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? asalach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? asalach or dil.ie/4375
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, m. (? ad- + salach ) filthy: senbrisca asalcha má chossa dirty old tattered things, FB § 37 . seinbrisca asalcha mora impi, Cóir Anm.² i 103 §104 (Ed. 7).

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

bethul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bethul or dil.ie/5804
Last Revised: 2019

 

n b.¤ .i. biach ` penis ', Goid. 75 § 20 (Dúil Laithne). Cf. tál as ní salach a shal / cochall acht is dó bheathal, O'Gr. Cat. 120.31.

bíail, biáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíail, biáil or dil.ie/5823

 

Forms: biáil, biail, bíail, bieil, biel, bela, béla, bela, bealaib

n i, m., later also f. (see LU 9031 , Tur. 131 cited below); Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 311 , ii 54 , GOI § 106 , § 302 (fem.). n s. biáil, Sg. 46b6 , biail, 67a6 , Tur. 131 , bíail, LU 9015. bieil, LL 13608 ( Irish Texts i 34 § 6 ). biel, Ériu i 44.3 . g s. in bela , Ml. 112b12 . béla, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). a pl. bela, O'Mulc. 809. d pl. bealaib, Aisl. Tond. 101 § 2.

Axe, hatchet; battle-axe: gl. securis, Sg. 46b6 , 67a6 , biáil .i. bithail .i. bí fæbar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. im biaill .i. bis ina ail ina aititin; no aill ni isin bith, no bith hail le ni na hail .i. in tuath conadh, Laws i 124.14 , 138. z Comm. docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131. Of working implements: fidba[e], biáil, gaí gona cethra[e], Críth G. 180. ogam tirda . . . .i. biail, loman, fidba, strathar, Auraic. 5725. nech immaber biail i n-domnach . . . dílsi a bela (belu, beeola, v.ll.), Ériu ii 206 § 27. doḟoíd . . . a gilla . . . co Ecet Salach (i.e. a smith) do chor béla i tenid, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). co laignib ┐ bacaib ┐ belaib, Dinds. 20.4 . cia buailter do bielaib ┐ ordaib, Ériu ii 114 § 44. cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil (biail, v.l.), Fraech 227 . i fomailt do bela, do fidbai `for wearing down thy hatchet', Laws i 166.25 . sair ┐ thuithait ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili, gad ima beli, ii 118.25 Comm. biail imfaebur, for lar rig treibi, iii 272.23 .i. slan don mogaid ma beir ime faebur ac a beil, 25 Comm. = bíail .i. tuagh . . . .i. is [s]lán don mogha faobur a biaile d'imirt ar lar tighi in righ, O'Dav. 313. tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a cul rempi, LU 9031 ( FB 78 ). iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, 9027 note ( FB 77 ). ider díul an biala, RC xiii 30.9 . beim do biail, 10. fuaim biaili ic brudh bidbadh, CCath. 6077. ro ghabhadar do beimennaib borbnertmara . . . fair do biailibh bellethna `broad-bladed axes', Stair Erc. 2188. rongabh biail mbithgéir ina laimh, AFM iii 178.18 . eatham frichnama, Laws iv 276.5 .i. tir in bela som `axe-land', 15 Comm. In n.loc.: ó Thulaig Béla buide (: ména), Metr. Dinds. iv 226.15 .

1 caile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caile or dil.ie/7718

 

n c.¤ (acht an bainindscne indte), IGT Decl. § 2 ; g s. an ch.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 176 xxxii . serving-girl, maid : c.¤ do c[h]aillig coimēta tighe is ainm .i. cail comēt, Corm. Y 243 . c.¤ dabhca (lit. girl of the tub) = famula Ir. Gl. 158 . curid . . . in cale ucut immach, Mór M. 2 . cid ra mer in cali ┐ in banaccaid, TBC-LL¹ 1934 . insreṅgaid in cali for culu, LL 31881 ( TTr. 1068 ). fichi corn, fichi c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 158.y . gurab ar éigin aitheantar bean . . . uasal tar ch.¤ brón, Párl. na mB. 526 . ris na cailáoibh cnapacha, 2613 . ag suairle salach do ch.¤ gan tionnsgal, ZCP v 210.219 (Midn. Court). ? gan tslaodán ch.¤ san chill, Hackett² xxxii 63 . rí-bhodach . . . / le c.¤ gorm mar chéile, O'Rah. 180.26 .

cecharda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cecharda or dil.ie/8423

 

adj (cechar): ceachardha .i. salach , O'Cl. nipsa grenach cechardha, Anecd. ii 60.8 (where meaning of grenach uncertain). Note also: níor fríth ceachartha i gceannaraic óla `he never is stingy at revels', Ó Bruad. ii 224.9 .

cennselach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cennselach or dil.ie/8677

 

adj o, ā (cennsel): cenn-fedhna is ceinnsealaighi `the most courageous leader', AU iii 312.17 . d'éis an churadh cheinnselaigh `after the warlike hero', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332.10 . In n. pr. Enna Ceinnselach . . . Énda gen salach , Cóir Anm. 209 . See Corp. Gen. s.v. Ceinselach , Cennselach.

cíabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíabar or dil.ie/8975
Last Revised: 2013

 

n féine fo-benaither fria coiblighe giabair, Ériu xiii 17.1 = ciabar .i. salach no merdrech . . . fri coibligi ciabair, O'Dav. 377 . adbalair tre coibligi ciabhair, MS. Mat. 462.23 . See gíabur and UR 123 .

císachtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. císachtach or dil.ie/9233
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cisachtach

adj taí do chenn cúasachtach.¤ Taí do chorp c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 294.w = cisachtach, ZCP iii 240 § 34 ; 'dirty' Archaeol. Review i.2 153 ; ' schlürfend ' Helden auf Freiersfüssen 222 . Cf. cíosachtach .i. salach , O'Cl. Perh. for cesachtach.

1 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clas or dil.ie/9383

 

Forms: clais, clas, claise, clais, claisi, clasach, claschanna, chanamhuin, clasach, clasaigh

n ā, f. (claidid). Later also clais, CCath. 2418 . See Ériu xxii 191 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with k-infl. clas g. na claise , IGT Decl. § 39 . clais g. na claisi , na clasach , § 186 . d pl. also `claschanna(?) do chanamhuin ', ibid. cf. ex. 2104 below. clasach occurs once as acc. sg. but is perhaps an error: cor' claidset clasach dermair, CCath. 2298 (clasaigh moir, clasaig moir, v.ll.) d s. clasach, g s. clasaigh occur in CS 318.20 - 22 below.

(a) ditch, trench, furrow; pit: rama fri clais, Laws iv 72.2 ; .i. coir denma na clasach, 76.8 Comm. oca tofond dia clasaib (of pigs), v 154.23 Comm. slan di [sc. don muic] in tesbach indsaighes uirre coa clais, iii 242.20 Comm. mad c.¤, tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimne, iv 112.3 . ceithre ime . . . clais, cora, duirime, felmad four kinds of fences, a ditch, a stone wall, an oaken fence . . . , 72.4 . m'atces ac denam claisi ina timcell . . . no dia ndenait senchaide conid la fine dorona[dh] in clais, O'Curry 423 ( H 3.18, 231a ) (`the making of a `clas' round land (without objection) was an evidence of title', Plummer MS. notes). m. Imlecha las' cētna dernta classa dúne, Corp. Gen. 362.37 . tomlactaiter .lll. lulgach . . . i n-aen clasaig, Dinds. 39 . cuithe salach súg / carcar cúl ri claiss, LL 18991 . nacham ruca Demon leis / i clais tened, 18804 . .lx. cubat i n-arddi na class ┐ lx. cubat i n-airdde in múir, 31543 . dorónta clais dermair . . . i n-imthachmung na cathrach, CCath. 1739 . linaid clasacha in longphuirt . . . do criaidh na clodh filet impo, 5179 . na clascanna do linad, Aen. 2008 . torchair a each i gclais ndomhain faoi, TFrag. 200.16 . saoradh misi ar chlais na bpian, Celtica iv 163 § 237 `Hell', Foclóir). ba sruth-aibne . . . cach clais ┐ cach clad-etrige, MR 240.16 . dochodur . . . dar in mbadun ┐ dar clasaig inn aileoin `moat', Ann. Conn. 1236.8 . is inann antrum tri Laidin ┐ umha no clais a Gaedilg, Rosa Angl. 210.7 . bith gaoth mór sa chlasaigh sin dognáth cuires an graibél trina chéle (of a gravel-pit), Maund. 44 . do rinne sé clais, ┐ do thochuil sé í `pit', Psalms vii 15 . cf. c.¤ .i. tochailt, O'Dav. 395 . fá chlais an bhráca `in the furrow beneath the harrow', O'Rah. 58.114 . ? Here: ba samalta ra sebacc da chlaiss i lló chruadgáithi, ná ra sidi répgaithi erraig i llo mártai (of a hawk's nesting-place in a cliff), TBC-LL¹ 3381 (`nach seiner Beute').

(b) cooking-pit, burning-pit : c.¤ guail gl. sturna[?], Ir. Gl. 273 . i cualchlais tened, Fing. R. 52 . daroindi T. ix clascha comleathna . . . ┐ rolinaid leis iad do chaerchaib duba, TTebe 1642 . a claschaibh chlach n-áoil nUisnigh lime-kilns, IGT Decl. ex. 2103 .

(c) grave : i mbéal gach claise, DDána 29.21 . an fhuarchlais, Ó Bruad. ii 114 xvii .

(d) By extension, that which is dug up, produce of the earth: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 . madi atchaithes a mes ┐ a clais, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 -4). bói mess ┐ class ┐ ith ┐ blicht fria lind, LL 273b4 . tathbongar fúr (.i. talam) ar na cnoib .i. clais cnu ro bui istigh, O'Dav. 866 . ri is mo da tucc Dia du mes ┐ du chlais ┐ du thorad `increase', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

(e) Used of various (usually grooved or furrowed) parts of the body: cusna classaib dromma `with the shoulder-blades' lit. `with the trenches of the back' (gl. cum scapulis), Gild. Lor. 160 . co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid (i.e. the hollow at the base of the poll, see O'Brien, Celtica iii 168 ), LU 6544 . fotolberrad co clais a dá chúlad, 6959 ( BDD² 529 ). a clais cúil in cinn, Reg. San. 30.8 . c.¤ ochta, Bretha 2A . clais ochta `hollow of the breast', Laws v 363 n.d . mar chlais a smeigīn na hainnfhire dimple, cleft, Gadelica i 60.197 . tri cét troiged i fat na mna xxx traiged a fat a claissi (of a sea-monster), BB 416a12 (? the female pudenda. Cf. do chimil d'a clais a chab nach sínfeadh, ZCP v 250 = Midnight court 706 v.l.). Of weals or scars on the body: doeim fossad fot rea / con(a) ceil cossar class fua `it hides the rows of scars beneath', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.22 (of a shield). mad olc leigister iad faguid clasacha granna sa corp `pits' (of smallpox), Rosa Angl. 310.4 . att bocc . . . , ┐ da nglacuir co cruaidh led mer doni clais and, 272.7 .

Groove (of a sword): cloidem . . . traig fir oa chlasach conige a ḟaopar for gach leth ann; dá traigid a lethed a nhegmuis a clasaigh, CS 318.20 , 22 . taithnem na greine . . . re clasaib comarthacha na cloidem, Ériu viii 30.x . le colg n-úaine cheithre gclaschann, IGT Decl. ex. 2104 .

Compds. With adj. claideb claslethan cruaidgér wide- grooved , LL 24897 . claidbi comardathacha claslethna, 32519 ( TTr. 1717 ). claidhmhi claislethna, CCath. 6014 . cloidhiomh . . . claslonnrach bright-grooved , CRR² 23 .

With noun derived from adj. re clas-lethi a cloidem, MR 190.y .

clé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clé or dil.ie/9397
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: clí, clé, clii, clí, clé, clí, chlīu, chlí, cléa, cléi

adj io, iā. lámh chlé . . . (lámh chlí lochtach), IGT Decl. § 139 . n s. f. lám chlíí, PH 5950 . a s f. clí, 523 . g s m. in chatha clé , LL 364 . g s f. a lama clii , Laws v 80.3 Comm. do riged clí , TBC-LL¹ 46 . na righedh clé , Stair Erc. 352 . láime clí , IGT Decl. ex. 1933 . d s m. for clār chlīu , Corp. Gen. 281.12 . d s f. for laim chlí , Thes. ii 13.31 ( BCr. 19c3 ). n pl. a llamha cléa , CCath. 6140 . d pl. ina lámaib cléi , TFerbe 237 . See GOI p. 61 .

I

(a) left : cle gl. sinister , Ir. Gl. 387 . clē a clypeo (, clepio MS.), Corm. Y 225 . clae a clepio , O'Mulc. 215 . maraid slicht inna bachla in a leith clíu, Lat. Lives 52.8 . cepp ina láim chlí . . . bíail ina láim deis, LU 9190 ( FB 91 ). dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind (an insult or challenge), TBC-I¹ 1192 ( LU 5668 ). tossoísom iarom clár c.¤ a carpait fri hEmain, LU 5194 (TBC). ardaslig tar fonnad c.¤ / cotagoin in ríastarthe, 4574 (TBC). tuc-sam a glun c.¤ rissin carpat, Acall. 6940 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí, TBC-LL¹ 5288 . tuc a ulli ch.¤ fáe i Taltin (implication not clear), 4641 . tonindnaig ind ammait leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí (to bring misfortune upon him), LL 13890 . dul ar an dtaoibh gc.¤ `to be condemned on the Day of Judgment', Dánfhocail 48 . docomhlat as . . . laimh clí frisan loch, Hugh Roe² 64.9 ( láimh clé, 60.29 ). beannacht na láimhe clí do M., TSh. 9909 (regarded as less efficacious than beannacht na láimhe deise, 9908 ). ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 .

(b) Fig. malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad, perverse: c.¤ .i. cláon, O'Cl. da ainm don chlaoine colaigh / `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . a ḟlaith Cermna can ni c.¤ `without partiality', LL 23250 ( CRR 54 ). aided ind Ḟind chétna ch.¤ / la Sétna perverse(?), LL 14931 . luid uadib cen chísal c.¤ / co tísad afrithise `without wrongful offence(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.39 . robo c.¤ mana in marc-ṡluag `that array of steeds was an evil omen', iv 128.68 . Hence: c.¤ .i. olc. c.¤ mhana .i. olc, urchóid no adgall, O'Cl. (who seems to regard it as a compd but mana: braga). Cf. cle is mana fort a Chithruadh, BLism. 1731b17 . beith 'ga cāi robad clē dam, / ō do bī toil Dē 'na dul I should do wrong to mourn him, ZCP vii 303 § 6 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind / ┐ mē fa meirgi in Rīg, ACL iii 237 § 30 (`dangerous', Aithd. D. 62 ). iarsin curp cle-su `after this wayward body', Ériu xix 12 § 6 . do chath-cliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 . fa taom c.¤ anadh re hágh `a perilous act', Celtica ii 169 § 48 . acsin [saer]chlanna Dairi / ní comhairemh c.¤ no wrong estimation(?), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 32.9 . sén Dé duit is dúin-ne / ní c.¤ duit ar nduain-ne not inauspicious (inaugural ode to chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.22 . don phubal is c.¤ do chosc / an té thugadh dá tegusc, IGT Decl. ex. 737 . gidh c.¤ an chúis laghaidh tho' the case for pardon is unfortunate, 20 . an chuideachta ch.¤ `evil com- panions', Aithd. D. 52.9 . gér thréan do ba taom c.¤ an ill-starred effort, 17.33 . an chraobh nachar ch.¤ mbreath `the straight-judging hero', 30 . go fail blodh dib co soirb imcubaid da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co doirb cle . . . da drochdainib inauspicious, Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.14 . modha claona an chreidimh ch.¤ , Keat. Poems 1266 . measuim gur c.¤ an ceart d'áoneach . . . , Párl. na mB. 3683 .

Freq. in chevilles: tuitset na cróeba, nár ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 148.7 . Tea, nar ch.¤ / ben Erimóin `never unjust', i 4.31 . Cf. Fen. 54.1 . seólsat curchán, créd nad c.¤ `of flawless metal', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 . nī clē, RC xxxvii 347 § 39 . clu nad ch.¤ , xx 44.5 (ACC Comm.). nochar chaingen c.¤ , Mart. Don. 162.11 . ní hiúl c.¤ `'tis no erroneous report', SGS iv 144 § 29 .

II As subst.

(a) left side, left hand : a c.¤ ra Berna M. . . . a ndes ri Slíab nÉ., MU² 262 . ro impa in t-ech a ch.¤ friss, LL 13814 . cf. 13818 . co tuc a c[h]. re Coill Ruaidh, ML² 2066 . na findad do ch.¤ a n-a díngne do deis, PH 6081 .

for (ar) clíu on the left side : claideb . . . bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 2737 . beir mo scíath . . . / . . . / co rraib ar cliu Chormaic Cais, LL 18383 . craeba cailce for a clīu (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 1 . sciath mor . . . ar cli cach oen ḟir, Cog. 74.17 .

by the left side, to the left expressed by dat. without prec. prep.: nī rubai neach diib clīu do Āth Firdiad, TBC-I¹ 3429 ; but more frequently by do chlíu: atconnairc M. . . . foscud salach dorcha dia chlíí, Lat. Lives 93.9 . Medb . . . do chlí Ailella, LL 7871 (TBC). suidid airdrī Ailig / dia c[h]liu, ZCP viii 108.5 . Brigit form deis . . . / Colum do chlíu, LL 4817 . latrand dia deis .i. D. . . . ┐ latrand dia clíí .i. G., PH 3326 . dorat sé bualadh . . . forra dia dheis ┐ dia clí, Stair Erc. 475 . cláona as an slíghe dár ndeis nó dár cclí, Párl. na mB. 4061 . Somet. also by for clíu: forud a rig for deis ri[g] Carmun: forud ri[g] Hua Failge fora clíu, Dinds. 18 . leoghan fora dheis ┐ alaile fora clí, Stair Erc. 400 . Cf. also: do Ṡean-ghoill fein ar clé ag cruadh-ghol `on the left i.e. neglected', Keat. Poems 1383 .

(a 2) (the) north : túath in chlé 'the Northern tribe' Ériu xxiv 27 . Cf. 1 fochla.

(b) Fig. ill-luck : ort do ch.¤ ┐ do chol dúabhais (an imprecation), RC xxix 116 § 11 . 146 § 70 . Cf. 132 § 45 . fuair sé a dhódh ar c.¤ his trouble went for nothing(?), Measgra D. 8.27 .

Compds. With noun. siol gCárthaich nach ndeárnaidh clé-beart evil deed , Hard. ii 334.1 . ic tabairt a bossi deis[e] fria gin fodén, ┐ a chléboss fria gin Cathail left palm of the hand, MacCongl. 103.15 . ar cle-corpaib na curadh on the left sides, CCath. 5450 . a deiscin tar clegualainn [oc toidecht uaithi] (one of the gesa of Tailtiu), Dinds. 99 . don ḟir cuil dobo cléguin `an unjust wound', Ériu iv 112 § 2 . gabais a chúach na chleláim, LL 4573 . go bhfuil clélámh an chéle nemhdha fá bhar ccenn, RSClára f. 51a . ar folāiremh aingil na clēláimhe `the devil', Fl. Earls 50.15 . dīrgit a gcūrsa clēlāimh re Tīr C. on the right of, 8.y . clēlāmh re fairrgi, 108.10 . na cáde cen cléréim `evil course', Gorm. May 24 . Nov. 24 .

With adj. ? recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha blind in the left eye), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 ; 'malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad perverse' CMCS xliii 9 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

con-tibi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-tibi or dil.ie/12359

 

Forms: contifea, conaittibset, contibu, cuitbiud, cuitbide

v (tibid) laughs (at); mocks, ridicules : contifea gl. inredebit, Ml. 17a3 . conaittibset gl. riserunt, 110d2 . contibu gl. ioco, ZCP xxi 281.23 . ni chuitbinn sen ciarba óc, Tec. Corm. 7.22 . óc contibi sen, slán contibi galarach, gáeth contibi báeth, Triads 82 . ni fuirse / ní chuitbe, LU 3484 ( SCC 25 ). fobīth cotnaitib in t-ēcess, Corm. Y 825 . Mellgleo Iliach sin huain (leg. huair?) condidnatib in slōg, TBC-I¹ 2948 . nech didu connach tibi (leg. conatib) diabul tria bron ┐ dogailsi `whom the devil has mocked', Ériu vii 172.21 . saothar obund . . . / is gnāth contibe deman, ZCP vii 311 § 15 . contibther uimi-sium, IT iii 236.36 . tuinech torachta rosrig / im thalmain contib immib, SR 192 . is salach in gen contibhe, Cóir Anm. 209 . is cas conatbi (leg. conattib, Corrig.) a gen, Metr. Dinds. iv 244.47 .

Vn. cuitbiud. Part. cuitbide.

cris

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cris or dil.ie/12975
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: c., creassanna

n u, m. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71 . a p. creassanna, Maund. 78 . girdle, belt; hoop : criss fírinne immib gl. succincti . . . in ueritate, Wb. 22d16 . a llibair ina criss, Trip.² 808 . in-gille cressa cach occ-airech `part-pledge of the girdle' (legal force obscure), Laws v 416.7 . lan-gille cressa cach ri, 16 . móethoclaech . . . co nda c.¤ derca tairis, LU 3455 ( SCC 23 ) `circles', SGS vii 56 . c.¤ fó braigit ┐ c.¤ dara mhedhon `circle' (Lugaid Réo nDerg), Cóir Anm. 105 . dlochtan cremha a criss, IT iii 82.21 . ac.¤ gan scín (term of opprobrium), 70.4 . i llathachaib . . . connice a cressa, LU 2180 . ? secht cactu cichsite crisu, Corm. Bodl. 16 . nocho tall c.¤ na delg dib, Anecd. i 5.24 ( SCano 145 ) `did not undress', Éigse xi 78 . claidib cressa `girded swords', Metr. Dinds. iii 382.7 . teini creasa, Ériu i 95 § 50 (see 1 teine). is nathir i c.¤ (of envy), ZCP vi 267 § 5 . a cressa dar a n-áirnib their loins girt, PH 5103 . maeth mo chreasa-sa `my loins', BS 94.22 . co tríb creassaib dég dergóir forsna hanartaib `sashes(?)', Celtica iv 32.434 . do ch.¤ cáol geltais, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . c.¤ tribhuis gl. lumbarium, Ir. Gl. 706 (cf. Rosa Angl. 274.17 ). a náit an chreasa, go mbía reúbadh = instead of a girdle a rent, Isaiah iii 24 . dleghur cris cengail do cur tairis, Irish Texts v 44.32 . do cengladh le crios cengail swaddling clothes, RSClára 7a . ic ecur a airthossaig di chressaib . . . cruaidíairn (of a ship) hoops, LL 30953 (TTr.). dabhach chreas nodondbhán ndlúith, IGT Decl. ex. 1547 . ? húa treibh Conaill cressaibh, ZCP viii 198.20 .

In religious contexts: ó dogabh crios fa a colainn (i.e. since she became a nun), ZCP i 62 § 45 . c.¤ finnáin dumimdegail, RC ii 113.1 . a ccommbrāithreas chreasa S. Phroinsias, Parrth. Anma 3807 .

Of zones of earth and heavens: hi cressaib . . . na secht nime, Ériu ii 110.9 . SR 152 . rofessa i curp domuin dúir / cóic cressa caíne comthúir, LL 16161 . do'n chrios grianda, dá ngairthear `Zodiacus', Keat. i 130.9 . ó crichaib in cresa tentidhe, CCath. 291 . Further applications: ós chrios criad (of castle), DDána 119.19 . ? cresa tar faichti d'fál chuir `enclosures', O'Gr. Cat. 374.y . Fig. tar creasaibh an dualgasa `limits', Ó Bruad. iii 174.19 . na dronga sin d'iompuigh cúl re creasaibh córa `zones of equity', 114.1 .

In prep. and adv. phrases: Ailend . . . / fail mór flathi fo a crius it contains(?), Hail Brigit 7 . C.C. ina crius `in its bosom', ibid. mór ferg meic Cherfhaill fá crios internally(?), SG 69.9 . See s.v. 1 coim . —atát mobrathir latsu. —nim-chriss atát I am not concealing them(?), RC viii 58.x . do bhaoi 'n-a chrios concealed at his waist, DDána 67.11 . toitid marb gan anmain i c.¤ a sceith `on his shield'(?) (with his shield-strap round him?), Aen. 2553 . for c.¤ a sceith, 2561 . ? mac on rí . . . a crios, Rel. Celt. ii 274.y ` i.e. coffin'.

In pn sobriquet: Fiacha Crisse (sic) Argait, Corp. Gen. 394.14 . Feidlimthe C.¤ Argaid, 23 . Cf. Crios díona Christina, IGT Decl. § 155 .

Compds. With adjj. a chloidhiomh . . . cros-ordha, crios-amhlach `gold-guarded and girded', MR xiv 25 . isin chuan criosleathan wide-circling , Ériu viii 139.6 . ? at salaig úantaind / at húanaind chrisalaig (c.¤ + salach ?), LU 8362 ( FB 24 rhetoric ). In n. pr. m. for Crissalach, ZCP xii 236 § 54 . na thor ḟíthi chrisúr chuir, IGT Decl. ex. 909 .

detfadach, detbudach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. detfadach, detbudach or dil.ie/15811

 

adj smoky, misty (?), cf. detach: tene dub dóiti detbudach, IT i 191 ( FA 30 LB). talum . . . dub dorcha detfadach, 190 . i nglennaib . . . detfudachaib, 191 . hi tegdais . . . aduair imthruim . . . salach . . . dub dorcha detfadach, PH 8298 . i clúsalaib duba dóimne dorcha detfadach marbthaig malartaig íchtair ifirnd, 8245 .

dígáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígáir or dil.ie/16286

 

Forms: díghair

adj (: gáir, RC vii 296 ; : áig, SG 65.11 ; : prímḟáidh, IGT Decl. ex. 239 ) vehement, impetuous, intense: nárap dígair duairc, LL 306a1 ( SG 383 ). echlach . . . dona digair duilig, YBL 177a11 = BB 257c6 . sluaig d.¤ na ndemna, FA § 30 LU = sloig digaire, LB. munter díscir d.¤ , RC vii 296 . na dobhar-linnte diana . . . díoghaire, ML 46 . comrac dighair, CF 483 . ruac (= ruag) dígáir, SG 65 . sibal digair (opp. to sibal mall), ITS xiv 128 . as dígair tra salach ra bhás 'san taigh sin very foul indeed were the proceedings in that house, TFrag. 24 . Adv. do eachlaisc co díghair iat, SG 25 . romaid roen ar Gallaib . . . co digair, Cog. 190 . rocomhghairset dhóibh go dighair dasachdoch, Hugh Roe 170 . lottar co dian ┐ co dighair, Moling 66 . ag tobairt in chatha co d.¤ , RC xix 366 .

dochraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochraid or dil.ie/17377

 

Forms: dochrud, dochrud, dochuirde, dochruidi, doc[h]raidi, dochrud, dochraith

adj i. O.Ir. dochrud, -chruth u. (do + cruth). Used primarily of appearance unshapely, unsightly, ugly; applied to conditions and to moral actions or qualities, unseemly, indecorous, degrading (referring strictly to impression produced on an observer): dochrud gl. indecor, Sg. 65a12 . is dochruth comirsire na desse unseemly, Wb. 13a6 ; 10b16 . g s f. inna aisndísen dochuirde (leg. dochruidi?) cacophony , Sg. 203a4 . pl. doc[h]raidi gl. indecora, Ml. 68d2 . Adv. in dochrud gl. deformiter, 122c10 . in docrig (id.), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). Of appearance: sé docraid adétig, FB § 37 . ba docraid a ecosc (deformis esse . . . videretur), Lat. Lives 88 . ba d.¤ ó gnuis, RC ii 392 . ben dub dúabais d.¤ , BDD § 38 . dá brói dubai dochraide léa, LL 401a22 . dochruth lee a delb, Lism. L. p. 325 . d.¤ cach dona the unlucky person passes for ill-favoured, Tec. Corm. § 13.22 . d.¤ cach daer, ACL iii 229 . bid in peccthach suairc sochraid, | bíd in fírian fird.¤ , LB 226 marg. inf. comaittreb salach dhocraid, PH 4331 . a Ifrind robrén rodochraidh, YBL 151b31 . i gcaidreabh . . . piast ndochraidh, TSh. 1109 .

Of manner, condition, morals, etc.: ba d.¤ nochaitis in bec bíd . . . ní bíd mías ná clár occu nā fuine, LB 155b52 . ni biamm indus ṅd.¤ we live in no unseemly way, Alex. 858 = i ndeis docruth, BB 498a34 . co mba d.¤ leo a cuirp cen fial impu, MacCarthy 56 . fri denam cuil rodochraidh (of fornication), Anecd. ii 14 . adarta dochraite in etraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 . a mogada dochraidhe base, vile , CCath. 3564 . briathra docraidhe ┐ taithairecha d'eisdeacht, Lib. Flav. i 21 va 5 . an ghéag gan ghuth nd.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 112.27 . d.¤ fia[d] dóinib in bás sin shameful, ignominious (of crucifixion), PH 2378 . foghebha bás dochrudh, ZCP i 262 § 30 . ruccsat a ceann ┐ a chorp go dochraidh go hÁth C. ignominiously, AFM iii 4 . do chengail R. iat co dochraidh, RC xix 368 . gurab í is doichte ┐ is dochraide chaenglas é it is the body (colainn) which binds him most tightly, ignominiously, TSh. 7531 . ball d.¤ an `uncomely' member (cf. 1 Corinth. xii 23 ), one of the ignoble organs of the body, in med. treatises opposed to ball uasal (spiridálta), such as heart, brain, etc.: a mbald fuar dochraidh, 3 C 19, 272 va 21 . As subst. that which is unseemly, shameful: in loc dia mbu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . dognitis cech ndochrad (sic MS.) and, Ml. 22a4 . tresin dochrad-sa fris unseemly behaviour towards him, Mon. Tall. § 36 . duairc les d.¤ a cuirp gil (of Adam and Eve), SR 1355 . Unhappy, in sad plight (?): ón uair dorochair in rí, | Gaidil Cruithnig dochraidi (`im Nachteil'), Festschr. Stokes 5.3 (but see dochraide). dochraidh .i. drúis ut est dochraidh an chuirp, O'Curry 1365 (H. 3.18, 624). dochraith .i. druis, O'Cl. ; dochraith lust, concupiscence , P. O'C. ; prob. an inference from use of word applied to sins of the flesh.

doinmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doinmech or dil.ie/17910

 

Forms: doinmig, doinmecha, doinmecha

adj o,ā. On form and derivation see 1 soinmech. Cf. doinnme. unprosperous; adverse; wretched; indigent: doinmig gl. adversae rei, Ml. 39d6 . d.¤ cach daidbir, ACL iii 229.121 . dūinne nā rob d.¤ | rob soinmech rob soraid may it not be unlucky for us, 221.16 . ac taircetul tromgaire ndoinmeach in morcatha, CCath. 4383 . ba d.¤ dó a betha, MacCongl. 9.9 . comaittreb salach d.¤ , PH 4331 .

As subst. in pl. glossing adversa: amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu doregat . . . soinmecha dún triar ndegnimu, Ml. 111c14 . mo doinmecha sa gl. mea aduersa, 60a8 . hitar na doinmecha gl. inter adversa, 38a12 . doinmecha gl. adversa, 32b8 . honai[b] doinmechaib gl. adversis, 34c1 . Note also: etir na doinmecha gl. inter diversa, Ml. 19d20 , where possibly the scribe took diversa as = adversa.

1 drithlennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 drithlennach or dil.ie/18737

 

adj = drithlech.

(a) full of sparks: tri dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur cleithe, tech d.¤ , Triads 65 .

(b) sparkling, brilliant: coróin drithleannach de'n ór, Oss. iv 260.19 . fír-dheallradh . . . na lūirioch ndrithleannach ndeagh-sholais, CRR² § 19 . th'aighidh . . . dhrithlennach, L. Cl. A. B. 208.20 . sūile drithlineacha, ITS xix 72.12 . adais Lugaid . . . tine ndigaind ndrithleannaig, Lec. 420b24 = BB 191b42 .

escmon, escoman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escmon, escoman or dil.ie/20457

 

Forms: æscomuni, escomuin, n-escoman, escomnaib, escomna

adj polluted, unclean: (a) commone aut inmundum (es)cmon nó coit(ch)enn, Ardm. 177b1 = Thes. i 497.10 . pullutum...is ainm...du cach escmun aslentar hua drochgnimaib (gl. pollutum non semper immundum vocat sed commune) Ml. 92d12 . nidat n-escmana (gl. non sunt polluti [panes] 92d13 . Cf. ba fír ba hescmon fri scor ZCP viii 333.17 = bæscmon, BB 153b40 . ba escmond LL 331c24 ( CRR 56 n. ). ba hescond (ar scor), Rawl. 158.4 . ba escnom, Lec. 284c30 = ZCP xiv 60.3 . (b) escoman .i. inglan, O'Dav. 769 . .i. anidhan, 462 . eascoman .i. aithesc nemglan an impure answer (?) 815 . eascoman .i. salach , O'Cl. ba háth heascoman lesiom in t-ath for a dtorcair a bhrathair, TBC-LL¹ 2287 (esgong ┐ éisidhan v.l.). nipa isind áth escomon-sa condricfem, áit hi torchair Long, TBC-I¹ 1710 LU. ba escomun a cerd their profession was defiled (dishonoured, of filid found guilty of a false judgment) Laws Introd. i 24.32 . mad fuba...di nach rét escomun, Ériu vii 148.17 . g s. ce cotri lám æscomuni (leg. escomuin) fri biad the hand of one polluted 146.26 . g p. ic urnaidhe a fola ┐ a n-apaige n-escoman d'fagbail, CCath. 5002 . i n-ocmadh escoman .i....a tadhall cosna hinglanaib, O'Dav. 1333 . d p. col-lamaib escomnaib , Ériu vii 148.16 . iar n-echtaib escomna , O'Dav. 462 . Cf. eascoman .i. salchar dirt, defilement, properly excommunication P. O'C. (< O'Cl. ? See cit. above).

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