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sergaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sergaid or dil.ie/37251

Forms: seircid

v (serg) In O.Ir. glosses seircid. Cf. also LU 8355 , O'Curry 1829 , cited below.

I

(a) becomes obsolete : sercim gl. obsoleo, Sg. 173a2 . ro seircset .i. nisfil hodie (gl. obsoleuerunt) `they have become obsolete', 178b2 .

(b) shrinks, diminishes, contracts, wastes away : for[r]ubart in lía becc . . . ró serccai im in lía mór, Trip.² 2062 . sergfait srotha, SR 8209 . is fer seirgeis i lligu, LU 8355 (rhetoric, FB 24 ). in tráth scáigfit mo gala ┐ sergfait mo gala, TBC-LL¹ 4613 . co sergsatt (of pigs growing thin), IT iii 236.43 . ró gabh galar mór intí Cobhthach . . . ┐ doṡearg co mór, co ndeachaid a ḟuil ┐ a ḟeóil dé, Cóir Anm. 93 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch, Todd Nenn. 194.5 . seargfaidh do chlí claonfaidh t'fholt, DDána 43.7 .

Of plants, withers away : do shearg sé, Mark iv 6 . bláth beag shergas a mbeagán do læthibh, Mac Aingil 72.7 . go seargann [an duine] ┐ go bhfeódhann go hobann, amhail do-ní bláth an mhachaire, TSh. 3804 .

Of the sea, ebbs away: dá seargann an fhairge, Ó Bruad. iii 182.10 .

II Metaph. Of wealth, possessions: dia seirge in tothchas iardain if the property diminish afterwards, O'Curry 1829 ( 23 Q 6, 47b ). sergait . . . máine in meic, ZCP xvii 230.10 . Of the effect of grief, etc., on the mind: aithguba sirechtach sercfid brú in churad o ingnasaib, LL 119b35 (rhetoric). do shearg m'aigneadh ós íseal, L. Cl. A. B. 112.48 . go serga mh'anam a n-othras do ghrāidh, Parrth. Anma 377.21 . Of anger: nó go searg le snáth umha | a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100.30 . Cf. buinne síothbhán nach searg guil (leg. goil?, Ed.) whose exuberance never diminishes, 66.6 .

III Trans. causes to diminish, lessen or shrivel up: anfobracht .i. nomen do duine ṡerggas ┐ timairges galar connā bī beo[i]l inna churp, Corm. Y 42 . sain ní dia fognai cech luib | . . . sasait, sergait, línait blait, SR 7279 . loisgnighe m'fhearg—do bh'fhearg mhear— | gur shearg t'fhoisdine mh'aigneadh, DDána 80.12 . mar sheargus sibh na sreabha | nách iomchruid na héigneadha, TD 15.53 . mar sheargaim ┐ mar ghearraim antholo an chuirp ┐ an anma uaim, Desid. 3039 .