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airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

annland

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annland or dil.ie/3718

n o, m. (We. enllyn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 115 . See also Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, p. 103 ). condiment, savoury, relish accompanying another food, such as butter with bread etc. Frequ. used in association with tarsand but distinction not clear. For suggestions as to the difference see BCrólige 25 n. , ZCP xiv 362 § 20 . gafand .i. sann .i. nomen sasta .i. anland tarsand, O'Mulc. 612 . anland de saill na him `condiment of bacon or butter', Mon. Tall. 144.10 (§ 45) . da laa deac for dhib bommanaib du cach bargine toimsi cona nannlund di ass cen chroith `with their condiment of skim-milk', Ériu xix 66 § 28 . aran . . . ni bi imthormach de . . . acht do dhig ┐ andland, Rule of Tallaght 64 § 3 . braissech dino ni dígband in aran . . . daig is andlann side leo-sam .i. ass fuirri ┐ ni himm, § 4. boim . . . do bairgin eorna . . . ┐ da mecon do murrathaig do anlann fair, Fél. 88.27 . liach immi a n-anlond, LL 206a8 . anlonn trí cét bargen, BColm. 60.17 . bairgen . . . cona handlonn, Laws i 106.3 .i. do im no do loim. 28 Comm. atat iii tarsu[i]nn arachuile cain othrusa .i. annla[i]nn, BCrólige 25 (= Triads 184 ). atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn `who are entitled to relishes', 26 . gan greim do annlann . . . gan mír nannlainn, Mart. Don. 224.15 , 19 . ocht nándlaind cacha bairgine ┐ ocht torsnu fria cach nandland, MacCongl. 99.7 . gan feoil, gan a.¤ , BNnÉ 233 § 149 . terce arbha ┐ annloinn, AFM ii 884.13 . dá lón . . . / d'fhios an aonaigh anaithnidh / an abhlonn . . . / 's a hannlonn d'ḟuil an ḟíréin, DDána 20.3 . Fig. seacht ngarbhchailleacha go n-a n-annlann síodhbhraidhe góstaidhe with their accompaniment of spectres, O'Rah. 296.26 .

arán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arán or dil.ie/3961
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (4 ar) bread: a.¤ fonither . . . dia domnaich, Mon. Tall. 132.20 (§ 13) . dand erán (sic) `as to the bread', 151.25 (§ 63) . salann for a.¤ cen ím, IT iii 49 § 89 . saill, loim, im ┐ aran, Laws v 64.19 Comm. ass ┐ a.¤ , LL 200a32 . gorta mor ┐ ircra aran (sic), CS 132.19 . aran lethtirim, Hib. Min. 67.1 . a.¤ eorna barley bread, Lism. L. 2734 . a.¤ cruithnechta wheaten bread, 2735 . a.¤ gel gl. placenta, Ir. Gl. 286 . loaf: dona cóic aranaibh, Lism. L. 3599 . aon a.¤ ┐ órda éiscc, BNnÉ 216.7 . cúig aráin ┐ dá íasg, Matthew xiv 17 . Of the consecrated wafer: tar eis coisregtha an arain ┐ an fhiona, Luc. Fid. 249.6 . do chaithemh arain cho[isrictha], Lism. L. xx.y . See also compds. of 1 garb, 1 min, 1 tur.

berbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berbaid or dil.ie/5699
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: beirbid, bruith, berbad

v also beirbid.

(a) boils, cooks: mani berba gl. decoxerit, Ml. 46c15 . no-mberbthide (? leg. -berbfide, Gloss.) dam co tinde and, BDD² 1449. in ro berbais in saill `hast thou boiled the bacon . . . ?' Three Hom. 60.5 . fulachtad na feola ┐ beirbid in brocdan, BB 236b5 . ro hatád torc trichemrúad mórtheined imme co romberbastar, RC xiii 58.3 . ni berbamm salla na cárnai we cook not salted nor fresh meat, Alex. 882. cearca beirbthear a mbeacān eanbruithi = gallina cocta cum modico brodio, RSláinte 1851. (of a plant used in dyeing) is i berbthar tresin fual isin or mban co ndene derg de, Auraic. 5566. trí chaecait cét coire n-uma / i mbeirbthea mid maige Mháin in which mead of M.M. was brewed, SG 362.15 . is mor bruitheas a chuithe / gen co bruithi ani berbas (a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.z (SCano 404). ro berbi ar ind usci boiled it with the water, Mon. Tall. 147.10 . berbhtar limsa ar lossraidh na cailledh é (sc. a small bird), RC xxvi 374.5 .

(b) melts, dissolves: ro berbai in cend in cloich co ndechaid treithe the head had melted the stone, LL 14172. coro mberb ┐ co ro dílég cech n-anmanna boí inti, LL 21138 ( Dinds. 13 ). coro mberb (of snow), 37006 . is leis ro berbad ór ar tus i nHerind was smelted, 2022 . Fig. do bhearbh an t-éag a anáir 'Death dissolved his honour', Celtica xxvi 104 § 41 .

Note also: mo brú-sa ris nī berba (B. na f.), ACL iii 310.11 .

Part. lind brīge ┐ biad berbtha, Corp. Gen. 87.28 . do æl berbthi of baked lime, Rawl. 74b1 . Vn. bruith, berbad. Cf. 1 bruth.

bluch, blach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bluch, blach or dil.ie/6190
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bluch

n expld. as salt meat, bacon: bluch .i. saill , O'Cl. `blach' (leg. bluch ?, ed.) saill , Metr. Gl. 17 Ff. 44. ? gallblach ar bilarlíc, IT iii 99 § 163 ( : dabach; gallbladhach, v.l. , EIS 249 ).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

boim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boim(m) or dil.ie/6311
Last Revised: 2019

n n, [n.] Later m. (boingid, cf. Wortk. 204 and boing). GOI § 332. bit, morsel, piece, fragment: dothuarthed boimm leis de quinque panibus, Trip. 242.10 . intí dia tibér-sa in mboimm-sea don bairgin, PH 2373. boim do aran eorna, Lism. L. 2734. bóimm bec do bairgin eornai, Fél.² lxi 44 . (In penitential ration, perh. denoting some specific measure) da laa deac for dhib bommanaib du cach (read deac ? ed.) bargine toimsi cona n-annlund di ass `morsels', Ériu xix 66 § 28 , v 46.25 . an tomhas arain da ngoirthi boim `mouthful', Rule of Tallaght 16 § 28. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain (perh. n.pr.) a cuid uili `in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . log berrtha . . . im in mboim (sic leg.) berrtha .i. sruban, ochtmadh bairgine, ┐ comfat eim na sceine do saill `shaving morsel' (i.e. `wages of shaving'), Laws i 132.20 Comm. b.¤ sceota see 2 sceota. mac boma nua `a fresh-diet- boy', Laws ii 176.20 Comm. In name of a category of poet ​: bard bomma, UR 55.3 . boim don leine srebnaidhi sroill boi imbe `a strip', Grail 2410 . plural in various phases: bom(m)an(n) ega fragments of ice, hailstones (see 1 aig). bud lir bommon egai fua cosaib gregai, RC xii 92 § 119. bit lir bomanna ┐ rl., BDD² 986. combús lir bomanna ega, LL 12207 (TBC). lir bomanna egha matan gaimhridh numerous as fragments of ice, Hugh Roe 216.14 . a tuitim uile i n-a mbomannaib fiar-bristi in fragments broken across (of shields), ML² 1821.

1 bracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bracht or dil.ie/6462

n (see RC xxxviii 306 ) expld. as juice, grease, fat; pith; substance: b.¤ din enim nomen béoil vocatur, Corm. 3 , Corm. Y 42 , O'Dav. 203. b.¤ .i. bel, b.¤ .i. sustaint, O'Curry 971 ( H 3.18, 416 ). b.¤ .i. sugh no sésur, O'Cl. b.¤ cu feic .i. saill furri corrici a fiacail (of a pig?) (B. na f.), LL 29400 ( IT i 162.6 ). rota cen b. mbal-glain, / 's é lacht rodasurmaid ` fatness ', Metr. Dinds. iii 220.3 . conberbar b.¤ . . . / feisi cen lacht, mennan . . ., O'Dav. 1026 (= Laws i 140.36 Comm. ). Fig. b.¤ fogluma oill-[ḟ]easa ` pith ', Laws v 96.18 Comm. See anfobracht.

brocc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brocc or dil.ie/6891

Forms: broc

n o, m. broc m., IGT Decl. § 67. See ZCP xxiv 92 - 3 , Études Celt. vi 202 , Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 170 n.2 . badger: bruicnech bruic `a badger's brood', K. and H. 16. cét do cach cinel anmann ceithre . . . acht bruic nama, Thr. Ir. Gl. xlii 12 ( Corm. 23 ). daine . . . iarnacur . . . a rechtaib broc, xliii 3 . saill bruicc a Béire badger fat, SG 364.27 . gai Táidhg rug C. laís chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís asa mbroicthenaigh amach, Cóir Anm. 239. gabáil b.¤ taebtrom tarrisel, Acall. 7392. na bruic . . . amuil na conu cenndu um a ḟoglaibh comaithcesa, Laws iv 120.1 Comm. do chroicionn bruic = badger, Ezekiel xvi 10. ag broc an éithigh (as term of reproach), Tribes of Irel. 28.27 .

In nn. loc.: Mo Bíi . . . Domnaigh broc, Gorm. Sept. 30 n.4 .

See Hog. Onom. s.v. Brocros .

Compds. With nouns: cocholl do chroicnib broc ime, ┐ is uadh ainmnighter in brocainech (name of a relic), SG 21.33 . ni bai acht broccaithech dia sil side, RC xxiv 176.4 . in n-úair nochuired co holl / in bíast buidech a brocc-lomm `ill-smelling draught' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.10 . With adj.: a hua airim bhrocsalaigh, IT iii 98 § 160.

1 caithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caithid or dil.ie/7996

Forms: -chaithi, -caithe, -caith, caitheóchat, caithem, caitte, caithte

v 3 s. conj. -chaithi, Wb. 6c11 . -caithe, Mon. Tall. 145.20 . -caith, 146.9 . Cf. do-caithi. fut. 1 s. caitheóchat, De Contemptu 2718 .

(a) consumes, spends, uses . Of food and drink: dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . mani chaithea. . . feoil ┐ saill , Mon. Tall. 51 . nochaithed ceathroimthi na bairgine, Anecd. i 7.26 ( SCano 225 ). ni caithfiter ni de `naught thereof shall be consumed', Fél. 54.30 . rī Cothail caithis proind, Ériu xviii 62 § 17 . co caithinn i n-ōen-adaig mo sháith, MacCongl. 25.y . uair bhar n-airighidh ro-caithsib, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.3 . da g[c]aithit in biad, Laws ii 34.21 Comm. acht nar caithid imarcraid (of cattle), iii 262.18 Comm. ro-chaithed praind, CRR 34.1 . roráidset nád caithfitis feis Temra, Ériu iv 126.3 . nochar chaith saith no séire, ZCP i 62.x . dia cathed nech . . . cid dig n-usci n-and, iii 206.8 . meinic do chaithsead a gcuid / do láimh abadh, Studies 1924, 241 § 3 . ad-chaith blod dib, E 3.29, 40 rb 42 . cor chaith corp Crist, Cog. 196.18 . rochaith comaind ┐ sacarbaigg do láim epscuip Erc. Ériu iv 160.22 . caith fo thrī'sa bliadain corp, ZCP vi 272 § 15 . ?Cf. corp De rocaithed dar ndīn (of consecrated wafer), vii 304 § 11 . Of clothing wears : cét rí ro chaith cetchorcair, LL 17782 . in t-etach ro caithedh ris, Laws i 218.23 Comm.

Of wealth, property etc., spends, enjoys: céin cor chaithsetar a feib, LU 2829 . na cathid uar seoid, TTebe 2236 . ni tú chaithfes iet (of kine), TBC St. 3638 . ri rochaitetur tuatha ┐ ecolsa . . . somaine `whose wealth was partaken of by . . .', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . mas re hindliged . . . ro caithed iad (of church offerings), Laws v 122.22 Comm. a ghrás ní chaithfe `exhaust', Aithd. D. 96.21 . a lucht caithes in conāch, ACL iii 239 § 24 ( Aithd. D. 80 ).

Of time, span of life etc.: goro cathestar Moysi trian a æísi i clemnus in sacairt, Celtica iv 5.3 . ré buan ro-chaith in treb the, LB 124a39 . roschathetar na hosadha, LL 407b29 ( TTr. 2173 ). ro chathis do re, YBL 140a26 . reimis tri rig do rigaib Erind do chaith he reigned as long as, Lec. 188va34 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . an corp gur chaith a óige, xxi 8 . fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Eabha / gur chaithsead cúig aimseara, xvii 28 . do chaith a ré, Rel. Celt. ii 218.27 . annsa mí sin do caith tu last month, O'Gr. Cat. 297.6 . Of enjoyment of office: ro chaithedar a com-f[h]laithes ar in c[h]ōrugad sin, ML² 1014 . is amlaid caithes C. a rige, TBC St. 766 . Of royal circuit: iss amlaid no caithed rí Temrach Erinn .i. a Temraig i lLaignib used to traverse, SG 80.y . ?Cf. tuath cach thire caithfed de `should be his', MR 132.11 .

With other objects: ar nā caite lés occae `that light might not be spent therein', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii 55 ). mór n-amsach cóem roscathi `it spent the strength of many a . . . hireling', Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . comram dia chomramaib / Cerbaill rodoscaith `who achieved them', RC xxix 212 § 10 . éc roscaithi, LL 15812 . da chaith gach comhland gu ceill waged battles, Ériu x 87 § 97 . co ro caithe a lan-saire till he have exhausted his full privilege, Laws i 200.1 Comm. caithidh bur ccurpa do chosnamh bar nanma, bar nuaisli, ┐ bar nathardha, ZCP xiv 229.6 . ros-caith imghluaisecht mara . . . hi (an island), i 414.9 . ó chaithesdair an ghaeth a goil when the wind had spent its valour, ML 48.21 . do chaith cérd a chomhachta re dénamh an deighchríosa `exercised his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.7 . caithid . . . / ar ḟeadh n-aonlaithe mh'anáir `exhaust their entertainment of me in one day', TD 15.12 . caithidh umhlacht, DDána 58.28 . caiter an féarsa-sa let this verse be used, O'Gr. Cat. 287.13 . déine aithrighe i n-am chóir / ós ann caithfidhe an cuspóir `achieve thy end', A. Ó Dálaigh xli 7 . Of lord consuming his food-rents etc.: cib ead caithes do biud, Laws v 520.10 Comm. cīos is cāin Ērenn re hedh / i ttír Conaill co caithfedh that for a time he might spend the tributes and taxes of Ireland in Tirconaill, ZCP viii 108.21 . Of territory dwells in, enjoys: ro catsetar crich Candan o chein lived in, BB 238b25 . mas e an ferann ro fagaib se, caithid an fine an ferann, O'Curry 2293 ( Eg. 88, 22(23)a ). caithid . . . / an chaithir do cheannchubhair, DDána 29.28 . ?Cf. ó chaitheadar tar fairrge go cian an táin (of the Irish chiefs who fled to Spain), Hackett² xlvii 11 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ x fri y treats y with x; spends, uses x against y: a c[h]uirp, notc[h]aith fri crābud `apply thyself to', ZCP vi 264 § 1 . ionnmhas Néill chaitheas re clú, Magauran 2035 . ní chaitheadh sé acht réidhe rinn, 4239 . red chosg níor chaitheamar dlús `I was not in earnest in chastising thee' (to body), Dán Dé xix 10 . Mac Muire dá gcaithe an chóir / re gach nduine, xxiii 39 . foirm do chunnraidh . . . / . . . caith rú `keep to the letter of the contract with them', Aithd. D. 31.19 . gul . . . / ná caith re breith chomhthruim Críosd, DDána 26.28 . caith rer ndaingin-dín duthracht `be jealous in my strong guarding', A. Ó Dálaigh xix 3 . bíodh go gcaithfidhe leighis . . . ris, Rial. S.F. 164 . With prep. AR: do chaith sé fhíoch ar t'aghaidh he spent his fury fighting you, Aithd. D. 8.42 . caith oram, a urla fhiar fix your choice on me, Dánta Gr. 11.33 .

(c) casts, hurls, throws (missile): ró chaith Cc. an gá bulga, TBC-LL¹ p. 565 n. an tonn do chaith Ó Cathail / rim `the wave which Cathal's descendant cast against me', Ériu iv 220.21 . gur chaith orchar ós íseal, Aithd. D. 23.32 . bogha as a gcaithtear croinn, Arch. Hib. i 86 § xii . do chaith an luáithred, 2 Kings xxiii 6 . Note also: caitheas O. léim, Oss. vi 98.17 . With prep. FRI, FOR, LA: do chaithedar . . . ilmilti do liagaibh . . . re hE., Stair Erc. 1549 . gur chaithis sleig form, Sc.M² 11 R.

(d) In pass. with ro is required, needed (lit. can be used?): rochatir . . . / óic is airm don immargail `gebraucht werden', TBC-LL¹ 512 = recaigter, TBC St. 421 . rocaiter a deg[fh]rithailem `he must be well served', MacCongl. 87.5 . ? a mian don cholainn caithtir the body must needs be gratified, Dán Dé vii 19 . Note also: gíd úathad lín in chaire / dochaitter menma aire it must be taken seriously, TBC-LL¹ 2358 . Later in somewhat difft. idiom (act. as well as pass.) in fut. and sec. fut. only is obliged, must : caithfead mo c[h]uid do c[h]aitheam[h] . . . an c[h]aitheachtain a p[h]earsa; l. denmhas neith aige acht ar da fhaistine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 44 . With follg. Vn. phrase or equivalent: adubairt . . . co caithfidis dul leis, ZCP vi 51.12 . go gcaithfedh dul, IT ii2 150.738 . caithfid a n-aisec ina shaegul, PH 7615 . fían Shaxan do ṡeachna . . . caithfead, Ériu ix 167 § 37 . go gcaithfidhe a rinn reimpi / maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce, DDána 11.36 `the indulgence of my Protector must stretch forward to its utmost', Ir. Monthly 1930, 517 . caithfir in tír . . . d'faghbail, ZCP vi 80.21 . do caithfidhe . . . / bláth ar maithmhighe M., DDána 11.9 . túr an tighe / . . . do caithfidhe `that home should be striven for', Aithd. D. 89.40 . do chaithfeá-sa an tslighe-si uile do ghabháil, Desid. 604 . go gcaithfediss foighite do bheith aca, Fl. Earls 22.13 .

With difft. kind of object must have : do chaithfinn dom fheitheamh air / . . . lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl `I require . . . to have', PBocht 15.15 . caithfidh tú síth nach sáoile / do dhíth dáine a crú (gc.¤, ch.¤, v.ll.) an chíghe, IGT Decl. ex. 1267 . caithfed fesd aignedh airech / a mesg chaidrebh comhoidhech, ex. 831 . do chaithfinn m'aithne d'Íosa `I must have some warrant(?) for Him', Dán Dé i 2 .

(e) Of grinding weapons: Maine fer neimnech isé rodasinnsmasdair ┐ romheil (.i. rocaith no rolimadh), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 16.i .

Vn. caithem. Part. caitte. Vbl. of necess. caithte, DDána 21A.24 .

con-meil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-meil or dil.ie/12210
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: coimlid, cuimlid, comlaid, commailt

v (* com-mel-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 577 ) later coimlid, cuimlid, comlaid. IGT Verbs § 46 . rubs (together), grinds; attacks, consumes, destroys : cuimil, bean, Eg. Gl. 201 . C. . . . c.¤ morgala performs great feats of valour, LL 13470 . gabaid eter a dí láim ┐ cotmeil, LU 6075 (TBC). cutanméla mulend múadmraich will grind us (fig.), LU 8697 ( FB 52 ). conmelat namait Nīallmaige, RC xxvi 36 § 182 . tuc D. cach lus n-íce conammalt (with perf. -ad-) ar T.S. and he grated them, Dinds. 108 . conmeltar he it will be used up, BLism. 164va32 ( SG 324.9 ). coimleadh an corp he must rub, Reg. San. 21.9 . coimeolaidh a sron, 23 K 42 347.2 0.

With prepp. toficfat Ulaid . . . ┐ coto[b]mélat ar múr ┐ grían, LU 5558 `will grind you to earth and gravel', Faraday 47 . conmel eter mo lamaib hé, LU 6711 (TBC). cotnomalt eter a di bois, 9072 . cotamfoltsa, 9408 . commail uilchi smerthain dam-sa latt rub on, LU 5757 = comail, TBC-I¹ 1286 . tabar . . . fuil laeig . . . dam coro commilter dam, LL 38612 (Bórama). conamailt (conamelt, v.l.) saill . . . foa, Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . cotmeil foraib `flings herself upon them', Cymmr. xiv 120 § 20 . conmelt foroib he attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2887 . con-melfi (sic leg.) dorni fri détu, MacCongl. 95.20 . comail dom dhéad do bhas bhán, DDána 42.22 . ? nach dech fa choillidh an cin / do choimil ech re himeal, IGT Verbs ex. 416 . ná cumail ruind don't touch me(?), ex. 409 . chuimlios re ceannairg = that meddles with strife, Proverbs xxvi 17 . comlis in mil ┐ in salann in cach staic iar n-urd `rubbed . . . into', MacCongl. 63.11 . ? srīan frit c[h]ridi crūaidh cumail, ZCP vi 264 § 5 . ? mar do commiltea i corcair, IT iii 246.104 . ní . . . 'na ccuimlionn sé a theanga (of a goat), Párl. na mB. 1529 . coimlet ... toes imot chend, Trip. 458.21 . diar fumalt (.i. diar chommil) cacc na mbó 'moa chend, LL 22495 ( inna chend, Ériu ii 22.2 ). antan chrathas, & choimhleas an Spiorad naomh ar gconsiasne les an fhuil choisraca sin = aspergit 'sprinkles', Adtimchiol 328b7 .

Vn. commailt.

derg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derg or dil.ie/15626
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: derc, derg, deirg, derg, d.

adj o, ā.

(a) Of colour, red, ruddy (used of colour of blood, flame; also of orange or tawny hue as of ale, gold, etc.): d.¤ gl. luteus, Sg. 49a3 , gl. lutea, 7 . derc gl. rufus, 37a5 . flann gach nd.¤ , ZCP ix 167.z . tene d.¤ , SR 8294 . dobiur lim cóer ndeirg do ibur, Ériu iv 134.4 . folt d.¤ lais, LB 181a11 . fil lenid ndeirg . . . immi, TBC-I¹ 61 . braena fola derge, Todd Nenn. 206.7 . suile derga eyes red with weeping, PH 584 . Cf. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 10 : bríogh a guidhe 's a déar ndearg `her blood-red tears' (= ardent ). Of animals: ech d.¤ , LU 8630 ( FB 47 ). hirricht bó deirgi, Ériu iii 141.2 . guth gadhair dheirg, Duan. F. i 83.28 . mor ndamh ndearg (of stags), ib. mucca derga, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.14 . Of liquors: lind d.¤ .i. flaith d.¤ red ale, Thes. ii 337 ( Hy. v 38Comm.). um chomhól ndeoch ndearg, TD 20.55 . Cf. derglaith. Of gold: di or d.¤ , SR 529 . dind ór d.¤ , 4150 . d'ór dhearg, TD 17.36 . Of earth or clay turned up, dug up: reilge derga (portent of the end of the world), ZCP viii 196 § 18 . do-chífe dearg druim tar ais | . . . | gach leath dot ghormfhaithche ghloin, | ó chomhghraifne each, Studies 1922, 411 § 11 . Cf. don taobh thiar thuaidh d'Eirinn dheirg, Atlantis iv 122.z . do cherdaib in domnáin deirg `the vile rude world's estates', SG 51.y . Hence of persons, of ruddy complexion or red-haired: oclach . . . d.¤ = iuvenis rubicundus, PH 7030 . ben d.¤ cona dib braaib dercaib, IT ii2 242.17 . red ghnúis ndeirg, TD 3.19 . Equative: deirgither losa liac, TTebe 479 . dergithir re corcair, Acall. 6636 v.l. brecdergithir síon spotted with crimson like a foxglove, BDD § 97 . Compar. nir bo dírga grís inna ind aiged (sic leg.), IT iii 298 § 34 (Cóir Anm.). As subst.: scripthar int psailm tria dub ┐ in tituil tria derg in red (ink or pigment), Hib. Min. 244 . derg g s. deirg, d s. derg, IGT Decl. § 15 . dearg a grúaidh the red of his cheek, ex. 1240 .

(b) Transf. red with blood; bloody, sanguinary: imatuarcat doib combo d.¤ cach dib di arailiu till each was red with the other's blood, YBL 118b17 . fuidel fir deircc di duinib of one red with (the blood of) men, Ériu vii 150 § 17 . atre in rí . . . cona chroich deirg . . . fria aiss, SR 8269 . red-handed (i.e. a shedder of blood): náma ┐ esgcara láime deirge do, SG 268.33 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia God looks upon me as His foe, Dán Dé ii 30 . claidebderg red-sworded , Metr. Dinds. iii 340.38 . Of a criminal: dul dá guin eisi (i.e. asin chill) no taidhecht d.¤ indti red-handed , O'Curry 985 ( H 3.18 424b ). Hence of meat bleeding, raw, fleshy (as oppd. to fat): d.¤ cach n-om, Laws v 432.2 Comm. dergcarna ┐ saill , ii 202.19 . da mer dia d.¤ `two fingers in the lean of it', 254.11 .

(c) red-hot, incandescent: iarnn d.¤ = candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . cloch d.¤ a ndabhaigh fhuair, 3 C 12, 6.13 . lecca derca fo chossaib (of hell), RC iv 252 . co slabradu derga . . . tentigi, PH 8309 .

(d) In fig. sense, full-blooded, flushed with pride, overbearing (?): fri dīmmus nd.¤ ndocht (one of the capital sins), ZCP vi 271.11 . derg . . . cach n-indligthech, Laws i 54.2 Comm. , v 432.2 Comm.

As subst. o . d.¤ , m., IGT Decl. § 15 . don d.¤ redness , ex. 701 . gan crecht . . . gan d.¤ wound , TBC-LL¹ p. 387 n. 5 . math glas nō d.¤ 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 (Di Ércib Fola) . In phr. derg dásachtach a blood vessel located in the head: bídh a fis agad co fuil inadh (sic) ann nach dlegar do crechad mar atáit .. dergdásachtach ocus ruadhrasach ocus gach uile a mbí gluasacht ocus bualad in pulsa know that there are places which may not be cauterised such as the derg dásachtach and the rúad rasach and everywhere in which there is movement and a beating pulse​, O'Gr. Cat. 269.11 . derg dasachtach ┐ rúadh fhrasach, Ériu lxiv 6 n. 22 ( G11 289b28 ). cidh fodera duine do thērnamh ōn derg dāsachtaigh dā letarthar eidir ūainibh an cinn, et duine ele gan tērnamh? 'why does one person recover from the derg dásachtach if it [he?] is wounded between the sutures of the head, while another person does not recover?', Ériu lxiv 7 ( 72.1.2 fo. 59v7 ). in derg dāsachtach, Ériu lxiv 10 ( 72.1.2 fo. 62v14 ). muna baca an derg dāsachtach no cuislí ele 'if the derg dásachtach or another vein does not prevent it', Ériu lxiv 11 ( E 4.1 120b28 )​​​​.

pn In names: na trí Deirg do thig Deirg, BDD² 296 . in Derg Drúchtach, name of Colum Cille's curach , Reeves Ad. 274.13 . forsin Deirg Drúchtaig `the Dewy Red' (of Conall Cernach's horse), RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in Deirg ṅdruchtaig, 184.30 .

Compds.

(a) Of colour, in sense (a) above. With adjs. ¤aigthech red-faced : ba derrscaithec (deargaighteach, v.l.) a delb, Cóir Anm.² i 95 § 72 . ¤buide reddish yellow: taraill a lám leiss in gipni ndergbudi, TBC-I¹ 1879 . ¤chorcra crimson: dí gáe d., Ériu iv 102 § 43 . ¤domal dark red: alaile dath cruanda ┐ alaile dergdomla, ZCP xxx 124.3 . ¤lethan broad and red: claideb . . . d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2341 . ¤ruad: dairedha dergruadha do slegaib ` rud-red ', CCath. 5345 . dragún dearg-ruadh, TSh. 7856 . With adjs. derived from subst.: ¤dathach red-hued: Lomna druth d., LL 48b18 . ¤órda: drochte . . . dergórdai, SR 476 . cosna delbaib dergórdaib, 4360 .

With subst.: ¤ainech red-face (as sobriquet): Maeldúin d., Rawl. 144g42 . ¤chodal red (i.e. tanned) hide: curach nua co ndergchodail, RC x 84.5 . ¤derc: scéo mnáib dergdercaib with eyes red (from weeping), ZCP iii 256.15 . ¤ibar red yew: cét ndabach ṅdergibair, LL 51a22 . ¤lasad: luinech . . . 'na láim ar derglassad glittering like a red flame, LL 120a44 . a dhá shúil ar d. ina chenn, SG 295.14 . ¤lasair red flame: g s. doigh derglasrach, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤loscad: ag dearg-losgadh, TSh. 6627 . ¤ór (see Études Celt. iv 314 ) purified gold (by a de-silvering process) ZCP xxxviii 246-47 n. 13 , Medieval Archaeology xlviii 37 : rond derc-óir, LU 3273 ( SCC § 7 ). ¤rót: a threabh . . . na ndearg-ród red clay roads , Ir. Monthly 1919, 456 § 8 ( DDána 97 ). ¤scé red hawthorn: imar cráibred ndergscíach, TBC-I¹ 1953 = ṅdercscíath, TBC-LL¹ 2617 . ¤theine: i carput dergthened, SR 7136 . ¤thes: d. fola, Ériu ii 102 § 12 . ¤uma red bronze, copper: scieth . . . co mbocoidibh derccuma, TBC-LL¹ 5477 .

(b) In sense (b) above. ¤ár bloody slaughter , SR 5648 . LL 375b27 . ¤béim a blow that draws blood, Laws iv 364.22 ; 'a blow that inflicts bruising or swelling or loss of skin' Ériu lii 125 (Di Ércib Fola) . ¤ḟine family group that has been guilty of `fingal', O'Don. Suppl. derggfine issede cruess, Laws iv 284.10 . deirgfine .i. indiḟíní fíngalach, 286.10 Comm. ? ¤ḟochor: dergfochuru do tuit i ndilsi, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18 394b ). ¤martra red martyrdom (involving death): dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.31 (Cambr. Hom.). irlam fri dergmartrai, ZCP iii 29 § 9 . Bloody death, slaughter (in general): ilar nderggmartra dogni (of Cú Chulaind), ZCP ix 122.y . derccmartra ┐ dortadh fola, AFM vi 2178.5 . ¤ruathar a bloody onset: dergruathur, TBC-LL¹ 4344 .

(c) As a mere intensive. ¤lomnocht stark naked , TBC-LL¹ 4253 . TSh. 3674 . ¤maith, LL 128b34 . ¤náma a bitter foe: iar ṁbádud a ndergnámat, SR 4036 . do dergnamait, 6368 . amail dergnamait, CCath. 5164 . ¤náimdenas fierce enmity: dobudh créachta gan dúnadh a ndeargnaimhdeanas, ML 30.2 . ¤thruag: rotoccbadh an cenn . . . ina scath dhearccthruagh do Ghaoidhealaibh `a spectacle of intense pity', AFM 1172 (iii 4.6) .

Cf. further: dergfilliud erred náir, LU 9290 and : dergindledhaidh errid nair, BB 248a16 (both names of one of Cú Chulaind's feats). ¤mír `red morsel'. Apparently technical name for property illegally acquired. See Laws v 430 - 4 . amail deirgmir, 434.10 Comm. cach manach . . . dosli disli do eclais a aicsi lee samlaid manup dergmir, O'Curry 871 ( H 3.18 , 391b ). deirgmireanda, Laws v 430.22 ( .i. mirenda omha indligthecha, 432.1 Comm. ).

3 éim ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 éim ? or dil.ie/19801

ind saill tuirc trethain tarraid eim, Hib. Min. 48.3 (expl. by : saill muici mara iarna eimed .i. berbad, 47.9 ). Cf. fri heim mbratha, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 58 .

em, eb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. em, eb or dil.ie/20013
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eimh, emh, eabh, eimhe

n f., perhaps originally neut., g s. ina (v.l. ind Bodl., ann Harl.) eimh, Corm. Y 883 . emh eabh (g s. eimhe, etc.), f. IGT, Decl. § 39 . haft, handle: scían la C....imdenam de ór...ima heimh...Rogab in t-oirci cocnam ind eme, Corm. Bodl. s. Mug eme = Corm. Y 883 . mo scian cona heim do líg loghmair, Acall. 3933 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile | sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe a blade of [i.e. with] a smooth yellow haft IGT, Decl. ex. 1119 . eabh in oighe, ex. 1097 . no gur chaith a eibh, ex. 1098 . comfat eim na sceine do saill , Laws i 132.20 Comm. Cf. coimhṡleamhain re héimh (leg. eirr?) easguinne as slippery as an eel's tail RC xxix 118.17 .

imm-cren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-cren or dil.ie/27799

v purchases mutually (?) : trí imuscrenat : saill, imm, iarn `three things which purchase each other (i.e. they may be exchanged for each other (?),' Plummer MS. notes), Triads § 170. ? To this: nim crenar, O'D. 2227 (< Nero A 7, 153a ).

2 in

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 in or dil.ie/28195

Forms: im-, in, in, in, in, an, in, in, in, in, in, in, in, imb, imp, in

interrogative particle. im- before b-forms of the copula and substantive vb. (but: in biam, Wb. 15a1 . in ba maten, in ba fuin, Murphy Metrics § 19. in budh geall re oirechus ..., ML² 1420 ). Causes eclipsis of following initial except when it contains the copula. n generally doubled before vowels (but not in Wb.), especially before pronouns é, í, ed: Folld. by dependent form of vb. and neg. particle and by Class C forms of infixed pron. Later Mid. and Mod. Ir.: an.

(i) In direct questions: in coscramni `do we destroy?,' Wb. 2b20 . in digén bullu mertrige diib, 9d4 . in cumgubsa .i. non gl. num ... potero, Ml. 49c5 . in intsamlammar-ni `do we imitate,' Wb. 11b16 . in intain rombói in circumcisione, 2c5 . in anfossigid, 8d5 . in ed fodera báas domsa ..., 3c33 . in dia in doichside do `is it God? is it likely of Him?,' 4b14 . uidesne .i. in n-aci, Sg. 15b6 . in n-íírr `wilt Thou slay?,' Ml. 77a10 . inned insin furuar dait `is it that that caused it to thee?,' 44b10 . in forcmaither áes sainrethach dond ḟi[u]r midboth ...?, Críth G. 32. ind (leg. in) hí lanamnus atái béus `art thou still in the married state?,' Mon. Tall. 134.24 . inn é so Muinremor?, ScM. § 12. ceist, in n-éláfa limm?, TBFr. 162. im bui (bia, v.l.) tesorcud na nDéisi innosa?, Ériu iii 140.179 . in creti Dia fodechtsa, LU 9281. inn ébairt-sium frit-su in chóma sain, TBC-LL¹ 1772. in anad dogníthi-si?, Mer. Uil. 187. an edh is áil lib ... imbualad oidhchi do dēnam?, ML² 1501. an faicend tu Tit, TTebe 4886 . in ro berbais in saill , IT i 41.12 .

(ii) In dependent questions in is used (a) alone meaning whether , or (b) preceded by duús (do ḟius) to know if, if perchance:

(a) nebmess for nech im maid fa olcc `whether he be good or evil,' Wb. 8d26 . asrubart sum fri mmaccu Israhel imbói di oinachdaib leu, Ml. 43d1 . ro ḟíarfuigh sceula dib, an fúaratar sgéulu Midir, IT i 129.30 . co finnad inn uaitsiu ro siacht fis dó, LU 3659. dóig innar tised Cúscraid, TBC-LL¹ 823. a innisin duind ... an mberam coscur dona Tiabandaib, TTebe 1214 . aitheantar ... an é flaitheas Dé is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1776. ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 .

(b) duús in comalnid arru-pridchad dúib `if perchance ye fulfil what has been preached to you,' Wb. 14d23 . doairfenus doib dús imbed comrorcon and `if perchance there might be error therein,' 18d7 . iarmoracht M. do M. dus imbad lór whether it were enough, Mon. Tall. 133.8 . dús in faigbitis nech bad toga leo dia tibertis rígi nErend, LU 3438. With loss of n: rochindset dul co Teamhraigh dūs a ccaomtais fuaslugudh Fiachra to see if they could ..., ZCP xiv 256.17 . In Mod. Ir. an ro> ar by the assimilation of n with r: do fhiafruigh dhe ar choimhéid na miasa gan osgladh, TSh. 3592.

(iii) Double interrogation expressed by in ... in , more frequently by in ... fa (or ba), in ... fa in , and later by in ... no in ... (im, imb, imp=in+3 s. pres. subj. of copula): imb i nógi imb i lánamnas `whether in celibacy or in marriage,' Wb. 10a12 . imbem i mbethu imbem i mbaás bad lessom, 25c12 . sechip hé im do día im do pheccad, 3b15 . ceist in tre prois fa in tre metur roceta ..., Hib. Min. 175. cid dogēn fri firu Arddae? imba hāilgine ... bá 'ma (=imba) garge?, ACL iii 293.z . imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . is inderb im mascul fá femen ..., Sg. 61a9 . imba bás ba bethu `whether it will be death or life,' Wb. 23b32 . cía de as sru[i]thiu, in ríi fa thúath?, Críth G. 492. is cumtabairt cia crocann in rúon nó in cethra, Trip.² 815. in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía ł in limsa doraga, LU 4012. dus cid dodentais fri h-Iacop .i. inn e a marbad ... no inn e a phiannad, LB 151b40 . in sith no in debaid fuil agaib? Aen. 1838. 'ca imradh an cath rocomorfad no an sid ro-sirfead, TTebe 1184 . Triple interrogation: in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit fa a ndíis `whether they are in composition or in apposition or in both of them,' Sg. 217a1 . in ... fa nacc whether ... or not: in tree áem didiu fa nacc `is it through it then indeed or not?,' Wb. 2c4 . imb anacol dom fa nac `whether it be protection to me or no,' 23a6 .

(iv) Negative interrog.: innád cualaidsi `have ye not heard?,' Wb. 5a21 . inná tecta cumachte gl. an non habet potestatem?, 4c28 . innad n-accai dost thou not see?, Ml. 17b17 . dús innad n-utmaligetar, Thes. ii 4.34 (Acr.). cest ina raibi Gaedelg resiu rotobaidhe `did not G. exist ... ?,' Auraic. 13. In Ml. the neg. interrog. is frequently expressed by in ní nad is it that ... not: inní nad ṅdixnigedar is it a thing that it is not?, Ml. 55c9 . inní nadnimcai ate immaaccai is it a thing He does not consider? Yea, He considers it, 114a15 . inní nad roilgisid `have ye not read?,' 17b18 . inné nach foghnann duit duine ele, BNnÉ 179.4 .

(v) The object pronoun (indirect object in the case of sul st. verb and copula) is infixed between in and the verb, and in the case of the copula, between in and the predicate: in da hierr `wilt Thou slay them?,' Ml. 77a16 . inab-testa-si tesbuid a hEmuin?, IT i 144.19 . inn dathgnitae would you recognise them?, 21 . inum-biasa úair coibligi lat?, BDD² 48. innut tarfás ní? has anything appeared to thee?, LU 9233. indad fil slondud bas derbu?, 5602 . indat mebhair-siu?, TBC-LL¹ 3552. in dóig inar tísed C., 815 . in-dat sochenel no dochenel?, PH 695.

lán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lán or dil.ie/29542
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā.

I As adj.

(a) full, full (of), filled (with): corbo lān ule an rúsc imme, BColm. 60.15 . secht fichet long lan, Irish Texts ii 3 § 21 . do ghroid-dhíoladh na tonnaidhe lána, Keat. Poems 531. With follg. dat.: cach airfortach lan lubaib, SR 393 = lan do luibib, LB 109a ( MacCarthy 38.18 ). With gen.: croch in martir Phetair / cona ṡlúag l.¤ gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . ba l.¤ ratha in spiruta noeim he, PH 316 . slatchuill glegheala mar budh l.¤ láeghḟola, IGT Decl. ex. 622 . a n-uaisli fa l.¤ lethtruim, L. Cl. A. B. 258.4 . gach doman lan bo is brugad, Irish Texts ii 19 § 22. With prepp. DI: is lan dineuch thórnther gl. plenum esse aliquem eius quod significatur, Sg. 59b18 . líntar l.¤ di fín, Wb. 11b13 . corupsa l.¤ diib gl. gaudia, Ml. 104d3 . inna maige robtar lana di assaraib, 48d12 . lestar lan do rath in spirta naim, Laws i 6.20 Comm . oighen l.¤ do grísaig, Hib. Min. 77.14 = aigen lain grischa, 34 . gebid lamchloich . . . dar bo l.¤ a glacc, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . bat lana beóil fer ṅ-hErend ┐ Alban din anmum sin, TBC-LL¹ 1055 . isat lana renda nime . . . do nuallguba, IT i 191.23 . at lána na dúile dím-sa, ar in cóimdiu, PH 3405 . in méis lan do bíud, 1318 . do bhí mé . . . / l.¤ dom anáil ón uabhar `puffed up with pride', Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . don anam bhíos l.¤ do theasbhach ó theinidh purgadóra, TSh. 4429. With ó: ro-ptar lana na hapstail o fhín in ratha spirutalda, PH 5510. (cryptic) loscan .i. lan, Goid. 77 § 152 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) Various other applications: os gach luing láin ample, IGT Decl. ex. 750 . intan bus l.¤ a rig don dornaisc when his wrist is big enough to fill the ring, Ériu i 124.5 . Of space of time whole, complete : mí l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.2 ( Hy. v 46 ). fer dorigni inna gnima sin i nraptar l.¤ a cóic bliadna, LU 4968 (= slána, TBC-I¹ 482 ). batar lana trí coícait bliadan, LL 22267 . secht ṁbliadna lana, SR 3381 . bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, LU 8042 ( FB 1 ). bliadain láin for a whole year, Auraic. 5299. dí bliadna lána dóib iarsin i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246b6 . re leith bliadain lain, BB 53b25 .

Of full tide etc.: in tan bha lan in muír dothigeadh tar in dor sin, BB 26b20 . ucht ar indber l.¤ , Ériu iv 220.5 . sruth locha láin, Dán Dé xxvii 28 . do dhorchuigh an ré d'éis bheith l.¤ di, Keat. Poems 495 . For phrase ina linn láin see 1 linn.

As vague alliterating laudatory epithet: croch l.¤ Laurint deochain `full cross', Fél. Aug. 10 . na tair chucum a láich láin accomplished, TBC-LL¹ 3487 . Labraid Loṅgsech l.¤ , Hail Brigit 5 . as mē Laitheōcc láidhech l.¤ , ZCP viii 110.1 . colg in laoích láin, Duan. F. ii 124 § 1 . Longaran l.¤ `opulent', Cog. 104.13 . la Cormac Cond-Loṅges l.¤ , ZCP xi 109 § 11. luchtlach l.¤ cech laithi, Fél. Ep. 21 . ba hed násad Loga lain Metr. Dinds. iii 50.41 . in carn fil il Lotain láin, `faultless', iii 200.21 . Fergna, fer gaí lethain láin `weighty', iv 88.21 . a haithle in ḟleachaid láin, ACL iii 305.4 . atbert-som o luige lan "itchonnarcsa fen hí", PH 99 . don loinn nior l.¤ , Irish Texts i 26 § 11 . ar ndóchas l.¤ ar laogh búidh (of chieftain), Aithd. D. 25.6 .

In chevilles: gein Laurint, l.¤ frecrae, Fél. Feb. 22 . i mBrí Léith ba láthar lan, LU 10706.

(c) covered with: áth . . . nach l.¤ d'á ngraigib ┐ da ngillaib, CRR 38.5 . a chorp lan do créchtaib, PH 377 . co mba l.¤ in sliab uli dia indilib, 7177 . fiche céad laoch l.¤ d'éideadh ó mhullach go lár, Ériu i 84.5 .

II As subst. [n.].

(a) the full, complement, whole (with gen. of that which contains and freq. of that which is contained): nochur gabh Laighnech lan Erenn all Ireland, MacCarthy 432.20 . becc i n-óenḟecht dia lánaib / slog sáer-chert síl sen-Ádaim `to fill it', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.20 . l.¤ is línad `fullness and increase', 70.24 . fa l.¤ aoibhe an ḟir `by the fulness of his charm', Arch. Hib. i. 91.4 . atá an crann fa l.¤ anóra acu, Maund. 55 . l.¤ an arrthruigh, IGT Decl. ex. 903 . caorthann fana l.¤ duille, Duan. F. ii 354 § 66 . batar . . . ica imradh cia lan bud maith la cach dibh do beth acu isinn eclais. Robo maith leamsa, ol Ciarán, a lan do macuib ecalsa they were considering what each of them would like to have the church full of, Lism. L. 867 . l.¤ dearnann do ghorm-ghaghéar, DDána 106.11 . l.¤ duirn gach milidh, Duan. F. ii 4 § 12 . le l.¤ duirn do dhán éadtrom, Content. xxv 6 . l.¤ glaice laich na timcioll, Duan. F. ii 26 § 26 . aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach, an uair imduiges na lenna, Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tugadar lán na [n]gunnaidh mōr ┐ beg dia roile, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 42.1 . gach dara lān pāirce, 20.6 . lan leighe, Irish Texts v 24.36 . tóimhsigh dá l.¤ an chroicinn, Atlantis iv 200.29 . mairg do-nī lān don lestar (of gluttony), ACL iii 240 § 37.

Of full moon, full tide etc. teacht ┐ l.¤ na gealaighe, Corp. Astron. 182.10 . sul tí an l.¤ (of tide), Irish Texts ii 49 § 32. tibra a Slīab Gam . . . / da lan inti 'san aenlō / indarna lān sāl . . . / in lan eli is fīruisce, ZCP v 24. 1 - 2 . intan atraig in muir, comard hé fria l.¤ (of a grave), Triads 237 . tiocfa an l.¤ eadruibh is é, IGT Decl. ex. 1041 . abhann dá loch ar a lár / is in l.¤ do'n leith aniar (of a valley), SG 148.20 . meinic ón linnsi l.¤ fala tide of blood, SGS iv 64 § 20. Of Archangel Michael and the sinner: cara na héigne is é an l.¤ / is mé an t-éigne ar an éadtrágh, Dán Dé xiv 6 . Fig. of Christ: is é an l.¤ robhorta an Rí, A. Ó Dálaigh xxix l . See robarta. l.¤ mara full tide : robbadhad sochaidi . . . i llan mora, AU i 238. 4 . robui in lan mura fái in ngrianan, ZCP vi 94.22 . co táinic an l.¤ mara tarsta, CF² 707 . ar dteacht don l.¤ mara fútha, Ériu i 92.4 .

In other phrases: l.¤ beóil subject of praise : l.¤ beoil nach bréagtha molta, A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . énl.¤ beóil ḟileadh Éireann, Ériu ix 167 § 35 . do l.¤ beoil na bantrochta (of Our Lady), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 3 . fa l.¤ toile `in fullness of love', PBocht 1.15 . l.¤ súl(a) cynosure: ac sin Clar Una gan urraid / a l.¤ sula cumaigh cach, Irish Texts ii 45 § 2 . re l.¤ súl na seacht nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 12 . l.¤ súl re budh deacra deaghoil, L. Cl. A. B. 190.11 . See súil. fo lān seōil `under full sail', Fl. Earls 10.21 . See séol.

In legal contexts: inti is mo l.¤ the most guilty, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ). eisinnruic láin liable to full penalties, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). damad e in cintac rooclad, ma dorormacht cneid is mo is tuilledh re heirec na cetcnede ┐ re heneclainn co rab lan na cnede dorormacht ann ┐ a otrus, BCrólige 25 n.12 . doníthar trócaire re urradh im lan in marbaidh do gabail uadha, Laws iv 252.3 . cor itir da lan contract between two persons with full rights(?), iii 4.10 , glossed .i. folad comtoirnithe `equal value on both sides', 13 . tabair se scribaill for in triar lain, ┐ tri screpaill for sellach lethi, i 246.4 Comm . muna roib urrad mar aen ris da tarrustar a lan `unless he has a native along with him who has full honor-price', 104.25 . mad do [t]argaidhsimh fein a l.¤ amach `if he himself has offered to pay the full amount out' iv 256.16 Comm . arindhi it cetheora primfodlai fil for-suidib (sic leg.) .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu (of fines), i 258.z Comm . tecait i cuibdius fo lan in deoradha `the full amount of the fine of the stranger', 88.15 Comm . sellach láin, sellach lánḟéich, see sellach.

In gramm. term a l.¤ (its fullness) the ns. or np. of a word without any change by reduction or augmentation: a lan (.i. can dichned, can dochned), Auraic. 5073 . ben a oen, ben a lan, 1845 . aen ainces ar ilar ndan / ar uathad ainces a lan, 2160 .

(b) In general sense of abundance, plenty : nobíd l.¤ adbal . . . / ar lar talman dia thorthib `vast plenty', Metr. Dinds. iii 176.131 . roinn leabhra go l.¤ bhuinnigh, `full of vigour', Ériu ix 164 § 18.

With poss. a l.¤ much of, many : a l.¤ many people, DDána 84.3 . bi eagla theineadh ifrinn ar a l.¤ `multi', TSh. 6394 . 'gan druing as a ndéine a l.¤ `of which you make much', Content. v 67. Folld. by prep. DI: ré a l.¤ d'feruib, Irish Texts ii 58 § 12. a l.¤ do snechta sléibhe Elpa, CCath. 451 . a lan d'ainglib o neim, Grail 4313 . do chluinim ó n-a l.¤ do dhaoinibh, Keat. iii 1424 . a l.¤ den chogal, Keat. Poems 36.

Compds. Extremely common in compds. of all kinds. Freq. prefixed merely for alliterative purposes, e.g. ar lanbreithem ar lanrí, ZCP viii 24.21 . co lúth ┐ co luas ┐ co lánglicus, Comp. CC 100.18 . int aislingthe laind landes, SR 3350.

(a) With nouns in meaning full, complete : ¤áer: lanæir .i. corob ainm ┐ uss ┐ domghnass inti, IT iii 105.29 . lan-aer ┐ glam diccind, Laws v 234.11 . ¤airches: lán aircess fri ecrata complete trap, TBC-LL¹ 599 . ¤arrae: lán arra na cairdi `full hostage-pledge', Laws iii 134. 10 Comm . ¤biathad full refection : a lanbiathad do gac grad flatha do saill a ndomnac ┐ a ndardain, BCrólige 46 n. 12 . ¤biattach: ochtur lanbiatach do maithibh Cene[oi]l-Moen, AU ii 190.z . ¤brón: nírbu l.¤ Sg. 42a8 (see GOI 678 no. 82 ). ¤brostud: l.¤ ar nech, LL 230a28 ( TTr. 959 ). ¤búaile: dá lanbuailigh déc `full byres', RC xviii 159.8 . ¤cháin: dobeir a lanchain, RC xxiv 184.12 . ¤charna: maeth bo-shaille ┐ l.¤ muilt, LB 216b75 . ¤chasbairdne (metr.), IT iii 26.14 . ¤chíall: is lánchiall indib chenae gl. verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ¤cháechad: tugaibh S. a lánchaochadh `so long as ever he can see', O'Gr. Cat. 128.28 . ¤choire: lanchoire .i. coire iomlán, O'Cl. ¤chonách: ní bidh cen cech lanchonách fair, Acall. 577 v.l. ¤chor: l[u]irech lineach lancuir, CCath. 3132 (`full-right'). Cf. ross is ael is lín lanchuír (of materials of Tor Nemrúaid), BB 317a44 ( 14a57 , 300a24 ). ¤chúairt: co tucc a lán chuairt, AFM ii 984.1 . ¤chuibdius (metr.): salcuibdiusa ┐ lancuibdiusa, IT iii 25.22 . ¤chumang: lancumang inntib uile full force (of vowels), Auraic. 4313 . ¤dám: cethrar a lan-dam, Laws v. 30.23 Comm . a landamh leis amach fo cetoir `his full retinue accompanying him', BCrólige 12 n. 14 . ¤déiche: cen blae .i. cen lan-déiche do breith uaimm ar mo rosc, LB 241a73 . ¤deimnigud (gramm.) perfect tense : ar a fíafruighidh ar láindeimhnioghadh, IGT Introd. 7.x . ¤díre: is co na landire asrenar, Laws ii 402.2 . Cf. ZCP xiv 388 . ¤dírech: landírech sund `full uncovering', Thes. ii 251.4 (Stowe Missal). ¤dílsi: dorat E. lándílsi na hinghine, TTr.² 1891 . ¤ecar: bretnais fo al-lānecor de ōr full decoration, TBC-I¹ 3247. As attrib. gen.: dealg láneccoir, Irish Texts iii 18 § 10 . cetheora lanna lánecair, LL 237b32 ( TTr. 1543 ). ¤edbairt (see idbart): cu lanpairtib (leg. lanedpairtib) toghaidhi, Lism. L. 4494. ¤eneclann: geall laneneclainne uadhsomh don fir roferustar croligi fair, BCrólige 56 n.5 . ¤éraicc: fuacraid . . . cath. . . . nó lanéraic a athar do thabairt dó, LU 3196 ( RC ii 90.17 ). ¤esair: in dairthach fo lánessair glain, Irish Texts i 34.27 . ¤ḟáesam: leath suire fri lan foesum, Laws ii 34. x . ¤ḟaite: dhí gan lánfhaide is córaide it is more proper that it be not too long (of poem), L. Cl. A. B. 149.96 . ¤ḟer: airccindech (sic leg.) . . . no lan-fer (fer graid, v.l.) man in full orders, Laws v 178.26 Comm . lainfear gradha `thorough friend', CCath. 6049 . ¤ḟéth: muir fo lanfeth `in perfect calm', RC xii 60.10 . ¤ḟíach: sellach lan feich, Laws i 240.25 . ¤ḟocul; tabair mo tri-lanḟocull dam full demand, IT, ii2 227.8 . ¤ḟogal: .vii. lānfogla etar-scartha inna mnā, ZCP xv 356 § 44 . ¤ḟlaith: suide lānflatha, ZCP xi 91 § 3 . ¤ḟogur: lanfogur ┐ defogur da dual na nguta `full tone and diphthong', Auraic. 343. ¤ḟolad: anscuiche cach lanfola[d], Laws iii 12.12 . ¤ḟolt: gid a leathfolt gid a lanfolt, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. B. 506, 36b ). ¤gille: lan gille no smacht gille, Laws i 118.25 . lan gille no leth gille, ii 98.3 . langilli in corpdire, BCrólige 61 (50.8.) . ¤ḟoirgell: lan foirghell co neithech lui sechtar fathchi, Laws iii 396.10 Comm . ¤ḟuigell: gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, Laws v 252.17 Comm . ¤grád: bai ina langradoib `in C.'s favour', CCath. 3555 . ¤imme: dar lan ime, Laws v 464.2 Comm . ¤immirce: itir da tir dligid lan ímirche `full passage', Laws iv 156.17 . ¤lóg: is gell lanloige [enech] (d)esec, BCrólige 61 (50.4) . a lanluagh dia reir féin do iarsein, BB 263a30 . ¤lott: lánlott Herenn dóib, Trip. 528.9 . ¤nert: gan a lainnert do ghabháil dóib in airett sin, AFM iii 474.7 . ? ¤od: don tuisech lanod `of full privilege', Laws iii 136.z Comm . ¤óentu: a lanaenta complete unity, Lism. L. 3869 . ¤phennaid: lanpendait fair `full penance (must be laid) upon him', Mon. Tall. 147.32 . ¤phinginn: sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, O'D. 903 ( H 3.18, 645 ). ¤ré: as lan re dorca againne `full dark moon', Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.24 . ¤réimm (gramm.): is taebreim cach ni nach lanreim `full declension', Auraic. 796 . lanreim . . . Coulum caid cumachtach full alliteration, 3745 . ¤reimes: a lanreimis Loegaire, MacCarthy 410.10 . ¤rí: full king as opposed to leth-rí: dá ríomhthar gach duine dhíobh, eider leithrígh ┐ láinrigh, ZCP ii 357.34 . ¤ríar full satisfaction : co tardsat a lanriár dó, RC xviii 47.7 . ¤ríge: illánrige n-Israhél, SR 6704 . ¤robarta: Aedh Ollán . . . lán rabarta ann intan rugadh, Cóir Anm. 122 . ¤ṡaíre: co ro caithe a lan saire, Laws i 200.1 Comm . ¤ṡáith: lān shāit[h] gl. plenitudo, O'Mulc. 513. ¤ṡibal: ata uidhi .iiii. mís do lansiubal tarsna na hÍnnidha `to cross India completely', Maund. 251 . ¤ṡíd: lánsíd i n-Érind hi flaith Conaire, BDD 24 . ¤ṡlúaiged: déana lánṡluaigheadh, TD 2.15 . ¤ṡós full (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ¤ṡoud: ar lanṡodh muilind, O'Curry 1027 ( H 3.18, 432b ). ¤ṡoillse: lá cona lánṡoilsi, TBC-LL¹ 3284 . ¤taísech: meg ragnaill lantaoiseach muintire hE., AFM iv 1054.3 . ¤tegdais: ní lán techdais bes sestu `full house', Thes. ii 294.11 . ¤tol: lāntol menman, ACL iii 296 § 42 . ¤tomus: lantomus duaine, MacCarthy 138.w . ¤torad: in fhínemain apaid fo lántorud, LB 133a4 . ¤ugtar: lanugtar, Laws i 24.z .

With adjj. fully, entirely : ¤apaig: dā dēis dēe lān-aipchi, ZCP v 24.z . ¤cáech: recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 . ¤chomlán: Lucas . . . liaig lanchomlan, PH 5397. ¤becc. As subst.: ní cluinter ... acht lánbec do ráith, LU 2072 ( FA 14 ). -chóir. As subst. réim luinge fa lánchóir, PBocht 4.27 . ¤chubaid. As subst. (metr.) full rhyme : lancubaidh no taebchubaid, Auraic. 929 . is lancubaid insin, 1014 . ¤daingen. As subst.: do landaingnib an domain, CCath. 3410 . ¤derbtha: bíodh gach énduine lándearbhtha, Romans xiv 5 . ¤dorcha. As subst. ro laighset landorca na haidhchi forro, CCath. 2693. ¤ḟáilid: nírbu lánḟálid, Sg. 42a7 . ¤gairit: co llangairit `full shortly', CCath. 5137 . ¤méth: meic indrechtāin lánméith, MacCongl. 33.19 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤dénmach: ben . . . landenmach, BB 16b27 . ¤ḟechtnach: do éc co lanfechtnach, AU ii 176.z . ¤ḟíachach: in seallach lanfiachach, O'Dav. 123 . ¤ithmar: filad mo cíchi gu lachtmur lánithmhur ag tibirsin 'my breasts are flowing freely and abundantly with milk', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 . ¤lógmar: an irrand as lánlogmar, LB 236a56 . ¤onórach: co lanonorach, AU ii 178.8 .

With vbs. ¤daim: fuair a réir mar rolándét, Ériu viii 70.92 . ¤lína: inrí rán rodaslanlín, SR 5076. Note also: dia laneimde gaire, O'Curry 1995 ( H 4.22, 28 ).

loimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loimm or dil.ie/30531
Last Revised: 2019

n n, n.

(a) sip, mouthful : l.¤ gl. mutta (= `gutta', Ascoli p. 174 ), Thes. ii 225.23 ( PCr. 11b2 ). dorat . . . luim (.i. bolgum) do neim isin n-airdig, ACL iii 16 § 34 . is l.¤ de romuir, Fél. Ep. 42 ( .i. bolcum, Fél.² ccvii gl. 42 ). l.¤ n-ais, Rule of Tallaght § 3 . loim do cach lind, O'Curry 2055 ( H 4.22, 63b ). ibait fiag lommae cróu (prophecy of a battle), ZCP xii 233 § 46 . Cf. blaisfit fiaich lomann cró, AFM i 506.16 . lom medcusci `a sip of whey-water', Mon. Tall. 143.23 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu, 25 . ni hebar deog . . . acht lommand `in sips', Rule of Tallaght § 9 . tri lommann di usci, RC xv 491 § 32 . sūigthe sīs i fudomhain . . . scēid iterum in l.¤ sin sūas (of Coire Brecáin), Corm. Y 323 . is loim for saith suan hi fat (proverbial phrase ?), LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). conda sloicside lasa loim gabais asind lestur, LU 10652 (TE) = lassin dig, Ériu xii 156 § 21 . cen dith . . . bíd eter mír is l.¤ , LL 18966 . ibim mo deich ferlommandae fichet ass, MacCongl. 122.27 (as much as a man can swallow at once, cf. ferbolcum s.v. 1 fer). a c[h]lérig . . . meic míre me[i]c lommai `son of bite, son of sup', 33.24 .

l.¤ fola, l.¤ cró gush of blood : maidid a loim fola for a beolu ┐ at-bail fo chētóir, Fing. R. 269 . lom cró ┐ fola, MU² 369 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-aladh, Grail 684 . Cf. roleic Manannán a tri lomann cumad dia cride .i. Loch Ruide ┐ Loch Cuan ┐ Loch Dachaech, RC xvi 50 ( Dinds. 98 ).

(b) milk: sineda na mbo do thescad ┐ l.¤ do dail inntibh, Fél.² cxlii 25 (of Ultán feeding the infants of dead mothers). co táncatar ind úain . . . dochum a máthar . . . do ól lomma, Trip.² 136 . .i. d'imum no do lomum, BCrólige 27 n. 8 (gloss on cainannlunn). do loim, 48 n.3 . saill, loim, im ┐ aran, Laws v 64.19 Comm . sruth lomma for in dara n-óil dō ┐ sruth folae forsinn oil ailiu (of a dead woman's baby), Cáin Ad. 7 . da bhairghin déc ┐ becán loma, Lat. Lives 78.11 . sonus lomma is lenna lir `luck of milk and of plenteous ale', BColm. 50.28 . cīa clerech dorigne céo lomma do englais midg . . . `made cream out of whey-water', 104.1 . ara mét ra thálsat na halma . . . a loim ┐ a lacht and, LL 8922 ( TBC-LL¹ 1592 ). co ndechaid in loim tarna lestra, IT i 42.12 . ic fodail loma ┐ feola do bochtaib, Todd Nenn. 212.5 . is moille in loim tiug quam in loim tane, O'Mulc. 827 . l.¤ na cích, PH 6628 . ni tharatt an eilit a loim, BNnÉ 29 § 34 . Fig. of a fertile land: muidh go loim vessel full of milk, Ó Bruad. ii 128.12 . In phr. loimm tonnaid, a kenning for blood Stud. Celt. xxxv 304-5 : fúair lat loimm tonnaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18 § 2 .

Compd. ¤linn: luimlinn .i. linn leamhlachta, O'Cl. ¤fhuil: beid leat linnte lomfhala 'you will have pools of gushing blood', BDC 234.190 . See l.¤fola above. Cf. 1 laime.

? 2 luc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 luc or dil.ie/30891

ind in glossaries: l.¤ (luch, bluch v.ll.) bru, Metr. Gl. Ff. 41. ? Cf. luch .i. bráighe, O'Cl. bluch .i. saill , ib.

maethal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maethal or dil.ie/31264

Forms: moethlu, mæthla, moethal, maíthul, maothail

n ā, f., (maeth) beestings, clotted milk or curds, cheese ; acc. to Manners and Customs iii Gloss. `food consisting of nut-meal and milk, oatmeal and milk, cheese, etc.' In pl. of messes of above food or of round cheeses. maothal .i. maoth ┐ fuil, Corm. Y 927. a más mar leth-mæthail, Corm. p. 36 s.v. prúll. for maethla matha (.i. mess ┐ torud), RC xxvi 28 § 114 , copied by O'Cl. s.v. maothla. fodluidh doib-sium biadh amar mhæthla, RC xiv 46 § 54. maethla ┐ im ┐ saill , Moling § 14. a p. moethlu, § 17 . do moethail buic mellaig, MacCongl. 67.27 . g s. mæthla, 93.9 . g p. moethal, 85.20 ; maíthul, 119.38 . ni do mhoethail no do chaisse `biestings', Rule of Tallaght § 4. Transf. of soft substances resembling curds: do maithlaib uilc inchinne, LL 198a22 = do braínib a n-imchinde, Metr. Dinds. iii 82. In n.l. of soft or boggy soil, see Hog. Onom. s.v. maothail.

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