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ainsén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainsén or dil.ie/1522

n (sén) ill luck, misfortune: tigerna mairg ar nach trēn / beith 'na agaid is ansén, ZCP xii 385.10 . conidh í airle dorionchoiscc a a.¤ do, a thighearna . . . do thochuireadh don luing, Hugh Roe 8.25 (fo. 2b) . asseadh airecc ro thionchoiscc a a.¤ do D., AFM vi 2170.9 . co ro dhéonaigh a a.¤ dó . . . dul dia saighidh , 2208.21 . bá follus diomdha dé ┐ a n-a.¤ for gaoidhelaibh, 2288.10 . gidheadh tarla d'a.¤ daibhsidhe gur bhrisattar goill orra, iii 234.9 . Cf. ainfén.

airmaisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmaisid or dil.ie/2238

v (airmaisiu)

(a) hits the mark, aims at, strikes: ni anad co n-ermaised in ubull no bíd for cind in chualli until he hit the apple, LL 14424 . dus an ermaismís a lín an tsluaigh, CS 52.23 (perh. a mistake; in ruirmemis, RC xvii 143.18 , Tig.). rodiormuis an teidhm tar nach dtíaghar `the disease from which there is no escape attacked him', ALC ii 402.4 . a Éisirt nit lenbaide / is fer fíre rot ermuis, SG 241.5 . commáin ria cur romermais `it has fallen to my lot to make requital therein', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.13 . rosirmais óen-ainm uile `one name served for all', iv 136.40 . ór do urmaised sén . . . do'n ard-fhlaith `was ordained', MR 106.7 . caoi . . . gur ur[mh]ais `till she had recourse to weeping', A. Ó Dálaigh li § 24 . urmaisdir `it is ascertained', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 152.4 . With FOR (AR) hits on, comes upon, finds: da n-urmaisi tú uirre, ní roithfe tú tairrsi even if thou dost find her, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . nir urmaiseadar ar h-Isu, YBL 147b39 . nir urmais ar a leas `he could find no way of bettering his case', Duan. F. ii 110 § 38 . ro urmais bó . . . foran erlamh, `one of the cows . . . chanced on the patron', BNnÉ 127 § 15 . is ann sin ro h-úrmhaisead aco-sum ar aenchomairli, MR 314.13 . na hescaraird ar a nuirmeosadh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.24 . amail roermais forro `as they came to his mind', Grail 2567 . Equivalent to fétaid: ro tinnscain . . . for tabairt a coibsena . . . amail is dicra ro fet ┐ ro irmuis forro, Grail 1133 . With I: rourmais se . . . isin glenn i rabadar na Coin chanced to come into, ZCP xiii 214.3 .

(b) manages to, succeeds in, can: innis dūn nī dia maithis. ni ermaisim or seisen, Ériu ii 28 § 10 . cure airddmes dun tarsin slōg . . . is mesc lemsa anisiu, ni ermaissim, TBC-I¹ 294 . níro hairmised cóir a dénma . . . cusinnocht, Airne F. 207 . co na ro-ermaisetar . . . descaid do chumasc ar in mein, PH 5076 . conar urmais ríghi . . . d'ordugud `he was unable to rule . . .', Ériu iii 150 § 2 . ní urmhais neach ní do rádh, DDána 29.18 . co nár urmaisettar a neolaigh saighidh gus an ionadh chinnte, AFM vi 2282.x .

Cf. ar-midethar.

? ar-fuirgi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-fuirgi or dil.ie/4125

v ni saig folta ni aururgi saighidh fort, ZCP xiii 22.20 `nimm keine Betreibung auf dich(?)', Bürgschaft 10 § 27 . ? Subj. pres. 2 s. of a verb derived from ar + fuirec, ib. n.

ascnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ascnam or dil.ie/4414

Forms: fascnam

u, m. Vn. of ad-cosnai. Also with initial f fascnam.

(a) act of going towards, striving towards, seeking: inna.¤ gl. affectum, Ml. 48d21 . inna ascnamu gl. motús affectusque mortalium, 53a7 . a.¤ no serc gl. emulatio est afectio, 56b28 . huand a.¤ gl. (nocendi) affectione, 72b23 . oc asgnam gloriae, Wb. 1c18 . huand a.¤ ṡóinmech gl. adsis pede . . . secundo, Sg. 69b8 . serc fochraici ara n-a.¤ (sic leg., ed.) `desire of rewards so as to win them', Ériu vii 138.y . a.¤ suälach, ACL iii 311 § 2 . fascnam firinne na scripturi diada . . . fascnam .i. innsaigi, O'Curry 627 (H 3.18, 303). a.¤ ind ecna ┐ na fellsamdachta . . . do aisnés, Alex. 806 . ? raitech ascnama methais, Laws iv 28.6 Comm. , cf. v 248.24 . ? ar na mairnighar ascnama a dibaid, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). a.¤ sacarbuic a reir anmcarud going to the sacrament, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a), Of journeying to a place: oc a.¤ tíre tairṅgiri, Wb. 11a19 . sét . . . / do a.¤ tíri Cannán, SR 5038 . oc áscnám Rómae, Trip.² 805 . do a.¤ in tslébi, LU 1746 . slige do a.¤ geilestair, Laws iv 278.29 Comm. doluid in fer sech Find do a.¤ int sidha eli, RC v 202 § 24 . a.¤ a n-orba ┐ a feraind fadein, TTr.² 9 . ticc . . . do fhascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178.22 . ro ghabh ac sira.¤ na mara, Stair Erc. 914 . do chuiredar amach a curach . . . re fasgnam na fuar-gaithi forgloine, KMMisc. 315.1 . a.¤ .i. imthecht, O'Dav. 85 . a.¤ nime, Mon. Tall. 141.16 . Padraíg fria fascnam nime, BB 38a1 . cia roibi in cū oca ascnom was making for him, TBC-I¹ 519 . ba hudmall a rēm ┐ a ascnamh (a phantom), RC xiii 222.2 .

(b) With prepp.: luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward to', RC xxiv 184.12 . adchīd bātt beg . . . ag ascnamh chuca, Fl. Earls 14.13 . ag dian-asgnamh do na durshlogaibh . . . dochum D., MR 226.6 . oc ascnám do Damaisc, LB 146a25 . in curach ac fascnam dia saighidh , RC xxvi 160.z . coteraig A. ┐ M. . . . do a.¤ hi crich Ciarraige, IT ii2 210.74 . ba hed a.¤ isin flaith / . . . / in rí beres breith for cách / a ṡerc ┐ a omon, IT iii 155 § 46 . ní ro léicc an omhan dóibh sidhe ascnámh isin conair coitchinn, AFM vi 1900.7 . asccnamh a n-agaidh a namhat, 2060.24 . intan robuí C. . . . oc ascnom íar slige Chúaland, BDD² 287 . in grian . . . ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib . . . do chomsoillsiugadh na cetharairdi, MR 112.12 . a.¤ tar tuind, ZCP vii 309.19 . iar n-a.¤ sair tar caingel `going in past the altar-rail', Ériu iii 100 § 25 . ag ascnámh triasan naomh-staigri, Fl. Earls 206.9 .

(c) Technical name in prosody for a type of `dúnad' in which part of the first word of a poem is repeated at its end, e.g. Donchad, dond a a.¤ ; see Murphy Metrics 44-45 ; IT iii 29.19 , 30.1 , 121.1 ; Auraic. 2200 ; ZCP xxix 92 .

(d) Gramm. of the case governed by the prep.co: fer . . . co fer a a.¤ , Auraic. 1519 . ni bi int inotacht cin int asgnamh, 4916 .

dedail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedail or dil.ie/14976
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dedil, dedail, deadail, dedhail, deaghloi-ne, dedhailti, degulta, dedail, dédlib, dedhlaib, deghailt, deighilt, deaghailt, deighilt, dedail, dedail, deaghailt, deighilt, deighilte

i (di- + 1 dál, cf. Welsh diddawl, LEIA D-35) By native grammarians explained as a cpd. of privative de + fedil `yoke': dedil .i. cen fedil...dedil cen cuimrech, O'Mulc. 298 . —n s. dedil, O'Mulc. 298 . dedail: LL 21 b 14 . 156 a 43 . 192 b 6 . 216 b 28 . SG 353. 4 . AFM i 216. 2 (old poem). CCath. 3380 . deadail MR 252. 7 YBL. dedhail, ZCP i 62. 13 (12th century), &c.g s. ár deaghloi-ne , Gadelica i 11 § 3 (ca. 1600). dedhailti, CCath. 5281 . degulta, PH 7342 (if not from † dedlad).— n du. dedail, BB 318 b 34 .—d p. dédlib, LU 64 b 12 . dedhlaib, ACL iii 295 st 25 .—In late Mid.-Ir. pronounced deghailt and so written, O'Dav. 676 . TSh. 35. 3 f.b. Rel. Celt. i 146. 2 f.b. deighilt: Eg. 142, p. 330 . Gadelica i 12 § 11 v.l. ITS iii 96 . Tadg G., FitzGer.—MOD. deaghailt, deighilt (-eigh-as in leigheas), Waterf.

RHYMES : dedail (n s.) : lethain, SG 353. 4 . dedail (d s.) : Cendselaig, BB 232 a 30 .

I Act of disjoining, parting, separating, quitting . With fri, Mid.-Ir. re, la, Mod. la ( ó, Rel. Celt. ii 238. 12 ). deil... .i. dedail, Laws iv 114. 2 . derla .i. deghailt nó dealugud, O'Dav. 676 . deadhail .i. sgaoileadh nó dealughadh, O'Cl. Lhuyd. Synon. imscarad, TSh. 32. 22 . Opp. cur la, AFM v 1688. 22 .

(a) in a material sense: traigh coruige deil nordan .i. co dedail na ordan .i. troig corrici in inad i ndeiligenn in ordu risin traigid, Laws iv 114. 2 = O'Dav. 715 (v.l. degail, ib.). mínslabraidh ic fúaigel in chathbairr sin i ndrolaibh na lúirighe...coná bái cumang a ndedhailti noco ndeiligti do réir a aìccenta iat, CCath. 5281 . PROV. is dedail smera re smuais the parting of the marrow from the bone AFM i 216. 2, A.D. 593. H 2.16 , col. 689 . Manners and Customs iii 251 n.

(b) transf.

(1) of persons : ar ndeadail (v.l. ndeghail) re Congal, MR 252. 7 YBL. SG 35. 26 . a chúiged gan chennach arna deadail re derbḟine, MR 218. 2 . rommarb tart i cind sléibe Senmairgge. and fríth a dedail ria dreim, LL 216 b 28 = BB 370 a 35 . ic degail re hElga, Fen. 284. 14 . doragha sa dum ṡaighidh se ┐ bemait cen deghail dogrés, CCath. 1467 . cen d.¤ ria (sc. risin cathraig), 1805 . oc gabáil ceda ó Dhia cumm degulta ris, PH 7342 . ní bás acht deighilt re Dia, Eg. 142, p. 330 . ag deghail risan tTighearna, Hosea i 2 . gan meadair móir gan debaid ndéin degail rer tír, Add. 30512, fol. 30 a 2 . tír re ndocra dedail SG 353. 4 . dobered dedail claidib eturru, CCath. 2446 . doghníd na drochsmúaintighthe deaghailt idir dhuine ┐ Dia, TSh. 35. 3 f.b. dom degail re[a] dreich rabhuigh, Ériu iv 214. 1 . gur bo héiccen dó dedhail fria eoch co nerbail, AFM vi 2162. 13 . deaghuil ruibh, Gadelica i 11 § 5 (circa 1600) ; ib. § 3 . a deighilt leis ní cuibhe go bráth ITS iii 96. 5 . Rel. Celt. i 141. 11 ; 146. 2 f.b. ii 140. 2 f.b. ; 238. 12 .—With the definite article : a special instance of parting . robo leasc la Poimp ┐ la Cornelia in dedail sin, CCath. 3380 . dursan daṁsa an deaghuil sin le grían, Gadelica i 12 § 11 .

(2) of things : Tuadhṁuṁa do deadhail ré cóicceadh Connacht ┐ a chur lásan Muṁain, AFM v 1688. 22 . d.¤ Osraidhe, 23 E 26 p. 291 . PROV. is deghail cuirp fri hanmain limsa scaradh frit, ZCP iv 384. 32 (15th century). an anam ┐ an corp do dheaghail ┐ diomsgaradh re chéile, TSh. 32. 22 .

II Condition of being scattered : doim ac dedhail má doirib, SG 102. 6 .

III Act of desisting or ceasing from (fri) : slóg can degail re debaid, Hy Fiach. 186. 11 . A ceasing : carais Ciarán ...uṁalóid nár dian dedhail, ZCP i 62. 13 .

IV A distinction, a discrimination, a setting down. cúig glúine déag réa ndeaghoil (v.l. ndeadhail)...suas ó Éibhear go hÁdhaṁ, Keat. 1523 . — dá ernail dno .i. dá ḟírdedail didiu forsna consainib lasin laitneoir, BB 318 b 34 .

V Frequent in old poetry (esp. in chevilles) in various senses : Fergus...cóiced rí déc dedail dron : gab Emain iar Conchobor, LL 21 b 14 (cf. sense IV). bid maigen dedail cen díl : ón tṡíl roṡelaig rosuan, ib. 192 b 6 . Miss fúair cen dedail (sic leg., cf. BB 377 a 15 ) de : saerdruim Senaig, 198 a 54 .—biathad dá thráth dég... : ó rí Tulcha Og gan dedail (cen deaghail, Lec.) BB 269 a 12 , cf. Leb. Cert. 36. 11 (cf. sense III). Caimín Dima iar ndeadhail : do ṡíl Enna, BB 232 a 30 . iarsin a dual fria deadhail : rodosealaigh sluag Sereadh, 36 b 24 .—dedhlaib duaine (at the verse-end), ACL iii 295 st 25 (9th century). The sense is doubtful in TBC-LL¹ 828 YBL : is amlaid romarbtha in lucht sin O. ina dind tri maic Garchon fora náth Fertedil ina dedil (dédlib LU 64 b 12 ) Maenán ina dind ; cf. dédail.

MOD. deaghailt, deighilt, gen. deighilte (deadhla P. O'C.), v. supra. a separation, divorce, severing, parting, putting asunder P. O'C. Dinneen a discharge, a divorce , Coneys. O'R. Obs. in Sc.

deinmnetach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deinmnetach or dil.ie/15233

Forms: deinmmnetach, Denmnetach

adj o, ā. (deinmnit). In late MSS. frequently deinmnedhach. impatient, hasty: is deinmnitach in raet in gaeidel, Acall. 4481 . deinmmnetach, LB 64b17 = indignati, Lat. Lives 72 . facsat an indisi co dian dremun denmnitach, RC ix 472 . dobhúail an Ceolan go dían dísgir deinmnedhach, Ériu v 100.24 . ro lásat sccéla go deinmnedhach do ṡaighidh Uí Domhnaill they sent the news speedily, AFM vi 2128 . masa denmnedach letsa sin ní lugha asedh linne if thou art impatient, ITS v 150 . As subst.: cuitbide cach denmnetach, Tec. Corm. 15 . teinmnedach na damraide ` puffing ', SG 380.10 . As n.pr. Denmnetach, LL 327h12 . mac Deinmnetaig, 327h2 . meic Deinmedaig, Rawl. 145f52 .

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh , BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

éicin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicin or dil.ie/19719

Forms: eic

advb. (dat. of éicen)

I Of necessity, surely, of truth, indeed; used in asseveration, protest or emphasis (see Corm. s.v. nairne ): ecin (v.l. ecen) .i. deimin, ut est, cest in fil tomus forsin mbairdni? fil ecin .i. atá co deimin, O'Dav. 803 . éigin .i. go deimhin, ní hé éigin .i. ní he go deimhin, O'Cl. An ex. of the original meaning may be: is fochen a Buidb. ceinip fochen bid eccin, ol in B. if not welcome it will be so of necessity (? cf. I (b) below) IT iii 239. 122 .

(a) Freq. in response to a question or statement;

(a) In affirmation or asseveration: forcantar écin (gl. nonne perdocentur) Ml. 34b12 . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? is cenel ecin, Auraic. 857 (= eiccen, 3735 , but the YBL reading is eic, 231a1 ). indad eiside...? at e eicin 'tis they indeed TBC-I¹ 626 . in fail coma gaba-su ...? fail écin, ar C., TBC-LL¹ 1763 . ZCP iv 40.1 . badam slánsa, mád áil daitsiu, ol A. bid áil écin, or sí, IT i 124z . teilc traigid dam, a C., or F. tilcfeseo on damsa arisi, ar C. samlaid eicin, or F., TBC-I¹ 2151 . amlaid sin, ol in gilla. is amlaid eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.24 . is oebind duit, ar iat. is oebind ecin ar se, YBL 329a7 = TMoméra 152.6 . ro ḟorcongairsiot a thabhairt dia saighidh. dorattadh eiccin `he was brought accordingly' AFM v 1864.3 . With another adverbial particle: i fuarais? ar M. fuar omm écin, ar Mac R., TBC-LL¹ 1770 . nach é Iliach? bar D. is me ám écin, bar Iliach, 4632 .

(b) In denial or protest: ni cumgi...ol in t-ara. cuimcim eigin, ar C., TBC-I¹ 685 . nach tussu em dodnarchosaig? nach me ecin, 565 . 1218 . ata in macc ina chotlad (says Ibar of Cú Chulaind). nidam macc eicin, ol C. I am not a boy indeed 645 . ni fhetar nach diobh duitsi. ni diobh éiccin, ar S., BS § 46 .

(c) After interrog.: cóir duit arechus dúin fris sút, a meic bic, ar I. ced ón écin? ar in mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1262 . 1300 . [a]tūsa i ndulig, ar I. cid són écin? ar in mac bec, 1338 .

(b) In statements generally, certainly, indeed, surely; at any rate: ní ed asbiursa: indingentar, ar dogentarsom éicin, Trip. 242.15 . comad he Ísu écin Jesus to a certainty PH 3095 . is demin écin certain indeed 3855 . nā bī a n-espa, is ed timarna in Rí | lubra, lēgad, ernaigthi, dēnadh ēgin na ní (v.l. éiccen nach ní) let him be doing something, at any rate ZCP vii 310.23 . is doig écin indisfit dún, PH 3758 . atchuala agá phriotchadh nár bhó maith...daoine do mharbhadh...conadh aire sin ro chinn eiccin ina mhenmain gan guin duine, AFM v 1462.10 . Ir, nir b' eiccen (i. deimin) laoch bud lia, Leb. Gab.(i) i 234.25 (= ni roibe BB 19b11 , roibi, Lec. 539b ). robas co foda il-leanmhain an madhma ra macoib Miledh. do-rochratar eccin dá thoisech do muintir mac M. there fell, however 270.5 . Esp. to emphasize some word or member of a statement: guid he co ndingbai oenbliadain ecin a plag dinn one year at any rate PH 344 . corob ann écin connesat he here precisely 3506 . ni hindut fén...acht induind fén écin, 7898 . ni cuincithea anallana...acht is indiu écin connagar, 7934 . nir bo foda an uidhe ruccsat an ló sin eiccin, AFM vi 2198.14 . bá de eiccin ┐ do imtheacht na n-iarladh...tainicc..., AFM vi 2362.17 . roba cinnte...lasna maithibh sin...go ttiubradais tachar d'Ua D ... ┐ ni thuccsat eiccin acht saighin iomruagtha `they did not, however, but merely came to a slight skirmish' AFM v 1432.8 .

II

(a) some, any; some...or other; a certain (L. quidam): eirc ass co locc écin, airm na bia nach n-aittreb doine some spot where... PH 2504 . is oen ecin uaib nom-mairnfise some one of you 5130 . Mart. Don. Mar. 30 . nech eicin uaibh, Lism. L. 1013 . CCath. 2803 . do neoch ecin aile anyone else PH 6040 . no choimthecht ecin do chaimthechtaib Conchobuir, TBC-LL¹ 880 . ni thardsubair etach no tiugnach écin dam PH 6159 . ni ruibend nech hi fhus cen peccad écin ina chomitecht some sin or other 7943 . o mud écin in some way 7979 . o nach mud écin, 7003 . is bés don tsleigsin nachis imrethet impe...na fethana acht gar ré coscur éciṅ TBC-LL¹ 5228 . (of two men): ná tiocfadh...acht fer eiccin dibh that only one of them should come AFM v 1490w . da ceim deg...da taib egin don grein `to one side of the sun' Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.21 . cuid éigin do bhríogh a bhall, TSh. 2222 . nuimir éigin dá fuil leth asdigh da cúig dég any number being less than fifteen O'Gr. Cat. 316.30 . do cuaidh seachrán ecin ar eochrachuibh na ndoirrsech the keys had gone astray some how BCC § 296 . i laithigh nó i ndris nó i n-achrann éigin oile, TSh. 10422 . tabuir bennacht...a duine trocairigh eigin, LB 152 marg. inf. fear éigin ealadhna, TD 33.15 . ar láimh Oirghiallaigh éigin, 9.45 . do féadfaidhe go gcuirfeadh neach éigin i n-iongantas `someone might wonder' Keat. ii 228 . muna ttugaid ar chuid éigin tuitim, Proverbs iv 16 . trath (uair, lá) é.¤ sometime (day), once on a time: lá éigin, TD 1.9 . ná bíodh ar son a séad...acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `that once upon a time they were' 16.21 . do bhrígh go mbí críoch...ar aní, ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe tráth éigin, TSh. 3153 .

(b) In referring to an indefinite quantity or number, some, a certain number, about; (here perhaps: cosced a chrantabaill d'ḟeraib hErend, ocus leiced écin cotlud dona sluagaib some sleep (?) TBC-LL¹ 1697 ; but it may belong to I: let them at least sleep): timchiol da fhichid eiccin tunna saloinn some forty tons of salt Fl. Earls 26.22 ; 86.27 ; 174.26 . meide eiccin tuile a certain amount 64.13 . no biodh eiccin forchoimédaighe...for ind an tslébhe a certain number of watchmen AFM vi 2128.5 .

eisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eisce or dil.ie/19850
Last Revised: 2013

n in Laws intention to damage, to slay or wound; intentional wounding or slaying (? see Cóic Con. p. 73 ), assault : distinguished from robdach (ropach, ropthach): inund esge na n-arm ┐ eisce na slibri i n-urradhus, ┐ esce na n-arm ┐ eisce na slibri i cain. inund ropdach na n-arm ┐ ropdach na slibri i n-urradhus, O'D. 2319 . 2342 ( Rawl. 506 ). cuin ata eiric eisce do duine? is and ata eiric eisce ó duine in tan dochuaidh do denam foghla ...┐ in fogail rob áil leis dhferthain ni tainic a ngnim; ┐ da tisad a ngnim, nocha biad dethbir robdaigh na heisce ime illeith risin eiric, Laws iii 138.1 . más dfertain cneidhe bice docuaidh ┐ cnedh mor ro ferasthar a rogha don ḟir ar ar feradh in cnedh mor in comfodail eisci ar eiric ropdaig na cneidhi bias uadh, no in lanfiach na cneidhe moire cin cobfodail eisci urri `an eric graduated according to the wound intended' 140.1 . amhail is cutruma isin fuiliughudh ┐ isin guairiughudh tre eisce i n-urradhus cumadh cutruma i cain o bhass tre eisce, cidh gu n-armaibh cidh gu slibribh, no o bhas gu n-armaibh nochta, O'D. 2321 ( Rawl. 506 ). o bas tri esce ferfaithir na cnedha cibe aidim triasa ferthair, no bus co n-armaibh nochta, O'D. 2323 . o bus tria eisce ┐ is marbadh rob ail do, 2323 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine gid tre ropdhach gid tria eisce, 2334 . leath secht cumala i n-eisce bes meand, 864 (H 3.17). in [or: i n-] eisce bes mo ón ann no bes mo ainim ann no bes fodeirc no bes forréill ann (evidently a gloss on e.¤ bes meand) 865 . marbhadh rob ail leis do dénamh tre eisce, 865 . cin elcuin .i. eisce, Laws v 136.26 Comm. don tí ar ar fera in cnedh no in fogail, fo aicne robaig no eisce, iv 232.14 . guin tre escce, i 56.14 Comm. urgabail tria eisce, iv 232.18 . re heisgib cana intentional woundings in `cáin'-law Cóic Con. p. 19.3 ; 50.2 . Cf. eisce .i. bith fri hais, ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 .

In other texts: focerd éisci (.i. gúasacht báis) im Ealcmair, ZCP v 524.8 . nī bīa ruici (.i. esci) nō ēgc aigci, BColm. 68.8 . eisce do thabairt do hUibh C. im Donnchad...coro tescadh a bos deas de, AU 1019.1115 (= saighidh greisi, AFM 1115 ). In: ní ésce cen ríg, BDD 102a it is doubtful if this word is meant. eisce feris (.i. bricht nadrach), a kind of satire , IT iii 103 , Ériu lv 122 n. 14 .

éisledach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éisledach or dil.ie/19878

adj o-ā (quantity of initial uncertain; the word may be a transformation of áilsedach under the influence of éislesach) negligent, slack; halfhearted (?): eisleadach .i. meata, Lec. Gl. 307 ( eislidach, M 119 ). eisledach cech brass, Tec. Corm. § 15.27 v.l. caibdel cen chomma ar Cheilbe | dob éisledach d'Fhercheirtne `was remiss of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 54.6 . nir ba heisledach in imairiuc sin uair ba comdicra a comrac ┐ ba comtrom a comlonn, MR 246. 1 . nír bho heisledhach ro frestladh lais iad `was not negligent in attending to [i.e. attacking] them' AFM i 500.17 . ro ḟaídh teachta do ṡaighidh Uí D. dia cuinghidh fair techt dia ḟoiridhin. nír bhó heisledhach ro freacradh indsin laissiumh óir do chóidh dia ṡaighidh cona ṡochraide vi 1948 x . 1874 z .

enach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. enach or dil.ie/20044

n o, s, n., later m. (en)

I

(a) moor, swamp, bog, fen (`Eanach i.e. a boggy land, now Annagh' O'Don. AFM v 1416 , note on Caisléan Eanaigh): cf. enach arindi bite eoin ann (cf. c below), O'Mulc. 401 . co Meidb hi mBelach na Fert | tuctha ar enach i n-oénḟecht (of hunted pigs; possibly they were ensnared, driven together), Metr. Dinds. iii 384.32 . ós áth cach enaig `above every marsh- ford' 428.43 . Cf. do gab cochull cend n-enaig..., siat srotha elta enaig, Acall. 2414 - 6 . mo shnáthad...dorigned d'ór in enaig `of the eanach's gold' SG 248y (of gold found in a bog i.e. goblin gold ?). Freq. in place-names: Ėanach nDuban, Hy Fiach. 282 . See Hog. Onom. Later anach: mor sreath agus anach | tar ar lingis léim (of a stag), Celt. Rev. x 135.28 .

(b) a narrow way or passage; a place fit for an ambush: `a snare, a dangerous pass' P. O'C. lingid an t-eanach tríotha dá n-aimhdheóin forces the pass through them (of a lion at bay before its hunters) TSh. 2610 . in gach enach erdhalta, in gach séd ┐ in gach sligidh, Hugh Roe² 14 z (f. 8b) . rosuidhighit isin enach indill erdhalta in roba derbh leo M. do thochur ina ccenn, Hugh Roe, 226.5 (f. 60 a) . dul...inn eanach iomchumhang ┐ ind indtiuch indill for ciund Uí Dhomhnaill, 304.7 (f. 79 b) . rochruinnighsiot for a chionn i n-enach iomchumhang erdhalta `a certain narrow pass' AFM v 1824x . vi 1882. 10 . iarna suidhiucchadh for na henaighibh erdhalta an robadh dóigh leó iadsomh do rochtain dia saighidh 2064.1 . roordaigh forairedha for enaighibh erdhalta ┐ for bernadhaibh baoghail, Hugh Roe, 286 (f. 75 b) . ionnsoigid bar n-ionadha catha ┐ bar n-enach erdalta (directions to troops before battle) ZCP xiv 250.16 .

Metaph.: gurbo henach ┐ essrus gabhála eitir cenél Conuill ┐ Eoghain an coblach do thochar go Loch Feabhail that the fleet...would be a pass..., Hugh Roe, 236.13 (f. 63 a) .

(c) hence a snare, trap (see P. O'C. quoted above): ro chóirgetar a n-enaighi ṡealga ar fairsingib ┐ ar forréitib na ferand, Fianaig. 64.10 .

II hunting, fowling; game (cf. I (c)): donidis fiadach ┐ enach ┐ iascach, Dinds. 134 . issed arfurad Cu Chulaind, iascach ┐ enach ┐ osḟeóil for Tain bo Cualnge, TBC-LL¹ 1955 . Here, perhaps: Druim n-énaig... | d'énach Find is na Féinne, Acall. 1846 , where the mark of length may be an error. Cf. atá Both Árd gan fiadh gan iascach gan eanadh, Ó Bruad. i 170 z (: aiteas).

1 fethem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fethem or dil.ie/21839

Forms: feitheamh, -imh, -mhe, feichimh, feithimh, fethim, feitheamh

n m. and f. (vn. of 1 fethid), feitheamh m. (g s. -imh, -mhe) IGT, Decl. § 101 . feichimh (v.l. feithimh) f. § 150 .

(a) looking at, observing, watching (absol. or with gen. or prep.): ni dú damsa fethium no findigecht forru, LB 138a47 ( Hom. Leg. 66 ). sírfheithemh gnuisi in Diabuil, RC xxviii 320.18 . ag fethim an Rígh, 322.11 . drong ... ní dedbul fri fethim (: Bethil) `not paltry to contemplate' Fél. Ep. 266 . in ri ... for tulaig aird oca feitim `watching them' (a hunt) Marco P. 89 . got' fheithemh do chéin watching thee from afar BS 140.8 . ó bheith go frithir ... ag feitheamh thaiseadh na marbh, TSh. 656 . ar an druing téid d'fheitheamh an mhairbh, 936 . d'fhior a feithmhe nó a féagsana 1089 . ac feithium ar scemlead Atha Cliath ed radairc `watching [the battle] from the battlements of A.C.' as far as they could see Cog. 180.22 . ag feitheamh do chathuighthe (= certamen tuum spectat) TSh. 10189 . gidh bé breithemh nach bí claon | doghní an dá thaobh d'feichemh uadh, O'Gr. Cat. 592 . Keeping a look-out, keeping watch (absol. ) : Bran fri f.¤ for keeping watch (?) ZCP viii 321.13 . boi d'ḟebus in fethme ┐ in cométa oc na crechairib such was the vigilance and guarding LB 156b28 . ionadh feithme ┐ fairccsena, Leb. Gab.(i) i 208y . lucht feithme ┐ foraire, AFM vi 2120 . Cf. sē riga ar sē deichibh | dibh fri feithim ḟuilcrech on the look-out for bloody forays (?) BB 205a22 = Todd, Todd Nenn. 152 . Cf. foichle fethim is finna, TFerbe 158 , where fethim may be imperat., see 1 fethid.

(b) keeping watch over, guarding (AR against) : tancatar fiallach ... leigis da fethium ┐ da fégad ┐ dá forcomét, TBC-LL¹ 3635 = da bfechemh St. ateoch in Ríg ... óengeinne Dé diar fethim (: Bethil), Hy vi 25 . for conairib ... coimeta ┐ fethmi na coerechthrét, LB 129a48 . feidhm as natharda fuair fer | bruaig na hatharda d'feichem, O'Gr. Cat. 469.14 . da ḟethiumh ┐ da imdhíden ar chuindsgleo C., MR 304.4 . lucht feithme scēith rig Ulad shield-bearers 272.2 . Dia dom fheitheamh ar fheirg Dhé, Dán Dé xxvii 1 . gum fhior fheithmhe my guardian viii 10 .

(c) waiting on, attending to (with gen. or FOR, AR): dolluid for teiched co tend | sruth coa feithem dar cach fond `fast fled she, and the stream pursued her' Ériu vii 229 § 76 . ag feithemh cúrta attending at court Rel. Celt. ii 206z . ag feithemh orra, Fl. Earls 78.23 . ag feitheamh ar iodhbartaibh TSh. 6044 .

(d) waiting; with FOR, AR or FRI (RE, LE) waiting for, expecting: ag feichemh ort, Aisl. Tond. 128 , cited s.v furnaide. bátar ... acc feithemh ┐ acc furnaidhe ar a dhol-somh dia saighidh , AFM vi 2194 . a roibhe a lan do leomannaibh ag feitheamh for ainmindtibh an betha lying in wait for Ériu iii 166.27 . atá le fada ag feithimh | le Brian (: fóirithin), TD 13.23 . go ndleaghair do neach ... feitheamh ris an mbás, TSh. 8562 . Cf. feitim for in righ attends upon Marco P. 67 (waiting for ?). feitheamh (synon. with dóchus, furachus) Kirk = Eg. Gl. 325 . feitheamh ... gach creatúir expectation Romans viii 19 .

ingabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ingabál or dil.ie/28608

Forms: ingabáil

n ā, f. vn. of in-gaib. Already in O.Ir. the a s. and d s. ingabáil is found for n s.

(a) act of rebuking, censuring, reproaching: ba uisse a ingabail `it was just to censure him,' Wb. 19a8 . no lochtaigtis ┐ nu pectaigtis ┐ aslentis a menma fadesin tri adéitched ┐ ingabail inna mbriathar ndiut nuradinse `through execration and reprehension ...,' Ml. 74c3 . is gnath do firianaib a n-ingabal ab hominibus gl. iusti ... arguntur, 54a10 . bith ingabál mundo `a perpetual reproach,' Thes. ii 1.9 (Acr.). ingab[á]il gl. captionem, i 714.14 . cen aisc ocus ingabáil (imgabail, v.l.) cen écnach nach bí, Ériu iii 104 § 40.

(b) act of avoiding, turning away from: rug-san tri trenreadga ... d'inggabail na hirgaile, LL 410a21 = d'imgabail, MR 234.16 . robtur athlumha étroma a longa ... ┐ ba sodhaing saighidh ┐ inggabháil (imgabail, v.l.) námhat [estib] `to approach and to avoid,' CCath. 1976. doba díchur flaithesa dō-san oirechas Ērenn d'inggabāil ... to lose the sovereignty, ML² 1423. an dīmus d'ingabāil, ZCP viii 215.21 . dar leosan do bhi iongabháil an chleasa sin fein ag Fior Dhiadh, x 276.14 . ga mbiadh acfaing a n-ingabala who could escape from them, Cog. 162 n. 2 . gan m'álghas d'iongabháil `not to give up my evil desire,' Dán Dé xxii 16. cóir an anóir d'iongabháil `I had better have declined honour,' Aithd. D. 6 § 16.

(c) act of being circumspect about, guarding ; circumspection: is ecin duin anois ar n-ingabail [go maith] `we must needs now be passing prudent,' RC xix 150.24 . mór iongabháil anma ríogh `much circumspection is due to the title of King,' TD 20 § 1. do thuicc sī saidhbhres d'ḟagāil | isi ar ainbḟes d'iongabhāil, ZCP xii 381 § 16. nír féadadh m'uaill d'iongabháil `I was unable to defend my honour,' Aithd. D. 33 § 1. é féin d'iongabháil ar na ceithre ceannaibh nathrach úd, TSh. 596. ionghabháil ` circumspection, prudence ; management, conduct ; shunning ,' O'R.

léicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léicid or dil.ie/29766
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: léagar, leigeadh, leice, leagair, leagar, lig, ligfamaid, liged, reilgi, léiciud, léicci, léce

v ī leaves , etc. Later also with stem léc-, leic-, lec-, lic-. See Vendryes, Études Celt. viii 300 - 4 , Greene, Celtica iv 45 .

Stem léic- (the regular form in Old and Mid. Ir.). Later exx.: -léige, Dán Dé xii 9 (: fhéige). -léigear, ii 28 (: éigean). -léigir, xix 8 (: éidir). -léigeadh, PBocht 11a. 5 (: éigean). léig, Aithd. D. 70.4 (bhréig). Dán Dé iv 16 (: thréig).

Stem léc-: -lécob, MU² 181 . lécfat-sa, 187 . -llécfaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . -lécustair, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). léagar, Aithd. D. 30.5 (: ḟéagadh). L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 (: dtégar).

Stem leic-: leigeadh, DDána 74.25 (: creideamh). -leicfe, PBocht 2.25 (: eitne). -leig, 7.7 (: creid). Aithd. D. 11.3 (: leig a s. of 1 lía). -leice (: -theipe), SR (Greene) 7869 .

Stem lec-: leagair, Dán Dé xxiii 6 (: heagail). leagar, Aithd. D. 36.23 ; 77.12 (: eagal). 36.11 (: eagar).

Stem lic-: lig, ZCP vi 32.15 . -lig, 274.15 . RC xix 368.8 . ligfamaid, Ériu xi 190.7 . -licter, xii 24 § 30 n.4 . liged, ZCP vi 50.5 . No rhyming exx.

With ro: sg. 3 reilgi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . -reléic, LU 381 (ACC). -relic, 7750 . 1211 . -reilic, SR 4787 . -roiléig, PBocht 3.22 (: fhoighéig). -relicc, Hugh Roe² 14.28 (f. 4b) .

Vn. léiciud.

The principal meanings are (a) lets go, releases , (b) lets, allows, permits , (c) leaves (behind), allows to remain. These, together with a number of more specific meanings, are found independently (I), and also recur in a large variety of constructions in which prepositions and, to a lesser extent, prepositional phrases and adverbs either modify the meaning or define more closely the relation between the verb and its logical subject or object (II, III). Under II (as well as I) a number of constructions will be found in which the meaning is goes, betakes oneself, enters upon, begins, proceeds , with or without reflexive pronoun, and also a number in which it is throws, hurls (do-léici).

I

(a) lets go, releases : in lecfide in cimbid? would the captive be set free? Irish Texts i 11.7 . bidbu cach leices bidbudu, Laws i 12.20 . ro léic mo da láim / ro chraid mo da ṡúil has relaxed (deprived of power?), LL 18585 . de roléic . . . / Manannán . . . / Loch Ruide let loose, Metr. Dinds. iv 146.9 . Of unyoking or unleashing animals: co rucar da ech a corait ┐ leicar and and are turned loose in it, Laws iv 96.19 . scoirit a n-eochu ┐ lécit a mílchona, TBFr. 57 . ech Guill . . . / tan do léicthe ar sliab, SG 100.26 . Of emitting shouts, cries, etc.: nos-gonat gillai na n-ech . . . ┐ lecit gair impe, Ériu iii 141.196 . co ro leic guth for Adam, SR 1300 . immus naerfat anflathi .i. lécfit a n-aír, LL 188b51 . in t-en beag ro leg feid, IT iii 99 § 167 . lecat anmanda na pecdach nualla truaga toirsecha, i 192.21 ( FA 31 = ferait, LU 2242 ). leagaid iman ceann gair guil, Metr. Dinds. iii 364.111 . do léigset a ilach commaídhmi ann sin, ML² 1925 . léigid míle cnead is uch, Dánta Gr. 9.19 . Of tears, blood, etc. dia lēctis dēra fola, Bruchst. i 54 § 121 . nolēced dēra fola and dogrēs `used to shed', Ériu iii 116.15 . ar na deraib-sea legim-sea, Aen. 2921. ? lēicidh fuili draws blood, ACL iii 297 § 51 (`leaves bloody lesions', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 107 ). leagar an cuisle `the vein must be let', O'Gr. Cat. 182.11. Note further: leagar [dá] sgoil féine an fíon `wine is poured forth for his poets', Aithd. D. 5.5 . din gai . . . roleici Lugaid `which L. cast', RC iii 179.30 . leicthi in Liath M. ┐ leth a chunga fo brágit co ndechaid i lLind Léith i Sliab Ḟuait precipitates itself, LL 14004 . lēiciss drong . . . d'athiarraidh in airgit sent, Fl. Earls 88.9 . can eiric eloid d'ic, cid elod legait `without paying `eric' for evasion, even though they evade', Laws v 184. y Comm . is elodh ro leicedh im na tri cet buaib `it was evasion that was effected', i 66.15 Comm . See also s.v. élúd.

(b) lets, allows, permits (freq. with follg. vn. clause): act nand léicci concupiscentia carnalis `only that c.c. does not allow it', Wb. 3d13 . cenid leci in metur tabairt ind anmae triuin frisan ainm n-adiacht `does not allow the substantive to be added to the adjective', Ml. 30a10 . nileic Duaid anisin, 58c6 . cenid relcset Iudei sin, Blathm. 509 . nis leceth a pater ┐ a mummi would not allow her (to go), Irish Texts i 4 § 12. raléicset na colomain allowed him (to come), Metr. Dinds. iv 50.98 . ní relic Cu Chulaind a mmarbad, LU 7750 ( BDD 131 ). ní léic Sadb aní-sein (sc. marbad Maic Con), Fianaig. 36.4 . na longa . . . na leg a loscad, Aen. 333 . nír leig a fhaisnéis `let not be told', PBocht 14.28 . dá leigeadh Dia Éire dh'uaim, Aithd. D. 22.11 . Elliptically: mac in lega leic liaig de let a physician be made of him(?), LL 18786 ( Ériu ix 49 § 30 ). With follg. clause: adeir A. nar leig Dia nach feadfaidh uile-chumhachta in Chruthuightheora athnuaidhechadh do thabhairt do chorpaibh caich, ITS xxix 184.30 . nar leigi Dia co tibradh, Smaointe B. Chr. 750.

(c) leaves, leaves behind, allows to remain : co léce gl. sinas, Ml. 103d16 . léic gl. sine, Sg. 222b4 . léicid iudicium deo `leave ye i. D. ', Wb. 6b29 . cid dia léicid cundubairt for drecht uáib de resurrectione? why are some of you (still) in doubt? Wb. 13b12 . a theglach . . . / as-bert nád léicfed dílechtu `would not leave his household as orphans', Blathm. 880 . ni léicc a chorp hi timmi `he left not his body in warmth', Thes. ii 315.7 ( Hy. ii 32 ). lécciss coilcthi, lécciss cotludh gave up (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 17 . romlēicsea oc forairi sund, TBC-I¹ 598 . ingen cen lúad ní leicéb `I will not leave unsung', Metr. Dinds. iii 60.73 . mar leagar mé gan maitheas, IGT Verbs ex. 348 . beag feasta léagar 'nar láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 79.101 . na leig sinn for mhéla, Duan. F. ii 180 § 11 . is díleas Dia go nach léigfeadh sibh i mbuaidhreadh tar bhar n-acfuinn (qui non patietur vos tentari . . .), TSh. 9569.

In similar but more specific meanings.

(d) abandons, forsakes : cair rom leicis-se? gl. quare mé dereliquisti? Ml. 44b10 . Cf. Blathm. 289 . ro leicthea cen fortacht du thabairt doib, Ml. 90c9 . nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir may he not leave me in disgrace, Trip.² 1633 . m'óenurán dam ar étib / sech nís n-etaim nis léicim, LU 6217 . miscais fir dia leccar serc hatred of a man crossed in love(?), ZCP xiii 270.20 . nímreilge an Rí díanam gilla, v 497 § 12 . ná leig m'anmuin ar iocht m'ḟillse `leave not my soul at the mercy of my guile', Aithd. D. 73.14 .

(e) l.¤ a oenur lets alone, refrains from interfering with or taking part in: leic a oenur in fognam, RC xxiv 192.17 . léic, ol eat, he a oenur, co n-accamar in ticfa Ely dia thesorcuin, PH 3356 . leic [a] aenur in mignim triallai abstain from, TTebe 2129 . leic oenur na Grecu, 551 .

(f) abandons, forsakes, puts away (a wife): leccis Ailill Aulomm a bein, Anecd. iii 27.11 . bean doberar freithach ┐ leicter ar bein `who is . . . repudiated for another', Laws v 292.22 . o Faind . . . ros léci Manandan, LU 3339 ( SCC 13 ). lecfitir cech ben orut, IT i 120.28 ( TE 5 ). má ligion fear a bhean `puts away', Jeremiah iii 1.

(g) leaves over, defers, postpones : lēcidh duin ind ord annsin, RC xxvii 276 ( Moling 30 ) (duin ethical dative). an té nach dérna an aithrighi . . . achd do léig go ponge an bháis í, Mac Aingil 1532 .

Miscellaneous: [do bhronnadh] sí [an] leig lóghmhair / go leig Órlaidh í ar áirghibh O. used to give away jewels so that she left her (sc. her mother) depending on herds of cattle only(?), Aithd. D. 11.3 . ? is mó léigmid ne . . . tuille cabartha dáil ná d'ár naimdib `we stand in need of succour more than does our foe', Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.31 (seems equivalent to ro-icc les). l.¤ scís, scíth see s.vv. scís, scíth. See calléic.

II

(a) With A lets away from, releases from : nicon reilgi a hīath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 31 . leigid Niall...Fiachra a gemil annsin, RC xxiv 182.18 . Of blood: rolecestar sruth . . . fala . . . asna crechtaib sin, TTebe 638 . do leig mé fuil as cuisleannaibh, 23 K 42, 121.10 . With 3 s. n. as quasi-adverb: lēcair-sium ass ┐ fonascar fair can tudecht forsin slōg he is allowed to depart, TBC-I¹ 1476. ionnus nach leigfiodh duine iná ōinmhide as dībh gan tuitim lana shlóite, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25. 18 . ar mhodh nār léigeadar as dona trí mīle did not allow them to escape, 38.1 . Of a fire: connudh nach leigeann í as `the firewood keeping it alight', Magauran 4019 . In phr. léic as give up, desist : ale leic ass, a Ḟerguis, . . . na bris dúin cairptiu ar túath, TBC-LL¹ 764 . leig as, ar M., Ériu xi 191.16 . leig as a dhaltain, ZCP x 281.8 . leiccem ass imrum ar curaigh let us leave off rowing, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 7.

(b) With AR (in some cases for earlier FOR): ru léiced Hériu ar raind Amairgin was consigned to, MU² 2 . lēc aire, a chaillech, lēc aire continue, carry on, Fing. R. 880 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi they exchanged power . . . for eternal life . . . , Fél. Oct. 8. ? alleith naill . . . / roleici an (leg. ar?) chaillecha, AU i 208.11 . ar cairde ná leig do lón do not postpone, PBocht 7.7 . cid nam-leig-sea ort, a eich?, TTebe 3494 . . . . go dtiocfa . . . / Goill dá léigthear oruinn iad if they be loosed against us(?), Aithd. D. 24.5 . legis ar lar an bradan laid down the salmon, Ériu xi 199.35 . in baile i llécfaid ar lár / dond airiuch where ye shall unload the packhorse, Metr. Dinds. iii 454.53 . léig ar lár do ṡoitheach, Gen. xxiv 14 . mar bhláth na ccraobh léigthior lé fearthuinn ar lár, Párl. na mB. 1645 . Of kneeling: lēigis Eōin ē ar a glūinibh John sank to his knees, ZCP viii 562 § 13 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī, xiii 182.30 . co lecfedh se (sc. an nēll) ar ferthain moír ass sin co hespart e would begin to rain heavily, BCC 270.37 (§ 266) . do leigsiad iad féin ar trosgadh ┐ ar urnuighthe, Eochairsg. 80.36 .

(c) With CEN: ní liged sin gan díghailt I shall not allow that to go unpunished, ZCP vi 50.5 . leigim mo dheachmhadh gan díol, Aithd. D. 69.8 . do leigfedh lucht eissíodha / craobh chnuais gan bhéin would leave untouched, L. Cl. A. B. 106.138 .

(d) With co allows to go to etc.: in legi mu dhalta cugam, a clerigh?, Ériu xi 201.28 . ni relccitt anonn chuca acht uathadh daoine, Hugh Roe² 8.29 (fo. 2b) . ni leceb-sa miciunus cucaib `I shall leave you in no turmoil', BCC 424.29 (§ 375) . do léig sí a buidhedhlaoi go féar anuas, Hackett ix 5 . In spiritual sense: do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat). tré loighead na ngrás léigios Dia chuca bestows on them, Mac Aingil 769 . In sense of do-léici: ro lēcus-[s]a gaī n-aill cucut-su I hurled, Sc.M² 13 . léicidh co Cet dara bruinde dó (a dead warrior's head), 16 R . lēicit daoine rompa gusin Róimh send . . . to R., Fl. Earls 168.4 . Note further: a n-aghaidh na muintire leigios a bhfiacha go purgodóir defer, Mac Aingil 7087 . lēigmīd-ne a lenmuin na fer / co himlib oirrt[h]ir Laigen we set off, ML² 2075. With personal form referring to subject of vb. feigns: ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci he feigned illness, IT i 121.15 ( TE 7 ). do leicc si galar chuice, BNnÉ 118 § 34 . do leig teinneas mar badh eadh chuige ┐ diarr bainne, ITS xvi 118.3 .

(e) With DI. With personal forms referring to subject of vb. and obj. in accus. (lit. x releases y from him) desists from, abstains from, leaves off, etc.: leigmít dhín labhairt ar na hoibrighthibh selaithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.3 . crét fár fágbais t'foraire / . . . / fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260.11 . léigidh dhíbh bhur ndoghuilsi, L. Cl. A. B. 152.50 . anti do leig rigacht Erind de, BCC 2.11 (§ 1) . don druing léigeas díobh gan udhacht an mhairbh do choimhlíonadh who omit to fulfil, TSh. 5204. In more literal sense: ni leigfid maithi na treb Tiabanda misi dib `will not let me away at all', TTebe 844 . Also with prep. governing predicate or complement: aon do laithibh dar leig soin / do shíoladh creidimh a ccathraigh, Irish Texts i 40 § 27 . dar bhfaire ní leagar leis `he ceases not to watch over us', Aithd. D. 75.4 . léig dod chomhrádh stop your talk, Dánta Gr. 39.5 . léigfead do bhaosraidh na hóige, Hackett xxvi 4 . In literal sense of unleashing a dog: lēicthir de, TBC-I¹ 513 . ro léicsed da conaib, RC xiii 46 § 30. Note also: suil ligther d'arm lámh Logha before the hand of Lugh is loosed from (his) weapon(?), L. Cl. A. B. 97.103 . na leic mesi don croich-sin `let me not (be taken) from the cross', PH 2471.

(f) With DO leaves to or for, hands over to, entrusts to: léicfidir dúib in brithemnact sin, Wb. 6b30 . is samlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis dint sens `we shall leave to them the exposition of the sense', Ml. 14d10 . flaithem nime . . . / nád lēic suum prophetam / ulli leonum ori, Thes. ii 303.5 ( Hy. i 32 ). do ḟuaid Eua a leth, nir bu glan, / roleic in leth n-aill d'Adam, SR 1288 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis dó in curadmir, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). nach lecedh ach[t]run bidh ┐ mugsaini da rechtairib, Laws v 74.17 Comm . not guidim . . . coro léci dam oen uair i n-ernaigthe, PH 1408 . leagar dháibh rogha ┐ roinn the division and the choice is left to them(?), Magauran 1082 . do léigeadh dhó . . . an cóigeadh the Fifth was assigned to him, Content. xxx 7 . lēigidh dam-sa ē, ar Goll leave him to me, ML² 1509.

Allows, permits (to do, have, etc.): ní relic dia doib orcuin nDuaid, Ml. 23b4 . leig dam tiachtain fon cundrad `let me impugn the contract', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is me . . . nar léc dó th'enech do milliud, IT i 128.2 ( TE 13 ). co lēiciur siliud dom ṡūilib, ACL iii 243 § 31 . mane léice-su dam-sa indlat duit, PH 5254 . léigeadh sileadh do dhéaraibh an doilgheasa, TSh. 201 . da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir . . . na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim innocht I shall insist that the U. come with me, MU² 181 . legar aighideacht duin isin port i tangumar `let hospitality be granted us', Aen. 335 . na leic foirb na fearandus do inti `do not allow him to have heritage or landed property therein', TTebe 634 . lēicidh cairde trī lā . . . dam-sa, ACL iii 309.8 . lecid fuirech bicc dam `allow respite brief to me', MacCarthy 58.13 . níor leig sé fos na comhnuidhe dhó go maidin, Ériu v 100.26 . léic cotlud d'ḟeraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 1755. Appar. in slightly difft. sense in: leig-se dhúinne ad thegasg let us alone with thy teaching, Ériu i 18.42 . léc dun . . . coro díglum h'ancride-siu leave us alone (permit us?), PH 2218 . leic dam co ro marbar anti rom-gonaid `let me slay', TTebe 3797 . léig dhó anois `suffer it to be so now', Matthew iii 15 . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim defer to (of the respect due to a cleric), ACL iii 222 § 4.

Allows (to go) to: ced ara reilcis in fer . . . do éccaib?, Trip.² 162 . in lucht bui co serb domenmnach . . . lecar co foelid somenmnach dia tigib iat, PH 408 . ní mó ro leiccsiot fér nó arbhar dia saighidh anonn (i.e. to a surrounded army), AFM vi 2030.17 .

Miscellaneous: nachatlēic dam la neim lāidhe luinde lūaithe do not come to me(?), ACL iii 295 § 27 . ro léic seirc dó . . . / ard-ben a athar `cast her love (on)', Metr. Dinds. iv 62.71 . tinolsit . . . lucht na cathrach uli ┐ lécset cathugud don béist gave battle to, PH 7228 . do lig si galair ... brēgi da hinnsuigi feigned, ZCP vi 274.14 . rolig a coin(n) dó set his dog upon it, 78.21 . leic tú fein ar tús do chum cos nglormhar daenachta Chriosd throw thyself at the feet of, ITS xxix 215.16 . nar léicce Muire duinne . . . go mbiadh gadaighecht ar ar siubhal may Mary protect us from theft, BNnÉ 55 § 59 .

(g) With ETER: luid Mac Dathó immach ┐ in cú inna láim, co rrailced etorro dús cīa díb do-ngegad the dog . . . was set free between them to see which it would choose, Sc.M² 19. Usually leaves (someth. to be settled) between (without outside interference): leic-siu etruind féin innar n-Ultaib, co fessara cia úain bas chalmiu, TFerbe 217 . léic eadram ┐ Fianna Eirenn leave F. E. to me, Acall. 3565 . lig edrum-sa ┐ in cath sel ele leave the battle to me, ZCP vi 68.13 . leig idir mhac's a mháthair `let the Son and His mother settle it between them', Aithd. D. 68.37 . ná leig eadrainn ┐ inn `do not leave me to my own devices(?)', Dán Dé xxii 17 .

(h) With FO: dobertis da boc leu . . . ┐ no leicthe indala n-ái fon díthrub was set free in the wilderness, Tur. 110c . gipne findruine for a etan nád leced a folt fúa agid kept his hair back from his face, IT i 311.2 . Hands over to, looses among, sends against , etc.: naoi ttuatha re ccertughadh / leigis ri Muman futha handed over to them, LL 396.12 . lecidh in ri na griba futhaibh (i.e. on bird-flocks), Marco P. 91. aithinne dubh in gach deghláim / léicis Mlaise a anáil . . . / fúithib breathed on them, SG 27.33 . do ligeadh frais pilēr fon mboile was fired at, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 25.3 . a lucht do marb in ngéig ngil / is do léig fá a narm a fuil stained their weapons with his blood, O'Gr. Cat. 361.13 . do léigidar sirtha lethna . . . fana críchaibh, Comp. CC 80.7 . do lecthí . . . fa cuiced C. . . . faghla, Irish Texts ii 28 § 21. Of kneeling: roleicc Sir Boós a gluine faí knelt down, D IV 2, 78 ra2 . léigcitt a ngluine fútha, Maund. 77 . l.¤ fo lár sets aside, abandons, neglects , etc.: ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ┐ a dībeirg, Fianaig. 76.8 . fa lár do leigeadh a chíos His tribute has been neglected, Dán Dé xxiii 5 . is follus gur léig fa lár / oircheas do ḟéadfadh do rádh `left unsaid', Content. xiv 7 . gur leigeadar fa lár an churum bhudh cóir dhoibh do dhenamh, Carswell 5.12 . Note also: do lēig fā chathaib Cuinn hē d'iarraidh C[h]uinn he made for C.'s battalions, ML² 367. do leigset futha da nár ┐ da noirrlech, L. Chl. S. 13.

(i) With FOR. Hurls at: ro lēcis gaī form-sa co rrabae asmo scíath, Sc.M² 11 . légid Cu Chulaind in ngae fair, LU 5766 ( TBC-I¹ 1295 ). With reflexive pron. feib ras léic seig far mintu as a hawk attacks small birds, LL 12300 . nod lēice tra īar sin for gabāil a hēcnarca began to, KMMisc. 210 § 4. With ellipse of pron.: sets to, sets about: lécfat-sa fair I shall set about it, MU² 187 . dorraíga in cú Ulto ┐ ro-lēci for ár Connacht set about, Sc.M² 19. lecait na Felistina for teiched, LB 129b7. 1 . x for (ar) y lays x to the charge of y, lets y answer for x: léic foraindi ┐ for ar maccu i n-ar ṅdiaid a fuil, PH 2947 . olc tra an iarmairt ro lécsit Iúdaide forru fen, 3286 . cia na lēici fort aicned | condaāera though you do not accuse yourself of satirizing them(?). ACL iii 295 § 19 . In phr. léicid guth/gairm for calls out to: coro léic guth for Ādam 'and she gave a cry to Adam', SR (Adam and Eve) 42.1300​ . go relic gairm ... for mac Sairb 'she called out ... to the son of Sarvia', SR (Greene) 6965 . raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 .

With pers. form ref. to subj. of vb. feigns: leicid-sium galur forro, arna tisdais leis pretended they were ill, RC xv 321 ( Dinds. 22 ). reléicset Gréic teiched forru pretended flight, LL 244b11 ( TTr. 2062 ). ro leic eslainte ┐ anḟaindi furri, BB 237a21 . Note also: leiccmitne fen forn . . . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin we admit, CCath. 4071.

(j) With FRI. With reflex. pron. gives oneself over to: erig a gérait Ulad / . . . nit leci re rochotlud, LU 3595 ( SCC 30 ). ros-lecset fri bron ┐ dubha `yielded themselves to grief and gloom', CCath. 1070 . ro leicset re hol ┐ re haibnius iad, TTebe 1885 . Note further: a ri sen / nacham-reilce-sa rem thail do not abandon me to my will, Lib. Hymn. i 17.60 . l.¤ taeb fri entrusts to, puts trust in: ná léigear taobh re Dia dhún let me not be left to God's judgment, Dán Dé ii 28 . lēigim taobh riot mh'uile dhōchas, Parrth. Anma 3993 . Reveals to: ro lig Fer lí comairli in ḟill re hĒmer, Fianaig. 70.13 . an licfidhter fri C. an comrād so?, ZCP xiii 169.25 . nis relic fri haon uaidibh inro baoi ina menmain, Hugh Roe² 292.25 (fo. 73a) . l.¤ fri lár lays down, lets fall, lowers : ro leceastair a chorp . . . co haimneartach . . . re lar, TTebe 325 . . . . mac Néil co mmathius / nar léic a ḟlathius re lár did not allow to diminish, LL 17310 . ro leigsedar a ferga re (ar, v.l.) lar they laid their wrath aside, TTebe 2177 . gur léig soin re criaidh a chneas `till he fell prostrate to earth', Aithd. D. 3.24 . Of kneeling: léicidh bar nglúine re lár, SG 23.3 . lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir prostrate themselves, Marco P. 85 . do leig ris in coroin ┐ taisi na naem he knelt to the crown, RC xix 376.8 .

(k) With I. Allows to enter : ni licter fair i tech druith na dasachtaig `there are not admitted into the house to him fools nor lunatics', BCrólige 30 gl. 4 . nís relic isin les cuci, LU 1211. ní rolēigcitt indti co mattain `they were not let in till morning', BColm. 78.2 . ro oslaicset in dorus . . . ┐ roléicset [a cocéliu] chuca isin cathraig, TTr.² 1839 . ní léigthí an rí féin i gcath, Keat. ii 5575. Of sin, temptation: nīm-reilce i cair cenna, ZCP vi 260 § 12 . nir lecea sind i n-amus ndofulachtai (et ne nos inducas in tentationem), PH 7826.

Various: a Sbiorad Dé . . . corp Moire rod léig n-a lár / mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . ? do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne `he has turned his knowledge against me' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ), DDána 104.8 . rí nar lean don chreideamh chóir / ní leigeadh seadh i seanmóir paid no attention to(?), 74.25 . leagar mhisi ┐ Donn Cuan a comhairli `let . . . have a conference', Caithr. CC 43 . cumha i gceann chumhadh eile / cumhan leam go leigfeidhe `I remember that any new sorrow would be piled on already existing sorrow', Aithd. D. 23.16 . With refl. pron. goes into, precipitates oneself into: do leigeadur na Sasanaigh [i] raon madhma iad tar a n-ais, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.13 . lēigit amach . . . sa ffairgi iad, Fl. Earls 8.13 . With ellipse of pron.: imthusa na nGall . . . ro leiccset hi ccend tséda . . . go rangattar dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2134.4 . do leiccet i ndeadhaidh uí Dhomhnaill set out in pursuit of O'D., 2206.21 .

l.¤ x i n-agaid y lets x stand as compensation for y, sets x off against y: daradad eraic a athar do G. . . . ┐ ro lecthea in dias aile a n-agaid enigh C. (the deaths of) the other two were set off against (the offence to) C.s' honour, RC xxiv 278.1 . ní liom nach aidhleasg éirghe / i n-ionam na hIairmhéirghe / léig uam i n-a aghaidh sin / gach adhaigh uar dar éirigh, Dán Dé iv 15 . ar fhalaigh dar méid meanma / léig i n-aghaidh m'oileamhna (i.e. set off against my fostering by him the discouragement his death has caused me), Aithd. D. 6.23 . l.¤ i n-aiscid lets go to waste : ná léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 . Similarly: ar thréig d'fhíon ar an uisge / léig a ndíol an dearmaid-se set against this forgetting (on my part) all the wine he gave up for water, Dán Dé iv 16 . l.¤ i faill neglects, abandons, overlooks : ro leic caillecha ha faill, AU i 208.14 (A.D. 747). dia mbat an[a]mchara neich . . . / nīsreilce hi foill, ACL iii 318 § 65 . ná léigidh sgiathlúireach na deaghuídhe a bhfaillíth, Párl. na mB. 792 . Similarly, l.¤ faill (faíllige) i: faill 'na einech ní lēigenn, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 32 . go leigfid cách faillighe ina ccreideamh . . . , BNnÉ 14 l. 2 of notes . See 1 faill, faillige. léicid x i lleth y commits x to y, charges y with x: lecsiu . . . ildeth nde mess for a menmainsom `leave it to God to judge the mind of such', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . an Coimdhe i n-ar leith do leig / a oighre do bheith i mbroid `the Lord charges us with His Son's captivity', Dán Dé xxiii 9 . luach a chneadh d'íoc nach eagal / ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh, DDána 48.8 .

(l) With IMM: mus lēc fer dīb aigen lāin grīscha moa sūili threw into his eyes, Fing. R. 988 . ro leig a ucht ┐ a urbruindi 'ma claidim . . . co fuair bas, TTebe 4032 . ro leig [Iochasta] co comthrom 'man claidim sin hí, 4577 . cid troscud do legdis ima fiachuibh cuir ┐ cunnurrtha, Laws ii 94.6 Comm . do fhreagra um lár dá léiginn `if I left your answer unchallenged', Content. ix 22.

(m) With LA. Lets go with: srēithi in n-id . . . isin n-abaind, ┐ lēicthe la sruth let it go with the stream, TBC-I¹ 631 . leicis in colaind lasin sruth, TBC-LL¹ 1311 . Camsón ro léic luing cen lúaig / lé dar tuind sáili, Metr. Dinds. i 10.55 . lécfet-sa bendacht let I shall send a blessing with thee, BCC 234.22 . nocha leigfe lais achd lucht a leanamhna, Aithd. D. 55.9 .

In fig. senses concedes to, allows to have, grants to, etc.: leic leis a somaine `permit him to have his wealth', Laws v 498.21 Comm . móide an ní do léigeadh leis, Aithd. D. 31.5 . gach breath dá n-iarr lé go leigthir `she gets all she asks', PBocht 4.2 . ré triall a staid na beatha so nach léigeann leis acht an eisléine grants him only a shroud, TSh. 9950 . nach leicfimisni Ceallachan leo gan cath do thabhairt doibh `we would not let C. be taken away by them', Caithr. CC 63. With srían etc.: níor loc mé mian mo theangadh; / a srian lé do léigeamar gave it free rein, DDána 88.6 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . do ghreim-se gé leagar liom `though thy hand is loose upon me', Dán Dé xxiii 18 . Hence (somet. without specific object) forgives, indulges, remits : [an] mhéad leagair leam gach laoi, Dán Dé xxiii 6 . ní hé nach léigthior leam it is not that (sin) that is not forgiven me, iii 16 . léig a bhéalchorcra bharrghlain / anuabhar let ollamhnaibh, DDána 84.15 . a Athair, leic so leo, oir ni fheadadar cread do nid siad, ITS xxix 169.6 . ni fada do leicc Dia . . . sin re Sean `not long did God let that go unpunished with John', ALC ii 454.8 . Reveals to: anti le leigi é (viz. rún), Ériu v 128.32 . do léig le Fachtna . . . an bharamhuil sin, ITS v 6.16 . Cf. an uair leigmíd ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis, Párl. na mB. 561 .

(n) With ó. Always with pers. forms ref. to subj. of vb. lets go, releases, gives up, abandons. Often with more positive sense of dismisses, puts away, sends, throws . Of persons: leicsi huad `he let him go', Ml. 52 . ralleic huaid cen frithorcuin do gl. dimissit eum, 53b6 . lecid uaib mo muinntir cen nech díb do ergabail, PH 3109 . co lēigedh sē a allmaraigh uadha so that he might dismiss, ML² 972 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi, TTebe 1024 . Of things allows to be taken away, relinquishes, abandons : ni léicfemni uaind hé (sc. in curadmír), LU 8554 ( FB 41 ). mana leicid an rigidh uadhaib `if they do not surrender the sovreignty', Laws v 302.16 Comm . asberatsomh . . . nachas relcctís [in fíon] uadaibh for tír, Hugh Roe² 8.11 (fo. 2b) . adubhairt in ní tárraid ní leicfedh uadha, TTebe 831 . nír leig Niall uaidh an t-acra `never did N. forgo any acre of this land', Aithd. D. 21.4 . cidh dia leci uait coir na gaethi? why miss a fair wind? Aen. 879 . gur léig a chluasa uaidh i lámhaibh an duine (of a bear seized by the ears), TSh. 7427. Of actions, etc. desists, leaves off: nach léic úad a olc bunaid (of the body), ACL iii 216 § 7 . léigidh sin uaibh quit that, Fier. 121 . in duine léicess uad arsaidecht a thol collaide, PH 4619. rolecset uadib fógnum ┐ miltnidecht do demun, RC ii 386.17 . Note also: lēic uait, or is anfis dō let be, for he does not know, Ériu viii 157.8 . In positive sense: léic úait inna biada mílsi `cast from thee,' Wb. 6c7 . leic uait do spiorat fein send forth, ITS xxix 162.14 . leig uait do ben phosta ┐ len misi put away thy wife, Smaointe B. Chr. 1593 . do léig se úadha Fionnsgoth ┐ do phós se Mairgréd put away, Rel. Celt. ii 174.1 . ra léic [in corthe] úad ra talmain flung down, MU² 649 . tugad a láimh Eóin in t-ór ┐ do lig uadha he fon aigen, Lib. Flav. i 33 va32 . na leic aen bhreithir uait gan coimhlínadh, ITS xxix 197.29 .

(o) With SECH (usually quasi-adverbial 3 s. n. sechae) allows to pass . Of missiles: tolléci gecán díb fair, leicthe Loegaire secha evades it, LU 9065 (FB). léicis secha leth (a stone), Comp. CC 121.18 . nís relccsetar seacha sein let them go no further, AFM ii 746.7 . nichat-léicfider sech láim thou shalt not be laid aside (a sword), RC xx 12 § 21. In more abstr. meanings: ní léigfe an bás . . . an leanbb seacha ná an seanóir will spare neither . . . , Dán Dé v 8 . ar leigeadh go so seacha / do ríoghaibh gan inchreachadh, Content. xvi 196 . focal seachad san slighidh / féchthar libh nár léig tusa see that thou dost not forget, L. Cl. A. B. 65.11 . léic sechad sin never mind that, Comp. CC 81.17 .

(p) With TAR: long Naoi ó gach linn do lionn / . . . / níor léig braon tuile tairsibh let no drop reach them, DDána 107.21 . Usually with personal form ref. to subj. of vb.: lēig thort do thoirse give up, O'Gr. Cat. 404.10 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over', RC xxix 220.9 . leagar thort do thoil `deny thy evil desires', PBocht 5.43 . far léig mé toram dod thoil / a Dhé what I omitted to perform, Dán Dé ix 8 . nír léicc se ní thairis d'aithentaibh Dé neglected nothing, BNnÉ 123 § 70 . leig thort nō sméid ar gach cam do-chír disregard, Hackett i 5 .

Refrains from (citing, etc.) : ligfamaid torainn an laidh ann so we shall not quote the lay here, Ériu xi 190.7 . ni leigim thoram an bhegansa do cur sios `I do not omit', Rel. Celt. ii 188.16 . leigim sin toram (of a catalogue of sins), Mac Aingil 2345 .

(q) With TRE: do leig 'na raon ró-reatha tríd na slóightibh é `he launched himself', ITS i 64.21 . Strains, makes percolate : brister ┐ berbtar ar im . . . ┐ lecar trí édach `strain through a cloth', O'Gr. Cat. 184.32 . curtur bainne almont trit, ┐ leagar tri edach é, Rosa Angl. 96.7 .

III With advv. and prep. phrases: in lece orumsa in cimmid út amach? (dimitte mihi vinctum), Lat. Lives 80.11 . lec Barabás dún amach release, PH 2813 . do leig amach rí Eirionn, Duan. F. ii 358 § 82 . innus nach leagur do a anal do legin amach, Smaointe B. Chr. 3928 . nu-s-léic soigit i ndiaid in toirb shot an arrow after the bull, PH 7184. nocht leaga[i]r gach nech a-nund (sc. to the next world), ACL iii 236 § 5 . a litir léigim anonn, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . léig Giolla na náomh anunn, IGT Introd. 30.34 . nach in lecar siar tiagam sair let us not go westwards, AU 914 (i 430.6) . leigid airgne síar is soir / fo sliabh Colláin, Duan. F. ii 22.11 . ro lecset ingcorum sis they anchored, IT i 39.12 . léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `the portcullis of the castle is raised', Aithd. D. 3.19 .

ruchtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruchtaid or dil.ie/35682
Last Revised: 2019

v ā. (2 rucht) emits a `rucht' or sound of some kind: ruchtaid ruib, Ériu xi 44. 20 = ruchtaig r.¤ , ib. 45.2 (perh. right reading, see Hermathena xxi 2 ). Cf. doruchtfaid a mēderad [sic leg.] . . . feib dodrīmsired beach i llō ainle, TBC-I¹ 3552 , where evidently some kind of buzzing or gurgling sound is meant. Vn. ó 't-chuala an chaoimh-rīoghan ruchtadh na sleighe dā saighidh , Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 261.7 . cco ccualador ruchtadh ┐ roshreangal na bhfear mór, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 41.22 .

2 saigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 saigid or dil.ie/35952

Forms: soigid, soighthe

i, f. vn. of 1 saigid. Later soigid. IGT Decl. § 150 (g s. soighthe), Verbs § 91 . going, proceeding, advancing, attacking .

I With obj. gen.:

(a) to advance towards, visit, seek ; esp. common with prep. DO in meaning towards: tainic C. . . . do shaidhig na hErenn, Fél. 246.1 . oc saighidh a longphuirt, CCath. 1895 . do saighidh an feraind sin, RC xxvi 132 § 2 . ar dáig na ṅdóine do breith o chomrorcain ┐ dia tabairt do sh.¤ Dé, PH 2131 . luig (= luid) . . . do s.¤ carut `to visit friends', Laws iv 4.28 Comm . nír bó saighidh carat i ccein dó Gaoidhil Laighen d'ionnsaighidh it was no pleasant visit, AFM vi 2110.23 (proverbial phrase). nīr vo saigidh deghc[h]arat a gcēin dōip gnūissi na n-eritchedh, Fl. Earls 12.z . ag soighidh chlíath ccáol attacking, IGT Decl. ex. 2017 . s.¤ fir gráidh fri comnai fetching, Ériu ii 208 § 32 (task permitted on Sunday). ní hūaim téit éc . . . | acht tríall for sét dom sh.¤ , ACL iii 216.27 . cuirfet-sa macamh . . . dot' shoighidh, BNnÉ 319 § 15 . tiagum uli dia s.¤ , PH 3756 . atconncatar slúagh . . . do demnaibh dia soigedh, BNnÉ 67 § 104 . in coica long . . . da saidid gach ndirech making straight for them, Ériu v 146.9 . ra chonnaic gnúis Conaill d'a sh.¤ approaching him, CRR 38 . atchonnairc A. d'a sh.¤ , 43 . Note also: oc imchosnam na saigti thall `disputing the attack from the other side' (of a game of chess), Ériu v 32.21 .

(b) seeking, aiming at, trying to get : ar s.¤ inna ngnimae foirbthe gl. pro studio boni operis, Ml. 66b5 . amal nan coer (= cóir) cen saigith mlas hi rruna Dé `not to seek (to bring) savours into God's mysteries', Thes. ii 255.17 ( Stowe M. 66a ). nimbái suidi saigthi síd of seeking peace, SR 6399 . oc s.¤ acallma forro, LU 5796 = co saidig acallmai, TBC-I¹ 1324 . oc s.¤ dit acallma Senchāin, Corm. Y 1059 (93.21) . dia s.¤ to obtain it, Sc.M² 24 e . do soighidh na bethad naeimhe, BNnÉ 320 § 21 . iar s.¤ a airm, BDD 143 . rofecsat . . . for s.¤ īca a mac friu, ZCP viii 103.22 . luidh . . . du saghaid arba to procure corn, AU 913 (i 428.18) .

II With follg. prepp.: ag saighidh do dechain na lanamhan going to see the couple, Irish Texts iii 15.25 . With FOR act of making for, approaching; in fig. sense tackling, dealing with, discussing: is he besad felsub etarcert di dúlib et s.¤ forru, Wb. 27a10 . oc s.¤ for sunu nó oc tabairt ruún essib, 12b23 . nan coir rosaegeth for rúna Dé `to dispute overmuch', Thes. ii 255.18 ( Stowe M. 66a ). s.¤ for rūna Dé (a virtuous action), ZCP iii 25.11 . gan saighidh doibhsium ar Maoilshechlainn `not to attack M.', Cog. 134.5 . With other prepp. Gaill . . . do dergiu Erenn . . . ┐ sagaith doib iarsin co firu Alban, AU 917 (i 436.7) . cinnit . . . saighidh co Tor Conain, Leb. Gab.(i) 78.1 . co saidig (= saigid) tar comlond do briusiud for forlond, TBC-I¹ 3263 .

III Legal. claiming, suing for: oc s.¤ chána in domnaig enforcing the law of Sunday, LB 204b15 , cf. Ériu ii 208 § 29 (`claiming'). cach ōen comaldathar in cāin-si etir s.¤ ┐ timmarcain `both as to claim and levy', Cáin Ad. 30 . dlegar do cach deorad De s.¤ a nadma soscēle (sic leg.) amal adrogesta ind, Laws iv 210.8 . s.¤ feich a n-aicditar o mnai, v 308.18 . occ saighidh ceirt a cheneoil forra `asserting', AFM vi 2220.1 .

IV In prosody of the repetition of the opening word of a poem in full at the end (see Meyer, Meyer Prim. 12 § 28 ): .ui. hernailí deg na filideachta . . . .i. saighidh ┐ ascnam . . . saighidh .i. co rap isind iarcomarc in focul tusech, amail ron gabh lasin filid: `Donnchad dian-fich domun', ┐rl. .i. co rob `donnchad' frisin fordunad, IT iii 29 . ZCP vi 262.25 . saighid so . . . | Dondchadh int ainm ollamda, Auraic. 2201 . saighit[h], 2211 .

See also saige, saigin, saigthin.

1 séol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 séol or dil.ie/37186
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: seól

n o (OE segel, GOI p. 574 ) seól m., IGT Decl. § 75 . Poss. neut. in one or other sense (only in chevilles): seol ngle, Ériu xxi 155 § 38 ; seol mbil, § 40 ; seol ngorm, § 41 .

(a) a sail : séol gl. uelum, Sg. 14a15 . seol gl. carbasus, 70a13 . fernn siúil nó seól gl. artimone, Thes. i 498.32 . telcid sís na séolu, LU 6888 . co facca na corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11 . bātor seōlta tōgaibthe sealat aca sealat oile ag imramh, Fl. Earls 20.15 . níor fhéadadar a seóil do leathnughadh, Isaiah xxxiii 23 . do-chí laoidheang fa lán seóil | feadh radhairc ón iath aineóil, TD 20.30 . lán an tsiuil ga léibheann long, Aithd. D. 38.20 . fer siúil the lookout man : fear siuil do dhechsain ce hairead uathaibh go tír, BB 39a25 . Fig. go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas go sár-aibéil, TSh. 2389 . toigébhaid téda do chroinn | seól aigeanta d'aos mearbhaill `the strings of thy instrument will hoist the sail of courage for those that are bewildered', Studies 1919, 611 § 3 . tréigfead an réim do bhí romham-sa, | léigfead síos go mín mo sheolta, Hackett xxvi 10 .

Of a piece of material, a covering : cid atá etir na clarlestraib út . . . atá seolbrat and . . . frith in seol timmarcte etir na da chlárchiste, LU 182 . sīrechtach rosrethnaiged | a seōl ndobrōin for Ere `der Schleier der Trauer', Bruchst. i 47 § 105 . Of the veil in the Temple of Jerusalem: seól mór ... do dénum to make a great veil, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 189 § 40 . Of a bed-covering: at-chonnarc and imdae . . . s.¤ (seolbrat, v.l. See Gl.) n-airgdidi impe, BDD² 991 . an awning, tent : ro boi . . . a n-oinach sin . . . fo noi cétuib seol findanart `under nine hundred awnings of white sheets', Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Of battle-gear: s.¤ catha gu cléith orraibh | sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, IGT Decl. ex. 1132 .

(b) a bed, couch : séol .i. leabha, O'Cl. siul .i. imda, ut est fech sin ar siul tuas, O'Dav. 1426 . ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐ i n-airidhiu a seat of honour, 841 . con facca ní hinn ingin chuici ar crann siuil do as he was on the bed-stead, RC iii 344.1 . ní tharga Bresal . . . dá echtra co a sheol, SG ii 471.42 . ? To this in phr. ben siúil (cf. 2 séolad, séolae): a woman in childbed : iss i richt mná siúil | sedda Ulaid uli, LU 8357 ( FB 24 ). nert mna siúil ba h-ed no bíd la cech fer di Ultaib (of the ces noínden), LL 126a22 . fir athgaiti nó mna siuil, IT iii 193.23 . ar mna asiul, ar m-bæ ansiul `our women are pregnant, our kine barren', Hib. Min. 66.15 .

(c) a weaving implement, a loom : bacán siuil bainfighidh `the spinster's distaff', Mart. Don. 32.8 . ? To this: ní gabha ┐ ní ceard cóir, | . . . | ní figheach (fhighim, MS.) i seólaibh slinn, Hackett li 7 .

(d) course : luathred na conar conasecgaib ri seol ṅ-gáithe uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5057 . dos-bert s.¤ trom for a charpat he hastened his chariot, 2640 . tabair s.¤ étrom forsin carpat drive quietly, MU² 248 . co tarrla in tṡleg ina seol neme a mullach a hochta issin mnái, Acall. 7710 . acht narab seol gnius no gnimaiges fuithib, Laws iii 226.24 Comm . is diairimh tra in seolsa ana torcratar do laochaib . . . sund this progress? (i.e. the course of Troilus), TTr. 2220 ( LL 408a39 ). ro chansat ceól cen chorbra | for a s.¤ co sír-ṡolma, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.12 . ar in seol sin dhoibh seal daimsir `they continued so for some time', Rel. Celt. ii 202.13 . cidh nach léigidh linn ar seol | munab éidir inn d'aithcheodh, Content. viii 4 . amail canait ceól dia n-Athair | for seól bethad (of waves), ZCP v 496 § 2 . dola ar aenseol: imtusa Ruaidri o'tcuala na crecha ┐ na hechta-sin do denam do Mac Diarmata ┐ a dola ar aenseol rena dalta of his allying himself with his foster-son, Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . Freq. in chevilles: ni seol seim ni suairc soraid, SR 8086 . for seol sercc, 583 . ba seol fæthe, TBC-LL¹ 2374 . seol bind, LL 7b24 . ba seol suba, Anecd. i 57 § 57 . Fig. ni gael sidha an seol do-niad, Irish Texts iv 113.1 . mor seol nach degheol don droing | is eol do Cheneol Conuill, ii 15.41 .

(e) hence manner, way: o nar fetsat ni di forsin seol-sin, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . ó nachar édadh teacht uirre trésin seol sin by that device, O'Gr. Cat. 8.y . bliadan lain do ┐ si oca aithidig fon seol sin in that way, RC iii 344.8 . seol .i. bes no soailgis, ut est fo seol na haimsire i mbiat .i. fo cain no fo urradus, O'Dav. 1432 . ? Of behaviour: ba hingna[d] s.¤ na hingine, Acall. 6366 . means, expedient : ro bo maith in seol aimlesa allmaraigh in t-árdrígh `a good instrument to a foreigner's prejudice', Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.31 .

(f) metaph. Of music a strain (O'Brien, Ériu xi 169 , Études Celt. iii 362 suggests that there may be a separate word here, perh. a vn. of 1 seinnid modelled on céol but see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 244 ): ni céol side s.¤ fodgain, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ). sephain seol salmda os bla | ba ceol n-amra n-adamra, SR 6063 . canam a ceól rocansat | na sruithi, seōl rosonsat (`the course (?) which they have sounded forth'), Ériu ii 63 § 2 . co cloisind guth na n-én n-ingnad, | seól co subai, ZCP v 496 § 3 . seol roscadach gach ráithe | in ceol sostadach síthe, SG 347.16 .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤brat sail-cloth, a sail : as neimleiscce no tinoilfitis naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3737 . ¤bréit sail-canvas, a sail : do chuireadar a seól-bhréidi . . . anáird, Atlantis iv 168.7 . ¤chelg: ro suidhiughit . . . ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge they were arrayed in order in a treacherous ambush, Hugh Roe 226.5 (fo. 60a) . ¤chrand mast : sithidir seólcrand prímlui[n]gi móri, LU 6474 (TBC). isé dochoid sin séolcrand do descain na hErend, LL 12b12 . co tocbaitis na seolcraind, Cog. 156.x . ¤gnímaige activity, dexterity : re seol-ghnimhaighe a saer, MR 102.19 . ¤réim course : niór sguireadar don tseól-réim sin, Atlantis iv 168.13 . ¤shuidiugad: ag seolsuidhiughadh an ordanais placing the ordnance (for shooting), Hugh Roe 294.13 (fo. 77b) . ¤uchtach ? ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib, MR 112.12 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brecc: sruth na Sinna séol-brice of the speckled sails, Metr. Dinds. iii 274.60 . ¤chomarthach: do slegaib . . . seol-chomarthacha pennanted, MR 224.2 . ¤chrannach: an griangha . . . srianach saigheadach seolchrannach having ships (of a person), Ó Bruad. iii82. x . ¤dírech: ro haimsedh eissidhe go seóildireach d'urchor do pheilér `he was shot with a straight aim', AFM v 1802.3 . ¤gasta: fir Eirionn go seolghasta `in swift course', Duan. F. i 90.2 . ¤neimnech: ro léicc saithedha seoilneimhnecha saighdiúiridhe dá saighidh `fierce and energetic bands of soldiers', AFM vi 2224.2 .

síthboth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síthboth or dil.ie/37738
Last Revised: 2013

ind (? 2 síd+2 both): sithboth .i. teach sighe, teach righ, O'Curry 120 ( H 3.18, p. 74 ). saighidh síodhbhotha, Ériu xiii 30.8 . airbhert ar-saidh siodhbhoith, UR 52.26 .

tochim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tochim or dil.ie/41078

Forms: tóichim, táichim, taichim, tochéim, tóithim, táithim

n n, n. vn. of do-cing. Also tóichim, táichim, taichim, tochéim. tóithim, táithim (tóichim táichim, v.l.), IGT Decl. § 13 (66.12) .

I

(a) act of proceeding, marching; procession: trí luírg didiu do Chormac oc tochím do C[h]rúachnaib, TBC-I¹ 7 . cēin bātar in slōig oc toichim Maighi Breg, 842 . ragabsat Ulaid ac tachim isin tulaig sin, TBC-LL¹ 5152 . coro thafind Saúl ass | la tochim a bag mbladbras, SR 6406 . Toicheim ina Buidhen, Anecd. ii 44.1 . cid cáin lib in laechrad laind | cengtai Emain iar tochaim, IT i 77.11 . gia da betis for a cind i n-oenbaile ... ┐ i n-oentochim, TBC-LL¹ 820 . tiasad i n-oenach no i toichim no i mbandáil, 2497 . bá h-amra in t.¤ ron uicset in trén-fir, FB 7 . ba ler di-si t.¤ na sluag uaithi, TTebe 2649 . ba uallach leis indas in toichmi thuc leis do déchain in banchuiri, TTr.² 498 . ar thóchim do thír fo thuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 236.22 . geiss di urchur na geib greim | geiss di t.¤ cen tairlim, iv 154.126 . iar t.¤ Thalten fo thrí, 158.170 . corba lan nem ┐ talam do'n tochim ┐ do'n tarmcruthugud ro-fás ann ` ascension ,' PH 3089 . gabh, a mhic, mo mhúnadh-sa | ré dtoichim uaim ar eachtra, Measgra D. 11.2 . Hence means of travel, equipage: is annsin do raid M.R. ra a dalta ... a thaichim conaire do thabairt chuigi .i. a da dhamh ... ┐ a charpat, RC xliii 62.22 .

(b) act of advancing (on); attacking: ba curata ... in gné dorala forsin rig i tóchimm na catrach, Alex. 477 . ua dirim trethan na tonn ri tachim (toichestal v.l.) in tren-sluaig sin, TTebe 1800 . ré taicim na trenfer sin dochum araile, 4451 . re treisecht a tocimme, CCath. 4997 . co tul tarbda | co tachim thuinni, IT iii1 246.85 . cend echda, dubh fuirre fris nach gab tocaim against which no attack was successful, BB 495a31 . (cf. Alex. 744 ). amail thoichim tuindi fria tír, Lism. L. 3181 . ruc taichim tren ... fo cath na nAnmargach, Cog. 188.17 .

(c) In phr. t.¤ teglaig: tanic ... cona thóichim theghlaigh ┐ truim thinóil, ALC i 546.12 . tanic side cona toichim teglaig ina timchell, Ann. Conn. 1309.3

II

(a) gait, appearance, manner: t.¤ fossad n-álaind ... issin chetna fuitherbe, LU 8252 ( FB 20 ). delb a fir, dath a ech, t.¤ a charpait, LU 8588 ( FB 44 ). t.¤ ríghnaidi lé, BDD² 40 . āilleam di flaithib domain a thothim itir ... bruth ┐ chruth ┐ errad, TBC-I¹ 3153 . táchim slúaig barbardai, MU² 515 . ba caem tra a reim seolta ┐ toichim a n-i mruma na long sin, BB 428a32 . atconairc rem ┐ toichim na laecraide, 414b21 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime tachim nó tuarascbail inda si, RC xxiv 198.z . maith a ndelb ┐ a táichim, Acall. 6230 v.l. (tuaruscbail, text). fochtus C. toichim ┐ tuarusgbháil na buidhne san dorus de, Oss. ii 122.19 . ba hinrigh toichim ┐ tuarascbáil an toichestal tromshlóigh, Hugh Roe 300.26 . Hence report (perh. influenced by túarascbáil ?): damadh lor latsai uainsi tochmi na mórgním-sa do reminnisin duit, CCath. 4073 . fa toichim na felli `on the report of the treachery,' ALC ii 454.25 . ? and-sain ragab Fergus ac tachim in tṡlúaig ac dula a Áth Mór síar (ag feuchain, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6099.

(b) In phr. fon t.¤-sin in that manner: rancatar iarom fon tachim sin co Cruachain, TFerbe 54 . tanccatar fon toc[h]im-sin ┐ fon tuaruscbáil, CCath. 5351 . tainic roimhe fón toichim sin, BS 10 § 9 . ro chinccsiot fón tóichim sin do saighidh na slógh naile, AFM v 1644.20 . Ó Domhnaill cona slogh occ triall fon toichim sin dia ionnsoighidh, Hugh Roe 302.24 . See also dochum.

togairmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. togairmid or dil.ie/41156

v i (togairm).

(a) summons, invites: in leth togairmfe in coimdiu ... is ed ragum, PH 1837 . toghairmit na demna aierdha dia n-imacallaim, Marco P. 14 . ro thoghairmset demhna ... na ndocum, 32 . togairmios Brénainn coeca rón ocus sódhais iat a ndealbhaib ech, SG 67.2 . ní hé Dia do rinne an bás acht na peacthaigh do thoghairm é `impii accersierunt illam,' TSh. 1055 . ro thogairm ... Maguidhir dia saighidh , AFM v 1406.5 . ro toghairmeadh iad uile dia ttaisbenad, 1694.12 .

(b) Med. causes, induces, brings on: adeir Galenus da ti easlainti is in digbail, ... go togairmenn an bas o secran na mbrigh, RC xlix 33.4 . is do gnethibh na neimhe an leiges ... oir as minic togus crupan ┐ toghairmeas an bas, 23 P 10 i, 24a55 . togairmid an t-uisci fuar an t-allus ┐ flux ina bronn, RC xlix 30.8 . togairmidh sbasmus an gaile, 23 P 10 i, 24a8 . antan bus ailt an folmugud do cosg ... toghairm an codlad ┐ an cumsanad, 24a60 . as iad so na nethi toghairmeas an fual, 29a34 . as iad-so na nethe fuara o toghairmter an fual, 31b32 . muna thi an fuil go nadurdha toghairmthear go healadanach, 33b49 . cuirtear an luibh si a nadart an easlain ┐ toghairmidh an codladh, 23 K 42, 325.3 .

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