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Bretnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bretnas or dil.ie/6772

Forms: Brethnais

n [ā, f.] (Bretain) Also Brethnais. the British (later Welsh) language : Succat .i. b.¤ sen `British', Trip. 412.6 . isin bretnais, 7 . Saxanberla ┐ berla Brethnas (two of the five languages of Britania), Anecd. iii 65.3 . Gréc Laitin Bretnais co mblaid, SG 348.7 . rolabair asin mbretnais amail bhud hé a berla bunaid, Lism. L. 2538. isin Breatnais, Auraic. 633. isin mBretnus . . . ┐ is combrec, 3208 ; cf. combrecc . . . .i. goor gach solus i suidi, Corm. Y 675. san Bhreathnais . . . san Ghaedhilg, Keat. ii 1030.

Compd. sluagh . . . Bretan . . . ina mbróin . . . Bretnais-berlaig, MR 214.z .

loinges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loinges or dil.ie/30536

Forms: longas, loingse, long(a)is, loingis, longais, longes

n ā, f. (long) O.Ir. longas, g s. loingse, a d s. long(a)is. IGT Decl. § 54 . Later appar. m. § 53 , g s. loingis but this not clearly attested, though supported by a d s. ¤. longais, LU 6601 = longes, TBC-I¹ 2072 (see also LU 5489 , 6629 , 6644 = TBC-I¹ 1010 , 2090 , 2104 , and RC xviii 179.10 ); later usually -eas, -ius.

(a) fleet; ships, shipping: longas tre ḟichet long di Norddmannaibh, AU an. 837 . long .i. Saxanbērla .i. lang .i. fada, et inde dicitur loṅges, Corm. Y 845 . longus Locha Cuan do ghabail oc Linn hUachaill, AU an. 926 . troid longsi etir longes an tuaisceirt ┐ coblach Con[n]acht, RC xviii 179.10 (Tig.). toisc loiṅgsi `a naval expedition', AU ii 540.23 . an sál lomnán do loingis, IGT Decl. ex. 1370 . is lia do loingius dó innat srotha in betha `it has more shipping' (of a river), Marco P. 134 . i mbeagán do luingeas fhada (= longis navibus non multis), Keat. ii 1717.

(b) naval expedition, invasion by sea : tancutur luinges macc Miled, Laws i 20.31 Comm . toisig na lloṅgse dar ler, LL 1920 . tancatar dar muir morglass, / hi tri longsib . . . / Galiuin, Firbolg, Fir Domnand, MacCarthy 148.7 . for l.¤ a hEaspain co Sceithia, 290.26 . a marl.¤ Aeniass, TTebe 4036 .

(c) banishment, exile (not necessarily over sea), (téit for lo(i)ngis goes into exile): l.¤ .i. indarba, O'Dav. 1177 . luid epscop Fith leo for longis, Thes. ii 240.20 ( Ardm. 18a ). dia luid Duaid for longais re Saul, Ml. 55c1 . īarna longis `nach seiner Vertreibung', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 3 . is 'na haimsir-side tollotar na Deisse for longais, Cymmr. xix 108 n.1 . luid Eochu for l.¤ co Fergus, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . longus Coirpri mic Foghertaigh re nDonnchad `banishment', AU an. 769 . Cuanu abbas Lugmaidh . . . do dula a tire Muman for longais, an. 818 . cia bemni for l.¤ riam, nī fil ind Ére ōclaig bus amru, TBC-I¹ 372 . longas Fergusa ó Ultaib, IT i 70.15 ( LMU 5 ) (luingius, v.l.). mór do maith fuarais i fus / ar do loṅgais a Ḟergus, TBC-LL¹ 493 . tria longais ┐ carcair, PH 4200. In the titles of tales: Loinges mac n-Uisleand, YBL 109b20 . From the tale-lists: Longus nUlad, Anecd. ii 43.16 . Longes Labrada, LL 189b33 . Tocomlod loṅgsi Fergusa a hUltaib, 190b1 .

In B. na f. as quasi-vn. to drive away : loithēan do loingeas ō bhūal (.i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge), ZCP v 488 § 3.

(d) band of sea-rovers, company of banished men, invaders : cach longas tra rofitir Eithne Huathach la Herind dosreclam cosna Deisse, Cymmr. xiv 122 § 22 ( Rawl. f.73ra4 ). forbrisfet comlund scéo Fergus dánae co loingis Ulad, LU 6629 (rhet.). tricha cét rop é lín na longsi, IT i 77.3 ( LMU 16 ). clú . . . na luingsi ut, Laws i 20.34 Comm . ar húaman a mmórlo[i]ngsi (of the Israelites), SR 4748 . do bhí ag Cathaoir don taoibh theas / slógh Laighean i na loingeas among his forces, DDána 105.30 .

In the sobriquet of Cormac son of Conchobar mac Nessa, Cond Loṅgas head of the exiled bands : Cormac Cond Loṅgas mac Conchobair, LU 4485. 5961 . Condloṅges, TBC-LL¹ 705. Corbmac Con Loinges, TBC St. 162 . do Chormac Con-loinges, Metr. Dinds. iv 276.x . Cf. Cormac, cond na loiṅgse-se, 236.14 . Cormac ba con longas laind, ZCP viii 333.8 .