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af(f)aing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. af(f)aing or dil.ie/662
Last Revised: 2013

n (prob. AS loanword, see SCano 46 n. or from Lat. offic(ina), Ériu xxiii 52 ) name of lowest unit of value, penny, scruple: puingene .i. screbul meidi inbiche, is ē sin screpul nGaoidel .i. oiffing (ofing, Corm. Bodl.; opuingc, LB), Corm. Y 1050 . seland cernæ .i. offaing, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 35 s.v. pinginn. afaing .i. screpul . . . .i. iiii. scripuil fichit no .iiii. afuingi fichit, O'Dav. 25 . co n-eccid do in dabaig . . . ┐ nocho testa afaing esti, Anecd. i 3.4 . ni getar afaing asin churach sa, 5.17 . dobered side affaiṅg ndergóir cacha dige no ibed dond epscop, LL 278b37 (cf. faing no fang .i. sgreaball, dobheireadh a fhaing ndeargóir don easpug, O'Cl.). rotbiasu . . . ind affaing cacha dige nó ib sa, LL 279a6 .

inbech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inbech or dil.ie/28239

adj o, ā (2 inbe) notched: inbheach .i. eagach .i. ona heagaibh bhios san ní, O'Cl. cern tomaiss sella ┐ med tomais indile .i. in med inbech, Corm. Y 1053 = in mead indmeach, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 35 s.v. puincern. screbul meidi inbiche, Corm. Y 1050 = screpul medhi innbiche, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 35 s.v. puingcne.

med

Cite this: eDIL s.v. med or dil.ie/31721
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: medh, meda

n ā, f., medh, IGT Dec. § 39.17 . Occas. masc. in late lang.

(a) a balance for weighing: gl. libra, Sg. 100a1 ; lanx, 20a3 . m.¤ brithemnachtae Dae ( = libra judicii), Ml. 57d8 . i mmeid, gl. in stateram, 79b4 . m.¤, airmed, forrach, Triads 138. m.¤ tomais indile a balance for weighing cattle, Corm. Y 1053. screbul meidi imbiche, 1050 . cen meid mesra, LL 5b11 . ro curthea i mmeid. nicon rabi méit friged i nnachæ díb sech araile, 281b18 . an screpal do chor a meidh thomuis, Fl. Earls 164.27 . do thomhais mé an t-airgiod annsa meadh, Jerem. xxxii 10. maor na meidhe (of Archangel Michael), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 15 , cf. xxxiii 8 , PBocht 82 § 5. ag tomhas meidhe an mheasa the scales of judgement, PBocht 70 § 31. pl. Lucius Luculus . . . meda . . . do thuscurnud (i.e. L. invented balances), LL 143b17 . ? Midir na med, 209a30 . ardruri Mide na mmed, 184b37 = ACL ii 83 § 10 `of Meath of the balances'. Maedóc na mmed (: Lagen), LL 300b16 ( SG 371 ). meadha an tomhais, Ezekiel v 1. Fig. of a judge: meadh ós míltibh, Hackett xxxix 96.

(b) a weight, measure: medh lán-glaice [sic leg.] d'iaronn aithleagtha, RC xxix 136 § 53. dá mheidh do ghrán cruithnechta two measures, BNnÉ 26 § 19. do bleith an da meidhe sin, ib. trí meadha do mhin phlúir, Gen. xviii 6. In abstr. sense: trí céad . . . muc go meadh `heavy swine', Content. xviii 62.

(b 2) extent, amount (of land): is lais do-midethar med | na secht nime 'he owns the extent that he marks out of the seven heavens' Blathm. 765 . echtar mbroghadh meid 'outside the extent of [his] region' UR 29.17 . an mheadh do toimhseadh 'the amount of land which was marked off' Aithd. D. 159 § 14 .

(c) a counterpoise and hence fig. an equal, match , with gen. or DO: bar medh ga héin-eng 'na bfuigbinn? what single nook is there in which I could find your match? O'Gr. Cat. 507.8. ni fuighte med Maghnusa, Irish Texts ii 56 § 48. terc a medh righ do rígaib, 63 § 3 . medh comtrom Cormaic . . . ar ceartbreathaib, ALC i 352.30 , cf. 486.18 . níor mheadh Murchadh dho [leg. do Mh.?] mar chuing | 's níor mheadh do Bhrian Maoilsheachluinn `he was not Murchadh's equal as warrior, as Maolsheachluinn was not Brain's', Content. xviii 142. ní raibhe i Mucroimhe | lámh ba meadh do láimh Lugaidh, v 172 . ní chuala go bhfuair ollamh | meadh don aisgidh fhuaramar, Studies 1921, 257 § 2 (cf. TD 14.27 ). meadh chosmhail don Traoi an teagh-soin, TD 6.7 . a gcompánaigh is a gcaraid | do chách nír chomhthrom an mheadh their comrades and friends were no match for the world (against them), PBocht 121 § 22. nír fhás meadh na mná-sa the like of this woman, 14 § 8 . Cf. co Commar . . . na tteora n-abh a n-oínmhedh (.i. . . . na ttri n-abhann ccoimhionand i n-aoin ionadh), Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.12 .

(d) In the phr. ón mid because of the fact (that): ara coicill la Corc mac Luigthid, ón mid ba ndalta doib 'since they had been spared by Corc mac Luigthig, due to the fact that he was a fosterson of theirs', Aided Echach 102 §5 . conde-gegoinn clann Maine Munchāin ... ōn mith ro bratad flaith Muman seccu 'and the descendants of Maine Munchaín wounded them ... because the kingdom of Munster had been plundered despite them', Aided Echach 102 § 6 .

(e) measure, means, expedient (late use): ar an modh ┐ leis an meadh as fearr le Dia, Luc. Fid. 209.10 . gan fhios an mheadha le ttig neach ar shlighe a slainte, 353.12 : cf. 352.11 .

(f) doubtful: med n-ercc .i. gort, Anecd. iii 44.18 = Auraic. 5641 (a kenning for the letter g, = cow-balance? but seems neut.). ? Leg. ined erc, Ériu xxxix 136 .

Compd. medtosṅgachtigtheid, gl. libripens, Sg. 114a1 .

puincne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. puincne or dil.ie/34637

n a measure or value equivalent to a `screpal': puingcne .i. screbul meidi inbiche, is e sin screpul nGaoidel .i. oiffing, Corm. Y 1050 . puincne is ainm do scribol, Metr. Gl. Ff. 61 . pui[n]cni sgreabull, Metr. Gl. 33 § 18 (Eg.). puingcne .i. sgreaball, O'Cl. .iiii. scripuil fichit [= fichet] no .iiii. afuingi fichit nó .iiii. puincni .xx. (equivalent values), O'Dav. 25 . Seems a stereotyped pl. of puingin a measure equivalent to a `sel(l)ann': puingin .i. selland imme .i. selland cernae, Corm. Y 1051 = pinginn salund imbe, Corm. p. 35 ; acc. to Stokes, Metr. Gl. 102 , a dim. of ponc; a word of Teutonic origin cogn. with pinginn, Eng. penny, RC xviii 114 .

screpul(l), scripul(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. screpul(l), scripul(l) or dil.ie/36628

Forms: sgriball, sgreball

n o, m. (Lat. scripulus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 211 ) sgriball, sgreball, IGT Decl. § 17 (71.18) . a scruple : screpul quasi scripul, ab eo quod est scripulus , Corm. Y 1150 . ? dee .i. screbal, O'Mulc. 336 . ? scrupul .i. cloch fil a muir ruaidh .i. comthrom screpaill, conadh uaithi aderar, O'Curry 1466 ( H 3.18, 651 ).

(a) in Laws a unit of value, ⅟24 of an ounce or milch cow and equal to 3 pinginn. See Thurn., ZCP xiv 342 , xv 254 . uair .ui. grainni .x. ┐ .u. ced ┐ .lx. comtrom uingi. Uair cethra graindi fiched cruithnechta comtrom in screpaill airgid 576 grains make an ounce . . . 24 grains of wheat make a scruple of silver, Laws v 18.8 Comm . ó she lethpendingib gabar inotacht in tomhais; na sé lethpendinge is trí lán pendinge, na trí lan pendinge is screpall, ┐ is amhluidh so ro soich in tricha scripall on aig the three full pinginn make a s., O'D. 903 ( H 3.17, 645 ). ro suidiged a fochraicside for seot (sic leg.) deich screbul a sét of the value of ten scripuli, Laws iv 212.x . ro suidiged for seot (sic leg.) .ui. scripall (sic leg.) a fuillem, v 378.5 . colpach ocht scribull (sic leg.) acht cethoro pingeinne a heifer of eight s. less four pence, 172.2 Comm . molt . . . .i. s.¤ a fiu, ii 226.11 , see ZCP xiv 342 . in screpall (sic leg.) .i. log fir fognama ┐ meich, i 212.16 Comm . doní saorus in breithemh . . . don screpall deolaidh, O'D. 559 ( H 3.17, 439 ). naidm fri tri certle is fiu screpull, O'Dav. 617 (cf. Ériu xiii 43.19 ). scripul i turorguin uire iar trib druchtaibh, 677 . For s.¤ indracuis see indracus. In non-legal documents: sē scripuil for unga an ounce and six scruples (a fine), Cáin Ad. 44 . inna da sill is da scripul co leth, RC viii 368.3 . co rirfe in fer uallach a enech ┐ a anmain ar lóg ōenscripuil, xxvi 44.5 . gach teine . . . do bhíodh screaball nó trí pinginne ag rígh Múmhan do chíos uirre, Keat. ii 3819 . Note also: cuitbide . . . .i. ní ferr lethscripul `not better than half a scruple' (i.e. valueless) gl. fribolus, Sg. 49b10 .

(b) the s.¤ óir probably represented a different value (not found in Laws): nī rogaib A. acht . . . screpald óir cecha bantōsigi, Cáin Ad. 24 . screbal óir gach fhir, Acall. 1432 . a chís rigda . . . .i. screpall óir . . . .i. cethraimthi uinge óir a scruple of gold, i.e. ¼ of an ounce, LB 132b3 . achtmad oen-screpul óir no argit, LL 304a11 ( RC xiii 86.12 , SG 379.20 , Lism. L. 307.27 ).

(c) in general sense of fee, contribution, tribute, cess (freq. of the sum paid to a cleric for the exercise of his office, etc.): roddet o manchaib na túath | . . . | in screpol issin cendfhathe the s.¤ and (`in', Ed.) the bequest (?), Ériu viii 68.24 (see cennaithe). screpul doberar do gilli no óclig `a groat' (as a reward), Mon. Tall. 143.8 ( den scribul, 12 ). screpul fóss is cūairt is cāin | duit, a C[h]olmāin, BColm. 48.30 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa (said by Moling), Anecd. ii 34 § 2 . Mael-Isu, comarba Patraic, for cuairt Muman . . . co tuc a lanchuairt, eter screpal ┐ edpurta `both cess and donations', AU ii 20.2 , cf. 76.12 ff . tucsad screball cumaili cacha tuaithi do cacha bliadna .i. tri ba ┐ timthacht cach rig dogebad rigi da cloind they gave him (St. Cormac) a s.¤ of the value of a cumal for every túath, Irish Texts iii 4 § 10 (= BB 234a25 ). sgreball caethrech a tribute of sheep, Hy Maine 80.6 . With qualifying gen.: do orduigh screaball baithis Pádraig ar gach neach da ngabhadh baisteadh san Mhumhain .i. trí pinginne Patrick's baptismal fee, Keat. iii 377 . Cf. doberar screaball dó ara bhaisded .i. sect pinginne oir, Lism. L. 2832 . dorat Ciarán a clog do Caeimgen i comurtha a n-oentad ┐ i screpul a chomnae as his communion-fee, 4470 . an sgreaball ongtha fee for unction, Hy Maine 80.1 . doberatt bale . . . dō ina screpul soscēlae `gospel-tax', BColm. 42.13 . screpall soiscéla, a airdrí Muman . . . Cá screpall sin, a chleirig? . . . Crich ┐ ferann don chleirech, ar Beineoin, Acall. 5393 (`gospel-penny', Gloss.). doratt . . . na hImlecha i screpall a thodhuisci do Dia ┐ do Chiarán as a fee for his restoration to life, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226.2 . ? Cf. screpall ar feoil | eoinmhet ar eoch mall (screpul ar feoil naige, v.l.), IT iii 84.11 .

(d) as a unit of weight: nī fuirecht cid óen screpul ba mo tríun arailiu `that one third was greater than another by a single scruple' (of a piece of silver broken into three pieces), Hy. v 80 ( Thes. ii 346 ). ro cuiredh a chorp a comrair fo iadhadh, ┐ tucait secht scribhaill de ór fora ucht, RC xlvi 248.30 . See scrubul.

(e) piece, morsel : screapall beg don chiaraigh `a little piece of the wax', Fl. Earls 34.17 . ro tescadh screpal beac dieroile chloich ndīp, 164.28 . Cf. scrupul.