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ailm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailm or dil.ie/1060
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f.

(a) pine-tree: a.¤ .i. crand giuis .i. ochtach, Auraic. 1194 . a.¤ .i. ochtach . . . no a, id est, quasi pailm a palma., 4293 .

(b) Name of the letter a: a.¤ didiu cetlapra gach pi ┐ iachtad gach mairb i.e. ah! is the first thing we utter on entering life and the last on leaving it, Auraic. 2797 = O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, 207 ). ar is a.¤ (no a) adber in duine ac iachtad i ngalar, Auraic. 5576 . aicmi ailmi, 989 . luis ailme, beithe ailme .i. la, ba, 999 . IGT Introd. § 4. (4. 6) . gabar tria a.¤ quasi caper rotruailled and i.e. the e of `caper' has been corrupted into a in `gabar', Corm. Y 675 . a.¤ na haenur a naghaidh na secht litrech aili, O'D. 1224 (H. 2.15, p. 86b). a.¤ .i. in tí dana fidh a.¤ ina ainm .i. in flaith, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207 ). d'a.¤ nō d'ur .i. a nō u, Parrth. Anma 6302 . nion, ruis, dá onn, ┐ a.¤ (i.e. Onóra), Dánta Gr. 89.13 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

amros

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amros or dil.ie/3214

 

Forms: amrus

n also amrus (3 ros, cf. rús) ignorance: osgar amhrois, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 92 § 9 . nidat cnoi ruis acht cna amrois, Dinds. 31 , cf. LL 200a47 . nachdat cnói dagruis dálaig / acht cnói amruis anṡádail, Metr. Dinds. iii 130.36 .

atbai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atbai or dil.ie/4576
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: átbai

n also átbai, áttba (g. sg. B. in Scáil² 131 ). All exx. from Baile in Scáil. Usually in phr. éc a.¤ , acc. to Meyer, 'death with swelling of the body' Meyer Contribb. 156 , cf. Ériu l 185-87 : do-fuit atbai i roí Ruis 'he [will] die of a tumour in the battle-field of Ross', B. in Scáil² 45 § 50 . bebaid Muirchertach éc atbai máirt Cletig, B. in Scáil² 40 § 24 . bebaid éc atbui la fuil 'he will die of a wound/bloody tumour', B. in Scáil² 43 § 45 . mór áttba, bebaid M. éc a.¤ mairt Cletig, ZCP xx 225 § 24 . at-beba éc átbai issind Imbliuch os Boaind, 227 § 37 . éc a.¤ hi tāilcentaigh, xii 233 § 44 . éc átbai, 237 § 58 . bebaid ēc atbui la fuil, 233 § 45 . mór marb, mór átbai. mór ail at-cuinfhet Goideil, xx 226 § 31 .

comlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlann or dil.ie/11408

 

(com + lán, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 173 - 4 . Cf. comlán). Also -lonn (: droṅg, SR 2414 ) (infl. of 1 lonn? O'Rahilly). See comlín.

adj I o, ā (equally) full, complete: huare ata comlonna inna digabthacha fria cetnidi evenly-matched (i.e. having same number of syllables), Sg. 48b5 . ar is comlunn in his gl. iuuo, iuui, lauo, laui `equal', 164b1 . bes comland an núallsa (`conflict'), Fél. Ep. 163 `this supplication will be fulfilled' (?), Ériu xiii 173 . ben in cluiccīn for Domnall / nā rup c.¤ a blīadain `that he may die within a year' ( Ériu xiii 173 ), Cáin Ad. 20 .

II As subst. o, [n., Trip.² 1588 ].

(a) Usu. of persons match, opponent; equal force, number: cia no tragad for comlond LU 5209 = ar c.¤ , TBC-I¹ 731 . comthrom cómhluinn, ML 28.13 . c.¤ ris ac Ríg neime / na trī Colmāin `the three Colmans . . . by the help of the King of Heaven can cope with it,' BColm. 102.11 . Of things: a comlond līg lumnech lenn equal number, ZCP xi 109 § 13 . a comlond, O'Mulc. 294 . comlond a áesa one of his own age to match him, LU 4842 . láth . . . raseised co trian . . . comluind C.C. `would equal the third . . . part of C.C.'s warlike deeds', TBC-LL² 726 . mo chómhlann ar mo chómhair confronting my antagonist, ML 100.18 . duni dedenach irrabi comlond cet `who was a match for a hundred' (of Murchad), Cog. 186.11 . ba cumlund céit . . . cech fer, Celtica iv 36.519 . fer comlainn tríchad, CF² 840 . uachtaráin na gcéad .i. fir chómhlainn céad = centuriones, Trompa 3215 . Cf. Keat. ii 5172 ff. robsam comhlann do thriochaid `a match for thirty', BS 112.16 .

(b) contest, battle, fight : gres gal comluind `a fiery assault of combat', Bretha 25 . coṅgelgart cechcomlainn cain, SR 2375 . bī bruth d'echaib ríg Ruis / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 . dala . . . comlaind in catha sin, Cog. 184.33 . in comrag indligthech .i. comland tar cert, Laws v 256.21 Comm. ar comlond cain `in fair fight', ZCP iii 45.2 . cert comlaind fair play, TFerbe 583 . Attrib. g s.: cethrar curata comlaind `four heroic fighting men', TTebe 954 . ar áth comhloind `on some contested ford', O'Hara 3632 . With vbs.: dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . ro fersatár a comlonna forsna diberga, LU 7916 (BDD). córa dháibh comhlann do chor, Aithd. D. 8.22 . As quasi-vn.: mic rig . . . da chomlond ris `to fight a duel with him', TTebe 3209 .

Compd. curaidh comlonncruaidhe na cathrach harsh in battle, ZCP vi 284.26 . Stair Erc. 1041 .

Dalán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dalán or dil.ie/14364

 

o, npr. m. DALAGNI MAQI DALI (Monataggart), s. Macalister Ir. Epigr. iii 141 . Dalán a ainm in drúadh, TE 18 . in slíab rissi napur Sliab Dálán, ib. Dalan mac Rosa Failge, Rawl. 122 b 33 , 50 . BB 130 a 8 , 14 . LL 192 b 58 (Dalán). 314 b 3 (-án). Dalan mac Ruis , 314 b 15 .

damgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. damgaire or dil.ie/14507
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ia, f. (fem. LL 118 a 13 . IT iii 89. 11 .) Usually translated a herd of stags or deer (Stokes, Lism. L. p. 389 , 410 b 2 —but 240. 30 stags in heat , as TTr.² 1159 — Kuno Meyer, Contr.). But the frequent appearance of damgaire in phrases such as `oc búiriud, oc béicid amal dam damgaire, dorddan (daim) damgaire,' and, like cúgaire, as the object of ro-cluinethar, seems to indicate the meaning a bellowing or roaring of a stag . This is not disproved by the place-name Druimm Damgaire, nor by the passage Lism. L. p. 389 . Damgaire like cúgaire has short penultimate, as shown by the rhyme with `glaine,' Anecd. ii 24. 3 , and by IT iii 89. 11 , both cited below. re dordan daim damaire, Acall. 3677 .

ret[h]it daim a dumachaib ri dorddan na damgaire LL 118 a 13 . ceol na psalm go psalmgloine i Rind Ruis Bruic cen buaine: dordan daim duinn damghaire do lecain erce (leg. Erce) uaire, Anecd. ii 24. 3 , ZCP x 369 . mar dachuala in chugaire noco cluinfea in damgair[e], IT iii 89. 11 . docualamur daṁghaire, Laud 615 129 . rogab thra fón sluagh fon innas [s]in cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgairi, TTr.² 1159 . torchair Donn na daṁghaire, ITS vii 32. 25 . robhúirset ┐ robéicset (sc. Ulaid) amal daṁu daṁghaire, Lism. L. 3108 . BS § 11. 3 .

LOC. atát daiṁ díleann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniu i Cnuc na Cenn ┐ ita damghaire ṡochaide ┐ forngaire ṡluaig et bid he a ainm o aniu cu brath Druim Damghaire (i.e. Cnoc Luinge, Knocklong in Co. Limerick, Onom.), Lism. L. p. 389 .

do-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-cuirethar or dil.ie/17442
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tochraid, dorala, tarla, tachraid, tochur, tachar, docuire, ducuiredar, du-nd-chuirethar, dochuirethar, docorethar, docuiretar, dochuiret, tochre, tocraid, corathar, -tochrathar, -tochra, dochora, rathochra, -dochrat, tochorad, docorad, nothachrad, -tochratis, ducorastar, dochorastár, tochrastar, rothocair, tochuir, tachair, tochratar, tochradar, tochar, tochuirther, dofocuirther, docuirither, tochradar, docuirter, docuired, tochrad, tuichred, ndichret, tuichret, dofóichred, toichred, docuirfed, tochērat, doceradh, tacerad, dofoicherthar, dindrala, torala, tairle, tarlam, doralus, darolus, tarlus, torlus, tairlius, doralais, fris-tarlais, dusrale, toralae, con-darraile, dorala, tarla, tarlathar, daralsat, doralaighset, doralatar, tarlatar, doralad, duralad, ceta-tarlad, do-t-ralaid, tarlaid, dutárlid, doralta, docuiriur, tochuiriur, tochuirim, docuirethar, dochoirethar, docuiredar, tocuiredar, tócurid, tócuired, tocuirid, docuirifar, dorochurestar, dorochuiristar, rothochurestar, ro-s-tochuir, rothochuir, dorochuirsemmar, rom-tochuirseat, dofocuirther, tocuirfiter, tochuiribthe, tocuiredh, tochuired, rodocuirit, tochur, tochuired, tocuread, do-m-cuirethar, dorala, doscuirither, con-tachrad, tocraid, dorala, dorala, tarla

(* to-cuir-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ), in O.Ir. a deponent vb. used in the senses (1) puts and (2) invites . For the development of meaning (2) see Gaidoz, RC xxiii 91 . In O.Ir. (1) occurs chiefly in 3 s. , often in impers. construction; in subj. and pret. the root la- is used side by side with cuir- and the fut. is supplied by *to-(fo)cherr- (cf. 1 cuirid); in (2) all forms are supplied by *to-cuir-. In later Mid.Ir. *to-cuir- comes to be represented by tochraid (tachraid), treated as a simple vb. and often forming an ē-fut. (see TBC-LL¹ 5707 , Cog. 225.18 = LL 309b3 , Acall. 1137 , Aen. 290 ), while dorala or tarla (the former of which survives as late as the 17th cent.) exists independently in the sense met, happened . The form tachraid may be regarded as a lineal descendant of do-cuirethar, dochuir[id], -tochraid rather than as a distinct denom. vb. formed from the vn. tochur, tachar, the syncopated form (common already in Mid. Ir.) being probably due to the need for distinguishing it from tochuirid invites, in which syncope does not as a rule occur. See GOI § 762 . IGT Verbs § 95 .

Forms.

I In sense puts

(a) Forms from *to-cuir-: Indic. pres. 2 s. docuire, Corm. s.v. taurthait . 3 s. ducuiredar, Thes. ii 19.36 . du-nd-chuirethar, Ml. 35d22 . dochuirethar, BDD 71 . docorethar, 106 . 3 pl. docuiretar, Fianaig. 84 . dochuiret, Metr. Dinds. iii 292 . Ipv. 2 s. tochre, LU 10881 . 2 pl. tocraid, 1486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do corathar , O'Curry 1999 ( H 4.22 29 ). -tochrathar, Críth G. 418 . -tochra, O'D. 739 ( H 3.17 ( H 3.17, 537 ). dochora, LL 146b . co rathochra , Triads 117 . 3 pl. -dochrat, MacCongl. 99.4 . Impf. 3 s. tochorad, Ml. 44a19 . docorad, BDD 54 . nothachrad, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . 3 pl. -tochratis, RC ix 468.6 . Pret. 3 s. ducorastar, Ml. 52 . dochorastár, LU 5366 (TBC). co tochrastar , IT ii1 184 . rothocair, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tochuir, tachair. 3 pl. tochratar, LL 293b25 . tochradar, BB 33b22 , etc. Pass. pres. s. fora tochar (= tocharr, an archaic form), Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485 ). tarsa tochuirther , Ml. 22c1 . cf. 80b7 and dofocuirther, 18c10 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 301 ). docuirither, Laws i 170 Comm. Ériu ii 120 § 58 , etc. forsa tochradar , BB 330b22 . pl. docuirter, Anecd. v 24 n. 25 . Pass. pret. docuired, PH 7767 . Imr. Brain i 88 . co tochrad , MacCongl. 37.4 .

(b) Forms from to-(fo-)cherr-: Fut. 3 s. ? in (ní?) tuichred , BB 298a24 ( IT iii 15 ). 3 pl. co ndichret , Ml. 44a16 . ? ni tuichret , IT iii 15.4 . Condit. 3 s. dofóichred, Sg. 130b2 . toichred, ZCP i 66 § 113 . Later formations from *to-cuir-: docuirfed, Lec. 458c7 ; tochērat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 , etc. Cf. doceradh, BB 298a25 = tacerad, IT iii 15 (H)?). Pass. fut. dofoicherthar, BDD § 81 .

(c) Forms from *to-ro-la-: Subj. pres. 2 s. dindrala (= dia ndrala?), Bvi 74 ( Thes. ii 37 ). 3 s. torala, Ml. 43b15 . tairle, Ériu iv 24 ( LL 106a ). 1 pl. co tarlam , Fél. Prol. 319 v.l. Perf. 1 s. doralus, Fél. Prol. 15 . darolus, ZCP iv 44.12 . tarlus, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). torlus, SR 1872 . ? tairlius, BS 48.24 . 2 s. doralais, Alex. 946 . fris-tarlais, ZCP iii 206 . 3 s. dusrale, Ml. 23c16 . co toralae , Corm. Y 698 . con-darraile, LL 272b21 . Mid. Ir. dorala, tarla; tarlathar, TBC-LL¹ 2069 . 3 pl. daralsat, LL 169a15 . Cf. doralaighset (they) happened to be, Fl. Earls 188 . doralatar, tarlatar, PH, etc. Pass. perf. s. doralad, Wb. 13d8 , Ml. 14b12 . duralad, 67d9 . ceta-tarlad, LL 515 . do-t-ralaid, SR 1307 . ni tarlaid , 3668 . ? dutárlid, LU 10938 (perh. fr. *to-ad-ro-luid). pl. doralta, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

II In sense invites. Indic. pres. 1 s. docuiriur, Sg. 16b8 . tochuiriur, Thes. ii 357.1 . tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . 3 s. docuirethar, Sg. 61a7 . dochoirethar, Ml. 29b1 . docuiredar, tocuiredar, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid, FA § 1 . Ipv. 3 s. tócuired, PH 5829 . 2 pl. tocuirid, 5614 . Fut. 1 s. docuirifar, Ml. 3a1 . Perf. 3 s. dorochurestar, Ml. 16c6 . dorochuiristar, 25c13 . ní rothochurestar , 18d16 . ro-s-tochuir, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rothochuir, PH 4413 . 1 pl. dorochuirsemmar, Sg. 6b18 . 3 pl. rom-tochuirseat, CCath. 983 . Pass. pres. s. dofocuirther, Ml. 18c10 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 501 ). Fut. pl. tocuirfiter, PH 4346 . Condit. s. ni tochuiribthe , Ml. 128a2 . Pret. co tocuiredh , BB 10a4 , tochuired; rodocuirit (= rotochuiritt), Cog. 74.8 .

Vn. tochur, tochuired.

I As trans. vb. in personal construction

(a) puts, deposits, places , often used as synonym of do-cuirethar or do-beir: is tre ḟír flathemon docuiredar ildelba muir the sea casts up creatures of divers form, ZCP xi 82 = is tré ḟír flatha ildelba il-míli . . . for tráchtaib téchtaib tochratar are deposited (cast up) on shores, LL 293b25 . di[a] ndrala huait if thou put from thee (gl. tolle), Thes. ii 37 . inna hí batar buthi ar thuus, dusrale fodiad he put them last, Ml. 23c16 . is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 , cf. Ml. 14b12 . in tascair docuirither do tuinn which is deposited by a wave, Laws i 170 Comm. , cf. iv 194 . nech tarsa tochuirther sciath over whom a shield is placed, Ml. 22c1 . ro-tarlait a teinti their fires were placed (i.e. built up), Mer. Uil. 17 . torala Dia ar chēill do degnimu-su may God bring to mind gl. revocetur, Ml. 43b14 . doralus ar m'airi | gréschi occa nguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . ó doralaim ar m'aire . . . lecca huara (pres. formation based on perf.), AU 877 (poem). tachraid for cēill dāib . . . senscēlai bar muinntire call to mind the traditions of your people, Alex. 191 . Cf. Ériu ii 136 : ar cid aingil nimhe, rosbi crith ┐ uamun intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar cēill (leg. forathmenatar ┐ docuretar . . . when they remember and call to mind). dochurusdar Cond an macamh ar comairci Airt placed under A.'s protection, iii 160 . ducorastar Dia deilb mordraige . . . forsinní Dauid, Ml. 52 . tegdais forsa tochar deg-lí anechtair is placed, Tur. 14 . nocon fetur-sa indat ilgné docuirther in folt fair (lit. different ways [in] which the hair is put on him, cf. RC xxiii 91 ), BDD § 105 . forsa tochratis tonna an mara na héicne, RC ix 418 . go rotochuir [an piast] ainbthine dermair forsan muir, BNnÉ 6 . co tocuir tāmnēll fuirri, RC v 199 . doconnairc . . . prinnsa in dorchuttois . . . da tochrad cét cenn fair there were (lit. had been put) a hundred heads, Aisl. Tond. xiv 1 . focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta . . . co ttochradh an muirgrian iochtarach for úachtar an mara, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 . cia dám . . . ceta-tarlad for hErend? was first landed, LL 515 . nir tocrad Cessair for rig o sein amach no king was styled Caesar, Lec. 300b49 = ni rotocrad, 304a46 . co ndichret a ndruim fria naimtea will turn their back, Ml. 44a16 , cf. 44b19 . tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, LU 1486 . dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind it has turned its left side to us, TBC-I¹ 1192 (perh. impers.). cléirchin fris tarlais tinne `to whom thou hast shown stiffness', ZCP iii 208 . ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud glēid frisin coin mōir should not have engaged in fight with, TBC-I¹ 1228 . do-curead cath Ruis F. re Nemed, Lec. 357b2 . rofich cath Naisi fri hEochaid . . . iar cath Chomair fri hEochaid n-eolach trén doralad, 592a26 (cf. do-beir cath). domchurithar Dia isinn abainn, Imr. Brain ii 292 . gidbead dochuirear-sa deit isin dig, nā hob a ōl whatever I put into thy draught, Lec. 155b27 . toichredh a chenn 'sa chuithe he used to plunge his head, ZCP i 66 . rangabusa in n-éicni . . . darolus i lláim na hingine, TBFr. 342 . co ndaralastar (leg. -ralatar) na halma i talmain a chorp the herds trampled his body into the ground, TBC-LL¹ 2056 = gur cuirsit, St. cid ar dotralaid hi cacht? why hast thou been put into durance?, SR 1307 . is i cruinne dorraladh cach dūil . . . is i torachta chruinne doralta na nime, Ériu ii 106 . doscorad (duscorat, v.l.) a triur isin muir plunge into the sea (reflex.), RC ix 460 . is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni the fault you have brought against us, Alex. 946 = Anecd. v 5 . feib leir donralaid do nim | missi ┐ tussu, SR 1787 . conab-torlus a Phardus that I have put you out of Paradise, 1872 . con-dacuired dar cenn was overturned, SG 316 . con-daralsat é 'n-a ágib (i.e. tore him asunder), LL 169a15 .

(b) deposits, produces, brings forth: crann . . . docuiridar tri toraid cacha bliadne, Ériu ii 116 . nói cuill Chrimaill . . . dochuiret tall fon tiprait `drop their fruits', Metr. Dinds. iii 292 (docuredh, tocuread, v.l. perh. pret. pass. have been set, planted round). ba hinund brú rothocair | Fothad ┐ cóelChuirrech the same womb bore, 234 .

(c) throws, casts, sends: tochrae uait cast it from you, TBC-I¹ 1557 (LU) = tochra, YBL. docuire urchar úait, Corm. s.v. taurthait = focheirdi, Corm. Y 1229 . Cf. IT iii 16 § 37 . ni tharlus dom chirt | urcur anfis, LU 3863 ( SCC § 38 ). dochorastair Dochae ga for Fiachaid, TBC-I¹ 2110 . a arat dia tochuirther the distance from which it is shot, Ml. 80b7 . fochres [a c[h]end] isin mBrudin . . . ┐ dorralad eiste, BDD² 1405 . dochorastar echlacha uada, Anecd. iii 65 . dochuiretar sut a comuirli chugat-sa send thee their decision, Fianaig. 84 . docuredh Conall for a lurg, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 . docuirethar bedc throws, i.e. makes a start, bound: docuridar bedg de fodes starts off southwards, RC iii 176 . doscuiret[h]ar bedc as fa thuaid, IT ii1 175 . tathchuireathar bedg ar a ceand, BDD² 357 . tacurethar, YBL = docuirethar, Eg. = ta-cuirethar beadg ón tig, 645 . toschuirther beadc a Tracht F. they make a start from, 620 (the constr. here suggests that `beadc' is either nom. or else adverbial accus., the vb. being used impersonally). dochuirethar bedg anís, LL 281b13 ( GJ v 64 ). Cf. foceird b., ZCP viii 104.z .

II As trans. vb. in impers. constr. folld. by prep. phrase or other complement of pred., e.g. do-m-cuirethar lit. it puts me (in a place, condition, etc.), i.e. I happen to be (come). This construction is esp. common with the perf. dorala (tarla) and continues into the Mod. Ir. period.

(a) Of rest: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened to be winter, Trip.² 112 . focheirdi erchor uait . . . Docuirethar obonn anmannae ar a chind an animal chances suddenly to be in its way, Corm. Y 1229 (docuirither, LB). dī ōene sechtmaine . . . feib docorathar ind recht | do neoch las mbē nert as it is (laid down) in the law (?), ZCP xiii 29 . dia tarla Cond C. ┐ Eogan T. i comflaithis fo Erind, RC xvi 136 ( Dinds. 132 ). gon domrala crechtach ngarb so that I am wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2338 . cona-tarla faen so that he fell prostrate, Mór M. 267 . nach n-esconn rotmblaisi . . . dorala inna chunn slān became sane, Ériu ii 116 . ó domrala il-ligi leóin, ZCP vi 263 . co na-tarlai ina ṡuidi so that he fell on his haunches, LL 272b21 . dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar, FB § 29 . ro-imthigset i frithsēt Grēg co nustarla tul fri tul i medhon in ṡéta, BB 419a35 . is and dosralai sede tunc, ic Ross na ferta she chanced to be at, Hy. v 65 Comm. ( Thes. ii 343 ). bái mesca mór for Ulto . . . Docuiridar immarbága móra . . . eturro there arise, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . Cf. further: ni chuincem colcthi . . . acht in talam cona sraith trit nó lomm amal docuirether (leg. docuirethar) covered with grass or bare as it may happen to be, Alex. 874 = Anecd. v 3 .

(b) Folld. by prep. denoting motion: doscuirethar as co trāig in baile, IT ii1 178 ; 'they set out' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 100 § 20 . conacca . . . dorrala inna huili fiadmila asin fidbaid that all the wild animals had come out of the wood, TBC-I¹ 3108 . domrala don áith I came to the kiln, Fél. p. 12 . dosrala do Dún na mbarc they came to, LL 4b33 . inis diandorala iar n-imram, Anecd. i 53 . toscuirethar dochom tíre they come to land, BDD § 55 . con-domrala dochum slúaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 120 . nirbo chian . . . condarraile (leg. dasraile) dochum indsi till they happened on, LL 283a21 . doluid in gilla . . . conusstarla dochum thopuir till he chanced upon a well, RC xxiv 196 . dotrala f[o] aineolass thou art ignorant, ZCP xiii 3 . [a]n du[c]uiredar bissext for nói kl. when bisext falls on . . ., BCr. 32c10 ( Thes. ii 19 ). fēil docuiredar for Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 135 , cf. intan doscuirither-si for áin, LB 9b10 (pass. ?). rocloenad a thech, con-datarla for a lethbeolu so that it inclined to one side, FB § 25 . ind eclas i tarla grada for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). dogní Neide glām ndicend dō, co toralae teorae bulgae for a gruadaibh, Corm. Y 698 . docorastar cess ┐ huamhon for na slúagho gloom and fear fell upon the hosts, Ériu ii 100 . co tarla a dí bond bána fair (he fell) with upturned soles, MU² 987 (LU). dichetal for ochtraig, co rathochra a mbi ina íchtur for a úachtar all that is below comes to the top, Triads 117 . dorala ana mbui . . . a n-íchtar an loch[a] co raibi forúachtar, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tarla ind ní bāi ina hichtar co mbōi for a hōachtor, Anecd. ii 57 . con-tachrad cach ní nobith a n-ichtur na fairrgi 'na fuachtur, Lec. 569a7 = gu tocraid , BB 40b8 (pret. pass. instead of the impers. constr.). con-dasrala for combáig comimrama they began to race each other in rowing, LL 235a20 . doscuridar iarum for a rith cētnai they resume their course, Ériu ii 126 . documlaiset for fairgi ┐ docorastar a lūi fri tir their stern was turned to shore, Corm. Y 1059 . feib donrala fri comrád as we have fallen into conversation, SR 1214 . fri tala ind ríg . . . domrala tria tinninas I have crossed the king's will through my hastiness, 6188 , cf. 6013 . ní rádi ní tri thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it'), Ml. 35d22 . cia dotochra a robaegal though thou fall into great danger, BCC § 348 (poem). docuiredar cach ai i tuaim alaile each of them comes into another's place (of three currents meeting in a whirlpool), Corm. Y 323 = docuirither, LB. dotrala i mbeirn baegail, TBC-I¹ 2648 . dotrala ind, RC vi 183 . doscuiredar i cess they fall into sadness, Ériu ii 112 . darrala tar romuir who came over the great sea, Fél. Dec. 8 (darralad, doralaid, donralad, v.l.). focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, conastarla dar gincraes a bragat dond archoin so that it went past the watchdog's gullet, TBC-LL¹ 1025 . na cōic mnā nostachair tra | maraen ria n-athair suna came here together with their father, BB 408b16 . atnaid id im choiss indaro fi(u)r . . . Docuirethar iarum ina deguid aitherruch (the withe) comes back after him, i.e. springs off (?), RC x 214 .

Later with indep. pron.: co tarla co Beind E. hí she came to, Ériu iii 152 . co ttarla é go Magh Line, BS 104 . tarlu go teach Laidchinn é, Keat. ii 6282 . co tarla Cormac ┐ isi ar oentaig fo cleith, Lec. 366b25 . lucht in feruinn cusa tárla é (of one cast on shore), Laws i 204 Comm. dorala he (Cain) a mbroind Euba in tan do thomail int uball was conceived, Lec. 385a20 ; ? cf. ba hé tatharla inna broind, IT i 139 (LU) = is he tathlai it bruinn, Eg. dusrala iad a n-ailén aili, RC xxvi 138 . mar dorala a n-imfhoixe chomraic na Fraingce íad as they approached the frontier, Fl. Earls 30 . rothimchill cach a chēle dīb . . . ┐ dorala 'n-a comracaib iad they engaged in combat, Celt. Rev. x 314 . ó tharla gan chroidhe dho é seeing he hath no heart to it, Proverbs xvii 16 . durson damsa . . . na mígníma sin do dēnam dam, gid tre anfhis ┐ aneolus dorala iat they have come to pass, Celt. Rev. vii 116 .

(c) do-m-cuirethar do (ar, fri) lit. it puts me to (on, towards), hence I meet, come upon, come across: docuirethar Banba doib i Sleibh M., Leb. Gab.(i) 250 (possibly pers. constr.). docuiridar simind dóib, RC xxvi 10 (LL). conustarla do díb latrandib he met two robbers, Lat. Lives 90 . tarrla ríg Laighen dóibh, Imr. Brain i 66 . co tarla do sē meic dēg Amalgaid, Lec. 124b26 . tarla dhóib a n-esgcaraid, SG 8 . tárla dh'a chéile iat, ML 16 . tarla da chēli . . . clanna Neill ┐ clanna Chaeman, Lec. 171b41 . ni tharla dia muinntir badēin é, Fl. Earls 28 . go ttárla Carbre ┐ rígh bhfear gC. air a chēile, CF 276 (Eg.). go dtarla é ré moghaibh came upon slaves, Keat. iii 2146 . In reciprocal sense: conustarla do Meidb ┐ do Thindi M. and T. met, Ériu ii 178 . tarla do and ┐ d'Adhamhnan, BB 233b3 . co tarla dō ┐ do Dairi ingen Cathair, 6 . dorala do Césair féin ┐ do lucht innsi Bretain C. and the people . . . encountered each other, CCath. 182 . batar maic Miled bliadain i comrige . . . co tarla doib im na trib druimnib until they quarrelled about, Lec. 30b4 . dorala dam arair fri muintir C. I had a quarrel with, MacCongl. 53 . Cf. further: dorala fri Connacht co mór, ōir do marbsat-som a brāithri he was in feud with C., ZCP i 103 , where the construction may be personal (as in III (b) below).

(d) do-cuirethar form (dul, etc.), lit. it puts on me, hence it is incumbent on me, I must: docorastar fair dul do acallaim na hingine it behoved him (?), TBFr. 13 (but perh. pers. constr. `he took upon himself', Gloss.). docorustair fair techt a Manaind, Corm. Y 1059 . co tarla fair techt i n-ailithre (of Colum C.), Lec. 369b9 .

(e) do-cuirethar etarru they fall out, quarrel: cēin co tochra etraibh fein until you quarrel, BNnÉ 90 . tachair eter na mnaibh, ib. darala eturru ic imbert ḟidchilli ┐ Fergus F. and he quarrelled, LL 103b39 . dorala eturru ┐ Munramar, Ériu i 124 . dorala etorra ┐ clann ócc iarla D., AFM v 1718 . 1874 . dorala itir Luicet ┐ Aed . . . isin chath engaged each other, RC v 197 . go tarrla iter Aichlech ┐ Oedh B. gur fersat comlann fria chēli, Fianaig. 94 . go tarla itir in ríg ┐ in rígain, SG 250 . co tarla eatorro im na tri ndromandaib, BB 42b34 = co tarla doib, Lec. 30b4 . tarrla eturru immon n-es, Acall. 7286 . conad impi sein tarla eturru, LL 242a40 .

III During the Mid. Ir. period, when the infixed pron. began to lose its significance, do-cuirethar and esp. the perf. dorala came to be regarded as an intrans. vb. in personal construction in sense of happens to be (come); it is, however, impossible to decide whether the vb. is pers. or impers. in the sing. except in cases where the accompanying noun has distinct forms for nom. and accus.

(a) Of rest, condition: bid hé dochorad and, BDD § 66 YBL = comad he notocrad and, Eg. = co mbad sé nobeth and, LU; ib. § 54 . ní tharla bó isin recleis ind inbhaid sin, Lat. Lives 72 . ní faca riamh abhann ann, ┐ ó tharla an abhann ann, as greama mur tharrla in droichid tairsi as the river is there, it is well there is a bridge across it, Imr. Brain i 64 . is ann dorála in rí ind uair sin, fó bun darach, SG 413 . an eich dorala foa on which he was mounted, AFM vi 2216 . tug . . . urchor do cloich tarla ina láimh which chanced to be in his hand, iv 788 . dorala ambassadóir righ S. sa gcathraigh in tan sin, Fl. Earls 22 . tarla an uair sin duine uasal . . . i bpríosún ag an bprionnsa, Keat. iii 5027 . tarla an tan soin neach cumhachtach 'n-a bhíodhbhadh ag C., ii 4847 . dorala ben an oirchinnigh ag gabail secha . . ., BS 50 . is ann doralae Onchu mac S. marb sechtmain reimhe O. had happened to die a week before, BColm. 46 . doralatar in dā hapstail [déc] uile i n-oen tegdais, PH 5560 . tarladar ceathrar do chloinn C. 'n-a ngiallaibh ag Niall, Keat. ii 5956 . tarladar triúr mac aige he had three sons, 4844 . do chidhfedh mar tharla an tír he would see the country's plight, O'Gr. Cat. 466 .

(b) With prep., etc., denoting motion: is annsin dorala Becuma amach ar an ḟaithche chanced to come out, Ériu iii 162 . ised dorala anair he came from the east, RC xiii 379 . co tacradh ass a bhiadh cōir do chāch, IT iii 188 . co tocraitis asa tíribh do décsain . . . crotha Hectoir they would have come, TTr.² 1091 . doluid A. for iarraid usci ┐ dorala cosin tobur cétna, RC xxiv 198 . dia tarla sí cusin mbandtrebthaig, IT i 48 . ni thacēra d'iarmēirge, Cog. 225 (LL) = ni ticfa don ērmēirge, 10 . araili ailitir dorala do Toirinis, Todd Nenn. 212 . rosirius Magh Fáil . . . tairlius do Cill Uí S., BS 48 . docurethar in lia forru anair the stone lights on them, TBC-I¹ 1415 (LU). doleig side in gae bulgae . . . co tochrastar annuass for a chathbarr, IT ii1 184 . dorala menma Faelain fuirri, RC xxvii 262 . dorála menma a mátha(i)r uirre, RC xxix 120 . conidh hí comairle forsa tarrla the plan he hit upon, CCath. 1378 (perh. impers.). (With reflex. pron.) dosraladar for merugud they began to wander astray, RC xxiv 196 = SG 328 . is mairg ances a bidbaid | in n-inbaid dochora il-lén when he falls into misfortune, LL 146b38 ( PRIA xix 544 ). lēicid C. in gae fair . . . conid anuas docorastar (tocorastar, LU) in-a mullach, TBC-I¹ 1296 . Cf. 3664 . docoras[tar] casal di nim i n-ucht Pátraic, Trip.² 1228 (impers.?). rotheilg L. in ngai . . . co tarlai il-Laeg, RC iii 178 . tharla tuagh Bhrodair i gceann Bhriain, Ériu i 88 . tus in tochrad i m-aigid to see whether she would meet me, Aen. 626 . dochear Lugaid Riabnderg do chumaid a mna . . . ┐ man a claidem fodein dorala he fell on his own sword (?), Lec. 588a43 . cia tochra int espach eturru though the onlooker should come between them, Laws ii 294 Comm.

(c) Folld. by DO (also AR, FRI) meets, comes upon, falls in with (in some of the follg. exx. the earlier meaning of the vb., not that of an intrans. vb. of motion, is still apparent): dogabh ag luamhairecht an curaigh co tarrla oilen ingnadh dō, Ériu iii 156 . docuir Nae an colum da fis an faighbeadh talamh . . . ┐ tarla dō an talumh ina roibhe, etc., Lib. Flav. i 10a30 . docurastar dam lethbarghen cruithnechta ┐ ordu ēisc = I found, got, RC x 90 (perh. impers.). tarla int ailen-sa ar A., ZCP ii 298 . docuiridar Bricriu dóib forsind ḟaithche, LL 186a42 = RC xxvi 12 . tachraid bocht dó ar in conair, Lism. L. 4305 (docuirethar, v.l.). tús . . . in taichēradh dō aen duine, Aen. 290 . dorala dam forsin sét mo choimdiu Ísu, PH 1892 . doralai dias fer n-arsatai dóib, SG ii 467 . co tarla do in bantrebtach, Hy. v 73 Comm. ( Thes. ii 345 ). co ttarla ben-gheilt dó ann, BS 108 . do bhrígh nach dtárla dhamh mo dhearbráthair T., 2 Cor. ii 13 . dochuir Banba doib, Lec. 28a30 . do-ralatar a námaitt dó, BColm. 94 . tarladur na trí righdha so da chéle, ZCP ii 38 . is mairg ar a tocherat, TBC-LL¹ 5707 . tárla bean air, Proverbs vii 10 . go dtarladar trí mic C. orra, Keat. ii 1300 ; 1273 . amail doraladar forsin topur, RC xxiv 202 . dorála a chos fri cloich, SG 403 . tárla trócaire ┐ fírinne ré chéile, Psalms lxxxv 10 . do mharbhsat gach a dtarla riú do lucht an bhaile, Keat. iii 5242 . doraladar a triur frisin n-uasal, YBL 191a16 . go dtarladar ladrainn ris, TSh. 1450 .

(d) With FRI encounters, opposes (this use is spec. frequent with the late form tachraid): roḟācaib [Fiacha] a clanna dia ēis . . . do thochar ria Padraic . . . ┐ ni tharla neach aile do cloind Ḟiachach fris acht Fothad F. amain, Lec. 143a37 . ni thagraim leat, a L., | ná re Tadg ré dtarlabhair with whom you are engaged in dispute, Content. xi 15 . mairg thochras ri clērchib cell, LL 149b26 = thochrus fri, SG 70 , 78 . gach nech tochrus ré rí[g] réil, Fianaig. 80 . tachraid re chele, Caithr. CC 52 . ba tresi nā gach trēn rotac[h]rad fris, BB 488b24 . baoi do mhéd a mhenman . . . go ttochairfedh friú, AFM v 1766 . ēcoir d'Fathod tachair frim . . . | ní do deoin Luighdech Meic Con | do thaichérad frim Fathod, Acall. 1137 . gomtis ionchatha ┐ co ttochraitis friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . i mbeilgibh bélchumhgaibh i ttoc[h]raittís re aroile, AFM vi 2112 .

(e) With DO falls to the lot of, happens to, befalls (rarely in this sense with infd. dat. pron. instead of do): nachustarla anfaitchess may negligence never come upon them, BColm. 50 . dorala cōir gāithi doib fochedoir, Lec. 569a25 . co tarla anfud mór doib, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). co tarla doib imsreang curad (i.e. they engaged in struggle), Lec. 352a44 . Fiacha Fear dā liach . . . .i. liach do cach echt dorala do, 337b42 . cia imned dorala duib?, ACL iii 225 . dorala gnim n-ingnad do he happened to do a strange thing, Ériu v 114 . o tharla dhuit an gním olc, SG 29 . gia nothachrad écht dó, TBC-LL¹ 1180 . cia and do ná tochradar | bét no bine nó baeghul?, ZCP iv 468 . do Chonall dorala imdegail in chóicid it fell to C. to guard, TBC-I¹ 592 LU. rolaesead dā mac Miled crandchar iar sin forsan aes dāna .i. file ┐ cruitire . . . do Erimon dorala in file, BB 42b13 . certar crandchor léo dūs cia do thoc[h]radh dul . . . Dochuir (dofuit, v.l.) son don tres comalta, RC x 78 . rolaset chrandchor . . . conid don dull dorala tec[h]t sis, Hy. v 13 Comm. ( Thes. ii 328 ). is ann dorala dosom a denam, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 298 ). is grad epscuip dorala do epscop Mél do thabairt for Brigit, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 330 ). condarala di turgnom catha Findchorad she happened to be preparing for, Ériu ii 184 . as ag an mbile sin dorala do Dhomhnall do ueith, BS 16 . dia tochrad dó Hectoir do thuitim leis, TTr.² 973 . as maith tarrla dúind an chailleach do marbudh it is well for us that we have killed, Imr. Brain i 65 . dorala do B. beith ag saigdeoracht, Todd Nenn. 38 . is amlaid dorala do C. beith ┐ ingen alaind aici in tan sin C. happened to have a beautiful daughter, Lec. 168b16 . condusrala do Meidb dola co Boind, Ériu ii 178 . dorala intan sin do M. condacaid aislingi, ACL iii 10 . tarla dona beachuibh co ndeachadur . . ., Ériu ii 82 . tarla do beirt saighdiuir go ndechator astech i n-aroile egluis, Fl. Earls 60 .

(f) Hence in general sense of comes to pass, happens, takes place (chiefly in perf. dorala, tarla). With noun as subj. often in sense of there was , or in impers. constr. with inf. phrase or subord. sent.: forcaemnacair (.i. tarla), ACL iii 10 . in tan dorala in scēl-sa and when this event took place, PH 46 . cethracha rig dorala frisrohicad borama | o aimsir Thuathail . . . there were forty kings, Lec. 40b28 (perh. rather to be referred to II (a) = dorala cethrachait r.). ní tharla il-leitrib na lāidib . . . aen-triar ban neither in books nor songs is found a trio, 395a13 (II (a)?). go ttárla sneachta mór fán am sin ann, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40 . tárla méad meanman na bhfoireann ar gcriothnughadh na long the courage of the crew was aroused, ML 46 . tarla iomchaineadh . . . eitir M. ┐ mhnáoi oile a dispute arose, BS 142 . tarla imressan eturru, Acall. 2717 . an ferand fa tharla imresuin adrum-sa ┐ C., BCC 179 . darala debaigh mor etarru, YBL 164b10 . tohruid (sic) frithnois fuigill etorro an altercation arises, Cog. 142 = tohraid (sic) frithnos, 144 . gidh bedh tochrus do bar comhrag-si whatever be the issue of your combat, Aen. 2968 (= quo res cumque cadent, Aeneid xii 203 ). maith tharla it is well, Keat. ii 4725 . dorala . . . Gortigernd mac G. do gabail airdrigi Breatan, Todd Nenn. 74 . amal dorala na dūile do chumscugud oc cēsad Crist, PH 1078 . dorala conid si sein aimser . . . (= contigit quod), Lat. Lives 5 . dorala co ndechsat immach (= casu accidit ut . . .), 76 . conid tairle co n-ebarthar mac ríg frim mac may it come to pass that, Ériu iv 24 . gé tharla gur fhōbair . . ., Fl. Earls 68 . dorala iar n-ég Gorthemuir . . . doronsat Saxain meabail for B., Todd Nenn. 102 .

IV Invites, summons (this sense may have arisen out of the meaning puts in cases where the vb. was folld. by co): gl. adsciscere, Ml. 25c13 , Sg. 6b18 , 16b8 , 61a7 ; arcessere, Sg. 184a2 ; citare, Ml. 3a1 ; exciere, 16c6 , 18d6 ; invitare, 29b1 , O'Mulc. 527 ; postulare, Corm. Y 77 . tocuiriur etrum indiu inna huli nert-so fri cech nert I summon today all those powers (put . . . between me and?), Hy. vi 48 ( Thes. ii 357 ). docuirethar cétna persan sin persana aili chucae takes other persons to it, Sg. 191a2 . docuiredar gōi, inairben fīr; tocuiredar ēcert, inarben cert, ZCP xii 364 . tócurid [in comdiu] dochum nimi chuci lucht na deirce, FA 1 (LU). tocuirid na sualchi, dichurid na dualchi, PH 5614 , cf. 4992 - 5 . intí is cendais . . . tócuired in fergach co mín (= revocet), 5829 . muna tocuirit fein chuca iat, Laws v 458 Comm. rotochuir an tír chucca, Hugh Roe 36 . rostochuir ┐ rostiomairg fine Gaoidil, Leb. Gab.(i) 234 . rotocuirisdair G. cuice dā druid dēg, Todd Nenn. 90 . romtochuirseat ina ndocum, CCath. 983 . tochuirter iatt gusin gcaislēn, Fl. Earls 70 . co tocuiredh Eoin . . . ó Ispís ad Bathmos, BB 10a4 . rotochuiredh do a brathair, LL 402b52 . rotocuiret dia indsaighidh a slōigh, 404b39 . rodocuirit (ro tochuiritt, v.l.) Dailcais uli cucu, Cog. 74 .

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs , Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor, Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci, ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis , 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

éccóir, éccáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccóir, éccáir or dil.ie/19432
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ecóir, éccóra, éccórach, éccóire

i (neg. of cóir)

adj I Incongruous, wrong, inaccurate, improper, unjust, unfitting : ecóir (gl. incongruum) Sg. 30a19 . manip ecoir frisin stoir if it be not at variance with the history Ml. 14d10 . ni hecoir laisim he deems it not amiss Mon. Tall. § 58 . ná denaid ni bas écóir, SR 3114 . blúsar .i. nuall ard écoir, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 173 = O'Mulc. 180 . ecóir duit amles ar slúaig it is wrong for thee TBC-LL¹ 490 . ba hécoir doib Crist do orcain, PH 3679 . ecoir i ndernais what thou hast done is wrong TBC-I¹ 2504 . fogal adbal écáir, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . atchonnaic Andromache...aslingi n-ingnad n-écóir da fir, LL 242b45 = TTr. 1939 . rochoimdidnaistair indí naem Muire ind ḟis (i.e. Joseph's vision) ar rogab toimdin ecoir di fein for she had conceived an unjust opinion of herself YBL 156b23 . ba he met ro-lad cor dia indtleacht na hingine...combao taircill ┐ combo heccoir a ndognidis a lama, ZCP xiii 262.21 . is cath écoir in cath sin (ni fuil fír catha acatsa v.l.), Acall. 3018 . cech ní da tucais toil écoir PH 7820 . fédliugud isin cinded ecoir, 5259 . gan ḟear i n-ionadh éagcóir, Gofraidh Fionn, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . an díomas éagcóir (one of the capital sins) Dán Dé xxxi 35 . cúis éagcáir, Content. ix 25 . x 11 . Adverbially: éagóir doradas grádh... I was wrong to love... Dánta Gr. 84.13 . éagóir atáid na trí rígh | ar ṡíol gC., TD 9.43 . Keat. ii 839 . 5141 . fógrais [cogadh] go héagáir, TD 18.25 . In special sense : ecoir nadma one who cannot rightfully make a contract (a minor) Laws i 84.28 (expld : .i. mac beoathar .i. inti is ecoir do gabail i naidm nascairecht, 86 ). Compar. : cid ēcōru mo beithse and anās cach deglæch ? TBC-I¹ 2224 .

II Subst. i, n., later f. ; gen. éccóra, later also éccórach, éccóire, see IGT, Decl. § 42 . Wrong, impropriety, injustice (used both of errors of judgment and of moral wrong) : is olc gach `égcóir', Metr. Gl., Eg. 23 . issed ám a n-écóir putare (gl. quid sic incongruum quam...putare ?) Sg. 211 a 3 . .i. écoir dungni som ón `i.e. the wrong which he does' Ml. 127a5 . ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir LL 220a19 . imnid ┐ écora, ib. 10 . is fair [ro] himred ecoir, MacCarthy 27 . cid mór dh'olcaib ┐ d'écóraib daringsem ri hAilill, TBC-LL¹ 2906 . i cinaid cech ecora do-rónus frit, PH 2241 . do dhíoghail na neccórach dognífider re Senan, ZCP x 22 n. 3 . ac dénam uilcc ┐ écórach, Acall. 7769 . a ndingnaid d'eccoir ┐ d'aindlighedh ar na dainib BCC § 127 . an tan dogníther eccóir no inghreim ar an inis, ZCP x 22 . is missi rabói ar in chóir ┐ iatsom ar ecóir LL 150a7 = SG 71 . is sib atá ar an écoir, Acall. 7119 . na bí for comrorcain na for ecoir, PH 6603 . Cú Uladh ┐ Domhnall...do erghabhail la M. ina n-éccóraigh fein for their own misdeed AFM ii 1064.7 . a shoud o écoir ┐ a thabairt for cóir, PH 2127 . lenfaid adhaltras is écāir ZCP iii 31.34 . ní dhéinim éagcóir ort `injuriam' TSh. 10137 . ag déanamh...éagcóra ar anbhfannaibh, 3545 . Error : do gheibhid na daoithe...lochta is na neithibh bhios gan locht...┐ leigidh siad an égoir tharrsa gan an locht bhios go follas indte dfaicsin, Carswell 22 . Usually with subj. gen.: a n-écora fri Greco, LL 220a20 = TTr. 217 . do dighail ar n-uilc ┐ ar n-écorach oraind, Celt. Rev. ix 120 = TTebe 1960 . oc athi bar col ┐ bar n-écora foraib, PH 3638 . TD 18.13 ; but also obj. gen. : mairg na dingne córa friu fo bíth is esbach a n-écoir do dénam, LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 . da chuimnigh a egoir ┐ a anfolaidh, YBL 338a16 . m'égcóir, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150.12 . méad m'éagára is m' aindlighidh, TD 42.3 . (lucht) na héagcóra workers of injustice TSh. 5348 . éagcóir beóil ┐ láimhe d'fhulang, 2962 . Cf. ecorai cosnadae, TBC-I¹ 3447 (rhet.). Of physical damage : gaethach dímor ... gur trascair clocthach Ruis Ilattri ┐ gu nairna egora mora gu cotchend 'a very destructive wind ... it blew down the bell-tower of Ros Ailithir and caused much damage generally', AI 386 (s.a. 1285.2) .

étromm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étromm or dil.ie/20924
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o-ā (neg. of 3 trom)

(a) not heavy, light; airy, buoyant: cid etrum aicned ind reto dia tormastar a mét dogní trumai ndo, Ml. 20a19 . is étrum in digal, 126b6 . is étrom...mám in Choimded, Ériu i 197 § 14 . ·c· t· p· is airi asbertar étrumma [=leves] ┐ slemna huare nád techtad tinfeth, Sg. 10a8 . craisech...etrom, TBC-I¹ 2792 . gæ etromm TBC-LL¹ 5571 . (inar) étrom, TBC-I¹ 1871 . dena airc dhuit do crandaib edroma, BB 22a14 . folt n-etrom fluffy (?) hair TBC-LL¹ 5259 . amal eltain n-etruim n-aidherda, LB 227b48 . tabair séol étrom forsin carpat `give a light course to the chariot' [guide it gently? or equip it lightly (?)] MU 14.9 = LL 263b27 . robtur étroma a longa, CCath. 1974 . dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm their light dresses and their heavy armature Fianaig. 78.3 . Hence of buoyant behaviour, lighthearted, cheerful; easy: ina suidhe co hionnḟuar étrom ærdha, Ériu v 76.35 . luid uaithi echtra n-étruimm a giddy venture Metr. Dinds. iii 206. 14 . Here probably: triar n-álaind n-étrom, MU 28 x = LL 266a29 . Of colour, delicate, light: fil i cechtar a da grúad | tibri derg...tibri gorm | tibri corcra dath n-étrom, IT i 221. 10 . Milit. light(-armed), mobile: dia namhsaibh ettroma, Hugh Roe 166.15 (f. 44b) . In gramm. consuine étrom is a consonant of the class comprising the single or lenited liquids and nasals and the lenited forms of the voiced stops: connsuine theanna ┐ édtroma, IGT Introd. § 23 . fuilngeann an connsuine bog connsuine chrúaidhe ┐ theanna ┐ édtroma mar áon ris do bharr san chomhardadh a mbí, IGT Introd. § 25 . nion éadrom, Celtica xxvii 60 § 7 . ruis éadrom, Celtica 60 § 9 .

(b) slight, trifling, unimportant: fingal etrom induthrachtach a slight wounding (?) TBC-I¹ 2795 . TBC-LL¹ 4299 . ce madh etrom anbfann a adbar though its subject was trivial CCath. 4498 . le lán duirn do dhán éadtrom, Content. xxv 6 . Compar. and superl.: condid étrummu dæ ón in bochtae ...tri frescissin messa firiein... doib, Ml. 90a11 . ni rolinges o tú beó | æin-leim badh hettromó `I have never leaped a single leap that was lighter' BS 44.4 . ó's é is éadtroma ré haistear do dhéanamh faoi the lightest to travel in (of a cloak) TSh. 6952 . madh iad bhus éadtruime coirthe whose guilt is lighter 6285 . is éttruime íad ná an díomhaóineas lighter than vanity Psalms lxii 9 .

for-aicci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-aicci or dil.ie/23286
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: foircither, foranacca

v I Overlooks, surveys, hence is hard by (a variant of ar-aicci, q.v.): fer ... foraicce dul noí ndrong who watches the motion of nine bands BDD 109 . ? pass. pres. foircither ( .i. fírdechar, O'Dav. 881 ) mairc maithe macaibh ..., Ériu xiii 23.8 . isin glind | foraccai Finddabur ḟind `near to fair F.' RC xxiii 310 § 26 ( LL 31b39 ) = foracai Finnabair, RC xxiii 322 (Laud); foraicce F., 328 § 28 (Eg. with gl. .i. ac Ath Ruis na righ fri hAird Findabrach anall). Lia Fail i n-uachtar Bruidne | lia foraccai ilbuidne `a stone near many bands (? which looks down over many bands) 306 § 7 = foranacca, 319 (Laud, omitting lia). atá lecht Máil i nDruim Gam | foracca ēca imnam, 312 § 36 . Contemplates (?): anti bias i firinde, as betha foraccai cēin bīs i curp ┐ as betha 'na mbia, Otia i 115x . is ed inso foraccat a n-anmain ┐ as airchenn ardatá this is what their souls behold and is in store for them, ib. 28 .

II As legal term, apparently of equivalent value (Thurn. ZCP xvi 409 ): Of dues paid from a trading ship to the owner of the land where it puts in: in tan is fo tomus flatha urdalta tainic in barc, sét foraice uingi d'fir tire, O'D. 1605 (< H 5.15, 11 c. 2 ). sēt sé screpall dō ar connad ... do lecad di, masa seichida ... atā indti, no sēt foraici uingi, masa cnō gnae ┐ cuirnd, Laws iii 426.19 . in rodercaidh, ma darighni a dlighedh ro dercaid set foraca ┐ [sic] di uinge do ... ┐ sēt foraice sé scripla do masa iarand ..., O'D. 2354 (< Rawl. B 506, 40d ). Cf. sét foraice uinge .i. is fiu uinge re firdechsain, O'Dav. 105 . grian foraga set land worth a `sed' (?) O'D. 787 (< H 3.17 c. 565 ). In: bid ceart im cotomus folad: folaid cudruma, forsaide forṡlan forlinad forbais: foraicce ceart creicce cundartha etc. (.i. a firdechsain do reir chirt) ZCP xix 170 (= Cóic Con. § 11 ), Thurneysen takes the meaning to be: is valid for, extends to: [the judgement-path] `cert' serves for sales, contracts, etc. see ZCP xvi 410 . ni fiach foraich aos, Laws iv 376.20 = ni fiacail foraice aes (.i. nocha remtechtaige lium a dul isin ferann cemad aesmar a fiacail), H 3.18, p. 350 ( O'Curry 732 ); it is not a tooth which is the equivalent value of old age (see Thurn l.c.).

Cf. forcsi (geall foircsean uinge), for-cí.

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach, PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén, Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut, CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

1 garb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 garb or dil.ie/25380
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adj o,ā rough, rugged, coarse; rude, harsh (of physical and moral qualities): talam garb ganmide, FA 30 . folt ṅ-garb, TBC-LL¹ 5386 . léne garb threbnaid, 5388 . in Morrigan i riocht saidhi gairbi, 2302 . fiuchud na fergge fir-gairbe, 2616 . sacart cemad garb a guth, ACL iii 222.11 . romarbadh leis, garb in scēl, Eoin, Ériu iv 174 § 3 . garb nochrach a crand mbith, O'Dav. 233. Cf. IT iii 51.3 . gleó garbh, Oss. iv 2.4 . ch garbh (i.e. hard as in cloch) ... ch mín (as in braich), IGT Introd. § 48 . sneachta garbh, Dán Dé v 41 . a chneas garbh (to a sword) `form so harsh !' TD 33.2 . pl. goetha ... garba gemreta, FA 30 (LB). for beraib ruadaib rogarbaib, PH 8294 . broit garba gæsidecha, TTebe 1528 . fiacla garba goinideacha, 905 . géindte garba `rough gentiles,' MacCarthy 408.12 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) garb a voiceless continuant (see Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 ): as cóir connsuine crúaidh ┐ connsuine garbh re hénchonnsuine mbog, IGT Introd. § 54 . an tan teaguimh dá chonnsuine gharbha dá chéile, § 106 . Note also: téid sealbhadh ruis i ruis ngairbh 'the sealbhadh of r becomes 'rough' r', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6, 83 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . Equative garbidir draigen, ZCP ix 452.29 . Compar. ní ba gairbe a ngním nó a ngleó, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.16 . cid as gairbi tracht, ZCP xiii 272.5 . Superl. cía gairbem (MSS gairbium) ránac? 'who are the coarsest you have met?', BFF 164 § 8.17 .

Compds. ¤achad a rough field : tre garbacdaib ... drislechaibh, CCath. 3417 . ¤ainech: laoch garboinech, TBC-LL¹, p. 775, n. 2 . ZCP ix 456.15 . ¤all a rugged cliff , CCath. 2878 . ¤arán coarse bread : do garbarán chorca, MacCongl. 89.16 . ¤armach: Gian g. `rough-weaponed Gyas,' TTebe 3564 . ¤betha: cruadhbetha no gairbbetha, O'Dav. 338 . ¤brat a rough cloak : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, ib. ¤cacht rude bondage , SR 2227 . ¤cennacht harsh authority , ZCP viii 230 § 13 . ¤cess rude suffering , SR 918 . ¤cluiche rough sport (of war) : romarbus dom garbcluchi, TBC-LL¹ 4199 . torcratar ... do garbcluithe Troiannae, LL 408a40 ( TTr. 2221 ). ¤cóiced: ricche an gharbh-chóigidh .i. Tuadmuman, ZCP x 8.5 . ¤conghair rough clamour , CCath. 4332 . ¤dordán harsh crooning , ib. 4008 . ¤driuch bristles , Lism. L. 2212 . ¤ecor a rough (jagged ?) row : garbeccur ... do birfiaclaibh, CCath. 4026 . ¤escuir of rough growth (?): a lion scoid gairbescuir ra a cnes 'a rough linen cloth next her skin' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ¤fáiscim I squeeze roughly : go ngairbhfaiscend iad, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . ¤ferann rough-land (in n. l.) : Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186.17 . Cf. Keat. i 126.13 . garbhferann na Gaillia, CCath. 152 . ¤findach rough-haired : madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900 . ¤fregartach giving rough answers, MR 150.22 . ¤gáel : mac Fergusa Gairbgæla, BB 114 f. 41 . Genelach sil Gairbgaela, ib. 33 . ¤gaeth rough wind : fri garbgaetha, SR 4288 . ¤geimlech of cruel fetters : triath gairbhgheimlech, Top. Poems 70.9 = maidhmneimhneach, Top. Poems² 823 . ¤glac a rugged hand : meoir cromma ... for a garbglacaip, CCath. 4030 . ¤glés harsh tuning , Anecd. ii 7.6 . ¤gothach: glámh garbh-ghothach, TSh. 6626 . ¤greim rude force , SR 6286 . ¤grennach rough-bearded , ib. 5784 . ¤lestar a roughly-fashioned vessel : do minlestraib ... no do gairblestraib, O'Curry 929 ( H 3.18, 406 ). ¤linntech with stormy waters , CF 288 . ¤loiscthech fiercely burning , MR 112.21 . ¤lus (botan.) goldylocks, goosegrass , Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 . ? ¤rón: mór cath ngarbrōn (: Arnōn), SR 4675 = garb-brón, W.S. eclach ... glunmar garbron, BB 257b9 . ¤sín rough weather, storm : ainbthine ... na gairbhsíne gemreta, CCath. 166 . AFM vi 2220.10 . fásaidh gaoth ... is gairbhshíon, L. Cl. A. B. xli 17 . ¤snaide rough hewing : tamain troma do giuis arna garb-snoidi, TTebe 1475 . ¤snoidte rough-hewn : an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, 3674 . ¤sruth rough stream , SR 1678 (of the Tigris). ¤tana (epithet of hell) rough and narrow (?), RC xxvi 362.y . ¤tanach (tonach) rough washing (as place-name), Acall. 4173 . ¤tene fierce fire : ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, SR 902 . ¤tír rough land : ceithri triucha na garbthire frisa raiter Tír Conaill aníu, Acall. 2730 . on lo do-cuir sen Clann Ir | Conull Gulban don gairbhthír, Irish Texts ii 7 § 8 . ¤tond rough wave , CCath. 2791 . ¤torand rough thunder , RC xxvi 148.10 . ¤trian rough third (in n. l.): i nGairbhthrian Connacht (i.e. Leitrim, Longford and Cavan), AFM iii 196.13 .

As npr m. see Heldensage. (Index); RC xiv 414.16 . Garb mac Ronain, BCC § 175 . Rawl. 144f12 . Garb mac Bicne Caích, 129b42 .

getal, gedal, gétal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. getal, gedal, gétal or dil.ie/25784
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n Also ngetal, ngetol, ngedar, ngéadar (an old vn. of gonid, 'act of wounding', Ériu xxxix 158 ) (a) a reed, the broom plant : ngetal dono .i. gilcach no raith ut dicitur : luth lega getal broom is a leech's strength, Auraic. 1190 ; 5561 . g.¤ .i. gilcach, 5521 . Cf. Anecd. iii 43.19 .

(b) the composite letter `ng' : tri foilcheasta (i.e. composite letters) inn oghaim .i. ceirt ┐ gedal ┐ straiph ... In baile i mbi n ria g is gedul i[s] scribtha and, ut est uingi ┐ cuing, Auraic. 440 , 442 ; 2896 (ngetol). muin, gort, ngedar, straiph, ruis , Auraic. 5929 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . dá mhuin, dá ghort i[s] ngéadar 'two m's, two g's and ng', Celtica xxvii 60 § 11 . sealbhadh guirt i ngéadar nglan 'the sealbhadh of g becomes clear ng', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6 . ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin, ZCP xii 295 § 3 .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

íasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íasacht or dil.ie/27104

 

Forms: iasacht, t-iasacht, t-iasocht, íasacht, íasacht, īasachto, iasachta, iasacht, íasaicht, iasacht, íasacht, íasachta

n m. n s. iasacht cungnuma, Laws v 490.3 . in t-iasacht , O'D. 1338 (< E 3.5, 18b ), Laws iii 276.5 Comm. an t-iasocht , DDána 69 § 3. a s. íasacht, TBC-LL¹ 91. cen íasacht , Críth G. 179. g s. īasachto, Corm. Y 690. iasachta, TBC-LL¹ 92. iasacht, CF 332 (Eg.). an íasaicht , 1 Sam. ii 20. d s. d'iasacht , Laws v 488.19 Comm. See íasacht, IGT Decl. § 25.6 .

(a) a loan, lending, temporary possession: i.¤ cungnuma do baethaib `lending of aid to idiots,' Laws v 490.3 . cach ndeilm de cen í.¤ `without having to borrow,' Críth G. 179. bla iasachta difoicheda `the exemption as regards a loan destroyed,' Laws iii 276.4 . imus cobrathar, .i. im oin, ocus im aithne, ocus im airliucad, ocus im i.¤ , ii 282.4 Comm. madh creic no i.¤ `if (he be procured for) a fee or lent,' i 294.11 Comm. oin .i. iasacht, O'Dav. 1312. luid gilla Athairne do chuinc[h]idh īasachto, Corm. Y 690. na huile i.¤ do beir neach da cheile ... na huile nethe ima sirthar i.¤, is cuntubairt ic ann, O'Curry 302 (< H 3.18, p. 166 ). cona rabe ní bud i.¤ as mo thig do gach ret as tascidhi do duine `there was nothing wanting,' RC x 82.6 . cunnig dam-sa for Dáre í.¤ mbliadna do Dund Cualnge ┐ ragaid lóg a iasachta dó i cind bliadna, TBC-LL¹ 91 - 2 . doberad Ériu uile ar a hí.¤ óenaidche, RC xxiii 398.3 . dligid ī.¤ | a idlacud re atarba a loan deserves to be repaid with renewed profit, ACL iii 234 § 1. mairg teit ar i.¤ i cath | is cor anma imod on loan (i.e. to help someone else), LL 146b42 . an fear nách beanfadh i.¤ spóirt a ceathraibh an bheatha `who would not wrest a passing pleasure from the goods of life,' TD 34.236 . aigin an Calbaig bai ar i.¤ aigi ag denam lenna, Ann. Conn. 1406 § 4. ar i.¤ fhuaras Aonghus | ó Dhia, DDána 69 § 1.

(b) In concrete sense, the thing lent: ní fhuil an t-each sin agam féin acht ar i.¤ agus ... ní thiobhar i.¤ don iasacht uaim, Atlantis iv 192.20 . nó go n-iodhlaicfinn m'iasocht until I should give back what was lent to me, DDána 69 § 4. ná tréig ar an i.¤do not desert Him for a transitory possession, 45 § 9.

Used instead of airíasacht: mad airiasacht ┐ feimed, is uile do anfine; mad feimed cin airiasacht, is da trian; mad i.¤ cin feimed, is trian ... Mad fine imorro, ma feimed cin i.¤ , etc., Laws v 300. 1 - 6 Comm.

The g s. íasachta used as an adj. in sense of borrowed, strange, foreign, transitory: ní raibhe acht cenn i.¤ | orra muna beinn badh dheine `they would have had but other men's heads ...,' Duan. F. i 92. 10 . an ballán i.¤ do bhrisiodh `the borrowed vessel,' TFrag. 74.16 . dá mbé ag oide i.¤ `if he be with a strange teacher,' Studies 1924, 86 § 8 . ní dímbríg dot dhreich chorcra | beith fá imshnímh iasochta `to endure the toil of mercenary service,' O'Gr. Cat. 459.2. do dháilis... | ainm síor ar ainm n-i.¤ `an abiding name in exchange for a temporary one,' TD 22a § 48 . an t-ainm i.¤ uarais `the foreign title,' 22a § 8 . seach úir fhearainn i.¤ , Aithd. D. 8 § 17. re seal n-aithghearr n-iasochta for a short passing while, DDána 68 § 6. doirbh an t-iomlat | do roighne i ndeoidh a dalta— le hEoin d'oidhre i.¤ `poor the exchange she made, getting, after her Son's death, John as an adopted son,' PBocht 17 § 31. ó neaduigh an fiach i.¤ i ndaingean-choill Rúis , ITS iii 30.10 .

indílse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indílse or dil.ie/28425

 

n , f. (indíles)

(a) unlawfulness, inappropriateness: guin indilsi `unlawful wounding,' Laws i 58.9 Comm. indilsi duaisi (when a poet exacts more than his proper fee), O'D. 1624 (< H 5.15, p. 15b ). indlius ar indilsi, Auraic. 3710. ? To this : is iside dogair na tigerna chuca fri fual no fuasna na indilsi (faillusi, v.l.) na saeirid seo Ruis Ghlaise, Anecd. i 43.3 .

(b) absence of liability ? : indilsi neich ro ortar uait furru there is no liability on them for what may be destroyed of yours, Laws iv 140.25 Comm.

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

littiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. littiu or dil.ie/30363

 

Forms: lichtiu, litte, lite, leite, lité

n also lichtiu n, f. (ligid? See O'Brien Celtica ii 353 ); later litte, lite, leite. porridge, gruel: l.¤ .i. lot-te i lotan ar tige í ┐ tes inti, Corm. Y 842. lité gl. pulmentum, Ir. Gl. 767 . il-lichtin no i n-as tiug, Ériu vii 148 § 12 . maotbiad altruma .i. im ┐ maotla ┐ lictiu, BCrólige 52 . is litiud (leg. litiu) maic bic . . . dorone in laech sin dít, RC xiv 408.21 ( LL 12711 ). co techda latraigh, co litin, MacCongl. 127.19 . sir in baile a Iubdáin . . . do'n litin adubairt Eisirt, SG 243.16 . fuighell liten na sluag, 18 . ba fata sís in lite, 243.22 . ba mor serc liten lasium, RC xii 84 § 89 . sgála mhór lition, PCT 632.

With qual. gen. or phrase: l.¤ lemnachta ┐ menadach, LU 8120 ( FB 9 ). lite lemnuchta, Laws ii 150.2 . lite blaithighe no uisce, 148.24 Comm . = littiu for bláthaigh . . . l.¤ for uisce, O'D. 2239 ( Rawl. B 506, 16c ). in lite coimded dorigned do rig Ulad, SG 243.8 .

Of mess of ashes: ro[foill]echta . . . do litin luatha ruis lín `a porridge of the ashes of flaxseed', Dinds. 46 = forḟoillechta . . . di littin roiss lín, LL 22406 . foillged littu lúatha / . . . 'mon búar (licht, lictua, licte, litiu, lite, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 218.37 .

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