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aimser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimser or dil.ie/1149
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amser, aimsir, aimsire, aimsiri, aimsire, aimsir, aimsera, aimseara, aimsior, aimseraib

n ā, f. (see Celtica i 339 ) n s. ind a.¤ , Sg. 66b12 . ind amser , Thes. ii 229.26 (PCr.). a s. aimsir, Wb. 9a9 . g s. aimsire, Sg. 66b15 . aimsiri, LU 8049 . ? an aimsire , O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3 , 23 (21)b ). d s. aimsir, Wb. 23d23 . n p. aimsera, RC xlix 7 § 3 . a p. aimseara, BDD² 261 . g p. aimsior, MS. Mat. 572.29 . d p. aimseraib, SR 10 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) point of time: condidtísed ind a.¤ ba chomadas dó, Wb. 21a1 . tánicc a.¤ mo idbarte se, 30d11 . isind aimsir sin, 13b1 . tanicc a.¤ derb togle troi, desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b17 . cisi a.¤ hi forcomnactar in gnimai `at what time the deeds took place', Ml. 97a5 . is í sein trá amser i llotár in macrad, LU 6344 (TBC). cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ a.¤ ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc (a common opening of Irish treatises), Fél. 2.1 (cf. Laws i 2-4 ). aimsir cinnte a báis, RC xii 336 § 27 . adeir fellsam díb anuair docí sé curab a.¤that it is the right time for it, Maund. 204 . Note also: tōet for m'ainech-sa co fārgub-sa Temair lais ar nī lim ind a.¤ rucus brith it is no longer mine since I gave the judgement, ZCP viii 311.36 .

(b) period of time, span, spell: robói a.¤ nad rochreitsid `there was a time that ye have not believed', Wb. 5c10 . ataat alaili feidligte ho aimsir `there are some who endure for a while', Ml. 21d4 . ilardatu inna aimsire mbite som isind fognam, 28b9 . baí oca amser már iar sin for a long time, LL 14554 . in aroli d'aimsir, Hom. Leg. 77.15 . fri re n-aimsire for a while, TFrag. 76.5 . ?immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind time and tide served(?) (or for aimserda?), ZCP viii 312.14 . ar séan uaire ┐ aimsire, TD 41.15 . i cind amsire iartain fácbaim-se E., LL 7332 . tug an toice re haimsir / druim riom . . ., for a time, DDána 90.2 . ó aimsir go haimsir from time to time (i.e. occasionally), Keat. i 80.21 . gacha haimsire `always', Fl. Earls 122.22 . term, stage: fiarfaighter an bind iiii h-aimsera a gach fiabrus, RC xlix 7 § 3 . beir tri h-aimsera gerra ad tigernus fen aris, BCC 374.7 . i n-aimseruib laith, Laws v 268.20 . Of a legal period a.¤ togu: cadiad aimsira thogha? . . . a cinn a ceithre mbliadhan dec do ingin, a cinn secht mbliadan dec do mac, i.e. the end of the fosterage period, 14 years for a girl, 17 years for a boy, after which a choice could be made between marriage or the religious life, Laws ii 192.13 Comm. , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 188 . a n-aimsir dithma, Laws ii 114.19 Comm. a.¤ aenaid, aimsir dunaig, v 302. 32 . a.¤ chue see cóe. fixed-term agreement (of service): do-rinneadur aimsear re chēile go ceann bliadhna 'they made an agreement of service between them for a year' Celtica iv 70.205 .

(c) period, age, epoch: á aimsir in n-aimsir a saigal hi saigul, Ml. 115b7 . ri co ruinib robai fail / ria ndúilib rianaimseraib, SR 10 . ó cheudtos na naimsior gus aniu, MS. Matthew 572.29 . hisin chethramad amsir in domain táncatar Gaedil i nHérind, LL 1804 . fri remius chóic n-aimser cósin `for the space of five ages' (before the crucifixion), ZCP iv 388.2 . ré cúig n-aimsear during five ages, DDána 20.12 . rule, reign, time of specific persons: i namseir da mac Aeda Sláne, Thes. ii 298.25 . nach raibi 'na righ-aimsir eineach badh urdrucu, Hy Maine 135.12 . i n-amsir na náem, LL 298b5 ( SG 367.2 ). d'aimsir na n-apstal, TSh. 5008 . Of contemporary time: conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, Wb. 9a9 . is it amsir cluinti se / longes tri mac n-ard n-Uisle, IT i 70.7 (L. mac nU.). ro derscaigestar a tech . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8049 ( FB 1 ). rosháraigh na uili macu a aimsiri ar mét, RC x 188.3 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh isin aimsir sin anfis do beith fair at that time, ACL iii 4.19 . lucht énaimsire contemporaries, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . lifetime, life: do chomurtha a slánti ┐ tormmaig a amsire iarum, RC xii 436 § 46 . senoir . . . ar caithemh forgla a aisi ┐ a aimsiri, x 191.8 . biaidh m'aimsear 'n-a héanlaithibh, DDána 6.35 . do chaith a aimsir go haithrigheach, TSh. 413 .

(d) season (of year); weather: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened in the season of winter, Trip.² 112 . i naimsir in geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . i naimsir erraig, ii 120.17 Comm. to-tét meas fo aimsera, BDD² 261 . do 4 haimsearachaib na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 16.1 . ba ro-mhaith in a.¤ ┐ na sligthe frissin ré sin weather, Fl. Earls 80.24 . aimsir theinntide thessaide neimhneach, 192.x.

(e) Gramm. Of the `time' or length of sounds and syllables: liquidae .i. hit lechdacha lesom in tan nád techtat acht oin aimsir `he deems them liquids when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . fat aimsire na sillab , Fél.² ccviii 5 . is cumair sin ┐ ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith tantum . . . da aimsir . . . forsin nguthaige fota, Auraic. 1349 . intan immorro is aenguthaige amal ata a o alt eter da aimsir and, 1432 . Of tense: issí ind amser éccríchtha `the unlimited tense (the aorist)', Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b2 ).

? Temporal adverb: áirmhe náid aimseara . . . lochdach . . . a ttús chomhfhocuil cheirt, IGT Introd. 24 § 97 . áirmhe ┐ aimseara . . . aimseara, íairmbérla coimhleanamhna: ané, aniogh . . . lochdach a ttús chomhfhocuil íad, 28 § 125 .

áirmidetu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirmidetu or dil.ie/2268

 

n [t, m.] (cf. ad-rími) numerousness, enumeration: a.¤ ┐ lín ┐ lane inna pián, Ml. 30c17 . conid armidetu demin inna sillab , Auraic. 1412 .

comlín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlín or dil.ie/11437

 

Forms: cumlann

adj (1 lín) earlier appar. cumlann (O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174), and approximating in use and meaning to comlann. Cf. comlunn .i. c.¤, ut est fo comlunn gena, O'Dav. 561 .

Equal number, as many (us. of persons): i n-irgail chuimlin `in a fight of equal numbers', Ml. 47c3 (see GOI 100 ). c.¤ caiptel cóemdae / fo lín laithe `a number . . . equal to the number', Fél. Prol. 295 . comlīn . . . do rīgaib . . . do Dāl Chais ┐ do chlaind F.M. an equal number of kings of the D.C. etc., Corp. Gen. 207.10 . athri comlin, BDD 86 = chumlund, LU 7548 = chomlond, BDD² 802 . in c.¤ sin do thotim leiss, LU 6494 .

With follg. rel. clause: ni raibe . . . coimlin ina mboi do Románcaib they were not as many as . . ., CCath. 5390 . an coimhlīn nā ro gap baistedh such of them as are unbaptised, Fl. Earls 176.23 . coimlíon i mbatar, Hugh Roe² 124.9 . In phrase fo ch.¤ in equal number, proportionately to the number : fo chomlin Crist ┐ a apstal, Vita Br. 12 . E. ┐ G. fá chomlin, LU 236 . muige do riaguil . . . ┐ fon coimlín do muighib beas eturrud, Laws ii 104.27 Comm. consáiter cath eturru fo chumlund . . . .i. secht cét di cechtarde in dá lethe with equal odds, Fianaig. 34.13 . do essith in cath fo chumlund `the battle stood', 17 . riu ni gabtha fo chomlin, Rawl. 77a17 . ni rímtís fo ch.¤ there was no agreement as to how many there were, RC xiii 448 § 36 . With ÍAR: iar c.¤ dóine ┐ múinter, PH 5100 . With DO: ni ra ḟuilngiottur . . . do'n coimhlíon so they had never suffered such losses, TFrag. 132.26 .

Predic. (usu. with follg. FRI): aris c.¤ són hi lín sillab fria bunad `equal in number of syllables to its origin', Sg. 60b8 . bit c.¤ fri fér gl. per feni . . . conparationem, Ml. 90b8 . c.¤ fri sudib gl. congregationis nostrae multiplicatio incrementa ouium . . . est emittafutura (leg. imitatura? note), 126b7 . nība c[h]oimlín a ndālta, CCellaig 16 . comlin fine na secht fer ndéc of equally numerous fine with, Laws iii 488.3 Comm. nim ch.¤ in cathasa / d'ḟeraib na Herend uile, LL 37841 ( SG 362.40 ). Note also: mad coimlin bud ingen berthair an even number, Auraic. 5777 . ? cumlín a chend fria leth meta, ZCP viii 314.22 . mo shoighníomh . . . / gomadh seacht gcoimhlíon é is m'olc seven times as numerous, DDána 42.15 . With subst. vb. (see 1 lín): ni fhuilmid coimlin catha dóibh súd we are not in sufficient number to do battle with them, ZCP vi 46.18 . ata c.¤ fine [cach mac dib] `has a family of the full number', Laws iii 332.20 Comm. ó nach dtárla cóimlíon céad nó curadh . . . le h-Eóghan sinn, ML 114.21 .

In meaning of 1 lín complement, number, multitude : tormān . . . giorac coimhlin `noise of an assembly' (Gloss.), Eg. Gl. 579a . a measg choimhlín iomláin Israel, 2 Samuel vi 19 . coimhlín in būird do dhaoinip uaissle . . . cenmothā sin, Fl. Earls 46.30 .

? In meanings of comlann: ní mó na mo chumlond féin in fer sin `no more than a match for me', RC xiv 408 § 19 . cumland óenḟir duel , TBC-LL² 3382 .

congbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congbáil or dil.ie/12155
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -máil, cunnmáil

n (-ál ā, f.) vn. of con-gaib. Also -máil, cunnmáil. c.¤ , IGT Verbs § 68 .

(a) act of containing, keeping in; keeping, holding, maintaining, sustaining, entertaining (in later lang. in uses similar to those of Engl. keep): cid ansa don curp . . . a congbal `to contain itself', Mon. Tall. 149.23 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare surrounding, SR 4257 . ri coṅgbáil catha for doing battle, LL 32499 ( TTr. 1686 ). clechtach im ch.¤ `skilful in defence', Metr. Dinds. iii 74.94 . congbail in cadusa `preserve', CCath. 803 . cath . . . aga cunnmail ina agaid, ZCP vi 44.4 . dessid . . . i congbail in tige `keeping the house', PH 1314 . ar chongbail na haithne, 7413 . gur theannobair do leabhruibh an bheatha a ccongbhāil, Celtica i 96.253 viz. quae fecit Jesus, John xxi 25 . ydoripis o chongbail an fuail, Reg. San. 23.y . tegh aidheadh coitcenn do c.¤ , AFM iii 264.3 . nar bhéidir don bhás a chungmháil, Acts ii 24 . mo galar do chonnmhail to check, Laud 610, 23c cited Plummer MS. notes. ? Cf. uilideacht congmála, O'Gr. Cat. 241.4 (of diseases). an tarbha puiplidhi do ch.¤ suass, Fl. Earls 92.17 . do chongbháil na caibidli sin = to hold the said Chapter, RSClára 99a . fer cúisi do chongbail gl. causidicus, Ir. Gl. 434 . With ó: a congmail doib o lanamnas, Mon. Tall. 146.1 . da ccōnmhail o brisdedh do ghabháil (in battle), Rel. Celt. ii 188.2 . iad fén do chongbháil . . . ón uile chaithemh aimsire = abstaine from, RSClára 116b . In more concrete sense: anté dorindi in connmhāil sin who grasped it thus. ZCP xiii 180.18 . meabais a cercaill ┐ a congbala 'na timchill bands, viii 538.26 . amail no biad cin congmail fair as if there was nothing to hold it, Grail 163 . Hence in calque on syllaba: congbail .i. silledh nach son aon congbalach, O'Dav. 381 , leg. sillab , dechon . See trechongbálach.

With follg. qual. gen. fer congbala cind capaill dar fethi (i.e. survivor), Cog. 72.10 . Of warriors etc. cú congbhála cáich, ML 86.6 . post congmhala dámh ┐ deóradh, AFM vi 1908.7 . fear congmála cuinge crábuid do Críst (of priest), Ériu ii 82.11 . flaith congbāla co slōgaib dianechtair a prince maintained by foreign forces, ZCP xi 97 § 61 . T. B. cona cethern congbala ` mercenaries ', Ann. Conn. 1367.7 . trí ceardchadha congmhála / do dhreamuibh dile re dán, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 8 .

In phr. for (ar) c.¤ preserved, available : ata ar congbail agoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 126 n. 2 . ansa Íosa . . . / ar congbháil i gcridhe Eoin, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xvi . ar congbháil ag Dia kept, TSh. 2783 .

(b) In legal and quasi-legal contexts, right to free quarters, billeting, maintenance, entertainment (cf. coinnmed): cis lir congbala ... congbail rig ┐ tuaithe ┐ senaid, CIH iii 890.1. bíathad congbálae fri sochraiti tuaithe 'providing food for a billeting for allies of the kingdom', CB 30 § 22 . tir . . . cen chis, cen congabail `without rent, without seizure', Cymmr. xiv 118.18 . leth norba an athar dia íngin iar ndibadh, cen sloiged, cen cis, cen congbail, Laws iv 46.20 Comm. gl. cert orba mboairech, 44.9 . c.¤ bliadhna co dá cet / . . . / ar do cleircibh, BNnÉ 288.13 . congbháil buannachta `free quarters', Keat. iii 2917 . connmail mar in connmail do rad dúinn `entertainment', Oss. v 108.6 . Note also: T. Ó M. do dhul ar congmháil hi ccúicceadh Uladh `on military service', AFM iv 814.1 (see n.).

(c) (monastic) foundation; habitation; establishment: ba samlaid . . . no fothaiged-som na congbala, Trip.² 2808 . nabad mor a congbail i talmain, 829 .i. eclais, ACL iii 18.32 . a conāch ┐ a crīch ┐ a coṅgbāil hi ferund `their landed estates', Fianaig. 78.16 . a cobsaidi, a coṅgbála `her stability, her establishment', Ériu iv 148.26 . congbail .i. áras no baile, O'Cl. Cf. coṅgbáil Dísirt Diarmata `the foundation of D. D.', Ann. Inisf. 122 § 812 . ? Fig. an fer batar congbhala / legios do chorpaib . . . `whose attributes were . . .', Blathm. 42 .

For congraimm in: congmail .i. écosc ut est T.E.: congmail ríghna leó, Ériu xiii 66.66 = congraim, ZCP iii 236.w .

deach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deach or dil.ie/14810
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deach, déach, deich, deach, deich, déich, deachaib, deuchu, deochu, deachu

n o, m. A syllable (`dialt') or a combination of syllables up to octosyllables (`bricht') as a metrical unit, a verse-foot . deach .i. siolla, Gloss. no. 1, O'Curry It answers to Lat. pes (rendered by Ir. traig, which latter, however, is not in general use as a metr. term): is traig lasin laitneóir in dech lasin filid, IT iii 129. 1 . BB 327 a 24 . deach dno troich a bunad laiten, BB 321 b 32 . By the native grammarians explained

(a) as de-ḟuach: deach .i. defuach .i. deḟocul. fuach focul .i. comrag focail .i. dialt fri dialt i.e. two words (`fuach' means `word'), i.e. a union of words, namely a syllable with a syllable Corm., s.v. deeach .i. défuach .i. comrac dá sillab .i. traig ┐ cip lín sillab conrísat and iarsin is deeach a ainm beos, H 3.18, 68 a .

(b) as deg-ḟuach: deach... degfuach nó defuach dano a hinni, BB 321 b 32 .—Deach possibly an old derivative of dá (cf. dé-de and dé- in cpds.) and originally applied only to a verse-foot of two syllables ( comrac dá sillab , H 3.18 l.c. ). Deach i.e. disyllabic dĕ-äch with shortening of dē- in hiatus. Mir. déch.

n s. deach: ceist cia cruth suidigthir in deach. ni hansa. nach son oencongbálach dochuissin is dealt a deach. nach son dechongmálach dochuissin is recomrac a deach, ACL i 160. 10 sq. recomarc in deach tánaise iarcomarc in tress deach...bricht in tochtmad deach, Corm. s.v. Thr. Ir. Gl. 16. 4 f.b. sq., ib. 11 f.b. is deach is luigem ar ciatberar déach don dialt ní hirasa (= hirusu) sin, ib. 10 f.b. indles do dhialt deach, BB 321 b 40 . fid ┐ deach letter and verse-foot ib. 321 b 2 . in gné nó in cenél in deach, ib. 322 b 5 . co festar cia deach dona .viii. ndeachaib daroig in aisti, ib. 323 a 4 . deeach H. 3. 18, quoted above. déach: Corm. l.c. 16. 10 f.b. feilis in cethramad déach, ib. 1 f.b.g s. deich: is fotha ṅdeich (sc. in dialt) the dialt is the foundation of `deach' Corm. l.c. 16. 8 f.b. sreatha deich (name of a metre) IT iii 95. 8 f.b.a s. d s. deach: fri fid ┐ deach ┐ réim, &c. LL 37 a 18 . cenmotha fid ┐ deach, IT iii 6 § 3 n. BB 296 b 32 . desmirecht ar gach deach fo leith óthá dialt cotrici bricht, IT iii 20. 18 . dialt ...is aire at berar deach fobíth is fon deach, Corm. l.c. 16. 8 f.b. don deach fil ina dhíaidh .i. in cóiced deach, ib. 17. 5 .—n p. deich (i.e. deïch): ceist cislir deich docuissin BB 327 a 24 . 321 b 38 . IT iii 47. 20 ; 48. 1 . déich: ocht ndéich tra atrímet filid na nGædel, Corm. l.c. 16. 6 f.b.d p. deachaib: is ó dheachaib sluintir alta na nhuad, BB 328 b 21 . deach dona .vii. ndeachaib ele, ib. 321 b 40 isna deachaib, ib. 321 b 35 . ní dlegar dona bardaib eolus i fedaib ná i ndeachaib, O'Dav. 771 . do deachaib, IT iii 20. 18 .—a p. deuchu: genmotha tomus fri fidiu ┐ deuchu, ib. 24. 15 . deochu, BB 321 a 7 . deachu: cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu, IT iii 6. 4 .

dé-chongbálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-chongbálach or dil.ie/14906

 

adj o-ā. A literary translation of Lat. disyllabicus: cate in focul oenchongbhalach dechongbhalach trechongbhalach ainmnigther ó trian, BB 323 a 16 . nach son dechongmalach dochuissin is recomrac a deach, ACL i 160. 15 .—Derivative of congbál, a literary translation of Lat. syllaba; it occurs O'Dav. 381 : congbáil .i. sillab (sic leg.) nach son aonchongbalach, i.e. a syllable, any monosyllabic sound . The term dates back to the Oir. period.

déiden-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déiden- or dil.ie/15154

 

pref in compds. last: ¤bág: coro ndedaig dedenbag till the last contest crushed him, Rawl. 85a40 . ? ¤baith death: tan do anic an dedenbaidh, AFM i 472.13 . ¤bráth: in tan doraga do mess . . . i ndédenbráth (sic leg.) the last Judgment, PH 5012 . ¤dál: is duä́igh ar ndedhendál our last tryst, Fianaig. 10 . Transf. death: ciarb'focus a dédendal, SR 7374 . Cf. isin deidhendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca strait, difficulty , AFM vi 2280.17 . ¤guin: dia ndéntar dédenguin duini, Críth G. 360 ` recent homicide ', p. 48 . ¤ last king: dedenrí na nAsarda, LL 144a22 . ¤ ṡillab : inna dédensillabe of the final syllable , Sg. 14a9 .

déṡillabach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déṡillabach or dil.ie/15768

 

Forms: desillabach, deṡillabcha

adj o, ā. (6 dé + sillab ) dissyllabic: desillabach, Sg. 36b1 . recomraic .i. désillabach, Fél. Pref. vii . n p. it deṡillabcha , Sg. 68b3 .

1 ellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ellach or dil.ie/19970
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: n-ellug, ellug, n-elluch

n o, m. (earlier n.?) (vn. of in-loing)

I

(a) joining, uniting; union, combination, composition , cf. eallach. .i. suidhiughadh, O'Cl. : buith i n-elluch coirp Crist in union with Wb. 29d22 . i nhellug coirp Crist, 29c8 . i n-ellug , 19c20 . inna ellug , 26d16 . inna n-elluch , Sg. 188a 3 . Laws v 342.23 Comm. do-alla in cethramthu ...a n-ellach in trin together with the third part ii 398.17 Comm. i n-ellach na daime in the train of iii 404.19 Comm. bai lanumuin i n-elluch ar a chinn isstig together IT i 144.5 . Cf. tictís iar n-elluch fo smacht | do chennuch i tír nEgept, SR 3427 . inna clocha bíte i n-elluch in talman in the earth's mass Acr. 12c1 ( Thes. ii 5.32 ). ar na roib na eicmailt i n-ellug inna æcaillse in the communion of the church Wb. 22c20 . cethardha ata i n-ellach gacha duila dligidhe .i. aer ┐ talam, teine ┐ uisce in the composition of O'Curry 901 < H 3.18, 400 . i n-ellach dénma na ndúl, Todd Lect. vi 67 = LB 138b17 . i n-ellach in cumdaigh inlaid (?) BB 493b6 (cf. Alex. 587 ). In gramm.: issi intsillab diuit sillab ellaig rain[n]e a syllable in the composition, i.e. body of a part (of speech) Sg. 25b13 . i n-ællug insce biid dictio in connected speech (= oratio) 25a2 . esse feda .i. in blog aoir tebide gebhes in fid i n-elluch focail, Auraic. 898 . in blog, etc.techtas i n-elluch focail, 902 .

Hence (b) metre (?): ellach .i. aisti ut est cibe cenel dina secht n-eillghibh .i. dona secht n-aistibh, O'Dav. 765 . eallach .i. aisde ealadhna, O'Cl. vii primeillge na filideachta, Auraic. 743 . aisti dona seacht primellgibh na f., 1686 . is lethloigibh na .vii. primellach direnaiter na haisti seo, IT iii 28.28 . Cf. also O'Mulc. 537 , and: fuirim .i. ellach aisti, Corm. Y 665 . trefocal...cen ellach dona hellgib cenmothá óen-ellach, ACL iii 293.5 = Auraic. 1931 . fogonar airchetul i n-anocht n-ellag (of a metrical fault) 5224 . ellach .i. rann. lān-ellach i. lān-rann do denam do lethrann, amail ata: a Gilla Míchil Ó Maol Caimin, O'Curry O'Curry 977 < H 3.18, 422 .

(c) In connexion with cath, joining in battle, engaging; encounter, battle , cf. eallach .i. cath, O'Cl. : céin ro bás ic ellach ┐ ic tinol ┐ ic cur na tri cath-sa, Alex. 421 . mor ndrong ndhánai...ro hellachtai and i n-urd ellaig in chathai 132 . 144 . a ndith ┐ a mudugud inn-ellach in mórcathae eiter Poimp ┐ Cesair for muigh na Tésali, CCath. 4392 . (of vultures :) ic urnaidhe a fola ┐ a n-apaige d'fagbail...i n-ellach in morcatha ┐ inn-otharligib na n-anradh isin armaig, 5003 . ellach [a] cath ar a chind, ZCP xii 378.26 . Cf. Cellach...cen ellach n-aith n-imgona, LL 132b43 . óenach cen imchosnom cen ellach `without seizure' (without encounter ?) Metr. Dinds. iv 150.63 . rogníset úaibre ellach an arrogant encounter (?) Metr. Dinds. iii 370. 65 . The following exx. may also come here: ellach n-ossaid a union of truce, a league LL 184a33 = Arch. Hib. ii 73 . trí rígna... | 'ca mbítis ríg rochrotha | ... | nírbtar ellaig óenḟechta `unions of a moment' Metr. Dinds. iii 366 . 20 . sesca mor-mili imma cuaird...do chemendaib uird ellaig paces in order of union, in succession (?) (of measurements of Babylon) Rawl. 74b17 .

Cf. also: co n-uaill ellaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.46 . deilm gan ellach, ZCP vii 310.7 . fenelach .i. ellach ercai, Corm. Y 666 .

II

(a) a putting in: ellach .i. ni do chur ann ┐ tellach .i. ni do chur as ut est ar is cuma ellach ┐ tellach do tigh cach graid... .i. nech inntu nó as, O'Dav. 797 (cf. 802 ). Laws v 172.8 . ni chumgaba nech ellach nā tellach im thegluch-sa acht me fadéin `none shall have power to keep or send forth' (said by one required to dismiss one of his following) Ériu vi 148.52 . Cf. eallach cach eathair co na fuiluing a lucht loading (or entering ?) a boat so (heavily) that it cannot sustain its burden Laws v 490.11 gl. by: techtugad do brith isin ethar, co na imuilngenn a lucht 492.28 .

Hence (b) entering upon, taking possession of, appropriating: ellag tire... .i. techt intiu; tellag ┐ iallag de hoc dicitur , O'Mulc. 376 . fuair ellach ar nóebe nirt `gained possession' Metr. Dinds. iv 98.95 . a tellach saighe .i. a n-ellech side, Laws v 470.16 . Here probably: eallach .i. suidhiughadh, O'Cl.

[a] adastar ┐ a ellach (of a steed), MacCongl. 81.3 . But cf. 2 ellach and 1 íallach.

íarcomarc, íarcomrac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarcomarc, íarcomrac or dil.ie/26951
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: iarcomarc, iarcomairc, iarcomruc, nniarcomrucc

n o, m. n s. iarcomarc bairdne, Auraic. 1588. g s. in iarcomairc , IT iii 30.4 . d s. d'iarcomruc , Auraic. 1936. i nniarcomrucc , IT iii 11.2 .

Grammatical and prosodical term.

(a) a trisyllable, a word or verse containing three syllables (see IT iii 129.16 ff. ): dialt ┐ recomrac ┐ iarcomrac... Oenfidh airegda i ndialt, a da i recomrac, a tri i n-iarcomrac `one principal vowel in dialt ... three of them in iarcomrac,' Auraic. 1216. iarcomarc ... ut est coharfás, IT iii 48.12 . cen saebsuidhiugud dia It ic frecra d'iarcomruc `without wrongly placing single syllables to answer as a trisyllabic word,' Auraic. 1936. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne ollbairdne ends in a trisyllable, IT iii 11.2 . iarcomrac .i. iarum comraigit .i. ... comrac na tri sillab forsna da sillabaib tuisecha, Auraic. 1419. iarcomarc .i. ainm in tress dēich .i. īar-comrucud īarsin comruc tōisech, ut Corbmacān, Corm. Y 447.12 . Debide Gairet Cetharcubaid: idon, cethri [tri] claidemni ┐ iarcomarc in cach haei `3 hepta-syllabics and a trisyllabic in each of them,' Todd Lect. iii 138.19 .

(b) the conclusion of a poem, the concluding word (which must repeat or re-echo the first word) often containing dedication to subject(s) other than the patron to whom the poem is addressed Éigse xxvii 59 : iargcoumarc, tretsillaebach, Auraic. 3865. cach iarcomarc is gloir glan `every concluding word, it is a pure glory,' 2213 . ar in iarcomarc n-imslan `for the complete conclusion,' 2210 . co rap isind iarcomarc in focul tusech, am rongabh lasin filid `Donnchad dianfich domun' ┐ rl. .i. co rob `donnchad' risin fordunad, IT iii 29.24 . índsma in iarcomairc isin tsillaib tuisig, 30.4 . iarcomairc sen `that belongs to the end of the line (?),' Thes. ii 331.40 . rann iarcomairc uaim d' Ú Chaoimh `my final stanza,' A. Ó Dálaigh lii § 51 . See IT iii 120.23 ff.

imḟrecrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟrecrae or dil.ie/27560

 

n io, n. vn. of imm-freccair.

(a) correspondence: atá imfrecrae etir inna cethri fersu, Ml. 58a11 . etir sed exaltauiita ata imfrecrae dano, 136c3 . ní rochosmaili imrecra na rand `rhymes,' Fél.² ccviii gl. 129 . uulgaris immorro, du i mbi imrecra sillab ocus cethraimthin ocus leth-rann, Lib. Hymn. 64.57 . is cobfhid in focal ind imfrecra `the word made to correspond is the same in vowel,' Auraic. 1513. co robe an fid cetna beas isna foclaib in imfreccrai, 958 . gu robe in fidh cetna bes isind imrecru na tarmthortcheand `that the same vowel may stand in the corresponding part of the endings,' 920 . iar ndligud imfrecrai cach baill díaraile, RC xxv 244 § 20.

(b) exchange (lit. mutual answering) : imfreagra a n-diubraic[th]e (of slinging stones), RC xvi 78.9 .

1 in

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 in or dil.ie/28194
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: int, -nt, -(s)int, int, na, inna, inna, in, -n, ind, in, ind, int, ind, int, int, ind, s-, -ss-, ocin(d), immin, immun, indá, dundaib, -b, -b, inna, na, na, in, in, na, ind, in, int, inna, na, a n-, a, a, -(s)naib, -(s)na, -d, na, inna, in, ind, an, an t-, in, int, ind, ind, a n-, in, mbúaid, a, in, ind, in, in, na, inna, inda, ind, indá, inna, na, inna, na, na, inna, na, ina, inna, na, in, -n, in, in, in, in, in, in, in, isin, isin, ind, na, in, in, na, na, na, in, in, na, na, na, an, na, ind

def. art. the. See GOI § 467 ff . Zeuss pp. 210 - 217 . Paradigm in O.Ir. Masc. Fem. Neut. Sing. N. in, int ind', in', int a n- A. in n-, -(s)in n- in n-, -(s)in n- a n-, -(s)a n- G. ind', in', int inna, na ind', in', int D. in' -(s)ind', ind', -(s)ind', in', ind', int, -(s)in', -(s)int, -(s)in', -nd', -n' -(s)ind', -(s)in', -nd', -n', -nt -(s)int, -nd', -n', -nt Plur. N. ind', in', int inna, na inna, na A. inna, na, -(s)na G. inna n-, na n- for all genders D. -(s)naib

The forms int, -nt, -(s)int are used before ṡ, except int of n s. masc. which occurs before vowels.

The forms na, inna g s. fem., n p. fem. and neut., and a p. of all genders, geminate follg. consonants and prefix h to vowels (but this h is very rarely written in O.Ir. Cf., however, inna hirise, Sg. 209b24 ).

Before the dual the art. always has the form in, -n except ind da la, Thes. ii 33.21 (Bv.).

The dat. forms without preposition, in, ind, int, occur in the formation of advv., see II (a) below.

Irregularities are not uncommon, e.g. ind for int, int for ind, etc. See Strachan, ZCP iv 62 - 3 and Zeuss, loc. cit.

The original initial s- appears only in the dat. and acc. after prepositions which originally ended in a consonant, with which it unites to produce -ss-, e.g. cossin n-óin, Wb. 2a21 . isin anmim, 9c30 . The s- does not remain after OC though this does not lenite a follg. subst. TRE lenites a subst. but the s- of the art. remains, perhaps through analogy. After FOR, which did not originally lenite, occur forms both with and without -s-, those with -s- being the more usual: forsin dígail, Wb. 1d2 . fornaib gnímaib, 5a5 . After prepositions originally and in O.Ir. ending in vowels both the initial s- and the vowel of the article are lost: ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . dind insci, Wb. 5c16 . dont lathur, ib. With OC occur ocin(d) (so always in Wb.) and ocon(d); with IMM, immin and immun.

In medial position -nd- had become -nn- by the O.Ir. period but in a few archaic examples, -nd- is written: indá érrend gl. stigmata, Wb. 20d5 (a prima manu). inda fodb gl. exuias, Thes. ii 47.24 (see Thurneysen, ZCP iii 53 ). dundaib abstolaib, Thes. ii 247.12 (Camb.). dendibh Airgiallaib, AU i 178.8 (A.D. 726) . After prepositions the -n- is single even between vowels: cosnaib, frisna, donaib.

Occasionally even in the O.Ir. glosses the first syllable of the dissyllabic form is dropped, and this becomes the rule later: na teora persana, Wb. 9c30 . na cétne tuisten, 21b4 . na cetnae rainne, Sg. 18b1 . For other exx. see below. In the follg. instances from Sg., in (acc.) seems to have dropped out after -r and before a numeral, leaving an eclipsing n. etar ṅdi rainn `between the two parts,' Sg. 2b2 . etar ṅdá n-ulla , 45b19 . far n-óeṅdeilb `according to the same paradigm,' 90b2 . for n-óin ṅdeilb, 201b6 .

The forms in -d (ind, -sind, -nd) remain only before vowels and before lenited f, r, l, n and, in Wb., sometimes also before lenited m and b.

In forms such as dinab fochidib, Wb. 11b4 , dinab gabalib, 13d33 , arnab uilib cumactib, 21a13 , the quality of the final -b of the article is assimilated to that of the following initial. d p. forms without the final -b developed from such examples as donaballaib, Wb. 12b2 , huana fochaidib, Ml. 54a18 , hona mainénaib, 69c5 , where the final of the article became assimilated to a following initial labial. These forms, however, are still infrequent in the O.Ir. period. Three times in the glosses the n p. fem. and neut. form occurs as masc.: inna leomain, Ml. 80a10 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 . na sothe, Sg. 64a14 (see GOI § 309 ).

The art. is regularly sg. before collectives and personal numerals.

When an ordinal numeral adj. follows the art., in the older texts the inflection is regular: na dechmaide bliadna, IT iii 54 § 99. inna treisi dūalchae, ZCP iii 25.35 (but see 2 tress). inna cōicthe dūalche, 26.26 ; but later it varied, the masc. form of the art. being somet. used before a fem. noun: n s f. in ochtmad taidbsi, PH 6716 ; but cf. in cethramad taidbsi, 6702 . is í so in t-ochtmad plāg, 7653 . g s f. na hochtmadi oesi, 3582 . i gcionn an treas bliadhna, Keat. iii 1919.

The chief changes occurring in the form of the article in Mid.Ir. are

(i) The n p. masc. forms ind, in, int gradually disappear and are replaced by the forms common to the fem. and neut., inna, na.

(ii) By 1000 A.D., a n- in the n s. and a s. neut. has virtually disappeared, the only certain examples in SR being: a lleth n-aill, SR 5152 , a mbé, 5974 (see Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. p. 7 ).

(iii) -(s)naib in the d p. gives way to -(s)na.

(iv) the -d forms are less common.

(v) the monosyllabic na tends to displace inna.

In Mod. Ir. in, ind > an, an t-.

I Forms (divided into (a) forms from O.Ir. glosses, (b) forms from other texts).

Sing.

nom.

masc.

(a) in fer, Wb. 22c9 . in corp, Ml. 22d9 . in ball, Wb. 12b11 . in senduine, 27b8 . int athir, 4b13 .

(b) int othrus, Críth G. 47. in sluag, LU 4563. in t-ara, 4507 . in cing, 347 . in fer, PH 92. in t-espuc, 25 . in slog, 7237 . an samhradh, TSh. 6345. an t-adhaltrach, 6482 . an ciste, 2951 .

fem.

(a) ind leire, Wb. 13d15 . ind nóibe, 9c30 . ind rún, Ml. 45a3 . ind fáilte, Wb. 16b2 . in fírinne, 9c30 . ind almsan, 17a3 . in ben, 22c9 . ind bendacht, 19b15 . in tol, Ml. 18c9 . in chiall, Sg. 27a8 . int ṡillab , 25a1 . cf. ind sillab , 26a4 .

(b) ind ḟlaith, Críth G. 573. ind ingen, LU 4525. ind rígan, 5205 . ind lánamain, 5403 . in tslige, 5077 . inn orcuin, BDD² 493. ind aimser, PH 5032. in eclais, 86 . in tslanti, 275 . in rīghan, ML² 45. an aislinge, 69 . an chiall, TSh. 985.

neut.

(a) a n-accobor, Wb. 3d3 . a mbás, 15b28 . a teg n-oiged, 4a7 . a ndede n-isiu, Ml. 62c3 . a laithe, 21c3 . a folad, Sg. 3a2 . a rrind, 70b7 . a nnu-iedniss, Wb. 15b2 .

(b) a n-ag, LL 112b31 (Sc.MMD). a n-ude, LU 4866. a llá-sa, 5039 . in laa, 5057 . a llathe, 9743 . a n-ainm, 6182 . in n-écosc, PH 6442. a sessed ngrad, 6246 . (Cf. in t-ochtmad grad, 6251 ). in ainm, 672 . in iach-lind, 381 . in ní, 897 . ind ni, 5251 . an ni, 6194 .

Acc.

masc. and fem.

(a) frissin popul, Ml. 46b26 . trisin recht, 46c20 . in digail, 40c3 . in soscéle, Wb. 18c10 . frisin n-iarfaigid, Ml. 20c9 . in n-almsin, Wb. 16d7 . tresin n-aimsir, Sg. 188a26 .

(b) fón slóg, LU 4654. lasin n-íngin, 4522 . in domon ndron, 3566 . in mbelra, PH 2619. frisin ṅdeilb, 125 . in anmain, 2068 . romolsadar in t-ardrīg, ZCP v 25 § 10. ro gab naire in t-airdrigh, Stair Erc. 1135. gurab é Dia ... do-rinne an bás, TSh. 1052. an cheist, 2855 .

neut.

(a) a mbúaid , Wb. 11a6 . tresa n-acomol, Sg. 32a8 . trissa ndede-se, Ml. 123c5 . cossa laa-sa, Wb. 23a17 .

(b) isa tír, Imr. Brain § 62. a fér, LU 4733. lasa comérge, 4880 . isin n-ármag, 4943 . issa sudiu, 9080 . isi[n] sudi, 9082 . in n-aicned doennai, PH 179. in mboimm, 2373 .

Gen.

masc. and neut.

(a) in betho, Wb. 1a3 . in cháich, 2b11 . ind lóge, 3c1 . ind rechto, 15a34 . ind fir, 13a12 . ind ḟolaid, Sg. 28b19 . ind apstail, Ml. 26a2 . int soirtha, 46b26 . (cf. ind senduini, Wb. 27b8 . ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35b7 ). int srotho, Ml. 93b11 . in tairmchrutto, Wb. 15b6 .

(b) in muilt, Críth G. 73. in tairb, LU 4610. in chon, 5013 . in pheta eóin, 5289 . ind ríg, 4757 . in rothclessa, 8844 . ind laí, 4858 . in locha, 9098 . ind athig, 4684 . ind fir, 4765 . in tṡeuin, 4508 . ind rig, PH 4365. an fhir, 1177 . in apstail, 1991 . ind ecraibthig, 6062 . ind imdibe, 5652 . in t-sacairt, 2508 . in slaníceda, 5146 . an fhedhma, ML² 20 . ind fhir, TTebe 1544 . and fhir, 2433 . inn eich, 2278 . en foulachtae, CMT² 60 § 133 . an bhrátha, TSh. 1014. an tsein-reachta, 404 .

fem.

(a) inna deacte, Wb. 5c16 . inna flaithemnachtae, Sg. 2a1 . inna aidche, Ml. 21c3 . na aimsire, Sg. 188a28 . inna hirise, 209b24 .

(b) na llongsi, IT i 77.3 . na mmucci, LL 112b43 ( ScM. § 8 ). inna conaire, LU 4710. na glassi, 4797 . na haidche, 9058 . ina óidche, PH 1490. na hindsci, 6213 . na colna, TSh. 947. na haithne, 1009 .

Dat. m., f. and n.

(a) isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 . forsind immarmus, 1d2 . dind fiur, 22c9 . dind failti, Ml. 21c3 . isin anmim, Wb. 9c30 . huant firinni, Ml. 57d8 . isind laithiu, 21c3 . dont lathur, Wb. 5c16 . isint saltair, Ml. 23c19 . isind salm, 50d4 . isin biuth, Wb. 12c16 . dind béstatu, 5c16 . don duini, 4b3 . dond macc, 7c13 .

(b) don chath, LU 4557. isin phupull, 4620 . iarsind frecra, 4772 . don tslúag, 4570 . don ṡlúag, 4748 . dond ríg, BDD² 99. don ríg, 85 . asind aimsir, PH 4928. isin eclais, 3181 . don tsacart, 3140 . assin sinagoig, 110 . asind lucc, 4099 . donn ītadhach, ZCP viii 215 § 75. don fhíréan, TSh. 1146. don pheacthach, 1137 . don tsaidhbhir, 954 . san bhioth, 832 . (cf. san mbioth, 837 . san Sabboit, 4114 ).

Plur.

nom.

masc.

(a) in phreceptori, Wb. 5a2 . in chnamai, Ml. 22d7 . in pecthaig, 55d11 . ind rig, 85d10 . ind apstail, 42b7 . ind fir, Wb. 5a5 . ind ḟilid, Sg. 162a3 . int soirthi, Ml. 19b11 . inna leomain, 80a10 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 .

(b) na trí maccáin, Fél. Aug. 2. inna druing-sea, Fél. Ep. 285. (All other examples in Fél. follow strict O. Ir. paradigm, Stokes). inda sacairt, Mon. Tall. 134.11 . in doíni, TBFr. 55. na doíni, 306 . in maic, LU 4900. ind eich, 4733 . na heich, 5070 . in tṡlóig, 4609 . inn óicc, BDD² 896. na heóin, 142 . ind eolaig, PH 7313. in augtair, 6944 . na noim, 3649 . na hapstail, 1826 . inda hapstail, 5371 . ind apstail, 6720 . ind ēcis uile, Anecd. iv 93.10 (Corm.). na tri coicait, LL 114a29 ( ScM. § 21b ). na trenmilid, TTebe 4478 . na cinn, TSh. 73. na haidhmillte, 6088 .

fem. and neut.

(a) indá érrend (gl. stigmata), Wb. 20d5 (a prima manu). inna briathra, Ml. 22c5 . inna ancride, 27b15 . inna anmmann, Sg. 28b18 .

(b) na tigi, IT i 74.7 . inna buidne, LU 4685. na bai, 5398 . na cenna, 4806 . na mna, PH 4997. na créachta, TSh. 1013.

Acc. m. f. and n.

(a) inna fíraingliu, Wb. 9c10 . frisna preceptori, 14d37 . lasna fileda, Sg. 63b4 . na rúna, Wb. 12c11 . lasna anmmann, Sg. 51b10 .

(b) na firu, LU 4626. inna heonu, 5159 . inna echraidí, 4712 . na pecdachdu, PH 3619. na briathra, 3660 . na cóic ṡéotu, Críth G. 162. inna .vii. sa, 307 . na teasta, TSh. 6771.

Gen. m. f. and n.

(a) inna ndóine, Wb. 5c16 . inna fer, 7c8 . inna mban, 22c10 . na n-abstal, 18d14 . na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . na conson, 9a19 . na forcetal, Wb. 16a12 . inna rrath, 15c3 .

(b) ina ndescipul, Hib. Min. 54. inna muccaide, LU 4670. na nGalión, 4648 . na fíren, PH 437. na ḟer (sic leg.), 1017 . na mbeo, 3648 . na n-ilberla, 5484 . airdena ana cóic la ndéc ria mBrath, RC xxviii 310 § 1. inna fer, TTebe 1845 . na n-ánrad, 951 . na bpeacthach, TSh. 991. na sácramainteadh, 1561 .

Dat. m. f. and n.

(a) donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . donaballaib ailib, 12b2 . arnab uilib cumactib, 21a13 . dinaib fochaidib, Ml. 19b11 . isnaib consonaib, Sg. 9a22 . donab huilib doinib, 189b9 . forsna huilib remṡuidigthib, 212a13 . ocnafothaircthib palnacdib, 217a4 . honai gabalaib, Ml. 54b25 . donab nemindithib, Thes. ii 33.28 (Bv.).

(b) oconaibh insibh, AU 851. donaib Galionaib, LU 4659. dinib collaib, 4937 . dona druídib, 5061 . dina lecaib, 5889 (H). forna bochtaib, PH 3603. dona noemaib, 3620 . donaib maithib ┐ dona holcaib, Ériu iii 2.13 . fornaib coic cathrachuib, ii 140.5 . dona hōgaib, ML² 173. dona daoinibh, TSh. 968. arna heasbadhaibh, 973 .

Dual.

(a) In the O.Ir. glosses, before the dual, the art. always has the form in, -n: Nom. m. in da fersin, Ml. 58a11 . f. in di bai, 2b11 . n. in da n-ainm, 34d6 . Acc. m. in da airdigtha, Sg. 77a8 . f. etir in dí ṡillaib, 59a17 . Gen. m. cechtar in da popul, Ml. 46b30 . n. cechtar in da leithe, Sg. 25b6 . Dat. f. isin dib bliadnib, Thes. ii 30.35 (Bcr.). n. isin dib desmrechtaib-so, Ml. 114b1 . ( ind da la occurs in the Vienna Beda, Thes. ii 33.21 .).

(b) Later the art. preceding the dual is sometimes na, but in remains more common: in dá erred (g.), LU 8057. na dá ech (a.), 8590 . na da ban (g.), 8375 . na dá Maine (n.), BDD² 106. in da gilla chétna (a.), TBC-LL¹ 677. túath in dá Maine (g.), BDD² 210. na da ánrath ┐ na da rind n-agha (n.), TTr.² 583. na dá n-ug n-urchoidech (g.), MR 110.4 . na dá neirrech (g.), Laws iv 336.16 . an dā rīg (na, v.l.) (n.), ML² 776. asna dib berlaib, Lec. 167d31 . don da thóisech, Ériu v 152.126 .

II Article used in formation of adverbs ( GOI § 251.3 and § 379 , § 382 . Zeuss 608 - 9 ).

(a) When nouns of time and manner are used adverbially in the dat. sg., they may be preceded by the article, e.g. in chruth as coir, Wb. 7b1 . in chruth sin, 7d16 . ind echt sa, 3a7 ; but cf. cruth ro pridchissem, 24c17 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul, Ml. 62b2 .

(b) In O. and Mid. Ir. the article (but see alternative explanation, GOI § 379 ) was used with an adj. in the dat. sing. neut. and with some participles in -de to form an adverb. The follg. list is illustrative only: in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . in mór, Wb. 14b21 . in már gl. adeo, Sg. 8a2 . in deurb ` certainly ,' Ml. 70b2 . ind fír ` truly ,' Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír, Sg. 106a5 . in demin gl. quidem, Ml. 37a13 . int soer gl. libere, 31b18 . int sainriud, 54a22 . in chomocus ` nearby ,' Sg. 188a19 . ind imdu gl. passim, Ml. 35b5 . in fortgidiu ` covertly ,' 30a3 . in chlidiu, 50c13 . in chotarsnu gl. e contrario, Sg. 17b9 . ind ulcc male, Hib. Min. 432. ind infholach secretly , PH 6085. in infholuch, 7998 . In a few exx. the form of the adj. is that of the nom.: ind utmall, Wb. 26b10 (but this form may also have been used for dat.). in madae, 19d16 . ind immdae, Sg. 26a5 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii § 419 explains this as being due to the similarity of nom. and dat. masc. and neut. forms in some adjj. Cf. also: in tsainrethaig, LU 5514.

With compar. and superl. of adjj. to form comparative advv.: ind ichtarchu gl. inferius, Ml. 24d30 . int serbu gl. amarius, 24c10 . in máam gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . ind luindiu gl. commotius, Ml. 32d1 . ind feliu gl. uericondius, 58b1 . ind lugu gl. minus, 123c12 . in mó ┐ in mó, Trip.² 2108 , 2628 . in mor-mo, PH 3369 , 3605 . See GOI § 382.

(c) In the case of adjj. in -d(a)e (except imdae) and participles in -th(a)e (but see in fortgidiu, in chlidiu, above), instead of the dative a form in -id, -ith combines with the art. to form the adv. A few instances also occur of advv. formed in this way from substantives. From adjj.: in doracdid `in the Doric fashion,' Sg. 204b9 . in chorpdid gl. corporaliter, Wb. 27a12 . ind óindid once , Ml. 29a3 . int slanidid ` salutarily ,' 71a1 . in tuailngigthid ` deigningly ,' 78c1 . ind inchlidid gl. latenter, 100c7 . in tuasailcthid ` absolutely ,' 32d5 . From substt.: in mesid (<mess) gl. iudicialiter, Ml. 51c21 . ind frithoircnid (<frithorcun) ` offensively ,' 127c23 . in diglaid (<dígal) gl. ulciscenter, 62d3 . ind áirmith (<árim) ` numerically ,' Sg. 27a17 .

III Usage.

The article is always proclitic and is used before a substantive to express the definite character of that substantive unless this is already apparent either from the nature of the substantive itself, as in the case of proper names, or from some accompanying defining word or phrase, e.g. when the substantive is followed by a definite genitive, or preceded by a possessive adjective.

A Exx. of the ordinary use of def. art.: accaldam auctor ind recto `an address to the teachers of the Law,' Wb. 3c4 . risiu rocloammar in fogur `before we hear the sound,' Ml. 112b12 . intan labratar ind ḟilid `when the poets speak,' Sg. 162a3 . oc déscin na macraide, LU 4859. in trénfir ┐ ind láith gaile, 8104 . an cúigeadh cinéal, na mairtírigh, TSh. 4842. In: amal in scrissid .i. amal in n-altain n-áith `as a scraper i.e., as a sharp razor,' Ml. 72b8 , translate: as the scraper etc., regarding it as a type of instrument rather than a single instrument of its kind?

The article is used

(a) in the sense of each, every, also a single in such phrases as: ced fan fer, Stair Erc. 1471. 1532 . berad-sa anam a flaithess duit a n-agaidh an ruainde da fuil ad brat `for every thread in thy cloak,' BCC 358.14 . is assu duinni in fer cech laí andás a cét cach n-aidchi one man every day, LU 5622.

(b) sometimes with cách, when this is followed by a relative clause: ní lat in cách forsa mmitter `not thine is everyone on whom thou passest judgment,' Wb. 6b22 . úar in cách dodechaid úad, Trip.² 1198. congnamh lásan ccách nó chathaighfeadh dar cenn an chreidimh, AFM vi 2290.22 .

(c) with oen-, intensifying the idea of singleness: nabīd D. fut ind ṡamlāi oc breith na hēnbrethi `giving a single judgment,' ZCP xiii 179.1 . con-accai ni ... .i. in n-aenmnái for fertais in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 202. hespach do neoch a thríall acht dond oen ḟialluch, 415 .

(d) in speaking of two things (cf. Fr. l'un, Germ. der eine): focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ... Níbo moo in band oldas a chéle one stroke was not greater than the other, LU 5006. timchillid a teach ón dorus colaile, RC xxiv 145.14 . dā ṡenrand ... dun rand díb ... don rund aile, Fianaig. 48 § 14 , § 15 .

(e) frequently, and particularly after verbs of seeing, before a noun which is logically indefinite to draw attention to it and to render the narrative more vivid (for an alternative explanation see GOI § 470 ): co facatar in tsentuinne they saw an old woman, Corm. Y 1059.43 . co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ leth a chind fair, LU 4933. co n-aca Cú in n-ócben cuchi, 6082 . co n-acca in tech find, MacCongl. 67.12 . co n-accas na trí coícait ban co n-inaraib corcraib, TBFr. 258. rataiges in triar marcach dochom in tige, LU 6779. is and dosnarraid in fer máeldub, 6820 . doringni in mac bec in tres gním `eine dritte That,' TBC-LL¹ 1068. duscōtar īarum condusrulai isin mag n-ālaind co n-acatar an rīghrāith isin [maig], ZCP iii 459.18 . is iarum bert in Liath Macha na tri dergruathra, RC iii 181.36 .

(f) before nouns followed by the demonstratives so, sin, tall, ucut: in chrud sin, Wb. 13a6 . tarsin corp sin 15c16 . in teintide tall, ZCP v 25 § 7. isin tsalm tall, Ml. 58a11 . don mac so, BDD² 107. in tan sin, 130 . in triar ucut, 295 .

B The article is not usually used before

(a) personal names. In O. Ir. names of individuals take the article only when they are qualified by an adj. or a demonstrative, or when used as common nouns (e.g. á ṅIacob the name Jacob, Ml. 34d6 ): ol Duaid, Ml. 95d7 . mad la Cirine `according to Jerome,' 74d13 . ho Isaác, Wb. 4c7 . for érlam Patraic, Thes. ii 305.5 ; but: in Scip Emelendae gl. Emilianus Scipio Sg. 31a2 . in Caesar Octauienda gl. Octauianus Caesar, 31a3 . in Fiac sin, Thes. ii 307.3 . co tech in Dubthaig sin, ib. 9 . Exceptionally: Nabál sin slebi Carmil, SR 6307. In Mid. Ir. it is somet. used with anaphoric force: a n-Inis meic Uchen robai in Gartnan, Anecd. i 1.3 . in Cathal, MacCongl. 41.28 . iman Mormael, Ériu xii 190 § 23. do marbsad in tEochaid andsin, ZCP viii 274.13 . ba rí hi Temair in Fīachu Sraptine amal adrubrumar, 317.16 .

(b) place-names: i Corint, Wb. 14b5 . i nEgipt, Ml. 88a12 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . co nōgaib Hérenn, 306.1 ; but: ind Róm fil hí Constantinopoil ... inna Rómae, Sg. 174a1 . In Mid. Ir. the article became more common particularly before a noun in the genitive, but the omission of the article was still much more frequent than its use: ind Eriu, LU 4042. íar sligi na Temrach, BDD² 131. do Themraig, 149 . fonaidm ṅgíall Temrach, 164 . sethnu na Hérind, 608 . i tír Hérend, 690 . i nOenuch na Crúachna, LU 2888. hi cathair Cruachna, 2886 . isin Taltin, 2894 . hi Taltin, 2896 . In Mod. Ir. some geographical names regularly take the article, e.g. an Fhrainnc, an Spáinn. Others sometimes take the article, but in the gen. only: Éire, i nÉirinn, tír na hÉireann. Alba, muinntear na hAlban; but cf. lucht cuarta Éireann, Dáil Éireann (Dinneen, s.v. Éire).

(c) names of peoples and patronymics: arindí atrebat Romáin and, Sg. 33a11 . atrebat Laitnóri and, 14 . di Romanaib, 33a10 . Romoldai, 31b4 . la Ebreu, Ml. 26c1 . di Iudéib, Wb. 27d4 . fri Saxanu, Críth G. 523. la hUltu, BDD² 977. do ríg Rómán, LU 6389 ; but: ind Romain, Sg. 31b5 . int Ṡabindai, 28a10 . forsna Egiptacdu, Ml. 96c11 . do choscc inna nIsrahélde, Wb. 5a16 . na nDéisi, Thes. ii 297.5 . in Galióin, LU 4656. co tríchait chét na nGalión, 4648 . The absence of the article would seem to be the earlier usage, cf. la Féniu (a phrase common throughout the law-tracts), Críth G. 125. chórus Féne, 588 .

(d) nouns that refer to things of which there is one only, or one outstanding example (these nouns approach in meaning to proper names): is samlid dano gniith demun, Wb. 21b2 . amal indocbáil dáe, 21a10 . as tualang deacht todiusgud Crist `the Godhead,' 13c15 . i tempul, 26a8 . hi fudumnaib talman, Ml. 40d16 . di chosecrad tabernacuil, 48b11 . gein maicc hua athair `the birth of the Son from the Father,' 85b11 . conapad firdía mac `that the Son should not be true God,' 21c12 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe, 85b11 . o hescgu co grein, SR 113. o thosuch domuin, 517 . dochuaid diliu don domon, 2592 . co lluid trít co talmain, LU 5767. do diabul, PH 4889. nī dlig sāire ... i tūaith nā i n-eclais amongst the laity or in the church, Ériu i 218 § 2. roaithbeōaig Cairbri ō marbaib from the dead, ACL iii 225.v . Siuir agus Máigh ag gréin dá ngeimhliughadh, DDána 109 § 11. for fairgi, Corm. Y 1059.14 . fri tīr, ib. 15 . slánaigh le hóigh t'oileamhain `make good to the Virgin her nursing of Thee,' Aithd. D. 67 § 26.

Here belong the names of parts of the body: ho giun et ... hi cridiu, Wb. 5d14 . ind foisitiu i ngiun `the confession in the mouth,' 4d33 . a n-asberid hó bélib, 7d10 . a lleth o laim deiss `the half from the right hand,' Sg. 17b2 . risiu rocloammar in fogur hua chluasaib with the ears, Ml. 112b12 . anuas co imlind, LU 5780 ; but cf. intan citambí ind lám in terochraic, Ml. 36b1 . in geno gl. oris, 82c5 .

(e) a noun occurring in apposition to a proper name as a sobriquet: for Lomnae Drúth, BDD² 705. Suibne Geilt, Thes. ii 294.10 . for Tamun drúth, LU 6670. Cauland cerdd, 4975 . aided Redg cáinte, 5803 .

(f) the names of abstract ideas, virtues, vices, etc.; nachin rogba úall `that pride may not seize us,' Wb. 15d40 . is asse dúib maid do denum, 4a4 . inne maith ł uilcc, Sg. 39a32 . nephdenum neich di ulc fri nech dogní olc frit, Ml. 23c20 . dechair eter olcc is maith, SR 1255. erig, ... córu achāch duit mormenma, TBC-LL¹ 3978. ni rabi a samail ... ar maisse ┐ míne ┐ mórdacht, TTr. 621. ní fhuil nert agud gun techt lium, ZCP vi 48.12 . na ndenad (leg. denad) uaill na diumus, PH 4255. Exx. with the article are: ind huall gl. arrogantia, Ml. 51a11 . gl. elatio, 28a1 . frisin noibi ┐ in glaini, 98d2 . ised a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc this is perfect virtue, 35d14 . immeradi a n-olc, 33d2 . a mundit[i]a .i. ōn gloine, Corm. Y 900. attach inísel ... tairnid in díumus `superbiam excludit,' PH 8035. sanntaiged in rig ... in fírinde, 4254 . ro coimnertaigiss an coir `thou hast strengthened justice,' Stair Erc. 429.

(g) a subst. followed by a definite genitive. (The article is used when the gen. is attributive rather than defining, e.g. á cenele ndoine, Wb. 5c16 . a llaa mbrithemnacte sin, 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir sin, Sg. 8a13 . in Briccriu Conaill Chernaig (name of a shield), BDD² 977. in Brug mna Elcmair, Ériu viii 175.9 . an Iodh Morainn, Keat. ii 3659. as an gCraoibh Dheirg Chonchubhair, ib. 3086 ).

The gen. is a proper name: ar iriss Crist, Wb. 25a10 . di doiri Babelon, Ml. 46b26 . ó Thuind Clidnai, BDD² 1087. la firu Hérenn, 123 ; or approaches in meaning to a proper name: precept soscéli, Wb. 1b10 . Exceptions are rare: in tṡlóig Herend, LU 4609. gol mo matharsa so ┐ na mban mBoine, TBFr. App. § 20 (= ... ┐ bantrochta Boínni, text).

The gen. is preceded by the def. art.: ar meinci inna indithme, Ml. 85d1 . ardlathi in betho, Wb. 1a3 . dar cenn ind Iudidi, 2a4 . tri hiris in cháich, 2b11 . fri bás inna clóen, Thes. ii 320.1 . for lorg in tslóig, LU 4782. lucht in baile, PH 49. In O. Ir. there are a great many exceptions to this rule but in Mid. Ir., comparatively few, and fewer still in Early Mod. Ir.: inna ndánae in spirito, Wb. 21c2 . in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . din chamull in diumsa, Tur. 60. in dluthe ind flechuid, Ml. 81c8 . in dán inna litredachte, Sg. 33a28 . an fír-thsochraidecht an bethadh suthain, Ir. Lit. 26.18 . leth in orba in athar, Laws iv 46.24 Comm. in prīm-cathraig mōrglain ... in dúnaid, MacCongl. 87.27 . an dara cuing an catha, Irish Texts ii 9 § 24. issind aurlaind in dúine, TBFr. 60. isin sinagoig moir na nEbraide, PH 48. na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, ZCP xi 43 § 31. oc saigid na cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 208.15 . in mér medhon na láime clí, O'Gr. Cat. 270.29. in fer na tocla, TTebe 1601 . ingen in rig na nEberda, 4645 . In PH there are two cases where this rule does not apply (a) when the governing noun has a demonstrative suffix ¤sa or ¤sin, (b) when it is defined by an ordinal. Exx. (a) na scéla-sin in aingil, PH 2975. in rath-sa na n-ilberla, 5484 . cf. O. Ir.: don dlúim máir sin inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim sin in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . (b) in cetna mís na bliadna, PH 3516. isin tress uair ina óidche, 1490 . In TTebe, s.v. in , Calder notes that while a few instances of the double use of the article occur this is especially the case when the governed noun is followed by sin. The use of the double article when the governing noun is defined by an ordinal though very common is not invariable: cosin tres mac imlesan na hoensúla, BDD² 641. in treas rann sesgat ind uile, Laws ii 370.21 - 22 Comm. an tres gaisgedach na Tiabanda, TTebe 4879 ; but cf.: dorumalt Moisi ... | ann tresraind a aimsire, SR 3784. tres ṅdírime na tána, TBC-LL¹ 2656. i tres boin in brugad, Laws v 402.7 Comm.

The gen. is preceded by a possessive adj.: di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1a9 . lóg a pecthe, 1c3 . do thudidin do menman, 1c15 . do ind a oenláime, TBC-LL¹ 676. lín a teglaich, TBFr. 8. Exception: lasin flaith far mbretha ifos, SR 1215.

The gen. is defined by cech (Mid. Ir. cach), nach: du thuistin cech dulo, Ml. 85b16 . imfolang nach gnima, 80d2 . tri thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . fo cosmailis nacha cat[h]rach, Hib. Min. 219. céol cach ḟir, LL 207a18 . cend cech ḟir díb, TBC-LL¹ 682. i tossuch cach dúnaid, 571 .

The gen. is defined by a further definite genitive: ó soilsi deachte Crist, Wb. 26a17 . irchre fla[tho] Román, 26a5 . co maithib fer nÉrenn, BDD² 1441. An exception is: dar fíartharsna in dunaid fer nÉrend, LU 6291.

C The article is optional before an ordinal adjective: isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 . cetnae accuis inso `this is the first cause,' Ml. 118d12 . co nómád n-aó `to the ninth generation,' Críth G. 327. cetna gnim gnisset, SR 4197. cethramad gnim, 4209 . (The omissions in SR are necessitated by the metre). Cf. in chethramad accuis, Ml. 118d18 . ón chétna duini, SR 7889. in tres gnim, 4205 . Cf. ll. 83 ff. col. 183 above.

D As a rule substantives defined by a relative sentence take the art. unless they are preceded by is é, conid é, is inunn, etc. (However, before words like airm, baile used adverbially the article is omitted: ría ríg Hérenn airm hi foí, BDD² 488. co ránic na díberga baili i rabatar, 647 . tancattar na hingena airm a mbói Hiruath, PH 905. bail hita a athair, 1380 ): dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . a forcell doberam, 25d21 . isind huiliu labramar-ni, Ml. 31b23 (exceptionally: ra mbía ... carpat bas dech bess i n-Aii, LU 5587 ); but: is hé cruth inso áem no-s-messammar, Wb. 9c10 . is inunn chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nōuit , Ml. 114b1 . issí inne fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . is he titul fil i ndreich ..., Hib. Min. 1. is é óencharpat insin nad foglentais dirmand na hecrada, LU 10177 - 8 . is tú láech as dech fil i nHerind, 5768 . is ed gen n-imarbága fil la firu Hérind, BDD² 1135. is é céadchrann tarla dhó, soileach, Keat. ii 2687. is é áit ar ghabhadar tír, i gCúan an Bhainbh, iii 5055 . is e recht ro buí isin Libia in n-inbuidh sin, Stair Erc. 1101. When the antecedent of the relative sentence is qualified by an ordinal the article sometimes occurs: fá hé Colum ... an céadduine do thógaibh mainistear i n-oiléan Í, Keat. iii 1344. ionnus gurab é an treas fear do chreid ..., ii 5372 . conidh e sin an cedcath do cuir Ercuil, Stair Erc. 966 ; but: gurab é C.C. céaddoctúir do chuaidh, Keat. iii 1347. is si sin cedmainistir caillech ndub ro buí isin Teib, Stair Erc. 890.

inḟreccr(a)e

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n [io, n.] correspondence, harmony: dú im mbí inḟrecrai sillab ocus cethrumthan ocus leth-rand, Lib. Hymn. i 65.59 .

1 inge

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Forms: i.

(? 1 ing) ingi .i. acht, LU 9969. inge ar acht, ata acht lium and `i.¤ signifies except, I make an exception here,' Laws i 52.22 Comm.

I As a conj.

(a) except: i.¤ intan bas rann int ṡillab `except when ...,' Sg. 25a1 . i.¤ nama asrubairt iarsin docuiredar marb for talmain `scarcely had he spoken ...,' Ériu ii 122.12 . i.¤ bid ainm Scéne bias forse | bid fert Erennán ..., LL 12b36 . ni comul fri nech ingi fria rig namma, IT i 142.10 . a chlerig coisc in figill | i.¤ fo a thrí notairind, LL 365 marg. inf. inge ná almost: i.¤ ná tíagad a huirc eicgi essi, BDD² 1233.

(b) inge ma unless, except: ol ní comacomol que i.¤ mad etarscartha `unless it be separated,' Sg. 75b5 . i.¤ mad la rig no epscop, Laws v 410.z . gialla fri rind ga i.¤ mad bes la cinel, 216.21 . i.¤ ma as do taetsatt `unless it was out of it ...,' 138.15 . ocus o bias, i.¤ ma ferr and when there is such a one ... only if he is better, iii 72.z Comm. ní rágsa ol se i.¤ má doberthar Findabair dam, LU 5718. nim torg ni aide aile ingé mad Concobur, ZCP v 503.13 . Fir Bolcc imorro ro machtait uile isin cath sin ... i.¤ madh beg, Leb. Gab.(i) i 150.21 .

II As prep. regularly folld. by acc., occasionally also by nom., which however may be due to the influence of 1 acht see Thurn., ZCP xvi 183. except, apart from: i.¤ .uii. nuasal churu nadat asu do thaithbiuch `except seven noble contracts ...,' Laws iv 210.1 . do neoch ro bo dír a recht aicnidh ingi a chreidim, O'D. 538 (< H 3.17, col. 433 ). i.¤ tri-baegail (sic leg., see Thurn., loc. cit.) n-aigneda, Laws i 90.y . ní fil i.¤ cethēora flathi issin bith, ZCP xi 86 § 44. ar a mbertar co na iarraidh uadh uile i.¤ bo bainde, cen ni do ria i.¤ aon bliadhen, Laws ii 176.y - z Comm. ota hindua co hiarmua, i.¤ cumal senorba `except in regard to the `c.s.',' iv 38.13 . céd cecha cenéla anmand oca i.¤ bruic nammā, Corm. Y 685. ni fil claideb ina intiuch i.¤ claideb craind, LU 5640. serc bethu cé is miri | ingi adradh Rīgh nimhi, Fianaig. 16 § 48. domessart i.¤ bec `ich bin fast schon erlöst,' KMMisc. 212.5 . ní deachatar slóigh ele ... i.¤ cenel cConaill, AFM vi 1962.2 . Used with acht : i.¤ acht (= acht inge, AFM ii 618.20 ) dī ōenbliadain | nī thesta dom thrī fichtib except for , ACL iii 312.1 .

III As interjection with adversative force, but ! nay !: i.¤, ol si, cid no taí, LU 1678. i.¤ táet ferthaigis fri Máel Dúin, 1803 . ? To this : ingé ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do seinm don cleiriuch (Eds. suggest reading itge for i.¤ but perh. transl. nay ! would it were mine to play ...), Mon. Tall. 131.28 . cia bad dóig diar tiachtain ? Inge ém meni tised in gilla bec, TBC-LL¹ 841.

peneuilt, (penuilt)

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Forms: péneuilt, peneuilt

n f. (Lat. paenultima) a penultimate syllable, penult : huare as timmortae peneuilt (= paenultimam correptam habent), Sg. 120a1 . péneuilt, 52a15 . fora peneuilt , 212a3 . an dara sillab deigenach . . . is penuilt is ainm do laisin Laitneoir, Auraic. 4102 . aiccent for in penuillt, 4130 .

1 saer

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Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: soer, soiraib, sóer, soiriu, soer, saer, sóermug, sóirmug

adj o, ā, Freq. as subst. Perh. disyllabic in Blathm. 629, cf. 37 .

(a) free; freeman (opp. to mug, daer). In O.Ir. usually glossing Lat. liber: soer, Ml. 47d3 . soiraib, 24a7b . sóer, Sg. 97b2 . Adv. int soer gl. libere, Ml. 31b18 . int soir, 95c6 . Compar. soiriu gl. liberior, Ml. 132b5 . in soer gl. ingenuum, Sg. 97b3 . neach saer gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 379 . saer, gl. libertus, 409 . ban-shaer (sic MS.), gl. libertabus, 292 . cenutad suír though ye are free, Wb. 4a10 (see Ériu v 112 ). eter sóir et dóir eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . soer in cimid, ba huasal in mog-sa .i. Ísu, PH 3303 . bé sóir cech inbaid | lam' nóib, Hy. iv 8 (`I shall be safe', Thes. ii 326 ). With follg. prep. s.¤ ar, for independent (of), not bound (by): is s.¤ e ar a cinaid he is free from responsibility for damage done by them (of cows), Laws v 154.15 Comm . i[s] s.¤ iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.18 Comm . Cf. is s.¤ doib gan athgabail dibh im chinaid n-inblegain `free from being distrained for the liability of a kinsman', v 96.15 Comm . nách s.¤ lucht estechta in athimraid for in comarli-si that those who listen to the slander are not exempt from this injunction, PH 7689 . cia an ríogh-phort . . . | do bhí saor ar rígh Éireann independent of, Content. vi 53 . s.¤ ó free from: cúigeadh saor ód ríoghraidh thuaidh, Content. v 68 . ann sin bhías tusa sáor óm' mhionnuibhsi `clear from this my oath', Gen. xxiv 8 . ná bíodh súil . . . ré dhol saor uaidh to escape from it (i.e. death), TSh. 1050 . bid suír Irmumu ō togai[l] cipē rí bes hi Caisiul di chlaind Ōengusa, ZCP viii 315.27 . toil shaor `free-will', Donlevy 210.23 .

(b) free, enfranchised , hence in Laws of an enfranchised person possessing legal status and a corresponding lóg-enech or eneclann; for various classes of whom see the Uraicecht Becc, Laws v 1 ff . See also below under compds. saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40.11 , glossed saor .i. grad flatha, 42.2 Comm . Such `free' classes might be subdivided into those of higher and lower status, e.g. the class `nemeth' (person of free status) included saer- and daer-nemeth: atat do neimid docuisin for talmain .i. saeirnemead ┐ daerneimead. Ite saernemead filead (= filet) and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro aes gacha dana olchena, Laws v 14.1ff. A `daer-' person might become `saer' by virtue of property or calling and vice versa a `saer-' might forfeit his status: i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dan, v 14.28 , with comm.: is saer in cach cen[daig]us dan do da saerad no cendaigis saeiri do dun dan bis aige, amail ata gaba, 14.29 , i.e. who attains status by acquiring or practising a craft. saer cach o mainib, daer cach o mbelaib, v 18.12 , i.e. a man was s.¤ in virtue of his possession but might become `daer' by contracting as daercheile under a lord. The distinction may orig. have been racial, certain ruling tribes being s.¤, the inferior ones `daer'. tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . itir na saerchlannaib .i. Ulaidh ┐ Feni Temrach ┐ Erna Dedaid; no Ulaidh ┐ Gaileoin ┐ Erna, 80.2 Comm . See also Celtic Ireland p. 58 .

(c) hence of belonging to upper or privileged classes, noble, orig. of birth or status, then in wider sense of the word: saor .i. uasal, O'Cl. is sóir a n-apstalact gl. qui sunt nubiles (= nobiles) in apostolís, Wb. 7b13 . Compar. is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib `it is nobler for them', Wb. 12b2 . is soiriu indate idail `nobler', Ml. 138c4 . dindí . . . nad soiriu cach, Sg. 161b10 . cid airechdu ┐ cid soiriu á c[h]enél, Ml. 115d8 . ateoch in ríg sóer suthain, Hy. vi 25 . cona chléir shóir shrúamaig, Fél. Dec. 7 . sab sóer suidi Phetair, Apr. 12 . co ṅardrígaib sóeraib, Ep. 286 . móethoclaech sáer sonairt, LU 3455 ( SCC 23 ). co saer-Nin, MacCarthy 316 § 6 . na seisc ind alaid ┐ na s.¤ na braiti what is free-born (noble) of the captive women, TBC-LL¹ 1754 = inas s.¤ na broidi, v.l. (H. 2.17) = (superl.) ambad soírem na mban, LU 5607 = TBC-I¹ 1127 (sāiream). Síol Mu-áin . . . | saoire ná síol cruithneachta, DDána 71.21 . As subst. gonaid sóeru | saigid oirgniu, LU 3389 ( SCC 17 ). fadarc súla sáir, TBC-LL¹ 4075 . mairc do dichenn an s.¤ seng, Irish Texts ii 12 § 18 . mor s.¤ ┐ ndaer, Stair Erc. 442 . do bhí saoir fá a stíoróip gentlemen, persons of position , Keat. Poems 923 . Adv. saor do-roighneadh duine dhíod, Aithd. D. 70.15 .

(d) of things: tír sorcha sáer, LU 3741 ( SCC 34 ). imdenam súla saire, LU 3820 ( SCC 37 ). fíon saor, Aithd. D. 65.5 . biadha saora sochaithmhe, PCT 224 . isna secht n-eladhnaibh . . . saera in the seven liberal arts, Stair Erc. 970 .

(e) free, ready, skilled (in performing someth.): nitat soír huili oc tintuúth a bélru `all are not skilled', Wb. 12b23 . Cf. sóer gl. diligens (interpres), Ml. 145c12 . sáer oc suidigud sillab , Sg. 7b11 (`an artist', Thes.). See 2 saer.

(f) in Class. Mod.Ir. easily obtained, gratis : saor a-bhos bláth na faighthe, DDána 7.6 . íoc a chneadh más é do b'ál | ní dhíol mé ar a meas go saor, Aithd. D. 86.9 . saor an snaidhm fa dheireadh dhó ibh easily loosed, DDána 34.18 .

Compds.

(a) with legal terms (see also under second element): ¤bard: na saer-baird, Laws v 388.13 Comm . ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.6 . ¤bothach, Laws ii 288.24 Comm . Cóic Con. 76 - 7 . ¤chéile: is sóirchele do dia gl. libertus, Wb. 10a23 . a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40.27 Comm . a sóerchéli, Críth G. 323 . See Críth G. p. 107 , Ir. Recht 19 , Stud. Hib. xxxiv 25-26 etc. ¤chenél: itir saercenelaib ┐ daercenel, Laws iii 30.4 . ¤chorach capable of contracting independently: cach sochonn sóer-chorach, Contract Law 158 § 27 . ¤chúairt: saorcuairt Uladh do thabhairt d'Fhergus `the free circuit of Ulster', ITS v 190.2 . ? ¤ḟairgse: mada feallasdar saerfairgse (sic leg.?), Laws v 442.20 . ¤ḟlaith: cor ceile tsaor-fhlatha, Laws v 356.6 . ¤ḟuidir, Laws v 262.16 Comm . saer-fuidir fri re ndeisi, 512.11 Comm . See Cóic Con. 76 - 7 , Ir. Recht 75 f . ¤gíall: daérghialla . . . sáerghialla, Cóir Anm. 144 . ¤gíallna(e): techta saer-giallna, Laws v 358.2 . ¤manach: gidh s. gidh daermanach, Ir. Recht 26.12 . cethraimthe (sic leg.) a chodach (sic leg.) o sh. eagalsa d'eaglais, Laws iv 196.26 Comm . ¤mug: sóermug gl. libertus, Sg. 37a4 . sóirmug gl. libertus, Wb. 10a23 . ¤murchuirthe: saer murchure, Laws v 184.12 Comm . ¤nemed: saeir-nemead ┐ daer-neimeadh, Laws v 14.1 . ¤rath: céili coímthechta[e] lais i sóerrathaib ríg, Críth G. 406 (see p. 107 ). cain saerraith `law relating to free tenants', Laws i 40.22 . gin daorrath . . . gin saorrath do gabhail o flaith budéin, O'D. 571 ( H 3.17 , 442 ). do flaith tsaerraith, 515 ( 418 ). saorraith .i. cin giallna fria laimh . . ., ZCP xvi 211.8 . ¤thellach: tocombachtuib sealb saerteallaigh, Laws iv 2.1 . Note also: an tsaoir-breith `absolution', Donlevy 292.x . saoir-bhreitheamhnas, 15 .

(b) in general sense of free, noble (in poetry often merely for alliteration): ¤blíadain: iar secht saerbliadhnaib, MacCarthy 414 § 2 . ¤búaid: fri saerbuáid sain, SR 7233 . ¤chaindel: sóerchaindlea cech laithi (of persons), Fél. Prol. 288 . ¤chenél: co ndeilb ┐ écosc ┐ sóerchenel noble extraction, LU 3909 ( SCC 42 ). ¤chetul: a sóerchetul ṁbúansa `noble continuous song', Fél. Ep. 158 . ¤chlann noble family : sáorchlann, IGT Decl. § 12 (62.8) . cech sōerchland cinges talmain, Cáin Ad. 26 . menmanna na saerclann `nobles', CCath. 2735 . ? tar na saorchlannadhaibh, DDána 89.16 . Of an individual: oirdeochad duid a ndlighe | riom, a shaorchlann Shúilighe 'I will assign to you what you are entitled to from me, o noble scion of the river Swilly', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12​ . Hua Cerbaill, soerchland Muman, do marbad 'Ua Cerbaill, nobleman of Mumu, was slain', AI 210 (s.a. 1046.4)​ . ¤chlanndacht noble birth : ar a shocenelaige ┐ ar a saerclanndacht tar cach, BCC 56.31 . ¤chnú: trí saorchna a haonchrobhuing (the Trinity), Aithd. D. 58.27 . ¤elada: lucht . . . saerealadhan `philosophers', CCath. 5080 . ¤fher: s. cluiche Fhiann Eirenn, Acall. 6589 . saoirfhear a nobleman, Hackett xliv 35 . ¤macánacht: sóermacanacht Túaithe dé Danann, Acall. 7038 = saer-mhacámdacht `chief command of . . . young men', SG 200.18 . Cf. saormacantacht Éreann `free nobility', ITS v 24.16 . ¤maccaem: trí sáermaccáemi Túathi Dé Danann, MU² 574 . Mac L. . . . sóermaccáem Fhiann Eirenn, Acall. 6585 . ¤rolla noble roll : dá sháimhfhine féin is saerrulla an séimhidhe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.10 . ¤shlóg: fri sretha soerslóg, SR 6986 .

(c) with vnn. (cf. sír-?): ar ghráidh saoirleanta a seanchais `following up impartially (?)', Content. xxix 19 . acht a shaorrádh muin ar mhuin | ní fhuil acht aon-dán agaibh, x 29 . ic á sefnad ┐ ic á saer-shéinm, Acall. 7448 . rodbi slan saertoimilt caich dia railiu (of a married couple separating), Laws ii 388.14 . With part.: mac saerleicthi `emancipated son', Laws i 52.30 Comm . , cf. 90.15 . don mac bis ar fannel(o) o nathair gin a gaire do denam .i. an mac saorleigi, ii 24.6 Comm . See ZCP xv 312 - 13 .

(d) with adjj.: la S. sairdron, SR 802 . la I. saergrinn, 2863 . Freq. with adjj. derived from nouns: ¤brethach of noble judgements : do fhréimh shaoirbhreathaigh Sh., TD 26.18 . ¤chlannda of noble birth : inghen tsaorchlanda (: chaorphlanda), Irish Texts ii 107 § 26 . Nia Corb saorchlannda, TD 32.28 . fan laogh síthe saorchlannda, DDána 80.28 . oighre saer-clannda S., BNnÉ 198.13 . As subst.: saorclanda d'Eoganacht a noble of the E., TFrag. 208.14 . ¤threbraid nobly woven : go slait saoirthreabhraigh sróill nduinn, L. Cl. A. B. 99.171 .

2 saer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 saer or dil.ie/35900

 

Forms: saor

n o, m. (1 saer; for development of meaning see 1 saer (c)). saor, IGT Decl. § 96 (p. 129) .

An artificer; in older lang. apparently used in wide sense of a craftsman in general, later restricted to workers in wood, carpenters and masons. ? sáer oc suidigud sillab , Sg. 7b11 . Luchtaine saor, Corm. Y 975 . ainm im[b]erta ciuil donīat sāir, O'Mulc. 833 (appar. musicians). gobul dlūta la sāiro, 675 . macc in tṡáir son of the carpenter, Fél. Aug. 14 (with note: saer didu a athair, p. 184.y ); oft. applied to S. Ciarán of Clonmacnoise; líth . . . | maicc in tsháir . . . | féil cháin Chíaráin Chlúana, Fél. Sept. 9 . Ciarán mac in tsaeir. Mac ón in tsaeir doroine nemh ┐ talmain . . . Mac in tsaeir denmha carpat, Lism. L. 3945 - 6 . Beoit soer mo athair-si (of Ciarán), 3987 = ba Beoan soer m' athair-si, LB 16 marg. inf. s.¤ ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind (i.e. a mill-wright), Laws iii 280.6 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind, v 90.19 . sair . . . ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili, ii 118.25 Comm . s.¤ daimliac ┐ durtaigi `builder', v 114.16 Comm . saoire crannaibh .i. as é sáor dhénma na gcrann é, O'Cl. áos déanta, sáor `masons, builders', Eg. Gl. 17 . na dúile, | ní saor do dhealbh dúinne acht Dhia, Dán Dé xxxi 6 . nach é an saor úd, mac Mhuire, Mark vi 3 . saóir chrainn ┐ chloiche, 2 Samuel v 11 . drong mhór do shaoraibh cloch, TSh. 665 . Of the Creator: tabhram dar saor an soitheachsa, Aithd. D. 61.4 . ar chruthuigh lámh dheas an tSaoir, Keat. Poems 613 . Cf. Lism. L. 3945 cited above. Of a chief: saor Tighe Táil, TD 31.49 .

Compds. ¤chlochach: mun ráith gcuirr saorchlochaigh sin with stones dressed by masons, DDána 105.13 . ¤fhoichlech (?): sairfoichlech gl. concuriossus, Ml. 90b2 . ¤dénmidecht: sáirdénmidecht (sic leg.) gl. artificium, Sg. 133b2 .

sechmadach, sechma(n)ta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechmadach, sechma(n)ta or dil.ie/36764

 

ind apparently later variants of sechmadachte, q.v.: intan raidhi in sillab toiseach, todochaidi cugut in sillab deighinach et sechmatu (sechmata MS.) sechat in sillab toiseach, Auraic. 2369 = seachmadhato, 92 . om pecdaib sechmodachaib ┐ frecnaircib, LB 74c29 . arna gaibthib frecnairccib ┐ sechmoltachaib (sic), 74c36 . oen . . . dia taircetluib . . . tria aisneis sechmannda, Lism. L. 16 . ger uo comhdhlūith . . . in fhiodhbadh sin isin aimsir seachmataigh . . ., Fl. Earls 120.18 . isin mbliadhain seachmata, AFM iii 536.1 .

silla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. silla or dil.ie/37526

 

x see sillab .

sillab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sillab or dil.ie/37527

 

Forms: sillabæ, sillaibe, sillab, sillab, silla, sillaidh, siolla, sillada, siolla, siolladh, sillaeb, sillæb, sillæba, sillaoba

n ā, f. (Lat. syllaba): g s. inna cétni sillabæ , Sg. 212b1 . sillaibe, LB 227a16 . Later also m.: n s. in sillab deighinach . . . in sillab toiseach, Auraic. 2369 - 70 = int shillab dedenach . . . int shillab thoisenach, 91 - 92 . a s. in sillab toiseach, 2368 = int shillaib toisich, 91 . Mod.Ir. silla m. somet. with dental inflection: a s. sillaidh, O'Gr. Cat. 300.13 . n p. trí siolla , IGT Introd. 27.5 . na sillada , O'Gr. Cat. 301.26 . g p. siolla, IGT Introd. 1.21 . Note also n s. siolladh, Luc. Fid. 270.8 . Also sillaeb: n s. sillæb , ZCP xii 295.4 . n p. sillæba, Fél. 4.25 . a p. sillaoba, Auraic. 2745 .

(a) a syllable : it sillaba fodlidi is follus són asind ḟers `they are separate syllables: this is manifest from the verse', Sg. 111b1 . ar it lia sillaba o illitrib quam ó oinlitrib, 71a18 . ní sluindi s.¤ folad trée feisin manip sin s.¤ coní bes rann insce `no syllable by itself expresses a substance, unless it be a syllable which is able to be a part of speech', 25b14 . issi int s.¤ diuit s.¤ ellaig rainne ┐ nad ṡluindi folad `this is the simple syllable, a syllable in the body of a part (of speech), . . .', 25b13 . sillaidi (?) gl. syllaba, Ir. Gl. 231 . du i mbi imrecra s.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 64.57 . cethri líni cech caibtil, ┐ se sillaba déc cech líne, 14.7 . cate tomus cach hái i sillabaib? (of metres), IT iii 7.4 . cræd is saellæb and? . . . Tinōl timaircthech litrech nō guta a n-ainm, ūair is foirpthi int [ṡ]illæb cach guthaidi trichi ┐ nī thēit tar sē litrib ar mēd ┐ is airi aderar sillæb ōn ḟocol sasillabui .i. as inand sin asin grēig ┐ comtinōl asin laitin ┐ asinn gæidilg, ZCP xii 295.1 - 3 - 4 . ni boí saine litre na sillaibe hi cairt dib sech araile, LB 227a16 . dogniat [na guthacha] sillaib a n-ænur per se sillabam faciunt, Auraic. 366 . iarcomrac . . . .i. comrac na tri s.¤ forsna da sillabaib tuiseacha, 1420 . trí siolla as cóir a mbráthair na hiomarbhádha tig ó phearsuin lóir, mur tá so: as gilide no as duibhidi, IGT Introd. 27.6 . ga líon siolla san fhocal as sía do Gháoidhilg, 1.21 . gach persa lóir énṡilla every monosyllabic abstract noun, IGT Decl. ex. 1006 n . a bhfocluibh . . . comhmhaith ┐ do bhiadaois siolladh ar shiolladh ann, Luc. Fid. 270.8 . foirceadlaidhe .i. fear ag a mbí gramadac . . . ┐ siollaba knowledge of metres (?), MS. Mat. 494.34 (`orthography').

(b) hence of something very slight a jot, a tittle; of music, a note; of wind, a puff: . . . fán siolla as lugha dhe do bhéin díom, Desid. 5031 (i.e. of the faith). ní bhfuil . . . siolla do shásaibh | i ngliaidh na ruag . . . | nár theastaigh, Hackett xl 90 . má sheinnid le céill, | gach siolla d'á dtug athair na ngrás d'Olldhámh na dtéud, Hardiman i 6.15 . siolla de ghaoith Mhárta, ITS i 10.6 . See also Dinneen .

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