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1 cáem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáem or dil.ie/7590

Forms: cáomh

adj I o, ā

(a) dear, precious, beloved; belonging to the family : gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc cóima gl. sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( GOI 224 ). im chorpu aiso coim `of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 . inna gell choima .i. in maicc són `the dear pledges', 123c9 . co Críst coem tar dili `dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 . caem cách co hÉtain, BDD² 44 . caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12 § 19 . carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 . ba caeom (coem, v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (see II (a) below): beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr. Echtra Condla Chaim (title of a tale), LU 9991 . Conla Cáem, LL 13447 . mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of objects dear, precious, valuable : cid cóem cid dichóem (of furniture). Críth G. 225 . sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 . cet[h]ri dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en (of a house), ZCP viii 108.14 . ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta, Cog. 40.27 . cathbarra caem, Stair Erc. 735 . Of clothes: tlacht caom, ML² 499 . lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .

In phrase is c.¤ la: la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are beloved by Christ, Fél. Sept. 2 . nipo chóim less frinn gl. qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Romans viii 32 , Wb. 4b12 . doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts(?), TBC-I¹ 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly, caem .i. beg, ut est: ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 . coemh no caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also: caem .i. terc ut est inti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to: dia mbi caime in cethra, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'Curry 1388 ( H 3.18, 630ab ) adds: uair caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc. = 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).

(b) fair, beautiful, lovely : it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC). mo chú ch.¤ chain, TBC-LL¹ 530 . laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 . cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 . a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 . caomha na cláir ad-chífe lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 . fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 . rath na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 . grís chaomh ar car a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670 (see also , compds. infra). Of speech: coil ┐ cóim `simple and beautiful', Sg. 26a10 . briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH 314 . fitting, suitable, appropriate : ma do ti dam caem, Laws i 122.7 Comm. Of gender: aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na mna i.e. a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 . ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta euccaom, 3708 . Adv. ríg Connacht c.¤ doscomort `well he smote them', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 , cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh .i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt, ready, willing , P. O'C.

Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 . dírimm bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 . .ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 . ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, Stair Erc. 5 . Superl. ba sí . . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 . fer . . . as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 . daoine . . . is caoimhe cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .

II Subst. o, m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) friend, relation; comrade : cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait, LU 4506 ( TBC-I¹ 23 ). dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 . ni aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 . dia ch.¤ .i. dia chloind ┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 . cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 . d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, AFM vi 2266.17 . síol gCéin ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 . Cf. sainchóim ind ríg gl. maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .

(b) noble, aristocrat : caemh .i. uasal, ut est caiti faill caem? . . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav. 521 . coem .i. comes .i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond rīg quam illi unde caem dicitur , O'Mulc. 235 . coim Ereand, Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ). eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 . in tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen. 77.17 . do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 . oc togerad c.¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ). na diamra ro chrech in c.¤ , LL 4364 . áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 . blaī būaid cuirmthige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles (one of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company, entertainment : caem .i. fledh (quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 . caomh .i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , see 1 ben. By inference(?): cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 . caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl. ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 ( .i. d'eolchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.16 note). Cf. maccoím.

(c) fair or beautiful object or person: 'sin choem chomardach, LB 124b11 = 'san chaomh chomhordhach, Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag). 'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl. na mB. 3261 . baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad, YBL 86a8 . teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn, Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person: rap í in ch.¤ a chetmunter the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 . Maodócc an caomh cneis-réidh `M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .

Compds. Of family relationships: caomhathair, caomhmathair, caomhaide, caomhmuime, caomhbhrathair, caoimhsiur, caomhaindear, caoimchele, caomcomalta, go mba hógh go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu xiii 16.14 . ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 . dia chaomh chenel fein, AFM iv 1374.1 . ní fhágfadh ben dinn 'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 . ón ti is comfocus do da caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re caemfine, 358.19 Comm.

General. With nouns: ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiach. 76.2 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR 8195 . addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 . Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. 30 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 . tria choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 . tucsat ar coemching hi cacht, LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 . ata muir imma coemchness, Rawl. 77b32 . fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ). mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 . im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU² 211 . ferr cīall inā cæmchruth (prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 . in cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair pack (used ironically), SG 57.2 . oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR 8189 . dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 . cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 . A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr. 16 . ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid, v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 § 218 . ar egnairc na caom-geine (of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 . coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó, 3252 . car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 . Flaith Fáil car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 . Eua co coemlí, SR 2082 . caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl. amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid, Alex. 358 . dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra `decency', RSClára 44.14 . coemrád, SR 2750 . nírop seóta sír-thaiscius / sernas do cách caémhratha `who apportions good grants to everyone', Leb. Cert.² 150.24 . a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC-LL¹ 3672 . co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ). no co cumad a caemrus (:tūs) `compact', Fen. 362.2 (see rús). in ghleiri caemshluaigh (of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 . domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 . dorochair di a coemthlacht, 1296 . nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 . oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid, SR 4286 . coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 . cáomh-thúarasgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .

With noun forming adj.: Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 . coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .

With adjj.: inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 § 61 . rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. to cæmgasta, ZCP v 502.16 ). mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB 412a21 . Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 . Cirill crinna caemdruin, Gorm. March 9 . cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 . fer cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 . in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghenmnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 . carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems 68 . cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 . co coimsolom, BB 45a16 . banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Ch. chaemchlessach, TBC-LL¹ 3542 . ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 . o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 . Caillin caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 . Ō C. caemhfhuighlech, Caithr. CC 85 . cáemgnéach (of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ). coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaig gl. cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC xx 176 ). taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

With verbs: .vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL 14962 . cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1619 . cia crabud nar caemfhuill `did he not lovingly increase', Gorm. Sept. 23 . naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt. fon sruth coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 . sciath . . . go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .

1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

carpat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. carpat or dil.ie/8251
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cairpthiu, -thib, -tiu, -tib

n o, m. a d p. freq. cairpthiu, -thib as well as -tiu, -tib.

(a) war-chariot. Somet. also car, waggon, etc.: carbad, cart cogaidh, coiste, Eg. Gl. 114 . hi cairptib ┐ in n-echaib, Ml. 43d3 . connacha gluaistis in charbait, 96c13 . firfaid cairpthiu co ndathrindi tau bodbdai, Ériu xvi 83.61 . coro imluaid in goeth inna cairpthiu, Trip.² 497 . inna charput, Vita Br. 9 . ara n-indled a nōi carpti dí, TBC-I¹ 153 . cona dichtheth c.¤ friae, LU 4797 (TBC). err oéncharpait, 8505 ( FB 35 ). imlaat .ix. cairptiu, 10562 . .vii. carbait dég de chairpthib Conaire, BDD² 588 . cid carbad, cid cathbarr óir, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.21 . fri himc[h]omarc dā c[h].¤ , Corm. Y 1082 . na bris . . . cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 765 . combruissitis a cairpdé (: dé), SR 3968 . da ba ar crossa, ┐ da ba ar cairpthi (of fees), Laws v 94.14 Comm. ingen charpait `base daughter', iv 10.14 . carbad cumaile gach aoi anamhna (of fee for poem), Ériu xiii 27.9 = Laws v 62.x . ní léictis Níall i carpti, Ériu iv 98.y . lorg an charbaid `the track of the chariot', O'Hara 3324 . do chéad-chuir rotha i gcairptibh, Content. iii 20 . ar scibadh a lúirech loindrech / a crúisiuch 'sa carbad, Studies 1920, 417.6 . i n-árach nó hi c.¤ baoi a chorp car , Hugh Roe² 166.10 .

(b) In legal phr. c.¤ ar imram expld. as one who has stock but no land (see The Iron Age in the Irish Sea Province 62 ): carbat ar imram .i. crodh aiceside ┐ nocha nfuil ferann, Laws iii 142.15 Comm. c.¤ ar imram screpall a eineclann, O'Curry 325 ( H 3.18, 179a ). in foltach fuithribe . . . ┐ in c.¤ ar imram . . . nocha nfuil eneclann do neoch dib a n-ecmais a ceili, O'Curry 1732 ( 23 Q 6, 28b ). mata ferann fochraici con carbat ar imram is laneneclann do cinmotha ochtmad eneclainni, n. ib. ? Cf. ni roibhi moin di argat / rulla a Criost caincarbat (of Judas), Blathm. 110 `against the fair body.' c.¤ na n-ogfeine . . . in tamain filidh, Laws i 106.9 Comm.

(c) gum, palate (see Loth, ZCP iv 104 ): carbad a bheil, cairein, Eg. Gl. 179 . a charbat leanaim, IT iii 85.6 . coretarscarus a ch.¤ fri alaile corice a brāgait, ZCP xiii 176.22 . ro tirmsat a mbeoil, ┐ ro cruadhaighset a carbait, CCath. 2536 . incinn in míl do coimelt do carbad na lenamh, O'Gr. Cat. 229.16 . ag leanmhain d'á charbad no d'á fhiaclaibh, Eochairsg. 97.27 . a charbaid mhaeil gan ḟiacail `thou of the bare and toothless gums', Oss. ii 38.12 . asa carbut uachtarach, Acall. 2225 . ? imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dá láim `palate-feat', Ériu i 114 § 2 . Of animals: c.¤ bo bricce for benn, IT iii 81 § 57 . glomar a crais . . . ac taidligud ima carbad (of a serpent), TTebe 2065 .

Compds. With nouns: fonn fulaig carpaitniadh chariot-fighter , Anecd. ii 52.9 . c.¤ saer ┐ ailtire ` chariot-builder ', Laws v 106.7 . With adjj.: ruire Cuirrich carpatrēid `with swift chariots', Ériu xvii 42 § 22 . hi flaith Cuirrich carpatruaid, 38 § 4 .

cethairríad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethairríad or dil.ie/8909

n (cethair + ríad) four-wheeled chariot or carriage (four-horsed, Plummer MS notes. Cf. carpat cethri n-ech, LL 2447 ): mili cethairriad don chath, Rawl. 79a15 . cethir chét cethirriad sernta, Alex. 566 . ruccadh dna a chorp . . . hi ceithirriadh cumhdachta, AFM vi 2296.12 . carpait ┐ cetharreidh, CCath. 2792 (carpait ceiterriata, v.l.). As adj. carpat . . . cethirrind `four-wheeled' (reading -ríad), TBC-LL² 2915 . carpait chethirríad, LL 22830 ( CRR 13 ). Note further: .x. cairpdiu cethirech, LL 7277 = cethirriach, BB 129b3 . is leis ar-rīchta rotha na carpat cetherrech, Corp. Gen. 117.3 .

Dimratha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dimratha or dil.ie/16564

Forms: Dimratha, Dimrotha

(-rotha ?) g s. n.pr. m.: m. Dimratha .i. Elathaich m. Corbain, BB 157b34 = m. Dimrotha , Lec. 259c19 .

do-esc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-esc or dil.ie/17584

Forms: doneiscend, doesister, tescaid, tescad, tescthar

v (* to-in-(-ess-?)sc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 612 ). Deut. forms very doubtful. ? Indic. pres. 3 s. doneiscend, YBL 58a41 . s-subj. pass. doesister, O'Dav. 787 . Otherwise always as simple verb tescaid. Vn. tescad. IGT Verbs § 80 .

(a) cuts, severs: selais mu genum (.i. tescaid mu chlaideb), IT i 163 . turesc . . . .i. tairis tescas cach ni, Corm. Y 1244 . ningeib rind, nin-tesc faebor, TBC-LL¹ 3209 = ni thesc, TBC-I¹ 2390 . nistescfad foebur no iarn, MacCarthy 62 . no thesctaís rotha íarnaide na carpat fréma na ralach, MU² 271 . nomthescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1340 . tescaid a chliab ingne tenedh in chait, Anecd. i 57 . rostesc oenḟer . . . de bulli chrichid chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 733 . rothescc hi i ndib rannu, PH 7240 . ra lettair Lóch mo dā lon, | romtesc in tṡōdh garb glasrod, TBC-LL¹ 2366 . biail . . . nothescbad finna fri gāith, FB § 91 . co ntescfad finna i n-aigid srotha, TBC-I¹ 1918 . tesctar a folt, Fél. 50 (Jan. 20) = tescthar, Fél.² xxxviii . notesctha a folt ┐ a ingne cecha dardain chaplaite, clxxi (Nov. 24) . da nambeth-sa mo chlaideb . . . ratescfaitis lim-sa braigte fer, TBC-LL¹ 5946 . Transf. of dividing territory, etc.: a flaith . . . rotescadh doris iartain . . . eter cethrur coema fir, Lec. 45b42 . Cuts off, lops off: doneiscend Fraech a chend don míl, YBL 58a41 ( TBFr. 18 = comben, LL). tescthar de a lám, RC x 68 . tescbaither a thenga, PH 1117 . tescaid in clérech a lúdain de, Fél. 70 ( Fél. Feb. 8 ). do chlaideb féin . . . tescfas dít do chend, Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . gur theasg a cheann dá cholainn, IT ii2 142 . rotescair a finnfad ┐ a heteda dí, RC v 199 . rothescsat a leth-iscait ndeiss foei, PH 553 . cloidheamh an bháis . . . lé dteasgthar an t-anam dá chorp, TSh. 7813 . tocaibset in cend . . . amal bid hi in uair sin rotescthai, PH 924 . nothescatis barru na crand, 4620 . co rotescadh a bos deas de, AU 1019 . Cuts down, fells: cor loisc Inis E. ┐ cor thesc a haballgort, RC xviii 185 . masa fedha rotescad and, Laws iii 148 Comm. Tailtiu car thescad in chaill, LL 137a22 ( RC xlvii 292.7 ) = gar tescad, Lec. 395b31 . tesc na tilcha cut down the hill-tops, TBC-LL¹ 6017 . na mórṡlébe andaig | ro tesctha co rinnaib, Fél. Prol. 238 . Transf. of rending, taking away: teasgfad as láimh do mhic é (sc. an ríoghacht = de manu filii tui scindam illud, 2 Kings xi 12 ), Eochairsg. 53 .

(b) Transf. cuts off, destroys, slays: tescais coica[i]t fer n-armach, ZCP iii 43 . rotescad Pol la Neir Cessair, Rawl. 75b37 . Madudhan o'n turc rotraethadh, | roteascadh in torc, ba dír, BB 53b27 . rotesccait óicc áille ann, AFM ii 902 . an lucht . . . lér teasgadh ár bprionnsa, O'Gr. Cat. 30 . is truagh sin a luaithe do teascadh mac na Carrthaighe, Ó Bruad. ii 250 . rotesctha milidh rig isind amus sin, BB 206b42 . roteasgda milidh in rig, Todd Nenn. 58 .

Note also: brithem Cuind Cetchathaig. robo mór immad a innmais. rotescat (.i. rotreicset) a muinter ┐ foracabsat deserted (?), Rawl. 112b46 .

dúiligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúiligid or dil.ie/19114

v (2 dúil) desires, longs for (mod.): mar dhúilighios an eilits rotha na n-uisceadh, Psalms xlii 1 . óir do thogh an Tighearna Síon, do dhúiligh é mar ionad suighe, cxxxii 13 . Intrans. with I N- delights, takes pleasure (in): is mar sin dhúilighios m'anam ionnad-sa, xlii 1 . dúilighid a mbréig, lxii 4 .

dún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dún or dil.ie/19227

Forms: Dún, ndún, dúin, dúne, dune, dúne, duine, dúni, duini, dúin, dúine, dúna, dún, dúini, dún, dhúin, dúine, dunu, dúine, dune, primdún, ndun, dúine, duinib, dúinte, -dúine, dúinte, dúintibh, dhúintedh

n o, later s, n. (see GOI 178 ) n s. Dún nGalion, LL 311a27 . a s. a ndún , LU 1524 , 8381 . g s. As o-stem: dúin, LL 311a27 ; Laws i 122.19 ; AU 680 , 685 , 697 , 844 , 864 , 872 . Fél. Jan. 3 . As s-stem: dúne, FB § 44 , dune, Laws iv 220.8 . dúne, Trip.² 2166 . duine, FB § 89 ; AU 866 , 964 , 1174 . dúni, TBC-LL¹ 1816 , duini, Laws iv 154.21 . Both forms current in later lang.: dúin, TSh. 909 ; Oss. vi 198.6 . dúine, AFM i 26 , iii 4 , vi 2014 ( dúini, ii 1114 ); Oss. iv 294 . Note also: dúna, Laws v 302.33 ; SG 269.12 ; Oss. vi 198.27 . dún occurs with follg. n.pr. in gen., Fél. Jan. 3 v.l.; MacCarthy 416.19 ( BB 50a ), BS 98.13 . d s. tri coiri bíte in cach dúini , Triads 127 (prob. due to confusion with constr. tri coiri cech(a) dúine). v s. dún, AFM i 308 (poem). a dhúin , TSh. 10990 . n p. dúine, LU 10713 ; Fél. Prol. 68 . a p. dunu (: múru), Lec. 45b1 . dúine, LU 1889 . dune, TBC-I¹ 622 = TBC-LL¹ 1213 , AU 836 . g p. na primdún , SR 7342 . Cermna na ndun , Lec. 51a40 . dúine, LB 208a23 ( Alex. 382 ); Corm. s.v. aurduine . d p. duinib, LU 10714 ; SR. Later as dental stem in pl.: rig-dúinte , Corm. s.v. Mogheime = -dúine, YBL; dúinte, ML 78 , Keat. iii 4119 ; dúintibh, BB 30a40 , AFM v 1666 . g p. dhúintedh, Marco P. 123 . m., IGT Decl. § 46 .

Fort (see ZCP xiii 164 - 5 , KZ l 155 - 6 ); in O.Ir. usually applied to residence of a chief or dignitary, consisting of an earthen (more rarely stone) rampart, inside which the house (`tech') or houses were erected; oft. of considerable extent and in case of a royal residence having two (or even three) circumvallations with a moat between (hence O'Dav. 695 ; d.¤ .i. dá cladh im uisci, ut est du-en .i. dá usque im cladh); such fort being generally called after the builder or owner, e.g. Dún Cermna, D.¤ Sobairche, etc. Cf. Aodh Ó Domhnaill dhúin na bhfionn (= Dún na nGall?), 3 C 12, 245.15 . Freq. used as Ir. equivalent for fortress or city; in Norman period of any strongly enclosed or fortified place (whether a single residence or a burgh or town ).

Gl. castrum, Sg. 57a10 ; arx, 60b21 . i ndorus in dúine = ad portam civitatis, Lat. Lives 81 . a dhúin Dé (= civitas Dei, Psalms lxxxvi 3 ), TSh. 10990 . isin digas .i. isin dun daingen, Ml. 32a16 . dorala B. do dun ríg Breg, Hy. v 73 Comm. claide cluid dune Alinne .i. in tres primdun rig Lagen, 68 Comm. dun tigerna . . . d.¤ breitheaman na tuaiti, Laws iv 106 Comm. trí dúine hÉrenn: Dún Sobairche, D.¤ Cermna, Cathair Conrai, Triads 36 . déntar dúine . . . lib damsa ┐ tigi móra, RC xxvi 132 . corbo leór do d.¤ . . feib dollotar rotha in charpait hi talmain (i.e. the wheels displaced enough earth to build a `d.¤'), TBC-I¹ 1986 . Artt Imlech las-roclassa | a cōic dūine domgnassa, Lec. 51a32 . lar duna no treibe cach airech, Laws v 302 . nochotulsat flathi fiann, fās a ndūine, ZCP xi 110 . etir cealla ┐ dune ┐ treba, AU 836 . for faidchi primdúni, TBC-LL¹ 1816 . sonnach dergdharach a timchioll a dhúine, SG 66 . berthar a fir maithi ina dun co hEogan ┐ biathtar a ndaescursluag a nduntib feachtair, Lec. 409a25 . suidigud na mūr im-maig | immon dun, immon cathraig (of Celestial City), SR 426 . ic togail na primd.¤ (of cities of Canaan), 7342 . aitcidh ardnaom órduinte, SG 21 . mor dúine ndaingen roscroithset, Alex. 382 . co nac raibhe . . . d.¤ no daingen no dingna . . . gan loingeas, Cog. 40 . do cumhduigheadh dúinte ┐ daingne leis, Keat. iii 4119 . do daingne a dhúintedh ┐ a cathrach, Marco P. 123 . i ndúintibh ┐ i ndaghbhailtibh fher Mumhan fortresses, AFM v 1666 . Encampment (= 1 dúnad), TBC-LL¹ 1765 ; 1829 (= longport, St., dunadh, H 2.17 ). Dwelling, residence in general: tréigean dúin deagh-athar (i.e. heaven), Keat. Poems 372 . bunaidh, dún, a habitation , Eg. Gl. 81 .

Compds., see dúnárus, -chaire, -chlad, -lis, -phort.

Common in place-names, see Hog. Onom.

faicsin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faicsin or dil.ie/21066

Forms: faicsin, faisgin, faigsin, faisgin, faigseana

n ā, f. (aicsiu) faicsin faisgin, IGT, Decl. § 148 . faigsin, faisgin; fear faigseana , 111 § 4 . aicsin, lochtach, ┐ dorinnedh hí, ib. n.

I Seeing (see aicsiu): rogab grāin ... iat ica facsin, Ann. Conn. 1249 § 10 .

II That which is seen, hence outward appearance, aspect: rogabh faixin bháis, gach fer | ar egla a mbáis ..., Duan. F. i 72.27 . as imne baoi ... C., ┐ ailgine adhbhair airdrigh ina f.¤ , ZCP xiv 218.13 . do reir na faicsiona according to appearance John vii 24 . co facuidh C. a bfaicsin neoil ┐ rotha grene ┐ escai celmaine dochuir saw by the aspect Marco P. 68 . fírinne na faicsiona sin do dhearbhughadh, Ó Héodhusa [265 ]. With metathesis: cend gascid clainne hAdaim | líach a ḟascin i mbaegul, LL 244b25 ( TTr. 2074 ). See feicsin.

fénae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fénae or dil.ie/21601
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: feni

n , f. a waggon: d s. isind feni nui, Ml. 2b11 . hi fénai bretha arm la suide, LU 5751 . Cf. rotha fena fai oca imchur for elifaintibh ` waggon wheels ' Marco P. 91 . See fén.

fulang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fulang or dil.ie/24943

Forms: fulang, fulung, fulang, fulaing, fuilnge, fulaing

n o, n., m. (vn. of fo-loing, earlier fulach, q.v.) n s. fulang, Wb. 25d9 . d s. fulung, 17d28 , 26b7 . Classed as a neut. Auraic. 1808 . fulang (o, m.) IGT, Decl. § 17 ; vn. Verbs § 52 . cf. ruibeachtain ... bérla in ḟuluing hí, § 49 . pl. fulaing, fuilnge.

(a) bearing, supporting, enduring (use in Wb) : f.¤ inna fochide, Wb. 14b18 . f.¤ tarta, Ériu iv 224 § 46 . fer fulaing fochaidhi ... amail Iop, BColm. 104.25 . fear éagára d'ḟ.¤ TD 13.7 . gan ḟ.¤ comhnaighthe = quietis impatiens TSh. 1676 . Holding out against: ní boí fer fulaing Munremair insin tslóg (= a match for M.) LU 5893 . Hence capacity to endure or withstand; power of endurance: aca do fáccaibh ... f.¤ coccadh is cruas cath, BNnÉ 254.4 . feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing beyond their strength Content. xviii 71. f . a ffaobhairsleagh the temper of their sharp spears AFM v 1628.5 .

(b) bearing, upholding, supporting (in physical and moral sense): fulang caindel d'airi marb, Metr. Dinds. iv 152 . atat teora columna ic f.¤ na heclaisi, PH 6355 . ro bai a n-obair ┐ a feidm ic a f.¤ they were sustained by the ardour of their toil CCath. 5912 . With prep. : tu ag folang [leg. fulang] foin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235 § 28 . Fig. of person : is f.¤ súain sochaide (i.e. he guards the slumbers of many) LU 3648 ( SCC 31 ). g s. as attrib. : fo cosoip fulaing na n-iudus `under the supports of the turrets' CCath. 3537 . fāl ... fulaing, MR 316.2 . droichet ... .xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . uaitnedha ┐ ... gabla fulaing fan mbethaidh sbioradalta, Ó Héodhusa 13 . 1 Kings vii 34 .

(c) supporting, maintaining (with food, etc.) : a f.¤ o fhine he is to be supported Laws iii 480.11 Comm. (gl. folach o ḟine, see fulach). batir maithe do ḟ.¤ na fiann, Corm. Bodl. s.v. orc ; Thr. Ir. Gl. p.34 (= do imfulung, Corm. Y 1018 ). na hindmasa ... doratait dúin diar ḟ.¤ ┐ diar lessugud, PH 6121 . ba héigen dóib faichill fuilaing (fuluing v.l.) fer nÉrend ┐ a mbiad, Ériu iv 124.7 . Transf. of food, provision: do rala ... teirci arbha ┐ fhuluing don scoil = the school came to be short of corn and sustenance Lism. L. 4161 . as é sin m'f.¤ oidhche | cnúasach mo dā chrobh `my sustenance at night' BS 116.9 .

(d) suffering, tolerating, allowing: gan a ḟ.¤ dot chomarsain ... drúis do dénum, PH 7449 . f.¤ gada do bhráthair to suffer a friar to steal TD 38.11 . ná tí díot ... m' fh.¤ gan iris mayst Thou not suffer me to be without faith Dán Dé i 6 . níor fh.¤ le Dia ... do chorp ... d'fhosdúdh God suffered not thy body to be held xv 29 . cen mnaí do fulang a n-eicen, Grail 2323 . gurbh fuiling liom ... aon do thuitim that I would suffer any one to fall Oss. iv 100 . gurab ar fulong ríogh do bhí ar an mBreatain Mhóir tángadar mic Mhíleadh by sufferance of Keat. ii 1136 (cf. eis habitandam concessit Éigse iv 241 , in source of this passage). do thuit Saul ... ar fh.¤ Dé `by God's permission' TSh. 2422 . S. do ghabháil neirt uirre d'fh.¤ Dé, 5504 . nach le cinneamhain theagmhaid ... ? Ni headh, achd lé f.¤ Dé, Parrth. Anma 71 . f.¤ do t[h]abhairt luchd sdiurtha ... do dhibirt uainn to allow our ... guardians to be banished from us Mac Aingil 416 (4812) .

Cf. dobheirmaoid ar mbeannachd uáinn ... dobheirmáoid f.¤ uáinn = `we bless ... we suffer it' 1 Corinth. iv 12 .

(e) with ó, refraining (from) : f.¤ ó urchoidibh (= abstinere ab iniquitatibus) TSh. 8283 .

(f) concrete, a support, prop, etc. Of the legs as support of the body : ceand cridi f.¤ ad hē demi tebidhi in fhir head, heart, legs, the man's neuter selected attributes Auraic. 1808 ( fuolach, 4994 ). lurgu ┐ traigh lanamain ind fhulaing 1811 . an f.¤ ┐ an bata the stay and staff Isaiah iii 1 . do bhádar fuluing ar gach taoibh do nionad suidhe stays 1 Kings x 19 . lag an foirgneadh aga mbi f.¤ lag, Luc. Fid. 338 . a rotha ┐ a fersde ┐ a fuilnge (of a chariot), Celt. Rev. iv 116.14 . Of the attachment of a sword : claideb ... airgide a f.¤ IT iii 199 § 59 .

íarnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarnaide or dil.ie/27047
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: iarnaighe

adj io, iā, (íarn)

I iron, made of iron: iarnaighe gl. ferreus, Ir. Gl. 608. clóthi ... rindaithi i.¤ , IT i 191.15 . rotha íarnaidi in carpait, LU 6500. co flescaib iarnaidib ...d'esorcain na pecthach, 2085 . id iarnaidi na thimchiull, TBC-LL¹ 1229. caeca slabhradh iarnaidhe eisti, CF 681. co n-adharcuibh iarnuidhe, ML² 53. grāta iernaidhe, Fl. Earls 204.19 . crithnaighídh na slabradu ... solus-iarnaidhe steel-bright? MR 178.3 . dath earnaidi , Celtica ii 70.23 .

In a metaphorical sense: dubc[h]otludh iarnaidhe inn ecca, CCath. 6071. lém thoil iarnaidhe féin `mea ferrea voluntate,' TSh. 7539. ge no beth .c. gin agumsa ... ┐ guth iarnaidhi, Aen. 1409. do shlógh iarnuidhe Ioffoirn, Aithd. D. 53 § 9.

II As subst.

(a) an iron implement or fitting, weapon, fetter: rochuirset iarnaidhi a n-arathar i n-armaib catha `they turned the iron of their ploughs into arms ...,' Aen. 1764. ralegaid acus raluathchumaid a n-iarrnaigi athcnaiti arathair, a corrana acus a rastail ... comdais airm aithgera, TTebe 1277 . an sagart do léigen as na gér-iarnaighibh ina raibhe from the sharp fetters, Ériu v 92.14 . do ghrádh th'aon-mhic do céasadh le hiarnaighe i gcrann, Keat. Poems 401.

(b) armour, mail: ni geibdís acht iarnaighi umpu, BB 43a50 .

lúa(i)cht(h)ide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúa(i)cht(h)ide or dil.ie/30789

adj io, iā (cf. 1 lóch, lúachda, etc.) shining, resplendent, bright : luaichtidiu .i. aittoitech .i. giul gl. pro praesentia Dei fulgida, Ml. 40d4 . i flaith ligaig luachtidi (luachtigi, MS), Ériu ii 108.15 . da nem luachtidi lasardha, 110.1 . co suilibh luachthidhibh, 118.19 . coicetal inna n-en forordai luachtide, 122.1 . grian gel inderg dithsir réim ṅglas rotha resair esce foleth luigther in luachthaidiu amser tria torromu, LL 14211. ? for luachthétib lannaib (-thithib, -tetib, -théibh, -teitibh v.ll.) `on white-hot gridirons', Fél. Prol. 40.

néit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. néit or dil.ie/33059

Forms: néit, Néit

n [m.]

(a) combat, battle, fighting: culu tria néit `(like) a chariot through battle', ACC 2 ( RC xx 148 ) = tría neit (.i. cath), LU 430. iar do néit (.i. iar do guin), LU 435 (ACC Comm.). néit ba hainm don kath, Corm. p. 13 s.v. cul. Be net (.i. badb) .i. be ben ┐ net cath . . . inde dicitur: bé nét fort, Corm. Y 168. néid ainm catha, Metr. Gl. Ff. 21 (neit v.l.). néid .i. cath; néid .i. guin, O'Cl. (? g s.) as attrib.: la mac fir néit (.i. guin) fadb corcra with the son of a fighting man are crimson spoils (?), LU 455. ciasu file, file neit? `a contentious poet', RC xxvi 14.14 . anroth ro ort namhaid neit (.i. cath), LL 393b2 = BB 134b1 , cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 , where Meyer emends: nāmat nēit the host of enemies, but the reading of the MSS. may mean battle-foe. goth néit (some kind of spear), TBC-I¹ 1915. ar cach roth nét (of a war-engine mounted on wheels), TBC-LL¹ 5604 St. (néd, neid v.l.). teora rotha net, 5660 . ? foll ner neít, IT iii 49 § 88 (see net).

(b) as npr. m. name of an ancient Irish war-god (perh. the orig. meaning): Neid .i. dia catha la geinti Goideal, Corm. Y 965 = Neith, Corm. p. 31. Net [Ned v.l.] .i. dia catha, O'Dav. 1289. Bé Neit .i. Neit nomen uiri. Be Nét mulier eius , O'Mulc. 132 , cf. Corm. Y 181 (Neid) and see Nemain. Neit mac Induí 's a dí mnaí Badb ┐ Némaind, LL 11b18 = Neid mac Iondaoi, Leb. Gab.(i) i 184.17 . in Bé Néit, MR 242.1 . Néit was the name of Balor's grandfather: Balar mac Doid meic Neít, LL 137a26 . Balar ua Néit, RC xii 58.9 ; 100.2 . hua Neitt, 74 § 50. B. mac D. meic Neid, 96 § 128.

Hence transf. a warrior? Aed net nat imcaibh oghru a soldier who shuns not battles (?), AFM i 408.3 (poem).

roth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. roth or dil.ie/35585
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: routh, roith, rotha, roth, rotha, rothadha, roth, roith-néll

n o, m. (cf. W. rhod) d s. i routh , Wb. 11a3 (a primâ manu). n p. roith, rotha . roth m. (g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.24) . In early Mod.Ir. n s. rotha occurs (Bedell, Eccles. xii 6 ), pl. rothadha ( Ezekiel i 20 ; FM).

(a) something circular, or wheel-shaped : roth a rotá .i. ōn c[h]ūairt, Corm. Y 1087 (a false etymology; the word is native, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 33 ). roth, gl. rota, Ir. Gl. 227 . roth cruind forsa-ndenat na cerda in[na] lestrai, gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . dona rothib (gl. rotis), Gild. Lor. 119 . Esp. (a) a wheel (of a vehicle): droch .i. roth carpait, O'Mulc. 350 . roth nó fonnud nó fertas . . . in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 772 . du. nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod) iarndae in carpait, LU 5180 ( TBC-I¹ 701 ), where it is used of the outer rim or tyre of a wheel. hi carput dā rath, Hy. v 84 (metri gratiâ). Pl. nom thescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1340 . dollotar rotha iarnaidi in carpait hi talmain, 2640 . ruamghail na roth, CCath. 1834 . ni bhí in cathair . . . gin míli roth for fenaibh ┐ damhuibh ┐ asanaibh ac togluasacht ṡida, Marco P. 70 . ro fucctha . . . rothadha faoí dia fhógluasacht, AFM vi 1980.10 . Meton. the vehicle itself: nír imthige fri roth `do not race against a wheel (i.e. chariot )', Tec. Corm. § 19.9 . ag dol i roth isin aier, AFM a. 553 = in curru suó, RC xvii 142 (Tig.). leth ruith ┐ leth gobra half [of them] in chariots and half on horseback (?), BDD 51 (of advancing warriors). Of other wheels: lúathidir roth [m]búali, BDD 127 , cf. FB 87 (a mill-wheel turned by water, see ZCP i 94 , 98 ). Of a wheel for torture: roth mor . . . ┐ bera áithe ┐ clóidbe . . . in a medon, PH 1204 .

(b) a disc or sphere : rotha grene ┐ escai, Marco P. 68 . doimchellat na renda roth cruinn in domuin, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . ardruiri ind roith rigda ail | garg-ruide fri croich coem-nair, SR 1077 ; i.e. of the circular universe? but 1078 suggests the circular panel at the juncture of the cross-arms, on which in Irish high-crosses the Crucifixion was often depicted; cf. .xx. pars inna cuairt-roth `circle-wheel' (of the centre of the cross), Thes. ii 255.4 ( Stowe M. 65b ). gu Rīg na roth, ZCP vii 304 § 17 . a gac[h] rotha do rothaib [rothaidhibh v.l.] na firmaminti spheres , ITS xiv 68.7 . in roth árd . . . reithes grian (of the Zodiac), MR 112.20 . See also rothchles(s) below.

(c) a circular brooch, wheel-brooch : atcondarc roth n-óir isin brut ara bélaib, BDD 99 . roth creda sin brutt, TBC-LL¹ 5401 = delcc, St. cu ndechutar do chunchid roith croi for Aed mac Ainmirech .i. delg nos-facbad cech rig diaroile, LB 238cb23 , cf. RC xx 421 . a chneas-léine . . . gona teóra roth . . . do dhearg-ór, ML 110.29 . roth credha .i. dealg, O'Cl.

(d) in follg. exx. appar. of circular torques or fillets encircling neck or head: rotha derga tentide for sírlasad imma mbrágtib, FA 28 . atchíu [a] ardroth n-imnaisse | imma chend, BDD 100 (e) . Cf. cóicroth óir . . . úas cach ae, 91 . Of (? concentric) circles traced as ornament on a shield: dondscīath . . . co cōic roth ōir co mbil findruine fair, TBC-I¹ 2045 . cromscīath . . . co trī radhaib ro-dēnma, 2339 . Cf. the story of Cuchulainn's shield, Ériu v 72 and xi 54 , Macalister Archaeology of Irel. 146 .

(e) a loop, noose : atnaig a cend i ruth gait in the noose of a gad , Metr. Dinds. iii 252.127 (see note). Hence prob. O'Cl.: ruth ghaid .i. rathán gadraigh. ruth `a chain, link ', O'R.

(f) in TBC-LL¹ 5590 fg . (Stowe) used of movable war-machines mounted on wheels: tri rúada rot[h]a, 5591 . ar cach roth nét dona teoraibh rothaibh, 5604 .

(g) roth rámach `rowing (?) wheel', name of a fabulous flying-machine , see rámach. The term roth may denote the circular body, or car, of the machine.

(h) fig. uses: roth creth `circle of science', RC xx 44 (ACC Introd.) = roth cráed (.i. filidecht), LU 354 . roth soithe (name of a metre?), IT iii 36 § 18 , also called r.¤ soadh (= suadh?), ib. i roth na réime aimseardha revolution , TSh. 537 . rochtain . . . go roth uachtrach urchóide the topmost revolution (i.e. zenith) of iniquity , Hackett xliii 42 . eo Rosa, | roth ruirech | recht flatha, 'a king's circle' LL iv 27650 , Bondarenko 278, 281 .

Compds. ¤chles(s) n name of a feat or game of skill : LU 9291 . FB 30 . Ériu iv 30.11 . oc cur in rothclessa, FB 64 (where it is described; the `roth' was appar. a disc or quoit hurled into the air). ¤gal: tucsatar . . . craithed neim-meirtnech do rothgail ro-tren `twirling' (of wrestlers), MR 256.5 . ¤impód: ag roithled ┐ ag roth-impod aroile twirling , MR 256.18 . ruathar . . . ag roith-lingeadh orra wheeling round them (?), TSh. 6635 . roith-néll a whirling cloud (i.e. dizziness ), MR 270.2 . ? ¤richt wheel-shape, circular form : Tech Duind . . . rothricht ré lan ler fethaigthi, IT iii 22 § 66 = rodrict, 49 § 88 (LL), ródrícht, ib. (BB), rath righ, 98 § 161 ; Meyer Bruchst. i § 133 emends: rāith rīg.

1 scélach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scélach or dil.ie/36386

adj o, ā (scél) given to story-telling, gossiping, prattling : nirbat scelach athcossanach, LU 3496 ( SCC 26 ). sainaltram Loga imreíth fri mind rotha Scaithchi scelaige, LL 123b33 . óenach scor s.¤ `assembly of storied troops', Metr. Dinds. i 28.10 . nā bud sgēlach cēilidhech (rule for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 9 . mog gor crāibdech nemscēlach discreet, iii 29.14 . na trí mná sgítheacha sgéalacha sin `loquacious', ML 124.22 . gach aon as...sgeulach, engech, eucaidhe, Geneal. Tracts i 22.1 ( MS. Mat. 579.39 ). As subst. storyteller (?): is de atá scél Sceóil ar bá brasscelach side, LU 10146 .

2 tend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tend or dil.ie/40490
Last Revised: 2013

n o IGT Decl. § 63.

I

(a) strength, severity, force: ní t.¤ forngari dlegar dosom forsuidiiu `he should not lay upon such persons strict injunctions,' Mon. Tall. 160.20 . ni geba tuaignim ri tenn thou wilt not win vaulted Heaven for all thy effort (?), Bruchst. i 30 § 67 . Cf. DDána 37.40 . bai dias dib co n-ilar t.¤ | rogabsad rigi nEreand, BB 42b22 . mairg Troianu ara tairsitis t.¤ , Aen. 189 . o na tarraidh Aenias t.¤ for Tuirnn `did not get home an attack on,' 3077 . doberat t.¤ comraic do A., TTr.² 509 . cusan tenn ┐ cusan tairisi ... ro bui ic P. `strength,' CCath. 5770 . meabhaidh maidhm forra gusan tenn ┐ gusan tairisiomh baoi leo in spite of their strength, Hugh Roe 156.27 .

(b) hardship, stress, difficulty; battle (?): cingid dar firu in cach tind (? battle), LU 3830 . ni thabair a thraigid fri t.¤ | na dingaib dfheraib h-Erend, TBC-LL¹ 1637 . in trath fa t.¤ nir bo thim `when there was battle he was not feeble,' Ériu v 244.206 . fúar mór t.¤ sech cech n-erlam, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . trēn ra cach tenn in triar, Rawl. 138a10 . toirbheartus do thuair teann `a gift that boded hardship,' Studies 1921, 258 § 6 . mairg ..., tárla idir an dá theann sin (i.e. wind and sea), ML 48.5 .

(c) warrior: t.¤ .i. laech, LU 457 . a thind ┐ a threnfhir, TTr. 827 . a t.¤ ┐ a trenfer .i. Hectoir, 2088 .

(d) In phrases. i t.¤ fri pressed against: ba he dichracht in teichid commitis i teand re grian ... in t[sh]rotha aca falach `pressing against the gravel,' TTebe 3514 . Cf. co torchair ┐ t.¤ a droma re lar `with the breadth of his back on the ground,' 3143 . ōs do chind cen chleith robói i tind fri cloich `she was in travail against a stone,' PRIA iii 3rd. ser. 546 § 6 (1893-6) . le t.¤ by dint of: le teann doilbhthe draoigheachta, GJ iii 122a42 . t.¤ fri (i) t.¤ force against force, conflict, a match for: ait a tarad t.¤ ri tenn `where force was brought against force,' Ériu v 246.242 . ní cluchi mad tind ri tuind (? leg. tind), ix 48 § 24 . da tuca dún t.¤ fri t.¤ , CRR 54.16 . ris na ríoghaibh uaibh do b'fhearr | ódchí ar mbeith-ne teann re teann `that we can match your best kings,' Content. v 140 . nirb áil don rig ┐ don rigain cusa rancaibair tullem ecraiti frib a tind hi t.¤ , LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). mairg tochras fri clerchib cell, | mairg doni riu t.¤ i t.¤ , YBL 173a14 . an chalann chriadh teann i dteann | 's an t-anam riamh 'na dhá rann ` in opposition ,' Dán Dé xxiii 36 . mairg re mbiadh do theann i dteann `the man with whom thy power conflicts,' Aithd. D. 5.15 . ba (i.e. Brian) t.¤ iar t.¤ `he was valour after valour,' Cog. 100.24 .

II

(a) power, authority: tugadh dhi teann an tíre power over, Aithd. D. 11.32 . fiche bliadhain ... | d'Fhiacha Fh. i dteann, Content. xxx 11 . bean lér toibhgheadh teann a fir, A. Ó Dálaigh iii 2. theacht i dteann `growth in power,' Studies 1939, 635 § 26 . ní bhiadh teann na nGall dár bhfógradh, ITS iii 182.8 (1st ed.). t.¤ ar power, authority over: teann na hóighe ar eidhre nDé, Aithd. D. 63.6 . ro sir se t.¤ ┐ tigernus ar Mac nDiarmata, Ann. Conn. 1315.7 . is maith an teann dam ar do Dhia | bheith ameasg a chliar `it is a good claim for me on thy God,' Oss. iv 60.9 . Criomhthann ... fuair teann | ar iaith Alban is Éireann `swayed the lands ...,' Keat. ii 5727 . gaibid t.¤ (ar, i) gains power, authority over, in (a country): orra do ghabh Tuathal teann, Content. v 102 . nír ghabh nert na tenn innti, AU ii 316.3 . loscthi mora do denam doib, ┐ nir gabsat do thenn is tir acht mad sin nama, Ann. Conn. 1276.2 . do gab tenn forra gan a indisin do neoch `he charged them to tell no one,' Celt. Rev. ii 302.y . nir gabatar tenn ar in turas sin `prevailed not,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 134.x .

(b) t.¤ as confidence, trust, pride in: ionnus nach cóir déanamh tinn | as roinn Eireamhóin d'Éirinn, Content. v 15 . déanamh teinn | ... a beathaidh Fhéidhlim, vi 247 . mó ar dteann as a thrócaire, PBocht 17.6 . nách cóir | teann as glóir dá méid, Dánta Gr. 79.4 . Cf. i gcriaidh ní cóir teann, DDána 8.7 . ? To this: ar anumhla téid mo th.¤ | ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim stubbornness, obstinacy (?), IGT Decl. ex. 311.

III Various: nocho chuirther i cend Ailig t.¤ acht Temair ` stronghold ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 114.85 . tabair tenna ┐ trebaire damsa guarantees and sureties (for a promise), LB 116a5 . is ed fa t.¤ ag T. `this was the intention T. had,' TTebe 1038 . ní ar slāinti chúaidh dóibh an feolmhach sin, 's gan tenn arāin aca when they had no bread to go with it (?), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 29.27 . cuir tenn fo bragaid an eich, ┐ ligedh cuisli cham bis a cois na sul 'put a support (? a tourniquet) around the horse’s neck ' Celtica ii 46 § 6 = [cuir] raod ecin go tenn fa brágit an eich, ┐ ligther cuisle cam bis a cois na sul, 34 § 6 .

? Here also: cedna toissech tricheim tenn | reia macaibh Miled mortenn `the first chief who lighted a blaze,' Bodl. Dinds. 22 . 's truagh nach léir damh a beanna | gidh gnáth a dteanna dearga ` fire, beacon ' (Gloss.), Keat. Poems 12 . Cf. tendál.

tlí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tlí or dil.ie/41017

n protection, comfort, strength (mostly in chevilles): t.¤ .i. tlacht, O'Cl. ni tlī tlāith cumtaig ar cest `nicht als schwachen Trost hat er unser Anliegen auferbaut' (Meyer, Wortk. 129, p. 952.1 .), SR 1103 . il lurg int slúaig, trúag a tli, 3443 . trúagdai garbdai cen nach t.¤ , 5797 . bai crú garb dar corp cen t.¤ , SR 5893 . cen t.¤ tarba, foraig thaig | niptar amra oentadaig, 6539 . Ri ni tlaith a t.¤ , 7549 . tricho bliadan dam cen t.¤ | i n-aes ocus dīmlithi, Fianaig. 40.2 . Patric, ni triamain a t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 98.97 . ind ōcbad dond humallōit | feib rothā (rosta v.l.) a t.¤ according to their strength, ACL iii 314 § 26 . macc Malleōn, ba tolcda a t.¤ , ZCP xii 377.16 . ba talc tli diar triathaib | cath Átha nĪ uathaig `a stout comfort to our lords,' 437.1 . Tuathal Techt cen tam co t.¤ , LL 132a13 . Nathí trensheng cosin t.¤ , 132b4 . ro tenna co trocha thli | la Cellach Locha Cimmi, 133a6 . timgoire trāth conotlí, BColm. 100.10 .