Search Results

Your search returned 27 result(s).

airláthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airláthar or dil.ie/2181

n (láthar) dispensation, disposition, arrangement: tria érlathar ┐ comairli nDé gl. dispensatione superna, tríana erlathar gl. dispensatione spiritus, Rawl. B 512 f. 66c-d . (Plummer MS. notes). in spirut noem dogéna a erlathair, PH 2018 . cubaid sin fri erláthar ┐ fri ruin na screptra , 5738 . fri hirlathair . . . a n-imdechta for arranging, LB 123b28 . gebe manach . . . raghus fri herlathar uaitsi ni baithfidir, Lism. L. 2241 . gur thorrach Muire máthar / go hiodhan don urláthar `by that great power', Aithd. D. 49.12 .

aisnéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisnéis or dil.ie/2507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aisndís, faisnéis, -i, áisndís, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisṅdeis, aisṅdíis, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisndísen, aisṅdísen, aisdísen, aisṅdís, aisndís, aisndis, aisṅdísin, aisndisnea, asṅdisnea, aisndisen

n O. Ir. aisndís. n, f. (see GOI § 730 ). Later also faisnéis f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 13 . Vn. of as-indet. IGT Verbs § 83 . n s. áisndís, Ml. 14d3 . aisndís, 44c30 . aisṅdís, 94b3 ; Sg. 59b7 . aisṅdeis, Sg. 161b3 . a s. aisṅdíis, Wb. 12d20 . aisndís, Ml. 145c8 . aisṅdís, 145c9 . g s. aisndísen, Ml. 40d18 . aisṅdísen, Sg. 203a4 . aisdísen, 198a10 . d s. aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . aisndís, Ml. 64d2 . aisndis, 126b1 . n p. aisṅdísin, Sg. 3b23 . a p. aisndisnea, Ml. 24b5 , 35b20 . asṅdisnea, 51d2 . g p. aisndisen, Ml. 64d2 .

(a) act of relating, telling, explaining; narration, explanation: cid glicc . . . oc aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . ni comadas du aisndís inna mmaraisndisenso acht in spirut noib, Ml. 64d2 . aisndís is tri chaingnímu rosegar . . . ind hires, 14c19 . cid écen áisndís do neuch as doraid coleir, 14d3 . aisṅdis dind fortacht durat dia do, 40b8 . hond aisndís gl. præfatu, 51c3 . huan aisndís gl. adnuntiatione sua, 42d10 . tre aisndéis sechmodachti, Trip.² 21 `a declaration of the past', Trip. isam ómun ar a a.¤ , LU 5349 (TBC). is fota fri haisnis is tophlíúin menman, 7913 . ní h-adlicgi . . . / a ḟasnís (aisnes v.l. St.) do ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4769 . táin Bo Cualngni do faisnēis, ACL iii 4.11 . cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . scrutan screptra aisnis ḟorcitail, LL 371c45 . is rimsa . . . ro hérbad ar eisnéis ┐ a acallaim fíad int ṡlúag `for explanation', Ériu iv 144 § 22 . ger' bdar goacha na haisneisi `though the accounts were mendacious', CCath. 751 . Forus Feasa ar Éireann d'fhaisnéis, Keat. i 2.9 . examhlacht aisneisi, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.14 . ar Mac nDé mar fríoth faisnéis tidings , Dán Dé vi 6 . scél .i. moladh no a.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 223 .

Of pronunciation: inna aisṅdísen dochuirde .i. dochrud leo .n. indiad .m. `of the difficult pronunciation', Sg. 203a4 . derbaisṅdísin .i. derbḟogir gl. ipsae pronuntiationes, 3b23 . Of a biblical passage or saying: is he . . . leth ataībe an aisnesea la Matha, RC xlvi 233.25 . Of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisneis ┐ ail ┐ aircetal aisneis . . . indisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a[t]aat tri fodla for aír .i. aisnéiss, ail, aircital aisnés .i. indessin tria táinsimad cin chuibd[iu]s con n-immdercad grúade, H 3.18, 870 (ib. 211 ). Of a type of metre: cetal na haisnése so sis, IT iii 63 § 125 . In phrase agallaim is faisnes, a metrical fault consisting in addressing and talking about a person in the same stanza: gabh h'eduidh . . . a Chumaill / na legeadh se a luing tar lear (1.) (na leig budh chóir), IGT Metr. Faults §§ 23 , 73 , 120-24 . faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann, Introd. 2.27 . lochdach . . . attús chomhfhocuil . . . faisnéis no agalluimh, 24 § 97 . as í an fhaisnéis nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil fúaras, do-chíeabh, tiogabh, no a leithéid eile, 28 § 121. Also fresnés go n-a.¤ , see fresndís.

(b) Legal act of giving information, informing (against): má ro innis is fiach faisneisin do . . .manar innis is fiach seillid uadh, Laws iii 104.24 Comm. fiach aisneise[n], O'Dav. 1420 . do'n thi do ni aisneis for in gataidh, Laws v 188.14 Comm. co rub aisneis doberar fair, 324.3 Comm. cutruma ata in fiach aisnesen d'urrad ┐ do deorad . . . don aisneis doniat . . . don aisneis doniter orro, O'Curry 2127 (H 4.22, p. 86). cethre aisnesi (sic leg.) no cethri gne i naí fogra aptha, Laws i 282.31 Comm. , 284.20 Comm. aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard prior in right of speech, Laws iii 24.27 Comm. trí fáilte co n-íarduibi: fer tochmairc fer gaite fer aisnéise, Triads 67 . Cf. aigde aisnéise tell-tale faces, Tec. Corm. § 16.8 . In phrase freisneis ┐ a.¤ statement of case (by plaintiff) and answer (by defendant) see fresndís.

? áithchid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? áithchid or dil.ie/2586

Forms: aitchim

v opposes, contradicts. In sense of falsifying, sophisticating: ni aitcim na duili, BB 498a50 = ni aithergem na duile acht nos lecam amal fosracaib dia, Alex. 884 . athgid o fhírinne na screptra cetfaide brécacha diabuil = falsas . . . sagittas diaboli . . . fra[n]git , PH 4852 . aitchim I deny, O'R. Poems Cf. áithcheó(id)id, -fathgathar.

1 cubus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cubus or dil.ie/13406
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cuibse, cubais, cuibse, cubais

n (com + fis). g s. cuibse, later somet. cubais. n a p. cuibse. Somet. confused with cobais (cf. a d s. cubais and: is í so mo ch.¤ , SG 115.10 ). For mod. forms see Éigse ix 166 - 7 . conscience : infiadnisse doib ácúbus gl. testimonium reddente illís conscientia ipsorum, Wb. 1d6 . friar c.¤ , 14c8 . benad fria ch.¤ fessin `let it concern his own conscience', 20c8 . arnarala forc.¤ áiri gl. (nihil interrogantes) propter conscientiam, 11b21 . c.¤ .i. anam. ut est for c.¤ righ atá, O'Dav. 545 . c.¤ ┐ aicned, Laws i 144.21 . 208.5 . fri cuibse na creisen `consciences', iii 30.z . a mes fri cuibsi areir maithe gacha tuaithe, O'Curry 2219 ( Eg. 88, 16a ). co nglaine cuibse, Laws iv 32.20 . a fir aicnid ┐ screptra ┐ chuibhsi `according to the justice . . . of conscience', BCrólige 12 . tri timorgain cuibsi no gnuisi, O'Curry 21 ( H 3.18, 9b ). co slan cuibse, Laws v 156.17 . ratha cuibse ┐ ciche ┐ cride, LL 4941 . cen cuid cubais, Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 19 . cach mes co c.¤ , ACL iii 226.z . ? focheird deit ch.¤ . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession', Mon. Tall. 128.3 (cobais?).

In asseveration: asrupart . . . nach fitir a chuphus for bith cidh nobiadh doib that he had no idea, Anecd. ii 49.z . ma do rat a c.¤ re bas cuna ro dlecht in flaith `declared on his conscience', Laws ii 274.25 Comm. adbeirsium fria c.¤ fadein is innruic gach ae `mind', 50.16 Comm. dom ch.¤ úag / ba turus trúag `by my innocent conscience', Metr. Dinds. iii 188.4 . dar ar c.¤ , MU² 594 . is c.¤ dún . . . ni tiberther, MR 22.7 . dar fír ar cubais, TBC-LL² 99 . for c.¤ cáich inna lucc, Ériu iii 100.x . ar fír do chubhais riut, Acall. 5824 . mo chubus ám, ar sé, Stories fr. Acall. 19.516 . dar mo chubhas, Keat. Poems 340 . doberim fam chubuse/ . . . / go bhḟaca, LL 396.4 .

In the phrase: for c.¤ the sense approximates to that of for commus (commus): dús ind airim banscala for a c.¤ ┐ . . . and geba mo anmcairdessa take responsibility for (?), Mon. Tall. 150.12 (`confession'). ni aurcuil . . . deit a tír ind erlama fort ch.¤ do fodil a toraid do bochtaib at your discretion (?), 160.5 . fer graid gaibes eclais for a chubas, LB 12a37 . co ro ladh for c.¤ hua Suanaigh fadeisin `left to the conscience', BNnÉ 313.4 . ro battar secht nduine form comus [s]a . . . ┐ or ┐ arccat, graighi ┐ alma bo cech duine, for mo c.¤ [s]a sin uile at my disposal (?), 303.1 . manach . . . ar ata an doman fora c.¤ , 22 . anchore . . . cen ní for a ch.¤ , Ériu ii 222.23 (`with nought upon his conscience'). Note also: nach clérech nádairlégfa dia ch.¤ `who shall not read it aloud conscientiously', Ériu ii 202 § 19 .

Compd. ¤-brath complicity in crime through previous knowledge i.e. complicity of mutus co-operator: c.¤-brath (sic leg.) .i. an fear bhíos ag ceilt an uilc, O'Don. Suppl. citing Mac Fir Bisig. fiach c.¤ braith, Laws iii 104.25 `complicity in crime'. do-sli(d) cethraime cubus braith, i 272.34 Comm. fíach cubhusbhraith ó daoirchelibh, Ériu xiii 49.z . is edh is fer cubus braith cindti ann, duine aca mbid fis an marbtha ria na ndenum, ┐ cinnti co r[o]isidh robud uadh; is edh is fer c. b. cunntabartach ann, fis . . . ┐ cunntabairt ann an roisidh fis uadh, O'Curry 1693 ( 23 Q 6, 13 a ).

1 etla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 etla or dil.ie/20872

n , f. (1 etal, see Ériu vii 178 )

I Self-denial, renunciation; purity, holiness: eatla .i. ciamhaire, congain chroidhe..., O'Cl. inna hissiu huili congaibtiur ann-etlai all these(viz. the virtues of faith, abstinence, gentleness, humility, etc.) are comprised in `etla' ZCP iii 448.3 = YBL 252a12 (ind eutlu). co rabat don eclais iar n-etla uird [leg. urd ?] `according to the purity of their order' Laws iii 34.1 (with gl.: iar n-ordugad a glaine,...iar n-urd etole, 34.15 ). cach riagail iar comairle, co n-etla `with purity' 36.4 (with gl.: a toil Dē bít, 36.18 ). foss oc etlai (e(a)tla, MSS), Ériu i 193.4 . Lism. L. 4541 . Mon. Tall. § 19 (etli). Cf. dorigensat samud Cíaran etla fri Dia fair co tísad slán `did penance to God' ZCP iii 206.5 (LU) = AFM i 260 x (`made supplication'), where fasting in supplication seems implied. set sirhettla a way of continual self-abnegation (?) SR 2086 . cen síl n-etla (:pectha) 7199 .

II Penitence, repentance, penance: eatla .i.... aithrighe..., O'Cl. is tualaing timdibi cach pennid dib amail bís nert ┐ etla ┐ erlatu indii torgaba in chinaith, Ériu vii 142.11 . genus i n-óide [= oítid], cressine i mmidaīs, ettla fri haes, LB 71 marg. inf.

III Tears (of remorse): eatla .i....déra, O'Cl. etla ainbech (.i. déra iumda no eolchaire imda), Fél.² Mar. 24 n. LB. Here perhaps: roclissa etla dar do gruad | scrutan screptra crabud ngúr, LL 272 marg. sup. ri rodet dilgud...do Dauid dia mórchintaib iarna hettlaib athirgi tears (?) of penitence SR 6876 . it hesin in primpeccthaig...tiagait cen ni d'fír-ettlaib | la Demun..., 8351 . Cf. 3 etal.

1 fír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fír or dil.ie/22171
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fira, fíri, fira, fír, ḟír, firithir, firium, fíream, fír, fir, fíre, brithemnachtae, fírmessa, fircarat, fír

I adj o-ā

(a) true, veracious , used as pred. with cop.; as attrib. usually in composition with noun, seldom following it. f.¤ ... a uero latine , Corm. Y 639 . gl. verus Ml. 24d16 . 60b11 . as f.¤ aní chanas, 24d14 . is fāss dúnni a pridchimme manid f.¤ , Wb. 13b14 . f.¤ inna rādisiu what thou sayest is true LU 8455 ( FB 31 ). dūs in f.¤ mar atbeire, SR 1268 . in fir a n-atfiadat?, CRR 29 . is f.¤, ol se, is e so Crist, PH 679 . ni f.¤ sin (contradicting a statement) 2715 . Absol. confirming a preceding fact or statement: f.¤, ar se, ingen fil and, LL 259b43 ( LMU 5 ). f.¤, ar in drai, RC xxiv 174.15 . f.¤ is munter Dé fogniat [sic leg.], Snedg. u. Mac R 9.21 = is derb, ar siad, is munter Dé, RC xxvi 136.27 . Adv.: co mbia co f.¤ esergi that there will truly be a resurrection PH 1074 . uere .i. co f.¤ , 7983 . atberim co fír fír frib ..., 5036 . go fíor, Duan. F. i 28.3 . pl. it na huili besgna ata fira , Thes. ii 7.26 . at fíra do briathra, PH 794 . IS F.¤he is right: olsodin nad f.¤ ndoib however in that they lie Ml. 16a10 . ba f.¤ ám do Ch. aní sin, TBC-LL¹ 5767 . 4692 . 5719 . fír dam, or A. ni fīr or L., LL 288b27 . ni f.¤ dún ar mbeith amlaid we err (in claiming) to be so PH 7945 . más f.¤ dhamhsa if I am not mistaken O'Dav. 1244 . IS F.¤ LIMM I deem it true, I believe: do retaib ata chosmaili fri f.¤ la doini ┐ bes ni bat fira la Dia, Ml. 51b8 . BID F.¤ it will prove true, come to pass: bid f.¤ a tairngire Wb. 2c19 . hóre bas f.¤ quod dicam , 17d20 . Cf. pret.: ba f.¤ son re cind in tres laí it came true ( happened ) LL 283a9 . Used idiomatically in assenting to a proposal or the reverse: cuir in da chend, a L., issin carpat ... Bid f.¤ for L. it shall be done LL 110b31 ( RC xiv 422 ). ní bá f.¤ sin that shall not be! LU 8199 ( FB 14 ). Mer. Uil. 46 . ni ba f.¤ ... Cet do rainn na mucce it shall not be that C. divide the pig ScM. 9 . ROP F.¤ may it come to pass Hy i 39 . corap f.¤ amal atrubrabar! PH 2774 . amen .i. rop f.¤ so be it 7981 . MAS Ḟ. (in later poetry) if it is true = `according to statement', `it is said': an séad, a Dhé, ina mbia ar mbríogh | más fíor is é bhus dia dhúnn, Dán Dé xxiii 11 . éantoirrcheas, más ḟíor, iaidséin, TD 26.7 . ionann ḟáisdine, más ḟíor, do mhac is d'adhbhar airdríogh, 21.31 . más ḟíor dá lán according to many 28.40 . fír dhe (cheville), Duan. F. 25.4 ; ii 68.10 . As attrib.: breth f.¤ , SR 3321 . dar mo bréthir ḟ.¤ , IT i 122.1 . g s. f. inna Trínóite fíri (fire v.l.), Hy ii 42 . Cf. foxal fainne fíre SR 3594 (but see fíre). pl. bretha fira , Ml. 89b14 . teora coibsen fira, IT iii 197.24 . tri bliadhna fira .xx. `righteous' (?) BB 50a24 ( MacCarthy 414 ). sgéla fíora, Duan. F. ii 2.3 . d s. as adv.: ind fír (gl. amen) Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír (gl. vero) Sg. 106a5 . Equat. firithir lebor as true as LL 43b23 . Compar. ataa ani as firiu oldas a ndeda sa, Hib. Min. 10.348 . is firu damsa! ní firiu duidsiu! I am right! you are wrong! Ériu viii 157.15 . atberait aroli comboi ... ┐ is fíre són, LB 148a10 . superl. firium, Laws i 106.1 (?). fíremh, Ériu xiii 17.30 . Cf. fíream, Laws iv 34.1 .

(b) genuine: pleurisis fhíre ┐ pleurisis nach fír true pleurisy and spurious O'Gr. Cat. 188 § 45 .

II subst. n. later m. g s. cosmailius fír , Ml. 55d25 . arach fir , Cóic Con. 17.1 (other exx. below); later fíra, fíre.

(a) what is true; truth, right: gáo et f.¤ , Wb. 14c22 . f.¤ n-uile sicut dixi (gl. veritas facta est) 16b22 . f.¤ neich, 30d14 (= iustitia). fer nolabrad f.¤ ┐ no chairiged gó, PH 825 . tan renas ... a ḟir for in gae when he barters truth for falsehood (i.e. right for wrong, of a king) ACL iii 315.6 . f.¤ n-aignaid ┐ screbtra truth natural and revealed Laws v 430.23 . Ailbhe co ffīor `A. the truthful' Duan. F. i 6.3 . With poss. pron.: abbair a ḟ.¤ frind, LU 4544 . ráid a fh.¤ dūn tell us the truth about it PH 1063 . is é a ḟíor this is the truth of it Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 . isé a ḟíor is ní brēcc dhamh, ZCP viii 225.3 . sinagoga ... congregatio ... ed a f.¤ isin laitin `c.' is the right word for it in Latin 113 § 4 . ce raib se ina fh.¤ though it be true PH 7324 . In asseveration or adjuration: dar f.¤ ar cubais, TBC-LL¹ 110 . ar f.¤ do gascid, 4663 . for f.¤ do ḟlatha, LL 251a48 ( TBFr. § 23 ). for f.¤ th'ainich ┐ t'anma, LL 251b1 (ib.). Concrete: co n-indistar fir cacha ceatramhan until a truth (true story) be told for every quarter IT iii 196 § 40 . IAR F.¤ according to truth, really, actually: delb nad bí iar f.¤ (gl. imaginis) Ml. 91d1 . túarascbail ... inna n-airecht sin amal itát iar f.¤ as they are in reality LU 1997 ( FA 6 ). is iat sin na fírUlaid iar f.¤ , ZCP viii 326.9 . na hIúdaide cristaide ... na hIúdaide iar ḟír, LB 158b19 . isat cara iar ndreich ... cen cop ed iar f.¤ , PH 3100 . Cf. iar fíraib truly, really (?) LL 5b49 . tría fhíribh, Duan. F. i 88.13 (: ríghe).

(b) a pledge, guarantee: dobretha f.¤ fris .i. f.¤ ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman, grēine ┐ ēsca, etc. Rawl. 132a31 ( Ériu xi 95 ). ro lasett each an ríg ... for f.¤ comairci Colmáin, BColm. 90.6 . adguiter f.¤ hOengasa [leg. nOen.] ... fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi, Ériu iii 140.170 . cf. la fior flatha frisa ngaibther, Ériu xiii 31.3 . da fir dhec flatha, below, end of (c). cach fír dar ná tecar slán `every pledge that is not transgressed with safety' Metr. Dinds. iii 6.65 . Cf. ferr fir fonaidm .i. na trebaire a pledge is better than a bond O'Curry 1756 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ) = O'Curry 511 (t. cen folad) (< H 3.18, 259 ).

(c) an attestation; a proof, test, ordeal: technical term in Law, one of the five `conara fugill' or recognized methods of procedure in pleading, see Cóic Con. p. 8 , 17ff . Here perh. i mmes fíra, Ml. 26c12 (see fíre). is ed so acarar [sic leg.] forin conair fugill is fir: cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig ┐ cach cin imna dir logad no trocaire, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . uide īce in fira .i. in fir lai ┐ in fir Dé ┐ in fir cuir ┐ cunnartha ... in leth-fir testa ... in lan-fir teasta, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, 183 ). Cf. Cóic Con. 67 . mac mná dobheir fior i logh a ruice, Ériu xiii 31.28 . f.¤ nDé a religious ordeal or attestation: in inbaidh aititnither ... is fir nDé uadh ...; muna aititnighe ... is arra cuir ..., O'Curry 2003 Comm. (< H 4.22, 30 ). comadh ann robeth in fir dé so lais iar nemfadbail fire daoine, Laws iv 294.7 Comm. co dtisadh a bfir do cach iar bfir De (.i. na eclaise) ┐ duine (.i. na tuaithi), O'Curry 1607 (< 23 Q 6, 5a ). lia do fír fri ... aiṅcessa māra (.i. fris inni is anfis do neoch forna fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe) thou shalt follow (the way of) ordeal in cases of, etc., Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . 37 § 50 . is cranncur fíre De docurethur ru, O'D. 900 . (< H 3.17 c. 644 ). f.¤ testa compurgation: O'Curry 2591 (< Eg. 88, 50b ), see Cóic Con. 67 . lucht fira compurgators: Cóic Con. 32 § 29 . in t-espuc, is greim cuicir gobas a lucht fira a leith re dainib ele, ┐ ni gabann acht greim aengraidh i leith ris fein, O'Curry 1058 (< H 3.18, 438a_b ). f.¤ dochum reilgi an attestation made in a churchyard Cóic Con. 64 § 14 . Ériu ix 114 . f.¤ n-airisme fri haltoir the test of standing at the altar Laws v 470.34 (see IT iii 192 ). f.¤ caire no crannchuir ordeal of the cauldron or of lot Laws iv 294.3 Comm. coiri fír .i. lestur ... fri dealochadh firindi ┐ góa, IT iii 191 § 21 . crand fīr `test-tree,' tree of ordeal Laws iv 146.27 ; a name for the aspen , Auraic. 1195 . tal no slisean seancraind, leasdar Baduirnd, trelia mothar no fir n-airisme fri haltoir, no fir fogearrta no comperta naime: ate ind sin fira ro suidistar Padraic do gleod fer nErend, Laws v 470 (see IT iii 188 , where three of these are included in the da fir dhec flatha `the twelve ordeals').

(d) right, due: ara tisad a f.¤ cach that everyone might `attain to his right' Laws i 152.1 . oc tacra a ḟír `arguing his right' Trip. 128.3 . is im fir ban ciato-imargaet roe `about the true right of women' [ = for a case (i.e. dispute) of women ?] Laws i 150.13 . Cf. fria hiomasdad a ffíor fri breith, Ériu xiii 34.7 (perh. belonging to c).

(e) various phrases: F.¤ CATHA `truth of battle,' a just cause in fight: risnā ragbad ríam ... f.¤c. nā fornirt [leg. fornert ?] comlaind, TBC-LL¹ 5083 (perhaps against whom neither equal nor superior numbers ever prevailed). co nā gabdais f.¤ c. fria n-athair that they might not have right on their side in opposing their father (of the three Finn Emna) Dinds. 140 , corresp. to: cumbad olc a f.¤ c. i n-agaid a n-ardḟlatha, Metr. Dinds. iv 44z . ba fearr a f.¤c. ┐ comlaind sin im a nduthaigh [sic leg.) ... innas im an ferand forgabala, Cog. 70.6 . táinig re síol bhflatha Fáil | gan ḟíor gcatha do chongbháil it turned out ill for ... that they had not right on their side TD 18.28 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5643 . feirrde m'fhior chatha sa sin my cause of quarrel is the juster Content. xiv 4 . tré neimhḟíor gcatha in an unjust cause viii 24 . F.¤ FER fair play (in combat), single combat: acht cor damthar fir fer dam, ol se, atbér. is cóir f.¤ f. do chomollod ... ar ní f.¤ f. do slúag mór muinterda brisiud for óenfer, LU 9213 ( FB 94 ). nosgeodainseom huile ... uair rombrisiset fir fer fair, TBC-I¹ 809 (= LU 5284 ). rop áil damsa or L. conumrabad fir fer úaitsiu. cidón? or C. connachamthised úait acht oenlám. ar ni ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 122b5 ( RC iii 184 ). ni damar f.¤ f. dam na comlond, TBC-LL¹ 4706 . ní rodamhadh f.¤ fer ná comhlann fo coimhlíon dóibh acht ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh, AFM iv 996.14 . is and sin conbocht f.¤ f. fairseom ... día lotar in cóicfer cucaiseom, LU 6240 . dogniat aní sein ┐ dobreth a f.¤ f. fris, Ériu iii 137.50 (but Rawl. B 502, 132a31 has here: dobretha fir fris .i. fir ciche ┐ gruaide, etc., cited above under b). fior fer frisa ngaibhther, Ériu xiii 34.10 . Cf. muirbhfit ... iat i bhfir aeinḟir, RC xliii 24.9 . F.¤ FÉNE the truth (justice) of the F., itbath fir Fene, Laws i 150.17 . adbath fir Feiniu manipad cuicthi, 250y . F.¤ FLATHA the word of a prince; justice of a ruler: ní fíor flathu deit, a rí ..., a n-udbere thy sentence is unworthy of a just ruler RC xii 64.26 . co comet fir flatha .i. mess cacha bliadne, etc. (effects of just rule) xvi 280.7 . is tre ḟ.¤ flathemon cach recht rán ... cach tír toirthech, ZCP xi 81 §§ 12.14 . tré ḟíor ḟlatha ... tig ... iasg i n-inbhear, Content. vi 67 . asbertatar U. a mmarbad. ni thó, ar sisi, ar is coll fír f.¤ damsa the U. said that they should be killed. Nay, said she, for that is a violation of a prince's truth on my part RC xvi 281. 2 . F.¤ NGASCID fair fighting: ní f.¤ ṅg. ... comrac frimsa co n-oenláim, LL 116b39 ( RC viii 58 ). Cf. ní fír laechdachta dó tuidecht ar mo chendsa LU 6014 .

Compds.

A With subst. common as adj. prefix in sense

(a) veracious, true, just: ¤brithem a just judge Ml. 27c1 . dond ¤brithemain, 26c11 (gl. cognitori) Wb. 8d25 . ¤brithemnacht a just judgment: g s. ¤brithemnachtae (opp. to gūbrithemnacht) Ml. 103c2 . ¤breth id.: pl. -a, SR 8325 . ¤dliged just, true rule: fili ... nach oide fīrdhlighidh ZCP viii 208.22 . ¤dul: iar f. (: dīlgud) according to right procedure, as is meet SR 1607 . ¤mess true, righteous judgment: ind fírmessa (gl. aequitatis) Ml. 103d1 . ¤mod: fīrmod sōn, Corm. Y § 149 . firmodh son, YBL 245 a 54 (Immacallam In Dá Thúarad) , ZCP xxi 325 . ¤scél true account: ni innisim acht f., Acall. 1428 . Less freq. in later texts; cf. fírferg: rinn ar bhḟírḟeirge ` just wrath ' TD 3.12 .

(b) veritable, genuine, real (very common; cf. older Engl. use of very < Fr. vrai): ¤dia: conapad f. mac that the Son should not be very God Ml. 21c12 . Wb. 2d8 . fíordia ... fíordhuine very God ... very man ZCP viii 199.22 (but: in fírdía the true God , opp. to dee ` heathen gods ' PH 433 , 2347 ). ¤duine: ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona acht is for corthe cloche, Thes. ii 343y (Comm. on Hy v 66 ). amal fírdhuine like a veritable human being PH 5642 . ¤aingel: messimir inna fíraingliu `the very angels' Wb. 9c10 . ¤mac: f. aicnid ní a uccu `a very son of nature, not from adoption' 32b6 . conid f. Dé Ísu Crist, PH 2179 . ¤chlann: Eua ..., fotha febda fírclainne of genuine offspring (?) SR 1064 . ¤chorp: is a ḟirchurp a doenachta atracht Crist a bás the real body of His humanity PH 6743 . Cf. further: am fírisrahelte a true Israelite Wb. 23d30 . is iat sin na fírUlaid the genuine Ultonians Rawl. 156b46 , ZCP viii 326.9 . frisna ¤adnacla (gl. non in domibus sed in sepulcris) Ml. 83d3 . is ¤briathar Dé (gl. non ut verbum hominum sed ... verbum Dei) Wb. 24d22 . fíor-fhraochdacht genuine fury (= asperitatem veram) TSh. 8130 . in ¤gním the real action Sg. 139a3 . inna ¤neuturáldi the true neuters 140a6 . ¤chara a genuine friend: g p. na fircarat , CCath. 5562 . cf. fiórnámha `a veritable foe ' TD 13.8 . ¤chlérech a true cleric: las na firclerchiu, Mon. Tall. § 13 . ¤dia the real God PH 433 (see above). ¤flaith a true, rightful prince: issin t[ṡ]ossud na fírflatha, LU 10752 ( TE 11 ). cosin f. (i.e. God) SR 1812 . ¤ true King: isé in fír-rig (of God) PH 1808 . Passing into sense of exact: ¤chenn sróna the very tip ZCP iii 34.19 . co firc[h]leit[h]i sleibi Olimp the very summit CCath. 5629 . i ¤dorus Chilli M. right in front of Trip. 136.16 . gáeth ... ina ¤ētan right in their faces LU 2184 ( FA 26 ). hi firmedón na cuardae the very centre BDD 72 . ¤mhullach Sléibi Smóil the very top Acall. 3925 . i ffiorthaobh ratha Oiligh the very side of the fort Leb. Gab.(i) i. 180.18 (cf. a dorus assa firthoeb (of the Ark) SR 2468 , where pref. seems otiose). 'na firiarthur right at the west end SR 4256 . ¤iarthar in betha, TTr.² 40 . frisin n-eclais a ¤thuaid due north of the church SR 4440 . i ¤ichtur inn aigeoin the very bottom CCath. 1386 . (hence adj. ¤íchtarach: superl. don chuid is fíríochtaruidh don bholg the innermost parts Proverbs xxvi 22 ). for a fir-uachtur on its very top SR 4332 . i ffíorthosach na bliadhna, AFM vi 2096.4 . ó fhíorthús na n-aimsear from earliest times TSh. 2917 . Very common with abstracts = true, genuine or merely intens. downright, sheer: ¤aicned: bretha firaicnid `judgements of true nature' Laws i 16.10 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi, Ériu i 214.6 . ¤athrige genuine repentance PH 2241 . ¤chaín true smoothness; gentleness , in phr. f.¤ fáilte a hearty welcome: IT i 120.32 . Acall. 5830 . Ériu iii 164.11 ; xi 195.35 . ZCP vi 31.15 . ¤deacht true Godhead Hy ii 42 . ¤déirc true charity: tobar ¤deirce, ZCP viii 199.21 . ¤féchain scrutinizing: aca firechain cona dligthech, etc. looking to see that it is lawfully ... Laws iv 20.27 Comm. , cf. aca ¤dechsain, 22.29 , ZCP viii 205.33 . ¤grád true love: idir an bhfíor-ghrádh ... ┐ an grádh tacair, TSh. 8953 . ¤ítu intense thirst: follscadh firiotan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 28.2 . ¤less real profit SR 322 . ¤róen a downright defeat SR 5092 . ¤thnúth ` deep envy ' Ériu iv 92 § 5 . Oft. apparently otiose and freq. used for sake of alliteration: togha fírbhech ár bfoghluim `of most genuine bees' O'Gr. Cat. 475.22 . ar a fad nó ar a ¤leithett, AFM vi 2082.1 . agá fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, 2318.1 . cossmhailes foichedh -bheach, 2224.3 . an faircle ¤leac fionnaolta na feineistre [sic leg.], Hugh Roe 288.27 (f. 76a) . ag déanamh fíorluit is foghla, Keat. ii 3262 .

(c) forming real compds. in which the meaning of subst. is modified: f.¤chruithnecht selected (?) wheat LU 8121 . ¤íasc salmon: cora ḟiresc `a salmon-weir ' RC xxvi 136.23 . bratan fireisc, Lism. L. viii 18 . lethar fírésc `salmon skin' MacCongl. 89.9 = cris d'iucraibh fīréisc, 122.35 (see also u. -uisce). ¤lemnacht fresh milk LU 8120 ( FB 9 ). Acall. 829 . ¤thipra a spring LL 30a1 . ¤uisce fresh water (opp. to brine), spring water ZCP v 24.2 . CCath. 1742 . BColm. 52.11 . Fl. Earls 90.20 . Études Celt. i 86.16 . Proverbs xviii 4 . eisg firuisgi fresh-water fish Rosa Angl. 40z .

B With adj. as advbl. pref. in sense truly, genuinely, downright or merely intens. ¤amnas very keen SR 1830 . ¤cruind perfectly round 36 . ¤derb quite certain Wb. 12c12 . ¤doim ` really poor ' Mon. Tall. 46 . ¤éolach ` truly learned ' Ériu iv 144.8 . Oft. merely for alliteration (cf. A, b above); faideran ¤gorm, Acall. 367 . fomor ¤grán[d]a, 1884 . féige finn ¤ṡolus, LL 385c23 . In such adjs. as fírbrethach just in judgment ( Ériu i 122.9 . ZCP xi 96 § 55 . Cáin Ad. 21 ), ¤epertach truth-speaking ( PH 6499 . RC xxv 396.16 ), fír belongs to the noun fr. which the adj. is formed. ¤ferr truly the best: an agh dob fhírfhearr dar n-ealbhaidh, PBocht 4.9 . C With vb. (chiefly in poetry), intens. or merely otiose (met. gr.): rofirchrap, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 69 = IT iii 99 § 164 . ga file nach fiorchuala?, Top. Poems 24.12 ( Top. Poems² 224 ). cía lia fer le fír-gairthir `is rightly called' Metr. Dinds. iii 60 . fíreba[i]r (: fīnemain) will be quaffed (ibid.) ACL iii 238.23 . fírníamhfuid will purify Ezekiel xliii 26 . fírfoscaigfider, Rawl. 111b15 (gl. on: forbuascaigfider). mōr fiad resa fīrtheichet from which they flee in earnest Ériu vii 4.15 . ro fíorthiorchanadh lá fáidhibh was foretold truly AFM vi 2298.8 .

fuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuigell or dil.ie/24781

Forms: fugall, fugell, fugell, fugall, fugill, fugal, fugull, fugiull, fuigle, -i, fuigheall, fuigell, fuidell, fuigli

n O.Ir. fugall, fugell. See GOI § 104 , § 169 . o, m. (gell) n s. fugell, Wb. 9c5 (a prima manu). LL 35b40 . fugall, Wb. 9c4 . g s. ind fugill , LU 2000 . a s. fugal, LL 35b24 . d s. fugull, Wb. 9c16 . fugiull, LU 2061 , Laws i 118.5 . pl. generally fuigle, -i. fuigheall (ó dhá chéill [i.e. = fuigell and fuidell]) IGT, Decl. § 53 .

(a) a judicial pronouncement, a sentence, decision (see fo-gella): gl. iudicium Wb. 9c16 . negotium 9c4 . fuigheall no fughall .i. breitheamhnas, O'Cl. Cōic Conara Fugill, the five paths to judgment `Urteilswege' Thurn., Cóic Con. 15 (title of a law-tract). atbaill a dligid a fuigiull Fene (.i. eiplid uad inī dligis do reir fuigill in fenechais = he forfeits what is his due according to the sentence of fenechus) Laws i 118.5 . breithem bes tualaing f.¤ fris frisind aes ndana (.i. ... fuigill dundara leith risin lucht aca mbi in dan) who is competent to decide v 98.1 . ni rag-sa im oenḟ.¤ ris (= nolo ... ad iudicium venire cum isto) Lat. Lives 10 . nā ructais nách f.¤ anfirén for nech, PH 4145 . dligid fiadnusi fugell, Anecd. iii 14.4 . ni fuigheall feagtha firinne a gcongmháil `it is not a sentence founded on the examination of truth to detain them' (a duly tested decision of justice) ML 108.4 . pl. toga fer fíal firgaeth ... fri fuigli, fri brithemnacht, SR 4592 . berid fúigle fírenu, a rigu!, PH 4128 . ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib nā fúiglib nā brethemnachtaib, Alex. 850 . Frequently of Last Judgment: fri fugall ind ríg hi laithiu brátho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . iar fugiull brátha, LU 2061 ( FA 14 ). tiucfa [Críst] do figill [sic] bratha idir béoduibh ┐ marbuibh, ZCP vi 84.12 . nisbia esergi doib isin ḟuigell, PH 6595 . do ló an fhuighill Doomsday Dán Dé xxv 9 .

As vn. (see fo-gella) passing judgment on: betsium ... oc fuigiull in cinedu dóenna = iudicantes PH 1935 . In fig. sense: ? ticfa ... Cormac fria matin fugail to the morn of decision (by battle) B. in Scáil 13 (: Mumain, see ZCP xx 222 ). as le gach aon a fhuigheall `sein Urteil' ZCP xiv 240.1 (but this belongs rather to fuidel, q.v.). Of other authoritative pronouncements: air [leg. iar] fuigill [ = iull ?] na screptra , PH 4811 . ba dorcha ... in labra do labairsead na filidh isin fuighill sin, IT iii 187.2 (of the colloquy of Fercertne and Néde RC xxvi 14 ff .). fuigli féigi fellsamanda ... filed, MR 194.1 . briathra fádh is fuighle naomh (of prophecies) TD 1.52 . fa ḟuighlibh na n-éigeas, Content. xxii 2 .

Hence in wider sense (b) speech, discourse (generally in pl.): fuigheall .i. briathar, O'Cl. is fuighioll briathor bhuilidh, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 v.l. Here probably: Eochu ... ān fugell | ba flaith Lagen, LL 35b40 . budh forderg ... na fuighle feichemnuis dogēn-sa friú `debtor's speech' (i.e. answer, justification) Fianaig. 84.20 . fuigli rūin againn duit a secret communication Marco P. 54 . fuicchle fíre, BNnÉ 242.6 . in so fuigli ┐ fregartha na hEoganchlaindi ar hUa A., MR 148.7 . iarrais d'ḟuighlibh banamhla `in a woman's voice' A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 5 . fuighle a beóil ghlóirghlic, Hackett xxi 38 . Answering back, retorting, arguing: ni dleaghar and de sin do mac f.¤ fria mathair YBL 140a39 ( ZCP xx 197 ). nārub bés ó aniu cu bráth / gilla d'ḟuigeall re hóclach, Acall. 1442 (`give language' SG ii 136 ).

Compd. an ḟionn ḟuighillcheart `justly-speaking' TD 39.14 .

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

1 íarraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íarraid or dil.ie/27061

Forms: íarraidh, iarrad, n-iarraid, iarrta, íarrata, íaruta, híarrata, íarradha, iarraidh, ierradh, iarraigh, iarra, iarraighe

n i, f. Used as vn. of 2 íarraid. n s. íarraidh, IGT Decl. § 149.7 . a s. iarrad, Laws i 284.12 Comm. ri cach n-iarraid , TTr. 171. g s. iarrta, Laws i 234.13 Comm. íarrata, CCath. 2159. íaruta, IGT Decl. ex. 243. na híarrata , § 149.7 . íarradha, ex. 1969 . d s. d'iarraidh , IT i 129.13 . d'ierradh , TBC-LL¹ p. 143 n. 14 . d'iarraigh , Ériu iii 152.33 . ac iarra , Laws i 154.13 Comm. d'iarraighe , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 412.13 .

(a) act of seeking, seeking (to get), searching, examining: ro chuirestair E. eclacha ... fo hErinn d'iarraidh a mnae, IT i 129.13 . rainic A. 'san dunagh (=dúnad) robí d'iaraigh `which he was in quest of,' Ériu iii 168.19 . dul da n-i.¤ to go in quest of them, Laws i 66.7 Comm. cia forsa taid d'iarraid? whom are ye seeking?, PH 3103. ic i.¤ a ṡelga tracking his game, TTr. 364. bái oc i.¤ na borama ┐ nis fuair, LL 296a45 . ata sunn trenfer ... ag iaraidh comhlainn, CF 195. cairde do lēcud dō fri hiaraidh in scēoil sin in order to search for that tale, ACL iii 4.16 . ag íarraidh (v.l. íaruidh) bhric do bhí sin, IGT Decl. ex. 2025. oc i.¤ gu-forgill i n-agaid Ísu `seeking false witness against Jesus,' PH 3143. d'iarraidh ealadhan `to study his art,' TD 3 § 8. tug amus d'iarraidh milse na meala, TSh. 584. aithreach dhamh nach dearna mé | toil Íosa d'iarraidh sláinte, Dán Dé xiii 6. doluid ... for i.¤ usci in search of , RC xxiv 198.9 . beitit flaithe ... for iarraidh na hoirgne, Anecd. ii 50.5 . dia thúr ┐ dia i.¤ o lamaib `to probe and to investigate it with his hands,' PH 6775. ic iarraidh gach raeta examining everything?, Laws i 36.8 Comm. act of seeking in marriage : mor fer ro boí com i.¤ , LU 3937. mh'ingen-sa d'iarraidh, ML² 586.

(b) act of demanding, asking ; a seeking, an asking, a search: ise sin atusa d'ierradh fort, TBC-LL¹ p. 143 n. 14 . boi oc i.¤ dilguid fair, PH 2323. ná fágbhadh fód gan iarraidh, Aithd. D. 16 § 18. d'iarraidh fuaslaicthe do Ruaidhri ... ara athair to demand of his father the release of R., RC xviii 162.18 . nirbo maisi les ... gan a aincridi do i.¤ for Grecaib `not to demand of the Greeks [redress for] his wrong,' Aen. 27. ro-bás oc i.¤ forru co ndernatís idpurtu it was being demanded of them ..., PH 2342. ag iarraidh na hionnsaighthi `calling for the charge,' O'Gr. Cat. 346.23. gan a iarraidh ar nech aile `without having to ask them of any other person,' Laws i 80.10 Comm. ferr fairi (leg. aire, Ed.) inā i.¤ , ZCP vi 261.1 . dot iarraidh `at Thy command,' Studies 1931, 662 § 21 . ó na fuairsiot an ní for a ttardsat iarraidh, AFM vi 2214.13 . mó as lag an iarraidh garma `weaker still as a claim to title,' Content. v 105. re iarrata na feicheman i crich `the period for seeking defendants in a territory,' Laws i 80.22 Comm. gen espad .i. iarrad, 284.12 Comm. mana fogra co tora a iaraidh ┐ co roich i.¤ `if he has not proclaimed it until it is searched for; and the search has come to him,' v 324.4 Comm. can comus a n-iarrata d'á n-aindeoin `there is no power to ask them against their will,' Hy Maine 66.4 . cach ní ... ba adlaic ri cach n-i.¤ for every requirement, TTr. 171. foirni íarradha eallaigh companies seeking for cattle, IGT Decl. ex. 1969. fear tuir ┐ iarruta na screptra naeime `a man who searched and scrutinised Holy Scripture,' Ériu v 20.2 .

ar iarraid sought for, missing, astray : re re teora n-aidhchi ar iarraigh, Laws v 324.9 Comm. gurab ed sin ruc tain amugha ┐ ar iaraidh in fad ro boi, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . ma fuair boin nó each ar iarraidh, KMMisc. 174 § 34. damh ó elbaidh ar íarraidh a stag missing from the herd, IGT Decl. ex. 339. tú Ó Duibhne ... | tú do bhí ar iarraidh ó Ḟionn, Aithd. D. 8 § 39.

(c) the subject of a search, something sought for, something difficult to obtain : fuarais t'iarraidh `thou hast thy request,' O'Gr. Cat. 357.1. co mba hiaraid iat fein arin ndith ragus forro ind so that they will be to seek (i.e. there will be no trace of them) through the annihilation that will overtake them, RC xliii 68 § 67. cu mba hiaraidh en bho i Finnib ┐ Luaidnib that one will have to look to find a single cow, 10 § 3. a shíoth nach iarraidh d'fhagháil `O pardon not hard to get,' PBocht 23 § 45.

(d) an attempt, a trial ; an attack : dobhered ierraidh meinic ar a himfholach `he often endeavoured to conceal it,' Fl. Earls 62.28 . ní fhuil éiniarraidh nar chuir `he left nought untried,' Aithd. D. 65 § 37. 'mun iarroidh sin do thabairt ar in reclés `for attacking the church,' Fl. Earls 50.20 . marbhtar naonbhar ... don iarraidh si `in this onslaught,' AFM iii 410.z . tug iarraidh ar Albanchoibh, L. Cl. A. B., 159.182 . ní thugsad iarraidh dh'Éirinn, 97.106 .

imm-ticc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-ticc or dil.ie/27942

v (a) comes about: gādatar tíssed in nōeb | ara nimthised lethu `that he would walk with them,' Thes. ii 313.1 ( Hy. ii ). folld. by AR protects: Noe ocus Abraham | ... | immuntisat (.i. tísat immund) ar tedmaim `may they protect us from pestilence,' Lib. Hymn. i 26.8 . Fig. includes ? ar ecnairc na nuile screptra i n-immecur (imm imthecor, immidechaid, v.ll.) do shoscele, Ir. Lit. 42.16 . ar ecnairc ina huile fhirinde i nimthecor t'esergi, 17 .

(b) ? To this, screens, defends: dia mbe bothar do, do follaigear saide, dia mbed da cladh ime no dí coraidh adsuitear leo ar ad fiadain annsni ... muna bed acht don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib (of cows going through land without a road) he is not protected by them (i.e. the witnesses (=the walls) ?), Laws iv 158.5 . ? condaig raith fris in dilsi sin acht is in adaig imtecar im comraic na scur no na cor indilsi sin, O'Curry 854 (< H 3.18, p. 387a ).

lebrán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lebrán or dil.ie/29677

n o, m. (lebor)

(a) little book (frequently with hypocoristic sense); handbook: huas mo l.¤ ind línech, Thes. ii 290.8 . oc mu lebran leir ingnu, 293.16 . in l.¤ co lléri (of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 130 . ar lebráin nos-túirfem, Prol. 289. is lemm lēgbas lebrānu / cacha screptra , BColm. 12.28 . ōs līnib lebrāin, ZCP vii 303 § 4 . lebráin Eouin úaigh, Arch. Hib. iv 204 § 2 . a leobhráin, Studies 1923, 597 § 1 . annsa leo, / . . . / dornchla líomhtha ináid leabhráin, L. Cl. A. B. 170.116 . bíd leabhráin mar so ag gach nāision Chatoilic eili, Mac Aingil 68 . leabhrán osluigthe, Rev. x 2.

Especially of the psalter : dá cét slechtain cech laithi / ba l.¤ léir don Choimdid, Ériu i 197.1 . is mochen a maiten bán / foillsigios orm mo l.¤ , SG 56.29 (cf. 55.9 , 21 ).

(b) copy, transcript : re gach lebar a lebhrán, BCC 140.20 (Diarmait mac Cerrbaill's judgment on Colm Cille's copy of Findén's book).

légaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. légaid or dil.ie/29740

Forms: léigenn, légad

v ā (Lat. legere, GOI 573 ). Also léigid, ibid., 686 n. 203 .

I Trans.

(a) reads, studies : ara tuicce arro legais, Wb. 28d7 . ni hed in sin ro légsid in euangelio, 7b23 . ro legsat canóin fetarlaici . . . amal ru-nda-legsam-ni, Ml. 24d24 . inní nad roilgisid si gl. etiam non legistis, 17b18 . ní roilgius `I have not read', Sg. 148a10 . lēgais canōin la German `he studied', Hy. ii 12 ( Thes. ii 312 ). légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra .i. ro leg rúne, LU 829 - 30 (ACC). fir leighes suiscel .i. in tsai canone no an fer leiginn, O'Curry 2492 ( Eg. 88, 40a ). lē[i]r ra lēg cen luithe lochtai / suithe sechta, ACL iii 303 § 8 . cit súid nod-légat, Fél. Ep. 81 (of the Félire). don Choimdi[d] nī comharba / nech nā lēga a recht, ACL iii 313 § 14 . firithir lebor légthair, LL 6192 (see O'Brien, Celtica iii 174 ). legais suithe filidechta laiss, LL 13615 . is tol lind . . . coro legthar . . . he (sc. in libar ro scrib A.), PH 24 . gidh liter nír léghasdair, IGT Decl. ex. 1399. ní aithrisim scéal, ní léighim cruadh-nod, Keat. Poems 1423. Fig. léighfidh sé aigneadh gach aoin, Aithd. D. 58.23 . Dīa fēin romfēgustar, / as lēir romlēgustar, ZCP viii 214 § 70 .

With cogn. accus.: ni legend ro llegusa la Petor, Wb. 19a6 .

(b) reads aloud, recites : cech mallacht ro scribad ┐ ro legad, KZ xxxi 254 . legh a Uríel na litri sea. Ro raidh Uíríel Adham, BB 16a26 . samhail a ḟlatha léigh dhamh, Content. xv 48 . mar do léigh do láthair Iosias Ríogh é (sc. leabhar an reachta), TSh. 7319.

(c) reads of: du i failet na teora soillse ata dech legthair .i. soilse ind Righ . . . , Ériu ii 144 § 161 . an galar-so léaghmuir shúas, Párl. na mB. 1291 .

II Without expressed obj.: affamenad som . . . no légad a macc . . . robu anfiss dosom in ro lég fa nacc . . . ┐ afamenad ra ḟesed in ro leg, Sg. 148a6 . acht ni imathormaig cubus ┐ aicned . . . glossed: cubus .i. na cresen .i. in luchta legas; ┐ aicned .i. na fer firen .i. in luchta na legand, Laws i 144.28 , 29 Comm . (`cf. the legit ut clericus of English law. This is also the test for distinguishing báeth and gáeth: baoith .i. na leighes, ┐ gaoith .i. leighis, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, fo. 21 )', Plummer, MS. notes). seacht ngraid eacalsa, liachtreoir .i. leghthoir iarsani legas, Laws v 22.5 Comm . légais fer díb . . . saer alaile i.e. one was a cleric, Trip. i 200.4 (`a leech'). a macca lēginn lēgaid, O'Mulc. 688 . ní maith ciall neich nat léga, IT iii 50.6 . lámh thréan . . . / do léagh ar sgoil Sgathuighe who studied, Aithd. D. 16.48 . ar chloinn Ír do léaghadh leam `of Ir's race I have read', Content. xxx 10 . léightar ar an ainmhídhe dá ngoirthior talpa, Párl. na mB. 3138 .

Vn. léigenn, also légad.

léxaidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léxaidecht or dil.ie/30089

n (léx) chanting(?): exarcistid .i. . . . cethra uird lais .i. liachtain, aurlégend ┐ lexaidecht ┐ comet screptra , O'D. 921 ( H 3.17, 655 ).

mínigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mínigid or dil.ie/32315

Forms: míniugud, mínigud, minighthibh

v g. (mín) sometimes confounded with minaigid (<min).

(a) makes level or smooth in physical sense. Of reclaiming land (cf. mín tíre): ro minigdis . . . sin comdis feranna fosta firmaithe, Ériu viii 8.19 . le sirbualadh na tonn . . . snoighter ┐ minaiter [minighter v.l.] na clocha `are polished', ITS xiv 34.30 (= minaigter?).

(b) assuages, tames, subdues: mínighidh an rigor (= rigores mitigat), R.I.A. 23 K 42, 69.21 . mínigh fraoch anfaid an ḟir, TD 15.50 (imp.). ná mínigh rinn do ro-ghus tame not your ire against us, Content. x 3. ní fhuil . . . ní is mó mhínigheas an duine (= nihil ita domat hominem), TSh. 833. gurub maith do réidheocha [do míneochtha v.l.] ingen you would tame (i.e. deflower), Fierabras § 91 ( RC xix 126 ), cf. § 145.

(c) interprets, explains, expounds: mínigther (gl. interpretatur), BB 4b16 . uair nach tarba a cend cen a dēta ho mínigther na biada do na ballaib, is amal sin nach tarba in eclais cen a hecnaide mínigit glanrúin na screptra , PH 6819 (where mínigther seems = minaigther are masticated). th'urnaighthe . . . minigh a lLaidin expound their Latin, BNnÉ 170.23 . go míneóchar gach nidh . . . leis an oide, Eochairsg. 93.12 . an tí . . . do mhínigh sloinnte d'aois gach sleachta `who settled surnames' (of Brian Boroimhe), Ó Bruad. i 38.

vn. míniugud u, m.

(a) assuaging, subduing, taming: da miniugud do briathraib somillsi, Fierabras § 12 ( RC xix 22 ). muir do mhíniuchadh, Content. viii 8. acc míniucchadh Muimhneach ` reducing ', AFM v 1718.15 . miniughudh na maigdin[e] risin iarla (i.e. deflowering ), ZCP vi 297.12 .

(b) interpreting, explaining: mínigud, LL 302b42 = RC xiii 74 § 77. míniughadh céille, IGT Introd. § 96. pl. go n-umhlaigheann . . . dona minighthibh . . . aga ttuigsean explanations (of Scripture), Luc. Fid. 259.17 . Expounding, setting forth: miniugud senchasa ceniuil Echdach, ZCP viii 295.6 . m.¤ croībe coibniusa na Bretc[h]a, 299.31 .

oenaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenaigidir or dil.ie/33519
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oínaichthir, oinigthe

v g. (oen) makes one, unites , with FRI: pres. 3 s. (with reflex. pron. suff.) oenichthi som frisna hireschu He unites Himself to, Wb. 32d8 . ore n-oenigether frisin chorp, Thes. ii 255.16 ( Stowe M. 66a ). tolin a fir asind aicniud co n- oenigedar fri fir na screptra , Corm. Y 1224 = co n-aeniger, Corm. p. 42 s.v. tuilgein; co n-oenaigter, Bodl. (pass.). fobíth ṅ-oenaigedar a cialla unites their meanings, Sg. 172a3 . pass. pres. oínaichthir, gl. unitur, Sg. 212a4 . part. oinigthe, gl. unitus, Ml. 25a2 . vn. diar n-oínigud to unite us, Wb. 21c3 . Brings to agreement : ni haighne nad óenaighedar ai he is no advocate who does not settle a dispute, ZCP xii 364.14 , cf. Cóic Con. p. 11. ? aenether clanda .i. o aenaighter, ł dī annaighter, a ferann dona clannaib-sin, CIH iii 751.35 .

scél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scél or dil.ie/36385
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: scéuil, sceuil, sceoil, sceol, sceulu, scél(a), sceoil, scéil, scéel, dála, imthechta

n o, n. g s. scéuil, Wb. 17b6 . sceuil, IT i 130.13 . In Mid. and Mod.Ir. sceoil. d s sceol. n a p. sceulu, Ml. 95a10 ; regularly scél(a), later also sceoil, scéil. g p. scéel, Wb. 27c33 . IGT Decl. § 61 , § 178 .

I

(a) story, narration, tale : á scel so, Ml. 16c10 . dorimther a scel sa hí lebraib ríg, 23b8 . inna scel togaitacha gl. fabulas, 35b20 . is ed s.¤ foraithminedar is indisiu, 55c1 . cech ṅdrochs gl. omnis fabula de me illis nascebatur, 86b3 . genelcha et bunadsi s.¤ gl. fabulís et genelogís, Wb. 27d21 . do scélaib et senchassib fetarlice, 30d10 . nosmoidet i scéláib et senchassib recto et geintlecte, 31b14 . génair Patraicc i nNemthur | iss ed adfét hi scēlaib, Hy. ii 1 ( Thes. ii 308 ). la hindisi in sceoil iar nurt, Irish Texts i 18 § 54 . a bás ba s.¤ ṅiṅgir, Fél. Dec. 21 . is é seo s.¤ gnáthaiges Héli do innisin, LU 2272 ( FA 33 ). tairngire ┐ remḟastini, ┐ cendphairt in sceóil...connice sin, TBC-LL¹ 297 . scela ┐ senchusa Fher n-Erenn conigi C., MacCarthy 280.27 . debide scailte na scel, 140.15 . Story as a literary genre, accomplishment: dech sceoil ac in tamuin, Laws i 46.1 Comm . primsceil, 3 Comm . coic cóicait de primscélaib ┐ dá cóicait do ḟoscelaib, LL 189b48 ( MS. Mat. 583 ). Of well-known stories: conid hi Serclighi Ailillu ainm in sceuil sin ┐ Tochmarc Étainiu, IT i 130.13 . conid de aislingiu Oengusso ainm in sceuilsin iss Tain bo Cuailnge, RC iii 347.5 . Note also: cumais an t-ollamh...| sgéal fábhaill `an original fable', TD 3.32 . sgeóil...dá ngoirthear parábolae, Desid. 3544 . D p. as quasi-vn.: biaid sē oc scēlaib `relating tales', Ériu viii 156.8 . ? In sense of soiscél: anmchara ac forcetal scēl, ACL iii 223.22 , `a soulfriend to hold forth and preach', O'Gr. Cat. 579 . hiris hi cridi...scēla i n-ecna...| ┐ spirut i n-intliucht (poem assigning the intellectual faculties to various parts of the body), ACL iii 223.15 .

(b) story told of a particular person, hence fame, reputation: Nazair s.¤ cech senaid renowned in every senate, Fél. July 12 . la sreith slóig Z., | ata s.¤ ro clotha, Aug. 24 . ropu lán Hériu ...dia allud ┐ dia scélaib, TBFr. 12 . bid irrdhairc a scela `glorious will be his story' (of a babe about to be born), RC vi 176.83 . Perh. also in: roscarad frit' s.¤ | ardflaithius macc n-Israhél (Samuel informs Saul that his kingdom is to be given to David), SR 6501 . Pejoratively: cach rí nach maithenn chíos | is fata bhít a scéla his (bad) reputation is long lived, 387.31 .

(c) news, tidings (sg. and pl. Cf. an sgéala, Ériu i 87.41 ): cen sculu (leg. sceula ?, note) diib without tidings of them, Ml. 95a10 . nicon agathar drochscela du thabairt cucai `bad tidings', 129a12 . bar scéuil si (g s.) news of you, Wb. 17b6 . attaat scela linn `we have tidings', 18d4 . én, a meic, mór a s.¤ s.¤ ó Bruidin, BDD² 304 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news', Mon. Tall. 2 (127.16) . ro ḟiarfuigh sceula dib, an fúaratar sgéulu Midir ┐ Etáini, IT i 129.30 . condnoathatar...na scela...do Ch., CRR 8 . With ellipsis of vb.: scéla lat or C. hast thou news? LU 5561 . scéla lat na Bruigne Dá Derge ?, BDD² 1519 . sgēl lim dūib I have news for you, ML² 1615 . news of a defeat, slaughter: ni therno dib acht a scela (i.e. there were no survivors. But see sceola), Dinds. 145 ( RC xvi 158 ). fer innise scéoil, TTr.² 1499 . ni mo na lin inninsi scel do cuaid leo as `enough to tell what had happened', Cog. 38.2 . fer innisti scel, CF 388 . sgéala 'ga thechtoibh ón troid, L. Cl. A. B. 77.21 . With follg. gen. of the subject of the news: ara ḟoillsi...ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . bá bés disi dono sgel feinnid do chuingidh to ask for news of Fenian warriors, RC vi 174.21 . sgéla deiridh aimsire, Irish Texts iv 76.22 . Note also: sgéala na bhfear bhfáisdine the prognostications of the prophets, TD 4.36 . fear an sgeoil `the bearer of the story', TFrag. 28.10 .

(d) information, account, statement (sg. and pl.): nicon chloor act for caíns. `may I hear nothing but good of you', Wb. 23b41 . for cáinscéil si (a s.), 23d2 . mani cloimmis for ndrogscéla, 26b23 . imcomaircith scela di asks her to give an account of herself, IT i 120.15 . confóchta Ailill scéla di Meidb...cia lasmad laind...in slúagad asked M. to tell him, TBC-LL¹ 412 . ben canus scel ngua ac derb-forgell makes a false statement, Laws v 176.12 Comm . conad ní...da scelaib...conuigi sin some account of them, TTebe 4922 . do f[h]iarfaigh C. scēla an inaid a roibe E. dā eōlchaib asked where E. was, ML² 316 . sgéla an leinimh what the child said, L. Cl. A. B. 62.84 . sgeóil ar a bhfuil fíadhnughadh `a statement that can be vouched for', Studies 1920, 98 § 8 . ro diult iat uli fo scelaibh refused to give them any information, Stair Erc. 520 .

(e) in phrases: fiss s.¤ news, tidings, information : fis s.¤ ó bás `tidings from death' (i.e. of Christ), Wb. 14b26 . ar lainni fesso s.¤ on techtairiu, 14d30 . hóre nad fitemmar fius s.¤ úaibsi, 16a29 . cen fius s.¤ uáibsi, 25a5 . co ndísed ar muinter ó (leg. co?) fius s.¤ uáibsi, 25a6 , cf. 16b1 (MS. correct according to Kavanagh, Celtica xii 13 ). co fesid fiss scéel uánni `so that ye may know tidings of us', 27c33 , cf. 34 . táncamár dot ḟis s.¤ to inquire after thee, LU 2334 . tíagair chuccu do fhis s.¤ dús cid ro chaínset to find out, TBFr. 261 . ro festar fis s.¤ úadib, MU² 951 . conniastar al Bodb ┐ ethar dal mbliadan friumb co feissiur fis s.¤ , RC iii 345.13 . dochuaid B. do fhiss scel a máthar, Lat. Lives 69.13 , v.l. (torruma = ut visitaret, text). dá fhear sgéal an reachta ríogh `the two Apostles of the royal law', PBocht 26.26 . s.¤ sceoil a story at second hand, hearsay : [nocha] sgéal sgeoil ag gach dhuine, Aithd. D. 97.36 . do mheabhair nocha sgéal sgeoil, PBocht 27.20 . Cf. s.¤ Sceóil, LU 10146 cited infra. roptar scéla innisen damsa scéla Ulad cosindiu till today I knew of the Ulstermen only by hearsay, MU² 1009 . s.¤ brégi do dheilb to invent a false story, PH 7610 . teachta sgeóil ḟíre truth-bearing messengers, IGT Decl. ex. 2066 . a sgeoil ghnáith o common tale (?), Dán Dé xxvi 39 . an sgéal nar sgéal rúin, DDána 17.14 . gach sgéal saortha dá ndeach dhíom if every excuse (?) fail me, Dán Dé ix 10 . for, ar óenscéol in agreement together : ní bar óenscéol atát na drúid se immaig, MU² 452 . forba na slat mbreacht for aensceol annso all together (?) (at end of an account of varieties of the metre slat brecht), IT iii 92.25 . dochum a mbeith ar aon s.¤ fris fein `to join him', ALC ii 442.21 . no bittis d'aen scel fri aroile ag tarrachtain aindlesa De dogres they were in accord with each other, BNnÉ 321 § 26 . mé as cionntach ar cionn an sgeoil after all, in the last resort, Aithd. D. 78.39 . do-gní s.¤ for: ní ferr-de lé Find fein scel do denam fair to tell on him, Acall. 5359 . ni feirde an tosd do ni an bél | sgél do ní an rosg ar an rún the eye betrays the secret, Rel. Celt. ii 290.31 = Dánta Gr. 38.12 . Eoghan .i. intí d'fhoillsigh orra sgél Bhoili Ath Cliath dar ghabhadh T[ighearna] Inis Ceillionn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 22.11 .

(f) in chevilles: amru sceóil `wonder of a story', Hy. v 18 ( Thes. ii 331 ). s.¤ cen scís, Thes. ii 293.18 . s.¤ ṅdermar, Fél. Mar. 27 . co sceol gle, SR 2555 . s.¤ cen chess, 3509 . dimbúaid sceóil, LU 8941 ( FB 71 ).

II

(a) reproach, accusation : ní sgéal orum a éagcaoine, Aithd. D. 6.8 . mairg do-ní uabhar thar m'éis | cidh sgéal orm a fhaisnéis though in saying so I am accusing myself, 33.1 (= IGT Verbs ex. 803 ). nach [biadh] sgéal 'mun fháinne air that he might not suffer reproach in the matter of the ring, DDána 102.27 . sgéal ag M. ar a muinntir M. had reason to blame her people, 104.15 . tre adhnaire in sceoil do cuiredh uirthi `charge', Stair Erc. 883 . da raibh sgeul phecaidh mharbhtha ag ar ccoinsias orainn if our conscience have a mortal sin to reproach us with, Luc. Fid. 116.15 .

(b) argument, pleading, defence, excuse (cf. dathagud s.¤ (one of the signs of good pleading), RC xlv 37.5 ): sgéal 'n-a aghaidh ag cloinn Cholla argument, Aithd. D. 28.9 . agrais E.... a chunnradh ar C. gC. | fan dá éan...| gan sgéal 'n-a haighidh umpa, DDána 82.24 . gan fhior sgeóil éigin as m'ucht without some one to speak for me, Dán Dé i 2 . dá n-agra budh olc mo sgéal shouldst Thou plead wretched will be my case, ix 13 . Hence in idiom atá x ar s.¤ y x pleads for y: gan bheith teann i dtigh nimhe...| ní bhiú dá mbeis-se ar mo sgéal, Dán Dé xiv 20 . dá mbeid ar mo sgéal, PBocht 9.44 . go mbé an bhanaltra ar mo sgéal (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 2 . bíodh an béal bíodh an croidhe | ar sgéal an Ríogh le roile let them plead for the Lord to each other (i.e. one should acknowledge the Lord in thought and word), Dán Dé vii 8 .

III

(a) happening, event, circumstance, state of affairs : ropad bladach a digail | for scéol M. mórgnimaig vengeance for what happened to M., TFerbe 662 . bliadain resin scel sa tanad bó C., tanic B....a year before these events..., TBC-LL¹ 6132 . ni s.¤ fácbala hi lusc it is not a matter of (?), LU 3819 ( SCC 37 ). isi comairle doronsat a mna-somh frisin sceol sin in that matter, BB 417a42 . is aire...do-rala in s.¤-sa, PH 3129 . dā roib fatha báis N. tre s.¤ ar talmain is trīt sin bias if anything can bring about N.'s death, that will, ZCP xiii 204.3 . ni roibi d'A. don sceol sin adconnairc acht taibsi ina menmain of what he had seen, Aen. 1453 . sceil aile eiseic `this is another case', Laws iii 50.1 Comm . ní hiad do sgéala `that can not be said of Thee', Aithd. D. 84.34 . meisde a sgéala so much the worse for him, DDána 74.26 . sgéal bhus cúis iomráith orra `a matter', TD 15.26 . is doiligh an dá scéal tarla dó-san, mar atá a athair do mharbhadh...┐ a mháthair d'fhagháil bháis, Keat. ii 4241 . Of a person: go raibh amuigh sgéal ba mhó 'ná é féin `someone greater than himself', ITS i 150.3 .

(b) used in pl. like dála, imthechta, etc., as for, as regards : scela imorro na himaigine, PH 52 . sgela macc n-U., do gluaisedar, IT ii2130.210 . sgēla Fir thái...┐ Fir lí..., ro thinóiletar a slūag, Fianaig. 76.28 . sgéala Bon Róó: do bhī san champa cúig sechtmhuinidh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 31.21 .

(c) bad news, calamity, misfortune : mór an sgéal sin do rinneadh ann sin, B. do mharbhadh, Ériu i 89 § 36 . do fhiss in sceoil-se ro-s-toitt fors-in eclais to find out about this calamity, PH 581 . is bec in scel mo bas `a small matter', ZCP vi 58.27 . sgéal mór fuair C. `a dreadful fate' (death of a warrior), Atlantis iv 180.24 . fa mór an sgél eter Gaoidhealuibh...iad sin .i. bás Semuis óig ┐ bás mic Leóid, Rel. Celt. ii 216.21 . Hence of persons one whose death is calamitous, causes great grief: nocha ttorchair do Ghaoidhealaibh...sgel budh mó inas, AFM iii 586.3 . C....mortuus est...sgel uirrigh is mó tainíg i n-deredh na haimsiri, AU ii 528.z . conid é M....s.¤ as mó ro fácbad...ann the loss of M. was the most grievous, ALC ii 318.23 . do budh do sgélaibh móra Connacht an mac sin...a lleith uaisle, ALC ii 366.19 . is mó do sgéal Fionn ná sinn `a greater loss is F. than we', Oss. iv 10.9 .

As n.pr.: Scél...dorsid Emnae Mache is de atá s.¤ Sceóil ar bá brasscelach side, LU 10146 . Cf. phr. s.¤ sceoil supra.

Compds. ¤baile: ed na haidche dóib...| ar scís oca s. `at their parleying', Metr. Dinds. iv 26.24 . ¤búaidertha: na sluaigh scíthanbfanna scélbuaidirtha despondent, Comp. CC 93.x . ¤mór: techta scēlmāra (: dērmāra), TBC-I¹ 2075 . lebrānu | cacha screptra scēlmōire storied, BColm. 12.29 .

1 scol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 scol or dil.ie/36551

Forms: sgoile

n ā, f. (Lat. schola). n p. sgoile, Irish Texts ii 68 § 41 .

(a) school, place of learning : scola gl. schole, Ir. Gl. 338 . robet maccáin flatha Dé | hi timchuairt na scule se, Hy. i 40 ( Thes. ii 304 ). s.¤ gacha cille, Flower Cat. 493.29 . ó iomad s.¤ innte, Triads p. 36 § 17 , gloss on Légend Hérenn: Ross Ailithre. fiche bliadhain ic follamhnughadh s.¤ n-Erenn, AU ii 176.19 . tri scola do bi is in baile: s.¤ léighind, s.¤ feinechais, ┐ s.¤ filidechta, Laws iii 88.12 . lámh thréan . . . | do léagh ar sgoil Sgathuighe (of a chief), Aithd. D. 16.48 . Brogan sgribnidh a scoile, AFM i 140.3 . gur bo fear tri s.¤ iaromh C. a teacher of three schools, MR 284.2 . nach fuil sgol ar bioth 'nar tarbhaighe do neach dol d'fhoghlaim a leasa ioná go ceardchain an bháis, TSh. 308 . a sgoil duine dháirighthe dár bhainm T., Acts xix 9 . na sgolta-sa an lóirghníomha, áite aoibhne na haithrighi (of places of pilgrimage), Mac Aingil 358.5 . Note also: s.¤ na subhaltige (of Colum Cille), BCC 15 (8.1) . a u screitlín scuitemail | a s.¤ cilli cínd ar cínd, IT iii 81.3 . ? an bas, tinnes, ┐ aicidedha oile, thig oruinn do sguil an phecaidh cheudna as a result of, Luc. Fid. 233.5 (of original sin).

(b) coll. members of a school, learned men, scholars, pupils : na dernai acht da rann de . . ., ┐ in s.¤ dia dénaim [ó sin] immach .i. lethrann cech fhir dib (Colman's Hymn), Thes. ii 298.24 . legais runa rochuad eter scolaib screptra among men learned in scripture, ACC 60 ( RC xx 256 ). dosfarraid s.¤ Simoin drúad, O'Mulc. 726 . mad do reir na Scoile, MacCarthy 278.6 . bithbennacht Crist dona nemdaib | ar in scoil caém credlaig, LL 364 marg. sup. Sruth Nencha, nách scaílenn s.¤ `though the school mention it not', Metr. Dinds. iv 174.41 . s.¤ Cille Dara the scholars of Kildare, LL 303a21 ( RC xiii 78.8 = SG 377.25 ). roatuighsead an sgol for Féinius . . . the scholars requested F. . . ., IGT Introd. § 4 (3.17) . ni fhuil litir . . . | nar scoiletar na scola | d'fhoircetal an erlomha which the learned did not expound, Irish Texts ii 87.4 . ōn uili scoil | scrības lebar gan loc[h]teagur, ACL iii 235 § 24 ( Aithd. D. 61.24 ). sgol an sgriobtúir, PBocht 20.4 . sgol seanchusa (of Clann Fhir Bhisigh), Hy Fiach. 166.y . co mbad coin allta a clerich ┐ a scola gacha nóna gu brath (a curse), BCC 182 (186.26) . do eirigh Bricne con a tri caoga do sgoil with his one hundred and fifty disciples, Celt. Rev. i 300.20 . do scoil ollaimh nó ánraith, IGT Decl. ex. 354 . tangatar s.¤ na cille si im dochom `the school-boys of the church came', RC xxvi 364.13 . freagra sgríobhtha ar a sgolaibh in accordance with (the traditions of) his schools, Content. xx 9 . do sgoluibh Dé ní budh dual | neamhadhradh do reacht an ríogh God's pupils, DDána 3.6 .

(c) more particularly school of poets, bardic school ; men of letters, literati : glūaisim tricha dom scoil fēin, ZCP viii 224 § 29 . badh iomdha rithlearg áith le hógsgolaibh, DDána 70.14 . posd cothuighthe na gcóig sgol, 93.26 . M. . . . | aondalta sgol Chríche Cuinn, TD 25.4 . sgol, ó fhuighlibh fhían Oiligh, | ní chuimhnigh triall dá dtighibh, L. Cl. A. B. 73.53 . Mac meic Émainn nár ér sgoil, Ériu ix 167 § 39 . an tenchonnsabal . . . ass mo tuc degsib ┐ dardsgoluib, L. Chl. S. 50 (66.14) . a ghrian sgoile Mhuighe Máil, SGS iv 146 § 33 . an sgol do sgaoileadh, Studies 1924, 86 § 7 . do bhreith sgol fhóid Úghoine `such is the opinion of the poets of U.'s land', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 18 . nír dháileabhair crodh don chléir | sgol féin is dáileamhain dóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1314 .

(d) in general sense of company, gathering : dochúaid . . . dochum na sccol naemhtha sin (the inhabitants of `Oilen na tTrí Popul'), BNnÉ 75 § 137 . trí deichneabhair, fá scéimh s.¤, | 'na bhféin chleithreamhair churadh, Keat. ii 4040 .

Compds.: sgol-mhaighisdir, Eg. Gl. 498 . a mháthair Dé | déana ar mo sgéalaibh sgol-oideacht `explain all things in my defence' (lit. school-teaching), Dán Dé xxx 8 . sgoilteach sgol `a poets' school-house', Magauran 218 .

screptra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. screptra or dil.ie/36627

x see scriptuir.

scríbend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scríbend or dil.ie/36641

Forms: scríbinn, scríbne, scríbinne

n o, n. (Lat. scribendum). m., IGT Decl. § 53 . In Mod.Ir. usually scríbinn, f., g s. scríbne, scríbinne. Note also: sgríbheann bhfíor ar bhfiadhnughadh, Content. xxi 17 .

I As vn. of scríbaid act of writing : scribend inna nanman, Ml. 87a12 . a scribend `that it is written', Sg. 6b20 . s.¤ menmman `an intended writing' (of a book), 178b3 , 4 . is gann in memram ┐ a scribend the writing (colophon), 195a ( Thes. ii xxi ). trí nephscribend in tituilse riam `through omitting to write this title before it', Ml. 94a1 . ni ráncatar som less a scríbint, Wb. 6c31 . act cuit a scribint domsa `except in their having been written by me', 13a23 . diem .i. scribinnd ind libu[i]r so, 15a30 . ní ar chuit scríbind, Sg. 3b38 . du scribunt hi cairt, Ml. 119a6 . meit as ṅdo scríbund gl. quantum ad scripturam, Sg. 3b30 . hi scríbunt, 9a18 . hí scríbiunt, 21 . méit as d'oens.¤ , 112a2 . [arin] scribund roscribad in dul so (colophon), 202a ( Thes. ii xxi ). atá oco scríbunt beos, 213b4 . Senchus mor do scribunn, AU i 6.x . scribend in Chulmin (sic leg.), RC xvii 173.9 (Tig.) (see Ériu x 109 ). nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenlucc, Hib. Min. 3.96 . ni gand dorala duit d' a scribeand you have often had occasion to write it (a metre), MacCarthy 120.21 . atbert P. . . . titul do scribend os cind Ísu, PH 2876 . ainm ogaim íarna scribend ina tóeb, LU 4805 = scrīband, TBC-I¹ 313 . a tucaid sgrībinn the cause of its being written (of Táin Bó Cúailnge), ACL iii 3.6 . C. . . . sai scribind Aird Macha penmanship, RC xvii 232.3 .

II Of that which is written.

(a) of books, manuscripts, etc.: raglés gupu piánta penn | tuc ar nutu nuascribend, LL 143b19 . feibh fil i scrībnibh ugdar, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 3 . a aided . . . | ni ḟogbaim i scríbennaib, LL 131b44 . amal indisit na scribenna, PH 3200 . ni cuimnighit scribhinne . . . na sluaghu romarbh ann there is no record of, TTebe 3668 . re sgríb d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn . . . | ar sgríbhinn . . . meamruim, DDána 49.13 . ferr an scelaidhe an scribend the storyteller is better than the book, Irish Texts ii 52 § 18 . téxa díreach | na sruitheadh 's na sein-sgríbhneadh, Content. xvi 126 . goirid scríbhne Gaoidheal Goill do Lochlanduibh, AFM i 482 n . briathra toghtha na scoile is na scríbhne, Keat. Poems 752 .

(b) of holy writ: noimscribenda, Hib. Min. 3.72 . noibscribhinna, 75 . sein-scribinn deoga, Laws v 368.3 . a scribenn .i. canoine, i 38.17 Comm . i seinscribheannuibh na petarlaici, Lism. L. 3672 . na scrībenda díada, BColm. 106.9 . screptra scrībenn, ACL iii 303 § 9 . bunadhas na sgríbhinne diagha Donlevy 128.6 .

(c) letter, message : etarrobe scribent doiib `it contained a writing to them' (of a message to the Laodiceans contained in the Epistle to the Colossians), Wb. 27d13 . docuir G. scribne uadha co hA., RC xvii 155.11 (Tig.). ro fhaoídh ua Catháin a theachta . . . ┐ sccribhend lais, AFM vi 1930.22 . litre ┐ scribhenna, 2000.27 . tuc in sgribhinn ina laim, Stair Erc. 2442 .

(d) in bardic verse also charter, title-deed, claim : na croinn ísle, an tonn thírim | sgríbhinn dhísle ar Fhonn Fhéilim `charters', TD 10.33 . báidhtir le crann thonn dtírim | sgríbhinn gall ar fhonn Fhéidhlim the claims of the foreigners to the land of F., L. Cl. A. B. 88.40 . dá mbrígh threabhthair ar dtírne | sgríbhne rígh eachraidh Éirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1345 . a richt an ḟileadh dob ḟearr | Gothfraidh Find má fúair sgríbheann, ex. 1397 . ? a scríbheann dá sgagtha leam, DDána 3.5 . Note also: scríobhadh sé dhi scríbhinn dealuighe `a bill of divorcement', Deuteronomy xxiv 1 . ar sgrios na sgríbhinne dho bhí ionar nadhuighne dhó, Coloss. ii 14 .

(e) of inscriptions, etc.: dí thábaill lúadi . . . ┐ is ed boi i scribenn inntib-side . . ., PH 1081 . an sgríbhinn-se: Ris so beir buaidh `inscription', Donlevy 402.19 . do scríobhadar scríbhinn air (of an inscription on metal), Exodus xxxix 30 . cía ré a mbeanann an sgribhenn so na timcheall? `superscription', Matthew xxii 20 .

scriptuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scriptuir or dil.ie/36654
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: screptaire, screptra, scriptuir, scriptuir, scriptúir, scriptuir, scrioptúir, screptaire, sgrebtrae, screptra, scriptuire, scripturi, scriptúri, screptra, sgreaptra, sgreaphtra, screaptradh, sgrioptur, sgrioptuir, sgrioptúr, scriptúir, screptra

n f., later m. (Lat. scriptura). Two distinct early borrowings are reflected in g s. screptaire, screptra (see below), the form scriptuir being due to learned influence (cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 211 , Ériu xxxiv 37 ). Length of -u- not attested by rhyming exx. in the early language. scriptuir, Ml. 25d12 . Cf. scriptúir, LU 2359 . scriptuir, 2374 . Freq. with -ú- in PH, see Atk. Gloss. Late rhyming exx. show -ú-: scrioptúir: iontnúidh, DDána 3.2 . : dhúinn, 27a.3 . Freq. with -í- in first syll. in Desid. g s. screptaire, Ml. 35b1 , 15 . sgrebtrae, ZCP iii 29.8 . Later screptra passim. na scriptuire , IT i 170.16 . na scripturi , PH 5516 . n p. na scripturi mora, Ml. 3a6 . scriptúri, PH 3122 . screptra , Cog. 138.24 . Leb. Gab.(i) 36.3 . sgreaptra, Content. xv 13 . g p. sgreaphtra, Auraic. 2640 . screaptradh, AFM i 132.12 . In later language usually indecl. in sg., but in Luc. Fid. 256 ff . regularly sgrioptur, g s. sgrioptuir. As suggested by Ed. g s. sgrioptúr, Desid. 4239 is probably a misprint. In this period the form scriptúir is the only one used in sense of holy scripture , the form screptra being confined to senses (b) and (c). Exceptionally trāchtairidhi in[na] screptra naoimhe, Fl. Earls 164.y .

(a) holy scripture, holy writ : in tan arbir bith in scribtuir (sic leg.?) . . . do deisimbrecht asna psalmaib, Hib. Min. 4.129 . ni thechta duinne tuilled noibscreptra dianechtair we should not make additions to holy scripture from outside sources, 12.409 . legais runa rochuad eter scolaib screptra , ACC 60 ( RC xx 256 ). co rūinib screptra nach diss | formae ueteris legis `with mysteries of scripture', Ériu xi 104.18 . co ndec[h]asu . . . co hEtáil do fogluim na screpttra, Three Hom. 12.21 . iar firinde na screptra noemhi, MacCarthy 48.19 . ata in scriptuir noem do mebair lais, PH 2184 . In Laws the form screptra is taken in this sense by glossators (cf. however, O'Curry 2288 below): for fir ┐ dliged screptra , Laws v 10.14 .i. na scribtuiri, 17 Comm . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra in judgements according to nature, conscience and holy writ (?), 452.20 .i. naime in fir leigind, 454.12 Comm . fir n-aignaid ┐ screbtra, 430.24 . indas noroindfitis crō ┐ dībad a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi, Ériu i 214.6 . do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal it is a story from scripture, Dán Dé v 22 . maith an sgéalaidhe an sgriobtúir, PBocht 16.1 . aonradh sgrioptuir fhollais, Luc. Fid. 193.20 . amhail atá scrioptúir ré teinidh do bheith ann (i.e. in hell) scriptural proof, TSh. 6225 . Rarely in pl. in this sense: do réir na sgrioptúireadh `scriptural passages' (Gloss.), Desid. 4929 .

(b) of non-biblical writings: secht cēt aipgitrech rascrībai | screptra scrībenn (Patrick), ACL iii 303 § 9 . amail adbeir in scriptuir (folld. by a non-biblical quot.), O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)c ). gidh bé sgriobtúir ór sgaoileadh whatever the source of the story (introducing an apologue), DDána 37.5 . sgreaptra na naomh the writings of the saints, TFrag. 118.16 . do reir scriptra na scelaige according to the writings of the historians, Caithr. CC 4 (2.27) . na screptra do leghad lind, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.3 .

(c) in concrete sense manuscripts, books : Cennfaoladh . . . do athnuaidhestar . . . maille re hurmór na screaptra `MSS.', O'Gr. Cat. 104.22 = na sgreaphtra, Auraic. 2640 . na sgreaptra | do sgríobh lámh Chaimín Cealtra, Content. xv 13 . cloigtech Mainistrech do losccadh gus an scriptuir ann `with the writing in it', CS 304.17 = co n-a lebraibh, AU ii 58.1 = co leabhraibh ┐ co ttaisccedhaibh iomdhaibh, AFM ii 956.11 . ar tteclamadh screaptradh ┐ seinleabhar nEreann co haon maighin, i 132.12 . tempall insi moir loch gile do losccadh, ┐ screptra uí chuirnin imon leabhar ngearr, iv 828.3 . seinscreaptra meamruim ┐ seinleabhar paipéir, RC iv 354.16 ( O'Cl. Preface). Attrib. g s.: Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra nama `the library', RC xvii 358.26 . i ttighibh Sgreabtra, Geneal. Tracts i 3.16 . oes screptra writers, Ériu v 20.9 .

Load More Results