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adúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adúath or dil.ie/596

Forms: adḟúath, aduatha, aduaith, adhuatha

n m. (ad + 1 úath) Also spelt adḟúath. in t-a.¤ , CCath. 769 . g s. aduatha, LB 152b57 . CCath. 4933 . aduaith, 4091 . n p. adhuatha, SR 8158 .

Great dread, horror: adhuatha adbail, SR 8158 . robai tra a.¤ mor ┐ duba . . . sechnon na catrach, Aen. 543 . a.¤ do airscelaib, LL 371c49 = athuath dia n-erscelaib, Hib. Min. 41.29 . bídgais in loech . . . la ha.¤ in gotha truaig, LB 157a57 . ba mór tra adhuath ┐ imeacclu an taidhg sin for gallaibh the foreigners were greatly afraid of that T., AFM iii 328.12 . for nár lásatt sidhe . . . a n-adhuath ┐ a n-ūrgrain . . ., vi 2280.7 . ro gab a.¤ mor in faith, CCath. 965 . bo lor d'adhúath ┐ d'urgrain . . . dona slóghaibh a n-eistecht, 4346 . d'fhághail bháis d'adhuath, AFM v 1584.4 . adhuath errad warrior's fierceness, Stair Erc. 1347 . ar son iomuid héigceart ┐ a nadhfhúatha mhóir, Hosea ix 7 . In phrase is a.¤ la is greatly afraid (of): is a.¤ lium re indisin, LB 157a5 . ba hadhúath mór leis in fís, CCath. 1469 . gomba hadhuath la cach, AFM i 296.2 . ba ha.¤ le cach comrad fris, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 .

Hence in concrete sense monster: ind adhfhuath angide . . . ┐ in torathar, Stair Erc. 1232 .

aicbéil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicbéil or dil.ie/750
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aicméil, aichbéil, aighmhéil

i also aicméil. With -ch-/-gh- aichbéil, MR 308.20 . aighmhéil, TD 24.10 . See aidbéil.

Adj. with a wide range of pejorative meanings which may be classified approximately as follows.

(a) fierce, severe, harsh: rom-sáerat . . . ar cach n-ammus n-aicmeil (: Aipréil), Fél. 120.z . . . . amais aigmheile easscardemhla, AFM vi 2112.2 . gním aígsech acbeóil, LL 298b50 ( SG 367 ). T. na dtreas n-aigmhéil, DDána 64.34 . ar ndul i gceann a chéile / don dá fhoirinn aigmhéile, 85.16 . gor ba airbe aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru, MR 140.11 . sharp, acute: dind ḟochaind amnais acbéil, Metr. Dinds. ii 68.42 . tria intliucht n-amnas nacbheil, BB 332a7 . Compar. and superl. mar is . . . ágmaire ┐ is aigbéli ro fédadar, MR 222.24 . aighmhéile, Desid. 4647 . Adv. co hacbéil, LL 244a10 ( TTr. 2025 ).

(b) dangerous, perilous: masa clesa neamaicbeile . . . masa clesa aicbeile, Laws iii 284.22 Comm. cid fodera o rab aicbeil hi cen a dilsi uile? `dangerous', 220.6 Comm. as aigmhéil toghluasacht do theacht uadha sin periculum est ne abortiat , 23 K 42 , 73.17 . do budh aigmeil gortugud . . . na menman timendum est de laesione . . . mentis, O'Gr. Cat. 204.26 . gona aigbeili, TTebe 4519 . sbairn 'na n-aghaidh dob aicmeil it was dangerous to fight against them, Ériu iv 222 § 39 . urchor . . . aighmeil, MR 284.27 . ar armaib . . . aigbeli, Cog. 158.z . aigmhéil dá (do v.l.) bharr / béim súl ar chách ré a chladhfhaicsin (complimenting a lady on her hair), DDána 114.8 .

(c) terrible, awesome: co nderna thúaig n-uathmar n-acbéil . . . de (of Cú Ch.'s distortion), TBC-LL¹ 3804 . sech ifrenn n-ūathmar n-acbē[i]l (: cēin), BColm. 48.9 . sechnon Ēirenn aigbēile, ML² 155 . dol d'argain an ollomhan / . . . / mon ngníomh n-éagosmhail n-aigmhéil `for the unseemly, woeful deed', TD 3.27 . adhnaicit siumh gerbh aiccméil / in gobainn isin aiccen, BNnÉ 65.5 . Of a person: an t-iarrla aghmhor onconta aigmheil `awful', Rel. Celt. ii 260.30 . da congbad a muinter fein / a gesa don naem aigbeil, Fen. 270.14 . Lasair inghean Ronáin réidh / an bhannaomh uásal aigmhéil, Ériu v 80.36 . lucht crúadhaighthe caingneadh réidh / grúamaighthe airrdhean n-aigmhéil, Studies 1919, 256 § 4 .

Compar.: aigmeili lais in ugdar in set do gait a haentig oldas a haenmaigin `the author of the law viewed the stealing of the seds . . . as of greater enormity', Laws i 164.31 Comm. aicbeile don rig a facbail amaich, iii 496.17 Comm.

(d) wretched, despairing: iachtadh aigmeil ┐ gair truagh, RC xxviii 312 § 12 . éagcaoine na n-anam n-aigmhéil, TSh. 6540 . bertaid-si aichni aicbeil for in scel sin ┐ teid a ciall uaithi `she turned a terrified attention to that tale', Aen. 791 . Adv. go haccaointeach aigmhéil, TSh. 4010 .

As subst.: i naicbelib in armuigi amid the horrors of the battle-field, MR 316.19 .

ár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ár or dil.ie/3912
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airib, airilb

n o. Orig. neut. ( ar n-Umill la gennti, AU² 813.4 , ár n-Eoganachta la Osraighi, AU² 896.6 , dia foicertar ár nGoídel by whom the slaughter of the Gaels will be proclaimed, B. in Scáil² 46 § 52 ). Note also d p. airib, which seems to be required for MS airilb gl. cladibus, Ml. 100a2 (s-inflection ?).

Slaughter, carnage; defeat, destruction: du á.¤ gl. ad cedem, Ml. 33d4 . donaib araib gl. ad strages, 34a19 . etarcnae áir mo namat gl. de cede hostium, 113b4 . co rabi cach díib i n-á.¤ a chéili, Trip.² 498 . co ralta á.¤ . . . fer n-Ērenn impe, Sc.M² 5 . Bodb iar n-áraib fora slicht, 21c . iar maidm áir chatha for Ulto .i. cath Brestini, LL 13352 . rochuirsed na treinfir sin ara aidbli (aru v.l.), TTebe 4299 . gu ro lae a.¤ daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . diar' fúabairthe isna háraib when they were cut down in the carnage, Metr. Dinds. iv 252.3 . co fargaib a.¤ daíne ┐ eathar `loss of men and ferry-boats', RC xvii 372.19 . á.¤ . . . ar na hAllmhurchaibh, DDána 97.22 . i n-á.¤ , Aithd. D. 21.34 . teidm mōr a Laignib, .i. in bolgach . . . cor ladh á.¤ daíne sechnón Laighen, RC xvii 402.6 .

In phrase á.¤ cend lit. slaughter of heads, a taking of heads , hardly difft. from ár: corro lad á.¤ cend and, LU 9606 (`a slaughter of chiefs', ZCP iii 207 ). brissis Macha in cath for maccaib Dithorba co fargaibset á.¤ cend aicce, Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280 ). cor ben a ngabala dib ┐ [. . .] á.¤ cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 . co ro fáccbadh á.¤ cend lais `a strages of heads', AFM vi 1950.26 .

Somet. in more or less concr. sense of those slain, slaughtered ones: romarbsat á.¤ a muindtiri they wrought a slaughter of his people, BColm. 72.4 . co n-erbailt issin tám thend / i torchair á.¤ fer ṅHerend, LL 14812 . mairbthair derg-á.¤ Leithe Cuind and, 299b31 . dú i torchair á.¤ Conmaicne `wherein many of the C. fell slaughtered', RC xvii 391.32 . fuaradar na hára móra ┐ na colla crōderga, ZCP xiii 244.1 . do siredar na hára co mīn (looking for the body of a certain warrior), 245.14 . Note also: ní deochaid E. dar á.¤ `the battle- field'. Metr. Dinds. iv 50.109 .

Compds. ¤-chú, ¤-mag, see separate articles. ¤-ṡlicht: an t-ársliocht oirlighthe ` slaughter-track ', ML 134.23 .

See compds.

comṡnám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡnám or dil.ie/11759
Last Revised: 2019

n (snám) act of floating or swimming together: sechnón in mara for comsnam friu (i.e. with salmon), LU 3089 . geis dō comhshnāmh fri héanlaith Locha Ló 'it was taboo for him to swim with the birds of Locha Ló', BDC 226.38 . tonna an chalaidh ar comhshnámh, DDána 113.23 . tānccatar banntracht na bláthFhéine do chomhshnámh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 45.19 .

dírraim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírraim or dil.ie/16754

Forms: dírram

n also dírram. By-form of dírimm, q.v.

(a) act of flowing rapidly, rushing, crowding (?): in lán mara ac diraim (dirram, v.l.) 'na ruadhbuinne robhurta i n-aigid na gaeithe, CCath. 1971 . ro gab in ruadhbuinni robarta ic asccnam ┐ ic dirram for urtrennaib in traga, 2638 . lointi na slógh for snam [┐ dírramh] sechnón in longphuirt lasin tola uisci, 2347 .

(b) throng, crowd (?): tanic side reme dírrám slóig móir co Accaill Breg, CRR 23 . cid in dirram slóig móir rofail itegaid, ib.

do-ecra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecra or dil.ie/17526

Forms: tecraid, tecar

Orig. prob. simple verb tecraid based on tecar (*to-in-cor). Deut. forms may be back-formations from this. Vn. tecar. See also tinchor.

Arranges, disposes, arrays, collects, assembles: do-d-eccrai os betha bann | srethaib ilretha rétlann arrays (the celestial Hierarchy) in ranks of stars circling with varied speed, SR 717 . do heccra[d] in tech do ór ┐ do argad, RC xvi 41 ( Dinds. 91 ). ratecrad ┐ ratimsaiged trelam in tromlestair (of ship Argo) was collected together, LL 218b29 ( TTr. 122 ). ratheccraisetar Troianni . . . cach óén ra-esróided díb sechnón na hAssia brought together, marshalled, mustered, 227a9 (725). ruire echtach . . . immo tteccraitís mór-sluaigh, AFM 899 (`round whom great hosts arrayed themselves', Bruchst. § 117 , but possibly whom great hosts used to protect, from imm-tecrathar). teagrais C. ceithre catha marshalled four battalions, Content. ii 6 . tegrad 'san Almainn(e) . . . congháir churadh in A. was assembled a concourse of warriors, Duan. F. i 70 . ise tall rostecair | loc[h]ta imda airchetail which has collected, Auraic. 2189 (= rosteacal, Lec. 328a27 ). már ngal, már ngris, már ngaes, már n-indtech n-écomlainn doraecar baes great conflicts . . . hath folly brought about (?), SG 321 . refed derg-óir dil . . . | 'n-a reib ragloin ecros ornn | tecros anmain a h-ifrinn (leg. hifurnn) the chain of gold . . . which gets the soul out of hell (of the Beatitudes), Lec. 347a19 . is gairit dobadais a cur amugu in chisti móir do theacrais the treasure thou didst acquire, YBL 152b20 . tri treba don leith andes . . . is a trí tecrais cech mbuaid | frisin n-eclais a fir-thuaid (of arrangement of tribes round the Tabernacle), SR 4439 . lanamnus comtincuir .i. lanamain is cutrama aca tecartar tír ┐ indile who acquire equal land and cattle, Laws ii 358 Comm. (`in whose case an equal amount of stock and land is contributed', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. ? do-inecra, tinchor). ? blai dúnaid la tuatha techtai tecraiter, LL 293b31 , cf. ZCP xi 83 . ? tecor folad mbritheman .i. da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain `if any part of his wealth . . . be kept from the Brehon', Laws i 234 Comm.

1 do-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-ella or dil.ie/17544

Forms: doella, dilled, do-n-ella, dhella, ndillem-ni, -derellat, du-n-ellad, du-n-eltis, da-eltais, diellfa, dureill, doréll, doellsit, doelsat, dorellsat, direllsat, do-n-elltar, doellatar, duellatar, duelltis, dillithi, díall

v (* di-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 510 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doella, LU 4896 = TBC-I¹ 410 . Impf. 3 s. ní dilled , Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ella, Sg. 114a4 . ní dhella , Leb. Cert. 192 . 1 pl. nad ndillem-ni , Ml. 106c4 . (with -ro-) -derellat, O'Curry 477 ( H 3.18, 248 ). Impf. 3 s. du-n-ellad, Ml. 83b6 . 3 pl. du-n-eltis, 78d6 . da-eltais, Sg. 75b3 . Fut. 3 s. diellfa, Rawl. 125b21 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dureill, Ml. 54d8 . doréll, Trip.² 478 . 3 pl. doellsit, IT iii 240.169 . doelsat, i 74.2 . dorellsat, Ml. 36c22 , cf. 105b18 . direllsat, BCr. 37c2 . Pass. pres. s. do-n-elltar, Sg. 148b9 . pl. doellatar, ib. Subj. pres. pl. ma duellatar , Sg. 4b1 . Impf. pl. ma duelltis , Sg. 4b4 .

Vbl. of necess. dillithi, Ml. 29d6 . Vn. díall. See also díallaid. IGT Verbs § 80 .

I As intrans. vb.

(a) turns aside, deviates, bends: gl. deviare, Ml. 29d6 , 36c22 , 78d6 ; BCr. 37c2 ; Enchir. Aug. 76a ; diversari, Ml. 54d8 , 83b6 . Cf. tabraid lamdia chucaib . . . ┐ dellaid fria die Noe, Lec. 543a42 = delligh, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . dellid fris an Coimdhe, ib. (cf. deiligidir?).

(b) Esp. in moral sense goes astray, errs, degenerates: adropart Noe . . . edpart . . . don Comdid | fri fégad cach druing dorhell, SR 2619 . mairg toichles in dagḟorcetul ┐ doeall i saeibe, LB 12 marg. inf. inda sacairt doellad priests who go astray, Mon. Tall. 134 . ? ni ellastar cloénchleir; doellar fo inmuilg `who turned aside under instruction', ACC 95 ( RC xx 272 ). gabhaid tuaristal ó thellach ná fill ┐ ná dell a Dia which has not . . . turned away from God, Leb. Cert. 110 . imsoa ria Teamhair-mhuigh, ní dhella do bhráthairsi `he shall not abandon it to his relations' (shall not swerve from, forsake?), Leb. Cert. 192 = nit-fella for brathairsi, LL 385b22 . doellsit iarum gumtar dā hsiabur they changed (i.e. for the worse) and became, IT iii 240 .

(c) do-ella for (with vn.) turns to, takes to (usually in bad sense): doréll for écnuch na Trínóti, Trip.² 478 = doraell, ACL iii 14 § 28 , cf. Lat. Lives 6 . forellsid inn ēcis for mianuib decmuici ar dāig enich Guairi do brith began to make exorbitant demands, ACL iii 3 . uair roscáich dóib fiadach in tṡlébe, doelsat for cethra fer nAlban do thabairt chucu, IT i 74 (do-rellsat, Eg.).

(d) doella for turns on, assails: doellasom forsin macraid sechnon in taigi, TBC-I¹ 410 . dofell ar cóerchu na bantrebthaigi, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 . o na fuair a daithin doḟeall ara oidi, Dinds. 148 = imsói fria haiti, LL 168b41 .

Note also: rotaisced a cuid proinne . . . ┐ doréll for cruime it turned to worms (became worm-eaten), Fél. p. 92 , cf. BNnÉ 300 .

(e) doella fri takes after, resembles: Eochaid Mogmedon . . . a bhruinne frisin rí[g] rodell, a mhedhon frisin mogh, Cóir Anm. 117 . nír deall re[a] ré sái ris-sin no sage of his time was like him, Ériu iv 224 .

II Trans.

(a) turns aside, deflects: gó ┐ peccad na ndaene dorelsat a nert ┐ a mbrigh asin talmain, ACL ii 136 . rathrian cach múir . . . | . . . radiall secharaile separated the three sections of the wall, SR 428 .

(b) Esp. as gramm. term declines; gl. declinare, Sg. 114a4 . in chruth do-n-elltar `mús', is samlaid doellatar monosyllabae , 109a4 , cf. 148b9 etc.

Echionda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Echionda or dil.ie/19518

adj io-iā (Lat. Echionius) Theban : robai ar sechran sechnon na crichi urairde Echionda, TTebe 234 .

esrédiud, esroídiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esrédiud, esroídiud or dil.ie/20586

Forms: eisriata

u, m. (vn. of esrédid) scattering, dispersion: (a) eisredheadh .i. sgáoileadh no sreathnughadh, O'Cl. is i scóiliud ┐ i n-esréidiud nobíad a chenel, Trip. 224.9 . a cnáma iar n-a n-esrédiud fo Mag M., RC iii 177.32 = LL 120b35 . gech aen do lucht na Troi docuaid for esredhidh ┐ scailiudh sechnon na hAisia uile, BB 421a23 . cen scaoileadh ┐ eisredhedh [sic leg.] ind-aile criochaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 86.29 . rind...co trillsib tendtidib for esrediudh ass (a comet), CCath. 832 . ba fairsing an t-eisréidheadh o aroile doronsat na scceimhelta, AFM vi 2196.7 . ro bhattar a slogha for sccaoileadh ┐ for eisredheadh uadha 2124.19 . With obj. gen.: sluaiccheadh do dhol do sccaoíleadh ┐ d'eisreidhedh na ffoghladh to disperse v 1736.14 . gen. (?) teinte eisriata `spurting fires' TD 4.23 . (Cf. esríat). (b) dona fíb robátar for esróidiud sechnón Frigiae, TTr.² 198 .

ethaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ethaid or dil.ie/20834

Forms: ethaid, raethsat, ra[r]ethsat, ethæ, eithea

v (eth- ` go; find, obtain, take ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 ).

I Goes : pres. ind. s. 3 ethaid o ur co hor na haba (of a ferry-boat), Corm. Y 528 . pret. and perf. s. 3 ethais cuco cethrar, Anecd. i 59 § 78 . pl. raethsat-som chuce TBC-LL¹ 2957 (roreatsat St, leg. ra[r]ethsat ?). Cf. co roetsatar do Mael, Anecd. ii 49.7 (roethsatar v.l.). impers.: imperat. conniastar...┐ ethar dal mbliadan friumb co feissiur fis scél, RC iii 345.12 . pret. (= itum est) eatha .i. dochuaidh no do cuireadh, O'Cl. etha co Fergne, RC iii 344.12 . tiagar uaib co Bodb...; etha cosuidiu, 345.7 . ba holc lathe etha dó evil was the day when they went IT i 98.1 = LL 112a33 ( ethai, Anecd. v 9.19 ). ba holc laithe eatha dhó .i. ba holc an lá docuas chuige, O'Cl. s.v. eatha. etha ar galaib óenfir cuici, TBC-I¹ 1760 (cf. LU). ocus hetha húaidib cossna tri chóiced aili they sent to 2 . etha a n-iarair `went in pursuit of them' Laws i 64.5 . eatha uad co Mag Femin, Lec. 423a10 . ethe lasin n-óclaich `they went with' Imr. Brain i 48.18 (= éthe .i. dogníther, LU 134a9 . ethæ H. eithea B). ettha úadib-seom for cend Ḟiachrach, Ériu iv 126.8 . eathai guisin filidh, ZCP vii 305.21 . etta for a iarraid sechnón na fidbaide, LL 220a44 = TTr. 235 . With pers. subj.: etha oenḟer ara cend ó ríg... `was sent to fetch her' Metr. Dinds. iv 126.41 (etta, etai v.l.).

II Seizes, obtains : pres. ind. ethaid-side in n-inchind al-láim indala n-aí ` snatches ' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 w = LL 124a4 . ethaid in luirg n-iairn `seizes' Otia ii 86 § 16 (< Rawl. 81a18 = eathaid, BB 134b45 ). ethais giall cach coi[ci]d 87 § 7 (< Rawl. 81a38 ) = Cóir Anm. 118 .

febas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. febas or dil.ie/21382

n u, o, m. (feb). excellence, excellent quality or condition , used in wide sense of persons, things, qualities, states and actions: boaire febsa a `boaire' of (by reason of) wealth Críth G. 17 . b. f. ... is do búaib atá a airechas ┐ a eneclann 152 (p. 78) . febus mo chommain sét ... ┐ indmassa foraib `the excellence of my bestowal' CRR 11 . is a aisiuc fon feabus tucad é restitution must be made in quality equal to what was given Laws ii 314y Comm. is athais daib muna derntai calma ... ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib the excellence of your means Aen. 2465 . huaire as n-uaiss a febus indata a celi his quality is superior to that of his fellows Laws iv 316.23 ( Críth G. 419 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do cēille LU 8226 ( FB 17 ). ar f.¤ na cána ┐ in tṡída ... fail sechnon na hErend, BDD 66 . ní bertais buaid díb ar ḟ.¤ na ursclaige ┐ na imdíten, IT i 72.10 ( LL 260a32 ). ar fephus na cathrach ... ┐ ar feabhus an clerigh, BNnÉ 301.21 . ar ḟeabhas a oileamhna, TD 13.46 . gur thuill a moladh tré feabhas an toraidh táinig dhí, Ó Héodhusa 123 . ar a febus leo in cat[h]-sa do chur because they deem the delivery of this battle such a good thing CCath. 4236 . dursun duitsiu sin do ráda ... ┐ febus t'aithne considering the excellence of thy (powers of) perception Acall. 3172 . gia rabai d'ḟebas in imdíburcthi despite the excellence of the missile-throwing TBC-LL¹ 3562 . boi d'ḟebus in fethme, LB 156b28 . cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne however fair the weather may be IT i 123.6 . fer ... co febhus tidhnacail, CCath. 328 . ben go ffeabhus n-einigh, AFM iv 736 . do beirthi ... gach muc dá febhus ar phinginn `the best hog for a penny' AFM vi 2078.26 . gan tearmann do bheith ag aon-duine ... dá fheabhas nó dá olcas however good or however bad TSh. 5852 . dá fh.¤ sláinte ... bhíos aige, 8674 . dá fh.¤ do-bhéara duine a bheatha as no matter how well a man shall spend his life 1151 . dhá ḟeabhus dā mbí a staid however excellent his state Psalms xxxix 5 . Cf. ga begh [sic] a ḟeabhas? isn't that good enough? Luc. Fid. 327 .

immarchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarchor or dil.ie/27740

n o, n. later m. vn. of imm-archuirethar.

(a) act of carrying, carrying about, bearing; treating of (a proposal, etc.): is do i.¤ chóre dotíagat `on an errand of peace,' Wb. 5a5 . in fír ... Cormac do imorchur chóre frib-si, Ériu iii 136.43 . muinter na sacart ... | oc immarchur na n-anart, SR 4886. cethri drolaim di ór dron | asind airc dia hi.¤ , 4310 . ḟer a himochair (of the Lúin Celtchair), BDD² 1248. imarchor auptha carrying a love charm (regarded as a punishable offence), Laws i 176.3 . raglésait a n-graigi ri i.¤ lochta na crích ... co airerphort na hAthaine, TTr. 1109. ocot imorchor as cech bailiu i n-alaile, Cáin Ad. § 6. amail táncatar na dá anmanna allaid do imarchur cuirp Pátraic dia chill, BColm. 60.29 . Gilla na Naem ... fer imorchair na honchon, Ann. Conn. 1316 § 5.

Fig. supporting; support: columhain marmair fo a lar dia himarchar, Marco P. § 17. immorcor is connailbhe | im cech n-áenduine ar talmain support (?), Anecd. ii 22 § 5. ? ma targuidh in tathair in tiumurchur ocus ni etur on aite in biathadh ocus an eitiu is amuil tachur a soaltur cin deithbirius, Laws ii 168.18 Comm. (in a parallel passage, ib. 16 , ti[d]nacal is equivalent to iumurchur).

(b) errand, message; used also of the object of the errand, the terms offered: berar imarchor comai úan dó .i. ra mbía comméite Maige Murtemne, ..., LU 5586. adfét dó in n-imarchor n-ule, 5604 . luid Fergus ... forsin nimarchor n-ísin, 5625 . imarchor n-athisc fer nErend i mbéolo Fergusa do Coin Ch., 5623 . arfoím Cú Culaind in n-imarchor o F., 5651 . ni thetus nech ... no thisiuth frissind imorchor n-isin ingi Fergus with that proposal, IT i 145.9 .

(c) act of casting, throwing, plying, practising: imurchur .i. imbert, O'Curry 871 (< H 3.18 , p. 391b ). ? To this: teóra búada aradnachta ... .i. léim dar boilg ┐ foscul ndiri[u]ch ┐ imorchor ndelind, TBC-I¹ 1893 (cf. MU² 250 ). imorchor sleg, BDD² 1054. ba forggaine for cách a cluiche etir imarchor liathráite ┐ rith ┐ leim, RC ix 454.18 .

(d) act of ferrying, being ferried; a ferry, passage: im ethur bis oc imorcor a purt i port `a boat which ferries from bank to bank,' Laws i 126.1 . dodechoid ... i nInbrur Múadi fri beolu mara ... et benedixit inn imorchu[r] sin, Trip.² 1582. atáthur ac cur long ┐ lestur a purt imurchuir srotha Stix, CCath. 1462. co toracht in n-i.¤ ┐ na fuair i.¤ o Chummain, RC xx 50.7 . immurchor dam ┐ eolus `(give) me ferrying and guidance,' RC xx 48.19 . bai Caron ag imorchor Aciron ina luing, Aen. 1312. ni tabrad Caron ... immurcur doib tar sruth, BB 433a31 . mar nach biadh uisce ná himarcor etarru ┐ lethanbruachaib a lebarduthaighi, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.29 . lotar som forsind imarchor (a n-indtiuch, text) ngnath, RC x 90 n. 12 .

(e) act of being carried, moving about, wandering, straying: co rrabe tri thráth cen dig cen biad, acht 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² § 3. robui Fingen for imurchor sechnon na Herenn, Anecd. ii 9.17 . nocon fétaim imtecht ... go fagar m'imorchor co socair `till I get myself carried comfortably,' Moling § 38. ? Here: i.¤ erlam `ready conveyance' (?), Triads 239. imarcur bai fair in gilla co Cend Corad the messenger had to be carried, Cog. 146.2 . rostimort gaeth ... | co hEirinn ar iomurchor, Leb. Gab.(i) 18.8 . gonus tarla for iomarcor (.i. sechran) gus an aiccen mór budh tuaidh, 72 § 43. robo chian dó ... for echran na hardbochna ┐ for imarchor an oicein, Stair Erc. 265. ní rolúaide ... | a imchoss nó a i.¤ `he must not stir to roam or to stray' (of a horse), Metr. Dinds. iii 454.58 . dorigne [in t-each] a imarchur ┐ forḟacaib a srian, RC xv 482.10 . dogéne in Daghdha tinchetla ... for Ealcmair ... ┐ dobert imarcora (.i. mearaighthi) móra fair, ZCP v 523.19 . cid nodmedru-sa a ingin ? | cia imarcor ind menma[n] ?, ZCP xiii 262.25 . iomarchur .i. mearughadh, O'Cl. iomarchur .i. unfairt, O'Cl.

imm-sói

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-sói or dil.ie/27928
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immesoisiu, imsāi, imsoi, im-suí, imsoidi, immesoither, imsoat, imdasuat, imsoadh, imsaitis, nimparrá, nachnimparrae, nimpád, impob, imsoifitis, imid-rae, impo, imorroiset, impaithi, impáid, impáidid, impádaid, impóid, impóidid, impódaid, impaíd, impaigid, impoidid, impos, impas, impoghas, impoit, impait, impabas, impóbas, impaifes, impóidhfidher, iompábhainn, n-impoighidis, n-impádhbaidis, impáis, iompoidis, impáidis, impodais, impaidh, impaiseat, ro-impóset, impaidhseat, impátar, impoatar, imsāi, ro-impod

v indic. pres. s. 2 rel. immesoisiu gl. conuerteris, Ml. 111a6 . s. 3 imsāi, TBC-I¹ 581. imsoi, LU 8880. im-suí, BDD² 140. With suffix. pron. imsoidi, SR 2121. pass. rel. immesoither, Ml. 61a26 . `p. 3 imsoat, SR 1013. imdasuat, BDD² 143. impf. s 3 imsoadh, RC ix 470.9 . p. 3 imsaitis, SR 1125. subj. pres. s 1 with ro : co nimparrá , TBC-I¹ 24 (an analogical formation, see Ériu viii 126 ). nachnimparrae, Corm. Y 756. subj. past s. 3 connach nimpád , Ml. 122a14 . fut. s. 1 ní impob , ZCP i 134.23 . sec. fut. pass. pl. imsoifitis, Ériu ii 142 § 157. pret. and perf. s. 3 imid-rae, BDD² 501. nochor impo , Ir. MSS. Ser. 178.12 . p. 3 imorroiset, AU i 434.14 .

Verb. necess.: bed impaithi gl. convertando, Ml. 125a8 .

Later impáid, impáidid, impádaid, impóid, impóidid, impódaid : indic. pres. s. 1 impáim-si, ITS Sub. xxvi 84 § 12 . s. 3 impaíd, LU 2114. impaigid, Laws iv 56.18 Comm. impoidid, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.20 . rel. impos, Laws v 268.25 Comm. impas, 438.1 Comm. impoghas, Stair Erc., 1927 . p. 3 impoit, Laws v 132.15 Comm. impait, Ann. Conn. 1296 § 4. fut. s. 3 rel. impabas, Fél. 76.10 . impóbas, BColm. 66.5 . impaifes, TTr.² 979. pass. impóidhfidher, BNnÉ 123 § 73. sec. fut. s. 3 nach iompábhainn , Aithd. D. 14 § 10. p. 3 go n-impoighidis , Donlevy 90.6 . pass. co n-impádhbaidis , Maund. § 55. pret. s. 3 impáis, TBC-LL¹ 201. iompoidis, 1435 v.l. impáidis, BNnÉ 236 § 160. impodais, IT ii2 131.244 . ro impaidh , Stair Erc. 1713. p. 3 impaiseat, D IV 2, 63rb30 . ro-impóset, PH 3770. ro impaidhseat , AFM ii 1068.12 . ra impátar , TBC-LL¹ 6064. impoatar, RC xviii 268.24 (Tigh.).

I trans. turns round, moves, drives: in dæni immesoither dærgud `the swiftness wherewith a bed is turned,' Ml. 61a26 . imsāi (imsói, LU) int ara ... a carpat fōsom, TBC-I¹ 581. gibe impabas hí fo trí, Fél. 76.10 . imsoe (v.l. dointái) reme na sluagu a Modha, TBC-LL¹ 2815. (sóebchore) impaíd immá cuaird anmand inna pecthach, LU 2114 (FA). imsuíthear in chomlai fri cech ndorus día mbí in gaeth, BDD² 283. roimpai in lestar iarsin ┐ dorochair ass in neim he turned over the vessel, Lat. Lives 9.6 . na himpam in curach acht bíd a erais reme, RC x 52.11 . impáidis a bachla ... fo tri túaith[bél] ina ttimceall, BNnÉ 236 § 160. d'fhéachuin graifne each n-áluinn | leath m'aighthe ní iompábhainn, ITS xl 232.23 . d'impó Cú Ch. a aiged arís ar Emhain, Comp. CC 97.4 . ro-impóset a n-aigthi fri nem, PH 3770. iompaigh chuige an [giall] oile, Matthew v 39. iompa thort `turn over [the page],' O'Gr. Cat. 631 n. 1 . Fig. changes: umsai .i. impaigheadh cach menmain, O'Curry 1907 (< 23 P 3, fo. 23(21)d ).

II In intrans. or semi-reflexive sense with and without infix. pron.

(a) turns round, revolves, rotates:

(i) with infix. pron. : connach nimpád `so that he could not turn himself,' Ml. 122a14 . bithir og a foraire ar nachn-imparrae ┐ nach toirmescae neach so that he may not turn round, Corm. Y 756. imasai ar tuaithbel fo thri fair he revolves, Ériu v 122.2 . manid talam imid-rae `unless it is the earth which has turned round,' BDD² 501 (but LU has immid-róe .i. ro-bris, RC xxii 54 § 56 ). immesoid (?) macuairt in grianbruth etracht sin, Ériu ii 100 § 6. immesoi Ruadán ... ┐ geogoin Goibninn, RC xii 94.25 .

(ii) Without infix. pron. : immesoisiu gl. [quae nullo labore] conuerteris, Ml. 111a6 . imsoi deisell ocus do-thoet ina frithlurg, Trip.² 411. (firmimint) immon talmain ... | imsoi on trath co araile, SR 284. cloc bec bis for cinn in muil | uirri impas in mol, Laws i 140.19 Comm. imsoi cusna húathaib ┐ nos cerband; LU 8880 (FB). imsoadh ina crocend, RC ix 470.9 . imsái cách díb dochum a chéli attacks , IT iii 510.673 . im iomdhaidh nach iompábhainn, Aithd. D. 14.10 .

(iii) With suffix. pron. : imsoidi Eua iarsain | do descain anman Adaim, SR 2121.

(b) turns about, goes, returns:

(i) with infix. pron. : immasói in Mac n-Óc for slict Fuamnaige, IT i 132.14 . doluid Patricc ... or muir immesoí de sut sind tracht, Trip.² 903. dorairngired dó Findabair do t[h]abairt dō ┐ immásōi úadib iarsudiu, TBC-I¹ 1478. timnaiss cauch dib celiubrad di alaili ┐ imdisoat go Alpi they go to A., ZCP iii 247.20 . ima-saí a charpat ┐ a arai co mbaí oc Áth Cliath, BDD² 135. gaibid ... a gaisced ┐ imasai isin chath, TBC-LL¹ p. 863 n. 3 . imdasoad immach iarsin `she used to return out after that,' RC viii 150.16 .

(ii) Without infix. pron. : imsaí ina ndegaidh comdar scítha ind eich, BDD² 137. imsoi as Fergus ar sligi cet loech, TBC-LL¹ p. 872 n. 4 . imsóiset rempu i Sliab Fúait, 1315 . imsaitis for deis | ... | cach dib día adbai co glan, SR 1125. impais co hEspoc Eirc `reversus est ad Ercum,' Lat. Lives 107.4 . cu raimpaset na daim otha sin cusan inad a mbui B., 79.7 . doairig Naeisi sin ┐ impodais ara cenn, AU i 434.14 . imsoi ... con luid for (leg. fon ?) Loch Rudraide, Laws i 74.3 Comm. ag imsoi dia eol .i. agh impos conicce in baile as a tuccad hi `a cow which returns by its knowledge,' v 268.18 , .25 Comm. ma do chuaid i n-ailithre ┐ ro impo esti aris, 124.10 Comm. imsáe reme docum na hEtáile, CCath. 385. impobsa co fesar imthusa in ridiri, D IV 2, 67ra27 . do chuir techta dochum Meic Diarmata ... ┐ impait-sin isin tir lasna techtaib sin, Ann. Conn. 1296 § 4. imsaoi Niall cona Ghallaibh ... dia ttighibh, AFM vi 2226.1 . ro impogh Ercuil for culu ... don cathraigh, Stair Erc. 1356. impuide duinn a fritheing na conuire we must turn back ?, ZCP vi 292.z .

Fig.: achtaigim ... co na himpatur hí for culud d'fine erluma `I decree ... that it be not returned' (of an abbacy), Laws iii 78.8 Comm. acht iompam don sgeol ro thionsgnamar, TFrag. 230.14 . rogeall ... nach impobad isna peccadhaibh cedna doridhisi, D IV 2, 70va20 . immpa co lluath co Dia, PH 236. d'impó sén ┐ soladh uain don toisc so, Comp. CC 99.4 . iompóigh ód fheirg bhuirb, Exodus xxxii 12.

III converts, changes:

(a) trans. bed impaithi .i. a doiri hi soiri gl. convertando, Ml. 125a8 . conidnimpaith bron no [ḟ]āilte, Anecd. v 24.14 . cislir fodhla fil forsan mbrōn imidhsūi (.i. impōs é), ib. 16 . imsoifitis iffirn i ligbotha ┐ i taitnemh richidh `they would be turned into radiances and into the lustre of heaven,' Ériu ii 142 § 157. mara nderna ar Tigerna a cétmírbuil an uair do impádh sé an t-uisci a fín, Maund. § 105. cionnas iompoighthear an tarán agus an fíon a bhfuil agus a bhfeoil Chríosd ?, Donlevy 242.z .

(b) intrans. changes, becomes: impoidid se a naduir na talman `it adopts (lit. changes into ) the nature of the earth,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.20 . tipra ... imshoi ildatha fri haimsir cach en-laithi `a well ... which turns to many colours,' Ériu ii 112 § 36.

(c) in theological sense converts:

(i) intrans. do-chí an sciúrsa do-chí an cló | sí don iúlsa nír impó, IGT Decl. ex. 53. adúbradur ... co n-impádhbaidis morán do Serrisdinechaib ... do cum creidmi tritt an mirbuil sin `many Saracens ... should be turned to belief,' Maund. § 55. amhuil do ghuidheas an eagluis ortha ... ionnas go niompóighidís, Donlevy 90.6 .

(ii) trans. do iompō sē na Lumbardaig ... a ccreidium chomhlāin na heclaisi, ZCP xiii 184.2 . gurbh e Eōin do impo iat ō arrait ┐ ō ṡechrān, ib. 14 . pass. ? ro-impod sochaide do Romanchaib fo eris ┐ cretim, PH 287.

IV revokes, annuls, abrogates, reverses (a contract, etc.; generally glosses do-intaí) : do innthai flaith ocus fine .i. uair impaigid in flaith ocus in eclais ocus in fine cach cunnrad, iv 56.8 Comm. cuir nach tindtai in t-athair um a mac .i. nocha n-imponn in t-athair um a mac iatt `the father does not reverse them as regards the son,' Laws v 286.9 Comm. atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar .i. impas mac in athar bi im a athair, 438.1 Comm. do intaiter in chair sin .i. impothar in cor sin, 384.4 .12 Comm. as na tindtaigtear .i. as na himpaither ar cul he, 500.17 Comm. ? To this : suith na hathgabala .i. impait na athgabala in ni hisin im a hanad i laim cintaig, Laws i 98.21 Comm.

V With prepositions.

(a) with FOR, AR turns against, revolts against: imda-suat fair co ngaíb `they turn upon him with spears,' BDD § 13. antí díb so impóbas oram-sae, BColm. 66.5 . ro impá form Finnachta | ní bad airdide a fhine, SG 388.37 . as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 (Tigh.). galar do gabail Muirchertaig ... cor' imposat fir Erenn air, 33.15 . cebe minca ro impodh in toici ríamh ar in Róimh, CCath. 512. do impa for a thigerna `he rebelled against his liege-lord,' Marco P. § 64. cid iat ard-maithe Erenn uile do impobadh ar h-ua n-Ainmirech, MR 148.10 . in tan impoghas in sen orum `when fortune turns against me,' Stair Erc. 1927.

(b) with FO attacks, turns upon: imsói fóithib ... ┐ marbthus iat a cethri firu déac, TBC-I¹ 1681. immsóe in Dond Cualngi fa mnáib ... tíri Cualngi, TBC-LL¹ 6201. imma-sái Conchobar iarsin fo slúag Geirg sechnón in dunaid, IT iii 480.245 . imsói fothu, feochar ngal, | Cú na cath is na comram, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . imasai-sium fuithibh-sium ocus trascraid morfesir dib, RC v 199 § 10. dobert a moghadhu ... leis ┐ imsae futhu, CCath. 2445.

(c) with FRI turns against, attacks: is and-sin imsóe Cuchulaind friu ┐ ra gab bar a slaide ... co ros cuir úad na n-ágib minta, TBC-LL¹ 2977. imsoe Cuchulaind friu-som ┐ eiscis a da cend déc díb, 2911 . imsoítis a claidib fríu in tan dognítis gúchomram `their swords used to turn against them when they would make a false contest,' SCC² § 2 (= LU 3235 ). impais in anim fris-in corp ┐ ercid a ferg fria, PH 8219. frit fein impaifes sin ule, TTr.² 979. roimpo a sen ... ris na Gallaib `their good luck turned against the foreigners,' Cog. 116.2 . roimpaised a eich ris fochetoir da ithi `his horses turned upon him forthwith to eat him,' TTebe 2382 .

lethaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lethaid or dil.ie/30044

Forms: lethad

v (cf. leth, lethan)

I Intrans.

(a) spreads out, extends : l.¤ folt fota fraīch, Four Songs 8 § 3 . is de lethas mullach in maic forsin cloich (of an unborn child), ZCP viii 309.17 (Laud Gen.). ar no lethad a n-anae tar na tīrib, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.13) . dulend dergóir fora bruinnib ro leth dar cechtar a dá gúaland, LU 9267 . ticfa nel . . . teinntide / . . . / lethfaid dar talmain, SR 8028 . ro leith fid ┐ mothar dar crich nGuaire, Dinds. 84 . loch geinfes uaidi ar gurt glass / ┐ frit linnd-siu lethfas, LL 197a13 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180.176 ). fuil na lámh do leath `the blood of His outstretched hands', PBocht 5.10 . Of sound: delm roleth, Ériu iv 136.3 . doreir Dé . . . / ro lethsat darsin domun (of the children of Israel), SR 5244 . bá fairsing foirlethan ro lethsat na laochbhuidhne ó raile, AFM vi 1962.9 . Of an epidemic, pain: ar dáig na ro letha in teidm tria ballaib in chuirp, PH 4223 . treaghait ┐ cnuicc hi Laighnibh ┐ ro leth cidh fo Eirinn, AFM ii 884.12 . Fig. of fame, influence, etc.: in gein irrdairc ro leth a clú ┐ a cumachtu dar in domun .i. Isu Crist, RC vi 175.z . ro leth tra clu ┐ erdarcus Hectoir sechnón na huile Assia, TTr.² 1067 . sgéal do leath `a far known tale', Content. xviii 45. Of grief: . . . is (leg. in?) luga ro leth cumha dar Saidb, . . . / lā iar tuitim Eogain uill, ZCP vi 269 § 5 . ro leathsat . . . a ó-doirrsi eistechta re gabad na gealtachta opened wide, MR 232.8 .

(b) Orig. is halved; hence is diminished, deteriorates, falls away: do leath gach nī bhudh ní damh `everything I valued has melted away (lit. spread)', O'R. Poems 3860 . do-chluinim d'éis a éga / gur leath lucht a choimēda, 3843 . neart do lámh ar aird ní fhuil / do leath a lúth fad chosaibh, DDána 56.5 . nír leth a n-áiremh dá nesbadaib ó sin amach the number of their losses did not diminish(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.20 . Similarly, l.¤ ar: leathaidh ar phobal Phuirt Rois, DDána 96.8 .

II Trans.

(a) spreads out, extends : lethech . . . ainm . . . do losait, arindí lethaidir bargin fuirri, Bodl. Corm. 12.7 . (lethaitir, lethaigther, v.ll., Corm. Y 825 ). rí roleth brat nimi náir / im thoebu talman, SR 6161 . tri .l. c. lendbratt Liffi / lígda lettáis dara lár, LL 296a23 . ticdis . . . eoin . . . co leathdiss a n-eiteada . . . tairis, Ériu v 20.16 . gorro lethad an detach for talmain, Grail 3108 . ro lethsett a ngraifne . . . go Mullach Taiten, AFM ii 1168.18 . do leath é féin aran dtalmhain i bhfioghair chroise, TSh. 9147. Fig. an drong leathas iad féin ar shaidhbhreasaibh, 6982 .

(b) halves, cuts in half : claideb . . . co llethad finna fri barr ḟoth ra gére, LL 189b11 (cf. con tescfad finna i n-agid srotha, TBC-LL¹ 2577 ). ? a chalggoin as léir do leath, L. Cl. A. B. 275.95 .

Vn. lethad.

See also lethaigid.

merbal(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. merbal(l) or dil.ie/31998

Forms: merfal, merful, merball, merfall, merfall, merball, -e, -a, merfuil, merfaill, merbhuill, -i, muirbell

n o, m., and ā, f. Acc. to Meyer, Wortk. § 47 , orig. merfal (o, m.) < mer+sŭel `turn' (cf. 1 sell). d s. i merful , O'Mulc. 677. merball, merfall (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 54.5) . merfall, merball (f. g s. -e, n p. -a), § 12.6 . merfuil, merfaill, merbhuill (f. g s. n p. -i), § 13.11 . A variant form with slender vowel in first syll. is muirbell.

(a) wandering, going astray: ra baí for merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 232 ). co mbai for merbaill siar sair sechnon na fidbuide, BB 414a30 . nach trúagh . . . misi ar merbfall | 's an tslighi réidh romam, IGT Dec. ex. 359. ná cuir-se mé ar mearbhal set me not astray, Oss. iii 156.9 . do chur na ttroch ar merbhall, BNnÉ 148.23 .

(b) mistake, error; mental confusion, aberration: cen merbuill without mistake, truly , LL 139b28 . cen merfaill, 140b44 . eittirbhretha Maodhócc . . . lea sccriobhadh gan merball, gan merachad, BNnÉ 260 § 221. gan mearbhaill, Content. xxii 10. nach fuair tú, móide an mearbhall, . . . uain cadail ar do chearchuill that, to the confusion of your wits, you did not get time for sleep, xxiv 21 . ní feas damh, móide ar mearbhall, . . . | doidse nach dál bhus díomháoin, Studies 1918, 454 § 18 . ar sráon 's ar merfaill, Irish Texts ii 16 § 44. merbfall berla, 14 § 27 . barr merbaill the height of aberration, O'Gr. Cat. 555.29. ní fios merbail erroneous , 459.7 . seanchas mearbhaill `false genealogy', Content. xvi 145. gan chéim mhearbhaill a false step, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 4. ar chaoi meisge ┐ mearbhail, Oss. iii 54.6 .

precept

Cite this: eDIL s.v. precept or dil.ie/34520

Forms: precept, preceupt, precept, preceupt, precepte, preceptae, preceuptae, precepta, procept, procecht, proigeacht, proiceacht, proicheapht

n ā, f. (Lat. praeceptum) O.Ir. n s. precept, Wb. 10d13 , 24 etc. a s. preceupt, Ml. 129b1 . d s. precept, Wb. 10d31 . preceupt, Ml. 107a13 . g s. precepte, Wb. 10b14 . preceptae, Tur. 29 ( Thes. i 486.30 ). inna preceuptae , Ml. 89b12 . n p. precepta, Wb. 17b20 . In Mid.Ir. often procept (proi-), usual form in LB (perh. due to confusion by scholars of Lat. prae- and pro-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 213 ); in early Mod.Ir. the medial c is somet. lenited (proicheapt). Later also procecht (proicecht), somet. treated as masc. proigeacht (m., g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 24 . proiceacht, proicheapht [sic] `a precept,' P. O'C.

The act (function) of teaching (openly by word of mouth) or preaching: almost exclusively of religious teaching and esp. the work of evangelization (perhaps distinguished from forcetul =doctrinal or moral instruction); gl. profetia, Wb. 12c39 , praedicatio, Ml. 89b12 . is ferr precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, Wb. 12d7 . in precept ro pridchus-sa .i. asréracht Crist, 13b12 . fri procept bréthri Dé, LB 255 a 47 ( FA 23 ) = forcetol, LU 2164 (similarly in FA 32 , 33 procept, LB = forcetul, LU). praicept álaind Íssu, Fél. May 1 (precept, procept v.l.). ro foided Pledias dochum nErend do preciupt doib, LU 268 . do procept ┐ forcetul sechnon tíre Iúda, PH 4431 . do urd a proceptai their function as preachers (of the apostles), 7861 . luid C. i crich Connacht for cuairt procepta on a preaching tour, Lism. L. 994 . do proicept credmhi do Gaoidhealaibh, AFM i 130.1 . i nÉirinn . . . do bhí Pádraig ag proicheapt, Keat. iii 436 . doradad Paladius . . . do progecht soscela do Scotaib, MacCarthy 284 (h) = BB 10a27 .

Of preaching as a part of divine service, often = sermon : celebrad ┐ procept brethri De, PH 6371 . praicecht ┐ oiffrenn (duties of the Church), Laws ii 344.26 Comm. cathaír proicepta [ priocepta MS.] pulpit, RC xvii 358.28 . proigecht .i. seanmoir, Lec. Gl. 153 M . Seldom of individual instruction : dobheir don easpucc é do proicept breithre Dé dó, BNnÉ 292 § 10 (of a boy committed for teaching to clergy). Rarely of secular teaching : trachtad arna thairring . . . a proiceapt Presien from the teaching of Priscian, ZCP xii 294.5 . In pl. precepts, teachings : bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . hi praiceptaib apstal, Hy. vii 18 (preceptaib v.l.). dergud na n-uli procept ┐ forcetul, PH 8226 .

samain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. samain or dil.ie/36129

Forms: samna, samnae, samhain

n f. g s. usually samna (i-stem); but samnae, AU i 254.3 may indicate ī- stem, see Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster p. 144 . samhain f., IGT Decl. § 10 (53.1) . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 56 .

The first of November, the festival held on that date, in relig. contexts All Saints' Day, All Hallows.

(a) slúaig Helair . . . | sóerait s.¤ síanaig, Fél. Nov. 1 ; samuin [.i.] samfuin .i. bas in tsamraid, Fél.² clxvi . samhain .i. samhfhuin .i. fuin an tsamhraidh; fuin .i. criochnughadh, O'Cl. o shamuin, edhón sam-fuin .i. fuin an tsamraid ann. Ar is dé (= dí) roinn nobid for an mpliadain and .i. in samrad (sic leg.) o beltine co samfuin ┐ in gemred o samfuin co beltine. Nó samsun .i. sam-suan .i. is ann sin feraid sam suana, ZCP iii 245 § 55 (Tochm. Em.). ón lúan iar s.¤ . . . cosin cétain iar n-imolg, TBC-I¹ 1821 = on lúan re s.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2472 . ar badair oslaicte sidha Erenn im s.¤ do gres, air ni feta diamair dia samna do gres for sidaib, RC v 202.16 . cuired Samna ar fhóir Emna, Irish Texts ii 64 § 7 . ó thá samhain go samhrodh (the usual time for visiting), TD 9.14 . on tsamhfuin . . . go féil Brénainn, AFM v 1540.y . a gabhail gacha samhna `every hallow tide', BNnÉ 252 § 207 .

(b) explicitly of the festival of S.: co ndernad feiss na Samna la Conchobar i nEmain Macha, MU² 30 . oc ferthain óenaig na samna, LU 3224 ( SCC 1 ). conid de sin atát na trenae samna sechnón na hErend, 3227 ( SCC 1 ). Of the festival held at Tara: do chathim fessi Temrach ar cech s.¤ , 4210 . fes Temra cecha samna . . . ┐ óenach Tailten cech lúgnasaid, 4211 , cf. IT iii 198 § 55 .

(c) with prec. adaig, día, lá: co mbad i n-aidchi samna no írrtha orgain Brudne, ┐ conid din tendáil út lentar tendal samna o sin co sudiu, BDD 69 . cech fer do Ultaib na taircébad aidchi samna dochum nEmna, Ériu iv 26 § 14 . atbail . . . Moingfinn aidche samna; . . . conid de do garar féil Moingfinne frisin s.¤ ocon daescarshluag, ár ba chumachtach side ┐ bantuathaid . . . conid de cuindgit mná ┐ daescarsluag itcheda aidchi samna fuirri, SG 332.6 - 10 . adhaigh Samhna, Aithd. D. 26.22 . die samnae, AU i 254.3 . día Samna, Sc.M² 24e . tri lá ría samfuin . . . ┐ lathe na samna feisne, LU 3223 ( SCC 1 ). ticedh co Temhraig i líthlaithi na samhna gacha bliadhna, Acall. 1666 . lá Samhna, Aithd. D. 11.12 .

(d) legal: im telguin in brog-feoir don senbaili im S.¤ , Laws i 132.15 Comm . (see telcud). As date used in assessing age and therefore value of animals: in da scripull cetna air o berther e cus in samuin is nesa `from its birth till the next November ensuing' (a cow), Laws ii 240.14 Comm . in banb samna the b. born (due for payment?) at s., O'Dav. 978 . trí scripaill ar in mboin ó s.¤ imach cus in mbelltainni is nesa, O'D. 932 ( H 3.17, 658b ).

In n.pr. Maelsamna comarba Cainnigh, AU i 484.14 = Maolsamhna, CS 220.2 .

sechnón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechnón or dil.ie/36779

Forms: sethnón, sethnu, sechnóin

prep. and adv. Earlier sethnón, originally sethnu. See Thurneysen, ZCP xii 287 and O'Brien, Ériu xi 171 . In later language freq. sechnóin. Lenites in Mod.Ir.: seachnóin fhásaigh an tsaoghail, TSh. 2523 . seachnóin chláir eadhloinn, O'Don. Suppl. (c. 1660 ).

throughout (expressing movement or position).

I As prep. folld. by gen.: sechnōn (sethno, v.l.) Ērenn, Corm. Y p. 93.z (s.v. prull). sethnón na móna, LU 5170 . cach sathe díib rogab crūib | sethnu hĒrend, ZCP viii 308.20 (Laud Gen.). conid de sin atát na trenae samna s.¤ na hErend, LU 3227 (H, SCC 1 ). sethnu in taige, TBFr. 141 . cethri ┐ chet mili | do charptib sethnón in tíre, Rawl. 79a43 . bentoi sethnu a chinn do Briccriu cona durn co lotur na cuic fir fichilli . . . hi cenn mB., RC x 226.177 . tēit . . . s.¤ in dūine uile, RC vi 175.41 . ar febus . . . in tṡída . . . fil sethnu na Hérind, BDD² 608 (YBL) = sechnon , LU 7020 . rasfaídset techta úadib far cach leth sechnó na gréci, LL 232a2 ( TTr. 1083 ). is mí sechnon Erenn, Laws i 224.2 Comm . cech cath mor tuc h'athair riamh, | seachnón Erenn, MR 44.10 . ba rogha leo a mbadh[adh?] sechnon in mara nā . . ., Stair Erc. 1580 . seachnon .i. timceall, Lec. Gl. 282 . seachnon .i. timchillad, 440 .

II Later also as adv.: tormach saethair hi trib corgusaib na bliadna . . . Erlatu ┐ umaldoit doib sechnon. Techt . . . (? sic leg.) at all times, Ériu vii 140 § 4 . forsna sechedaib imme s.¤ , MacCongl. 47.11 . roimthig P. reime sechnon la hinsorchugad ind escca, D IV 2, 73rb26 .

sechrán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechrán or dil.ie/36783
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. cf. 1 sech, sechna, sechnaid and see LEIA S-66 .

(a) lit. a straying, a wandering from the proper course : trian naithgina a sillacht sechrain a crud comhcesa `for looking on at the stray cattle of the neighbourhood', Laws i 272.y Comm . ata seachran mor for cumscugudh . . . na rend, CCath. 1009 . go nach deachaidh neach re siúbhal . . . na re s.¤ , ML 88.31 . s.¤ gl. deuia, Ir. Gl. 131 . do cuaidh seachrán ecin ar eochrachuibh na ndoirrsech, BCC 296 (316.33) . Sechran clerech C.C. (the name of a tale), 355 (400.z) .

(b) fig. an error, aberration, delusion; an erroneous course; very freq. in sense of a straying from the true faith: ro-fás ceist . . . accu don chru ┐ don usce tanic a sliss himaigine Crist, ┐ bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred dermair accu . . . imme-sin, PH 10 . gurbh e Eōin do impo iat ō arrait ┐ ō ṡechrān, ZCP xiii 184.14 . da mbia seacran ar in liaigh ┐ ar fritalamh an otair, RC xlix 33.1 . gorab e secran ┐ easbaigh eagna tuc an baramail sin da tobairt, Ir. Astr. Tr. 30.5 . an mhichiall no seachrán na cuimhne, 23 K 42, 13.9 . isiatt a buada sidhe ni bi buaidredh na secran comairle ar in ti o nimchuirther, D IV 2, 44d17 . tairngther an t-anam gradhach o slighi in dímhainis ┐ an tsheachrain, Smaointe B. Chr. 27 . is mor an secran do mnai torruigh moran do tortuibh do caithim, Rosa Angl. 284.1 . as bréag fhollas, ┐ as seachrán, a rádh go ccosnaid creideamh Críostt, Desid. 3775 . do rinne seachran ag sgribhadh, Reg. San. p. 22.6 . o n-a sheachran credim (viz. Protestantism), AU iii 608.4 . seachrán do chumadar féin (of Luther and Calvin), Desid. 4318 . an seachrán atá orra ón Eagluis chóir, 4320 . an dara seachrán .i. admháil go bhfuil an tanam domharbhtha, TSh. 4319 . annró, seachrán, fadhban, raon, fá thuairim `.i. tossing, persecution', Eg. Gl. 24 .

(c) med. lack of coordination : fedaidh an aicid sin techt o tri nethib .i. o ainmes an leagha . . . no seacran do beith etir na brighaib, RC xlix 32.z . adeir Galenus da mbia an brigh innarbtach nadurdha ┐ in brigh ainmidhi maille secran oibrighthi co fedtar an bas d'fagbail on tsechran sin, 33.6 - 7 .

(d) for (later ar) s.¤ astray : trian naithgina isin mil atcithur for sechran itir chomaithe muna hinnestur, Laws ii 58.13 Comm . trian n-aithgina air, ana faicsin ar sechran, v 330.11 Comm . conos rala in muir for sechran fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). ┐ siat for sechrān i coimtinōlaib ┐ a n-oirechtaib, ACL iii 225.2 . in óigrecht-sa . . . do beth for s.¤ ona hóigrib dílsi, PH 7787 . ar sechran sechnon na cailli, TTebe 1762 . sé ar seachrán re trí tráthaibh (of Our Lord's being lost in Jerusalem), DDána 16.3 . tiocfaid leabhair bhreca tar sál | chuirfess cach uile ar s.¤ , Irish Texts iv 77 § 32 . dá ndeachadh an Eaglas Chatoilice ar seachrán san chreideamh, Desid. 4095 . a cor ar seachrán ó fhírinne an chreidimh, 4103 . do chuirfeadh air seachrán sinn ann ar n-urnaigh `might distract us', Donlevy 358.25 . ar seachrán creidimh `astray from the faith', 366.18 .

(e) attrib. g s. deluding, misleading : rádh seachráin a misleading statement, PBocht 1.36 . fiabrus seachráin (febres erraticae), 23 K 42, 36.20 . ó ainmhiánuibh seachráin, Ephesians iv 22 . an tan smuainim ar an siabhradh seachráin lé bhfuilid ag breith an phobuil . . . gu hifriond, Desid. 3849 . mar is mian le lucht seachráin a chur a gcéill, Donlevy 366.9 .

sethnu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sethnu or dil.ie/37338

x see sechnón .

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