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cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

 

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis , 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

creitid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creitid or dil.ie/12847

 

Forms: creitem, creiti

v later also cra-, cro-. believes, trusts; gives allegiance, homage. Absol. accepts the faith, is converted: dondí creites gl. credenti, Wb. 2b27 . bid huathad creitfes diib, 4d5 . isdreecht díib nadrochreit etmuscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . corro chraitea sochuide triit, 12c33 (see GOI 54 ). islia de creitfess gl. ad profectum . . . euangelii, 23b7 . creit-siu, Trip.² 129 . ar ro chreit in lá ría tabairt chatha M. accepted the faith, LU 4089 . Note also: trí hingena Cuind is croid / M. ┐ S. ┐ Sároid assuredly(?), IGT Verbs ex. 649 .

With direct object: actrocretea deacht `provided he believe in', Wb. 27b15 . nihed améit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi, 23c7 . isindí nad creitid christum gl. Deum inhonoras, 1d14 . ni rochreitset áníc donaib imnedaib, Ml. 35c20 . ind huli doini rochreitset inchollugud crist gl. credentes, 60b16 . aracrete són, 126c10 . cein mhoir rot chreitiu (-creit, Ed.) `who has believed him', Blathm. 134 . creitiu in trindoit, Ériu xix 62 § 14 . ní creitset in fírdeacht, Thes. ii 317.42 (Hy. ii). gor creitset in slūagh gan acht / Grigair triasan cantairecht, ZCP viii 114.28 . conad hi comairli rocraitea la maithibh na Tartraidhi triall for in fasach `the counsel accepted by', Marco P. 28 . rocreit Crist, ┐ robaistedh, RC xlvi 228.1 . na creided D. aimles orm-sa `believe evil of me', Stair Erc. 2450 . Inghean Uí Ch. . . . / chreideas Dia `trusted in', Magauran 1716 . béal corcra nach creid banfháidh `whose like no prophetess foretold', 4143 . In figura etymologica: massu made inchretem ro chreti, Wb. 13a34 (leg. rochretsid, Edd.).

With follg. noun clause: rocretset dungenad dia aní durairṅgert, Ml. 123c1 . arna rochretea m bías ícc do huadia gl. disperationem salutis , 127a7 . ro-chreitsit co mba fír, PH 1082 . ro chroitset . . . na heperadh . . . goa, Hugh Roe² 178.24 . crait-si . . . bid fír a n-atbér-sa, Alex. 833 . With Vn. clause: niro chreitset bás dia dícthin, Ml. 90c22 . conna rochret á íc, 33b5 . nís rochret[set] trogai dia tichtin, 39d3 .

With follg. prepp.: indí diaruchretsidsi, Wb. 8c11 . cretfite dúnni `who will believe in us', 14c4 . rochreitset doprecept Ísu, 24d23 . crete doneuch asberat som `who believe what they say', Ml. 17c4 . Cf. hóre cretes sochuide Deo , Wb. 23a8 . creitfi . . . duitsiu, Vita Br. 43 . coro chreitiur duit ar bélaib fer nE. give allegiance to you, Trip.² 512 . cach óen na cretfe dó (viz. Anticrist), LU 1425 . ro chreidset dOsgar íer sin, Duan. F. i 68.19 . docreididar . . .dho `believed in it', Ériu ii 83.4 . muna chreidmís dóibh trusted them, Desid. 4692 . na ceathra dúile . . . / do chreidsead dó `served him', PBocht 1.31 . is mo rocreitea doib `they could be more relied upon', TTebe 1636 . nicretid hícrist `ye believe not in Christ', Wb. 20a13 . óin diairchinchib assiae insin ro chretset hicrist, 7b11 . cretfet hi Crist, PH 1252 . indis do cách cretfes uait `to anyone who will believe it from thee', PH 2395 . nír creideadh é ón easbol, DDána 58.30 . nīr creidedh ēnfhocal uadha, ML² 789 .

Vn. creitem. Vbl. of necess. creiti.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

dedaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedaid or dil.ie/14975

 

Forms: -deda, dedait, dedas, notedmais, nodedais, nundedais, dedussa, -ded, -dedsat, conrodeda, con-deda

ā, a primary reduplicated verb † di-dā-ti, belonging to the Oir. period only. For etymology v. Strachan KZ xxxiii 207 . Zupitza, ib. xxxvii 388 .—pr. ind. 3 sg. -deda, Ml. 22 d 7 . 118 b 2 . 3 pl. dedait (transl. a future), 79 b 10 . subj. 3 sg. dedas, 104 d 1 . impf. ind. 1 pl. notedmais (sic), 131 c 4 . 3 pl. nodedais, 102 d 14 . subj. 3 pl. nundedais, 83 b 3 . s-pret. 1 sg. dedussa, 44 d 10 . 50 b 13 . 3 sg. -ded, 111 b 12 . 3 pl. -dedsat, 22 d 6 .—conrodeda (contabuit), Ml. 118 b 2 , seems an imitation of the Latin; v. con-deda.

I Melts away, decays, wastes . Translating Lat. tabescere, contabescere, tabefieri, evanescere.

(a) of things: of the flesh on the bones : horudeda ind feúil forsnaib cnámaib, Ml. 22 d 7 . tabefactae carnes .i. horudedsat, 22 d 6 .

(b) of persons: tabescere . . . macie .i. dedas, ib. 104 d 1 . tabescere (like the wax before the fire), gl. cid nundedais, 83 b 3 . uani erunt et euanescent, gl. ┐ dedait, 79 b 10 . maerore contabui .i. rodedussa, 44 d 10 . desiderio tabescebamus, gl. notedmais, 131 c 4 . miseria tabefactus sum .i. rodedussa, 50 b 3 .

(c) of life : uita nostra salutis disperatione contabuit .i. roded, ib. 111 b 12 . contabuit, gl. conrodeda, 118 b 2 .

II Becomes weary, exhausted , transl. Lat. fatiscere, Synon. with scíthaigidir: et manus iugi opere fatiscebant .i. nodedais .i. noscithaigtis ón, ib. 102 d 14 .—Cf. con-deda.

do-rochoíni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-rochoíni or dil.ie/18379

 

Forms: dorochointe, ruderchoin, derchoíniud

v (* di-ro-coín-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 497 ) despairs of: derochoínet a n-ícc tre chesad crist, Wb. 21b1 . a ndurochoíntis a n-íc gl. diffidentes, Ml. 98a2 . ní derchoínfet a n-íc ho Dia gl. desperationem salutis , 57d11 . arna derchoinet taidchor, 117b5 . dorochointe gl. desperaretur, 75b18 . ní ruderchoin he did not despair, 44a1 . derchoiniud dorochoínsemni ar n-ic, 89a6 . dorochoínset arndabeth intair[i]sem hirobatar riam, 131c9 . ind reta derchointi gl. rei desperatae, 46a18 .

Vn. derchoíniud.

fochonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochonn or dil.ie/22484

 

Forms: fochain(n), fochonn, fochunn, fochunn, fochun, fochuinn, focháinn, fochainne, foichne, fochain, fachain, fochaind, fachaind, faichne, foichne, deaghachain, fachain, fochain, fochann

n o, m. (f. Laws i 74 Comm. cited below), later also fochain(n) f. n s. fochonn, Wb. 3c23 . fochunn, 11c1 , 23c6 . Ml. 138a8 . a s. fochunn, Wb. 15d2 . Ml. 19c5 . 46b14 . d s. fochun, Sg. 6a13 . g s. ind fochuinn Ml. 35b24 . n p. ind focháinn , 86c3 . fochainne, LB 143a21 . ? a p. foichne, LL 163b36 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 36.21 ). Early Mod. decl.: fochain fachain fochaind fachaind (f.) IGT, Decl. § 150 . pl. faichne ib. ex. 2000 . foichne, 2007 (cf. LL 163b cited above). With lenited f. omitted in writing: deaghachain, ACL iii 244 § 9 .

Cause, occasion: transl. Lat. causa Wb. 23c6 . Ml. 19c5 . 35b24 . 86c3 . 138a8 . Sg. 6a13 . occasio Wb. 3c23 . 15d2 . fachain (fochain, fochann) .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 306 . ná bīth fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me Wb. 11c1 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, Ml. 46b14 . rosuidiged ... a n-oenscribend in fhochaind for a ṅdernsat a crochad, PH 3323 . atá ann ... an cét-adbur d'aér ... issí a ḟochuinn sin .i. tógbail ┐ tinfeadh anala a corpaib daenna, RC xxiv 370 (TBithnua, Rennes). fursandud na tucaiti ┐ ind fochaind frisarochet in psalmb, Hib. Min. 8.268 (an fochoin, H). fochann ┐ tucaitt tresa ttangattar na hairrdhena, BS § 1 . dia n-iarfaigther cíasu fochond ara ndernad, Metr. Dinds. iv 100 . abair ... cia fochund for a tanic ille , PH 1137 . ní gan fochuin romarbus é, ZCP vi 35.12 . a mac d'indarba ... gan ḟochaind, Ériu iii 154.10 . Folld. by obj. gen.: is fochunn ícce dúibsi (= causa salutis ) Wb. 23c6 . cid día mboí fochond a galair LU 10744 . arnara [ = ar ná rob] fochand báis dóib `cause their death' Mon. Tall. § 52 . rop é fochond ná dilend do bádud clann Cáin, LU 130 = Rawl. 72a4 . is é fochond a tiachtana ar teched na dilend, LL 4b28 . fochund a chreitmi the cause of his conversion Anecd. iii 73.14 . uath don-arfas ... ba sí fochunn a ainmi the cause of his disfigurement Laws i 74.13 Comm. bá hé fochann na gabhala isin, AFM vi 2248.10 . gan fachain a bháis do chur síos, Keat. ii 3422 . dob fhachain áigh (: athar, leg. fachan ?), Arch. Hib. i 89 . faichne do chor meanma a méd reasons for rejoicing IGT, Decl. ex. 2000 . foichne far thréigthi reasons for deserting ib. ex. 2007 . isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin, RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). conidh esin fochond an tedma sin ib. y 0 . Cf. fan cruit do ḟás in ḟochainn the cause of the dispute (?) was the harp IGT, Decl. ex. 1061 . táinig ... Rí nimhe ... dob í ar n-annsai-ne a fhochoinn `love of us His motive' Dán Dé xv 19 . tre ḟ.¤ because of: co mbátar oc slaide ... a chéile tría ḟochund óenmná because of one woman TTr.² 1301 . tria ḟochond na hoenbrethre , LL 44a40 . tre bāt[h]ad an bhrát[h]ar dochúaidh ... gusin luing ... tre fheircc ┐ tre fhochann Brénainn occasioned by B.'s wrath BNnÉ 83 § 165 . Folld. by DO of pers.: adubrudur ... ris nach roibi achan dō in edach ... do gabail uimbe, D IV 2, [73]vb21 . más fachain dom bac i measc na dtaoiseach, Ó Bruad. ii 44 . In special sense `matter', i.e. something wrong or amiss: asé bur bfochann [abur v.l.] ... gin ab foruibh the cause of your trouble is that you have no abbot over you BNnÉ 7 § 21 . cersat mora na fochainne sin boi sailechtu aice-sium im shlānti d'fhadbail, LB 143a21 . luid C. ... dar in abaind dianad ainm Biur ann sin atbertsom Bir fri fochainne (of a saint praying for restriction of a plague, see Reeves Ad. lxxiii ) LB 32a7 = bir fri fochaide, Lism. L. 879 . Here probably: rogenair fer maith ... Nemruaid | focan scel cach druing ..., SR 2695 (leg. fochan scél, etc. = theme of every company ? Cf. dia n-éccid foichne a scél, LL 163b36 , Metr. Dinds. iv 36 ).

sláinte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sláinte or dil.ie/37822

 

n , f. (slán)

(a) freedom from illness : salus .i. slanti, Gild. Lor. 57 . Diancécht .i. deus salutis (.i. slainte), Corm. 16 . mád ina sláinti ind fir fil sund, LU 3303 ( SCC 10 ). descaid fáilti sláinti `a sign of happiness is health', RC xlv 75 § 19 . slánti cen galar, PH 3646 . ní ar slāinti chúaidh dóibh in feolmhach soin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 29.27 . s.¤ challa bodily health, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . Frequent in greetings: bersi imchomarc betha ┐ sláinti let, Comp. CC 96.26 . tugadur betha ┐ slainte da cheli (vale fecerunt ei), Smaointe B. Chr. 1060 . slainti duitsi, a airdrig, TTebe 4344 .

(b) In spiritual sense, salvation : for na hulib eclaisib dia mbertha in t-slanti-sin to whom this salvation was brought, PH 275 . samrīg ar samaigt[h]i ar slāinti, ar sūil, ZCP viii 205 § 29 . foillsiughadh anma na slainte .i. Isa, Smaointe B. Chr. 648 . crann na s.¤ sein (of the Cross), PBocht 5.28 .

(c) In legal sense, exemption, freedom from liability: slan fairgse . . . ingraide tire . . . .i. slanti aithgena . . . on ti bis ac firdechsin in bruig, Laws iv 46.16 Comm . slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig `exemption for injury done to idlers and unprofitable workers', iii 166.z Comm . 224.10 , 226.z . v 156.y Comm . a slainti doib they were exempt, 276.23 Comm . cach baili ineburtmar slainti ar innarba, ii 300.2 Comm .