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1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

2 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airer or dil.ie/1931

n o, [n.] See LEIA delight, satisfaction, pleasure: a a.¤ na sūl (Cú Culainn to Fer Diad), TBC-I¹ 2704 . a.¤ .i. lenmuin no sásadh, ut est a.¤ sula serc `love is the delight of the eye', O'Dav. 178 . altrum ar airiur `fosterage for affection', Laws ii 146.6 ; cf. in t-altrum seirce, O'D. 2241 ( Rawl. 506, 16d ). ar inn a.¤ ┐ ar inn altrom ra bertus-sa fort, TBC-LL¹ 2874 . rob tusa m'ordan, rob tusa m'a.¤ `my delight' (a prayer), Ériu ii 89 § 5 . in Comdiu bas chomlantius cecha airir, ┐ cecha hairfite, LU 2759 . oíbnius ┐ airera flatha nime, 2276 ( FA § 33 ). co haireru ┐ co haibnes flatha nemda, LB 145a54 . a.¤ cech uilc `pleasure in every evil thing' (offspring of avarice), Ériu vii 152.27 . airera in bid spiradaldai, LB 251b20 . a.¤ cech bīdh ┐ saine cacha lenda the best of, ZCP xi 61 § 5 . gurbo hé [Iósa] fa sāsadh ┐ airear dó ar fead na ttrí lá soin sustenance, ZCP v 496.2 . ni chaitheadh . . . biadha . . . acht . . . airera etroma, Lism. L. 2519 . airear .i. sásadh, .i. biadh, .i. áoibhinn, O'Cl.

?do aireur gl. ad . . . voluntatem, Wb. 30c1 (? leg. dia réir, Edd.). Cf. ar-fera

1 braine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 braine or dil.ie/6508

Forms: broine, bruinde

n m. Also broine. Somet. appar. confused with bruinne. projection, projecting, protruding or prominent part, etc.; front: álaind do brúach, do b.¤ top (?) (of a dún), Metr. Dinds. iii 96.5 . Alba uile / ótha a broine go a bile centre (?), Measgra D. 46.2 . co mbrainib ┐ bilib di or bosses (?) (of shields), BB 444a45 . Caire, ba ben Ch. . . . / co mb.¤ barráin bith-rúaid with red-haired forehead (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 278.10 . dá dán oc Móen . . . gním berrtha ós b.¤ (bruindi, v.l.) belaig etc., 334.11 . tacmoing in mong . . . dóib co b.¤ a n-imdae their hair reaches to their shoulderblades (?), LU 7251 (BDD). os b.¤ na mbethga, LL 1293 (= Leb. Gab.(i) 176.3 ). frithchuman umaidi ina brutt úasa braini a copper clasp . . . in front (?), MU² 691. B. . . . a hingen aile / nár inled i mbraini braith `who did not prepare open treachery' ( RC lxvii 319.2 ), LL 16568. Of a boat: a prora .i. on broine, on chuirr thussig na luinge gl. proretas, Gild. Lor. 49. foa braini (bruine, bruinne, v.ll.) do beccnóe `under the prow', Imr. Brain 42. in cur . . . i mb.¤ na báirci, BDD² 514. a brainib na mbárc `bows', TTr.² 902. re bruinnedhaibh (fri brainib, v.l.) long na M., CCath. 1983. broinde a luinge, Aen. 1004 , bruinde, 1831 . By meton. vessel (?): ro hir dam . . . .x. mb.¤ (.i. longa), Ériu ii 3.11 .

Frontal position; vanguard, hence band, company: bruine .i. buidhen, ut est: tuaruscbail in cedna bruine dibh, Ériu xiii 66 § 58 (Táin 4291). b.¤ no broine .i. tús b.¤ na luinge ┐ broine na buidhne, etc., O'Cl. b.¤ inna mban, Imr. Brain 62. C. na mberg co mb.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 122.19 . in oenecht baidmis b. / is nochraidmis cech cuire `the front ranks', 334.27 . ? dia ngabat mo chomraimse / for cloich nad gluaster b.¤ , LL 6151.

Edge, projecting tip (of drinking-vessel, etc.): b.¤ blede, IT iii 105 § 207. macaoimh fa bhrainibh buabhall, DDána 85.43 `youths by the edge of the ale-vats', Ir. Monthly 1919, 106.43 .

? Attrib. g s.: for bruig Banba b.¤ (: saine; bruine, v.l.) (= for bruig b.¤ Banba, ed.) on the coastline of Ireland (Meyer), Bruchst. i 61 § 137 ( IT iii 39 § 34 ). aél co mbennaib b.¤ with protruding prongs (?), LL 38335. ? fomnis fomnis / in fer mb.¤ (rhet.), LU 10885 = TE² iii § 12 . ? dar broinfeirtsib (sic leg.) broine / docheṅgait int sligi (of a chariot and rider), TBC-I¹ 2525 = dar B., TBC-LL² 2864 .

brechtar-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brechtar- or dil.ie/6644

adj (cf. brechtra, 1 brechtrad) in compds.: brec[h]tar-breacad do bolg-semannaib finndruine ` variegated speckling ', CCath. 4723. ri brechtardathaib na scíath ṅdub. ṅgorm. úani. corcorgel varying colours, LL 32465 ( TTr. 1661 ). in brechtardeliugud . . . do ṡaine gloir ┐ gotha ┐ gnímha `medley of distinctions', CCath. 1615.

3 cern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cern or dil.ie/8772

n o, m. victory, triumph; exploit, spoils(?): c.¤ .i. buaid, unde Conall Cernach, Corm. Y 293 . So also Cóir Anm. 252 . `c.¤' búaidh, Metr. Gl. 12 § 18 . is tú láech na cernd ┐ na comram (to C. Cernach), LU 8135 ( FB 10 ). caín tintaí chucum co cernaib co cennaib (of C. Cernach), 8310 ( FB 23 , rhet.). granne genite cruan c.¤ Con Culaind cathbuadaig, LL 14234 (rhet.). cīallḟlaith immurgu, con-gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . mór a cearna fria tuireamh, Hard. ii 296.4 (.i. a bhuadha). do cernuib Conrui (.i. do buadhaib nó do ghnímuibh), Ériu ii 5.12 .

Obscure: c.¤ eter crethaib / curethar crúaid, LU 8645 ( FB 48 , rhet.). conid fri cernu crúadchassa / tri .c. chorae comlána / úasind rurig rathrúanaid, 7424 (BDD rhet.). cuinnfi .i. co cubhaidh, ut est direnar cuinnfi cuchta cerna `men's faces', O'Dav. 346 . is lán Heriu dia clanna[i]b / c.¤ co soírḟuil, LL 4880 . Cing co cerrnn dia cerrn-seomh / im mac Perrnn a n-ainmseomh, Todd Nenn. 142.5 .

cearn .i. fear, O'Cl. (prob. an inference).

? Compd. rohīr dam . . . .x. saine cernd claidhem (leg. cernd-chl. ten kinds of victory-swords?), Ériu ii 3.12 (.i. coscrach nó búadhach, H.3.18; cern, v.l.).

comarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comarc or dil.ie/10743

Forms: -airc, -airce, comhairc, comairce, comrac

n o, but in later lang. also with n a d s. -airc. g s. -airce. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.14) . a s. comhairc mhór, ITS xxix 166.25 . n s. comairce, BCC § 129 (126.y) . Somet. by metathesis comrac. Cf. comaircid, imchomarc, and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 .

(a) outcry, battle-cry, slogan; act of crying out: cloisdin na comharc, O'D. 543 ( H 3.17, 434 ). rocronaiged a comairc `their war-cries were raised', Fianaig. 88.18 . do ṡaine cuma ┐ céme ┐ comairci (of the heterogeneous elements in Pompey's army), CCath. 1617 (comairc, v.l.). aengair clog ┐ comhurc ┐ caismirti, ZCP vi 296.2 . noco cuala se comairc an mallaigti `the sound of cursing', Ann. Conn. 1342.11 . comhairc osnaidhe ┐ dórta dér, RC xxiii 30.y . do thionsgain ag comhrairc (sic) ar a mathair, 20.11 . línmairi a chách na comhaircc, IGT Decl. ex. 604 . camhairc dhíleas na sagart . . . mar atá: I n-ainm an Athar ┐ an Mhic . . ., Eochairsg. 37.z . lé comharcaibh = con muchos clamores, Desid. 2703 . comhairc .i. caismeart, O'Cl.

Especially in phr. gairid c.¤ : do goir c.¤ adbalmór, SG 46.23 . na huili ainmidhi . . . ac gairm comharc . . . ar omhun lae an Bratha `uttering outcries', RC xxviii 310 § 4 . Cf. ic seinm a stoc, ic comgairm a c.¤ , CCath. 4636 . Cf. cen seinm stuic ┐ cen gáir comairc, 1420 .

(b) invocation, commemoration : comarcc .i. imrecra gl. taithmet (Fīadat), Thes. ii 348.41 (Hy. v Comm.). c.¤ Bresail `Gedenken', Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 27 § 1 . unde Lugnasad .i. c.¤ Loga nó cuimniugud nó aithmed nó feil bais, Dinds. 20 . c.¤ .i. [imcomarc no] cuimniugud, ut est ardlig c.¤ cóemda, O'Dav. 452 . ? c.¤ Locha Irchi, LL 373b35 . ? Hence quatrain, stanza: cetri randa cach (sic leg.) comairg i suidiu (i.e. in dechnad már), IT iii 7.7 . cid samluidh seon didiu do cach comurg molta laudatory verse, Corm. Y 41 . cati a lethc[h]. ? 1059 (93.9) . Cf. caiti a lethrann, ibid. (20) = a leth-chomorgg `half-quatrain', Corm. Bodl. 34.27 (leth-chomargg, -comrac, v.ll.). is ē-side ar-rānic cuibdius i ndeud na c.¤ , Corp. Gen. 22.22 (comrac, v.ll.). ardlig c.¤ , Fél. Aug. 5 ( .i. dligid imchomarc .i. . . . comardud na filidechtai, Fél.² cxxvi gl. 5 ). ? bairdne na ndaorbard . . . bid focla maithe ann, ┐ comhraca séghdha, Ériu xiii 44.16 . comrac .i. rand, . . . is and is comrac dligid mbairdne ┐ atá dethbir itir rand ┐ comrac, O'Dav. 428 . caide deocair edir rann ┐ comharc ? ni ansa. as aire asberar rann aire; as ionann cubaid a imfregra ina leth toisioch, ┐ ina leth déghenach, Ériu xiii 44.6 (precise application and difference from rann not clear). mūadh bochtus cil a c.¤ (.i. maith benus sé a locht a rand), ZCP v 488 § 9 (B. na f.).

(c) token, signal, indication; agreement, plan(?): ba sed c.¤ boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth `token', Dinds. 53 = comartha, Ériu ii 22.18 . issed comarcc immorro ro bae eturru, Craptine do sephnad suantraige, Rawl. 131a12 = is ed comairle dorónsat, LL 35259 . adhainter tobchaindeal i luing . . . i c.¤ fri Sinon `as a signal to S.', Aen. 511 . sdocc comairci, TTebe 4307 (comairc, v.l.). Teallach n-Eachach is é a chomharc / Ceann Cruaiche `what distinguishes T.E. is', Magauran 1063 .

(d) Expld. as act of exacting, levying(?): c.¤ .i. tobach, H 3.18, 229 marg. inf. Cf. comrac .i. tobhach, O'Dav. 364 . comrac .i. comairechta tobaigh, ut est attatt secht comruic la Féni, 413 .

Various: co frecrad dia chomarcaib ┐ dia aithescaib requests(?), Alex. 817 (imchomarc, v.l. = imchomarcaib, ZCP xxx 140.46 ). Gaidil Gaidil inmain ainm / ise m'enchomharc a gairm `my only desire is to invoke it', Reeves Ad. 288.6 . ? dorigset lūathch.¤ ┐ issed tuccad asin chomarc . . ., MacCongl. 27.12 , 13 .

? comsuine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comsuine or dil.ie/11797

n (appar. *comṡon < com + 1 son): i[s] sinechdoig fil i c.¤ sund, PH 5654 ` consonance ', Gloss. Cf. saine ?

cron

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cron or dil.ie/13107

Forms: -cruin, cronu, cernu

n o, m. (n p. -cruin, Laws ii 354.6 Comm. a p. cronu, BDD² 1041 = cernu, LU 7424 ).

(a) crime, blame, fault : c.¤ .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. ni roleic omun in righ dhoibh c.¤ fair `prevented them reproaching him', Marco P. 17 . ni c.¤ la neach . . . da bhfaie a ben la fer n-aile, 106 . In phr. cen ch.¤ : tri Fothaid Elgga cen ch.¤ (: Garbchon), Corp. Gen. 264.5 . flaith Ch. . . . cen gait, cen ch.¤, cen galar, Airne F. 339 . gen gait, gen c.¤ neich, 368 . fēga lat cen ch.¤ (: col) `honestly', KMMisc. 268 § 40 . lucht loṅg mac nElloith cen ch.¤ , LL 366 . mo chnama gan ch.¤ `stainless', AU i 318.10 = crón, AFM i 434.6 .

(b) (hardly difft. wd.) property, possession; claim : ar ṡeisiodh seghad a sain-ch.¤ saoirdhilsi, Ériu xiii 32.4 . ro det a c.¤ iarsin do mend `he granted his possession . . . to Menn (?)', O'Dav. 1362 . c.¤ .i. sealbugud . . . sainc.¤ .i. selbugud neich coitcinn, 339 . ni fuataghar acht . . . co ruice lias bes nesam do fri c.¤ ┐ coimge, O'D. 649 ( H 3.17, 483 ). cen chaṅgin cruin, LL 17232 . crón .i. a chur a c.¤ no sainigenn i n-urlaim coitcind, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, 16b). saine c.¤ sain seirce `peculiar possession of peculiar affection', Laws iii 50.27 .i. sainiugad cruid, 52.3 Comm. cetharda re mu téit in aidbriud .i. remud ┐ lamugad, c.¤ ┐ breth, O'D. 1630 (H 5.15, 16b). óenach . . . / . . . cen ch.¤, cen aidbriud, cen dáil `challenge of property', Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . c.¤ .i. coitchenn sainchron .i. nemhchoitchenn, O'Curry 1463 ( H 3.18, 650b ). Cf. cen sainc[h]ron, cen indíri, ACL iii 320 § 89 . c.¤ cuilid c.¤ adhuail (adbail, v.l.), Anecd. ii 59.4 . sé scribaill for nech do gní gú-agra nó gúc.¤ `fraudulent claim', O'Gr. Cat. 99.23 ( O'Curry 2103 ). ? tall 'na glé-medóin hi crunn (: sund) `in the midst of her portion', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.22 `for cron possession (?)', Gloss. ? C. . . . do dergiu co c.¤ ┐ co leir i.e. entirely, completely (?), AU i 440.w .

1 dalb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dalb or dil.ie/14369
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. A falsehood, lie, untruth, fiction, guile. dalb .i. brég a dolo .i. on ceilg, Corm. Tr. p. 58 . dalbh .i. brég, O'Cl., P. O'C. — roráid Dauid ciarbo dalb `olcc dul i céin cen dagarm', SR 6185 . ni relic Dauid dalb tenn (chev.) acht rainn na fadb co coitchenn, ib. 6465 . ní dalb it is no fiction, frequent in poetry : ní d.¤ adfiadar óchéin, SR 1987 . é ni dalbh...roṁarbh Brandubh, AU i 82. 23 (cf. Tig. 605 , RC xvii 166. 8 ). ni d.¤ i cath Temrach tricc : rodmarb Cermna mac Ebric, MacCarthy 160. 3 ( LL 127 b 28 ). ní d.¤ ...romarb Eochaid, ib. 210. 11 . ní dalb deilm as lia, Rawl. 79 b 46 . ní dalb dath, ib. 163 b 32 . ní dalbh as marbh mac Dearbháil, AFM i 544. 15 . Keat. 1829 . — ní do dalb ná thuscurnud, LL 44 a 4 . ? ní do dailb didu, Metr. Dinds. ii 32.82 . na Ruadcinn ní dalb saine : isiat romarb Conaire, ib. 48 b 19 . coro chloemchlae ní dalb daith : forin maig oc Carn Ḟeradaig, ib. 184 b 33 . gaind nach dailb, ib. 265 a 32 . dar[a] éis ní dalb decair, Rawl. 165 b 12 . g s. iar mbreith dalba (sic leg.), LL iii 16971 . a s. combad uadi cen dailb ṅdet : ainm Essa Ruaid co romét, LL 213 a 51 . gan dailb is gan donairte, Laud 615, p. 10 . gan imroll gan dailb gan dron, ib. p. 21 . pl. dubdalba nisdenai Aed, ACL iii 306. 2 . g p. homo ...uios doghres ar caoi na ndalbh (gl. na mbreag) on the way of lies ZCP iii 378. 2 .—Cf. dalbad.

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

1 deithbir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deithbir or dil.ie/15289

Forms: dedbir, deidbir, deithbeir, deithbir, de(i)thfir, debthir, deithfir, deidbiriu, dethbiri, in d.

i, adj. and subst. (dí + aithber, lit. blameless ). dedbir, Wb. 3b30 , Trip.² 2028 . deidbir, Wb. 6a12 . deithbeir, 33c16 . deithbir, Ml. 38d2 . de(i)thfir, PH . debthir, Auraic. 178 . deithfir f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

I As adj. fitting, proper, reasonable, natural (both of that which is inherently right or meet and of that which might be expected under the circumstances): d.¤ .i. dí aithbir, Corm. Y 15 . d.¤ .i. dlightheach, O'Cl.

(a) Rarely attrib.: inna nnaimtine ṅd.¤ of the just enmities, Ml. 38d2 . ni thechtam serccai acht sercca dethbiri, Alex. 894 .

(b) Usually as pred. with cop. (often unexpressed): is deidbir moídem di suidib, Wb. 17d19 . cani d.¤ , Sg. 3b12 . dethbir dímicim do na hindmassaib talmandaib, PH 5878 . d.¤ ón (sin) that is natural; that might be expected (in confirmation of a preceding statement; often followed by an explanatory sentence introduced by ar, úair): for Cúchulaind uccot, olse, dochuaid rimsa for teithed. Deithber son, ol Medb, ma ranístais daghóic, ní gébad in sirite fri feta, TBC-I¹ 1263 . imsoítis a claidib friu . . . d.¤ ón, ar no labraitis demna friu dia n-armaib, LU 3236 ( SCC 2 ). Cf. TBC-LL¹ 1904 ; LL 30c8 ; PH 4825 , 5194 . is d.¤ dom it is right (proper, natural) for me: is deidbir deit á aigthiu it is reasonable (fitting?) for thee to fear him, Wb. 6a12 . is dedbir am duit thou hast reason, Trip.² 2028 . ba sodeithbir dó, Ériu vi 148.50 . is d.¤ limm I deem it right, fitting , Sg. 3b2 . Followed by appositional clause introduced by cia: is dedbir dúib cid mebul lib a taidmet it is reasonable that ye should be ashamed to call them to remembrance, Wb. 3b30 . deithbeir do ceith aneola that he be ignorant, 33c16 . is d.¤ . . . cid ansa don curp a congbal no wonder that it is hard for the body to contain itself, Mon. Tall. § 60 . d.¤ dóib cid mór a mbríg, LL 276a11 . d.¤ cidh airdirc an fód rightly is the spot celebrated, AFM 915 (poem) (ii 590.12). Followed by neg. clause: is deithber cen cop mór mo thua-sa, LL 275a6 . Compar. deidbiriu, Wb. 6a8 , 9c10 . dethbiri, FA 34 . Adv. in d.¤ gl. merito, Ml. 47b5 .

II As subst. reasonableness, fitness, hence reason, cause: ata dethbir saine sin (text?), Todd Lect. vi 46 . hit é tra dethbiri dosbera in plág fo thír n-Erenn .i. díth cretmi, etc. the reasons, RC xii 426 § 15 . In concrete sense matter: ó díscáiledh na ndethber ó fásann an folt ┐ in uair díscáilter na dethbir sin . . . ní leighester an folt, O'Gr. Cat. 178 .

élap

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élap or dil.ie/19928

n ` Divine Ruler (?) (`a compound of Hebrew êl "God" and Ir. ap, a loan from Lat. abbas' K. Meyer, Miscellanea Hibernica p. 29 ): Fiacra fer na feili | ...gērat gluair co nglaine | ēlap sluaigh co saine , IT iii 57 § 108 . Cf. Él.

2 glór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 glór or dil.ie/26142
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: glóir

n (glár) o, m., n s. also glóir (: cōir), SR 1368 . glór glár, masc., IGT Decl. § 96 . voice, sound, noise : no labraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda, CCath. 886 . Cf. AFM i 296.2 . ar nglór eissídh `our discordant voices,' Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . a Ferguis ... coi[sc] do glór ndúr, SG 240.37 . Adér do ghlár (: lár) mheanmnach mhear, IGT Decl. ex. 1722 . In company with guth : ní raibhi ... guth ná glór | is-tigh acht uch is ochón, Ériu iv 118 § 29 . do ṡaine gloir ┐ gotha, CCath. 1616 ; 2769 . go romheabhaidh for a ghlor ┐ for a ghuth, AFM vi 2288.1 . Cf. blór .i. guth no glór, O'Cl. g s. Gaill glóir `the loud-voiced foreigners,' Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 52 ( LL 184a48 ). pl. crichid class, co ngloraib cruth, SR 597 . glóir budh aoibhne rem aigneadh voices, TD 36.4 . Of speech, utterance : do dánacht gloir ocus do boccacht urlabra, CCath. 5019 . Of Nesta : iss eside bá gaithe glór ┐ ba cintigi comairle, TTr. 1772 ( LL 240b23 ). ag indisin a gloir ┐ a chomraith fein, TTebe 1157 . leinbhín fa glic nglóir, Acall. 633 . cuire genmnaidh ba bec glár (: lár), SG 23.5 . do rāidhius ris ... | begān glōir do budh mōr neimh, ZCP viii 223 § 12 . ce dubh a ghlór (gl. a chaint), v 483 § 5 (B. na Filed). glór gan adhmoille `speech without slowness,' Top. Poems 24.13 . uirsgeál ... | do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal from the Scripture the story is, Dán Dé v 22 . niór chanas ... glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar, Content. xxiv § 23 . glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, xx § 12 ; xxv § 3 . gach glór ... do ráidh every utterance of hers, TD 39.4 . deacair srian re baothghlór mban, 21.27 . pl. glórtha an té atá a n-édothchus, Job vi 26 . In unflattering sense gabbling, talkativeness (?) : glōr (one of the 15 tokens of a bad woman), ZCP viii 113.22 . Adv. d'oin-ghlór unanimously : ag a rádh d'aon-ghlór, Keat. iii 3194 . Cf. ba hē aonghlór na sochraite unanimous utterance, ZCP xiv 223.11 . Of sound or noise in general : tairm ocus glor na sochaide do cloistin, Laws iii 202.7 Comm. glór tarbhach do dhéanamh réna theangaidh, TSh. 7413 . glór na ndiabhal the din raised by the demons, 6711 . Of the note of birds : d'upthaib ban, na (sic leg.) do glór en, PH 7316 . Keat. ii 5446 . Of the elements and of inanimate things : glór na gáethi tresin sín, LL 298a23 ( SG 366.21 ). sniges risin Gairb a glór, 22 . teach ... tré nach cuireann gaoth a glór, DDána 119 § 25 . muir ... can anad da glór ┐ da gredan, TTebe 4471 . re gloraib na srian aca n-imnastad `the sounds of the bridles,' TTebe 2332 . Fig.= fame (?) : allud a deig-[g]loir, AU i 442.17 . g s. Loch Gabair in glóir famed, Ériu x 77 § 15.

Compds. ¤binn sweet-voiced : Mlaise ... glorbinn, SG 32.10 . BB 427a37 . ¤bresmaidm noisy crash : gredon ┐ glor-bresmaidm na mbuiden, TTebe 2808 . ¤cendais gentle-voiced , BB 427b8 . ¤dorcha of unintelligible utterance : fá dhanaraibh gruama glórdhorcha, TD 34.37 . ¤gáibthech terrible-sounding : garbh-eas glór-gháibhtheach, CF 241 . (Eg.). ¤gáir loud (or clear ?) cry, CCath. 2230 (v.l.). ¤gal shouting (?) LL 4a38 . ¤gargg rough-spoken : docer Fergal ... lasin nglórgargg, LL 133a10 . ¤gasta ready of speech : Goll g., Duan. F. i 11.25 . ¤glonnach (or 1 glór ?) noisy (of the sea) : cumgeba a grith glorglonnach, SR 8107 . ¤grith noise, clamour : ro choisc glorgrith na habond, TBC-LL¹ 3906 St. ¤málla soft spoken, TD 18.34 . ¤medrach cheerful-voiced : siol Gaoidhil gloirmeadhraigh, Top. Poems 6.2 . ¤meirtnech listless-voiced : a Ifrind glormeirtnich, YBL 151b31 . ¤naoi pleasant-voiced , Dánta Gr. 70.28 .

1 grés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grés or dil.ie/26613

n m., u.

I handicraft, workmanship, ornamentation, artistic work : gréss i n-óentig fri muintir, Triads 70 . ferr grés soos, LL 345c51 . columhain marmair ... cu saine gacha gresa fair, ZCP i 254.24 . Cairnech ... scribnid Ciarain, is iside roscríb in scribenn amra ... cona hilgressaib `with its many illuminations (?),' Fél.² lxii 5 . glantar do tech gressa lat `let your workshop be cleaned by you,' Ériu v 72.18 . Of the work of building a tower : iar scur in gréssa (: béssa) glanúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 412.26 . togbhus an eaglas go ndealbhadhaibh iongantachaibh ┐ go ngresaibh bregha `with wondrous carvings and brave ornaments,' BNnÉ 188.36 . seacht mbliadna tra robatar na descipuil forsin cuairt ┐ teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa i fus displaying their accomplishment at home, Auraic. 239 . indeoin in Daghdha ba druin | do grés Grinne, Celt. Rev. x 345.z . iomdha gréas na ghlas cherdcha ar an gcrannghail gcoinnealta, Ériu v 62.1 . a greis (leg. grés) gan locht ar a lār ornament without a flaw on its surface, Ériu ii 164.3 .

II needlework, embroidery, female accomplishments : fuath in gresa the pattern of the needlework, Laws i 152.24 . mad ingena nos-berat, non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, ZCP i 422.1 . ni raibe bíad aile isin tigh acht ina fagadh-si ar a grés, RC xxvii 292 § 53 . ba halaind an ingin sin, eter cruth ┐ chéill ┐ gais ┐ gres ┐ genus, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . asaid in ingen iarsin eter ghenus ┐ grēs ┐ lēigenn, ACL iii 308 vi 9 . go niomad gach nuile ghrés ar thaobhuibh an thaorchotúin (= tsaorch.), Rel. Celt. ii 260.39 . is ré n-a linn fos do cuireadh gréasa is corthaire ... ar bhrataibh ar dtús i nÉirinn embroideries and fringes, Keat. ii 1915 . clūimh arna grés le gallmhnaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 98.128 . is meadhrach bíd maighdeana ag gréas a mbrat embroidering their cloaks, Ó Bruad. ii 206.1 .

III poetical composition, a work of art, a poem : ní gres luighthi co luathbras `no epithalamium rashly or perfunctorily made' (O'Gr.), Acall. 818 . do mheas mé ar mhalairt cceirde | seachna na ngréas ngaoidheilge, KMMisc. 242 § 3 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . ní rob gerr mo grés glé-maith, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.102 . gréas do rithlearg composition of rhetoric, Content. xii 5 . ra ghreas laoidhe ar ar luigh san `in the poem on which he worked,' ib. xxii 13 . dealbhfad do Chormac mo chēidghrēs droighnighe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.1 . grés oirrdheirc do bhegan rann | do dhealbh misi, Rel. Celt. ii 289.16 . ná tug geall dod ghréaslaoidheadh, Content. xii 6 . luach mo ghréas im láimh, Hackett xix 16.

IV work, doings : i ciniudh imdergtha gach duine allos a[r] ngresa, RC xiv 54.2 . ro taisben doib a gres o ro scarsat, Laws i 22.2 . teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa `three years in displaying their studies,' Auraic. 239 = 2554 .

imm-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-tét or dil.ie/27940
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immthigid, imatīagsa, imthigi, imthéit, n-imthet, imme[t]ét, himthíagar, imtiagam, imthiagat, immetiagat, imthegind, imteged, immátheged, imtiagmais, imtheigmís, immathegtís, imthigid, imté, immath, n-imthiasam, imthesid, imrega, imrega, imregat, imluid, imlodmar, immelotar, amluidset, imruláith, immruldatar, im-rul[l]atar, imrulatdar, imrulaiseat, immandeochatar, immthigid, im(i)gid, imighter, imdhigmet-ne, imighsi, imdhedh, imdigem, imthigmit, imthiger, imeochad, n-imtheochad, imthigfe-su, nimeochuir, non-imtigfe, imeochaidh, imdeogus, no-imdigfed, imeochad, imtighis, imighis, ro-imdig, d'imgimair, ro-imdichset, ro-imthigset, ro-imthigsetar, imthighedar

v Mid. Ir. immthigid i. indic. pres. s. 1 rel. imatīagsa, TBC-I¹ 659. s. 2 imthigi, LU 3541. s. 3 imthéit, 3831 . nád n-imthet , Críth G. 536. rel. imme[t]ét, Ml. 45c9 . pass. ní himthíagar , Ériu ii 208 § 28. p. 1 imtiagam, Wb. 6a30 . p. 3 imthiagat, TBC-LL¹ 426. rel. immetiagat, Ml. 45c9 . impf. s. 1 imthegind, SR 1337. s. 3 imteged, Laws i 72.11 Comm. rel. immátheged, LU 9309. p. 1 imtiagmais, TBC-I¹ 2657. imtheigmís, TBC-LL¹ 3540. p. 3 rel. immathegtís, LL 290a11 . ipv. p. 2 imthigid, IT i 75.2 . subj. pres. s. 3 imté, Tec. Corm. § 33.12 . rel. immath, Ériu ii 208 § 29. p. 1 dia n-imthiasam , Ml. 46c20 . p. 2 ni imthesid , Wb. 22c4 . fut. s. 2 imrega, Trip.² 1277. s. 3 imrega, Anecd. i 13.11 . p. 3 imregat, TBC-I¹ 79. pret. s. 3 imluid, Imr. Brain § 2. p. 1 imlodmar, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . p. 3 rel. immelotar, Thes. ii 242.15 . amluidset, RC xv 294.4 . With ro : s. 3 imruláith, LU 8575 (FB). imrulaid, SR 7605. p. 3 nicon immruldatar , Thes. i 488.27 im-rul[l]atar, Sc.M² § 6. imrulatdar (sic leg.), SR 3441. imrulaiseat, CCath. 2653. immandeochatar, LU 9246.

As simple vb. immthigid, later reduced to im(i)gid : indic. pres. pass. pl. imighter, Ériu iii 164 § 20. p. 1 imdhigmet-ne, PH 6810. ipv. s. 2 imighsi, Ériu iii 170 § 20. s. 3 imdhedh, Mac Aingil 465.14 . p. 1 imdigem, PH 3072. imthigmit, Mer. Uil. 204. subj. pres. s 1 imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . fut. s. 1 imeochad, RC xix 36.12 . co n-imtheochad , SG 85.25 . s. 2 imthigfe-su, PH 4845. a nimeochuir , O'Gr. Cat. 312.z . s. 3 non-imtigfe, RC xxvii 302.5 . ní imeochaidh , Donlevy xxi 16 . rel. imdeogus, Acall. 5461. sec. fut. s. 3 no-imdigfed, Aisl. Tond. 93.17 . do imeochad , Maund. § 198. pret. s. 3 imtighis, Ériu iii 164 § 18. imighis, 156.3 . ro-imdig, PH 1641. p. 1 d'imgimair, JRSAI ii 360.9 . p. 3 ro-imdichset, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . ro-imthigset, Sc.M² R § 6 . ro-imthigsetar, IT i 73.11 . ro imthighedar , ML² 1929.

I intrans.

(a) goes around, goes about, travels, sets forth, comes, goes (in general sense) : hore is fri de imtiagam `since it is by day that we travel,' Wb. 6a30 . is samlaid insin imme[t]ét leusom int ais lósc `it is thus the blind walk with them,' Ml. 45c9 . ité immelotar immuaneclis fu thrí, Thes. ii 242.15 . atáa mí nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur, Críth G. 536. fer imthéit co n-eri `a man who travels with a load,' Ériu ii 204.15 . nech ... immetet ann frí less n-oli one ... who goes about for the advantage of another, Anecd. iii 23.9 . is amlaid imthēged Medb ┐ leth int slōig impe, TBC-I¹ 862. is ē tricius ┐ āttius imoroget, dāig is chucaind imthigit, 2554 . ri secht nimi ... imrulaid etronn ... fri ré tri bliadan trichat, SR 7735. tucht imruláith in Líath Macha ... fón charput dar fot chóicid Concobair, LU 8575 (FB). in t-sligi mór sa imthéit sechond gia leth imthéit which goes by us, TBC-LL¹ 1143. ocus grian gel cid imthet ?, SR 7916. ni caraim in uisci n-duabais | imteit (leg. imeteit) seoch toebh m'arais, AU i 352.2 . na-ṅgeib-sium eill nári cu n-imthig athach leo, MU² 672. imteged leo fo muirib he used to travel about with them under the sea, Laws i 72.11 Comm. imthesidsi isin matain i mbarach dia saigid, LU 5963. imrulatdar, garbaib gelt | iar tirib amraib Egept they set forth through the wonderful lands of Egypt, SR 3441. imrulaidhset meic Miledh do gabail in Inbear Slaine, Leb. Gab.(i) 250.12 . tabair ascaid m-bicc dam rēsiú imthiger, MacCongl. 55.20 . im-rulaid remi Cú Chulainn i tremdírgi na sliged, MU² 53. do imgedh roime as a haitle `then he proceeded on his way,' Celt. Rev. iv 18.10 . imthigfe-su for nathrachaib thou wilt walk on, PH 4845. imluid Rúadh dar luing amach `R. went out over the ship's side,' RC xv 294.5 . is e ro-imdig cosaib tirmaib darsin muir, PH 1641. is minicc ro imged se ar muin an luicc, Stair Erc. 1979. ro imigset inn aidchi sin co matin `they marched that night until morning,' Cog. 78.10 . tar ceann go n-imgheann léna ghoin ar fud an fhásaigh, TSh. 2517.

(b) goes away, departs: `ab eo,' didiu, `úad' immthíag, Hib. Min. 36.z . ro-imdichset co ndimdo et tuirrsi, Aisl. Tond. 96.16 . dá n-anuind do-chuadus d'ég ┐ dá n-imthiger táinic mo sáegal, Comp. CC 96.25 . ma do imid nírab soraid dō in raga rug, CCellaig 114. imidh uaim go foill, BNnÉ 210 n. 1 . imdhedh go tigh na bpian let him depart, Mac Aingil 465.14 . imgem sul éirgius lucht in baile, SG 243.16 . imthigid ass ... uair moni digsid ass innocht no-bor-mairfither imbárach, IT i 75.2 . do ceilebair doib ┐ roimígh uatha, RC x 183.11 . roimtigsed a n-élod a n-urtosach na haidchi, TTebe 4613 . imthighidh, a dhream mhalluighthe, san teinidh shíordhaidhe ite maledicti, TSh. 6558. na grása luaimneacha do thigeas agus imthigheas `the transitory graces which come and go,' Donlevy 208.20 . Fig. passes away, is lost: mairidh an litir ┐ imghídhidh an chuimhne, ML 182.16 .

(c) Fig. proceeds, walks (of manner of life) : dia n-imthiasam iar timnaib ind rechto, Ml. 46c20 . ni imthesid cen imdéicsin `ye shall not walk without circumspection,' Wb. 22c4 . in tíí ... nach fégann ... sét na sualach. ┐ nách immthigend dia reirr-sin, PH 4668. co n-imthiget i toil Dé, 7119 . in popul ... nach imthiged iarsin etargnu spirutalla, 4595 .

(d) imm-tét ... for (ar) befalls, happens: cech eigen catha ... imdeogus ortsa, Acall. 5461 v.l. día cabuir ó cach decair do imeochad orra, Maund. § 198. cred do imdigh ar a mhnai no ar a cloind, BCC 266.28 . in dímiadh sin ro imdig for a rig, MR 30.2 . do tuic an righan ... gur imidh fordol eigin druidhechta fuirri, Stair Erc. 65. is cosmhuil ribh-se ... | gur imthigh ní éigin ort, Dánta Gr. 11.11 . an gcuala Alba ... | ar imthigh air fan abhluinn, Aithd. D. 53. 9 . Used absol. : do imdigh gach ní da ndubairt C.C., BCC 268.38 . in domnach imrulaid in esergi choimdeta, LB 203b27 .

(e) imm-tét ... fri has to do with, deals with: chum nach n-imtheochadh re mion-chonntas móimintidhe do-ghní sí úsáid don mbliadhain do orduigh Julius Caesar `that she might not have to deal with (lit. in order not to go with) the minute reckoning of moments ...,' Corp. Astron. 8.27 . gibé ris (i.e. the world) gach aimsir imgheas, Hackett xlii 123.

(f) Metaph. usages

(i) changes, varies: imtiagad breatha ilbruige, glossed : at saine bretha forsna bruigi, Laws v 466.15 , 470.3 Comm. ar imtiagait breth (? leg. bretha) aimsera .i. is eimh teit an brethemhnus fo aimsir cana no cairde, O'Curry 1615 (< 23 Q 6, p. 6a-b ).

(ii) is lost, is done for: muna fóire Semus gu luath d'imgimair `we are lost,' JRSAI ii 360.9 . mas e Dia adeir ... cait a n-abair é ? murab é acht duine, do imigh tu you have lost your case, you are done for, Luc. Fid. 323.3 .

(iii) dies: d'imthigh Maghnus Prióir Atha Luain gan lorg `died without issue,' Hy Maine 166.24 . Also with acc. bás (see sect. II infra.) : cia sa hoiged ┐ bás as deach a n-immtheid rig, Alex. 56. Cf. sul n-imghead d'éag, Hackett xliv 34.

II With acc.

(a) circumambulates, travels on, traverses: flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `along the way they go,' Ml. 45c9 . nicon immruldatar cosa doine riam lar srotha iordanein, Thes. i 488.27 (Tur.). bid latt cech ní imrega everything which thou shalt traverse shall be thine, Trip.² 1277. nach ní immathegtís co cend .uii. mbliadan ní ássad arbur ... trít, RC xiii 448 § 36. atcondarccaissiu ... indus imatíagsa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659. atát gillai dún is' taig imrul[l]atar in cocrích, Sc.M² § 6. cid menic imthigi in síd, LU 3541. ro-imthig an loch cen eathar, BColm. 102.14 . mar ḟandaill imtheít muir, TBC-LL¹ 1301. ba he med na seicce co n-im[th]ighdis daíne ┐ índile locha Erenn uile, RC xviii 181.18 . gach duine do imeóchad an cuan sin, ZCP xi 116.3 . ro imgedur ilimud do marannaibh garbha, Stair Erc. 1524.

(b) goes about in the sense of encloses: do forgeis dó aní imaragha a charbat do neoch bu mellach lais do Laighnibh, Anecd. i 44.24 . in mét ferainn imteitt srut[h] Tibir, CCath. 3471. issin ross imtheit Boind, CRR 38.14 . includes: ar ecnairc ind uli sceptra immidechaid da (=do) shoscela, Ir. Lit. p. 43 n. 20 . See also under imm-ticc.

(c) goes round protectingly, guards: baei cú occa no-imthiged Laigniu uili, Sc.M² § 1 R . roboí tan ... ba messe immátheged, LU 9309. nech ... imdoraegae caill ┐ mag remib ... ind agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.10 . a thuir imthéit Gaedel gnáth `o tower that ever guarded the Gael,' Metr. Dinds. iii 100.2 . cotomimthegat lūirecha uile leasa uadh, ZCP vi 258.5 .

inunnus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inunnus or dil.ie/28998

Forms: ionannais

n o, m. [earlier u] (inunn) identity, equality: muc innudha coitchind nomaid, ocus meathair for inannus tir `and what is in the same manner fattened on the land,' (? leg. for i.¤ tire, i.e. the same amount or quality of land), Laws ii 390.24 Comm. ar inannus smachta ocus ar inandus ngellta. Ase in tinannus smachta in bo a neimaithne na conaire. Ise in tinannus geallta in leit gille `the equality of `smacht'-fine is a cow for non-observance of the mode of proceeding. The equality of pledge is the half-pledge,' 138 n. 1 . dethbir ngellta ocus inannus smachta `a difference of pledge and an equality of `smacht'-fine,' ib. a n-ínannus uaire no cidh a saine uaire `at the same time or at a different time,' 56.10 Comm. corabuis féin .i. fo inunnus (ininnus v.l.) in garma ... gl. immusbé fadēin fon oen garmaim, RC xxvi 52 n. 1 . is e sin int aentughud co n-inannus, ┐ int aentugud cen inannus `the unity with identity and ..., Auraic. 1015. iat fein a n-ionannus aoisi ┐ eccoisg, Ériu iv 56.11 . ? Attrib. gen. do ní dá fheidhm ionannais (v.l. -as) `He makes two activities indifferent' ?, Dán Dé xxviii 38.

lebor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lebor or dil.ie/29673
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lebar

n o, m. (Lat. liber) Also with li-, liu-. In later lang. lebar, lio- m., IGT Decl. § 75 . l.¤ quasi libor a libro , Corm. Y 816.

(a) book, volume (as physical object): ainm do teig liubair, Ir. Gl. p. 70 . ina téig libuir, PH 925 . astal .i. gai liubuir, O'Mulc. 96 . ónd úair . . . oslaices Héli in l.¤ do forcetol na n-anmand, LU 2274 ( FA 33 ). ro fothaig [Palladius] . . . Cell Fine i farcaib a libru, Lat. Lives 50.4 . libair bána / leisa ngabar salmthrátha blessed books, SG 52.2 . nach comartha aithrige dam . . . mo uli lebar do badud?, PH 2243. tuc in t-espuc in lebar for aird ┐ atbert tital in libair, 25 . tuitid a liobhair . . . / . . . i n-íochtar an aigéin / gan díoth na litre as lugha, Dán Dé iv 23 . Folld. by qualifying gen.: leabhar . . . slighedh a road-book, itinerary , SG 23.17 . lebhar aithffrind gl. missale, Ir. Gl. 853 . ṡailm ┐ orthain filet isin libar espuic a pontifical, LB 277a61 . in lebhar sochair sea do Chonall `Book of Dues', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.6 . mo leabhar glaice / d'airitmetig orduighthe `handbook', Studies 1923, 598 § 7 .

(b) book, volume, part of a book in sense of written document, treatise: scribinnd ind libur-so (recte libuir) `(the day) of writing this book', Wb. 15a30 . dorimther hí libur Essaiae á scel-so, Ml. 16c10 . i llibur iudicum, 104a7 . mad forcenn libuir nach magen i mbeth amen indib, 2d1 . ised inso . . . tosach ind libuir, Tur. 39 . a thitol re cach libur, Sg. 2a8 . l.¤ airissen `a book of chronicles', 106b15 . fastus .i. l.¤ , 106b19 , cf. 18 . tar hési denmo ind libuir after the writing of this treatise, 2a7 . Mael Issu Húa Brolchan . . . co nderna fen liubra ┐ eladhna, RC xvii 417.y (Tig.). ro thúirsem libru, Fél. Ep. 75 (liubru, libra, v. ll.). acht ara légda inda libra, Mon. Tall. 160.y (§ 79) . it comdire hi lebruib .i. . . . a leabraib in leidinn `in the books [of Canon Law?],' BCrólige 5 . nonbur tra do-erglas do ordughadh in liubair-si (of the Senchas Már), Laws i 16.21 Comm . dogniat im̅ augtair ┐ libair aile corugud aile fora n-imthechtaib, LU 5390 (TBC). bai dind oc libur leig doct .i. no forcanad libru ind rechta co clethe quia fuit doctor in libris legis, 662 (ACC). in dá l.¤ fichet fetarlicce isind áirim óinlibuir atrímter, Hib. Min. 2.59 - 60 . fodailter i cóic libru combad forcind libuir nach maigen i mbi fiat fiat, 2.47 . do gheunam roinn . . . ar an leabar-sa aga roinn a leabhraibh saine , MS. Mat. 581.41 . léighthear i leabhroibh feasa / gurb é . . . / an tairrngertach, L. Cl. A. B. 137.77 .

In Laws Comm. in l.¤ , l.¤ aile or liubair frequently cited as authorities: is i sin ech is mo log indeises lebur `that any book mentions', v 416.2 Comm . ruidles athghabala na daoine so do reir liubair, i 106.33 Comm . nochu n-indisiund leabur dethbir in eduigh, O'D. 207 ( H 3.17, col. 164 ). na geill aisneidhis in dlighedh so sís, no in leabhur so, O'D. 198 ( H 3.17 col. 160 ). atbeir in lepur eile curub inunn . . . , O'D. 211 ( H 3.17 col. 168 ). uii. mairbriara do ḟlaith cedgiallna ┐ nochon indis leabhar marbriara do ḟlaith forgiallna, O'D. 1010 ( H 2.15A p. 16 ). in logh is lugha fogabar a liubar, O'Curry 596 ( H 3.18, 293 ). cáin airlictheo, ní aurasu a cocáelad la Féniu ┐ libru 'in Irish law and the books [of Canon Law]', Cáin Ónae 38 § 5 .

Freq. in the titles of Irish MSS.: Lebar fata Lethglindi, Laws v 472.24 Comm . a Leabur na hUacongbala, IT iii 199 § 58 (see LL Introd. xii ). a Libur Dromma Snechta, LU 10557 n. (H). Slicht Libair Budi Slani, 3220 (H). Fland tra ┐ Eochaid eolach hua Cérin is iat ro thinolsat so a llebraib Eochoda . . . i nArd Macha ┐ a llebraib Manistrech ┐ asna lebraib togaidib archena .i. asin Libur Budi testo asin carcar i nArd Macha ┐ asin Libur Girr boí i mManistir, 2920 ff. (H). rucadh siar . . . in Leabar Gearr a ḟuasclodh I Dochartaigh ┐ Leabar na Huidri do dul a fuasclodh meic ollamon I Domnaill, 2779 - 80 (entry of A.D. 1470). Liubhuir . . . Cluana mic Nóis .i. na hUidhri, Mart. Don. xxxviii . Leabhar Buidhe Moling ┐ Leabhar Dubh Molaga, Keat. i 80.1 . l.¤ Cindfaeladh, Auraic. 67 . lepur Aedhagain, O'D. 248 ( H 3.17, 199 marg.). incipit da Leabhur na cCeart [in-]indistear do chísaibh ┐ tuarastlaibh Ereann, Leb. Cert. 28.3 . Liupar Gabhaltus, liubhair Dinnsenchus . . . Liubhuir Arda Macha, Mart. Don. p. xxxviii (in a list of the Libri famosiores). do bhrig gur bo beus do na seanchaidhibh slonnadh leabhar ar leith, do rer a saine, do shaorchlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . mar ta leabar Connachtach, Ultach, Laighneach, Muimhneach, MS. Mat. 581.37 ff . an Leabhar Eoghanach, L. Cl. A. B. l .

(c) charter, title-deed (?) (cf. scríbend II): leabhair (leabhar, MSS.) Bhriain ar fiaidh bhFuinidh, L. Cl. A. B. 89.72 .

Used in affirmation: int-ī tuc lebar aiffrind no dealb Dia, PH 7333. Here also probably: deog liubair `the book drink' (some kind of religious test), Laws v 472.23 Comm . (gl. fir . . . comperta naime, 470.x ).

COMPDS. ¤choimét book-cover, case for holding a book : leborchométa chethrachori (bibliothicus qua[drata]s), Trip.² 1075 . ¤choimétaid librarian: Maoliosa . . . leabharcoimhédaigh [Arda Macha], AFM ii 1052.9 .

mod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mod or dil.ie/32427
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mod, m., m., mudu, modh, -a, modgnimrada

n o, n. and m. (Lat. modus) n s. mod n-án, SR 2943. m.¤ ṅdil, 3415 . m.¤ nglé, 2575 . ba m.¤ n-áig, TBC-LL¹ 1481. a p. mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078. Late decl.: modh (ón bhés), IGT Dec. § 95 p. 127 (g s. n p. -a).

(a) manner, mode, way, fashion ; in Glosses used to translate Lat. modus. dā mod naturæ ┐ dā m.¤ fortunae (gl. quattuor modis), Sg. 138b4 . gaibid m.¤ ṅ-argumint (gl. instar argumenti), Ml. 64c12 . ó cach mud (omni modo), Sg. 45a10 ; cf. 25b11 ; 203b3 . ní ho mud neirt dogairem-ni noibu it is not from the fashion of strength that we call (men) holy, Ml. 37b16 . is coir doib . . . comrac ime, in tan nach fetait tobach dligid o mudh aile in any other way, Laws v 302.23 Comm. o muth fortachta by way of encouragement, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 2. o mud na con after the manner of dogs, BColm. 82.34 . o tri modaib ro aimsig diabul inní Ísu .i. ó chraes, o maidmige, o díumas, PH 4822. taispénaid cia m.¤ as a mbrisend se in recht in what way he violates the law, 2588 . ros-crochsat fo mud a tigerna they crucified it (the image) as had been done to its lord, 126 . tuc-som sigen na crochi . . . fo mhug na Cristaige in the Christian manner, LB 234a55 . co mbetis aice fo mud airm ┐ diten that they might serve him as arms of defence, 233b19 . fó mud charpait cetherriata, 235a50 . batar leo . . . tengtho a mmudh nathrach like a serpent's, Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3. ó tá an domhan i modh cruinn of a round shape, Content. v 40. modh tagra tabhair-se dhamh `give me fair play in argument', xxiii 2 . tinnscedal in righflaithiusa Romhanta . . . ba saine modh leis ┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh remhaind the Roman sovranty began in a different way from those just mentioned, CCath. 46. go bhfuilid ceithre modha ar a bhféadaid na neithe, etc. there are four ways in which, TSh. 3151. In more restricted sense, way of behaviour, manner, habit, etc.: is i sin oen-ingen ro gab moda Derdrinni fuirri . . . etir cruth ┐ chēll ┐ lamdai, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . nach eolach . . . for a modhuibh nā for a mbescnadaib, Marco P. 116. ni roibhi . . . ben dob ferr . . . modh ┐ múnudh, ZCP vi 24.7 . ógh fa uaisle modha, PBocht 60 § 54 , cf. 37 § 16 . ni budh maith an mogh damh . . . gan a ithe it would not become me not to eat it, BCC § 122.

(b) often used as rel. adv. in above senses: m.¤ conid-tuccid (= prout potestis intelligere), Wb. 21c11 . m.¤ arcanai, ACL iii 298.5 . cach modh dobeir saethar furra whatever trouble it gives her, Laws iv 10.32 . trummu á peccad ar chách nach m.¤ formberat according as they increase, Ml. 71c1 . nach m.¤ ata-sníaim whatever way, Fél. Oct. 26. nach m.¤ don-bered dia bélaib, IT i 138.15 .

(c) in Sg. used to translate Lat. modus = (grammatical) mood: ciall cech muid, 190a3 . ciall inna n-ule mod, 190a1 .

(d) measure, limit (like Lat. modus): arna esgaba m.¤ á cuindrech that the chastisement may not exceed measure, Ml. 22c8 . m.¤ condinroirea a measure so that it may provide for us, Wb. 29b16 . m.¤ for talla inn [sic leg.] tri mēr the space covered by the tips of three fingers, Laws ii 238.11 . ní béram-ni m.¤ n-ordlaig . . . bar culu we will not budge an inch, TBC-LL¹ 5977. modh noi ceimenn, 3892 St. conidmidethar som a mmod ┐ a fit `regulates her portion and her pittance', Mon. Tall. § 60. ní bidh modh ar saidhbris na Romhánach the wealth of the R. was beyond measure, CCath. 240 ; cf. 5760 . na cuiridh tar modh a [= i?] saethar sibh do not exert yourselves immoderately, BNnÉ 68 § 107. ? Sengund o Belach in Chon | rosiacht m.¤ co Lumnech les the extent (of territory) allotted to S. reached from B. in Ch. to L., LL 8b7 .

(e) function, work, service: he fesin as choimsid dáu in muid dungní he is his own master of the work, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294.3 ). déni in chruth sain do m.¤ maith, SR 1617 = dena amlaid sin do m.¤ ┐ do monar, MacCarthy 64.16 ( LB 112b2 ). noch[o] dein moda acht criathra[d] mine does no work save sifting flour, 132.13 = IT iii 20.1 . rannaid etarra modh in tres fir they divide between them the task of the third man, Lism. L. p. ix 10 . co n-epert C. congeupad moda et māmma ind fir, ZCP iii 251 § 9. damad derb leis dul go grod | ni dingnadh egna nā modh if he knew for certain he would die shortly, he would neither study nor toil, vii 301.9 . Deed, performance, achievement: d'indissin m.¤ ┐ morgnim gaili na Feinde, Acall. 7255. sul donéor mo mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078 = TBC-I¹ 2276. oididh Muircertaigh na modh, MacCarthy 398.9 . modh .i. gnim, O'Dav. 2168. modh .i. obair, Eg. Gl. 478. This or else (a) is prob. the sense in chevilles: m.¤ ṅglanna, SR 861. m.¤ cen hír, 6665 . m.¤ mass, 5021 . caom an modh, Lism. L. 3422.

The follg. exx. are perhaps an extension of this sense: ro fail gnúis is grátam dó | dober m.¤ don banchuireo (= his beauty gives the women-folk no rest?), TBC-LL¹ 264 = TBC-I¹ 62 (`Ehre giebt er den Frauen', Wind.). a ben trebar dosbeir m.¤ | bith dia ceiliu cen chotlud it gives his careful wife concern that her husband is sleepless (?), IT i 97.14 (`seine kluge Frau bemerkt dass . . .' Thurn. Sagen 3 , see ScM., Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. vi, glossary ).

(f) honour, dignity, consideration (due to a pers. calling, etc.); seems a late use arising out of the sense `function, office': ni bi omun ar bith fair, acht mogh [sic MS.] na righi do coimét (i.e. he keeps a bodyguard not through fear but to uphold the royal dignity), Marco P. 69 , cf. 76 . ní tiubharthar dhó i sgolaibh | modh ughdair ná deagh-ollaimh, Content. xvi 181. ní tú dogheibh modh . . . acht na grádha 's an aibíd not your person but your religious orders and garb receive respect (?), xiv 1 . doberair mogh nach dleghair d'fhoir Oiligh, Irish Texts ii 84 § 21. go dtugadar . . . do mhodh ┐ d'onóir dhó, TSh. 5565. re a comhairle nír chaith modh paid no heed to, PBocht 68 § 10.

(g) idioms.

(a) is ed m.¤ (folld. by clause); see Celtica xiii 121-22 : iss ed m.¤ danas-tarsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade a crane could hardly have reached to pluck it, TBC-LL¹ 2603 = TBC-I¹ 1940 ; is ed a modh nach tairsed, H 2.17 , Eg. 93 ; is contabairt go dtairsedh, St. is é a modh nach tairsedh, etc., Comp. CC 103.3 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). is ed m.¤ da risad ubull díb dochum talman hardly a single apple would have fallen, TBC-LL¹ 2618 = TBC-I¹ 1945. issed m.¤ nar bo thornocht in talam fótho, TBC-LL¹ 5153 ; 'the ground was hardly bare of them' Celtica xiii 121 . Perhaps an extension of sense (d) = it is the limit if (that). . . . Cf. iseadh modh lais .i. as teann obair leis, O'Cl. s.v. modh. modh .i. contabairt ut est acht modh fortalla ind trí mer .i. is inbechtain dia dtalla inn tri mer, O'Dav. 1258 ; for citation see Laws ii 238.11 , quoted (d) above.

(b) mod nad mod, expld. by Pokorny RC xxxiii 64 as a way that is (really) no way, i.e. hardly, scarcely . See also BBCS xxiv 484 . atconnarcatar úadib m.¤ nad m.¤ .i. in fat rosiacht índ radairc a roisc, LU 10056 ; cf. ZCP xvii 201 (YBL & Eg. versions); the words: .i. in fat, in LU seem to be a gloss incorporated with the text. ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire m.¤ nad m.¤ i ndesid inna sudiu. Conggair nonbur aile fair, FB 84 ( LU 9094 ), where we should perhaps read: m.¤ nad m.¤ a ndesid inna sudiu conggair, etc. he had scarcely taken his seat when another nine challenged him (so Thurn. Sagen 49 ).

Compds. ¤gnímrad exploits, performances (coll.); pl. fer coimeta modgnimrada gaile ┐ gaiscid na Feindi, Acall. 6465 n. (p. 329) ; 6822 . ¤mall of leisurely manner, tranquil: muir modhmhall, Fél. 182.11 .

oíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oíb or dil.ie/33585

Forms: oíph, oíb, aíb, oeb, aeb, lan-aeba, aóbh, aoibh, aobha, aebh, aeibhe, áobh, aeib, aoibh, aebglan, oebnār

n f. and m. O.Ir. oíph, Wb. 7c1 . Mid.Ir. oíb, aíb, oeb, aeb. g s. (? a p.) lan-aeba, SR 46. aóbh (on dath) m., g s. aoibh, aobha, IGT Dec. § 38.3 . aebh f., g s. aeibhe, § 39.3 . áobh, ib. 9 . ? aeib f., § 14.11 .

(a) the orig. sense seems semblance, appearance, aspect, nature or condition (of things or abstracts). alind á oíph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a inne the form (manner) of the teaching is attractive, but its substance is poisonous, Wb. 7c1 . lestar lán, cen áeb n-engaig, | in Spírta saér, SR 7111 (= leg. aíb . . . saír). én uais co n-aib ḟorórda, 4280 . on berla Ebraide namá ro labairset . . . do-thaitne aeb a mberla dílis do chach (i.e. to each the language spoken appeared to be his own), PH 5487 . dorala saine aibe for erlabra lochta na Galilee fri haitrebtachaib Ierusalem (i.e. the Galileans had a different way of speaking from the inhabitants of Jerusalem), 3191 . ro ḟigius . . . craeb choibniusa . . . cen aíb ndoilgiusa, LL 143a 36 . Aengus cen oib n-indligid `semblance of illegality', Fél. p. xxv 9 ( LB 106b46 ). Cf. aib .i. cosmailis, Lec. Gl. 420. aibh no aoibh .i. cosmhaileas, O'Cl. áobh (innad [inand v.l.]), IGT Dec. § 39.9 .

(b) beauty or attractiveness (of appearance, nature or dis- position) ; cf. áobh (ōn dath), IGT § 38.3 . aéb na gréni a gel- lám, LL 140a11 . aéb chuirp don ḟīrgil, ib. 40 . co rus-carsat inghina righ . . . ar a oirscelaibh oeibhe ┐ engnúmha, ZCP xiii 166.6 . in ben co n-aíb rathmair ríg `the king's wife gracious and lovely', Metr. Dinds. i 8.26 . ingen briugad . . . co ndeilb luchar co lán-aíb, iii 174.102 . ro bo geis don rígh go n-aeibh `the beautiful King', Ériu iv 176.8 . aiged in airdrig . . . cona haíb ┐ cona háilli, MR 114.18 . pl. taithnid aoba for a dre[i]ch beauties, charms (of the isle of Rachru), ZCP x 53.25 (perh. an abstr., cf. oíbe).

In Mart. Gorm. freq. used in speaking of saints, perhaps in moral sense of grace : Colman co n-aib ḟīr-ōig, Gorm. Dec. 15. Gun- denes co ndegh-aeib, July 18 . Anmere na hóeibi, Nov. 2. Cf. a Iosu . . . tindlaicc damh aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 .

The expression: co n-oíb is freq. in poetry, used adverbially or as cheville: finnaid, a druide, co n-áeb, TBC-LL¹ 728 = aoib, St. dorochair Ellim co n-aíb, LL 128a21 . docer la Eochaid co n-aíb, 128b51 ( MacCarthy 170 § 2 , 188 § 6 ).

Folld. by gen.: meicc Eladan aeb idna, ZCP xiv 175.3 = aob iodhna `beauty of weapons', Leb. Gab.(i) i 158. cath F. for laechraid Laigen . . . áeb na Herenn `delight of Ireland', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 26 ( LL 183a2 ). aoibh eoil ar ghréin 's ar ghealaigh (of a cleric and scholar), Arch. Hib. i 93.3 .

Of condition, vigour; prosperity, felicity, affluence : fa mór m'allud ocus m'aéib, Anecd. i 36.5 (of the Hawk of Achill). nír dúr a allud 's a aeb, LL 33a36 . don druing fa mór aoibh is á[i]gh, Ériu i 100.14 . Gúaire na háebe, LL 297b29 . fer d'a tuc Dia aibh ┐ grasa co mór `felicity', AU iii 148.12 . cenn aibhe ┐ aitis fear nEreann `cheerfulness', AFM iv 1146.17 . níor shiubhail iath . . . nach bíodh fa lán aoibhe an ḟir (i.e. every land he travelled in tasted of his affability), Arch. Hib. i 91 § 13 . an tí dobheir 's dogheibh grádh | do fhan sé go bráth fá aoibh is always in bliss, Dánta Gr. xi 12 . da mbeith ar an ealadhuin aoibh nō onoir ag Gaoidhealuibh if learning were held in favour or honour by Gaels, YBL 170a45 (scribe's colophon).

(c) in Mart. Gorm. freq. used as an adj. in composition with another preceding adj. Failbe finn-óeb (.i. aebh alainn), Gorm. Apr. 29 . pápa Félic fír-áeb, July 29 . Euseb oll-oeb, Aug. 25. Beatrix og ol[l]-aib, July 29 . Cf. fri sratha slan-aeb, SR 54 (= g p.?). In mod. lang. aoibh is used as an adj.: múscail méinn aontadhach aoibh `a kindly spirit of unity', Ó Bruad. ii 10.13 . aoibh `pleasant, civil, courteous', O'R.

Compds.

(a) with follg. adj.: Fergus oeb-ghel, Gorm. May 29 . an taobh aoibhgheal mar uan tonn, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 6. aebglan, Gorm. Apr. 8. oebnār, ib. Sep. 20. sluadh nime naomaingligh aob aiblidh (= oíb-oíbligh), ZCP viii 211.16 .

(b) with noun: Agapitus aebdrech of gracious countenance, Gorm. Aug. 6. ra ḟacsin a áebdreche, RC xxix 211 § 1. hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . for oebnemh, Gorm. Sep. 23.

2 ón, (óin)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ón, (óin) or dil.ie/33857
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: óna, onai, ona, úan, ón, úain, óin

n i, f. g s. óna. n p. onai, Laws v 370.1 . ona, 278.1 . Vn. of oidid, = O.Ir. úan, ón, ā, f. and s, n. ( Cáin Ónae 37 ); later úain is used as distinct from óin.

The act of lending; a loan ; freq. coupled with airlecad, cf. oc uain et airlicud, Wb. 31c5 , where Edd. Thes. translate: `in loaning (commodare) and lending (mutuo dare )'; in Laws iii 492 n. 3 it is said that `óin' means a loan without charge, interest being charged if it is not returned within a specified time, whereas `airlecad' means loan with charge or interest, but this distinction is not always borne out, see Cáin Ónae 32-35 . In lit. the word is used in a wide sense. oin .i. iasacht, O'Dav. 1312 ; similarly O'Cl. `oin' [on v.l.] cennach, `uain' iasacht, Metr. Gl. Ff. 68 (i.e. hiring as oppd. to lending?). ? oin .i. o inde tic do nech, Corm. Y 1037. íasacht follán [iasachta saera v.l.], óin [saine, oin ar oin v.l.] fri toich `lending without stint, acceptable loans' (?), Tec. Corm. § 3.36 ; perh. lending gratuitously, a loan on fitting occasion (or on due security?). bid aithrech ón is iasacht (of the loan or gift of a horse), Metr. Dinds. iii 454.68 . combeth a haisec dia hón (= that she might be restored after being carried off), i 8.47 . dligi[d] cach oin a taisic, Laws v 278.8 . cāin ona la Fene: on fri hairchenn, oin fri hanaircenn lending for a specified or for an indefinite period, v 368.9 . atait secht n-ona oidither la Feine nā dlegar a taisic, 278.1 . re ré na hona no na fochraca `during the term of the loan or the hire', 210.18 Comm. di tir foc[h]raice no ona `hired or let land', i 138.34 Comm. ar oin no ar airlicud on loan or at interest, ii 374.26 Comm. (common formula). cach ni doberur i n-oin ┐ i n-airlicud, 46.7 Comm.

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