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colba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colba or dil.ie/10487

 

n io

(a) In freq. use of part of the structure or equipment of a house, but precise application not always clear. In some contexts appar. platform, dais along inside walls; seat, bench; in late texts, outer edge of bed: c.¤ .i. coel-fí .i. cōel-fithe, Corm. Y 286 . farr .i. c.¤ leptha, ut est faebar tar farr .i. faobar na sgene no na tuaighe tar farr in c.¤ , O'Dav. 1009 (`bedpost'). c.¤ do lepthaib cróda, LU 3686 ( SCC 33 ). a c.¤ ┐ a n-urscair, Laws i 166.8 Comm. (`its benches and furniture'). ainm cuile no scrine bis iar cul colbu, O'Curry 790 ( H 3.18, 368b ). do chuirset na cruite i cernnadaib na colbad, Acall. 7194 . lotar . . . dochum a mban ┐ deisitar for c.¤ in tigi, ACL iii 224.30 . dorad coicer ar mo cholbae, Anecd. i 48 § 14 . suidhis Cond ar colbha na bruidhne ┐ fuair a frithalamh ┐ a ḟósaig, Ériu iii 156 § 10 (`bedside'). is for c.¤ a thaigi fein ro sirfead coir fair, Cog. 146.5 . dorug si Bibus le da leigus ┐ docuir na suidhi ar colba a himduigi he, ZCP vi 282.2 (`seated him by the post of her bed'). for uaitne cerna in cholbai, LL 38973 . inniset ar colbo Ailig / in dáil imma tíagatsom, 38445 ( SG 373 . x.). ar cholbha tigh[e] an n-athar, RC xiv 28 § 7 . roṡuid ar in c.¤ , ZCP v 500.10 . do s[h]liss fri c.¤ findgel ferna, MacCongl. 97.1 (`rail of alder'). a cath- bairr ar a colbadhuib ┐ ētrom a n-arm ar a n-aidhlennuib ┐ lāmh-arm gacha laích ina lebaid, ML² 1075 . ro coirgedh íett na suidhe ar in gcolbha ngloinídhe (of a fairy dwelling), Duan. F. i 42 § 63 . tar colbha na tuilgi `over the bed-rail', BS 62.10 . c.¤ ciúil dais for musicians(?), Acall. 5058 . 5527 . 5667 . colbha na slógh sleagh 's leanna, DDána 113.27 (`their couch(?) a spear and tunics', Ir. Monthly 1924, 588 ). ? ri roruadh ruamna gormga / im colbha soludh Sadhbha, BB 298a6 .

(b) Fig. support : an cólbha foráis ┐ an inneóin oirechúis (of Patrick), Acall. 64 v.l. (cf. inneóin ḟorais, fo-ruimi, -fuirmi ff.). rig feallus for a einech .i. . . . for a comuirce no for a c.¤ , Laws v 174.5 Comm. (`protection', Plummer MS. notes). (Cf. corop é in fer bas chommairge dóib co rrosset colbo C., LL 8553 ). fell for c.¤ (sic leg.) (`auf (dem eigenen) Lager'), ZCP xv 342 § 33 Comm. (With three preceding exx. cf. lepaid I). tréan ar colbha Crist ron ain, AFM i 508.6 . Cf. ar colbha chloinne Mórna `on the side of', Duan. F. ii lxviii 30 .

(c) In various applications. Of land, bank, ridge, border, brink(?): cor' tṡuidhetar ar corraib ┐ ar colbadaib in tṡída (of birds), Acall. 7209 . iar colbaibh Cualand ridges, low hills (?), BB 36b21 . cuain ghorma . . . 'na gcolbha dfearann Uilliam `boundaries', Ériu v 64.184 . an corp ar [chalbha] na huaighe brink, DDána 36.6 . ar colbha na críche, Aithd. D. 28.22 . um cholbha cuain `along the beach', O'Hara 2415 . tar colbha an champa amach, AFM vi 2030.17 . cholbha na sreab, Rel. Celt. ii 226.36 . Cf. nochtach. nemda, LL 1289 . Of water: conerracht in muir . . . ina immairib . . . ┐ ina colbaib gorma, LL 31012 ( TTr. 194 ). tar colbaduib corracha na cnoc-bōchna, ML² 688 . Of hail : colbadha cladharda . . . cloichshnechta, Hugh Roe² 22.26 . Of hair: ar t cholbhudh (leg. ar cholbhaibh, ed.) do chiabh ffáinneach, O'Hara 3192 . dreagain 'na cholbha on its edge(?) (of a cup), Aithd. D. 9.8 . dlúthmhong cheart 'na dá colbha (of eyelids), DDána 99.32 . is an gcolbha reann `against the spears' array', Aithd. D. 5.8 .

(d) pillar, post (cf. columa): na tuirida ┐ na colbada ┐ uaitneda in rigtige, BB 443a42 . ro chumrigh a ḟolt dona cholbaib ┐ dona tuireadhaib, Ériu ii 24 § 6 . do chum an cholbha chloiche, Smaointe B. Chr. 3599 . By extension staff, sceptre, mace : cethror marcach . . . go gcolbhaip commōra airgit, Fl. Earls 254.31 . an rīoghcholbha do cuiredh ina lāimh (of the Passion), Parrth. Anma 5584 . 's dual colbha ag saoi na seanmo (sic) the sceptre belongs of right to the master of melody(?), Hackett xlvi 40 . colbha = sceptre, Psalms xlv 6 .

(e) shafted weapon : frasa . . . do shaighdibh . . . ┐ do cholpadhaibh cruaidhe . . . a ccrom-stuagh . . . na mbogha `bolts', CRR 84.20 . dob fhearr reimhe a cur 'na colbha, / teine ag dul ón omna ann (of a spear), LBranach 3703 .

Cf. 1 colb.

In nn. loc. a Colbu, a Cnodbu, a Cuillind, Ériu iv 148.z . See also Hog. Onom.

See lethcholbe, sub leth ff.

1 dathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dathad or dil.ie/14733

 

u, m. vn. of dathaid. A colouring, a dyeing, a staining . ar is in straif is tresiu ruamna ic dathad na ræt, BB 309 b 29 . Lhuyd (dathadh and datham = dathaṁ). Coneys. O'R. Dinneen ; but no longer in use; Sc. dathadh HSD, Macd., still in use.

meth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. meth or dil.ie/32096

 

Forms: meth, metha, meith, mith, meth, mithibh, meath, m., meith, metha, mith, meth, meath

n o and i, n. and m.; n s. meth n-einich, TBFlidais 10 ( IT ii2 208 = LL 247a40 ), TBFr. 132 , 191 , 192 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v = LL 249b2 , 250a11 , 12 ). g s. metha, Laws; meith, TBC-I¹ 2607 = mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371. n p. trí meth , LL 147b23 . d p. ar mithibh , ZCP x 346 § 10. meath m.¤ , g s. n p. meith or metha, IGT Decl. § 38.8 .

Decay, blight, wasting, failure , both in physical and moral sense. a m.¤ no a garséle (gl. cess), LU 4961 ( TBC-I¹ p. 19 n. 23 ). is m.¤ ┐ milliud dond ḟir, ZCP iii 3.3 ( LL 269a14 ). a m.¤ n-uthruis his wasting through disease, ACL iii 234 § 11 ; meath n-uthrais, 236 § 13 . cia mbad trom leis . . . bith fo m.¤ ┐ mélacht, LL 222b9 ( TTr. 389 ). is terc duine dhá mbiann maith | ná biann m.¤ ar chuit da chlainn, O'Gr. Cat. 119.20. Freq. in threats or imprecations: a m.¤ no a trucha mana tarda dó he shall decay or die early, BColm. 64.28 , cf. 72.22 , 88.14 . m.¤ ┐ moch-léithe . . . doib, RC xv 312 ( Dinds. 18 ). meath dóibh-seom má ḟorluidhsead as a ngéillsine, Leb. Cert. 144.2 . meath for na giallu dia n-elád, RC xxiii 404 § 12. Folld. by defining gen.: ar na raib m.¤ n-einich nā anma duit and, IT ii2 208 ( LL 247a40 ); cf. Fianaig. 72.31 , RC iii 346.33 . ni ar m.¤ gascid dorochrabair-si not from want of valour, TFerbe 586 . cen m.¤ ruamna cech datha, LL 20b7 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll, Content. xxx 19. míorath ┐ meath talmhan failure of crops, Keat. ii 4877. ar meth: mór an crech | tech n-æiged Críst arna m.¤ `that Christ's guest-house should be neglected', BColm. 100.17 . mac becc bacach ar m.¤ `in a decline', Mart. Don. 90.4 . do bí sé ar m.¤ conuice sin at ebb of fortune, BCC § 328. rachaidh furachus an drochdhuine ar meath shall perish, Proverbs x 28. cen meth without fail , common in poetry, oft. a mere expletive: cen m.¤, cen ditha, SR 1015. failet ann tri mūir cen m.¤ , 345 , 4571 . cen terbud, cen m.¤ , ZCP xiii 30.12 . dot-ic cen m.¤ , TFerbe 801 . gach tenga cen m.¤ | forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238.3 . do innis Maodhócc gan m.¤ | sgela d'Fíonán, BNnÉ 277 § 261. g s. as attrib.: nā bí bliadain meith | cen chreich no cen chath `for a feeble year', KMMisc. 264 § 26 ( LL 148b4 ). ? ni thecat da fuapairt | acht [mad] athig mith (: tig), TBC-LL¹ 3371 = nach tanic . . . acht mad aigith meith, TBC-I¹ 2607 ; `derbe Männer', Wind.; feeble (spiritless) churls? the object of Fer Diad is to belittle his opponent. The reading mith is supported by the beginning of poem: is mithig. Cf. Mac Lesc . . . aithech meith, Four Songs 18.1 = a. mith, LL 208a36 , where the sense seems similar.

In moral sense of feebleness, degeneracy: is m.¤, ní maith cotlud trom, SCC 30. is ar m.¤ ro treic . . . ní ar deirc na trocaire through senile weakness (?) he has renounced (the Borama), LL 376a9 .

In pl. in concrete sense: trí meth ócthigirn three short-comings, Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . celtair Dē umam . . . ar mithibh, ZCP x 346 § 10.

In Laws failure (to fulfil an obligation) with gen. of thing failed in: m.¤ sloigid `failure in furnishing men to the hosting', i 152.2 . m.¤ feise la rig `failure to supply the feast of a king', 230.22 . smacht metha uithir `fine for failure of maintaining the sick', 130.16 Comm.

Other applications: ní meath ormsa an chóir do rádh I will not shrink from stating, Content. xviii 14. gibe fhuilngeas . . . meath a chúise dá charaid `if a man lets his friend's cause be defeated' (? lets his cause be weakened by a friend i.e. pleads feebly through partiality for an opponent; see §§ 9 - 13 ), xx 2 . Créud an pecadh doní an té mhionnaigheas gan riachtanas? — Meth a dhála, Luc. Fid. 100.5 . eisdim a do no a tri d'aifrionnuibh má's eidir é, meath mo dhala, Parrth. Anma 370.1 .

As quasi-vn.: do meath ┐ do mí-chumdach midlach `to cow and dismay', MR 230.20 . dobud maith do mheath drochlaoich a ndenoigh what thou dost (sayest) were enough to daunt a craven, ZCP x 285.9 .

Compd. meas meathcraind fruit of a sickly tree, IT iii 88 § 105 = Bruchst. i § 33 .

rós

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rós or dil.ie/35553

 

Forms: rós, ros-chaill

n o, m. and ā, f. (Lat. rosa). The vowel was prob. orig. short, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 195 ; the simple word does not occur in O.Ir.: rós m., IGT Dec. § 96.4 . sug in rois doní ruamna `sap of the rose', Auraic. 5645 . samalta re ros bith-alainn, ZCP i 128.9 . ruithneadh róis, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 14 . a rós corcarda i ḟerann Iacoip!, LB 74a49 ( Ir. Lit. 48 ). a róis rūindiamhair! Parrth. Anma 292.14 . ros muiridhi rosemary , Irish Texts v 76.6 . As fem.: uisgi na roisi, Rosa Angl. 144.11 ; 108z . do rois, 110.2 . ola na uiola ┐ na roisi, RC ix 241 n. 4 . The form rósa occurs in late texts: rósa Sháron, Canticles ii 1 . flos rosae .i. bláth an rósa, (RIA) 23 K 42, 355.13 .

Compd. ros-chaill, gl. rosetum, Sg. 50a16 . Cf. rostan.

rúamna , romna, rómna?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúamna , romna, rómna? or dil.ie/35642
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: romna, rúamna

n name of some colour or colouring matter, a reddish, crimson (?) or russet hue: sléic ł ruamnae ł diol gl. lodix , Sg. 69 a 9 (Ériu xxxiii 163). romna aīs .i. līas ┐ buideta the hue of age , Corm. Y 1101 = ruamni, LB. romnae, Bodl. romna ais .i. buidhe ┐ léithe, O'Cl. romna n-aeís, Rawl. 112b21 (acc.) tug datha for etaige . . . .i. rúamna dearga ┐ corcra, LL 16b23 ( Manners and Customs iii 88 ). romna .i. dath . . . romna righ . . . .i. dath for étach in righ .i. corcair, O'Dav. 1380 . romna rossa `reddening a countenance' (by satire), RC xxvi 22 § 55 ( ruamna , romnad v.ll.). dobhēradh d'ēicsibh uado | ar omhan rūamna rosa (= for fear of being satirized). Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . ruamna dreach .i. sug in rois doní ruamna na ndrech, Auraic. 5645 (kenning for `ruis', the elder-tree, in Ogham the letter R). ruamna ruice ruis .i. trom, 1193 (the elder). tresim ruamna .i. straif . . . ar isin straif is tresiu ruamna ic dathadh na raet, 5563 . fri ruamna rús `the reddening of his face', Laws iv 348 y Comm. fuche [= fuiche] a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco [= minci, meinci] imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551 . rūamna gormga red gleam of dark blue spears , Bruchst. i § 26 ( IT iii 13 § 25 ). and dogníth rúamna dia thríath `there was caused bloodshed', Metr. Dinds. ii 22 . ruamna gais, iii 450 (see v 139 ), cf. dā hūa Roäich rūamna gass, ZCP viii 217 § 10 . rí rúamna buden who reddens troops (with blood )? LU 3743 ( SCC 34 ). Buti co rath rúamnai cloth `with grace of fame', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.13 (lit. of colouring i.e. blazoning fame? ). romna roiscne (.i. fordorchad indsce), Anecd. v 26.6 . nip rannaire rúamnae góe let him not deal out coloured (specious) falsehood , ZCP xi 83 § 30 . In cheville: dia ros-fuc, ruamna cen lén, | dar sruth n-uarda nIordanen, SR 7339 . As sobriquet: Lughaidh Rúamna . . . ro ba ruiste rúamanta L. ón chomhrag, Cóir Anm. 199 . ? As adj. pred.: as ruaimne in ruici do M. a dā fer dēc do mharbadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 647 n. 4 (St.) = is rúad in rucce, TBC-LL¹ 4536 .

rúamnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúamnaid or dil.ie/35645

 

Forms: rómnaid, rúaimnid

v ā, also rómnaid and rúaimnid

(a) intrans. grows red : ría ríg ni rúamnat renna, TBC-LL¹ 2810 . ruamnais rosc in righ, Lism. L. 2858 .

(b) trans. colours; reddens, makes red : tuirighín rí[g] rúamnus gal, Metr. Gl. Ff. § 3 ( Metr. Gl. 9 ) = ruamna , LL 395a5 . cona rennaib ruamnait gail, LU 1255 . do Frōech rūaimnes sleg, ZCP xiii 167.34 . dia ruamnaither in dat[h] do bi for in corp, Ériu xii 52 § 64 . is tre ḟīr flathemon cach t[h]lachta dianime, déch ma rómnaiter co ndathlí súla segaiter when they are coloured (dyed ), ZCP xi 81 § 17 (s. Hermathena xix 91 ). Esp. causes to flush, puts to shame : co nach romna rús richt, H 3.18 p. 73 ( O'Curry 119 ). ? ba dirsan dait nach Laeg mac R. rúamnastar comairle ar comaltais, TBC-LL¹ 4010 (Cuchulaind on the fall of Fer Diad; that L. made thee no reproaches on the ground of our being foster-brothers? ).

See rúamnad and rumnad.

ruccae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruccae or dil.ie/35672
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rucce, ruccae, ruccai, rucai, ruccu, ruccai, rucae, ruc(a)cai, ruice

n io, n. (in Wb.), later m. and f. n s. rucce, Wb. 24a30 , 26b27 , 30a3 . ruccae, Ml. 88b15 . a s. in ruccai , Ml. 57a8 , 49d4 . rucai, 49d3 . d s. ruccu, Wb. 9c13 . ruccai, Ml. 27c9 , 10 . g s. ind rucae , Ml. 87d9 , ruc(a)cai, 118c4 . Later oft. ruice.

Prob. from same root as ruad, see ZCP vi 398 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 126 ; the orig. sense may be that of `blushing', `turning or making red'; hence shame, disgrace , both of subjective feeling and external effects; gl. confusio, Wb. 24a30 , cf. 26b27 , Ml. 55b8 ; pudor, 87d9 ; verecundia, 57a8 , 118c4 , Wb. 9c13 . rucce (.i. nāiri), Corm. Y 1110 . ruice .i. imdergad, Lec. Gl. 256 . do bar ruccu .i. ut erubescatis (sic leg.), Wb. 9c13 . dobeir ruice n-imdhergtha fora éiniuch, Laws ii 26.11 Comm. (gl. enechruice). ma dia tucthar ruice ruadh-imdergtha fair, O'Dav. 64 . Oft. coupled with mebal; Wb. 24a30 , Ml. 27c9 , 49d3 . gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul, RC xxiii 324.30 . cen ruci, cen mebail, FA 35 . is r.¤ it is a shame for (disgrace to) him , Wb. 26b27 , cf. 24a30 , 30a3 . TBC-LL¹ 4536 . is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh, H 3.18 p. 249 ( O'Curry 478 ). In favourable sense: trí maic beres féile do ainmnit: grúss, rúss, rucca `three sons whom generosity (? modesty) bears to patience . . . blushing, shame ', Triads 143 . ben cen rucco, Anecd. i 61 § 97 (leg. ruccu). ruamna ruice ruis, Auraic. 1193 . tinnem ruccae ruis sin .i. on ruidiudh, 5570 .

ruis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruis or dil.ie/35752
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f.

(orig. 'redness, reddening', original meaning of the Ogam letter name,

Ériu xxxix 160 )

(a) the elder-tree: ruis . . . .i. trom, Auraic. 1193 .

(b) name of the letter R in Ogham: ruamna drech . . . do rād fri ruis in ogaim . . . ar is tri ruis scribthar, Auraic. 5647 . ainm i mbī ruis, ACL iii 307 § 19 . nion, ruis, dhá onn, agus ailm (= the name Onóra), Dánta Gr. vii 13 = Dánta Gr. 89.13 . For the phrases ruis étromm and ruis garb, see étromm, 1 garb. See also R.

rus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rus or dil.ie/35801
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rosa

n u, m. (quantity doubtful; freq. written with accent, but the g s. rosa points to short u). A poetic word,

(a) the face or countenance, esp. the cheeks , hence

(b) a blush, blushing and

(c) shame .

rúss .i. agaidh, Corm. Y 1108 . rus ro ghairme[dh] do ghruaid, Metr. Gl. 62 . russ .i. gruaidh an chinn, O'Cl. rus .i. aighidh no imdergad, O'Dav. 1336 , cf. 1343 (rús). rús .i. gruaid . . . rús dono, imdergad, ┐ gach nderg, H 3.18, p. 73 ( O'Curry 119 ). rúss, rucca, Triads 143 (sons of `ainmnit' and `féile'). is suaichne ina rus . . . .i. is forreill ar [a] aghaidh, Eg. 88 f. 40a ( O'Curry 2490 ). o rus no on ruided, Auraic., 5573 cf. 5647 . g s. romna rossa `reddening a countenance', RC xxvi 22 § 55 , glossed .i. romnad aigthe ic aerad, LL 187a17 . ar omhan ruamna rossa, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 93 § 21 . pl. rusa ruirech righ treibe, O'Dav. 1343 . temhair .i. gruaidh, ut est niam temra rosa .i. is í temair th'aighthi do gruaidh, 1546 (= the cheeks are the beauty of the countenance? By Stokes taken as g s.) Cf. Ériu xiii 14.6 ; 13 . ruamna rús, Laws iv 348.27 (g p.?). ? atbēlad tria rindib rus (: Aongus), Anecd. ii 67.2 .

sléic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sléic or dil.ie/37895
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind

(a) potash (as a personal detergent), Ériu xxxvi 185-86 : nach sal aslén(n)a ainech duini bíit a trí ocá díunuch .i. sleic (slíc, v.l.) ┐ uisce ┐ anart. Is ed as sleic (slíc, v.l.) cétamus foísitiu in mídénma, Críth G. 308 . Nitrum. In Aegypto inuenitur; ex aqua et terra factum. .i. sleic n-egeigeptacde (leg. n-egeptacde), Ériu xxxvi 185 , Études Celt. xxii 218-19 .

(b) ? a coloured, friable salt used as a cosmetic, Ériu xxxvi 185-86 . lodix .i. s.¤ nó ruamnae nó diol, Sg. 69a9 . See s.v. rúamna .

1 sraib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sraib or dil.ie/38728
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Sroibgenn

n f.(cf. 1 ruib; see Ériu xiii 185 and Ériu xxxix 159-60 )

(a) sulphur: sulfur .i. in t[s]raif, RC ix 242.7 . srotha . . . do theine sraibhi, xxviii 312 § 9 . tene sreibhi, De Contemptu 1720 . diri uigi circi a lan do luibib gall ┐ sraiff ┐ luingit ┐ airget-laim, Laws v 84.9 Comm. , Ériu xxxix 160 .

(b) the Ogam letter sd (st): tresim ruamna .i. straif leis-sium sin i n-ogam. Straif iar ræt; ar isin straif is tresiu ruamna ic dathadh na ræt … Tugad uaid-side isin fid dianad ainm straif ar æntaid anma aturu, Auraic. 5563 . tri foilcheasta inn oghaim .i. ceirt ┐ gedal ┐ straiph, 439 . in baile i mbia s ria d [is] straiph as scribtha and amal ata st an stial, 443, cf. 2899 . suil duir a sdraif, IGT Introd. § 4 (3.26) . sdraif ó Sdrú, ibid. (4.4) .

See sraibtine. On the n.pr. Sroibgenn, see Ériu xii 142 .

súg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súg or dil.ie/39166

 

Forms: súga, sugha, suighi

n o, m. (Lat. sucus, assim. to súigid, GOI § 924 ). Cf. n. pl. súga, Alex. 663 . sugha, CCath. 2530 . suighi, Marco P. 166 . Given as vn. (súgh), IGT Verbs § 75 .

Juice (in a large variety of applications).

(a) toth .i. sūgh, ut dicitur: toth ethlinne .i. sūg ethlinne, O'Mulc. 870 . sucus .i. sugh, ACL i 336.113 . co thírmaigid cach s.¤ bís isnaib ballaib gl. ut exsiccet sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . cáin in sug assa sóeraigthib sugthíar, Goid. 157.10 (ACC). cuich gela . . . | suig fri sreba bright vessels for streams of juice (of tallow wax?), SR 4346 (`snuff-dishes', Exodus xxxvii 23 ). do hól neich narbá dliged dóib .i. immáillsi ┐ súga na n-arm (of soldiers suffering from thirst), Alex. 663 = allas na n-arm, BB 494a41 . cuithe salach sūg a filthy, oozy pit, KMMisc. 270 § 43 . s.¤ na ecailsi ógi | mairg na-n-ib i n-ecoiri (ref. to Eucharist?), LL 150a17 . rochraith sug amroisi for a ech, TTebe 3760 . dabhach . . . | a sileann sugh suarc-bracha, SG 112.7 . súgh as nách neimhnighe neimh exuding a juice (of butter), TD 37.2 . teach ar n-athar dúinn is dual, | sgathadh [a shúigh do badh] shámh `sweet were even a spell of its sweetness (?)', Aithd. D. 62.3 = scathad a shuidhi bidh sāmh, ACL iii 236 § 3 . súgh talmhan, tromthoirthe coll, DDána 79.20 (for subh? `toradh', Gloss.). gan súgh mar bhlas a bhracha, 113.18 (`deoch', Gloss.). sugh na heorna barley-water, RC xlix 50.20 . sugh nó silne na cloch ar techadh (= tégad), ACL i 328 § 85 . púdar . . . arna cumusc . . . a subh daingin `to a stiff juice', O'Gr. Cat. 242.17 . In rhetoric: cain s.¤ set gai in cleitīne cain, Ériu i 118 § 9 . In cheville: súgh n-glé, ML 10.17 (cf. sóg).

(b) Specific applications. Of the sap, juice of plants, etc.: ruidhiud fasas a n-aigid in duine tri sug in lossa do cuimilt faethi, Auraic. 5572 . sug in rois doni ruamna na ndrech, 5645 . sithal . . . a sil sugh subh into which drips the juice of berries, SG 111.24 . sugh na sgoth the nectar of flowers, Studies 1923 422 § 10 . cenglait a croinn cu snighenn sugh friu, Marco P. 163 . mar nách roinneand (sic leg.) an crann an suth thairrngeas ón talamh ris na géagaibh, Ó Héodhusa 44.11 . frémh ┐ súgh chroinn na hola, Romans xi 17 . alue[n] .i. sugh luibhi is cosmail risan sgilla, ACL i 325 § 15 . acasia .i. sugh na n-airnedh n-anabaidh, RC ix 243.2 . Hence of wine: súgh cuain foreign wine, DDána 103.19 . súgh caor i gcuachaibh, Measgra D. 58.23 . re súgh bhfíonchaor bhfíneamhna, TD 33.11 .

Of blood: súgh th'ochta an uair do shilis, PBocht 17.15 . súgh an bhuinn ler saoradh sinn, DDána 3.38 . do mhaith sin sugh a ochta | do shúr mholta fhir Eachtgha, RC xlix 169 § 4 . thug sugh a mbrollach gan choigil do Shéamus, 23 G 24 401.5 .

Of milk: súgh bó, Irish Texts iv 51 § 17 . ar shúgh do chíoch d'ól, PBocht. 4.30 . ar son súigh t'ochta d'ibhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 13 . súgh [cíogha] Muire, DDána 26.34 . súgh do chíoch, Keat. Poems 1338 .

Of tears : sugh m'abhra (sic leg.) ag dalladh mo derc, Rel. Celt. ii 256.19 .

Of phlegm : sugh na srona, RC xii 344 § 38 .

Of urine: buain in conlóin a talmuin gein do gabur a sugh ann (of trespasses by dogs), Laws iv 122.14 Comm . ro phetraigset in tír n-uli do phetragugud ┐ do sh.¤ nat[h]rachda `von Schlangengeifer', Alex. 710 = fri etruth (.i. tūt) na natrach, BB 494b41 .

(c) In sense of vigour, energy, strength : in ben tsirg cin sug nirt, Laws i 140.35 Comm . bamar-ni for a ecla, cin seg cin s.¤, amal bemís marb, PH 2967 = cen sead cen sug, YBL 146b25 . co nderna mesc aimnertach é cen sh.¤ cen nert ann, RC xxiii 420.z . ? g. pl. in: ri roraid fri Samúel s.¤ | co nerbarad fri Saúl, SR 5641 . co trethnaib iar srethbruig s.¤ , 6263 .

(d) Perh. essence, inner nature in: riasiu ro fiastar cia aisc cia s.¤ , RC xxvi 16 § 12 .i. cia s.¤ aisci mori fogebi form innate blemish (?), 17 n. 3 . cen s.¤ n-aisgci (`without a particle of blame'), BColm. 82.27 . más fhíor súgh na soisgéala `inner meaning', Aithd. D. 94.30 .

Compd. ¤rúad bloody: gur bho fuinneóga silteacha súghrúadha ochta . . . na n-anradh, ML 130.6 .

tuirigin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuirigin or dil.ie/42391

 

n A word occurring chiefly in glossaries, and found only rarely in literary texts, where its use seems in most cases artificial. The meanings assigned by glossators are as follows.

(a) king: t.¤ .i. rī, Corm. Y 1223 = taurgein, Corm. 42 . t.¤ (.i. rī) amail asberar ... nī tulach fri t.¤ tuigethar tuile mār muirne, Corm. Y 1224 = tuirgin ... turigen, Corm. 42 . `tuirighin' rí ruamna gal, Metr. Gl. 9 § 3 . tuirighin .i. rí, O'Cl. In B. na f.: caoga fó do tuiri[d]nibh (sic leg., Meyer p. 537 n. 2 ) fuada maille fri himper an anma, ZCP viii 102.6 = coeca righ do riguibh Eirenn, Ériu ii 186.5 . do thuridin Chorca[r]tri, ZCP viii 103.7 . = do righ Corca Tri, Ériu ii 186.x . Cf. ic Ros na Turigin, RC xiii 221.8 = ag Ros na Righ, MS. Mat. 472.y . do ghrásaibh foirfe an toirghin trócairigh (of God), Ó Bruad. i 180.24 . ón dtuirigean dtreabhair, iii 176.7 . i ndóid an tuirigin treoraighsi (James II), 86.12 .

(b) judge, brehon: `tuirighin' bretheamh bláthmar, Metr. Gl. 9 § 3 . tuirighin .i. breitheamh, O'Cl. Perh. based on: t.¤ quasi gein a tuir .i. amail bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, sic is ed in teg in domun centurach, isī immorro in tuir fīrinde rechta aicnid. It ē na illāma asin tuirid .i. ilchīallae ┐ ilchonaire in brethemnuis, Corm. Y 1224 = tur[gein], Corm. 42 . Note also t.¤ .i. tuili-gen .i. gein tolin .i. tolin a fīr asind aicniud co n-ōenaigedar fri fīr na screptra, Corm. Y 1224 = tuilgein .i. tulighein .i. gein tolin. tolin fhir quasi aicned conaenaiger fri fír na screptra, Corm. 42 = tuirgin .i. tuile gin .i. gin do lin a fír as a naicne co naonaighter fri firinne na sgreptra, O'Curry 2276 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ) = sruithe fior fior naicned ni naill concerta tuirigin tuir .i tuile gin etc., O'Curry 1610 ( 23 Q 6, 5b ) = concerta tuiregin tuaithi etc., O'D. 537 ( H 3.17, col. 433 ). sruith fíor fiornaicned ninaill concertad tuiridgein do berur do cosmailius emuin breithe brigtar do bunadh beirtius treas teisdemuin, O'Curry 2191 ( Nero A vii 133ab )

(c) illegitimate birth; bastard (?): tuiridgein .i. gach gein iaram berar naire .i. gein nare .i. re na geineamna, ┐ ni coir tuiregein [do rád] re aite and .i. ní toirithin do ni acht traethad do nit a geine, amail adubairt Mac Saman .i. in brethem, O'Curry 216 ( H 3.18, 112 ). in fer nach fes cland ná cenél acht a bheith tuirigein cen athair, SG 255.2 . ? Cf. tuiregin .i. toaeraegein [.i. gein narae] .i. gein ngenethar ┐ a dā chois riam a chend fadeōid, Corm. Y 1224 = turgen .i. toaeraghen .i. gein [naera .i. gein] geiness ┐ a dí choiss roime, Corm. 42 . ? t.¤ .i. torracht-gein .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill .i. gein in fīraicnid, Corm. Y 1224 = turagein .i. torachtghen .i. gein doracht .i. doraid aiccned in araill .i. gein in fíraicned, Corm. 42.

(d) pillar: `tuirighin' tuir fhuilnges tech, Metr. Gl. 9 § 3 . tuirighin .i. tuir, no gabhal cheangbhas teach, O'Cl. a druim frisin tuiridein, SR 4520 = tuirid, LB 122a2 . ? adubhairt morGholl go mboirbe | do chur na tuirgne (altered from tarigne) air creatha, 23 I 1, 40.2 .

(e) tongue: t.¤ .i. tuir in gena, is ē do t[h]enga, Corm. Y 1224 = tuirgin .i. tur gina .i. tenga, Corm. 42 . `tuir[i]ghin' teangadh tuirmeach, Metr. Gl. 9 § 3 . tuirighin .i. teanga, O'Cl. den-fuc for a tuiridin, confuair plais na trethno for a ti `put it on her tongue, and found the taste of salt on her cloak', RC xi 131.60 .