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3 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 a or dil.ie/4
Last Revised: 2019

 

geminating particle used before numerals when predicative or substantival and not otherwise defined, see GOI 243 , 679 ; SGS v 42f. a hoen, a dó, a trí trel / a do friu conid cuicḟer, SR 741 . a deich, Fél. Oct. 9 v.l. nach sal aslénna ainech duini biit a trí ocá díunuch, Críth G. 308 . cis lir fodhla for cintaib . . . a secht, Laws iv 240.1 . a tri inda degaid cach caocait, Mon. Tall. 140.30 (§ 33) . arna hathleagad fecht for a sé i.e. seven times, CCath. 4679 . atáid a dó dheag re a n-áireamh, TSh. 1554 . cá mhéid obair . . . ann? a cethair deug, Donlevy 194.23 . a cūig dhíobh ar son esbuidhe na hegluise ┐ an sesiodh . . ., RSClára 152b . Particle omitted in: ó óen co a cóic, Auraic.² 51 § 6,3 . quae sunt unum et duo et tria, et simul sex fiunt gl. óin ... dáu a trian a trí alleth á sé, Thes. ii 31.27 .

ád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ád or dil.ie/251

 

Forms: áda, ág

n g s. áda. Also spelt ág. good luck, prosperity, success: imridh an t-ágh na fhochoir i.e. fortune favours him, Arch. Hib. i 90 § x . o rancadar dar sál sair / co n-á.¤ is co n-ollbladaib, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.2 . sgiamh co n-agh, MR 228.1 . ni dam agh-sa a indesen it is not a good thing for me to have to tell it, Anecd. iii 47.10 . ni ar eirig ádh na amhantur dhoibh, ALC ii 498.2 . ní ḟaghaim ágh ná éadáil `luck or fortune', Content. ii 53 . is ádh don tuaith gan luach iona gcaithfeadh proinn `the common people's lot is not to have their dinner's price', Ó Bruad. ii 20.25 . ní fhéadann an tnúthach . . . ágh a chomharsan d'fhaigsin, TSh. 9319 . d'ádh éanorchair through a single lucky shot? (or perh. to be referred to 2 ág), Aithd. D. 23.32 . In phrase (atá) d'á.¤ ar: dol tar a riaghail d'ágh ort `thou hast the luck to over-step their rule', Studies 1920, 262.6 . grádh ar m'aire acht a hannsa / ní raibhe d'ádh oramsa, Aithd. D. 12.23 . dá mbeath d'ádh ar Oileach Néid / fa soidheach lán a leithéid if fortune favoured O., DDána 76.12 , With defining gen. ádh urroma the good fortune to be respected. DDána 100.22 . laoich uaisle go n-ágh n-oinigh `the noble warriors of triumphant honour', Studies 1920, 567.12 . ádh orchra i.e. absence of trouble, Aithd. D. 3.3 . Common in chevilles: mor int adh, Fen. 244.1 . Mamínítus fa mor ag (: imslan), MacCarthy 312.4 . līth n-ágha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1518 . is scél ádha, Acall. 659 .

airtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtach or dil.ie/2415

 

Forms: t-erddach

o, n. Later m. in t-erddach, PH 6371 . Vn. of ar-utaing.

(a) act of refreshing, restoring: is irtach dom a airitiu gl. refice viscera mea, Wb. 32a23 . a n-ertach .i. ind usci, Ml. 121b7 . ertaig gl. reficiendi, 118c7 . denaid a herdach `feed her', PH 1998 . irdach .i. frithailemh, O'Curry 1469 ( H 3.18, p. 652 ). ? Of mensal lands: quem agrum dabitis senioribus uestris? responderunt: `erthech', Cod. Sal. 274 (cited Plummer MS. notes, see V. SS. Hib. cxiii n. 11 ).

(b) act of celebrating; festival, ceremony: dul do erdduch na n-idpart, SR 4600 . lúgnasad . . . .i. aurtach no cluiche Loga . . . nofertha lais um thaide fogamair, Corm. 26.4 . urtach sollomain, Laws iii 18.17 .i. caisc no notlaic, 24 Comm. in fírén huasal . . . día ta a.¤ i n-ecmong na réa se, Trip.² 2022 . fēili Rīg na fīrinne . . . a n-ertach is cet, ZCP xiii 28.10 . irdac na casg, n.24 . dligid in sollamain-si a hanoir ┐ a herdach, PH 3598 . tri herdaige dlegar do denum i sollamnaib, 6370 . co mbadh usaide a erdach ┐ a onóir, AFM ii 1084.16 . ba erdath ┐ ba lith mor la colum Cille ann dogres `a great festivity and merrymaking', Mon. Tall. 156.7 (§ 68) . erdach na Samhna, Hugh Roe 298.z (fo. 78b) . aurtag . . . .i. fēle, O'Mulc. 60 . eardach .i. fésda nó sollamain, O'Cl.

1 aithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithed or dil.ie/2614

 

Forms: athadh, -idh

[o] vn. from * aith-eth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 . athadh (ón élódh) m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11 . elopement, flight: a.¤ cen dethbiri, Laws v 310.3 . mad a.¤ and, nir' chlunter / cid athḟer cid athmunter, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.227 . ni saiched siblig dar sál / a.¤ n-án da ingin úad, iv 96.z. im athadh dian Derdrinde, BB 258b17 . ni bia oram fairisiumh acht mar bhís ben ar aithedh, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . do-tét, téit for a.¤ (la) elopes with: dodechaid for athiud la Midir, LL 22552 . ro laisi . . . algis fairsium co tudchad for a.¤ léi, LU 2931 . luid ar athad ┐ ar élod le hO., Acall. 2975 . luidh Deichtir siur Concubuir . . . for a.¤ , ZCP v 500.30 . Treablann do theacht for aithi tochmhairc fri Frōech, xiii 171.17 . do-beir, beirid for a.¤ (la) carries off: dobert iarom Eochaid Eblind for a.¤ , LU 2933 . berid ar écin Murni for a.¤ leis, 3167 . dolluid si i ndāil Fothaid ┐ berid ar aithid (aithigh MS) leis hí, Fianaig. 8.1 . breith Helene for aithedh, TTr.² 508 . Elend do brith ar athed, 585 . rug Fathadh ní feis gan bhrón /leis ar athadh 's ar élódh, IGT Decl. ex. 350 ( DDána 64.15 ). Name of a category of tales (elopements) in saga-lists, see Heldensage p. 22 . Cf. Laws i 46.4 , Anecd. ii 45 . In less precise sense: ná ro leíce aitheadh na eígen . . . do eígen . . . do eírge ina reimhes, AFM vi 2374.7 .

anfud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfud or dil.ie/3608
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anbod, tanfad, ainbthe, ainbthe, anfaid, anfod, anfaid, ainbthib

n earlier anbod (intens. of 2 féth or neg. of 3 féth, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 , LEIA s.v. anboth). Gender and inflexion doubtful. n s. in tanfad , LL 183a11 . g s. (or g p.) ainbthe, RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). a s. (or a p.) ainbthe, LU 2980 . g s. anfaid, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). a s. anfod, LU 9429 . d s. anfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . d p. ainbthib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi). Mod. anḟaithe, O'Rah. 26.3 .

Tempest, storm: féth no anboth gl. navegantium . . . inaequalitas, Ml. 125d11 . ar cech néclind bas eslind / dom chorp co nainbthib hūathaib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi) .i. fil co nanbthib, 43 . acht nip forlucht no anfuth (of taking out a boat), Laws iii 210.24 . for feth . . . for anfuth, 212.7 Comm. cia do f[u]air anfad for muir, v 190.y Comm. is mac ainbthe notusmairn `son of storm', RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). fossod a tond medrach mend / mandra sál fri ainbthe hír, LU 2980 . baíthium a.¤ mílach mend, 3018 . ardomneat anfuth úar, 3019 . báite fairind mo churaig / lasin n-anfod crúaid, 9429 . talgud (= tailciud ?) inna fidbadh . . . la a.¤ tentide di cech le[i]th, Ériu ii 138 § 128 . a.¤ mara, LL 190c30 . Finnai cid lethan a loch / ┐ cid mór a anfod, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.14 . do éirigh anfadh orra, Keat. ii 531 . muir ar n-éirghe anfaidh, DDána 74.19 . do cuir an peisd an uired sin d'anfadh ┐ do combuaidhredh ar an fairce, ZCP xi 144.18 ( BCC 233 ). can tocht re gaith no ar feanfud, Cog. 182.22 . Attrib. g s. Tú mhínigheas an mhuir anfaidh the stormy sea, DDána 13.10 . ? As fixed phrase: a liuthad sodar mhuir anfaidh, SGS xviii 106.27 . go Loch n-anfaidh nUachtair, TD 16.53 .

Fig. in phrases descriptive of a hero, etc.: tonn anfaid, as í a shamhoil, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ard-anfud dond dílinne / décsiu Cerbaill chóe[i]m, RC xxix 211 § 4 . tonn is treisi anfadh `wave mightiest in fury', Studies 1920, 418.32 . a réim aithbhe dá hanfadh course of an ebb-tide in its storminess(?), DDána 92.44 . Cf. the compd. do léim tar fhál anfadhaithbhe across the barrier of a stormy ebb-tide(?), DDána 89.7 .

(b) turbulence, fury, rage in general: co ucht anfaid irgaile / re n-ocaib Ulad, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). cosin flaith find fil fri a.¤ / i fil Dondchad, LL 4992 . cath F. / for coímu in chóicid . . . / og in t-anfad / irrubad Aed Rón is Chonchath, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 ( LL 183a11 ). anfadh cogaidh mhóir i nErinn, AFM ii 1024.11 . aister is fherr anfadh `a most dashing raid', Studies 1920, 418.12 . dín a Dé A. . . . / ar iffern co méit anfaid, LL 199b58 . tainic anfadh an bais chum na baindtigherna = semimortua facta est, Smaointe B. Chr. 3936 . ra érig . . . a.¤ anfóill ecíalla isna ardrigaib, LL 240a14 ( TTr. 1724 ). re hanfadh a ffercc, ZCP viii 224 § 31 . le hanfadh aigeanta, ML 128.14 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir, TD 15.50 . íslig . . . grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.13 . fulang hanfaid, Prolegomena 42 § 9 .

(c) In name of a weapon: lorg anfaid inna láim, LU 5596 (TBC) = lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1113 . tainic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.22 . Cf. ainbthen.

as-lena

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-lena or dil.ie/4450
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: éilnid, aslenaimm, arruneillestar, aslentar, aslentae, asrollennad, roheilled, asrulenta, asrulenta, éilned

v (* ess-len-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 566 ). Also as simple vb. éilnid. pollutes, defiles, violates: aslenaimm gl. luo, Sg. 54a8 . gl. attamino, 17a1 ; aslennim gl. attamino , ZCP xxi 281.13 . gl. ceno (= [a]caeno, Ascoli 155 ), Sg. 173a4 . aslenim no fledigim gl. ceno coeno, ZCP xxi 281.21 . aslentis a menma fadesin tri adéitched, Ml. 74c3 . in loc diambu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . atléntaissom, 22a4 . arruneillestar gl. profanante, 63a14 (see GOI 418 ). lase nad reildisem-ni, 63d15 . lase asrulensat gl. ritús profanando, 74a3 . dun elled asslentar huanaib salaib corpthaib . . . du cach escmun aslentar hua drochgnimaib, 92d12 . aslentar gl. profanari, 129c17 . aslentae gl. reconcinarier(mistaken for conquinare, Thes. ii 117 ), Sg. 64a18 . asrollennad gl. pulluta est, Ml. 124d17 . roheilled gl. uiolatus, 127a13 . asrulenta gl. inquinatæ sunt, 28a22 . asrulenta gl. impiata sunt, 100c18 . arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not dirty their chariots when going on a visit, Corm. Y 1082 . uball .i. . . . Eba-eill .i. īarsindī roellustar Eba fair isind imarbus, 1272 . eillneadh .i. cinidh, ut est, ni eill Iacob ar lepaid a mic .i. nirbo cintach, O'Curry 573 (H 3. 18, 285). ar na roelnitís roisc in nóib o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13 . ro elnebair . . . in eclais, PH 4590 . rohelned . . . hi o sacurd in tempuil she was violated, Rawl. 73b28 . gura héilned ┐ gura coirbed in fhuil ass isna lestraib, Alex. 539 = rohelnistair ┐ ro corp in fuil ┐ dodechaid asna leastraibh, IT ii2 98 . michoimédaich ┐ elnid ar soboid-ne (sic) they defile our sabbath, YBL 141a26 (cf. PH 2587 ).

In Laws freq. of the besmirching of a man's honour and resulting cancellation of any legal privileges due to his position (Plummer MS notes): nach sal aslén(n)a ainech duini bíit a trí ocá díunuch, Críth G. 308 . a tri . . . atlendai miadh, Laws iv 344.15 . ceithre gona . . . nad eillnet coimge laime, 252.18 folaid core fri fine . . cennib gaeth acht nis nellne a baés, iii 54.4 . it fastaide a sochuir ┐ a dochuir . . . acht tri cuir .i. manchi ┐ gialna ┐ ni as-lēn fini, ZCP xv 311 § 7 gl. 1 . cuir aslénat orba .i. mainche no giallna, ZCP xiii 23.21 . cach indligid atlen ua ┐ iarmo ┐ innua, O'Curry 2246 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)a ). les-ainm lenus .i. inní islen . . . co n-aslenand, Laws v 230.3 Comm.

Cf. éilnigid.

Vn. éilned.

brúchtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúchtaid or dil.ie/7066

 

Forms: brúchtad

v (brúcht) bursts, belches forth; springs forth, pours, overflows : brucht .i. sceith . . . bruchtaid co sal co salaib .i. bruchtaid sim co salcaraib, O'Dav. 250 , Ériu xiii 44.22 . robrúcht in talum `the earth burst open' (at Crucifixion), KMMisc. 144.21 . a n-aen uair bruchtais a meas ┐ a mblath ┐ a nduilli `break forth', Dinds. 59. airm asa mbrūchtat Ollar ┐ Ollarba whence spring forth O. and O. (rivers), Corp. Gen. 121.24 . in ni bruchtas de (sc. claide) what overflows from it, Laws v 488.25 Comm. T. . . . asa ṁbrucht srúaim soïs `out of whom burst a stream of knowledge', Fél. Apr. 4. Ainle . . . / fris ṁbruchta muir mílach, June 21 . ? brūchtait bith / Fiachu Labrainn, / Smirguil, Smrith, Corp. Gen. 6.19 . brúctaidh fri híath nAnann, Ériu xiii 40.25 . flaith . . . brúchtas roimse robartai (rhet.), BDD² 1012. sāer sāerus broind bēlra bēil brūchtus ūad (rhet.), Anecd. v 22.17 . ro bruchtsat lucht na cathrach na urtimcill `crowded round him', Stair Erc. 467.

Trans. ro bruchtsatar eassa ┐ aibne . . . mur-bhruchta . . . cacha moir eisc `poured forth . . . shoals of', MR 102.1 . ? brúchtis bí a croith innallaili combu ógslán, LU 10610 = bruitis (bruigis, bruitisbe, brutisife, v.ll.), Comp. CC 6. orcc brecc brondḟinn bruchtas de magur fo muirib, Corm. Bodl. 26 (see magar ). brūchtaid in būar bódela (rhet.), ZCP viii 105.3 . gur bhrúcht sí (an Fhraingc) foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927.

Vn. brúchtad.

? cáemnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cáemnacht or dil.ie/7612

 

n [ ni hairg]ed fionn foichmen forrudh for [a ndrub]a sal sgeo de dhocaomnacht, Ériu xiii 13.4 . Cf. nocht .i. nighe ut est saighid De dia caemnocht .i. impo[d] Dhe dia caomnighi, O'Dav. 1298 .

cechraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechraid or dil.ie/8429

 

Forms: cechrad

v (cechar) muddies, splashes : sal nocha cheachraidh mo chlí, Dán Dé xxvii 25 . Vn. cechrad.

cennmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennmar or dil.ie/8661

 

Forms: c.

adj o, ā (cenn) See GOI 218 ; Wortk. 51 . big-headed : c.¤ gl. Capito, Sg. 52a3 (cf. Études Celt. xi 124 ). na roemsat chain c.¤ (: sal), Rawl. 76a26 . C. cennmhar (: deadhlad), Folklore 62 ( Folklore iv 482 ). D. ba dedgair ba dron / ruc claind cendmair do Ch., Metr. Dinds. iii 88.10 . L. cendmor, LL 318a16 .

1 cíar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cíar or dil.ie/9011
Last Revised: 2013

 

I As adj. o, ā dark, murky, black : `ciar' dub. Metr. Gl. 28 . c.¤ .i. dubh, O'Cl. aicme huatha .i. huath . . . cron, quiar, Auraic. 5699 . Of animals, birds etc.: don chath fri íalla cīara (: pīana), Thes. ii 348.6 (Hy. v) glossed .i. duba. sesca corrmolt ciar, Leb. Cert.² 344 . fíach c.¤ , RC xiii 78.5 . each ciar, ZCP viii 220.20 . fer crotha ceir otter , Anecd. i 73 § 209 . ugh circi ceiri, MR 110.5 . Of a wood shady, gloomy: a eidhinn . . . / at gnáth a ccoill cheir (: reil), BS 66.4 . din chaill chéir, LL 356 marg. sup. Of person's general appearance: Caïn c.¤ , SR 2717 . Cu ch.¤ , RC xvii 393.9 . Of hair: in cend c.¤ robaí ar Conall, Metr. Dinds. iii 398.28 . cend carrach cnocc-remur c.¤ (of a hag), iv 140.87 .

Other applications: mo churchan c.¤ , Auraic. 5352 . se[i]nm gairuh cēir `of the dark torrent', K. and H. 25 (cf. Sages, Saints and Storytellers 266 ). arsin tángadar Túath Dé / i coepaib cíach c.¤ , Ériu iv 132.10 . eter móin cēir ┐ craíb, MU² 463 . cobair fir a culchi ch.¤ , LU 3053 . Cf. ag cur síoda . . . ar a c.¤ caile, Párl. na mB. 2607 .

II As subst. n.pr. m.: Clann C[h]ēir, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 93 § 35 . C.¤ .i. odar a ghnuis, Cóir Anm. 283 . As ā, f. Of winds: in temen in chiar chálad, SR 62 . in chiar itir in uidir ┐ in cirdub bit, Laws i 28.2 Comm. Legal of a woman (meaning ?): in chiar connarchell .i. in chiar . . . cen urrthach cen indrucus, O'Curry 1050 ( H 3.18, 437a ) = in ciar conercell, O'D. 779 (H.3.17, col. 559).

COMPDS. With nouns. cna corcra ar na ciarchraobhaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 6 . [in]na hocht ṡlisne cen chiardath, Anecd. i 67 § 149 . cerd cen ciargestul `black deed', Bodl. Dinds. 18 . seacht cciarleíne fichead, CF Eg. 196 . fuaim crot ó chiarlonaibh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 .

With adjj.: dealb ciardub, Otia i 114 § 3 . brain-eóin . . . ciar-dhubha, ML 130.18 . See círdub. Subst.: itir in uidir ┐ in cirdub (of wind), Laws i 28.2 Comm. an eachlach . . . sal-fada ciarḟota, YBL 177a32 . a chneas-léine, chiar-leabhar, ML 110.28 . ciar-thuilte 'mhadraidhibh úisc (of Kincora), O'Rah. 30.6 . For further compds. as n. pr. see Corp. Gen. Cf. donahiblochtaibh rochiarchuarcrap cremsetar dam, IT iii 102.1 .

3 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 clí or dil.ie/9468

 

Forms: clíu, clíu

n Earlier form perh. clíu: mo chlíu .i. mo chorp, LU 9855 . clíu, RC xxi 318.2 . mo cliu chain, Acall. 1583 . Earlier gender uncertain, later f. IGT Decl. § 99 .

(a) body : [l]eblaing Fercorb, gorm a c[h]lī `of radiant body', Fianaig. 12 § 17 . saer bru beiris brith / do tabairt cli `free is the womb that brings forth a birth to produce a body', Laws iii 312.21 . co rrega co fuilib fonnaide fo chollaib c.¤ , LL 14108 (rhet.). feodaigid aigid is ch.¤ , 19302 . uas do chlíu (to the Líath Macha), 14222 (rhet.). nírb ḟand a ch.¤ for bith ché `frame', Metr. Dinds. ii 38.42 ( LL 20133 ). bith cen ōrad acge a c.¤ , BColm. 100.12 . bearaidh mo chli om' ṡamhadh, Reeves Ad. lxxix n . a c.¤ 's a corp, BNnÉ 260 § 220 . mo ch.¤-se don chré ó a tig, O'Gr. Cat. 28.32 . ar gc.¤-ne ag crádh na hanma, Dán Dé xxv 42 . Rí nimhe / i gc.¤ óighe, xi 19 . adeir an ch.¤ i gcogar riom, Measgra D. 52.81 . sgar m'anam rem ch.¤ free my soul from my body, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 2 . nach féadann an t-othar an biadh chaitheas do chongbháil fána ch.¤ (`to keep on his stomach', Vocab.), TSh. 1576 .

(b) Somet. bosom, heart : is trúag rim chride is rom ch.¤ , TFerbe 448 ( LL 256b38 ). sal nocha cheachraidh mo chlí, Dán Dé xxvii 25 . ag dāil dom ch.¤-si síorghuin, O'R. Poems 3357 . tré bheith socair i gcochal a ch.¤ istigh, Keat. Poems 825 . Fig. of a chief: [do chaill] an duithche a geall, a ceann 's a c.¤ istigh its beloved, 720 . dá chíogh chorra ar ch.¤ a hochta `on her bosom's expanse', Ó Bruad. iii 68.5 .

(c) In phrr.

(i) i cc.¤ (while) in the flesh, living : nodus sāraigēbsa a clī / rachaid co fīr ar nefní, Aided M. 298 . gid beg do loingedh 'na clī (of Colam Cille), ZCP vii 304 § 10 . ní fhuil mhnaoi as chráibhdhighe i gc.¤ , Magauran 1710 . cia ad-chluin nó ad-chí / go bhfuil i gc.¤ do chomhsduamdha? DDána 114.29 . ní dhearna i gc.¤ cionta mná `when living', Aithd. D. 94.35 .

(ii) do-icc (téit, etc.) i cc.¤ is born, takes flesh : nī thānic a corp nā a clī, Aided M. 952 . ōn aidche ro chin a c[h]. (leg. i gc.¤?) / nō co ndechaid ar nefní, 790 . at aenar tainic tú a c.¤ `sole didst thou come in the body', BCC 138.37 (§ 138) . sul táinig Rí an chruinne i gc.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh xv 10 .

(iii) téit a c.¤ dies : rē ndul as do chlī, ZCP vii 301 § 1 . ni ragadh a c.¤ he would not have died, Cog. 96.21 . docūaid a clī esbuic ē (of Colam Cille), ZCP vii 303 § 5 (? leg. esbach é that was unfortunate).

Compds. With noun. i laithibh mo chlíréisi life-time (1 ré), Ó Bruad. iii 22.13 . With vn. g s. 's gach ladrann . . . d'éis do chlí-dheolta `shall have sucked thy breasts', O'Rah. 2.8 . With adj. a gaolta clí-bhreoidhte `her kinsfolk are heartsick', 2 .

1 clóe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clóe or dil.ie/9565

 

Forms: cloë, cló, clód, cló, clu, cloí, clá, cluä, clá

n f. ? Orig. cloë. Also cló, clód. a s. cló, Fing. R. 168 . d s. clu, Hib. Min. 40.11 . cloí, LL 21935 . n pl.? clá, IGT Decl. ex. 1781 . a pl. fri gaīthe cluä , Fing. R. 1032 . clá f., IGT Decl. § 98 .

(a) whirlwind, gust (freq. c.¤ gaíthe): cloi gaithe gl. turbo, Sg. 93a4 . bircli .i. bir uisce ┐ clō gaot[h], Corm. Y 198 . clō .i. gaoth ut dicitur: Curchān tar sāl septais cló .i. setis gaoth, O'Mulc. 276 ( septuis clóa, H 3.18, 66c4 ). i nglind fri gaīthe cluä, Fing. R. 1032 . is úar fri cloï ngaeithe, 126 (cloí, v.l.). clo do glasré[i]n, RC xiii 222.3 (= gaoth di glasmuir, MS. Mat. 473.6 ). clōd gaoithe, ACL iii 310 § 2 . ? doadbat cech ith fo clu `it signifies every corn crop laid low' (of the south-west wind), Hib. Min. 40.11 . níor chóir síon achd clá ┐ ceatha, IGT Decl. ex. 1781 . ní fearr leó an lá gréine / as teó iná an chlá is crúaidhe, ex. 1779 ( DDána 98.2 ).

(b) cry, sound : gu g-cuala ni: in cloi deroil. Ro cluinter in fogur, ┐ ni fes cia raide, IT i 144.11 . móra in chlóe | clóe Ulad im Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4997 - 8 . ? i ṅgáet iar cloithib a chiúil / Fergus mac Froichir Fortriúin, LL 2672 .

Ascription doubtful: tri mili miadbla im chloi ṅglicc, SR 2303 . ráidis fris ránic a les / ní no ícad a ances / dia chloí bad gell co nglicce / ar baí trell i n-amrite, LU 4293 = LL 18226 . tellach nEogain os cech clói, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.99 (`oppression') ( LL 21935 ). Ailech cen Chorrcend fo chlói `without storm-beaten Corrgend', 94.41 ( LL 21877 ). gelcloe gaile, LL 5083 ( Auraic. 5214 , ¤chlue, 5219 ). folucht tre clæi `eine gute Last(?) durch den Wirbelwind', ZCP xiii 278.1 . maic Caim na clóë can scíath `that bore spears without shield', Metr. Dinds. iv 248.19 ( LL 28984 ). a siur i Cnogba cen chlói / iar lot a comga 's a crúi, iii 50.21 ( 26263 ) (perh. for clód metri gratia).

3 Dea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Dea or dil.ie/14805

 

Forms: Deae, Dee, Dé, Dei, De, Dé, Dea, Dea, Dedad, Dea, Deu, Dee, Dei, Dé, Dé, Dea, Dei, Dé, Dea, Deae, Dea, De, nDee

pn Deae, Dee, Dé.

A In local names: Mag nDea: co Mag nÉola co Mag ṅDea, LL 94 b 5 f.b. ; in Ulster acc. to Hogan. Sail Dea: óthá Snám Tíri Féicc co Sail Dea, LL 350 a 29 ; confused with Deda: Sail Deaga, Hy Maine 108 b . Sliab nDee, BB 34 b 7 , associated with the Trí Dee Danand: ba ṡiad sin na trí Dee Danand dia tá Sliab nDee. Cf. also Dún Deauae: obsessio D. D. dibsi, AU A.D. 691 . Tech nDé: Tech De, in Húi Degha Móra, in Húi Censiolaigh, MacFirb. 709 . Hogan. Hogan's Tulach Dé is to be cancelled; there is no such name.

B In tribal and personal names: Corcu De, in Húi Fidgenti, Cod. Sal. 261 . de genere Corcu De, Acta Sanct. Aug. I 343 . Mac Néill, Pop. Gr. 66 . Bec mac De BB 48 b 16 . Rawl. 152 a 56 (Dei). Fer Dea npr. m. Rawl. 161 b 24 . Fer Deoda nó Dea, Rawl. 161 b 26 . Cf. dobí Fer Dédh .i. in gilla tened ac fadódh tened, SG i 245. 9 . Indech mac Dei Domnann king of the Fomorians, killed in battle against the Tuatha Dé. Dei, RC xii 62 § 25 ; 84 § 85 ; 96 § 26 (Dei Donann). De, ib. 74 § 50 ; 88 § 94 ; 96 § 128 ; 100 § 135 ; 102 § 138 ; 104 § 147 . BB 33 a 11 . Dé, LL 9 b 10 . 11 a 33 . Dea, BB 33 a 18 . Dé Domnann father of Indech: la De Domnann dḟomorchaib, BB 35 a 44 (in verse) = LL 11 a 26 (la Dé nD.). Cf. RC xii 129 . Mess Dé interchanging with Mess Dead, Mess Dedad. ACMN 37. 13 Dea stands for Dedad. Tuath Dea, Tuath Dé or pl. Tuatha Dé the vanquishers of the Fir Bolg. Dea: Tuath Dea, LL 9 a 11 . 134 b 4 , 19 . RC xii 70 § 40 ; 92 § 121 ; 94 § 124 . Tuatha Dea, LL 245 b 4 , 11 f.b. Cóir Anm. § 149 . RC xii 92 § 122 . coin Tuath nDea, ib. 72 § 43 . oc nertad Tuath nDea, 100 § 137 . cathai Tuath nDea, 94 § 124 ; 96 § 129 . Deu: etir Tuaith Deu, RC xii 62 § 24 . for Tuaith Deu, ib. 74 § 53 . Dee: Tuatha Dee ┐ Ande, LU 16 . Dei: Tuaid Dei, RC xii 58 § 9 ; 68 § 36 . file Tuaithe Dei, 70 § 39 . Dé: Tuath Dé, LL 8 a 41 . itir Tuaid De, RC xii 60 § 14 . imthusa Tuaithe De, 74 § 52 . Tuatha De, ib. 58 § 38 . BB 35 b 3 .—In connection with Danann or Domnann mostly Dé: Tuathai De Danonn, RC xii 56 § 1 ; 80 § 78 . do Thuathaib De Danand, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 4 ; 364. 8 . Tuatha De Dhanand (sic) BB 33 b 19 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann, Cóir Anm. §§ 150 , 151 , 154 . Tuath Dé Danand, Manners and Customs ii 237 n. (LL). genelach Tuatha De Danand, BB 34 a 16 . Cóir Anm. §§ 25 , 76 . uaisle Tuatha De Danand, LU 38 b 7 f.b. Dea: maccæma Tuath nDea Domnonn, RC xii 58 § 12 . Dei: Tuath Dei Dononn, ib. 58 § 12 . Mostly abbreviated, T.D.D. By the Irish themselves explained as `the people of the three gods of Danann' (i.e. Brian, Iuchair, Iucharba) and by Nennius rendered Plebes Deorum: rogab in nÉirind iardain Plebes Deorum .i. Tuatha De Danann, Todd Nenn. 44. 6 . Cf. further BB 35 b 18 : Brian Iucharbha ┐ Iuchair and trí dee T.D.D.; ib. 34 b 6 = LL 10 a 32 : ba siat sin na trí dee Danand dia tá Sliab nDee; BB 35 a 4 : trí dee Danand ó nainmigther in tæs treabair; LL 9 a 11 . Cóir A., § 149 . go trí deo Danonn, RC xii 82 § 83 . But Dé is a genitive singular as it is never followed by eclipsis, and may, as far as the form is concerned, be identical with the Dé of Corcu Dé, &c.—MONOSYLLABIC in poetry: Tuatha De ba tolg tréine, LL 10 b 20 . tucsat Tuath De Danann dil, Manners and Customs ii 237 n. from LL. aco ó Thuathaib De Danonn, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364. 8 . adocorsat Tuatha Dea, Todd Nenn. 246. 7 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). BB 35 and 36 pass.

Compare Dea, npr. m. and Deae. Fer Dea , Corcu De , Sliab nDee perhaps the man, tribe, mountain of Dea the goddess , cf. Fer Lugo Lug's man, Sliab Lugo.

dígaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígaind or dil.ie/16283

 

Forms: díogainn, díoghainn

adj (neg. dí- and gand) not scanty, hence plentiful, copious: dioghainn .i. neamhghann, O'Cl. fér digainn an talman, CCath. 2529 . dochum ind ḟeoir díguind, Lat. Lives 61 ( Trip. 472 ). for feor dighaind in fasaigh, Aen. 286 . a fholt dighoind, B. Fermoy 146a8 . red bharr ndíoghuinn . . . thick locks, TD 2.20 . Raith Dúrlais is dígaind blad abounding in fame, Hy Fiach. 290 . pl. Eire na ndonn-bhrat ndioghuinn, 3 C 1 3, 959.2 . As subst.: do tógbhadh leo . . . díoghain gacha deaghsheasga abundance of the best sedge, ML 74 . do derscnaigedur . . . do feraib in betha i ndigaind (ndigaing, MS) cacha eladna, Ériu viii 20 . In sense lavish (?): an t-enech . . . díghuind derloicctech, Ériu iv 218 (cf. in glac d.¤ , ib. 1.5 ). Dense, compact (of forests, trees, multitudes, etc.): fíodhbhadh . . . díoghainn daigherdha, ML 84 . doire dosach diogainn, AFM vi 1920 . doiredha dlúithe díghainne, Fianaig. 88 . na doiredha dluithi digainni dergruadha do slegaibh, CCath. 5438 . crand remur . . . se diriuch digaind, LB 221a43 . fuaratar crand ndigainn, Moling 34 . bile díghainn doislethan, SG 68 . an dá eó dighainne, Celt. Rev. iv 22 . adais L. tine ndigaind ndrithleannaig a big blazing fire, Lec. 420b24 . Of waves: tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta . . . 'na ndromannaibh diana díoghainne doieadrána, TSh. 2073 . Of a host: cath . . . dlúth díoghlach díoghain dense, CRR p. 82 . d'eirghiodar 'n-a ndruing ndíoghain, ib. Hence solid, firm, strong (of constructions, buildings, etc.): o tuistin domain dighaind, BB 36b12 . drumchla dígaind dilend in betha firm ridge midst universal deluge (`die feste First [die hervorragt aus] der Weltsündflut', RC vi 93 ), LL 230b8 . do shonnach a dhúin díghainn, SG 121 . dúnaidh díoghainn, AFM vi 2210 . fán ngallráith ndaingin ndíghuinn, O'Gr. Cat. 502 . Cruacha, cathair cloindi Cuind, | isdad Meadba in mur-digaind, Lec. 353a10 . longa . . . leabhairdhíoghuinne, ML 46 . do na ruadhbhordaibh réidhe ro-dhíoghuinne, ib. mo radharc tar sāl sínim | do clār na ndarach ndighainn `from the firm oaken planks' (of the boat), BCC § 201 . tresin nDeirg ndruimnig diogainn (of a shield), MR 152 . aiged Airt in airm diguind, Lec. 364b43 . gach snáithe sligheadh . . . díorgha díoghuinne (of a road), Ériu v 58 . ní dighainn mo gles gēr-oll my sharp-pointed pen is not steady (?), ZCP xiii 8 . Ailill in abra digaind of steady (resolute) brow (?), Lec. 354a29 . ceimdighaind ` firm-stepping ', ZCP vi 285 . ro chinnsiot go céim-dioghainn, AFM v 1670 . Of persons: Diarmait . . . an taoisech dioghain, AFM iii 532 . ba drong dáthius droṅg ṅdígaind | dia mbói comfhlathius for hErind, LL 21a16 . clanna . . . dedla díoghaini Dubhghuill (`austere'), Rel. Celt. ii 260 . P. O'C. gives díogainn ` intent, ardent . . . fierce, stern ', distinct from díoghainn ` plenteous, copious ' (so Dinneen, díogan , and O'R. Poems, díoghann ), but the distinction does not seem to be supported by exx. Cf. double sense of Eng. stout.

díun(n)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díun(n)ach or dil.ie/16988

 

Forms: díunnaich, ndiunag

o, n. vn. of do-fonaig washing, cleansing: diunnach láime is coissi is cinn, Hib. Min. p. 49 . indlat .i. inlót, lotum . . . .i. diunag n-ind, Corm. Y 597 . capitolauium, cend-diunach, ib. 296 . admestar sruthu slāndiunach, ZCP xi 94 . édach na manach día diunnach ┐ fothraccadh, BNnÉ 296 . do díunach ┐ do nige anmand na firian, FA § 16 (LB). do d.¤ mo bhithclaóine, LB 200.25 . glandhiunach cuirp Críst ┐ a ḟola, 159b34 . Cf. O'Cl. : diunnach .i. glanadh pheacadh. nach sal aslén(n)a ainech duini, bíit a trí ocá diúnuch .i. slíc ┐ uisce ┐ anart, Críth G. 309 . g s. fobithin díunnaich , O'Cl. s.v. g p. na ndiunag gl. baptismatum, Wb. 33d2 . Cf. further: o glandiunucht (leg. -diunuch?) gl. a lavacro, Enchir. Aug. 85a ( ZCP vii 485 ).

Legal purgation by ordeal or lot: secht cenela luigi . . . sena ┐ forgell ┐ diundach .i. o dunnibcaire no cranncor, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 P 6, 31 ). diunnach donnaighi, caire no crannchor, 2591 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)b ). donnaigh do diunna[ch] do tromcinta to clear, 2587 (50 (51)a). derb-diunnach do neoch lithar fair, 2120 ( H 4.22 82 ).

dorchatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorchatu or dil.ie/18311

 

Forms: dorchatae, dorchata

n t,[m.] (dorchae) later treated as if orig. , f., cf. pl. dorchatae, dorchata infra. Darkness: tanic temel ┐ d.¤ dar gréin, PH 34 . ro-fhochroithed sliab nGargan ┐ tanic d.¤ tairis, 6324 . ro baí d.¤ mór . . . dar cridib na ngenti, Trip.² 68 . cor-ua d.¤ dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . dorcata dheiridh an laoi, AFM iv 1204.23 . dorchata na hoidhche, Hugh Roe 20.13 . dorchato dermair dífhulaing, Fl. Earls 156.13 . ra méit na dorchatad, SG 402.13 . i fhlaithemnus dorchatu in éca, PH 3785 . in popul desid i ndorchataid, Trip.² 22 . i ndorchataid na daíre Asardai, 33 . i ndorchataid pecaid ┐ aneolais, 50 . a ndorchataig hifrind, YBL 149b15 . cen dorchataid, RC iv 256.3 . beir ass in d.¤ , Three Hom. 26.8 . a chur . . . isin d.¤ īchtarach, PH 7759 . douccois a firdorchuto thalmhan inn, Aisl. Tond. 94 § 3 . dolbhaitt . . . dorchata dermair, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.3 . tancatar dorchatae dermarae doib isin glinn, CCath. 4800 . batar na dorc[h]ata dermara sin dar na cathaibh, 5664 . dorchada dluithi, Lec. 528a5 . isna dorchataib immechtrachaib, PH 4669 .

Note also: tri lia do chur i n[d]orchataid in a dark place, Laws v 472.19 Comm. (Of fibre) intan nogabhad sal nó dorcatu he discoloration , Marco P. 26 . ar a duibe in bēlrae ┐ ar a dorchatae obscurity , Corm. Y 755 . ar bithin dorcadad, Auraic. 9 .

dréim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dréim or dil.ie/18616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: drém(m), dreim, dreme, dremanna

(-mm) Also drém(m) n, n. (n s. dreim nglan, SR 4851 ; g s. dreme, Mar. Dis. 40 § 19 . n p. dremanna, Laws iii 506.4 ) vn. of dringid. IGT Verbs § 76 .

I Climbing, ascending .

(a) In lit. sense, with obj. gen. or prep. (usually FRI): is docomail drém (dréimm, LB) na secht nime, FA § 15 . ni fétar a dreim for a hardi (of a tree), LB 141b29 . drem dar dún, IT iii 48.9 . drem (dréim, LU) fri fogaist (one of Cú Chulainn's feats), TBC-I¹ 1505 ; FB § 30 . drém lochadh fri cilarn a mouse climbing up a large pitcher, BB 419b39 . icon drem frisna haradu, 443a5 . ic drem frisi[n] mūr, Aen. 2235 . ic dreim fri huachtar na n-iudus, CCath. 3593 . ag d.¤ risna froighthib, 3 C 19, 84vb21 . dreim re hoisbherna, BS 92.3 . d.¤ . . . tar lilibh go lochdhraoibh lár (of an insect), Ó Bruad. ii 160.22 . as doidrēime (sic leg.) ná gach drēim, ACL iii 237 § 25 . acc dol i ndaraigh i ndreim, Anecd. ii 27 § 21 . In cheville: dreimm tria blad, SR 4651 , 4851 . dreim as má, 7998 . d.¤ n-áine, Metr. Dinds. i 6.7 .

(b) Fig.: dréim cen tairinned 'ascending without a relapse', Celtica viii 58.5 . betha crāibdech . . . is drēim diadha, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . d.¤ dar firu overcoming men, Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 40 . d.¤ fhorais a bhfodhomhain (of something impossible), 3 C 13, 495.10 . With FRI aspiring to, striving after: d.¤ fria ardcheimeadh aiming at high rank, Corp. Astron. 78.9 . ag d.¤ ré dol tar sál , 3 C 12, 287.8 .

II With FRI (RE) contending with, opposing: d.¤ re dograing, ML 128.21 . decair d.¤ leis an muir móir, O'Gr. Cat. 606.22 . dorchadas ┐ soillse ag d.¤ re chéile 'san maidin, Eochairsg. 119.27 . d.¤ rinn is caingean gan chéill dhuit, Content. xxiii 7 . giolla re a ndecair dreim, Rel. Celt. ii 242.35 . d.¤ fan ríghe ris contending with him for the sovereignty, TD 20.2 .

Hence absol. attacking, attack: dreimennaib ruip attacks of an animal, Laws ii 182.16 Comm. i dtreas budh doghraing a ndréim, DDána 91.32 . an Daghda do dhul da d.¤ , 3 C 13, 680.11 . téit budhéin ina degaid | gan d.¤ gusan Duilemain without hindrance, Ériu iv 118 § 36 (possibly lit., he himself went to seek it without, i.e. before, ascending to the Creator?).

III In concrete sense ascent, cliff: ma fo aill no d.¤ no loch foscert, Laws ii 182.9 Comm. alla ┐ dremanna, iii 506.4 .

Drobaís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Drobaís or dil.ie/18746

 

Forms: Drobés, Drobesa

pn ā, f. Name of a river. Drobés, Thes. ii 364 ( Ardm. 18b2 ). gen. Drobesa, RC xii 96 . The Drowes between Donegal and Leitrim: do Dróbéis, Trip.² 1693 . Latinized flumen Drobaisco, Thes. ii 268.34 . Drobaicum (sic leg.), ib. (Lib. Ardm.). oc D.¤ , Trip.² 2949 . for Duib ┐ D.¤ , IT ii2 174.32 . o purt ind Luimnigsin co D.¤ nduillendglais fris mbenand sál , Ériu iv 154.4 . cor aircset ó D.¤ duinn, SG 65.14 . is ó Luimnech co Drobaeis é, 336.2 . d'inntogh . . . co Drobhais cetna, AU iii 84 . ón cCaladh . . . co Drobháois ttonnmhaighrigh, AFM v 1590 . ó Luimneach go Drobhaois, Keat. i 116.59 . Cúigeadh Uladh ó Dhrobhaois go hInnbhear Cholptha, 118.80 . re hucht Drobhaisi, AU iii 540 . Cf. drobhaois `a mud wall (Sligo)', O'Don. Suppl. See Hog. Onom. (Drobés), Cog. clvii .

drumsal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drumsal or dil.ie/18901
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (druim(m) + sal Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 109 ) some kind of satirizing or mockery (?): fa ma dulsan ┐ d.¤ | . . . fa ma camnadh ┐ cáinadh | ┐ círath, ACL iii 294 § 4 ; 'scurrility' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 103 § 4 . Compd. of *dru- and masla, O'Brien Ériu xi 169 .

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