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fuirmiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirmiud or dil.ie/24902

Forms: furmiuda, furmid, fuirmid, fuirmighi, furmedha, fuirmeadh

n u, o, m. (vn. of fo-ruimi) The m is occasionally shown lenited ; O'Cl. distinguishes between fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh ; fuirmeadh .i. foreimniughad no siubhal, and fuirmheadh .i. cur (see below) but there is no reason to doubt that all these represent the same word.

(a) in primary sense setting down, placing, depositing: fuirmedh .i. indell no cur, O'Dav. 932 . fuirmheadh .i. cur, O'Cl. delba clochda ... cen sigin na crochi do f.¤ indib PH 754 . a fuirmidh a ngradh to place him (the pupil) in a grade Laws ii 348.21 Comm. aithne fuirimiudu (.i. fuirmither for dealgan aithgin ind ...), SM Facs. 55b . aithne fuirmidha .i. in aithne fuirmither a n-inad airithe (one of the seven deposits which are to be restored even though there has been no pledge), Laws v 196.3 (14) . But cf. tri aithne na dlegat taisec ... aithne fuirmeda, Triads 157 , glossed in the 18th cent. copy : .i. do fūigfidhe gan aithne do thabhairt go cinnte i ccumhdach acht go héccinte air, p.40 (i.e. a deposit left without proper security ?). ro laoi fiadhnuise fair fuirmhedh, Ériu xiii 15.10 (= ro le, etc. .i. gugudh fiadnise tiscaidh dire n-aire, O'Dav. 1344 ). See furmada.

(b) transf. of inflicting, imposing (a punishment, obligation, etc.) : co f.¤ na sraigell ... foraib plying the scourges on them FA 30 (LB), where local sense is still implicit ; cf. la furmed in mátan fair belaying him with the cudgel LU 8546 ( FB 40 ). co f.¤ in rechtasa Adamnáin imposition FA 32 (LB). In fig. sense : noco tabair in scel f.¤ doridhissi furri never touches on (alludes to) her Acall. 6437 .

(c) laying low, prostrating, overthrowing: is ainm fuirmheadh ... do turnadh is d'ísliúgud, LL 395a11 = Metr. Gl. Ff. 7 . fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh nó ísliughadh, O'Cl. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdiugud, Cóir Anm. 31 . cing catha ri furmiud fer, LL 238a5 ( TTr. 1561 ; `for laying low men'). iar fuirmed Bili Tortan ` felling ' Metr. Dinds. iv 244 . flaithe re fuirmeadh princes to be laid low ML 86.3 .

(d) a violent aggressive effort, blow, thrust, tug, etc. dobeir fuirmidh dia sāil ina cenn `tramples them with his heel' CCath. 3665 . ba bec leisiom fuirmed a llām na laech co mbeth fuirmed a cos mar aen ris, ML 164.22 ( YBL 330a21 ). dorat A. furmiud fortren ... fair ... don lágin, LL 244a33 ( TTr. 2041 ). dorat ... fuirmed niad don urd iarnaige, LB 157a 52 . tuc fuirmed fedma ... do gae ... air `an effective thrust' TTebe 2817 . tug fuirmeadh feadma ... fuirre (of a stone fixed in the earth) ML 2.21 . ni hoirchios fuirmedh fedhma for fhlaithibh `to put service upon (? use violence towards) kings' 116.25 . ba diulaing dīn ar a ndianbullíb ri fortressi a fuirmiuda, LL 238a33 ( TTr. 1583 ). pl. nachasrostis airm nā hilḟáebair ... nā thendfurmiuda túag ib. LL 238a 18 . g s. as attrib. : ana n-oireadaib firmora furmid `very great burdens requiring great effort' TTebe 3991 . a heire forbheadha [fuirmedha v.l.] ... do bhiadh ┐ do dhigh fuirre, Ériu v 84.20 . (See furmada). ail fuirmedha (complimentary epithet of a chieftain) ML² 1579 .

Perhaps gs. in the expression : mac fuirmid (fuirmeda), the name given to a bardic pupil of the second year , although this is probably to be read as a compd., maccfuirmid. mac fuirmeda occurs at least once. Cf. cidh díre Mac-ḟuirmidh, Ériu xiii 25.27 . díre mar mac ḟuirmhidh, 22.26 - 27 . maccfurmid ┐ fochloc irchruachait doib, LL 29a col. e (3664) . triar for fecht feili dofhidh | dam thoga do mac furmidh, Auraic. 2248 . tri seoid don macfuirmid, YBL 198a13 (= Laws v 60 ). in macfuirmid da ba a eniclann ib. YBL 198a 21 . la mac fuirmid moín soer setrotha senamain ... , O'Mulc. 537 . muccairbi .i. mac fuirmid .i. is mac dán do fuirem a dána, Bodl. Corm. = ... do fuirmed a dana .i. no is macdan du fuirim a dana, Corm. Y 855 [leg. mac dan dū f.¤ ?] m. fuirmida, IT iii 31.16 . mac fuirmid .i. mac fuirmither re dān ōs mac .i. is mac da [ = maccda ?] a dān `who is set to learn an art from his boyhood' (who is intended for ... ?) Laws iv 360.5 . Cf. mac airbi ib.

(e) arranging, composing ; inventing (?) : is f.¤ filed romidair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib ... ni haicned romīdir leo (i.e. the names are arbitrarily invented by poets), Corm. Y 41 s.v. anair = fuirmedh poetarum romidhair haec nomina , etc. H 3.18, 63aw ( Phil. Soc. Trans. 171 ). cf. fer fuirmid, supra, fo-ruimi, -fuirmi.

(f) in gramm. name given to a subst. preceded by the prep. oc (probably an extension of sense a) : oc fir a furmiud `depositive' Auraic 1521 . oc feraib a fhuirmed ilair, 1776 .

(g) in gramm. the ordinary application or use of a word, oppd. to `inde' its etymological or inherent sense : f.¤ foucal, Auraic. 3393 (e.g. the Lat. word lapis, analysed as id quod laedit pedem [cf. Isidore, Etym. xvi 3 ] its `inde,' is used in restricted sense of a stone, its `fuirmed'). `bonus,' is comforlethan a fuirmed et a inde, ar ni habar `bonus' acht bail a mbí cáil bonitatis the application and the etymology of bonus are co-extensive, for bonus is not said save where the quality of bonitas is Auraic. 3400 .

(h) in concrete sense, in pl. : fuirmighi [furmedha, Eg.] a leaptha d'ór ┐ do safír, Maund. 249 corresp. to `the forme of his bedd is of fyne saphires bended with gold' EETS 153 (O.S.) 183 . ` framework, setting ' = Abercromby, RC vii 361 , comparing O'Dav. 932 , cited above (a). Cf. fuirmeadh ` seat, foundation ' O'R.

(i) fuirmeadh .i. foréimniughadh no siubhal, O'Cl. No exx. from lit., but cf. fo-ruimi (d).

tnúth, tnúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tnúth, tnúd or dil.ie/41028

Forms: tnúith

ind o and u, m. , ā, f. tnúith, ā, f. IGT Decl. §§ 39 , 45 , 46 .

(a) rage, fury: bam tarb tnúith isna tressaib, TFerbe 647 .

(b) envy, jealousy: cóir are re dígail Dé | mairgc romídhair bid fa t[h]núth, BColm. 100.5 . cen mebail cen mélacht cen t.¤ , LU 2296 . bai t.¤ mór oc Mugaind for Mairind, 4222 . bá sa hairthiur fofertais a tnútha, Ériu iv 163.3 . taom tnútha, v 78.18 . dogabh t.¤ ┐ formad í, 78.13 . na dena tnuth re duine diabhlaidhi, 126 § 17 . nī theilce Ultu di thnuthaib tairperta tarcoba a gāri, TBC-I¹ 1015 . ragaid dála i tnutha, Eg. 88, fo. 21 (22)a ( O'Curry 2280 ). maith an locht airdríogh óige | t.¤ cáigh ris is romhóide, DDána 105.1 . ní thóigeba t.¤ aoinfhir ... th'oirdned orra mar airdríg, O'Gr. Cat. 470.19. teacht fa mhúith a muigh neamhdha | do mhuin tnúith ré a Thighearna, Dán Dé xiv 13 . síol nEabha ag toibhéim tré th.¤ , xxvi 26 . nar ghnáthaigh taom tnúidh, PBocht 5.56 . creud as tnuth ann ? Doilghes fa mhaith na comharsan, Luc. Fid. 154.16 . As quasi vn. act of envying: ag tnúith rem aithgin eile, 475.20 .

(c) desire, greed: indi bíte fri tnúith ┐ adellad ilsétchi, Mon. Tall. 132.1 . coimpleit dúinne gabhaidh greim | i n-aghaidh tnúidhe mar thuirmhim, Dán Dé xxiv 4 . tig dún ... | tnúdh ré séadaibh saoghalta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 6. iongnadh ár dtnúith ris an olc, ITS xi 6 § 11 . Cf. trebad tnúith avaricious, stingy service: marbhnat Dé - ní treabhadh tnúidh | garmac dúinn é - dleaghar dhínn, Dán Dé xxvi.2 . ní [dhlé] a bhos treabhadh [an] tnúidh, PBocht 7.2 .

(d) affection, love: led dhíol as tuar tnúdha `by thy merits which stir my love' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 6. flaith corónta chosnus tnúdh `who wins devotion,' Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . is tusa ar tigernai-ne (sic leg.) tnuidh, IT iii 80 § 55 . cainnt chiúin, radharc tnúith, aghadhghnúis iongantach uain, Hackett xxxii 2 . ato im thost im thnúth, PRIA xix C 548 § 26.

(e) act of striving for, seeking: ni cluintear tnúdh le cor gcosgair, DDána 110.54 . tnúdh re t'uilli a n-imresnaibh | as rún duine deighmeisnigh, IGT Decl. ex. 386 . acht amáin go bfuigbe a fher tnútha dá thréinmilled, Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.13 . is fada mé a g-cúmhaidh gan t.¤ le téurma, Hard. ii 32.4 . As vn.: atáid mná moighe hEamhna ... ag tnúidh faghála a bhfaghthaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 208. 8 . síad ag t.¤ mar theguid d'fhoraois | agha torrcha ó dtuismhid laoigh, xxxviii 117 . díol airgid le búir ag tnúith le na g-carrdus, Poets and Poetry of Munster, 2nd Series (1860) 20.3 . Hence act of expecting, expectancy: hi cuis tnutha `in a state of expectation,' Rel. Celt. ii 270.37 . atá t.¤ agam nach sgaoilfidh aon don cheathrar sin iad, Oss. iii 96.16 .

(f) act of emulating, contending; emulation: oc t.¤ imon tigernus friu, LB 121b15 . roeirig tnuth ┐ trenchosnum eturu im rigi na Tebe, TTebe 141 . bai imchosnum ┐ tnuth mor eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180.10 . níor ghar tnúdh [rem] thighearna, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 11. déanam tnúdh re tréidhibh Eoin | do dhéinimh eoil dúnn 'n-a dhiaidh, PBocht 27.11 . níor comhainm ris nach cóir tnúith, DDána 91.41 . i gcleas tnútha, i lúth nó i lámhach, Hackett xl 241 . mór mo thnúith-se lem thoil féin | ó thanag tar tuinn n-aigéin, lxiii 1 .

Compds. ¤bara fierce rage: s a tnuthbhara ag Manaind min, BB 53a9 . ¤burach ? : coná ro sguirsed ... do'n tnuthburach trascartha tren-fher, MR 256.12 . ¤chomarthach eager (?) : rucsad sum da tren-redg ... t., MR 298.17 . ¤gail fierce valour: is tríath tailc tnuthgaile, LU 8960 ( FB 71 ). ¤gort field of contention: méad mo cheanfhaghla i dtnúthghort na togharma `in the Field of Summons' (i.e. at Judgment Day), Studies 1932, 577 § 12 . ¤greis act of contending furiously?: is é crīch a ríghbais | bith 'sa cath ag t. (: glúnglais), Fianaig. 82.6 . ¤mer of swift anger: ni dligh tarbh tnuth-mear trodach a thesargain, MR 122.8 .