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1 áth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áth or dil.ie/4601

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 . ford (commonly as scene of battle or single combat): á.¤ gl. vadum, Sg. 53b6 . ath .i. inadh, ut est, eislind gach á.¤ , O'Curry 978 (H 3.18, 422a). for u[r] ind átho, Trip.² 1573 . co farnactar C.C. for á.¤ ara cind, MU² 1040 . bó do lécud forsind á.¤ aníar, LU 4472 . imgaibtir athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath ┐ rem erud, 10275 . forsna hathu ┐ forsna linniu, 6097 . udi tri lá . . . for áthaib, 8137 . dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . i nn-athaib ┐ i nn-indberaib na haband, TTebe 3512 . bord gach átha, IGT Decl. ex. 993 . fala re cách d'ú Chréidhe / á.¤ abha ní haighbhéile, Magauran 2311 . go Iordan gonuige na háthanna, Joshua ii 7 . Fig.: ? for ath n-uamain .i. for in n-ái n-áith is uamon la cách .i. ind écsi, RC xxvi 28 § 117 . co nach tāras á.¤ nā anacul ar na hairdrīgaib so that there was no refuge or safeguard from the kings(?), ML² 1223 . a fhearg ní há.¤ iondula, DDána 100.30 . á.¤ an bháis madh domhain dóibh, 30.31 . do mhíorbhail mná an ríleinibh / ath díoghla gur dhúineabhair, Aithd. D. 60.37 . ? ar cách do chuir ó Craoidhe / nach bhfuil á.¤ na hégaoine, O'R. Poems 3885 `i.e. that he is no more is an occasion (opportunity) for the lamentation(?)', p. 244 .

In transfd. sense of open space or hollow between two objects: reltanda na firmaiminti ┐ atha in aeoir passages(?), TTebe 1218 . rosiacht á.¤ a da himdad in folt, LU 4230 . co n-érrmadair á.¤ a da chulad co ndeochaid for a béolo, 6025 (cf. Celtica iii 168 ). folt . . . corrici āth a dá gūaland, TBC-I¹ 3146 . á.¤ an ochta, DDána 31.27 .

In phrase do-gheibh (fo-gaib) á.¤ ar finds a way to overcome; finds a means of achieving: co fagdaeis ath ┐ uaicnes ar imthecht a conair eili uatha sin (of a host hemmed in by foes on its line of march), Celt. Rev. iv 204.z . fuair tráth éigin tar a holc / á.¤ ar a héigin d'fhurtocht (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé xxi 4 . fagh dhúinne á.¤ ar a n-aimhleas find us a way to overcome their malice (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 1.38 . fuair ar mbiodhbha d'á.¤ oirn-ne, DDána 11.28 . Note also: dobhuailte gach áth oraibh, Dánta Gr. 16.104 . dá mealltáoi ar áoi n-annsa, / na háith oram-sa `if through softness of heart the fords were forced against me', Ériu ix 4.26 ( Dánta Gr. 41.25 ).

Freq. in nn. loc., see AU Index, Hog. Onom. etc.

cingciges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cingciges or dil.ie/9130

 

Forms: cingideas, cengcaigis, Cengcagis, Chencaigis, -ise, cinquidies

n (Lat. quinquagesima, see GOI 569 ). Form, gender and inflection variable. Gen. na cingideas (: c[h]es), Ériu iii 144 § 18 , cengcaigis, LU 9605 (perh. treated as pl., cf. casc, GOI 570 ), na Cengcagis , PH 5399 , in Chencaigis , 5405 . Later f., gen. -ise. Perh. infl. by cóicthiges. cinquidies, Flower Cat. 298.w . and Cincthídidhies, AFM ii 798.2 have been influenced by Latin.

Pentecost, Whitsuntide, Whitsunday : cingcices a cinquagīsima .i. in cōecatmad laithi ō c[h]áisc, Corm. Y 268 . sollummun in Ueteri cengiges `quinquagesima', Thes. i 495.35 (Ardm.). inobli casc ┐ notlaic ┐ cheṅṅcigis `in the Host of Easter and Christmas and Whitsunday', ii 254.18 (Stowe Missal). ar notlaicc ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150 § 36 . pruind chethruir ar notlaic ┐ chaisc ┐ chingcís, i 220 § 14 . is-in Cengcigis (of the Apostles), PH 5434 . o chaiscc go cingtigis, BNnÉ 67.3 . co hochtáib na cingtighisi, 57.24 . ó qinqís co haidiumeint, O'Gr. Cat. 314.16 . ó fhél Brighde co cinctidis, AFM v 1320.x . fá Nodlaig, fá Cháisg, ┐ fā Chingcighis, Rial. S.F. 385 . agaid cingcdise is i . . . rosiacht vigil of Pentecost, Lism. L. 1008 . Satharn cinctidhisi `the Satur- day before Whitsuntide', AFM iii 56. 13 . Dia Domhnaigh Cing[c]idhisi, Grail 1683 . fésta na cingcisi, ZCP vi 25.7 . lá na Cingcise, Acts ii 1 .

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

2 coll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 coll or dil.ie/10501
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: coll, call, colla, coill, caill, cailli, coill, caill, coll, call

n Orig. appar. o, n. ( c.¤ ngisse, LU 5115 ), later variable in form, gender and inflexion. coll call (ón phearsain) m. g s n p. colla, IGT Decl. § 95 (127.8) . coill caill (ón phersain) f., § 14 (69.7) (cf. g s. cailli, Mac Aingil 1002 ). coill, caill, coll, call, Verbs § 77 .

(a) destruction, spoiling, injury; later loss ; as quasi-vn. act of destroying, injuring; losing : mór c.¤ ceille . . . / beith fo étoil Maic Maire great folly, Thes. ii 296.8 . ni frīth c.¤ and dó `no hurt was found to him therein', 343.3 (Hy. v). ? uirum luscum no c.¤ oculo dextera , 236.3 (or read goll?). ar c.¤ a roisc, LU 4058 . coll etha, 7453 ( BDD § 101 ). rosiacht c.¤ do chombár injury has come upon the nape of your neck(?), 6034 . amal bis ethaid foluaimneach im net ar na ch.¤ do nathraig impi, TTebe 2100 . ar c.¤ mo cloidhimh-sea, MR 302.15 . acá coill, O'Gr. Cat. 213.32 . gul Gaillsighe ar gcall Gaill on the death of, Dánfhocail 271 . i ndiaidh ar gcarad do chaill, DDána 63.2 . c.¤ .i. milleadh, O'Cl. súil nó chos nó lámh do chaill, TSh. 5433 . ar gcaill do lúith ┐ do mheisnigh, Maguires of F. 94 . mo chall `my misfortune', O'Rah. 26.6 . d'a nach bhfuil fós breith na caill who has nothing to gain or lose, Donlevy 332.27 . caill na glóire the loss of glory, 186.8 . íar ccaill a fhola, Parrth. Anma 782 .

(b) castration : ag . . . slan o cull, ZCP xiv 351 § 9 ( Laws ii 244.x ); 'sound (i.e. in good health) after castration' ZCP xxxvii 6 . na laoigh, na cullaigh ┐ na huain fireanna do chaill, Corp. Astron. 52.7 .

(c) deflowering : ar is leis c.¤ cetingen (sic leg.?) ria nUltaib do gres (of Conchobar), LU 10476 = jus primae noctis the deflowering of the first maidens, the first deflowering of the maidens Comp. CC 64, 152 . caill a nn-oigi ┐ a n-ingenais, TTebe 727 . go raibh sí na máthair . . . gan caill a hoghachta, Donlevy 386.13 .

(d) violation (of a law, taboo, etc.): c.¤ geisi ┐ cána, Trip.² 447 . bid aithrech c.¤ cid īar tain / fo[r] foīsam maic Roig rogmair (i.e. the violation of Fergus's guarantee will be regretted), LMU² 65 . a enech do ch.¤ , Cóir Anm. 239 . gin c.¤ cana P., Laws iii 388.4 Comm. toigheacht tar c.¤ cairdeas (sic) dom iondsoighidh, ZCP x 293.20 . c.¤ creidimh, DDána 55.5 . call eagna, Content. viii 11 . nach guais coill a comuirghe `whose safeguard is not in danger of violation', O'Hara 656 . tré ch.¤ a smachta, AFM v 1480.17 . tré choill reachta na Teamhrach `for having transgressed', Keat. iii 1382 . ní heól uainn gan chall na cánadh no one of us is known not to have violated, IGT Verbs ex. 698 .

In phrr. i cca(i)ll, ar ch.¤ in need, in misfortune : bíodh gur léir léigis me i gcaill ar lár, Hackett xxi 6 (accaoill, v.l.). ar núaisleacht chineil ar call, Rel. Celt. ii 254 § 36 . oc c.¤ ar (= for): gnáth é [sc. an saoghal] ar a chaomhthach ag call `always it fails a companion', Celtica iv 111 § 1 . cen ch.¤ without fail, complete: nai mbliadna ┐ cet gan c.¤ , MacCarthy 312.w § 2 . trian ele an chiosa gan chaill, BNnÉ 259 § 219 . dobhér sa da chionn gan caill / nert, is umhlacht, is oirrim, 271 § 243 . abla tīre Barsābe / ubla orro gach rāithe, / dia domnaig tīagaid dia c.¤ (coill, MS) / 's nī bí orro aenuball, Ériu iii 145 § 27 (`to steal them').

? Compd. tri capall a collbuilg .i. cuaball .i. derc a tona, O'Dav. 572 (`foul belly').

commar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commar or dil.ie/11507

 

n o (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 118 ) confluence (of rivers, etc.), assembly, meeting-place: comrecat 'con ch.¤ `at the Confluence', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.15 . commur mór, Fél. 208.32 . go roib comor gan cobha .i. co roibh eas abha gan ciaigh, ZCP xii 361.2 (B. na f.) = commor, ACL iii 310 § 4 . commor immar Milidach, ZCP xxiv 142 § 51 . i commur (srotha N. ┐ v.l.) srotha Tibir, CCath. 756 . ? rogabsat comur and (sic leg.) (of Aeneas sailing between Scylla and Charybdis), Aen. 139 . Ascription doubtful in: imain fo cumar cuan, Laws v 138.12 .i. in commor taithit cuana, 19 Comm. and: Ard C. ba comar cuan, BB 272a7 `meeting place of hosts', Leb. Cert. 90.6 = fa chomair chuan `for the use of troops', Leb. Cert.² 646 (see comar). Note further: comur n-gāire rochūala `a confluence of cries', MacCongl. 7.32 . ? aititiud cae gacha comuir uirfine ar a griun fadéisin, O'D. 750 ( H 3.17, 542 ). ? i gcomraibh cnoc `in the valleys between the hills,' Butler Poems 788 . Fig. ar commor moradbal (of Colum C.), LU 1189 ( ZCP viii 287.6 ). a commur gaíse `from a confluence of wisdom', RC xxvi 17.21 .i. asin baile a tá comimmad na gaíse, LL 24309 . commur flatha firinni a meeting with the true prince (in poem on Cainnech), RC xx 148.3 (ACC). Of parts of the body: com[m]ar srón, Metr. Gl. Ff. 40 . dar commur a chraes ┐ a bráget where gullet and throat met, LL 12635 . ? rosiacht coll do chombár and (in elegy), LU 6034 = do com bar, TBC-I¹ 1566 . In nn. loc. cath Commair, Metr. Dinds. ii 48.28 . Raith Chommair, Cog. 230.23 . See Hog. Onom. (Comar) ? In n. pr. Combor Mongfind banchōem de Alpa, Celtica iii 182.3 (Cobor, v.l.).

? Compd. oncomraind comorgruganaigh comordidanaigh caradgrecanaigh, IT iii 98.22 .

See compar.

crichid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crichid or dil.ie/12919

 

[i] c.¤ : mithig, SR 1915 , LL 16585 , 17306 etc.: Andrithir, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.15 , : Ingir, Bodl. Dinds. 49 . : trichim(?), SR 354 . c.¤ : richid, 3434 , 7827 (see ríched. The rhymes given Wortk. 74 to prove the long vowel in this word are non-systematic). Laudatory adj. of uncertain meaning (see Stories fr. Táin Gloss., Thes. ii 292 note.) Usually translated perfect ( Contribb. 516 ), etc. (cf. crích): comaltai Cormaic c.¤ , LU 10538 . for ingin Chairpri ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 48.46 . rosiacht coll do chombár and / is c.¤ hi Cróen Chorand, LU 6035 (TBC). de bulli ch.¤ chlaidib `perfect stroke', TBC-LL² 619 . maraid ráth C. ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 50.70 . carpat cóem c.¤ cumtachglan, LL 13902 . cuairt c.¤ cobsaid comsnáid, SR 962 . in cumtach c.¤ comlán, 7030 . In chevilles: c.¤ a rreb, Corp. Gen. 130.27 . c.¤ scel, SR 4731 . c.¤ in grés `perfect the work', Metr. Dinds. iii 124.50 . Adv. c.¤ imroraid co glan / ismithig cobair d'Adam, SR 1915 . Compar. óenleód a bun is crichidiu de, LU 4812 (TBC) `it is the greater achievement', Stories fr. Táin Gloss . = crichiditi `the more perfect', TBC-LL² 661 . crichidiu, Thes. ii 292.7 .

As subst. m. of God: ruiri richid . . . / c.¤ cach cuirid comláin leader(?), SR 3434 . ? condarcuiri arc.¤ ṅgel, 7827 . In n. loc. cath Craind C.¤ , LL 23703 .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

daig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daig or dil.ie/14169
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doigh, doighthe, doightheacha, duig, dathacha

n i later t, f. m. (is ē in daigh derg, BB 319 b 30) .

I A flame, blaze, conflagration, fire . .i. ignis , H 3.18, 69 . dag .i. ingnis , O'Mulc. 337 . d.¤ = tine, Metr. daig .i. tine, Stowe Gl. 96 . daig derg dermór teintide, SR 4092 . ba mét daig ndairthaige, BDD § 65 , ib. § 66 . derg in d.¤ , LL 130 a 27 , 196 b . téit d.¤ do neim, RC xx 150 . 15 . daig garg gnathaltach, RC xxxii 392. 2 . Dáiri Derg daigh garg, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 62. 7 . in daig derglasrach, Lec. 376 a 5 . SG 18. 8 . daig ┐ debech, LL 10 b 19 = BB 33 b 3 , 4 . g s. luchair dego, TBC-LL¹ 5301 YBL (l. dhedha, St., luachair dheghadh H, l. n[d ?]aga LL). nemain dega .i. aibli tened, ut dicitur nemain dega derci, O'Mulc. 839 . dá mag déc derce dega, LL 7 a 9 ( degha, BB 28 b 20 ). eo dega deirg, LL iii 19467 . deilm ndegae, Liad. and Cuir. 16 , 22 . muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . Molling lassar daiged, Bor. § 129 ( = RC xiii 102. 1 ). d s. at é rombeotar ar daig, Rawl. 88 a 41 . a óca batar ardaigh | ag orcain Maoil Milscothaig, Anecd. ii 66.1 . dosratsat fo thendáil tened ┐ fo daigid dergruaid, TTr. 572 . a s. cen cath cen indrud cen daigh ndeirg, Tig. 999 . meirgeda donna mar dhaigh, MR 228. 11 . is and atconnairc daighidh na hoirgne, Dinds. 129 ( RC xvi 81 ). orcon fri daigid: Corcach mor ... do argain f. d., Tig. 977 . arg. f. d. cech naidchi, Ériu iv 28. 23 . fri d. rohorta uile, AU i 416. 5 . ib. 376. 15 ; 408. 3 ; 424. 10 . orcain la daigid: Corcach mór do arcain la d. AU i 490. 4 . a pl. rosiacht a mórairgne ba tria daigte tened LU 114 a 43 . d pl. co ndaighthibh .i. go dteinntibh, O'Cl. ina doigthib dergthinead, Lec. 596 b 30 .—Metaph. of a hero, king, saint. d.¤ ná dubaig, IT iii 131. 10 . d.¤ ná daim crannchor, ib. 154. 4 . is daidh didaingen in duine mór, ib. 94. 34 . Niall mac Diarmata in daig derg, LL 185 a 1 . Duach dalta Dedaig in daig, ib. 129 a 25 . dá bliadain ba derb don daig, Rawl. 164 b 18 . in d.¤ dherglasrach iarthair Eorpa .i. Molaise, SG 18. 8 . a dhaigh dhána dhúir, Oss. v 14. 17 ; 16. 2 .

II A pang, stitch, or other pain P. O'C. doigh, Eg. Gl. 260 . nicon rabi doig ná tendius i corp ná hi colaind di, LB 135 b 2 . rohathnuigit bríga a cuirp cen doig cen tinnes, ib. 233 b 4 . ca an daigh dochuaidh ad chridhe, P. O'C. s.v. daigh . dochuaidh doigh éada a nAoife dhesin a dart of jealousy Atlantis iv 118. 32 . loscad daigi heartburn O'Gr. Cat. 194 . Dinneen s.v. doigh.

MOD. doigh, pl. doighthe and doightheacha, Munster duig, pl. dathacha rheumatics .

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála, IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal, AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál, TBC-LL¹ 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál, 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ, ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, ACL iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi, LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann, PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis, RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MacCongl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves Ad. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. 1 deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea, TBC-LL¹ 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ... in debhaid dál adcíu, ACL iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse, CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel, LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil, PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi, IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil, IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil, LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil, LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil, TBC-LL¹ 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál, SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ, PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mairfeadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 ( am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with 1 airecht, comthinól, 1 oenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dál-ṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 ( .i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .— is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlomaim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin, IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con-rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, ACL iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd, LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech, FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal, AFM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun, PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha, PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha, FA 6 . co tí in dál már, ACL iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd, RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead, ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach, ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála, Leb. Cert. 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Corm. s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision ( legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694) : dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maortigherna, H 3.17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid ( .i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé, SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin, IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál, LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban, TBC-LL¹ 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaidelaib, RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime, ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid, ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis ( dáil mbáis, CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg, LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire, LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála, TBC-LL¹ 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinneen s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circumstance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil, SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic, FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen, LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), ACL iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai, 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fen. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinating things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha, ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs AFM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal AFM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . — tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seanchadhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Dinds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. déidenach, dídenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar, LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen, LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst, LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma, ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni, ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg, SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi, LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich, RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib, IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib, PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada, IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe, TBC-LL¹ p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha, ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keat. ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe, SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne, LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib, BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS. Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair, ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min-dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

déidenach, dídenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déidenach, dídenach or dil.ie/15155

 

adj o, ā. (déiden-, díden) see GOI §§ 106 , 206 , ZCP xi 310 .

(a) last, final (in time or succession): isa ndedenach gl. in posterum, Ml. 132a3 . isin tsenmim dedenach gl. in novissima tuba, Wb. 13d18 . in dēdenac[h] gl. postremum, Corm. Y 32 . isind epistil tóisich . . . isin dedenich, Wb. 14d1 . a llaithe ṅdedenach diud noichtich, BCr. 18d1 . ónd rainn dídenig, Thes. ii 230.20 (PCr.). inna rainne dídencha, 22 . ara ndédenach `final' (letter), Sg. 188a17 ; 158b1 . o gein tuissech E. . . . cosa ngein ndedenach, IT i 131.10 . ón chetna duini . . . cosṅdedinach, SR 7892 . in cétlá . . . in la dédenach, TE § 13 Eg. cetna trian . . . in trian tanaise . . . in trian dedenach, TBC-LL¹ 872 . Mugron . . . dorigne . . . na da rann dedencha the last two, Thes. ii 305.42 . arna tri captelaib dedenchaib, Lib. Hymn. 5.10 . isan dara bliadain deigenaich do ḟlaithius M. the second last year, Lec. 574b18 . bud é mo ḟecht dedenach co brunni ṁbrátha, TBC-LL¹ 1208 . isin cháisc dedenaig (= in nouissimo paschate), PH 5012 . sgela . . . an laí díregra deighenaigh Doomsday , KMMisc. 316 . fri diaid in domain dedenaig at the end of the world, RC xxvi 38 . cona beth . . . faindi irsi oc na dóinib dédinchaib in people of later times, Todd Lect. vi 19 . gé atái isin aimsir déidenaig though thou art near the end of life, SG 37 . doba duine cráibhtheach an M. se san aimsir dhéidheanaigh, Keat. iii 4506 . i ré déidenach do bethad, SG 353 . go cuan a chríche déidheanaighe (i.e. death), TSh. 737 . intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do, PH 6602 . na dá neirrech ndedenach the two last-mentioned (of three things), Laws iv 336 . Absol. is denam for tuisech an deidenach, i 172. 32 Comm. Esp. in pl. in adv. phrases: fri degenca in extremis, Mon. Tall. § 56 . issed derigne D. fria dedencha in his last days, Hib. Min. 277 ; cf. Wb. 30d12 : comrama ┐ baga Poil frisna dédencha towards the end. lasna dédhenachu (dégh-, dedenchu, deidhincha, v.l.) dorónsat gialladh do Césair at last , CCath. 2546 . o thanic tra cusna dedenchu do P., IT i 21.29 . ó rosiacht cusna dédenchu do when his end was approaching, LB 143a36 . ar techt gusna degenachaib do F., RC xii 336 . fuaratar a nathair isna déidhenchoibh iar ndenamh a thiomna in his last moments, AFM vi 2234 . Note also: deighenach a bethad, BNnÉ 265 .

Adv. co d.¤ : robúi aréir co déidhenach sunn he was here late last night, BS § 28 . an aithne si ┐ an aithne air ar labhradh go d.¤ , Donlevy 142 . a Dhia óir do éistis me . . . cid ed éist anos co dedenach me now on this last occasion, 3 B 22, 112a5 .

(b) last up to the present (of that which is just past or still continuing), recent: tuigsi . . . na bpriomhughdar do bhí ionar nduthaigh san aimsir dheigheanuigh, RC iv 351 , 354.3 . o thús betha . . . cosin namsir ṅdedenaig down to our own times, Trip. 530 ( LL 130b23 ). do dhainib na haimsiri deigincha seo, Aen. 3182 . nocha ro chin d'Ereannchaibh . . . isna reibh déidhenchaib righlách fo Domhnall, AFM 911 (ii 582) . Absol. ní thainicc do ghallaibh i nErinn is na deidhenchoibh nech ba ferr inás, AFM vi 2002 ; v 1276 . in aonmaidhm dia ro figheadh isna deidenchaibh inn inis Eremhoin, Hugh Roe 318 . Adv. dobhí ag teagasg go deigheanach lately , RC iv 354 . Serlus do dhenamh ridiri co dedhinach dhinn, Fier. 80 .

Compar. dedenchu tanic co Crist quam predictus he came later to Christ, Lib. Hymn. i 20 .

dín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dín or dil.ie/16570

 

Forms: dína

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 , Verbs § 83 .

(a) protection, defence, shelter: robo d.¤ ┐ dītiu diar feib, TBC-LL¹ 535 . nech da tic mo d.¤ one who can protect me, PRIA iii 1893-6, 536 § 18 . d.¤ anma, ascnam nime, Ériu ii 66 § 12 . is ferr d.¤ cloth oldás d.¤ mbiid, Tec. Corm. § 11.3 . d.¤ m'athar aitchim-si, ZCP viii 202.25 . nāch bīad a dīn for talmain that there would be no shelter for him on the face of the earth, 114.z . dogébthái bar ndíon i Cluain meic Nóis, SG 55.26 . cia thrialltai teichead ní focus díb bar nd.¤ , Alex. 222 . tri c. bliadan . . . atú fo d.¤ gach daire | ní fhaca mín mōrmaighe, BB 394a3 . ni fuighbea (sic leg.) do dhin romumsa gan do bhas leam, Aen. 3174 . Alba gan díon a ndiaigh Ailín defenceless after Allen, Rel. Celt. ii 216 . acht go bhfaghdaois díon ┐ sochar an dlighidh, protection and benefit of the law, Keat. iii 5759 . d.¤ .i. daingean, Stowe Gl. 71 . Common in chevilles: d.¤ cert, SR 3011 . d.¤ cloth, 4915 . d.¤ cech síd, 6615 . comeis lini . . . d' ugaib do din no do digrais da sinser in succour or kindness to an elder, Cog. 48.19 . gorab díon no gurab daingen in trachta[d] ceille doberr as na corpa `that the commentary which is brought from the texts may be a defence', O'Dav. 737 . AR (FOR) d.¤ depending on (cf. ar scáth): mé ar díon duine 'na ndeaghaidh | míol mara arna mionshrothaibh, Book of O'Conor Don 379a26 . ollam. .i. uille in lín bis for a dínsom oldati na gradha olchena, Laws iv 358.13 Comm.

As quasi-vn. act of sheltering, protecting: coimde . . . dom díon dom imdegail, ACL iii 220 . ic d.¤ láech-ban is láech-fher, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . co tanic Petar is Pól do d.¤ na mac mbuilid mbind, Fél.² xxxvi . taispenaidh bur crodhacht da bar nd.¤ fen, RC xix 282 § 212 . tig tunica . . . mar adairc do dhion na sūl o urchoidibh forimileacha, 3 C 19, 99ra1 . Criosd da choimhed Dia da dhíon, Rel. Celt. ii 321.27 . dúil do chleachtadh reacht mhic Dé do dhíon . . . to uphold the law of Christ, Ó Bruad. ii 202 . gurab léor . . . ughdarás na hEagluise . . . d'á dhíon gurab ionghabhtha an t-Aifrionn to defend the point that, Eochairsg. 13.34 . Dimin. (metri causa): drem as doig diar ndínón (dionon, MS.), Gorm. March 14 . Note also: téid ar dhíon, DDána 87.15 , explained in Gloss. as `ar a choimeád'.

Attrib. g s. dína sheltering, protective: a dhuis díona in degshlóig, SG 265.6 . na coillte díona dosmhóra, 266.15 . in drong díona, 353.13 . sgiath dhíona, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 8 .

With AR protection, shelter against: ní díon ar dhoininn na ar dherthan bheith ann, BS p. 114 . din ar diabal in Duileam, Lec. 363b36 . fod dhin ar na pecaibh nac tainic to protect you against future sin, Lib. Flav. 36rb x . a nd.¤ ar gach nindliged, Laws v 24.19 Comm. dia nd.¤ ar in duinebaid, Lism. L. 4805 . gan díon ar olc, Keat. Poems 1173 . Note also: i ndíon ar dháimh protection over, Keat. Poems 590 .

Of persons, Muridach . . . d.¤ nAirther M. protector of Orior, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 36 . a ri na righ is tu mo d.¤ , IT iii 11 . a Phátric . . . a d.¤ Gáedel, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . am d.¤ cech dochair, ZCP iii 236 (TE). Flathbertach d.¤ cech deoraid, LL 182b2 . ba d.¤ do nochtaib, ACC 85 ( RC xx 268 ). rofaith mo d.¤ mo ditiu, AFM an. 906 . díon anbhfann is tearmann dáimhe, Keat. Poems 465 .

Of places: rofhágaibh a curach a scalpaibh carrag fo d.¤ fo díamhair in shelter and concealment, Ériu iii 154 § 7 . adba in ríg . . . ba d.¤ ba dún ba dindgna, LL 28b18 . rucsat co diamair dia nd.¤ | immad fíadaig is fíadmíl to their shelter, Metr. Dinds. iii 246 . doronsat catair . . . ┐ ba din iside on Scitia . . . co descert na h-Asia, BB 411a27 . in tan rosiacht Nisus d.¤ a place of shelter, Aen. 2124 . den .i. d.¤ no daingen, O'Dav. 737 . do thréig sé a dhíon amhuil an leomhan `his covert', Jeremiah xxv 38 .

(b) covering, thatch, roofing: do chleithibh . . . do dhíon ┐ do dheaghsheisg, ML 76 . tech . . . fo dhíon ocus fó thégar, SG 292.27 . faidhit (leg. saidhit?) d.¤ clāraigh uasa mbarcuibh, ZCP i 404 . d.¤ d'fhidhbadaib uasa a roofing of timbers, 384 . do mhullach tighe do bi se do cur fa d.¤ , BCC 309 . fé dh.¤ tighe, GJ vi 152b17 .

(c) sparing, husbanding (cf. caomhnadh in same sense): Síol Néill ag neimhdhíon a gcrodh unsparing of their wealth, Book of O'Conor Don 136a17 .

(d) In legal sense remission (?): anaid ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus co ngill no d.¤ no dithim until pledge or remission (?), [end of] delay in pound (?), Laws ii 128.25 Comm.

Compds. ¤armda: daingen d., MR 236.14 . ¤athair protecting father: dílleacht gan díon-athair, TSh. 1170 . deibhléan . . . dearóil gan díon-athair, 6621 . ¤barr: is mo Dia d., IT iii 52.4 . tanic Padraic . . . ar dinbarr leigeand, Lec. 584b1 . ¤brollach vindication or apology prefacing a work: díonbhrollach nó brollach cosnaimh Forais Feasa ar Éirinn, Keat. i 92.70 . ¤chomét: a théach adéarainn do dhíonchoiméad, Keat. Poems 577 . a Iosa a dhíonchoimhéud na foirbhtheachda protector, Parrth. Anma 285.20 . ¤fhál: ar daingne bid dínfhal, Gorm. Oct. 19 . ¤lethan broad-sheltering: sgiath d., Atlantis iv 176.27 . ¤mór: confacaid dosaball díonmór fó bláth, SG 351.31 . ¤scíath: a protecting shield: go haisiog a ndínscéithe, Ó Bruad. iii 14.16 . ¤toirt: rothinól d. tachtai, a protecting mass, SR 5971 .

dind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dind or dil.ie/16579
Last Revised: 2013

 

n u, n. a nd.¤ , Sg. 63a13 . dinn mbera (n. loc.?), SG 148.17 . Originally a spike, a point? Cognate with ON tindr spike, tooth, mountain-peak. Cf. mō nā cliab co dendaib dēs a basket with spikelets i.e. ears of corn, BB 402b8 .

(a) height, hill: [d]inn ainm gach druimne, Metr. Gl. p. 17 . pridchaiss fri dē i ndinnib (glossed i telchaib), Hy. ii 28 ( Thes. ii 315 ). dionn .i. tulach nó cnoc, O'Cl. d.¤ .i. cnoc, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn tulach ┐ dinna tulcha, O'Dav. 743 . dinn .i. ard nó cleth[e], 649 . isé in cnocc mór mó cach d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 180 . ith ┐ blicht for cach d.¤ on every height, LL 200b48 . sab suithe cech d.¤ on every eminence, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). senchas d.¤ Erenn inso, RC xv 277 . bla cethra d.¤ a hill constitutes an exemption as regards (lit. of) cattle, Laws iii 296.11 . rí os cach airm os cach dinn, SR 209 . rí . . . tuarcgab cach d.¤ dia dulb, 7438 . rosiacht d.¤ richid the hill (fortress?) of heaven, 2099 . iscorsit . . . for d.¤ flatha finde, Fél. May 17 . bit áird úas d.¤ fhlatha they will be high above the Kingdom's height, Prolegomena 155 . sliab Sióin ina d.¤ uasu, LB 157b35 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll ndatha | . . . | . . . ar gach dionn, Content. xxx § 19 .

(b) fortified hill, walled or fortified town, citadel, stronghold: a ṅdind suthul á nomen gl. oppidum Suthul, Sg. 63a13 . D.¤ Map Lethain. . . . .i. Dūn Maic Liathain, Corm. Y 883 . D.¤ Tradui .i. dūn tredūi, 883 . Babilōin d.¤ rochumtaig Nīn, ZCP iii 18.33 . d.¤ dianid ainm Ilia, TTr. 1014 ( LL 231a9 ). dochum denna ┐ rigimscingi Príaím, 1845 ( LL 241b ). Toghail dénna Arimin annso sís, CCath. 382 . iar n-indriud in denda, BB 424a41 . rig-dinn Bresail Bregamain, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . ar na dindaib rocumdaiged leo i nErinn, Lec. 576a6 . gur gabsat dí chathair déc dia ndinndaib (or for dind[g]naib?) dithoghlaidi, ZCP i 398 . breó dar dinna a torch over fortresses, AFM an. 898 = AU 902 (poem). d.¤ betha the world (lit. the fortress of the world): nocon fhuair for d.¤ betha acht tri locha, LL 5b35 (`on the fort of Bith', Leb. Gab.(i) 62 ). Cf. d.¤ domuin, SR 866 . Fig. of a person a citadel, an eminence, a towering figure: d.¤ oc libur leigdocht he was an eminence in the book of the law (of C.C.) .i. no forcanad libru rechta co clethi, ACC § 27 . Drongach Doile d.¤ gaile, Rawl. 85a1 . an dionn eagnaid is geal gníomh, Ó Bruad. ii 136 . Of a notable event climax: Dinda na Tāna so sis .i. Caladgleo Cethirn, Fīacalgleō Fintain, etc., TBC-I¹ 2747 .

(c) stead, notable place: na tri dinna .i. Síd in Broga ┐ Duma na nGiall ┐ Dun Crimthain, Dinds. § 3 ( RC xv 291 ). do dindaib Ua ṅAmalgaid annso .i. Carnn Amalgaid ┐ Tir Amalgaid ┐ Fearsad Threisi, Dinds. § 135 (RC xvi). hi maig Find . . . mórtha d.¤ the spot was ennobled, Metr. Dinds. iii 394 .

(d) mansion, court: dinna na n-ingen . . . for fiarláit in dúnaidh, ZCP i 372 . bit cethra dinna anorcha acu soin, 368 .

(e) pinnacle, peak: eclais iar na cúmtach o cholomnaib ┐ o dinnaib ardaib, LB 159a57 . no foghluaisiond . . . dar dendaibh agus dar droibelaibh, TBC-LL¹ 5620 (Stowe).

(f) In nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

(g) Used figur. in amplificative sense foll. by gen. of definition: bid bláith do deog a d.¤ chuirn from a mighty goblet (?), Ériu iv 106.8 . d.¤ chuirn, ACL iii 307 § 20 . ? conusaicet in scoith ndimoir | d.¤ comart[h]a tire tarngire a prominent sign (?) (of the land of promise) (but see below under compds.), ZCP x 410 . sé 's a drúth, ba d.¤ dīrmma a striking cavalcade, BColm. 88. 19 .

(h) as adj. agreeable, pleasant : dinn .i. aibhinn, O'Dav. 735 . d.¤ .i. cnoc no uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . dinn .i. aibind, Stowe Gl. 69 . sephainn co grinn ceol (sic leg., coel, text) nglain ṅgil | bái a thoirm d.¤ fo secht nimib, SR 2160 . na sáraig Samuel fáith find | congab grad núalnar náebdind, 6026 . ? dá fagur tairisi dind, Celtica xiii 12.203 .

Compds. ¤bile a lofty old tree: ronfáema ar dinnbile (of Christ), SR 8223 . a rí na ríg, is tú mo dín mo dinnbile, IT iii 41 . ¤brat a mighty cloak (?): cet each ndonn ndindbrataibh (dínbhrataibh, LL). BB 278b16 . ¤chomartha a prominent sign: gur ferad cith cruaid-ger cloithnechta dinncomartha ármuigh dferaib Erend (cf. MR 236 where O'Don. from another MS. reads, probably rightly, d'innchomarta), LL 410b7 . ¤chor: a mighty setting forth (?), a great enumeration (?): ni fail do dainib . . . | nech thucas tria dindchur de | na fail d'ingnud lam rígse, SR 335 . ¤fher a notable man: Dímman derrit d., Gorm. June 27 . ¤fhogal plundering of fortresses (?): mór . . . leath-truim díth is dionn-fhoghla, Keat. Poems 996 . ¤gére: ar a d., IT iii 189 . ¤mall (?): dognith la Finnbarr . . . cumtach d. daigfethal, SG 84.37 . ¤mór: dia fúair deg-raind dindmóir | i crích Sengaind a noble share of strong places (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 298 . ¤ogam fortress-ogham (technical gramm. term): dinnogam .i. aicme bethi .i. Bruiden, Lifi, Femin, Scolae, Nemthend, Auraic. 5687 . ¤orc[h]aill: Donadhach dindorcaill a noble protection (?), AFM i 516 . ¤roga: a high choice, something noble or pre-eminent: mac fial Finnloga . . . | dim (leg. dia?) cech dindrogha dliges `to whom is due every choice honour', Lism. L. 3470 . ¤shenchas history of notable places (lit. hill-lore), topography, legendary lore: inn eól dúib a d.? LL 152b9 . feib adfét in súidi snas, | is desin a d., Metr. Dinds. ii 44 . ba suithe in cach dindsenchas, LU 657 (ACC). friscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ dínshenchus ┐ primscéla hÉrend, IT iii 50 . is cuman lim . . . dindsenchas clainne Adaim, LL 376b35 . d. na cnocc ┐ na tulach, Acall. 4788 . re táib dindsenchais cach cnuic, 2436 . dubláidi dindshenchais dait, Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . nobiad aici a fhis dindsheanchais cach inaid sund, YBL 195a20 . a shenchaidhi . . . na fhochair ┐ sé ag déanamh dinnshenchais na criche reimhe dho, ITS v 28 .

1 doé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doé or dil.ie/17513

 

Forms: dóit, dóite, dóid, dóidi

n (orig. doë disyll., GOI § 326 ) nt, f. Later with n s. dóit, g s. dóite. dóid, g s. and n pl. dóidi, IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) The upper arm from shoulder to elbow, humerus (oppd. to lám arm in general and rig forearm): doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . inna ndoat gl. lacertorum, Acr. 26v2 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dae .i. righ nó guala, O'Dav. 740 citing Laws iii 290.15 where d.¤ is explained as meaning `guala' in a man and `ucht' in a woman. co memaid a doe láma, LL 292b31 . remithir dóit láma, FB § 91 . luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na laime ┐ cos eissib (┐ cosa na mer estib, LB) suas, ind rig ┐ in doe (in doit, LB), gusin n-alt na guailne arsisidar . . . sē haisle didiu fil otha ind meoir co halt na gualand (viz. three phalanges, metacarpal bone, rig forearm, and doe upper arm), Corm. Y 447 . cusna rigthib . . . ┐ cusna doitib (where rigthe = ulnas), Gild. Lor. 164 . mebsaitis limsa glaine fer dia mbrāigde, brāigde fer la ṅdōite, rigthi fer la n-uaille (leg. a n-uille) men's necks (shoulder-blades) with their upper arms, TBC-I¹ 3547 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 5947 . turcbaid-sium a dóti ┐ a rigthi ┐ a dernanna, TBC-LL¹ 916 . cu roloisc in tene . . . doiti ┐ righthe na ndibercach, Lism. L. 2974 . co rosedlad buinde a sliasta ┐ a dá dóit, RC xvi 44 ( Dinds. 93 ). a dí ḟoil argit ┐ a dí bunne doat armlets, Imr. Brain ii 48 . bouinde doat, IT iii 238 . deich muince doat, Ériu ii 4 (dóat, v.l.). fail mo láma is mo dóitti, Fen. 400 . falge óir im dóitib, LL 18b34 . órnasc nobíd um dóitib . . . mac na saerchland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 4 s.v. aunasc. bla deilge dae `exemption as regards the brooch on the shoulder', Laws iii 290 . dealc n-oir huasa doidib ina brot above his fore-arms (i.e. on the shoulder), TBC-I¹ 3344 , cf. 3159 and TBC-LL¹ 5685 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib (of Moses praying during the slaughter of the Amalekites), RC xii 434 .

(b) By extension the arm in general (synon. of lám): doit .i. lam, Cóir Anm. 236 . dóid .i. lámh, O'Cl. trisin doit gl. brachio, Ml. 29b8 . ní ceil a dóe for Láige `his arm doth not fail Laigde', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ) = ni chel a dae, AFM 226 (i 110) , ní chél a doe, SG ii 492 ; ni cheil a doid for laga, Lec. 278a4 . co n-eccmoiṅg a láim dói di Lugaid . . . benar a lám dói di choinculainn . . . conid and atá otharlige a chind ┐ a láime dói, RC iii 182 (`right hand', perh. a misinterpreted compd. lámdóe; lam doe, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 17 ). tucastar . . . dóit fri dóit, CRR 45 , 48 , 51 ; FB § 53 . dóid fria dóid ┐ gualaind fri gualaind, CCath. 1722 . dói fri dói, LL 146b51 ( PRIA xix 544 ). ar ndiceannadh mo dóiti, MR 308 . nibtar dermaill a di doit (: cōic), Corm. Y 398 . dóide dromghonta, ML 134 ; TSh. 6614 . i cein cotnicfat ar ndoidi foga do cassad as long as our arms are able to whirl javelins, CCath. 635 ; 662 , 655 . lotar dō iar ndōtib drenn | cōic cōicid in[n]a Erenn `after arms of combats' (i.e. after wrestling, bouts, fights?), ZCP iii 37 = IT i 109 (where Wind. reads iarnd.¤ iron gauntlets). lederthar a doti, PH 1119 . rosiacht a cholpa's a dóit `its shank and its toe' (its leg and its arm?), Metr. Dinds. ii 100 .

(c) hand (esp. in later texts, cf. similar use of lám): gibe díbh gēbhus righe, | ná siritt slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258 . ceithri . . . binni clis hi cechtar a do dhoit, TBC-I¹ 3396 . do ghlac a arm 's a sgiath 'na dhóid (on his arm?), Oss. iv 132 . ling ar mo theangaid, a Thrinóit, | beandaig ind dot míndóit móir (allusion to hand used in benediction?), ACL iii 241 . méor dhóide, Hackett xxi 23 . iadas . . . na glac-doidi garga . . . tar corp Conaill, MR 256 . gur theilgetar a gcuilg a ndóidib ┐ á nglacaib, SG 272 . gur bheansad dóide feola a corpoibh a cheile handfuls (?), ZCP x 289 . dodracha caipiri `fists of copper', ITS xvii 113 . cnagaire dóide `a knocker ', Ó Bruad. ii 234 .

pn As sobriquet: Ailderg Dóit is leis ar thūs doronait failge ōir im doitib, Rawl. 147a27 . Allerg Doat, ZCP viii 302 . Enna Dóit, Lec. 52a43 . mic Enna Dóit, ITS xv 48 . mac Enna Doat, Rawl. 154b2 . Mael Doid . . . i cnocaib Maele Doaid, Arch. Hib. ii 83 (?).

Compds. ¤buinne: curro cuir comfota dótbuindi dedhlaeich do crund na cruisigi treimit ` champion's armlet ', Grail 884 . ¤chirrad: mo dóit-chirradh, MR 306 . ¤chleth: dóidchleatha meor-laga ` trellis-hand ', Keat. Poems 101 . ¤gel: ben dían d. white-armed , MacCongl. 97 . duine d., Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . ¤lám arm: roiadhadar na dodlamha doleonta . . . tar na dromannaibh, CF 205 ; 357 . snadhmaid na dóidlámha tar chaoldromannaibh a chéile, Oss. iii 94 . Cf. doé láime, lám dói above. ¤lebar long-armed: fri Domhnall d., MR 110 ; 116 , 182 . ¤lethan broad-fisted (?): ina ndóidib détla dóidlethna, SG 265 . ¤mer: Cerball nír dúi ciar dótmer swift to strike, rash (?), LL 201b30 . ¤rig fore-arm (arm ?): rodúin a dá doitrighid im cael a droma, CCath. 2957 . rolá a dá dóitrighidh imme, Moling 8 . roiadhusdair a dha dhóidrigh, ITS v 38 . toccbuis Fer D. eter a dhoidriogaibh mora, ZCP x 297 .

4 drenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 drenn or dil.ie/18651

 

Forms: drennaib

adj rough, rude: drénd .i. garb unde dicitur aindreand (.i. sliab), Corm. p. 15 . Stowe Gl. 332 . Lec. Gl. 518 (dreann). galar d.¤ , Anecd. i 35.9 . tír . . . ndér nd.¤ , SR 871 (1 drenn?). cluiche d.¤ `rough sport', Metr. Dinds. iii 100 . dusfuc Diarmaid mac C. cluichi drend (of levying the Boroma), Lec. 598a16 . As subst.: rosiacht dar drennaib ┐ dar drobelaib over rough places, Moling § 55 . a duiri a drobela a drenda, Ériu iv 146.21 .

1 ethiar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ethiar or dil.ie/20847

 

Forms: ethiuir

n (é—?) m. (L. aether) the upper air, or ether: isse sin int ethier huais | cen gaeth, cen aear n-angluais (of the atmosphere extending from the moon to the sun) SR 117 . muir ┐ gæth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, RC xvi 32.3 . int intech dochuaid hi colaind co héther amal dochuaid Pol (i.e. to the third heaven, cf. 2 Cor. xii 2 ?) ACC 135 Comm. (hether LB. heithiar YBL). rosiacht corrici ethíar a arddi, FB 81 (eithiar Eg.). g s. ind ethiuir (gl. aetheris) Lib. Hymn. i 71.32 (in etheoir v.l.). foluamnigis i n-ethíar in the air MacCongl. 107.11 .

figled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. figled or dil.ie/22054

 

n u, m. (vn. of figlid) watching, keeping vigil: feib rosiacht in lethenach do fhigled `when he had finished studying the page' MacCongl. 53.24 . ? doghén t'ḟighleadh co heólach, a inghean an ḟighleórach, IGT, Decl. ex. 1301 .

1 fis, fius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fis, fius or dil.ie/22221
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fius(s), fis, fius, fiss, fius(s), dús, fis(s), fesso, fessa, feasa, ḟiss, fessa, fess, fessa, fhios, fess, fess

n u and o, n. later m. (used as vn. of ro-finnadar, ro-fitir). O.Ir. forms : n s. fius(s), Wb. 10b27 . 10c1 . 30a8 . b16 . Sg. 209b26 . fis, Ml. 46c24 (usual Mid. Ir. spelling). a s. cen fius , Wb. 25c4 . fiss, Hy vii 55 . d s. fius(s), Wb. 16d12 . 28b23 . Sg. 209a6 . Thes. ii 36.28 (also in petrified phr. duús, dús < do ḟius. See Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. 259 § 33 ). fis(s), Ml. 61a13 . Thes. ii 19.33 . g s. fesso, Wb. 14d30 . fessa, 26d15 . LB 72b5 . feasa, TSh. 310 . ind ḟiss , Wb. 5c16 . Sg. 33a27 . Mid. Ir. generally fessa, but forms fluctuate : mac Roḟis, RC xxvi 30 § 132 . mac Roḟessa, § 135 . n a p. fess (neut. form) Ml. 73b7 . 128d10 . Thes. ii 27.34 . Mid. Ir. fessa.

I

(a) the act of finding out or ascertaining ; knowledge, information , with obj. gen. : f.¤ timnae nDae, Ml. 46c24 . fiuss do a muntire knowledge to him of his household Wb. 30b16 . ba coir do fiuss inna n-ídol it were right for him to have knowledge of the idols 10c1 . f.¤ cech neich ┐ cech belra occa he has knowledge of all things, etc. PH 1975 . i n-ecmais a ḟessa ┐ a eolusa in absence of knowledge of the matter TBC-LL¹ 1561 . ar ffaghbhail a ḟesa co mbaoi Ua C. dia bhrath, AFM vi 2248.11 . d'fhagháil fheasa ┐ eólais ar an somharbhthacht, TSh. 310 . ni mō inā ic Dia itā a f.¤ `God alone knows' Cog. 184.34 . do chúalaidh éighmhe ... ┐ adubert a fhis cia do denadh an éigheam, Imr. Brain i 59.7 (= a fhios do thabairt cuige, ZCP xvii 349 ). do-bhéaram dhuit ... fios t'uaisle I shall tell thee of TD 30.22 . crann feasa maitheasa ┐ uilc, Gen. ii 9 . Rarely folld. by prep. : cf. do lou brāthai cech f.¤ fīrtait all tidings of the Day of Judgment ACL iii 303.26 . guid-si in Coimdhi ma f.¤ im ar comarlecad to find out whether we shall be allowed 225.7 . F.¤ SCÉL tidings, information: ar lainni fesso scél on techtairiu because of the eagerness for tidings Wb. 14d30 . táncamár dot ḟ.¤ scél to get tidings of thee LU 2334 . foidid C. Loeg dia ḟ.¤ (do f.¤ LU) scēl dūs cia cruth mbotha, TBC-I¹ 1572 . fios a sgéal tiding about him PBocht 20.13 . Common with proleptic poss. pron. and folld. by subst. or dependent clause : a fiss mad āil duit | dechair maith ┐ mōrhuilcc if thou wishest to learn the difference SR 1329 . is mó a fius deitsiu a ndorigeni di maith (gl. melius tu nosti) Wb. 30a8 . bíd a fhis lib cor cretset na gennti, PH 2302 . rob ail liumsa a ḟ.¤ d'ḟagbail uaitsiu cia icá raibe in dúnad, Acall. 2632 . beag a fhios agad ... cia misi, Studies 1924, 243 . fagh a f.¤ damh in beó nó in marb C., CCC 113.3 . CEN Ḟ. : cen fius dúib without your knowing Wb. 25c4 . In loose constr., where proleptic pron. might be expected : cen fis do neoch a beith aice none knowing that he had it PH 56 . cen f.¤ accu beos he buden ina cristaige ib. (Absol. ) secretly, unnoticed: ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fh.¤ PH 7574 . ac foraire co nach bereadh Conall orra gan f.¤ , CCC 118x . ? ná briss ḟorm lugi gan ḟess, TBC-LL¹ 3507 (cf. 2 feis). CO F.¤ : cin co fiss guilt incurred wittingly ACL iii 222y . CO F.¤ DOM with my knowledge ; so far as I know: co f.¤ dō nacha dligenn knowing that he is not entitled to do so Laws iv 58.10 Comm. go bhfios damh, TD 3.38 . go bfios dhuit féin, Mac Aingil 144.11 .

DO F.¤ (fius)

(1 ) to find out, to investigate (see also dús) : doregat ... do fis ind adamri-sin, Ml. 61a13 . táet L. lat ... d'f.¤ in tiri, LU 3348 ( SCC 13 ). ticed ... d'is cech réta, LU 3654 ( SCC 32 ). liaig ... d'ḟ.¤ galair cach aen uile, ACL iii 223 . téid ... d'ḟios na habhann, Keat. iii 2590 .

(2 ) folld. by depend. interrog. clause : do fius cid lae sechtmaine forsombi, Thes. ii 36.28 . C. do lecud uadib da ḟiss cid bái sind áth, TBC-LL¹ 706 . techt do saigidh a mban dia fiss in iat a cuirp dobatar [ann], ACL iii 224.27 . gur scrīp ... go rīgh F. ... dia fhioss crēd badh indēnta riu, Fl. Earls 22.12 . Folld. by dús : ised tancamar da f.¤ dús in rosgab ..., LB 63a33 ( IT i 40 ). dia ḟ.¤ dús in díriuch m'urchor, TBC-LL¹ 1185 . Cf. is ē roduc for fis Cathair, Rawl. 116c6 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. 15n .).

(3 ) to seek, visit: dochuaid E. d'ḟiss a brathar, IT i 121.19 (cf. ar f.¤ Labrada, LU 3624 , SCC 31 ). ni thancubar dom fhiss (= non visitastis me) PH 6160 . adhaigh dhamhsa do fhios Bhria[i]n one night I visited B. Ériu i 96.28 . tic ... d'fís a mic, RC v 198z . go bhfuil d'ḟiachaibh orruinn an t-aifrionn d'ḟios ┐ d'eisteacht, Eochairsg. 106.26 . nach déin an bás moill gan teacht d'fhios gach aoin, TSh. 87 . ar ngealladh d'fhios a uaighe to visit his tomb Dán Dé iv 27 . Somet. simply = towards: d'fhios an dhorais, Ó Héodhusa 9.6 .

(4 ) rarely folld. by depend. affirm. clause with co = that it may be known: gabar in pater i sanais ... dia fh.¤ conid comfhocus in comdiu ... to show that the Lord is nigh PH 8001 . is aire atberad ... comtar lána ón spirut noeb, dia fhis co na talla spirut aile accu, 5479 . Cf. ricob ... d'ḟ.¤ mo genais to prove my chastity Ériu vii 229.9 . d'fios a lámhaigh to test their shooting SGS iv 64 § 23 .

FO F.¤ to, towards: gluaisid ... fa fhios caithleomhain Cláir S., Ir. Monthly 1926, 472 . IAR F.¤ when revealed, made known: fiachach cach folludh iar f.¤ every neglect is liable after it has been found out Laws i 264.16 . fuisitiu cach ra[i]th iar f.¤ after due cognizance (of notice in case of contracts due to persons whose interests are affected) ZCP xv 252 § 9 . as iarna ḟios do chluinim (= I hear on good authority) ZCP i 62 § 45 . CÁ F.¤ (folld. by dep. neg. or interr. clause) who knows but ? perhaps: ca f.¤ nach dinghnad mo comurle ?, ZCP vi 92.23 . cá fios nach tiucfadh ad theagh ?, Studies 1924, 243 . gá fios nach faicfe... ?, Dán Dé xxv 30 . ga fios nach aimeosainn ib , 23 F 16, 8 ; 23 L 17, 95b ( O'Gr. Cat. 456 reads `fhios'). gá fios damh ... an mbiam an uair oile ann ? how know I if I shall live another hour ? TSh. 1826 = Dán Dé v 5 . gá fios an tnúth cáir `who knows whether it be fitting envy ?' SGS iv 60 § 7 . As alleg. npr. m. : Fis mac Aithfis (a druid) RC xliii 24 § 23 .

(b) absol. or with subj. gen. that which is known ; knowledge (as an intellectual acquisition) : one of the gifts of the Spirit, dist. fr. 1 ecna(e) `wisdom' and int(ṡ)liucht `understanding' ZCP v 499 § 4 . f.¤ ... .i. etargna, O'Mulc. 545 . ɔrop éula i fiuss et æcnu (gl. doctorem) Wb. 28b23 . ind ḟiss asberar michanicé of the science called `mêchanicê ' Sg. 33a27 . fri fegi f.¤ `against the keenness of science' Thes. ii 293.23 . fri cech fiss arachuiliu corp ┐ anmain, 357.9 ( Hy vii 55 ). [multitudo scientiae] .i. immad fessa ┐ ecna, PH 6237 . ba laind [sic leg.] lais a scela ┐ a f.¤ do cloistecht his lore Ériu v 20.19 . uisge ┐ fios fuair an dall, PBocht 10.33 (ref. to the blind man who received sight and the power to read, Lism. L. 60 ). fios an dá Ríoghsa the true account of these two kings Studies 1932, 140 . níp riágol cen ḟiss rule without knowledge Ériu iii 104.1 . in tres fis is mó rofaillsiged dó riam one of the three greatest revelations Acall. 2663 . eochair fessa foglaim ZCP vi 270 § 10 . ranna do ḟromhadh bhar bhfis to prove your story Content. v 156 . dét fis tooth of knowledge (`the tooth under which Finn placed his thumb to obtain revelations ; cf. Fr. dent de sagesse, Eng. wisdom-tooth', Stokes, Acall. Gloss. s.v. dét ) : tuc a ordain fó a dét fis, ┐ do faillsiged fírinne dhó, Acall. 203 . 1835 . beich fesa ┐ beich aerda ┐beich cundtabartacha ┐ anfesa 'bees of known origin and bees in the air and bees of doubtful origin and [bees] of unknown origin', Bechbretha 182 (a) ​. The meaning occult knowledge, revelation , is probably the one in such exx. as the follg. : lucht fessa ┐ eolais (i.e. soothsayers) CCath. 921 . popul na druidecda, popal iatsén da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine 725 . rofoghluinnset na hingina fessa ┐ duile ┐ amaidecht, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.15 . fir co morḟiss ┐ go mórḟastine ┐ druidect TBC-LL¹ 1453 . Cf. fuba co fessaib ... .i. ... pisoga do [denum dó], O'Dav. 930 . fis ogh (conventional etymological gloss on fásach 'legal precedent'), Ériu xxxii 88 .

(c) a message, notice, summons: in uaitsiu rosiacht f.¤whether the message came from thee LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). berair in f.¤ sin chuci, LU 5848 . dobir fiss don chill brings the news BColm. 96.20 . CUIRID F.¤ (AR, CO) sends word to, sends for, summons: cuiris C. fios go hAlbain i gcoinne saoir C. sent to Scotland for a wright Keat. ii 5236 . do cuir fis ar ceann Manannain ... do caitheamh na fleidhi `sent for M. to partake of' Ériu xi 188 x . cuiris A. fios ar chloinn R. ... dia radh riú ... teacht, Content. xxviii. 15 . do chuir M. fios oile ar chend Eirc also sent to E. CCC 75.12 . cuiris fios go Fionn ... Magnus ... do theacht `sent word to F. that M. had come' Duan. F. ii 320 . With ellipse of vb. : fiss uait co Fiac[h]a send word to F. LL 297b15 ( SG 365.15 ). f.¤ a ndeadhaigh mo secht mac send for MR 44.5 . fios ar a c[h]end co cloinn Neill ZCP viii 221 § 42 . In pl. tidings, summons (somet. apparently messengers) : fáitti fessa ┐ tec[h]ta uait-siu cot chairdib, CRR 7 . ra fáittea fessa ┐ techtaireda ar cend Ḟ., TBC-LL¹ 3012 . do riachtadur fessa ó rig M. ar cend naemPátraic co mbeth ara tṡoiscela, Acall. 5384 (`messengers ... to fetch P. and to tell him that the king would adhere to his gospel' SG ii 232 ). eirghit fesa uaibh dia saigid, Lism. L. 2975 .

(d) description, appellation , an extension of (a) : Ser Gyi o Berbuic m'ainm ┐ m'ḟ.¤ ┐ m'eolus ... ag sluaghaibh Saxan, ZCP vi 30.16 .

(e) in B. na filed honour, generosity: ar fios (.i. gart .i. einech), ZCP v 285 § 4 .

(f) transf. a learned man, a sage ? ceithri fis isna cathrachaib, sin .i. Morfeasa ... is iat na .iii. filid ... (of the sages of the Tuatha D.D.) BB 32a25 (= cetri druid isna cetri cathrachaib etc. RC xii 58 § 7 ).

II In n a p. inna fess , Ml. 128d10 ; Thes. ii 27.34 ( BCr. 39b1 ) ; isna fess , Ml. 73b7 (gl. scita in all cases) f.¤ seems to be used as a participle known ; See 1 fes(s), and GOI Translators' Note no. 68 . cf. also phr. : is f.¤ dom I know: is f.¤ dún conid mór in bert, TBC-LL¹ 1222 . See also Wb. 10c2 where Thes. editors read : is [an]d [is] fius do dia he is known to God.

Compd. fis-ecna knowledge and wisdom: fisegna, ZCP x 44.29 . See also fiscomarc.

? glocan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? glocan or dil.ie/26110

 

n rosiacht cach im glocan a cele dib `within the grasp of the other,' Cog. 196.30 = glotain, B, which is perhaps the right reading, or else = glacán grasp, q.v.

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