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1 cró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cró or dil.ie/13021
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chrao, crai, cr, crui, cruu, cruib, crú, craoithe, chraí, craí(the

n o m. n s. croa, ZCP ix 453.9 . a s. chrao, Ériu i 214.4 . g s. crai, Laws iii 494.11 Comm. d s. cr, Corm. Y 306 . n p. crui, Laws iv 20.5 . a p. cruu (guaranteed by metre), ZCP iii 216.4 . d p. cruib, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . Later also with n s. crú. Cf. n p. craoithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n. 3 . c.¤ (an eich) m., g s. an chraí , n p. craí(the, IGT Decl. § 87 . c.¤ (an eich), c.¤ (ón chroaigheacht), c.¤ (cáolaigh), inann ghabhaid, Cró (Cuinn) mar sin acht gan illradh aige, ib. acht craí lána do láoghaibh (proscribed), ex. 1627 .

A term of very wide application, the basic meaning being enclosure, enclosed space, fold, pen, etc. crābed .i. . . . crau imme ar Dia, O'Mulc. 208 . cro gl. [haec casula], Ir. Gl. 122 . cro cumung, Metr. Gl. 20 . cro .i. cumang, Lec. Gl. 551 . M 345 . cruimt[h]er .i. crō-imbi-ter .i. crō og a māinib ┐ crō ima imrād ┐ crō ima brēt[h]ir ┐ ima gnīm, Corm. Y 396 .

I

(a) Of animals sty, stall, pen, fold : airleng for cro na muice, O'D. 1701 (H 2.12, 8.2). c.¤ roimh oirc (prov.), Ir. Gl. 156.25 . orc a cru finni (letter a in pig-ogam), Auraic. 5675 . muc as gach crú, BNnÉ 265.35 . Cf. ocht n-anmanna in[n]a muc . . . cro . . . ceis, deil, O'Dav. 360 . ic sádud a crúi `in planting the stakes of her cattle-pen', Metr. Dinds. iii 376.4 . deich crái gacha dorais . . . .x. loig in gach crúo, Fél. 88.20 - 21 . hūan corcra a crū asaine, ACL iii 244 § 14 . i gcrú an asail, Aithd. D. 73.10 . aonchro caorach, Luc. Fid. 5678 . cro con anfaitig, Laws iii 416.6 Comm. Cf. techtughudh do breith isin fearann co cruibh ime no cen cruibh ime, O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). crui tire do tellach, Laws iv 20.5 `to occupy separate enclosures', Celtica vi 235 = cru .i. ime, ut est crui tire do theallach, O'Dav. 527 . tar chro, ┐ is leth muna bét(h) crui fences, Laws iv 30.22 Comm. By extension, space between an animal's legs: .ix. duirn a fot airtem (a) leithet a crui iar nairthur (.i. in bail ar coraiged teascad in tarra iar nairthir itis da chois cinn na muice) dorn leithet a crai a niarthur (.i. iter a da cois tona) 'nine fists its length, a fist with thumb extended its fore intercrural width (i.e. the place where the tarr was cut in front between the two front legs of the pig); a fist its hind intercrural width (i.e. between his two hind legs)' Peritia xv 317-18 .

(b) Of persons hut, cell, prison : fo chrú cacht `an imprisoning pen', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.9 . C. beó 'n-a crú chumung, iii 6.64 . duine do-dheachaidh fa ch.¤ became prisoner (?), Aithd. D. 51.4 . at cru, a cullaig! (said to seeker of sanctuary), Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . ag coimhéad an chraoi 'n-a raibhe S.M. i mbroid `the cell', Keat. iii 1524 . c.¤ meathaigh, Mac Aingil 2460 .

(c) With gen. of n. pr. or n. loc. (freq. in poetry): do chuartaigh tar c.¤ n-Uladh `beyond the far limits', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.3 . c.¤ Chrúachain Connaught , IGT Decl. ex. 1354 . buaidh a mbiodbadh ac crú Cuind Ireland , ZCP ii 342.29 budh tréad gan bhuachaill crú Cuinn, DDána 81.14 . oighir Chraoi Connla, Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 5 . ar lár croi Ia `in the middle of Iona', AFM iii 134.19 .

(d) Encircling band of weapons, persons, warriors, etc., hence bodyguard, troop, (line of) battle: c.¤ sleg ┐ scíath . . . 'ma ríg ṅHerend, LL 38703 . a ngúaille risin c.¤ crann, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . i gcrú chleath, DDána 117.24 . saor an chraoi `the man who forms his circle of spears', O'Hara 2402 . imos cuirset c.¤ sciatrach do sciathaib órda . . . impu, Alex. 470 . muinter Í Ch. cro teand im tighearna, IT iii 92 § 136 . do ládh c.¤ uimpi d'ḟeraibh guard (of Christ's tomb), Ériu iv 112.11 . ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a, CCath. 4980 . dorinedh cro gaile imon airdrig, Ériu viii 40.18 . ? crai mialata, BB 378b20 = crumlata, KZ xxxiii 83.22 . a bharr c.¤ `O lord of battle', Aithd. D. 20.17 . Cf. c.¤ aingel . . . oc anorugud a anma, LB 275a54 ( onórugud, SG 59.23 ).

(e) Miscellaneous exx. with attrib. gen.: dos-ratais i c.¤ bidbad iat you left them at the mercy of enemies, MU² 884 . The following examples (crú bodba, crú fechta) may properly belong to 1 crú. Pokorny translates ' raven' and connects it with Lat. corvus, IEW 570 . c.¤ bodba (bodbda ?), RC xiii 114 § 156 . Cf. is crú fechta (.i. badb) modcernae, LU 8904 . Cf. cru fechto .i. badb, Corm. Y 308 . crúḟechta .i. bodba, O'Dav. 375 . cru .i. badb, fechta .i. cath . . . cairbidhib crúfechta, H 3.18, 61b10 . c.¤ búada precinct (of Temair), Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 . Cathir Chroind c.¤ buada, LL 3540 . focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti `a meeting for council', Ériu viii 56.9 . i gcomhdháil ndruadh chraoi gcorma in a ring round ale (?), Hackett² xvii 39 . c.¤ cotaig ┐ oentad `covenant and union', RC xiii 72 § 75 . c.¤ cadat ┐ caradraidh, xxix 138.30 . ? cro cuil im Chellach i foss, O'Mulc. 208 . c.¤ cummaisc of metres using features belonging to different structures ( Murphy Metrics 77 ): cro cumaisc etir randaigecht mbicc ┐ casbairdni (i.e. 73 + 72), IT iii 68 § 9 . cro cummaisc etir randaigecht moir ┐ casbairdne (i.e. 72 + 71 ), § 7 . lethidir c.¤ dernann dil `the hollow', Ériu iv 96.1 . Cf. an c.¤ Logo, RC xii 78 § 69 prob. `some hut or other enclosure in which Lugh put his winnings', n. ethais corp crín c.¤ péne `fold of torment', Imr. Brain 46 .

In n. loc. sruith shenoir Chraoi Caoimhghin, AFM ii 1020.z `St. Kevin's kitchen', n.

(f) socket, hoop (of lance), eye (of needle) etc.: sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co c.¤ , LU 10665 . líathga mór co tríchait semmand trina c.¤ , TBC-LL² 4488 . lán a glacc . . . da hindsma ┐ da c.¤ (of spear), Acall. 4922 . ? c.¤ trí rinne bodb moslinge, SG 409.10 = AFM i 302.x . gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT Decl. ex. 577 . co tarla cach snáthat díb hi c.¤ araili, LU 8858 ( FB 65 ). c.¤ snáthaiti, 4882 (TBC). im snathait, .i. set int snaith ina cro, Laws i 152.30 Comm. dul tré ch.¤ shnáthaide, Mk. x 25 .

(g) box, container : trian a cruib glaisne, leth mad coitethe 'vom Waid in crōs (containers, in Vorbereitung) ein Drittel; wenn er gehärtet (fertig) ist, die Hälfte' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . .i. [trian] asin glaisin ina cet cru leth . . . .i. as in cru tanaiste no madat hurlam, Laws ii 372.23 Comm . nomhadh na glaisni ... ar a buan ... trian as in chet-chru, ... leth as in chru tanaisi, 'out of the first container … out of the second container' 418.9 Comm. , Celtica xv 5 . iarna minugad co techt a cro, [.i. . . . ina cet cro], 'until it goes into the container' Laws ii 374.2 Comm , Celtica xv 5 . trian iarna cét cotadh .i. isin cru tanuisi, O'D. 303 (H 3.17, 237) .

II hereditary property, inheritance : D. co lín c.¤ , Trip.² 392 . cislir rann fil for crū ?, Ériu i 214.14 . isna hībh crōaibh aile, 215.11 . confoglaither cin iar ndibad ┐ croaibh, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, 436 ). daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. nī crō co cōiccir fo cosmailius clīaro, Ériu i 215.y . do chunchid roith croi for Aed . . . .i. delg nos facbad cech rig di aroile, LB 238cb23 . re c.¤ a shean `steading', Ériu xvi 133 § 24 . DDána 74.60 . a shéd craí na dheaghaidh dhuit, IGT Decl. ex. 1629 . re taisgidh is c.¤ carad (of a harp) `relic', Magauran 886 . tairgid cairt ar c.¤ a cinid `land of their family', Ériu iv 224.23 . ? im chrú nochar fhuirigh aonarc, Measgra D. 61.111 (in sense (a), Ed.). Note also crui `cattle', Laws i 214.25 , 298.15 Comm. , crai, iv 26.11 , 12 etc.

In follg. exx. wd. is of doubtful application and/or meaning): turthughadh craoi, Ériu xiii 23.24 . fuidir goible, fuidir chrui, fuidir gola 'der fuidir des Galgens, der fuidir des Bluttodes, der fuidir der Grube' Ir. Recht 65-66 . og na bi fer craidh, O'Curry 2546 ( Eg. 88, 45 (46)d ). ni acair nad caemclai o croib in forais, Laws i 102.y `sheds'. ? lan . . . di cormaim no as co cro(?) . . . lan di as cen cro(?), O'D. 936 ( H 3.17, 658 ). bid croa na trī forus (of saint), ZCP ix 453.9 . is cro timorgne cach aighnedha a arach fri comus n-æi, xii 364.7 . tri cro in tuile (of waves), BB 374a11 (cf. Dinds. 45 ). is ed rosaigh inn ardrígh asin cruid, Ériu i 215.3 . rachoidh sí c.¤ tar comhaidh (untranslated), O'Hara 4105 . cro Grigair gan rath nā rabh (sic leg.) / da minaigh cath 'ga chosnamh, ACL iii 245 § 25 ` house ', Aithd. D. 49.25 . is crō dá sét .i. coimhét, ZCP v 486 § 7 (B. na f.). in c.¤ caem (of willow tree), SG 245.25 . ni thiaghaid feacht nó sluaigheadh acht ar chródh `for pay', Leb. Cert. 96.26 (crod ?).

Compds. With nouns. ? croaithlich torgi fiann, ZCP viii 306.21 . ar chróbhothaibh bochtán `hovels', Keat. i 54.11 . in crobuaile cat[h]a `fold of battle', CCath. 5378 . 'na gcróbhuaile chumhaing (of hell), TSh. 6696 . i ngonaib ┐ i crobuillib baís (1 crú ?), LL 12785 . cróichíor chruinn a déad, Hackett² iv 22 . crō-c[h]līat[h], Corm. Y 371 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). ag cróinnsmadh a ccraoisech fitting out their spears, Hugh Roe² 224.2 . sin chro-inse (: millsi), Rawl. 164a54 . gus in gcrōmhainnir chatha, Celtica i 117.125 . crotacra . . . .i. tagra . . . do-ghnither i cro airechta, Cóic Con. 60 § 144 n.4 . beit it chróthreibh coitechta `populous household', Leb. Cert.² 158.6 . With adjj. drud re roibhthibh, cúilte cróbhodhbhdha warlike(?), DDána 83.8 . caór catha crobuilnig, ZCP viii 306.15 . a ṡlegha crannremra cródhaingne, Acall. 1553 . a dhá chraoisigh . . . chró-fhairsinge, ML 112.21 . ech . . . coelchos cálethan (leg. crua-) broad-hoofed, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ) = crualethon, Eg. ( IT i 278 n. 18 ). dá craísigh . . . cróremra, CF² 681 . fr isrengad cucu na crusighi crothuilli open- socketed (?), B. Fermoy 77b24 . In n. loc. Cathir Chróḟind, Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 .

do-airindi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airindi or dil.ie/17142

Forms: tairnid, toirnid, turnaid, do-n-rind, tairinn, toirind, tairned, tairinnid, toirnet, tairindi, tan-aurnat, do-airnet, tairnid, dofairnitis, dusn-arinntis, -tairniub, tairinnfit, -fet, tairnfidh, tairnebtait, tairnebat, tairndfet, rotairinn, rothairind, rotherind, theirin, rothoirn, toirnd, rasturn, turnta, do-r-airned, ra-turnait, tairniud

(* to-air-fuin-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 526 ) later as simple vb. tairnid, toirnid, turnaid. IGT Verbs §§ 54 - 55 . Ipv. 2 s. do-n-rind, FB § 36 Eg. tairinn, SR 6019 . toirind, RC xxiii 414 . 3 s. tairned, Ériu iii 100 . 2 pl. tairinnid, SR 7985 . 3 pl. toirnet, 4394 . Indic. pres. 3 s. tairindi, TBC-I¹ 2691 . tan-aurnat , Thes. ii 253.5 (perh. confused with ar-neith, see Ped.). do-airnet, O'D. 877 ( H 3.17 629 ). tairnid, FB § 78 , SCC § 18 . Impf. 3 pl. dofairnitis, TBC-LL¹ 184 . dusn-arinntis, BDD 114 Eg. Fut. 1 s. -tairniub, LL 149a31 . tairinnfit (leg. -fet), RC x 226 . 3 s. tairnfidh, Lism. L. 1051 . 3 pl. tairnebtait (= tairnebat + pron.), LL 308a5 . tairndfet, LU 9866 . Perf. 3 s. rotairinn, SR 859 , rothairind, LL 128a11 , CCath. 5428 , etc. rotherind, LL 308a3 (= Lec. 309va38 ). ro theirin , Fél. 222 . rothoirn, RC xxv 394.28 , etc. nir toirnd , CCath. 1449 . do thórainn, SG 59 . rasturn, LL 240a24 . Pass. impf. subj. ara turnta , TBC-LL¹ 409 . Pass. perf. do-r-airned, SR 4495 . ro turnat (leg. -ad?), CCath. 2571 . pl. ra-turnait, TBC-LL¹ 411 . Vn. tairniud.

I Trans.

(a) lets down, lowers: tairnid in mbial for a munēl, FB § 78 . tairindi Fer D. sīs in sciath, cotnūara Cūchulaind cusann gāi ōsin scīath, TBC-I¹ 2691 . Of plying a weapon: intí doairnet gai do feirg, O'D. 877 ( H 3.17 629 ). rastócaib leis . . . ┐ rasturn arna sluagaib lowered (? couched, of a spear), LL 240a24 ( TTr. 1733 ). do toirneadh leó-san doire do ḟeadhaibh chrannreamhra ... is na (leg. ris na?) bruinnibh a forest of (spears) was levelled against their breasts, ML 128 . Of unyoking a chariot: tairnitir a carpait, TFerbe 82 . ara turnta a carpat, TBC-LL¹ 409 . donrind sís . . . an carpat, FB § 36 (Eg.). rotuirrnadar a seola lowered their sails, CF 73 . tairind dinetan do fraig (.i. tabair h'aigid form), LU 2981 (= SG 225 ). maith do-n-airnem gnūis well we lower the face (in giving thanks), Ériu ii 56 . in fōd . . . ar a toirnenn a traigid, MR 198 . Lays down, deposits: turnaid a biad ┐ a lind dóib, TBC-LL¹ 136 . roturnait annsin a n-aes uthair, Cog. 214 . tuirinn bann dod bhaoithrebraid `impose a law', O'Gr. Cat. 457 . Transf. presses down, weighs down: rothairin talam hē, Fél. 222 Oct. 12 . With refl. pron., bends oneself, bows: tanaurnat in sacart fa thrī, Thes. ii 253.5 . Cf. cruimther .i. sacart . . . ón tairned thoirnes the genuflexion he makes, Fél.² xlv § 24 . a chlerig, coisc in figill, | inge fo a thrí no tairind (leg. not-t.), LL 365 marg. inf. tricha semmand . . . dusn-arinntis inna cend anuas, RC xxii 398 . LU 10048 : atchíu, tairnid in gréin ngil the sun sets, the construction seems impers. (unless nom. tír be supplied from foregoing sentence).

(b) Trans. and fig. lowers, abates, subdues, humbles: tairinn tho gail abate thy rage, SR 6019 . toirind do brotha, RC xxiii 414 . noco tairniub-sa mo brég, LL 149a31 . meabhal d'ar n-oes dana . . . na tairnett an ngaoith ndraoideachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 = nach tairnet in druidheacht, Lec. 28b11 . tocbaid lobru, tairnid tríunu, SG 18 . Tigernan toirneas is togbus tiri ┐ tuatha, Lec. 404a48 . airrter na tíre tairrneas he subdues the east, IT iii 69 . asar-tairned treb Temrach, Lec. 35b21 . rothairnfind mo bídbadú, LL 307b26 ( SG 387 ) ( dothairrfind, Lec. 618b9 ). tairntear nert Aithnensta desidhe, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 . Iondrachtach nár thoirinn tachar whom strife subdued not, Hy Fiach. 92 . ní turntar a onōir, Marco P. 118 . roturnat a n-ítu their thirst was quenched, CCath. 2571 .

II Intrans.

(a) in lit. sense descends, comes down, alights, bends: dá tairnad snathat a féci for airlár if a needle should fall, LL 263b16 ( MU² 232 ). oiléan i dtoirneann grian, Content. iv 17 . rothoirinn cáor theinedh do nimh for a.cend, BNnÉ 291 (rotoirling, v.l.). gur thúrnadar brain-eóin . . . ar chorpaibh curadh, ML 130 . do thurn an spiratt noemh orra, Maund. 85 . an t-arán fírinneach thuirn do neamh, Eochairsg. 54.z (do thoirnigh, x). rothoirinn a mbile na cille perched, BS 16 . rotheraind A. for a glúinib fell on his knees, TTr.² 1921 . toirnet dond altóir let them bow, SR 4394 . tairned cách fria chéle let each one humble himself (fig.?), Ériu iii 100 . táinic cuigi ┐ do thoirn dó, BB 234b37 . immá duma dess | hi tairndfet do chrois on which they will kneel to the cross, LU 9866 ( PRIA xix 534 ). ca drem dib ara toirnfed . . . toicthi na n-gliad on which of them would alight the fortune of war, MR 240.z .

(b) Transf. and fig. sinks, abates, is lowered, humbled: gáir nách toirneann go tráth gleac, 3 C 12, 78.2 . rotairinn a ferg, CCath. 3698 . atbert gurab gerr co turnfadh a tren his might would be lessened, Expugn. Hib. 83 . a ríge sech cach rotherind his kingdom has waned, LL 308a3 . do talmain tairind gach sean, BB 410b35 . cor thoirind i cath | la hAilill till he was overthrown by A., Lec. 37b44 . do toirnetar don tograim desisted from pursuit, Celt. Rev. iv 212 .

See tairnigid.