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ainṡéol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainṡéol or dil.ie/1523

 

n ( séol ): Treb Leue co lini th[é]ol / immon eclais cen anṡhéol without misdirection, SR 4882 . See ainsiúl.

ainsiúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainsiúl or dil.ie/1534

 

adj ( séol ): ar mna asiul, ar m-bae ansiul `our kine barren', Hib. Min. 66.15 . See ainṡéol.

airél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airél or dil.ie/1924

 

Forms: airel

n [ā, f.] (air + séol ? Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 ) couch, bed: tri choicait imdad isin taig ┐ tri coicait fer in cach imdai ┐ tri coicait airel esib ┐ coica cach airel, LL 3682 = tri chóicait airel n-ergnaid / cóica airel imglain, Metr. Dinds. i 32.51 . Dal nAraide .i. dál n-airéle .i. a.¤ rí[g] Erend léo [.i.] is i a leabaid thechta fo bhith is orba níadh roghabhsat, Cóir Anm. 249 = dál .i. rann nAraide .i. airial ríg Eirenn .i. is í a lepaid thechtaide, etc., SG ii 470.18 . Fig. airel (.i. elair, LL) ārsceo nemnech a resting-place of destructive slaughter (of a warrior), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 . airél .i. leabaidh, O'Cl. airel a Bed , Eg. Gl. 680 .

airlam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlam or dil.ie/2167

 

adj o, ā (*air-fo-lam). See GOI p. 497 and Vendr. Lex. urlamh .i. ésgaidh no ullamh, O'Cl.

(a) Of persons ready, prepared, willing, etc. (to do something ): am irlam gl. promptus sum, Wb. 1b9 . is erlam gl. paratus est, Ml. 29d11 . With gen.: irlam techte martre, Wb. 13c8 . urlamh oidhidh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . With prepp.: is irlam ind anim do thuil dée `the soul is ready to [do] God's will', Wb. 5c18 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . airlama do denum uilcc, 3d12 . ammi irlaim . . . do dul martre, 4b21 . robtar irlim do thecht martre, 7b5 . urlam do rath prompt at bestowing, LU 3398 ( SCC § 17 ). aurlam fri firecrat, 3851 ( SCC § 38 ). comtis irluma fri crábud, LB 144b34 . am erlum-sa letsu `I am ready [to go] with you', BNnÉ 304 § 16 . mata morsodethbir agutsa bidam urlum-sa lat, CCath. 3348 .

In phrase is a.¤ la is ready: ba erlam leo techt they were ready to go, BB 497a25 . urlam leis ac Luigeach Lis he is ready at Lis L., Cog. 120.19 . in tan . . . bus urlum lat docum na Trae, BB 418a51 . as errlam leam sin I am ready for that (i.e. to do it), Lism. L. 1015 . Perh. also: dáib gér orlam aimréide though they might be on the point of falling out(?), O'Gr. Cat. 354.24 .

(b) Of things ready, prepared (for use): it digla erlama lesom do neuch inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . erlamae gl. opportunae (raptoribus), 110b3 . promptum est .i. is aurlam, Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 ). i n-óenló ra fúaprait ┐ i n-óenló rapsat irlama, MU² 150 . os aurlam if it is fully prepared (of wool), Laws ii 370.4 Comm. biad . . . isé urlamh, 202.8 Comm. im denum liacc bron .i. is i cet ceptha . . . si cet urlum . . . si lan urlum roughly finished . . . fully finished(?), i 188.23 Comm. 'na aicdib urluma finished products (of articles made from metal), z Comm. gním erlam, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.24 . cor iarfaig in ba herlam in essair, Three Hom. 120.18 . batar a n-eich urlama inimtechta occo ready for departure, CCath. 4917 . comad erlam fria thaispenad, Fél.² vi 40 . an síoth an uair do b'urlamh, DDána 48.14 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt / earlamh atá dá tabhairt, Dán Dé xiv 17

. (c) In more general sense of ready, prompt, swift, skilful: ba herlam ic tuaslucad cest, RC ii 402.1 . d'ollamh orlaumh, ZCP xii 295.29 . mná áille urrlamha, xiii 167.13 . ro seol . . . o imrum urlum urmaisnech, Aen. 208 . ecnaidh urrlamh irisech, SG 32.10 . sebhac urlamh, O'Gr. Cat. 510.11 . hi ccath erlamh Almhaine, AFM i 316.9 .

Gramm. a preceding word used to indicate gender of a follg. one: a tri urluimi indsce .i. hic h[a]ec hoc .i. ise isi ised `leading words', Auraic. 524 ( = a tri herlanna, 3026 YBL). (The form urluime, Auraic. 524 , if genuine, belongs rather to airlaime).

Equative: is erlamaidir sin `even so ready to hand', Ml. 36c21 . Compar.: armbad irlamu de don buáith, Wb. 11a7 . lōech budh urrlaime nā Frōech, ZCP xiii 167.25 .

2 aithigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithigid or dil.ie/2690

 

Forms: athaigid, aithige, athaige, athoighidh, aithighidh, athoighe, aithighe

vn. of 1 aithigid. Also athaigid, aithige, athaige. athoighidh aithighidh (guthaidhe leis orra, v.l., i.e. athoighe, aithighe?), IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of visiting, frequenting, resorting to: eglaise d'aithighe, ZCP viii 214. y . dilmainius aigthide (aigthige, MS) co cairdemail iter da rigda in Choimded, Todd Lect. vi 51 § 72 = aithigthi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS notes). dorsi athaigthi access-doors, LB 154a37 . gan athaighe gan iomadhall (of a road), AFM vi 2222.27 . ro b'urusa . . . Ere d'imluadh ┐ d'aithighid, MR 102.14 . With obj. gen.: athigid na tened co menic going close to, BDD² 1221 . do aithidhigh in deissi `to visit the tenantry', Mon. Tall. 156.30 (§ 71) . eoin . . . batar oc athigid Chairpri, LL 22111 . mo Dūilem dom thaithigi / . . . / mo menma dia aithigi `my mind to go out to Him', Ériu ii 56 § 12 . si oca aithidig fon seol sin visiting him during that time, RC iii 344.8 . do thréicis tige nóla / ar aithighe altóra, SG 58.37 . With AR: tré gan aithidhe do dhéanamh ar ṡeinscríbhnibh through not consulting, Keat. ii 6170 . With co: ro būi C. . . . ag a.¤ sair co a muintir, Corm. Y 883 (Anecd. iv 75.y). fri athigid chucumsa `for visiting me', RC xxv 26 § 9 . uair na fil athaigid chucaib no uaib, Alex. 962 = athaigi na tathaigi, BB 499a21 . ma ta aithidhe uatha ┐ cuctha, O'Curry 2380 ( Eg. 88, f. 29(30)d ). With DOCHUM: batar oc athigid dochum C., LL 22114 . With I N-: hic aithigid 'na ōentech, ZCP viii 262 § 8 . an ród . . . 'na mbí triall ┐ aithighe iomad bó, TSh. 10746 .

(b) In a few exx. perh. occupying: dogni E. . . . tech immon tiprait . . . ┐ oen ben ocá hathigid one woman inhabiting it, LU 2955 . do bhádaragaithidhe na tulcha feadh ráithe `occupying' (of herdsmen), Keat. i 124.5 .

(c) practising, observing: ic athaigid trath, Anecd. ii 25 § 9 . ataidhe na trath, ZCP iii 33.8 = tathaighe, BNnÉ 310 . ō aithighidh arm, ML² 1734 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal / tre aithighidh na n-olc mbuan, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . ar a.¤ in use: nós . . . ar aithidhe prevalent custom, Keat. i 10.6 . beusa . . . na nGreugach . . . a bhfaghāil ar aithidhe ag a sliocht d'á n-éis, 236.5 go bhfuilid [focail na Gaedhilge] ar aithidhe i measc na Fraingcise, ii 973 .

alad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alad or dil.ie/2868
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā piebald, variegated: a.¤ .i. il a dath ... no a.¤ .i. uile-dath, Corm. Y 87 . a.¤ .i. exsamail ... .i. cid alath in caeru, O'Dav. 24 . aladh .i. breac, O'Cl. cach uan liath, cach uan alath (of Laban's herds), SR 2956 (= allath, Celtica iv 10.60 ). aer a.¤ (: talam) ilar néll (sic leg.), 7927 . milchū alath, TBC-I¹ 2758 . marcach eich alaid, LU 393 = aluidh, Lism. L. 315.3 . énaib ... odraib ┐ alathaib, LU 1834 . odor, a.¤ ┐ riabach, TBC-LL¹ 67 . alath, odhar ... irfind, Auraic. 5701 . eter brec, ┐ dond, ┐ a.¤ , TTr.² 881 . corop ech bas talam tíre / a.¤ úane a horse which would be as the ground of a country mottled and green, LL 6497 ( RC xxxvi 263 § 22 ). As subst. in dub ind liath ind a.¤ (of the colours of the winds), SR 61, 79 .

Compds. With adj. ¤-brecc: seol a., Ériu v 156.179 . do sciet[h]aib ... aladbreacca, CCath. 4948 . engacha ... aladbreca, Acall. 3410 v.l. ¤líacánach: a uí airim brocṡalaig amarmíchánaig aladlíacánaig! 'you grandson of a ploughman [who is] filthy like a badger, of unregulated wailing and blotchy like a stone pillar! ' EIS 148 § 40 . With vb. ¤-breccaid: ro aladhbrecsatar in magh, TBC-LL¹ 5624 .

amein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amein or dil.ie/3125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ameind, amin, ammin, amnin, amne, am(e)in(n), imne, aidche

adv also ameind, amin, ammin, amnin, amne, etc. Stressed on second syll., see GOI p. 30 . No rhyming ex. with the form am(e)in(n). imne: aidche, SR 6179 ; amné has long final vowel Ériu liii 138-39: sē: am-nē, Ir. Gosp. Thom. 94 § 18 . imnē: dē, Ériu ii 56 § 14 . amné, SR 5801, 6207 , TE 158.5 , 176.17 . ( am + sin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 188 . See also Pokorny, ZCP xix 176 and Thurn.'s remarks, GOI p. 570 . Vendr. Lex.).

(a) thus, in that way, in accordance with what has already been said: darigni amin `made it thus', Sg. 31b22 . ? masu ed amin, 192b7 . cia beimmi amin nach ré, Thes. ii 294.1 . forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin, IT i 141.27 . co rochindsead úada amne, Ériu iv 156.3 . bid ammin co cend mbliadna, Ériu viii 156.10 . cid amein biaid comét huaim-se and though it be so (= even so), Trip.² 1363 . ? bad fert Scéne ba amne so will it be (.i. conice so), LL 1543 . Cf. fa amne it was thus, Ériu iv 178.20 . co ro loitedh an tír eatorra imáseach amne, AFM iii 284.22 . a dál fu diud / bith amin ní líach, Trip.² 2477 .

Brought forward with copula in emphatic construction: hóre is amne atáa gl. síc et uos, Wb. 12d7 . is amne atáa gl. ideo enim et tributa praestatis, 6a19 . [mass]u amnin ataam, 13c12 . hóre is amne dognither, 9c14 . is amne asruluús airi gl. sic effugi, 17d16 . mad amne (madmne, MS) labrar, 12c36 . is ámin tra as cert in testimin so, Ml. 62c7 . is amne as coir a lathar gl. sic uult accipi (i.e. in this particular sense), 114a9 . ol is amein attáa, Wb. 32a6 . conadh amhein ba forlann somh ┐ ua N. daén aonta in that way, AFM v 1766.18 . Hence ol is a.¤ since it is so, therefore , Wb. 6c8 , 13a13 (`for it is thus').

With follg. explanatory phrase (late use, cf. 1 amlaid): is amne fuaratar Becan ic figi chasil, LL 358 marg. l. 26 . bá imne tangattar lá borrfadh bríghe, AFM v 1766.z . E. . . . as amne fuair aoidhedh, bheith i mbraighdenus, etc., 1576.23 . as amne battar side fora chionn ina ccodailtighibh gan ḟaitces . . ., 1852.17 . With ocus and phrase: bá imne baoí an caislén hisin ┐ lethanchlais . . . ina uirthimcheall, vi 1896.6 .

Apparently reinforcing adverbs of direction and place: L. . . . fil os adart na himda thall amne oc urgartigud a aiti yonder there, LU 3462 ( SCC 24 ). ced leth atá Emain ? Fathúaid amne to the north there, 4865 (TBC). airm itaat Partraigi . . . ra C. na ríg aniardess amne, TBC-LL¹ 624 . ataat da port mathi frind aness amne, LL 271a5 . Etain indiu sund amne, LU 10670 ( Ériu xii 158 § 23 ). a ḟir ucut án amne, LL 275a11 .

(b) Less explicitly so, accordingly, then (often as mere expletive): cen comrac dó fri mna imne (:aidchi), SR 6179 . maccáem tuchtach amne co ngaisciud do íd . . . atotchomnaic all you are is, etc., LU 5657 . regmai ámin, TBFr. 415 . dobér indass fair . . . amim (sic) at all events(?), LU 4866 = amne, TBC-LL¹ 885 . cingsiu amend dia congno well then, step, etc. LU 5182 (TBC). m'aenurān im'airiclān, m'aenurān imne `all alone thus', Ériu ii 56 § 14 . na secht tinne se amne .i. na se tinni argait ité sé lathe . . ., LL 281b21 . oc na cliathaib sin amne / i n-athaib Elga áine, 20636 . cia cocert robói etroib-si arraír ? Ised so amne ro imraidsem cia cumachta is moo . . . well, this is what we discussed, 282b12 . ullmhaigit na hapstail amne dia lāmhoip badhdēin croch `accordingly', Fl. Earls 112.16 .

Hence as interjection introducing a sentence: amein, ol in gillæ, oc saigid dit acallma Senchāin, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ). amein a Cu Ch. . . . dochóid do gal ┐ do gaisced, LU 8878 ( FB 67 ). amain, or Eochaid, nīcon fil for menmain damsa sin uile, Ériu viii 156.22 . In combination with other particles: amen chena, ni mar gach ní etc., MR 262.24 . maith amin well then, TBC-LL¹ 1837 . maith ameind, IT iii 201 § 68 . amein ane fota cotanac, LL 278b14 . In greeting or question and answer: dotháet Cuillius co Ailill. ameind or Ailill. amne dano or Cuillius undar dait sund comartha, LU 5407 = ameind . . . amne dino, TBC-I¹ 929 . amin . . . amné eim, Ériu xii 176.17 (TE2). maith sin a chlerech arse. amin ar Moling, LL 284a50 . cinnas, ar seseom, do M. ? amein, or in macclērech, KMMisc. 210.10 . tusa dono can asa tanagais ? as in t-shliab amne, Ériu viii 24.9 .

In chevilles: co fargaib and ed imne / secht fichit londláth gaile, TFerbe 881 . seol amne, BB 54b5 . fath amne, CRR 5 .

ansiul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ansiul or dil.ie/3785

 

x see séol (b).

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ascnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ascnam or dil.ie/4414

 

Forms: fascnam

u, m. Vn. of ad-cosnai. Also with initial f fascnam.

(a) act of going towards, striving towards, seeking: inna.¤ gl. affectum, Ml. 48d21 . inna ascnamu gl. motús affectusque mortalium, 53a7 . a.¤ no serc gl. emulatio est afectio, 56b28 . huand a.¤ gl. (nocendi) affectione, 72b23 . oc asgnam gloriae, Wb. 1c18 . huand a.¤ ṡóinmech gl. adsis pede . . . secundo, Sg. 69b8 . serc fochraici ara n-a.¤ (sic leg., ed.) `desire of rewards so as to win them', Ériu vii 138.y . a.¤ suälach, ACL iii 311 § 2 . fascnam firinne na scripturi diada . . . fascnam .i. innsaigi, O'Curry 627 (H 3.18, 303). a.¤ ind ecna ┐ na fellsamdachta . . . do aisnés, Alex. 806 . ? raitech ascnama methais, Laws iv 28.6 Comm. , cf. v 248.24 . ? ar na mairnighar ascnama a dibaid, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). a.¤ sacarbuic a reir anmcarud going to the sacrament, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a), Of journeying to a place: oc a.¤ tíre tairṅgiri, Wb. 11a19 . sét . . . / do a.¤ tíri Cannán, SR 5038 . oc áscnám Rómae, Trip.² 805 . do a.¤ in tslébi, LU 1746 . slige do a.¤ geilestair, Laws iv 278.29 Comm. doluid in fer sech Find do a.¤ int sidha eli, RC v 202 § 24 . a.¤ a n-orba ┐ a feraind fadein, TTr.² 9 . ticc . . . do fhascnam a crichi bunaid, RC xxiv 178.22 . ro ghabh ac sira.¤ na mara, Stair Erc. 914 . do chuiredar amach a curach . . . re fasgnam na fuar-gaithi forgloine, KMMisc. 315.1 . a.¤ .i. imthecht, O'Dav. 85 . a.¤ nime, Mon. Tall. 141.16 . Padraíg fria fascnam nime, BB 38a1 . cia roibi in cū oca ascnom was making for him, TBC-I¹ 519 . ba hudmall a rēm ┐ a ascnamh (a phantom), RC xiii 222.2 .

(b) With prepp.: luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward to', RC xxiv 184.12 . adchīd bātt beg . . . ag ascnamh chuca, Fl. Earls 14.13 . ag dian-asgnamh do na durshlogaibh . . . dochum D., MR 226.6 . oc ascnám do Damaisc, LB 146a25 . in curach ac fascnam dia saighidh, RC xxvi 160.z . coteraig A. ┐ M. . . . do a.¤ hi crich Ciarraige, IT ii2 210.74 . ba hed a.¤ isin flaith / . . . / in rí beres breith for cách / a ṡerc ┐ a omon, IT iii 155 § 46 . ní ro léicc an omhan dóibh sidhe ascnámh isin conair coitchinn, AFM vi 1900.7 . asccnamh a n-agaidh a namhat, 2060.24 . intan robuí C. . . . oc ascnom íar slige Chúaland, BDD² 287 . in grian . . . ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib . . . do chomsoillsiugadh na cetharairdi, MR 112.12 . a.¤ tar tuind, ZCP vii 309.19 . iar n-a.¤ sair tar caingel `going in past the altar-rail', Ériu iii 100 § 25 . ag ascnámh triasan naomh-staigri, Fl. Earls 206.9 .

(c) Technical name in prosody for a type of `dúnad' in which part of the first word of a poem is repeated at its end, e.g. Donchad, dond a a.¤ ; see Murphy Metrics 44-45 ; IT iii 29.19 , 30.1 , 121.1 ; Auraic. 2200 ; ZCP xxix 92 .

(d) Gramm. of the case governed by the prep.co: fer . . . co fer a a.¤ , Auraic. 1519 . ni bi int inotacht cin int asgnamh, 4916 .

? asiul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? asiul or dil.ie/4445

 

x see séol (b).

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

bíastaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíastaide or dil.ie/5831

 

Forms: biastaide

adj io, ia (bíast) of or belonging to (wild) beasts; beastly, savage; full of beasts, monsters: biastaide (gl. ferialis taken as ferinus, edd.), Ml. 56d9 . anmanna mór n-úathmar b.¤ , LU 1890 (ICM). (of an attacking force) sesmach a seol sein ina mbróin . . . biastaigi, MR 214.26 . da brodchoin borba biastaide (of two warriors), 266.17 . 'sna daoine i ndeilbh bhiasduidhe `men in the form of brutes', TD 4.26 . d'iarsma bhéas mbiasdaighthe na bpágánach, Desid. 1078. (of infernal regions) locha bréna b.¤ , LU 2233 ( FA 30 ).

bircán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bircán or dil.ie/5944

 

n name of a kind of (small) boat: a mbircan mbuan mbennachtnach / fri seol sasmar sonartach, RC xiv 62 § 77. biorrcán a mbád (birrcan nach bad, v.l.) `an ill-found boat' (Hermathena ci 33 § 39), Irish Texts i 30 § 39. i mbioracán bhriste, Ó Bruad. ii 58.12 .

buinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buinne or dil.ie/7399

 

n io

(a) torrent, flood; stream, current, wave: geinidh buindi asa talmain a gush (of water), BB 266b39 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843. co n-erracht in muir . . . ina mbunnib gelglassa, LL 31803 `waves', TTr. 992. atraachtatar Lagin assa clíabaib amal b.¤ dilend do aillib `like a flood-stream bursting from cliffs', RC xiii 90 § 111. amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 32777 ( TTr. 1988 ). ? robo bainne do chēill chaimm / badud Nēill Caille hi Calainn, Rawl. 163a25 . dona buinnibh garba `to the . . . rough torrents', CCath. 3928. buinnedha . . . búaidherta na Bóinne `troubled waters', Fianaig. 90.21 . b.¤ síothbhán (River Erne), DDána 66.6 . séis mb.¤ `the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . a bhuinneadha = torrentes eius, TSh. 6723. b.¤ ceart gaoithe tríthi rush of wind, Measgra D. 48.43 .

Further applications: saobhshruth b.¤ an bháis, DDána 30.25 . b.¤ milis a táobh tolcha `sweet stream gushing from, etc.' (to an archbishop) Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of feeling, emotion: ro lingeastair b.¤ rod reachtmhar san rígh-mhileadh `wave of fury', ML 134.12 . Of blood: buinni fola, O'Dav. 272. in b.¤ díriuch dondḟala, LU 6474 (TBC). na srotha fola . . . i n-a mbuinnedhaibh borb-ruadha, ML² 1737. b.¤ chorcra na gcneadh robhras `the . . . wounds' red stream', PBocht 3.26 . Of fire, flames: ina bh.¤ teintighe (of warrior), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1828. b.¤ luath lasrach mire, DDána 80.12 . Med. diarrhœa, flux; pus: b.¤ `corruption flowing from an ulcer', P. O'C. cona buindib brócoti asa īarcómlaid `flux of bragget', MacCongl. 89.18 . Of persons, etc., rapo doss díten ┐ rapa b.¤ bratha . . . leo C. scion, CRR 36. b.¤ mér-gheal, MR 230.4 . bunneda borbba barbardai, LL 32427 `boorish barbarous imps', TTr. 1622. mo bh.¤ bras (praising a horse), Measgra D. 15.28 . b.¤ fuar is tana taobh (a sword), 14.20 . 'na b.¤ . . . crúadha, Duan. F. ii 10 § 33. a bhuinge `youthful Chief' (Christ), Ó Bruad. ii 36.9 .

(b) sprig, sprout, stalk; sapling, etc.: b.¤ (glossed gas) losa `a head of leeks', Rule of Tallaght 3. ceitri buindi ḟir-cainde cacha bairgine `four stalks of . . . garlic', Laws v 40.12 . tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim bun barr, LL 8021 `sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . nós gach bh.¤ dhosaigh dhíbh, DDána 41.25 . bith a mblath ar gach mbuinde ` branch ', BCC 355 (384.22). ceithre tricht (= trichait ?) binni clis hi cechtar a dō dhōit (of Cú Ch.) `four thirties of feat-poles (?)' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 3396. caoin gach b.¤ dhuinn darach ` beam ', Ériu v 62.3 . spout, pipe: buindi óir fuirri thos (meinistir), Trip.² 940 `pipe', Trip. 86.4 `fistula through which the sacramental wine was sucked', Contribb. 291 , cf. Du Cange 1 fistula . Of parts of body tibia: buinde a sliasta `his shinbone', Dinds. 93 ; see also tregabail . Of musical instrument , gl. tibia ` pipe ,' Wb. 12c41 . gl. cicuta, Thes. ii 46.24 , 361.24 . a ngaibther isind buinniu no croit, Wb. 12c44 . See guthbuinde trumpet.

(c) circlet, (arm-)ring, bracelet: b.¤ óir immá moing `a circlet of gold round her hair', RC ix 490.3 (ICM). rat fia lúach mór ṁb. (: chaille, chlainne) `of . . . bracelets', TBC-LL² 2638 . a seacht mbuindi oir ima doid no ma meor, Manners and Customs iii 177 n. 255 . See 1 doé. ba de a bh.¤ níadh ┐ a dhí ḟalaigh `his champion's bracelet', Cóir Anm. 220 (378.17) . buindi niad no bidh ina laimh cacha flatha ind Erend d'or dearg, Leb. Cert. 6.16 .

(d) Of building structure, wattle, wickerwork, etc.: ciumhais, oire, imeal, b.¤ , Eg. Gl. 120. tuargabad a bh.¤ dídin for dhamhliag mor Ard Macha iarná lánegar do ṡlinntech `protecting ridge', ALC i 118.9 . ré briseadh an bh.¤ bheannuighthe .i. ghrás nDé, is cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh, TSh. 1470. an b.¤ cúil . . . de phréimh na ríogh (of a chief), O'Rah. 58.12. Of vessel, receptacle: clibanus . . . .i. uassa no būnni (MS), Thes. ii 38.13 . See 1 lann (e). b.¤ bróige ` welt' (of shoe), O'Gr. Cat. 603.6. seól a luingi mar do láisd / do ḟáisg a mbeól b.¤ an béisd rigging (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1228.

In n. loc. Hog. Onom. B. in Beithe

2 calad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 calad or dil.ie/8030
Last Revised: 2013

 

c.¤ .i. crúaidh, O'Dav. 431 , Metr. Gl. D 13 , O'Curry 963 (H 3.18 p. 415), Lec. Gl. 110 , O'Cl. caladh .i. gand, Stowe Gl. 257 .

adj I o, ā

(a) Of persons hard, stingy : nídat calaid (of saints), Fél. Jan. 17 . nīrbu ch.¤ cessachtach `not hard, penurious', Thes. ii 328.2 ( Hy. v 8 ) glossed nir bu gand. cailte dígbála grudging of expenditure (of women), Tec. Corm. 16.12 . ana la fer c.¤ (one of three wealths in barren places), Triads 147 . C. ch.¤ ¤ the strong, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.41 .

(b) Other applications: i croich calaid, Fél. Aug. 17 . iar cath ch.¤ , Fél. Apr. 2 . paiss Panchrati c.¤ , Fél. Dec. 1 . ba c.¤ a chlaideb, LL 30731 . fóa cruib calath (of horse), LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). in chéis ch.¤ `sturdy sow', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.19 . la Conaind co curp ch.¤ , LL 732 . in temen, in chiar chálad (: alad) (of wind), SR 62 . mor cet ceol c.¤ cen cleith precise(?) music, 1027 . a chursoin na ndūar gcaladh (.i. a sáoi na focal crūaidh), ZCP v 488 § 6 (B. na f.).

Adv. ra gæt Mend féin c.¤ (co mór, St.), TBC-LL¹ 4535 ( TBC-I¹ 2904 ). eirig a bean, fég c.¤ (: marad) `go woman, look close', Ériu v 38.17 . In chevilles: réim c.¤ , Fél. Prol. 107 . seol c.¤ `hard course', 43 .

II As subst. o: dar cend calaid cech céte `despite the hardship of every path', Metr. Dinds. iii 72.79 . issin ch.¤ irrabe strait(?), TBC-LL¹ 4457 (`Bucht'). ni beirend a caladh `he does not bear its severity', Laws ii 256.23 Comm. innecht a mathair cen ch.¤ (quasi-adj. phrase), LL 16973 . Gramm. fe a airchill calaid `theft of a hard' (i.e. consonant; of noun fer), Auraic. 1804 . be a airichil calaid (of noun ben), 1850 . Prov. coibsech cach c.¤ , ACL iii 229.116 . See 1 calad.

Compds. With nouns: garbscíath . . . co m-bil chaladargit, TBC-LL¹ 4602 . ¤bolg, name of special sword (We. Caledfwlch. See O'Rahilly, EIHM 68 - 71 ): mochen c. claideb Leite, TBC-LL¹ 5960 ( caladcolc, TBC-I¹ 3563 ). tuc F. a da láim ar in c., 6004 . In general sense: ratūaslaicit . . . assa n-intigib caladbuilc chrúadgera death-dealing swords, LL 32518 ( TTr. 1716 ). trí glanscéith . . . co caladbúaltib finnuma, MU² 609 `hard boss', Gloss. dubscíath co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 (TBC). C. caladchnes (cadat cnes, v.l.) calma, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 6 . ¤cholc, see -caladbolg, -gleo. In name of episode of Táin: Caladgleo Cethirn, TBC-LL¹ 4457 . tar caladhlaighnibh, IT iii 91.y (Laigin). do chlar caladhmhide, 22 (Mide). ceoil in caladhmhuighe, ib. dolu[i]d do cuirr Calathnit `Strong Nest' (n. loc.), Otia ii 82 § 6 . cath i Calitros, RC xvii 205.3 (Tig.). damdabach na caladsciath, TTr.² 892 .

With adjj. (incl. adjj. formed from nouns): sciath caladbuailtech, Acall. 5893 v.l. nibu cala[d-]ceimneach (of a horse), O'Curry 1863 ( 23 P 3, 20a ). batar cruindbega caladgela na dí glún white and firm, BDD² 30 . cromscíath caladgér hard-edged, TTr.² 1002 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh . . . caladhgriantragthaigh, IT iii 98.25 ; 'hard and dried up like gravel' EIS 149 § 40 .

? combrethaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? combrethaib or dil.ie/10817

 

n badus seol derg fo c.¤ feula, ZCP ii 315.12 .

con-greinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-greinn or dil.ie/12183

 

Forms: congraimm

v (* com-grenn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 548 ) collects, gathers together, provides : athgabail fir congrenn fled flatha, Laws i 194.24 . con-grenar tairbḟeis la firu Hérenn, BDD² 122 . congrenn sēol sid slán, Four Songs 10.6 `melody provides perfect peace', Murphy Lyrics 52.6 . congreind soeghlond sochaide .i. cainlenaidh in tṡochaidhe don righ so isin tṡaeghal, O'Curry 1987 (H 4.22, 24) = congreinn .i. teglamad no (v.l.) tionol, O'Dav. 411 (see v.l.). Vn. congraimm.

crann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crann or dil.ie/12753
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cruinn, crunn

n o, n. later (LU) m. g s. cruinn (later (LU) crainn), d s. crunn (see GOI 50 ). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 74 .

(a) tree : crand .i. crē a fond, Corm. Y 234 . as máthir aṡotho feissin cach nóen ch.¤ , Sg. 65a6 . luib ┐ ní c.¤ gl. siler, 65a9 . inchruinn toirthig fruit-tree , Ml. 15b13 . dochrunn fessin gl. arbuta, Sg. 61b8 (leg. don . . . ?, Edd.). 61b13 , 65a7 . cranna doiscairi gl. lignorum uilium, Ml. 92d6 . etir anmmann innac.¤ ┐ anmmann atoraid innac.¤ sin, Sg. 61b3 . a (sic MS.) crand mór, Vita Br. 35 . dober donchraunn inn-ubull (Satan to Eve), SR 1272 . no benfad a crand, LU 4829 (TBC). Nath Coirpthe occá chrannaib, 5814 . tri chrand co torud, LL 32927 . ní lassamain cech n-óenchrand `a single log does not flame' (prov.), TBC-LL² 2041 . fear fongaib c.¤ mbech hi faithchi `a man who finds bees in a tree', . . . Laws iv 194.18 . na aidérad clocha ná crunnu, LU 4046 . tregort c.¤ tre c.¤ cu `stake', Ériu xxi 130.13 . crand dond ḟīnemain find, ACL iii 238 § 10 . mac in chraind a parrdus a seedling from the tree . . . , Airne F. 53 . mór do chuid do na crannaibh, PBocht 11.24 (prov.(?), Ed.). fá tharr chroinn under a tree, TSh. 9000 . ? nach fuirmhithe do chodhnach c.¤ occ cuimreach a chórusa, Ériu xiii 21.29 . See 1 fír .

With qual. gen. of particular types of tree: eccla croinn áis an áraidh, ACL iii 216.17 `quick-set tree', P. O'C. im gcrand ngabala appropriated tree, Laws i 202.2 .i. in c.¤ crosta, 206.8 Comm. tria crand in tairmtechtais (tree of knowledge of good and evil), PH 3934 . co crand an imarbois, 2393 . c.¤ na haithne, DDána 10.4 . crand in báis, PH 2392 . crann bethe, Eg. Gl. 705 . coirt croind critaig `aspen', Rosa Angl. 260.17 . crand figed, Grail 1458 . c.¤ fir `test-tree' (1 fír), Laws iv 146.27 . crand gíus gl. hec pinus, Ir. Gl. 563 . crand greni ┐ crand esca, ZCP xxx 136.z (Alex.). crand lauír gl. laurus, Ir. Gl. 564 . duilléag chroinn ola, Gen. viii 11 . dulli crand palmi, PH 872 . ? crann sálais, Keat. Poems 532 . c.¤ Sédair cedar, Psalms xcii 12 . c.¤ teile lime, Isaiah vi 13 . ris a nuile ch.¤ túise, Cant. iv 14 .

Transfd. crand gel is tīr (of ray of sun), Four Songs 12 § 13 . Of persons: ón chronn chnuais, DDána 103.29 . Cairbre an c.¤ fa tiogh dtaraidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 13 . crainn tug cúl re cáin chléire ` blockheads ', Ó Bruad. iii 150.22 . crann bagair a ghaolta protector , Párl. na mB. 183 . crann mela sponsor, patron (lit. honey tree): Conallaigh mo chroinn mheala | Connachtaigh 's iad m'oideadha 'the Conallaigh were my patrons, the Connachtaigh my teachers', Ériu lxiv 176 § 2.19 . géag chumhra do chin ó Chonn | ag sin mo lubhghort, mo lionn | fáth mo cheana do ríomh rann | ar gcrann meala go bhfíon fionn, Éigse xi 5 . a chroinn mheala `honey-laden trees', O'Hara 4069 ​.

(b) wood (material), timber: c.¤ cruínd immuambiat ocuan denum gl. rotæ, Ml. 18b4 . c.¤ condid gl. lignum `fire-wood', Thes. ii 226.33 . c.¤ a mbís de ós usce . . . íarann a mbís i n-usci, Airne F. 165 . etir cloich ┐ crand (a building), RC xviii 39.31 (Tig.). Cf. a laithe an chrīarta / bud c.¤ leo a cinn wood, ZCP viii 208.32 .

Attrib. g s. claidiub craind wooden sword, LU 5417 (TBC). 5641 . coss chraind, LL 38614 . each croinn (of Cross), Aithd. D. 65.36 . airm crainn, Maund. 161 . caislén crainn, 162 . Note also: saoir chruinn ┐ chloch carpenters and stonemasons, Párl. na mB. 262 .

(c) staff, pole, bar, stock, plank, beam, axis; article or tool of wood: crand tochartaigh, see tochartach. cen garmna cruind `beam of loom', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.9 . c.¤ tara tech (sic leg.) (let) a piece of wood (be placed) over their coop (hens), Laws ii 118.13 Comm. a chrand cromchend crozier (of Patrick), Trip.² 341 . croind croma, SG 44.25 . mo ch.¤ bassa walking staff , Aithd. D. 1.29 . mind lestraib . . . eiric . . . isin crand handle(?), Laws iii 192.2 Comm. dairt i c.¤ n-airidi rail, Críth G. 223 . o crund co fraig, LU 7376 `wooden rail (or partition?)', BDD² Gloss . doratad c.¤ ar chleith (sic leg.) airi the house was firmly secured (i.e. by a wooden bolt?), Trip.² 604 . ni baí crand dond indsi fri aroile beam , Anecd. i 2.5 (SCano). c.¤ mbith see 2 bí. a llos a lín is a craind fishing-rod , LU 3072 ` boat ', Fél. 52.31 . dá chrand cháela (of bier), Bard. P. 53.13 . an c.¤ baoi tresen idh ` bar ', Hugh Roe² 14.17 . glaisíarna . . . / do cuireadh leo for crannoibh frames , Duan. F. i 92.1 . c.¤ crithir `unsteady plank', Dán Dé viii 6 . c.¤ mna fighi distaff , BNnÉ 191.24 . c.¤ suaite na braisce ` mixing-stick ', Lism. L. 302.18 . do ch.¤ tealaich fire-raker , Oss. ii 38.w . doiligh léimeanna c.¤ gceart (of steps of ladder), Aithd. D. 62.20 . c.¤ snais, 27.34 (`some weaver's tool(?)', note).

Of spearshaft, spear : for crund a duirnd Diarmató, LU 9690 . gai . . . gormrúadh . . . fora chrund, 7202 (BDD). la crand for scīathu banging spearshafts on shields (in driving a bull), TBC-I¹ 1357 . núall fri crunnu sleg, Metr. Dinds. iii 22.287 . síodh fan gc.¤ do chuaidh treimhit ` lance ', Dán Dé iv 9 . croinn fhoghadh spearshafts , O'R. Poems 15 . sróll taisgreanta ar c.¤ (um ch.¤ v.l.) ga chur (of battle-standard), IGT Decl. ex. 1227 .

Of Cross (calque from Lat. lignum Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): crist coc[runn achr]uche foir gl. cum lignis, Tur. 123 . conidainm dunchrunn gl. crux Christi, Wb. 8a5 . dul sa ch.¤ going on the cross, Dán Dé vi 15 .

Mast, steering oar : dorat . . . c.¤ fri tír he pushed off, Trip.² 359 . ar[r]o-tógaibseat . . . na séola for na crundu, BDD² 477 . seólad crand dar muir ` ships ', ZCP i 112.z . nuair a shuidheadh iad air a crann cèille 'mast (?)' SGS xviii 106.25 .

Of bed or part thereof: Conall . . . etir ┐ crand, LU 3299 (SC). nonbur for craund siúil, 7607 (BDD). See séol . luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni (of childbirth), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.34 .

Of axis in ogam writing: is amlaid imdreangair crand . . . saltrad fora freim in croind ar tus, Auraic. 949 .

Of wooden musical instrument: cuisle .i. c.¤ ciuil, O'Curry 963 ( H 3.18, 415 ). trí duirn isin crand chiuil (of harp), Acall. 617 . téda do chroinn, Bard. P. 25. 3 . crand glesta gl. plectrum, Ir. Gl. 719 . Laws i 126.32 Comm. in c.¤ cíuil aicci . . . a thimpan, Acall. 3456 .

Note also: crand airgit post (?), LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ). sdiall ar chapur a cc.¤ ┐ a ccrannoca airgid `bars and ingots of silver', TFrag. 8.10 .

(d) wooden piece used in casting lots; lot, destiny, fate: di chorcruinn gl. de ligno sortis, Tur. 132 . tri craind do cur a n-usci .i. crand na flatha ┐ crand in ollaman ┐ crand in lít[h]igh (that belonging to the guilty party sank, etc.), IT iii 192.7 - 8 . a leith craind cuirithir, O'Curry 437 ( H 3.18, 236a ). co[r] c.¤ fors in lestrai naile (leg. n-uili) lots are to be cast between all the hives (to determine liability for a bee-sting), Laws iv 178.10 . focherdsam crandchur . . . Mo chrandsa . . . taet ass ar tús . . . is cétchrand co torud chraind dedenaig, LL 12684 - 6 `a first lot with fruit of a last lot', RC xiv 407 . forcerdar c.¤ eturru, Laws iv 172.9 . ni bia . . . na ccrand cóir in their true destiny, Cog. 98.10 . do thuit an crand for righ Midhe, BNnÉ 298.6 . Cf. is e crand t'fhir phosta . . . an gradh, mar is e c.¤ an diabhail an fuath, Smaointe B. Chr. 1888 - 90 (see n.).

Compds. With nouns: bolg as ambid crannbelan little wooden opening, Laws i 152.27 Comm. im crandbolg `leather scoop', 150.9 . delbsat crann-búar cobsaid `stout kine of wood', Metr. Dinds. ii 218.41 . crandc[h]aingel .i. crannc[h]līath andsin .i. clīath isin c[h]rann eter laocha ┐ clēirc[h]u, Corm. Y 371 , see caingel O'Cl. acc imordughudh cranncaistiall `wooden stands', Stair Erc. 142 . ní rucsat úaim acht crandchert `justice dealt by a spear', TBC-LL² 3052 . an chrannchruit, Hackett² 17.w . croicionn crannchon na coille, Duan. F. i 33.23 ` pine-martin ', iii 332 . crannchú bís ic roduine, Acall. 5573 . crandord do gnídh, Manners and Customs 376 n. (cf. c. fri scíathu supra). crann dordan .i. crónán ┐ dordán, O'Cl. cranndretel cuirn (in list of dispensers), Triads 231 . lorg na crannlachan, SG 264.12 ` teal ', Contribb. 506 . don chronnlaoch `decrepit old man', Ó Bruad. i 106.21 . ? gur éirig in grian ina crandmill cró, CCath. cited Contribb. 506 . mors . . . Conaill Chrandomnai, RC xvii 211.6 (Tig.) (leg. -domna ?). cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi carpentry, Laws v 92.z . do crannsciathuip, CCath. 4949 . ? deadlaid craisech re crand-scem (leg. -éim: thréin), Metr. Dinds. iii 358.44 . ó rinn crainn-shleighe ` spear-point ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 9 . do scríobh i gcranntáibhlibh 'wooden tablets', Keat. ii 101 . With adjj.: a chraoisioch crann-adhbhal his large-shafted spear, MR xiv 31 . an bachlach crandbriathrach of dull (?) speech, BNnÉ 305 § 19 . go sleaghaibh crann-bhuidhe, CRR² 25 . ablach crannchaem having beautiful trees, Acall. 2738 v.l. doire crannrabhán (= crann + ro + bán), Magauran 436 . cath . . . crann-ruad, ML² 1182 . With vb. gur crannbrissedh a craiseacha, CF 130 .

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