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2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua, 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit, IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin, 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

fothromm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothromm or dil.ie/24200

Forms: fothromm, fothram, fothramh, -romh, -ramh, fothromh

n m. An alteration of fothronn through influence of fuaimm ? For -mm, cf. fothromm, TBC-LL¹ 5036 , and mod. fothram; but cf. also fothramh, -romh , -ramh readings of St in 5025 , 5036 , 5072 , and fothromh, CCath. 4438 . A noise (of loud and discordant sounds): in fúaim ┐ in f.¤ TBC-LL¹ 5025 . rocloss fúargḟ.¤ na sluag i céin, LL 111a44 ( RC xiv 426 ). co cualatar in fothrum assind aér, LL 273b29 . f.¤ na fén ica foghluasacht, CCath. 1835 . a fothrum ┐ a fidhrén na sleige, Acall. 6797 . Of noise caused by movement of stags, horses, etc. 913 , 1506 n ., 1780 n . re fothrum a fannbratach, YBL 305a56 ( MR 184.7 : ` rustling ') fuaimm ┐ f.¤ an oighin iar mbéim na cloic[h]e dho, AFM iv 788.13 (= `the great sound thereof' ACMN 1406 ). fothrum mór, Micah ii 12 . pn As name of a hound: Fothram (: Goll), Oss. iv 20.16 . Cf. fothronn.

rom

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rom or dil.ie/35512

adv. (= ro+mos `soon'?) early, too soon ; poet., used as pred. with cop. rom .i. moch nó luath, ACL iii 24.17 (gl. on Trip. 150.15 ). mithig dam-sa dul for cel | scarad frim etal bes [omit] ni rom, LU 3048 ( SG 235.41 ). iar sin tánic cretem glan | for Mag Fáil, bés nirbo rom, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.70 . cía ro crínad nírbo rom `though it is withered now, it had not an early end', iv 242 (of Bile Tortan). cia dom-īssed nīpo rom it were not too soon for him to come to [succour] me , TBC-I¹ 1728 . sét ná bo rom a way never too early taken , LU 1201 = nad bī r.¤ , ZCP viii 287.18 . mad do chomruc . . . is rom sōn dait-si cose beos (= thou art yet too young for that), TBC-I¹ 600 . la Coin Culaind la Lugaid | risna-rom úath na hómon, LL 125b3 ( Ériu v 210.45 , tr. `with whom there was not soon fear nor terror'; whom it were well to fear betimes (?), i.e. before provoking a quarrel). ba rom ron-traethad I (lit. we) was cut off before my time , LL 122b46 (Siaburchobra Con Ch.). moruar ba rom a bhoeghal, AFM i 544 z . tonn báis ba romh rod-báidhe, i 472.11 .

róm-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. róm- or dil.ie/35513

pref. chief, preëminent : lucht righe rómh-ghnáith Té `of Te's chief home', Content. xii 4 (: ór-shnáith). sé na rómh-oide is na shruth `a pre-eminent teacher', xxii 14 (: córaide). Perh. = róm q.v.

Róm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Róm or dil.ie/35514
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Róim, Róm, Rómae, Róim, Romh, Rómh, -a, Róim

pn ā, f., later Róim (Lat. Roma) (a) the city of Rome: n s. ind Róm , Sg. 174a1 . g s. inna Rómae , ib. d s. hi Róim , 148a6 . ropad tánaissi Romae Letha . . . mo chathair-si a second Rome of Latium , Trip. 146.25 (g s.). indara cathair re n-abar in Rōmh , ZCP xiii 182.37 . do ghabāil na Rōma, ib. 36 . co Roim, PH 284 . orrig na Roma, 289 . in Roim, CCath. 405 (n s.). cumdach na Rómha, 149 . v s. a Romh , 1495 . Rómh f. (g s. -a, no pl.), IGT Dec. § 149.8 . Róim f. (g s. -e, no pl.), § 42.11 .

(b) a Roman : tri chaegait Rom, tri chaegit Francc, CGSH § 737.3 .

róm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. róm or dil.ie/35515

Forms: róim

n ā, f. and róim (Lat. Roma) strictly `the city of Rome' (see above), hence used in early Ir. relig. lit. of a saint's settlement in which he was buried and hence of a burial-ground in general; the full term for the latter being r.¤ adnaicthe. Brega Tea . . . in róm relgech ná rairged `the burying ground that was not rifled', Metr. Dinds. i 6.20 . 'sna roim arrsaig adlaici `in the ancient place of burial', iii 422.20 . is é . . . Glen da lacha in cethramadh Roimh adhlaicthe as ferr i nErinn one of the four greatest burial-places , BNnÉ 128 § 23 . trian ele an chiosa . . . tucc Maodócc . . . da Roimh aoibhinn adhlaicthe, 259.16 (of Ros Inbhir, Maedóc's settlement). is e bud roimh adhlaicthe do sloghaib iarthair domhain, BCC § 156 (of Aran). go róim adlaicte a shenathar, Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.31 . an rómh adhnaicthe in ro dheónuigh an Coimdhe a adhnacal .i. an Rómh cenn na Criostuidhe, AFM vi 2372 y - z 0 . i rróimh adhnacail Shíl Aodha, 2048.3 . ro badh ádhbha aineoil . . . robtar rómha adhnaicthe dóibh, 2298.24 . béarthar thú le céathrar ar ghuailníbh id róimh, Keat. Poems 357 . Cf. Bk. of Landaff pp. 1 , 83 : insula Enli que more britannico uocatur Roma Britannie . . . cum xx millia sanctorum ibi iacent corpora confessorum.

In bardic poetry freq. also of a frequented centre of resort, chief's residence, etc.; cf. bennán cét ríg, róim aile a second Rome (of Tara), Ériu iv 92 § 4 ( LL 33b18 ; ro mbaile, Rawl.). Colum Cille . . . oghdar dían ardrōm [sic MS.] airdnem whose high sanctuary is heaven , ZCP x 340.8 . a rómh na ríogh !, Measgra D. 56.67 (of castle of Donegal destroyed in 1595). an róimh nósmhar so fúibh, 57.34 (of a ruined castle). róimh eighreachta an eangnomha `valor's inherited capital', TD 3.4 . sen-róimh na naom 's na neimead (of Ireland), O'Gr. Cat. 466.19 (Eochaidh Ó Heodhusa). trí rómha a ngabhmaois grádha (of the bardic schools' rooms of study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

Compd. Daimhinis . . . is i rōim-inis na renn | ocus ōig-inis Ērenn, MacCarthy 436.4 ( BB 51a47 ).

sruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sruth or dil.ie/38857
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: srothann

n u m. (? orig. n. Cf. s.¤ n-imbath, Ériu xl 18 § 23 . s.¤ n-ard n-Eofraite, BB 7a4 , s.¤ n-Iordanen, PH 6381 , but see also Études Celt. xii 548 n. 1 . ZCP viii 106.14 ). m., IGT Decl. § 72 . In later lang. g pl. also srothann. Also struth, Bald's Leechbook 20a .

(a) stream, river, current, torrent : s.¤ .i. srūaim etha .i. imat ēisc inte, Corm. Y 1179 . s.¤ gl. flumen, Ir. Gl. 999 . dint s.¤ buadarthu gl. de turbulento riuo, Ml. 2b3 . sech cach s.¤ , 93b10 . ind rodéne int srotho gl. torrentum, 93b11 . fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . luath-foibirt cacha srotha, Laws v 482.24 . dolotar in aithchi sin co alali sruth, Irish Texts i 13.z . srotha téith millsi tar tír, Ériu xii 180.27 . tosoifet fria sruthu sruth-linne `stream-pools will turn against streams', RC xxvi 48 § 256 . con tescfad finna i n-agid srotha, TBC-LL¹ 2578 . ra s.¤ ra indiltea (the gae bulga), 3873 . do nige a chneda . . . i n-agthib na srotha sain ┐ na ṅ-aband, 4210 . srotha gainmhidhe guirt Floinn, L. Cl. A. B. 144.159 . do sguirfeadh s.¤ locha láin would stop the current of a full lake (of God), Dán Dé xxvii 28 . siansan . . . na sruthann, Stair Erc. 785 . do glaisibh ┐ mhion-shrothaib, AFM ii 888.18 . s.¤ ag tuilíugadh, Proverbs xviii 4 . In cheville: s.¤ na sreith, SR 7047 . Prov. suidhe fan s.¤ `a sitting 'neath the cataract' (a dangerous undertaking), Dán Dé xxix 19 .

(b) pn Of specific rivers: di anmmaim ind shrotho gl. Anienus, Sg. 35b7 . ocond shruth sin gl. ab Histro, 194a1 . s.¤ Ligir, Lat. Lives 92.11 . River Tigris : i s.¤ Tigir, MacCarthy 64.5 . lar srotha iordanein the Jordan, Tur. 65 . i ndíthrub srotha Íordanén, PH 4731 . co s.¤ Ordanén, Études Celt. i 85.7 . Hence: in Sruth the Jordan: oc tudecht on tS.¤ ┐ on Ierasolim, Ann. Conn. 1224.12 . U. . . . do ecc i n-oilithri ar sligid an tSrotha `on the journey to the Jordan', 1231.16 ( AFM iii 258.x ). Of Irish rivers: s.¤ Segsa súairc, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . torchar srotha Sligighe, TD 41.11 . fuarsh.¤ Finne, DDána 95.12 . See Hog. Onom.

(c) Of the sea current, stream, strait : log saethair, mad o srothaib, Laws iii 426.x .i. mad o srothaib in mara amuich do bera he, y Comm . tochur srotha saile sceo uisce `a thing cast up by a salt and fresh stream', iii 428.14 Comm . ? rí báiter for srothuib, i 204.21 Comm . tar s.¤ mara, RC xxiv 378.3 . i ndoimne na mara mur a mbī . . . coimrith na srothann where the currents meet, RSláinte 6215 . a n-aighthib tonn ┐ s.¤ , ML² 658 . tugadur sruthleim . . . tri srothaib na senfhairrgi, ZCP vi 51.17 . baí sidhe ┐ a longa ar s.¤ na h-innsi `on the sound near the island', AFM iii 278.5 . ar s.¤ na Maoile idir Eirinn ┐ Albain, Atlantis iv 122.13 .

(d) In idioms with prepp.: Drochet Atha do dhu re s.¤ `was carried away by the flood', ALC i 260.7 . gach ar thacraisse red ré | cuirfidsen go léir le s.¤ will dissipate, O'Gr. Cat. 590.30 . ná leig (?) uile sinn re s.¤ do not allow us all to be swept away, Dán Dé xxii 11 .

(e) With follg. gen.: co findsrothaib aircetail fair streams of poesy, O'Mulc. 600 . i srothaibh . . . briomstóin nó raibhe, TSh. 1981 . s.¤ .i. imad, ut est be sues s.¤ coctha for cula onset of battle (?), O'Dav. 1416 = bé sues srotha coctha for cúlu, 536 . croo dosnegat srotha, AU 779 cited Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster 32 n. 2 , `streams of blood wash(?) them', 175 n. 6 . Cf. co mbātar na srotha din chrú forna doirsiu, Sc.M² 18 . a s.¤ der dar a gruadib, PD 398 . srotha . . . déar, TSh. 4026 . tobur na cetri s.¤: idon, s.¤ fína ┐ s.¤ olai ┐ s.¤ lemnachta ┐ s.¤ mela, MacCarthy 46.19 . d'éis séimhthechta a srothann bhfis streams of knowledge, L. Cl. A. B. 175.95 . mar s.¤ bhinn fhoghar n-orgáin, Keat. Poems 248 . co toltnadar (leg. tultadar) na tri srotha folae asind laim `three streams of blood flowed from her hand', Mon. Tall. 60 (149.20) . srotha fola, LU 2282 ( FA 33 ). fir srotha imgabala comfiach fri art acht cimid crodha do collaib diceandaighther .i. in fer ima mbí s.¤ fola im gabhla a glac, O'D. 769 ( H 3.17, 551 ). Cf. Irish Texts iv 16 § 11 . turn ar Mhoire a mhóid | croidhe na gcóig s.¤ `allay for Mary's sake the rage of the hearts of the five streams', PBocht 5.24 . s.¤ ionnalta na n-anam, 15.14 . s.¤ fola in tota Ibernia `a flux of blood', RC xvii 262.18 (Tig.). do chuirfeadh fearg air Dhia, ┐ do choisgfeadh s.¤ a ghrás, Donlevy 472.y . co srothaib nemi, IT i 191.14 . s.¤ robharta flood-stream (fig. of a chief), Irish Texts ii 10 § 33 . ré bruach bhar srotha seanma, Studies 1919, 612 § 5 . tuile . . . tromgradha ┐ s.¤ seirce, ZCP i 124.32 . gach s.¤ sleibhe mountain stream, Irish Texts ii 71.21 . s.¤ sulbaire ind labartha `a stream of eloquence of speaking', Ml. 89d3 . srotha tened, PH 7235 . Cf. s.¤ tentide co forlasair fair, LU 2092 ( FA 16 ).

(f) Literary applications: foglaim na dechmaide bliadna . . . cethri srotha déc types of composition, IT iii 54 § 99 , cf. § 101 . See p. 110 , 118 , and ZCP vi 4 . ceithri srotha déc inso sís .i. féle ┐ inracus, comgne ┐ genelach, immas ┐ dichetal . . ., IT iii 57.z . s.¤ di aill a poetic grade (subdivision of sóerbard): citn-e a nanmand na soerbard? . . . rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne ┐ s.¤ di aill . . ., IT iii 5.9 . see 107.x . s.¤ d'aill . . . is cassbairdni a ruidhles, 23.11 . Name of a metre in: cro cumaisc etir carn-randaigecht moir ┐ s.¤ dí aill, 81.19 . gne naill do eochraid .i. s.¤ de haill, 57.23 . Note also: sé na rómh-oide is na sh.¤ | córaide gan é d'ionnlach (of a poet), Content. xxii 14 . See also sruthbard under compds.

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤aba: sruth-aibne siltecha, MR 240.15 . ¤aicén streaming ocean : co fada síar isin sruthaigén, Acall. 6067 v.l. ¤aile a fence built across a stream (?): s. (sic leg.) `a stream-fence', Laws v 270.14 .i. donither isin s. .i. scara s., 24 Comm . ¤buinne torrent: lé sruthbhuinne . . . na haithrighe, TSh. 4109 . ¤fhairrge: srón re s. `nose to the main' (of Carraig Alastair), BS 96.12 . ¤léccad (léiciud), ¤léicen lit. a letting loose, releasing, usually of warriors, soldiers, etc., foray, sortie, attack, attacking band: in tan atconnairc in sruthleccad sloigh . . . dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `streaming-down', CCath. 5431 . sruit[h]leccadh da saigdeoraib, 5707 . go ro dhoirt sruithlégen slóigh . . . ar fud an bhaile `very numerous hosts', AFM v 1598.22 . sruithlégadh saighdiuiridhe `a body of infantry', vi 2034.24 . Cf. daronsad sruthlecud da n-eachaib ┐ comliṅg da coisidib `free course', TTebe 1811 . Of a shower of missiles: sruthlega dá saigdib `storms of darts', Caithr. Thoirdh. 52.4 . ¤léim swift jump : sruithléim sanntach . . . sár-loinge ré siosga na sianghaoithe, CRR² 104.6 . tugadur sruthleim . . . tri srothaib na senfhairrgi `a swift course', ZCP vi 51.16 . ¤linn eddying pool, pool in a stream, river stream. Of the Flood: ri tharlaic sruthlind snamaig | do dilgenn clainni Adaim, SR 2513 . dar sruthlind Mági, MU² 267 . ra-imrá dar na sruthlintib srubglassa (of the sea), LL 228a21 ( TTr. 808 ). sruith-lind sin cen bás co bráth | snás dar Lifi, Metr. Dinds. ii 68.29 . triall tar sruthlinn dúni ndán across the sea (?), DDána 93.39 . a sruthlinntibh . . . cró, Comp. CC 96.17 . ¤maidm rout: sraintear sruthmhaidhm dia mhuintir ina chenn, AFM iii 130.10 . ro bris díbh . . . sruth-maidhm . . . dochum srotha ro buí ara n-incaibh, Stair Erc. 615 . romuid s. siublach . . . forro, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ¤robarta flood, tide : tar sruth-rabhartaibh . . . na fuar-fhairrge, ML 46.y . ¤shlicht: sruth sleacht .i. lorg na srothann, O'Cl.

(b) With adjj. ¤ard high-streaming : tar shléibhtibh sruth-árda . . . na sál, ML 46.29 . ¤bán fair-streamed: a bhreac Seinline sruthbháin, L. Cl. A. B. 151.32 . ¤borb torrential: Eass . . . s. . . . Ruaidh, MR 104.14 . lēibenda . . . sruth-borba, ML² 662 . ¤glan limpid: guss in sreibh sruth-glain, MR 104.9 . ¤glas grey-streamed: srotha . . . sruthglasa ifirnd, TTebe 1659 . ¤glinn: tar srúaim setalbalc s. `clear streaming', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.64 . ¤lúaimnech torrential: sidhe saidemail sārlúath s., Fianaig. 88.24 . srotha . . . sruthluaimnecha, Stair Erc. 778 . tucsud sraccudh sanntach, . . . sruthluaimnech isin senfhairrgi `pulled a . . . swift-bounding stroke', ZCP vi 28.35 . ¤shaeb eddying: dar sál fairge sruth-sóeba, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.22 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤fhuiltech bleeding profusely : fuinneóga . . . sruth-fhuilteacha (of wounds), ML 88.4 . ¤lúthmar vigorous, swift : céd each srian-breac s., Ériu viii 139.16 . ¤maerda having stately streams: clár sroth-mhaordha na sreabh nglan, TD 27.13 . ¤mheirgech eroded, gullied (?): ar an dtulán sruithmheirgeach sléibhe so, DDána 111.24 (383.36) (sithmheirgeach, v.l.).

1 tonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tonn or dil.ie/41386

n ā, f.

I

(a) wave: ba teipirsnige aicned inna t.¤ , Ml. 129d5 . ba sī in tond dar cach n-ald, Hail Brigit § 24 . fo thonda searba sāile, Ériu ii 26 § 9 . ni cluichi mad tind ri ruind, ix 48 § 24 . Íssu úas tuinn tuili, Fél. Prol. 250 . úas. tuind trilis `over a sparkling wave,' Fél. Apr. 23 . co tachim thuinni, IT iii 246.85 . co rus báidh t.¤ tuile ann hé, Acall. 55 . Hence foam: cnes mar thuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 220.x . As a measure of distance: diles i muirbrethaib airi ruanada dar nae tondaib, Laws iii 422.1 .

(b) outpouring: teora tonna torunni, Wb. 27a14 (of baptism). is ann sin tucad t.¤ baitsi Críst tairsibh ac Pátraic, Acall. 317 . d'fhuil a baisde ┐ a bhonn | tond baisde do chuir bar ceand, IGT Decl. ex. 1989 . cét cell co comlantus tuinne cailig aifrinn, Lism. L. p. 317.14 . tri tonna luigi ... tri tonna in chailidh aifrind draughts , O'Curry 989 ( H 3.18, 425a ). o taisbentar na tri tonna and .i. tond sceithi ┐ t.¤ fola ┐ t.¤ comna `vomiting and haemorrhage' ( Ériu xii 130 n. 2 ), O'Curry 2100 ( H 4.22, 75 ). cor rethitar da thuind as a sliss, PH 2874 . uchán adrochair Aillén | táncatar a tri tonna, Acall. 1746 . [aghadh] ar thuinn cneadh gcroidheadh, DDána 40.7 . go smuainim ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Aithd. D. 55.5 .

(c) in figurative expressions: fri toind t' eólchaire oḟadib wave of homesickness, LU 10043 . tangadar na tri borbtonna dó .i. t.¤ fergi ┐ t.¤ éoid ┐ [t.¤] ainmfesa, ZCP xiii 204.14 . cf. conda-dic intond inburbi chétna, MU² 673 . rob é sin ... in lám anuachtar ┐ in t.¤ báis os borbbuidnib, Acall. 5930 . t.¤ báis bá romh rod báidhe, AFM i 472.11 . dom thanic tond diummais, LL 273b42 . rolínustair t.¤ danatais a criche, Lism. L. 3043 . tic iarsin t.¤ diadhachta co Finnchua, 3045 . tond do diúmus, Anecd. ii 68.10 . do cuireadh fa cráibh mBeithbhi | tonn sceoil bregi buaiderthi, Ériu iv 214 § 7 . nī cōir crē nā talam thorum | acht tond brātha, beg in ḟerg, ACL iii 242 § 6 . an t.¤ brátha ráidhtir ribh, Aithd. D. 2.8 . co toirtea tuind mbroin ar B. `wave of woe,' Cog. 120.25 . i ttuinn fhichidh mh' aigeanta, Studies 1921, 75 § 13 . a th.¤ bháidhe as ann do éirigh | clann táidhe arna déinimh dhínn, IGT Decl. ex. 1209 . do dhoirt tuinn dá thrócuire, Dán Dé xx 29 . i n-ainm ... toinne an teasbaigh ... tug ar lasadh guth na n-apstal, Ó Bruad. iii 78.5 .

(d) sea: co ro gésetar tri tonna hErend, TBC-LL¹ p. 866 n. 1 . síl qind co traig tuinde, IT iii 14 § 27 . im chaithem tascair do thuinne, Laws i 166.25 .i. in tascair do cuirither do tuinn, 170.12 Comm. síothmhagh gá tarbha na thuinn, Content. xxx 28 . do ní tráigh do thuinn leabhair, Dán Dé xxviii 39 . Erind tuath o thuind co tuind from sea to sea, Laws iv 344.19 . Hence: conid tregdad o thuind co tuind teachtas ` from end to end ,' Auraic. 1726 . fáiltíghis tonn ┐ tír roimhe, ML 40.3 . ní thuigim, ar tuinn ná ar tír, Dánta Gr. 3.14 . for tuind ro élai a lluing a athar, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 30 . asbert ... téssed for tonna, Thes. ii 310.1 . ro ḟacaib hi forsin tuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 206.13 . fos-raemet ind eóin forsin tuind, BDD² 141 . seantraigead fo tuind `an old bridge under the water,' Laws iv 142.27 Comm. ar thóchim do thír fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 236.22 . gá goire dhúinn dul tar tuinn across the sea, DDána 60.40 . fer tuinne salmon (?): fil cend fir tuinde foltcha, Hib. Min. 47.19 . fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan, ut est fil and cenn fir tuinne, O'Dav. 1014. torc na tuinne porpoise?: stáec thuirc na tuinne, RC xiii 46.15 .

(e) abundance: cáin tonna [tige] hui Eogain, Corm. Bodl. 20.5 . a th.¤ do cheōlaib clērig, Bruchst. i § 83 . atbath ar t.¤ indmais, § 129. bruiden t.¤ ┐ tened, § 144.

(f) bog, swamp: cuithecha ┐ tonna crithe, O'D. 1570 ( H 5.15, 5a ). cechair .i. tonda crithir, O'Dav. 514. fo cechair .i. tondach for a huachtar .i. tonn crithech .i. crandach, Laws v 138.18 . an tan thuiteas an t-asal i dtuinn, TSh. 4400 . Cf. 2 tonnach.

II

(a) surface: gach deghnáemh ro-chés | os tuind talman tíos, Ériu iv 236 § 10 . ón ló ro thuit ar tuinn talmhan, ML 86.26 . t.¤ ḟeóir tar a himdhadhaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1655 . ná tuadaig tond talman torut, LU 9302 = ná tudchaith tont talman tarat, Anecd. iii 52.2 . fo thuinn talman, SR 4124 . a cur fo tuind talman, RC xxiii 428 § 50 . fo tuinn uill ūire, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . atāid anu do nos Ailella ... na tri trēighe fad thuind menma, ZCP ii 341.2 .

(b) land, earth: ala t.¤ ... .i. alaili tir .i. ala ferann, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). bíadsum gach t.¤ toraidh, ZCP x 347 § 15 . lecht meic Cuind atchíd | co tuind dar a thaíb, LU 9988 . ocht n-ech ocht carbait ar tuinn, BB 28a37 . a pheacaigh atá ar an dtuinn on the earth, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 8.

(c) With gen. of description: gu raibi Eiriu na h-aéntuind crithigh da'n coimeirghi sin, Hy Maine 137.3 . baoí Ére for a chiontt na héntuinn choccaidh ┐ cendaircce, AFM v 1680.19 . na h-én tuinn fhiataile ┐ fasaigh, 1784.3 . coicceadh Uladh ina linn lain ... ┐ ina thuinn teccle, vi 2142.11 . ina h-en tuinn bróin ┐ basgaire, 2264.3 . bheith don Bhanbha ... 'na héantuinn fhaghla, TD 7.28 . atá sé ó sin i le | fa aontuinn fhíochmhair fheirge, 8.29 . do bí Ere 'na tuinn técht, Anecd. i 33 § 63.

(d) skin: nosdītin ... conná riacht toind nó foéschum fair, TBC-I¹ 1681 . nī forroim cid drisiuc for toind dō, 1206 . tri fuilt batar air, donn fri toind ..., 2025 . allus tiug ar toind cen tinne, Corm. Y 179 . māt .i. muc, unde est isna Brethaibh Nemed: forrūachtatar māta mo t[h]uinde torgabāil, 876 . ┐ ní aidleth toinn ná féoil, TBFr. 127 . brissiud cnama cumma tuinne, LL 119b52 . do thógoibh tonna mo chinn | faídh in gadhoir is binn guth, Duan. F. i 83 § 16 . ro chuir a thuind ┐ a srebhann úadh, Sc.M² § 17 (R) . lith ┐ tond lanamain (.i. gene) na traiged, Auraic. 1816 . prionnsa dearbhtha é t.¤ is tairbhfhéith `hide and sinew,' Ó Bruad. iii 80.5 . fo thuind under the skin, secretly: mebal fo tuind fosluide | cid fiada fuilt ḟindbuidi, ZCP vi 267 § 3. is serc bo báidiu fri bliadain mo sherc | is cuma fo thuinn, IT i 124.11 ( TE § 9 ). do shearc go dtara fam thuinn, DDána 60.18 . Conall Cernach, crúas fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.31 . a-tá an gol is-tigh fam thuinn | ag cor libh gin go labhruim, Aithd. D. 10.14 . ag fadádh istigh fam thuinn | iomdha agra nach admhaim, Dán Dé iv 3 . atá an tuirrsisi fam thuinn | mar thoirrcheas n-elphant aguinn, Studies 1918, 453 § 16 .

Compds. ¤aile fence against the sea, dyke: atait secht n-aile ... tond aile, tracht aile, Laws v 270.14 . tond aile .i. donither risin tuind mara, 23 Comm. ¤balc strong of surface: cein bidh leo talamh tonnbalc, Anecd. ii 35 § 10 . ¤bán white, fair-surfaced: im thoebu talman tonnbain, SR 6162 . dorigned talum tondban, KMMisc. 154.102 . roleblaing talam tondbán, LL 169a50 . ¤band sea exploit (?): bioth nir bo toi a tonnbann .i. nír bo tostach a buille for tuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 60.1 . ¤benn wave top: rith tar tuinnbennaibh Duine Sobhairce, BS 92.17 . ¤bláth of fair surface: Temair tonnblath, Fél. 226.23 . ¤blechtach with waves of milk: um chlar toinnbhleachtach Tailtion, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 26 . ¤borb of fierce waves: ana treithibh taibhtheanna tonnbhorba, CF 200 . ¤bras of strong waves: co haigen na ttroscc ttonnbras, Leb. Gab.(i) i 96.4 . ¤búan firm surfaced osin Temraig tailc tondbúain, LL 129a45 . ¤buide yellow; surfaced: rosmarb in teidm tondbuide (sic leg.), Arch. Hib. ii 92 § 6 . dāeine in talman tonnbuidhe ` yellow-visaged ,' Ériu iii 144 § 10 . ¤chith copious shower: na toinncheatha bréana briomstóin, TSh. 6198 . ¤chlár surface: tonnchlár in talman, CCath. 1116 . ¤chrithid trembles like a wave: do thonnchrith m' inchinn, ITS iii 110.5 . ¤ét wave of jealousy: do neartuigh ... i gceannaibh na toinnéada, Ó Bruad. iii 16.9 . ¤gáeth wave-wind: mar thrasgarthar an teach le tonn-ghaothaibh tréana, TSh. 9137 . ¤gairthe bright-skinned: dá ghnúis thonnghairthe, Studies 1918, 452 § 3 . ¤gel bright-skinned, bright-surfaced: Dauid tonngel, SR 6270 . ocon tsāle thondgel, Arch. Hib. ii 83 § 13 . traighthi toinnghelu, IT i 120.7 ( TE § 4 ). ar aonach Teamhrach toinnghile, Studies 1929, 593 § 1 . ¤glan pure-surfaced: tipra tondglan, Anecd. i 61 § 93 . im Themraig tond-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.34 . a thoebh go tonnghlaine Acall. 1476 . ¤gnúis surface: tar dreich in domuin ┐ tar tondgnuis in talmun, BB 236a6 . ¤luascad act of tossing in waves: ag tonnadh ┐ ag tonn-luasgadh mheanman an pheacthaigh, TSh. 9497 . ¤maigrech salmon-waved: a lind báin tonn maigrigh thigh, Ériu iv 224 § 43 . co Drobhaois ttorcharthaigh ttonnmhaighrigh, AFM v 1590.11 . ¤mín smooth surfaced (?): cona ffiodhbhacaibh tailce toinnmhíne, Hugh Roe 212.28 = AFM vi 2126.19 . ¤phort wave-bank: ar in slis os tonn-port des, Celt. Rev. iv 218.14 . cen time fri tonnportuib | os grian mara, RC xiv 62.13 . ¤thaidbsenach wave-displaying: comsiledh comramhach tonn-táibhseinach, CCath. 265.