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Deggell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deggell or dil.ie/15078
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell, Deichell, Deighell, Decull, Decuill, Decill, Deigill, Deichell, Deighill, Decell, Degell, Dechell, Degell, Deghell, Deighell, Deggill, Deigill, Deggell, Decell, Decill, Deighill, Deichill, Degel, Decill, Decill, Deichill, Degel, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell

o, npr. m. Also spelled Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell; Deichell, Deighell. Possibly a cpd. of deg + gell, though in an old npr. like this one would expect rather †Dag-gell.—Oldest spelling Decull: g s. Decuill, Ardm. 19 a 1 : Cairell mac Ferguso maic Decuill; a Fergus mac Deichill is mentioned BB 200 b 43 ; meic Decuil, Thes. ii 281. 14 = Decill, Reeves Ad. 247 n.f. = Deigill BB 212 b 24 . For the broad -gg- cf. -accai sees (beside -aicci). Mid.-Ir. Deichell and Deighill are, at least partly, to be judged as corrupt renderings of older Decell, Degell, which as a npr. had become obs. long before the Mid.-Ir. period. A genuine Ir. †Dechell or †Degell (i.e. Deghell) is not sufficiently supported.

Deggell mac Nadṡluaig father of Coirpre, the bishop. Deighell, LL 384 b 28 , 29 . g s. Deggill, Trip. 166. 19 (Rawl.). Decill, LL 348 f 34 . mac Deigill , BB 218 b 9 . Deggell, Adamn.

Decell mac Caitt brother of Oengus and Conall and grandson of Fothad. n s. Decell, LL 313 a 59 , 61 . Rawl. 120 b 37 . BB 124 b 25 , 26 (Decell a quo .h. Rechtabra). g s. Decill, LL 385 a 56 . 351 g 2 . Deighill: Brecán mac D.¤ meic Caitt, BB 222 b 44 = LL 351 g 2 .

Decell mac Brain father of Cellach and grandson of Suibne mac Blatchon. g s. Deichill, BB 145 b 35 . Degel (sic), 149 d 4 .

Decell mac Gaithi father of Locán. g s. Decill, BB 154 c 17 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Fintain, BB 228 b 51 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Laisri grandson of Fiachan. g s. Decill, BB 144 c 50 . Deichill, 145 b 40 . Degel (sic), 149 d 9 .

Mac Dechill .h. Labrada, BB 144 f 19 , 48 .

Decell father of Fiacan BB 144 f 25 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Fintan. F. mac Decill, Rawl. 92 h 35 .

Decell father of Molaisse Rawl. 93 d 35 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Maernoc and Caiscéne : dá mac Deigill .i. Maernoc ┐ Cascēne, BB 212 b 24 . Cf. Cuimne mater filiorum Meic Decuil qui nominantur Mernooc et Cascene et Meldal et Bran, Reeves Ad. 246. 6 (= Thes. ii 281. 14 ). Husband of Cumán, sister of Colum Cille: Mernocc mac Decill derbhráthair do Chaisín mac Decill ┐ Cumán siúr Colaim Cille a máthair, ib. 247 n.f .

Decell: vii meic Aengusa .i. Maine &c....nó meic Deichill ut alii , BB 200 b 43 . n.l. Cella Septem Filiorum Degilli, Trias Thaum. 478 a. n. 3 ( Reeves Ad. 246 n.f. ).

Deicell Find Aithech Érand, LL 48 b 44 .

Further instances: Mac Decill is mac Bresail, BB 144 f 25 . mac Deichill, 148 b 8 . tar cenn Dechill déin ITS vii 84 st 7 . ar ndíth Déicill, Acall. 4988 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

Gailenga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Gailenga or dil.ie/25142

 

Forms: Gailenga

n prob. orig. o-stem, but n p. in Mid. Ir. Gailenga. Treated as n s. f. : Gaileanga Mhór, IGT Decl. § 152 . A tribal name. See Mac Neill, Early Irish Population Groups . Given as `fortuatha Síl Cuind,' ib. § 123 ( H 3.17, 774 ). Mentioned with the Luigne as `deoraid,' ib. § 155 ( Lec. 460d42 ). For territories inhabited by Gailenga, see Pokorny, ZCP xi 173 seq. n p. na ceithre Gailenga, H 3.18, 42 ( Thr. Ir. Gl. xliv 29 ). ceithre Gailinga, H 3.17, 724 (Mac Neill, Early Irish Population Groups § 88 ). g p. mors Cosraich ... regis Galeng, AU i 196.11 (an. 737) . dux Galeng, i 402.5 (an. 883) . septem genera Gailinga, Mac Neill, Early Irish Population Groups § 28 . iugulatus est o Galengaibh, AU i 402.6 (an. 883) . a p. do marbad la Gailengu, i 542.z (an. 1019) . For use as a place-name, see Hog. Onom.

inar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inar or dil.ie/28219

 

n o, m. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 178 )

(a) a tunic: ionar, IGT Decl. p. 55.10 . i.¤ gl. tunica, Ir. Gl. 29. crosar .i. ionar `tunica,' Dúil Laithne 31 ( Goid. 75 ). cóirtus hinair imlibair gl. tonicam, Goid. 65.6 . i.¤ srólda, IT i 80.21 . dath fo leth a eduigh cach lae .i. foru brut no foru inur, Laws ii 148.6 Comm. re hurgrain ... a n-i.¤ n-óir-eagair ar na forḟilled dar formnaib na firlaech, MR 180.14 . rolaiset crandchur for a étaigib .i. forsin tonaig (.i. inar), PH 3317. cona hi.¤ bōshaille imme, MacCongl. 89.8 .

Evidently, sometimes at least, a short tunic: i.¤ co foph a thona im sodain, LU 8520. i.¤ sicilic (=cilic) óa imlinn súas (i.e. a hair-shirt), Aisl. Tond. 113 - 17 .

Of a woman's garment: na trí coícait ban co n-inaraib corcraib, TBFr. 259. tar ar shín Éire a hionar, DDána 113 § 17.

Used of a garment worn by monks: na inair ┐ na capai robatar impu, AU ii 166.1 . cochall tana iss lapar lín, i.¤ nār mín fa cnes nūa, ZCP vii 303 § 4.

Worn somet. next the skin : clíabinar ... ré chnes, LU 6557. do c[h]uir-sean a thsaltair iter é ┐ a i.¤ , CCellaig 358. acc iomuaim a nionar nuiréttrom ... fri a ccnesaib, AFM vi 1918.10 .

Sometimes worn with, and apparently over, a léine or tonach: ro gab tonaigh ... i custal a gelchnis dó. Ro gab tairsi sin i.¤ ... orcimsac[h] do srol rígda, CCath. 4671. docuir sé léine ... ┐ i.¤ ingnathach orsnaith ┐ gúdna ... sgarloide air amuigh anechtair, ZCP vi 25.14 . maith do léine agus h'ionar, TD 38 § 12.

Of a garment worn in battle, and either of leather or iron: rogabastársom immi a i.¤ bláith bíannaide, LU 6386. i.¤ ... do croicnib ferb tairsib sin `a vest ... of the hides of cows,' CCath. 4674. i.¤ do chrocnib leogan, Stair Erc. 242 . gabhait oga n-ēittughadh d'ionaraibh examhlaibh íarnaidhe, Hugh Roe 166.1 .

(b) the membrane or coat of the eye: as ball ionstrumenteach an tsuil ... ar na hullmhughad o tri leannuibh ┐ o ṡeacht nionaruibh (ex ... septem tunicis perfectum), 23 K 42, 293.13 . aseadh as obthalmia ann neascoid an ionuir re ndearar coniunctiva, ib. 16 .

(c) the peel or coat of an onion: na hionuir imiollacha (viz. of the sea-onion), ib. 340.20 .

Compd. ¤bratt (a dvandva compd. ? See Meyer, Wortk. 1 ) tunic and cloak: cen étach, cen inarbratt, Ériu iv 94 § 8.

seinm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seinm or dil.ie/36943

 

Forms: senim, seinm, senmim, -sennim

n, n. later also f. vn. of 1 seinnid. n s. senim, Wb. 13d18 . seinm, IGT Verbs § 76 . d s isint senmim , Wb. 13d18 . -sennim, TBC-LL¹ 5215 .

(a) act of playing a musical instrument; a sound, a note of music; instrumental music : isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iarsin `in the last call for there will not be (any) call to assembly after that', Wb. 13d18 . cosmulius tuib arataat ilsenman `many sounds', 12c46 . manibée dechur isint senmuim ní tucatar inna rríara gl. nisi distinctionem sonituum dederint, 12c43 . alaili cuislendach . . . ingé ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do s.¤ don cleiriuch, Mon. Tall. 10 (131.29) . mesrugud senma, scélugud ngairit `music in moderation', Tec. Corm. 4.12 . diclither cóir in tseanma ó brister aon tet isin cruit `the harmony of the playing is destroyed', O'D. 555 ( H 3.17, 438 ) tr. O'Don. Suppl. s.v. seinm. a s.¤ rond `the jingle of chains', Hail Brigit 10 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca s.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 209 . is s.¤ cruitte dar a h-amarc | síd a charat ri mac Con (? a proverbial expression), LL 146b18 . hi secht senmannaib ro-sheindset na sacairt táll i n-Ericcó (in septem tubis . . . clan-gentibus), PH 8013 . lucht seanma gana (= cona) ccruitibh musicians, BNnÉ 163 § 29 . ri na senma . . . ni fes co tainicc na co ticcfa choidhchi a chomhmaith do timpanach `the king of minstrelsy', ALC i 608.13 . ro ghabh ac sepnadh ┐ ac sirs.¤ a chruiti, Stair Erc. 661 . meinic dob' í a adhbha ciúil, | ar son seanma téd dtaighiúir, | s.¤ a each, síonghlór na sriobh, L. Cl. A. B. 156.74 . ag s.¤ a ttrompadh ┐ a ccaismert catha ar chena, AFM vi 2128.9 . mo churadh chum seasaimh na seanma `for keeping up the tune', Ó Bruad. iii 154.20 .

(b) act of singing : ag s.¤ (= ᾄδοντες) ┐ ag dénamh ceóil, Ephesians v 19 . Cf. eóin . . . ag cóimh-sh.¤ ciúil, ITS i 60.19 .

(c) of a person: a sh.¤ cor, Ériu ix 10.103 .

septién

Cite this: eDIL s.v. septién or dil.ie/37206

 

n (Lat. septem . See GOI § 917 ) Septuagint : conaicert som in tintud s.¤ hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . in tintuda s.¤ , 2b3 . dorintai s.¤ , 3a7 . hi tintud sephtiein, 103d26 . do réir int septín inso, Rawl. 68b19 . tintūd saer Septīn, ZCP iii 22.11 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tú or dil.ie/42137

 

Forms: síi, tú, tu, tú, túsu, tusu, tussu, tússu, tusso, tus(s)a, tusai, síi, sib, sis(s)i, sib, (s)ib-si, -se, sissi, thvsv, sib, tái, tui, sethar[si], sár, -t-, -b-, tot, tat, t, dob, dub, tob, tab, frit-, cot-, at-, add-, atd-, att-, dat, dit, dob, dub, dab, dit, nachibfel, -t-, bar, far, -at, -ut, -b, isat, isat, atabar, feartot, sóerfudut, -t, -ib, -su, -siu, indiutsiu, su, daitso, -so, -seo, détso, latso, -seo, -sa, -si, -sa, -si, -se, -si, -se, -siu, -sib, -si

pron. of 2 pers. sg.

pl. síi (later sib).

I Independent (accented) forms:

1 nom. s. tú. tu, Ml. 92a2 , 14 , 17 . In Mid. Ir. frequently and in Mod. Ir. regularly with lenited -t- when used as object of verb or with copula (except when lenition phonetically impossible, e.g. after -s- and -n-), see below. With emphasising pron.: tú su, Ml. 92a17 . túsu, PCr. 2a2 . tusu, Ml. 78b18 . PH 2926 . TTebe 677 . In O.Ir. usually tussu. tússu, SR 1788 . tusso, Sc.M² 15 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. tus(s)a. tusai, IT i 120.22 . pl. síi, Wb. 25a3 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. sib (ib) (orig. form with emph. pron.). With emph. pron.: O.Ir. sis(s)i. sib, Wb. 19c20 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. (s)ib-si, -se.

(a) Immediately following 3 s. cop. in sentences containing a substantive: is sissi in tempul sin, Wb. 8d7 . is sissi ind idbart, 23c32 . is tú mo ruiri, Fél. Prol. 14 . ni thu Issau semnach na slóg, | acht is tú int-engach Iacób, SR 2875 - 6 . is tú láech na cernd, LU 8135 ( FB 10 ). iss tu ri side nErinn, RC iii 345.5 . in tu-sa rig na n-Iúdaide ? PH 3247 . masa thú ... | gilla ind fir, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). a Fhir diad masa thú `wenn du es bist,' TBC-LL¹ 3659 . masa thusa sin, TTebe 4723 . is tusa ben is annsa lium-sa, Stair Erc. 2284 . With omission of copula: sib cuaine in da conclann, Irish Texts ii 34 § 26.

(b) With follg. relative clause: bad sissi coneit, Wb. 6c1 . co mbad sissi do berad teist dimsa, 18a3 . it sib ata chomarpi abracham, 19c20 . is sísi nobcrete `it is ye who used to be believed,' Ml. 46a13 . ní tú duindnaig són, 59c11 . Note also the following glosses, where the construction is not completed in the Irish, but is to be understood from the Latin : cani tú féin gl. quis enim té discernit? `is it not thou thyself?' Wb. 8d27 . tacco is síi gl. nonne uos ante Dominum ... estis in aduentu eius ? 25a3 . ni tussu thóenur ci atbere gl. (Domine ... ego relictus sum solus, et quaerunt animam meam. Sed quid dicit illi divinum responsum ?) Reliqui mihi septem milia virorum, qui non curvaverunt genua ante Bachal, 5a28 . is tú gl. (auxilium nobis festinus impertiri) benignus (praeueni), Ml. 100d11 . is tussu gl. tú (, inquit, consulatus es), 106d2a . is tú gl. (horum ... omnium) memor (... consurge), 137a3 . See Thurneysen, ZCP xvi 276 , and (e) below. Cf. also: cid as mó miscais lat atchí ? ... Tussu am, IT i 81.18 . is tu doróachtamar, TBFr. 159 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, LU 10768 . is sib tanic, PH 1712 . an tú bhíodh ... ? más ibh, DDána 68.2 . Copula omitted: do chomdelbaid, a mo ri, | tú doru[a]ssat do nephni, SR 2174 . tu fodera a fail de, TBC-LL¹ 3675 . tū bus ben dō, ML² 552.

(c) In interrogative sentences with cía, cóich: cia tussu díxnigedar ? `who art thou ?' Wb. 4c24 . cia thu ?, PH 654 . cia tussu ?, TBC-LL¹ 927 . cia sibh-si féin ?, ML² 1417 . coich thussu ?, LU 3328 ( SCC 12 ). TBC-LL¹ 1413 . Note also: cid bé cia thú, TTebe 4721 .

(d) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. at end of sentence where a noun or adj. follows 3 s. cop. (replacing the O.Ir. personal forms of cop.): bid marb tu-ssa, PH 298 . co n-id mog De thú, 510 . comad buidni ... sib, TTebe 2144 . ní soileagtha thú tairsibh, TD 2.18 . in budh geall ... dam-sa sib ?, ML² 1421 . is firindech ... tú fein, Stair Erc. 1822 . Cf. an dibh tusa ?, 1845 . With omission of copula: ingrentig ... tu-sa, PH 1750 . cáor do mhíanach Ádhaimh ibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1594 . meic da Niall ibh, Irish Texts ii 34 § 26 . Supplementing second pers. of cop.: is-at glana sib, PH 5263.

(e) In absolute constructions. With os (later ┐. See 2 ocus and 2 os): cid os tú, a dé `even Thou, O God' gl. ipse, Ml. 43a18 . os tu gl. prosequutor, 92a2 . os tu, a dáe gl. arbiter, 92a14 . os tú gl. tute, tutemet, Sg. 201b20 - 21 . See also under (b) above. ┐ tu hi t'ebraige, PH 81 . ┐ sib dóine, 5785 . ┐ tú fein ... ar imgabail do brathar, TTebe 4375 . ┐ tú gan chloidhem, TBC-LL¹ p. 415 n. 3 . Note also: 'sgan tú reimhe id ridire, TD 1.32 . In phr. mad tú (lit. if it be thou ) as part of the subject (you and I) of a verb in 1 pl.: dia ndernam mád tú caratrad if you and I form a friendship, LU 10918 . See KZ xlviii 51 . With poss. adj.: cid ar muinterni mattú gl. [discant] autem et nostri `even our household as well as thou,' Wb. 31d16 . Emphasising the subject of a following verb: cid sisi dano ronfitid ni `that even you also know us,' Wb. 15c28 . ┐ tussu a daltáin, cid am gena dana?, TBC-LL¹ 555 . With impv.: tusa atá it chodladh, éirigh, TSh. 1696 . With foll. prep.: sib-si din, do génntib dúib, PH 1706 . tusa didiu curfed-sa ceist fort, Stair Erc. 1307 . Various: sissi in Domino gl. ego confido in uobis in Domino, Wb. 20b3 . sissi iarum `ye afterwards,' 21c5 . tú ar toil cháigh, TD 1.55 .

(f) In comparative sentences of various types: ní cumme et tuss[u], Wb. 6b25 . ni cumme et sissi, 14a30 . ní laugi a bríig less quam tú `He cares for him not less than for thee,' 6b12 . amal tu, PH 158 . amal tussu, IT i 72.z . mar túsa, ni triath mar tú, 163.4 . caradrad fhir mar thusu, TTebe 67 7. madh treise é na thú, Stair Erc. 2317 . oireacht mar ibh, DDána 71.22 . iná ibh `lochtach,' Gloss.

(g) After acht: ní con fil nach naile ... duindainsed dam inna hulise acht tusu tóinur a dáe, Ml. 78b18 . co nach bfuilmíd re fáth ngluinn | acht misi ┐ tusa, a Chonaill, ML² 939.

(h) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. with 3 s. of active verbs replacing the O.Ir. second pers. forms: in fhacca tu-sa ? PH 2707 . da lecea tú, 2815 . in tabair sib ?, 2906 . rafider tusa, TTebe 1348 . co buigbed sibsi, 2180 . biaidh tú, TD 1.26 . do fhágaibh tú, TSh. 5630.

2 Emphatic form as voc.: a thvsv ` O thou ,' literal transl. of Lat. o mea tu, Sg. 204b6 .

3 In Mid. and Mod. Ir. as acc. after trans. vbs., replacing O.Ir. inf. pron.: conná fostba sib , LU 5871 . tanairsed in fer ... sibsi, 7483 . ro charas tusai, IT i 120.22 . guidim ... sib-se, PH 1978 . sealbhuighim sibh, Studies 1919, 440 § 14 . ní threicfe sé thú, Stair Erc. 2290 . ní aithnim thú, TSh. 6404 . cia ... do chuir air an tsaoghal thú ?, Donlevy 8.6 . do lenus ... ibh, Aisl. Tond. 96.4 . Supplementing inf. pron.: ro-t-millis tú fén ┐ ro-t-millis sin-ne uli, PH 3930 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe sib, TBC-LL¹ 2091 (leg. -si ?).

4 In Mid. and Mod. Ir. replacing O.Ir. inf. pron. with passive (impersonal) verbs: ni herfaider ... sibsi, LU 1571 . piannfaither thú, PH 296 . do-rigned tu-sa, 2659 . leigfigther tú fein as mar tai, TTebe 4028 . do fag[bhadh ?] ... tú, Stair Erc. 2433.

5 With verbal noun: togu damsa anísin túsu ind sainriud dia nertad sech cách, PCr. 2a2 . in fīr ... tusso do rainn na-mmuicce ?, Sc.M² 15 . ní co ndeine tú fén do ícc, PH 3337 . is lor lindi ... thussu d' [fh]ortacht, TTebe 1771 . is docuir lium sib fein do leigin as, Stair Erc. 1421 . is edh is ail lium tusa ... do thabhairt, 1920 . ní fiú mise, thusa ... do theacht chugam, Donlevy 256.19 .

6 gen. s.: nī nad bī tái (sic leg.), Corm. Y 532 . is and nad bí muí na taí, LU 10848 = tui `there, is neither mine nor thine,' Ériu xii 180.15 . pl. sethar[si] gl. uestram, Wb. 1b2 . hi cill indala sar (prob. leg. sár, GOI p. 279 ) `in the church of one of the twain of you,' Trip. 158.8 . ra nechtar fathar, IT i 336.13 (Eg.) = nechtar dé, 292.4 . bid liath cechtar fathar do inchinn a cheile uaibh each of you, BNnÉ 303.16 . For unaccented forms used as poss. adj. see 2 do, 1 t, 2 t, 1 for.

Of the second person singular of verbs: ó indscni thú, IGT Verbs § 1.

II Infixed forms. In O. Ir. and early Mid. Ir. used to express the acc. (also occas. dat.) with active, and (also occas. dat.), with passive verbs, see GOI § 409 , KZ xlviii 48.50 . In later Mid. Ir. the infixed form gradually falls into disuse, giving way to the independent. See Ó Catháin, ZCP xix 1 ff. , Strachan, Ériu i 153 ff.

(a) O. Ir. forms.

(i) After ro, no, do, di, fo, ar, im(m), ní: s. -t- (leniting). pl. -b- (occas. -f- before vowels).

(ii) After etar, for, frith, con: s. tot, tat, t (leniting). pl. dob, dub, tob (tof), tab. In this case the finals of frith and con are assimilated to the inf. pron. giving frit-, cot-; the preverbs ad-, aith-, ess-, in-, oss- here fall together as at- (ad-, add-, atd-, att-).

(iii) In rel. clauses and after dia n- ` if ,' ara `that,' co n- `so that,' and the interrogative in: s. dat, dit (leniting). pl. dob, dub (dib), dab.

After nach, nách (from na, ná, nád) the forms are the same as in (iii) without the preceding dental. For full collections of inf. pron. in O.Ir. Glosses see Sommer, ZCP i 177 ff.

(b) Exx. of inf. pron. in dat. sense: nítta ní indit móide `thou hast nothing for thee to boast in,' Wb. 2b12 . rotbia less lóg do daggníma, 6a11 . robbia indocbál, 13d32 . ind indocbál nobtá in futuro, 14c16 . tresindippiat fochricci, 25d8 . rot-bia són, Sc.M² 12 . rot bía-su aní sin, IT i 120.30 . níp-thá cumac dó, MU² 948 . níbat écen, 1037 . bethib sūirsi lim-sa, ZCP viii 316.5 . Cf. dot-luid `thou camest,' Sc.M² 13 (Thurn. compares co ṅdechaid a altaib dō, TBC-I¹ 2995 ). But with fil the pron. is acc.: nachibfel ` ye are not ,' Wb. 3b19 . condibfeil i corp crist `so that ye are,' 24c4 . ma nudubfeil `if ye are,' 19c20 . uair nachat filsiu since thou art not, LU 8823.

(c) Later treatment of inf. pron.: on ló rodattuistigad since the day thou wert created, SR 1780 . tria báes nach dotromarbus, 1908 . inab-testa-si tesbuid a hEmuin ?, IT i 144.19 . The usual form of the sing. in Mid. Ir. is -t-. In pl. the form bar of the poss. adj. commonly replaces the O. Ir. form: forbia log far n-imarbos, SR 1448 . no-bormairfither, IT i 75.3 . iss me ro-bur-fucc, 139.21 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe-sib, TBC-LL¹ 2090 . ro-bar-saebad-si, PH 984 . ro-farcruthaigfe, 6617 . robarbia fálti, LL 333a33 . See also Éigse ii 117 ff.

III Suffixed forms with vb.: s. -at, -ut, pl. -b. With cop. in dat. sense (treated as infixed forms by GOI § 427 ): isat dílmainsiu `it is free to Thee,' Ml. 55d21 . níb écen lóg, Wb. 16e17 . uair atabair ecen, LU 8097 (see Ériu i 160 ). Hence the later second pers. forms of copula isat, atabar, see 1 is.

With subst. vb. tathut cenn céit míle, Fél. July 24 . tāthut airle lim-sa, Sc.M² 3 (4.11) . tathut fáelte `thou art welcome,' SCC 10 . With other vbs. in acc. sense: nóithut búaid ngoire `verherrlicht dich,' ZCP xi 80.11 . feartot it serves thee, Auraic. 1619 (cf. ZCP xvii 293 ). sóerfudut, LU 6322.

IV Suffixed forms with prepp.: s. -t, pl. -ib; see under the several prepositions.

V As emphasising pron., s. -su (leniting, GOI p. 146 . See Thes. i 91 n. g ), after palatals -siu (cf. also indiutsiu, Ml. 107a15 . deit su , 129d22 . daitso, LU 10785 ). Also -so, -seo (occas. in Glosses, more frequ. in Mid. Ir.): détso, Wb. 6c7 . latso, 12d20 , 16b11 . asṁbir so ... ní sluindi so ... duit so, Sg. 208b5 . bia-so, IT i 81.19 . do menma-so, Sc.M² 3 . -seo, LU 8776 , 10745 , PH 1563 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. -sa, -si (-se): -sa, PH 2231 . ML² 497 . -si, IT i 139.23 . PH 693 . Stair Erc. 681 . -se, PH 6564 . TSh. 284 . Note also let-sae, IT i 122.13 . i t-agaidsea, PH 8194 . pl. -si. Later also -se, LU 9205 , PH 595 , TSh. 292 . In PH somet. -siu, PH 624 , 2537 . ? -sib, TBC-LL¹ 2091 (indep. form ? Or leg. -si ?).

(a) Added to independent form of pron., see I above.

(b) To subst. prec. by poss. adj.: do degnimu su, Ml. 43b15 . do thimnae siu, 46c4 . frit adrad su, 136c11 . fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . dot acallaimsiu, LU 3339 . d'fhearg-sa, Donlevy 256.22 . for nindassi, Wb. 7d17 . dar far cennsi, 16d8 . for nancridesi, Ml. 115b13 . da bar n-athair-si, PH 2259 . da bar maithib-si, ML² 1105.

(c) To pred. of cop. in 2 pers.: air it firiansu, Ml. 55d11 . isat dílmainsiu, 55d21 . isatt ailsiu damsa I desire thee, LU 3919 . at mallachda-su, PH 2328 . nídad ferrsi, Wb. 8c7 . adib cretmigsi, 15a8 . hore adib foirbthisi, 16a28 . adib dessimrecht si, 25d8 . With omission of cop.: fáiltisi `ye are joyous,' 24c13 .

(d) Emphasising subj. of vb. used in 2 pers.: dunecomnachtsu, Ml. 56a18 . asṁbir siu, Sg. 208b5 . i ṁbísiu, Fél. Prol. 274 . fégsu, LU 3885 . benfa-sa, ML² 511 . do-rigni[s]-si, PH 2708 . do-gebhair-si, Stair Erc. 681 . atasamlibid si, Wb. 5a13 . ní biedsi, 9b17 . décid-si, MU² 946 . anda thaisi (=in-dáthe-si), RC iii 345.5 . cia r-élnebair-si, PH 4530 . gabhaidh-si, Donlevy xiii 19.

(e) Added to verbal forms containing inf. pron. of 2 pers.: nutsoesiu, Ml. 112b6 . dundatresiu `to strip thee,' 133a14 . nachat filsiu, LU 8823 . ro-t-gaired-su, PH 1791 . is-at gliccu-sa, 4135 . nobsóirfasi dia, Wb. 11b4 . nachiberpidsi, 22d6 . robcarsi tiamthe, 23d4 . codobemthar si, Ml. 53b15 . ro-bar-saebad-si, PH 985.

(f) To prepp. with suff. pron. of 2 pers., see the several prepp.