546 ( SCC § 29 ). rí rodelb dreich domuin duinn, SR 2637 . os íath domuin duind, Ériu vii 2.15 . Of a district: a nAicia nduind Achaia, Lec. 540a26 .

Of water: ós do lind duind, Metr. Dinds. ii 10.11 . co Duibhlind nduind, Leb. Cert. 38.16 . ó Shionainn mbreac-dhuinn, 3 C 13, 674.15 . a ghéis doinn-easa Danann, O'Gr. Cat. 404 n.

Of fire: donn-bhrat luisne `red sheet of flame', O'Gr. Cat. 452.7 . 'na doighir dhuinn, Content. xxi 2 . meirgeda donna mar dhaigh, MR 228.11 .

Of blood or blood-stained objects: bunne dondfhola, TBC-LL¹ 2623 . a ucht gur dearg da dondfhuil, ZCP viii 231 § 27 . folcadh ndondbhraon (i.e. of drops of blood), O'Gr. Cat. 486.37 . a chraobh dhonn (of the Cross), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 5 . crú a dann-ghlac of his blood-stained hands, 7 . tar nimh . . . na mbear nd.¤ (of nails of Crucifixion), xxxiv 11 . Hence fig. of tears: ar óigh na ndéar nd.¤ , viii 6 . na frasa donn-ruad déor, 3 C 12, 361.15 . mo dhéara as comhdh.¤ dot chaoi sad (?), 3 C 13, 850.3 . Cf. similar use of derg.

(b) dun, dark, sad-coloured (?): niger nó d.¤ , Thes. ii 236.37 . Hence as epithet of Devil: m'anum do pīenadh la d.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 48 . Cf. the n.pr. f. Donnfiach under Donn. Fig.: ronfuabair dia dardain duind `on dark Thursday', Ériu v 246.5 . díth for doenib a dond-sluaigh, LL 212a7 (2 donn?). Cf. donn-amarc .i. droch-amharc a bad aspect, a fascinating look , P. O'C.

In compds., common to modify a follg. adj. of colour. ¤bán brownish white, light brown or yellowish (?): braisech dondbán, MacCongl. 69.3 . do bhocóidibh donnbhána, ML 128 . 16 . Of persons: Drothoib donnban sallow, pallid (?), Gorm. March 10 . ¤buide: folt dondbuide golden brown , TBC-LL¹ 5206 . ar an talmain donnbuide, BColm. 80.1 . dar mag ndondbuide, LL 212b26 . ¤chíar: ulcha dondchíar dark brown (?), MU² 587 . ¤chorcra: dond-sciath dondchorcra, TBC-I¹ 2044 ; Acall. 873 . ulcha dondchorcra, MU² 565 . ¤derg: léne donderg, TBC-LL¹ 5188 . dorigne doighir doinnderg, SG 310.1 . gach fuil inmolta dligid beth a ndath donnderg (colour of healthy blood), 23 F 19, 7rb37 . ¤gel: Daniel dondghel, Gorm. Feb. 18 (cf. ¤bán). ¤rúad: 'na doighir donnruadh, ML 64.28 . doiredha donn-rúada, Fianaig. 88.2 .

With other adjj.: conart . . . ina ndairib dond-garba, Metr. Dinds. iii 304 . dom dos donnbhailc degh-daire, LL 385c13 . rí na ndúni ndond-bladach, 149b12 (2 donn?). fōt druchtach dondscathach (= dond-scothach?), ACL iii 238 § 5 . fán súil nglais ndonn-abhraigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 2 . With nouns: ¤ roid reddish-brown dye EIF 648 : coig .i. derg, ut est doformaig donn roigh ceathraime, doformad coig trian, CIH iv 1485.42 .

glasen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glasen or dil.ie/26010
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gla(i)sín, glaisine, glainsine

n (n s. also gla(i)sín and glaisine, see Cáin Ad. § 52 . Laws iv 276.6 ). ā, f.

a plant used in dying; a plant yielding a blue dye; the dye extracted from woad : glasen gl. sandyx, Sg. 69a28 (see EIF 267 ). Cf. Quandam enim herbam ortensem antiqui habebant, nomine glassen, ex cuius succo tincturam pannorum ... faciebant , V. SS. Hib. i 95 § 27 . n s. Angelica ┐ anagailicus .i. glasen coille, ACL i 335.88 ; 61 . in ghlaisin coille (gl. barba silvana), ib. 341.40 . asara .i. glasin lena (= gariofila agrestis), ib. 330.7 . ásfaid in glassen, RC xiii 462 § 63 . ni dernad ... glaisin bhudh commaith ria, ar cidh edach Ceniuil Fiachrach uili doberthi ina hiarcain (leg. iarcaui? after-cup?) nos-gormfadh (of the dye), Lism. L. 4079 . lin ocus glaisin, Laws ii 370.30 Comm. glainsine (sic), iv 276.8 Comm. fasta[d] iarcae in datha .i. corcair no glaisin, O'Dav. 1295 . fri bratt ngorm, | glan a glaissin, Bruchst. i § 23 . d s. and a s. dofeotar cáircha glassin na rigna ate the queen's woad, RC xiii 460 § 63 . na mill umam ... in nglaisin, Lism. L. 4078 . rug L. in ngúbreith isin glaisin, Dinds. i § 35 ( RC xv 283 ). fon roid ┐ glaisīne ┐ sep, Cáin Ad. § 52 . guirmidir gas do glaisin blue as a sprig of woad, Ériu iv 96 § 14 . g s. trian a cruib glaisne, Laws ii 372.17 . i n-aimsir buana na glaisni, 418.5 Comm. oc denumh glaisne, Lism. L. 4063 . lomrad na cairech il-lomrad na glasne, RC xiii 462.2 .

Compd. ¤gort a field of woad: hi llomrad glassenguirt na rīgna, ZCP viii 311.30 .

inemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inemail or dil.ie/28570

adj i capable: is ionann peacadh an tsinnsir ... ┐ fadódh do-ní abaigh ineamhail an cholann ré déanamh gach uilc `a kindling which makes the body ripe for evil,' TSh. 3342. préaláid ainmhianach ... do bhí ineaṁhail re gach nídh ... do chur 'na luidhe ar a phobul `capable of imposing,' Keat. i 62.25 . Compar. tar na manchaibh oile ... budh ineamhla ioná thú, TSh. 5043. róid as ineamhla dá ndéantair dá dhaghadhbha `the easiest roads to be found ...' (of the Five Wounds), Aithd. D. 55 § 1.

inmedón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inmedón or dil.ie/28776

n [o, m.] middle, centre, inside ; the mean: tú táinig ... | san inmheadhón eatorra, TD 20 § 49. a lān pūdair do bheith a n-inmhedhōn na coinnle inside the candle, Fl. Earls 50.17 . gur chomhshuidhighset é a n-inmedhōn ┐ a gcert-lār in rīg-rōid (of a chapel), 124.19 . do écc in inmedhon a aoisi (of one dying at forty-five), AFM v 1724.10 . o forimell go hinmheadhon ab exterioribus ad interiora, 23 K 42, 94.3 . fual buidhe ... ag dol a n-inmheadhón idir thighe ┐ thanacht midway between ..., 147.18 . íar n-i.¤ inwardly, within: eccraitas ┐ éttairisecht íar n-inmhedhón i saorchlandhaibh slechta Míleadh fri Gallaibh, Hugh Roe 60.11 . nī mōr do daoinip dhomain lēiccit d'faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón, Fl. Earls 108.x .

láp

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láp or dil.ie/29575

Forms: láip

n [ā, f.]in later language láip. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 198. mud, mire : lap .i. loth no cechair, O'Dav. 1147 . as cenn i lap lathar n-aigniusa mainip fri hollamhain, Laws v 100.32 Comm . (prov. of futile action). dena doilghes . . . ar son do chomhnaidhi fein is in laibh (leg. láib) so, ITS xxix 219.11 . do rinne sé láib ┐ do chumail sé dom ṡúilibh í, John ix 11 . amhail láib na sráideann, Zechariah ix 3 . atáim ceangailte i láib an ghrinnill in limo profundo, TSh. 4188 . na róid ṡalacha 'na mbí láib ┐ laitheach, 10735 . Fig. of sin, vice : láib na drúise, 10435 . éirgheadh as láib na locht, Eochairsg. 83.4 . ? In n.pr. Ōengus Lappae (Laipi, v.l.), Corp. Gen.

1 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 les or dil.ie/29990

Forms: lessu, leas, lesmac, lesmac

n u, m. a pl. lessu, Wb. 27a28 . leas m., IGT § 95 (127.14) .

(a) The earliest meaning, exemplified particularly in the Laws, seems to be relief, redress, remedy . les(a) airechta redress obtainable through court proceedings. Hence also cause, case; affair, matter : is dithre o lesaib airechta is excluded from redress in the assembly, Laws i 84.12 . is luga ro sailter leas airechta an aide do denam di iar n-aís diailtre (a reason why fosterage fee is higher for a girl than for a boy), O'Curry 281 ( H 3.18, 151 ). athgabāil arindī atgaib cāch a less treithe, Corm. Y 50 . no ainfaind-se al an dalai n-ai, acht is andsa dondni do-boing; is he a l.¤ anas it is his relief that is delayed, Laws i 250.22 . im saige lesa suing for redress (after a killing), O'D. 563 ( H 3.17, 440 ). ní gaibiut athgabháil ima lesa, O'D. 183 ( H 3.17 150 ). secht n-athgabala . . . nacon toibget lesa which do not exact redress, Laws v 254.2 . fris tobug cach a l.¤ .i. resi toibgenn nech in ni dligius, i 256. 6 , 10 Comm . na deoradha ┐ na murchuirthe . . . nocha n-indlighthech nemurfaemad a toicheda . . . cid ima l.¤ uodein, cid im l.¤ neich eile whether it be for their own relief or for the relief of another, 86.23 Comm . cach duine um a l.¤ fadeisin, v 284.5 . less coitchenn la F. insin do cāch, a less fesin immurgu dognī F., ZCP vii 300. 26 - 27 = Ériu xiii 46.22 . arda-lesaib labrait(h)er cirt coir `die für ihre Sache reden', ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ). asbér fris do lesu amuil bid leam fén in ceist I will plead your case, O'D. 945 ( H 3.17, 662 ). tacrait-si far less! ol olldam state your case, Anecd. iii 27.17 . cealla . . . o nach acrait airchindig a leasa `do not sue for their claims', Laws v 118.10 . tacra im leas mna nad eta urlabra, tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht who does not plead his own case, 252.10 - 11 . atat .iii. [meth] fesa do rig, a fuirired, a faigthe, a dligid . . . a dliged adsuidet lesa . . . co nach mbi ┐c. his due which claims establish(?), O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ). ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe i.e. when he is engaged on the affairs of the `túath', Críth G. 598 (opp. to fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs'). gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi; ar it l(i)essa túaithe huli insin, 507 . dá ḟer deac dano dám epscuip do les[s]ib ecalsa ┐ túaithe, 600 . breithem tuaithe fri l.¤ tuaithe, ┐ breithemh fri l.¤ eclaisi, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). cisne lesa donaibh sen tascnat treise? Sloged, cis . . . fuba ┐ ruba, meth feise la rig . . . rot, ramat . . . matter, affair(?), Laws i 230.21 . ni daim enecland anadh cach l.¤ bes dir aurfognum ┐ imchongnum, 228.17 . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, sech ba hé less nod ṁbert, TBFr. 156 . o rogleset in l.¤ frisa tancatar when they had settled the matter for which they came, Lism. L. 2030. Cf. leas .i. cúis no caingean . . . gléodh gacha leasa .i. criochnughadh, no glanadh gach cúise, O'Cl.

In phrases with vbb. do-gní l.¤ x acts in the interests of x, looks after x: ach be nach aile dorona a lesa .i. . . . ni fagbuit neach eile dfechiumnus a caingin i n-aisce, Laws ii 86.y . dognim less na n-anm[ann]a I look after, SR 1196 . ingen Echdach oc báig mo marbtha frim . . . uair nach dēnaim a ll.¤ frit-so, Fing. R. 50 . rap áil do Choin Chulaind less Ulad do denam, LL 9942 ( TBC-LL¹ 2881 ). indis scēla dūinne, ar siat, ┐ dodēnum do l.¤ in cach conuir ambeir, RC x 180.18 . tri fichit rigan . . . / bátar acum i n-aoinḟecht / do[gh]nínn a leasa uili, Acall. 504. Cf. ar nī dēin a l.¤ intī saltras in lā dognī he who walks (thereon) does not prosper the day he does it, ACL iii 225.31 . gé go ttainic mé as / ní dearnadh mo leas san lá, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 .

Also do-gní do x: Corr Derce . . . / do Ḟothud dogní ard-less, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.14 . do rinne leas nó díoth dhúinn `for our weal or woe it was', PBocht 27.11 .

ro-icc l.¤ see s.v. ro-icc. Add: In RSClára the phr. is usually ro-icc do l.¤ Also once in Carsw.: gach uair dá rigfe sé do leas é whenever he shall need it, 156 . na halmsana . . . do roinn . . . ar an druing ricces do l.¤ (unto those who have need), RSClára fo. 110a . an tan regar do l.¤ leis na Sethruibh a ṡamhail so do ṡáothar do dhénamh, fo. 116a . innach rigend an bhanab náid na Sethracha bráithre túata do l.¤ (where the Abbesse and the Sisters have no need of lay Brothers), fo. 90a . Cf. also ro-s-furic a less in coimdiu (Dominus his opus habet), PH 4373.

Cf. ríachtanas a l.¤ : gidh sochaidhi ita ina riachtanas a leas, Laws iv 162 n . in duine bís it riachtanus do lesa who needs you, O'D. 676 ( H 3.17, 495 ). ro-riachtanus a leas an bídh, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). See also s.v. ríachtanas.

fri l.¤ x engaged upon x's affairs : gad ar techtaire .i. re l.¤ fir bunaid rucait on the business of the owner(?), Laws v 492.4 - 5 Comm . ceit[h]re trīr, trī cet[h]ruir, / cuibde re gach l.¤ no matter what activity they are engaged on(?), Ériu i 39 § 6 (`fit for every need'). Ualer lem rom lessaib, Gorm. 14 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, / . . . / madat comlūatha frim l.¤ , ZCP viii 217 § 2 . ní lim-sa nach carthair, / uair it ráe rem léas (: a ndeas), RC vi 177.100 . inmain triar . . . / ragus lemsa ar chenn in bhuair / inmain triar . . . / do ragat lemsa rom (leg. rem) l.¤ , SG 382.9 . a nglacadh go lompuisneach re na l.¤ , (to take the bare use of them), RSClára fo. 147a . ? inniss dam gach dal ret leass, / co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123.13 ( TE 9 Eg.).

(b) advantage, good, benefit, profit, interest : ni ar less ro bói and gl. quod erat contrarium nobis, Wb. 27a18 . ni táirci lessu utmille `restlessness causes not benefits', 28 . is oc bar less ataat `they are benefiting you', 25c16 . ni aurdallat dāna sona na maíne mára na lessa for lubra léim, ZCP xi 94 § 31 (Audacht Morainn). nī fess coich less coich amless, 84 § 32 (do.). ni fes cuich l.¤ cúich amles, LU 10822 . aithne eich techtaire fri himrim a leasa `for his [sc. the owner's] benefit', Laws v 190.18 . cech airchindech fritái in[na] (sic leg. ?) lessa who opposes (the granting of) these benefits (ref. to the cleaning of oratory and graveyard and the supplying of altar vessels), Ériu i 219 § 7 . is í dias as dech fail i nHerind im less a tigernae, LU 7692 ( BDD² 1220 ). na tiagat ceím forddail acht ammar as dess ┐ as less, LL 189b41 . na légid bar leas do lot `your interests', Cog. 122.28 . cen chessacht lessa begrudging (another's) good fortune(?), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`wailing after prosperity'). ar daig lessa sochaide, PH 7991 . robé l.¤ Dē ┐ a choimnesa isna cosaib-sea, ACL iii 232.x . mās é a leas a luadh go grod if it is to her advantage(?), Celtica iv 120 § 39 . eochoir leasa `the key of profit', Studies 1918, 98 § 2 . ar tí mo leasa intending my good, Dán Dé xix 2 . madh é a aimhleas, madh é a leas, TD 4.40 . l.¤ ┐ líth advantage and prosperity : ic tairdeilb do lessa-su ┐ do lítha, TBC-LL¹ 216. o thanic mo ṡiur aness / nocon ḟétaim less na líth, LL 208b26 . as cómhairle ar l.¤ ┐ ar lith Uladh an chomhairle sin, ITS v 8.20 . dia forroghena rīghdha ēcnairc / hi lantt leasaibh (? = hi lesaibh lann on behalf of churches), ZCP viii 198 § 23. ? ní léir leo leas a fighe / aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ne, Content. xxii 17n .

ar l.¤ x for the benefit of x: leasaighthear libh ar leas cháich / sguird gheal an ghréasa neamhghnáith, Aithd. D. 3.2 . ar a leas nó i n-aghaidh Airt, DDána 100.26 . bheith dé Luain ar mo leas-sa `to defend me on Doomsday', Dán Dé iv 6 . na biodhbhaidh nach bia ar mo leassa `the band set to ruin me', PBocht 24.5 . go ngabhann fearg . . . an liaigh ris, ar a leas, an tan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250. Also ar l.¤ do x; [is] ar leas doib icar tar a ceand `for their good', Laws v 184.1 Comm .

In moral sense: tol Meic Dé cech a ndena / iss e do less rochuala, LL 19086 . do inchoisc a lessai dóib, Mon. Tall. § 23 (135.15) . a n-imtheacht do badh hé ar leas / na seacht róid-se . . . (of ways leading Heavenward), Dán Dé vi 12 . nach creidfeadh briathra Dé ná teagasg a leasa, TSh. 1653.

Especially l.¤ anma: ní l.¤ anma ar sui ardon condíath .i. ni fil ocund nech lessaiges . . . ar n-anmain, LU 583 ( ACC 12 ). bad less do anmae dogné, ná bad less do chuirp, Ériu iii 106 § 48 . ar ghrádh Dé . . . ┐ ar l.¤ a hanma (for the health of her soule), RSClára fo. 67a . Cf. Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach / rop seis srofais a crínḟess / acht nocon adrat Mac Dé / nocon ḟagbat a primless, LL 22273.

Attrib. gen. rop soraid in sét-sa, / rop sét lessa im lámaib profitable, Ériu vi 112 § 1 . lucht lesa supporters, advocates : gémadh maith mo lucht leasa / t'ucht deassa ní mhaith meise, PBocht 21.15 . lucht leasa don bhanḟáidh `favorers', TD 21.23 (votaries ?). mo lucht leasa, DDána 30.9 . For lóg lessa see lóg.

(c) usual hospitality provided for guests (as opp. e.g. to `fled' for special guests): boi leor l.¤ oiged .i. robo leor no lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ). boi l.¤ lán .i. boe-seom co tabrad a lánl.¤ do cach, LU 926 - 7 ( ACC 78 ). ceathrur do dus . . . / is triur fri fleada filed, / dias for coe, . . . / is fria leass a aenuran, Auraic. 2246 . dias for fleadhaibh, . . . / oen coe, oen leas roghnathach, 2250 . cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchi-sin . . . Gnáthl.¤ im̄. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ní dlig acht leth-biathad, LL 187a48 . cia lin dam na firfhiled / . . . / for gnathlessaib, for fledaib, Auraic. 2222. See also s.v. gnáth.

(d) care(?); manure(?) (see Dinneen , s.v. leas): an treabhadh ar nech téid leas / ní hé trá as taosga gheineas, DDána 121.3 (`the uncared field', Ir. Monthly 1923, 586 § 3 ).

The follg. exx. are obscure: ar cid a lles issa llūam nott-lūathar air, ZCP viii 104.2 . nam iarrair cosin nalaide cúlaid di maith (.i. dirorben) lessa ar fechtaib, LU 5500 ( TBC-I¹ 1020 rhet.). ré bliadna nir luaid l.¤ / cruaid lé ┐ tiamda a torrches good fortune did not move it(?) (of a delayed birth), LL 7110 (line one syllable short). timpān ri cotlud! ar cách, / l.¤ cecha samna, gním gnáth the special advantage(?), Fianaig. 46 § 6 (`the practice at each Hallowe'en'). lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 . sona go ttigit leasa `all is well till claims arise'(?), Duan. F. ii 134 § 40.

Compds. These seem to suggest the meaning substitute, not properly belonging(?) (usually with pejorative sense): ¤ainm nickname, sobriquet : gach frithainme .i. l. a n-aighi a cheile, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). mifocul mna dia raile .i. in drochfocul do beir in ben ar a cheili im a l., Laws i 148.6 Comm . im on lesanma, 236.28 . tubu n-ainme no l., ii 156.19 Comm . l. lenus (one of the seven kinds of satire for which `díre' was exacted), v 228.26 . mac na mbachlach cusna lesanmannaib, LL 13153 ( ScM. 12 ). ní l. dait . . . Cú Chulaind inappropriate name, LU 8146 ( FB 11 ). ó tócbhail a nGulban gairb / lenaidh don laech an l. / Conull . . . Gulban, Irish Texts ii 6 § 4 . ¤anmad vn. formation from preced.: in glaim dicenn, .i. in tuba n-ainme, no in l., Laws i 240.21 Comm . ¤athair: lesathair ┐ lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . ¤chlann stepchildren: raba miscais léside a leschland, LL 218a26 ( TTr. 86 ). idir fhiorchlainn ┐ leaschlainn na heagluisi, Luc. Fid. 2815 . ¤macc stepson: lesmac gl. priuignus, Thes. ii 231.13 . l. .i. prius genitus gl. priuignus, Sg. 38b6 . lesmac, Corm. Y 798 . robo lesmac di é, LU 319 ( ACC Introd. ). lesmac ecalse an undutiful son, ACL iii 313 § 13 . feochoir mo luan rem lesmac, 310 vii § 1 (B. na f.). Tiberius .i. l.¤ Augusti , Rawl. B 503, fo. 7a (Plummer MS. notes). ¤máthair stepmother: lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . l.¤ gl. nouerca, Ir. Gl. 48 . huairi cotusaisi a les-mathair on nogatad si cach ni isin thig do cheilib Dé (of Brigit), Irish Texts i 5.9 . breth lettrom lesmathar, LL 4531. Fig. leasmháthair na subháilceadh an conách (noverca), TSh. 8337.

raideóg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. raideóg or dil.ie/34741
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: raideog

n f. name of a plant, bog-myrtle (?) raideog, gl. balsamita, ACL i 334.53 . bilur ┐ sil raideogi ┐ fuil bocain, RC ix 231.1 . prema mersi ┐ raideoigi (= Lat. raphani), Rosa Angl. 216.21 (raidisi v.l., prob. right reading). raideog 'bog-myrtle, gale', FGB . See raidleog, 2 roid and rait.

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