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ad-cobra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cobra or dil.ie/394

 

Forms: accobraid, adcobraim, accobar

v (*cobur, see Ériu xix 115 ). Later as simple vb. accobraid. desires, wishes. Indic. pres. 1 s. adcobraim gl. volo, Sg. 146b12 . atcobraim-si far n-accomal-si do Mac ind Ríg, Lat. Lives 26.10 . 2 s. cía dú adcobrai?, Trip.² 2701 . cid adcobrai formsa what do you desire from me?. LU 10838 . a n-adcobrai-seo ō chách duit féin, ACL iii 312 § 7 . cech naccobur adcobrae (accobrai v.l.) every desire that thou desirest, Ériu i 196.2 . 3 s. amal as nóindia omnium adcobra ícc omnium , Wb. 28b2 . amal asinchobra ind ingen `as the daughter desires it', 10b18 . ni taibrid for nech ní nád accobra, 6c1 . P. dia mbói i llobrai / adcobra dul do Machi `he desired to go to Armagh', Thes. ii 318. 1 (Hy. ii). derchōiniuth di cech accobar atcobra duine, ZCP iii 27.25 . 3 pl. adcobratsidi cumscugud fercæ dæ do thabairt digl[e], Ml. 27b15 . Indic. impf. 3 s. asbert D. ba maith a n-athcobrad Alax. .i. ascnam ind hecnai foirbthi, BB 497b46 . nocon-occobrad sí co ndigsith nach leth cen hésom maraon fríe, Lat. Lives 47.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ni accobhrae, Gael. 50, 139 ( Blathm. 892 ). ní nach dūthraccair duit fēin . . . do duine nī accobra, ACL iii 312 .y . 3 s. ma adcobra (mas cobra MS) gl. uellit, Ml. 35a1 . cid natat sláin ind huli mát-chobra . . . indíi adchobrasom do hícc ithé ronícc, Wb. 28b1 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ciadcobrinn móidim do dénum, 17d17 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. atacobair an Dagda dó a cairdeas collaidi the D. desired her for himself, Ériu xii 142.6 (TE2). adrochabair . . . congbáil i nGréin la Aradau, Trip.² 2361 . adcobrastar . . . mnai a mīlead do chomrue ria, ZCP xiii 177.6 . 1 pl. nanní adrochobursam firianaib `whatever we the just have desired', Ml. 56b24 . 3 pl. a n-adcobairsed a n-ithi when (the ants) desired to eat them, RC ix 464.1 . As simple vb.: accobruidh an gilla digh, RC xiv 56 § 68 . is heside ro óccobair orccain Pátric, Trip.² 737 . an lucht accobrus na rétta saoghalta . . . seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392.14 . na hule no-accobratis doib fén, PH 5779 .

Vn. accobar.

ad-cosnai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cosnai or dil.ie/403
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: at-cosna, -ascnai, adcosnat, ascnam, adcosnain, atcosnaitis, adcosnae, -ascnae, adcosna, adcosantae, adruchoisséni, ascnam, ascnaide, ascnaid

v (* ad-com-sní-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 634 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. at-cosna, Fél. 156.11 . -ascnai, Laws iv 366.13 . 3 pl. adcosnat, Thes. ii 6.29 . Ipv. 1 pl. ascnam, Fél. Dec. 31 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adcosnain se, Thes. ii 2.26 . 3 pl. atcosnaitis, Fianaig. 10.19 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adcosnae, Ml. 56b39 . -ascnae, Ml. 56b31 . 3 s. adcosna. Ml. 51b6 . Subj. impf. sg. pass. adcosantae, Ml. 115d13 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adruchoisséni, Ml. 69d4 .

Vn. ascnam.

Part. ascnaide.

Later also as simple vb. ascnaid.

(a) makes for, strives for, seeks (trans.): ni moa adcosnat bete in secundo genere . . . quam `they do not strive more', Thes. ii 6.29 . ní etaigthersu immanisin .i. ni ascnae ┐ ní charae, Ml. 56b31 . cach gell cona [ḟ]ritgill do di[a] nascnai coir `on the basis of which he attains his right', Ériu xii 48.2 . athlaech . . . nad nascnai sacarbuic `a lay-recluse who does not go to the sacrament', Laws iv 366.13 . nech atcobra dul for nemh, atcosna (atcosnae v.l.) in flaith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . is ech buada dar mag réid / fer adcosnaid flaith Dé móir, Goid. 180.22 ( LL 284b42 .) is treothu adcosnaigther flaith nime, LB 12a46 . atcosnatis bidbad būaidh `they strove ever for victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . ascnaid Ériu seach inis Breatan sets out for E., BB 203b38 . in port adcosnaidís, 39a23 . gur bo hi an conair i ttudchad . . . don tir nó asgnáifedh, Hugh Roe 80.19 (fo. 21b) .

(b) proceeds, goes (intrans. with various prepp.): atchiu churach dar Muir Mend / ascnas i n-iathaib h-Erend, LL 12642 . adcosnat hi crich Ciarraigi . . . co Ath Féne, IT ii2 213.33 . ro-asgna Luguidh cona mhaithibh . . . i ccomhdhāil Conaill marched against, ZCP xiv 249.3 . ascnait assaide d'ardchathraig in tíre, LL 220b11 ( TTr. 246 ). ro asccna assaidhe co ros Comáin, AFM vi 1954.7 . ascnais A. co Poll Ruadhain, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . ro asccna ó D. tar Sruthair . . . ar fud tire hamhalghaidh, AFM iii 390.x . do easccna ara aghaidh he went forwards, v 1574.4 . ro asccnatar rempu they advanced, CCath. 4898 . ascnait . . . tria fort `they passed through a fort', Fl. Earls 104.27 . ascnaidhit a n-iermoracht Uī Nēill `they set out to overtake O'N.', 164.10 aon léig[e] dēg issedh ro ascnaidset in lā sin, 166.29 . ascnam . . . iarsin slicht let us go over the account (of a tale), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 1 . asgnaidh esti a h-ainim life departed from her, Aen. 2869 . ra ascná uadib a mbruth, LL 244b42 .

Cf. ascnamaid.

1 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áes or dil.ie/644

 

Forms: āis, áesa, aíse, áeis

n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 . cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 . gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same age as the high king (i.e. Christ), ACL iii 245 § 22 . secht mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the best warrior for his age, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii 74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC-LL¹ 845 . is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualifications of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a.¤ in the matter of age, in years: cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes) `though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my father's age, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib / nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly, it is not according to age that one goes (to death), ACL iii 215.6 . Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l. cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise), Ir. Recht 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm. riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .

(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm. Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste `life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty), ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ). i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi 26 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.² 274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age, one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá seach , Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .

(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my days, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred duit ót áis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself' Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).

(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadhain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don Tighearna, 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .

(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . . aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 . ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment, Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo, ZCP x 301.20 .

aicnetae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicnetae or dil.ie/810

 

Forms: aicenta, aicned

adj io, iā (aicned). Also aicenta. Some exx. included here may be attrib. g s. of aicned.

(a) natural (as oppd. to artificial, contrived): delb aicnete, Wb. 15b16 . nad rorthatar a rriuth na.¤ noreit(h)is dogres, Ml. 129d4 . in timthrecht naicnedti, 23a18 . inna folud naicneta, Sg. 188a13 . dechor ceníuil aicneti, 61a24 . donaib nephacnataib, Ml. 129d3 . in chonar aicenta . . . conar iarsa n-imthiget doine, ┐ conar saerda in chonar fugill, Cóic Con. 25.2 . fid aicenta fid na cailli ┐ fid saerda fid ind ogoim, Auraic. 855 . co na finib aicnedaib .i. a mic ┐ a nua, Laws iii 16.29, y Comm. don brig aicenta, Laws i 36.6 Comm. for ana[d] aiginta an tseoit, ii 18 z Comm. a foesum aicintu, 30.2 Comm. comorba aicinta natural heir (as opp. to an official successor), O'Curry 2318 ( Eg. 88 fo. 24 (25)c ). a aen Meic aicinta inn Athar neamda `only-begotten son', Ir. Lit. 2.9 . ina sosad aicenta `into its natural station', BColm. 54.30 . is . . . aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadainsi, MR 94.13 . nach aitheóntaoi beitheadhach droigheachta seach beitheadhach aicenta, Atlantis iv 172.9 . d'fhaghbhail t-síraidheachta in bhréntuis t-suthain ┐ na pian n-aicinta, ITS xxix 128.21 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn fhíoraiginnta a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219.24 . laithe aicenta the natural day (24 hours) (as oppd. to l. sáerda (12 hours) the working day): a lobad ar cach laithe naicinta, Laws ii 4.15 Comm. laithi aicenta ┐ da laithi soérda, Ériu xi 46.17 . do'n ogh-laithi aigeanta, MR 106.11 . fri re laithe aicenta, AFM iii 42.9 . fín aicneta, see s.v. 1 fín.

(b) spirited, courageous: ris in rigraid n-arnaid n-aiccendta n-allata, TTebe 706 . ceithri ceathramna certa / um ronn is rádh n-aigenta, IGT Decl. ex. 308 . See also compounds of 1 ard with adjj.

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

 

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

? 5 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 5 ail or dil.ie/958

 

n a.¤ .i. aimser furail seach in cumair . . . di[sh]ail .i. ni aimsir fota, Auraic. 1574 , 4804 (see dinin dísail). a inde dano .i. a.¤ fuit (etym. of alt), 3680 .

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

áirithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirithe or dil.ie/2143

 

Forms: áiride, áiridhi, áirithi

adj also áiride. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 211 .

I As adj. io, iā

(a) certain, sure: ar ní fuirgle nech . . . ní nad airithe, Laws i 84.12 . .i. . . . inni nach demin lais, 23 Comm. airithe .i. deimin nó follus, ut est forsnach taid nac hn-eithech n-airithe .i. for nach fes gait na ethach go follus nó co deimin, O'Dav. 58 . is demin is derb is airithe, PH 6036 . airecht dorimmairg cech recht arithe, LL 343b29 = timmoirgid cách fo recht, Tec. Corm. § 2.30 . gurab áirighthe di dul go hifrionn, Eochairsg. 90.15 . is á.¤ la x x is certain: acht rop airithe laisin muindtir aig dilmuine do Eimeine Ban, Anecd. i 44.9 . ba hairithe les in aird-rig, MR 112.2 .

(b) special, particular, a certain: cia hinad árithe asa mbia eisergi, LU 2527 . ré airithe, Laws v 124.4. Comm. ro aithnedh . . . he i laim airithe, iii 208.12 Comm. seoit sin áirithi ro ghellustar in duine in i nam airithi, 152.z Comm. fri hollamuin nairide, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a). ?in fuirend (sic leg.) ón á.¤ ata cotarsna dona cendsaib, FA 1 LB ( IT i 170 ). ni fil numir bliadan arithe, Rawl. 75a46 . acht ma ni fes caite bliadhna áiridhe inro slechtoid what particular year, AFM i 6.z . in fers árithi-sea, PH 6501 . uirrígh Aruidhe . . . i n-airdiomdhaiáiridhe `a special high-seat', Keat. iii 581 . uachtarántacht . . . ar nuimir airidhe do chédaibh saighdiuiridhe a certain number of hundreds, AFM vi 2056.2 . ticit laithi airigthi anuas for in magh `on certain days', Marco P. 116 . aroile banscāl airigthe `a certain woman', Fl. Earls 34.11 . Adv. co há. in particular: beannacht róm . . . / go lucht an cheóil . . . / go háiridhe a gceann Chiothruaidh, Studies 1920. 568 § 18 . do bīthin teirce a mbídh ┐ a ndighe go háirighthe, Fl. Earls 10.18 . go há.¤ = maxime, TSh. 4620 . Hence at least: déanaidh trócaire oram, go há.¤ a lucht is caraid damh = saltem, TSh. 4581 . co hairithe for certain gl. iam, Gild. Lor. 137 gl. 20 .

II As subst. f. áiridhi, áirithi f. IGT Decl. § 3

(a) assurance, certainty, safe course: is í áiridhe as fhearr dhamh (Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cá fearr áirighthe aice what safer step could she take(?), LBranach 572 . clann Briain ruaid na renn nime / d'féghain nochar bh'áiridhe in a trial of strength with C.B. there was no certainty of success, Caithr. Thoirdh. 128.8 . fleadh ríogh as ḟearr áiridhe which is (our) best hope(?), Aithd. D. 65.33 . sé slóigh ós é a n-áiridhe / ní dóigh é dar n-éaruine, 26 . Perh. also in: atá acum airithe / nocho nfil a macsamla / is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean, SG 55.39 . Note also: gé tá an t-éag 'n-a áiridhe though death is a certainty, Aithd. D. 46.24 . Further: do thréig ortha a áiridhe `patrimony', Celtica vi 174 § 3 . See also lám.

(b) fate, destiny: cóir eagla fan á.¤ (of Doomsday), Dán Dé vi 19 . cinnte daoil ort dot ithe / a thaoibh is olc th'á. `sad thy fate', xxv 43 . rug doimhne an chroinn 'n-a chridhe / chloinn t'oidhre ar a n-áiridhe `it was the depth of that spear-thrust in His heart that brought Thy Son's race to their appointed end', Aithd. D. 67.24 .

III In phrases. d'á.¤ special, particular; a certain, with adjectival force: atá ag Dia do bhreith breithe / an Luan mar lá d'á.¤ , Dán Dé xxi 26 . go haimsir d'áiridhe, Aithd. D. 19.3 . éacht d'áiridhe, 74.12 . can chett dairighthi on tSabhdán `special licence', Maund. 51 . do réir úghdair d'á.¤ `a certain author', Keat. i 98.10 . a n-áonchás d'áiridhe in one special case, IGT Introd. 10 § 30 . With adverbial force in particular, particularly: cia d'airithe dia nad tabartha ind almsa `to whom in particular', PH 6011 . isin Etāill uile ┐ isin Róimh d'āirigthi particularly, Fl. Earls 192.z . tangatar co Finn dáirithi, L. Chl. S. 47 . Hence at all events, at any rate: ré linn a athar d'áiridhe, ML 8.25 . níor aomh aon asbal eile / 's níor aomhasdar d'airidhe he (Peter) at any rate did not confess Him, Dán Dé xx 14 . As adv. for certain, surely: gealltar d'áiridhe an iorghuil / im Gháiridhe . . ., Aithd. D. 16.30 . seach na heasbalaibh eile / do bhí t'onóir d'áiridhe `thy honour was assured beyond . . .' Dán Dé i 10 . Perh. also: ben ag congmáil mo creiche / ar ḟer d'foghbáil d'áirithi, IGT Decl. ex. 205 . In prep. phrase d'á.¤ ag in store for: atá . . . an bás d'á.¤ agam, Dán Dé xvii 9 . rí gun Fódla d'áiridhe `the king destined for F.,' Aithd. D. 20.2 . gach dream 'gá mbi an ghlóir d'á.¤ aca who are destined for glory, TSh. 8145 . nach fuil d'áiridhe agat / acht seacht dtroighe don talamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 4 . i n-á.¤ : go mbí an choróin . . . i n-á.¤ aca in store for them, TSh. 2775 . go mbíd i n-á.¤ a bhfuasgailte so that they are assured of being released, 4465 . bid in t-ibar inairti (ina áirte v.l.) accut, Cog. 144.8 . ni raibhi dano biadh indairithi isin coitcenn, Lism. L. 2352 . do-gní á.¤ de is certain of: dogniam airidi anois do Troiannaib . . . ar ni fuilet longa aco we feel certain of (defeating) the Trojans, Aen. 2047 . dénuid á.¤ dhe so be certain of this, Lism. L. 722 .

Cf. áirmigthe.

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

augtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. augtar or dil.ie/4990

 

n o, m. (Lat. auctor). See GOI p. 44 , 574 .

(a) originator, instigator, promoter: ugtar ab augmento, ar donī fēn nī nūa, Corm. Y 1293 . augtor . . . uilc gl. auctorem malorum, Ml. 44d19 . auctair in dana sin (i.e. of magic arts), Trip.² 329 . auctair in deilighthi those responsible for the sedition, CCath. 3260 . a aúctair in báis (to the devil), PH 3927 . is e in spirut-sin is a.¤ do'n labra-sa, 6494 . ughdara gacha earráide, Mac Aingil 6214 .

(b) expert, one practised (in): accaldam auctor ind recto inso gl. scientibus enim legem loquor, Wb. 3c4 (`teachers'). Cf. ugdar (udar v.l.) .i. eolach, O'Dav. 1612 . a.¤ saírsi master wright, LL 3662 . augtair . . . na elathan, LL 219a1 `master-workmen', TTr. 136 . ro ordaigheadar ughdair i n-urthus gacha h-eladna, MR 90.5 . don bhuidhin ughdar wise men, DDána 75.33 .

(c) author, writer, composer (of books, etc.): lasna auctaru `writers', Ml. 35b17 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin, Hib. Min. 12.410 . auctair ergnaide, SR 50 . augtair ┐ libair aile, LU 5390 . a.¤ inn éolais co n-āeb, ZCP viii 272 § 66 . ic auctaraib na Rōmān, 113.33 . cend na n-áuctor ┐ na ḟátha, LB 137b42 . min-ughdair . . . seach na n-ughdaru toisseacha, Auraic. 58 . ceart rig Laigen roluaid Benen / ar breith ughdair fuarastair, BB 278b8 ( Leb. Cert. 204.14 ). adeitig laisin ugdar, Laws v 92.29 Comm. menma in ugdair, 12.13 Comm. ropu doraidh laisna huctaru na nGáidel cinnas no roinnfitis chrao ┐ díbad, Ériu i 214.3 . deaghúdair, Mac Aingil 5348 . ainm an úghdair, 6199 .

(d) authority: muna bhfuil ughdar agaibh / rét urlabhra . . ., Content. xxii 5 . do nuimhir ┐ d'ughdar aithentadh na hegluisi, Parrth. Anma 2638 .

COMPDS. dál gach ughdair-thim `the man who has no authority on his side', Content. viii 26 . ? augmentum. augtorthórmachtaid fosodain ab augeo , Sg. 65a17 (a. printed as Lat. in Thes.).

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

bord

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bord or dil.ie/6404

 

n o, m. (OE loanword with infl. in some usages of ON, Bidrag 43, 121. See also Mod. Lang. Notes 1944, 476 .) b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) edge, side, border, brink. Of land, terrain, etc.: Buichet buird Breg, ZCP viii 262 § 12. b.¤ ro (= re) L. beside (?) L., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 42. co b.¤ in Montig `edge', Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . ar b.¤ Droma Cliab, 1278.3 . d'iath Banbha na mb.¤ n-oirrdhearc, O'Hara 1533. ar chosnumh na mb. mBréifneach `borders', Magauran 3241 . docum buird na clasach `edge of the entrenchments', CCath. 2489. o b.¤ tuaiscertach mara Torrein shore , 3019 . dar b.¤ in daire, Acall. 1944. in med soillsigter don b.¤ ichtarach ar a primh (of the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.13 . im b.¤ na habund `on the bank of the river', RC vi 176.4 . b.¤ gach átha brink, IGT Decl. ex. 993. tar bh. an bháre over the line of the goal, RC xxix 116 § 13. ba leis in Banba 's a buirid (buird, v.ll.: uird), xlvii 303.17 . Of constructions, buildings: ós bhórdaib a glanghrianán ` eaves ', SG 111.41 . bláith sliombuidhe a buird 's a bruaich (in praise of a castle), DDána 119.7 . Of ships board; side, gunwale, bulwark: do c[h]engladar na tēda righne . . . dona ruadborduib, ML² 682. doroich long muinteri Cesair b. fria b.¤ risin luing `side by side with the ship', CCath. 2055. cach mb.¤ ┐ cach leth don luiṅg (` plank '), TTebe 1995 . b.¤ na luinge, Acall. 7000. for b.¤ in curaig `on the gunwale', RC xiv 48 § 55. tiaghaid asteach ar b.¤ loinge `on board ship', Fl. Earls 8.6 .

In phr. tar b.¤ (cf. rola tar b.¤ na loingi san fairgi `threw him overboard', Aen. 1000. luid dar b.¤ `she leapt overboard', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.27 ): dorochair dar b.¤ he was killed, MacCarthy 186.7 . cuirfidh badhbh beadhg tar b.¤ will spring overboard (i.e. will alight, go into action on the battlefield ?), ML 122.10 . da marbhar C. / ni mu[irfet] duine dhá és, / nocha dtiobar lem (bem, v.l.) tar bo[rd] I won't go too far (?), TBC St. 2708. gal co ndechaid tar b.¤ amach valour that flowed over (i.e. that had no bounds), Fél. 262 § 27.

Further applications: co ṅgé[i]s badb dia burd dia blaí `from its rim' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 5. co rascailt a sciath o bili co b.¤ , TTebe 4277 . dar borddaib na carpat, TFerbe 19 . coro dóirt a trí tonna dar borddaib di over the sides (of a vat), 199 . a bhi ar burd ardain handle on the side of a drinking vessel (?) (to a person), IT iii 99 § 165. corn . . . / atá d'ór ina bórduib `in its circumference', SG 138.12 . deich m-bruit co n-a m-bórdaib d'ór gold borders, Leb. Cert. 166.2 . ó bhórdaibh a bróg, Keat. Poems 115.

(b) board, table: toccbuither na buird (= tollitur cibus, Contribb. 240 ), Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2. dobered . . . praind for b.¤ , LB 233b40 . ro tógbad buird altacha órdacha ann `jointed tables pieced together', Fianaig. 56.1 . buird do thoccbail, Fier. 95. co roibhi in bórd ar talmhain do modh na seanndaine (of the Last Supper) (= mensa, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 3231. 'na shuidhe ar bh.¤ `at table', Dán Dé iv 20 . ag bórd an chusduim, Mark ii 14 (1810) . ar an mb.¤ on the table, TSh. 281. inadh aoibhinn . . . go mbortt marmair, Fl. Earls 208.27 . tig . . . forsan mb.¤ comes . . . to the table, 250.31 . gan teannta búird ná binnse `lacking support of . . . board or bench' (a scribe's excuse), O'Gr. Cat. 34.1. bórd na Comaoine `the Communion Table ', Donlevy 62.21 . mar fhearann buird `mensal land', Keat. i 110.24 . Fig. nocha conair bórd go col not the way of sinful tables (i.e. is not guilty of gluttony), SG 70.22 . Cing Airtur .i. do orrdaig an b. cr[uind] the Round Table , AU i 22.9 . teaghlach glan an geal Bhuird Chruinn, IGT Decl. ex. 1510.

(c) seat, bench: docuir in diuice Sir Gyi ar aenb. ris fein, ZCP vi 39.28 .

Compds. With nouns: dar in mbordbil iarnaidhe (of a shield), CCath. 5324. dom chur síos le bordghail (-ghal, MS.) bháin `bloodless table-fight', Ó Bruad. ii 164.4 . ós bord-imlib in beatha, MR 112.7 . ar Bhóird-lios na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432.

With adjj. (incl. part.): dorindedh blodha beca, bordbrisdi do sciath Sir H., ZCP vi 42.10 . a beilgedh biothfhoda bord-chumag, Hugh Roe² 196.24 . seach bhilibh a sgiath mbóird-gheal bright-rimmed , ML 128.30 . trí locha bord-ghlana with bright banks, 96.2 . bél bórdimlech broad-lipped ? (of a hag), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.19 . fa mbratachaib . . . bord-nuídi, MR 224.4 . bláithleca bordriagalta smooth straight-edged flagstones (for a tomb), Caithr. Thoirdh. 54.15 .

? búach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? búach or dil.ie/7193

 

n (cf. ): erball bo buach . . . or ni luaithi erball bo aibhill ina erball som (B. na f. ?), Tromd. Guaire 736. seach buach in laog `with one in-calf heifer ', Trans. RIA xv (1828), 79 § xxxii . Cf. Ériu xx 231 (bó in(d)laeg).

1 cingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cingid or dil.ie/9131

 

Forms: cinnid, rocindset, cindis, cingiu, c., cingith, -cing, cinges, cinces, ciṅges, cinnges, cengair, -cengur, cengar, cengmai, cingme, cenggait, cengait, ceṅgait, -cengat, cengta, cengtai, ceṅgtar, cinged, chinged, ro-chiṅged, cindtis, cingsiu, cind-siu, ciṅg, cing, ceingeth, ceis, ceis, ceset, ciasair, cessair, cessed, chessed, ceised, cesead, cesad, cichsi, cichseo, cichis, cichsithear, cicsimiu, cichsit, cichsett, cichsot, cichside, cichsed, cichtis, cechaing, chechaing, ceuchaing, ciuchaing, cheachaing, chighsiom, ciseadh, céimm

v later cinnid ( cinnit, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ), rocindset, BB 47a15 . cindis, TBC-LL¹ 3777 ). For quality of root vowel see GOI 49 . Ind. pres. 1 s. cingiu, AFM i 330.16 . 3 s. c.¤ , LU 3830 ( SCC 37 ). 5732 . Laws i 10.26 . cingith, LU 6331 . -cing, Bruchst. 121 . Ériu i 122.22 . Rel. cinges, Cáin Ad. 26 . cinces, Ériu xvi 181 § 19 . ciṅges, Thes. ii 253.10 (Stowe Missal). cinnges, LU 8317 ( FB 23 ). Pass. cengair, Laws iii 26.15 . -cengur, i 266.6 . cengar, Auraic. 573 . Anecd. v 26.7 . 1 p. cengmai, ZCP xii 404.10 . Rel. cingme, LU 4704 . 3 p. cenggait, RC xx 138.13 . cengait, LU 6177. 2088 . ceṅgait, TFerbe 238 . -cengat, BB 260a61 . Rel. cengta, Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 . cengtai, IT i 77.11 . Pass. ceṅgtar, LL 20148 . Impf. 3 s. cinged, Bruchst. 114 . no chinged , LU 8912 . ro-chiṅged, RC xxiv 176.24 . 3 p. no cindtis , Anecd. i 60 § 88 . Impv. 2 s. cingsiu, LU 5182 . cind-siu, TBC-LL¹ 3298 . ciṅg, MU² 51 . cing, O'Cl. 3 s. ceingeth, Thes. ii 248.6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ro ceis , Rawl. 62b2 (see ZCP xxii 32 ). ? dian ceis , O'Curry 2273 ( Eg. 88, 20b ). Cf. aracae ? ?3 p. dian ceset , Laws iii 20.12 (cf. O'Dav. 505 ). Pass. s. ciasair, Cóic Con. 43.1 = cessair, ZCP xii 362.2 . Impf. 3 s. cessed, Corp. Gen. 282.y . no chessed , LU 6844 . na ro ceised , BB 205a1 . cesead, Todd Nenn. 144.1 . ? cesad, Ériu i 118 § 8 . fut. 2 s. cichsi, YBL 173b51 . SG 80.3 . cichseo, LL 13833 (see GOI 412 , Hull, Language xxiii 423 ). 3 s. cichis, Corp. Gen. 410.7 . LU 10372. 5506 . RC x 224.165 . Pass. cichsithear, O'Cl. 1 p. cicsimiu (leg. -mi, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ), ZCP xii 404.10 . 3 p. cichsit, ZCP xiii 379.3 = cichsett, ZCP iii 463.y . cichsot, Ériu xvi 146.17 . ? Rel. cichside, Corm. 29.16 . Condit. 3 s. cichsed, LU 8298 ( FB 22 ). 8320 (20). 3 p. cichtis (for cichsitis ?), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.1 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. cechaing, Fél. May 22 and passim. ro chechaing , Ériu iv 140.12 . go ceuchaing , Anecd. ii 54.14 v.l. ciuchaing, do cheachaing , O'Cl. Later with f-fut. and s-pret. Cf. chisigh, Ó Bruad. iii 164.11 . chighsiom, Content. xxii 8 . But these forms, as also Vn. ciseadh, IGT Verbs § 71 , may belong to a difft. word. Vn. céimm.

(a) steps, paces, proceeds, goes : ciṅgis C. co mbái etc., TBC-LL¹ 1947 . cechaing Corrgend . . . / co romarb Aed, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.3 . cing mál .i. cémnig . . . innas as dligthechu, LL 24294 ( RC xxvi 16 § 15 ). cechaing iarum C. co ro gab longphort oc Muaid `then he marched and pitched a camp by the Moy', RC xxiv 178.5 . ba C. costadach cindiustair, 282.2 . cingset ina ccath co ffi, Leb. Gab.(i) 216.17 . ín cet bean calma ro chínd / roghabh Banba ri nd(h)ilind (of Cesair), BB 22a11 . Cf. mōr līach rocēstar int ṡlūaig, Bruchst. 103 ( ro cecht ar an tsluaigh, AFM i 480.14 ). cingit, Auraic. 1287 .

(b) With Vn. céim in figura etymologica: cechaing céim as dírgu (of a saint), Fél. Mar. 20 . a Eochaid . . . arafolmaider ardchricha Cuind ciṅg ceim, Corp. Gen. 80.3 . rochinset a céim curad trod their victorious way, LL 14985 (`covenanted his chief champions', MacCarthy 178.9 = rocindset, BB 47a15 ).

With other nouns: cichis reím roirge ind rig, RC x 224.165 . mairg cingis in rēim rod-sain, ZCP vi 265 § 15 . fri cétchesad na conaire cengait (glossed tiagait), LU 2088 ( FA 15 ). conair cinnius in muadmacaem `wherefore does . . . come', MR 292.y . conad aire sin ro chinnesdair sin an treas lem luthmar lan-edrum, LL 410a13 . fichtibh curach / cechuing trichait / troichet cíabhat (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 194 § 4 . cingis treabh Iūda . . . / in sēt n-ingantach, RC xxxvii 347 § 43 . Cland maic Cairne, cengta róe `who stride through the battle-field', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.57 = ceṅgtar, LL 2014 = ceang do rói, O'Cl. (cf. Hermathena xiv 471 ). déca a chairptiu cinnit glend, LU 3598 ( SCC 30 ). ra chindsem ceird comdana (Fer Diad to Cú Chulainn), TBC-LL¹ 3543 . cechaing thondaig tresaigh maghain mongaigh rónaigh (of Colm Cille), ZCP viii 197.5 .

(c) With prepp.: ceingeth ass, Thes. ii 248.6 . cach mac ina chinaid / c.¤ ar chel dies, Laws i 10.26 . c.¤ iarom for rindriis na mbera amal én, LU 5732 . Fear fí for caei cengustar, BB 380b9 . co Críst cechaing sathe (of saints), Fél. Jan. 25 . July 23 . co cóic sétu cingit, Laws iv 340.z . cechaing de sin D., Anecd. i 58 § 68 . de ilṡlúagaib cengat, LU 5476 = cengad, TBC-I¹ 999 . cengat cen chomfoirbb don chathrōi `let them march', Ériu vi 122 § 12 . nír chiṅg din tress, TBC-LL¹ 4047 . ro cingset [do]cum na sruth, CCath. 2573 . caidhe an sról do chinn fad chorp `that girt thy body', A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 . cech bradan . . . no chindedh suas frisin coraid, RC xxvi 136.27 . mo dá brattán cen terbba / cengta fri srotha sirti, Trip.² 1286 . diambad mé nochinged ind `when I was wont to wander thither', Metr. Dinds. iii 314.1 . cechaing 'sin báig / i ndáil dígla (of woman warrior), 184.24 . cechaing dias isan mag-sin, Anecd. i 53 § 25 . cingthe secha `he went past them', ZCP iii 212 § 24 . cingset seach tuind crichi / Frangcu, Todd Nenn. 132.9 . cichse a Temair tar fert a fert fogamraig, SG 79.w . cíndit tar cuan fatultaibh, IT iii 91.y . a arrad na holloirbe / tresacing cach caidh which all the pure climb (of Mary), Ériu i 122.22 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: cechaing súas, Fél. Oct. 9 . cengsat na coin na díaidh (after a pig), Dinds. 74 ( RC xv 474 ). cengsat siar `they fared westward', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . no cinged . . . fot n-aurchora on cathraig, LU 9136 ( FB 88 ).

(d) overcomes, surpasses, excels, exceeds, etc.: flaith fīal Finne / ro das cinne Níal cían Caille `overcame them', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 ( LL 23658 ). cruimther cluana cáidh ro cinn excelled, SG 25.12 . Usually with prepp.: a mathuir na firinne / rocindis ar cach, Ériu i 122.16 . is é Crimthand chinnes ar cách / co fáth fuilech, LL 6468 ( dar cāch, RC xxxvi 263 § 18 ). ar cosnumh creach / cinnidh ar taoisech gach tuaithe, Magauran 3488 . ceand na ttreabh, treabh ar nār cind[e]adh dwelling never surpassed (of Heaven), ZCP xiii 13.25 . tigerna chinnes ar Dubán, CF² 1105 . a Dhé, go gcinnear orra, Measgra D. 78.12 . ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh the many defeated the few, AFM iv 996.15 . dias do Gaidilaib . . . do chind . . . do chach uli, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 . Corbbán, rochind for crábud `surpassing in piety', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.13 . ar chleith gCláire nír cinneadh / ar áille deich ndoinningean `unsurpassed for the beauty' (of chieftain), Magauran 4141 . cinnid for cach comlann `obtains the victory in every battle', MR 54.7 . ro chindsetar ar mnáib Eirenn a ndruineachus, Acall. 7311 . co ro cinnset a ccoimhrith foraiph (of horses racing), BNnÉ 325.32 . ra chind ar a chomdinib / im gáis im gasced im gart, TFerbe 641 . ri caisil do chínd os cach, BB 270a16 . Caiseal do chind os gach cind, 19. dochinn . . . tar gach aon, IT ii2 151.770 . ro chinned . . . dar triath bhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR 114.y . don chia rocing tar gach māl (.i. don fer do chēimnig tar gach file), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.).

coibne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coibne or dil.ie/10018

 

Forms: caibne, coibfine

n (com + fine) caibne (ón báigh), IGT Decl. § 3 (see ex. 183 ). coibfine, Laws ii 282.z . kin, person of the same `fine', relation, ally; kinship, consanquinity, relationship : cen conn .i. . . . cen c.¤ .i. cobfinntachas, O'Dav. 468 . c.¤ .i. comainm, ut est co fordailter a c.¤ techta, 496 . comul comuir fri c.¤ techta, Laws ii 358.2 `mit einem gebührenden (ordentlichen) Sippengenossen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19 . tir gen cund gen c.¤ , Laws iv 20.7 `without affinity', Celtica vi 235 . c.¤ .i. fri fine nechtair de, H 2.15A, 54 b (cited O'Don. Suppl.). ar a ch.¤ fri F., Cymmr. xiv 104 . dénaid caibni is chomáentaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.14 . ba hilarda a caibne ┐ a chardoid, Aisl. Tond. 1.1 . Attrib. g s. coic mile cliar c.¤ ` kindred ', Gorm. 16 . In later lang. also love, affection (cf. IGT Decl. § 3 cited above and Celtica i 369 ): caibhne .i. báidh, O'Cl. techtfaide coibni céin bam-sa béo, ZCP iii 5.3 v.l.

Hence appar. in sense of equivalent, proportionate amount (see Laws Gloss. 149 ): nach mil conbeir deiche is c.¤ friu ro ucc B., Laws i 144.23 . seach as c.¤ la Feine, v 490.10 . In phr. fo ch.¤ in proportion to (with gen. or FRI): fo ch.¤ trebe `according to the equivalent amount for a dwelling', ZCP xxv 221.2 . diren sede (sic leg.) fo ch.¤ co tabar techte etc., Laws iv 202.3 . diablad n-aithgena neich ascomrenur fo c.¤ friss amail bes, v 348.8 . c.¤ (.i. cuidbi, cuibdi, v.l.) .i. cutrama, ut est ni bi slán caich araili acht ro icait fo c.¤ , O'Dav. 473 . c.¤ .i. com[m]aith, ut est a rath fo c.¤ fris, 481 .

comaithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithech or dil.ie/10692

 

Forms: cuíbhtheacha, comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-, comaigthech, coimhthigheach, coimhithigheach, coimthech

(comaithe) Form v. variable. Cf. cuíbhtheacha (pl.), Trompa na bhF. 718 . See Éigse ix 163 .Also comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-. In Mid. Ir. freq. comaigthech (cf. comhaithchech, Ériu xiii 21.30 ) and, in later lang., coimhthigheach ( Oss. v 12.10 ), coimhithigheach ( Gen. xvii 12 ), coimthech ( TTebe 482 ), etc.

I Adj. o ā belonging to a neighbour; belonging to another, not one's own, not related; unusual; extraneous, foreign, alien : leth aithgin . . . dam dia cethraib fein . . . aithgin ma cethra comaithche `neighbouring cattle', Laws v 156.10 Comm. cat c.¤ sin, ┐ da madh hé cat na cuile bodein . . . a cat not belonging to the house, O'D. 2012 ( Eg. 90, 15b ). do eclais bunaidh ┐ da eclais comaithig unconnected, 1583 ( H 5.15, 7b ). da mnai fein . . . do mnai coimithigh, Laws ii 418.1 Comm. a crích comaithig, LL 8116 . na cáin do bhen as comair dhaoine gcomaighthech `strangers', Ériu v 128 § 21 . eachtrand nó ciniudha comaighthe, CCath. 5808 . do chum an chatha comhaithigh, TFrag. 106.8 . bērla comaidheach foreign language, RC xxiv 383.10 . gídh coimhighech sin aniu (of the use of the title `rí' for Ó Dubhda), Hy Fiach. 298.16 . tre briatraib . . . mna caime . . . coimithi, RC xi 320.13 . a curadaib comithi, TTebe 1547 (comidhthi, v.l.). for ferand c.¤ on land belonging to another, Fél.² xxv n. 206 . re cach coiccrich coimigthig, Hy Maine 88.9 . ní comhoightheach unhereditary, Top. Poems² 1022 . gairdiughadh comhaithach = extraneus, ITS xxix 127.26 . connsaine com[haidh]each an extra consonant (not found in n s. rí, fili), Bard. Synt. Tr. 221.7 (p. 166) . connsuine comhuidheach ar a dheireadh, mur tá so: rí ┐ mac an ríogh, IGT Introd. § 132 . Crích Muman . . . / tucsat fa cruth comhoigeach `brought . . . into strange guise', Ériu iv 222 § 40 . an chlann comuighech = alienus, Smaointe B. Chr. 4768 . mar mnaoi comhaigthigh, 1528 . o mogh (= -dh) nua comhuighech = inconsuetus, 2927 . innus nach beth briathur Dia comhuighthech oruinn foreign to us, 2312 . dul san chlaochládh choimhidheach putting on a strange appearance (of a ruined dwelling), Measgra D. 56.28 . bhudh í an chara chomhuightheach `a queer kind of friend', O'Hara 1272 . cenēl comhaigthech do thruailledh fīr-f[h]ola na rīghachta, Fl. Earls 224.9 . an chuid chomuidheach = `lo ageno', Desid. 756 . a chuid do ní choimhidheach `share of something belonging to another', Parrth. Anma 3459 . an peacadh do mhédúghadh 'na nádúir féin gan peacadh coimhitheach do thabhairt chuigi unrelated, Mac Aingil 2948 . coinfeasóir coimhitheach do thabhairt . . . do mhnáibh riaghalta . . . seach an ccoinfeasóir ngnáthach unaccustomed, 2809 . na dée comhaightheacha = deos alienos, TSh. 7046 . gach ladrann caethach `every foreign churl', O'Rah. i 8 .

In religious verse freq. of the body, perh. in sense of hostile: ná hiarr orum / do riar, a cholann chomhaidheach, Aithd. D. 61.5 . corp comhuidheach . . . / olc dobhuidheach doiriartha, 80.29 . a chalann chomhoidheach, Dán Dé xxii 21 . an chuirp chomhoidhigh, PBocht 6.30 . is mé ceangailte a cclí choimhthigh, Párl. na mB. 2010 (= chuímhthig, 4039 ). Adv. diarr se go coimthigeach bainne ┐ leanna anéineacht air, ITS xvi 142.z (`with an ill-timed request for milk').

II Subst. o, m. comhuidhech comhuithech coimhidhech coimhithech m., IGT Decl. § 23 .

(a) neighbour; person who is in comaithches and subject to its regulations: dligid cach c.¤ diarailiu tuididin usci `each neighbour', Coibnes 10 ( Laws iv 212.30 ). hi t(h)ir comaithich bes comoccus doib, Laws iv 192.10 . on do econn berar a commainib c.¤ which is given out of the joint funds of fellow tenants, v 370.4 . frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb `to the four neighbours next to him on the two sides', i 260.10 ( .i. risna cethra comithigh ad comnesa dó, 274.27 Comm. ). slan fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ingraide tire comdidan coímitheach, iv 48.13 . ardmeas comaitheach the assessment of the neighbours, O'D. 2416 ( Rawl. B 506, 53d ). diambí aír no lesainm adlia .i. dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, 976 ( H 3.17, 679e ). cath etir do thuaith-siu . . . ┐ a comaithgiu = inter tuam gentem et aliam, Lat. Lives 86.11 . comaithig immorro do Maelodrān Huī Māil ┐ ba holc immorro a chomaithchess doib, Fing. R. 954 . cocartte (.i. comaithich) sin do Dessib Maige Breg, Rawl. 134a1 . Sidon cona chomaidchib, LL 16287 . cech uli glacad . . . d'a ṅdingir ar chomaigthech one who is not related, PH 7541 (`a stranger'). bó cach liss i Mumain ┐ uinge cach comaithig `house-owner', MacCongl. 57.11 . With implication of inferiority, small-holder(?): deroile do chineoil . . . uair mac comaithigh thu, TFrag. 202.10 . an tan lámhuid comhaitigh . . . eirgidh a n-aighidh saorchlann, 236.8 .

(b) stranger, alien, foreigner, outsider : cethri cinnu c.¤ , LL 8230 ( TBC-LL¹ 787 ). coimighthi no amhuis, Ériu viii 121.12 . comaightech gl. alienigena, Ir. Gl. 314 . o chomichib (contrasted with o na comarsannaib), PH 7574 . fer tigi n-aideag cotchind do cliaraib ┐ do comaigtib, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . caomhthach gach chomhuidhigh, DDána 70.21 (`friend of every stranger guest', Ir. Monthly, 1920, 652 ). ' com facbail aonur itir comaighechaibh, Grail 736 . cossin ceth[r]or comothech assin cetharaird `the four strangers', Misc. Arch. Soc. 136.4 . go dtobhaighthir do thamall / ar chomhaighthibh cumann `that love may be got for a time (even) from foes', PBocht 4.20 . coimhidhigh chláir groighigh Grég, IGT Decl. ex. 832 . ar comhaithechaibh = strangers, RSClára 127a .

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

corrugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corrugad or dil.ie/12548
Last Revised: 2019

 

vn. of corraigid. act of moving, stirring; activity, restlessness : corrughadh . . . `to stir up', Eg. Gl. 69 . conar lamh corrucchad do thaoibh seach a ceile, BNnÉ 218 § 102 . crét as fáth dot chorrachad, SG 260.11 . cia corrugad sin fil ort? 'what stirring up are you engaged in?', BCC² 245 § 6 . cen charrachad, SG 262.12 . d'easba . . . corruighthe activity, Párl. na mB. 1963 . corrúgha ┐ cealg na colla evasiveness (?), 727 . do chorruighthibh ┐ d'ainmhiannaibh, 1192 . le coirighthibh (leg. corr-?) ar ttoile, Luc. Fid. 3480 . Cf. corraige.

cummair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cummair or dil.ie/13857

 

Forms: cumair, cuimrimem

adj i (com + berr) short, brief, curtailed : cumair gl. curtus, Ir. Gl. 678 . gaire .i. gair-[r]æ .i. rē cumair, O'Mulc. 619 . a n-athesc cumbair se, Trip.² 1994 . culmonga cumri foraib, LU 7687 ( BDD 127 ). co n-athescaib rachumrib, 2025 . acht rop commar (c.¤, v.l.) cach cethramthu, IT iii 30.10 . for na sillaba cuimbre, Auraic. 4783. 1553 . étaige amsaide nó cumri, LL 24780 . ua cumair comraid . . . iat, TTebe 378 . glón-shnáthi ernaigthe cumbri, PH 7857 . taithmet cumair dia fertuib (of saint), Lism. L. 3950 . maith chruthaighthe . . . chuimir limited, Desid. 2332 . Superl.: cuimrimem gl. breuiculi (g s.), Ml. 62b11 . an chonair is cumaire, TSh. 10549 . Adv. co c.¤ , LL 34147 . go cumair, PBocht 4.39 . cumair do thuill tromosnaidh, Ó Bruad. ii 124.4 .

As subst. short period; summary, abstract, résumé : an com(h)air do bai F. ┐ D. . . . a comrag during the short time that F. and D. were fighting, Hy Fiach. 96.11 . [ba] comair fuirigh doibsuim on that was a short delay to them, CCath. 2747 . is i seo . . . cumair in sceoil, Aen. 666 . can cumair can faisneis `abstract or narrative', Todd Nenn. 108.1 . cumair foirme résumé, Expugn. Hib. 66 . tairissium o ḟotaib ┐ cuimrib long and short syllables, IT iii 101.13 . furail seach in cumair short word, Auraic. 1566 . arna cuimribh, ut est, fer, 1556 . amal folinta cumbri mairc omatha gl. addita sunt `brevities', RC viii 366.w . as et a cumair in short, to sum up, ZCP xiv 234.2 . a chruthaig le cuimair mbriathar / in bith cé, H 3.18, 859.23 . in cumair mbriathar-so `this brief passage', PH 1450 .

deiffirens

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiffirens or dil.ie/50177
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (Eng.) difference, distinction : deifirens agas dealachadh eidir bhiadhaibh a laithibh seach laithibh eile, Carswell² 19.626 .

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