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aithbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbe or dil.ie/2550
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a.

n io, [n.]. Later f. a.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of * aith-ben, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 461 . See also LEIA (cf. taithbe).

(a) ebb, reflux (of sea): tuile ┐ a.¤ .i. tempestas et tranquilitas , Thes. i 3.30 . in aithbiu gl. remeat, Thes. ii 24.35 ( BCr. 34c4 ). muir . . . dicsi[gi]dir a thuliu la cetemun co tet for aitbe la gemredh. Leith-bliadain for thuiliu, al-leth aili for aithbhiu, Ériu ii 112 § 35 . is tuile ┐ a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . céin no bíd in muir for línad . . . céin ba ha.¤ , LL 21088 . an tan ba ha.¤ an muir ba forreil an tor uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . co rangattar . . . taran ffersait, ar ba ha.¤ ann an tan sin, AFM v 1610.33 . tond a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 104.7 . a.¤ .i. trághadh no laghdughadh mara, O'Cl.

Hence decline, decay: a.¤ flatho Oengussa, AU i 212.16 ; 'the ebbing of the power of Ó.' Seanchas 139 . tuile a.¤ elta nemtiger deoghbuire, O'D. 2209 (Nero A vii, 144b). aithbi oll a[r] [t]h'airmitne `may thy honours ebb utterly', Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). ra bítis a tigi / i tilchaib cen aithbi, LL 6594 . sai gan aithbhi néinígh, AU ii 518.15 . nocha léir tairthe ós tealaigh / léim aithfe dá n-imdheadhuil, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . a tairthi mar an g-craeibh g-ciníl / do sgaeil aithfe d'Eibilín `have come to an ebb with E.', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.24 . bái trí tráth forsind ḟaithchi / Temrach co trumma aithbi (cotromaithbi v.l.) greatly wasting (of an exposed child), Ériu iv 94 § 9 . ? prímdae bréo nád athbi (aithbe, aithbi v.l.), Fél. Apr. 15 (Plummer, MS. notes considers this and follg. ex. as finite forms of a vb. *aith-ben-). co cléir nóib nád athbi, Aug. 12. ? Of defeat in battle: corrabatar fó sár theichle iarna a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 46 ( LL 183a35 ). Of decline in old age, death: a.¤ dam-sae bes mara / senta fomdera croan, PRIA lv (1952-53) C 88 § 1 . ní frescet a.¤ na éc, Imr. Brain 11 § 18 . a.¤ Loegaire meic Néill the death of L., LL 6090 . rí crúaid Cnucha i cath Aichle / fúair trucha ┐ trena.¤ , LL 15176 . ? dá n-anadh rem' aithbhi-sea, MR 306.10 .

(b) act of avenging (sense of aithe): do-chuaidh dá aithbe ar Ultaibh 'went ... to avenge him upon the Ulaidh', Giolla Brighde 30 § 5 . go ro dheónaigh Dia a dhíogail ┐ a aithbhe for na gallaibh . . . an míimirt . . ., AFM vi 2252.4 . ac díghailt a sháraigthi ┐ ac aithbhi gach uilc, SG 24.15 . gé aithne oirne gan fhíoch / do dhíoth a.¤ a coindi (sic MS.) ar chách thy death makes everyone [wish to] avenge it when he contemplates it(?), Dán Dé xxvi 10 .

bennachaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennachaid or dil.ie/5659

Forms: bennaigid, bendachadh, nobendachthar, bendachdai, bennachad

v (Lat. benedico). Later also bennaigid. bendachadh, IGT Verbs § 106. Cf. also bennachtaid.

I

(a) blesses: mani bendachae gl. benedicite, Wb. 5d23 . hóre nonbendacha-ni, 11b7 . indatbendachub gl. nisi benedicens benedicam té, 33d11 . nobendachthar (= nobbendachthar, edd.) gl. si uultis benedici, Ml. 33d23 . bennach, a Dé . . . / dot laim deis in cule sa `bless, O God . . . with Thy right hand this store-room', Thes. ii 333.18 (Hy. v Comm.). sēnta (*sénaid-i, edd.) .i. bennachais, 337.34 . rodbendacha int athair ┐ in mac ┐ in spirud nōeb, ZCP xii 371.21 . náim Hérend and . . . / robennachsat in óenach, Metr. Dinds. iii 12.8 . gach fert no bhennaighfedh (bennochadh, v.l.), BNnÉ 295 § 22 . beinneóchar i ló a éaga é (= benedicetur, Eccles. i 13 ), TSh. 1145. maille les na huile bhendachtaibh . . . le mbendeócha Athair na trócaire = shall blesse, RSClára 48b . With DO: ro bendach do Dróbéis (= Drobaicam autem bene- dixit), Trip.² 1693. consecrates a church, etc.: Siluester pāpa issē ru-s-bennaigh in naoimh-eglus sin, Fl. Earls 194.29 . Ruadhan d'ár beannuigheadh Lothra `to whom L. . . . was dedicated', Keat. i 154.3 . beinneochuid íad féin = shall consecrate, Ezekiel xliii 26.

(b) greets, hails, salutes: bennaichmait gl. admunemar, Thes. ii 349.4 . nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat gl. salutant, Wb. 7b21 . condambendachtais in maicc, TBC-I¹ 587. With DO: tair round ar co mbennachat in maccrad damsa wish me well (Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1136. bennachuis cach da chele dib `each of them saluted the other', RC xiv 50 § 60.

II Of a cleric exercises ecclesiastical functions: Cluana Boirenn, in ro beandach Caireach Dearccain, AFM ii 630.9 . robhennachsa is Rónán / isin chill, Ériu v 94.28 . Fiachraigh, dithrebhach, ┐ do bendaigh fos is in Frainc, Mart. Don. Aug. 30. beann ar ar bheannaidh in Táilghionn `a hill which the T. blessed by dwelling on it' (Gloss.), Duan. F. ii 372 § 7.

part. is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus, Wb. 4c4 . is bendachda ainm Ísu Crist, PH 2329. an bhuighean bheannaighthe bhláthchóir `the blessed . . . band' (of books, harp, etc.), Studies 1923, 599 § 18 .

As pl. subst. the beatitudes of Matthew v 3 - 10 : do na hochd mbeannaighthibh, Parrth. Anma 3253.

vbl. of necess.: bendachdai gl. benedicendi, Ml. 138a1 . is bennachda dún Dia (sic leg. ?), ZCP ii 135 § 10.

Vn. bennachad.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

1 cám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cám or dil.ie/8083
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: caam

n (perh. early Germanic borrowing, see Stokes Metr. Gl. 53 ). a log separating contestants in a duel (?), GEIL 305 . Expld. as battle, conflict, encounter : cam .i. comland, Corm. Y 375 . O'Cl. cam gach comhrac, Metr. Gl. D 19 . lignum contensionis quod vocatur caam apud gentiles , Trip. 320.10 . midhach teora cam .i. iar terna ó thrí comracaib, O'Curry 2489 ( Eg. 88, 38(40)d ) = cam .i. r[o]e no comrac, O'Dav. 402 . 564 . Cf. 1206 . crann cam eturru ┐ calcc i laim cechtar hai, CIH iii 922.34 . ?for lar na caeime comruice `the plain of the battlefield', Laws v 310.32 Comm. fer is gnath ac imguin i c.¤ (of cáimper), H 3.18, 66b . Cf. camcomla (? leg. cam comlainn) .i. baile sēnta lasna geinti a comruiced diass, O'Mulc. 286 .

1 eó, eú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eó, eú or dil.ie/20128
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eo, iaich, eó, iach, eo, iaich

n k, m. ( Thurn. Hdb. 196 ; RC xv 99 ; cf. 4 é) a salmon: n s. eo .i. bratan, TBC-I¹ 1045 (éu LU). O'Cl. `eo' éigne, LL 395a8 = Metr. Gl., Ff. § 5 . eó Banna the salmon from the Bann TD 17.35 = O'Gr. Cat. 429.10 . iasc ... .i. leth-eo cednama [cf. Anecd. i 1.13 cited below at gp.] no eo colgnama (the complement of fish for an allowance of twenty cakes), Laws v 40.23 . g s. (a) focress i mmuir ...co frith i mmedon ïach, Hy v 72 (with gl.: .i. bratan, Thes. ii 345.14 ). focheird cor n-iach n-erred de, FB 87 . LU 19b12 = MU 48.27 (see below at as.). bás iach, Triads 92 . (b) i rricht iaich , LU 40a16 . i rricht iaich abae, Imr. Brain ii 292.14 = LU 16b39 . cnaim inn iaich snamha RC xviii 382.20 ( = bratain, l. 17 . Keat. ii 5404 ). (c) eite eó , Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 17 § 20 . a s. fochiur an ich issan saile, Anecd. i 73.6 ( = bratan, 73.3 ). dobert iach (perp.) 73.7 . Esp. in phr. (foceird) ích n-erred makes a hero's salmon-leap (?) FB 24.51 . IT i 310 y . RC xi 452.138 ; 448.77 . cen ich n-errad, Ériu i 116.26 . itir ubull-chleas...┐ ith n-errath, TBC-I¹ 1502 (ích n-erred LU). Cf. dober for a rinn eeich brecai a Bōinn, ZCP viii 120.20 , where the adj. is apparently pl. but see ZCP xxix 313 n. 54 . Later form: as tú an beó... | do-ní idir eó ┐ énlaith, IGT, Decl. ex. 651 . d s. tri saegail an eoinsin ... | don eo baill-bric, don bradan, B. Fermoy 156b8 . n p. no lingtis suas frisind eassam...iaich thruim tolgaidh, Snedg. u. Mac R § 11 = YBL 12a23 (eas-sain ?). iaich breca bedcaca ZCP xiii 278.5 . iaich Berba bruinne, LL 297a34 . lingit ich bricc, Imr. Brain 38 . g p. oc teluch na n-iach cet[s]nama [cf. cit. fr. Laws v 40 above ], Anecd. i 1.13 . aclaid iach ZCP xiii 278.3 . Cf. trenasc iach treiach eo, BB 14a14 = ZCP v 184 (where eo = ibar, cf. Lism. L. xli 14 ).

Special use: eó fis salmon of knowledge (an item of Irish mythology, see Dinds. 59 , and cf. secht mbliadhna do F. for Bóin oc urnaige iach Linne Feic, air dobuí a tairrngire do eo Féic do tomailt, ocus cen ní 'na ainfis itir iarum. frith in mbradan, etc. Oss. iv 300 x = RC v 201.20 ). ni thig dīnd āiream a sciath... | muna ethaind in t-eō fis | ni ḟētfaind beath ris..., ZCP viii 227 § 11 . As epithet: eó fis forlámaighthe gacha feasa,...eadhon Fionntán fáthach... ML 96.7 .

pn Freq. as complimentary epithet of hero or leader: a éo óir, a Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 4066 . in t-éo óir, Find mac Cumaill, Acall. 2531 . an t-eó a fionnchaladh Fréamhann (of Conn O'Donnell) TD 1.52 . leis an eo ó easaibh Leamhna, Ó Bruad. iii.48.3 . In religious contexts this epithet may have a mystical significance: in t-éo flaithemhnais... .i. Pátraic, Acall. 64 . in t-eō sēnta cas corcra (of Christ), ACL iii 245.8 . eo na dtrí dtobar (of same), Dán Dé xii 4 .

1 laith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 laith or dil.ie/29470

n ale, liquor, intoxicating drink : sēnta impe, ba derglaid `it became red ale', Thes. ii 337.3 ( Hy. v ). in l.¤ forrabái Oengus `the ale at which O. has been' (i.e. the kingship which O. enjoyed), Cáin Ad. 18 . ind l.¤ ebur co ndesctdu (leg. descthu), ibid. ní flaith téchta[e] nád ingella l.¤ ar cach ndomnach, Críth G. 543 . muc úr l.¤ lemnacht la lind / rot bia lim and, LU 10870 (TE). no currna cona tri lán do l.¤ ( mid, Ériu ii 186.z ) indtibh, ZCP viii 103.9 . fidba for lind latha, O'Mulc. 110. Cf. escra Druimm Lethan daglaith, Anecd. i 14.9 . ebthair flaith lindai fualang, 1 = l.¤ , SCano 451 .

Freq. in glosses: fo maith ┐ l.¤ linn, maith leis linn (etymology of flaith), Laws ii 344.9 Comm . l.¤ lan .i. cuirm maith .i. bid comlan a flaithius i mbia sin, YBL 248a4 = l.¤ lán (`valour abundant', Stokes), RC xxvi 34 § 169 . lathirt .i. l.¤ lind ┐ irt bás dontí nosroib (.i. ól corma no l.¤ rotnort), Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 . l.¤ .i. cuirm, Corm. Y 575 . 's edh aderar re linn `l.¤', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . [l]aith .i. linn, Lec. Gl. 93 . l.¤ .i. lionn, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 436. Transf. of milk: l.¤ find for tellraig . . . .i. as na mbo iarsa talmain, Laws i 64.3 , 66.3 Comm . quoted Corm. Y 575 ( Corm. 19 ). Cf. l.¤ .i. bainne. laithe fionn for tealdraigh .i. bainne na mbó ar tuldhreich an talmhan, O'Cl.

Compd. arbeittet bairtni bindi / tri l.¤ linni (leg. laithlinni) ainm n-Aeda `through pools of liquor', Thes. ii 295.16 .

See 2 flaith, láth.

1 sen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sen or dil.ie/37090
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sean

adj o, ā old, ancient, long-standing : is airei caruim fer sean, ZCP xiii 266 § 12 . aidche samna co sós s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 280.61 . do thuitsiod saoithe seana, ML² 1975 . rachat gidh am s.¤ , Irish Texts iv 86.52 . cid sean, ZCP viii 113.33 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla | cáolshruth sean is adhbha fhúar, Studies 1919, 75.21 . crich Erne na n-iubar s.¤ , Irish Texts ii 54.36 . tulach géiggeal na ngort sean, TD 4.17 . iath . . . na gclár sean, Content. xxv 3 . long (of life): do gheubha sí saoghal s.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 213.67 . dia ndénae-su a n-uile-se, ainfe co mba s.¤ `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . Maelsechlainn slemna rop s.¤ | for trebchlaind Temra is Talten, LL 133a45 . rop s.¤ in flaith . . . | tairnec i nAiliuch oebind `long live the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.157 . Of a weapon in long use, proven: Sil cColla na ccolg s.¤ , TD 8.41 . A. na narm s.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 224.18 .

Compar. is siniu in fer . . . quam mulier , Wb. 28b16 . ce méit asinu aís quam abracham `how much older in age he was', 34a5 . intí asiniu .i. isáu, 4c14 . úair ba siniu oldás C., LU 9080 ( FB 83 ). airmitiu d'Adam . . . | ar im siniu, ni thibér, SR 842 . siniu sencuimne co buiresc in betha, O'Dav. 308 . ní sine . . . a chach he, PH 1970 . robo sine arai n-aisi, CCath. 931 . an chuid is sine ┐ is óige don fhéar, TSh. 2645 .

Superl. cethrur gelda . . . | . . . | sinium saegul os cach maig | batar 'sind aimsir toisig, SR 2251 . mású ar aís m'athar as sinem and Éndae Cromm, Trip.² 1485 . issē ba sinem dīb, BColm. 8.1 . sioneim fedha iobair, Auraic. 4300 .

As subst. o, n. and (of persons) m. sean m., IGT Decl. § 65 . that which is old: tucad s.¤ cacha lenna duind ┐ nua gacha bíd, Acall. 5061 . do-súa in fer go colba Crúachna | s.¤ corma is núa lúachra leis, IGT Decl. ex. 685 . Most frequently of an old person : s.¤ gl. senex, Sg. 49b6 . is alind s.¤ sobrich, Wb. 31b35 . ni théid óc ann ré sén (siun, v.l.), TE 48.26 . bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, LU 3491 ( SCC 26 ). ní aisnébet sin ná seanchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . airdri domain . . . as giliu grianuibh as noibiu cach s.¤ , Ériu ii 98.5 (cf. is sanct cach s.¤ , Éigse ii 184 § 1 ). a ḟir fadlas sós na s.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 270.1 . mar samlait sin, 274.55 . atchuala ra senaib sund | ferr molad na cech mod, LL 306b24 . comcuimne da tsean .i. in da eolach, .i. cinnus do bearar in cuimne ón tsin don tsin eile, Laws i 36.15 Comm . isedh innisit na sin, 154.22 Comm . sin ┐ sacairt ┐ oirchindig in popuil, PH 2956 . fáid cach s.¤ | sean cach ecnaid, ACL iii 228.81 . dligidh sean sogaire, RC xlv 34.21 . marbhuit a sin ┐ doniat gialla da n-ócaib, Marco P. 10 . an súntach bar sin nō in urlam bar n-óig doc[h]um in c[h]atha, ML² 1487 . an sean ní fhidir ná an t-óg | ceadh as fhód idir don éag, Studies 1933, 140 § 15 . feirrde dhuit nach sibh an sean, | cuid an tsin ag an tsóiser, L. Cl. A. B. 60.27 . doiligh oighidh gach ḟir óig | na sin d'oighidh ní hurchóid, IGT Decl. ex. 1490 . co na roibi d'óg na do shin andsin, TTebe 1137 . In phr. eter ṡen(u) ┐ óc(u) both old and young, all: itir ṡenu ┐ ócu, Tec. Corm. § 29.3 . eter shean ┐ ócc, PH 4292 . eter ócc ┐ shen, Irish Texts iv 86.50 . offrála . . . | . . . | dlighitt eter s.¤ is ócc | d'fior ionaid miadhach Maodhócc, BNnÉ 258 § 218 .

an ancestor : ba handsin dorala chuice Lóchine Lond s.¤ Hua Lonáin, RC xiii 60 § 55 . Cairthenn macc Blait s.¤ clainne Tairrdealbhuigh, Lism. L. 497 . Lōegaire Lorc, s.¤ Laigen ┐ Osraigi, ZCP viii 292.4 . Eochaid tirmcharna s.¤ síl Muiredaig, SG ii 471.6 . is eisen s.¤ Fher mBolg, RC xvi 80 § 128 . cró a shean mur Eunna Aighneach | do-bhéra asteagh go tuillmheach, L. Cl. A. B. 72.21 . crann corcra slánuighthe ar sean, DDána 54.25 . a bhfuarais d'ulc ag troid fá iath do shean, Hackett xiv 5 . tír a sean d'ḟagháil ón ḟior, TD 13.22 . go leanfadaois sompladha a sean ┐ a sinnsear, TSh. 5335 .

Of time antiquity; old age: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc, Wb. 4b29 . dobi se co s.¤ `it endured to old age', Metr. Dinds. iii 356.15 .

Compds. (sometimes merely intensive or for alliteration).

(a) with nouns: ¤áes: seníum .i. senáis, Ir. Gl. 735 . ¤argat old money : s. fil agot . . . Cidh doghni s. de? I n-aimsir Deic . . . dorignedh, Fél. 184.7 . ¤ben an old woman : sein-bhean na ríogh, Ráth Cruachan, DDána 92.19 . ¤breth an old judgement, a precedent : cia ro bai i sein breithaib, Laws iv 98.13 Comm . ¤chell senior church (?) Stud. Hib. xxxiv 48-50 : Senella Cella Dumiche 'Senchell Dumiche', The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 140 § 23 . dochóid Pátraic do Thopur Mucno ┐ ró insaig (ró insuidig, v.l.) Senchill = fecit Cell[am Se]nes, Trip. 1249 . o cleirc[h]ibh na sein-cheall, Rule of Tallaght 20 (Teagasg Maoil Ruain) . ¤chenél old, original people : cethir chenel (.i. sencinela) fichet batar isin tir, ACL iii 22.26 . ¤chin an old-standing offence : s., uair damad nua cin ro ba sechtmaidh, Laws i 200.9 . an dream dá leanann sal na sein-chion, TSh. 5247 . ¤chomairbert: inna senchomerbertae biuth pecthaige `of the sinful old way of life', Ml. 65d4 . ¤chomrorcon an old error : roásaiset drissi inna senchomrorcan tar sodin, 2a6 . ¤chríonacht prudence : ag saothrughadh na saidhbhreas tré shein-chríonnacht shaoghalta, TSh. 9474 . ¤chrith: mo lám ar sionachrith, othar me faon-lag `tremulous as with eld', O'Rah. xiv 58 . ¤fhairrge: ag siubhal na senḟairge, Ériu v 184.392 . ag silledh na senfhairrgi, Stair Erc. 1405 . ¤fher an old man : epscoip Cille Tidil | na sinḟir co sárgrind, Gorm. Nov. 1 . ¤fhala an old grievance : a sean fholta ┐ a nua fholta, AFM iv 1176.6 . ferr senfīacha senfala `better old debts than old grudges', RC xlv 21.11 . ¤gabair old (i.e. proven) horse: gabtar ar sengabra latt ┐ indliter ar sencharpait, CRR 15 . ¤gaill old English (i.e. Anglo-Normans): ar neach do shliocht Gaoidhil Ghlais | . . . | ná ar Sheanghallaibh fóid na bhFionn, Studies 1919, 440 § 11 . ¤goídelg: ealg ainm do mhuic isin tṡen-gáidhilg, Cóir Anm. 243 . cua ainm na claine isin t-sengaidilc, TBC-LL¹ p. 495 n. 1 . ¤gom old vexation : coro bhethaidhsiot beóghrís a sengomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . ro chuimhnigh cách díobh a seangoimh ┐ a nua-fhola dia roile, AFM iv 1204.20 . ¤laech a veteran : a senlaíach, BDD² 1517 . na senóraig ┐ na senlaich, CRR 15 . ní mó iná trian a scél innisit na senlaeich út, Acall. 298 . ¤lebar an ancient book, Scripture : sen lebár sin, Laws i 240.13 Comm . i n-ar sennlebraib, LB 137b16 . litir in sen libair, más inann ní fogabar ann ┐ isin maclebar the original MS. (as opposed to the copy), O'D. 1581 ( H 5.15, p. 7a ). do fhéagh sinn i seinleabhraibh, Aithd. D. 44.17 . an gcluin sionn an seinleabhar `do I pay heed to Scripture?', PBocht 19.18 . ¤les old or ordinary fort of residence: dul ó faithchi in senlis for airgi, Laws i 132.13 Comm . ¤muinter original people : Senach . . . do ṡenmhuinntir Find meic Chumaill, Acall. 969 . ¤pheccad old, inverterate sin : an dream bhíos dall ó shein-pheacadh na leisge, TSh. 9359 . a thaiscid sen-pheccaid (of the body), PH 8226 . ¤rád a proverb : seanráite Sholaimh `the book of Proverbs', Proverbs i 1 . ¤ridire an experienced knight : gur ferr na senridirdha isin cath naid na ridirdha oga, Fier. 10 . Sir Uuilliem Stanlui, s. saigdiūirthe Saxanach, Fl. Earls 52. z . ¤rúa an old person : mac Senbath s., LU 1253 . Cámha gan mac is gan húa | dorála conadh s., Acall. 46 . s.¤ṡaille matured bacon MacCongl.² 192 ; old hard-cure Peritia xv 320 n. 54 : for thócht sen-s[h]aille, MacCongl.² 100 . ¤scél ancient legend : ni maith senóir gan seinsceoil, Acall. 1385 . nach doilig sin ge senscel, Irish Texts ii 28.25 . ¤scélaige reciter of old tales : Suanach . . . senscélaidi Find, Acall. 5297 . ¤scríbend original document : senscriband deóda, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . amal frith i seinscribheannuibh na petarlaici, Lism. L. 3672 . ¤ṡlicht an old family : do bhí sí ag seinṡliocht Cholla, TD 24.38 . do ug a huan síoth dá seinshliocht, PBocht 4.19 . ¤ṡruith: oc comrac fri senṡruthe, LU 1292 . na sen sruithe ro-batar rompa-som, PH 256 . ¤tintúd early translation : lasna sen-tintuda (recte -tintudu, Edd.), Ml. 107a3 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brisc. As subst.: senbriscai salcai móra impi `old faded things upon her', Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 320.1 ). ¤buide yellow from age : a c[h]naim senbuidi (of an old tooth), Trip.² 1625 . ¤ché: buidhne an bheatha ṡeinché, DDána 46.43 . ¤chiathaidi?: rabenastar a seicheda sen-tascidi s. dí, TTr. 966 ( LL 230a38 ). ¤fhoclach proverbial : in snáithi . . senfoclach ro fagbadar na hugdair a slechtaib a senbhriathra, MR 158.10 . ¤fhaltanach: so mar nid na trí naimhde sean-fhaltanacha-so `the three inverterate enemies', Donlevy xx 1 . ¤garb: susta senta sengarbha, Lism. L. 3653 . re táebh gacha seiche sengairbhi, Comp. CC 98.10 . ¤lethan: dá shleig shéta shenlethna, SG 260.16 . ¤óc ever young, or perh., both old and young (dvandva compd.): s. (epithet of the Deity), ZCP iv 243.32 . ¤ṡaeglach: a ṡeanṡaoghlach áith ḟionnḟuar `seasoned' (of a weapon), TD 33.10 . ¤tascide: rabenastar a seicheda sentascidi senchiathaidi dí, TTr. 966 `old-hoarded, long since laid by,' ibid. Gl.

For other compds. with sen see separate articles.

1 sénaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sénaid or dil.ie/37101

Forms: séna

v ā denies, disowns, rejects : cumal for nech senathair iar naititean, Laws iii 110.5 Comm . mas ris na neichib indises lebar ro caith iat ┐ ní ra senait is [s]lan, 532.6 Comm . mas ris na neichib indiseas leabhar ro caithit iat ┐ ro sennustar, 8 Comm . ar na ro sentar in tapa, i 286.21 Comm . mad a naimsir lachta not sendais na ba a laeghu, 24.20 Comm . do shéandaois na ba a laoigh, Keat. iii 526 . ro sen . . . goid an reithe fo mhionnaibh, Mart. Don. 338.16 . cīa rotsēnustar ar tlās | do muinterus, mō gach drūis, ZCP x 47 § 23 . is é fáth fá séanaid an drong leanas an seachrán so purgadóir, TSh. 4321 . do t-séanadar clann Bhrian . . . sin ┐ adúbhradar go raibhe a n-athair rómpa, ML App. 178.11 . dá sénta na beirt do boing | a ceilt ní ḟédfa in ḟalloing, IGT Decl. ex. 698 . a thriath fa thrí an tann do shéan, DDána 39.7 . ná sén ionn mar ollumain, O'Gr. Cat. 475.28 . séanfaidh an t-oighre an t-athair, TD 31.30 . más d'iarraidh síth go nua nois | shéanas tú an trom do rónais, Content. ix 15 .

With prepp. s.¤ . . . imm denies . . . in the matter of: amal bud ed atbere[d]: no-co sénaim-si umat-sa sin as much as to say: I do not deny what thou sayest (Christ and Caiaphus), PH 3157 . daig senfaid ime he will deny it against him (of a repudiated contract), Laws iv 54.24 Comm . s.¤ . . . for (ar): dombert bennachtain dī for fír d'indissi dó, ocus mallacht dīa sénad fair, MacCongl. 5.18 . cid air budein cid ar nech aile ro tsheindistar in cin, Laws iii 110.11 Comm . `ná séan' ar Conall re Conn | `do sgéal oram, a anam' do not keep thy story back from me, DDána 105.20 . an dream shéanas ar an eaglais offrála `qui oblationes negant ecclesiis', TSh. 4664 . an drong . . . shéanas ar an oide faoisidne . . . nach bíd féin ciontach, 9034 .

With neg. clause denies that: do shéan nachar ghlac féin a shamhail sin uaidh riamh `she denied that she had ever accepted such a thing from him', Keat. ii 5295 . gidh séanas Cailbhin nach fhéidir le Dia arán do chlaochlodh i substaint chuirp Chríost denies that it is possible, Eochairsg. 59.1 . séanfad . . . | nach mé bhí go haorach treórach I will deny that I used to be, Hackett xxvi 107 .

Vn. séna, 1 sénad. Same wd. as 2 sénaid, q.v.

senda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. senda or dil.ie/37126

Forms: seana, seanna

adj io, iā (sen) aged, ancient : ba s.¤ a churaid cum gaiscid `(too) aged for battle', Marco P. 129 . ba s.¤ in ri intan sin, 156 . a thirimm thróg secdai shendai, PH 8270 . ní sine m'áoissi iná m'eagna | file áoisi seanda sinn `lochdach' (as it is to be pronounced seana or seanna), IGT Introd. 36.5 . las na biadhaibh sennda, AFM vi 2210.2 . ua senta sothoglaidi muir a cathrach, TTebe 1597 . tarla dhansúaimhneas orra | . . . | tíad tar úidh an eóil shenta | gan dúil cheóil no chuideachta, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14.4 .

1 sénta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sénta or dil.ie/37176

vbl. of necess. of 1 sénaid: ní séanta go dtugthar saordháil d'anmaibh na marbh (negandum non est), TSh. 4508 .

2 sénta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sénta or dil.ie/37177

part. of 2 sénaid. charmed, lucky, blessed . Freq. used of weapons: geraither cloidem senta sothinmiche, TBC-LL¹ 5602 (St.). do chóiridh Fiachra a chorp isna harmaibh séunta, IT ii2 141 n. 4 . rucad uadsum cloidem s.¤ do cholman `a sained sword was taken from him to Colman', Three Hom. 110.3 . a airm s.¤ deg-maithi C.C. i n-a láim, CRR 51 . cleth . . . do slegaib . . . senta , MR 224.2 . Of other objects: altóir senta saersholas blessed, BCC 355 . camcomla .i. baile sēnta lasna geinti a comruiced diass, O'Mulc. 286 . an phroinn-se do phlúr shéanta | níor thúr toirrse a taisbéanta blessed, DDána 20.23 . Of persons lucky, fortunate : an slúag s.¤ soullamh, ALC ii 294.6 . DDána 24.2 . budh iomdha dhíobh orra éachta | dronga séanta sítheamhla, TD 16.64 . innistear d'Ioruadh ann sin | go rug bean is an Bheithil | an t-eo séanta . . ., Aithd. D. 49.20 . a mhionn séanda (: céadna) (of a person), TD 30.17 . a dhrech sh.¤ (: doidhénta) `face of magic', O'Gr. Cat. 411.19 . ? To this in a bad sense accursed (?): tainic Diabol a ndeilbh shenta adhuathmair (`inveterate'), Lism. L. 3625 . i carcraibh . . . salcha senta senbrena (of hell), 3646 . sústa s.¤ sengarba (of weapons carried by the host of hell), PH 8112 .

sentu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sentu or dil.ie/37182

n t, m. (1 sen) old age : cid ho s.¤ gl. senio, Ml. 112c10 . bemmi in doiri co ricci sentaid gl. in senium [peruenire], 105b6 . bid cóem a óitiu, bid sruith a sentu, Tec. Corm. § 31.29 . senta fomdera crōan, Otia i 122 § 1 . s.¤ dona airchinnchib, Trip.² 2945 . robaitsi dechain Ius inna sentaid Cíarán, 1181 . nad fresci bás na sentaid, LU 10003 . dolluid crini chucumsa ┐ sentath, 1240 . ina óclachus ┐ ina ṡentaid, Alex. 996 . ó roairig iarum Findtan a sentaith (sendacht, v.l.) fén ┐ sentaith na mbili, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ni bia doib bochtai na senntai, PH 6910 . dímāin cach sendu, ACL iii 228.86 . .iv. hifirn in centair: seanda ┐ doma, galar ┐ docraidhi, ZCP iv 234.17 . do dhiúnnach mo bhiothchlaoine | gurbam eatal i seantaidh, Aithd. D. 57.10 .

1 serr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 serr or dil.ie/37263
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f. a sickle : serr gl. serra , Études Celt. xi 122 (Paris Latin 10290 33 a 29) . serr a serra , Corm. Y 1139 . fer . . . na serre ┐ na susti `a man for the sickle', Mon. Tall. 133.13. viii .c . cethariadh ate serrnta uile ┐ serra iaraínn estibh do lettrad . . . in tsluaigh, BB 493a30 . geraither cloidem senta sothinmiche cech serra da bfuil i toebaib ┐ i slesaibh cacha buailedh bodhba, TBC-LL¹ 5602 (Stowe) (serrae, v.l.). serr iairn do thabairt for a chend, ┐ a thescad a ṅdíb bloga `scythe', PH 1261 . searr .i. corrán bheanas fér no arbhar. o dochuaidh searr a ngort .i. o dochuaidh corrán a ngort, O'Cl. `searr a scythe; sickle ', O'R.

seta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seta or dil.ie/37325

adj io, iā long, slender, graceful . Usually of persons: loech caem s.¤ fota ard, TBC-I¹ 3144 . fer mór sém s.¤ . . sebcaide o churp. BB 427a30 . is me in n-ingen s.¤ seṅg, LL 210b21 . toeb seng s.¤ , IT i 120.4 . traigthi s.¤ sithgela, TBC-LL¹ 212 . méra s.¤ síthalta, MacCongl. 97.16 . dirsan taebh settu suaithnidh | do bheith i nuairthigh úire, AFM ii 576.12 . mala goirmṡeda (: coimleaba), Prolegomena 45 § 19 . caomha | do dá cholbtha . . . | beaga bhláthbhuinn | 's iad seada sálchruinn seangthroightheach, DDána 114.22 . do chris cáol geltais ní geada | d'fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . géaga gasta is méara fada | séimhe seada sompluightheach, Ó Bruad. iii 68 § v . ro buí si seda segaind suilbir, Stair Erc. 509 . Of a horse: ech . . . seṅg s.¤ sered-chael, LL 189a24 . Of garments: lénti sémi setai sítaidi co tend-medón traiged dóib, TBC-LL¹ 183 . Of weapons: lann sheada le mbuail biodhbhaidh, RC xlix 169 § 8 . do slegaib s.¤ sodibraicthi, TTebe 3060 . dorlach do dhairtibh seada | maoidhtear ar chrios Cúipioda, DDána 78.11 . frasa . . . do shaighdibh séda síoth-ghorma, CRR² 29 . ni rohimirchuirit fagada s.¤ suainmecha re dibrucud, TTebe 1472 . fis a leba ag barr Broine | loighi ar crann seada sleighi, IGT Decl. ex. 251 . ? To this: i ccarcraibh . . . salcha, seda (om., v.l.), senta (of hell), BNnÉ 99.10 .

sleg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sleg or dil.ie/37884

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . a javelin, spear, lance : ro gabustair a sleig, Laws i 6.2 . dolléici a hathair sleig cóicrind dí anúas . . . co lluid trea triliss ┐ condo ragaib Fróech inna láim in slig, TBFr. 234 . sleg ḟota thredruimneach reimithir cuing n-imechtair a crand fil indti, BDD² 968 . tarlucus urchur dom sleig | i ndúnad Eogain Inbir, LU 3859 ( SCC 38 ). fosnessa sleig culind ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187 . ra gabastar a da ṡleig chendchritháncha bennacha isin charpat, 4604 . slegha slindlethna for crandaibh midhsenga ina lamaibh, 5537 (Stowe). tuc slinn na sleigi ┐ a forgraín re a édan, Acall. 1725 . bi in chomlaid co n-ev a slige co luid trea, RC xi 446.61 . ro cotar na curaidh . . . for a slegaib senta ┐ for a ruadhgaib remra, CCath. 5854 . do ghabh a tsh.¤ . . . ┐ do rad crecht adhbhal ar taebh dhes an Tigherna lancea, Smaointe B. Chr. 4277 . is í an tsleagh úd do sáthadh tré Absolon, TSh. 1009 . adeir in rí teile an túagh | crúadh a ṡleighi isí ar na sním, IGT Decl. ex. 1084 . ceann do ṡleighe ar gcora a croinn, TD 29.24 . tromghontar Eogan conad for crannu sleg ro himairced hé, SG 50.21 .

COMPDS. ¤aicbéil: cenn do c[h]ur in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML² 1712 . ¤daire a wood of spears : s. slindgér na ngái, TTr. 1447 . ¤oll: Breogan . . . is a shil sleagoll sneidseang, BB 36b33 . ¤rann spear-point : Siol Semeoin sleithi slegrann (.i. do niodh sloidhe re rendaibh sleg), Leb. Gab.(i) 124.5 . ¤tholl pierced by a spear : gur fhagaib a sleasa go sleaghtholl, MR 272.7 .

2 so, su

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 so, su or dil.ie/38192
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: su-, so-, su-, sonairt, soibheart, soifer, soicheneol, sogh-, soth-, soghthengaid, soighidirdhealbhtha, sothbiadach, sothchroidheach, suacubuir, sochenēuil, sochoisc, soacallaim, soāig, Sodelbi

prefix leniting the follg. initial. In hiatus usually su-; in other positions so- and su- alternate without regard to the quality of the vowel in the next syll., GOI § 365 . In old compds. with follg. neutral consonance: sonairt (nert), solus (lés), ib. § 166 . Later felt as an autonomous element of the compd. and adopts the quality of the vowel of follg. syll., e.g. soibheart, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . soifer, Leb. Gab.(i) 156 n. 4 . soicheneol, MR 96.6 . Occasionally spelt sogh-, soth-: soghthengaid, O'Curry 444 . soighidirdhealbhtha, Luc. Fid. 375.1 . sothbiadach, Laws i 42.4. Comm . sothchroidheach, Donlevy 62.24 . Used in composition with nouns, adjectives, participles, verbals of necessity, and rarely with verbs. When prefixed to nouns to form adjj. the resulting formations, when from o- and ā- stems, generally assume i-inflexion: suacubuir, Ml. 67c8 (accobor). sochenēuil, 101d12 (cenél). sochoisc, Wb. 30b28 (cosc). (Note, however, sásad sognass, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . a slesaib saerclann socineol, Stair Erc. 894 ). The usage in the case of u- stems varies: bad sochrud, Wb. 6a30 . fer sochraid, SR 5751 . mad . . . socomais (socomas, v.l.), ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (commus). On the model of compds. of o- and ā- stems compds. are freely formed in the later language by prefixing so- to the gs. of any noun, the resulting formations being treated as attrib. genitives and left uninflected (see Bergin, Ériu xii 229 ): ben . . . soacallma, MacCongl. 97.3 . lind . . . soóla, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . saerṡloinnti soicheneoil, MR 96.9 . Nouns formed by prefixing so to o- and ā- stems usually retain the declension of the simplex. Note, however, soacallaim (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) `affability', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . soāig (ág), Ériu i 118 § 8 .

Freq. used to form artificial compds. in etymological glosses: so-abb gl. sab, ACC 26 . so-acomol gl. socomul, Laws ii 362.4 Comm . so-ána gl. sona, i 42.7 Comm . soth-cedach .i. socothach .i. sothbiadach, 42.4 Comm . so-raidid gl. saeraid, 92.z Comm . Note also: fer . . . sofer a saerughudh, Auraic. 1797 .

The follg. list is illustrative only. Words no longer felt as compds. of so-, e.g. solus (so+lés), sonairt (so+nert), etc., are given as separate articles.

(a) With nouns to form nouns in meaning good . . ., excellent . . . (sometimes with merely intensive force, or for alliteration). With verbal nouns in certain constructions the force is adverbial ( well ). ¤aicsinae comeliness : cia an ghein ba samalta ris . . . ar shofhaicsina `in good looks', Leb. Gab.(i) 98 n. 8 . ¤acallaim affability, ease of address : s. (soacallma, soacallmacht, v.ll.) cen mórdataid `affability without haughtiness', Tec. Corm. § 1.5 . ¤aice a good fosterage, upbringing : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti is cor cach techta `das Anbefehlen von `Zeugung' (Kindern) in eine wohlbefreundete (?) gute Erziehung ist ein Vertrag nach aller Gebühr', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26.4 (= Laws ii 360.28 ). ¤áig: nī soāig nā soairle coimērgi frit mac `it is not fair fight nor wise to rise up against thy own son', Ériu i 118 § 8 . ¤áilgis a good request, suit, claim : bes no soailgis, O'Dav. 1432 . ¤aimser a prosperous time: nō go tāinic s. ann (as oppd. to a period of famine), ML² 112 . go rug sí ar an soaimsir `so that she survived to the period of prosperity', TD 15.34 . ¤airlabra eloquence : .uii. so-urlabra súadh in gach tengaidh díb, RC xxiv 381.11 . ¤airlabraid an eloquent man, an orator : Sencha mac Ailella . . . soirlabraid (saerlabhraidh, erlabraid v.ll.) Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 5233 . ¤airle good counsel : fri sorecht, fri s., Laws iii 22.9 . ¤airm a noble place : túargaib tar cach s. sair | tomaidm locha Léin lindmair, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.43 . ¤aithesc a favourable reply : adfet nach fuair Antenor s. uaidibh, BB 423a32 . ¤altar good fosterage : s., mialtar, . . . ro-altar, Laws i 168.1 . ¤balad good smell, fragrance : boltanugud ┐ s., Laud 610, fo. 25b (Plummer MS. notes). ¤ball a healthy limb : ac Diancécht na s. slán, Metr. Dinds. iii 438.3 . ¤bard: memur fri cach s. sen, Auraic. 1996 . ¤ben: tosach sodcha s. the beginning of fortune is a good wife, Anecd. iii 16.20 . ¤bert a good action, a noble deed : le brath soibheart cuaine Cuinn, Dánta Gr. 41.27 . táinic leo a los a soibheart | cosnam clú do . . ., Miscell. Celt. Soc. 370.26 . ¤bérla: is Sencha . . . ar síd ┐ ar ṡo-berla he is a Sencha for peace and good speech, CRR 27 . ¤bérlaid a good or skilful speaker : Sencha . . . s. fher in talman ┐ fer sídaigthi slúaig Ulad, MU² 757 . Sencha s., LU 10285 . ¤bérlaige pleasantness of speech : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤blad good fame : cona slóg co s. sain, Metr. Dinds. iii 268.27 . ¤brón cheerfulness : ge dha bhi subha ┐ sobron ┐ somenma ar Ulltaibh desin, ZCP viii 539.19 . ¤brostugud the act of stirring up effectively : flesc arggit . . . i lláim ind arad ic s. na hechraide, LL 189b39 . ¤charthainne: do bí síth ┐ sáime ┐ s. rena linn `amity and peace and quiet', Caithr. Thoirdh. 2.22 . ¤charthannaige charity : do bfollus búidhe ┐ socharthanaighe in epscop naemhtha Déclan, ITS xvi 34.7 . ¤chéimm joyful step : mithigh soicheim go síol gCárthaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 200.1 . ¤ chinded good determination or settlement?: cach socindiud dib sin d'eachaib ┐ srianaib (gloss on saescuir), Laws iii 22.31 Comm . ¤chlann: dobert doib la sidhe (leg. sídh, Ed.) is sochlainn righe Raithlinn `with peace and goodly children', Lism. L. 2143 . ¤chocad easy or successful warfare : ferr sīdh s., Anecd. iii 19.5 . ¤chomairle good counsel : ar fogebadh slainti ┐ sochomairle tria senmam (leg. senmaim) a buinne degabail, D IV 2, 53va29 . ¤chomét: sochomet .i. daghcometas seanchas ┐ a cuimniud, O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, p. 49 ). ¤chonách good success, good fortune : mét soinmigi ┐ so-conaigh Poimp, CCath. 5023 . ¤choisce docility : tréde immi-foilnge gáis do baeth, ecna, fosta, s., Triads 194 . treidhe glanus cride duine .i. sochoisci ┐ miscais in cendtair ┐ serc ind alltair, O'D. 992 ( H 3.17, col. 855 ). ¤choiscithe: re bhreith-cheirt a breitheamhan, re s. a soithchern `regularity', MR 102.16 . ¤chostud: a sobés a s. `her good custom, her good manners' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148.3 . ¤chumtach: neoch mar imḟuaíg snathat d'ór iarna írbrunniud, no d'argut arna ṡ., LL 189a50 . ¤dáil: in buidi, in derg, derb dána | nisgaib fergg fri sodála (of the winds), SR 60 . D. fri gach sodhail soin `D. born to every happiness', Mart. Don. 290.23 . ¤dám a good or proper retinue : caite ceathar sodam gacha gráidh?, O'D. 981 ( H 3.17, col. 779 ). ¤damna good material : dotrua comarda uaim | bid sodamna (bidsodomna, MS.) frit banbúaid, SR 6118 . cach sodomna ríg, LL 147a46 . ¤dath: go s. firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88, fo. 51a ). ¤deibech successful strife : itir sith is tṡodeibech, Irish Texts i 61 § 51 . ¤delb: trí héitich docelat cáin . . . s. cen tothucht `three ugly things that hide fairness . . . a fine person without substance', Triads 85 . a sos, a s., a sulbairi (of Ireland) Ériu iv 146.10 . As npr. eiter G. ┐ Sodeilb ingein Chormaic, ZCP xii 375.16 . g s. Sodelbi, ib. 1 . Sodealb is Cummain, Irish Texts iii 67 § 174 . ¤dindgna a strong fortress : Temair . . . forsmbít sosta sodindgna, Metr. Dinds. i 10.66 . ¤duine inhabitant of a sid : conbuiretar i caomthach na s., ZCP viii 104.19 . ¤fhégad act of seeing well, of observing carefully : dena ar s. riasiu dogné feirg rind, RC xxvi 17 n. 3 . ¤fheithem great attention : ba hadbar galair disi an soi-feithemh do roinne ar Lugaidh ┐ é gan édach, Leb. Gab.(i) 272 n. 5 . ¤fhíadu a good witness : co sorathaib ┐ sofiadnaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, 586 ). ¤fhilltiugud act of making flexible : do sofilltiugud a adbair, CCath. 5218 . ¤fhis see sous. ¤fhostad act of holding well, firmly : each . . . cona srian . . . ima ceand da sofosdad do reir cora, Laws v 62.22 Comm . ¤fhrecra: múchadh feirge soifhreagra `a soft answer turneth away wrath', Ir. Prov. 84 . ¤gaes great wisdom : im sogáes mac Sen-Garmna, Metr. Dinds. iii 244.36 . maith treoir a so-ghaoise so, Content. xxv 12 . ¤gairm act of praising; a pleasant name: eól dam fri s. snaitte | comainm Crúachna comnairte `known to me by smooth-spoken eulogy', Metr. Dinds. iii 348.17 . s. sóer sléibe sen-Míss, 240.20 . ¤gein: soighein bha ré san ríoghacht a noble person, L. Cl. A. B. 257.160 . Of animals: sogein .i. daggin .i. bo maith, ut est cona seasga sogin sét, O'Dav. 1441 . ¤gemm: Saran s. .i. gemm maith, Gorm. Sept. 21 . Cf. soigheam .i. geam maith .i. cloch uasal mhaith, O'Cl. ? ¤gen(n)acht pride, spiritedness : do hotlacht ┐ do hoghenacht su, ZCP viii 549.16 . ¤gnás good manners, custom, usage : trí seithir sotcaid: sognas, sochell, súarcus, Triads 210 . trí seithir sognáise: feidle, soithnges, cuinnmíne, 208 . móithfe sognáiss cach síde `he will delight the company of every fairy knoll', Imr. Brain 52 . ¤gním: sógnim maithiusa virtuous act, LB 156a13 . bheith seadhmhar ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh ┐ na soighníomh, TSh. 1811 . toirmeascc do chor ar shoighniomhaibh muinntire an bharúin . . . isin ffearonn sin `to prevent the Baron's people from working on those lands', AFM vi 2040.z . ¤gnímrad good works, virtuous acts : suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 322.11 . ¤goídelg (lit. good Irish) eloquence : áilgine, saidbres, sogóidelg (among the requirements of a noblewoman), Tec. Corm. § 54.20 . ¤grád great love : Secundin co s. very affectionate S., Gorm. Feb. 21 . rob tuar soghráidh a silleadh, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . good degree or rank : fri srethblaid ┐ s., LL 146a9 . ¤imól good drinking-round : Fig. maidith . . . in sluag forna doirsi[u] co-rralsat soïmōl for lár ind liss, Sc.M² 18 . ¤insce, inscne good speech, eloquence : cach soinnsce solam, Cóic Con. 22.16 . a senchas, a soinscni (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162.7 . ¤istad good habitation : oga ndecsain dar a soistud, Laws iv 176.z Comm . ¤labairt good speech, eloquence : da mbeitís secht tengtha im cind ┐ secht solabarta súadh cecha tengad dib, Acall. 7551 . ¤labarthae eloquence : do solabarthai ┐ do soberlaigi, YBL 86a53 . ¤labarthaige: da ṡolabartaigi da labradaís `however eloquently they might speak', RC xxiv 383.8 . ¤laech a good warrior : ba buaid solaích, LL 32 marg. inf. ¤lorg a brave troop : robái Echaid . . . | for srethaib saidbre a ṡoluirg, Metr. Dinds. iii 352.66 . ¤maise beauty : rogabastar int ara . . . a chathbar . . . ba somassi dosom sin, TBC-I¹ 1878 . re somaisi na mergedh ┐ na minn rigda, CCath. 4987 . somhaise ┐ sláinte a chuirp, TSh. 7963 . ¤marbthacht mortality : ag bioth-chuimhniughadh an bháis ┐ shomharbhthachta an duine, TSh. 135 . ¤méin a good disposition : Suuithun co soimein, Gorm. July 2 . ¤menma: rodhúisigh fó somhenmain `he awoke refreshed', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . dorad seitrichi ┐ somenmain don tshlogh . . ., Aen. 2088 . an trath leicces a leabra | do cach as cúis tsoimenma, Irish Texts ii 52.18 . ¤míad great honour, respect, glory : gairmebtair . . . co s. . . . na naím, LU 2460 . dligid athair s., ZCP vi 261.23 . ni ḟuair do ṡomíadh acht cuirp Ua Cendselaig (of the results of a battle), RC xviii 268.4 . Nodlaig do bhádhas ag Brían | gum shochar is gum shoimhíadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1649 . ¤mind a goodly diadem; Senan s., Gorm. Sept. 30 . ¤oígidecht good entertainment, hospitality : rodfia suaighidheacht aidchi sunn anocht, RC xv 206.1 . ¤ráith good surety : arach for soraith nad elai .i. for dagraith, Laws i 118.6 , 21 Comm . fal fir fosaither dagnadmann co sorathaib, O'D. 820 ( H 3.17, p. 586 ). ¤recht good law : fri s., fri soairle, Laws iii 22.9 . ¤réidiugad act of smoothing out, making easy : rogab for guidi an Choimded ina croisfigill ma soreidachadh dó, D IV 2, 57va34 . ¤shén good or lucky sign : cia s. ┐ solud búi for in ló i mbátar, TBC-LL¹ 1072 . ¤shíd good peace (?): cen sosid fri toirsi atraig | tarmairt Dauid a haidid, SR 6443 . ¤shín fine weather : co haimsir tsamraid ┐ sosini, CCath. 1361 . ¤shlúag a good or brave host : d'fhir imdích s. sadha, Auraic. 5333 . ¤spirut: amal a s. gl. a Domini Spiritu, Wb. 15b7 . ¤thecosc good instruction : ferrdi sluag sothecusc, MR 158.13 . ¤thengthaid a good speaker, an advocate : airecht fodesin . . . suitengtaidh nodofethaigthear, ZCP xii 360.11 . ¤thinmige sharpness : geraither cloidem senta sothinmiche cach serra, TBC-LL¹ 5602 .

(b) With nouns to form adjectives (on inflexion see above). Here, with nouns other than verbal nouns, the force of so- is as in (a) ( ¤chenéil lit. of, having a good family). With verbal nouns and other nouns implying action the meaning good, fit for, worth is often present ( ¤óil good to drink), but most freq. so- here conveys the idea of ease, facility, possibility , etc.

¤accallma affable, sociable : atcondarc and in suid sulbair s., LL 116a33 . ¤aithne easily known, intelligible, recognizable : adeir Aristotul nach s. an íle ach do leith na hanalogia, O'Gr. Cat. 254.18 . ¤aitrib easily inhabited : in dara crich s., Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.24 . ¤béoil: Sencha sobeóil eloquent, LL 123b5 . re foiléim t'eich ṡing ṡoibhéil sensitive, Aithd. D. 15.15 . ¤blegoin in good milk (of a cow): soilbech .i. s., O'Dav. 1439 . ¤búair rich in cattle : Araba saidbir s., D IV 2, 53vb16 . ¤chaithme: ubhla s. sirmhillsi, BNnÉ 239 § 170 . ní sgéal sochaithmhe sin `imperishable story', PBocht 23.39 . géag úr nach so-chaithmhe sibh `fresh ever-green branch' (of the Blessed Virgin), A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 10 . ¤charthana worthy of love, lovable : gradhaigis in rí Mochuda oir bá s. hé, BNnÉ 292 § 8 . ¤chlainn well-born?: ba soalt sochlaind ní súail, Metr. Dinds. ii 28.43 . ¤choisc docile, easily instructed or governed : s. gl. docebilem, patientem, Wb. 30b28 . s. cach so-thengtha[id] `every well-spoken person is tractable', Triads 251 . acht bidis soc[h]oisce, ZCP iii 451.28 . As subst. sái cech s. `every docile person is sage', Tec. Corm. § 15.36 . ¤chomais capable, effective : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp . . . sofoltach s. (socumas, v.l.) `mit richtiger Macht', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). ¤chomráid conversable, sociable : roba s. Iubdán, SG 239.1 . ¤chonáich prosperous, successful : ua saidbir sochonaig d'erraib ┐ d'armaib . . . int olen sin, TTebe 1927 . fear síothchanta sochonaigh `a peaceable affluent man', AFM iv 858.4 . ¤chorp of good body: mad s. sognimuch, ZCP xiv 369 § 30 . ag loige . . . slan s., Laws ii 246.1 . ¤chu- handsome : más masla bheith sorcha sochumaidh, Ó Bruad. iii 218 § 6 . ¤chumainn lovable : mor ngiolla saor sochomainn | dom lucht chumainn, TD 36.1 . soercland suairc . . . sochomaind, Cog. 178.13 . — dath finely coloured : la slúag slán sóer s., Fél. Aug. 10 . ¤dedla: foghnamh . . . ris nach soidheaghla which is difficult to relinquish, Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . ¤delba comely, handsome : a bhall sliombog soidhealbha, TD 21.6 . ¤déinme: laoich ren soidhéinmhe síodh ban `warriors with whom women readily make peace', TD 9.30 . laoich na ngreagh soidhéinmhe seang `warriors with sleek shapely steeds', 2.25 . ¤deraid: gnúis chorcra ón soidhearaidh síodh `ruddy cheek by whom peace is readily rejected', TD 13.46 . ¤derc visible: compar. airm bes . . . soderci . . . nó bes forréil ann, O'Dav. 1276 . ¤dígail easily avenged (?): lathris solchend sodigail soisilgeneth (rhetoric), ZCP viii 307.4 . ¤díla easily satisfied, requited : soidhíola do Mhac, a Mhuire, Dán Dé x 26 . ¤dula: ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa ttangattar . . . co nár bhó sodhula tairsi idir so that one could not traverse it, AFM v 1614.22 . an sruth do bhí sodhola dá shluagaib, SG 10.2 . ¤eólais easy to know or follow : glacfaid an slighidh shaobh shoieóluis ┐ casán claon na colla, Mac Aingil 403.5 . ¤fhaicse easily seen, visible : don eagluis shofhaigse, Luc. Fid. 268.z . ¤fhaicsina, ¤fhaircsina visible: an Papa a cenn sofhaicsiona ar talmhuin (of the Church), Parrth. Anma 98.1 . gér bhó soilléir sofhairccsiona luisne ┐ lasracha an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.17 . ¤fhéchain easy to see : co mba sofechain do Nestoir inni sin, BB 434a38 . ¤fhorcetail of good teaching : in morbriughaidh sona sofhoircetuil (of St. Senán), Lism. L. 2469 . ¤fhulaing: cēin bói int aingel forsin cloich ba rothē dó, intan téged for imaire ūad bā s. do tolerable, MacCongl. 31.15 . ba brigh bhecc (sofuluing, sofulaincc, v.ll.) le muintir Césair sin, CCath. 1875 . suilig .i. sofulaing, O'Curry 1298 ( H 3.18, 539a ). ráod sofuluing susceptible (of milk), Rosa Angl. 112.9 . ¤gabála: ó a mbeith an teanga saidhbhir so-ghabhála ar na neithibh maithi atá sna teangthaibh eile, Desid. 32 (see Gloss.). o thicc ailghes an choblighe ni soghabala fris `it is not easy to hold out against it', Leb. Gab.(i) 30.8 . ¤garma ready at call, easy of access : ní maor so nach sagharma, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 1 . ¤geis having good `gessa' (?): rop sogeis [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.3 . ¤gnáis, ¤gnás well-bred, sociable : rop sognais [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.17 . for a slóg sochraid sognáis (: mbáis) `among the seemly orderly host', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.42 . See sognas. ¤gráda of good degree or rank : niba ceim soer sograda | tecait druing duba demna, SR 8283 . ¤ gráid lovely : manbad ruirig nimi nair | conic cach suilig s. noble, SR 4182 . an thaobh s. slis-gheal slim, Studies 1928, 676 § 19 . ¤gráid of good degree or rank : for topur s. Segsa `upon the honoured well of S.', Metr. Dinds. iii 288.35 . ¤guide attentive to prayer : soghuidhe an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . ¤id easily yoked, submissive : feil inghen séim soid (disyll.), Gorm. Oct. 26 . ¤imberta easily wielded: compar. bendachais P. na íarnda comdar soimmbertu . . . de, Trip.² 2594 . ¤impóid easily changed or turned : losa grennuidhes in fual ┐ in tallus, curob soimpoigh a linn ruadh e, Rosa Angl. 88.11 . ¤imrim, ¤imrime: cach rudh so-imrim penetrable, O'Curry 734 ( H 3.18, p. 351 ). ech . . . soimrime manageable, O'Curry 1864 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). ¤imthechta easily traversable : claonus an choill do gach leith go ndearnadh bealach socar s. thrithe, BNnÉ 159.9 . ¤lámachtaige palpable : dorogart in draí demnu co tuc dorchai sholamachtaige darsin mag, Three Hom. 26.7 . ¤lámaig dexterous : tucc sidhe sanntach solamhaigh dia shaighidh, AFM vi 2114.22 . ¤leptha: fir lén clúmh cuilte sneachta | gasradh ṡuirgheach ṡoileaptha `amorous ardent youths', TD 21.7 . fa neamh do bhrú a bhanaltra | do budh tú a theagh soileabhtha `thou wert His (Christ's) comfortable dwelling', PBocht 19.14 . (?) ¤lomraid good shearing, yielding much wool : cairaich . . . sochraid solomra[i]d, O'Curry 251 ( H 3.18, 145b ). ¤marthain abiding, permanent : an seanoir s., Skene, Chronicles of the Picts and Scots 101.8 . ¤mesc, ¤mesca intoxicating : ra dáled lind soóla socháin somesc fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . midh . . . somesca, Acall. 4961 . leanna somesca, Lism. L. xxxvii 31 . ¤naisc well bound : coir n-athcomairc do-eclannar im cach solam s., Cóic Con. 22 § 18 . ¤óil, ¤óla good to drink : do choirm ṡomlasda ṡo-óil, DDána 85.37 . ra dáled lind soóla . . . fair, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . fleadha somhilsi soóla, Maguires of F. 35 . ¤pháirte: luit báis Dé nach dochaointe | ón pháis is sé s. `twas His Passion that made Him so easy to love (?)', PBocht 19.3 . ¤radairc fair to see : fona minnaib sliptha so-radhaircc, ZCP i 366.3 . ¤ronna kindly, affable : go mbí sochroidheach s. ris gach n-aon, TSh. 8085 . ¤shnadma easily bound: fir ris nach soshnadhma síoth, DDána 106.18 . ¤thacmaing, ¤thacmaig enveloping : inar sroill sothachmaing, Acall. 5808 v.l. gabsaid rigi siar co sir | na caim fa sothacmaig saer, Lec. 204ra25 (= cia sochomtaic, BB 45a1 ). ¤thecoisc, ¤thecuisc docile, teachable : bidh sotheguiscc amailled re comairled duine oile, Ériu v 134 § 79 . atá sí glan . . . sotheaguisg, James iii 17 . ¤thaíb fair-sided: do frithóil sgor seang sothaíbh, IGT Verbs ex. 610 . ¤thinchoisc amenable to instruction. As subst.: is súi cech sothinchoisc slán, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . ¤thuicse intelligible: compar. mínigh dhamh ni as sothuigsi, Desid. 3138 . ¤thuicsena intelligible : atá aní ann féin sothuigseana, TSh. 2900 . ¤thuitme: ata sé s. urusa chum cach uilc = proclivis, ITS xxix 150.35 . ¤urfhuigill easily persuaded, gullible : is s. hi docum a h-aimlesa, De Contemptu 673 .

(c) With adjectives to form adjectives. In a few cases only ( ¤bocc, ¤breg, ¤chaín, ¤lethan, ¤thig, ¤thoirsech, ¤ullam) merely intensive. Freq. in adjectives derived from nouns, a formation based on (a) above. Also in compds. where the second element has the form of a participle or verbal of necessity. Here so- has the same meanings as with verbal nouns in (b) above, and possibly this formation, which is on the whole late, may have originated in cases where the participle had the same form as the gs. of the verbal noun. ¤ac(c)allmach fair-spoken, affable : rop soacallmach [in flaith], Tec. Corm. § 6.7 . ¤accobrach: ūair ba sánntach s. mbánbíd in scolaige, MacCongl. 9.15 . rop s. [in flaith] `let him have good desires', Tec. Corm. § 6.6 . ¤accobraiti desirable : ni ba so-accobraite on `she will not be desirable then', Ériu v 209.25 . ¤acmaingech of good means, affluent, liberal: ba soacmuingech tuarusduil . . . doib, ALC i 276.4 . ¤áirmide easily reckoned : do marb ní nach soairmidhi díbh, Fier. 233 . ¤airmitnech very honorable : bá sruith s. in saerphopul, Alex. 460 . ¤aithenta: i do bheith soghaitheanta (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤aitrebtha habitable : dona . . . crichaib soaitrebta, Ir. Astr. Tr. 6.1 . ¤aitribthide habitable: suaitribthidi gl. habitabiles, Ml. 126a12 . ¤astaide see saitside. ¤bethuigthe well nourished, well fed. Adv. do chaithiodar . . . a n-aimsior . . . go subach somheanmnach soibheathuighthe, PCT 100 . ¤básaigthe subject to death, mortal : créutúir réusunta sobhasaighthe (of man), Parrth. Anma 68.2 . ¤beirthe easily brought : dá lár is soibheirthe sionn, DDána 45.3 . ¤bésach having good manners or morals : imdich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gutem Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Sitten', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). a sleasaibh segaindi soibesacha saerclannta, Aen. 2824 . ¤bocc pliant, accommodating, gentle : sē sām[fh]ind s., MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤bogtha easily moved : dochum nach bhíadh éunduine . . . sobhogtha 'sna buaidhearthuibh se, 1 Thessal. iii 3 . ¤breg very fine: a crichaibh seghmura sobreagha Saxan, ZCP vi 68.30 . ¤brígach very strong, mighty : ba sobrioghach nertmar Fergus don gniomh sin, Leb. Gab.(i) 108 n. 5 . ¤briste brittle: soibhriste snáth ar saoghail, Dánta Gr. 16.60 . ¤brónach cheerful, glad : nirdar subaig . . . sobbronaig . . . rapsat dubaig dobbrónaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . gur'bhat subaigh sobrónaigh uili iat, Acall. 2303 . Adv. ro chaithedur ind adhaig sin co subach s., 2457 . ¤brostuigthe easily stirred up or provoked : ní sobhrosduigh[th]e é chum feirge, 1 Corinth. xiii 5 . ¤buidech very grateful : atá siad . . . sobhuidheacha grádhach (of a people), Corp. Astron. 84.11 . ¤búalta easily struck : do land is sí s. | cam dhí doba dodhénta, IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ¤chaín very good, excellent, choice : lind soóla sochain somesc, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . coma s. ri sillad, TTebe 3742 . ¤chairdech very friendly : aurail coimperta i soaici sochraiti glossed .i. aurail . . . clainde a ndagaice be[s] s. sochur doibh, Laws ii 362.2 Comm . (= a clann co deghaite deghcairdech, O'Dav. 137 ). ¤charthanach lovable, amiable, friendly, kind : is suairc s. he ┐ is urusa serc do thabairt do, BB 456a42 . Of inanimate objects: muigi . . . in tíre solusta, suaichnid, sochartanaig `famous, lovable' (of Tír Tairngiri), Lism. L. 3856 . gurbo . . . seimidhe s. in fairrgi, CF 55 . compar. níis socarthanaigh[i] gl. amabilior, Ir. Gl. 1125 . ¤charthe easily loved, attractive : is e . . . suairc s., Mackinnon Cat. 199.18 . ¤chétfadach: ar is soc[h]etfadach cech duil i lleth fria duilem for every separate creature is very sensible of its Creator, Todd Nenn. 51.4 . ¤chlaechlaigthe, ¤chlaechlaithe easily changed : atā corp in duine ēgsamail sochlaechluigthi, RSláinte 77 . [cúig] féilti soclaecloithi `five moveable feasts', O'Gr. Cat. 309.9 . (?) ¤chlaíte: oibrighidh mar leigius fuar oir ata brigh ṡochlaoite innti, 23 K 42, 436.18 . ¤choimhlíonta easily fulfilled : go bhfuilid a aitheanta-som . . . s. maillé re na ghrásaibh, Donlevy 52.9 . ¤chomairlech giving good counsel (susceptible of advice?): fer mórmenmnach . . . sídhamail s. é, CCath. 328 . ¤chorach capable of making a valid contract : s. cach saer `every saer-person may make a contract', Laws iii 8.14 . ¤chortha easily fatigued : dá dtig an reathaidhe do bheith aillseach s., TSh. 10727 . ¤chreitmech credulous, believing : adeir go mbíd Éireannaigh chomh soichreidmheach sin ionnus cibé nídh adéaradh a n-uachtarán . . . go measaid a bheith 'na fhírinne, Keat. i 62.12 . ¤ chreitte easily believed : conadh esdibh-sin uile as soichrete iliomad eōlach Ēreann, Celtica i 93.183 . ¤chridech good-hearted, kind : mar do díochuir Conaire ár gcáirdeas le briathraibh sochraoidheacha `good-natured conversation', ML 118.12 . go mbí sochroidheach soronna ris gach n-aon = caritas . . . benigna est, TSh. 8082 . Adv. taisbén dúinn, a thigherna, go sochroidhech do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 304.1 . ¤chumscaigthech mobile, agile : ind uili nanmand mbeothach ┐ socumscaightheach, BB 15b26 . ¤delbach well shaped, beautiful : ri sochraidh sodhelbach, Aisl. Tond. 137.21 . cleirech seghdha soidhealbach, KMMisc. 317.22 . As subst.: déana eidirdhealughadh . . . idir an soidhealbhach ┐ an doidhealbhach = discerne . . . pulcrum a deformi, TSh. 7734 . ¤delbda shapely, comely : ocon buidin ṡ. ṡaerchenélaig sin, ZCP xi 62.4 . As subst.: an tsoidhealbhdha ág áluinn, DDána 112.7 . ¤dénta easily done, practicable : ata soidhéanta ag Dia, BNnÉ 12 n. 11 . go ndeuna taithíghe líonmhar an deighghníomha sa soilléir soidheunta é, Donlevy 472.1 . ¤derctha easily seen : co . . . narbo soidercctai oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤dergtha: gnúis shoidheargtha ag an óigh aingligh `the blushing face of the angelic maiden' (of Mary), PBocht 4.25 . ¤dílegtha easily digested : co ndliginn oileamain na sean-daineadh beith s., RSláinte 845 . ¤diubraicthe easily thrown, suitable for hurling : roghabh a dhá ṡleagh . . . gona semanuibh soidhiubhruc[th]e, RC xxix 128 § 38 . ¤dolbtha: focheird . . | airchur . . . | segda sodalbtha, SR 6155 . ¤érmach very lively, spirited : robai a ech socair soermach, TTebe 1384 . ¤erráidech prone to error, easily mistaken : soimheallta, sothuitimeach, soighearraideach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤eterdelbtha easily distinguished : soighidirdhealbhtha o uile sheict ┐ coimhthinol earraideach (of the church), Luc. Fid. 375.1 . ¤fhaicsenach fit to look at, pleasing : dena tú fein so-fhaicsianach do Dhia, ITS xxix 198.10 . ¤fhaicsigthe easily seen, visible : is re haghaidh an duine do cruthuigheadh an saoghul s.-se go léir, Donlevy 476.22 . ¤fhégtha: s. air nach fuil ainm = visibilia innominata, Mackinnon Cat. 40.14 . ¤fhillte easily bent, pliable : an uair bhíos (sc. slat) cruaidh . . . ┐ nách bí soifhillte, Desid. 2175 . ¤fhilltech pliable, easily folded : ro gab inar suairc suata s., CCath. 4674 . claidem . . . sithrigin sohfillteach, 4688 . ¤fholmuigthe easily emptied : an tan as ail an corp do phurgoidiugadh as eigin . . . a dhenamh sofholmhuighthe = fluidus, 23 K 42, 15.1 . ¤fholtach of good qualifications or deeds. Used of a `flaith' and `céle' who rightly observe their reciprocal duties: im-dich cach corp a meamra, ma[d] socorp . . . slan s. `wenn er ist von gutem Gehaben', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). nach cele s. ┐ mad anfoltach in flaith, ZCP xiv 391 § 58 (= Laws ii 332.10 ). tobert doib taisiuc na flatha ┐ ni bo s. friu disin, RC xii 70 § 40 ; 'he was not able to discharge his obligations to them' Peritia v 149 . As subst.: is a reir in sofoltaig as-renar `nach der Bestimmung des Wohl-Qualifizierten', ZCP xiv 391 § 58 . ¤fhorfáilid very glad, cheerful : rodailedh lind ┐ biadh doib . . . co mbadar subhaigh soforbailig (soforfailig, v.l.), IT iii 197.20 . ¤fhulachta endurable : ba soolachta dam iartain fulang a brotha, RC xlvi 230.10 . ¤gabálta easily handled, managed : corrc[h]athbarr círach . . . sronach so-gabaltae do iarann `capacious', CCath. 5262 . Freq. as an epithet of horses: for dá n-echaib . . . sogabalta, TBC-I¹ 1974 , `well-yoked' Faraday. tri cóecait gabur . . . itt é beólaide, s[o]aitside, sogabáldai `easily yoked', BDD 51 . ¤gabáltach: for dib echaib . . . denmecha suntrigsigh sogabaltaich, TBC-I¹ 2333 . leth don cholaind sogubbhaltaigh `well-conditioned' (of a fattened pig), Laws ii 414.2 . ¤gabtha easily accepted (?): in dub . . . | in temen . . . | ind odar, doirchi datha | nidat soirchi s., SR 64 . ¤gelta well grazed : sochorp subaid s. `gut im Futter' (of a bullock), ZCP xiv 351 § 9 (= Laws ii 246.1 ). ¤genda (gein) well born; spirited, proud : oglach sotal so-ghenna eisin, TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 2 . Adv. dochōdai-siu co soindim sogenda remond isin teach, TBC-I¹ 2498 . ¤gerrtha: sinech shármór s. | loch Rugraide rithestar (rhetoric) vulnerable (?), SG 251.24 . ¤gessi: bid saidbir, bid sogeisse (sogessi, sogheis, v.ll.) `leicht zu erbitten', ZCP xi 87 § 52 . ¤glactha that may be felt: áit 'na bhfuil . . . dorchadas s. = palpabiles, TSh. 6596 . ¤glúaiste easily moved, movable : inmobilis (leg. mobilis) a Laitin, sogluaisti a Gaidilg, O'Curry 1284 ( H 3.18, 535 ). dá madh ní soghluaiste an Eire sin, ML 44.4 . bíd soghluaiste chum feirge fo bheag-adhbhar, Corp. Astron. 70.19 . a huile shealbha sogluaiste, AFM vi 2148.4 . doréidhidh íad go socair sóghlúaisde `he broke them in until (they were) quiet and easily-ridden' (of horses), Ériu v 190.483 . mul socair sogluasta `a comfortable, easy-riding mule', ZCP vi 283.21 . ataid a slíghthe soghlúaiste `her ways are moveable', Proverbs v 6 . i maitheas shoghluaisde an tsaoghail se transient, TSh. 343 . ¤gnásach, ¤gnásaich having good manners (?), sociable (?): robo ṡoghnasach ┐ ba hailghin ac a haltrum, RC vi 174.9 . bud sognasaig soacallma, SG 253.31 . ¤glan very pure : a c[h]omrād ba s. sēim (of Colum Cille), ZCP vii 303 § 4 . ¤gnímach of good deeds, beneficent, virtuous : im-dich cach corp a meamra ma[d] socorp sognimuch sobesuch `wenn er in gute Zustand ist inbetreff . . . der Handlungen', ZCP xiv 369 § 30 (= Laws ii 278.20 ). do Shinell shoigniomhach, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 33 . Adv. luid roime . . in rí . . co subach s., LB 236a18 . ¤gonta easily wounded, vulnerable : co narbo s. . . . oenball dia curp, CCath. 4699 . ¤grádach very loving; lovable, pleasing : rosc socraidh sogradach lais, BB 427a45 . go raibhe 'na Rígh .. . ro-shoghrádhach, Desid. 6879 . mac Domhnuill ṡaoir ṡoghrádhaigh, TD 32.53 . Adv.: tiagaid co subach sogradach dia tir, BB 238b31 . ¤guiti easily entreated : Fiacha Súigthi .i. soghuithe, ar bá hurusa a etarghuide, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤impóithech: is i so dani na plained co soimpaidtec ┐ an talam co dogluasta easily revolvable, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120.9 . gurub soimpoitheach a leann ruadh e easily convertible, 23 P 10, 15a9 . ¤lámhachtach easily handled, palpable: compar. ba solamachtaige [cuirp na hesergi] iar fhirinde in aicnid chorpda, PH 6747 . ¤lámaigthe easily handled (?): do éirgidar ceithre hollchúigidh Érenn a crislaighibh . . . a lúireach saidhbhir solámaigthi, Comp. CC 102.1 . ¤lámda, ¤lámaide easily handled, manageable : arm solámhdha, O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 . sitheadh . . . solāmaidhe dexterous, Feis Tighe Chonáin 389 . As subst. excellent handiwork, dexterity (?): érlam scolárda do scríb | dérgadh rígh solámhda súadh, IGT Decl. ex. 184 . ¤lecctha easily brought down : ní soileagtha thú tairsibh `thou art not likely to be overthrown in despite of them', TD 2.18 . ¤légtha legible: compar. nías soleghta gl. legibilior, Ir. Gl. 1126 . ¤leónta easily wounded : tuig gurab éadaingean soileónta do bhí an cholann daonna i nÁdhamh, TSh. 2547 . ¤lepthach luxurious, wanton (?): s. cech suirgech `every lover likes a dainty bed', Tec. Corm. § 13.29 . As subst. finechur gach solebach, Laws iv 374.23 = finichair gach solepaid, O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, p. 15a ). ¤lethan very wide, spacious : go himlibh Locha soileathain Ríbh, BS 118.5 . ¤lesaigthe well prepared : fled . . . solum s., SG 238.7 . ¤límtha well polished or whetted : de fhaobharaibh colg . . . solíomhtha, ML 128.19 . ¤logtha easily forgiven, venial : tréna bpeacadhaibh sologhtha, TSh. 4366 . ¤logthach easily forgiven : peacadh marbhthach ┐ peacadh sologhthach, Eochairsg. 73.29 . ¤maisech very beautiful : inar sroill s., Acall. 7267 v.l. na subháilce somhaiseacha chailleas a los an pheacaidh, TSh. 1456 . gurb ardmaigistir isna secht n-eladhnaibh somaisecha saera `seven elegant liberal arts', Stair Erc. 970 . ¤marbtha mortal : ní fhuil ionainne acht daoine so-mharbhtha mar sibhse, TSh. 150 . corp somharbtha, Romans vi 12 . ¤mellta easily deceived, beguiled, enticed : daoine iad uile soimheallta, learab eidir breaga do radh, Luc. Fid. 267.12 . ¤menmnach in good spirits, cheerful, courageous : iarum rancatar dia taig | soera, slana, somenmnaig, SR 3518 . nirdar subaig sámaig . . . somenmnaig lucht puible Fir diad, TBC-LL¹ 3242 . ¤mescda intoxicating : cach lind s., Alex. 869 . ¤míadach very honourable : caecca sruth go soimhiadhach | or bhen sé iascc a linne, BNnÉ 80 § 158 . ¤míanuighthe desirable: lán d'ór ┐ d'airgead ┐ dá gach maoin shoimhianuighthe oile, TSh. 2724 . ¤molta easy to praise; laudable, praiseworthy : erlam uasal adamra s., SG 17.1 . Adv. cionnus do fhéadfadh a bheatha do thabhairt as go subháilceach s., TSh. 651 . compar. níis s. gl. laudabilior, Ir. Gl. 1127 . ¤morgtha, ¤morgaigthe easily corrupted : an oileamain do-gabur ō na torthaib geinid sī fuil shomorguigthi, RSláinte 5016 . doni gach uile thoradh fuil uisgemail somorgtha, Reg. San. 25.21 . ¤mothaigthe palpable, tangible : comharrtha somhothaighthe do chedfadhaibh corparrdha, Parrth. Anma 189.14 . an eaglais . . . sofhaicse, somhothuidhthe, Luc. Fid. 356.12 . ¤mudaigthe perishable, mortal : duine 'na Dhia ┐ uilechumhachtach ┐ Mac Dé 'na dhuine ┐ somhudhaighthe, Desid. 6218 . ¤múinte teachable (?): atait inntleachtach somuinti `refined', Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.26 . ¤óentadach accommodating, agreeable : s. é co sír ┐ bá suilbir dogrés, Cóir Anm. 168 . ¤oscailte dissoluble : gach ni as s. ┐ is laigi dageibh is in talmain beirid se . . . isna srotaib (of rain), Ir. Astr. Tr. 34.15 . ¤oibrigthe excitable (?): in dechmad la fithed . . . is sooibrithe in ti geinter and, C IV 2, 10va1 . ¤ráthaigthe: in iondsma na sleagh semnech sithfoda so-ráthaighthe `wohlbemerkten (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5600 (St.). ¤shásaigthe easily satisfied, moderate, reasonable : léaghthóir comhthrom s., Keat. i 94.15 . ¤shercach very loving : condacomarthar fria feli na sar-rigna sosercaide, YBL 177b35 . ¤shiublach easily travelled : an bóthar réidh só-shiúbhlach, ITS i 4.17 . ¤thaithmigthe easily dissolved or annulled : cor sotaithmithe, O'D. 787 ( H 3.17, 565 ). ¤thecoscda docile, teachable : bid sogradhach soteccuscda, D IV 2, 54ra18 . ¤thillte easily turned : run nach soithillte go síor, Studies 1933, 139 § 6 . ¤thoglaide easily assailable : ua senta sothoglaidi muir a cathrach, TTebe 1597 . ¤thogtha: duine sográdhach s. `sensible', Corm. xli 20 . ¤thoirsech very lamentable : srotha . . . sotoirsech (of hell), Lism. L. 3660 . ¤thorchuitbide: sē sām[fh]ind sobucc sotorchutbide `easily moved to laughter', MacCongl. 87.8 . ¤thregta easily pierced or penetrated : biaidh ruithenda, lúthmhar, sothreghdtha (of bodies at the Resurrection), Parrth. Anma 117.19 . ¤thrúaillithe corruptible: ag soláthar na séad sothruaillithe saoghalta, TSh. 10613 . ¤thuicsech, ¤thuicsenach easily understood, intelligible : flichidheacht ro shéimh nach sotuicsinech, O'Gr. Cat. 249.7 . superl. is i an ghaoidheilg is sothuigsighthe . . . do cuireadh síos ann, Donlevy xxii 14 . Adv. muna mínighthear dhóibh go sothuigsionach, Donlevy viii 28 . ¤thuisledach causing to stumble, slippery : drochet . . . nī thalla nemdīrgi dó air nā ba sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434 . ¤thuitmech inducing a fall, leading into error : ata bhar ngluais . . . soimheallta, sothuitimeach, Luc. Fid. 334.1 . ¤ullam well prepared, thoroughly ready : slúag sénta s., ALC ii 294.6 .

(d) With verbs: ¤chenélaigidir ennobles : co sochenelaigidir, Ml. 138c4 . ¤dheisigid arranges dexterously, adjusts : gur shodesigestar [lainn a chlaidim] . . . ina haltaib, MR 300.23 . ¤legaid: ní fód súd nach soileaghtar, DDána 27.1 . ¤ráidid: freq. in Laws Comm. as a gloss on saeraid: ro saeradh la Feine .i. ro soraidedh do reir in feinechais cen ni d'ic ann sin, Laws i 92.z . saerta la fine a forcomol .i. soraidter a fir accomol a ferand na fine amlaid sin, iv 16.23 , 18.11 . soerthair .i. soraiter no soradh, ut est mac cor mbel berar i seilb soertha uccu .i. soraiter in ferann ro soraidhedh do iarna togha .i. in ferann donti toghthar ann iar bfir `exempted is the land which has been exempted by him according to his option', O'Dav. 1470 . do gobainn no cerda no umaidi saertar la tuaith .i. soraiter eneclann doib isin tuaith, Laws v 114.x Comm . ¤réidigid smoothes: as laidir do soiredighedh . . . a coill de, Leb. Gab.(i) 102 n. 3 .

solus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. solus or dil.ie/38426

Forms: solas, ṡoluis

(2 so+1 lés)

I Adj. u, later o, ā

(a) bright, clear, light-giving : s.¤ gl. clarus, Ir. Gl. 665 . is rugs.¤ gl. praeclara, Ml. 37d18 . is bés inna tabernacuil didiu is s.¤ `tis is the manner of the tabernacle then that it is light', 40c15 . bit soilsi impo `they will be alight around them', Thes. ii 31.22 (Bvn.). ba s.¤ in grīan īar sein | a medhōn na haidhchi sin, ZCP v 25 § 6 . rind s.¤ (of a saint), Fél. Jan. 30 . a gríanan co senistrib solsib, LU 10636 . issed is coimdigh treibe and a lar ┐ a hairmedha ┐ a inada soillsi, Laws v 326.13 Comm . ro-artraig . . . hi ngné solais . . . in t-shnechta, PH 3384 . lotar . . . isin lō s.¤ dochum a mban, ACL iii 224.29 . dath mar adhairc sholais `a colour like transparent horn', O'Gr. Cat. 252.8 . an tene ┐ gach ni s.¤ ele `and every other light-giving object', Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.16 . nach fuil inadh . . . gan beth deallraigteach s.¤ on grein, 98.10 . ro delbh se . . . in sliabh dorcha . . . do cach ┐ s.¤ taithnemach do fein, Stair Erc. 1779 . ag so an ré 'na ré s.¤ , TD 21.42 . lucht loingsi ó lis na Beirbhe | d'ḟis deilbhe soillsi Saidhbhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1369 . Of places: co Dun Sobairce solos, BB 268a21 . ar Mhagh Luirg na learg solas, DDána 88.32 . Fig. happy, prosperous : indar leo ba s.¤ in bliadain doibh samlaid, Marco P. 85 . Equative: tech . . . soilsidir bid hi lugburt bright as though in a garden, Thes. ii 294.16 . soillsidir óen na retlann, SR 1902 . suillsithir ri snecht a gnúis, MU² 538 . soilsidir caindle cíartha | gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha, Ériu iv 94 § 13 . Used as compar.: soillsithir fó secht andá grían, LU 2029 (FA). Compar. co mba sollsi oldás grian, PH 6985 . soillse é ná gach aingeal | Míchéal, Dán Dé xxviii 44 . nó an bhfuil ní as soillse ná so, DDána 37.15 . cíoch as soillse iná réalta reoidh, PBocht 2.37 . Used substantivally: dona uaislib no dona soillsib illustrious (or distinguished) persons, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). As a metrical term: incípít dona hanaichintibh . . . ┐ atáit da earnail furri .i. s.¤ ┐ dorcha, is é so ín s.¤ , IT iii 95 § 148 .

(b) clear (of sound): in guth s.¤ labrastar o bérlu ainglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7 . Compar. ba soillsiu ┐ ba gleu gothuib doine, § 8 .

(c) clear, lucid (in intellectual sense): do bi fáidhetoracht C.C. . . . s.¤ sothuicsena, BCC 430.2 . cionnas do bhiadh eólas solas ar an Ttríonnóid agoibh?, Desid. 4867 . snadhmadh s.¤ ar an síothcháin, DDána 111.24 (prose 384.23 ). Compar. sloinn dúinn ní is soillse iná sin `name to us more clearly', TD 13.30 . Adv. atbér cen snaidm co s.¤ | a hainm is a bunadus, KMMisc. 194 § 1 .

II Subst. o. solas, m. IGT Decl. § 53 .

(a) light: goor gach s.¤ i suidi, Corm. Y 675 . goar .i. s.¤ isin Fenic[h]us, Auraic. 633 . mar na faicfea s.¤ co bráth, PH 7760 . a agad ar in s.¤ ngrianda budhdhes, Marco P. 85 . as tríthe tháinig an solas neamhdha dochum an chinidh dhaonna, Desid. 6309 . o thainic . . . s.¤ tratheirgi do lo arnamarch, TTebe 2195 . degsamlacht soluis an re, Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.4 . ní fhuil s.¤ mo dhearc agam (lumen oculorum), TSh. 4203 . a ṡoluis oidhche um iarnóin (of a weapon), TD 33.4 . biodh s.¤ ann ┐ do bhi an s.¤ ann, Gen. i 3 . Fig. ar solas ríochoinnle, ar n-inghean Iachaimne (of Mary), Aithd. D. 72.11 . s.¤ eccna na hEreann, AFM iv 1098.5 Attrib. g s.: do bhí an néalsain 'n-a néal ṡoluis , DDána 17.13 . in nomad bl. dhec don chicil solais `the solar cycle', ALC i 306.7 .

(b) clarity, intelligibility : sliocht ele . . . dobher solas da ccenas `another passage . . . throws light on their leadership', Geneal. Tracts 88 § 130 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤bruiden: a solusbruidhnibh . . . na hEmna, Comp. CC 79.9 . ¤chnes fair-skinned: tucus Éblend soluscnis `I wedded Éblenn of the radiant skin', Ériu iv 156.14 . ¤gabáil: ag solusghabáil a pshalm ┐ a pshaltair `blithely chanting', BS 4.11 . ¤lia: treabh na solaisleag soiléir, TD 3.33 . ¤nélgal: ba samalta re solusnellgail ciach, CCath. 5873 . ¤reic: ag éisteacht re dréachtaibh ┐ re duanlaoidhibh . . . gá soluis-reic, DDána 111.24 (prose 384.6 ). ¤ruided: solusruidedh na saerchlann, CCath. 4990 . ¤tech: ar solustighib cláraigh, Acall. 763 . ¤tráth: o solustrath éirgi do ló co medón lái, Acall. 1804 . na ticfa co s. éirge i mbárach, RC xiv 424.8 .

(b) With adjj. (incl. adjj. derived from nouns) ¤bán: tar in sáile s., Acall. 4741 . ¤barr: Niall samglan s. `of shining locks', Ériu iv 108.2 . ¤bog: a dhreach ṡolasbhog, TD 21.18 . ¤gemach: a cathbarr . . . s. fana cenn bright with jewels, ZCP x 299.11 . ¤glan: guth mór s. clear and pure, LU 1934 . broghadha . . . solus-ghlana suaithenta bright and clean, ML² 1072 . ¤íarnaide: na slabradu . . . solus-iarnaidhe, MR 178.3 . ¤mór: dochuadur issin síd s., Acall. 2795 . in lind sholosmór út, MU² 301 . da leaspaire solusmora, BB 15b16 . ¤rennach: fa'n sroll-mergi . . . s. senta sparkling, MR 196.7 . ¤tairthech. As subst.: in Solus-tairtich (name of a draught-board), Acall. 7804 . ¤taitnemach: dentar lespairedha solusthaitneamacha, BB 15b11 . ¤tiug: nírbh oirchios fós a bhfaicsin | gan tracht an taoibh sholuistigh, L. Cl. A. B. 209.22 .

1 sról(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sról(l) or dil.ie/38830

n o, m. (see CCath. Gloss.) name of a fine cloth, usually transl. satin, silk .

(a) sroll gl. byssus, Ir. Gl. 577 . sroll ┐ scarloit do mac righ erind, Laws ii 146.15 Comm . do breaclas ┐ srol ┐ corrtharaib, v 382.14 Comm . co rugsat leo a srol ┐ a sirig ┐ a sida, Todd Nenn. 74.6 . sróll nó sigir nó purpuir nó biosóir, TSh. 4215 . sról mar chraiter lé cumail | caiter ór le husgaraib, IGT Decl. ex. 738 . a síoda 's a sróll corcra, PBocht 14.7 . Med. sroll loisce (as a sedative for the heart), Rosa Angl. 140.z .

(b) As used in various garments, etc.: brat corcra go gciomhsaibh sróil, TD 39.8 . cantarchapa do sroll `a silken choir-cape', Ann. Conn. 1248.17 . aged chāin a cochlaibh srōil, ACL iii 307 § 15 . clíabinar sróil sirecda, LU 6557 . lene de sról ríg, 6295 (TBC). dá súainleabthuibh sróil, IGT Decl. ex. 1112 . peall sróil ar slios an tighe, L. Cl. A. B. 184.109 . puball sróil, IGT Decl. § 56 (110.x) . sgarfa sróill, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 8 . eter stiglaib stúag brecsróil, LL 33b41 . a úathroic srebnaide sroill, LU 6421 .

(c) Of banners, standards: ria bhar ngaillmeirgib griansroill, BB 289b3 ( MacCarthy 126 ). hI Bríuin na meirgedh maoth-sróil, BNnÉ 284 § 271 . nocht do bhrathaigh 'na biasd sróill `as a satin monster', SGS iv 138 § 6 . Hence banner, battle-standard : is é in sról dar slúagaib (fig. of St. Molling), LL 305b28 ( SG 383.9 ). sróll fann re caoilfhiodhbhaidh gcruinn a soft banner of satin, DDána 85.4 . crú a méruibh ar maighre sróil (i.e. a banner bearing the figure of a salmon), Rel. Celt. ii 228.15 . sróll taisgreanta ar crann ga chur, IGT Decl. ex. 1227 . ? sról re sleghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 100.191 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤Banba: feadh sróllBhanbha na síon mbog, Aithd. D. 34.10 . ¤bratach: a sróllbhratacha, DDána 89.11 . ¤chú image of a hound worked in satin : leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta | bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71 . ¤chulaid: 'na sróll-chulaidh bródchuir, Keat. Poems 127 . ¤err banner, standard: lúdh ag sróillearraibh corcra ós chaoilreannaibh, DDána 70.15 . ¤étach satin cloth : 's-a chochall seang srolletaigh, Leb. Cert. 84.14 . ¤fhige weaving in satin : 'n-a somplaibh sróillfhighe, DDána 83.10 . ¤lepaid: [síoda] is sróilleabtha, Aithd. D. 45.5 . ¤meirge: fa'n sroll-mergi, MR 196.6 . ¤tor: is nósmhar na sróll-tuir ar ghréis do-ghnídh towers worked on satin, Keat. Poems 103 .

(b) With adj. ¤derg: fan mbruithchim slaitghil shróilldeirg `red-satined', Ériu i 16.18 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns. ¤matlach: cleirigh deridh aimsiri | . . . | sidhaigh sedaigh srollmatlaid wearing satin mantles, Irish Texts iv 37 § 18 . ¤meirgech: sluag . . . srollmeirgech, MR 214.21 .

súst, súist, sústa, súiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súst, súist, sústa, súiste or dil.ie/39332

Forms: sust

n (Lat. fustis) Perh. orig. ā, f., but form and inflexion vary considerably; apparently m. in Stair Erc. 465 .

Flail : flesc .i. suist, O'Dav. 833 (sust, v.l.). suist no sgiurse gl. tribula, Ir. Gl. 109 (sust, MS.). suisti gl. callidiba, 278 . bla susta aith `exemption in case of injury by a flail in a kiln', Laws iii 220.15 .i. slan a mbrisenn in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm . aithsceinm suiste do lar, v 156.14 . larg a suisti `the handle of his flail', iii 106.15 Comm . susta `flail' (but prob. pl.), iii 264.14 Comm . in tsust, v 158.14 Comm . an tslis sginnes on tsaor . . . no na suisdi on buailtoir, O'Curry 295 ( H 3.18, 162 ). fer . . . na serre ┐ na susti ┐ na forchae ┐ ind claid `a man . . . for the flail', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.13) . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). aicme muine: machad, gat, ngend, sust, rusc (Ogam tírda), Auraic. 5727 . luid i teach do thabairt a chranna, na susta ┐ in tseichi, Ériu v 34.15 . conarba ni ri mac oclaig . . . a dornd im suist `deigned to put his hand to a flail', Cog. 116.12 . na súistighesi, 2 Samuel xxiv 22 . ní búailtear an fiatghal lé súiste, Isaiah xxviii 27 .

Flail considered as weapon: béim búirid fri teora sústa iarnae, BDD² 1271 . eccla shústa duirn dīabuil fear of the flail in the hand of the devil, ACL iii 216 § 4 . cona trichait susti n-imtrom n-iarnaidhe, TBC-LL¹ 5613 . rogab suist ngaile a senat[h]ar i na laim .i. Satuirn, BB 430b29 . sústa sénta sen-garba (of devils), PH 8112 . suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680 . suistedha, BNnÉ 99.19 v.l. (sústa, text). in sust foda fomordhae (n s.), Stair Erc. 465 . do toguib . . . in susta segmar seiniaraind, 1559 .

taiscélad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taiscélad or dil.ie/39830
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: to(i)scélad, to—ad—scéla—, taisgélta

n u, m. vn. of do-scé(u)lai. In early texts also to(i)scélad (taiscélad < to—ad—scéla— ?). taisgélta (pl. ? But cf. ex. 71 infra) m. IGT Decl. § 2 (39.28) . teascélta, Celtica xxi 498.61 .

I

(a) exploring, examining: du thaiscelud a foirbthetad `to explore their perfection,' Ml. 90c1 . fria taiscelad aignidh talmun, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . ic taescelad inn inaid i rroibe (a river), TTebe 1806 . occá mídhemhain ... do taisccéladh for a airdhibh `that they might explore his [natural] endowments,' AFM v 1864.5 .

(b) finding out, ascertaining (by calculation): do thoscélad áis ésci `to ascertain the moon's age,' BCr. 32a8 . Thes. ii 39.24 , 27 , 28 . do toscelad lai sechtmaine, 40.26 . 40.31 , 35 . 41.17 . do thoscélad féle, Fél. Ep. 80.

(c) Med., gen. in pl. prognostics; symptoms: taisgbelta bais no beathadh, Rosa Angl. 2.14 . taisgelta na haimsire ata [ag] teacht do tuigsin, 24 P 22, 148.13 . Cf. budh fearr aisioc na slainti inaid na neithe nach dtainic do taisgeladh, 3.5 . is iad so a taiscelta .i. crith craidhi ┐ claoclod dathand, Rosa Angl. 134.8 .

(d) divination, prognostication: Mog ruith ... is a rothaib doníth a t.¤ druídhechta, Cóir Anm. 287 . tria solud ┐ taiscelad druadh, RC xxv 35.9 . rotriallsatar taisceladh ar nellaib ... in aeoir, TTebe 1196 .

II

(a) spying, reconnoitring: áes ... taiscelta, SR 3476 . du thoscélad forru ó Ultaib, TBC-I² 943 . tothéit I. do thoscélad forsin brudin, LU 7054 ( BDD² 640 ). athgabail dechmaide ... im folach fiann do taiscelad, Laws i 202.2 . ro-fhúided na dráide do th.¤ uad for Ísu `to find out about,' PH 6997 . do th.¤ forsin n-indsi-sea, Ériu iv 142.18 . ag taisccéladh ┐ ag timchealladh na téghdhaisi, AFM v 1794.2 .

(b) betraying, treachery: taiscéladh .i. brath, O'Cl. bátar iadsidhe baí acc taiscceladh an bhaile do Chonn, AFM v 1598.15 . do brath ┐ taiscéladh ┐ do thabairt breicce imo roile, vi 2002.9 .

? leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta | bóchrodh téid dá (na, v.l.) thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71.

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