Search Results

Your search returned 37 result(s).

armgrith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. armgrith or dil.ie/50042
Last Revised: 2019

 

n u, m. (arm + 1 grith) clashing of arms; clashing: foceird armgrith mór arrígthech la sodain, ocus rocrithnaigset ind láith gaile, LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). fochertar armgrith mór leó, TBC-I² 589 = fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . collotar i n-armgrith bha rennaib a sleg ┐ a faebor 'so dass sie in Waffenaufruhr geriethen unter die Spitzen ihrer Speere und ihrer Waffen', TBC-LL¹ 5004 . fochartatar grith (focerd airmgrith, v.l.) immi, co mbátar for lár in tige, BDD 109 . armgrith na n-arm ┐ na n-airechra ica n-imlúad, LL 236a20 ( TTr. 1422 ).

báe, bá(a)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báe, bá(a) or dil.ie/5125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bái

n io n.? (báe nde, Celtica xviii 42 § 8 ). Freq. in negative constructions and perh. originally meaning something, anything (of consequence, value, etc.) (cf. 1 ní (d)), the meaning profit , etc. being an extension. something advantageous ; benefit, utility, profit : bá .i. tarba, ut est ni beir in ben ba on fir dinnab cethraib .i. nocha mbeirinn in ben tarba on fir . . . ┐ ni toighlen ba don iarraid .i. tarba, O'Dav. 279. Cf. Laws ii 164.8 Comm. esbae . . . nī ba ní etir, quasi es-baa, Corm. Y 517. ba .i. maith, O'Cl. scel n-amhra . . . cen baa di goi `without a trace of a lie', Blathm. 102 § 37. ni torbe do bóu gl. ad nihil [enim] utile est, Wb. 30b6 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí anything at all, ZCP xi 83 § 30. ní roichim baa (.i. díghaltus nó cathugadh) fort I cannot gain by thee, v 524.18 . ní taurga ndam báa nde no good will come to me from it, Anecd. i 42.3 . nocho taircci baa dam, ii 9 § 13 . lanamnas eicne no sleithe: ni techtat ba acht comperta, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 § 35 ( Laws ii 404.14 ). a ba (.i. a maith), Laws i 50.13 Comm. bái nad ba an advantage that does not die (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.91 . béd combá glossed: gníomh co maith, Leb. Gab.(i) 48.10 . Eochu Bai bladach ba ba, Rawl. 148a2 . líag uachtair ba ba, LL 29008. b.¤ ferainn landed property: a mbai ferainn ┐ a cain ┐ a cablach their profit from land, LL 389a20 . cech cáin ┐ cech bai f[er]uinn (sic leg.), 23 .

In phrases. attá b.¤ do x de y y is advantageous to x: ní baí báa di (leg. do) sodain de sin, LU 6947 (BDD). bāi baa dō-sam de, O'Mulc. 726. ni roibe ba de sodain do L., IT i 272.25 ( FB 38 Eg.). cia rofessair h'athair ni fuil bá duit de, RC ix 456.19 . briathra banda sain arse ni ḟuil baa díb, LL 32733 ( TTr. 1942 ). ní bhaoí bá do sodhain, AFM vi 1900.3 . Cf. ni marat, ni fil a mbá, RC xxiii 304 § 2 (translated `there is not what has died'). ni bæ son it does not matter, Vita Br. 24.28 . ni baa aní sin, LU 4541 (TBC). ní bá sin or Cu C., 5723 . Cf. ní dénaimsea baa de sin I make light of that, 4849 = ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859. nirbo baa dosom ón that was of no avail (of an injunction), LL 37040. hore nárbu bae la ludeu creitem did not want to believe, Wb. 5b12 . nirbo bá leiss sárgud meic sethar a athar he preferred not to, LL 32562 ( TTr. 1763 ).

Predic. and attrib. g s. ní bái lib manducare dominicam cenam `ye deem it not profitable', Wb. 11d4 . nī būi dō, Bruchst. 41 § 4 ( ni baoí ní dó, TFrag., 62.3 ). ? Dauid co triath[aib] darb' bai, SR 6353 (: na huamai). fó lóe in bruit bái of the good cloak, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 s.v. fola brith. do sluagaibh in betha baoí (: mnaí), TBC St. 3748. ni bethu ba, LL 15775.

Compd. ? ¤ḟis. In pseudo-etym. gloss: corus bescna .i. coir seis, seis choir in bafesa gnae no aibind `the true rule of the pleasant or delightful knowledge', Laws iii 2.5 Comm.

1 barr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 barr or dil.ie/5416
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: barra, bhairr

n o, m. Otherwise: an fearann barra (g p. ?) the produce farm , Maguires of F. 92.

(a) In general, top, tip, end : b.¤ .i. críoch, O'Cl. b., críoch, corr, Eg. Gl. 65. pundand . . . ben-de-ind .i. a b.¤ benar de, Corm. Y 1065. for b.¤ cech oen chlúi, IT i 191.17 . for b.¤ na tuinne, LL 14625. for b.¤ slati, PH 131. for b.¤ an tsrotha, BNnÉ 296 n. 4 . ar b.¤ uachtarach na lasrach, TTebe 4142 . ruaíc tucadh do b.¤ in tṡluaigh the front of the host, AU iii 538.24 . sdéad seang ar bharraibh a bróg, DDána 106.10 . i mb.¤ an bhrogha, 71.16 . ? im' imdai . . . conna barreib forōrdae, MacCongl. 119.2 . ar b.¤ na cathrach `housetops', Stair Erc. 1872. bíbh (sic) a bárr so er bechbrethaibh `let [me see] any one improve upon . . .', O'Gr. Cat. 110.14. fo b.¤ Chenil Luachain `upper end', Ann. Conn. 1390.6 . b.¤ eanbruithi scum, O'Gr. Cat. 252.31. bárr bláthaigi 179.4 . go coilltibh bhairr na tuaithe, AFM vi 2230.2 . Cf. 1 úachtar (b).

(b) Special applications. Of trees, top, branching portion; of plants, tip, flower-head: b.¤ gl. frons -dis, Sg. 113b6 . in bairr thalman gl. intiba, 169b1 . b.¤ edin treetop interlaced with ivy, Thes. ii 294.11 . i mbarraibh cech primhfedhae, Blathm. 256. for barraib crand, Laws iv 188.14 Comm. athgabail cerc . . . mad i mbarr, gat ima bun if they are in a treetop let a withe be tied around its trunk, ii 118.14 Comm. in comad ro sia a b.¤ (of a felled tree), iii 226.11 Comm. b. blaithe . . . foríti ina mbech, Laws ii 120.x (but see Bechbretha 190 ). íar mb.¤ ḟedo, Imr. Brain 42. tri .xx crand / comraic nad chomraic a mb.¤ their branches almost touch (?), LU 3703 ( SCC 33 ). cromm barr cráeb, LL 12851. b.¤ sobarche, LU 10846. do b.¤ in feoir, CF 73.10 . no-thescatís barru na crand, PH 4620. b.¤ an luis, DDána 71.19 . b.¤ dés, IGT Decl. ex. 1089.

In phr. bun b.¤ = lock, stock and barrel, completely: ro tesc in ṅgabail . . . d'óenbéim bun b.¤ trunk and branch, TBC-LL¹ 746. ic atód tenedh ┐ do cuired in omna . . . bun b.¤ fair, IT iii 195 § 33. Cf. bretha bairr bunaid, Laws iv 166.x. dilsigthir barr bunaid a ttorad in cethramad bliadain, 168.3 . See 1 bun.

(c) Of the extremities of the body: b.¤ na teangadh, Cóir Anm. 279. Cf. TTebe 1863 . b.¤ a da slindén. TBC-LL¹ p. 615 n.6 . doghabh an rioghan ar b.¤ láimhe, Ériu v 184.370 . Cf. Dán Dé xv 32 . b.¤ na mér (collect. ?), Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . b.¤ na sróna, IGT Decl. ex. 1389. b.¤ fiadha an antler tip, Celtica ii 32 § 3 . b.¤ búabaill, see s.v. búaball.

(d) head of hair: do b.¤ cass, IT iii 16 § 41. barr buide for-dut-tá 'the yellow head of hair which is upon you', Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 5 . b.¤ (.i. gruag), ZCP iii 378.18 (B. na f.). as caomh ┐ as find an b.¤ fil for L. . . . bidh é a ainm óniu amach, Findbarr, BNnÉ 12 § 9 . an b.¤ bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 .

(e) helmet, tiara, diadem: saraballa i.e. tyara uel b.¤ , Thes. i 2.11 . b.¤ gl. tiaras, Sg. 70a20 . b.¤ gl. pellium (i.e. pilleum), 95a6 . b.¤ gl. cassis, 67b6 . casuss (leg. cassis) [.i.] b.¤ , Laws i 32.20 Comm. b.¤ bís am cenn in rígh gl. eobarr, Ériu ii 4 n.49 . an ingin . . . ┐ b.¤ ōrda for a mullach, ZCP iii 459.22 . tathuigid in mb.¤ . . . .i. mionn n-oir bis for cionn ind rig, RC x 218 § 8 . See cathbarr.

(f) crop, produce: See Wagner, Ériu xx 180. buide beus b.¤ Feimin `Feimen's crop', Lament 13 . gort geal nach bí fá bh.¤ , Aithd. D. 62.5 . b.¤ dreasa durrthoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 1210. ní fhuair b.¤ ón deachmhaidh dhíbh `he found no fruit on a tenth of them' (of vines), PBocht 7.16 . b.¤ cnó . . . / ar choll, O'R. Poems 161. ar bharraibh aipche ┐ anaipche an tíre, AFM vi 2186.x . a mbairr ┐ a nguirt do mhilleadh, iv 856.2 . ? bretha bairr ┐ maigne, Laws iv 188.8 (`judgments concerning tree-top and field'). beich thetechta (sic leg. cf. 180.16 ) gaibte b.¤ nemid swarms that settle on the crop of a n. (?), 184.z .i. gabait i mb.¤ craind uasalneimidh, 186.30 Comm. Fig. ar [an] gcrábhadh do bhiadh b.¤ , DDána 3.5.

(g) Gramm. enclitic (demonstr. or emph. pron.): fearsoin, fearsin, lochdach gach b.¤ dhíobh, óir ní cóir b.¤ gan shunnradh (i.e. the demonstrative suffix may not be used without the article), IGT Introd. 7.26 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an b.¤ madh cáol no leathan é, mar atá an fearúd . . ., mac an fhiriúd, 32 § 149. réd neamhshubsdainteach an b.¤ , ibid. ní cháoluigheann focal le b.¤ ar bioth achd le b. innsgne an emphasizing pronoun , § 150 . ón Tadhgsa . . . an b.¤ iomchras an sunnradhsin it is the enclitic that takes that defining element, § 15.

(h) Fig. top, climax, end; crown, supremacy, preeminence, transcendence: benait . . . / b.¤ find for slúag enair bring to a triumphant end, Fél. Jan. 31. Andreas . . . / dobeir b.¤ . . . / Nouimbir for slúagu, Nov. 30. na trí bairr for Érind .i. b.¤ dés ┐ b.¤ scoth ┐ b.¤ measa `the best of corn crops (?)' (Gloss.), BDD² 609 f. ishe thall a mb.¤ / do choic coicedaib hEirenn deprived of their supremacy, Rawl. 163b3 . ar bháidh is ar bh. ceiníl, MS. Mat. 565.40 . a mb.¤ . . . / tarla ag Róis ó ráonsgolaibh `R. was given the palm', O'R. Poems 221. gan b. ionnta acht ar áirmheas `have no other point of superiority', Content. vi 50. ní bhiadh b.¤ againn san ccéim-se ar na beathadhachoibh allta superiority , Desid. 1550. bárr óm dhuinese ag duine ní thárla none ever bore off the palm from, Hackett xl 115 . le b.¤ luais `by surpassing speed', Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 21 . le bárr neirt, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352.12 . ba b.¤ aithméla a crowning cause of regret, Caithr. Thoirdh. 27.35 . le b.¤ gaoise `excessive wisdom', Content. xvi 98.

With beirid, do-beir: is tusa féin bheir b.¤ seirbe orra uile who exceeds them in discordance, SG 287.22 . go rugadar bárr ainbhfeasa ar gach droing d'eiricibh, Eochairsg. 1.17 . nach béarthaoi a b.¤ ar theagh that she might not be surpassed in the matter of (her) house, Content. xxviii 48. go bhfuil ní éigin sna daoinibh eili tré mbeirid ar mb.¤ , Desid. 2055. nocha ttainicc roimpe dia cineadh aoinbhen rug b.¤ a maithessa, AFM iii 580.12 . b.¤ Néill do thabhairt d'Fhéidhlim `putting F. above N.', Content. vi 246.

(i) Of an individual, one who is preeminent, chief, leader : in [b. buadhach] Benéan, Leb. Cert. 112.12 . Patraic b.¤ Breg, LL 15538. Brighid Bhreagh [as] bh.¤ na n-ógh, DDána 42.46 . b.¤ na n-uile `the Lord of the world', Aithd. D. 75.6 . aon bh.¤ áigh cloinne D., AFM vi 2240.1 . ní fríth . . ./ a bh.¤ do chéile comhluinn his superior, Content. xiv 25.

(j) more (than, AR); excess, overplus, addition: iarr féin b. air sin more than that, O'D. 714 (H. 3.17, 522) (scribal note). Cf. cuir b.¤ air seo, O'Gr. Cat. 111.31 . b.¤ ar sheachtmhoghat bliadhan more than 70 years, MS. Mat. 568.6 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . bárr daoine `excess of numbers', ITS i 154.12 . b.¤ uaidh ar a heolchuire it increased her grief, DDána 20.41 . an b.¤ freagra fuarobhair the additional answer, Content. viii 11. gá fios an bhfuil b.¤ aimsire agad? more time, Mac Aingil 927 . gach ní do mheasfadh do dhul a mb.¤ glóire . . . dhō, Parrth. Anma 3646. mile se cheud ┐ b.¤ tar ceithre bliadhna deg more than 1,614 years, Luc. Fid. 5494. Attrib. g s. na connsuine bhairr sin those additional consonants (in rhyming group), IGT Introd. § 27. se céd décc is bliadhain bhairr, AFM vi 2236.8 . buannadha buna ┐ bairr, v 1686. 3 .

do b.¤

(i) in addition: mo mallacht ┐ mallacht Dia do bárr, O'Gr. Cat. 123.2. ní théid soil . . . do bh.¤ a ccomhardadh ar bioth an additional `s', IGT Introd. § 24. fuilngeann an connsuine bog connsuine chrúaidhe ┐ theanna ┐ édtroma mar áon ris do bh.¤ san chomhardadh a mbí, § 25. cuirim an connsuin[i]si do bh.¤ , § 28. díomas do bh.¤ cean im chionn as well as (other) sins, DDána 44.7 .

(ii) In RSClára, for the purpose of: do bh.¤ dherbhtha ┐ ghlaine na Sethar ( = `for the more surety and purity of the Sisters'), RSClára 93a . do bh.¤ daing- nighthe do rinnes proifesion air sin ( = `for more security'), 40a .

With follg. AR as well as : do bh.¤ ar gach ní dá ndubhramair, TSh. 3266. do bh.¤ ar bhuain na habhla, DDána 6.8 .

? ce ni lomardais tre b.¤ mo da no dim chinn, Blathm. 94 § 17 (` in addition '), but see Ev.Inf. (GTh) 465 n. 28 .

For phr. feras b.¤ see feras.

Compds.

(a) With nouns and vnn. ná measadh sí gur barrabhaois . . . ár gcúis exceeding folly, Ó Bruad. iii 226.9 . fá bháirr-chíos gé bhíodar excessive tax, Keat. Poems 926. guth ar barr-crith trembling, BNnÉ 152 xx 4 . barr-ḟéile (: fand-éirge) exceeding generosity, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.12 . do balcbuain barrghabháil `a mighty reaping', Blathm. 372. airinig creduma impe co mbarridaib argit `top-rings', Ériu iv 30 § 21 (cf. stiallaib, LU 10124 ). an bairrísli do bhí a coill, IGT Decl. ex. 172. ní fál gan bharrshlait síol S. `top-rail', O'Hara 1051. a dam ar mbéin barrthuisligh tripped (?), IGT Decl. ex. 419.

(b) With adjj. do buar Banba barraidble mighty, towering B., LL 27558. di ṡlúag Berba barr-bricce `dappled', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.72 . re chéibh mbarrchlaoin waving, DDána 105.23 . fo cosma ilius na clethi . . . isi bund-remar barr-cael tapering, Laws v 28.7 Comm. tiara uerticale .i. barrchrumbac (barchrumbac, MS.) Thes. i 1.7 . an tAos-óg aibhriosg, bháirreudtrom thoughtless, Donlevy xviii 24. Connachtaigh na gcorn mbairrfhiar with curving edge, DDána 105.27 . ar maccan brigach barrfind, Thes. ii 291 § 6. ri betha barrglais, SR 1033. dod chéibh bharrúrthais `soft fresh hair', Aithd. D. 41.21 . don Banba barrbilig, Ériu iv 104 § 49 (blattbilig, v.l.). eilte . . . barrachluasacha point-eared, ITS i 16.27 .

With verb. ¤lasaid: bántor noco mbarrlass `blazes to the summit', Studies 1920, 418.10 .

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

 

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see GOI § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis, 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis, ZCP v 229.10 ( Midnight court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave-clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

3 bille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 bille or dil.ie/5897

 

n m. (Engl. loanword) bill; letter, note: b.¤ dealuighthe `a Bill of Divorce', Eg. Gl. 711. rí éisdeas b.¤ na mbocht (of the Deity), DDána 28.2 . a bh.¤ bhig bhoirbsgéalaigh `sheet' (to a letter), Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 3 . b.¤ in aghaidh gach Sethar . . . do sgríobhadh = bills (as voting papers), RSClára 97a . ar ttabhairt a mbilledh úatha, 97b .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

cloisin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloisin or dil.ie/9584

 

vn. of ro-cluinethar. act of hearing : nirbo lor la hA. a closin na failti do thabairt dosom, Anecd. i 2.y (= a c[h]los -[s]in, SCano 42 ). iar closin doib a sethar do brith ar athed, TTr.² 572 . iar c.¤ ega F., RC xxiv 186.2 (cloisdin, v.l.). ? ni ḟil cirmin gin a ch.¤ .i. ni fil coir in ní gin a c.¤ , O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18 , 652 ). ? In compd. fri huaim n-ecarat umat ciallathar .i. . . . re techt t'eascarat cucat dott adhbalclosin, O'Curry 378 ( H 3.18, 214 ). Cf. forcluaisin, 379 . See also 1 clos, cluinsin.

commaínechad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commaínechad or dil.ie/11491

 

Forms: commaineachadh

vn. of commaínchigid. act of communicating : commaineachadh gl. communicacio, Ir. Gl. 897 . do chomaoinechadh na Sethar n-esslán = to communicate the sicke Sisters, RSClára 87b .

creinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. creinnid or dil.ie/12838

 

Forms: créidim, creimm, creinn, crinad

v gnaws, corrodes; devours : crenaid brain brāigde fer, TBC-I¹ 3421 (rhet.) = crennait, TBC-LL² 4603 . buidne bran, crindfittid (sic) cinn bhur g-curadh `shall devour', MR 64.2 . no forcraindfit ethaide will peck at you, Alex. 225 . creinnfit sineoin ┐ prechain for sethnacha, BB 429a47 . as baoghal duit go ccrindfe thú (of worm), Desid. 3176 . ? ní leathan do glac a greim / do chreinn Mac ar Sethar sind, IGT Verbs ex. 685 . gor crinnitt dochum terre, ACL iii 311.5 .

Vn. créidim, creimm, creinn, crinad.

See creimmid and ZCP vii 400 .

Daránae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daránae or dil.ie/14641

 

Forms: Daráne, Daráne

, npr. f. gen. Daráne. Colmán macc Daráne (:áge), Fél. Jul. 31 ; ib. p. 172 § 31 . roalt iarum Darane mac a sethar conid de asberar Colmán mac Darane, LL 350 c 40 . Rawl. 92 b 57 . Colman mac Darane LL 350 c 22 , 33 . Darane mathair in ríg Colmáin meic Darane, ib. 372 b 7 f.b. ; cf. 11 , 16 , 8 f.b. Daráne (nom.), ib. 372 b 14 f.b. In Laud 610 and the Franciscan MS of Fél. Oeng. the same woman is constantly called Dairine (i.e. Dáiríne), v. Fél. p. 172 § 31 .

Dechnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechnán or dil.ie/14898

 

o, npr. m. The name of three sister-sons of St. Patrick: is ann (isin mBrétaig) faranic na trí Dechnán meicc sethar do Pátraic, Trip. 156. 16 . The name of a saint: S. Dechnan, LL 366 b 50 .

derchoíniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derchoíniud or dil.ie/15598

 

Forms: dérchoíniud

u, m., vn. of do-rochoíni; also dérchoíniud, under influence of dér tear.

(a) despair, dejection: derchoiniud gl. desperatio, Ml. 89a6 . d.¤ . . . du remcaissin Dǽ, 90b19 , 91b10 . arnách róllca d.¤ lest despair swallow him up, Wb. 14d21 . dérchóiniud, 14d27 . deirchóintea derochóinet a n-ícc gl. diffidentiae, 21b1 . derchāined .i. dīcredim . . . im fagbāil fochraicce, Corm. Y 464 . do dercuiniud atbath, LU 249 . dul i ndérchained, LB 108a9 . na denaid derchained, PH 2307 .

(b) lamentation (the usual meaning in later instances, but some examples doubtful): ced inn ingen án aile . . . do chuma a sethar . . . ro marb duba is derchainud, LL 375a47 . i ngol ┐ i coí ┐ derchoiniud, 288b15 . mor ṅgol ┐ mairg ┐ ṅderchainte, Alex. 391 . déar-chaoineadh ┐ díosgadh fiacal, TSh. 6313 .

3 dúil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dúil or dil.ie/19091
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dul, duil, Duil

n i, f. Usually transld. book: dul, duil a book, a codex , O'Don. Suppl. ; but seems rather applied to certain accepted or authorized lists or compilations (poetic glossaries, rhymes, kennings, genealogies) of pre-Christian origin, which were no doubt in early times memorized and handed down verbally and some of which were known by special names (see below). duil .i. lebur, O'Dav. 601 . ? áiliu dáilemain dúilib dligid 'I pray for the cupbearer with books of law', Éigse xxxvii 77 § 6 . Cf. duil .i. sluinne[d] ut est ailiu Duilem duilib dligid I entreat the Creator by the pronouncements of the Law (?), O'Dav. 667 . duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda (both allowed by S. Patrick), Laws i 44 . ar teora ferba tic so, má's fir don duil a roib `if it be true for the book in which it occurs', 68 . rofoghluimset na hingina fessa ┐ duile ┐ amaidecht (.i. glicus), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15 ( H 3.18 601 ). duili bélrai sicut est Duil Dromma Cett, IT iii 50 . dúile feda collections of letters (? = words) CMCS xv 9 (1 dúil?): sé duili feda (part of the 10th year's course of instruction for a bard), IT iii 54 (where specimens are given). tri choecat ogham ┐ na rēmenna ┐ na duile feda (subjects comprised under the head `gramadach'), Lec. 55a35 . slisnige is dúle feda, | áera rúne romera `books of lore', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . incipit do duilib feda na forfid lasin filid (beginning of a list of words containing Ogham diphthongs), Auraic. 5417 . anmand fid . . . amail fogabar isna duilibh feda inn-ogaim, 1199 . d.¤ sloinnte genealogical line or list: coimgne co laega laidib la genelaigib co nduilib slointib .i. genelach fer nErind, Lec. 339a9 . Oft. prefixed to geneal. lists: incipit duili sluinti na ngenelacha, Rawl. 148b30 . duil laech-ṡluinte Lagen inso sís, 128a52 . duil tsloinnti o Laidgenn m. Baircheda, LL 387a31 . isin duil sluinti Laigen, BB 369a19 . duile sloindte na nDeisi annso, 149e4 . duilti (sic) sloindti na ngenelach, 173b10 . duilti sloindti na nGaedel, Lec. 408a21 . slicht duili Flainn Dúine Gemin sunn, Harl. 5280, 45a . Certain `dúile' were distinguished by names: the D.¤ Dromma Ceta (a glossary still extant, see ACL iii 141 ), IT iii 50 (see above). D.¤ Feda mair .i. nomen libri , H 3.18, 520 . is ainm do rig isin Duil Feda Mair, Corm. Y 209 (Clithar Set), see also 257 (Calpdae), 1171 (Segon), and 1197 ( Sethar ). isin Duil Fedha Mair, O'Dav. 369 , 1286 . isin Duil Feada Mair, ACL iii 247 . Dúil Laithne `Liber Latiniensis', Goid. 75 ff . D. Roscadh (compiled by Cendfaelad m. Oilella), Laws iii 550 . Duil (dúil, LB) Roscadach, Corm. Y 859 ; O'Dav. 896 . Duil R., 458 , 664 .

fathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathar or dil.ie/21366
Last Revised: 2013

 

Mid. Ir. form of sethar , gen. of pers. pron. pl. 2: nechtar f.¤ , IT i 336.13 ( Eg. 93 ). cechtar f.¤ , BNnÉ 303.16 . a cechtar fáthar (: máthar; fathfear, v.l.)!, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 202 § 13 .

fíadnaise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíadnaise or dil.ie/21911

 

Forms: fiadnisse, fiadnisse, fíadnissi, fiadnissai, fiadhnaisi, fiadhnuiseadha

n (2 fíada) in O. Ir. io, n., in Mid. Ir. , f. n s. fiadnisse, Wb. 1d6 . With art. a fiadnisse , 13b16 . g s. ind fíadnissi 19c1 . a p. inna fiadnissai , Ml. 46c12 .

(a) witness, testimony; in Laws evidence, attestation . Transl. testimonium in Glosses. In Corm. Y 645 and O'Mulc. 499 derived from prep. fíad and nass perf. pass. of nasc— `bind.' ni óeinfer is coir da fiadnaise, it a do no a tri. fiadnaise didiu `fiad neoch naisi' ar ni ōg nach cundrath ocnā bí fiadnaise fo bith coimeta comne, Bürgschaft § 58 . da fer déc dorigne in ḟ.¤ le hÍsu gave evidence in favour of PH 2691 . ni dlegar a ṅgabail i f.¤ i n-ar n-agaid-ne to take them as evidence against us 2673 . atait secht fiadnaise forgeallad gae `seven proofs which attest the falsehood' Laws iv 52.5 . mana fuil fiadnaise aice co ndechaidh ann if he has no witness that he entered Bürgschaft 43.23 . táinic aingel De do denamh fhíadhnaise les BCC § 155 . ag íarraidh fíadhnuisi a n-adhaidh Iósa, Mark xiv 55 . isí mh' ḟiadhnoise I testify TD 7.12 . bíodh a fhiadhnaise sin ar Herodotus san gceathramhadh leabhar, mar a n-abair, etc., let H. bear witness to that Keat. i p. 228 . bíodh a fhiadhnaise sin ar aní léaghthar ag Galiensis ..., TSh. 350 . do-gheibhdis na daoine ré ḟada fán am soin; bíodh a ḟiadhnaise sin ar Éibhear ... do mhair cheithre bliadhna is tri fichid, etc. Keat. ii 235 (common formula in introducing a corroborative quotation, etc.). Cf. cuirim ort a f.¤ , ZCP x 42.3 . biaid iomad do chomharthaibh ... ann ... do réir ḟiaghnaisi an naoimh Hieronimus according to St. Jerome Ó Héodhusa 67 . atámaoid ag denamh fiadhnaise gur leghamar ... `we are bearing witness that we have read' (testimonium to O'Clery's Félire Uí Ghormáin), Gorm. 2 . asé ḟéin bhús bhreithemh ┐ bhús ḟer fiaghnaisi orainn, Ó Héodhusa 67z .

(b) a witnessing, being present at, hence presence; for transition cf. follg. exx. in which f.¤ is used as pred. with DO.: ra raidsetar fri T. ... techt far in n-áth bad ḟiadnaissi dóib [f.i.a. ina ḟiadnaise St] that was before them TBC-LL¹ 2839 , cf. rothesc a trí cindu ... go failet sin ríasc bhad ḟiadnaisi go rop íat na tri M. and sain 6026 ; bad ḟiadnaisi d'Fergus ra naidmthea sain that F. should be witness to the compact 2927 . ra raidsetar cia bhud ḟiadnaisi dona tarbaib, 6130 = cia bhu coir (do bheith) i bhfiaghnuisi gleaca na ttarbh v.l. See M. O Daly, Ériu xiv 97 . fiadhnaisi (gl. praesto) Ir. Gl. 959 . lucht na fianaisi those present ZCP x 306.28 . Cf. also: imthigidsi ar in sleib fiadnusi, Acall. 6343 (`Mountain of Witness' Stokes; the mountain before us ?). ní fer gualann rígh mhe ..., acht fer fiadhnaisi rígh I am not a man to be beside the king; I am one to be before a king 2362 . Esp. in phrase I F.¤ (with gen.) in presence of, before; (absol. ) present, in view, looking on: i fiadnaissi Patraic, Trip. 198.23 (fiadnaisiu v.l.). i fíadnaisi ind ríg, LU 1995 ( FA 6 ). am ḟiadhnuisi (= coram me) Lat. Lives 64 . co tucthar in duine sin it ḟ.¤ -siu, PH 2600 . itconncabar bar náimtiu do bádud in bar f.¤ , 1713 . teit ... dochum nime i n-a f.¤ uli in sight of all 2114 . dobretha a cuit inna fíadnaisi their food was placed before them LU 8967 ( FB 72 ). tucad in chét-bargen ... i fiadnaisi in gillai conduaid, Ériu i 132y . ro chaíestar C. ann sin a bhfiadhnaise Pátraic, Acall. 888 . a fíadnaisi a éitsechta present at his death Ériu iv 160.24 . ní ba gnáth sósar d'ḟeiss i fiadnaisi ṡinsir in tan sin for the younger to be married before (lit. in presence of) the elder RC xiii 36w ( LL 294bz ). ni techtu dam dál fri fer ... hi fiadnaisi na sethar as sinu andu, LU 10321 . do lucht a fiadnaisiu to those present CCath. 6154 . ba nós dóibh ... gan aoinneach do ṡuidhe i bhfiadhnaise acht gach aon do ṡuidhe druim ré froigh that no one should sit facing another Keat. ii 3905 . gach beó ... bíaidh isin bf.¤ will be present ZCP viii 210.16 . i n-écmais ┐ i fiadnaise, O'D. 925 (< H 3.17, 657 ). ro bói mo mathairsi ... acaind a fiadnaissi na himana present at the hurling Acall. 4086 . ro éirgedur Tuáth D.D. i fiadnaissi na himmana, 7054 (`proceeded to look on at the hurling' SG ii 250 ).

(c) one who bears witness (late, and f. even when applied to men): is fiadhnuisi an leachta so eadrum ┐ tú witness between me and thee Gen. xxxi 48 . fiadhnuisi bhrégach a false witness Proverbs vi 19 . ó Iósa Críosd, an ḟiádhnuise ḟíre, Rev. i 5 . pl. fiadhnuiseadha, Luke xxiv 48 .

See leth—, núḟiadnaise.

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

folmaisse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folmaisse or dil.ie/23146

 

(-aissiu, an analogical formation, GOI 451 ) (vn. of fo-lámathar).

(a) being on the point of, being near: mac sethar ind ríg do ḟolmaisiu [falmaissiu Y] a bāis that ... should have been near death LU 5019 ( TBC-I¹ 530 ). Cf. foghebh folmhaisi bhāis i nUibh mac nU., gurro chuirset gialla M. beo fo thalmain é [sic leg.], ZCP xiv 266.4 . Generally in sense being about, attempting (to do something) : foróbair cach díb ic folmaisi gona araile, LL 108b41 ( RC xiv 408 ). barópairt ac folmasi a gona, TBC-LL¹ 2094 . ic folmaisse gona Con Culaind, 2125 . ic falmaisi a lecthi, LU 4242 (`purposing to dismiss her' SG ii 89 ). bátar acc f.¤ a bfobartha `intended to attack them' (threatened ?) AFM vi 1884.15 . cach dibh ag falmaisiu a cheili (of spreading fires) RC xliii 110 § 116 . oc folmaisi ib. Cf. ac [f]almaisi ar ceand do beinn dīnn, BB 447a37 = Mer. Uil. 249 .

(b) opportunity (for doing something, esp. for attack) : ní ḟuair C. accmaing ḟalmaissi orro `found no means of attacking them' Acall. 7695 . teacait ... do ghabáil righi Muman, úair atcualatar in tír ina folmaisi they had heard that the land was open to attack Lism. L. 3206 (cf. Ériu ix 19 n. 1 ).

2 for, far, bar, uar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 for, far, bar, uar or dil.ie/23273
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: FOR, FAR, BAR, BAR, BUR, BHUR, f-, b-

2 pl. poss. pron., nasal. Cf. 1 sar, sethar , fathar. See GOI p. 277 , 283 . No discrimination in use of FOR and FAR is apparent in the Glosses; BAR seems confined to position after the preps. DI, DO, FO, FRI, TRI, I N-, but the f- forms are also found in this position occasionally. In Mid.-Ir. MSS. all three forms are found with and without prep. but BAR, BUR (in modern spelling BHUR) eventually prevails. In Mid. Ir. MSS. the forms are commonly abbreviated : f-, b-.

I As poss. pron. preceding subst. your, of you , used to express both subj. and obj. gen. (Lat. vester and vestri), the latter esp. with vn. of trans. verb.

A Glosses : for, far : for n-ainm, Wb. 5a17 . for n-ires 13b19 . far mburbe, 19b8 . far foguirsi, Ml. 138a10 . for rí ... far tuad, 46a14 . talam for tiresi, 34a5 . tuidecht for ndochumsi, 53d9 . muriissi far ndochum, 34a4 . sonartnugud for cathrach, 68a15 . is toich dom far nguide to entreat you Wb. 9a13 . beith for menme and, 20b13 . far n-uili baullu 3b26 .

With dat. of apposition : airib far n-oínur `for you yourselves alone' Wb. 22d25 . fuirib for n-oínur, 14d17 .

After prep. : ni ar far n-astud it is not to detain you Wb. 10b14 . ni ar far n-arilliud, 23c24 . ar far foirbthetu, 27a1 . cen far ṅdigbáil `without causing loss to you' 24d15 . do far fírianugud, 3b27 . di far foirbthetu, 23d17 . di bar n-ícc 27c2 . hi far selbadsi, 8d26 . hi far ndergudaib, Ml. 20c1 . hi far crichaib, Ml. 115b10 . hi far cridib, 68a15 . íar far toimtinsi, Wb. 20a14 . oc far n-ingrim, 5d33 . tri far pecthu Ml. 115b8 . tre far fáiltisi, Wb. 23d16 .

bar : ni ar bar seirc `it is not for love of you' Wb. 19d27 . di bar n-iris, 25a30 . dobar célib, 25d8 . di bar n-ágsi, 25a3 . dubar ṅdēicsin, Ml. 82a7 . dobar coscsi, Wb. 9a19 . for bar mbídsi on account of you 23d11 . fri bar n-ícc, 24b3 . hi bar cumung, 5d32 . hi bar peccad, 20b13 . i bar foirbthetusi 25d6 . i bar tintúth, 19d17 . ocbar less, 25c16 . trebar n-imradud, 27a1 . trebar tabirtsi, 14c17 . tri bar nebcongabthetitsi, 9d24 . uabar fortach[t]aibsi, Ml. 83b10 .

There is an instance of both forms in the same sentence after DO : do far forcitlidib et dobar n-anamchairtib, Wb. 14a32 .

B Later MSS. : for mbetha, SR 1216 . for cressa for n-imthimchell your girdles about you 3916 . far ṅgabāil uili that you should all be captured 3568 . for mbith iarmui do A. 3498 (for construction see Dillon, ZCP xvi 346 ff .). for n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 (= bar ne. LB 110b56 ). for Cu Chulaind uccat that C. Ch. of yours LU 5735 . far n-eich ... far n-albi, TBC-LL¹ 4730 . for snīm-sa `care for you' CCath. 5148 . for ndibeirg, LU 6874 ( BDD 45 ). isat mó bar milidi at ániu far n-óclacha, LL 229b21 ( TTr. 915 ). ac digail bar ṅdenta ... ┐ bar cathrach, LL 225a24 ( TTr. 581 ). bar ḟiss no bar ngliccus, LB 110b53 . bar ḟírinde 69a17 ( PH 5964 ). bhar bhḟurtacht, Acall. 975 . bhur bhḟir, 976 (Lism.). bar triath ┐ bur tigerna, 5274 (Laud). bar ṁbeith i Temraig, 5299 (Laud).

With dat. of apposition: duibsi far nUltaib, LU 5093 (= uar nU., TBC-I¹ 608 ; in far nU., TBC-LL¹ 1190 ). in far nUltaib, ScM. 9 , LL.

After prep.: ar far mbēlaib, LL 252a15 . ar for miscais because of hatred of you CCath. 5130 . is follus as for ng[n]imaib, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). dar bfor n-amréir, SR 5534 . du for fogail, LU 3337 ( SCC 13 ). do for comruc, LU 5630 . cid tāthi dia for Coimdeid why do you annoy your Lord? SR 5530 (cf. PH 3408 below). fo far n-aursannaib, SR 3918 . for far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 . i far tir, BDD 45 Y (in far D.; in bar, LU 6875 ). infar ndegaid, BDD 12 Y (in ḟar D). in far cin in (requital for) your sin SR 3571 . in far cend, LL 228b43 ( TTr. 862 ). cf. nar lámhaibh `in manibus uestris' TSh. 8579 . bid aguibh inar ttempluibh, Luc. Fid. 211 . See Ériu xv Suppl. 60 (RSCl.). iar for n-adnacul, SR 4736 . iar for sētib, 3589 . ic for togáes, 1246 (= ga bar, LB 110b57 ).

bar: ar uar cend, ZCP viii 316.6 . ar bar sluagaib, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1585 ). do bar taig, SR 4829 . do bor mbrethugud, LU 8771 ( FB 57 ). da bar n-aes, LL 238b32 ( TTr. 1622 ). da bar reir si, LL 173b12 ( CRR 15 ). da bar ṅdeeib; da bar clandaib, PH 715 . 5786 . dia bar n-úid, 3408 . dá bar n-óid, 5963 . da bur faicsin, Acall. 6112 . nech da bur fēind, 5142 . dá bhar n-aire, TSh. 4762 . in bar cathraig LL 225a35 . 239a21 ( TTr. 590 . 1652 ). in bar n-agidsi LL 240b31 ( TTr. 1785 ). immó bar sróna ┐ immó bar mbeolu, LU 1775 (= imma bar, YBL 4b27 ). icabar n-athchumma, LL 238b34 ( TTr. 1623 ). ocabar n-aithcéod, LB 160b59 ( PH 2669 ). icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 (Laud). Cf. co for LU 5244 (H) = ca for, Eg. ZCP ix 140y . re bhar n-aithribh, Acall. 1383 (Lism.).

II In Mid. Ir. used also as pron. obj. of finite vb. replacing the O.-Ir. inf. pron. -b-, -dob-. See Strachan, Ériu i 158 ; 160 - 161 , and Contribb. s.v. .

(a) with simple vb., no particle being prefixed: for bia log you shall have the payment SR 1448 . messe for saera 4831 (= do bérsa furtacht foraib, LB 123a13 ). forbeir for nem, SR 2731 . is e far-saig who seeks you TBC-LL¹ 287 (= dobobsaig [sic] LU 4580 ). fortarraid Find Finn comes upon you unawares, Lige Guill 12 § 37 .

(b) With simple or compd. vb. after conj. or preverb: dan-far-gabat far cuir `if [?] your contracts hold you' TBC-LL¹ 2133 (the corresp. pass. in LU has manop gaib far [n]glinne, LU 5983 ). ? da n-for-tí if ... comes to you TBC-LL¹ 2794 (= ma dobí, LU 6603 ). ar náchbar accaister, LU 6889 ( BDD 48 = arnachab accastar Y). do-for-fua digal, SR 5487 . da-bar-ró in Cú will reach you TBC-LL¹ 592 (= dob ró, St). no-bar-benaid uile fóe 'attack yon fellow' LL ii 8335 , ZCP xlix-l 510 . ni hed no-bar-furgfe sib will delay you TBC-LL¹ 2090 (where obj. is doubly expressed). dobar-ngair [... gair v.l.] invites you RC x 64.8 . ni robar-fachlisem, ScM. 5 ( LL 112b8 ). ro-bur-fucc IT i 139.21 ( Eg. 1782 ). ro-far-cruthaigfe, LB 184az ( PH 6617 ). robar dimicnigsebair fen you have made yourselves of no account LB 184b2 ( PH 6618 ). robar n-élned ye have been polluted LB 173b19 ( PH 1707 ). in ead dobargnísi findbethach ? Alex. 960 . doforficba fer, LU 1213 . doforficfa foirit[h]in, CCath. 3579 . Cf. roborficba, LU 6834 ( BDD 39 , om. YDE).

With 3 s. cop. to express 2 pl., cf. O.-Ir. níb écen ye need not Wb. 16c7 ( GOI 269 ): bidfor coscraig ye shall be victorious SR 4706 . nifor n-intliuchtach ye are not discerning 1238 . nifor gliccu ... inda oen na n-anmanna ye are not wiser 1235 . nibur n-ēcnaigid Dé ..., nibfor cétludaig SR 4871 - 72 . narbar dúrcridig, 4842 . isabhar tocha ... innú sa, BNnÉ 325 § 43 . Cf. atabair ecen techt you must needs go LU 8097 ( FB 7 ). atabar glanasi ye are clean LB 51a50 ( PH 5262 ). abraid fris atfor n-aithrig that you repent Rawl. 132b29 = abraid is he bar n-aithrech, Ériu iii 140.175 .

frithaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithaigid or dil.ie/24416

 

(vn. of *fris-saig). In Laws it usually represents MS fri-, frith- which are variously expanded by the transcribers and editors and frequently glossed by `fír-innsaighi,' e.g. 23 Q 6, 35b pass. The fundamental meaning may be `aiming against,' encountering, meeting. Of receiving or entertaining a guest (cf. ferthigis) : feccaid ind ingen for a rithigid, LL 286b31 . Cf. go ttainic ... do thoigh sethar dó arna chuiredh don tsiair ┐ f.¤ aice fair, TFrag. 72.27 (`who had invited him, to be invited by him in his turn' i.e. he owed her a return, which may be substantially correct).

In the following exx. in Laws Plummer (Slips) suggested the meaning ` disallowal, counterplea '. Esp. in the phr. : cinta co (cen) f.¤ apparently = liabilities which may (or may not) be disallowed for various reasons, e.g. the nonage of the person who incurs them : cinta co f.¤ , Laws v 364.19 Comm. cin co frithaige (sic leg.), i 90.13 . fo cintuib co frithuide ... fo cintuib cen frithuige, ii 290.10 . frithsaige indligid `an illegal suit' v 272.14 . frithsaidi ruc trian uad `opposition took a third from him' (= counter claim reduced the fine by a third) v 82.14 Comm . secht mna ... ada dilsi ina frithigib (i.e. who have forfeited the right of suing ?) 272.2 . na hurfocra dligid tecor fo ciontaibh co frithighe co nach icuit nach ní ┐ fo ciontaib cin frithige co claochmo dona setuib ... na hurfocra cor mbel tecor fo chionta cid cin co frithighe cidh cion cin frithighe co nach icait acht certaithgin ... issedh is cin co frithighe ann rathachus ┐ fiadnaise ┐ brethemhnus ┐ aitirus ┐ aithne ┐ gach ni ima n-innsaigther. ised is cion cin f.¤ and cor ┐ cunnra ┐ gach ni im na hinnsaigther, H 3.17, 582 ( O'D. 813 ) = Laws ii 290.10 ff . frithuigi tra trian fiach friu .i. frithaige gnima re gnim ┐ breithri re gnimh no briathar re gnim is comardughad co frithaige etarru gidh comard na cneda gin cob edh ... ; geibid greim frithaige briathar re breithir ┐ briathar re gnim ┐ gnim re breithir do duine dligius eneclainn , H 3.18, 466a 19 ; 25 = 23 Q 6, 35a ( O'Curry 1173 , 1758 ) Cf. frithsaidh .i. saighi ar tus ┐ frithaige ag an fer ndeighinach, 23 Q 6, 35b [ O'Curry 1761 ; as Plummer (Slips) observes, `the whole para. needs careful study']. comardughadh co frithaighidh no cen frithaighidh a balancing (of injuries) with or without counterplea Laws iii 216.9 . madh frithuighidh don bidhbuidh re giall in fechemun toicheda if the defendant has a counterplea against the plaintiff's surety ii 132.14 . pl. cen frithigide in so uile ... dia mbe frithaighte without counter-claims (= without conduct which invalidates normal rights ?) 404.17 ; 406.14 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 , where Thurneysen emends frithuide i.e. frithsuide (q.v.) but the Laws ii Comm. 406.12 f . suggests that frithaigid is intended. ce beth frithaighidh cen co be, iii 228.21 seems to refer to provocation (of cattle by a dog, etc.).

See frithsuide.

1 gnía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gnía or dil.ie/26213

 

n d, m. sister's son : gnía .i. mac seathar, O'Cl. Mugna moo gnía .i. mo macaib sethar quia fit gnia mac sethar , Dinds. § 34 . Mugna, mo gnia feda féil `M. my sister's son of the glorious wood,' Metr. Dinds. iii 144.1 . ag mal Múscraoidh bheith na ghnia, Ó Bruad. iii 208 § xxiii . Cf. 2 nia, niae, of which this appears to be a by-form influenced perhaps by 3 gnía, q.v.

Load More Results